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Full text of "Vi︠e︡stnik Evropy, Volume 87"

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1823-1830 r. 



nepenHCKa IlyniBHHa c% JífiMhBEvowh npeACTaBuerB j^paroni^HHuĚ 
MaTepiajTB xu 6iorpa4>itt o6omTb uo^rovb r xu H8y?eHÍji jRTepaTyp- 
Hoi A&nreiLHOCTH ĎynnuiHa. Hh vb oxhomx hsi cbohzi npoHSBexemfi 
BeiHidi nodn ne BUCKasHBajicjGr ob xaROD HcspeHHOCTBi) r npocTOTOD, 
iaB!B vh nRCBvaxi R!b CBoeKy j[Hi];eficKOMy TonapRu^y r jyqineHy xpyry. 
.Hreto Ha cb^tíi ae 6ua% uut ÓJRse Jl^ejBBHra^, — DRcaji ohi no 
ero CMepTR k% BÍJieTHeBy („CoBpeMeHHHBi', 1838 r., t. IK, CTp. 63, 
onyxa iihcbmo nepeneTOTano bo vRorHX'B R8xaRÍJiX'B), h noroMy bi 
oHCBRaxi vb AejDbBRry IlyinBRHi BHCsasuBajicJi bocb. Bi btrzi saxy- 
DeBHHX'B fiecbxaxi, nocBanieflHUZi ro^tr RciuDHRTeiBHO jiRTepaTyp- 
HUMi BonpocaMi, R soHeqRO, ne HasHaHaBmRxca x^r ne^iaTR, BupasR- 
JHCB R Heo6iíKHOBeHHO TOHRoe spRTRqecBoe ^BCTBO, saM^^aTejiBfloe 
ocrpoynie^ P^XRoe xo6poxynne r BecexocTB, Re noBRxaBmaji BejiRsaro 
nodra xase epexR ReB8rox'B npoxaiSRTejiBHiix'B cciiiok'b. 

IlepeRRCRa nymsRRa cb ^ejiBBRroiťB, BCJitxcTBie ^acTofi Rxi pas- 
lyu, 6uM XOBOJBBO oóniRpRa. Ki cosaiiRíK), coxpaHHJOCB BecBKa 
HeHHoro RRceiTB. FoBppjiirB, nyniRRHi r BapaTUHCRifif, pascMaTpRBas- 
mie óyifarR no cvepTR ^ejBBRra, yHRHTOSRjiR cbor necBMa, r strmi 

06CTOATeJn»CTBOM1&, eCJR OHO COpaBeXJIRBO, 06'LJiCHAeTCR OTHaCTR Maio- 

HHCjeHHocTB RRceiTB IlyniRRRa. 

IIpexJaraeMiu bocomb oRceHi 1823—1830 r. r8% Oxeccu, lÍRxaft- 
JOBCRaro R BoJXBRR RaĚxenu vb 6yM8rax!B Jl^eJBBRra, r npRRaxJie- 
sarb n. B. ÁHHeHROBy, RoropuHi 6aiR xocTaBjíeoH Ra UyniRRHCRyH) 
BHcraBRy bi G.-nerepóypri bx ortr6p% 1880 r. (KaT&iorB BUCTaBRR, 
crp. 49). meeTB rsi hrxi Hane^aTaHU bx ero „MaTepiajgfaxi" x^^í 



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6iorpa(I)iH IlyinKHHa ci SHaHHrejBHUHH nponycsavH, BUsyscAeHHUMH 
yciOBiflMH TorAamsefi i^ensypu; ocTaiLBUfl se Asa ae Bs^aHU. Epoiit 
dTBxi BBceMi BaneqaTaBH: oabo b'& „C'&Bepfl£ix'& H.BtTaxi*' 1826 r. 
(CTp. 101), Tpn vh „CoBpeiieBBBBt'' 1854 r., cesr., vb nerBepTOfi 
cxaTBii o ^ejBBflri (cTp. 10, 23 b 25), nepene^aTasauji bi „Maxe- 
piajiaxi' r. AflHeHsOBa (bsa- 1855 r., exp. 75, 194, 214 a 215, B3A- 
1873 r., CTp. 69, 187, 207 H 208), fl TaM^ se (b3A. 1855 r-, CTp. 81 
HBX* 1873 r., crp. 75) BnepBue bbbjiocb nociaflie bbtb RHmflHeBa otx 
23 vapTa 1821 r.: 

, jiApYn JífizwEn^ KOfi napnaccsifi ópan!*' 
BoTB noHTH Bce, qxó coxpaHBJíocB evb nHcem IlyniKBBa b% AejB- 
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6jaroAapeHÍe sa to Te6^ h Moeny- nynpHy! Bani csy^HO, Haní 
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cjBinBOiťB Majio nBmeniB, no Bpafiffbfi uip^ cJiflinBOirB iiajio nena- 
TaemB. BapoHem b SBBy no AdiaTCRB ae ^BTafl Bamnxi sypna- 
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BXi CB saAHOCTBK), BocxBD^eHieMX H ÓJiaroA^pnocTÍK) sa paoxho- 
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na AsuBOBa h ffiLBUJoio jik)6obb b% nenopo^nofi uj9b BapaTHH- 
CBaro. ^Ay B HO AOSAycB noflBJíeHÍB bi cbítb BaniHX'B cthxobi; 
TOJiBBO Bxi nojiyqy, saKOJiio arnika, BocxBajH) FocnoAa— h yBpamy 
i^BŽTaMB CBOfi majiami— xoTB BapyKOB^B aaxoABTB bto cjiamKom 
cjaAOcrpacTBEiifB— CaTBpa b^b Fa^bA* mbí ae apaBaTCB, Aapom hto 
CTBxa npeBpacBBie; b% bbx^b Majio nepila; CoMoez ÚesMyndupnuu 
HenpocTBiejiBBO. IIpocBÍmeaaoMy-JB TOJiOBÍKy, PyccKOMy-Jia caTa- 
pany upacra^io cm^htbca aaAx aesaBacaMociBio nacaTejia? 9to myTBa, 
Aocrofiaaa boji. cob^t. HsMafijOBa. ^Ay Tasse Ilojiflpaofi sb^sau* 
^^'^H), ?T0 Moa BJiería nacaaii apoTuarB Pejaria a npaBarejiB- 
cTBa: fl oojy-XBOCTOBi: jiioÓjb) nacaTB ctbxb (ao ae nepenacu- 
bbtb) a ae otabbbtb b% ne^aTB (a bba^tb axx bi neqaTa). Tu 
npocaniB BaxqacapaflcRaro ^BTaaa— oai aa ahbxi OToaiaai Kh 
BflseiiCBOMy. 9to óescBAsaue orpuBsa, sa Boxopue tu iieafl no- 
sy pamB, a Bce-TaBB noxBajiamB. Ilamy TenepB aoByK) noBMy, vh 
KOTopoft saÓadiTUBaiocB ao aéjBSfl. BapyBOBi ee ae yfiBABTi, sa to 
^To oai 4>B— ABTfl, 6jasaofi abtb. Bon saaen, sorAa a mh npo- 
^BTaeMi ee bm^ctí — cay^ao, moa pbaoctb! boti apaniai Moett 
snana. Ecjin6% xotb 6paTB A^wh npacRaRajix bo Ma% bx OAeccy! 



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Txb OHI, HTO OHI? HH^ero He 3HaH). Jl,py3Bfl, ApysBfl, Hopa npo- 
híhstb mh% nonecTH Harnanúi Ha pa^ocrb cBHAaHÍfl — IIpaB^a Jiii, 
HTO iierh Kh BaiTB Pocchhh h Hra^iaBcsafl onepa! — Eose moS! 
8T0 npexcraBSTejH Paa HeÓecHaro. Yiipy ci tocbu h saBEcrn. 

A. n. 

16 HOflÓpfl. 

BejH npECJiaiB uni EiueufiSLVO HAtbHHUKa. 



IIhcbmo Ha HeTupexx CTpanHi^axi nojiy-JiHCTa, tfesx axpeca. IlHcaHo 
vfh Oaccch bx 1823 r. Ha^ajio h sonei^x ero, h to cx nponycBaMH, 
Hane^aTaHH bi „MaTopiajiaxx^ r. ÁHHeHKOBa (1855 r., CTp. 94, a vb 
mx. 1873 r., CTp. 89). 

.BAOXHOBOHHoe BOcnoMHHaHÍe ]SfiYm6u^^ Ha;^e»Aa na HsiisoBa h jk)- 
(ÍOBB rB Myši BapaTHHCKaro ornocaTCfl k% cjií^yDH^HiTB CTpoRaHi co- 
Bera ^eABHra „H. M. ďsuBOBy": 

51 nyiDKHHa Miaxen^eiTB noiDÓiui, 

0& BHiTB pa3A'i^ii H rpycTb H Hacjaxj^eH&e, 

H nepBHft a ero yciHman niobe, 

n 8a ee6a 6oroBi ÓiarociOBurb. 

U^BíijBk Ilupoeh a ci Mysoft noApysu'^ 

II cjaBOH Hxi ropxycL vb BOSHarpasxeHbe. 

BHpyKOBx — D;eH8opB, o KOTopoiTB UymKBHx ynoMHHaoTB BT> cjrt^íyK)- 
mjsn nHCBMi h vl ^erBepocTHiniH: „Thmbobcbí& i^apcTBOBajix'' (nCoTO- 
BCHU A. C. HyniMHa", hsjí. 1880 r., t. I, CTp. 451). 

HoBaji nodMa — „EBremfi OetrHHx", o KOTopoirB Bnepane ynoMH- 
Haercji bx dTom nHCBHi. 

„HtMe^Kift naiHHHKx"— Der Berggefangene, nepeBOA^B „KaBKaa- 
ciaro ILitHHHKa", Bumeiinift bx IleTepóypr* bx 1823. Bx BOHit* 
EHiTH noii%ni;eHa „TscherkessenJied:" „Es wallt des Stromes Donner- 
flut% noJioseHHaa na MysHBy JI. MaypepoMX. Bxopoe HB^anie aBHJiocB 
Bi 1824 r. cx pyccBHMx tobctoiix, ho óesx MysuBajsBEaro npHJio»eHÍa. 



IL 

^X^j asjíy HHceMx otx tcÓb — h HeAoa^ycB— ne' npHHBJíx jih 
m onaii bo ycjiyateme noBofiHaro HaBHry — hjh sijsfimb OBaain? 
npoBJMTafl osasifl! Pa^^H Bóra, HanHniH mh^ Hxo-HHÓyAB: tu snaeraB, 
TO) fl HMÍfcix Heo^acTie norepaiB 6a6ymBy ^H^epHHy h wiak) Ilexpa 
JUb,— nojiyTOJx &th HBBÍcria 6e8x npnyroTOBJíeHÍa h naxosycB 
BB ysacHOMX nojioaeHiH— yrtniB Menn, bto CBa^eHHHfi jLOsn 
ipyaUííi (cero cBa^eHHaro nyBCTBa) íxo A^aaioTX moh Paau. Cmux.? 
Bix&jx iH Hxx BapyBOBX rpoBHufl? OrB IIjieiHeBa ne nojiy^HJX 



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8 Bwmueh ibpoiiii. 

HH exHHOfi crpo^KH; iTO Mofi Oeívbwl? npoAUeTCJi jra? vb craTH: 
CBasH Ilx.y nw&b owh Jlsey xasairb hsi moetb ffinen na op']&xH 
a He na rommhccíh moh noiOMy qro aro HanpacHo: xaKOBa Cesco- 
B^CTHaro BOHHccíoHepa bítl h ne Cjffiuh. — IIo tbocmi (yn/bsKÍ 
nepe^ejTB s ^epsaBHHa Bcero h botb iioe OROH^aTejiBHoe MH^me. 
9x011 HjjifkKT> ne snajii hh Pycsoft rpanoTu hh fyxdk Pycsaro 
flsusa (botb noveny ohi h hhsí JIoMOHOcbBa)— ohi ne hm^jte 
EOHflTÍfl, HH o Cjior6, HH O rapMOHÍH — ^HH x^se o npaBHJiaxi cth- 
xocjioseHia. Botb noveny ovh h AOJsenrb ($£chtb BCflBoe pasóop* 
HHBoe yxo. Ohi ne tojibbo ne BUA6psHBaerB oduj ho ne Moasen 
Bu^epsaTB H crpo^u (HCuiOHafl qero snaemB). ?to se vb neirB: 
MuCAUy KapmuHU u denofceniH ucmunno noamunecKui; imtm ero, 
sasercfly TOxaeniB xypHOfi, bojibhoB nepeBOffB ch Kasoro-xo ^yjsr 
Haro noA^HHHHBa. Ett Lory, ero reHÍfl fjufurh no laxapcBH— a 
PycBofi rpaMOXii ne snaii sa ne^ocyroiix. ^epsaBHHi co Bpeiie- 
HeMi nepeBexeHHufi HsyMHTB EBpony a hh hbi ropxocxH napox- 
Hoft ne CBaseiťB Bcero ^xo mbi snaeicB o6:b homi (ne roBopa yse 
o ero MHHHCxepcxBi) y ^epsasHna aojisho cozpanexB ^yxerB oa'b 
BOceMB A& HŠCBOJíBBO oxpuBBOBi a npo^eo cseu. TeHÍfi ero MoasHo 
cpaBHHXB ch renieMi CyBopoBa — zaiB hxo Hami nodxi caHniBOirB 
Hacxo spHHajTB nixyxoMx— AOBOJiBHO o6b ^epsaBHHŠ — ?xo f/bJLBj&rh 
KyBOBCBÍfi? nepexafi meí ero MH^nie o 2-oft rjiaBŠ Ohm.^ Aft o 
xoMiy Hxo y MeHfl vh nflui^axi— Basyio RpBUOBiBHxepauLrBone- 
paiUio? fljBíŘ BorB OMy MHoria Jiixa — ero MfMbHUK^ zopoorB, mkl 
fl^eMbHHZ u Qona. Bha^jx jih xu H. M.? H^erB jih BnepeA^ hcxo- 
pifl? Vjíjk QWh ocxanoBHxcfl? He na HB6paHÍH ssl PoMan.?.... 
6 OyniBHHfiirB noAHHcaiH HSÓHpaxejíBHyK) rpaiioxy! a& ABa pysy 
npHJiosHJiH sa Heyiť6HÍeirB nncaxB! A a, rpaMOXflnfi noroMon hxI| 
qxo a? rfl* a.,. 



IIhcbmo 6e8'B noAnHca. Ha ^erBepxofi CTpaHHi];^ a^pecB: „Ero bU'- 
coBo6jiaropoxÍK) Mhjocxhbomj Tocy^api) BapoHy ÁHTOHy ÁHTOHOBHiy 
JI,eAhm%y. Bi C.-IIexep6yprB. JS* Řjm. IlyÓA. EuÚAiomeKy'^ . IIoHTOBUft 
nrreMoeJiB: Ono^Ka 1825, ík>hjí 8. SaneqaxaHO hsbí^cthiimi nepcTHexi^, 
HaxoAHfimHMCJi Ha IlyinBHHCKHXi BUCxaBsax^B bi Mocbbí h Ilexepóypríb 
1880 r., H onHcaHHOMi b'b Baxajiorí& nocaitAHeft (exp. 33). 

IIhcbmo dxo nanenaTaHO bi AByxi oxpHBBax'B h npHTOMi cb sna- 
HHxejiBHEniH nponycaaxH bi „Maxepiajiaxi'' r. AHHeHB0Ba(H3A. 1855 r., 
exp. 156 H 244, H8X. 1873 r., exp. 149 h 237) h btb cxaxbi .IlyniKHHi 
B^B jiHi^e^b H jiHi^eficKia ero cxHxoxBopeBiH*' (.GoBpeMeflHHKi*' 1863 r., 
Jí VIII, exp. 371). 

gEaĎyniBa HH^epHHa*' — Bapeapa BacHjiBeBHa, ao^b nojnoBHHKa Ba- 
CHJÍH HsaHOBHqa HaqepHHa, CRon^aBinaacH bi 1824 r., h ocxaBHBmaa 



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nymsHHCKifl nBPJtnHcsA. 9 

Haci^ACTBO aieicAHHHRy CDoevy, BacHJiiio JlbBOBHqy UyniKBHy. Ilerpí 
dlBBOBaHi— ero 6pairb, x^xa noara, apTHuiepittcKÍ& noxnojKOBHHBi, 
cioH^ajcfl Brb TOMX se roxy* 

,Pa3Hii£ CTHxoTBopeHia" — HBCJLOWh 24 BonijiH vh BHHSKy .Gthxo- 
TBopeeifi AjescaHxpa nymsaHa**, HSxaHHyK) b'& 1826 r. 

nepsaa rjiaBa „EBreHia OH'&rHHa^, nocBiiii^eHHafl ópaxy noara, JlbBy 
CeprbeBiqy, BHiua otx&ibhoi> khhsbod b% 1825 r. 

IIhcbmo dTO, EaK'B cnpaBexiHBO saifiqaerB n. B. ÁHeenROBi, 6ojie 
Bcixi xpyrHxi BBOXHTB B'B jiHTepaTypHUji, saxynieBHUfl y6i^xeHÍJi 
nymsHHa. 3a]i!&7aTejnHoe no cmíjioě h kíitboě xapasTepHCTHBii Jífip- 
saBHHa, OHO CBHxtTejiBCTByeirB, hto b% xeneHÍe hocjiíxhhx^b xecAXH 
Arh npoHdomeii coBepmeHHuft nepeBopon vb jiHTepaTypHuxi y6'6s- 
xmsrb nymBHHa, soTopHĚ en^e bi 1815 r. na jiHi^efiCKom dRsaveni 
(iiaroroB^i nepexi AepsaBHHUMi. Tasofi se cavocroiETejibHHfi r 
buojihí cnpaBexJHBufi, xota uenie ptsRifi bstjjijs.^ na ero nponsBe- 
Mfiíáa^ BnepBue BUCRasaHi b'b ne^aiH sirh nepesi xBaxi^aTB Bí^jhh- 
cxHRi, ROTopuS He MOPB SHaTL RH^Hía IlyniRHHa — saiťb^aTejiLHoe co- 
BoaxeHíe cysxenifi xsyxi reHÍajiBHUxi yMOBi. Xotji r. ÁHneHKOBi bi 
bbrocrí %i> aroiiy nRCbicy h roBopHTB, ,^to cb TeieoieirB BpeiieHH, 

HIROOieHÍeiil ODHTHOCTH, HXefi H pa8BHTÍeV!L MUCJUIIiefi CnOCOÓHOCTH, 
IlymRHHl H31fÍHHl!L CBOH CySXeHÚl O AopsaBREi**, HO MU dTOFO HO 

BHXHirB, H CHHxaeiťB noxoÓHyK) oroBopRy ycTynRoft i^ensypt, hto6'b cna- 
CTR ocrajiBHyD ^acTL nHCBMa. 

BropaR rjfaaa „EBreHÍa OežraHa*' 6wib, cooÓn^eBa SlyROBCROMy b^b 
pjRonRCH, H Rane^aTaHa otx'&ibho vh 1826 r. 

.MiiBEHrb'— 6acHR KpujiOBa, HaneqaTaHHaji vh „CiBepHuxx D^b^ 
Taxi* Ha 1825 r. (exp. 374). 
H. M. — KapaiiSHffB. 



m. 

CeB ^acB ysEaio ^to tu ro uiA nRcajTB, ho hhcbmo TBoe xo 
ReBR He xomjiOy ]sfi& EorB, hto6% hoboB HHRHia hmi bosdojibso- 
Baicfl! R ipesBii^aflHO sa Te6fl <$e8noROR)CB; ne CRasajii jih tu 
mxhHH6yxB jiBHiHRro HJiH Heo($xyMaHHaro; ynacríe KpyaiCu mosho 
oeperojBOBaTB vh Kypnyw CTopoHy— a h 6oh)Cb 6utb npHHHHOR) 
BenpiRTHOcrefi x^a jiynmHx^ hsi xpysefi MOHxrB. 

Mfl^b namerB 11. A., hto o6o ueí HaM^penu nepexoJiosHTB. Ha- 
npacHo; ohcbmo Moeft Haiepa rcho; otbítb OROH^aTejieHi. B'b 
Ocrobí BOHeuo ecTB jieRapfl— ^ero-si mh^ (5ojie? 

Gi úpdkwwb R Blb CHomeHiR bxoxbtb ne HaM'&peH'B — ohi SHajťB 

MOR 0((CTOflTeUCTBa, H CRMOBOJIBHO SaTpyXHfleTB HX^B. V MeHR H-l^rB 

BR BoneBBH xenen b^ MBHyry HysHyK), a HesHRK) Borxa h Basi 
a BOjyny hx%. Besae^HOciB h aerBOMUciie aroRSMa HSBHHHTexBHu 
loiBBO xo H^BOTopofi CTeneHH. Ecjih Offb saxoierB nepenRcaTB 



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10 Mcmsi iBPonH. 

MOH CTBXH BMŽCTO TOFO ^06il 9HTaTB HX'B Ha ySHHaX'^; H JBpa- 

laaTb HMH ajB6oii'B BoefisoBott, to a 6yxy eny Óiraro^apeHi— ecjiH 
lAThj TO nycTB OT^acrb owb pysonecB moh) ne&b a tu yase no- 
xjiono^H ch ILieTHeBHHi. 

Tuj cjiimajrB a, seoHinj^cfl kb ÁBrycri nodxpaBiflio iioft 
MHJiufi — 6yAB n^acTjiHB^, xotb 8to ^eproBCBH iiyxpfflo — II,ajrfrK> 
pysy TBoeĚ nevkcrb h saoHHo xsoCsxj ee Kasi xohb CajTasosaH 
seny ^enniira. 

23 iiojifl 
n. A. y^xajia h a oxhai. 

3a ^ŠMi ÓiLio saii&iflTB Moe iihcbmo, x^JUHoe h ÓJiaropasyM- 
Hoe, iiHCBMOH'B Moefi MaTepH? He nojiaraflCB-jH na HyBCTBHrejiB- 
HOCTB...?... OniHÓBa BasHaa! vh nepBOM'B Cjiyqa'& a 6u nocrynHJTB 
npflMOxyniHO, bo btopom'b mofjih toaro noAOsp^BaTB mok) xhtpoctb 

H HeyUOHHHBOCTB. 

H^BTO BhÓíě Čepena, no xoHocy CBoero cuHa Óujtb npHqrs- 
fj&wh Phmcbhicb cenaTOiTB r'b saTO^emH) na BaBom-TO tiesjíox- 
HOM'B ocrpoBi. TBÓepifi BOcnpoTHBHjicfl ceny p^meHÍH), roBopa, ^to 
HejOB^Rai BoeMy x^poBana shshb ne xojsho JiHmaTB cnoco6oBx 
sfB noAxepsaHÍK) SH8HH. GioBa AOCTofiHHfl yMa CB^Tjiaro h qeio- 
B^BOJiioÓHBaro!— ?'&H'B 6o3Íe raTaio Tan^nra tšitb 6ojAe MHpiocL 
Ch TetíepieifB. Ojetb Óbijii ofjnwh evl BejHqaflmHxi rocy^apcTBee- 

HHX'B yMOBl XpeBHOCTH. 

(Bm noAnHCH. Ha ^erBeprofi CTpaHHi][£: <B. ^ejiBBHry*). 



IIhcbho 9T0 OTHOCHTCA Bi 1825 T. OTpuBBH ero Hane^aTaHH vh 
oMaTepiajiaxi" r. ÁHHeHSOBa (hsa. 1855 r.,CTp. 170, 171 h 224, hsa. 
1873 r.,CTp. 161, 162 h 237). 

n. A.— npacROBBJí AiescaHApoBHa OcHnoBa, coci^Asa IlyniBHHa no 
hmíhík), Bjiax^JiHi^a TpHropcEaro. O neň roBopHTca vb „MaTeplajiax^B" 
r. AnnensOBa (hsa. 1855 r., CTp. 121, esa. 1873 r., crp. 114). 

Csa^BÓa ^ejBBHra óiua 30 oBTaópa 1825 roxa. 



IV. 

HacHJiy TBi mhí Hanncajii h to 6e8'B TOiay, xyma Moa. Bo- 
otfpasH ^TO fl B'B rjiyniH poBHO HH^ero HesnaK), nepenncaa iioa 
OTBCK>;Qr npoBpaTHJiacB, a tu mrmeniB uwb BaB'B 6yx;to B^epa mu 
uíbjíuŘ jsfiEh 6iLiH bh^ct^ h HaroBopnjiHCB AO CHTa. Kone^HO a 
HH vb ^ewb ne 8aHÍniaH'B, h ecjn npaBHTejBCTBy AOcyrB noAynaTB 
060 MH^y TO ono Vh TOiTB jiorBO yAOCTOB^pHTBCE. Ho npocHTB uwb 



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nyJDBHHGKÁJI HIPBlIICKi. 1 1 

iaS&-TO COB^CTHOy 0C06eHH0 HUH-i; 0(5pa8l XUC16Ě MOHX'E HSB^- 

creffb. FoHHMuĚ 6 jiítl cpsAJi saHapaHHHtt no cjiys64^ burjidm- 
soH>, cociaHHufi vh rjyxyio xepeBHH) sa abí ctpo^eh nepexBa^eH- 
Haro nHCBMa, a KOHe^HO ne Mon Ao6posejaTe:ibCTBOBaTB noRoli- 
Hony II[apiD, xoTfl h orxaBaxs noinyia cnpaBe^iíHBOCTB hctaheumi 
ero AOCTOiHCTBairB — ho HHBorxa a ne nponoB^XHBajrii hh Bosxy- 
mfimSy HH peBouoiÓH— nanpoTHFB. Rjacci nHcaTejiett, xaicB saii^* 
TE3% Alfieri, 6oAÍe csiohofl ri yH03p'£HÍK)y nesexH RiA^xejiB- 
HOCTu, H eciH 14 A6Ba<^pfl Aosasajo y Hacx HHoe, to na to ecrs 
ocotfafl npHiHHa. Kasi 6u to hh 6ujío sl seaaxB 6u enoAum h 
uaq^eMio bohhphtbch Cb opaBirejBCTBom, h KOHe^oBio 9to hh 

OTB KOrO, KpOM^ CFO, HO SaBHCHTB. 6'B STOMl SeJiaBÍH 60jAe 6M" 

ropasyHÍH nesejiH rop^ocrn cb Moefi cropoHEi. 

Ob Herepn-bEieni osejieh) pimenifl y^acrn He^acTH£ix'B h 
o(kapoxoBaHÍfl BaroBopa. TBepxo Ha^^iDCB Ha BeiBvofyíme mojo- 
xaro Hamero H^apa. He ÓyxeicB hh cyesipnu hh oxhoctopohhh — 
sasfL ^p. iparnsH; ho BsrjflHeiTB na Tpare^iio isavjiSLjípwb IIIeR- 
cnnpa. Dpon^afi Ayma xofl. 

nyniRHH*B. 

Th BSfljTB 2000 y Měna, h xopomo cffijaj^B, ňo cx^afi TaRi, 
^TO&h npesx^ Beji. Hocra ohh naxoxHJiHCB ohatb y IIjerHeBa. 



Ha HeTBepToft cxpaHHi^^ axpeci: „MajiocTHBOMy FocyAapK) Bapony 
ÁHTOHy ÁHTOHOBHiy ^ejBBHry. Bi C.-neTep6ypPB, wb 6: MHJiBOHHofl, 
n Mfivb r-sH dÓejHHPB''. 

Sto hhcbmo iracaHo kb na^aii^ 1826 r., hsi MnxafiitOBCEaro, AO- 
crasjeso ne no no^ri^, h ne^aTaexcH bx nepBHt pasi. 



V. 
MHJHtt (JapoHx! BH o6o uiA ({esnoRonrecB h HanpacHO— H hojo- 

jAVb MHpHUĚ. Ho H ÓesnOROIOCB— H ffiA EOPB, HT06l 6uso HO- 

HanpacHy — Mh% CRasiiBajn, hto A. PaeBCRÍtt noxi apecroMi. 

HeCOMH^BaDCB Vb ero nOJHTHHeCROft ÓeSBHHHOCTH — HO OWb ÓOiieHl 

HoraiíH H CHpocTB RaseMaiOBi Óy^en j^jísí nero cHepTejTBHa — 
ysHaĚ rxi OEPB H ycnoROft moha. — Opon^att MOtt nHJiiitt Kpyn. 

n. 

(Ha neTBeprofi crpanni^-i: «BapoHy ^ejiBBHry^). 



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12 B^fioirniTb iBPonH. 

IIhcbmo aro nHcano h8i MHxa&jOBCsaro vh na^aift 1826 r., h 
BnepBue ABMercfl bt> ne^axH. OTB^rb AejbBHra Hane^aTaH'B vh ^Pyc- 

CK011'b ApXHB^" 1880 r., KH. II, CTp. 503. npHBOAHMl R3h BQVO E^- 
CBOJEKO erpOK^, pa8'BflCHflK)II^HX'b dTO H CJíÍ^Y¥>mfie Sa CBWb nHCLMO 

nyniKHHa: „Majiufi Moft nyiiiBHH'B! ^o Te6A jtfimin joseae cjyxH o 
PaeBCBoiii. IIpaB^a, ohh o6a vb neiepóypri, ho ea coBepmeHHofi cbo- 
6oAÍ. Focy^apL roBopHJii ci hhmh, yB^paica vh hz'b HeBHHOBHOCTH 
H, roBoparB, nosan hm-b pysy h noi^i^OBaj'B hzi. Orei^i hz'b CMfb- 
MWb ueHOMi CioB^xa. HanrB cyMacmejunift Kdxjeh, Kasi th snaeiiiB 
no raseTaiTB, b'b BapmaBi. CjyxH vb nerepóyprí^ nepeiiiHHJHCB oS^b 
Eewby TaiTB saBi aoÍsho Óuito osH^aTE Bctm SHann^HirB ero Koporso. 
FoBoparb, ^To offB cobcImi He 6ujii bb ^HCjrb dTHZB HeroxHHZi 
CjaBflHi, a npocTO 6uii BocnjaiieHeHi, sasB uHEHaa pasera. Snaji 
ero Ao6poe cepMO h npHTOMi jdóobe xeacraTB paseuiiH nojioseniAMH, 
wb BOTopufl SB3HB 6pocaja ero, a boith tíuiB bi stom^ Bcer^a jbí- 
peHi. ^a OHI 6u Bipno soMy-HHÓyxB hsb TOBapen^efi ho y^epsajiCA 
csasaTB BCK) CBOK) TafiHy. ^aft Bon, ^toÓb axo óujia npaBxa. Fobo- 
psTby BeiHidft KHflSB MHxaftja UaBJíoBHTK C!B HHiťB 6ojíie BcixrB 
jacsoBi... Uo nHCBMy TBoeHy npHMtTUx a, hto tu esbojihib na moha 
AyTBCfl, tíuTB Moserx, sa xo^roe Moe MojiiaHie"... 

Ha 8T0 nHCBMO UyniRHHB OTStqajB CliAyK)^^!!^, HHCaHHUirB, 

cyAA no ero co^epsaHÍD, 20 ídu 1826 r.: 



VI. 

Molt Kpjn Bapoflx, a he TeiSa ne Kyncsi n xoiiroe TBoe moji- 
qaaie BejEBO^yniHO hbbhhaai tbohm'b rHMeHeeii'B. 

Jo bymen Hyinenaee io, 
lo hymen Hymenaee! 

T.-e. HOpTB noóepH Bamy cna^iBÓy, CBaxBtfy Bamy HoprB nofiepa — 
Korxa ApysBfl moh aseHATCfl, hm'b CMibxi, a mhí ropě; ho xasi h 
ÓuTbi AnocTOii IlaBeji roBopHTB vh oahoitb bsi cbohxi nocjia- 
Hifty HTO jyqme bbatb ce&b seny, q^Mi hath vb reenny h bo ofhb 
B^HHutt— oČHHiiaio H nosxpaBJUiK) Te6fl— peKOMeHAytt xena Bapo- 
Heccb flfiXbBun. 

OqeHB tfjiaroAapeHi sa tboh BSBlcrifl, paxyK>CBy qro Tobtohi 
KH)zjfl He 6un CjiaBjíHHHi— a ozM'&jiía'BBi qysoin» nHpy. IIo- 
B^ACHie Beji. Eh. MnxaHja b'b OTHomeHÍH Kb Heny oqeHB tfjiara- 
poxHO. Ho HTo Hb. Hyn^iHi? mhš cBasHBajRii hto 20, T.-e. cero- 
AHfl yqacTB HX'B ffijLmESL pimHTBca — cepwe ne na míctí; ho 
BpinBo EhKbiocb Ha mhjioctb DjapcByH). Mi^pu upaBEiejBciBa AOBa- 
sajiH ero p^nniMOCiB h MoryqecTBO. Bóismaro noxiBepsAemfl, 
BaseTca, He nysHO. HpaBHTejiBCTBO MoserB npenetipe^B osecxo- 
qenie H^BOiopiixi otfjiHieHHuxi... 



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nyniKHHCKÁJi nspsnHOBA. 13 

SI DHCEjrb Si — u SAy (nvbn. UojíBMfbcub a coBepmeHHo 
OffHi. lip. Aji. yd^xajia fb TsepB, celt ^acB mnny ri Hefi h 
(ncMMax) 9xy— HTO sa npeiecrb aiadxa! OpHrHHaibHOCTH passasa 
HamH KpHTHXH Bň noltHyTB. Ho sasoe pasHooÓpasie! Tycapi, 3xa 
I cam no9n bcaboř roBopím no CBoeiiy. A omicaHifl Jln^jiflHx- 
cioĚ npepoxu! ayrpo nocjA nepnofl ho^h! a cílena cb oti^omi!— 
ijMfll — BHxtjTB fl H Cj^nymsHHay Heyanb-TO hhsto ony ne no- 
npaBHjrE CesmKUj MacAcnumf^ Hs6y? y Hero hcthehuS ceoú 
Taasn; nosajiyficia nonumre eny on Měna aRseHiiJiflpE Pycjfana 
I MOirB CTHX.— cirtm, htoÓh owb mh% He noxpasaxBy a npo* 

X01JULI'B HXTH CBOeiO AOpOFOK). 3^Xy U^B^TOBl. 

(BesTb noAnHCH. Ha nerBepToB crpanHifl: «Jl^enBHry»). 



KoHeiix 3Toro nHCEMa co cioei „lip. Aj. (OcHnosa) ji^xaja vh 
TfiepB*' Hane^aTaH^ bi. ,MaTepiajiaxi" r. ABseHKOBa (hsa. 1855 r. 
crp. 163, B3A. 1873, exp. 155). KDxejiLfieKepB h Ilyn^HHi, o roto- 
puxi vh Hem ynoMHHaeTCJEi,— AeRa6pHCTu, jHi^eflcRie TOBapsniH Ilym- 
RHBa. O H-bsHoft AP7s6i ero es oóohmh CBHA^TejobCTByeirb mbosoctbo 

CTSlOTBOpeHÍ&. 



vn. 

Mofi XHJiifl, oqoHB tfjaroAapeffB Te6i sa bcí HSBicTÍfl— 6h'&- 

Cli Cl TBOHlil nOJ[yH0JI'B fl nHCBHO H 0TB SaHRHHa CB yB']&AOMJe-' 

BÍeM'B o npoAas'^ Cmux. A. II. u ch npeAJoaKemflMH— Tu roBO- 

piOIB, MOtt MUHfi, ^TO H^ROTOpiDCB IIÍ8CB yse I^eHBOpi HO IípO* 

nycnm; RaRHX'B se? A. IIIeHBe? n TaR'B noroxHiix cb hobuhi 
isxaHieirB, Bpeiu He yfixerB, Bce nepeiť&iHTCfl— Óyxen MyRa— 
lorxa Bane9aTaeM'B Bropoe, xotfaBjíeHHoei HcnpaBJíeHHoe hsa. (oAHaao 
CRasn: pasB^ 6um Raiifl-HHÓyxB HeyxoBOJiBCTBifl no cjiynaio mohxi 
Gthxotb? hjh 9T0 oxHH TBOH npexnojioseHifl?). SnaeiiiB jh? ys% 
ecn ne^aTaxB hto, las^B BOSBMeMca sa DjiiraHOBi. HaffiiDCB, hto 
6parB no Rpafinifi uspi hxi nepennuiHrB, a th npEnuin pyRO- 
mcB KO mhí— a AOcraBJí) npexncjiOBie n m. 6. npEMJ^Hania— h 
CB pyvB AOJOfi. A TO BCflROft paffB, RasB fl o&h HHxi noAyMaio, 
m opony ciOBO vh sypn., y nena RpoBB nopniTCfl— BxcotfpaniH 
se MOHXi nooMi au hobhhrh nonicTBirB mu ApyryD noB^texB wh 
pox& Beppo, ROiopaa y Měna vh 8anac6. SCxy OTB^xa. 

Ilpn ceiTB nncBMO ri H. vb Tpeyronnofl nijant n kb 6ani- 
Maiaxi. — He CM%K> HaA'&iTBca, no ueA 6u cjiaARO 6uao nojiy^niB 



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14 BWTHmrb iBPonH. 

CBo6oxy on ffir., a He OTB spyroBa— BnponqeM^E xepsycB croH^e- 
CRoft nociOBHi9i: He paxyttca Hamej^B^ ne nja^B norepaBi. 

Eaioro Bairs BopHca m na Raahi ieKAÍB? B% uoewb BopBdb 

6paHflTCfl no m na bcízi asusaxi. dro iparexíi He xu npe- 

RpacHaro noiy. 

IlpOO^afi MOĚ XPyi^; XeHBFH MOH Jlfipmií SpioKO, HHKOMy HC 

xasatt. Ohh hhí HysHu. Cxepa xoitb h ci ^. 
(IIhcuio Ha nojyjiHcr6; (Šero noxnHCH h axpeca). 



HeóojBmoft orpuBoirb dToro nHCBiia co cioai „3HaeiiiB-jiH?* xo 
nSiij OTB^Ta" Hane^iaTaffB kb ^MaTepiaiaxi' r. ÁHHeHsoBa (hsx. 
1855 r., CTp. 130, bsa- 1873 r. 124 crp.). Oho nacaHO hsb MHxaE- 
jOBCsaro, h OTHCceHO r. ÁHneHKOBUni ai 1824 r.; ho osHa^eme roxa 
HenpaBHJBHO, noTOMy ito CTHzoTBopeHie „ÁHxpeft lUeHBe" HanHcano 
B'B 1825 r., a ^CrazOTBopeHifl*' nymuHa HSAaaH wb 1826-irB. Cono- 
CTaBjeHÍe foxodb, ynoMHHaeHoe b'b necBH^b zoA&TafiCTBO y XCysoBCsaro 
H uojy^eHie bi IIcrobš 3 coht. 1826 r. AOSBOJieHia IlyniKHHy nojB30- 

BaTbCfl GOBi^TaMH CT0JH^HUZ'B AOKTOpOBl, npHBOAATl Kl 8aKJK)qeHJD, 

^To nHCBMO HaDHcaHO vh noiOBHHi 1826 r. „noBto^B Bi poA'b Beppo^ 
EafipoHa, no mhíhík) r. AHHeHSOBa,— „EBreHift OH^rHHi", ho h sto 
e^Ba JH npaBHjBHO, TarB sasi, nesaBHCBMO oti necxoxcTBa 9thx'b 
AByxi npoHSBeAeHÍft, „EBreniň OHirHHib" vh 1825 r. yse Cujtb h8B'&- 
CTeH'B no OTpuBsaMi, Hane^aTaHHUMi bi „CiBepHim I^BÍTaxi'' na 
1825 r. (cTp. 280) H no OTA^jiBHOMy Bunycsy nepnofi ero rjiaBH. Bi- 
^^ poaTHie, qTO ynoMHHaeMaa hob^ctb — »riM^ Byjmni", BanHcaHnaa 
Wh BOHi^i 1825 r. 



vni. 

IIociijaK) Te($£, BapoFBi BaccajiBCByH) mov noxaTB, BMeHyeiiyiD 
I],BÍTonoK)9 no TOlt npBTOHb, ^ro njaiHTCi ona vb Hoatfpft rb 
caMyK) nopy i^b^orb. Jl^oHoioy Te(í£, Moeiiy Bj^viiBiQri hto hh- 
H^niHfla oceHB tfujia x^poxHa, h qio kojh tboS cxipeHHHt Bac- 
cajTB He OBOjr&erB otb capa^BHCU^o naxeiBa, xojepoĚ BXOHye- 
Maro, B saHecennaro nairB BpecTOBuiiH BOHnaMH, T.-e. 6ypjiasaMH, 
TO Bi aaifBi TBoeiTB) JlHTeparypHolt Faseii^ hÍchh TpyÓaxypoBi 
ne yMOJBHyrB spyriolt roxi. JI, xyma mob, nanBcan nponacTB 
H0jieMB9ecxBX'B ciaTett, ho ne nojqr^aa sypnajiOBi, oicnun^ otb 
Blaa H ne snaio vh Mem x^o— h aoro na^xesvrB xyinaiB^ IIo- 
jieBOBa HJiB Byjirapana. Orei^'B mh6 HHiero npo Te((fl ne HHmerB, 
a OTO ÓesnoBOBTB mohi, h6o b Bce TasH ero cbhi, t. e. MHBre- 
jieffB H xanxpjiHBi (BaBOBO ciOBeno?). CaasH IIjieTHeBy, ^to ohi 



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IITinKHHOKÁfl nSPSnECKÁ. 15 

pisiMUOBajrb 6a MeHfl, bhaa Moe ocennee npEJiesame. Ilpoiqafi, 
jgrnuiy Ha xpyroft nowA a, mosctb Óutb emfi hto m6yxb retH 
npHnuK). 

& SHBy FB AepeBH^, Basi vh ocrpoBi, ospyseHEOfi Kapán- 
THiaMH. 2S^ noroAH, teo(Si seHHTBca h AO^paiBoi AO 11. B.— ho 
s o4$i aroiTb ne cmík) en^e h ^yMaiB. 

(nHCBUo Ha hojobhhí JHcra, Gem hoahhch h a^peca). 



nHCBMO dTO. HHcaHHoe 4 BOflÓpa 1830 r. hsi^ BojiAHHa, nanew- 
TaHO BB .MaTepiajaxi*' r. AnneHKOBa (as^. 1855 r., CTp. 283, hsa* 1873. 
erp. 275) cb nponycROHi» Bupasemtt, OTHOCJin^Hxca Kb HojieBOMy h 
BrjrapHHy, xapasTepHsyroii^HX'^ OTHomeHÍa r'b hhm'b nymsHHa. Uosa 
DjBiKHffB 8a6omiCA Bi Bojabhí o „JlHTepETypHoft raderi", oea nox- 
BepnacB raHeHiflX'B co CTopoHU rp. BenseHAop^^a, h ÓHfita sanpen^eHa, 

o ^eiĚ% JífiXbBETb HBB^CTHJTb IlyiIIKHHa nHCBMOlTB, HandHaTaHHUMl Bb 

sPfCCioiTB ApxHBi" 1880 r. bh. II, crp. 508. 9to 6iuh, ckojibko hs- 

BÍCTHO, UOCJAxBÍS UTh EHCBMa. Bcj']kACTBÍe HenpiflTHOCTefi H 0CK0p6- 

jeHÍfi ^eiBBHrB 3a6oJÍjrB, h 14 hhb. 1831 r. CKonqajcji. IlyniKHH-B 
nojyqHjrb 9to ropecTHoe H3B'6cTie vh Mocbbí, tjí,^ HaxoAHJca cb ag- 
Kaípji no cjiynai) npeAcroflemeft ony acenETBÓu. 

B. riiBCKit. 



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UOBOnHTHAa xaiBA 



3ll[«TBH. 



RopoTKÍlt npoMesyroirB epeMCHH uexfj 1848 r.* h 1854— ro- 
AHHoft CHJiBHaro pasrapa KpuHCKott KaMnamH— naMflieHi pyccsofi 
jiHTepaiypii no MHoro^HCJieHHUM^ Tfls($aH'B h npoi^eccaHi, Rasie 
ona Bejia cb ufimjpnoi, npaBTBBOtt loft snozH. IIo^tb Bcerw npo- 
HrpHBaa etl h buxoah hsi BCflsaro A^ja eo^e bi xyxmeirB no- 
losenÍH, ^m tfuja, ona Bce-iasH ne yflHMajiacB, ^t6 otÍMCEflercfl 

nOCTOflBHUMl npHJHBOlTB HOBUrB CHJTB Kb apeni eB X^tflreJIBHOCTH, 

BOBHHBHOBeHíeMx Bi cpeA']^ oÓn^ocTBa Ay^OBHHTB cípeMJieHift H 

HpaBCTBeHHBIXl BOnpOCOBl, HyBCTBOBaBniHXl nys^y SaSBETB o CBOeiťB 

cy^ecTBOBanÍH. BojiBmafl ^acTB noAOÓnuxi lasói h npenHpaTeiBCTBi 
npoHCXOAHJia no coMHŠHÍflirB o npEroxnocrn hjih HenpHroxHOCTH 
noAcyxHOfi CTaiBH vh x&HByK), TeKy^yio MRnyry, ho 6um hsi 
HHX'B B Tam, KOTopufl oÓHapysBBajM HanpaBjíeHie BsyrpenHeĚ 
noiBTBBB na no^sib i^ensypHuxi* pacnopusenitt h BaTporBsajH 
BonpocEi pyccBOtt syjiBTypBi BooÓii^e. Mošno nosajri^TB, ^to tsixŮu 
nocj'lAHflro poxa ne 6iuh fpcejA pascBasanBi tíme, sto hxi bob- 
6ysxft^» Bi BaqecTBŠ hcti^orb. Ki qncjy noxo6nHrB xapaBrep- 
uuTh Tnsi&b cjAfnyerh oTnecTH n xy, soTopaa BOSHHua no nonoxy 
BSAanífl «CoHBHeHÍfi IlyniBHHa^ 1855 r. OxHffB hb^b xoByiieHTOKB 
BaBflsaBmarocfl lor^a npoi^ecca BospyrB Hsxanifl npBBOXBTCfl 8ff6cB, 

UKB JIK)(5on£ITHIltt nO BUBOXaiTB, KOTOpue OH^Aft^^ OTHOCBTeJBHO 

Ayxa H oópasa A^tciBÍfl HEsmaxi arenroBi TorAamneft iHrepaiyp* 

HOfi ^OJiB^iH• 

^OSyHeHTB BTOTB COCTOETB npOCTO Vh BilAepSSaXX H31> 0^fl^iaJ[B- 

Hofi «3anBCBE», BOTopyio EBAaTejiB «GouHeHÍfi nymBHHa» 1855 r. 
nojKy^BJí AOBBOJieHÍe, bi bha^ HCUHraesifl hkb otin^iTB npaBHjrL 
i^ensypnoff npaBTHBB^ noAaiB vh rjiaBnult itensypniift BOMHTerb. 
3aAa^a h i^^jh «8anBCRH» aojshu 6iijib sausoHaiBca bl otiiflCHeniH 



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jnOBOnHTHAA TJfSBA. 17 

tItb if£cn H8% cTapQrB h hobhx^b, en^e neHdjiaHHHXi npoHSBe^e- 
Hit IIjmKHHa, ROTopHX BOQÓywm cowa^mB i^eesopa (r. A. $pefl- 
ranra), hx'b npocMaTpHBaBmaro, h iipiiroBopeHu Óujih hitb r^ hc- 

UK>feHÍH>. J(08B0JieHÍH) BTOHy, BaK-B pIXBOMy npHlriftpy CHHCXOAH- 

TejiHOCTH FB ji^TOiiBcirx^ i^eHsypHaro Bi^AOMCTBa, npexnfecTBOBa.ii 
en^e, rasi ($ujio cjrinnHO, npexBapHTe.iBHHtt o6m'6hi Mucjefl vh 
cavol axMHHHCTpaiáH Ha^oopa Haj^B ne^aTBio. IIoneqHTejiB ne- 
Tep(Syprcsaro yie^Haro (mpyra M. H. MycHH%*IIyiinuiH<B, OAo6pHB- 
nrit R yTBepxHBmift Bck noMapHH cBoero i^HBopa, BupasajTB, no 
cjyxaiTB, MBríteie, qro TaBaa noÓJiasica Bs^aTejH) Morja 6u nocjiy- 
jciTB ^pHinrB npHiri^oaťB aia aBiopoBi Boo($ii](e, nocroflHHO sasB* 
jiaioqHXi HecrepnEMyiD npereHaÍK) snaTB npHVBHn i^eHsypHEixi 
pacnopfl»eHÍft, xo hhxi xacaiDiiiHxefl, MiEHcrpí HapoxHaro npocBi^- 
nieHifl A. C. HopoBi, nojy^HBmitt jHreparypEce otipasoBame, 
GKiOHsuci Ha ctopóHy npexcraBjemE o&hSíCEemŘj a rasse h xpy- 
TOt ^leiTB soMHTera, Haqajn>Hni& miatfa Bopnyca saH^apMOBi, 
reHepaj['B JI. B. JíjdesbVhj BOToptift ne naxoji^Ji^ onacHOCTH ;^jh 
AÍterByR>ii(fcxi& no ne^am saconoBi vh xonyn^eniH «BanHCBH», hh 
xn Boro ne otiasaiejiBHOfi npn ptmenÍH cnopnuxi nynsTOBi. Hxi 
uBime H oxepsajio Bepx'B. 

DofiSTEO, BdBOft ocTopoacHOCTÍK) H cAepsaHHOCTÍH) xojfsna 6UJIB, 
OTJiraaTBCfl sanncBa, ecjin xot^Jia cnacTH, xota 6u OT^acra, Uym- 
khhcbíě TeKCTB FB BToB uocjrbjífleŘ n tfesaneJiJifli^ioHHot HncTani^iB 
m HCBOBi jHreparypnaro xapasTepa. ^ino BasajocB erb nepBaro 
BsrjsxA Heotfii^aftHO JiencHirB. Hh oaho m^cto hbi craTefi Ilym- 
sHHa, HB OAHBTL CTHX'B HBi ero niceH'B H OTpHBBOBx^ sano^o* 
3pÍHHiirrB i^ensopoiTB h npEcysA^nnincB hmi b^ ycrpaneniK), ne 
saiuno^ajiH vb ce&b h tíhe s^OHaifipeHHOCTH, nenpHJiHHifl, BaBoro- 
jb6o naiceBa hjih co^jiasna^ BaBi vh toh'b MoryrB y(%AHTBCfl caiiH 
wrarejra no «BEixepsBa]rB», rA% bcI 8th MŠcra cotfpamié Ho 
DpocT(Ay HacToantit hx'b cmiicji'b Cujfl saTeMBeni bi rjiasaxi i^eH- 
3opa, BOTopHf , Mesxy npowirB, noJiBSOBajrcfl penyrai^ieft xoHRaro 
dKcnepm no ^acra orrajncn TafinBrxi aBTOpCBHXi naM^penifl, 6ja- 
TOffipŘ TOiiBBO ero npHBBiíBÍ BcrpÍTOTB Bcnyio HesaypasnyK) 
Mucn H CHJiBHoe ^ryBCTBo BonpocoiTB oůb uTh npoHcxosAemH h no 
CBocBy ycMórpínÍH) onpejíftMTB, Cjiaronajeatno jus oho h mrtera 
JH npaMUfl ;(0Ba8aTe;rBCTBa CBoeft saBOHnocTH... 06junemjo dTott 
nocioflHHot 8a($0Tii r. i^eHBopa, yBJíeBaBmefi ero aucko fb cropony 
OTB pasfispaeifaro TeBcra, h yBasamio, ^o BaBHxib neHMOBŠpHEix^B 
pimeBifi otta X0Be.ia ero^ nocBfln^ena HCBJtio^m^ejiBHo b bca «8anncBa» 
H3Aateia. 

Toň L— ffHBAFi, 1881. 2 



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18 hwrmíKi iBPoim, 

Ho noyHHTejiBHafl cropoHa npHBOj^HMun. <6UAepseRb» wn 
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biíl npieiiax^ p^hh h bx xoBOxaxi, Basie nonaxoÓHJiECb HBxaTejD 
A^ifl Toro, hto6h sacTaBHTB ce(^ BucjiyinaTb h uictib npaeo pascvH* 
THBaTB Ha h6botopuS ycn^xi. HcnojHU cboio c^e^ianHyIO 3a- 
xa^y— o(}BJiCHeHÍe MHCJefl^ cjiofb h BtipaseniS noara,— ipaKran 
jLepTRHLTOL Ha TaROiTB ypoBfffi noHflrifi, npH6iraerL vh noMon^H 
TaRoro pow coo($ps^&eHÍ&, hto pncyen cieneHB pasBirrifl h yxcrBee- 
Hoe Hacrpoenie jiioxeS, XJfl Roropiixi ohi HasHaHaicff, a laRse 
v noji02KeHÍe nenaTH 3a 25 jvbvb nasa^. IIpHxoAHiocb xepsaTBCg 
BCRjiDHHTejiBHO TOFO cnoco6a noHHMaTB npeAMexH, BoropQfl oahh^b 
Mon^ AOCTaBHTB AOBOAaHi «3anHCRH» CHJiy ytSÍsA^HÍfl b Bsy 
mBTB R% HBiTB AOB^peHEOCTB. CocTaBBTejB Cfl Hn^eTB apryiieHTOBi 
jiJiH s&iBfnu CBOHXX noioaReBÍlt h Tpe6oBaHÍS ne bo BByrpcnnefi 
npaB;^, ROiopaa bx hhxi saaiio^ajiacB hjih icorja saKTO^aTBOi, 
a vh To9 CMacTXHBofi ciyHattHOcni, tto ohe ne iipotsBopiiHarB 
HB ojífioft H8X rocnoAcrnyromHxi hacÁ rb otfmecTB*, Bci «3anHCBa», 
TaRHBTB oÓpasoiTB, HO^y^Hia xapaRTepx a ottíbortb adeoKamcKou 
p^^TH, npoBBHeceHHOfi bti san^rry éesnoMoniHaro Riíenra, Hy;sxai0- 
n^arocH fb CHHCxo:KAeHÍn.CBOHX'B cy^eil, h crpaHHoe Bne^axaiiBie 
npoHSBOAHTB leneps bch es apryMeeraitiB, Ror^a BcaoMHHiDB, qro 
RjieHTOBfB lyrB 6uxh hbrto khoS, mkb IlyaiRHHi. 

Jí^jisL nojiHaro noHBMaHia cocraBa h ij^^hhocth toS craBBB, orojio 
ROTopoB mja ara i^eesypnaa arpa — aojisho CRasaiB cjri^j^rioiiice. 

npH CaMOM^B BOBHHRHOBeHÍH MHCIH O&b HS^aHiu CO^EHeHÍS nWTa, 

BOcnoc;rlAOBajo, RaRx bcImx Tor^a 6hjío hsb^ctho, Bucoiafiinee 
noBejf^^Hie, npexocraBjflBinee nORotteott HaraiBi HHROJiaeBH'^ Jlan- 
CRotf, MarepH h noneHBTejiBHBi;^ jffkxeŘ IlyniRHna, npaso na no- 
BTopeBíe Wh HOBoiTB, npexnojaraBineHCfl u3AaHÍH ncii,% nponaBCAeniK 
no9Ta, 6e8X HCRJHO^eHÍfl, nane^aTaBHHXx itb nocMeprHOMi BB^anin 
1838 — 41, ROTopoe Toae o6fl3aHo 6hjio cbohmx ocyntecrB.ieBieui. 
exHHCTBeHHo npflMOMy BM^maTejiBCTBy h yRaBaHÍio BepxoBHott BJia- 
CTH. TaRHiTB oÓpaaoMi rjiaBHuS naTepian Bcero npexnpifliiH óojtl 

Ha rOTOBi H npHTOlTB yse HBMTtifi OTB BCflRarO pOXa 6paR0BBH. 

Besx oxpaHHofi rpaMoni, A&HHofi eMy bhobb ynoiUHyTtiícB pacnc 
pflseHÍeiffB; ROTopoe cxepsHBajio bi rpanHitaxi npHiiiqk n pasyMa 
peBHOCTB jfHTepaiypHOtt hojhi^íh — neHBBicTHO ^t5 ciajiocB 6u cb 
;^o6pofi ^acTÍK> jHrepaTypnaro xocroflHÚí nooia, yse ctoibro ^irh 
HaxoAHBmarocfl vh oÓjia^aHiE Hviaian^efi nyÓJiHRH. IIo spaBHeft 
if&p^, H3'B npBJíaraeifaro AORyHeHia oRasuBaercB, hto aeHBOpi sa- 
nocHJi'B pyRy h na cmxoTBopeniH, ^aBHo o6ome]s,unsSj fb crapoM^ 
B3xaHÍH, BecB pyccRift MÍp'B Hy uGTfSfj npc^HiTB, Ha HaipíoTH^ecRyio 



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IMOflHTHitf TJISBl. 19 

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IIoHHTHO, HTO CTHXOTBopeHÍfl IlymRUHa, pasc^flHHEifl no crapHMi 
HaiflHMi sypsaiaiTB, Baweafl ce 1814 r., h ne nonaemii vh 
aocHepTHoe Hsxauie 1838 r., a taRa^e craiBE, OTpuBRH h bgí 
cospoBEiita ero Mysu, noHepaHyTUji bi> ero pyRoaucaxi, yse ne 
DOJBSOBajHCb ÓMroKbsLEiewb oxpaHearo JHCra h ociuBajHCB Óesi 

Sau^BTU. O HUXl HMeHHO H DUU BCe A'ÍJO. 

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MVh cocraBJuiao tojbro Bonpoci speneHE, Roxopoe h nocrapajiocB 
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leeOCTOBreJIBHOCTn, BXT> OSHAaDB^eft HeCOMH^HHO npfl BBB^kTHUXl 

8* 



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otipaaoMi HSAaTejib Morb óu, onHpaiiCB na xpesioe noHHMaHie 
anoxH, ycxpaHHTBca orb HcnoíHeflia CBoež npaMoft oÓisanHOCTB 
HBxaTejifl. Oh^b doAo/cem 6uji% nirraTb ase&ame osHasouHib nytijEKy, 
xora oiqacTH, ctb oóxeMOicb HeosHAaHBO Aocxasmaroca efi xyxos- 
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HCRH Bt i^efl3yp£ B Bejia hxx tímb se cnocoóaiii h npieMaiiH, 
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JQOBODUTHAfl T^SBl. 



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combíbuhcb sa bch> ary anozy bi HeH36teH0M'B noflBJieHÍH aha 
ceo6cdHaxo mpydaj soroparo h xosAAJiHCb. 

HepexoflflWb Kb xoKyMeHTy 'HameMy, cHa6safl ero OTifiTRaMH 
KacarejbEO yqacTH, Roropan nocrnrjia Ras^oe hsi ocysAeHHuxi 
Mkrb nymKHHCRaro TBopneciBa bi oROH^aTeiBEofi hxi npoBipsi^. 



BhtdepoKKU U3Z oGiHCHumeAhHOů sanuCKU^ nodannoú usdameACMz 
^CoHuneniů ffytUKUna^j 1855—57^ iJiaenoMy uenaypuoMy HOMumemy 
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„ň Tasil xo BaMbpcB^ BosepaTHTiiCfl 
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meApoTaMH. H mo-xe A'i^aeT'B, yse 
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HoS cHjiu, q^Mi Bi* upoAOJiseHie Bceíl 

CBOeS SH3HH. 

„iI,BMHTpÍ8 CBIBHO UaQOMHHaeTS PeH- 

^Hxa IV. Ofli xpaópi h XBacTjuBi, 
RSLKb TOTb. 06a nepeMiiHfliDTTi peiBrÍK) 

AJH UOlHTH^eCKHXB BHAOBl, 06a IV>- 
OATb BOftHy, yAOBOlBCTBÍB, 06a HaiUOH- 

Hfii KB HeoéuKHOBeHHUMi npeAnpÍA- 
tíami h o6a cjiymarb n'^bJo mhofo^h- 
cjteBH&ixi saroBopoBi. Ho Fenpexib ne 
BH-krB KceHÍH Ha cobícth; npasAa, hto 
aro ysacHoe oÓBABOHie eme ne AORa- 
saHO, H a. c^HTaiD CBoefi o6a3aHBocTiio 

OMy He BtpHTB. 

„rpHÓOtAOBT* He AOBOieHL ÓHJl lO- 
BOMl**. 

b) Ha CTp. 282—284 (no pyKOnncH) 
BO 4)paHiiy3csoMi nHCBMt nyoiKHHa o 
BopHCb FoAyHOBi, j&poMi TeKcra, coot- 



OóiflCHeHÍA BBAaTejfl. 

3th MtcTa H3'B nncemii OyniKHHa na 
tl^paHAyacKOiii Asust o CBoefi TpareAíu 
«BopBci< roAyuOB^» (h hsb nepeaoAa ux-b 
na pyccsiíl jisukii H3Aa'i'eieifi) sasjío- 
qaioTT. cysACHÚi nosTa o6i ncTopH^e- 
cRot TparoAiu BooÓme. Bb npaBHj[ax'B 
o i^ensypt (cTaTBA 10-ii) BEipaseao:... 
„BcBKoe oómee onHcauie uih CRtAtHÍe 
KacaxeiBBo ucmopiu, reorpa<t)iu u cxa- 
THCTHKu Pocciu A03B0JiieTCA AeB3ypoio, 

eCJB TOJbRO USJíOSeHO CB UpHJIHqieMT* 

H óeai BapymeHia oóu^hxi ueH3ypHHX'b 
npaBHXb*'. nscBua llyuRHHa He iipoTH- 
BOpinaTB npeAnHcaniK) sasona h no- 
lepfl HX'B óujia 6hL 3Ha^uTeibH£iMB npo- 

ĎilOMl Bl HCTOpÍH TpareAÍH ^fiopHCE 

FoAyHOBi". yse ii3B'hcTflo nyGoKoe yea- 
seHie HymKUHa ki KapaMsany. B'& 
onBcaniH IIIyiicKaro, oh% cJťbAyerB eo 
BCOMi* yBasaHiflifB Hcropnica, cnpaBeA- 
jiUBO Ha3BaBuiaro roBHxeiB 4>aiihjiíb Po- 
MaHOBuxi-^-xBTpHMT* uapoABopiieiťB, sa- 

XBaTHBIBHMIi npeCTOJI'B, SOTOpufi HO eMY 
CltAOBaJO SaHBTB. Bl XapaKTOpHCTHfii^ 

A* CaMosBaHAa, IlyniKHHi AOSBOjaerb 
ceót citiaTB cpaBHeHÍe c% Kopojieii'b 
renpnxoifb IV, ho tojbko vh OABOiťb 

OTHOmeHÍU JierKOCTH, XBaCTJBBOCTH H 

BottHOiEoOHBOCTH. ^TO RacaeTca AO Ma- 
pHHU MnameK^, to Ronapnoe necTOjno- 
6ie OH o?ep<ieHo apico IlyniKHHUM^ h, 
saseTCfl, HlirB npHiHRu— uiaAHTb aTy 
seHniHBy, oópaseu^ aanaAnoft h aoib- 

CKOtl I^HBHJRSaUJH, UpOH3BeAUiell noAOÓ- 

Hoe cymecTBO. Bce ocTaibHoe — 6irjiMe 
HCTopH^ecicie onepicH, a hotomi pas- 
cysAesie o saKonaxB TpareAÍH» soiopae 
HymKRHi noiaraiii tojbro wb hcthhíi 
xapaKiepoB^, Bce npo^ee c^HTaa bto- 
pocTencHHUMi. BorB noieny h csasajfB 

BB BHAy KJiaCCBKOBX H pOMaUTHUOBl>, 

BoeBaBmHX'B TorAa uesAy co6oi na 6y - 
Marb: „Si je me méla! de faire nne pre- 
face— (ei B. ToAynOBy), je ferais du 
scandale^ 0» '^'^^ nepeBeAeno y H3Aa- 



M $paBa Tose npeAXOSeBua;i li. ncKJjt>«ieuiiD r. i;eBa<ipOkii. 



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IBBOfmtBÁi MZBl. 



23 



BÍTCTByi)maro symeapHBeA^HHOMy ot- 
piíBKj, nodHepKuymo ciij(y»Biee MtCTO: 

gMa tragédie... est remplie de bonnes 
plaisauteries et ďallasions fines á Pbis- 
toire de ce temps-lá... Qaant aox gros- 
ses indéeencee— ďyf&ites pas attention". 

e) Tasí xe touo ysasaHO ki hcuk)- 
<ieaii) H xicTO o Mapnat MHHineKb u 
o npejiKt Doara. O nepeoll: 

.Aprés avoir goaté de la royaoté — 
wyez-la, ivre ďone chiměre, se prosti- 
taer d^aveatoríer en aYenturíer, parta- 
ger tantót le lit dégoutant ďan jnif, 
tantól la tente ďan cosaqae, toigoars 
pi^ á se liyrer k quicouque qui peut 
Im présenter la faible espérance ďan 
tróne qui n*exi8tait plos". 

O npejurb nymsHHa: 

.FaBpaio IlyuuLUBx est uu de mes 
ucétree; je Tai peint tel qae je Pai 
tnm?é dans riústoire et dans les pa- 
j^ers de ma fomille. II a en de grands 
talents. Homme de gnerre, bomme de 
caiir--e'est lni et Oien^eesi qai ont 
usoié le saccte de CaMOssaHeui par 
ime andace inoaie''. 



xeu: lyEcjiH 6u n BS^ynajii nanHcarh 
npeiHCJOBÍe (ki £. ToAyHOByX He oóo- 
iUAOCb 6u 6en uiyna^. Bo Bcbxii 3THX'b 
nucLiiaxi Moryrb noAiexaTb hcíuio- 
Heaiio pasBt XBa cioBa j^a ociaóiOHiii 
MUCIH, Bl CyiAHOCTH <5e3BpeAHofi, HMea- 
BO npH onHcaniH Ahmhtpúi bi> uepioAt: 
„J|,uiiUTpift Cb TÍMi ecAUKOdymieMz Bt- 

TpeBHOCTH, KOTOpafl OTJIHHaja BToro 

AioGeanato npoílAOxy...^ Moxuo óujio 6y 
BudpocHTb cjiotía: jR)6e3uaro u BeiuKO- 
Aymieiix. 



(HsxaTeiH) co^EHemfi IlyinsBfla HeyxajiocB OAHasosi, noxep- 
TBOBaHÍeMi Acyx^ SíiHTeTOBi Fjb onpeA'LieflÍB jiaihoctii AHMHTpia, 
ipoBecTH sairifersy o HeMi» noaia buoabIí. £b% 'ne4aTHaťo i^escra 
uiceiTb MU BHAHM'B, 9T0 H'6cT0y Txb HaxoABJOCB cpaBHeiríe ^B- 
MirpÍB CB FeHpBXOMi IV B T^'í ynoMBHa.iocB BMH EceHin, Bce-iaicB 
ieB.iioqeHO hsi BSA^Hifl. Bx-sair^i^B, o6xHCBeHÍfl HSAaTeJH noMorjB 
Bpo&Tu Bil newTB ($ofi&BicB xapaBTepucTBfiaML jBHHOcre^ IHyA- 
CBaro, Mapiiiui MHHineK'B, FaBpBJíu HyuiKBBa. BM'6cTt cb bumb 
l03BOjieHn vh oÓHapoj^OBaHiio h Bcíb otpeibohhub ^pssu nflceM'B, 
HauHaii CB saMixBn FpBGotAOBa o(h» Iobí^ b Ron^afl tImb, bo- 
Topua bbxbmo BcnyrajB i^eusopa tojbro cjiOBaMB, bx hhxi aaBjno- 
lafiiiQiMHCfl: plaisanteries, índécences, scandale. Bapo^eMXMU snaeiiii, 
no HepHOBUMi* opuťBHajiaiii 8tbx'b caMux^B nBceM^, ci» soropuMii 

UJÚIEMA OBHaSOMHJiaCB He^aBAO Ha IlynUSHHCKOÉ BBlCiaBK'6, HTO EÍ" 
CBOIBBO ÝpaSl B Hesea^BTeJBHilXl BS^TORI HCRUD^eHO 6hJ10 H3'B 

Bixi caxBiTB BBAaTeieiFB H no BecBiia noHaiHuirB npBUHaMi. KaBi 
te noA^iciBOBaia, HaiipuM^pB, na noxodpHiejBHaro cyABK) Ao6a- 
BoiBaii 4^pa8a HymRHfia ki saiiiHaHÍK), mo Ha^o noHmiiaTB HaiieRB 
w> rpareAiB, noAo6HOMy ix)My, Raai bio 6ujio BeoÓxoAHMOcriio a^b 



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24 



BMVHHK^ KfiPoim, 



^natuua^ doMauMuaz desdrbJnytueKi Eieea u KameHKU* (comme 
dans nos soDsoeuvres de Eiow et de Kamenka), hjih icbcro, 
(^"bAOBaBmee sa j^pasoft ^PpuÚorkdoez ne doeoAem duAz Iosom^: 
H — cnpaeeÓAuso. Eampiapm 6uaz oněm yMHUja HeAoefhKOM^i a Hj 
no paacfbJMHOcmUj cdfbMuz usi neio npocmaKa* (Le patriarche, 
il est vrai, était un homme de beaucoup ďesprit, j'en ai faít nn 
sot par distraction). 6i to noAOspHxejiBHoe h cypoBoe spěna ji;jifl 
ne^aTH, ohh hofjih óu noBJíe^^ Banpeo^eHie nHceiii IlyaiKHHa o 
«E. Fo^yHOBÍ^ i^-fe^HKOMi, saKi npoHBBexemft coMEHTeabnaro xyxa 
H Hacrpoenifl. A nHCBna aiH, BonenHO, ctoh^ih ccxpaneHifl: aro 
Aparoi]lÍHHuS npHMtp^B xorOi KaRi ncTopifl a ea rjiaBHUfl ^Hn^a 
orpasaiOTCfl b^ yn^ reaiajibflaro xyAOSHHsa). 



m. 



npflroBopu r. i^eHsopa. 

Ha exp. 104 (no pysonncH), ki hckiio- 
HeHÍK) DyuiKHHCEaro pasifuiiueBifl: 

«HcKpeHHO npesHaiDCB, q-ro a Bocne- 
TaBi> Wh cTpax'^ no4TeHH'b&nie& ny6jiRKH 
H 4T0 Be BHsy BHKaKoro cTUAa yros- 
AaTB eS H ciiAOBaTb xyxy BpeueHH. 
^T0 DepBoe npH3HaHie BejierB ki Apy- 
roMy, 6ojii>e sasBOMy: Tasii h ÓUTb, 
KaK)CB, MTO sí vb jHiepaTypt CKenrBKi 
(HTOÓi ee cjcasaTB xyase) h hto bcí eji 

CeXfTlW AU KeHA paBHH» DpeACTaBJUfl 

KasAaa cboio BuroAayH) h seBurcAByK) 
CTopoBy. 06pndu b ())opM{i aojijkukí jh 
cyeBipflo nopaóou^aTB jfUTepaiypeyi) co- 

BÍCTb?> 



OÓifleaeBifl BaAaxdifl. 

HcKJiK)4eHÍe 3Toro Micia Hoxeri 6uTb 
TOJbKO oĎiiícBeHO cjOBaMU c«innw H 
oópAdUf ynoTpe6JieBBii|iu Tyrb aeB3Ha- 
Hai, b6o cauo mícto othocbtcii si 
cnopy o uaccHaHSMt b poMaHTfl3M'b, 
Bi KOTopoMi iipBBBjí yHacTÍe H nym- 

KflBl>, BOIltmeflO BMeBBO npfl OBBCaHÍH 

aTOTO cnopa h BBELaKoro OTHonieBin hh 
K^ Heify ApyroMy ne BMterB. O&b yroa- 
AeBíu BKycy nyÓJHSH ynoMBBaerb Ilyni- 
KBBx npocTpaBBO, HTO oyóiHEa Bar 

KJOUBa S% KiaCCflUB3My B HTO whvb 

BBRaKoro cTu^a Aia BBcaTeifl boa- 
HBflflTLCfl 3T0My TpeóoBaBÍK). ^pyroFO 
cMucja HBKaKoro lyrb h Óutb bo mo- 
7Kerb:>TWb acHO, onpeAiJieHHO ace bh- 
CRasaao. £cia A'bflcTBHTeiBBO ciOBa: 
ccKtnu, oópMdu Be TepnflMH bi orpiiBst, 
TO ciOBO ceKtnu MOserB 6utb 3aM']&nieH0 
cjiOBaME napmiu bib íukojm, a ciobo 
oOpsdfií CJOBOJTB yemaeu aia npoMMa. 



(OipuBOB^b nynufflHa Óujrh oxo6peHi» Kb neiaTamio (Sen sáiri^ 
Henifi, Ran Bnaeiii hbi ne^axflaro xeBcra. Eponia npeAioaseHia 

8ailÍHHTB OAHH HeBHHHBia CJlOBa APyrHMH, CTOJB Se fleBHHHUMH, 

tffiijia no^yBCTBOBana h BOMHTeroiťb... Ho saBia mhcjh xoxhjih vb 
rojOBt i^eHBopa, xorxa oh^ yBaauBajrB na oto mšcto, Basi na 
npeAOcyAHTeiBHoe?) 



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JtfilOlIHtHÁJI TlJCfiÁ. 



á5 



IV. 



Kl HCKlK)^eHÍK>: 

Ha oip. 112 H 06. (no pysouHOH) pts- 
Koe MHtBie njiiiKBHa o AepacasnBt b% 
unchwb KS AeibBHry: 

«IIo TBoeM'b 0Tb±3jí,± oepeHeji a 
j!(epzaBHfla Bcero,— h botb Moe okoh- 
mei&Boe vB'feBie. droTL vy^aKi ne 
3Ban BH pyecKoS rpaxxnu, hh xyxa 
pyceiaso jisjísa (aon no^eaiy ob^ HBse 
JoMoaocoBa;. Obi ne BMtob floflaiifl 

BH o ClOrt, BH o rapHOHÍB, BH ABxe o 

BpaBHiaxib CTBxocioxeBiB: BorB noveny 

OBI H XOJXeB'^ 6tCBTB BCJIS06 paSÓOp- 

UBoe yxo. Ohi ne toibbo ne Bii;(ep- 
XHBanrb omh, bo bo nošen Bu^ep- 
san HCTpo<t)Ei(BCUK>?afl lero— 3Baeuu>). 
^t6 ze Bi Beiii? Mucih, KapTHBu h 

ABBXeBllI, HCTBBBO BOdTHqeCIUfl. Hh- 

TSB ero, saxercB, ^nraeiíiB AypBo^, 
Bonayi nepeBOAt ci KaKoro-To vy^ec- 

BITO BOJUHBBBKa... j^epsaBABl, CO Bpc- 

MeBem BepeBeAeBB£iB,fl3yiiHrb£Bpony, 
a XH B3i ropAOCTH Bapo;iHo3 ae CKa- 
Men-b Bcero, ht5 mh sBaeMi o Beut. 
y A^P^saBHBa AOJSBO 5yAerb coxpa- 

BHTL OXh BOCeMb, AB B'kK0JILK0 OTpUB- 

lOBi, a BpoHee cxe^L. TeBÍfi ero mobluo 
qpaBHHTb ci reflieiťb C*. JKaiB, mto 
Bani 1108TB cJBinKOMi nacio Kpa^aJib 
BtryxoMi. AobojU»bo o A^p»UtBBBÍ». 



OCSBCBeBÍB BBAaTOJlB. 

Bto ]fffl']kBÍe nymKflfla o ^epaumeB*! 
iipBBaxiexHrb si 1825 roAy, bo 3xtcb 
BaxaTejB Bpocflrb oópaxHTB , BBUMaBie 

Ba O^BO 06CT0BTeJ[BCTB0. Ob'b nOHt- 
CTBJIl HMeBBO aTOTB OTpHBOKl AJW TOrO, 
4T0(^ BOKaSaTB, KaB'b Cb TeHCBÍeifB 
BpeMeBH H 0% BaKOBieflieiTB obeitboctb, 

BAoS B pasBHTU micxBBieficflocoOaocTa, 

OyUISBH^B BSMtBBll nOCTeflOBHO CBOB 

cya^AeBia 061 asTops^i b^b lyímeify. 
Bce dTO BpocxpaBBO nsioseno BcitA'B 

daOTpUBEOlfl. TaKfllTB OÓpaSOlťB OTpiI- 

BOBi X^aercB bi 6iorpa4>ÍB ooy vtreiB- 

BUm BpBllipOlII^ XaK'B flCTHBBO SBllt- 

(iaTejBB£i& BBcaieiB BOspaBuerB 006- 
cTBeBBUB CBOB cys^eflíB B npcAOCTepe- 
racTB Apyrnx-B oti paBBBx^ yBxe^eHiB, 
EOB9aiOIUBXCfl BeUBÓtíKBO pacnBBBieMx. 

Bi dTOMi ero MopaiBBoe saaieHie... Ci 
dToS ToqBU, usABieiB npocHxi b cyxHTb 
ero BHÓopi H3% pyKonaceft, a ae or- 

AtXBBO, 6631 CBB3B CB naBBOR MJblCXBK) 

a naBBoi sa^aieS ero 6iorpa(i>ÍB. Co- 
bcími Apyroe A^o, ecxa óu apaBe^ea- 
BUŘ oipuBOBi coupoBOiSAaicfl y aero 
Kfl^eflieiii, seiaaieiTB ociaóaTB ysase- 
Bíe Ki BpflaBaBBUM^ 3acjyraM'B bib 
Aaxe paBBOAymieifB ki npezaam cxaB- 
auiTB aBcaxexaiťB) ace dio aaoóopon 
Bi 6iorpa4>iHi ^t6 MOserB 6htb boa- 
TBepacABflo £aK:B cBflA^TeiBCTBom ca- 
MOio r. KOBsopa, TaB'B a aa^aiBCTBa, 
paa6BpaBmaro ero ipy^s. 



(GysAenie o ^epsaeHHŠ bbiuocb bi cb^ti ne xpoHyniMi, ho 
csaiBBO noTpeÓOBaiocB ipy^a na H3o6p%TeHÍe mothbobi, BoropBie 
onpaBAuaajH 6u cmíjoctb npexcTaBjeHÍfl ero Ha cyA% i^eBsypu! 
Bfh naieni^ecKoft p^u HSxaTejifl, euy npHmjocb Aase cocjiaTBCB 
Hft ^HCimy H ^jraroHaifipeHHOCTB cbohxi uoóysijifimUl H Bce 9to 
no noBO/QT oXHoft sairtxBn o JIjepsaBHHt! JH^i^io o6iflCHfleTC2 cy* 
iqecmoBaHieMi lor^a o6n;aro itensypnaro MipoapifliÍB, no boto- 
pmj He xoasHa 6£Uía AOnycsaxBCfl vh oÓHapoAOBaHÍH) BHBaBaB 
KpffrvvecRaB oi(']^HKa crapuxB BJiaccH^ecsiixi nacarejiefi; ecAu ona 



I ^z. 



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26 



BMTmsi IBPOm. 



'Moserk yMEJiHTB uxi aBTopHTerB. Pacnopaseflie 6fiio bubbebo 
AOHOcaMu Ha BpHTHqecRÍe pasóopu jHTepaTypu B. F. BtiAHCsaro, 
6y;rro 6u ocKop6.i:iiOii^íe Hapo^Hyio ropAOCiB u noMpanaioii^íe cjaey 
BCJiHRoxi uymei Poccíh. Hs^aTejH) «Co4BHeHÍt QyniBciffa* npeA- 
CTOflao oÓoBth 8T0 pacnopflseHÍe. Ohi apHHysA^ai úujFb a4b 
BToro xBBce bbjio^btB) npH ne^aTaniH TCKcra IlyoiBEBCKaro nBCbMa^ 
iioACTpo«iHoe npHni^aHÍe, bi KoropoMi nofiropAercfl dotta 6yBBaji>H0 
MUCJib o6i)iCHeHÍfl, B^poafl bi rowb cMhiCáiy vto bi nosAHibiiaiift ne- 
pioAi* s03aH IlyuiBflHii Boo6íi^e OTaocHJca ch BejBSBMi BHBiiaHÍeMi> 
b ÓojbmoK) CBflcxoAHxejiBHocTiK) B^B ciapuMi HamBiTB aBcaxaiflux. 
EjiaroAapfl stbmi npieMaiTB, nflcsMo flyinsiiHa opopBajocb cbbosb 
B:)yMUTejibHoe pacnopABteHie^ jBuiaBmee o^o^ecTBO npaaa oi^ina- 
BBTb cooBxi nucaiejefi, Aocxasujio juTeparyp^ BOJMOSHoctb boc- 
DOJibsoBaTbCfli npH ciynaii npei^exenTOMi, npBMipoMi orcTyaaeHÍB 
ufimj^u nepexB cotfcTBeHHuirB crbcHBTeiBHiuťb DOCiaHOBaeHÍeMi 
H, HBKOHeqi, OBHacoMBio nyÓJUKy ci HpedBH^aiHO mítbbki h 
ocrpoyEHuiťb onpex6jieHÍeM'b J](epsaBBHai cx^jaHHEiMi xbvb 18 
paHte noAo6Haro »e onpext^eaífl B. l\ BiaBucsaro. ^pasa: « reBiK 
ero (/(epBcaBHHa) mobcbo cpaBHBTb ci reaieMi C*», xoJisHa hb- 
tbtbcb:... «crb renieiix CyBopoBa>). 



Kl HCKJlOHeuiD: 

Ha crp. 199 h o6. (do pyson.)* cth- 
xoTBopeHie DyniKUBao coĎcTBeoHoK ero 

SH3BH: 

<H BHxy wb npaaAHOCTH, bi aeiCTOBHxi 

BHpax^, 
Bz ÓesyMcměn wóejuMok eeoóodu^ 
B% neeoAn, n ándnocnm, ěz Hyjtcuxieme- 



MoB yTpaHCBBue ro;(u! 

JI cjuuiy BBOBb APyseft npeAaTeJbCRifi 

BpBBtrb 

Ha Brpaxi» BaKxa a KBnpuAU 

H cepAiiy BBOBb BaflocHTb xjaABiii 

CB'b'rb 
HeoTpaanMUii oObau. 

H Btrb oxpaAU mbí — h tbxo nepoAO 

MBOi 

BcTaioTb Ana iipRspasa luaiiue, 



06%jicfleBúi BSAaTeiii. 

3to bctbbbo roBiaibfloe CTBxoTBope- 
Bie cocTaaiflerb oaho wrb yspameBifi 
pyccKoR JBTepaTypu h apiHaAiesHii* 
Ki poAy lapa^iecKOMy, OflBcuBaDo^eHy 
JB4UHJ1 omyu^eBifl bostobx. Obo Bupa- 
saerb rjy6ojLoe nyBCTBO pacKajiHúi 
AyBifl, BorpaceBflofi BOcuoMBaaBÚuiii 

CBOBXl npOCTyOKOBl. 6l 9T0MI poi'fe m 

TOflepb 6e3BpecTaBBO BamyTOi a Bena- 
TauTca cTaxoTBopeaúi (pasyMdbeicfl, ro- 
paaAO MeHbmaro AOcroaacTBa), jerico 
noiynafl ueasypfloe OAOÓpoBie, Tasí. 
icaRi» H3ioxeBie AymeBBUxi ou^y^efliR 
cocraBiaerb cy^aocTb apoasBeAeeiB 
jrapavecRaro poAa, i^esi *iero oaioóoB- 
TBCb yxe ae Hoxerb. CitAyen sani;- 
TBTb BfiícORoe BpaBCTseBBoe 3Ba4eBie 
nymRBBCRaro cTBxoTBopeBía, bi roto- 
poMii OBI can oi('feBBBaerb BpesBM>K> 
CBOD xa3Bb flo CBpaBeAiaBOCiif a bh- 



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jn>B(»ISTHitf TI»i. 



27 



J(bí tíu muiu— xea AABHHe cyxbóofi 
Mbí aareia bo xhh óujnie. 

Ho 06a Cl RpaJBflMH H (7B OXaMeHBUMl 

H creperyn— H ucTan HRt 06a, 

H 06a roBoparb m bí Mepreuiii asu- 

BOMl 

O TtlHan BtqHOCTR h rpoóa. 
19 Maa 1828. 



AHTb ea HeAOCTaTKH— aaion óyxymaro 
HcnpaBieuia. CraxoTBopeHÍe Tas^ se 
sasHo jufl ore^ecTBeHBoS ciOBecBOcrH, 
KasTi H xiB yseaBía ijmn nodTa. 3% 
9T0MX se poAi cocTaBieHa usBicTBaa, 
aBaiieBHTafl (BHcoHaffme yse xosBOjea- 
Baa) nBeca ero: «Korxa jua cnepraaro 
yiiojSBeTB myMHuR AeBL». IlpexJiarae- 
Moe CTHxoTBopeHie cjysHTb TOJLBO npo- 
AOJseBieiii ero. Ha^arejb bohth yst- 
peBiH HTO OHO, no ReRifbRiio bgbo npo- 
TnBOKeHsypBurb ycioaid, óyxeri. Aoay- 
meso wb Kaicom - aaóyxb sypaaii b 
TÍMi> jRAiBTi 6iorpa(i)iK) Aopororo iipí- 
o^ptTeaia, a ero caMoro capaReiiuBOfl 
HecTH nepBaro OTKpiiTeia. 



(^BB noA^epKBjTUxx CTMxa itx rescrb CTiixoTBOpesui, B03(>yAflB- 
mie coMutHia y r. i^eesopa, Aiovjfi uoBje4i>, no TOťAauiaefi njna- 
aypaoft upaicTHisi, saupeiHeBie iieefl ubecu, nero, b% c^acrifo, ee 
cjiyHBJíocb H orpuBOR^B npomejn* ó.iaronojyiHO, ci coxpaHeHíeM^ 
I sanoxosp^HHuxi cthxobt>). 



VI. 



Ki RCKJiOHeBiR): 



Ha crp. 84 (ao pysoa.), orpnaaii o 
6txMepmm dfpuu (BaBBcaBBHe UyBUCR- 
Mua% BaBi» apoB3Be;(eaie JleacBaro, 
oxBoro fl8% AtiicTByDB^arb jbi^i ero 
poaaaa: «EBreuifi OatniBx*). 
tHaácMdotk CMČoemmok M44»éemiecKH 

ÓHma, 
Soida 6u e%puÁ% ^, Hmomycatóa dýmá, 
Morajy a^pesBBT>, yBOcarb nucia 

BtHBU, 

H laBaib, H jiK>(k>Bb Bb Dy^RBU óesso- 

aeiBH— 
Kiiaycb! xaBBO 6u a BOKBByix rpycT- 

flHS ]iipi>, 
F3piji 6u a apeAtii aocToproBi, aa- 

ciasjíeBii, 
DpeAixb, TX^ cMepra bíti., rxi B'brb 

npeApascyaueaiB, 
I^b macMb oxBa SRBen vb BOÓecaofi 

wcTorb; 
B» wnciwMQ fi|)ebafoc» iMMumne^uioA 



06iflCfleBia asxaTeia. 



Ctrxh dTR apeAcraaieau IlyBiKUBHifb 
Kaa% oópaaei^i Tasejuzi, BeJíauxi 
OcciaaOBCBBxii ctbxobi, sasBHtf saau- 
uajca JleacKiS— A'bficTBya)mee lauo bi 
«OutrBut».OBn aaBBcaBU cb uiaba) ua- 
poAupoBaTb u upeABTb aaciituiKli ao- 
AoÓBUH 4»uioco<t»cTBOBaBia, a ue cu 
uLibiu ubicTaBBTb uxx Ba uoaasi, Tru 
B caMi OBI. o6i«acBHerb jijBLihe ^jh 
ociaOjeuiii bcbuoB, cbmoB JieraoB abj- 

CMUCieBBOCTB Bl BflXl Clt^yeTb, MO- 

soTi 6biTb, BHnycTBTb nepauft cthxx 
B BCK> Bbecy Ra^aib co BToporo. 



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Google 



28 



IMtHlKl IBřOittl. 



(B% «MaT^iajiax% jí,m 6iorpa$ÍH IIyEaraHa»y 1855, dra UBeca, 
AOSBOjeHHaa vh neHaiaBÍK) ((ési BunycBOBx, conpoBosxaeTCfl lose 
upHMŠHameifB (Cowh. Dyms. 1855| t. I exp. 328)| noBxopflK)- 
mfiwh cnojuHa fflwjm «o6ucHeHÍfl>y ^eiiy ojsfuwh npHMtpi mu 
BHA^H yse H npesxe. npe^Jioa^HÍe BSxaT&ifl BHnycTHn nepíMitt 
CTHX^B, OBasaBmeecfl ne HysEHMi, bhahvo eA'3baH0 énio a^atofo, 
uto6h coxpaHHTB oxpuBRy BaBofi*jH6o CMucjii| noTOMy TTO ci ycrpa* 
ueHÍeM'L 3-x:b cthxobi (ohh nox^epKHyTU vh opErEHaii), sas^ 
npeAJiarajii r. DieHaoprs, BecB orpuBORi npeBpan^aacfl bi^ HHcrifl- 
Hiyx) ÓescMHOjniiQr. B% 8toi» cjiy^a'^, saKx h bi xpyrHn, eiiy 
noAo6Bux'b^ npoHcxoffHjfo hí^to cxoxHoe cb BuÓpacaBaHÍeMi sa 
6op'rL qacTH (5arasa fflSL cnacenifl Ropafijifl, oxojr&BaeMaro 6ypett. 
CpaBBeHÍe pHcyexi xaiu&e h nojoseníe jiHxepaxypu xoro BpeMeHH). 



vn. 



Ha cíp. 136 (no pys.), otpeiboki hsi 
uucBMa IlymKHBa o uporpaimt raaeTU, 
KOTopyK) A03B0J[eH0 eiiy 6iuo HSAa- 
Baxb (B'b 1832 r.): 

«Oh'l (DyuiKHBi) noiyqni-L AOSBOJesie 
fla HS^aBie raseru, bo bo^tu Baxpyrofi 
T&e ;ieBb nHcaii ci Aoca^ofi: «KaKyio 
nporpauMy xotetc bu BuxtTs: hsbíctíh 
o Kypci, o Bpi^bsacanmHxi a orb']^- 
3Kanu^HX%: boti Bairb n bcji nporpaMMa. 

,M XOrtll yBHHTOSHTb MOBOnOJtK)... Oc- 

Taibfloe Maio xeax uBTepecyeri*, h 
ifpo«i. 



Gmucii 3Toro M'bcTa se nošen, Ka- 
xeTCfl, BOAiesaTb con bíbík), eciH npH- 
BATB B^ cooópaseBÍe paacEasi óiorpa- 
4)ÍB. 6*5 1832 r. IIyfflKHfl'b nojy^ujii A03- 
BOiesie Ha Hs^aBÍe laaeTUí, bo no hc- 

npHBU4K'b KT* JífblJ H CBOOfi BCCBOCOÓ- 
BOCTU 6UTB peAaKTOpOlťb BCeABCBBOfi 

rasem, AOSBOieBíem ne BocnojuaoBajicA. 
ApysBH ero osHjiaiH iieBUy rbirb orb 
raseTH ^qto-to aoBaro, H60($&iLB0BeH- 
Haro, H TorAa, au oxjasAeniji ux'bpa3- 
cnpocoBi, nyniKHHi c% to& xpeseo- 
CTLEo yMa, Rorropaa ero ocxasjuja 
TOibKO m> Hec^acTflHii HHHyTU crpaoEH, 
uanBcaiii BiunenpHBeAeHBiu yKopas- 

B6BHIÍA CrpOKH. 



(OrpuBORi nojiy^eai AOdBOjeme ABuxbCfl bi aeqaxH, ho ocxaexca 
saraABofi: saRrb uov% abhxbca Bonpoci o ero HenperoxnocTH &*& 
xoMy?) 



VIIL 



Rt HCKlK)qeBÍlD: 



Ha CTp. 268, 271, 274, BÍKOTopHa 
BiipasoHifl Bi csassax^b ApHBU Poaío- 

HOBBU. 

«I^pb aiLeHHicfl Ha nenbuiofi h cb 
nepBO& HOVH oHa noaecjia*. 



06iacBeBÍH HSAaxeju. 



Beb 3TH x%cTa upanaAJiesaTb ki> 
cKassaiťb BflHR nyonRBHa, ApRBU Po- 

AÍOHOBBH, co CXOBl KOTOpOfi OH*b HX'b 

samtcajTb h soropun nocxysHiR aih co- 
craBjeHiA cthxotbophuxi cKasoK^ Kasi 



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Google 



jnoBoniRHiJi uxbi. 



29 



«OAm wdTh csBoseS ypo^Hicfl ^y- 
Xom% Hoin cepe6pflHuii, pysH soiotuh 
■ ]ipoq.». 

«I^b fShQTb B3i npopyÓH; kto-to ero 
XBCTB 3a 6opoxy h ne BHnycsaerB... 
I{apfc B3M0JVJCJI... Saxyvaica (^xBiiff 

<IlapB (xpyrot, uoxaeMHaro iiapcTBa) 
■OBeiiBaen HiiaBy I^apeBHqy no- 
crpoHTb uepKOBb m> om,ej bo^b. I[a- 
peBHE, o6paTflCB BiMyxy, XBjflercii Ri 
saiy: ne nenaibca, HBaHi IfapeBHTb, 
cxvBb nopTBB, noBibeb Ba mecTOKi, xa 
cn , a davrpa bosbvh MOJOTO^esii xoah 
osoio nepsBv... I^apeBBTb jiyifaai, xy- 
aarb ■ easoBeirb c&asaii: auyseero! 

BOBtCHTb TaKl nOB^HTb, fOlOBa Mfli 

Be xopora... Iloyrpy AepKOBb roTOBa». 
«MapbJi IlapeBBa npeBpaniaeťbHBaBa 
IlapeBB^a Brb iiepBOBb, a ceón vh cbh- 
meHiuna... aepioBb eena, cflameBBBKi 
crapnb^. 



caMOHy nymsHfly, TaK'b h B. A. JRy- 
KOBCROHy. Bdk dTH BUpaaceHifl, KaRi: 
ch nepeoú hoku nonecAa, ypoduAcs nyčoMi, 
xeamb 3a čopody (nepsafl <i)pa3a BOcopo- 
flaBCAesa u^jhromi bi Bhcoh. ao3bo- 
leBHoil y»6 CRasRt IlymRHaa: I^apb 
CaiTafl'b, a BTopaa 6yRBaibH0 noBTo- 
peaa bi cRasRii B. A. ^yROBCRaro: 
I^apb Bepeuxefi), RaseTCH, HM'ibHirb xa- 
paRTcpi npocTOAyniÍA» OTcrpasAiomiS 

BOIRyfO MUCIb o COGjaSBt, H Bp3Xh'Jlfí 

■oryrb BBecTH b% HCRymeBÍe xase o«ienb 
npocToro HOJOB-itRa. ^pasy: crbbb nopx- 
RH— B3AaTCJb, can BCRwqaBuiiS no- 
XOÓBua BupaxeBÍx, npocMOTptii bi 
TeneBÍB cBoefl paóoTU. 



(06opoTu H o6pa8u HapoAHaro asuKa, tebi passAdHO eupean- 
me r. i^ensopoirb un Oes^HCsycTBeHHOft pš^H ApeHu Poaíohobhei, 
(SjaroBOjyHHO uiHOBajH npoB^pRy h BBHJiHCb bhojh^ bi npejio- 
xeBÍH KTb «MaTepiajiairB a^a 6iorpa$ÍH IlymREHa*, 1855 (cm. t. I, 
crp. 438), sa HCBJUoqemeiii* (I)pa8Li: cbhhb nopTsii, noB'£cB Ba 
mecTorb— yciynjieHHOtt h caMHMi Hs^aTeieifi, laB^ Rasi Hé noA" 
jesajo yse coxhí&híio, hto osa oópenena 6yAen> bo bchromi» cjiy- 
vA Ha EsrnaBie H8'b ne^aisaro TeRcra). 



IX, 



K-b bcrjwbík): 



Citiynniie noxiepRsyrue cthxh bi 
paaxnHBrb orpuBRaxi m i^ijbBiixi 
Bbecarb flymanBa: 

a. 
•He zeanuiBU jdObr Baci» ynarb, 
A nepBHft naKOcmimú ponaaii*. 

b. 
<Mo§ Hexo^iraBBHft pascaasi 
Bb BepeABeft robhrtb bíri noBopsiift, 
Smn HMecuud% um Kcuendap^. 

c 
•Bb lumpph TaSBofi, Bi dcMb íonemM, 



(X^HCfleflíH usARTeiR. 



HcthbbhB cmhcjti noA^epRuyTux'b 

CTBXOBl Wb paSBUXl OTpUBRaXl, 3AÍlCb 

npniaraeMuxi, ae BHterb RaRoro-jB(k> 
ABofiBoro uiB coóiasBHTeJbBaro SBane- 
BÍa, BBane obi, ua^aiejb, nepBuft se 
AonycTui 6u arHXb otpubrobi bicdob) 
6iorpa4)iio, aaai owb yse CAtiarb co 
MBoraiiB Apyrniin, eMy npexcTaBJíHB- 
mflMucx. 

a. 
ABTopb roBoparb Bxtcb o apexl^ paB- 
Biiro HieBífl poMaaoBi u jnorpc^jaerh 



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30 



mOTflHKl iBPonu. 



^HTaxb ň cjMóocmmU KOpaHi — 
BHeaaDHO aereii yTimeHBfl, 
fij6TÍBx, npHHeci mbí TaiHCMaai*. 

d. 
«Ha atcTO npasAHHxt ypei u ueiKUTb 

EHpaMBA1>f 

Bc3H0ciixi reeieBi, pacrpenaoBiax^ 

xapnrb, 
CTonn* DiHpoKii! aj^ najiii sasBUJiH 

rpo6a]iQ, 
KojceóMCb H flryMfl»... 
e. 
BupaxeBie o6i ajeKcauApiBcKOM'B 
cTiixt: 

«racTpenaB'B úuii* cbo6oaboh) iieasy- 

pon». 

(Hai nJ^OMHKa BTt RoiOMIlt"). 



ptBKoe ^ npHJaraTexbHoe «aaKOCTHHB» 
(Bnpo^eM^B, BecbMa B-i^psoe 8*^ oiHOine* 

BÍH (Í>paBKy3CKHXT> pOMaBOBl). 

b. 

ABTOpi rOBOpETL O&b EfiBaiHAi^ H 

KajeBAapt, bb sasi. 06*^ B3xaHÍAXT> 
aKa^eMÍH b npoH., a Kasi o CTapnxi. 
ra3eTaxi» h yKasaTeiaxi, ho HysBiix^ 
BO OKOH?aBÍH HSBicTBaro cposa. 
c. 
AsTopi axicb BaópacuBaen BepBuR 
o^eps^b flSBicTHaro CTBxoTBopeBU j|Ta- 
jiBCMaBi" H sacTasiflerB roBopHTb Hy- 
cyjbMaBHHa, ae hmía Hacsoibso Bani- 
peflifl BOKasaTb cia^ocTb Kopaaa h aa- 
reiovb MaroMera, ^t6 6uio 6u coBep^ 

meBBOK) BeiiBOCTU). 

d. 
ÁBTop^ ZMÍbch roBopHrb o HenpBiB- 

MÍB flSUqeCRBXl BaMATBflKOB'b Baoii* 

rpoÓBBHaMfl, H efl^e saxo BpuóaBHTb, 
mt) Bce CTBxoTBopeBÍe, OTRyjia Baarb 
OTpUBOKl, BpOBBKByTO y Bcro Fjyóo- 
RHIťb XpBCTiaBCKBMl HyBCTBOlTb. 
6. 

ÁBTOpi roBOpHTb 06% aieRcaBj^pill- 
CKOiTb CTBxi, BcnoMBBaa Byaio,— H 
xBaia ero, apsÓasMorb, ^to erocxBxi* 
pocmp^noNi, T.-e. Bcaop^eBi cbo6oaboR 
aeB3ypoff 80 ^paeiiiH n ycBiiaxn 
rr. Troro h Ap. 



(nojyneHHoe AOSBO^eme na coxpaneHie BCbx'B atex^s orptiR- 
ROB^B rbM^b oco6eHHO BasHo, qTO oho c6eperjio otb HCRaaceflifl, 
npH neqaTaHÍH, Apyroe AparoiítHeoe OTRpurie b% pyRonHCflxi ílyni- 
RHHa, BMeHHO BejHROjtnHyio ero xyBiy: «KorAa sa ropoAOirb, saiyM- 
mítnfj sí 6posy», ^xb 6bijio 611 HeBOSMOSRHO, ecjiH 6u yRasanie 
i^eHsopa noA^ jnrrepoi d 6»Jio npHHATO bo BHHMaBie). 



Digitized by 



Google 



.IDBODHTRlfl TflSBA. 31 



2. 

Mfhcma U3^ cmuxomeopeniů IlyiUKUHay yotce HaneHamauHw^z 
n emaphixz OAtMaHaxaxz u otcypuaMXh u npedAOOfceuHUH i, t^'i- 
3opojia KB ucKAKNeniiOj es o(ÍMCHeHÍHMU uadameAH. 

I. 

ITpexBapHTeJbHoe o^iacHenie. 

HauTejiib iipHOKMaeri CMiuocTb CKasaTs nl^KOjihKO cjiobi o npHqRBaxin no- 
6yiRBmiirb ero Kb co6paBÍH) crapuxi irpoHSBexeHift OyinRRRa m^b cocrasjíeBiA 
B031I0XB0 nojnaro Rs^aBiii ero, KOTopoe Morio 6u ciysHTB oópaaaoii-B juh no- 
cJiuyi>DiHX^. UpH HiiH'lniBeii'b pasRHTÍn OTe^ecTBeHHofl 6n6jiiorpa(|)in, KorAa ycH- 
lú iBonixi ji>Aeit oocBHBieHU HCRjrnMHTeibHo oa coÓnpaBÍe ocTaTROBi pyccsoft 
cnpvHU B Bcero, mb irpoBSBeAeBO wh ore^ecTBi no qacTR jiHTepaiypK y^enoft 
H cjoBecBot, BCffKoe vsjuiBle 6631^ xapasTepa 6R6iiorpa<i)HqecBaro yxe hobos- 
vozBo. Upn rasoiTb nanpanjeHin, CBHX'l^TeibCTByK)n(eii'b o BOspoxxanniBxcfl 
JDÓBH H yBa3KeBÍH RO ecejny c«oejf^— cTporoe BCBJiK>«ieBÍe CTapuxi npoRdBexeHitt 
sa HiioTopyiD eme lOHomecKyio hxi> ropjiqBocTfc h xase sa B^feRoropoe yBjeqeHíe 
(eejH OBO TOJBRO ne nepecrynaerb Hacroffnuixi rpaHHui npRjroqiii) iRmaerb saxa- 
Bíe BacTOflinaTO xocTOHBCTBa ero, noiaoru, cncTeiiu h buboaobi am HaysH Hsaiu- 
laro. CaMoe ropbsoe npn wiowb jmh caMoro HsxaTeia <GoHBBeHifi IIyniRHHa», 
yiorpeÓBBBiarOBaeHxiTpyAiAOÓpocoBtcTBuft, cocTOHTbB-b tomi, hto npo«3BeAe- 
iM,nrbcoópannH«, Moryrb iiBHTbca bi sypeajaxi h cÓopHRRaxi* 6e3npeROCJOBiio 
(ne BemiiBiH) xcbhxi^ nponiBoneHaypBiixx yciOBíR), a eiiy Bocnpemenu. OH'b 
lOBecerb BesaciyxesBufi ynpoRi orb ny6jiHRH n orb rphthrh n-h Hepa^tBÍH n 
BeocMorpirejbRocTH, na Roropufl yse ae Óyxerb uu^Th npaaa h OTB']bqaTb, no 
3U0By. He oahhx 0B'b saBRuaercH lenepb, ÓJaro^apa Bóra, OTeiecTBeanuMi npo- 
atqeBíeirb h co<5HpaBieirb Bcfexx ero naHATUHROB'b, 6e3% BHRJiiOHeBLi xase h 
amxb mtLRUXiK Borb noneny crapuir npoHSBexeHia IlyniRRHa yxe 5 lirb no* 
lunyrcji vb xypnaiaxi: «GoBpeMeBH]iKt», «MocRBRTflBBHÍ&», «OTeqecTBeHBnx% 
3uBciaxib». MHorU um* bhxi nsxaTeib IlymRBHa OTCfpaBHjrb, lutRTi HeyAOÓHua 
XI neiaTaHii), cairb, ho no RpaRneft M-bpt xo^aTaScTByerb sa t% . Roropuff, no 
cíporoMi ocMorpi, Bu6pajii AJifl npeACTaBieBÍJi Bucmeiiy uensypuoiiy naqajib- 
cTBy. RoBe^HO, ecjR cannft TmaTeibHuS pasóopx eme ne yjiocronTCii sHRMaHla, 
TO RsiaBie óyjierb croib HH^Toatno, íto norpeCyerb Honaro, Roiopoe onaib óyierb 
3tTpyxBjiTb ynpaBieHie nensypu AOMoraTeúibCTBaMR o BiťfeoieHiH nponyoieHBEixi 
cnxoTBopeHifi h CTaxeR. H£iH'lniHeMy Hs^aTejíK), ch ApyroR CTopoBu, rposRTi na- 
rpaa 3a TpyA^ RoropoR oni, Rone^BO, ne osRAai?.. HepBuft sypnaii* Hane^a- 
TicTfc CTHxoTBOpeHífl, HO nonaBmíii bi ero cÓopBHRitH cnpocHrb: ta^Chir nasa 
Tco6BpaTeui? 

Tegtwn IlywiKuna ch onpednAenúiMU OGíHcnemn nonoeodyynasaniúx.vfiHaoga. 

» jfKajoMt/ijm u nenaopa. IlepexoAH Kh saiitTRaMib o caMiixi 

Ri HCKjiK>qeHÍD: CTHxoTBopeHÍax'b, HSxaTeib otiasaH^b 

Ha erp. 3 h o6. aai cTHXOTBopeHiji: CRasaib, hto nbeca «R'b Apyry-crnxo- 

•Kb Apyry-eTuxoTBopiiy». xuopay^ 6iua nepsán nane»iamaHH€M 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



32 



BtCTBIKl IBPOIIB. 



«Bl> XepeBB'^, nOHHHTCA, Cl MÍpAHaMB 
npOCTUMH, 

OmiejibHBK-b nozBJOÍt b ci Ryj^paMB 

crbxuMB, 
fii aflpy Cl coctAflMB, bi hcctb, ao- 

bojbctbí sbxb 
H uepBHirs ny^pei^on y hbxi Bs^aBsa 

Clím. 
OABaau(u, ocyniBBi újtuike b cra- 

saHU, 
Co CBaAbÓH, nojT^ Benepi, obi merL, 

fleMBoro BbJíBufl; 
íIoDajiBCfl ony Ba Bciptqy iiysflRB: 

— nocjyniaft, óarioniKa, CBasaifl npo- 

CTBKB, 

HacTaBB rpioiBHrb aaci: tbi bbtb 

bíab 3aupefliaemb, 
BuTb TpesBuiTB BCflsoMy Bcer^a nose- 

itBaemb— 
H Bl^iMiini mu Teói; xa ^to-si cero- 
ABB cam?.. 

— noctyraaRrc, cRasajn* OTnieiiflHRi. 

■ySBRaMl: 

FfiBi... Bací yny, raRi bu u nocryna^Te; 
H(RBBTe xopoiBO; a ■B'b b6 nojtpa- 

ataflTe». 



Bbeca nyniRHHa— H Boaroay HSBicTBa 
scény TOTaDB^eny pyccKOMy irípy. OBa 
nojiBHiacb Bi sypnaii: «B'fecTBBK% £b- 
poB£i» 1814 r. OROB<iaBÍe ea, sxtcb npe^- 
CTaBieQBoe ri bcrjud^cbíi), aoserb 
^OTb en^e ociaóieso h jsmeso Bcnaro 
aeflpBiBMBaro aaiieia BHBycBOMi ciosa 
€6aTK>niRa», bi 8-iii ctbxí. 



{]i^n noHHMaHÍfl cxpaseott i^^jh npeABapHiejboaro o&utaemuy 

BOTOpoe OTCraHBajO, BCÍMH B03M0SHbIMH C006paseHÍHMH, Ty HCTHBy, 

^To AJKfl noiflaro co($pairífl co^HHeHitt HeotfxoAQMO brjio^htb b^ nero 
H npoflSBeAeHk aeiopa, HafiAeHHua bi cxapuxx sypnajiaxi, — Ha^o 
BcnoMHHTb en^e pasi, hto nodBOieníe aa HOBoe Hs^ame DymKABa 
xano 6ujo cb ycjiOBieirB AepsaTBca tfesycjOBHo lescra npesearo 
nocMepTHaro HS^asia 1838 r. TaRi icairb nocji^XHee ne sauio- 
^MO vb ce6'b nbecB asTopa, norpeóeHHuxi fl crapiix^B sypoajiaxi 
H aaBMaHaxaxx, to a^a Hane^aTaBia TaKHxi nBeci TpefioBajocB 
yMe HOBoe xoAaTafiCTBO h HOBoe xonojHHxejBHoe corjacie. Orooffi 
H ropa^iti nacToiUBuS toh^b ss^aTejia, yÓ&RAaronviro cyxei bi 

TOKI, ^TÓ, nOBHAHMOlfy, HC Tpe($OBaJO HHBaBHXl AOBasaTeJIBCTBl. 

CaHo p^meHÍe nxi padCupaib crapyio nbecy IlyniBHffa yse 6ujío 
BUHrpbiKieMrB, CBBA^TejbCTBya o xaflHOMi co^yBCTBÍH Bi luany hs* 
AaieM, ^ero oni h AotfHBajiCár. Dbeca ♦Kx Apyry-CTHXOXBopny* 
npoirja HeeosÓpaHHO, yAep:£aB'B sa cotfofi h cjobo «($aTK)mBa»j ho 
cjoBo omtaeAhHUKi^ bmšcto «CBflii(eHHHBTi»| TaBi H ocxajiocb sa 
mTaxcMi. BnpoqeMi, BTa 8aM'6Ha uBoro ne oOiiaHHBaja. Easi^ 
OBa, xasi H TOUH Vb CTBxt: «KaB!B... sacB y^y, TaB%»— b np. 



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jaMMHimHiJi nsBi. 



33 



jenco BOBcraBOBJUJBCB h TorAa: «CBfliiieHHHRx»; «Ka]rB ^ wpneu 
nch jHy». npHTOMi ae HsxaTeiB HanevaiarB noxcraBHoe cjiobo: 
ofiiiM4Mii«fíi sypcEBom Bi leRcii H en^e ynoiuHyjrL o Hem bi 
npiiM-b^aHiH vh CTEXOTBopeniH). ^B^ctmoKh EBponu» 1880 (cen- 
Ta6pi»), nepeneHaiavB OBecy, 6e8i H8M*&HeHÍB h nponycKOB^, nn 
«BbcTHna £q[H)iiH» 1814 r., KocBeHHOHaneRHyji tíitb na jiotfo- 
niTHBft ^^asTB, "vto JiHTepaTypHiifi abukl 1814 r. 6im CBo6oAH'6e 
Toro se flSHKa bi 1856, h HasuBajťB BentH h npexneru Hacroa- 
n^niH Hii HMeHaMHy vró yse BOstfpaHJuiocB nosAH^ibe. 



II. 



Kl HCBJDHeHÍH): 

flaoóopori crp. 7 (oo pyBOQHCH), orob- 
ttaie CTBXOTBopeHiii: «BjaseHCTBO»: 

«CucTiHBi nHoma b% Menraxi! 

BiniiBi Hamy soioryia, 

HammeTB obi Apyryv; 

Ilien yaiiTpem); ho vb riasazi— 

BlXB OSpeCTHilft BOreMHHlCA 

H HecHacTHHi— yroMHicfl. 
Tokej rojosy cuohíi, 

— HayHE, caTHpi, mobh, 
rosopHTB nacryxi co b8aoxoii<b, 
JKarb Mory óoporbca ci poKom? 
Kan» Mory cnacTjiHBiiMi 6£rn»? 
SL ne wb cHiaxi 6ojBnie nHTB.— 

— CiyniaB, DHoina, uofiesHuB, 
BoTL Toót coBirb noie3Hui: 
MflTB ójaseHCTsa bík'b iobh! 
noEHH xpys6u HacTaBieHBa: 

£e3rB BHHa SAtCB H^TL BeCOlBfl, 

Htab H cqacTBU 6631 ik)6bh; 
TasB nojm-2n» TonepB cx noxMijbfl 
0& SymiAOHOEi noMHpHCb, 
1IoMi6yjiB ero oóhau 
H B% oóiijmxrb j^opHjm 
GioBa ciacTbeEi HaciaxHci»». 



06iflCHeBifl HSxaTOifl. 

3to CTHxoTBopeHÍe Toxe npesaxie- 
SHn. K'B caEUM^ nepBUHi npoHasexe- 
mAWh nymKHHa h HaneHaraHO bi «B'b- 
cTHHsi Ebpoiih» 1814 r. Oho ropasjío 
opuK^Hie EHoraxiyTaBi-BadUíBaeMHxi, 
jm^eficKBXi CTHxoTBOpeBÍB, BomeADíHxi 
vh cocTaBi nocvepTHaro HSxaHúi h Bu- 
coqafime aosboiobhiixi h nuHt Kh nepe- 
nenaTaHÍK). Bcfe nepBue odutu nym- 
RHBa HiftoTB Tenepb aHaneHíe hhcto 
HCTopH^ecKoe H noTOMy, Kaserca, co- 
BepmeHBoóesBpeAHU. Ohh Basau toji>- 
Ko r^i, HTO noEasuBanrB, saRi on 
(Í>paB]iy3CRHxi noApasafliff IlapHH, Fpe- 
Kypy, niojbe h npoH. — nepemen obi 
SI cepbesBUifB, qecTO BapoiHuifi h, 
no BpeMOBaEi, rjyóoso peiHriosBuni 
npoH3Bei(eBÍjiifi. Á^x noKasaBia aroro 
nodTHHecKaro xo^a vh pasBirriH noara 
npeEEymecTBeBBO h coópaHsi ohh 6hjih 
HBxaTeieifb— H na aro yKa3HBaK)rB KaKt 
caEa 6iorpa4>úi, tasí h bcí^ npBMiqa- 
Hia Ki cmrB paHBHM-b npoBSBexeBÚíMi 
ero Mysu. Ki rovy se, vh 6oi'i^e rjua- 

KOi H HCKJCBOi <ÍK)pirfe BOAO^BHil CTH- 

xoTBopeflifl H bhhÍ Aonycsanrcji kb 
ne^aiH oOoKBOBeBHoft uessypoS. 



(IlBeca nojyHEJia oxotfpeflie vh ne^aiE e nypEraEESirB i^essopa 
npESflafli AOcraTO^flOft npEHEEOfi ea ycrpaBesúi). 

Tom L— «HhbílP&, 1881. 3 



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34 



whmaxk upoDB. 



ni. 



Rl, HCKIDqesÍK): 



Ha 06. CTp. 30 (uo pyR.), atiHRom 
Bce CTHxoTBopeHie «3ieriii». 

«0 TU, ROTOpafl HSl X^TCTSa 

3asrjia bo aet cBfln^eHHul sap%! 



SI sByiHiuťB crpoeiit otcHefi hobuxi 
TeÓH npBB-lTCTBOBaTb Aepaan— 
EyAHJTB MOinasse CKaii cypoBHxi 
n ciyxi HHHTOSHHxi ycTpamaxB; 
ycJuimarB ntcHB hod botomrh 
Gpe^b OTxaieHHiimHxi b^kobi 
n jrapii ropwe o^iomrh 

nepeSHByTB B']bHKH IbCTCAOBl*. 



06iflCHeBie roxaieu. 



KpoMi Toro, no BCA axa dierúi, Ka- 
xeicfl, He BMierb uchuxi ]IOBOAOB^ bi 
HcsjuoieHíio, HO OHa ytte 6Hia noirB^ 
měna ea HamHxi riasaxi b^ sypaait 
«CoBpeMeHHHK%» 1850 r., no^eponyB- 
meMi ee H3'b ciaparo aibManaxa «C'bBep- 
nafl 3BÍ3Aa» 1829 r. 9to ho oahbx npn- 
lítpi yqacTH CTHxoTBopeHit IlyniBHHa, 
o ROTopoi ynoMAHyio Bume. 



(Ilbeca 6iuia nponyn^eHa, ($diaroAapfl aroiiy yRasaHiio na npo- 
THBopi^fl i^eBsypearo B^AOiiCTBa cb caiiHirB co6oio. BaicA cb 
ApyrHMH noAO(SHiiMH se vKasaHÚíMH, xoB^peHHOCTb wb ero oape- 
X^eHÍflMi ($iija CHjbHO noKOJie6jieHa, Rasi mu cjiiimajiH, wb rja- 
8ax'B rjiaBHaro BOMHTexa. «GoBpeMeHHHsi»» oicasaii ycjyry Hsxa- 
hík), HanenaiaBi nsecy npes^e bcíxi). 



IV. 



Ha exp. 9 (no pyRonHcu): 
a. 

OKoaqame cthxotb. •Ki H. T. JI— By». 
«KorAa-s'b noixy na HOBOceibe 
(3acHyTB, B^Xhy očo^ifi bc^mb yA'bi'B)f 
CBaanH: i^afi Bofb eMy Boceibe! 

OhB B^ XB8HH XOTB IlOÓHTb yililB. 

h. 
HeTHpe CTHxa, HaaeHaTaHHue bi nep- 
BOMB H3AaHÍH «PyciaBa h Jlnx^aiu^ 
(1820), HO He Bomexmie bo Biopoe 
(1828): 

yxeiH Bon. Han xan oxho 
Bb noAiyHHon láýb BaciasxeHbeV 
Bam ocTaDTCH vb yrimeHBe 
Bofina, H Mysu, h bhho. 



HepBOe HBB 3THXB MÍCTI, KaSOTCA, 

^ He aaKw^eii bi ceói Han 'fepeHia ica- 
Boro-iH6o HenpHiHHHaro naiieKa, a 

BTOpUH ABa COCTaBlflDrB BapiaHTU S'B 
HOdMt «PyciaH'b H JIlOAMHia», ROTopue 
BBxaTeiB npocHrB nosBoieniH o6o3Ha- 

HHTB, HO Rpa&Heff lái^t OXHHlfb HOp- 
BHITB CTHXOlfB, eCJH HO MOTyn ÓUTB 

Aonyn^enu bi nenaTb Bnoint. 



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JíDBOniITHiJI TII26Í. 35 

C 
IIciBCTHX0FB«PyciaHa hJ[ioxmhjh», 
TaEim ze oOpasoirB ho BsexenHue 
131 nepBaro Hs^anifl bo sTopoe: 
<He npasi (|>epHeicKÍ9 axoi kpbrjhi! 
Bce n jj^nneny— renepB soj^yni 
Hn MaraeTHSifOifB xem^ óíxhhxi 
H x^BOHen xyxHTB h óiíxhhx-b— 
IIpopo^HTE, HSxaerL sypnaii*. 
Xtia, ^ocTofiHUJi noxBaii»!» 

(06a BEinycsa HaxoAflTCfl bi npH- 

]iiqaH» BsXETeju n «PyciaHy»). 

{Jífiuymjdnu Bnojei, beri h OBOBHame ciHXOTBopeHifl «fii H. F. 
J— By». IIpHxoABTCfl ooflTB saxasaTB ceól^ Bonpooib: sasHiiH coo6pa- 
seHUMH MOFB pysoBOAHTBCfl i^eHsopi, ocys^afl na HsrHaHÍe cthxh, 
ne npexcrasjuHonúe x^use h t^hh ^ero-jHÓo noxosaro na bojb- 
HOxyMCTBO. Bnpo^eMi AU^e yBHAHMii HTO TOTB se i^eHsopi Hamai^b 
npexocyAHTejiBHUirb h caiio npe^HCJiOBie IlyniBHHa bo 2-My s^Aa- 

HÍD nOBMU, HM^Bmee B^B BHXy HCBJIIOHHTeJBHO BpHTHBOBl BTOFO 

npoHBBexeHÍfl). 



3. 

Mncmaj npucyimdenHhui uensopoMó m WKAfCHeHm U3Z npo- 
^UHecKUx^ cmatneů u aaMrtmoKz IlymKtma^ tíoAhmuucmeo Komo- 
pux6 mooice ne nonoAO ez nocM^mnoe uadanie 1838—41. 

I. 

Ki Hcun^eBÍK): Oó^acHesie bsaetoia. 

Ha 06. cTp. 12 (no pys.), bx CTaiBib 9iorB pasóopi HeHSxasHOi c^eHu 

«<kiMÍTBa Ba ci^eHy h3% <i>0Hi-BH3HBa: 4^H%-BH3HHa nanHcaHi IlyniKHHHirb bi 

PssroBoprb y kbatbhh XajuHBoB» Ilym- 1831 roxy h Torxa se Bane^aiaHi bi 

OHI, paaÓHpaa xapaBxepL (3opBaHi(o- «J[HTepaTypBoB TaseT^* J^eiBBHra. Gi^e- 

Bg) OABOIt) H7B J|ÍÍCTByiOniHX'B JDSICb Ba Bomia B% cocxaBB GMHpAHBCSarO 

9Tofi ciieBU, TOBopHTBt HS^aHía (tK>B'B-BH3HHa. RaK^ oaa, lasi 

«Obi npoxaeTB BpecTbHH'B bi petcpy- b paaOopL OynncHHa hsb^cthei bc^mi 
TH I yKHO pascysAftOTi o npocBibnie- ^Jrfee 20 iteb, Aa b cano idbcio, Ka- 
Bil. cim BsnoKiB se (topefí bsi Tn^e- s^tcb, coAepzBTB ocyrnAesie nocTyn- 
cBú H xiaABOspoBHO BBBflflAeTB G^A- ^^^ BiiAyBaHBaro iB^a B aioynoxpeó- 
BffB B3ATKo6paTeieS. CiOBOiťB, OHI JOBift ((^OHt-BBSHHCBaro BpeMOHH, ne 
iCTOBHo pyccsiS óapH^i nponuaro MMtroniaro HHBaBBX'B OTHomeBÍB kb Ha- 
itia*. CTOHiaeMy. TaRífl 3ioynoTpe6ieHifl h 

TOFAa npeciiAOBaiBCb ny6xBS0K) bb 
KOMeAÍHZB H CAeaaxB, 



Jř^ 



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86 



BftOTim mFomL 



(M^^TO BOscraHORieHO no npHroBopy ROMHiera, ho ocysxeme ero 
npexBapirrenHOft i^OHBypoft onan. cmjiíktejíhcthyerh^ hto bi ea npas- 
mi — saifiiTRH, CB060XHO flBiflBmucfl na CBUrh m» 1831 r., yse 
BostfysAajra TpeBory, zota 6u BacajracB h xaRHXx ABienifii c% 
BOTopHMH ÓopojocB caico npaBHTeJIBCTBO). 



II. 



Ri HcunqeHiia: 

Ha 0(5. crp. 67 (pjK.), orpHBOEi irai 
nncBMa nymKHHa ki IIoroxHHy h sa- 
ni^iaHÍe cero nocjšxBAro. IIoBOAOirb 
AJU TOio ■ xpyroro ajmuMO ctrxotbo- 
peflie: «repoft». 

IlHCbifo IlyiiiRiiHa: 

«nociijiaK) BaiTL H3i Moero IlaTMOca 
aDOKaurncHHecKyi) nicHB. HanenaTafi- 
le, rxi xoTHTe, xotb b% cBixoMocran*; 
HO npomy sací h TpeÓyia HiieBeMt na- 
mefi xpyxÓH — ae oóinBiaTb HHROMy 
Moero HMCHH. EcJiH MOCKOBCsaa uoHsy* 
pa HO nponycTHTL ee, to nepemiHTo 
AeJUbBHry, ho TaRse Óesi Mooro HMeHH 
H He Moeff pyKOK) nepenHcaHHyK)». 

BaMtqaHie IIoroxiBa: 

«£ Bane^aTarb cthxh Tor^a se b% 
«TeiecRon'fe» h cbhto xpasHH ao chxi 
nopi TaiBy. Kasercfl, aoisbo nepene- 
HaiaiB Hxi TcnepB. PasyiiteTCii, bo 

BySBO npBBOMHBaTB, HTO HHCIO, BUCTas- 

leflBoe DyniKimHif^b noxi» ctbxotbo- 
peBieiTB nocit iiBoro3Ba?BTejn>Baro: 
yTimBCJi! «29 ceBTHÓpfl 1830», ecTB xeBB 
npHÓuTin rocyxapii Hanepaiopa biMo- 
cKBy, Bo Bpeiu xaiepH». 



(06a TeBcra 6ujih, boho^ho, BOdcranoBJíeHii, ho npoiian, no^n 
aHTH-npaBHTeiBCTBeHHEifiy co CTopoHu npeABapsTejuHott i^ensypy 
nocTaBjieH'b 6ujFh ei na bej^b BOMHieTOMi, xasB mu ciumajH, h 
MHoro CHOcoÓCTBOBaii vb ycTpaH6HÍK> efl ffiBOffiVbj BOfopinai osa 
san^Hii^ajia cboh npHroBopu. TaicHrb npomBonpaBHreiKCTBeHHim 
Banpen^eHift, xota h Menše apsExi, hšmi bi Hacrofla^eMi cjy^a'^, 
i(eH8ypa x^axa Torxa cnjomB h paxoMi). 



06i«CHeiie isxftTeu. 
MtcTO 3T0 Tpeóyen noncBeBui. Ilym- 
SHBi BanHcaii wh 1890 narpionraecRoe 
OTHXOTBOpeaie: «repoft», rxb yxHBiáeTci 
BejBKOAymii) rocy^apa BMEepaTopa, 
noctTHBmaro jh^bo MocRBy vb caBoe 
pasBHTie TaiTB xojepu. CrBxoTBopeBíe 
HaBe^aTaflO Chjio Torxa bi sypnaii 
«TeiecRon'B>, a ro csepm aBTopa bi 
HSAaBÍH ero «GouBeBiR» 1888 r. (Ton 
IX, cTp. 218) ch TtiTB npBMrb^aaieiťB 
r. IIoroABBa, soTopoe Tyn saioseBO. 
TaKHMi o6pa80Mi obo yxe bm^o ■ 
HirberB BuconaRmee AOSBOieaie Ha ae- 
pene<iaTBy ero, xa b cspuTB óiaropox- 
Blimee ^yacTBO y^HBieBÚi sx nocryn- 
sy rocy^apa, BspBaBHieeai óesBopuci- 
B^bioiflirB o6pa30Hi y IIymRBBa,6EiJio 6u 

OCKOpÓHTeiBBO IMB BaMJITB BOCI^AHIirO. 



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JIlOBOlIBTHiit TiUKfii. 



37 



m. 



Bl HCBlK)?eBÍH): 

Ha crp. 8 (pys.), BHiracsa h3% opexH- 
eiOBu VB nooMi «PyciaB'b H J[iOAMHia», 
BaflMftTaiiHaro opa btc^mi ea HSAaflifl 
(1828). 

«J[aini HGBpeBBOCTH Tpeójen Tanxe 
ynoiufljTfc o mhíbíh oakofo hsi ysiu- 
■ittHiím n^BOKiacoaHrb orenecTBeH- 
HiOK OKcaieieSt BoropHfl, ]ipoHBTaB'b 
•PyeukHa ■ jO[K>xiiHiy», csasaii: A Tyn 
le BHxy HH MHCJiety hh HyecTBa, BHxy 
TOAEO ^yBOTBesHOcxb. ApyroR (a no- 
aten 6uTh h toti se) nepBOKjaccBHfi 
oreHecTBeBHHl nacaTeib npHBtTCTBO- 
^ Ban ce8 nepsuS onurL uoioxoro no- 
ara diAyB>iip[]i'b cthxoitl: 
«líatb AonepH BejHTb na ery csassy 

nnoHyTL. 
18 <i)eBp. 1828». 



OÓMCHeeie HS^aTeiH. 

Bce dTO M^cTO Hsi npexHciOBifl bx 
«PyciaHy», HS^ania 1828 r.— othochtca 
Ki» r. Ba^eHOBCBOHy, Eoroparo Hym- 

BHH'L BpOBHHeCBH flaSUBaCTl DepBO- 

uaocHHirb nHcareieMi h BOiopuB no- 
CTOABHO Hana^aii na Bch npoErsBexe- 
Bia nyniBBfla. fiHnycBOMi dioio iťbcTa 
o$e3o6pa8BTca aecb otphbob'b, fl3B'bcT- 
Biift Tose yxe 6oiie 15 il^rb h boto- 
pni yze fl'bcBOiBBO pasi Úun* nepe- 
BeqaTHBaeHi bi sypaaiaxi. 



(OrpHBOBi npomejii ({juironojyHHO; ho 8;^cb jiioÚouuteu npe- 
HBBEi| sacraBHBmífl HS^aiejfl OTHeciH nymBHHCBifi n^ueicb na Ra- 
^eflOBCKaro. BoGÓn^e xpy^Ho CBasaiB TenepB^ soro nOApasyii^Bajii 
nymKHHi FB CBoeS saMŠTB^, HO ecjiH nosBOj^TB ce($£ xoraxBHy to 
cwoýbe MOSHO xptH^Tby 9T0 OHa OTHOCHJUU^ jsnb ifacTHTOMy yse h 
Torxn H He coBcbwh ÓjaropacnojioseHHOMy vh no8M^ H. H. ^mh- 
TpieBy. II,eH8opB bhxhmo pjTROBOAHirB ÚujTb mhcjiíh), npH sanpen^e- 
híh orpuBBai hto nepBOBJíaccHutt OTenecrBeHnufi nHcaTejB, bto 6u 

OBI HH fiUJ^i JíflJlTĚ^Wb COCTOflTB nOA'B HOBpOBHTeJIBCTBOlfB paCHO- 

pasenÍHi ne xosBOJUHon^tro BpHTH^ecBHxi OTHomenift kl oópasi^o- 
Bim nHcaTejunrs, h Torxa BosHHBajia HeotfxoAHMOCxB oracRaTB He- 
sle sHaiieHHToe hmh fM Toro^ htoÓh coraacHTB BOMHTerB na yxep- 
UHÍe nynnaracROft BaM^xsH Bnojint. EaneHOBCRÍS CA^jiajiCfl nepex^ 
BOMneiOlCB HeBOJBHOft sepTBofi ÓesHpaBCTBeHHOit fiopBÓH, BOTopaa 
CToiBBO JŮTb BejacB Hesxy HHcaTejiflHH H TOJBOBaTejBMH i^ensyp- 
Baro ycraBa. V/b TaBoro poxa yjOBRani h cospiiruiHi BunysA^Hu 
tejH Torxa npH($iraTB bcí peftaBTopu sypnajiOBi h bc% nHcaiejiH, 
6en BCBJDTOHÚii Hib h cocraBjíBJO canyM) tiesotfpasHyK) ^acxB hx^b 
caomeHift cb ufiHajpoi). 



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38 



BMTBii» uronB. 



IV. 



Ri HCKJiOHeHii): 



05%flCHeHie mwKia. 



Ha cíp. 216 H 217 ci4xyi)maii or- 
XÍiBBa£ sautTRa: 

«HHOCTpaHmj, yTBepxxaniqie, hto bi 
xpesHen Hamem xb(>pjihctb% ae cy- 
meetBOBaio nouru o qeCTH (point 
ďhonnear) OHeHB omH^axrrcii. Cúi neoTb, 
oocTOiiBiaa bi iotobbocth m&pnowoh 
bcíhi, AXfl nouepxaHiii saKoro-HHÓyxb 
yciOBHaio iipaBua, bo Bcevb 6ieoirk 
CBoero 6e3yifi« BBXBa bi xpobecmi sa- 
mewb irbiňrflHvecTBi. fiospe miH Ba 
ooaiy H Ha EasHB, noxBepraii cyxy 
iiapcKOMy CBOfl poxociOBHiM pacnpB. 
DBHt éeoxop^ yHHHTOSHBi cil) cnt- 

CHByH) ABOpAHCKyi) 0Iin03HUÍI>, cxtiai'b 
TO, Ha HTO He p'blIIHlHCb loaHHi IIT, 

HH HeTepniiHBiit BBysi eio, hh lafiao 
aio6cTByi)iiufi FoxyHOBi*. 

(MucjB nymKHHa orb 1828 r. ee osasajacb onacHoS h /^jm 
ny6jiHSE 1853 r., h 6iijia nponya^eHa). 



SroTb orpuBOKi ksi^ «MiicieS» Oyin- 
KHBa, BaneqaTaHHHxi bi» «C>6b. I^bI- 
Taz%» 1828r., BOBcemexosi <»t%mi, 

WtO BCflSiil yiBHHKl ifoxei 

on ynireii HoropiH * vb 
CKOiii Kypci. 3xpaB0MUciie nynnoraa 
ene oóHapysiBieTCfl ryn Bdcua sa- 
MiHaTex&Him o6ptaomHoopexcTBoif% 
qMBHeHii óeoyiioTBa vftcTBHiecTBa ci 
óesyvoTBom BaBoro-Hi^y ab p«bit d%M- 
neinr, EoropHt, HecKorpA na npexnea- 
Hie paacyxsa m caiiaro saBO&a, boc^- 
saerb JiD^eft xm noexHOsa h cMepro- 
yóíficTBa. 



V. 



Ri» ic|UK)qeHÍK): 

H3i> BOspaseHíii IlyniBHHa Ha craTBX) 

r. ^>OHeBCRaro o&b «HcTopiH QymeB- 

csaro 6yHTa». Bi drofi aRTH-spiTHsi 

nymKHHa roBopHTb Ha cíp. 132 (pyB.): 

a. 

^HoMmu^eeinA u npaeo - y^ujmeM- 
nwi p€$3MuuueHÍjif KOHinr r. EpoHeBCsiB 
yspacBjn CBoe noBicTBOBaflie, cia6uH 
nomAu H ne BOSHarpazxavrb HHiai^ 
leR 3a HexocTaTOK'b (i>aKTOBi, tohhuxx 
H8B']teTÍfi H iicHaro H3iozeHÍH npoHcme- 
CTBifi. HanpHMtpi...» 

TOBCTB BpOH6BCSaro, npHBOXBMUfi 
nyniEHHHJfb, Vb HOXCTpOVBOMl HpHlli- 

HaHÍH AJifl npHHipa nomiurB pasirain- 
lealfi CBoero RpeiHKa: 
«UpaBCTBeBHuS Mípí, TaKxe icasi h 

4)H3HHeCKÍ& HMtorB CBOH t^HOHeHH, 

cnocoÓHue ycipaniHTL Bcasaro iK)(k>- 



06iuiCH6BÍe HsxaTeiJi. 

Becb naparpat^^b (a) npHHHXxesHn 
Kb noMOMEjeb nynumia ci r. BpoBeB- 
csHMi. Mdteio O njiaqeBft (nap. h) 
npHHaxJie2iLHT& r. EpoHeBCsoicy, r Kasi 
OHI npHBOXHii MtcTa H8i IlyniRRHa, 
RasaBiuiACA eiiy ciaómiR h hhhiozhh- 
MR, TRRi H flyflnBRHi HoiBsyeTCR opa- 
Bom TasoBoro se pasCkipa ssoTBome- 
híh Kb CBoeMy RpRiRsy. Au OTCTpa- 

HeHiR BOHROR XByCMHCieHHOCTR, C1Í- 

xyen, Moxenb cTaTBCR, BHirycTHTb nep- 
BHfl xBa HpHiaraTeiBHHH h HanaTb 

eraTbD TaRi: «Pa8inimxeRiji, ro- 

HiiR» h np. 



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jnaonBTHiJi mjua. 39 

iHTBan), xepsamiiaio pascMarpEsaiB 
ome. EciH lApaih 4>bioco4muii, hto 
ieiOBte& oocTOim hsi abjxi cthxíS, 
Mfi^pk M aia— TO EiieiBBa Ilyra^eBi 6e8- 
oopHo npHBUieaun k'^ pijuami as- 
ieníiirb, Ki saBeimmi, BHt savoBOBi 
Hpipotxii poiwňHHinrfc, h5o bi ecrecTBt 
ero ae 6iuo h MartAnei HcspH xo6- 
pa, TOTO duuoro savaia, toS xyxoBHoft 
vacTi, Koxopiia pMjiraoe TBopenie on 
deacMHcieHBaro mbwxsjmio ouHnaDn. 
Bdopúi-cero aioAia hoxotb Bsyímk 
iKi|iqfiBaio H BceiHTfc oispameflie mmmb 
n caMHX3b pasóolBBBazi h y6ifiiaun. 
On BMicii ci Tbm xoKasuBaerB, KaK'b 
ii»o xoxen naxaib neiOBd^ii, h xa- 
Koo ajdciOK) aio(k>i> MCMKerB 6htb npe- 
HCBomeHO eio čepme. Ecjuí 6u xia- 
Hú nyianesa noxBepseBu 6iuh na- • 
jifiuiexy comhíbík), a ci paxocriio bu- 
psan 6s crpasHiiy cíd bz% noero 
Tpyia!» 

(Rb CHaCTÍK); HHKaKHXX BHIiyCBOBX HE 8Ton pa3'B He nOHEXO- 

611JOCB, noToyy hto BOMBTerB^ XOssojiHBinifi Bce iflcio, npHHíjrB 
Ha oetifl pa(Sk>Ty ycnoKOHTB coMH^eie opeAcraBEiejfl nemypu otho- 

OnejaHO BOBMOSHOCTH fWUMUXt pa3MUUé4eHÍŮ noAumuHecKuxz u 

npaecmeeHHuxs^ — comeAhí6, Boropoe h 6um nOBOXOifi kb ncufo^e- 
HÍK> nymumcKoft bom^tbe h ropano, nhvb mh cjumuH, hitb ot- 
craxBaiocB. JIk>6oiuitho, ito napaBni ch UymKEEuwh xojseHi 
CuJTh nocipawiB u TescrB BpoHeBCBaro, m6o h ero lepa^a^ bsa- 
lai WS q^imeeKoft ctetbi, HanevaraBHoft bi «Ciihí Ore^eerBa^ 
1835 r.^ wxe npBroBopeHa Óuia vh ycrpasefliio. H cyxBB, h 
noxcyxHMHft OABHaBOBO OBasHBajiHCB BB BenpaBHJbflOMB nojosenÍB 
BepeA^B i^essypoft. IIpaB^a, hto bthitb cnocofiom ycrpaBAjacB BooÓn^e 
JorepaiypEaB nojeMBsa, Boiopoft Boero tfojrle b Cobjocb i^easyp- 
floe bíxomctbo). 



VI 

« B noďbxBee idbcTO. 

K% Hcux>HeBÍK>: 06uicHeHie ■axaTeui* 

B& crant: «PoccificBaa Ájunemi* 3th xsa Micra hsi CTaibe IlyniBH- 

ABa Micra: Ba, Hane^axaHHofi wb «CoBpe]ieHHHBt> 

a. ero co5cTBeBHaro saxanúi 1836 ro^a h, 

fittnvcKa, KOTopyx) IlynisHHi xibiaerB CTaio 6iiTb, yxe SBaKonoft Bcefi pyccsoft 

■ftsypaaia: «Go6eciXHHKxii)6BTeiell nyóiBK*!, BecBMa pasíHHHii no sBa^e- 

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40 



nfftBSJeh BBřonH. 



HÍK> CBoevy. nepBoe (ójBBa a) ecn bb- 
miCKa vm> craparo sypsaia, bi boto- 
poiTB y^acTBOBaia, Raci ne 6e3M3Bt- 
CTHO, caMa HHDeparpEiia EsaTepiea n. 
Ha AepsKíB h BeocHOBaTeibBsi Bonpoci 
<)K>Hi-BHBHfla, oHa BOspasHJa CTporo, 
ht6 sacraBHio, sairb lose ne i^eřbis- 

BitCTBO, CaMOrO <|K)HVBR3HBa apocHTb 

npon^eBiii bt, HeocMOrpBteiBHOcto cbo- 
eS. dro npHBaxieaum ri aBOBAorairb 
esL uapcTBOBaBiii, noBTOpesBiuii bo 
MBonirB KHBSsaxi. B% aroMi ničit 
npeABOiaraercfl Aajce hcudybte <|^pa3y 
nymRBHa: «Gíh 0TB'bT£i BHcaHS caMoS 
HiioepaTpfliieB», Boropafl yxe h6o6xo- 
XHva Aui noHmaHÚ opexniecTByB)n^Hxi 
BonpocoBi, He ocysA^HBiixi ueBBopovi. 
HsAarejib Dpocsrb otii yxepsaHÍH eji. 
4to sacaercfl ao Btoporo niera (6yK- 
Ba 6), TO, npeACTaBiAB ero (Liaroycvo- 
rptaii) BaHajbCTBa, ocMÍjiK)Cb toibbo 
npH6aBHTb, HTo BCfl craTbH IlyiiiBiBa 

COCTOHTb B31 47, CTpaHHlO^, Cl BOTO- 

puMB ny6iHBa yxe oseaBOMieHa, BaBi 
CBaaaBo Biime. BuoycBi dToro Micra, 
CTOiib BajBBaro jua CBjm^eHHofi naiiBTH 
6jiarocjiOBeBHtro rocy^apu h xja ysa- 
saeMoft naii4TR flciopiorpai^i úuxit 6u, 
MOHen* cTaxbCfl, saMiqeHi qHTaiomfl- 
MH. Eme ocBOBaieibHte BOBaseTca aio 
OBaceeie, no oTBOineHÍD ki oóoHifb ni- 
CTam, eciB BcnoMBHTb, wto Boirpocii 

4K)Hl-BH9HBa H OTBitTII HMOepttfpfllEI 

EBaiepHBu II Haneqaxaau yxe iitiB- 

BOMl Bl U3AaHÍH COHBHeBiB 4>0H'b-BB- 

3HHa 1852 toda, a MHoroHBCjieBHEie ot- 
puBBH B31 pascyjueHin H. M. Rapan- 
sBHa: «0 xpeBBeft h boboA Poccíb» 
npHioaeBu m* bsabsíh ero «OovrH6HiB» 
r. BfiHepiBBrom. 

(HecMorpa na ycww HwaTCM, crapaBmarocí, saRi bhxsmi, 
ftw cnaceHÍB cnopHuxi m4ctx, saiponyrB camiB qyBCTBHtejiBHiiiB 
CTopoHH vh jwb cyMfiŘ—jcn^Th Ba ototi pasi ne bhojhí jbíe- 
qaai ero rpyxb. BumcKa hbi if^ypnajia 1783 r. n meBom- 
BiiiTb BonpocoirB <|^.-BH8HHa tfbijia ÓesycjiOBHO OTBepinyra, Bcero 

BipOBTHie nOTOMy, TO) Vh OTpUBB* OTOlTb ynOMHHBJOCB O 60Ah- 

íuuxó HUHaxij xoTB npH BTopHHHoirB CBoeiTB noaBieHÍH nocjťb 1783 r, 
Bx «CoBpeMeHHflB4» 1836, om hhckoubo He o(SpaTHj*b Ha ce&i 



pyccsaro ciOBa» 1783 $., tx^ BaxoxB- 
jflcb BonpocH ({lOBvBBaBBa h otbítu 
fla flBZ'b BMnepaTpBmi EBaiepasu II 
B BOTopaB nacBTi: 

^Bon^^och 0om-Bu8una: OTHero bi 
npesBÍA BpeMOBa mym, maHBB b 6a- 
larypn hbbobi bo biiíib, a bhbí 
BMiiOTb B BecbMa 6oibniie? Omewm: 
npexBB flams ae bcí rpaMoxt yMtiH. 
NB. Cefl Bonpocb poABJíca orb cboÓoao- 
Bsii^, BOToparo npeABB Banra bo 

BMdklB*. 

«CiH otbítu, Bpfl6aBiiieTb nymBBBb, 
nacaflu caMOft BHuepaxpBiiefl*. 
b. 
Ciixyiomee hícto o KapaMSHBt: 
«npe6£iBaBie RapaMSBBa bi TBepn 
osBaMOBOBaBo eoie oxBHiťb o^cxonTeib- 
OTBOiťb, BaxBUMi MM APyseB ero na- 

MBTB, Bea8B'bCTBnM'b 60(6 XJB COBpe- 
MeBBBBOBl. no BHSOBy FOCyj^. BeiHBOB 
BHBFBBB, SeHO^HBEI Cl yMOMl BOOÓUBBO- 
BOBBO BOSBUmeBBHMl, KapaMSflBi. Ba- 
llBCaJb CBOfl BHCJH «0 APOBHeft B BO- 

BoS PocciB» CO Bcei) vcBpeBBOcxiH) npe- 
BpacBoft xyniB, co bcod cmíioctík) 
y6taueBiii cBibBaro b riy6oBait>. Focy- 
Aapb npoiejTb 8tr BpacBopi^HBUB cípa- 
BHau— npoqejťb r ocxajiai no npesae- 

My MHIOCTBBI fl ÓJiarOCBJlOHeBl Bl npii- 

MOAymBOMy cBooMy nójuaoHOMy. Kofab- 

BH^yAb nOTOMCTBO OatBHTb B BejiB«iie 

rocyxapfl B- (JiaropoACTBO narpioTa... 



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JtDBOflaTHiiaf MSBi. 41 

oco<SeflHaTo BHHMaHur uytfjiirKH. Buicrb cb bhmi notHtfjia h ýpasa 
UymBHHa, Tas% Heo^xoxHMafl ajia noHEMaHÚ cyn^HOCTH x^jra. Tol 
se y^acTH, 06poflTHO, noxBeprjacB tfs h saM^TBa o RapaMsirai, 
ecj» <ki ne Hamjia, xaKB Torxa 6um cjramHO, ropfl^BX'B sau^HT- 
HssoRB B-E JHi^ OCHOTO pasBHtaro ueHa BOHBTera h caMoro 
nHHerpa BapoAHaro npocB^n^Hifl, bíicobo i^hbbidhxi cm^jioctb h 
naTpioniHecBoe oxymeBJíeHie cys^^HiB KapaifSBfla o x^axt eBoeft 
BDOXH. UjmsBB^h tfHJťB ^yTB*jiB He nepBiiirb HenoBbnowh y naci, 
saroBopHBiiuiMi oy&nrtHo o «^BHeB h HoboM Poccíh> RapaM- 
siBa. JífiToA TpasTarb xo^ajte no pysairL cesperHo, bi> pyRo- 
iiHcax'B, xavB onaosBuioHHiiB b, no Mff6BÍH> MHorHx%, ^ase arara- 
TopcBift roMCh BenpESBanaaro cOBi^^nsa. DyniBHHi, BasanyHi 
CBoeS eiiepTH, coÓBpajiefl BUBecTH sanncBy EapaMBHna hsi coctoa- 
Hu nodnMmoů jiHTepaTypa, bi Koiopoiit ona otip^rajiacBy h npe^- 
nojarajTB Hane^axaTB oómapHiifl BunHCSH hsi nea kb «GoBp6MeH« 
HHB^» 1837 r. (MucjB ero npHBexeHa onactH wh Hcnoanenie 
npoxojxaTejiflMH «CoBpeMeHHHBa» yse nocjí^ nero). 9th cvbjsfb- 
HIS MH no^epnaem hbi craTBH, nane^axanHofi wb rowb se HS^amfi 
«GonHeEÍft nymRitHa> 1855 — 57 r. (t. VII, crp. 122 — 
123, HacTB U), KOTopafl Taicse h oÓJier^aerB padory tfy^ynvix^ 
BBxaTejiel k 6Btfjiorpa^B%, no BOBcraHOBjeniio no^naro Teacra 
ero npoBan^ecKHXi crarett, yRasuBasi na nepBonaqajibHUfl, ae 
icsaseHHHfl en\e bxi pefftRi^iB, ABjíHBmúícfl vh sypnajiaxi u 
amtaBaxaxO)). 

3aKJU)qeHie «3anHCKH» Hs^atejia: 

UpexeiaBJua bcí cíh 19 M'bcrb aa oócys^eme HaqaacTBa, fl^AaieiL <Coqji- 
B6HÍ5 D7iiixiHa» pifflaerea aoBTopaib CBoe oiicbMeHHoe saB^bpealfi, 4i:o obi 
BoibsyercA mjblhbum% euj na aro xosBOieBieifb eAHHCTBeHRo hsi* xeiaHia cocia- 
BBTb ii3AaHÍe, KOTopoe yAOBieTBopflJO 6u KSLiťb Bch TpeóOBaBÍa ueHďypBUfl, Tasí 
■ oauiAaBiii ny6iHKH a aorjo 6u cjysHTL oópasaeMi aih nocji'bjiyK)ii(HX'L ope^- 
■puňi Fb T<NrB se poA'b. 



TasoBO coxepsaHie xapaRTepsoft «8anHCXB>. no8BOJiaeM'B ce&b 
opadaBiTB Wh Heft en^e h^bojbko crpoBx. 

Bs p^uTark HsaoxeHBOt 8A'ícb Tastfu, doapo^bocth koto- 
poi jeno Mom npicsyuTs ^HTaTOJiio no npe^HB^b ÓesBOHe^- 
Báro noHvopeHÍa oxaoft h lofi se rjiaBBOft tbmu ci lasBii^B se 
aiBoo6pa8HiiiťB noBTopeBie]i'B b penjunsa aa aee — oxasajiocb, ox- 
Biso se, Becuia Basooe npio6p'bi!eHie. 3a BCBjiR>9eaieM:E AByx^b- 
tpex!b wíbcThj Texcni DymRHaa npopBajacB crboss BOJuneSaoe 
qeflBypeoe boabi^o, Roropum 6asB oÓBe/ifiBu. Xcn^x^ dwirh bh- 



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42 BfiOTBISl KBPOIin. 

xasi HeJiBSfl OTHecTi vb yóifwnejihnocm mh HeorpaainiocTH xqbo- 
ffívbj oTucBaHHHxi «8anHCKofi>. 9t6 snawjui xoboak h xosasa- 
Tej[KTBa nM%j ni cyx^6a npoi^ecča Bcei^'&jio saBHc&ia otb jmHtix^b 
Hacrpoenifi npHcyxcTBynn^HXt, ora hxb B088pÍHÍfi, HM^BmHXi^ cboh> 
apryiieEnAiýK) h cboh) JiorHBy, Boropufl yse HesaBOHy o6cysxeHÍio 
He noA^esaiH. Mosho ci aoctob^phoctík) csBMihj ^to hcxoa% 
Tfla&ÓH 6iu% 6u coBcftiťB HHoft, eCdUi tfu Bi Te^eHÍH ea He o(5Ha- 
pysBaHCB CHMnaTÍH caiioro MHHHcrpa HapoAHaro npocB&n^eHÍfl h búi- 
TejiBHoS ^acni ero Rani^ejupiH wh xbjy Hcri^a. He roBopa yse o 

TOMl, 9T0 «8aiIHCBa» ÓHJa HMB O^eHB BHHXaTeJLHO npO^HTaHa, HO 

saHi^ejuipifl en^e xonojHHJia ee cbohmh yBasaHÚniH h cooópaase- 
HiflMH, BOToptui BaaajiHCB naiiiSoJite ^pHroAHHMH wb Hacroamiem 
cjiyuí. Mh BBA'i^JíH HepHOByH) pysonack «8ainicBH» cb opopaBKaiiH, 
ccHJgaMH Ha ycxasH h saBOHOAaTeaBCTBO, cfkiň^muwBí pyBoft 
Kani^eiapcKaro HHHOBHHBa — a He laĚHO, yRpa^solt, a npocro, 
BaKb fi,iJíBJxmsi oÓHBHOBeHHua pexasropcsia nonpaBB? n nyacHofi 
6juíkrb. Kani^ejrapcHofi lafinoft ocrajiocB tojbbo Bce npoacxoxHB- 
mee vb sac^xftniaxi Tpadynaia. Easoro poxa npenía nwb sasa-* 
saiBCB OBOio «i^nHCBa» hjuí hx!b BOBce ne 6ujfo; bto cocioajrB 
vb HHCii ea sanviTHHsoBi h ea hpothbhhbokb, xase h to, xoiua- 
AUBa^acB u «8anBCsa» ^pna^BnuirB oGpasomb hjh tojbbo cjiyauiJia 
cnpaBBoft Bo Bpexa coB^n^aHÍfi. TeMHiie cjiyxn orry^a, xoxoAHBHiie 
ffl 8aHHTepecoBaHHHxa> jihi^i, orpaHH^HBajracB MeaoHaMH h HHiero 
cyn^ecTBeHBaro ne npeAcraBJíajH. ^ocTOB^pno o^ho, ^o mhhhctptb 
napoxHaro npocBin^ema HSjmrajRB cboh MH^HÍa bi ea xyxi, da- 
nepeBopi CBoeMy noAunenHOMy, none^HTeiuo y^eónaro ospyra, 
BOTopufi OTcraaBaifB noMapBH i^ensopa ho^th BaK'B nojiHTH^eeByK) 
HeoÓxoxHMOcn^ R, Buxoxa H8!B 8ac%xaHÍa, npoMonHBi CB Hero^o- 
BanieMt: «En^e He6iiBajio^ ^o6u xs^bjíoe b^aomctbo noa^epTBOBaHo 
dujio HeHSBJ^CTHO OTBy^a BSflBHieBiyca rocnoAHHy». 9to pasHOpi^ie 
B'B MHHHcrepcTBi 6uso CBoero poxa sHaMeHieirB BpeiieHH, oůbmfiB- 
mEWb dJiHSBoe naxeHíe odu^Hofi i^ensypnoft npaBTHBH. Grapaa 
CHcreiia i^ensypH, cocroaBmaa wb BO^BopenÍH HHSiieHHOCTH mucjih 
H (Se3i][B%TH0CTH coA^pautHÍa B'B jnnepaTypb, ffimM xo anorea 
CBoero pasBHTÍa h craia hpohbbqxhtb HCBiK>^HTeiBHO naccii ne- 
j^nuxi npHroBopoFB h HenocrasHiaixi sanpeniteHiSy BoaÓysxftBniHxx 
oÓflúĚ CMfbx%. no BceMy pyccBOMy iiipy ^HiaTeieft xoffun aHeK7 
XOTEi o pimeHiaxi, sratiRaxi h nonpaBsaxi i^ensypu, xocTOtt- 
Hnrb xaBoro-HHÓyxB sappaMrypnaro Jiai^a b!b HesaTifljiHBOiťB Boxe- 
BHJ&, ws6 H BacraBHJo CBasaTB oaho oiesB BHOOBO-HOcmBJíeHHoe 
jiHi^o (rp. Jí^. H. BjiyxoBa) h kb ohohb BjriaienHOirb cajioH^^ bo 
BceycaiimaHÍe: nama i^ensopa cpoxHa naacairb. OÚmfiGSBo noi^- 



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JCDBOmiTHifl TflSBi. 48 

muocB pascsasaMH o inTyRax'B, BHBHXBiBaeMHXi hmh, ho he^o 
npiÓaBHTB — OHO H HeroxoBajio. CHCTeiia EssEJia caMoe-ce(5fl xo 
feaoópasifl. droMy otfcTOflieJiBCTBy, MOser& Óhtb, h cj^Ay^ri Bcero 
(kuie npHnHcaTB CHHcxosxeHÍe, osasaHHoe HBxaTejK). h c^htets 
BosposxEBQieecfl Tpe6oBaHÍe na 9ejOB'6qecRÍfi cmucjii vh ynpaBje- 

HÍI ne^aTLlO — Jiy^niHlťB H CHJIBH^flniHMt erO nOMOII^HHKOM'B B'B 

Beiemi Bcero A'^a. 

3aBexeHBUĚ nopaxoR^L o^eaKOse se TaR'B CRopo ycrynaerB 
ukro KpyvEWh, CM'6HjiH)mH]r& ero nopa^KaM^. Hs^anie IlyinRHHa 
1855 RB nojHoarB évf cocFaB']^ sact^o h^ i^jiocic']^ biuotb ao 
CBoero no&KieBúr. Ror/ta BocnocjilxoBájia oftob^aTejiLBaa caHRipa, 
waBfflaa npaBO na Bunyeai vh cvbvh h bc^x'b npoHBBexeHiň 
QymuBay AonoaBflioiipix'^ crapoe HSxaBÍe b ýse opoB^pesBiixi 
■iHHCTepcTBOirB BapoAHaro npocB^ii^eHifl — bobbbri BonpocB, RaR% 
ooHHMarL cJOBa, rotophmb oaa conpoBOsxajiacB: «tfe8% bcarhxi 
opiteBOKB H neyMfbcmHuxó yMHUHaniů no bxi noBo;iy». IIpeACTafiJUi- 

aOk BOWOaUOCTB npBMibHBTB n0CJIÍj|H6e B9h 8THX1^ p'ÍnieBÍfi KB 

(Soipa^ H npBMi^aBÍsm, oo((paBH£iMa^ bx BS^aHÍB h OTRasaiB 
m BB npoiiycR'&y sa qró yse h Óujib noxaBH rojioca; h ^bja- 

JftCB BOSMOSflOCTB OTBeCTB pímeBÍe Kb RpBTHRaiTB H pei;eB8ÍB]ťB, 

mopiu MoiyrB flBBTBca nocjtíi BSxaBifl. MBBBcrepcTBO BapoxHaro 
vfoáňmimM, paGiOiiROBaM ero kb nocji^&xaeMib curnui bhpbbajio 
u eefifl OTBiicrBeBBocTB $a teroo noHBMaflie ero cynpocrB, i^ms 
I onpHJio Aopory b% CB^n ipyxy mf/iiseMsi wb nojpoirB ero 

Bon npH MSHxs ycjiOKaxi npBxowiJOCB patfomiB Hax% Baxa- 
Bie» IlyBisHHa ae wusfb^ RaBS. kb 50-x'b rox^xi... 

Jí. Abhbhrobi. 



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yMEPETL-yCHYTL... 



PA^CKA31>. 



«yi8, et fai8 ta Jomrnée; aime, et fáii ion 8omiBeil» 
Victor Hugo: Belifioiia et BaUgion. 



I. 



JSfivtopy ExKHHy x^axuatB-BOceiiB jAa. Off& en^e crjffimourh 
HE^ajis KanfJiiTB, npocryxHJicir na BSMopB^. y Hero, cb x^Tcraa, 
ÓHjia crpaCTb n pH^Hoft JiOBjri^. Cjqr^HiocB aro na fpem>ewh 
sypci. Ohi ee o6paTHJ!B BEHnaHÚr, He crajrB JieHHTBCJi, na Basa* 

UÍH> He 'l8AHJl'B Bl A^peBHlO. ^a H He Ha ITÓ 6BJI0. 0h'B SHJťb 

na cTHneHAiK). ypOBOB^ He nafiHpajii; eiiy HysHo 6íijio patforaTB. 
Ci nepBuxi 8B8aMeH0BBy wh asaxeMÍH, oh'b BsríflnyjrB na eetfflí, 
RaRx na pa6oTfln^aro HayHHaro cryxeHTa. TaB'B nocMorp^jiH na 
Hero B TOBapHiuH, h npo^ccopa. 3ojOTafl Mexa^iB, Basiafl sa co- 
<iBHeHÍe eu;e na ^erBepTOMi aypci, AOA^ajia ocrajBHoe. Botl 
offB AOBTopi. BoTB ero mjiiOTB sa-rpaHHiQr — bb Biny, wb Ila- 
pHS'B, BB J[oHAOH'B. Ob'b yqeHiit H ropflfift, CM'fijKit xo xepsocTH 
xapyprB. 

Ho pasB, en^e bb aBaxeiiiH, owh nopiiBHCTO sasamujicfl ne* 
peAi> onepai^íeB. Bacrypifi BiinajťB y nero hsi pyB^B, EpoBB xiu- 
Hyjia ropjOMi. Bb oCnoposB ohx ne ynajiB, ho lasi ocjia($B| 9to 
ero AOJaKBu 6ujih OTBesrn xoMOft. TyxB tojbbo ohb nomejrb m 
Dpo^ccopy, xaiB ce&i BHCiyBaiB. Jleraúi ((bijib eo^e isíbiu. Ho- 
cjia^ii ,ero na syiiHCB. Ohx npocBy^ajB bi Gaiiapi, crpa^ajTL 
OTB sápu, ne mopb laiťB pafioraTB, x^a^cfl xhamh HeciepnHMO 
pasApasBTejieHB. OAnaso nonojH'6jiB. EpOBOxapsaHBe ne HOSBja- 



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joa ŮOMhme. JI,oporofl vb Hisait offb sacsyn Ha nuyói, h 
npocHyjCfl cb jq[MMBbio. Hmubcb hoth. JleveBu — xaxi ne 6u- 
HLio. IIexno«» nepíoffi* cípamHoft éaifosH, ciur^eHHHft f^sL (Jojb- 
HHii lyiiaHHiurb uoboitb «BaTapirB». Ho Ejibhhi sHajn, qró 
no moe. Om ne Mcnyrajcfl. He to, wio6u ero oibetui caMO- 
oónai HaxoTO^HHXB. Bb Hero sanaio, csopie, xpyroe qyBCTBo — 
lyBCTBo BHBOBa, HO HO ÓpasaxH. Owb BUBUBajTB ÓojitsHb. Ohi 
ucHÍB rmopnn el: 

«Hy, 9i6 se, th — Bcecuuia; ho ho jiyMatt, ifo s cjtiiaH)CB 
noBiB paÓoiTB. Tb hoV^oib CBOsm nyreMi^ a a hmmi. Cbojibko 
isA oiOTHwm wel, coDabio a h iiposiBy, ho Tysa, Ha6jiia;iaa 
ledfl n noei paspymaTeiuott rpiiSHi*. 

H oKb BHnojBU!B tTOTB BiiBOK. Owb Win 8arpaHB9Hyio 
loiiiBxipoBKy, isKUhy cjymai% jesitiH, ^oet^an lociurraiH, 
lijtn o^epa^iH, Hanocan HtoBonao pa5orB* Bi lacH OTXHxa 
-le orcABan on TonapH^eft. Ero bhxuh vb Toaipazi, vh 
ÚBSMfín Ilpanepi, b% ni^BSCKom Bnae, kb jiomoHcaoirB Kpe- 
vi^ Qkb mówn xohitb BCK>xy, rxb necrpaa TOisa, rx& MBoro 
H^Mnim, axopoBiixi, BpacBnui!B seHo^BHB. ToBapBHv-WMno- 
paBm HHO^xA BOXTpyHBBajB HBxi HHM'B, HasuMOH ero «TafiHUirB 
ciiei6&ot», snajiH, hto ohi owhb BOCoiáfluiH^i kb sescBot 
^mrA. EiKHKB ne cspiiB&ii otoih). Ohi ho hobbojbjtb oe6i 
•iBHHx^B nynoei^Ě*, ho h ne OTCTasaii on xpyrHZ^B, ne saiiH" 
pajcf, HHBorxa ho bha. HnorAa, b% tbxoI Řecijiib, cb npiaTe- 
lon, BOBBpan^aacB xoMoft, saiiexJieBBiiirB maroMi, okb Ha^nHaj'B 
cepxRBca Ha cbok) Ůoxbmhf asBBn ee^ x^jiaiB BCJiyx^B coo6pa- 
ubm: cbojmo Moauio uposaiB n o^^oiwb jteraBm. Ohi yase 
sHin, no DpaBoe jerBoe y hofo TpoHyro, zoni h se otfpasoBa- 

PiffB, B!B BbHŠ, HOCJli HOfoXHB RB rOpB, FX^ TBVB BCO 6w 

ouo — ^H jyra, k He6o, h rpe6BH ropsaro jribca, r^jk bcš larB 

^UBBO H myMHO CnpaBJHJIB HBB-TO pyceBÍfl HMflHHHH, y Ej- 

QBi Honx) OQBTB xjniHyja BpoBB. H BHHLio OB jífifb aoxaHH. 
Obb cieTB. ToBapHHpi nepenyrancB. IIpBrjiameHa 6um sHaiie* 
HnocTB no lepaniH. Eibhh^, nocii BucryBHBaHia b BHCiymBea- 
Bii, B% ynopi, CB yjHÓxoft enpocBjrB v6hivi: 

— Gbojbbo bh mb xwie SBsnrP 

Ton x€fAnr6iuo CBOcrpeiB; ho ÓoiBHOtt ocraHOBBjrB ero crpoTv^e, 
I oasarB TBepxo h BHBHBTejiBHo: 

— MhI 910 ByaftBO snarB. Y Hena ecxB BHiepecBiifl patforu. 

— Bb HTaiÍH, na noBoi, 6e» Tpyxa nposBBere h ^^bcatb 



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46 BSGimi IBPODH. 

— A BOTB TSBfB, BERfE fl Sny? 

IIpo^^eceoiTB HaifopiqEjrB iipasyio n^esy k oporiHyn: 
•-^ 3a XBa ro^a « ]^qa»CB. Pmbí cxBarate BOcnaieHÍe. 



n. 

Ejuckhi h lyTB He Hcnyrajicfl. Oh^ ho 8{ni no^eÓOBaj^b npv- 
roBopa on sHaneHHTOcnr, BucrysaBsiett na CBoeicB jňmy xecsTse 
mciiH^ HaxoT(MiHBX'b. Elfy naito 6hjo immdojojuitk snoJiMiie 
CBoe Bpeiu. He ciaserB se ofb o6BpaxiiB8Tb asaxeioM? Oh*í x<mi- 
sea-B soH^HTs CBOH pa6oTH, Hanemwm bws^ oparoiOBiiT^ hí- 
CKonvo TOBB0X'B upenapaTOBi no XHpypra^ecsott aHaTonÍHi npo- 
^eoTb xoTB woTb Kypca, noBasarB MOJioxum jmviM% eee ^hc 
BeiiBKoe»9 iTÓ ofii BHy^nucfl x^^tb sa-^rpaHifiteft. 

Ho.«. opsroBoprb OT^aics y uevo m> cepj^i. EMy rnsHa^uH 
spafiHit cpoBft^ABa rofla, 6un nošen Kopo%; bo yse (kuBme 
-—se sah! dio ero na^ajo ORaraBarB xoboahoI orpyei. CoBep* 
meHRO Tasoe oiqyn^eBie. CaxHn OHib 8a KEmroĚ uh paB<aiaTpB^ 
Baen laxoft-BH^yxB HHOTpjnfeBň, yrjiyiSvDCfl vh mí^potMom^ mu 
npflBOffm vh nifptfPKb Maiepiaiiu HOBoft paóoni... H Bxpyn, 
ero T09H0 o6Aaen xymesB. Ofl% Bsxponien. Mucib yse npoHH* 
saja ero mobfb: 

«,2I^ roxa! IIoiihb! Bojmne ho nposiBemB!» 

H Bcb 6aaH bjoU ^axoracB pasoMib sanojiHan ■ paeonpyn 
ero rpyxB. Eiiy cb ocoóofi pinocrBK) ciniiiHTca xpHti^bme bs 
ropji, CBHcniqee npepiiBBCroe AHxanie, ohi oóouen saaax^ 
BToro Auxasifl, ero HauHaHxrB Heciepanifo paupaiiaTB BameiB h 
MOBpoTa. Oh!b cb npenaiRaMH bjocth ho njiioen, a oimeBCfl. H 
T09H0 ^epeeiB MiiKpocisoirB, ovb cbbobb rpyxnyx) ct^Esy npOHH- 
xaen rjasowB bi Bem^eciBo cbohx^b leraixB, BHxsn bth jmpu ■ 
BMii, BTK ctpoBaTue yBOJBii ((yropnTBH, aoiopne Bon-Bon pac- 
nojisyrcfl h craHyn raoeicB h BaBepHaiiH... Owb n ymaooiTB h 
OMejMiŠHieirB (poca^cx aa spoBan h neiaica, bocb oxBaveeHHft 
BHyrpeHHHM^ orném, ČesxfiixaHBHff, otfxíraft xHnxmrB eótoitb... 

Ho 8T0 AJiHJiocB Bcerxa ne 6enme usm MiiHyn» Ohb cm* 
XBJíCfl cBoero naxoxymix. Oiutb HaqHBaxB ohs paTo5opciBO yase 
ne (TB 6oj[%3BBX>, a cb CBeprBtnrB apiiroBopiMB. Safinen tosa* 
pHmrB, OHB HenpeM^BHO csasen OBy: 

•— 3BaeiHBy 6pan, x eavb HEcrBTyrsa craraio xnr fP bu- 
nycaa. Mh^ Herapeora xHeft ocrajiocB. 

— Hy, nomejvb!.* 



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nMnvb — foiTTB. 47 

— Jífi nemro. nocijncaft. Bb npaBoir&-TO xerwwh Bana-TO 
Tpunipi tiojrranrca, x^ h to cb OAHofi jAboř ctopoHEi. 

H saroBopffTb o CBoett patfoiš, (Xkn^oarejiBHO, cl jiio($oblh), oxy- 
meBHTCfl, KamueTB jerso; sorxa cxBaTHrb sojiOTBe mh sasemei 
10IBS0 HaxopnpiBaerB cboh) nepeHOCHiQr. 

Bo yesairbTHo, (Seai ^hjioco^hx^ raiisen, ÓesB ^lemfl 
itqtBKffiTB noavB ei bš^hhmh suoÓaiiH sajiKaro ^emsi^ecTBa na 
^poqri) ■ tieecMHCJeHHyio k)xojib cBop($H — btotb míjndft ^ejio- 
fffacB, oÓpeteHHuft Ha ybperpo cveprB, ciuji nepeÓKparB emacjrB 
CBoei casHH, cpaMHBaTB cBoe sajrpf XHoe nojoseme cb ysacaira, 
crpamaiie ExnopuTb ne cosxaerB sibhb h TBop^ecTBO. Bon npe- 
roBopsjíH j&tnj KB saiHii. Okb orpasHH seey, Hn-sa rpisHof 
lopiicni. H OBI— XHMHErB, antesapB. SKiibhb ea ÓHJia dacrpaxo- 
Basa wb ero noiBsy. y nero jiio<$OBHiiii[a. Xeny ohi Ókji, TRpa- 
iu%, saeraBjatn hjtb ho Honi mbitb y ero jikHSobhhipi — Óescra-' 
sdt x&BiH, noxP<SpaHHofi hub kb noMOfiHoll awb CBannaro pas- 

wp$s9u SjíOKbŘl Faase, OTBpaTHTOJBHfte HH^ero ne npHjQriiaTB! 

Ho piaazB eiiy rojiosy MamHHofi, TopsecTBeHHO, uoxb npHspH- 
TÍem fiaiajiBOHa cojuaTB, cb xyxosHHBOMB, nojiHi^eficRHUH, cyxBflMH^ 
sypeaiicraMH, SHaTHuiiH EHOCrpaHi^aMH, co bc6mb 9thmb TpycJUiBO- 
rHycHHiTB annapaioicB MacHoft JiaBur h 6oBhh, nepexB nojiynBfl* 
flot Tojmol sfoasB^ BopoBi, naiBiBineirB, vsyímvh meaonaeBB, 
CBbiesBTh MoxHiqB H npocTBTyroBB, ycrpoHBaTB TyrB CBOft OMep- 
sneiBHHl nHSHHBB?! dro emfi rase! droiiy hmobh F&rB! Ghxhtb 
BTon BOBapHHtt ■ nox^Htt noxnBaTejiB luasB-BajH— chxhtb btb 
CBoefl TX)peiiBott Wáhi. AnaiJuiipH OTBeprHyra. Ho npocBÓa o no- 
ujOBama? Sasrpa, vyiB cBin, BottxerB Hana^BHin chckhoB no- 
l■^ÍH ■ caasm: 

— MysažTecB. BacB smyn... Hxeii^B. 

Ho ovB HaA'&Jucfl Bce spěna. Owb BŠpaaB bi cboA ym, bb* 

BOpOUHBOGIB; KOHI^H CXOpOHeHH. EfO OCy^UH HO COBOBynHOCTH 

ynKB. £to BHxlirB, saKB offB noAM^niHBajrB axi? Hbkto. Ohi 
Hi pasy ne BaxpoaBavB. Ob axoBHToĚ yB^peHHociBK) noAcn^Haajiea 
on HaxB CBHxfrreJiaMH, nax^B npoaypopoiTB, xase naxB npesaxen- 

On Hax'6eTca... m sor^a? jKecaiB qaeoBB xo MHHyTU, Borw 
efo roaoBa bb crpamBon mhtmíh noieTHTB vh BopBHHsy k KpoBB, 
lan mh ymaia, saiBen sejiTiioiipe orpyóa. Ohb Ha;(šeica! Jífi. 
Eky njmHOGflTB ysanaTB. AnneraTB y nero cjaBHHfi. Owh no- 
šen iciB xaco, nHTB spacHoe bhho. Hh^to eny ne Hanoioraaen 
o co($CTBeHH(»rB naci H spoBH. Hoca^ ysHHa^ ohb josetch k sa- 
esDaen^ sasB yC^niB! A vh ceub nacoBi, Kor^a najiavB cb no* 



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48 Bmnm rařomi. 

MentBHROKB nwxyvh ero eBAsaraaro, ch oŮpi^MSBuwh BoporoiTB 
py6amRHy na aoMOcrb, ero HHrepecHoe, saiKyiiwBoe jihi^o orjji- 
Her-B rpgBHO-ctpyiD Maccy saiiiniaiiiefica nyÓJiKH, h oai rpOM- 
UMfb roJiocoMi* csaserB: 

— FocnoAa! H ynEpav) HeBHHHuit. 

H lyrb— BQBHpH vh pysA axoro oipaBHrejia! A ovB,^xoKTopi 
liliRHH^) XOJaseHi OTCUTUBars aasAutt Mfi^h ^ cosHaieiMie, 6eai 
npHBHaBa HaxesxH, hath aa Bcrpi^iy*.. ne ruMmiHt, a Óesno- 
n^axHO-KOHOuHBoft Óoi^HH, c^ix^ioov^ ^^0 8UUII0. MúdTh floesi, 
BpoBb npHWBaeTB k% HeMy^ msxhK mefs ocaiiqeffB noHHMaBieirb 
HaysH. H sa ^lo? 9tó ecTb n ero sbshh, spoiii rpyxa, npocroft, 
6e3C08HaTejiBH0fi ^ecTHocTH? Bbhu H^bn, ho ecrs Ta]i'B| Haeepxy, 
vb Bocxoxameft seHciot jibhíh — ciatforpy^aa seBa(BBa. Hy, h 

OTGVBTUBatt CBOB ABB, B SOaS BBIiepeXl, 9T0 BaaRXM JIBniHflB 

H09B npBHecen MysB ensfi mry^, a BOs^iyrB fiyxen bgb y(!H- 
BaTby y6uB9Uhj y^uBan!.. 

YsacBO BTO BeJBBoe uoxiAa^ím npBpoxu! 



in. 

Ha DpBropicft, Baj^ Mopem, b^ tíbb cocohi Jiewan xok- 
Top% EjiBBfli, Ha cyxofi Tpae-b, noKpuToft cjioemb i^>acHO-6ypoft 
XBOB. }KaAH0 BTJiBXiiBajcfl owb wb Mope B vb óarpoBHft, no^B 

MBJBBOBHft Bpyn COJHAa, OB&Hfflfl, RBKl OflO BOTB-BOTb HUpBeTB 

vb Bsdbpa-eBHioH) 8h6b. 

Ob Tofi nojoca ero xynieBBOfi sbbbb, sorxa obi cpasHBjn 
ce6fl Bnepstie cb ocyxffiEuuwb aa sasBB, nponuo ciBmBom 
rox%. A OHI Bce en^e Aumerb. Hsi-sa rpaHH^H BepHyjCB owb 
Vb cpoBi. OroBJO na aero BsrjBByTb; qTO($u yBBxarb, xavB oh'b 
BJHkxi. DpoAJiaraiB eiiy CaH^-Pem, Maxepy. Obb OTBaBaá'B. 0% 

CraTB6pfl HaHajrB 0B% UTBTb ÁBKOfM, rOBOpBXb XOBOJLHO TBepXO H 

rpoMBO, HO Baaxui paa% jesaii, nocj'b xoro, njanuiB, jíp oAixa. 
Ooepai^iB OH^B A^tkjFb^ HO pteaTB 6oucfl, iTo xponieTB pysa. 
FjiaBHoe, eMy crpacrno xot&iocb nepexaTb cryxeHTairB Bce CBoe 
nay^Boe Ao6po. JO^hb se npoxoffuo, hto6h obi se npexiOBBBii'B 

BMl^ BaBBXVBB^yAB OCO(eflHHX'B AOMOHCTpaiUlt. 

MaflOBajia sána. neiep6yprcBafl pocreneiB, cb BJbipoM^ h 
CJBBOTBX)) yjioauua ero na TpB hox&ih b:b nociejB. Obi bosboto- 
AOBajťB. Co cTopoBH cyff>6u oto Óhjio «DpocTo noftio» — bbb xByrB 
jAvbi omeseBaHHiixi^ eiiy^ yapaci^ ho^itb ubiui irbcap^l K,% 
BXBaiieBaiťB obi BCiWb. ToBapBB^B FBajra ero bob^b wn Jlerep- 



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yittPiTL— ycByiB. 49 

5ypra HenpeMiHHO na ion. £jibhh'b ne corjacucfl. Bb sohaí 
ÍKUfl OHI noixajii na BaiiiflCKoe Mope. Ofli^ jiioÓHJit ero ch 
xiicraa. 

— ^ero »e jyqme, — roBopizi ohx CBceny cocjyaHBiíy- 
xepaneBTy: — Taní zsoefi mosho xuniaTB ea BceMt npeópesbi. 
yííHpafB vh TasoM!B BOBxyxiy npaBO, loiKOBie, h'6m'b fl napHHBŠ, 
Ba BameMi xBajLenom TeHyascBOMi BaiHBŽ. 

Bim BOCBMOĚ HHffb. ^0 sasaxa ocraBajiocB hšcrojbko MHHyrb. 
SpyroM^B, no xojuiaMi — THiiuiBa. Ha oahomi bsi^ nparopBOBB 
BiAH^eien CKaMBfl h ctoix. Bi souiOBHHiy nojHott sanaxa xbob, 

BtoCOJUbSO SBXIWXl SyCTHBOBB. IIOSajlB — pflA'B AOMBBOBl C^B Sei- 

TaMH satfopaMB. Bos^yx^B nepenojmeHi icnapeflúiifH cochoboS 
cmojub; a ci xQpa aobocstcb cípyflBH cojieHoro ssyca. 

HesbíB cMJí&b paBÓpusraHHaro sojOTHCio-spacHaro CB^xa na- 
j^terb noHTH BpoBeHB ch ropadOHioM^B h pasciinaexcfl no sophbmi 
cooeH!B, no Aepny, no npeToniannoi 6ypofi xboí. B'b axorB croj&b 
H Bonuo Bce BBMosxennoe, nepBHoe, nedaMÍTHO TpenenQrnitee t^o 
6oiBHoro. XoJusifiBjíD mjiflny owh cGpocen ci ce6fl. FojOBy nojí,- 
AepsHBaiorB j^vb 6ijna npaspa^HHs pyBí cb ajiiMB jaxoHBiiH. 
6:b HBXi^ qyBerByercfl nepBnaa xposB. Bucosafl, c^aB^ennafl bx 

BBCBaXl rOJOBa nOKpHia BOaHHCTUMH BBepX'B BOJlOCaHH cbítjo- 

pycaro, no^H ornenHaro AB^xa. Bcfl shbhb ymjia vh rjiyÓOBÍe 
raasa ch spacHBEiMi pasptsoMi, xeMHocšpue. 3paqoR'B pacoiHpeHx. 
Bi neifB TO-E-fiibso BcnHXHBaerB oroneBi. Pžchbi^u — rycxua h 
xeMHHfl, xam se, RaBiB ycu, h A^HHHafl, yssafl Óopoxa, na n^- 
sax'B TOHHO noA^pBxafl. SaocxpenHufi noci ci» npodpa^HHMH hos- 
xpuJiH. Jbii^o — HanexqHBa hsi pacKOJBHHHBeS iťicxHocxH. IQjeBi 
yse coBCŠiTB ne bh^ho. Tojibko ab^ apacHua xouh BiiXBHraiorB 
BuepeA^B CByjH, noA'B KOxopiiiiB sajierjiH amu. PorB cb apynniuiH 
ry($aifa — nojiy*oxBpuxrB. jíJ^uxaHÍe cy^oposnuM-B B8AparHBaHÍeM'B 
saiifoHO KB ropit. niHposifi CBjaAB xyjioBHnta CBpuBaexi^ ysa- 
caK>n^yB) xjfftój. CB^xjBift ^nacxpnni bbshxbh h naHxajiOH'B jiesHxrb 
óojBniBMB cuaABaMH na btom-b rkíi, rxk asapi h Mumitii a&bhó 
BHCocaji asapi cBopoxe^naro ncxon^eHÍfl. 

Ofli norjBA^i biíbo, ta^ cochíi pociH noryn^. Fiasa ero 
apso BcnHXHyjH orB yAOBOJiBCTBia. HflKorAa evofi ne BBAajťB owh 
laxoro oxpaseBÍfl coxHeqnaro CB^xa. To^ho b8'b som^b Óhjii 4^h- 
xani H pacxoABJCfl B^epoiix jmxapHO-pyfiBHOBBixi ÓpBisn — cHHsy 
noieiíBJbe, sBepxy, cjHBaflCB cb 6jiÍABO-onajiOB£[M'B nojoroMB sa- 
xara H CB mHpoBOfi noiiocofi, meAmeS ao AByxi xpexet Bcero 
npocxpaBCXBa boau, ta^ naqHHaaacB, 6e8i» npoMesyxoHHiixi xo* 
HOBi») nonepennafl, CH80-po80Ba2 pfl6B. 

ToMi L— HiBAPb, 18S1. 4 



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50 BftCTHirb BBPOIIH. 

— dsafl npejecTBi— CBasajTE ohi BCJiyxi. 

CoBctif^ yse HajHHOBuĚ mapB cojiHi;a BApyn pasp^^saia ho- 
nojiaii-B TOHBafl aumke jHioBaro oójtana, cjiobho noMÍcnija ero 
KB BOJiBito. R ne Wh btoitb tojibbo pasi Eikslej BasaJiocB, hto 
He coJiHite ca^BTca vh Hope, a caMO Mope saioiuflerb cojiHi^e. 
BoTB yse nojiniapa. Cfiepxy orp^na rop6yniBa, em^e i^sfoeše — 
TO^BO HajiHBHofi py6HHi. Ee Bce cjiHBUBaerL h cjHBUBaerB CHBsy 
ypoBeHB BOAu. Bon ^yri* saii^rHafl no^ocsa... — *Jloj£TEVb Mop- 

KOBH», CpaBHHJn EjlBHffb, H THZO paBCMŠflJCfl. 

Ho H jioMTHBi Ha^ajTb cospamtaTBCfl, nepemen vh lo^sy. En^e 
coRyHAa— H HŠTB HH^ero. JlHJioBoe 061HJÍO pacrafljio h cihjiocb cb 
MaTOBOĚ ÓpoHsofi sasaia. A iiope crajio CBH']tó, pissott wprofl 
OTKbMMCh OTB He6a H nomjio Bce nonepe^Hofi, CTajiBHO& mmyeS. 

EnBWb 8aBpiij'B rjasa h npHCjryniHBaicfl vh myiiy itopa. 
HacTOHiitaro FbTpa ne 6um. Ero smsfl onaxHBajTB Harsíft b^- 
poKi, OTxaBaBmiĚcfl ^yrB-nyiB rb ero ymaxi. Otb boak Hxen 
oxHHi Henoji^Hiift BBysi. Uoxovb owh H na mejiecrB jmrh bi 
ÓojiBinoMi pyccBOM'B caxy^ h na OTxajieHHoe naxeHÍe boau na 
uejíhBEuíbj MH Ha ropeufi py^efl. H vbvb sroiiy BOHita. He xp6Hy, 
a SBBOOi rpoHaxHoe, BoeofiieMJuoii^ee ^yBciBO biebu% Brorbinyirb 
Blb eje-AHman^K) rpyxB ^axoioíHaro. 



IV, 

TenepB — botb yse hícbojibbo MtoiAeBi— ohi ÓojBine ne bob- 
Hyn^aercfl. BiiJia MHHyra, BorA» owb noxynajrB o caMoyÓificrBi. Ho 
Bcero oxHa MEsyTa. Ohi ctiiahj'b ce6fl hotoitb i^^uft iiiiCflAi, 
Hy A&9 crpaAaHÍfl ÓeBCMucjieHHii, ohh ycHiflica vh sonoy. PasyM- 
nie BasoHHBTB hxi. PasyMHte? Hojeny? PaHBme cposa owb ne 
yMpoTB. Sa^iMi se canoMy noMoraiB CMepTH, fíbMThCE ea xpyc- 
jiHBuirB oooÓqHHBOiTB? Heiíno b hocthaho. Oaho HsiAByxfB: bjh 
OH'b cropHrB HesaM^THO^ ytajsíh MHorie Haxoro^Hiie^ bo Cffb, nepe* 
Bepnercfl na Óosi h — jíjTb bohi, mze eny BunaAorB na fflsío 
aroHÍfl. Tasí neyseiE ne HafiAorca Ao6paro lejioBiBa — npeAnncaTB 
eMy noóojibme Mopj^ia bxh Apyroro cnaAOÓBg, 9to0:b MOBn csop^ 
BaRpuBajTB cBoe Tejierpa4)Hoe 6H)po b ne AOBiaAUBaai o tomx, 
xasi crpaAaHXTB TicaHM. Botb b^ab h Bce!.. 

JIk)6bti owb — vb 9Ty MAHyiy pocKomnaro Kopcsoro Basaxa — 
BCK) npapoAy: sejieHB, BOSAyxi, sanaxi Mopa, MarByio xboh), a 
nyinie ocrajiBHoro — cojHi^e. He yiioicB oahbitb, a Bctm CBoairb 
cyn^ecTBOMi on^^aerB oh'b cbabb ch hcto^hbboitb sbbhb, 8Heprífl| 



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yiEPETB— yCHfTB. 51 

— Bcero, Bcero!.. Hy, hto-»x. Oei cani neperopibji'B paHBme 
qwxa, He heboiihu sanaca, BOTopufi jibeTCfl orryAa ceepxy, un 
OFHeHHOfi MaccH, noTOHyBineS cefinaci kb hE]í/h najiHHOBaro mapa. 
Hi«orj(a en^e se roBopHji'B vh Hem xasfE crpacrno Beinsift Tann- 
CTBeHHaB rojioci npepoAu. Oh'b xopomo noMHBrb — HHBorxa! 

n OHi> He CAepsHBajii Rpyneoft ciesii, CBaraBmefica euy na 
(Sopoiy. Hefiseajiaii Hcroiia npHMBpeHbfl nepe^i b^^^hhitb sREBhiwb 
«^Tro», nepejTB 8aB0H0M'B ectecTBa, nepeA'B eseMHHyrHUMi qy- 
lowb Bcero, HTÓ ABHseTCH H TRHíierhy oxBaTnjio ero ^o cocTOffeia 
npocB^TjieHHaro ÓJtaseecTBa. SB^ajocib bi ce6i, bi Tony, cbojibbo 

SUOBCeHO tfUJiO Bl HeMl AynieBHHX^ CHJIl, 06peHeHHBIX'B Ha FH- 

úexhj pacTBopHJiacB bx aTOM'B ho6om'b BcenoBpBiBaioii^eiťB HyBCTFb... 

— Hb¥to He nponaAaerB! Hh^to hb Bc^eanerB! — meorajH ero 
JDixopaAO^BiiiB ryófii. — Eabho Bce axo, ^tó Haxo mhoS h Bospyn 
veHa!.. 

Ho KaR'B eny xotíjiocb, b% to ace BpeMfl^ BOÓpaTB bi ceóa 
(SoAme BpacoB'B^ SBBHrB nacrpoeniS, jiacsi otb btoS npBpoxBi. 
CrpacTHaii jik)6obb Kb Srbbhh cjBBBJíacB ci 6jiaroroB']&HÍeH'B nepeA^ 
BeJHBHiTB HyAom Bcejnennofl. ítoÓíi HcnHiaTB laKoe ^yacTBO, — 
ByxHO 6ujo eMy anaTB, qio owh yiípen ci nepauiix oceHHHM'B 
BirpoirB. 

B^epa owh Bynajica. ^m nero yse ne cyn^ecraoBaja onac- 
HOCTb DpocryAH. EpyroiTB npuraiB b% boa*)^ najiB^HtnBH, doiBme 
SBAeHflra, cb cMyrauMi MycByjiBCTUM'B tíjiomx, BHBsuuifl, Óapax- 
TaiH(^, 6pB8rajiHCB. Oh'b cb jiK>(k)BBio anaTOMa pa8rj[flAUBaj'B bx^b. 
leJOBi^ecBoe rtio b'b ero B8rfl6ax'B, na boa'6, vl bojibhuxi abb- 
seHÍBXi HOPB, pjvhy tfeAp'B, rpyAHOfi KďJ^TBB, norjion](ajio ero. 
OffB 8a6HBaji'B coBepmeHHo cboh) sajiayB), HBHKeHCByK) cjiaÓocTB^ 
He afOTprijťB na cboh BsicynyBrniflCB peópa, hopb «RaBi njern*, 
(Sypyn BnaAHny rpyAB. EMy ne 6ujio saBBAHO. 

BoTB H TenepB, 8acjiBiHiaji'B owb csaAH nepejiBBi a^tckhxi ro- 
JOcoBi H paAOCTHO HOBepHyjii Ha8aA'B rojiOBy. IIo AiceuvA^ cb 
lepHjaicH, noAHHMajacB iit^jraa Barara A'3^Tefl— ^bctbix-b, H6MeDiBBX'B 
xkreft—mecTB A'ibB0^es!B h ABa ifajBHHBa. Eto noMeHBnie, Bapa6- 
Bucfl HE Bpyrofl noA'BeirB. Rto nocrapme — nura creneflHo. 3a- 
i^aBjuja Bcefi bx'b napriefl A^BOHsa lirB AecaTH, vb donmofi 
oiioifeHHOft mjani, fb bbaí sopoóa, cb AJiBHHofi rajiieft, cb bhhs- 
ni wb pyvBLTb. Ejbhhi 0CHaTpHBaj'B Bxi HSAajiH, KasAaro no- 

y OAHOft A^BO^BHy JIÍTB TpeX'B, rOJeHBBÍfl HOra, H3X* 

iii4)ycBHH0& KopoTBoft R)(Sbh, npHBejiB ero bi> BOcroprB. nijiana 
snsLnrb oónamaja 1061 a'6bo^rh cb rjiaABHMH Bo^oca^B, cpt- 
BtnepeAHy no-anrjiĚCBH. 

4* 



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52 ncraiKi sbpoiui. 

— 9tó sa Cyryai!.. EosecTBo! — npomeniWB Eikhhi, h ea- 

^Ul CJIÍAHTB MCROBUIIH rjasailH Sa KOCOaaneHBBHMH XBHSeHUlIH 

pefieBRft. 

— Baby!— BpflRHyja craposas x^BO^sa, lOHoinb Há6ojn>inefi: — 
nicht so schnelll nicht so sohnell! 

Ha MajiBHHBarB 6uavl cojxaTCBii ^^ypasBH (iesi sodtipbBOB-B, 

Ch CBHHMH OBOJUmaMH. OflH Ha-XO^y nOA^epaJlH COCHOBUA mHIOKH. 

rycBKOMi nOAHfljiHCb Bdb fiibtEy Hasepxy noTonrajiHCB na oxhoicb 
ulicrbj noTOMi iiajuHERii h Haiioara juffb x^Bo^eRt noxonuis jlt^ 
EjiBBHy H ycraBHJiiiCk na nero* 

Ofl-B HMi yjiEi(Sajicfl, A'ÍB09By Cb aHraificBHMH BOJiocaME hoao- 
3Baji'B pysofi. Ona nospacH^a. MajibUBK Kb cosKsmJíwvh 4>yp&s- 
saxt noAOABHHyjiHCb noÓJHxe. ID^eBH y bhxx to^ho bto no;i^nH- 
paji HSBHyipH. 06a ohb pacspacH^juicB, h bojocu, i^Btot nas-ui, 
ByxpflBHJiHCk H8'b-noA'b CHHHX'B OBOJiuinefl. MajieHBBÍe rjasBH HCKpe-* 
jiBCb orb paxocTHaro ^yBcrsa a^boS BHeprÍB. 

— Kinder, kommt, kommt! — saBpaqaja cxporo crapinafl x^- 

B09Ba. 

— Lassen siel—xBxo ocraHOBHjrb owb ee. 

Ho Kbím nocjiyiiiHO OTCiynE^iE b, CMOJBHyBí, crajiE cnycBaTBCfl 
CB npBropsa. 

Ohi npoBOsaix bxi& AOÍrBM'E BsrjiJiAOirb. Mosers, h ne y^acrcB 
yse 6oabme yBBAaTb Tasoro nyAflaro peCeasa, saBi sra A^B^ypKa 
ch rojieHBBBiiB HOSBaxH?! XaiocTíui'B, 6e8i noiOKCTBa^ nocjribAHHif^ 
wb poA^ jifljixjewb owb yMBpaTb. PasBt bto ho jyqme? ^to se 6u 
0B% nepeAaai no BacJi'bAtTBy botb Tasofi npaiecTBoi a^bohk!^? 
Csopore^HyK) ^axoTRy? A to b tofo xyse: aoifoji^Ithiob) drtAHyio 
Heifo^Sy auuBoe nposaóanbe 6en spoBB, (Sen Mumi^, Cen BRyca 

Otb SH3Hfl*«* 



3acBÍs£jo. inyH'B npBÓoa noAHHnajCB Bce ascTBeoHie. Saódk- 
rajB &bAue saftHBBB. Uofjjvb s^Tepi cb c^Bepo-sanaAa. Ho Ri&sHy 
ne xorkaocB ABflraTBCfl ci CBoeM xbob^ PA^b ero rpyAv TaBB xc^pomo 
AumajtocB. BeBsy, baojb BjiasHaro, npE^BTaro necBy^ niocsÍB bocihbi 
TO-B-A^jio jiBBajiB opBtfpesBe. CnpaBa^ bj^bo, b vb npoTBBonojox- 
Hyio CTopoBy, tbxo ABBraďBCB ^^arypu ryjiaion^BXb, — 6ojBme no* 
napeo. HlrB-H^rB— opoibAeTBaBBnas'By bi mopaxi^ cb xy^epoM':^ 
Kb BucoBott ABJíBHApBHecBOtt mjjini6, BJiu napa nóBB cb abhoS b^ 
cojioMeHHofi BBETopÍH, Bjfl aiiasoHBa Cb BaBaaepoiťB. nepeA'B hhi^b 



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yilPlTB — 7CH¥TB. 53 

Bce STO ABHsercfl tori tfeBmyMHO, totoo wh naHopaM^b. He aiHniHO 
Hi Tonora Romm, hh cspina sojecrs, hh pasroBopoBi^. 

H 8T0 MejBUHÍe Aaii'B, uysmviwh, dBHnaseff, BcaxHHBOFB bii- 
3Baio vh HeiTL eav HOBoe Hacrpoenie. H eify oni o($paxoBajicB. 
EMy saxoT^oeB nosHTB «Ha nipy^. Tjtb, na BynaHBsxi, Bce 
qyzxo, zyse hími sa-rpanHi^efl. A Ha;^o 6u vh CBofi 6oJbinoS 
ropojTB. Bi TOTB ase neTep($yprB. ÁBrycrB yse aa ABopi. Fopox- 
cKti S18HB Ha^sHaercfl. 

Tjl^rTO^ O^eHB tfjHSBO, B^B O^HOITB HSTB OBpaSROBB paS^aJlHCB 

rpoxKÍe roioca, pyccxiB bbhbi nonojaMi c^ ^paHi^yscBOMH h anr- 
jíicBBMH ^^pftBaxH. Ooh TZVh 6ujn> norjioii^eHi co6ofl n npBpo.iotf, 
^To se saifikTEjrB, ^o vh hícbojibbhxi maraxi on eero y^se i;o.ii>ine 
noiy^aca HrpaK>rB vh BposerB. 

EiKUWb npHBcrajTB, Hajcijanb m^iaiiy, 8acTerHy;i'B BBsnrBy h npe- 
újph Kh xepeBy, noxBi^avB nOA% ce6fl hopb, vh noji-oóopoxa b^b 
oÓn^ecTBy, HrpaBmeMy wh BposerB. 

TyrB 61L10 ^empe A'ÍBBitH: o^na — A^Hnas, saBfB TEi^EBa 
ixinD, xpyraa eft no njie^o— cecrpu — fb 0ABHaB0BHX'B BHniflTBirB 
lUBTuirB HSTB JlyBpa H i^b£thux'b Basasaxi; nps hbxi pyccBaa 
aBrjH^aHo^ia, BypHOceHBsafl h MHjfOBBAHaa, vh cbeomi sperono- 
BOMi BanoTBB'1, RB poA'i^ aBBpeH, CB BanK)inoHOirB; en^e luiOTHaH, 
spacHomeRafl H^ua^fiapoHecca^ nyxjnfi ^paHiQrsi-y^BTejiB hbi Ile* 
TepÓypra h sHJiBCTHfi, sarop^^jHtt 6pK)HerB, 6ajrríBcRÍĚ nozflBi. 
Hina nopasBja EissEa cbohm^b BxopoBBeirB. Owb pasrjiflA^jrB eji 
mpoByH) ciyiiHB) h Aase CBOcrpHJBťB npo ceda: 
«JU} Ha tioiBmoĚ Eorb (mi ba^b SBByrB». 
JífijivsLSL ÓapnniHfl BBBBsrHBajia ÓesnpecraHHO 1 noroMi TBHyjia 
vi Boch: 

— MoDsieur Courcelle, Si vous de jouer! 
Bb xpyroe BpeMB, jrbrh usrhrmecth nasa^B, Asasje vh npomjiOMi 
roxy, owh 6u norjuix&Ji na btbxi a'3&bhi^ cb HexoBOJiBHOft mbeoII 
UB npeapirrejBHOfi ycM^msofl. — «EapHmHH, xy^oco^Boe oipoxBe, 
sonTflTE He6o, xoABHaasoJOiyxa^) — boitb htó 6u owb CBa8aji'B npo 
ce(Sg. Ho xenepB bhisjo cobcšitb ho to. HasaBoro npexyd^sA^HBa 
se omynuii ohi vhce&k, Ob% bha^js^b nepex^B co6ob) srpy mojio- 
jtBXi jnoxeft. Hxi BjieRjia Bce la se npapoxa. KpoBerB — oxHHib 
irpeuoTb, BHxyHaHHiift jim^en^HBíHB aHTJHHaHaiiH. 

H eify CT&90 AOca^Ho sa ceÓSi AOcaAHO h oóbaho. 3a^irB 
offB npesKxe, Borxa eiqe 6ujlo s^oposBe, HsÓiraxB oómtecroa j^hwh 
I x^bhi^? TofAaniHifi ero «AeM0BpaTB8X'B> noxasajicfl exy nenpo- 
CTnejBBO-rjiyiiii]i'B. Oh% caM%, no CBoeft behí^, othbjtb y ce6a 
CToiBKO xoponiix^ iniHyrB sBaBOMCTBa cb h&bhumh sencBEVE 



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54 BtOTHISl IBFOim. 

BaTypaMHy ee cjuxajii Rporraxi, HaflQ^HHXi rojocoBi, ne BHiaji^B 
B6.1H3H HH rpaj^ÍH, HH MH^ETO soBexcTBa, HH ropfl^aro nopuBa fíb- 
ByniKH, vh jft^nfiivb ea AynieBBoft BpacoxH. ^to oh-b bha^jh? 
DecrpíM-TOJinii vh croJiHiiaxi, ROBeTOB'B bi Me^hjjií, hjih yjiHH- 
HHX'B xj^Bm,BWh Ha FbncKOiťB rpa($eHÍ h í[oh;(Ohckom'b Hay-Mar- 
ket! HflorAa na CTifiE% toac sa rpanai^efi, eHy noapaBSTOi 
aRipeca. Oh^ BynerB ea Bapro^sy, qHTaen o6i Heft ^jbeiOHu 
Bi^ raseraxi^, SíA^LJťh Buxoxa oaho& y TearpaiLHaro nox^^a. 
Boo6paseHÍeM'B owh cójusajicx cb nefi, cjiiiinaji ea rojiocB, ao- 
nojiHfljťB ea ci^eHBqecBÍft oÓjhb^b, tfjecBoiTB yiia^ oÓaaBÍeifB na- 
Typu. no8H«BOKHTBCfl CB Heft... RaBi>? HsHBaifB OBI Bjax^x 
Bjoxo. Jl^a H CB KaRoS craTB «8aTecajiefl» 6u pyccBíft «jeRapB» 
R^B RaRo&-flH6y;iB sBaiieHBTocTH B— CyxB efi: 

«Il08B0JlBTe tfUTB BBaROBy. Bfil UH!Í O^CBB BpaBBieCB*. 

H TaR'B npomjia kojoxoctb. O jioÓbb eiiy aeRorxa 6ujio h 

nO^yMETb. BcnOMHBJX OBB TyTB O AByXB-xpeXB 8BaR0MCTBaX'B Ch 

pyccRBMB pa(k>TaH)nviHB x^BymRanB. T^ Aaiae b mucjib-to bi BeM'B 
flo BEisHBajiB, 9T0 OBÍ' ocotfu ApyroFo noja. ^^BBHiie pasroBopu 
CB Bay^HBiMB TepMBBaMH, ypoRB, aTjacH, npenapaiBi no aHaTOMÍB, 
BjeeflWTue ^MtpryRB, jomtbrh jBOJiÓacH, sanax^ naaflpocB — botb 
vto ocrajiocB y Hero vb naiiaTB. «XopoiDÍe napBH»— BEipasa.icB 
OBI npo HBxi Tor^a, xa b TenepB to se CRaaterB. 

Aa, He jiK)6Bjn>l H a&eBn^HBii, ea Bpacoiu b o6aaBÍa ne 
asaji— xa Taai b yiipeiB irbpai^a ^epesi^ Tpa. IIo ero pasc^ery, 
ocTaaocB ceMB^ecarB TpB xhi, ecjB B'6MeirB npexcRasaji atpHo. 
Othabo eny cA^jiajiocB, Ror^a obx npoxoasaii riax^TB Ba aí- 
sm^h, BrpaK)n](Bx% B^ RpoxerB, rx Heny cboabjibcb acb ero otho- 
meBÍa r'b seBo^HH^, RaRi Bcro^BBRy jk)6bh b pa^ocra?.. Oflib 
xase BCDBixByjx, b BcnuxByai wh nepsuft pasi, AJsiaH o&h btomi. 
EMy bcbombbjbcb cryxeBqecRÍa noxosAeBÍa. Hy, xcrAa cjflnfROM'B 
6ymeBajia RpOBB. Ho AaaBme rpyóaro ycMBpeBia anaeiBTOBB bbrto 
BO meji. A noTOM'B? Hayay owh jiío5bxb; 6uíi> ^yBCTSBTeaeBX wh 
xeBCROft RpacoTi. KaR'B? Eny BpaBHJOCB rbio^ oabo t6jo. npes^e^ 
owh ooMBBn, eMy Óuaajio oulib 8thx'b BecHacTHuxi, tfibratoa^Bx^ 
ao ÓyjiBBapaM^ b aiOABUM'B yjiBi^aMx^ no tfaaairB b bb^ — na 
jioBJK) Mys^BBi. OÓbabo sa seBn^BByi ropBRO sa qeaoBtHecTBO, 
coB^aamee TBRott bha'b noroHH sa RycROMi xai6a. ^a; ho obi me 
npeBe($pera;i^ btbmb seHo^vBaMH. Obi njaiBU bitb. Euy cjiy^a- 
jocB ABse XBajBTBca nepeAi TOBapan^aMB sa Rpyaucofi nasa, hto 
«B0rB RaRyH) a Bvepa sanojynjii ÁMajiiio bib ^aJHiBy. 

«3anojiy«;rB». dio BHeHBO cjobo b Óiiao fb xojqt b'b bxi xo- 
20cmvb pasroBopaxi. H to^ho aecoprBiíeHTB raicryKOBi bib 



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yiipiTB— yraytB. 56 

BopiQl imij npoxoKBLTb nepexib hhmi: Ójioujíjiieke cb ROJOCcajB- 

BBIIH nUlH&OHaMH H 6tjlOCHÍSHiIMH ^pMEMH, H CyXeHBRÍfl 6pK>* 

HenH, H rpe^ecsíe h BS^epeyiEie hocu, h osajiBHUfl njieiH h 
<6oranu» O^apa- Oh^b xasOi oaho epens, sanHciiBaj^B hxi bi 
EHHse^Ky, nomieHHO, h cb o6o8Ha^eHÍeM'B ^HOia h M^cfli^a. A 
t/kfjk offB CMOTp&i^B Ha ce6fl, WKb aa cspoiiHaro, no^írn Ao6po- 
lirejbHaro Mys^BHy. I](HHH8ifa h kb pasroBopaxB ne jhoÓbjitb oh*b, 
xaiBine HSBto^HoS TOpm. Ero xase c^vrajiH ^onopHiíMi no erofl 
HicTHy zora H seara, iro Offs «He npo^B». 

Kpaesa nosAHaro craxa xoiro ne cxoxHJia cb ni^a Ejsnea. 
ByxB OHib nocH^ie h ne Tasí ah^y owh moco6ewh tfuji'B 6u 
noBBHHTBCfl uepeKh (SapHmHflMH. H eicy eqe CHJiBHte sazor&iiocB 
n ropoxB. OvB saBe^erB sHasoMCTBa, ÓjAjerb is^mb kb IlaBJOBCBir, 
HatxerB hícbojibbo mhjhx^b cenetcTBi. Bce 8to otb nero saBH- 
cm. Ob nojiOBHHu aarycra QerepÓyprB oatHauercfl. SasryrB ^o 

UpH. A Tam H C6HTfl($pB... 

Mucjn o ceHTfl6pi ne Bcnyraja ero. Owb npBnoxHBicfl, Aop- 

MMCb Sa CTBOJl TOHKOft COCHH. 06meCTB0 COÓpaJiO CBOB najBB, 

inapH H fjvE H Bomjo, co cmísoitb h pasroBopaMB, fb sajATBy 
oiflofi wn AaTB| Cb hoboS tobtoboS spumefi. B^brepi Bce CB^b- 
liiB. Ho EjBBHy xuniajiocB en^e njmne. Eujia HBnyra, sorAa 
npofiiecKB x^rcBoS pa^ocTHoft HaxesAH voLVb HOHHott oroHeBi 
BcmixByji^B H OBapflji'B ero mositb: 

«A, 611TB MOserB, npoi^eccB paspymeHBfl oeraHOBBTCfl?* 
Ohi HHiero ne otb^th^x;. ho cnyciBJícfl 6oxpo, maras (kuiB- 
iDHMB maraictf. Obi p&niBjrB ne sasBBaTBCB ZA^cb ÓoiBme nexIuiB. 



VL 

nepexi o&bfflwb^ vb hocaíahhxi ^BCJiarB aBrycra, Ejbhh'b 
nxo XBHraicfl BBepzB no BoiBmofi-MopcBoB. Fopoxi cmotp^jtb 
ei^ ho jtrneify. OrofljrB xymHufti C0JiHe9HH&, noTHHft jiobb. FpyxH 
(kOBBoro npHZOAHJioeB naoxo. OffB yTpoirB nóbxajvB vb TOBapna^y 
n ocrpoBS, xyaui ocBtoHTBCB. Ho na napoxox^ ero npoxsa- 
iiio. ToBapBHVt owb ne saciajVB b, xoxb no buobitb ocrpoBa, 
ijBenoBajTB ce5fl toiho rb TenjiBiii. B% ropoA^ ony crajo ly^me. 
Bb naTOMy lacy MopcBBfl noana tfiua XBBseHiB. ExBBHib Haxo- 
ffiB yniQr meflB Bpa<;BB0ft, j» m B006nie HerepÓyprB bbhobo 
ipMCnu^ HepeAB hbm'b vb npocropi h rpaHjQOSBOcni HaÓepes- 
nzii pftHv, cípofiHHx^B saMeHHuxB nepecneKTBBi. 

— RasoS ropoxB! KaBoft ropox^l— noBTopBJiioH'E^aciO|TO^HO 



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56 B'BOTfin'B IBPOnH. 

OHI ero Bsy^aerb bx nepsuS upiisjuh, a ne poAHJCfl lyrB, fb 
FaBaHH, He sHaers aroro nerepóypra bujotb xo nepeyjROBx Bs- 
ÓoprcKofi. 

Fjiasa ero ynajiH na tfosoByio chhior) bbibícbj cb .(^í^umh (5yR- 
BaMH. dro tfEua nocTOflHHaa BucraBsa. Oex j^ijijío xoahji^b na bu- 
craBKH noHexocyry, jífL h :ik)6e.te noBTopaTs, ^ito Majo chhcjihtb; 
HO sa rpafiHi^eft ocTanaB^BsajCfl Bcer^a nepeA'B BHrpiiHaMH xyxo- 
secTBeHHux^B ifarasHHOBrb. 

EjisHffB BomejTB. Owb caHOMy ce(% sasajoi HHOcrpaHi^eirB, 
HJH npiissHirB H8*B ry6epHÍH. Ero 9to satfaB^aJio. Ha jiícthhi^ 
H Ha BepxneS npocropHOtt n^on^a^BŠ, vfjb crofljia opÍHrnas cbí* 
acecTB, eny yse sna^e xnmaJiocB. RaccEpma vb reMHosťs HjaTB^ 
ysasajia eMy pysoff na xox^ Bnpaso. Ohi nonajix voa^ajia bx 
Mysett npEiua^Hiix^B HCBycciBi. IToniejix oh^b no cupOBaTmix bom^ 
HaiaiTB, vfiíb vb msa^axi necrp^jH nepe;^ hhitb ropnisH, tfo* 
BasH, 6ojBaHHHBH, BycRH crapuxx Maiepifl, TapejiRH, anoHCBÍe 
ŮosRKúj 6poH80BHa CTaTyBTBH^ xepeBflHHl^afl nocyxa... 9to yrouHJio ero. 
Oh'b He uorh HH^eny orxaTBCfl, cocpexoro^HTB ce6sy Bii6paTE Ka- 
ByK)-HH6yAB Ben^B h jho^obho o6vjisxaB«i!h ee co bcíxx cropoHx. 
IIocjiiAHÍfl BOMHaTti OHB npoóisajTB, H ROF^a nonajiB ohatb bb 
OoROBoe noH^n^eHie Mysea, AjTMaa oqyTHTBca y Buxoxa — to x^se 
pascepxHJCfl. Bce bto 6hiJio any nysxo, tvcejio, vum cjramROMB 
npHHyxJiHBO, HJiH cjiemROMB CRynoHO, OTSHBajiocB JiaBRofi crapBeB- 
H^HRa na IDjrhhohb. Ohi cosHaBajTB CBoe neB^secTBo; ho hh^to 
ero ne paxoBajio. Bce aTO noxoxHJio na Ra^HnexB MHHepajioBB. 
HacTOflHitafl shbhb, cb RpacRam h BHepamHHirB xhoitb npaBxu h 
noasÍH, OTcyrcTBOBajia j5,Jisi Hero bo bc^xb aiHXB ysacno xoponixB 

H jpiXBHXB ROJJieRIQflXB... 

— Jía rxí-ae RapiHHH?— cnpocHJiB ohb y c^yacHie^H. 

— A BOTB Ha-jiiBo, noaaiyttre. 

Ejibhhb RHHyjica xyxa, to^ho ohb xoi*jrB mipnyrB b-b 
CB^syio npoTOTOyio BOxy. Bb nepBoS se sajt, bb <rropoF6, Ha 
MOJiBÓepT^, CTOfliB seHCRÍS noprpeTB. EjiBlraB npomex*B hemo, He 
oÓepHyBmHCB: ero HsxaaH npHBJíeRajrB neSsasB cb sapeBoirB sa- 
RaTB. Ohb bhx^jib hb-xhaxb TaRoft saRaTB. Ho b6,ih8h nefi8aa:'B 
eny ne noHpaBejca. CjiHmaoirB ysB pasMamHcra 6um Masna. 
HeÓo, Boxa, co:iHiie ne x^tniajiH shshbk). Yfittio oÓepnyjiCB ohi& 
HBsax^ H yBHxaxB Jívnp. Gna^aja rjiasa h tfposH. Ohb hoxcbo* 
hhjtb BB Hopipery h sanepB. He hhcbmo, ne naerepCTBO, cb bb- 
bhmh 0TX'6jiaHB 6ujrb 6apxaTB nuiaHu, hh BopcasB, hh Bassa pysH, 
hh yifi^BBe xyxosHHBB ycaxHTB — hh^fo ohb He pasrjiaxHBájrB... 
Jlíiupy r^asa, ($poBH, BsrjiaxB h npospa^HOCTB sroro jiHi^a, RaRaa-ro 



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yiiPETb — ycHrrB. 57 

oj^OTBopeHHafl Bosa, cbbosb ROTopyio bhahe BasAU acHJiRa, ipe* 
neii^eTL sasAuft Heps^... 

— Hey»ejiH— pyccBaa?— inenrajn oh-b npo cefia. — He uoxerb 
6ín%\ HcnaHBB? Hjhi oiryxa, H8rB cjiaBflHeBHxi crpani? 

H ovh ymeji^B irb 8th rjtsa, saide-TO BTflrHBaioiipe b^ cetfn, 
ÓesxoBHHe H HeotfR^HO jiy^eBapHBre, nojosHrejiBHO ccBimaxm^ie 
Bce, 'rré BOBpyrB hhxi. — 9n rjasa — pyccsie. Ohh roBOpurB no- 
pyccBv. 3to He MaTUB^a, ne RasHirapa, le diitfa; a OjiBra, B^a, 
TaTBBHa... ^a, Tane^Ba, Bapfl, HacreHBBa... EpoBH xuman Ten- 

JIOITB H B^VOŘ BTB MOpOSHUfl ^eHB, BOr^a OHa IB&bT&EVh CB yiHI^EI, 

n mytfs&i vb irfocoBOtt mamet, vlocjA BaaraHBB na TpofiBŠ^ h hoa- 
craBBTB BTH 6poBH jiB>6HM0]fy ^eiOB^By. BoTB xorxa mosho yire- 
peTB— sorxa doAOfcuo yneperB! yjiii6Ba— ne HacirbinBa; a name 
pyccBoe ce6&-Ha-yM%; ho AOÓpoe majiOBJíBBoe oetit-Ha-yirt sen- 
opHH, BOTopafl He MOJBerB He ^yscTBOBarB, ^m> ona— Jiy^i cb^tb, 
TTO 6e3nb Hen ne sb^itb shtb, teo ona oji^mm nan^BsoM^ oeia- 
HOBBrB BCBByH) Bpasx6(ÍHyK> CTHZÍH)!.. 

OEh jiacBajTB BTOTB njf^HHTeiBHnfi B ffímaH^iS BoeS rpyxBD 
oÓpasTB. ^ase bojiogh — rjiaxBíe, MHjnie pyccBÍe bojiocu, 6iijni eMy 

6jB8BH; OWh BTB BHajTB (TB ;(ÍTCTBa; HO BBVB OHH BaBaH^rBBaKrTB 

ei oOjihvb! y bbcbobi neiiHoro hbiotcb... h^cbojbbo bojochbobi; 
a na sQ&b HaxBBHyjBCB rycrofi rpflXBOfl h ne sHaemB— ^ poc- 
iomB'6ey TTÓ Bpame: bojiock Bjra 6poBH h nojiyoTBpiiTB& pon, 
orrtHeHHsS sarsÓoicB TO^rao Buro^Hnaro Hocnsa cb posoBmcH 
BosxpBMH, rx% BBCOBaji nopoxa xocBasaďia CBoe nocjrbxHee cjiobo. 

— IIosajiyflTe, sanapaTB Óy^yrB,— npHTJiacHjrB ero yAajiBTBCfl 
ciysHiejiB. 

KlBHFB BaVB-TO AHBO UOCMQ^ijl^b HB HerO. 

— 3anHpaH)rB?— cnpocHJTB ohb ManiHHajiBHO. 

^-CB. 

Ohi^ ente pasi OBBHyji'B noprpen ropB^BirB BsrxaxoM^B h CBOpo- 
CBopo comejTB cb jActeeuUj xfta&e saniixajicfl. BHBBy, bb msefi- 

mpCBOfty OHI CTOfl;rB H^ftCBOJIBBO MBHyTB| TO^IHO BB Hep^HIHTeJIB- 

mcn: HOXHBTBCfl eiiy en^e pasi, hjh hatb. 

TojBBO Ha yjiBi^ ohi cnpocBJTB ce6fl: «a bto nHcax*B Bry 
xesiiiHHy H saBit ea ^tfHiui?» Baraxofa ohi ho xoraffajics By- 
BiTB, xa Baaeerai h ne npowmrh. Hy xoťb ^maÍK) xyxosHBxa. 
Beerjia ecTB hoxhhcb btb npamirB hjih bb ji^boitb yrxy. TenepB 
jse noBXBO. Om> saSxerB eiqe pasi hb HeA^<6. 

— HenpeirtHHo!— BOCBJíBBHyjis Ejocbhb npo ceda. 



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58 BWtBMKh tBřOEB. 



VIL 

Ho OH^B Be nonarfc he nocroflEByia BucraBsy na Tofi-aie ae- 
fíbjA. TpH AOiuuiHBHr& aha a HSHopossH) sanepjB ero AOMa. ^a 
H HEAO 6ujio flaiHHaTB CEopo CBOfl Kypci. Ejibhhi xor&ii yMe- 
peiB «Ha 6peinB». Bcero 6h jy^me sa jieBi^iB, taisi, CB-pasy^ 
HO BpflA%*iifl y^acTCfl? TpB ahb JieautAii ohi aa BymeriKby cb bhh* 
raMH, H CeBnpeeraHHO Bce cvorpůjii na fiaponerpi. Ero lany^io 
Ha BOBAyxiy Hy xotb npocro na yjiHior, TMÍb TOJisyTCfl jiioab, b'b 
BaBíMi-BHtiyAB BHaBOMiucB. BapoHeipi sh Bewpy TperBBro ahb 
CTaa'B noRawBaTB bi B^py. Ha Apyroft a^bb osy^HJiocB Bocspe- 
coHBe. RiBBffb c& yxpa BinneirB bsi Aona, nixatí a^hb (SpoAHi^ 

BJIH ^AHJIl) OfiŠAAJťB nOSAHte O^EIBHOBeHHarO. 

B^B cyMepRB, mejis oh-b no Ba($epesHofl. Ohi norjiflA'^^ Ba 

pŠBy H CpaBHHJTB 06 CB MOpOBHlTB npEÓpOSBOM^B. 

y noA'B'&8Aa OAHoro hbi xpexi-BrasHiix^B aomobi ctobjio hí- 
CBoaBBO Bapen. Ejirehi otfjiOBOTHJiCfl o rpaHHTBufl napanerB na- 
(SepeaiHofi h esu% TMfíksh na noAiÍ9A%* IIoKaBaiocB evy cípanHO, 
BTO BXOAHrB TyAft Bcasit napoA^B: 6apuHB, o^BAepBi, ^yfise, sen- 
H^BHu B% rojiOBsax^B, eojiAaTii. %b 6u aio lasoe 6íijio? noxopoHti? 
— He TorB ^aci... 

Ohi nepemeji^B ^epe&h HOcroByio. 

— 9efl AOMřB? — cnpocHJii obi y sy^epa. 

TOTB Ba3BaJI'B BSB^nyH) ABOpflHCByH) ijfaMBMID. 

— ?T0 se BIO xasoe lyrB? 

RyHepi— BTO Óuji BaperBufl hsbob^hbi — ycni^xHyacfl. 

— MojeHHaa. 

— KaKaa? 

— Kto Hxi BHaerB. BapHHi caHi nponoBtAH AopsarB. Mu 

HXli BHAaJIH. El BBMl, Vb iiMCByiD, ^SSaJtl, BHBSBH AapHJI!B. 

— Kbbsbb? 

— ^a, AymecnacBTeJBHUfl. ^oCpuB 6apBH%. 

Ejibhhi* hto-to cjiHiHaai o6i btom^b 6apBHÍ h aiott MOJsie^BB-b, 

HO BCBOJIBSB. 

— MosBO BXOABTB cfB yaBQu? — CHpooBjí OHI* 6^6 By^epa. 

— HaBtcTBO. BeflBaro npHMaKnrB..* CaMB BBAirre. 

B% CTeBJBBHyiD, m Cpossott, ABope see BXOAsaa ny&iBBa. 
EjiBBBa 8T0 saHHTepecoBajo. Bcjtíji^h sa AByMB erapyniBaiiB, vb 
Honi^axiy H canťpHHMi yBTeprB-o^Hqepoiii obi Bomeji ae o^ohb 
pbiBBTejBBiiMX maroM^B kb oÓhibpheih cbne Ďapcsaxi* xopoMi. 
ObHH co cboaahh HOBopaHBBajiH snpaBO. Hysno 6uao noABBTBca 



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yiBFKTb — rCHITB. 69 

H^KOJbio cryneHeRi. IIo nyia paacraBJíeHu jaReHi bo 4^paBax'b 
H BTh jHBpeflzi^, BenoABHSHue, CBy^aioii^e, c^ BiipaseHieifB bí- 
dOAKo BaA^bTaro j^ocroBBCTBa, ho BtsiHBiie h— neiiy xojsho — 
ByywHu. Bcb c^hh noRpiira 6use BepxHHMi luaTBeMi. Jlupei 
mBeB^apa ci sbphumi BecejuirB jhi][Omi» BiieraMfliacB BS^-sa 
apu, y BzoAa aa Bepz^, vh saay. 

Ejibbhi oÓpaTHacB vh niBettivípy h cnpocBXB Ha-o6yMi: 

— Ha^aaoci? 

— Cei«iac%,— otbíthjii wfl ji,o6pofymBO b cepEfiaBO, roio- 
coM!^ Basott cuBiBTCfl vb qepBBaxi. 

UheŘufifřh CHBJTB c% nero nubto, wtew ero b'b no^*ocBÍ*- 
n^HHHft saBoyjiOBi^ vfjb bc6 BioiajiBB 6hjb yxe nepenojiBeBH. 
Offb nojosBXB naiBTO EasBBa Ba iibbbu& b ysBii noxBpoBaB- 
BHĚ CToai. Bb rjiyÓBB-i sasoyjuia cto&ib xbí fionfliBXB Bagu xy- 

^HMBeCTBeHBOi paÓOTH. EjIBBBI SaM^TAJl BXl. Tóno OHI BXOXUl 

vb Basofl Bysefl. 

^— Eesi Byvepa,— roBopan eiiy maeliu^pi, jiobbo neperBysi 
naATO, — rjTb obo Cy^enb jiesaxB wb cozpaBBOCTB. 

Obojo AictBumu H Afi-sBBie, Bi cíbixi*, ctoxjh fl CHfftjiB ja- 
sefl cil HjaiBeMi cbobxi» rocnoxB. Ho bbkio rpoMBO bo paaroBa* 
pBBaxB. BxojiHBmie CBHMajni ci cetia najBTO moju^ éctobo, to<íbo 
n i^epBBB. IIpocTOBapoj(i>e mjio criBoa, eoJAATu b ^jtěbb npoBBBO- 
ABJB CBpHQi, ciurqaeMSift xoBpoMi. Jífi o(k)flaBÍx Ksuraa xQHecjo 
sanaxi CMasaiixi canoroBi b coja^^^^boě aMMyBHiÚB. Obi nox- 
Hfljcfl BBepxi BO jAcTEUJiij bcaímj^ sa AByBB CTapymBaiffly cb 
KOTOpHMB BOHieji Ba Jioxhisjuh. Ha HďonuuB^— onsTB XBa Jiasea. 

£aBBB% BSflJTB BBpaBO B HOnaJirB Vh OTrOpOSeBBUfl BOBOI^B 60JIb' 

m(A sajH, sa BoiOBBaMB, fa^ CKy^BJca «BpocTofl BapoAi*. Ebmo 
T^BO B jiymBO. Hdx-sa nM^% b rojoBi obtl se Mon pasrjux^TB 
Bflwro Vh rjyÓBB^ aajH. Bha^jii ofl'B iojibbo 6jiBJRe— xteBOfl 
noTOJOKB, sapBBBUy juocrpy. Eiiy CA^&iajiocB ne ho ce6b. B ca Bia 
cBy^eHBaa xojna cxepacaBBO Banuiua, TonrajacBy BBiTaraBaaa moB 
h rojiofiu. Oaa sx^ua. 

EiBBB'B oópaiBJCfl Kb jaB^o fl cnpocBXB ero, HenBsa-u 
BpottTB Kb saay, cb jipyrofl cropoBH. 

Jlasei ysasaji eMy Ba j'6cTHBiiy. 

— BoffB T2LWb'Cbf y cie&iaBBofi AKpa... nonpocBTecB. 
Boria OBI noAHBMajCfl sa crapymBaiiB^ to BaifiTBJti, bcboxbbb, 

Ba luoBUiAKft, BspaBo, h81^ sepBajiBBaro ciesjía wepB, cb nopTBe- 
poS BBByrpB. OTiyAa BiirjuAUBaxB bto-to. Botb kb btoS ab^b 
ovb nofdomerb b yBBAajB cbbobb cieBJO, bsb-ooib npBnoAHBTofl, 



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60 BftCTHHRl EBPOHEr. 

TflSeJlOtt SaHEB^CH, TpOHXl, O^CHB MOJIO;|;íIX'B JliDAeS. OaHVB CfiliTB 
B^ KaKOMl-TO y^eCHOMl MyHAHpÍ&. 

Jlfie^h npioTBopHJiacB. Ejikhh'b noiipocHJi'B noseoJieHifl npoftni. 
MoďOXHe JiroxH ^pesBu^afino jiioiSesHO npHTjacHj? ero ncxHarBcsr na 

JliCTHHI^ C^ pOCnHCEHHBIlfB HOTOJIROirB H HaTOBHMH ^HapfltfH. 

dra jri^CTHHi^a npeseia ero 6*b cajiOHii Kyxft owh BcrynHJii cb 

H%ROTOpHH'B CMyiI^eHieiťB. OffB COOfipaBBJIl, ^TO 8T0 — rOCTHHafl, 

pflAOiTB Ch 6ojiBino& 6%jiofi sajofi. Ctíhh, oÓTAHyrax BeieHOBaro- 
CBSuirB iiiTO^[»OM'B, x^jajm ocB^n^eHÍe eiite cM&ie. B% pasHHXi 
yrjiax'B cit)fljiH HesaauReHHfl HaccvBHsifl a»paHxaiH. Me6ejiB h 
sepsajia cb nosojOTesHott p'&8B6ofl. MosaH^eye croja, si^mraEi, 
nopTperu, craryH, Basu — HaooJCHfljii BOMHaTy. 

Bcjr6A'B 8a hhhí BoniejťB pocjiiift o^Hi^epi, Ch noffipwruuii 
MajeHBBiiMH tiaBenÓapxava, cb 6íxoř ^ypasBofl vb i^Baxs, en^e 

BOeHHHtt, nJlOTHUft aAXK)TaHTB, H WMa CB AByíCfl TOHeHBKHHH X'9^- 

BHi^aMH; Bcb Tpn bi ^epeoH^B. Owb ToponjHBO noruHyjiflCB bi 
xeepH Bi sajiy, ta^ yse ctoajio h^ckojibbo ^eiosiKi; a TpH-ne- 
TKipe j^aMH CHA^H no:iyBpyroirB. 

Ejibíih^b orjiflx&icfl. ÁAxiOTaHTB H BOHHOTBapAeeiirB crajiH y 
BOHcojrfl, noBaxH cryjiBeBi. Jt^aiia cb AO^epBMH savB^To ocoÓeHso 
noa.iOHHJiacB ÓJiOHAHHy, xbn iioa% niiTBxecflTB, cb mepoBHiiH c^ 
AOBaTBiMH 6aBeH6apAaMH bi nHAisaKŠ. IIpHouia h8i& sajiBi hcmojio- 
Aafl A^Bca Bi HepHOMi se njaiB^b, h sa nett AtBymaa, cb Bpox- 

RHlťB, CB^JlUWh JlBI^OlťB, Vh CŠpOMl, IipOCTOMl nJiaTBt:— 'Otflt 

($63% m^flnoBi. Oh% o toh'B'TO nomenrajincB. EjiOHXHHrB noBjro- 
Hiacfl upHineAUiHirB Birbcrb cb EjIrvehitb, a eny cff&iai^B pjrsoM: 
—ne yroAHO jih npottTH m> sajiy? EjisflffB notfjiaroAapHirB naajio- 
HenieMi tojiobu h c^jtb sa robcojib b.i> ORHy, Taax vro TOJicras, 
niTo^Haa rapAHHa cobc^itb sacjiOHHJia ero. 

Owh He qyBCTBOBajťB HeJOBsocTH. Bi Kpecjr6 eiiy otohb yxofoo 
CHA^jiocB. Ero BOBce ne cAcezxsl axa BejrasocBi^KaH oix^^a 
rocTHHOfi, Bcb BTH «5ape» cb hx^ nocTHuím, ejh jjssÚBaom^' 
MHCfl MUflMJij «BC^ 8Ta epyHAa>, BaB% ohtb BHpasHJicfl 6a &*& 
Apyroe BpeMir. EMy 6fiuio ^afiasHO, thxo satfasHO, Óesi jrovnaro 
sa^opa, Óesi ;sejiaHBfl npo ce5H — ayÓocaajiHTB sjih BOSMyn^arBCH* 
HH^ero TaBoro owb HHBorAa ne BBxan. 

<Xo^eTCfl HiTB BToro, ^ero*TO. OBy^HO xaB^-ro matfajm ($htb* 
Bce— aBBHBl* AyMaji!B oex. 

Hs^^sa rapjqiHii eMy BEjsjbwb 6un xopcB.HpavopHoft seHB(HHii« 

KOTOpyK) OÓXBBTHaS BaSOfi-TO aHTHHHHtt ^rB. J^epBBO BBCfaSJIflJIff 

ce6fl Ha noaycBfai cyMepeBi rocTHHOfl bth Asu^ecBÍe Topcii, vh 
MyBCTBeHHOiTB HanpflseHÍH nepeBHBajiHCB h to^ho xpenerajH, RaRs 



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yjiEPETt— ycHytb. 61 

juBue. Ilx'B oxBaxHJia cxpacTB, pa^ocTHaa, ÓedcniAHaa, 6ez% bcs- 
kA fiyuu o TOMi: xopomo dTO hjh Aypno. Mumi^ii, amo^kh, 
Esn6Uj jumin — Bce Aumaiio spacoiofl h jacsajo rja3i». 

Blb iiysei Ejkhhi» ne cbyiť^jii 5ii TaK'B pasrjiax^TB Bce dio; 
a lyTb WTh euy cxaio oco6eHHo npifliHo otb coc^ACTBa HpaMop- 
Hofi rpynau. lípáno npoTHB'B nero xaHHciBeHHO pacrsopajiHCB 
pepH. BxojiHJiH HOBHfl 4Hi^a. PasroBopu, cHa^aja moaoroBTB, a^- 
aauicB rpoMqe. Bjohxhhi vb nHAacasi nepBHO osHpajiCA, KJiaHajicH, 
pasitaBajii Ab^hua ÓpomfopBH. SaruayBí b% saiy, owh sacrer- 
Hyji» nHAsasi> na BepxHioiD nyroBHi^ h noxesjca na acrpa^y, 
npHeraajieHHyio r'b crbwbj OTA^JUBmefl rocTHEyio im> sajiii. 3a 

HHMl npOT^HHJHCB H'6cB0JIbB0 fíJSLWb H A^ltlínSiBTb. KOHHOrBap- 

xeeAi, oh 6poiDK)pROfl bi» pyBaxi», onepca ji^boí pyKOfl, b^b saM- 
mefioft nepnaratb, o ciuHBy npocroro ^epnaro cryja. 



VUL 

H £jibbb«l npHnoxHflJCfl na CBoeiirB Bpecui, ^noóu nocMOipšiB: 
Basott BHAi npeAcraBjuieirB co6ok) ara «HoaeHHafl». Euy saeiOHajiH 
oxHHi ypoii ffiík seHGBHX'B mjianRH; ho A^vbe ohx uon cboóoaho 
BHA^Tb. noA'B dcrpaAofi HaHHHajnacb crlHa rojLOBi, yxoxfln^aa bi» 
rjy6i> sajH; ^eHI^HH'B ropasxo Óounie MysvHffb, mojioahíi, cxa- 
piifl, vh Tya^ierazi, anojeru, noroHu^ ^hhobhíihbh Óphthb n^eRH, 
ctwe crapHBHy jikichhu, a^bía Jrai^ia. A Taxi) sa soJiOHHaMH, bi 
oojycBŠxiy ciuoniHaa Macca hobux'b fojokl «npocTOFO HapoAa». 
Bce evoflLio h saMepjio fb osHAasin. 

nocjtHmajcfl ro30C!B cb acrpa^u. Ejixhbi yBBAaj'B, hto sto 

rOBOpirB tfjOHABHl BX flEASaB^. 

— Hyif^i Tperifl!— AOHecjocB «) ero oiyxa. 

— Easoft, xasofi ByMepi>? aaqajiH nepecnpamHBaTB obo^o Hero. 
^BMa Ch AByMB AOHepBMH sacyeTuacB, cyHyja Óponnopsy fb 

pyxH 0AH0& B8i HHXi, caMB cxBatBja ApyryK) 6pomK)pBy aa erozi 
i Bftvaja TopoiUBBO nepejfECTUBaiB, noBiopaB: 

— Le numero trois, n'est ce pas? Le numero troís? Sophie, 
B'€st ce pas? 

EjBHBia aio BaciaaHJo ycMixHyTBca. Kio-io h eny nporflHyji 

6poniK)pBy ci sejieHofl ofiepiBofi. Owh bsajii, ho ho pasBopTUBajii. 

Ob acrpa^u pas^a^ooB iieA^eHHoe ^leHÍe BCJiyxi pyccBHX'B cth- 

XOBB. %eHÍe ÓUJO HeHCByCHOe, Vb 0C060irB qyBCTBHTeJLBHOM'B 

TOB'b, RBKOfi ynoTpe6j[flK)rB poahtojih h^e ryBepHaHXRH, Ror^a xo- 
vt% pa8saao6HTB A^efi. EjiRBHy ho xotíjocb BCJiymHBaTBCfl fb 



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62 B^ftGTHI&l sBPonu. 

CmíCJTB dTBZ^ CTHXOBIb. 3ů.UÍTEJrh OHI TOJIBKO, ^0 pBOHa XpOHUa. 

Ho ero necejioe, tfesoÓHXHoe, novrH a^tcboc nacTpoeHíe ne npe- 
KpaiAa^ocB. 

3aHrpaiH Ha 4>HcrapM0HHB%, — jípjíi&eo 6eitb, na 8CTpaA'& se, vb 
Óosi orb TorO| sro opo^ejn Bcjyxi cthzh. IIoTOirB bg£ san^JB, Kasi 
VB BHpaaxi, cjAjv>u% sa BasxBíM^B aRBopAOirB, ne to, hto6u oco* 
6eHH0 xopomo, ho h ne ^^ajiBoiHBO. [Ipeo6jaAajiH seHcsie ro^oca. 
MeA^eBHufi pHTMi, noBTopeme oah'6x'b h itxi ace cjiobi, oaho* 
o6pa8Hafl MejiojQfl yÓaioBHBajiH EiBHHa sa ero rapxHHoS. 

«BoT% 6u TaB'B H sacHyTB HaBcerxa — xy^ajocB OMy — Ror^a 
npHAeTB cpoB'B. VTotfi HH^o HO ipoBOJREjio H He BosSys^uo. Bce 
paBHo, ^Tb OHB noH>rB« Tojibro 6u ne 4>ajiBniBBHJiH». 

depeši MHHyry OffB AofiaBSjrB: 

«Bc£ 8TH A&vBi, ÓapHiHHHy TBap^efloiEi, noMŠiitHBB, caionHHi^i, 
cojAaTH H aiipaBCHHi](Ei— Bct xoT^TB coacTHCB, HenpeM^HHo cnac- 
THCB. U^apcTBÍfl HeÓecHaro! MeHBme hmi nejiBBfl. Hy, h CTapaHrrcfl, 
H noiOTB, H ÓyxyrB, aojisho Óhtb, cjiymaiB XJ^HHHyio iiponoB^xib 
AOcyjRaro h xo6paro Capnaa, sejiann^aro, bcšmi cepAAeMx, cna- 

CTH ETh. Ho B^A^ CHepTB — X^fl HEX^-^TaiTBy Tfib-TOj Sa POpaMH, 

Bi TyMaHi. A CBaaLH-Ba ji«>6ouy hbi hhxi: tu npiiroBopeHi, Te<% 
SHTB XBa ifiiCBi^. SanoerB jih bto? ^a en^e noxi nyBiisy? 
Bpax^ jh!..» 

OffB Be noxcM&reajici najn hhmh. H^tb. Ohi bhx^^ h nyB- 
CTBOBajPB OAHo: B^HHyio noTpeÓHOCTB CRpacHTB ecjiH Be ary sh8hB| 
TO xoTB TO, irb sxerB Te6a Tam, rA'6-TO... 

— JIh)ah— ^ejiOBtBH!— npomenTajii owb npo cetíH, saBpujrB 
rjiaBa h Bnaji*B bi cia^Byio xp^ny noxi rya^B nponoB'ixH. Ona 
Ha^ajiacB nocjii ntma. Eny cjiHmajicfl totb se BapraBuS rojioci 

CB XBOpflHCBOfi XpHHOTOfi, CB t6mH SO ^yBCTBHTejlBHlIMB HOTaMH, 

TO^HO nponoB^XHHRB ofipan^uicfl B!b iiajioJiiTHHirB. Bi cmhcjtb owb 
OHflTB ne BHBBajii. ^OHecercfl xo nero BaBoS-HHtfyxB tobctb, ne 
no-cjiaBjiHCBH, a na pyccBOirB flBiiB']^, hjih oxna ^^pasa noBTopaercfl 
*XBa pasa. H hotomi onarB nofixen ryxB cb oxhhmh u t6hh se 
nepejiHBaMH rojoca, h b^poatho, cb B08Bpan^eHÍeM'B kb rjiaBHOify 
WBOxy. 

«RaB% ycepxcTByero*, BaM^THJTB npo ce6fl Ejibhhtb h do^b- 
CTBOBajTBi BaBi y Hero no fojiobí hodijih HyparnsH nepBHáro 
ycBHJieHiB. 



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yMKPBTb — yCHÍTB. 63 



IX- 



UepejiBBii rojoea cmojiiuh. EjncHHi BHmen un CBoeB Apiuu 
I nocMorp^ji Ha lacii. IIponoBÍ&AB mjia xo5pHxi Tpn ^eTeepTH 
naca. Btb saji^ saBaDuajiH, siacMopiaJiHCB, sasyiRsajiH pasroBopu. 
Okojo Hero rose pasxajiacB Óojtobu monOTOni, 6ojbnie no-^pae- 
i^yBcn. Obt^ Bcrajfb h npHÓJiaBBJCff vh XB^pa. IIpoiiOB%xHHB% no- 
SHnajrb pyay ff^vA, ra » BjasHHMBy yMHJieHHyMH rjiasaMH mitb-to 
ij^dbAua nepex^ eairb. Osb ompan tf^uM^ tfaTHcroBUirb njiaT- 
BOiTb spynHua BanjiH nora na Jitfy. 

— He yro^HO jh Tyxa?— otfpaTHJicfl om odsitb bi EiKOHy h 
yiasajTE exy pjrKofl ea sajiy. 

^Cf!bMx> B euy bto yxoBOJibCTnie', CBa8aji'b Ejirhh% vhc- 
jeHHO — H npoTHCBajcfl Kh nepBOMy pflxy specejťB. CB^rb sajiii, 
nocjA iipiflTHHX'k cyiiepeKB mro^Haro cajiOHa, sacraBHJi ero sa- 
SMypBTMa. Ob% ocraeoBHJicfl y BcrpaiH, ooepDíHCB o nepnia, 
noTom pacBpHJTB nasa h craxB BCsaTB, rxb 6u eny opadterB. 

npoTaB'B Hero, vb XByxi marax^B, Bca fb O^jiomi— ona! — 
XeH^HHa noprpera. 

Offb cnaTBJíai sa rojioBy h BeBOJiBHo emfi pasi saBpfurB 
rjasa. Oaa, osal £a rojioBa, bojioch, rjiaga! H CMorpBrB Ha nero 
BOBpocHTejBHo; a ry6ii pacBpímcB, BpoiBO cmíiotcb, totoo xo- 
nerB ona nosypBii» ero: 

«OTEyAa 9T0 TH Bajňi9í2 IIpH^émscB, bbxhhib — Bce xopomee 
oÓfl^ecTBO, Hy, noxB oda^) csab obojo mchb*. 

m^esB ero, a hotoitb Bce mex^o eapxibjnicB, ero npoxBaiBJía 
Bcni^BBa. BBBorxa e^e b-b buibhb ohi^ ne Óiisaji oxBa^en^ la* 
BBiťB npBDaABOM^B CTEixa B CHyl^eHifl. Hb na OBsaiiefli, cryxeB- 
TOiTB, HB xajBiBBOiťB BfB HiBOJ'^, HB Hepex^ HepBoS onepai^íofi 
xaHHecbneHia sa Tpynl, xorxa ohi» npBHfljTB oxny MHmiQr sa 
xpyryio h npo^ccopi xobojbho ímjso noxrpyHHJTB Haxi hbitb. 
Hbbto 6u ho pasyB^pB^i ero b% ary MBHyry, ^to na nero cmoť- 
psn H 8BaH)TB ero ceaperB. En^e x^ cesyHxu — h c:b hbitb 6h 
cx&iaaacB xypnoia. Ohi yse Ba^BBajrB <iyBCTBOBaTB, BaRi BpoBB 
OTHJiHBaeTB OTB Mosra, cepxi](e aaMepjo, bi pyBax'B xojioxi... 

«5aTH)mBBl Rňiffb rayno, xasi HOJiinol Cpaní!* 

— Bon CBoCoxHoe HtcTo, — nocjiiimaiocB euy. 

IlepBHfl SByBí BToro rojioca— ci CB*»eft xposBio — totoo b4- 
TepoKh — BacTaBBa% ero BcrpBXHyrBCfl h 0Bjiax'6TB C060K). 

rocnoxBl dro roBopBja ona. JI,a, ona b noicasiiBajia eny ro- 
WBofl Ha nycioe specjio ^epes^B xBa Mtoa opb nea, Ha saBoport 



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64 Bi^eTH0Ki> iBPoim. 

jNiAfty Tasí MTO OTiy^a OHa 6yxerB BHXHa. Ohi oahhmi maroMi 
onycTBao! vb Rpecjaio h riyfioso BSAOXHyji. JIhi^o h rojOBa ero 
ÓKLiH BjasHH. Ho OBI yse ne Mon oropBaTB opb nea rjiasi. 
Ona CBKbM sx HeMy Kb noioÓcpoTa, sasb aa nopTpeii, tojibbo 
Cb xpjviA CTopoHH. Bi ymaxi rop&iH spynnue, BBHHHOHHue 
6pHJU4iHTii, Ha me& rycroe osepeiie, na pyícazi, B:b a^hhhuxi 
niBeACSHxi» nep^ansaxi — xBa MaccoBHUx^L MaioBsixi Ópac^iera. Oea 
jBO^BirB yRpameBÍB. ?TO-S!b lyrs yAiBHTeibHaro? 3rB ópBJíbaHTOBKia 
nyroBHi^si bi^ yniaxrb ne BaTM^saiorE npospa^Haro ÓJiecaa ea rjasi, 
se^poiTb coBcém ^epHHxi, a toibko BucTaBjiuiH)rb hxi snyio, 
TpeaeiAyiiiyH), rjy6oByK> npeJiecrb. Bijíoe BameMHpoBoe yssoe 
njaTbe o6jí\íjíq ee. XyAOSHHSi OBjíaxtji* na nopiperb ea jíbi^omi»; 
HO OHI npeneCperb craHOMi, nje^aiiH, BOJiHHcruMH jiHBÍaMH rpýxH. 
OffB (MBniKOMi saApanHpoBajii ee. A Taaoe rbio — eaico SAopoBLe, 
caMa apacoia, nira!.. 

H Ejrhhb Hynb ne Bcjyrs BKroBopairb — ne BOCiopseHHuĚ 
CTHxi» HOBxa, a xpeBBoe JiaTBHCBoe HspeneHie, a^bho BHHHraHHoe 
BiTb. Ho cjOBa 9Toro HBpe^enia noaadajiHCB eny npeapacHOft, 

CB^TIOA MyApOCTBK); OHfl fiUJH C^aCTUBUMl OTFOJlOCROm TOIt), ^TÓ 

OBI yse Hcnuiaji OTnacTH, rasAfl Ha antn^HyK) rpynny cajiOHa. 
^a, BejiHKaa HcraHa vb dnx% cyxHXx cjiOBaxii: «Yenu8táset pni- 
chritudo corporis secerni non potest a Yaletadme!.** 

Ob% HOBHaii — HTĎ Tasoe sHa^Hn, sor^a Bce OBpyauuon^ee 
nponaAerb, coSjífiTb cb nojui spinia, h oxhhi» npeAMerb HorjiOTHTB 
Bací flfi yHB^TOseHifl Bací caMBxi. Ero ^HiK)a^A, 6jH8BÍtt ai pas- 
pymeHÍK) x^jiecHiifi oeroBi nůjii himhi azoMy pocsomHOiiy, 6ihc- 
laioo^eMy najiy npHpoAu. YMHpaa, ohi 6juux>ciOBJUijrb ero Ha xoiirifi 
u paAOciHufi HyiB. A caiin^ noaopHO uc^iesaxB, 6iaroAapHii& sa 
xaByK) MBHyTy BHedanHaro otapoBema Bpacoiu, sxopoBia h isop- 
^ecBoa CBJU. 3x0 6uM Bume Bcero, o leMi Ejkhhi BorAa-jHÓo 
nehraji. JI,a ohi h ne iie^iaii HBsorAa hh o %mi no^oóHom. 
H HO 6yjM» OHI npiiroBopeHi bi dcepiH, ohi ne (uii 6ucnoco* 
Cefii Ba laaoe ^yacTBO... 

Bi saji^ npHHOJiKJiH. Ha Bcrpa^y Bomeii ohatb 6iohahhi h 
m A'i^BymBa bi ebpoMi njaxbi, soTopyn) Eibbhi hphm^thji nps 
Bxoxb wb rocTHHyio. Ofla c^a sa ^^BcrapnoHHBy. 

— HyMepi mecTOfi, — aaroBopBiiii rpoMBO nponoB^AHHBi. 

jIhctu samypmajíH. Ejbhhi cuorpijvb xoabBO Ha nee. Ona 
OTBHHyaa rojiOBy nasaAi. Ki nett HaajoHHJCa Be6oJBmoro pocxa 
4>paHT0BaTufi MyswHai cb noxcipBseHHofl cft^ofi 6opoASOft h o^eHB 

BUCOBBMH BOpOTHflVBailH. OhI BSflXl y Hett CpoHUopRy, npHBUlHOft 

pyRofl pawepHyjii h yBasajii na syiiepi. Oaa noftiaroxapaaa ero 



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yiiPSTb— ycHyifc. 65 

rjasanH, h Rasi ÓyxTO cepESsEO ymjia vh ixenie cthxobx. Ho 
raasa cíuh ae HsyB^pcTBOMii, a pa^ocTBio síezee. E;iBHHy bhaho 
6uiOy BasTB es ry6u npo ceóa BuroBapHBajiH ctexi, Me^JieEso, 
cAjm sa epodob^ahekomi. Oei Eamejix TOi^acB EynepB jrbcBM 
I ciaai BHTOBapEBaTb bcji^a^b sa Eeio. Bon oee BpoBssocflrB oaeo 
1 10 xe cjobo. Ofla EpoESEecja vb oabbx pasrb cb sbmi: e ars 
«seM«ysHBBH sEBUfl» E «fle6ecsoe i^apcTBO» e ABa pasa bto 
mero Hessa^yE^ee ^c^iaBEo^, otb soToparo oei^ b!b Apyroe BpeME 
pacxoxoraicx 611 sa bck) sajiy. 

fi^iBBUSk B!S Ci^pOlTB BSflJa aRROp^B. OsflTB Ea^aJlE fl^TB, BaR'B 

1 n Eaiajrj^ Be^epa, ssyR^b sa sByRoirs. H OEa Eoen. Potb en 
picipEiBaeTefl. FicEEUja OEyE^eBti, e BApyn EOAflBMyTCfl e Bycran 
jywi BacTOBE^e jĚjmiyVh BapajuejiB cb orBeirB Ópejbabtobiix^b By- 
roBHi^. PasBt Ee juiz aero e se m^ hoa orucRaEi arori leRďL 
vhíňceBjtb — Bynepi* Eiecrofl? <QoAotíEO RaiiflfliťB vb vbnnibj obe 
B08CúiiorB». AosapasB^Be caM0AB'6TBuft RaMeBB, cioKHi^ifl i^^jaro 
qapcTBa? OBa-ro e ecTb la otceMHpoicuuKay o ROiopofl boiotb bcí 
mi nerepÓypsi^Hy CBÍ^aeiiue tocroB e TAseciBio cipeflBRoft, Óojot- 
floty lyflott, óesBporiBAHOfi sesbe. Ho oahsb owh beabitb, ^T6 bto 
sa zeinysEBa. 

H EjiRBBi B^ji, se orpuBafl otb boa rjiaBx: 

«0h% BepeeTCH, Obi Bepaercfl 
Ha seuJK), I^apb cjiaBu 

BsflTB SeM^ySHHKH XOBHA, 

JIjdóhuha Hni*. 

Kto obi? RaROfi i^apB cjiaBu? Hfl^ero ob^b aroro Be sBaerB, 
tf 1 se flaAO eny sBaTB. Obi n'ljL'B ]s,m flen, obi wbjí^b efi — 
ciOBa ony flOA^oaiEjE. Exo se sen^ysEBRE, roje ae osa?! H 
on caEBaercfl Ch seio vb oaeo A^ixasiOi kb oaebi sByRi. Kasoro 
en^e CiaseBCTBa?.. 

JlaiBme, A^jBme... Owb BOBiopajii Bce Ty me MejiOAÍH). Eny 
OBa gpLiajacB AoporoB, MEjiofl. EasAoe oíobo em^o A^a Hero 
aot cuncjii: 

«GlOBHO aCHEia 3BÍ&3XU 

Ha He6i ceepRaiorB, 

TaK-B OHt BOSCÚlIOTt 

Ha iiapcBOHi BtHiit». 

?T0 sa ůijsfiy HTO 8T0 JieBorB RaRoro-To ahtete, ejoxo o6y^eB- 
laro rpanori!.. Fojoci EjREBa Rptnnajii; cjaARyH) aPOsb ^yB- 
caosain obi rb rpyAH. Obi* B&ťB BacroflEpMi rojiocoMi... Hjie 
eiy RasajiocB laR^B. A pasBi bto bo bco paBEO? 

Ton I.-^HBAF&, 1881. 5 



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66 raGTHHKT» SBPOnU. 

«Ofl'B BoabMexi 0X1, Ohi B03LMeTi n^i 

Bi HeóecHoe uapcxBO; 

Ot^ aeMJH Oh-b coóepert nxt, 

JIlOĎHMUXl CBOIIX'B, 

CjaBHO»... 

noveny «cjiaBHO»? ^to 8to sHanerb? Oai He cnpamBBajii. 
HajoÓHHS npenifii cb npeotfjiaAaHÍeMi s^eHCsexi fojiocobi xea- 
TBA^h ero sa cepAi^^e. He ero jih 8to xopoufln.? íto-sx, nycBafi 
noion. Ho nirh. Biji^h 9to ee AOJiseHx bsatb «itapB cjaBH», 
Bas^ CBOK) jiK)6HMyio seM^ysHHy... Ee? Tenepb?! CiesBi tfpusHyjiH 
y Hero Hdi rjia9B. Ohi He Mon npoAO^saTb. A ecjiHÓ^ ona 
yiiepjia Biiicrt ci hhm^b, bi oahhi vHn? HHSOHy 6ti ne AOcraiacBi 
HHROMy! Ero t^o Óy^erB pasjíaraiBca b!b rpo($y, a ona, tfjiaro- 
yxaHHafl, bi^ BpyseBaxi, ci bthmh ÓpsAsniaMH bi ymaxi, 
BCfl TeojiaH H Tpenei;HaH, ci onBflHflioaiHMX B0iime6cTB0M'B Bsrjiflxa, 
yzuÓKEj MpaHopHo-npeRpacHux'B pyB'B pacBpoerb cboh oO^Baiia 
ApyroMy?! H HenpeMÍHH0 pacRpoen. Sjioctb, apocTB Hys^HHii 
BasBntja bi HesrB, cxaja bb ropjri^, tohho saoepaa ero. EiSHHib 
cyAopoaíHO sacynyjrB pyKy no^x Bopoxi pyÓamBH h orraHyarB ero. 

Bb saji n^H nocji'£AHÍfi BynjieTB. Ohi npnaiyinajicfl; He ho 
MorB cj^xHTB BjasHHiiH rjasauH HO Ópomiopt: 

«KtO H3B JltTOKB, KTO n3'B A^TORB 

GnacBTeja jdóhtb, 

Ti SeMqyZHHBH SRBlIfl, 

J[h)6hmua hub, 

GiasHO. 

3to HanojHHJio ero ohatb. O cetft ohi& yse ne ;QrHaji'B. Ona — 
«jH)6HMafl>. Rto se Mosen ne jih)6htb ee? Tá, rto cosxajB ee, 
caiia ÓesROHennafl npepo^a ;ioJisHa esecenyHAHO jiro^OBaiBca eio^ 

RRKB CaMOaB%TH£lMB RaMHOMB Ha <aapCROMB B^HU^b*. 

Odhtb npoTHByjiacB sajio6HO-BOCTopseHHafl Hora, nponiTafl 
coTHHHH rojocoBx, H AOJiFo CTOflJia Bi ymaxi ElRHHa. 

SaABHrajiH RpecjiaHH. Cjiys6a ROHHHJiacB. RpacaBHi^a Bcraja. 
BcTajii B ofb; ho ne cmšjii TpoHyTBca. C^AeHBRitt rocnoAHHX) fb 
BucoRHXB BopoTHH^Raxi, noxajTB efl pyRy. Ohh npomjiH mhho ero. 
HLiefij^ esL njiaTbfl Rocnyjicfl ero hopb. Ofla oÓepnyjacB rb Heny 
h laRB se jiacROBOy RaRi nepnyio cbok) ^pasy, Hac^erB CBo6oxHaro 
wbcThj BuroBopHja: 

— HsBHHHTei nosajiyficra. 

EjLRHH'B ^yBCTBOBajIBy HTO OHB CKjAUh Ch paSHHyTEIMB proMi 

H fiedyMHUMH rjiadáiii^. ; > A . ::. 



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yiEPITB— ICHyTB. 67 

Ho napa cspHjacB vh ABepaxi rocTHEOff. Ejiruhi 6pocHJicfl 
BCxfejTB. BiixoAHJiH Mej^eHHO H 9HHH0, rycbROiTB. Eflí rojiOBa, upsj^h 
jOBOHOBi, noisyn^afl no cnHH'&, (SpajiBflHTOBaH nyroBHi^a npaBaro 
yxa BJieun ero. Oni ne HorjH cspiiTLCfl orb nero. EcjihGx oh^ 
ynycnurB srB b9b BH^a, to HyecmeoeoAz 6u hx'b Ójhsoctb. 

EaBi owb jno6oBHO o6pan^ajicfl srb arofi uito^uoř rocTHHo&, 
so Bceiiy BTOMy xomj. Evy, Hnané Kaxi jí,isi BypL&ay, ne npnjiHnno 
6uio 6h nociniaTB TasyK) «M0JieHHyH)>. BcTp'lTBCfl cl nnM^B to- 
BapinrB-MexEBi, naxo 6a nenpeMtnno ysi^perB ero: 

— H fl, Ópan, Tose, X-ifl norbxH. 

H OFB cojraď*B 6u. HeBaBOfl norixn onx ne AOcraBJniJix ce&b. 
OffB ÓjarocJOBJíflji^B ycrponrejH 9Toro ^peÓejieBCKaro ca^a (íoro* 
Hcsanifl. Fa% se 6u on% bctpIthjii ee nnane?.. 

Břb dbnflx^B c^A^nEsifi Óapam noAOSBaji^b jnspefinaro jiaReff n 
crajii BM^crb n nviwh no^asaTB efi njian^ h 6tjiut BďsanEifi 
njaro^B. Jífi E^nna ne AonocHJOCB nxi pasroBopa. 

«MyaKB?»— cnpocHJii onx ceóa — n xorqacB se OTatiHa^ — 
<H4tb>. 

Bapam nosaji^B eft pyay, a noTOM'B noi;'ljiOBa;i'B noBepxx nep- 
qaTBH. Ona CRopo, narByB'B nennoro rojOBy, €({&Rajia no cry- 
nenBBaiTB. JlaReft noxcaxnjrB ee vh xapeTy, co6cTBennyio, napoff 
BB mopaxi. EjncflnB saóuj^ xftse, nro owh 6em najBTO. Ho 6^- 
saTB Ri niBeflitapy, bsatb HSBOn^Ra, AoronaiB?.. A noxoMi? Visu 
cnpocHTB y niBefiiíapa?— Kx neuy? PasB* ofb uotrwl aBHTbca laici?.. 
A ecjiHÓi n Mosno Óejjio? BÍab eny shtb — ABa wbcanfi, «ne- 
BCiynno*. A to h MenBme. 

HajBTO KiRHna jesajo OAnnoRO na a^ibhhomi nojnpoBannoirB 
ctojrb Tennaro saRoyjiRa. 

— A a yai coHntBajcfl, — CRasajix eMy mBefii^apB. 
Bce onycrbjío. Ha yjmnib cTOflJia no^. 



X. 

Ho noprperB— na BHcxaBRÍ. Cmotpštb na nero nosBOJaneoTB 
CB pannaro yxpa ao naTo ^iacoBB. Ha Apyrofi achb EjRHnB npo- 
jezaji H 6uAi> TaRi cjiaói, tto ne mopb A^psaTB Rnnrn fb py- 
xarB. dra cjaÓocxB ne AOcasA^aa eny. HnRaRnxi MEioaefi, saÓorB, 
onacenifi, cootípasenifl ne 6opo8AnJO ero mospb. BcnjiuBaji o^oni 
o($pa3i»; no yse ne noJiOBannEifi, RaRB Taní, na nopTpeT'&, a bo 
BecB pocTB, cb rapMonieff i^-bjaro, cb xBHseHiaMn, to n^aBnmiH, 
TO HrpBBjBíMH... Hn^ero tfojBcne. Hayan tohbo ne cy^ecTBOsajio, 

5» 



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68 Bwnm ibpoiih. 

cryxeHTOBi, sejanifl paÓoraTB na etl nojiLsy— xo caMofl CMeprH. 
H evy ne eoBtciHo. HsHyipH noAHHMaeTCfl tohho Kasafl BOJiHa^ 
noAiuiHBaerB, BsnojiHflerB cep^ite, a rytfsi jiene^yn oaho aiOBo*^ 
BaBoe? OffB ne SHaerB. Jio6obb jih 8to? FojiOBa ne nošen cnpa- 
oiBBaTB. y Befi nivb aa bto bh chji, bh oxoth. 

Ha ďiAynn^ee yrpo Ejikhb^ BcrajB h Ba^ajrb ox^BaiBCH (^ 
Bau^eBÍeM^ hatb bb BojBrnyto-MopcRyn. IIomej-B obb n'6mK0irB. 
Yrpo CTOflJO cBtsee, bo^bh) noposajio, cyxofl BOBxyxi pii8aj'B 
euy rpyAB. 3a to cojfBi^e srpajio b rbúiEJO ero raasa BapsxHOft 
BepeBHi^efi aomobi. Honí nepeABara^HCb, bo lasB MOj^eBAO. He- 
Tepn'ÍBÍe bsajio ero. Obi BaBjíxB BSBon^Bsa sa HaccaseirB b Bce^ 
noByKaj'B. 

RasAuff xeBB ÓyAevh obb xoahtb. Ob btbmi b coUffiTb vb 
MorBjy. HHBoro obb bo oÓesnosoHrB, BHSoro Be cnyrBTB. Ha^ 
BopTperB BCflsiB BOJOBi cHorp^TB xoTB BO i('liuMB ^acaiTB. Ob 
arofi MiicjíBH) owb bo^bajoi bo jí'6ctbbi(š Mysefl. Ta se saccBpma 
BpBflfljia OTB Bero BxoAByio BjaTy. GaysBTeiB BpasBajii ero h 
noBJOBBJíCfl. Doc&TBTeaefi ea^e BHRoro ae 6ujio. 

Tfl,i-Wie MOJBÓeprb cb aopiperoHi)? Hc^esi! Ejbbb-b BBayjiaf 
BapaBOy bj^íbo, o6isajB acb sajti — aarxi^!., 

9to ero omeJiOMBao, y^apa^o otíyxoni. CMepiejiBBafl Ótxa 
crpacjiacB cb bbmb. Ob'b totob-b 6uj% sapu^aTb. RasB se bto? 
HoA^jB ae apom;io? HoprperB Óujb Tyrb! H B;tpyrB bítb! Ob'b^ 
sa^aBaji ce6^ btb BoapocU) ae aoBBMaa, qro oaa ÓescMiicjieBaH. 
Buax BopTperB bjib BapraBa; a botomb apadpaja^ bjib apo^aja, 
BJiB BSBjí b^ ce6t flasa^B xy^osaBSB. 3to bí^l se Óu.n aopT- 
peTB. Obb TeaepB tojibko cootfpasajiB. HiaiBO^ auflasa, yspame- 
BÍJi— Bce 8T0 CMOTp'£jio RapTHBoS. Hy, a ByaaďB. 

IIpoxoxBjí cjysBxejiB. EjsavB ao^omejB kb aeMy, xotšj^^ 
060 BceiTB pascapocBTB H flpoMu^aj^ HTO-To. Ero oxBaxaj^B cteia'^. 
KaB^B OBB óyjífiTh pascapamasaTB o6b aefi? SacraBJíBTB croposa 
pascRasBBaTB to^bo o RaBoirB ABBaB'i bjb CRaifeflB'6, soTopaa ace 
CTOflJia, a BOTOMB ee apatípajiB!.. 

npadJB OBB aa cryxB. Bce bi bcmb pasOM^B pyxayjio, oay- 
CTBJOCB, B^B aoraxB— cMepTejBBaa cjiaCocTB, aos^yxy bb jerBHXB — 
BB OABoro aysupBsa. JífižjifiTh-AE obb ao Jtbcrunnuf Maao^ymao 
6ofl8Bo crajo eny CBoefi aeMoa^a. Pasoa^B aorepa^B oai BCflRyH> 
BaAOSAy Aase aa to, tto obb MOserB ea^e xoabtb, roBopaxB, 

MBICJIBTB. 

/l^epsacB Aposan^eft pyícofi sa aepaja, ctbjib obb caycBaTBCfl. 
niBeHoiapi AOJseai Óujtb aaTAHyrB aa aero aajiBTo a sacxerayTB* 



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yiBPiTB — ycHiTfc. 69 

Bnh nocbTHieJifl sacraBui meeMi^apa ycoMHHTBca: — mo2Bho-jih 
<nroycnT^ ero oxHoro niniBOMi. 

— He iii»iBaseTe*JiH cuHRETb HSBon^HBa?— capocnn owh. 
Ho rjusa EjisiiHa saHcspuscB. B^ab owh uornen nofiiH n 

«KOJi»Hyio». Ona Tan ÓyjifiTb. Byxerb-JH? H^rb, ona ne un 
9iofi oeBTu. Pa9B ona npitxaia, noir&ia, ho nocroflHHO He tfa- 
Bien. 9ío xja nero — HeocnopHMO. H raasa odatb hocojobíjih. 
A xyxosHnn! Rio — xyxosHHBii? 9io SHaion s/t&cb. Totb se 
oiBeiAapb BHaeTB. K'b xyxosHHKy no^xaTb, CRasaib eMy npflMo: 

— OtfjaroA^TejiBCTByfiTe, xftflte nocMorp^Tb en^e pasrb! 
Ejikhhi BCRpHRHyji» OTB pa^ocTH. OffB CDpocHJTb^ oefl^acB-se, 

nhM 8T0 xapTBHa CTOflja B% nepBott sajit, BJitso, na MOJBÓeprt? 
msefli^api, 6681 sanHHBHi ombiBn: 

— Bi BocxpeceHBe yBeajiH. Ilpoj^eccopa Pon^HHa. 
PoH^HffB, Pon^HHi! — saerpajH míicjIh bi foiobí EjiKHBa. 

3Byn sHasoMiifl. Hy, kbl^ owh ero snaerBi Poh^hhl! Tasott 6ofl- 
lii! Bopoxa, ocrpue rjasa. 

H eMy BcnoMHHiCfl bqojihí OT^eTiiBO, xo hochjikh sa rpa- 
mQr> BTOTb Pon^Hffb vh MHHHSŠ. HaHopojiCfl Ha cys^B, vb jrbcy, 
floxxixafl Kasoro*To Bsips. H Ejkhhi — accHcrenroMi, ocMaipHBajrB 
€ro HO xBa pasa na aeso. 

«Oail Ohi caMiifl!> 

— Txb MMBerh BTOTL npo4»eccop%? SHaeie? — cl xposbk) vb 
roiocft cnpoaui Eibhhi. 

maeSi^apL TOTUcrb x&n a^pecB. 



XI. 

— - 3xicb npo^^eccopi Poh^hke aciBerB? — cnpamHBajr& Eishhb 
8B cÍBflx% HOBaro, 6ortTo-OTx6iaHHaro xona, na naóepesnofi, y db- 
Jieiuaro mBefliwpa bbi B^Mi^eBi. 

— Ilpo^^eocopi?— 'HepecnpocHXb totb:— Pomani — xyxosHHVB 
— ^BBepx^. 

— Hy Aft) Hy xa> — nasotiEBO noBTopaxB EjbhhBi oSpaxo- 
iiBaiicB, HTO namexB.— ^OHa? 

— JíflMMBO 6lITB| XOMa. 

mBeBitftpi ce&qaci-se hobbohu^b h nonpocHXB EisíHacHATB 
niiBy ujOHui, ^To6ii ne TonraiB Bospa. y no^BOMa Ha jiicTHHiQr 
oouH XBa MaccHBHsnrB Banxejuifipai hoxb aHiHqHyK) 6poH8y. 
£iiiH% noriHxbfB na hhxs h BOxyMan: 

«BarB offB BaK'B pasauucat* 



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70 B1M3TfiIS'b BBPOnH. 

noAHflMaxBCfl eny Óhjo lasfio, js,a,ase xasi taško, tto oh's 
CBA^jx Ha AByxi njioqaAKaxi. Ha nepsofi, CBBOSb sepBajbHUfl 
cxeBJía, OHI BHA'^j'B nepej^HioK) Óojsmofl BBapiHpu. Ha no^sep- 

BBJILHHBaXX jesaJO HtCBOilbBO BOeHH£[X'B ^yp9LSLeK'h Cfb HpBHMH 

OBOJiiimaMfl. Bx bbjí^ mhmo ABepett e nepe^B nepeAHioio, npoxo- 
AHJH MoaoxeBbRÍe o^HEiepu — oahhi» rycapi^ ApyroS yjian^, ABa 
iOHBepa. EpHi^aHBe HX'b mnopB ciifiímajiocB cbbobb crlHy. CojiHi^e 
Hipaiio b'b sepsaji. Jlyqi ero npoHHBaji'B h8'b saiíu. KBapiHpa 
CM0Tp'6;ia yxacHO BeceaoK, npasxHHiHofl h sasi-TO o^Hi^epcsH- 

MOJOAOfi. 

Ha BTopofi njioniaAB'i& Ejkhh'b nocHA%Ji'B noMeHbme. HaA'B 
HHM'B nsi RBapTBpu PoH^HHa HpíoTBopHJiacb yse ABOpB. OcB^&o^e* 
nie 6hjio CBepxy, nepeai CTeKMHHyio Rptimy. Ha^ fleepett béimh- 
AUBaio Mopn^HHHCToe, ycaxoe jíhua nosHJoro Jiašefl, wh Bopn^- 

HOfiOi BHSHTB^. 

Oh'b SAaji'B rocTB. Ribhhi CTaji'B nocntniHO noAHHicaTBCfl Ha 
nocjvbA^i^ pflA'B CTyneHesi. Hasepxy ofl'B samaiajicfl. Jlasefi, b^ 
HeAoyMŠHÍH, HOAA^psajťB ero h nporOBOpHJi'B XMypo: 

BaM-B KOPO? 

— Hpoýeccopa Pon^HHa. 

E;iKHH*B OTAHmajicfli npHUOHBBniHCB r:b nepEjam. 

— BoTB Moa RapxoHKa. ^ojojebto. 

^ejíOvbKT* BnycTHJi ero b'b nepeAHiOK) h jiíhhbhmh maraiiH 

CBpBíJlCfl Wb KOppBAOpi^. 

— DpocH, npoca!— BpHBHyai SByqHHfi, MyscKOfi rojocib. Y 
KiKHHa AABce vb ymaxi nponopxHyjia npÍBTHafl aposb. 

B'B nepBoft KOMHaTÍ, OBHaiiH na ptsy — cb rojytfofi iceÓeJiBK), 
npocTopHofi, yjiuÚSLiomfiŘaij npHtfpaHHofi to^ho ÓyAyapB MOJOAofi 
senii^KiHu— eny nosHnaa^ pyKy xyAOSHHRB. 

— RaB*B se, KaKB se! — sarosopHJiB ohx cbohmi BucoRnirB 5a- 

PHTOHOMI, — nOMHK) BaCB H AO CHX*B HOp^ COaCH^O TOBOpSOl YxaSH- 
BajIH Bil Sa MHOfi, TOHHO CBA^^RA* BOTB 8T0 C^aBHO^ MTO BaAyMajiH 

MeHJi oTEiCKaxB H safliH. Jlfi^ eusfi yrpe^ipoiTB, Aft eii^e cb TaRHU'B 
HeanoJHTaHCKHMi ecB^n^enieMi. KaROBx A^néRB-To? jí^apoiii, ^ta 
ceHTBÓpB, a? BoTB H noABie: RaKia cb HaniHMi ÓpaxoHi Heiep* 
6yprB rayTKH myiEXB! 

XyAOSHHRi oaaHOBHJCfl h 6okobhm'b, ÓucrpuiCB h to^hum^b 
BsríBAOHib ORHHyjii JiHi^o H BCio ýsrypy cBoero rocra. EaRHHX 
Tose norjaA^jrB na nero, vh ary MHHyry, h bb r^asax^B Pon^HBa 
npoiejTB cBofi sparoBopi. 

«H TH CL-pasy AoraAaaca*, noAynaj^B ohx — h yjiióny^iai eny. 

— SI npECflAy^— CRfiusaiTB oh%, CAepSHBaa jipHaaAOB^ RamjiH. 



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IMEPETB — yCHYTL. 71 

— Aa H JI Toase xoponrB! GaxHiecB, rojyÓHHJTB. Bon cioxa, 
Ha aioTB AHBaHHHK^. Hy, Rási* bii? 

GjOBa OBjíTB saicepjH na ry6ax'B SHEonnci^a. A Kibhhi no^a- 
BHji n^eBOHyn^ee ^yscTBO vb ropji'6 h (tb ocoCumi yAOBOJBCTBÍeirB 
npoxojisajťE pascMaipesaTB roJiOBy, Boe rbjíOy Tyaaexi^ sojoiua 
Ben^H Pon^HHa. 

Oh'b 6u ero ne d-pasy ysHajTB. IlepeAi hie^ CTOflJi'B Hacroa- 
iQÍi pyccBÍft 110^0X61(1, ci pycofl, cjiersa Bbioiueficfl 6opoAofl h 
TanMH se ByxpeBaiuHH^ ne AJflHHUMn BOJOcaMH. Ha^Óy bojocu 

HtCBOJILBO nOp^A^H H 6^6 60JlÍe OTRpUBaJH BUCOBÍfl, HSfln^HUfi, 

BpacHBaro nox'BeMa, saHi^arejiBHHfi &bjiui jo&b. Ho Bcero 6o^'6e 
HpaBHiHCB eaiy rjiaBa Pon^HHa. Ohh cm^aíihcb h tohho jiobhjih 
BpacBH, aHHÍHy BEipasenie. dro ^yBCTBOsajocB ci-pasy. Fjiasa <$bijh 
ctpue, saBie Bcero nan^e BCipi^aemB y flpocjiaBCBEix'B BpecTBflH'B- 
narepn^BOBi. Bx ocrajiBHOiťB jibi^o ne OTJiHqajiocB HHBaROfi oco- 
6oĚ KpacHBOCTBH). OA^^BajiCfl PontiiH'B 6e3'B nperoHsifi apiHcra, ho 
AKÓwtb xapasTepHHe nospoH, h bi tomi, saBoro i^B^ia BHtfpa^^B 
owh rajCTyx'B, jolkl saBflsa^i ero, fb CBj[aAKAX'B AOicaniHflro cK)p- 
Tysa, vh 3aooHBax'By fb pHcyHB'b yrpenneS i^b^hoS pytfamBH h8!b 
njiorHaro osc^pra— CBBOSHJia noTpeóHOCTB xyxosHHBa. 

— MoJOjmoMi BEi! — BaroBopHJi H EjRBfl'B.— KaBipaÓoraeTe, 
Basi SHBerel H sxopoBBo y BacB Basoe— sarjsxiHBe!.. 

— HH^ero, HH^erol JH^ijHniBaifH AOBOJieni. Tojibbo nerepóypn 
o^ojtBaerB. Botb bx npoouoH'B roxy BBaprHpy Biy Hameji. Hy, 
Bycaerca, — Ha laBOiťB m^ctí. B0A'b. MacrepCBaa TyrB se. SI cefi- 
^acB BajťB nosasy. H BxpyrB— bh noMHaie, He(5ocB?— xsa M'feca^a 
To^mo BHcejieirB sasEMi He6o-TO BUHasaHO óuio. Ufi^vh na BceM'B — 
jiMWh ch BsrapBH), sejiTufi TyiiavB. IlHmeaiB vb srofi Harapn: 
noprperu, BapiHHH, 8cbh3h. Epor^HerB cojiHiiniBO— oóoJBen bců 
TBOH X0JIC11I — BáKB BsrjjiHemB. MepsocTBl OrBparB! Hh oahoS sh- 
Boft BpacsH. XoTB B'B He^Byl A 8T0 Bce saBasci, B'B ca^xy! Kas^ 
6btb? 06haho h ropBBO. íto-s^ 6u bh xy^ajiH? Bi pasrapi 
^Mu — patioTHoui By^a— Bce aro noópocajnb h bi napást. TaM*B 
xoiOA'B, pyBH vh BOjfíiipskx%; snaere oth... ansejiopu... Ho cojHi^e 
6siBaeřB. H HaTypnmi^Ei octb. TaM'B tojibbo h ABHHyji'B BnepeA'B 
CBOH) 6oďBmyK) Ben^B; a ba^^cb npoÓaBjífliocB nopTperaiiH... 

Oh*b roBopHJi CBopo, HO ci^ MejOAiefi MOCHOBCsaro BuroBopa, 
BasiB-To HOxiiHBaTejBHO. ELiBHHy crajio em^e npiflTHŠe otb Ójlhsocth 
8Toro qejOBfbBa, 

MoaOXI^OlťB! — QOBTOpilJl OKB. 

— Hy, a BH laai? — sHaia^ npo^eccoprB... 3jopoBBHme-To 



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72 ncTHin ibpoiih. 

REBi? He nepBuft copTE? BairB 611 na ion. Bíab zfíbch nepen 
Ejibhb^ TOJbRO yciftzHyjicfl. XyxosHiiirB nomurb my ycMimsy. 

nopTpeTBB'B, HTO JIH? 

H npHÓftBHai MiícjeHHo: <He nosxHO jh, xpyri) saxyifan?* 

— noprpeTHBi!— pasciribMCfl Eibehi. — DlyTHiirE bii. Hin, 
fl no xpyroHy. OxHa Bama paóora... 

— ŠaHHTepecoBajiHCB? — nepeSajn ero Pon^HffBy h riasa ero 
nomjiH To^HO eriaMB.— 9to-s'b, bto JiecTHO. He xotitb ib BsruHyTB 
Ha TeRyo^ifl patfoTse? H SBaprEpoS noxBaciaiocB. HiesojibBO jfoi 
cotfapaxB. BpHBi-á-6pairB xboÓiío. He Bcft y Haeb Jínúsm; a a 
jik>6jk>. Ay^&K), TTO xyxosHHBy HenpocTBTejBHO shtb, aasib qs* 
HOBHHBy HBi BOMMHCcapiara. 



xn. 

PoniHH*B noAXBaTHXB ero h noBejii BfB nacrepoByio. Ohh bcij- 
nHJiH Bi oÓiDHpHiiS — qeiHpe OBHa Ha ptBy~cajiOH<B, rxb cbítb 
noBpuBajii TenepB bch) saxHiOH) criny h nepejiHBan no cothí 
BunyBJíocTefi^ ;ipanBpoBOBi, noBOJiOTu, CByjrBnrypnux^ Beo^eil, ne- 
lauiH^ecBHxi 6jiH)Ai h bojothxi ByÓBOBi, pa8B%aiaHHiix'B no 
CT^Haiíi. Craptie rotfjieHH orpasajin cojiHiie tfjriAHiniH, sejTHira 
H posoBaTUMH OT^jiecBaiíH CBonrB noóieaiaxib spacorB. Bi hhx'b 
6ujio ^TO-TO H'6sHoe9 THxo yjiii6aK)n^eecfl, neyiOBHiio nsan^noe, pa- 

AOITB CB apBHlIH ^yBCTBeHHUMH BaHaB^CaMH BBl BOCTO^HHCB ETja- 
CHCTHfXl nOJiOCB H tfapxaTHHTB BOBpOBl, pasBimaHHHXi laiTB H 

cfliTB. EapTHHu, HawTHe nopTpeni, bcbhbh Óesi paMOB^ xeauuui, 
BHcbjni h ctomh he MOiB^eprax^ h noxcraBsaxs. Caepxy onycBa* 
jiacB xairna-jiiocTpa, crapofi Óponsa. niapi, no cepe^Hst ea, 
6pocajrB ocrpiie lyiE na noJTB h na 6juuifimyK) nepnyn pany 
oxHoro noprpera. 

— DoBasHTe, noBasHie! — nonpocnn Exbhbb, KEBnysi ro- 
xoBOfi na noprpen. 

— Geft^acBy ceS^acB. Manyro^BoB. B% CTOXOByio h Bo^^eftnys) 
MOK) BaBepHBTe, raij6^EVh. 

Bi cTOJiOBol CTapHHHuft ^HCTB V ^ap^^B, no ertnaiTB h 
vb ABjTh ptBfiuxi lepntixiB mBanarB, npixaBaji HeÓoiBmoi 
BOMHart nacrpooHÍe h CBxaffB xyxosecTBenHaro xpanann^t. Ro- 
^finaa— BCfl vh apaÓCBHXi jšthixi imangCBy yi^ranHaa csepxy 
xo HHsy, rx% caMuft sayarB rojiocoBib celqaci se ynan n enar- 
njca— o6xajia Eiansa paspisenHuirB BoaxyxoirB. 



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TUPITB— yCHJTB. 73 

— Tam, Wh ifacrepcRotty BOJboie AumaTb,— csasaji offB. 
On BepHyjiHCB lyxa. On 8thxi Bne^aTj^Hía y EiBiea nomjiH 

ipyra nepeiTB rjni8aMH. Oh'e Tjisejio onycniJCfl na crapHHHyio 
TaÓypeTBy. He eacy craio cefiiaci se xopooio. Ofb HCHHTUBajrB 
Ha^ajío cuuaro HepBHaro BoaÓyasxeHÍfl. Bi TasoS npeRpacHoft 
leiopai^iH eiiy naj^o roBopBTb m paacnpaniHBaTb o než. CepAi^e 
sacry^aio vh rpyxH. 

— O^oÓpaeie?— cnpocM-B xyxosHBKi. 

— £n^e 6ul. A y ubem vh Bam npocBÓa. 

— Bce HTO yroAHO. 

HeTBepxo, OTBOAfl rjaBa otb Pon^HHa, Ejibhhi oCSiachhjii, 
no eny xo^erca HacjaAHTBCfl en^e nopiperoirB seHn^HHH, KOTopyn 
—OBI BToro ne CRpi]j'B— bhx^i b sasyio. 

XyAOSHBBfB CHaqajia pasciiifljcfl h noTpenajii rocTB no nje^y, 

CTOf HaA'B HBMX. 

— Tarb Bu BOTB xasi?.. A?.. ?to-si! Xopomo. Bsyci npe- 
q^acBHi! 3x0, TOiyŮHEVbj nepeas seen^BHa fl IIflTepr6. Haní 
Hoxere noBÍpBTB. Tojbbo Bon bíab vb newh mTysa... 

Ejubx HcnyraHHO b aajiso norjuiA^i na eero. 

— Ha BHoraBsy noprperb nonajii cjyqafiHO. IIpocBJíB taifB. 
Obi fle npoiiasHEifl. 9to CujťB saBasi. 

— A He sapmea?— B^Xb re koctiomí?— npojenerajii Ejbbhi. 

— To^HO. Bi boctídmí. Ofla lairb ox&BaiacB na KocnoMHpo- 
BaBBuft fojTB. H qró BTO sa npejiecTb, a bbitb cBasyl Kasoe ^yB- 
CTBO xyxosecTBeflHoe! H yMOHi^k, h Becejiafl, h x&tobi Basi inÓEVh... 

— AiroBfB?— BupBajiocB y E.iBBHa. 

— JSjíL, y nefi i^tjiixi xpoe. MyacB xopomítt rocnoxHHi, cy- 
imm HeMHoro, BHaeie— RsisxbmHHXi nerepOyprcBHX^ bubopmbobi; 
Bo Hnero... KaBi »e Chtl-to? IIopTperB xu Myaui h nHcaei. 
y Bero vh BafiHHeri bachti. HaxB nHCBMeHHuirB ciojoitb. Ho* 
ixene KE HHiTL. fl Bacb npexciaBJK). JIioxh xopomie. MoxHBTca, 

BO H6 OWHB. 

— Hin, híte!— saMOTajix Eibehi rojOBofi. 

— AcB, 6aTH)mBB, »Hro me bto, a? Gobcíitl to^ho otbib^io. 
Vk» eciB bh DOHyBCTBOBajB CB-pasy ary HecpaBHeHHyi) npMecrb, 
Tm Bon Bam ona be xpyrom bhx^. 

— KavE?— no^TH BaxjetfHyBmHCE, BiiroBopsn Ejibhse. 

— fl ea noprpOTE nimy. Ym Hacroanufi, bo boce pocTE, h 
xkm l^xyn* ^^^^ nocjit. dHaeie, ce petfiTHniBaiiB— bommbccís. 

EinHib noxHBJca. XyxoaaBHBi noxomen b:e oxHOicy ste moje- 
fepioBE. noprpeTE — XJiHHHHft BE DupiHy — 6íub saBimaHi. Korxa 
PoniBHi dxepHyjii TOMHiit aaieoBOpi, mn sarpyHTOBaHHaro ^oea, 



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74 B^CTHHR^B IBPOUH. 

FB jABO^Th JTSJ nOďOTHa, BHA^^JHJiaCB, T09H0 BUQJlEIJa, BX CTOJltft 

cojee^Haro CB^xa, ea rojiOBa, HasjíoHeHnas, CMorpAn^aa h^crojisro 
BHBsrB, ci pacnyn^eHHUiťb jiorohoitb b^ojb iipasoi n^exH. Tojbro 
rojiOBa H 6ujia 0TA'6jiaHa cb meefi h bucokoě ^peBofl, hsi npo- 
spa^Haro tkxih. 

— Hy K^R'B, Hy Eáiw>?— ToponMi Pon^HffB. — Ona — SHBaa 

— HHBafl!— TpeneTHHMH ryÓaMH noBxopHjrB Ejbiihi. 

Ero nanojiHHao rjyóosoe, Ójaro^apHoe ^yBcreo b'b xyAOSBHsy. 

— BorB laKÍe nopipexH — a paA'B nHcaiB!— npoAOisaJTB Po- 
n^HHi; HO rocTB ero ne cjymajii, — 3to — narypa. A to, rojiyó^HB^, 
HeHfl oxoiibH HamH tfapuHH. Oahoí yj£i6sa yxacrcfl, bxh po3aH^ 
lopomo BBJíeTerB... a sa nett h bc% nonuu. H hto($'b HeapeMiHHO 
laBafl se jjiuÓkbl. KpHTBBa pyraercji. Ha naTiiajiTEiHHcie, roBOpaiB, 
pa8M']&HBBaeii]B TajaHrB. EapraHu neniB! A BaB^B ryrh nHcaiB, 
BOJH cojiHi^e-TO OTnycRaeTCfl nairB npo BejiBBÍft npasAHBRx?.. 

«MaTB, Tpoe x^xefi, Mys'B>, noBiopHjrB npo ce6fl Ejirhb'b. ^a, 
rjasa cmotpatb na peÓeHaa. TaRB yjiu^aercH tojibro MaTB, ABax- 
i^aiH-AByrB jAtb. Ofla cana ero RopaiBJía. H XByx'B ocrajiBHHxi, 
Ho Mysa ne Ha^o bi RapxBHŠ. He na^o. 3to— ocRBepeenie! Jl^a 
ero, cjasa Bory, h ne 6y;^e^B». 

^ORTOP^b! RpBRHyjTB CMJ Vh yXO POQtBETB, — W BH Bl 

dRcrasi! KaR^ BacB saópajo. H c^acxjiHBHBRB se bu, — snaeie htó? 

— ÍTO? 

— FjiaBHaro-To a Bani h ee xocRa8ai'B. Ona nepesi fficsn 
uviBjTk ssbch CyíerB. 

— 3a*cb? 

Bo3;iyxi cobcžmi B3Chr'b b^ rpy^H EjRHHa. Ohi cxBaTHJiai 
sa ropjio, HO ohatb no6opoji'B HajioxyniHoe ^yBCTBO. Eny saxorfe- 
aocB (JisaTB, Ohi ne Bu^epsarB ea B8rjflA&. KaRi me bto? — 
Cett^acB? Ona Óy^erB lyra, vh aioft iiacTepcROfi. YMpeniB! A ot- 
Hero 6u h ne yiieperB? CjiaBHo! Ohx cxbiekjrb rjy6oByH> h cjax* 
Ryio nepeABimRy. 

— %ó, rojiy6^HKB!.. 3aAaj'B a BaiťB Óanio? Xa-xarxa!.. 
Pon^BHi onaiB norpenaxB ero no njieqy. Ero HCRpeHHaa Be* 

ceJOCTB TO^HO n^HHCToe BHHO nox^Hja Aoropaion^eMy rbjtj 5ojib- 
Horo BÍicROjn»Ro xp&roi^iiHHBixi sanejB shshh. 

— fl, HH^ero, — CByirkrB bhfobopetb Ejrhfb h oxepi mo&l. 
PitdRiB 3B0H0KB HiBeflitapa BaoraBBjí^ hx% oCobx-b otfepHyrBCH. 

— Ona!.. Hy, ne ipycoTB... HeÓeca — bs o^houi B8rjiaA'i^l Bu 

Vh COpOHRt pOXBJBCB, XORTOpB. 



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ynnrh — jchitb. 76 



XIIL 



niejecTB luaTLfl, ^yiB cjiuinHíifi Tys^-TyKi noxoASH no ROBpy. 
nopTLepy OTRHHyxB Pon^HBi. B-h ABeparB cxoflja ona, bi 6ji']&aho- 
rojyÓOHi neHBioapi, (tb (^pesoi. Rpysesa h jbetu HSBHBajHCB 
B^oxb efl CTEHa AO caMaro noja. Bi bojiocu BueTeHa ÓapxaiRa, 

O^HH'B JIOKOHl OTÓpomeHl. 

^posb, HeyAepsHifafl, cxpamHaa h cjia^safl npotftsajia no 
i^y EjKBBa. Owb aoflJTB y MOJBÓepTa h cxBaTiucfl pynofi o6i 
yrojii noprperá, 

Fjasa BpacaBHi^Ei BonpocHTeaBHo, ho ne cepAHxo, otipariuncB 

K'B XOSflHHy. 

— HsBBHeHÍfl npomy, — npíaTMBCBHMi tohomi saroBopH^i 
Pon^H!b. — HapyniM'B Hani'B napojB. Bei xo^pafl. CeflHacB noiMere. 

«Oh'b MeHfl BuxacTBl^ ncoyrascH EaKnni h saicepi. 

— AosTopi Ejikbhi samejii bo ubí HeosH^anHO. A oh'b 
MiA SH3HB enacB... 

— Kaši?— paAOCTHO h yxBBJíeHHO cnpocBsa oaa e cefi^acB m,e 
ysnaja EjrBHna. 

— ^a xaBi^ OTB panu semsjvb. H BaK'B jieqHix! fl 6u ero 
xcjseni 6ujn> npornaTB. SaroBopnjHCB, a9> ecjinói bu soajH.,. 

P0U^IH'B CnOXBaTHlCfl H TOJIBKO BCTpflXHyill BOJIOCaííH. 

KiRHHib CA%jaj'L jífiSL mara &*& ^Bepn e ^yxB cjihuiho bii- 

MOJBIUi: 

— ň ceft^acB. 

— S, BacB ne roní), — cRasaja oea h npHrjaAiuia ce6i py- 
xoĚ BOJiocH.— Mu en^e ycn-ieiix. B^AB Aftf BaienTEHi AjieBcanApo- 

BH7B? •• 

— Ob Bána accatb HHnyrB ctoatb i^'ijaro ceanca. Py^By-TO 
nosajyfixe. 

H 0H'B, na xo^y^ noi^OBai:B npcTAHyryio eny pysy. IIopT- 
pen 6iu% yse BaBÍman^. 

— Mh ne oqeHB Cucrpo ABHraeMCfl, — csasajia oea, — h o6ep- 
HjjiacB aBBioirL bb EjfKuny. Ero bh;^^ nopasui ee. Fjiasa no- 
Tyx^H na HraoBeHÍe. JEajocTB cxBaTHia ee. 

— JS^OBTOpi, wpea^ nsTB icanyrB mh Baei y^aiHMi. Ilpn- 
€flXBTe — rocTBfl Óy^ere,— oCpaiEJica Po^hetb b% neí. A y iiena 
HHiero ne npuroTOBJíeHO. IIpocxEie, rojyfiyniEa. SÍ—uBVOWhl 

H OBI Bu^fisaji BVB MaciepcBoit. 

^B^-xpH ceByBXBi cxosao iioj^aflie. Ejbbhi ne b'l CBJiax'B 
(Suíx roBopHXB. EMy no^yaJiocB, hio Bos^yxy y nero nixi yate 



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76 BtCTEVSl IBPOHH. 

HH BanjiH, — FOBopBTB He^iiirL. Ohi CMorpixB he nee, nero-io 
oasBxafl. TojBBO 6u ySra OTCK)Aa, hjh coBctifi bbi shshb 
ynecTH ee ch coóofl bi riaaaxi, bi Mosry. 3fo Taní h tfuBaerb 
co Bci^MH ocysxeHHUMH HE BasHB, Ohi qHTaa'E. 

Oaa noxa^acB bi Heny na ABa mara h yjiii6Hyjac&. 

— CflABTe, nosajyicra, Aosropi. Bu ycrajs. Bu... Óoilhh? 
Ejibhhi nocjymajicBy Basi xhtb. Oaa Harayjacb kb Heny m 

cnpocHJia: 

— Bh 6ujlu vb TO BOCBpecoHBe xaiťB... 

— Bl MOJieHHOfi? 

— RaBi?.. — Oaa thxo sacirtBJíacB.— Jl^a, bi MOJieHHOft? 

— BuxB. 

— K Bací ysHaja. 

Bon oaa Óeperb TaÓyperB a caxHTca aporaai aero, tfiasso- 
6.ia8B0. Pjasa y aero sacrajaerB a cbbosb Tyaaai CBtiarca 
spa^BB efl rjiaBi, a 6jiecTHTB pon, a sajiBa npocBÍbiaBai>n noxB 
BoseS. Bi MaciepcKoa en^e apatSujo catry. Exy Raaseica, ^to 
Bce 8T0 rpesH. 

H Bxpypb} oai onycraicfl aa BOBepi, aora corayjiHCB, pysa 
BUTflayjBCB Kb aeS. HaxJoiuieHBufl, ohb BapuxajiB a npajiosHJica 
ryÓaMH bb ea umilv). Ero onbBHBio, Vh fojiobí cryiarB. Oai 
yse ae cjíímHTL, it6 npoasaocflrB ero ryóu. 

— fl Tpynxy — menrajix oai, — chucb BxoxayTB no(k)Jibine 
BOB^yzy.— fl MepTsei^. Mb% sbtb nex^Jiio, xat... a to a xBa 
^aca. Bu dtimaTe... HaaorAa ae ieo^bjtb... Ysaxa^rB aacLTaifb... 
aa BHcxaBBi... nopipen. Poqaaa paóoxa. JEeMvysaaa... Oaa 
nijia: bíi— seHiysBaa... SBLaBare. IIpoCTare^ SI rpasb. & raaiB. 
He nosBOJEflie mb% i^obbtb aama Boitaa. 3apasy aacB... 

Ona ae ormaiayjiacB. RpacBa noBpiija ea mehOj a rjasa cb 
acnyroiTB a yMaaeaieirB corp^aaja btofo qeJOBtsa, bb aroHÍa, 
vb aeBBAaaaoMi eio BOBÓysAema cxpacia, Bociopra, npocBtTjeaia... 

írO Bil, HTO BH? — BUpBBJOCB y Hefl. 

— RpacoTa, BpacoTa! & — bb rpo6y, bíi Baxare. Mbjioctiihk) 
npomy, hbjoctubb).. emfi pasB nor^axbTB... Y bbcb jk)6obb cbi* 
TBfl, aÍtcbb. Ho bíab b HBaocmaK)? H 6jiaroaiOBjiB>..é 

Ohb czaaiBiB ea pyay, noi^ijOBajiB ABa pasa 6e8yMao-pa* 
AOCTBO a OTmaTByícfl, cb ysacomb kb 8aBaTUBaK)a(azcB 8pa«iBax%. 

— GoTpaxel.. — menTaxB obb yracaK)a(aifi fojocomb... — cet- 
hbcb! IIpajanaeTBl*. 

Pysa ea nporaayjiacB bb Heny. FojiOBa Ejsaaa ynaia Bjrbao 
Ha ajieio a Bce tí^jo pyxayxo aa 6obb, kb HoranB ea, Oaa 6po- 



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yKPBTB— yCHYTL. 77 

cuacb Ha nojii, norjiflx^jia eMy rb rjiada, cxBaxHJia HamHHajiBHO 
z% pysj, BCRpHRHyjia e jHinHJiacB ^yscuwb. 

PoopHx sCiflcajii CB najuTpofi h ah^bkom^b. SímflK^h Buuwhy 
Hero H8% pyK%. Oh^b Bce hohajii. Ejirhb^b Úujit^ — xpyn^B. Rpaca* 
Bii(a npocBeTCfl... 

Owh cTOflji Bce ch najHTpoft, BOTopaa TaB'B z sacTíija na 
(ojBinoiTB najBi^ jišboB pyRB. Meprsei^i y nero b'b KBapTHp']^. 
Hojoxaa seHmasa, tfesAuxaiHaff, sa nojiy. Ho Hcnyra He 6u.io 
n ctpincB BrjHCTiix'B r^asaxi apracra. Ha ry6ax'B Bcnuxey^a 
yjyósa. Bce jibi^o, bca nosa roBopaja, sairB xy^oasHEKi bec- 
saneo h Moryne OBJiaA']^vrB qeJOB'ÍBOM'B: oh^ jK)6oBaicfl. KapxBHa 
6a3& Bafixena!.. 

n. B0B0PHBBH'b. 
Aj66eAHi. iDJb, 1880. 



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yqBHiE 



HE-CBOBOJi;i& BOIH 



CB nPAKTH?ECKO& CTOPOBU. 



no 0C05eHH0fl 6JH80CTH DCHXOJIOrflqeCRnX'B BOnpOCOBl BX SH3H0 

H no He^ocxaTO^HOCTB ncHxojiorHHecBaro oÓpasoBaHÍfl x^se b'b HHreji- 
jiHreHTHHX^B cjioflx'B Hamero o6u;ecTBa, leopeTEHecsyK) paspaÓOTRy 
ncHxoďorHqecKHX'B 3aAa^'b ca^AOBajio 6u Bcer^a coapoBos^aib noj- 
HUMi H flCBHM'B yBasaHÍeirb tšx*b npaBTHHecBHX'B nocji^l&ACTBiB, bo- 
Topufl BHTeBaiorb hsi ycTaHaBJinBaeHux'B nojoKeHÍfi. Hoa^e npaB- 
THHecBÍe BKBOABi A'^JiaH)TCfl caMHMH ^HTaTejaiiH, H ecAH OHH osa- 
BUBaiOTCfl BenpaBHjiBHEiMH, TO sa TeopeTH^ecBofi paÓOToS ocraercs 
HapeBaHie, hto ona cieT'B satfjysxeHifl. TaBnirs HHeHHO npasTH- 
^ecBBHi npEJOSBenieiix B'b pa8pa6oTUBaBinHHCfl hhoh) HÍ^BorAa 
leopeTB^ecBEM^ Bonpocaiix cjiijiyerb c^BTaxB HacTOfln^yia sanirBy. 
IIoflBJíeHieiťB CBOHicB osa, npaBAa, o^enb sanosxajia, ho ne no 

HOefi BHH'Í. 

JHjbjo noflxerB o npaBTHiecsBxi nocji'l^ACTBÍflX'B y^enk o ne* 

CB060A'Í BOIH. 

Ha nepBHft Bsrjiflx^ nocjišxcTBifl bth HeHC^BCJiBHU, noTOsiy hto 
yneBie, nsMÍHflfl pa^BsaiBEO yrojii 8p%HÍfl leJOBŠsa na nocrynsE 
ÓJBsnaro h ero co^CTBenHcia A^ficiBÍB, BacaeiCH bc^xi rbTh 

HaCTHUX'B H OÓJ^eCTBeHHHX^B OTHOmeBÍS, BOTOpua BBHO HJIH CKpBITHO 

nocrpoenu na npESHama bi Hejíovbsi CBo6oAHOfl bojh. IIpHTOirB 
nepeiťi^Híi, bhochmhb yneBiewb bo bsobau na nejoBŠ^ecBifl otho- 
menifl, hm^kxtb, npn noBepxHOCTHOiTL SHaBOMCTBŠ (tb xeopiefi, o^ens 
BJOCTHuff xapaBxepx. noflCHto bto h^^&crojibbbuh npBMi^paMB. 



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yqEHIK o HE-CBOBOA^ BOJIH. 79 

IIpesAe sa bcakhmx HejioBÍqecRHM'B A^ficTBÍeH'B eroflji cbo- 
ÓoxHHfi ^eJíOBfbKhJ fiopion^ifica Ch sjhhh BCBymeHiflMH h ocraia- 
niificfl CBo6oAHiiMib A&3se b'b na^eniH. Teneps sa nocrynsoMi 
CTOĚTB patii» CBoero xapaBiepa^ BKycoBi, HaRJOHHOcre&, sejianifi, 
crpacrefl h npo^., H^ynufi poROBUM'^ o6pa30H'b vh cropoHy, Ry^a 
ero TOJiRaerb xymeBHufi CRjaAi. 3a cboÓoahuitb ocxaBajiacB sa- 
cayra 6oph6u npH noóifiib h BHHa vh CJíjHSfb naxeHiíi; sa paÓOMi 
se soHeHBO nejiBBa npHseaxB hh Toro, hh ^ípyroro. — Bueodi: 
npeeryiueHie & sacjyni cAaiorca bi apxHBi, a bm^cií ch hhmh 
H Bci tí xpftroi^^HHHfl RaqecTBa Bi jiOAflxi, ROTopfiifl MH npH* 

BUUH BUBOAHTb BSTB CBJIBHOfi BOJIH, HanpHM']&px: HaCTOfi^BBOCTB, 

MysecTBO, B^pHocTB B Dp. — Ra^ecTfia, ROiopHfl, Raai npBM'6pK[, 
HifÍK)rB orpoHHoe BOcnBTaTejBHoe sflaqeme. 

DpB crapoiTB y^eHÍB AoroBopu ors otfn^BHU r'b ^jieny b ots 
leiOB^Ra -sh HeaoB^j&Ry rapaHiBpoBajiflCB cBo6oA0fi A^ttciBÍfi Aoro* 
BapHBaron^BXCfl; xenepL se rapaHiÍH wírh. — RaRi HoserB npa- 
MTB Ba cetffl RaRoe 6h to hb óeijio oóssaTe^BciBO HeJOB$R'B^ ne 
CBo6oj(Hiii B^ CBOBX^B j4fiCTBÍaxx? — Buoodz: nOApHBaa oAHy bs^ 
ocHOBi o6n^esBTÍJi, ynesie pacmainsaerB oÓn^ecTBesHiie ycroB. 

He KeB^fee rB6eJBflHMB Ra^RyTca nocn^ACTBia, BUTeRaiontifl bsi^ 
nepeiíiHH BsrjsAa nejOB^Ra sa cbob cotícxBeflBiifl a^Mctbíh. Pasi 
Ofli BOsiBM^ji j6ix,jsfime, ^to ne necerB OTB^TCTBesBOCTB, ?tó 
6h bb CA'&jaji'B, RaRafl eny BysAa paÓOTaxB BaA'B co6o3 xtb n^jihio 
MopajBHaro b yMcxBeHBaro coBepmescxBOBaBÍfl, ec^B oxoxu ri xa- 
loi pa(k)TÍk ne ORasuBaexca! — Bueodz: bi Hucjm o He-CBo6oA'6 
BOiB oKpuBaexcfl RopeflB xaRofi apaBCTBeaBoS pacnyn^efiBOCxa, 
npexiia soiopofi b npe^BB^i^xB Hejissa. 

H^Ti €OiíflÍBÍfl, Hxo yqeHÍe, Roxopoe Be^ex^ R'b xaRBM^B cxpam- 
HHMi noc3'&ACXBÍflM'B, sacjiysflBajio 6h BHesB «npoRjiflxaro». Ho 
no cqacTBH), 4etiío noRasaxB, qxo nepe^ucjieBHBie tojibro-hxo ysacu 
HHXOBiťB oópasoMi Bs% Hero He BuxeBaioxi; — Jierao noxoHy, ixo 
npasTBKa, RaRi a nocxapaiocB xoRasaxB, Rja^erB vh ocHOBy ^acx- 
HBxi H o6aiecxBeBHHx% exHomenifi ne HeTa4>B3B'iecBÍa ^^bri^íb, bi 
poxt 4>Hiioco^RO& CB060AU BOJiB, cxoiin^efi bh'6 saRonoBi seaiJB, a 
laHBHfl (ROHe^Ho, BB o6o6iueHHoft 4^opM']&), BupaÓoxaHHHfl Hacx- 
Hmn H oón^ecxBeHHHirB onuxoMi. EABBCxBeHBoe BCRJiBD^eHie bsi 
aroro npaBBja cocxaBjflexi rocnoxcxByiontifl BsrjfljirB aa cmeecjtb 
«BaRa8aBÍfl>; ho xase sa^cb^ RaR'B yBHABMi, npaRXBRa Óesnpe- 
piBBO yuoHfleTca ovh rocnoAcxByroqefl xeopiH. 

Au 6óJiBnieS HarjiHAHOcxH A0Ra3axejiBcxB'B, a 6yAy passBBaxB 
y^HÍe o CBo6oA'i^ h ne-CBotSoAt bojib psAOiťB. 



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80 



BlCTfim IBPODH. 



no ynesiK) o CB060AÍ: 
Bdb yucTBeoBUH h HpaBCTBeBHiifl xaH- 

HUH JIH?BOCTR, pBBBO EBRl) BCib BBtlB- 

Bifl jcjobíb, opeAioecTBynniiB cosepnie- 
BÍiD BOCTynKa 1), BrpaH)rB pojb nočy- 

dWMAeÚ El AtfiCTBilD Bl TOlťB HJLH 

Apyrotf-b HaapaBieflÍH. Biióopi se no- 
cjrb;(BAro BpQOBCUBaeTCJi BOi-b, saK'B 

BepXOBBOK HBCTaBAÍH, CTOflOieB BBt 

apeBU (k)pioniBxcfl Bo6yBueBÍB, n no- 

TOHy B-b CyniBOCTH CB060j(B0ft. 



no y^emiD o Be-CBo6oAi: 
Bet yMCTBeHBUfl H BpaBCTBeBBua AaH- 
BUa JHIBOCTH, paBBO BaRl BCi Bfltm- 

Hifl ycjioBiii, BpeAmecTByioBiía coBepme- 
BiiD nocrynaa, Hrpani-b poiB h noóy- 
AHTeJieft H onpediMumeAek AtBcTBia. 
H31 HorB AtficTBHTejbBHirb Oflpext- 
jLBtezewb aaiBerca OAHaso bi KaauoM'B 
qacTHOsťB cjiyqat to rsi noCyTS^eBÍB, 
ROTopoe B3aio nepeatci na^i bcíme 
flpo<iBi[H. Rasi TOibRO nepeatcx co- 
CTOBJCfl— zapaRiepi nocrynaa oDpe^t- 
jeH'b HeBSÓtsHO. 



TeopeTH^ecKH pasHHua MesAy oÓohmh ssrjiHAaMH rpoHa^Hafl: 
FL OAHOHi cjiyHa']^ FB qejoBtBt npHSHaeTCfl cyn^ecTBOBaBÍe o^eHs 
BpynHofl cnei^iajiBBOfi AynieBHofl enocoÓHOCTH, a bi ApyroH'B ona 
coBepmeflHO oipHii^aeTCfl. Ho nofix^M^ xajkme. 

Do yqeBÍH) o He-cBoóo^k 
Bet yvcTBeBBKie h apaBCTBeBBue no- 
6yAHTeJH Ri noeTyoRy, HanolBflniaie 
cBoeH) (5opb6oio eo3flaaie qeiOBtRa, pe- 
3K)iiHpyK>Ti> eoóoK) ecw ero yveiBenHyK) 
Q HpaBeTBeBflyK) jo^bocts wb Aassyio 



no yneBiK) o CBo5oAt: 
Bet yncTBeflBue h BpaBeTBeBflue do- 
óyARTejQ RB BOCTyoRy, flanojiRiiH)m'6 
CBoeK) 6opb6oío cosBaHie HeJOBtRa, 
cocTaBJBiorb iBmb nacTb ero AyxoBBoil 
iBHBoeTB, flo ?acTb o^eBb RpynflyE), 

nOTOMy HTO BBRTO BtO BO CXaKeTb OT- 

pBuaTb BJiíAflia Ba xapaRTepi BOCTyn- 
ROBI eceto AymeBHaro ORia^a neiOBtRa. 
JllpyryK) nacTb, BonojBBDuiyio jir^hoctb 
AO utjaro, BpeACTaBiaerb bojb. 



MBByry; noTony ^to no aiOMy yneBiBo, 
BCBRoe AymeBBoe ABHseBíe, RaRi 6bi 
BpocTO OBO HH 6uio, BpexcTaBiaeTb 
coóoD pesyibTarb Bcero npeAmecTByn- 
B^aro H sacToamaro pasBHTÚi ^eJOBtRa. 



EcjH, ca'6A0BaTejiBH0, b% oaboitb cjiynsA nocTynosi npHnHcu- 
BaeTCfl coBOKynHOiiy x^flaBÍio bc^xi AynieBHuxi chjii ^ejOBÍ^sa, 
TO H Bo BTopoHi OH^B CB HeifeHBmHMi npaBOH'B jifijímem npenH- 
cuBaTBCfl Bceft JIHHHOCTH Rasi I^ijIOMy. 



Ho yqcBiH) o eBo6oAt: 
KoBTBBreflTb óopioQiBxefl Bo6yxAeHÍII 
BOCTaBinerea naBBtBmHMB oópasoMi 

erpaCTBHB, XOpaJbBUMB ^yBCTBOMB H 

pasyMOMB. £opb6a nesly bbmh eosaaex- 
ca HeiiOBtROHB; r TaRB rbeb bojia 
BHÓHpaeTB TO RJH Apyroe h3i noAcaa- 
sHBaeMuxi efi noCysAesiauH sanpaB- 
jieBiB, TO BHÓopB BcerAa 6uBaerB eo- 
saaTejbBiiiB. 



Do yneBíio o Be-eBo6oAt: 
RoBTRBreBTB noóysAeaifi poAUTea hbx 
TtxB se rjaBBUXB veTO^aBROBi; oit- 
AOBaTeibBOt H sAteb bb 6opB6t no- 
Aaiarb cboB fojiocb coBtcTb h pa3yM'B. 
BopbÓa BO BctxB ea (i>a3axB h SAtcB 
eossaeTca qejOBtROMB; ejtAOBaTeibHo, 
eodaaeTca, rbrb BpHHBBa BoexyQRa, h 
TO BoóysAeHie, Roxopoe BpeoAOitio 
Bct opoHía, paBBo aaaB ero oTBomeHie 
BO spěna 6opb6u rb roioey coatcTR h 
pasyMa. 



1) Crporo roBopa, Batmaia yciOBÍa ae citAOBaio On OTAťaib on yMCTBeaaHXB 

■ apaBCTBeHHHZli AaBBHX'^ IB^BOCTB, BOTOMy TTO ORB AtfiCTByDTl HB IBaiC, XaEB ^e* 

pesi nocpeACTBo nocitABBxi. 



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7UHII O HI-CBOBOX« BOIH. 81 

Hteki, no 060BH1 yneBÍJiiii nocrynosx C03HaTeJieH'B h vh 
npoBCxosxeHiH ero y^acTByiorL cob^ctb h pasyirB, x.-e. vb oŮovltl 

nocmynoKh cz oduuaKoeuMz npaeoMz Mootcemz npunucueamhcs 
HeAoefhKif^ KúM upaecmeeuHO-pasyMHOMy cyu^ecmey. 

Cx TeopexH^ecRofi cropoHu, pasnei^a nes^y o6ohmh cay^asME 
npoxojzaeroi bx npesnefi idpt HSi-sa npaxaTKa CBotfoAHOfi bojh, 
HO npaxTH^ecRH npHAaTOK'B yse TepaerB sHa^euie. Bx caiioirB 
xtjt, npH CB0($0A'6 BOJH, nocxynosx buxoahtx xopomHMx hjh 
^^ypHHMi^ CMorpa no lony, ccMacyefMH zsl bou cx nosasaHiflim 
cob^^cth h pasyiia, hjh n'ÍTx; a npa He-CBo6oA%— tfb/meifo^ma ih 
nocrynoKx hjih fie eumenaemz hbx nosasaHÍfi cob^cth h pasyiia. 
IIpaKTiraecKH 9to Bone^no oaho h to se. 

KpoMÍ Toro HBx nocji^Hflro conocraBjeHÍa BHAno, ^to ^ejLO- 
bšbx, cosnaBafl, Kanoe HiienHO hsx noÓysMenifi BHSBaao to hjh 
xpyroe pimenie, ne MOJReix ne noHBiiaTB — AypHO bjib xopomo 
BaiiBaeifoe hmx jijbjío b bx BaBBHx B^poaiHUUx nocjiixcTBiflMx 
OHO npBBexerx ero. Ecjb npn 8tomx ohx ne BOBce iflmeax no- 
paaBHaro qyBCTBa, to pimenia bx xypnyK) cropony BU3UBaK)Tx 
npoiecTH cobíctb b pasy na; ohb (T.-e. cobÍctb b pasyiix) npHHB- 
iiajoTx na ceóa po.u» oÓBBHBTejefi, a ^ejiOB']^Bx craHOBETca bx 
nojozeme OTB^x^sBa nepe^x uxx cyAOMx. ysopu cob^ctb b pas- 
yMa, saBBCfl BCEJiOHBTe;ibHo oxx bxx npEcyTCTBÍa bib OTcyTCTBÍa, 
6yjijrb Bone^HO OABHasoBO cBoficTBeHHu Rasx nocjfiAOBaTejiD 
jHeHk o CBo6oA'3& BOJiB, Tasx b ero TeopexB^ecsoHy npoTBBBBBy. 
Sea^BTX B nocji^AHifi, 

Kom cytnecmeo upaecmeenHO-pasyMnoe^ omenmcmeem nepedz 
cydoMh coÚcmeeHuou coerbcmu u pasyjía. 

Hsx Toro se conocTaBjenifl BHTeBaerx j^fujLiey ^xo lejOB^ax, 
npflCjymBBaacB MnorospaTHO sx 6opi>6^ noóysxenifi bx coÓcxBeH- 
HOMx coBHaniB n^pexx npBHATieHX p4^meHÍfi, neusÓnoíCHo npBBO- 
XBTCfl BX yói&jsfimio bx eosMOOKHocmu á^b cetfa nocTynaTx na 
MBoro pasHuxx ja^OBx npn OABHaBOBuxx ycJOBÍaxx, — nocTynaTx 
padCHexjBBO b nepasc^eranBO, ĎaaropasyMHO b rjiyno, xypHO b 
xopomo, B np. TaRyH) se bosmoshoctb ohx nepenocnix BoneHHo 
cx ce6fl na Apyrnxx JK)ftefi. Cx npexBsaTOK) mucjbk) o cboÓox^ 
BoaB, ary bosmoshoctb BCTOJsoBHBaiOTx Kasx pesyjBTaxx Tasoft 
CBoéow^ it5 b Bupasaercfl cjOBauB «CBo6oAa B£i6opa». EoiBse 
npeABSflTOfi MHOSB hítx, TO, HO A&Bafl TeopeTBHecBaro TOJKOBaHÍB 
npaBHiBBO nocrpoeHHOMy b npaBBjíBHO o6o6nteHHOMy Ha5j[K>A6HÍK>, 
ero BHBOABTX B8X pa8HOO(5pa8Ífl y^acTByion^Bxx bx pimeniB no- 
Cys^eHÍfl, Bce pasno sasx HaxypaaBcix cboabtx pasHooÓpasie 

Tom I.— fisBAPk, 1881. 6 



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82 BfteriiKi «BPonH. 

4k)pm*b ABJíeHifl Ha pasHooÓpasie y^acTByno^iixi fb ero npoHCxos- 

Hewa ^^EBTOpOBl. 

Bi iipHMÍHeHÍH Kb Bonpocaiťb npaBTB^iecRofi shshh, odoÓmeE- 
Hoe HaÓJiiOAeHie 6em Teoperniecsaro TOjnsoBaHifl coxpaHserB oxh- 
HasoBoe SHaieHÍe, npESHaBaiB jih sa qe^OBisom cboÓokbjv) bojrOi 

Hjni E^Vb — 

ez 060UXZ CAynasxh ecHKOMy ueMeihKy nanepeás npunucueaemM 
eosMMCfWcmh dtbúcmeoeamh ez daunuM ycAOsisaz ua mhoío Aodoezj 
m.-e. u xopomo^ u dypuo. 

Ho ecjiH npHHHMaxB bi pasc^erb TeoperenecRoe TOJisoBaHÍe, to 
pasHima ues&fj nocjribxoBaTOJiflifH cboÓoxhoS bojik h orpEi^TesAXE 
ea ÓjffiTb H Ha npasTHst rpoiiaxHafl. 

Ůo ynenÍK) nepBHXx: — 

8a BCflBHMi ^ejiOBŠBOiTB npeAHOJiaraeTCfl He tojbbo bosmoshoctb 
X%flciB0BaTB Ha HHoro MfiflVhj ho emfi h aČcoAnnnHas boshoshoctb 

AitteTBOSaTB FL BaBOlTB-HHÓyAB OAHOITB HanpaBJeHÍHy HMeHHO TUTb, 

a He HHa^e, — bi cej^t upncyn^eĚ ^ejiOBŠBy oGcoMmiHoů cboóoxu 
BHÓopa. 

Ho ynemH) ae hpothbhhbobi: — 

HXTH xuBme o6mfiŘ bosmoshocth AiflcTBOBaiB na icnoro ja- 
AOffb HeJiBsa — HOSHO jramB raxaiejBEO npexnojiaraTB cb 6ójib- 
meH) HJiH MeHBmeio B^poaiHOCTBH), ^to xopomifi hojobšbi nocry- 
HHTB BaBx cjAxyerhj a csBepHHfi — ravco. 

I3to eAHHCTBeHHufi cjiyHafi, r^i o6a y^enia BexyrB na npas- 

THBŠ Rl paSHOpi^HBUlťB BBVJlSl]ífiM% Ha HeJOB^^eCBÚI X^flCTBÚ, — 

cjyqafiy BOTopnfi a Óyxy pasÓapaiB hhso. 

SapyiHBniHCB axEMH o6iiihmh x^nHHinr, a yse Hory npH* 
CTyHHXB R^B pastfopy vbTh HapeRanii na y^nie He-CBo6oAt 
Bojui, ROTopua tfujH Hanš^eHu Bx nanajii cxaTBH. 

Korxa saRjnoHaercfl AoroBopB on oÓnpiHu r% Hjeny Hjra otb 

JIHI^a Rl JUIIQr, HH CB TOfi, HE CB XPyrOfi CTOpOHEI HO UOXCTh 
6£ITB yBipeHHOCTE, HTO AOFOBOpi Óy^OTB HenpeM^EHO BHHOJIHeHl, 

TajRB RaRB js^jio Exen O tfyAyn^eHi, — nysna toaro o6oH)XHafl jbí^ 
peHHOCTB BB eo3MOOfCHOCinu ero Biino.iHeHÍfl o6íeme CToponaMn. 
Ho Tanaa npexnojiaraeMaa bobmoshoctb cyn^eciByerB e bb otho« 
menÍH ^eiOEŠRa, jiEmeHnaro cboÓoxhoA boje, rojib CRopo ohi 
ocraeicE MopajBHo-pasyMHBnrB, noTOMy ^0 BOSMosnoeiB pasHo* 
otfpasHuxx KbicTBíŘ ^ejioBŠRa vh RasAom xahhomx cjtyia^it oiipe^ 
X^aerca ne npEcyrciBÍeMi hje orcyrcTBÍeirB CBotiOAHOft boje, a 
cyMMOH) pasjíHiHincB noÓysAOHÍfi r% A^ttcTBÍairBy Roropaa saBic; 

CETB 0Tb JUCTEBEESlTby MOpaJIBHEIXX E ^yBCTBeHHinCB ]SJi 

npaBxa, BB hecjA ycjOBÍft, rapaHiEpyiOH^ErB bíihojieemoctb xon 



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y^KHII o HI'GBOBOA^ BOJU. 83 

B0pa, ciaBHTCfl ceo6oda dibůcnmů xoroBapHBano^Hzcii; bo m>^ 
8T8MH exoBaHH pasyitbeTCfl, keex bcakíB sHaerL, npasTHiecBU 
C80(k>j(a, saBHCHHOCTB ^eiOBÍsa tojibro on caicoro ce6sj HenoA^H- 
HOHOCTb ero xi^ficTBÍfi ^ysott bojí, a HHBasi ne 4>hjoco4n»aji 
CBoňoKiL UocAmmb cocraBJíflja 6u csopie uouixy npn sasjnoqe- 
híh AoroBopoBiy BBOAfl Bi npeABox^HÍe ^^asropi^, HecBasaHeuft sh- 
lasiMH yciOBiiifH; lorxa Rasx posoBafl saBneHMOcrB nocrynROffb 
cíTb yMCTBOBHiixi B MopaAHurB j^BUTb npE^aeTB flacŇSopoTb 

BpeABBA%HÍlD npOUOCTB. KtO ho SBaeTB Vb CaMOMl sbAi^ ^TO fla 

BpaBTBB:^ BJfcpHOCTB xofOBopy oóesoenBaeTCfl Bcero 6ojíe qecr- 

BOCfBK) OŮbíĚTb CTOpOfl'B, HJH COBÍ^CTBK)? 

dHa^BTB, y?acTB xoroBopoB^ BOBce ne saBBcen on Toro, ecrs 
afl y JDxeft CBo6oABaB bojia n^ifl wbvh~BOB xbM vh bxí cossa- 

teJBflOCTB, COBÍCTH B paByití. — IIOBa BTB CnOCOtfHOCTB fle Qoifpa- 

qeHH B ee BSBpaiqeBu, AoroBopo^ npB otfoBxi Bosapifliiix^ na 

BOJOO OABHaBOBO BOBHOSOBl, npBTOlTB CB OAHBaiOBOH) BÍpOflTBOCTBH> 

&0 ranojHBMOCTB, npB paseflCTBÍ MopaabBuxi b yiiCTBeBHuxi 

Ho HoaerB 6iitb cobíctb b pasyiTB y JiOAeĚ, flcnoBÍAyH>n^BX% 
yieflie o He-CBotiojr& bojb, BBue, líbwh y an TeoperB^iecRBz^iB 

flpOTHBHBBOKb? MoOeTB 6hTB, CObÍcTB B paayiTB BOMpaUIOTCfl B 

B3BpaHtaK)icfl BMeflflo aiBM^B yioBieiffB? Tor^a o^eBixHO bca ops- 
BexeHflafl Bume apryHesrai^ifl naA^en, noTOMy hto osa noerpooHa 
fla oxBHaBOBocTB cobíctb b pasyna npB o6obx'b BOBspiBÍui sa 

BQ2H>. 

Heqero, lasercfl, b tobopbtb, hto Tyn pi^B MOJsen bxtb 
101BK0 O pa3BpanviH)fl\eMi» AiflcTBÍB yiesifl ea costcTB, xaici BaR'B 
OBa BBJuieTCfl rjiaBBiiHi ^BiopoitB Bi A^í oóesneqeflifl oipflocTB 
xaroBopaiTb. IIpBToiťB oe pasyiťB, cbojbbo Asstoflo, OMB^aeiCB 
HecpaBHeBHO iiéflBioeK) noAaiaBBocTBH) Bdbth Bootiqe BjiaBifliii, 

^Šath COBÍCIB. 

TaBfliTB oĎpasoifi mh npBBexeBH b'b pasQMOTpéeiH) caicaro cy- 
oiecTBeHHaro DyBieia bo bcoitb Bonpocš — kb pascHorpiflifo bjiíb- 
híb mhub o fle-CBo6oAÍ bojib sa MopajiBBoe ^yBCiBO ^ejioBÍKa. 

OiHOCflTejBHO Micra, saHBHaeiiaro Mop&iBBUiťB qyBCTBOMi fb 
psAy npOQBxi ncflXB^ecBBXfB npoBBjeHÍfi, cnopoBB nesAy ncBzo- 
JoraMfl BÍbrh. Baax "lyBCiBO (sentiment, G^ttU), oho bxoabtb wb 
paspauTB rbTb Bepa3JiosBHHX'B Ha cocraBEiiB vacTB AymeBBUxi* 
cocTOBHifi, BOTopsui cooyTCTByDn caMUBrb pasBOo6paaBHM'B aaTaiTB 
(■anflas orB npocroro on^n^esifl ao a($CTpaiBTBaro MiuLiefliB h 
on npocriftmaro ABBseBÍfl ao oiosflaro nocTynsa BB.iK>uTeJiBBo) 
X BHpasaHxrcfl fb coBsasifl pasjíB^EuxB crenenaMB yAOBoaBCiBk 

6* 



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84 BMTHJISl IBPOnH. 

Bm oTBpan^HÍfl. Ck)6cTeeHH0 se MopajBHuiix ^yBCTBOMi nasa^ 
Baercfl tou BOMUjeBCi cooTB']&TCTBeHHuxi ;^meBB£ix'b cocToanifi^ 
BOTopuB poAHTOi EVb o6mfiBÍsi jiioxefi Kpyn c% ;ipyroiťB. JIiofioBby 
yBaaseHie, AOBŠpie — botb rjiaBHiie npejtcraBBTejH HopajBHaro ^ys- 
CTBa B BM^cri ch rbwb rbTh j^paroi^^HHim yai, BOropuHB xep- 

SBTCfl CeMBfl H OtfiAeCTBO; JIK)60BB Bl X06py B OpaB^t, B^pHOCTB 

Xo;iry a CBBCXoxBTeiBBocTB bi Ó^esHeiiy— botb rjiaBHiie Bajoni 
MopajBHOCTB qejoBisa, BB BasoMi 611 Bpyry oh'b hh x^fierBOBaai^ 
IIo BTEWh HeHHormíx npBHipaiTB HBTarejiB yse bbabtb, hto mo- 
pajBHoe ^yscTBo cocTaB.ifleTB oceoBy b peryjBTopa BcsBaro oóusfi^ 

SBTÍfl. 

Ho BárKi se Oflo pasBBBaercii? Xotb vh BTOWh OTBomefliB Mesiy 
neaxojioraMB b eciB pasBopida vh noApotfsocTBXx, ho bb OTHomeHiB 
n-b nameMy cjy^aK) btb noxpoÓoocTH HCBasHu, noroMy ^ro BMesHO^ 
Vh cyn^ecTBeHHOMB ^jz nacB nyBBTŽ Bdb corjacnu Hesxy 006010^ 
?To6u BupasBTB MOH) ifucjiB sasi liosHo yxoÓonoflflTH^e, a csasy 
TaRi: saKOHi pasBaiifl MopajiBBaro ^yBcrsa totb se, ^ló 8aB0Hx 
pasBHTÍfl BkycoBi B00<$n^e, b bi ^acTHOCiB Bsyca vb npespacHOicy. 
Ho y^eHÍfo 8BOJK)itíoHBcroBi (i.-e. nocreneBHOCTB ncBXOJorB^ecRara 
pasBflría ^ejioB^qecKBxi pacTB) y bcíxi wo6mp HapoxoBi, sbb- 
iQBXi BŠKa vb o5n^esBriB, no na^ajairB pasBBBaioiAefica HopajB,. 
no^Bofi A^a BocnpiflTifl MopajBHaro BocnBiaBia eiysarB Bpos^eo- 
Bue BHCTBHBTu Ao6pa B B^B, Bacjr&j^yeHue BMtcri cb o6n^esH- 
TejiBBUicB BHCTBHBTanB* CaHoe se BocnflTaBie, bbki bto acflo bs- 
TeBaerB b3i> lOSAecrfia ycjBíOBifl paaBBTia MopaJBHaro b dcrerAHecBaro 
MyBCTfia H BBBB BTO x^BBHiťB^AaBHO xodHBBO BB npaRTBB']^ ne^aro- 
riefi; TpeÓyen* HenpeM^BHO HarjuiABaro o<5y^eBÍa no o6pa3i](aMi h 
npaRTBiecBBXx ynpasneHÍfi. IIo^oÓbo Tony, Basi b% BcreraBi npai»- 
TBqecBaa niAh oÓpasoBaflia cboabtcb na BupaóoTBy BKyca kb BBim- 
než BpacoTŠ, tbbb h vl oÓjbctb Mopaia BOHe^aofl i^íjibio oCy^e- 
BÍB HOserB 6uTB TOJBRO pa3BBTÍe BByca Ki BByTpeBHefi spacoT^ 
^ejoBlRa Boodn^e bib vl ^acTBOciE BByca bi spacoift ^ejoB^^e- 
cRBxii nocrynaoBi, BupasaHm^Bxca TaBflMH dOBaMB, saRi Myse- 

CTBO, B^pnOCTB, BpOTOCTB, ^O^pOTB B np. EcJfl BOCnBIBTeJIH) yXBJIOCb 

pasBHTB Bi naroHi^i BByci bi xo6py, yBaseaie vh iiysecTBy h 
npaBA^ (ae oxao tojbbo noHaMasie, htó Bce bto sHanarB, noTOny 
^To OABO noHBMaHÍe ae a^botb en;e ^eiOBisa iiopajiBfliiHx!), 8Ta 
Baa^BrB, hto obx nyu^jrb accoi^iapoBaTB bi ero;^mi npexcTaB- 
jeaie o Bcftxi btbxi BanecTBaxi cx ipenerHUMi ^yBCTBom ne 
TO pa^ocTB, ae to y^OBjeTBopenifl, KOTopoe conpoBosxaerB y apaB- 
CTBeasaro HejioBÍRa bba'b Ao6paro, cnpaaexiBBaro a iiysecTBeHBara 
nocTyasa, b.ib coBepmeaie TaRoaoro bmi canairB. Pasi Tasoft 



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yqEHU o HB-CBOBOA« BOJIE. 85 

uya pasBBn, oh^ yse CTAMyjBpyerB HejiOBina b^ Ao6py, BacB 
n HcroHHHRy HaciasAemt. — Pas^ oetb pasBEii y qeiOBisa, 
sarjioxHyTB eaiy yxe oneHb ipy^HO. 

Easi se, cnpaoíHBaeTCH, Moserb bjiíatb mbicjib o He-CBo6o;('b 
BOiH Ha BsycB Ki MopaAHOHy, T.-e. Kh iiopajiBHUM'B nocTynBa&ti? 

OneBHXHO BJiianifl He MOserB 6eitb HHRaRoro, noioicy vso HpaB- 
•CTseHHafl i^íhhoctb nocTynKa onpe^&ifleTCfl ero híjuíuEj OTHome- 
mniB K'B Jimy, otfn^ecTBy h bhahmhmh ycjOBÚíMH coBepmem, a 

HESaSl He CKpilTHOK) Wh EhCh nCHXO-reHeTHHeCBOK) CTOpOHOH). — 

On Toro, B8i BaKBxi HMeHHO MOTHBOBi H nyxeMi sasHxi npo- 
I^eCCOFB pOXHJCA A&HHilfi nocTynOBi, MOserB saBHCtTB tojlbbo Bui- 
ueMOCTB ero kb sacsyry hjh oxysxeBÍe TOMy Jiauy, ňoiopBiif^ 
^H^ eoBepmeHB— HHKaB'B He 6o:i'6e. BejniBO^yniHiie n ÓiaropoAHtie 
noeryHBH icoryrB KbJLSiThCM, neJiwbwiáT^ uffB impCJMÍUj xojoxsaro 
droHCTH^ecHaro pascnera h xftse cb o^MaHHUHH p,'6jibmh; ho no- 
crynoKB ne TepaerB nepen 9to xapasrepa BejHKOxymia h 6jaro- 
poACiBa. BoTB, ecas 6u ifOpajiBHaa cropona nejOBŠqecRHx^ k^í- 
ctbíS, BHpasaeMaa cjiOBaifHy xopomíft, AypHOfi, AcX^putty 3Jiott, Be.ia- 
iQXyoíHBiS, noA^Hň H np., saBec^ja xotb csoJiBKO-HHÓyAB oi^ 
BHyrpeHHflro nponcxoasAeHÚi mn cbo<$oxho8 bojh, ror^a Roneqno 
yvenie o He-CBo6oA'6 paapymajio 6u MopajB. 

Ha OTH TeopeTHqecBÍfl pascysA^Hia o HecoH3MÍpBMoeTB Bsy* 

tOFB CB aÓCrpaBTHHXH BHBOAftMB H O HeB03M0SH0CTH HX^B BJÍHHÚI 

jlpyTB na xpyra no arott bmbhho i^b^hh^, b npex^yBaByio bo3- 
MOSHOCXB cjiŠAyionuiro B0BpaseHÍ2. 

«JlBiHafl ^ejOBisa cbo6oaho& bcih, b&i npespan^aeie ero bi 
aBiOMam a yTsepsAftere, ^lo BsycB xtb nejiOBiiecsBiirB nocryn- 
BBMi qepe» 8T0 HO BSMi^HfleTCJi! 05e8o6pa3BB% BameS Teopera^e- 
€ěoř o[Iepa^ieS secB AyxoB&ufl o5jihb'b qeiOBtBa, bii HsirinfleTe 
BxycB K% Heny, Basi i;'6.iOMy, ne tojbro r^b ota'&ibhhb'b npcasae- 
bíbitb ero jih^hoctuU 

fiasTB HH b^cro cb aepBaro ssrjiflAa aro BOspaseHÍe, ho bi 
ochobI ero .lesari pflA'^ He^opasyMimS. 

MucjB o cboíSoaí^ B0.1B, HecMOTpfl HB efl SHa^BTeaBByK) pac- 
upocrpaHeHHOCTB Mes^y .ik)abhb, eciB ne tfojiie, rbri xeopeiBqe- 
CRoe oÓMCfleflie a-ib bsb^hoS cropoBU 2B,ieHÍif, — to, htó o6ubho- 

BeHHO Ha8U6aH)rB Hay^HOfi BCTBHOtt HJB HayqHOtt rHQ0Te80&, 

CMOrpa no Tosfy, npeACiaBJUierB .ib oďiflCHeme uojbjio AOcroBtp- 

BOaB HJH HÍTB. EcjH 611 npECyíCTBÍe CBO(SOAHOft BOďB Vh He.io- 

BÍBÍ& tffiuo CTOJBRO so flCHO, KBR^ npBcyxcTBie, HanpBMÍpi, oasi 
Bu ymefl; to h cnopoB^-6n o6% Heft ne 6ujo. Ecjh se cnopu 
ecTB, sHaHBTB Ta cTopoHa BBjeHiit, R'B ROTopuM^ OHB npBjaraeTCB, 



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86 M&rwsE^ iBPomi. 

Basi oÓiflcneBie, HOserrB 6utb oÓiflCHesa h noHHMO nea. JIjpymíR 
cxoBaím, HH Bi coxep2KamH, hh vl xapaBiep^ btbxi flueBift eítl 

HHBaRHX']^ Cnei]lÍaJBHHX'B npHSHaiBOFB CB060XH0fi BOIB, — HHaie 9T0 

6hjh 6ei t£ a&e yms h rjasa. 

y^enie ne MOsen, cj'6xoBaTejibHo, ypoAOBaxB hh coxepsRaHiH, 
HH xapaKxepa tšxx ^^asroFB, mn BOTopnxi ynosauioHaeTCfl cbo- 
6oAHafl BOJa; a ýaRTii bth cyts ^ejiOB^qecBie HOcrynBH no npe- 
HMyn^ecTBy, T.-e. rb HMenno npoABJíeHifl ^ejiOBi^^ecBOlt jh^hoctv, 

BOTOPHMH BUSSBaiOTCfl HaUIH CHHnaTÍH H aHTBIiaTÍH. SHaiHTE, Cl^ 

arofl CTopoHU noBOAOFB vh nepeifi^HŠ BByca kb ^eiOBi^ecRHrn 
jiibŘCTBUíWh MHCJB O Ee-CBoGoxb BOJTH He npexcraBJíflerB. 

Ona ne HSM^Hflerb w^ cyn^HociH h CMíícja xojl Bnyrpenneft 
6opB(Sii, BOTopafl npexmecTByeiTB coBepmemio nocrynxa, noiOHy 
TTO pojB CBo6oAHOt BOJH BiibjíHBOirB nepexo^HT^B na no6JXJ^eme, 
nepecHjiHBaiontee Bct npoiifl. CnjiBHafl bojh^ npesHpann^as onač- 
HOCTB ]s,jiz SHBHHy iipeBpan^aeTCfl vb BpinBoe MopajBHoe ^bctbo, 
uo&b7Bif,M>mfie crpaxB CMeprH; bojih Óesrb líopaiBHOfi noxBJaxBH — 
Bi RaB0tt-HH6yxB BaBopeBŠJiid HHCTHHirrb hjih crpacTB h t. n. 

He HSii^HaercH hh na ioiy h Ta cropona ^ejroB^^ecBOtt A^arejB- 

HOCTHy H8l-*8a KOTOpOS tiOlLHie BCOTO qeJ0B'6rB npOTHBOnOCTaBJfleTOi 

aBTOMaTy; hmobho pasHooÓpasie A^TejtrBHOCTH npn oxHHaROBizx^ 
CB BHjty ycJOBÍflXB, noTOMy ^TO H CB CBo6o;(Hofi Bo^eĚ H 6681 nes 
sa ^ejOB^oiTB ocraercfl bobmoshoctb o^BHaBOBO paBHOo6pa8H£ix'B 

X^fiCTBÍfl Vb BajBAOlTB AftHHOlTB CJiy^at. 

He ycrpanflercfl HaBoneiCB h npHcyn^ee nfkwh nyBCTBO CBofiom 
FB j^šficTBÍflxi, noTOMy HTO y^OHÍe craBHTB lejioBŠBa ne no^^ ly- 
sofi rnerB) a vh saBHCHMOCTB otb canoro cefia, T.-e. CBoaxi co6- 
CTBeHHHXi sejianis h HHTepecoBi. 

PasfiHpaeMoe yneme ^d^tcTBHTejiBHO ypi^siiBaerB y nejOBÍBa 
H^OTopiifi npHWroH^B, HaBadaHHiift eny TeopeTH^ecsH, ho Tanoff, 
BOTopiifi, ne 6yAy^H neoĎxoAHMuirB jí^isi DpOBSBOxenifl x'6fiCTBÍft, 
craBHrB HejioBŠBa BH-ib sasoHOBi seiuH, T.-e. xofi cpexs^ r^i oni> 
fjbUcTBjeTh. 

HTaBi, pasBpan^aion^aro ;^ficrBÍfl na iiopajiB mucib o ne-CBO- 
éofík BOXB Hif^B He mosotb; cjtiŠAOBaTejBHO, HejOBirB h Óess 
CBo6omoŘ BOJiH ocraercH spaBOcnoco^Hum bb A^t saBJioqeHiji 
XoroBopoFB H npflHaTÍa na ce6z oÓsBWteiherB^y T.-e. npaBOcnoootf- 

HHITB UeHOlTB O^H^eCTBl. 

Hepexosy TenepB bi Bonpoey o BiťlHaeHOCTH A'69oTBÍfi vb 
sacjyry h BHHy. 

Korxa ^ejiOB^Bi BasHiii-jrafio nocrynBOMx npHHOCHTi Ao6po 



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nsmi o HX-CBOBOA« boje. 87 

xpyroMy HejiOB^sy hjih otin^eciBy, roBopan, hto owb sacjiysHJi 
nepex^ HejiOB^KOiTB HdiH o(5ii](ecTBOMi. Upn btomi vb xymy eiiy 
saruxuBiTb He nojiaraercs, ch jsíkaio yanaTB, hsi sasaxi BiceHHo 
MonBOffE H saBHMi cnoco(k)Mi poAHiíCfl nocrynoRi; a, BSBtoiBinH. 
ero noiesHOCTB h BB^nmifl TpyxHocTH coBepmeHÍB, ^ejiOBisa npaMO 
ftiaroxqpiflrB ejíe xase en^e Harpas^aiorb. BjaroxapHOCTBK) r na* 
rpijcol npBBHaeiCfl cji'&AOBaTejiBBO ESB^crHafl i^hhoctb nociynsa 
miaufo ero BflyrpeHHflro cnocoóa iipoHCZ02MeHÍfl h eo^e npEHa^- 
jesHOCTb nocryiiKa JHiQr, BOTopmrB owh coBepmeHi. drovb Bsixh 
«tciyni ocraercfl oneBSAHO HeBSMŽHHiiMi, Óyxen jm ^ejiOBisi ci 
CB060XH08 BOJiefi BJiH v&rib. 

Bi xpynix!& cjiy^dLaxb coBepmHrejH) nocxyiiBa. sarjflxtiBaiOTi* 
n jtjmjf H ecjiii nazoAaTBy hto x^ttcTBie, upn HpaBCTBeHHofl xo6po- 
BaieciBeHHOCTH, BHTeBaeT:^ hsi hhcthxi notíysAemS, to Mopaib- 
HHfl Ka^ecTBa nocrynsa nepeflocarB na canoro ^ejiOBÍíca h narpas- 
WOTh ero CHMnaTÍefi. Sa^cb nociynoRi ciaBBTCfl wh jHHHyio sa- 
cjjTjj H cieneHB narpajui, T.-e. CHMnaiiB, croárB yse b'b np^Hol 
CBasB He TOJUBO CB Ra^ecTBaMH, HO H (TB BHyTpeHHHHi renesH* 
oom nocrynBa. 

Jífiu cHHnaTÍH, BHieKaioqaji bsi RanecTEB caiiaro nocTynEa, 
6yxeiTB saBEC^TB sone^HO orB asHnaro MopajiBHaro BRyca Ras^aro 
^ejoBisa, HO TOHHO laRse e Apyraa noJiOBEHa, CBEsannafl cb 
npexcraBiemeicB o BHyrpeHHeirB renesEC^.— Oahe i^EErB b^ jdo* 
XflXB ÓoiBme Bcero pECEJUByio oxBary e H^paiOTi Ao6jiecTB npe- 
snyntecTBeHHO ipjahocteme ÓopBÓu, npeAnojiaraH)n^flME cejbeíie 
crpacTH E eEJTBHyK) bojik). Jl^pyrie npeAnoHsiaiorB iBepAoe, cnoROfl- 
Eoe nyjiecTBOy 6e8:B bcerex^b BnyrpenHEXib ROJie^aflifi, T.-e* ly ne- 
zaÓMOiyjo npo^HOCTB MOTEBa, onpeAÍ<iflK)n^aro x^fiCTBÍe, nepe^^B 
BOTOpoĚ yse MOá^arB nociopoHHÍH noÓysAeHis. ^jie oahexi bi 

CBO6OX6 BOJDI HeJOB&U EHOr^a A^ffCTBEieJIBHO jieSETB npE^EHa 

n BOSBumenix) i]i<Ihhocte nociyiiRa e jie^ihocte, EMesHO Ror^a 
roBopsTCfl, HTO qeiOB^Ri* iiorB 6u nociynETB e líenie AO^JieciHO, 

Be pECSyE HE lieCTBH), HE AO^pUlTB EMeHOMl. Ho E J^JUÍ OTpEI^a- 

lejet CB060AH0I Bojra dra cropona jiikiA ne upona^aerB xapoiTB — 
H OBB craBErB noxo^Hne nocrynRE fb oco6eHHyK) sacjyry, Basi 
fMM/íktejaciBo oco6eHHO xBepxuxi HopaiBHuxi ni»iHi](EnoBi bi 
viobíbí* Cmbojtb, HarpasAaa cosepniETeu nocrynRa coiinaTieS 
fljD aHTEnariefi, juoae pyROBOAflxca m^hhmh MopajiBfliiiiE BsycaME; 
a Ba BMTh yneme o He-CBo6oA6 boje bjiíetb ne MOserB. Cjiíao- 
iBieiBHO, T0| "TTO HasusaercE BM^HenieirB nociynROBi b% xbl^ujío 
uujrjj ocraercE fb npesHeM'B noJtoseniE. 



i- 



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88 B-BCTHHKl IBPOHH. 

ExBHCTBeHHEifl nepesť^HK, BHTeRaEonúfl mwb ynemsí o ne-CBo- 
Óojífb BOMj BacaiOTCfl BsťJiaAa na npecryiuenie, Enny h HaBasame. 

no CníaCTÍfiO, BMeHHO 8A^B, Vb dlOWh BÍLltíiOjňe mfiJLOT^VlBOWh 

nyHBTi 2 Mory onepeiBCfl aa aBiopBierB Hamero BseicTHaro BpH- 
KflflajBcra, iioero noniTeHHaro Apyra H. C. Taraei^eBa, EOTopoMy 
npBHi^eaum vh pyccBofi JBiepaTypš necnh cpaBEsraiLHofi BpH- 
TB^ecROfi oit'lHBH TeopÍH BMŠHfleMOCTH npecTyiueníft vh Bsey es 

T09BH Sp^Hk npHSHamfl H OrpBI^aHifl CB060AH0ft BOJE ^). BOTB 

ero rjiaBHiiJI bhboa^ ^): 

^^'ÍSctbíh ^ej!OBÍ(Ba, BaBi ^oópiifl, laB^b b sjiuh, nojesHua 
H BpexHiifl Hy cff&AOBaiejBHO, Bi ^acTHOCTH E npecTynjieHÍH; no- 

XOÓHO BCbiTb idpOBEIlTB flBJíeHiflMly óesyCJIOBHO nOA^BHeHU saBOHy 

npE^BHHOCTH. Mil He uomewh cBasarB, tto HSBŠCTHoe npecryiue- 
HÍe Morjo 611TB Hjfl ne 6eitb: oho aojsho 6ujio coBepmflTBCJi, 
BaB'B CBopo cyn^ecTBOBa^a BSB^CTHafl cynna npHHEH'B h yoiOBÍfl, 
ero BiisBaBniEXi*... 

dlfllTB BHBOAOITB fl H BOCIIOJBSyiOCB, ^o6u paSBBTB HEini 

BonpocB Ha npHM^pš. Ho npa aiOMi, no^i cjobomi naBasaHÍe a 
6yjiy pasyMŠTB ne to mapoBoe noHarie, BaBoe npBAaexcfl eny 
BpBMBHajHCTaMH,— BaB^B cnei^iajiBHHfi bha% ÓopBÓu CB npecrynje- 
Hieiii, BaBi vb oÓn^ecTBeHHHrB ero nocjr^ACTBLixi, TaBi h bi 
CaMOMl BCTOÍHBBÍ, T.-C. Bl JIHI^Š, BaBi A^flTejrfe, — a npocTO Ty 

CyMMy npaBTBTOCBHrB A'68CTBÍfi HJIH IťlpX, BOTOpBIfl npBHHMaR)TCS 

npoTHBi jiEHHOCTE npecTynHBBa. 

EcjiB no ÓJiBsocTH nocejieHifl 3aBejiCfl ABBift sf&pb h nanecB 

yiItep6'B SB3HH EJH XOSflfiCTBy OAHOrO H31 HJieHOBl 06n^BHU, TO 

ycxpaHOHie sjía fb o6pa3% XHBaro 3F&pfl eraHOBETCfl EHTepecoM'B 
H xoJiroiTB Bce|[ o6ipHHH. 3BÍpB HO npecTynHBBi, HO HacejieHÍK) 
OTB 8Toro He Jievne — owh BpeAenx cbohmh BpoBosaXHBiifH ehcthhb- 

TaMH. HhCTHHBTU 9TH npEpOSA^HBI eMy H yHHTTOSHTBCfl He MO' 

ryTB; nodTOiiy sBŠpB 6e3i bcabhxi AaJBH^ffniHX^B pascys^eHifi 
jsfljittiewh 6uih yuE^Tomewb. 

SaBejca bi oówfln^ hjíbwb X u nanecB CBoeify cod^y MaTe- 
piajBHHtt yn^epói coBepmenno TaBofl se, BaB'B ^HBÍft sF&pB btb 
nepBOMi c^yna*. OaaTB HHrepeci h jojirB Bceft o6mHHH — ycrpa- 
HOHÍe 3Jia. Ho sa^cb ciynafl yae aioanie; h o6cy»AeHÍe ero 
npBHHMaerB ne o^HnaBOBKia oÓopoTB, CMOipn no TOMy, npn- 
snaeicfl jihl b^ ?eJ0BÍB'6 CBoÓo^a bojb b.tb nivh. 



1) Kypci pyccK. yr. npaea, H. C. TaraHnesa. Ban. 1. Ca6. 1874. 
«) Tam ae, exp. 67. 



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yqiHlS o HK-CBOBOA'B BOJIH. 89 

npH CBOÓCAÍ BOIH OÓmit XO^l paS- UpH H6-CB050At BOJIH 06b(ÍS X0A% 

cyzAeoia Ďyxen TaEOBi: poacyaueflifi 6jMfiTb: 

X HapymBXb xoroBopi. Rasi cyme- X HapymHn Aorosopi. RaK'B cyn^e- 

CTBO cosBaTejBHO-pasyiiHoe, obi hobh- ctbo co3HaTejBHO-pa3yMHoe, oh'b oohh- 

MŘTb CMHCXB AoroBopa; saKi cymecTBO Mai'5 cmucji AoroBopa; naEi cymecTBO 

BpaBCTBeHHoe, obi SBaxB, TTó xo6po, apaBCTBOBSoe, obi snaii^ ht5 AO(5po, 

HTó 310; BasoBeiii, sasi cyn^ecTBO cbo- ht6 bio; bo rbk-b cyn^ecTBo bo cboÓox- 

60XHOe BL BHÓOpi JliiCTBii, OBI MOn BOe Bl BH^Opi CBOBTB JlifiCTBÍS, OBI 

yxepzattca on sia, ht6 6u ero bb bo uorb npa AaBBux'b bbíbihhxi b 
lojsaio B^ ary CTopoBy. BByTpeHflHX'b yciOBlax^ bo coBepmuTb 

X— BpecTyoBBK-B. CBoero aiaro nocxynica. 

X— Be npecrynBHEi. 

3a 8Tinf i pascysAemeifB X cb cbo($oaho9 BOJiefi casaion no^x sa- 
nopi, a noTOMi HaHBHaercfl npoB^psa (x.-e. cjii^íCTBie h cy^B), noA- 
lOXBTh JH OHI noxB ^piiyjiy npecrynHBKa, n npes^e Bcero — 
jijhĚCTBOBSLň^ JH X npH coBepmeHÍE nociynsa cosHaTe^iBHO, cb 
noJiHHM^ pasyMOiTB. dnwh ycraHaB^HBaercfl, mosho jíh Boo^n^e 
cnraTB ero OTB^iCTBenBíHMi sa jífbtícrhisi hae wbrh. SariifB na- 
nnaercfl pastiopi bcítb bhšihhhx^ ycJiOBiS, conpOBosAABniBxx 
;i^BÍe, H noABepraeiCfl oi^^hbš HacroBiiiafl h npomjiafl BHyrpeHHBfl 

XB8?B X, HTOÓil BUfiCHHTB HO B08H0SH0CTE nCHXO-reHeBHCB npO- 

crynRa. Hsi orofi 2-fi ^aciH pasÓHpaTejuBCTBa npaRiBHecRH AOJiasHu 
BuacHHTBCfl XBa nynsTa — x^ npECflaKHiirB, rjt^ ohh eciB, creneHB 

BMÍHIieMO€TH Vb BBBy (HeBBHOBHOCTB, BHHOBHOCTB CB CMflPqaiOIItBMfl 
0<$CTOflTeJIBCTBaMH H 068% HHXx), a ^^2 Cy^efi, ^OCTaHOB.lflH}I^BX^ 

npHroBop^,— creneHB npecryímocTH bojh. 

IlepBOK) cBoeBO ^acn^K) cyxetfHoe paaÓHpaTejiBCTBO BntíJiB'1 coor- 
BÍT€TByerB npBBeAeHHOKy Bume o6mfiuj xojiy^ pascys^enifl; a 
BTopoio TOJiBKO B^ cjiy^SAX^, BOP^a X OKasuBaercfl bjih cobcÍitb 

HeSBHOBHKIBfB ^TJSflL, BanpflH'6p'B, 3JI0 OpB^EHeBO BlfB HeHaflHBO, 

fljH sasi nocji'lj!gBee cpe^CTBO caMOdamtBTH b t. n.), bjb bbbob- 
HHirB óeffh cMflF^aiomaxx oficroaxejibCTBx. Korw ae X oÓxab- 
uercB BBHOBBUiťB E FB TO so BpeMB sacjiyxHBaioii^H&fB chucxo:k- 
MfiBia, a cyxBE CMflr^aHxrB Esi-sa nocjiiAHflro npE^^arBa bi Bep^HRiy 
BasaBaBÍe, npaKmuHecKoe prbweHie cmanoenmcH ^ npsMoe npo- 
mueoprbHie cz eutuenpueedeHHOů ^opMtfAOu. Ecjb X B0HOBeH'B, 
sHa^ETB OHI A^ficTBOBajiib cosBaxejiBHO, ci nojiH£iM'B pasyMOMi, 
3Haji, HTO co6EpaeTca CA'3&jaTB s^o b, ocraBaflCB ceoČoduuMz ue 
npHBOAETB TaKoro pimeflia b-b EcnojBeBÍe. OiKyja ae bsbtbc^ 
CHBCXoxAeBiiD? Oho buxoahtb^ RaRi BCflBÍň SHaePB, H81 6j[aropoii* 
Hi^flmaro BCTO^HBRa— eBanréiiBCKOtt sanOB^A^, no^yjcaTB o ce5'6 
Bpesxe H'lif'B ÓpocaTB vh npecrynHBRa saMHaME e bss npEcyn^ett 

BCflBOliy CBJIBflOBy BpaBCTBeBBOMy He^OB'lBy CHHCXOABieJIBHOCTE K-b 



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90 BKTHni iBPonH. 

cjia6ocTiirB h npOB0HKaM'B 6jaxMsro. KfkTRm^ pasi, hto cyxetfHoe 
pasÓipaiejBCTBO OTBpuBaerB vb npecrynHHst ne ctojibibo HpaB- 
CTBeHHyH) HcnopieHHOCTB, CBOJBRO (MafiocTB xapaRTepa, HJH Tasoe 
HecnacTHoe coBnajieHíe HCByinaK)ii^HX'B oÓcroATejBCiBi, npn soto- 
poMx H zopomeMy nejiowbzy ycroarB Tpy;^HO — cypoBaa ({^opMyja 
npeciynjieBifl, BuieKaioii^ui h8'b y^eHÚi o cbo<$oa'í bojh, oxpH- 
iVneTCfl o($ii^ecTBeHHOJI cob^bio, a He ciiflrqaercfl, saisi roBopan 
ofSiiRHOBeHHO, — oipHi^aeTCfl noTOMy, hto bsb nocH^RH «cBo6oAHaji 

BOJfl> BUBOXB OAHffB «BHHOBeHl>. CnflrqaiOIItee se OfiCTOAXeJL- 

CTBO MOSeTB HMŠTB CMBICíTB TOJBBO TOrxa, eCJH npHBHaTB BOJH) 

cnocoÓHoB noAHHHflTBCfl no(5ysxeHÍflMib; ho lor^a ona yse ne 6y* 
jifiTb CBOÓOAHott. Bi ^cy^e^HoS, hje no spaftHett M^p*! b'b a^BO- 
saicROfl npaRTHsi, npBSHamji nocjtixuro po^a BcrptqaiOTCfl ease- 

MBHyTHO, HMeHHO ROF^a IipeCiynHHB^B BUCTaBJfleXCfl sepTBofi TOtt 

cpexH) B% ROTopofi OHI Bpani(ajicji, Rorxa roBopHTCfl o rneii hh- 

mfisUy HeBÍsecTBa) o pasBpanvueon^eifB a^Sctbíh npasxHocTH h t. n. 

TenepB ocraBHiTB noRa X, cyxHBmarocfl qo npHHi^nny CB0(k)XH 

bojh, h ÓyAeiTB cyxHXB ero, RaRi» Hej0BÍRa HecBo6oAHaro vh 

HysHO jm npH btoitb ycjOBÍH cy^eTB BOOÓn^e? Rone^HO, y«e 
nOTOMy, HTO X, RaRB ne ffoáŘ SB^pB, líorB npH^HHBTB 8.10 ne- 
HasHHO HJiH RaR% nocď^xHee cpejípsBO caifOBanvrrH; a cb xpyrofi 
CTopoHu nysHa se otin^ecTBy RaRag-HHÓyxB rapaHTÚi opoinBi nero 
CB Tott MHHyTH, RaR^B xoi^pflTB eMy Óos^be yse ho bobhosho* 
Ciajio 611TB H B'B BTOiTB cj[y«ia'6 cy^B xoJiseHi biuichhtb, fíbUcmo- 
BaxB JE X cosHaiejiBHO n vh nojraoiTB paByiii, RaaoBH 6um mo- 
THBU HOciynRa, paBHO RaRi Bcb Bwbmm^ m BHyrpeHHifl yc^OBÍfl 
ero coBepmeHÍB... Cjoboitb, bca cy^etínafl npoitexypa xo^sna ocra- 
BaTBCí npesHeft, norony ^ro HHrepecii o6ii](ecTBa rpeÓyiOTB pas- 
ptmenLi Bonpoca, MoaReTB jih X ocraBaTBCfl bi ero cpeA'&Hnou- 
BOBaTBCfl npesHHifB AOBipieMi H npaBaicH, h^h wbvh. Cootb^t- 
ctbobho BTOKy pasÓHpaTejBCTBo BUflCHnerB h lenepB bck) bhíhihioh) 
H BHyrpeHHiDK) HCTopÍK) HOdyHRa, crapaacB BucraBHTB RaR!B mosho 
pejiBe$fl'ie yiicTBeHHyio h HpaBCTBeHHyiD je^hoctb X BepAHRi% 
npecjuRHBirB Bumejn> 6u, MoaieTB 6iitb, no íjfOfyA hícrojibso 

HHOtt, HO B'B Cyn^HOCTH npeSHÍfl. — CjOBa: HOBEHOBeHly BHHOBeH% 

H BHHOBevB (TB CHHCxoaRAeHÍeiTB BaMÍHHiHCB 6u, HanpHiflpi, eio- 
BaMH: coBepmHi^B nociynoRB HevaaHHO, ne Óyxy^H bi hojehoitb 
padyirb, hjih, HaoÓopon, codHaiejBHO h npexHaiiipeHHo; Hcnop- 
^eH'B riy6oRO hjh (tb Haxesxofl na HcnpaBjeHie.— BepAHsrB He 

HOrB 6u BHXTH Vh Cyn^HOCTH HHOtt Ha TOlťB yse OCHOBaniH, OTO 



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yqSHII o HI-CBOBOA^ BOM. 91 

wb MfSBUsí AJfl cysxeHÍfl, BUflCHaeicufl cyxe6HuirB paBÓapaiejb- 
CTBOiTB, ocraiHCB 6u npesHÍfl. 

Ho RarB 6uTh ch HaBasamem? Ecjh hx^tb vh BHxy OAHy 
itUBKO npuTiHecsyiD (ho bm^ctš n niwb h canyH) cyiuecTBen- 
Hyio) CTopoHy x^ja, HneHEo oxpaHeHie HHiepecoBi otfn^eciBa otl 
nocaraTeJocTBa na hhxi jiioxeS HcnopHeHHiixrB, ho yiíiioiiiHU 
nojB90BaTBCfl npaBami cboÓoahoS tiesROHTpojBHott shshh (cjiosa 
CBOÓOAHSĚ H ÓesKOHTpoaLHuft fl ynoTpe6juiK> sa^b, pasyitítorcfly bi 
eaMom oŮBxoxBiOWb auicjpb)^ to jionraecBÍft buboai HOserB 6eitb 
miBxo (wrai: Twie jk)xh ae Moryn ociaBaiBCfl ibi oómjdcrvb n 
sonsoBancfl npaBaira CBotfoxHofi 6e8soHTpojBHoft shshh, cctb jh 
y HHJTB CBoóoxHaa bou hjh iiivh. Ho npH btoitb napymaeTCfl 

HOBHAHMOMy HHTepeCB CnpaBeXJÍHBOCTH— HaBa8UBaK)rB TOJIBKO BH- 

HOBHaro, a ^moi^kb den CBo6oAHOtt bojh bhhobhbitb Cbítb ne 
MoaserB. Ha aro otb^thtb ne xpy^no. TLfrn He-CBo6ox% bojh, o6- 
niecTBo He xosen CMorpirB na nopoxn cbohxi ueHOBi HHa^e, 
lan Ha npoxysiH HacjiiACTBeHHaro npexpacnojoseniH, HeBŠsecTBa, 
rpy6ocra HpaBOBi, Aypnaro BocnHiamii, nexoyMÚi, (S^xhocth, npasx- 

HOCTH, jAbOCTE H Hp.; HOdTOMy OHO H6 HM^beTB HpaBa OTHOCHTBCfl 
CB 3J060t rB CBOHITB HOpO^HtllTB UenaiťB H TÍMl MeHŠe HaRa* 

KiBaTB HX'B HB BHX^ Bosifesxifl sa xypHUfi x$^- Ho o6n^ecTBO 

OÓMaOHO BSflTB Bl CBOH pyBH laUX!* JIK>Xett H SatfOTHTBCH O&h JSTh 

HcnpaBjeHÍH, Bce paBHO, Basi oho oÓflsaHO 6paTB (tb toe> se 
JSÍbnK) yMajHnieHHuxi h 6ojBHim. Ecjh 611 ocrasjeHie lasExi 
noxeit na CBotfox^ h 6esi> naxsopa (buo coBificTHMO ctb HHiepe- 
canH o^H^jecTBa, h coxiftcTBOBajio a'&ih HcnpaBjeHÍfl CBop^, wkwb 
jimeHie cbo($oxíi h npHHyxHTejiBHUfl pa(oTu, ecjH 611 npn btoitb 
OTHomeHÍe jnoxeS vh nopo^Hony co6paTy mofjo ocraBaiBCii, co 
ciopoHfii imóm rB nexy, yBasenifl h xoBipifl, coBepmeHHo npes- 

BBWh, TO OÓH^eCTBO HOCTynaiO 6h ROHe^HO npOTHBHO CBOHMl 

EHTepecaxi h cnpaaexJiHBocTH, sannpafl nopo^Him Jioxett bb 
nopBMy H sacraBjflfl bxi paÓoraTB. Ho x^o vh Tom, tto onu- 
rwb ociaBjflTB npecTjrnHHBOKB CBotfoxHiixH h <$effB naxsopa vb 
npesHefl q)ex^, h xyitaio, ne ÓuBajio, xa m (Shtb ho mosctb. 
Macca aeerxa ÓyxerB ctopohhtbch iejiOBÍBa, npEsnaHnaro nopoH- 
HsiTB, HHKorxa HO cTaHeTB eny bíphtb, h tíitb Mente jix)6htb 
ero HiH yBaauiTB. Db chhcjií HaRasaHÍfl, noMsenie npecrynnHaa 
Ba npesHeMft uicA cpexH Bceotf^eit HenpÍHSHH h Hexonipin 
(Shjo 6h ropagxo ysacnte, vbwb n tk>pbm'6 h^h na saTopri, h 

nOB6JU) 611 B^pOHTHO BJIH BTB CailOyÓífiCTBy HJIH B1^ cTpamHOMy 

ouio6jeHiio, ci pflxoMi HOBHXi npecrynJieHifi. — Biiicro Toro, hto6u 
icopaBHTBCfl, Hopo^HEitt iej0BÍBi cTaJTB 6ii emjd xyse. 



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92 Bwrmi SBPomi. 

Bei^niHflfl CTopoHa x^BctbíM, botopbimh oÓu^eciBO orpas^aeT^ 
ce6fl orB nopoHHuxi qjeHOB'^, ocraeToi cji^xoBaTejLHO HeiidMtH- 
HÓtf, npHSHaeTCJi xn vh HenovbBfk CBOÓoxHaa bo.ih ejie wkrh. Hs- 
ifi^Eflerca tojbro cmucjx hxi fb toitb OTHomeHÍBy hto ea u^cro 
B03Me8;(ifl craHOBHTCfl HenpaBjeHie. 



IIpo^HTaFL 8TH BaifŠTRff, MHoríe HenpeM^HHO cRasyn: «dTO 
Bce KaÓBHeTHUfl yTonin nejOBisa, HesHasoMaro c% npasTHqecRHME 
yc;iOBÍflMH npEM^HeHÍfl oxBJe^eHHiixi aobtphhi r% otfn^ecTBeHHOt 
SH8HH/ He co8HaK)iitaro BJiE He xoivn^aro noHSTb, ^to npEEtneHÍe 

CaMUX'B HHCTQXl JHeHÍfl CBBSaHO Cl HeAOMOJIBKaMBy OAHOCTOpOH- 

HHMi noHHMaHieiTB H Aase HaMipeHHO-npeBpaTHsiMi TOJtROBameirB; — 
^To ujiojm BCflRaro yneHÍfl BaBBcarb ne tojilro on ero cyn^HocTH, 
HO H OTh no^Bu, na Roropyio oho na^aerB*. Jí^jísi noacHeHÍfl npH- 
BeíyTB Moaera 6htb vh bha* noAxo;íamaro Rpynnaro HcropR- 
^ecRaro npniťftpa hhrbhbhi^ík), Roropas npaRTBRoaajiacB hro 6u 
pa;(H HHxepecoBi yneHía jik)(5bh h MHJocepxia. 

^HTareJB bhabti, ^to ary cropony x^ja a snaio ecjH ne na 
npaRTHR^, TO nocjiyxaiTB, ho^obb acHo noHBiiaio, hto pasotiparB 
BonpocB Vh BTOMi HanpaBJieHÍH <$ujo 6u o^enB BasHO. Kb coaca- 
jiíbík), pasóopi BTOTB Bi CBaeMaTH^ecROfi ^opiťb npexcraajaerB 
HenotfŠAHM£ia "rpy^HOCTH. B'b caMOirB xbJí^j nepe^flCjiHTB bcí mh- 
(MHMHfl nocjí'lACTBÍfl cJiyn[aeB'B, Ror^a, cb o^HOfi croponu, npOBpaTHO 
noHBMaerca h TOJiRyerca y^enie, a ci Apyrofi — B3MÍHaeToa BocnpH* 
HHMaK)ii(afl ero nonsa, T.-e. yni, xapaarepi h MopajBHOCTB, bístb 
HHRaROfl BOBMOmHOCTH. U/bjíh Morjta 6u 6bitb AOCTarnyra tojibro 
npH nocpe^CTB^i oóo^efl ^opiiyjiu, ycraHaBíHBaion^efi otaorneme 
Mes;iy y^eHÍeM'B a no^Bofi, a o&h btomi robb^ho h jiyuwth ae^ero. 
T'&M'B He Menie a c^araio ce6a oÓasaHHUiii noAiiBTBca cb ^axa- 
Teiewh vkMu orpuBO^HiíMH BUBO^aMB; R'B ROTopuifB Z npemejTL 
Ha dTOWh nyra h Roropue c^HTaio aoctob'6pbiiImh. 

1) Kaai 6u sjoctho hh HBBpan^ajiocB y^nie o HecBoÓoxb 
BOJE, ESBpan^eBie ne MoserB 6eitb BaBe^eno sa npex^ju aiucje, 
iTO Hie.iOBÍR'B ne tojbro ne 0TB'ÍTCTBeH'B sa cboe nocTyoRE nepex^ 
cyAOM'B 0(5n^ecTBa, ho e nepeA'B cotfCTBeHHoS cobí^ctbh). 3a o6nifi^ 
CTBOH'B cyÓieRtB CB laRBiTB yfits^eBíoMi ne npBBHaerB npaaa 
RapaxB ero mó 6hi ohi he cx^jiaji, nsi^sa aorE^ecRofl EeB03M03RH0CTE 
Bu^ESith nocrynRE bi BBny (apn dT0H'B ^hb nporjBAttBaeii, hto 
oCn^ecTBO HM'6erB npaBO ne lepniTB vb CBoefi cpeA'6 e na cBOÓoxt 
BpeAHuxi H-ienoB^); a ajiíi ceía oh^b HB^ero He CTETaerB otfasa^ 
xeaBHUMx, H8^-8a 6e3nojie8HOCTE coDpoTEB^TBca cBoett npEpox^ 



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yqsHis o Hi-CBOBOxi^ bojih. 93 

(npH dTOMi nporjflAHBaercfl jorHHecRÍfl buboai hs^ yníesii, hto bi 
araorneBÍH z% 6yxyiiieMy a-^ Bcasaro HezoBisa orspum eosMootc- 

HOCŤHh BCflRBX'B JÍ,ÍiClBÍŘ BOO^II^e H Vh HaCTHOCTH BOSMOOlCHOCmh 

xopomuxz A^tcTBiĚ, ecjiH crapaTBoi o&h oÓpasoBaBÍa yna h cepAi^a). 

2) Am^ Bi noAo6Hott pe^aRiýHy Boropas MOsen butchb jianiB 
m Bpafiflflro He^OMucjiiB, yvenie cqoco6ho tojbbo crjasBBaTB 
XOpory Ki sjiíMi xi-iaiTB, h HEBasi ae cjyacHXB xiia hhxi onpe- 
KbjoKjiem. AoRasaTejiBCTBO Ha 9to o^emh npocio. — 3jiifl A^-ia 
Horyn BiiTeKaxB tojibko b8i> no0ysAeHÍ8 b% poA^BopucTH, Hena- 

BBCTH, OaiOtfjeHÍfl, IHHHOfi MeCTH, T.-e. B006íBfi CXpaCTefi; HJKH H8'B 

sas8X'B*jifl(k) BpailHe crpacxHHxi npeAcraBjíefiilt, noupaqaiomHxi 
paayMi h noxaBjaiomBxi HopasBHoe ^yBCTBO. Cbocid crpacTHociBK) 
Tasu H^en ^^aHaiBBHpyBDrB qeJH)BÍRa, h Torxa oh% Bfj&rb H8^-8a hhxi 
Ha picn BCflKaro aioro KbjHí. Ho b'b crpacraiTE npni^inHTB y^enie 
HejBdHy Bi 4^HaTH8HpyK)niH]ii> Bffiiwh Tose, — noTOMy iio bto se 
HOlAerB na pncBi sjíoro aím, ito6u AOBasaiB tojibbo cbok) ne- 

OTBŠTCTBeBHOCTB OepeX^B OÓqeCTBOll^ H COÓCTBeHHOS COBtoBK)? 

3) IlyTB vh 81UMI A^aMx HBBpan^eHHoe y^enie otfjerqaerB 
TpoflBHMi oÓpasoMi: BaRi AOBOA^B ne aoposhtb cy^oiTB o6ii\ecTBeH- 
naro HH'&HÍfl, BaB'B aoboxt^ npoTBBi noBaBanífi co6cTBeHHOtt cobí^cth 
H HaBOflei(i Baai noójiasBa H^BoropEiiťB b8x naccHBH£ix'B cboSctbx 
xapaKxepa. 

4) ÍIoompflioDtee bi sjíy x'3^itcTBÍe 1-ro AOBO^a, HacBOJBBO ono 
BuresaerB ndi josho noHBxaro yneHin, Mosexi BHAOHSiťbHflTBCfl 
OHeHb pasHooÓpaBHO, CMOxpfl no leMnepaMeHiy HejlOBbBa, a HiceHHO 
ero ropauocTH, HasjíonnocTH bi rn^By h neHaBHCTH. Bi» caMOHx 
jlíaí, hb^b y6ÍsA6HÍB, ^TO o6n^cxBO ne HH'berB npaBa RapaiB 
npociynBH, h yB^penHOCTH, hto oho t^mi ho Menše hxi nosa* 
paen, AOisho poahtbcb H']&BOTopoe BpasA^Hoe nacrpoeme b'b 
o6ntecTBy, ^yBCTBO or^ysA^HÍfl orB nero h paBHOxyniie wb ero 
BHiepecani. Ho y oahhxi BpasxeÓHocTB Óy^erB HeflTpajHBOBaxBCH 
MBiaiBio (npflifo BHxeBaH}n(eí h8i coócxBeHHofi HeBM^HAeMOCxn, 
mutatis matandis), hx5 h BapaH)n^eMy, xoxa 6ii HecnpaBexiHBO, 
oCn^ecxBy nejiBBa cxbbhxb ero x'&&cxBÍfi bb BHHy. y xpyrHXi, cb 

MaxOl HaBJlOHHOCXBK) Kh VBihy, BpaSXeÓHOCXB BHpaSBXCfl cjia6o. 
HaBOHeA'B, y xpeXBHX'B, HaB10HHUX'B B'B HeHaBHCXH, CHJIBFie. 

HacBOJiBBO HHeHHO axH pa8H£ifl cxeneHH BpaaBxetfflOCXH iioryxi 
oÓJiernaxB sjíoe KbjíOj nanpaBJíeHHoe iipoxHBi otiqecxBa, piniHXB h 
Be 6epycB ~ BŠpno oaho: ecjH BaiŠBaexcH 8^0 hb^b paBHOxyniia k^b 
oofi^ecxBy^ XOXOABHKaro ao npedp^HÍa bi ero cyxy h HHxepecaMi^ 
rbiTB 6ojí'íe 8io hbi HenaBHCXH b'b oCni^ecxBy, — xo vh bxohx npe* 

3pÍHÍH H HeHaBHCXH BpaS^^HOCXB, BSIXOfiaiD^afl H31 y^eHÍH, co- 



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9é fi^GTHESl IBPOmL 

craBJíflerB canyH) HH^TOSHyio xoíiío. HeHaBBCTB BnepeA'^, sft osh- 
AaeMyfio en^e HecnpaBeAJiHByK) Rapy, ne MoserB BOHe<iHO cpas- 
HHTbca Cb HeHaBHCTBK), yse A^fiCTByionieio. 

5) ycnosoHBaloiAee AitctBie BSBpan^eHHaro y^esifl na co(5- 
CTBeHHyH) coBd^CTB RaseiCfl Ha nepBHfi bbfux'^ ysacHHirB no 
nocji^ACTBiflirB, oco6eHHO Kor^a y^eoíe na^aeri ea 6e8HpaBCTBeH- 
HyH) no^^By. Ho laKofi BSTUBKh oim6onem. Kor^a coB'ksTH cobcšbtb 
hÍtb, HéqcHy h ycnosoHBaTBCfl — ^ejOBŠB^B, o^HnasoBO pasBOxyin- 
Hiift El Ao6py H 3zjj He HyasxMTCfl b'b HSBHHeHÍB nepexi co6- 
CTBeHHHMH iJiasaMH saT^BaeMaro AypHoro x^ja. Taxie jod^b x^tt- 
CTBETejBEO ysacHu; ho tojibbo noroMy, qro ohh 6e8HpaBCTB6HHH. 
ECdU MopajiBHoe qyBCTBO en^e ho cowAwh sarjioxjio fb ^ejtOB^Bi, 
TO ycaoBOBTejBHHfi xoBOXB jacey^enifl MoserB ero ao6htb; ho 

3X^B BCe A'bjlO SaBBbHTl OTB TOFO, XOÓHBaeTCJÍ Sn BpynHHfi HJH 

cjíSlÓuH ocraTOiTB. Bi nepsoMi cjiy^ai oÓJier^enie si sjy co cro* 
|)OHii yneRifl 6yxei*B cHjiBHie, bo btopoh'b cxdL&be — ne roBopio 
npflMO cuAhHO H CAado Ha TOiTB oenoBaHÍE, HTO rjaBHHiTB no6ys- 
xenieiTB r'b sjy (na ocHOBamii 1-ro nyHBxa) 6yxerB Bce-iaRH ne 
yienie, cienenB yHacrifl Roioparo neonpexijiHiia, a crpaciB. 

6) YROpu coBŠCTH Bi OTHomeBÍH KbjHí yse coBepineHHiix'B 
fiasHBaióTCfl, RaRi BoiRitt BHaerB, ctuxom'b h pacRaflfHieifi. Bb 
npoTHBHocTB ynopcTBy H HepacRaflHHOCTH ETB c^BTaiDTi npo6yac- 
xeHÍBiiH coB^CTE,— pasyMŠercfl, ecjis ohe HCRpeflEE e aaHBME ne 
CRpHBaercB RaRoro-JiE($o ce<$fiJiH)6HBaro pasc^OTa, xa en^e bi» ypoHi 
6jiHSHeMy. OTHomenie ESBpan^eHHaro y^enÍE vh btbwl xyoieBHmťB 
cocTOBHÍBifB 6yxeTB o^OBEXHO iBRoe 26, RaRi Kb npoTecmiťB 
coBÍCTE nepexB npocrynROifB. Ono 6yxerB cnoco6cTBOBaTB ynopcrsy 
E HepacRaflHBocTE, H'lmafl BHpasBXBCfl na x^^ npoÓyxEBmeflcE 

COBÍ^CTE. Ho, ROHeHBO, ^Šlll CBJlBB'le nOC;i'IXHflE, TŠITB MetiBHie 

npaRTEqecRoe SHaHeme Topnasa e Hao6oporB. 

7) Ho CBOOMy oÓE^eMy xapaBiepy, yqenie chocoSho cROp^ 

CMEpflTB TOJIOBŠRa, wbWb BOs6j7&]ífl.Tb Wb BeWb FOpXeJlEBOCTB; HO- 

8T0My B% ESBpan^eHEofi ýopirb oho MOserB cnocoficTBOBatB pasBETiK) 
E yBp^EJieHiio CRopfie naccEBHtixi, hšmi aRTEBHEixi lepTB xapaR- 
Tepa— anaiE^flocTE, jiíboche, npasxnojnoÓiio, Hepi^mETejiBHOCTE e t. n. 
Si yB^pesi xase, sa ocHOBaHÍE flecoiíEŠEHoft npEM^HEMocxE o6niflX'B 
saROHOBi coBByqifl vh BOcnpEHATÍio Bneqaxji^Biff, hto y^enie ycBOfleiCE 
npeEHyii^ecTBeHHO jiioxbmh ch HeaRTEBHnM'B xapaRT€poM'B. dry croposy 
xMcTBÍfl ESBpan^eHHaro y^enk sl cnTaH) o^eHB BpexHOfi kb cnuca*]^ 
BOCHETaxejiBHaro Biiama na xapaRTepi;*HO onesB MajOBasHOĚ b'b 
X^jii npexpacnojioseHÍE r'b sjíy, noioMy hto OTHOmeme vb bjihitb 
XtiiaM'B zíeBj anaTÍH e EepimflxejiBHOCTfl EpaflHe oixajieHHoe. 



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7^191 O HS-CBOBOA« BOJm. 95 

TenepB ciíaobojio 6u roBOpniB o poJH no^Bii, co cropoHu 
yMCTBeHHofl H MopaiBHOfl, HO Bce cyn^ecTBeHHoe no aiOMy Bonpocy 
yze coAepsHTca vb npHBexeHBHxi 7 iiyHRTax'B. B% caHOirB jiíbjAj 
spaftHflfl creneHB HSBpan^eHk yníenifl, coBiftoHaa jramB cb o^ohb 
sHftTOTejiBHsirB HexoMHCJieiťB, 6uzB, noBasana vh nyHRxt I-itb; 
a Vb nocj^AyioiAHXi nyHRiaxi ao 6-ro BRjiiomeAHO nocroflHHO 

XOKaSHBaJIOCB, HTO 8JI0CTH0CTB K^M CTOÚTh Vh HpflMOMl OTHOmeBÍH 

se Bi HSBpanteHHocTH yneHifl— bo Bcbxh CAjn^Th oho pasciiaT- 
piBajiocB HSBpanteHHHiTB jsfl BpaJlBBrb npex^jiOBB,— a vb nenop- 
iiaiBHOCTH noHBBi. IIoaTOHy jí^JíSí noíHOTH Boapoca mmí ocraerca 
ynoMflHyTB jiHniB o ciyHBÍby Bor^a HeHSBpan^eHHoe yqeme na^aerB 
Ha xo6pyH> nowy. 

^OKasHBaa posoByio saBHCHiiocTB ^ejOB^iecBHrB nocrynsoBi 
OTB yoioBÍfl BH^niHefi H BHyrpeHHett cpexU) oho y^an: chhcxo- 
XHTaiBHOCTH s'B 6jHSHeMy h eMHpeHÍK) Vb OTHomeBÍH Bi ce($š; 

leSHÓJieMOCTH AOÓpOX^TeJIH FB HCTHHHO-HpaBCTBeHHIlXl JIK)WiX'B H 

BOSMOSBOCTH HcnpaBjieHÍH ^(ypBBixi, T.-e. BŠpš Vb AOÓpo H Hcnpa- 

BHMOCTB 3Jia. 

YnpoHHBafl AOB^pie Kb zio^^wb BooCn^e^ y^eme cboahti Ha 
6osie nojiosHTejiBHyH) no^By h oi^nny cotfcxBeHHHXi chxb— 
ynpoHHBaerB ^OB^pie ^eJOB^Ba b^b ce&b vb npex^Jiaxi aiofl oei^hbb. 

CraBfl x^tcTBÍfl ^eJiOB^Ba b^ poBOByn) saBHCHMOCTB otb ero 
yHCTBeHHaro h MopajiBHaro paBBHTÍfl, yienie cjiysHTB cTHMyjoiťB 
Bi paóori Haxi co6ofi, cb m^kibio yiiCTBeHHaro h npaBCTBeHHaro 
coBepmeHCTBOBanifl. Ob cbo6oxho& BOJiefi hosho eqe, nosajyfi, 
pascHHTHBaTB, aBOCB ona BupynnTB. Ci> yqenieifB o ne-CBotio^^ 
BBOCb HC^esaerB — sanoBa no^Ba, xaBOBii h nocrynsH. 

Ho ^To 2se ^'^JiaTB, ^To6u yqenie na^ajio na no^By ne H3Bpa- 

mfiEBUWb? 

OÓHiecTBO ^OJSHO satfoTBTBCfl npocBÍ(n^eHÍH pasyiia cbcexo^ 
ueHOBi, AOJSHO y^HiB Hxi xotípy^ npaB^ h ipy^Qr h nenpeif^bHHO 
npEir^^poiTBy noTOMy ^o MopajiBHoe nyBCTBO, hoaoÓho dcreTH^e- 
CBOMy, TpeÓyeTB HeHsC^SHO narjiflAHaro oój^euis. 



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H31> AHPH KA3AIHCA 



OKEAHHAH. 
HecHacTHutf IIpoMeiett, orb uyurb BSHeMorafl, 

EHBaJlO, Cb TBXOBO Oipa^OIO TM^ETbj 

KaK'B vb 6pu8raxi xeMHuxi bojihi njiuBerB z% Heny, ÓJHcraa 
Kpacofi H CB^ecTLK)} TOJina OaeaHHAi*. 

Kasi cepe6po ssyna-ii hxi .lenerB maJiOBjíHBiifi, 

HXI* MBCTUfi BSOpX CiflJl HeÓeCHOfi CHHeBOfi — 
H ^^X^B 0ai06ieHH£I&, MAXeSHllfi H nUTJIHBUtt, 

B'B flX'B 6JH30CTII BRymaji i^^jHTejbHutf noROfi. 

H MU, rOHHMiie CypOBOH) CyABÓOK), 

n^B yApy^eHHue HepaBHOio 6opb6oh), 

HaXOAHlTB MHpi FB HHUXl npHBtTJHBBIXl O^aXl. 

CTpaxafl, MU noJHu orpa^earo cosHanBa, 

^To SH3HB, RaRi OReaHi, TaerB bi cbohxx BOJiHaxi, 

HaMi wb yT^meHÍe, npeRpaceus cosAaHBa. 

B. J[hxa^eb!b. 



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B0HAnAPTH3Mt 

nPH 

MAKt-MArom 



GtPAHHIIA H3'B HCTOPIU COBPBMEHHOQ ^PAHIl H. 



— Sonyemrs de la présidence da maréchal de Mac-Mahon, par Ernest Daudet. 

HacTynHji nafi 1874 roxa; TopsecTBO peasiuH CA^^aJocB 
OHeBHAHBiiTB. HaRonei^i^ npaBHTejťMn:BO Tbepa najio; $paHi^2 Bpy- 
Huta CBOK) cyjí:b6y «cojrxaTy>. 3a6iiFB Bce npomjioe, opjeaBHCTH 
H iíerHTHMHcru cjh^hcb h noAHfljiH roiOBy, ÓOHanapiHCTU caíaejie 
BHHMareiíBHO sa bcími. Bi o^hoitb 6hjih ohb corjiacHu bcí, a HMenHO, 
m> pecny6jiHRaHCKÍfl pesHirB— 8to tojilko neoÓxoAHXoe sjío, hbb 
soioparo pano hjh nos^HO bobmo^kho Cy^erB Bu6paTbC2. FjiaBa 
^paaipH no npesneify HasHBajicfl npesH^eHToirB; ho b^ rjta8ax'B 
peaRiUH dTo Óuji^h tojibbo HaiiicTHHSi BOpojifl. UoBcioxy i^apcTBO- 
Bajo 6e8noKOfiCTBo, xpeBora, HeonpeA^jieHHocTB. 

KaÓHHerB Mapmavia MaRi-Marona, BaK'B hsbšctho, 6uai> co- 
craaieH'B no«B ycjioBieiťB •cem^eHHaxa*— npcíjenia ero BjacxH na 
ceMB xÍTh. CxofiBinifi bo TJia,vb líHEHcrepCTBa repi^on* ;(e-Bpoj[BH 
crapajica yro^TB bcím-b. Ohx 0TjKa;i'B nopi^jB /l,eneflpy, ^e-JlapcH, 
mXJn CHHCBaTB pacnojosenie y npaBofi h npaBaro i^enipa; spy- 
vui ynpaBJíeHie 4>HHaHcaM]i Manio, yrosA^ ÓOHanaprEcraiii; owh 
xase npoinej^ líOjraaHieHi XBacT.iflBoe saaBjíeHie yuTpa-JierETH* 
MHciOBx, HTO OHH xa^H FOJioca sa npOAJeHÍe BJiacra no;rB ycjo- 
mwh, ^To6u 8T0 HO Morjo cjysHTB npenflTCTBÍeiii «AOcpoHHOil 

ToMi L— Hbbapb, 1881. 7 



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98 ^ BfiGTHHS'B IBPOnH. 

pecTaBpai^in». JH^jAimEhiU, CRpETrHuS repc^oPL crpeMuca tojiero 
BHHrpaTB Bpeiifl. Oh'l 6ofljicfl yiepaiB BOHcepBaxHBHoe 6oaBniHHCTBo, 
soTopoe BecBMS jierBO líorjio H8H'ÍHHTBCfl He Bi ero nojiBsy Bcryn* 
jeniesTB, no sonojiHHTeJiBHHMi BHCopairB, AenyraiOKB pecnytfin- 
BancKaro hjh paAHRajiBHaro OTitHKa. OsH^aTB CBoparo oBOHiaHÍfl 
pa(orB «BOMMiiccÍHTpH;(itaTH>, Ha o6fl3aHHocTH ROTopott jiesajio co- 
craBJíeáie ROHCXEryi^ioHHiixi h opraHHHecKHX^B saROHOB^ — nejiBSfl 
6sjo; ociaBajiocB npHHflXB Apyňfl iripu, xota BpeMeHHBifl, ho rbwh 
He Menie js^ŘeiBwrexbEUE. Fepi^orB n^oúpijn^ }í,m aroro XBa 
cpeACTBa: 1) cocraBJíeErB Óuix hobuS 3aR0H'B o Mapaxi, no roto- 
poMy npeAOcraBjfljiocB npaBHiejiBCTBy cií^Esm> h Hasna^aTB wrh 
ho CBoeify ycMOTp^HÍH), T.-e. npeAnozarajocB crponiEBufi h abho- 
Bj^BT&jífiÚBuň npaBHTeJBCTBy sjíeneHrB cx^JiaiB nociymHUMi ero 
opy^ieiTB A^fl TaRi-HasiiBaeMaro «H86HpaTeiBHaro BjriHHÍfl»; h 2) 
ocraBHTB npHCHHp'6Binie Mynni^HnajiBHiie cobítu jsfl 1875 roxa, 

TaRl Ra^B Cb HOBUMH BIl6opaMH, OCHOBUBaflCL Ha saROHt 1871 r., 

no ROTopotfy sa hhmh ocraBajiocB SHaneHÍe «npflMoro BiipaseHÍs 
Bceo6ntett noxa^n rojiocoBi*, ohh mopjih craTb HenaBncTHiíMH npa- 
BHiejiBCTBy. FepiíOPB ne crlcnajica, tto 9to 6hjo BepxoMi peaR- 
i^ioHepcTBa, iTo BTEiTB HORymajiocB na Aoporoe juia crpansi npaBO 
Bceo6n;efi no^a^H tojocobi, ^to dXHifB saRpuBajiHCB ycra MynEi^H- 
najiHTery— exHHCTBeHHOiiy opraný, cxepsHBaBmeHy npaBHTeiBCTBo 
H HirbBmeMy bosmoshoctb anejJiEpofiaiB tojocoitb napoxa. Ohb 
CM^jio BHecB BTH HpooRTu vb HaipoHajiBHoe co6paHÍe; ho, necMoipA 
na ROHcepBaTHBHoe 6ojBmHHCTBO, saRon^ btoitb 6huii> OTBeprnyTb — 
H saiítqaTejiBHO, — oTBeprnyrB, ÓJiaro^apa y»py, nanpaBjeHHOiiy co 
CTopoHH MapRHsa xe-$paHJB6, qjena yjBTpa-JieniTHMHCTCROfi rpynns. 
Ha 8T0TB pasTB repi^orB xe-EpojBH ne pacrepaicfl. MenncrepcTBO 
]mí BHAy no^ajio vh orcraBRy, icapniaii a^a Bn^y npena^B ee, 
oÓMBHBi, HTO AOJseni cnepsa noAynaTB. Bhšctí cb Tbm na^a- 
jiacB saRyiEcnaa paóora; ciajra cosHBaiB, ycoB^n^EBaiB, ycnoROH- 
BaTB, naRonei^, xase crpan^aTB RpacnuirB SHaMeneirB n nerpoieiTB. 
06xflCHflfl MHHHcrepcRifi RpesHíTB, nevaTB Toro BpeneHH yRasuBaia, 

HTO MHHHCTepCTBO TOJIBRO C^HraeTCfl OAHOpOXnBIMl, HO 9T0 OHO 

npeAcraBJíflerB hbi ceóa aMaaBraiiy nojiHXHHecRHxi napriS, 6opB6a 
ROTopuxi* orpasaercfl na HcnojmnrejiBHofi Bjacrn, npeBpan^afl ee 
B^ cMŠjioe opyAÍe bí^bo (Symyton^aro napjaiceHTapESMa. BonpexH 
BciiTB npaBHJiairB h otfsíHasBťB, MHoríe coBŠTOBajH lor^a Mapma^ 
cocraBHTB BRCTpa-napjiaiieHTapHoe MHHHCxepcTBOi na htó yRasuBajTL 
laRase b 9mhjib aKHpapAeH'B. Ho MapmajrB ynopno MOJiHan. Ohi 
ÓHJPB TBq)AO yB^peHB, HTO Bce npofiACTB (Jjarono^yHHO. H AÍft- 
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B0HiniFTE3n. 99 

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osasaiHCB HyBCTBirrejBHEiMB; MBHHCiepCTBO ocTajiocB, a coÓpame 
39 rojiocaMH 6ojiBniHHCTBa yxBepXBJO sasoErB o MBpaxi — saaoffB 
caiioft sJŠSmett ^eHTpaJ[H8a^iH. 

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fl nocjiysBjfl rjaBHOH) upH^BHOio na^enifl ero MBEHcrepCTBa. 



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100 BIMUEKS:! IBPOIIH. 

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Báro BCTopB^ecBaro h coiáajiBHaro CHucja. Crpana hbi ROHi^a 
vb BOHeAT* pasrpoMJieHa. . Há-CBopo-CBjeeHHoe npaBBiejibCTBO cjiy* 
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na Bce bto, cb^ob) OAHoro TOdibBo HapoAHaro co3HaBÍfl, HeycraHaaro 
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^xoCbi MBBBCxepcxBO BucRasajiocB onpeA'§jeHHO b bcho, pacnojo- 
meno jih oho CMOxp'lxB na crpeMjeBÍa ri B8MÍHeBÍB) cyn^ecxByK)- 
n^efi ^pMu npaBjíieHifl, RaRi na opecxynHBia nontiTRB b pesojio- 
i^iOHBBifl noRymeHÍB. OxB']&Hafl IIIajJieMejiOy repi^on xe-BpojBH 
co BceK) xyMaHHOCxBB) CBoefl MaRiasejieBCRofl hojibxbrb HaifeRHyjx 
xoJBRO, ^xo saROBHOcxB ^popo^a^ioHHož BjacxB Mapmaja MaRx- 
MaroBa BoxBpoBana na cenB jiixi Bai^ioflajBHuirB coÓpameMx. 
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ABHx CB-paay pasd&jiji^ bc* ne^opasyMÍBia: «npoporaiíia BjacxH 
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maxB BosBpan^eHÍK) Ropojia, h ecjiH 6u rpa^ HlaMCopi 6uxb npa- 
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sacxaBHxi ero ycxynBiB CMy m4cxo». TpyjiHO npeACxaaBXB ce(Jt, 
Baaoe rjiy6oRoe Bne9ax;i'lHÍe npoHSBejio 8x0 narjoe saaBJíeHieyďBxpa- 



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BOHAniPTHSH^B. 101 

jerETHMHcra. Slcu^e n onpeA^eHH^e BucKasaiBca 6ujo Hej[B3fl. 
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xaieKO H HTO Bo BCflRoafB cjy^a']^ cjrhfflBhJO ocraHOBHXB no^oónaro 
poj^a A^psKÍa uonoJSHOBeHÍfl, KOMopoMerrepyio^ifl Mapmajia. Ha 
cri;iyioiqífl abel vl « Journal Officíel» noflBHJOCB nacBMO MaKx- 
Maroea kx repiíory ^e-BpojiBH, bb KOTopoMx offB noATBepat^ajii 
npes^e AftHHoe o(54maHÍe, hto oh-b Óy^erB xpeCoBaiB yBasema 
BB cymecTByiomeMy nopa^Ry semeft. Ho ara sanoaj^ajiafl Topse- 
CTBeHHOCTB o6£ii;aHÍfl emfi 6oji^e BSBOJiHOBaia co6paHÍe. Epasas 
BCi OTmaTByjacB on MHHBcrepcTBa h yse TOPAa Óujío bh^ho, ^to 
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TÍn emfi CHJBH^e boscxshobhib npoxHBi ce6fl bcíx^b npaBMX'B. 
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vh co6paHÍn. Mu yse roBOpe^H o pasHOxapaBxepHOCxH mhhh- 
crepcTBa h o no^nofi saBECHMocxn ^jbeobi ero ovh noaHraqecBHX^B 
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iTo, san^H^aH BJiacxB Mapmajia, ohb ne HanibpeHH n^a^EXB cboexi 
ueBOBx. npoBsomejiT* hojihuž pas^opi. Buuecsíjie jlI,eHefipa. Ka- 
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Ohi BacTaBBajii na HeotíxoAEMOcxH 60^*16 BneprE^ecBoB san^Exu 
upasiema Hapmajia h noABeprnyxB «rUnion» sanpen^eHiio xoxa 6u 
Ba BoeeiíB A^efi. ^e-JIapcE^ HanpoxHB'B, ne naxoAEdTB bb xom'b he- 



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102 B10TIIS!b IBPOnH. 

xaKofi HeotixoxnHOCTH. JI^eneApa saiťlTBJírs, ^to eciH npecjiiAOBaTB* 
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iiOM'ICTBBmyH) HaBaHyni nHCBMO duEsa OjuiBBBe, kb soiopoirB owh 
OTpBi^aji'B npaBO cotípanifl. FepiiorB BpojiBB, ne san^Bniafl «Liberté», 
Ha axoTB pasi SHepranBO BucKasajiai sa cenTeHHarE. JI|e-JIapcH 
HacxaflBajii na CBoeMii, repi^on A6-EpojBB h TypTOH'B BHpasBdiH 
sejanie bhath vh orcTaBBy. Mnoro ctobjio xpy^a Mapmajiy corja- 

CBTB CB0BX'B HenpBMBpBUHX'B MBHBCTpOBl OAHOpOAHarO MBHBCTepCTBa 

H p^niHď^B HaBOHeAl i^irs, ^to ^eneSpa, mbhbctp^ h)ctbiUb, hb- 
AacTb i^BpByjiflpB npoBypopaicB cb yBasaHÍeH^ ea Heo6xoAHMOCTB^ 
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fj&Tb Hane^aTaHi vh « Journal Officiel». 

9to HOBoe npaBBTCJiBCTBeHHoe yjocrosípeHÍe oKOHHaiejBHa 

OSeCTO^BJO JierBTHMHCTOBl. OhH nOBflJB, HaROHei^, ^TO Bl TO^e- 

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caMOMy iiapmajiy, sejiaa onyTaTB h npBBje^B ero b'b ceói noA'& 
npex^oroMi OBasuBaeMofi hmb homole BapjEcraMi. HaBOHei^'B^ 
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o^epe^B pa8CMOTp'6HÍfl npeAcraBjíeHHHXi ki 15-My naa npaBBxe jb- 
CTBoiTB saBOHonpoeBTOBi. IIpaBHTejiBCTBO sejiajio nponycTBTB cnepBa. 
npoeBTH BOHCTBTy^ioHHHx<B sasoHOBB O Bii($opaxi B o6i y^pes* 
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HyHBi(BnajiBHiixi saBOHOBx. UpoTBBi BToro BOBCTajiB BpaflBÍe npa- 
Bue. rojiocoM'B 3pHy ohh npexi^BBBJífl BatíBneTy yjfBTBiiaTyirB, ^ra 
nepBuiTB jí,oji7&ewh 6utb pa8CM0Tp%H'B MyHBi^BnajBHufi saBOHx,— a^ 

06% OCTaJIBHHXl) AByXl MU BHaTB He XOTBM'B, SaflBBJIB JierBTBMHCTII«. 

TepitorB ne ncnyrajca: «a npeAno^BTaio nacTB, híitb craTB cji4- 
HiiiTB opyAÍeiii BpaflHeĚ npaBofi»— BHCBasajcfl oh^b ropAO. Bdbr 
osHAajH 6opBtíH ne na shbhb, a na cMepTB. Ob canaro yrpa 
15-ro Maff| nycTUfl bi^ oÓusHOBeHHue ahh yjHi^u BepcajiB 6ujm 
nepenojineHH HapoAOM'B. Ha cBaMBBxi AenyTaTOB'B bbahu 6use h 
TBepi, B JleApio-PojLseHX, b npBHi^^B SBiyanBHjiBCRifi, nodbnMiBmie^ 
co($paHÍe ToaBKo Bi^ BasHHXi, BCBjro^BTejiBHiixi cjynaflxrB. Ha 

TpHÓyHi BBBJICfl npeSBAeHTB ftOlíHHCCiB TpflAI^aTBy BaTÓBy rpoMEA* 

Hufi, HeyBJ3H)sifly H rycTHHi ÓacoiTB npocBJB HaE(ioHajiBHoe coópa- 
HÍe HasHaqflTB a6hb ffiSL paBCMOTp^HÍB BstfHpaTejiBHaro sasoHo— 
npoeBTa. Ero cu^eeat^ MajeHBBifi, BoporeHBBÍž x^nyTarB npaBott^ 
TepB, B saflBBJíiy iTO co6paHÍe sejsaerB npeABapaTenno paseno* 
xpŠTB uyHBi^BnajiBHuĚ sasoHi. Fepi^orB xe-BpoJBH BucBasajica 



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BOHAnAPTnSlTL. 103 

xpaiKO, HTO npaBHTejncTBO cMHTaerb Heo($xoAHMUM'B npecrynaiB 
n HenejgieHHOMy pascHOipimH) BsÓnpaxeJiBHaro saBona. r^asa 
BpaiHefi npaBOfi cxopoHH, Ajochewb Epeei, sospasajiii npeMBepy, 
nocjixHÍĚ ynopcTBOBajii. SaxoAH^n huissiers cb ypnaMH, h BH)4)ée 
oÓiflBHXB, ^0 HHHHcrepcTBO jLOJijmíJío mecTBAecfliTB qexupe 
roioca MeHBniHHCTBa (381 npoiHFB 317), upEnewb ÓojiBmHHCTBO 
cocToaao hbi Tpexi a^Biixi, nflrnAecflTE jeraiHMECTOBi h B3i» no- 

JOBHHH 60HanapTHCT0Bl, Vh TOITB HECJVb H Pydpa. CjlOBOWbj ABy- 

jH^vHHt, XHTpHBmifi repi(orB, BaB'B OBasajiocB, ne yromjn» HHBOMy. 
BnpoHeiTB, Ha 0^^08H^iK) Ji^Bnx'B ohi ne pa3CHHTB[Baj'B. 

Ha 9T0TL pasi saÓBHerB repiiora xe-EpojBH no^aji^B ^'^ficTBii' 
TaiBEHfl OTciaBRE H MapmajťB HX^B npHHfljil. Ha nponiajiBHOĚ 
ay^eHipH EpojiBH h ^esa3'B yBaBajiH Mapmajy na Bio«fN|)e h Fy- 
iflpa, soTopue BecBMa caopo Mom 6u uojioshtb Bonei^i mhhh- 
ciepcBOMy BpHBHCT. MaiTB-MaroHi xopomo noHHMaji'B, hto Heicii- 
cmo ÓHjo cocraBHTB MBHHcrépcTBO B8% BoaJlB^iB, paspymflBinefi 
ciapHft RaÓBHerB. Tor^a npBouiocB 6u npBSBaTB b FaMÓerry, b 
KasHifBpa HepBe, b .IrocBeHa EpSna, b Pyapa. Mapma;i'B bu- 
BBaxB Ek)^[4^ b npocBJTB ero cociaBBTB MBHBCTepcTBO. Efo^e na- 
OTp^tei OTsasajiCH, saflBjíflBy qro oh*b HysH-fee Ha^ioHaJlBHOMy co- 
6paflúo, ^iwh saÓBBery. Eor^a icapmajTB, BdUBas bi naTpioTBdMy^ 
BanoMHBxi eiiy CBoe co6cTBeHHoe npBSBaHÍe, to Ek)^^, BasB ne- 
pexaen flfiXB, otb^tbji^ Mapmajiy: «0! pasHBiia ÓojiBmafl fb Ha- 
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BeMexjeHHO sanaTB npesB^eHTcsifl hoctb, b6o Bame corjade o;iho 
ToiBBo H Morjio cnacTB cxpany otb norB6e;iB« TenepB btofo h^itb. 
Bh ce&b Haflxere mbhbctpobt*, Moe se hícto vh co6paHÍB. He 
Mory cBasaTB, chjuiio jb npespaiBiB MBHHcrepcBitt spesHci, — npo- 
lOjOOLjrb Ek)^^, — uesiMj tím-b, ycxynaa Bameny saiamio, a pnc- 
i^B) B086yxBTB npesBxeHTCBifi BpBSBCB, cjLŠACTBÍeiTB BOToparo ne- 
MBHyeMO 6hjo 6u BOSBumeHÍe ^(lo^pa^ a bto 6ujio 6u maroMi 
BB ocjut6jieHÍH) BOHcepBaTHBHofi napTÍB». OcraBajiacB Ha^es^a 
Ba Tyjapa. Fyjuipi Brpaji'B ne hocjiÍxhioh) pojiB npn TBep^, oh:b 
BHoro CA'&iajnb x^a $paHi^ÍB cbobmb neperoBopaMB ch FepMaHieio, 
BB co6paHÍH npeACTaBJBJTB C06010 BOHcepBaTBBHBifi ajieiceHrB, npB- 
BepxeHei^ cyn^ecTByionjiaro nopa^sa, icoHapxBCTB noA'B yciiOBÍeMi 
yei7noB'B co ciopoHii rpa^a niaM(k)pa, b f aai 6u to hb Óeijo, 
MU TBepa 6uA% ÓojBraofl yxapi, Borxa Fyjapy npBmjocB nepe- 
laiB nopr^^eu EasBMBpy EepBe. Ha npe^JioseHíe Masi-Marona 
cx&uiTBCfl rjaBOK) BaÓBnexa FyjiaprB ne OTBasajica, ho BaaBBJíi^ 
»q>iiiajiy, irro npB BacTOfln^BX'B ycaoBLiX'B mosotb Obitb tojibbo 
ffi BOJBTBBB— nojBTBBa p'lmBHOCTB B ycTynHBBOCTB; owb npex- 



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104 MCTHEKl IBPOnH. 

no^HiaerB BTopyio. Mapmaji hs sce corjiainajicfl. H^I^cbojíbro jsMeH 
xjLonoTaii-B Fyjiflpi sa cocraEieHiesfB MBHHCTepcTBa; ho kb Kony 
owb HH oópam^ajicfl — bcí OTRasHBajHCB. Mapniajix Tepa&iHBo as^aji^B. 
He BHafl dasyjBCHuxi noApoÓHOcrefi, raseru nycRajHCB bo Bce- 
BoaiíosHHfl npe;tno30seHÍfl h cero^Ha onpoBeprajH to, htó B^epa 
BujífíBdkJíB sa HecoMH']^HHoe. 3aM'6qaTe.iBHO, hto Fyjflpi, ecJiH b^phtb 

JíflAdj isjíJlíJn* COB^TOBaTBCfl CB JJ^fO^pOlTB. OffB EB Upef^HÍLTSiJrh 

eMy nopT4)ejfl, ho xoi^;ii> ysnaTB ero MH'6HÍe, Kai;'B BunyTaiBOi 
BBi RpH3Hca. ^lo^opi o6^m,s^Jí'b nowepatBy MHHHcrepcTBy Fyjiapa, 
ho noA'B ycjOBiesTB, ítoÓh 1-fi nyHKTB KOHCTHTyi;ioHHaro saBona, 
T.-e. npBBHaHÍe pecnyÓjHSH, 6uA'b yTBepsx^Hi. CosHaaafl hcbos- 
HOSHOCTB nponycTHTB 8T0TB sasoH^ TOTHaci se, ^Hx|)opi» npe^ja- 
rajix Tyjapy etIcbojibro ROMÓHnai^ifi, nps BUflCHenin Boropiixi, 
Mesxy npoqHicB, oÓnapysHjiocB, tto bhhobhhboitb na^ema mhhh- 
crepcTBa EpojBH ovh Ábux% Óujlt^ ne rto ehoA, BaBi BauBHrroHi, 
h ^to Óes-B repiiora jH^esasa cocxaBBTB noBoe HnHHCrepcTBO nesos- 
MoaLHQ. Bo BCflBOiTB cjjHB,^, ^si Fyjflpa npeACiaB^AJHCB rpoMaA- 
Hiia saipy^HeHia, h rjaBHoe— ipy^HO 6ujio cocraBaiB hoboo mhhh- 
crepcTBO, o6ie;(HHETB pa3'b'lxaBnieeca 6ojiBmBHCTBO coópank. IIpH- 
sBanie ^enasa y^OBJíexBopajo MHoraxi* h jierBiBMECTOBi, h 6oHa- 
napxBCTOBi, H pecny6jiHKaHiteBx; ho JI|eBa8'B nacraBBa.irb na npe* 
BBaHÍH cbohx'b npesRHBxx cocjysHBi^eBi; $ypTy h ^enefipa, cno- 
coóhux^b yxoBjeTBOpBTB TOJiBEO spafiHBXi npaBuxi. IIpBSBaTB Bax- 
ABHrroHa, sna^srB y^OBjexBopBiB jiíbuiř ufiBnph, nosajyfi, híbo- 
Topux'B H3X npasaro i^eHTpa, ho sa to BOscxanoBETB npoTBBi 6y- 
xyn^aro HEHECiepcTBa bc^xi npaBsixi. Epoiťi^ xoro, nysno Óeijo 
h yAOBjíerBopBTB xoia 6u o^hem^ nopT^jeiTB ÓOHanapTHcroBi. 
Tor^a Bc4 saroBopHJíH o coeAHHeHin i^enipoBi. Fepi^orB 0AB4>$pe- 
IlaRBe AORasuBaji, hto 6en cjiisnás^ i^eHTpoBib HeinicjiHMO 6ojb- 
niHHCTBo; HO npaBafl yMipennaa Bce en^e ynopcTBOBajia. Ho ne cb 

dTHlfB TOJIBRO HpBHIJIOCB ÓOpOTBCfl Fyjflpy. OffB HO 8Ha.l'B, RaROS 

Aep^aTBCfl nporpaMMu— ocraBaxBCfl jh vh nepexo^noiTB nojioseHÍE, 
yTBepABTB j[H pecnyČJBRy bjih rjeohhtb x^^io Kb MOHapxÍH hjib 
HMnepÍB? KaÓBHerB y nero Roe-RaR^B cocraBHJiCfl: oh:b, OxB^pe- 
IlaRBe, ^eRasi, a^-Kiomohi, TajBaH'B, Gbcc8, Ae-MoHraHBflRi, 
Ae-JIaBepHBy MaiBé-BoAe, CesanHx h BaxAHBrroHi; ho reri 6utb 
Ch nporpaMMOK)? PiniBJB TaRx, k% neny CRJiOHeni Úwťb Fy^pi 
— BHffiB^^aTB, T.-e. ;(epaRaTBCfl cenreHnaTa, a vb CyjQrn^eirB, toó 

BorB AftCTB, OTJOSHBl yCiaHOBJeHÍe ROHCTHryi^iOHHfilXl SaROHOBl 

ío 20-ro HoaCpa 1880 roAa. JítJO, nOBH^íHMOMy, yaaiHJOCB; ho 
BxpyfB Boscrajia yMtpeHHaa upasas. BcrynjieHie b-b RaÓHHerB ue- 
H0B'B hs:b jiiBaro i^eHTpa, h npHTOMi RpeaTypx JI|H)$opa, Rasa^iooB 



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B0HA]IiPTfl3]['B. 105 

mrb onacHHMi ^Jisi BOHcepBaTHBHux^ oHiepecoBi h bc% oheotke- 
sajHCB 0TB noAAepsBH. Bhaa pasHoro^ocHi:^, Ty^Api perepoBaicfl 
I BC& ero crapaHÍa pyniHJiHCB npaxoiTB. 3a'6cb napinajii BHmejirb 
131 CBoefi BenoABHSHOCTH. FjiaBOH) saÓHHera obi c}síjlb,jlt> BoeHHaro 
ifíHBCTpa Cncca, ynpooH^i ocraTBCfl ^esasa, ^ypry, sa hqmh npHM- 
EHyjH Kh RaÓHHeTy Kiohohi, Ta.iBflHi, MoHTaHBflS'By MaHB, no- 
jf^nuH nopT(j[)eaH EajiBO (nyÓJHHH. patf.)} FpHBapi (seMjeA^jna) 

H TaBHlTB oCpaSOMl Wb H^^CBOJBRO HaCOBl» HHHBCTepCSÍiP RpHSHCB 

npomarB Új&touosjheo. HoBoe jcESHcrepcTBO o6'BflB0jio, hto oho 
6yjerB croaTB bhí BcaKHxi naprift, ho Cy^erB tojibbo crporo Koncep- 
BaiHBfiiuťB. OfixBBjeHÍe 8T0 HH B'B Heiiy ee cJiysHJO, noiOMy <ito e 
6e3i> Toro npaBEiejiBCTBeHHaro 6ojiBniEHCTBa fl naiarb ne 6ujo. 
TaH^B aapcTBOBajia nojiHaa xHcrapMOHÍH. BonpocB— pecnyÓJííHBaEifl 
MOBapxia— nepenyiaji-B bc6xi>, Bx íiohbckexx cecciaxi qyiB 6h.io 
He npomjo npex^oxenie KasEMEpa IlepBe o npESHaHÍE ^paHii^ys- 
csoS peciiy6jiBBE, ho na Apyrož s&e j^eEh nerupe ro^oca CojiBmuH- 
cTBa 6ujm noKpuTn BafiB^enieMi qeT£ipex'B ;(enyTaT0B'B, hto ohh 
He irorjH a&tb CBoero roJioca npoxHBX úpe^JOseHifl «no HesaBs- 
oii^EEi o^kroflTejiBCTBaM^B* E vb HHCjt Ex^ 6ujiE Geccb e ]í,eKas%. 
Ob Apyrofi CTopoHU, fiuao oiBeprEyio BHanHiaiBEHM^B ÓojiBmHH- 
CTBOMx npexJioseHie Jlapom^yBO - BHsa^qia o óesoxjaraTejiBHOMi 
npH3HaHÍE sasoBHOfi HOHapxÍE. MesAy rbwby ÓOBanapTEcru, hojb- 
syflCB diOFO cyHflTEi^eiD vh co6paBÍE e bi RaÓEfleri, noA'B my- 
MOKi, ycTpOEJSLE CBOd TafiflEiS ROMETeTB E paÓoxajiE Ba BBiĎopax^ 
n BHAEMHiTB ycn^xoiTB. Bb pecnytíjEBaBCBOMi AenapxaMeHT^ 
HBefipHy m yAEBJíeBÍK) bc&x^, bbbjtb Bepx^B 6oBanapTECTB ^e-Byp- 
ryaH'B Ba;^ pecny6jiEBaBCBHM'B EaB^^E^aTOicB FiOAeBOM^. JlerBTE- 
MHCTu He OTciaBajiE OTB ($OBanapTECTOBi« Bb «l'Union» boebejce 
M&HB^^ecTB rpa^a niaiftíopa, y6isAaBnii9 ^paBiQ^soBi npESBatB 
ero Ba i:(apcTBo, a sor^a npaBETejBCTBo npiocraBOBEJO sa bto ra- 
aery Ba 15 jBefl, to SJonojayqBOMy MHBBCrepcTBy nyxB bo rpo- 
8U0 naj^eBÍe. CaMOMý BenoxBBSBOMy npesExeBxy npEnuocB bu- 
crynEXB crh nociaHÍeicB b^b co6paBÍH>, yÓšsA^^ ero p']&niHTB Baso- 
Hei^ BonpocTB o6B.o6pa8'6 npaBjeBÍH e botopobetb paóoxu «bom- 

HHCCÍHTpHXI^TE* OTBOCEieJIBBO BOBCXflXyi^iOBBUXl SaBOBOBl. T^MB Be 

Menie m.o caiiaro uoEUfiL roAa, noA'B BjiiaBieirB jierflXBMflcxoBB, co* 
6paHie oTBjfOBfljto BorspoBaBie BOBCxnxyitioBBHxi sasoBOB^B, vró e 
(Sbio rjíaBHOK) npE^sBOio bíAtl saipy^EefliK, xasB BasfB Beonpe- 
jcbeBBocTB napajiHsoBajia npaBExejBCXBeBHUH A^ficrBia e B086yA- 
ma MHHHCrepcBÍe EpasEcu. BcebíS pasB, KasB xojibbo Bosóys- 
AHCfl BonpocB o&b OBOBqaxeJBBOiTB ycxpoficxBŽ npaBieBifl, Bpafi- 
caa npaBafl BOscxaBajia e, Be sejiafl osoB^axe^iBEOž opraBEsai^E 



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106 B^CTHHRl XBPOnH. 

pecnyÓJBRH, CTapuacB ysepsaTB nepexoxfln^ee HQjioaKeHie, ^Totia 
He nosBOJiHTB Mapmasy «3acTaBETB Bopojui osB^aTB bi nepe^Hefi^ 
(de ne pas faire antíchambre au roi), vb csyieA ecxB eny BsjtyMaerci 
BCTynHTb Ha npecioJii. B'b TaEOfl nojieofi neonpexŠJieHHocTH rocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro ycrpoficxBa saBOHqHJiCfl 1874 vofíh. 



IL 

He CMOipa na Óasn, A&BaeiíEie npesH^eHTOMiy na orspíme 
HOBOfi onepu n na Apyrifl Topsecrsa, vh c^p6 nojHiEnecBot 
SH8Hn $paHi](iH vh Ha^ajťĎ 1871 ro^a 6njia BpaflHflfl nyraHHiia. 
MHHHcrepcTBO Cncca CBajieHo, BaB^ MBEHcrepcTBO, ne HM^Bmee 
HHBasofi onopu vb napjiaMeHTCBOinb tiomnHHCTBŠ; cjíflHÍe AeHTpoBi^ 
He coctoajiocb; bca npaBaa pacnoJSjacB, o^Ha na^esAft ocraBajiacB 
na jiŠBuxXy BOTopHe A^flCTBHxejiBHo crajiH rpymnipoBaTBCfl b, Ó.ia- 
ro^apa TauÓersi, crajin npESBaBaiB BSB^CTHaro poAa AHCi^BniiBHy, 
no^osBFB Vh OBOHHaTejiBHOiťB CBocMi p^meHÍH Hjfl npoBOsrjiaoie- 
HÍe pecnyÓJBBB, hjh pacnyn^enie co6paHÍJi. 

B^ TO BpeMfl, RorAa 4-ro ansapa ab^b naTBAecflTB tsca^s 
rpasAaFB npoBoauuB ocraHBB oTi^a «Bceo6niaro roJocoBanifl'^ 
JIeApH)-Poj[JiieHa, npn eABHOAyniHOirB apnai: «ASk SApaBCTByen pec- 
ny ÓJiHicaU—Bi ejrBceficBOM'B ABopiiš npoBcxoABin bi Tpeiit pasB 
coB^n^tHÍfl vjLQ,wh BOHcepBaTnBHHX'B rpynnB o cnoco6ax'B oópaso- 
BaHia napjlaMeHTCEaro 6ojBniBHCTBa, cnocofinaro a&tb xota KasyK)- 
HflóyAB opraHBsai^iH) cenTeHnaiy. Ha btomi TpexBeiťB coBŠn^aHÍH 
Buicrb (TB BpojuBB B Eh)^^ 6ujlb npnrjiameHH MapmaxoirB BOsaKH 
ji^Baro i^enrpa — ^lo^pi, Cd b Ka3BMBp% EepBe. PesyjBTaxoirb 
coBŠfl^anifi/ ithvh BSB^CTHOy EBBJíocB nocjaHÍe Hapmaaa, npo^H- 
TaHHoe FB najiaTb 6-ro anBapa, fb botopom^b owb CHona npex^ia- 
rajTB cotipaHÍK) yCBopaTB OBOH^aHÍeMi^ nepexoAHoe noJOseHie h 
noToponBTBCfl pascMorpinieiíi BOHCTBTy^ioHHuxl saBonoBi. Jí^ijiB,Tb 
6ujio HeHerOy—nysHo 6hjio na ^T0-HB6yAB pimBiBca. B:b toite se 
sacŠAaHÍB, no BHiparaifi npaBuxi, npesBAeHrB «bommbccíb tpha- 
i]iaTB» npeffiOTBJujTh-óujo nocraBBTB na o^epeAHofi nopaAOKB tojíbbo 
saBOHonpoeBTB o ceHaxš; eo Eioýýe nojiosBJíi Bone^B ^thitb 
HOBUM'B npoHCBaifB, HpBSHaB^ ($631 HOBaro rojiocoBaHÍa ^Tenie b*b 
o^epeAHOMii nopflAK^ bcíxi BOHCiBTyi^oHHuxi saBOHOBi, nauHHaa 
CB npoeBia 061 op^aHB8a^iB oÓn^eciBenHOfl BjiaciB. Ob 21-ro bh- 
Bapa nanajHCB npema. GaMHft rjiaBHuff Bonpoc^B — 6iitb hjih ne 
6htb pecnyÓJHB* — sanajio sadbA^nia 21-ro, 22-ro h cl 25-ro no 



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BOHillÁPTHBlťB. 107 

29-e flHBspff. MHoro BucKasano 6ujo b'b bto Bpemfl es rpnÓjHu 
no hcthhí 6jiecTflmBX'By EuiioíHEx^b BCiopH^ecBoe sHaneHie p-i^^efi, 
san pi^B ffiioji $a6pa, bi ocoÓeHHOciH Jlaóyjis; mhofo BHpBa* 
JOCB Hsi rpy;(H hcthhhhxi rpasA&Hi crpanu npo^yBCTBOBaHHuxi 
CJOBX, BaKOHeiii MHoro HCTBHHofi rpasx&HCBOfl jípójíecm BucRasa- 
jocB Bi» cpeA^ a'6B£ix'L H HacTOJiBBO se xHTpocTH, ABoe;iymifl y 
npaBHxrb h Tynoro ynpaMCTBa co cropoHU KpattHHxi npaeuxB. Ri 
cosajiÍHÍH>9 vb iipeA^^ax'B Hamero o^epna mu ne MOseM'B Boscra- 
HOBHTL vh naiuTH ^Hiaiaiefi btotb bi BBicmefi cieneHH nHTepec- 

BUŘ HOMeHTL HapjaMeBTCKOfi SflSBB ^paHi^ÍB. Mu OrpaBE^BMCfl 

TOiBso BanoKBBaBÍeMi, ^To, no npoBCBaMs EpojBB, 29 ;iBBapH vb 
4 naca 25 ifasyn., npe^JioseBÍe jiiBaro i^eaipa o opasBaflie 6e3- 
noBopoTBofi pecny 6JIBBB 6bijio OTBeprayTO ÓOJibmHBCTBOMB 23-xi 
roiocoBi*, B ecjiB hšitb mosbo 6ujo lecTBiiirB jho^ams fb to 
BpeMB yi'6niaTBCfl, to tojbro co8BaBÍeM'B, qro pecnyÓJiBRaBi^u BURa- 
aajB ^pysBoe exBBOjiymie, a napríB peaRAiH ORasa^iBCB pasA^^- 

jeBBHUB B O^eBBABO BeCnOCOÓBHMB OÓpaSOBaTB CO6OK) ÓOJIBBIBB- 

C7B0 A^fl noAA^psRB «npaBBTejiBCTBa 6opB6ii»* HadroMB bocbobbi- 
BaiB pecnyÓJBRaBi^Bi cbob cbjih npn AUi>H^ilnjBX'B npeaíflXB o 
KOBCTBTyi^ioBBHXi saROBaxx. SaM^^aTejiBBO TO9 ?T0 Baqajio Top- 
zecTBa pecaytf JBRB BBiTeRJO, BO-nepBHxi^ se bsb npBMoro npBSBaBÍfl 
esj Bo BBX AoCaBOHBOfi CTaTBB npeA^osenifl ÁBApé Bajaosa, Aeny- 
Ttra peaRi^ioBepBaro, bo BOTBpoBaBmaro sa npeAmecTByion^ee npeA* 
josesie MCysBj OTBeprByraro, RaRB roBopajm, coÓpaBÍeMB, b bo- 
BTopux%y pecnyÓJiBRa 6hiM npBSBaBa, RaR^B-Óu RocBeBBiiMi o6pa- 
soiťB, CTaTieK), cnei^iajiBBO onpeA'i&:!iflH)nieH) nopHAOR'B BS^paniB b 
saiitBieBiB npesBAeBTa, bo npesBAeBTa pecnyÓJiUKU. KaRi 6£i to 
BB 6ujo, 30 £BBapfl 1875 roAa, xotb bb $opM^ nonpaBRB r% 
AORJBAy «ROMMBccÍB TpBAiiaTB», BO coBepmBJíoCB npB8flaBie pecny6- 

JBRH B COBepBIBJÍOCB OABBMS TOJIOCOMl 60JIBmBBCTBa 353 BpOTBBS 

352! 3aHÍTBM'B, hto Ba cropoBt TpexB HOBapxB^ecRBXB naprift 
oofljB CBja, BJiiiiBie, cpeACTBa^ TBTyju, npaBBTejiBCiBeBBafl noA* 
;^psRa; na aopoB'^ aie pecnyÓJBRasi^eBB Óujia oAna tojibro rpaac- 
xanemaa Ao6jiecTB b nojBoe eABBOAymie, no ROTopony bb oahb'b 

CaMUfi RpafiBÍ8 B3B RpafiBBXB Be OTCTpaBBJCfl OrB rOJOCOBaBÍfl. 

BjiaroAapB aroMy eABBOAymiiOy vox popnli b8bji'b Bepxx naA^ bbtpb- 
laiTH npoxoAHHiieBB B BarÍMB 6e3iiBÍTBOMy cenrenBary cx BeBSB^CT- 
BOH) peeraBpai^eH) 6ujia npowTaBa oixoABaji. «Komhhccíh tpba- 
nji-m* no npeA^ioseniK) BaBTaBasa Bupa6oTaja-5uJO JB^Bufi cen- 
TeBHaTB; bo JorsRa Ben^efi 8acTa6B.ia nai^íoBajBBoe co6paBÍe saM^b- 
BiTB ero ne tOvIbro Cosjibhbum^b cenTenBaroMB, bo bojiaok) pec- 



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108 B-BCTHHK^ EBPOnH. 

ny6jiHR0K) ch npesnA^ÉTOMi, EsÓpaHHUirb na ceMB jArh. Peani^io- 
sepH xoTÍJH-6ujo OTRpuTB ce6t jiasefiRy h BorepoBaTB sa jiiraHoe 
npaBO npesH^eHia pecnyÓjHKH pacnycKaTL co6paHÍe — ho h baícb 
CA'ÍJiaHa Čujia nonpaBua, hto aro obi* iio;BeTi cx^jiaTB tojibro cb 
cor^acifl cenaia. %o Racaeicfl npeoiS npH ^leHÍn saROHonpoeRra 
o ceHaxt, TO 8A'9^cb npoBsomjio saifj^^aTe.iBHoe ASJíeme. IIpeA^o^ce- 
HÍe, HTOÓBi ceHarB 6h.tb bhÓophhm-b — npoxo;íHTx; npejJioateBie, 
^to6bi A^fl RasAftro xenapTaMeeia 6£ijio oape^^jeHo no ipn cena- 
Topa — opoxo^erB; coeAHHeHHíia oth jBa npe^jtoaseHia vb oaho — 
TaR»e npoxoABTi; ho BaT^ui, uocjii npo^Teeía nncBMa Mapmajia, 
HTO 0H'B He^OBOjeHT) rojocoBanieM^B, n Ror^a Ha^am rojocoBaiB 
saROHonpoeBTB b-b otín^eMX cjoctB.B% RasABrfi naparpa^ ROToparo 
vh OTjijíjibBOcm 6uji% npBHBrB, ohi BApyrB npoBajiHjicfl óojiBinHH- 
CTBOM^ 368 npoTHBx 345. TaRoe HecjiBixaHHoe noMTHqecRoe raap- 
jiaTancTBO npHBejio wh neecroBCTBO bc£x'b jiíb£ix'b h orohhhjiocb 
rpo3HOio SHeprH^ecROK) pt^JBio FaMÓeTTH, b^ Roiopoft obtb cb 
^OTpaca^o^^HM'B SRCiasoMi oCparajica Kb npaBOMy i^enipy, a bb 

OCoďeHHOCTH K^B npaBHTOJIBCTBy CB CJltflyiOmHMH CJIOBaMH: «Rro 

B-B TeHeHÍH AByxi jiÍTX TpetíyerB HacTOfliejiBHO ROHCTETyi^iH? Bh! 
H RTO-»e cero^HH ee paspymeji-B, RaK'B ne bu ate?*. Ha jípyrofi 
fleHB, RaRx nepe^aerB ^o^a, Mapmajii opasBajii repE(ora ^e-BpOJBH, 
npocHji-B cocraBHTB HOBoe MHHDcrepcTBO H jLjudkJí^ CA^jiaTB noiio- 
aLHTOJiBHoe coup ďétat. Oex xorfcjrB, htoÚu ROHCTHTyi^ioHHKie 3a- 

KOHU ÓEIJH yHHqiOSeHH, HT06u OpraHBBOBaHH ÓUjm erO JIHHHUfl 

npasa ^Ja ynpaBjíoHia crpanoK) bx MOHapxHHecROirB jí^yxi. Ilpa- 
Baa RpafiHBH yse cocraBjAja ce6% njiaHu, ROMy poB^aiB nopr- 
$ejH; co6pa.iacB yzse hs-b 60 tcjiobík-b ;^e^yTa^ifl, Roiopaa npaMO 
npeAJioaiB.ia iiapniajiy npiocraHOBBiB npenia o ROHCTHxyiíioHHBixB 
saROHaxi; ho ba^cb npoH3omjio hto-to nenoHATHce: Mapma.i^B o6i>- 
aBBJí-B AGnyiaBiiH, hto, no coB^biy BBo4)$e, ohi npaseaerB bosmos- 
nuwh npe^ocTaBBTB coCpamfo en^e pasi bobmoshoctb cnaÓAQTB 
CTpany Ro^CTHTy^ieH). IIoBopoTB btottb ofi-BaCHBJíH Tor^a iím'b, hto 
ne Bcer^a MoryrB y^aBaTBoa coup ďétat, a BsaeMHaa HeHaBHCTB 
MessAy renepajiaMB RjeHinaHOM'B h JlaAMBpo, nes^y repi^oroMi 
OMajiBCRHM'B, KanpoÓepoiťB b JIjfORpo ne roBopBJíB b'b noJBBy Rpy- 
THxi. B 9RCTpaopABHapHuxi MÍpx. ^ToCíi cnacTB pecnyÓJHKy, ocra- 
BaiíOCB OAHO — cofiTHCB npaBOMy H .iŽBOMy i^enipy. ^e-ieraTLi hxi 
coÓpajHCB 12 Ý^Bpaja y repi^ora 0AH4)í)pe-lIaRbe, npHqeirB pi- 
mBjíB Bo mh 6hi TO hb CTajo AOCTBreyxB, mo6u Mapcaai^B oxRa- 
sajica OTB npeBMymecTBa, WHnaro eiiy nepBOHaqa.iBHEiaix npoeR- 
TOMx — óasHaqaTB ceMB^ecarB-naTB cenaTopoB-B. Kx yAHBjeHÍEO mho- 



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BOHAnAťTfldMl. 109 

ran, Mapniaji^B cjijkjiwh n aiy ycrynRy. jlerHTQMHCTu cb 6oHa- 

napraciaMH, oatB;(aBin)e ci» ^acy Ha ^acB coup ďétat^ noB'lcnjii 

HOCB. Bx HOHfc Cb 17-ro Ha 18-e 3aKOHonpoeKn> Bajr.iOHa, hsmé- 

HeHHufi H pe;(H£japoBaHHEitt corjiacHO BsrjAAaM^L o6ohx'l i^eHTpoB^, 

6u.vh HaneiaTani h pos^an^ A^nyraTaMi. PšmeHo 6ujio ^3^ 300 

cenaiopoBi 75, Butípanniixii coCpameM^ no ÓojbniHHCTBy rojiocoBi>, 

ocraBHTB HecuŠHfleMUMs; a ocrajBHsie ao:i:reu 6ujih BuÓEpaTscfl 

Ha 9 xkvb OTh oAHoro ao naiH na A^napraMeHrB, cooÓpasHo ^bc- 

jeHHOCTH ero HacejeBÚi. Ha^ajocB rojiocoBame. Bx aron pasi Bct 

ABue emfi pasi* noKasaJte npHiťbp^L eAHHOAymíJi, h, C^iaro^aps 

y6^A^H)flMi raiičerru, BLicKa3aHHBiM'B hmx bi co(5paBÍii BpaňHBXi 

jíbhxI), 6oji.niHHCTBO caMHxi ynopH£ix'b flROÓHHiiieBi HOA^B snaso- 

miirb BM'B josyeroMTb: saluspopuli — supremalex,— píraMonoAaTB 

CBOft rojocTB. ĚaaroAapa STOMy, 29 ^Bpaja HSKtnenBuS o6ohmh 

iteHTpaMM npoeBTL BajiwiOHa BorapoBajcn 422 rojiocaMH npoTHBi 

261, a 25 ^Bpajfl bo ^paHi^in 6ujisl o6ifl6jieHa sOHCiBTyi^ifl. 

BejBKoe jiíkío ochobhofo rocyAapCTBeHHaro ycTpoflcTBa, TaRHM'B 

ofipadOM^B, noca^ 4-x^ jiši^b BeonpeA'6jeHHOCTH, coBepmHJOCB. IIo 

saipuTÍH BBMHBx^ ceccífi HjeHBi npaBaro i^enipa, BOTopue jsfl Roai^a 

ynopcTBOBajH npoTBBi j1'íb£ix'b, OTnpaBBJBCB B^ Mapmawiy, bs^ab- 

J2a CBoe cosajtHÍe, ^to ohb ne mofjb npHCoeABHHTBCfl ki ero 

napriB, xoTfl yB^p^ija ero fb CBoeň npe^anHOCTB. Mapmaji^ óuji* 

pa^x, HTO HaKonei^-B Bumejii bsi saipy^HeHifi, fb Koxopaxi na- 

xoABJCa ch 20 HOíitípfl 1873 ro^a. 

Bs CBoefi EHBr^ ^OAd crapaeTca oopaBAaTB to no bctbh'& 
BOBMyTBTejBBoe ABoeAymie, cb botopuu'b se^a ce6fl npaBaa sa Bce 
BpeMs 8TflX'B napjaMeHTCEBx-B 6ypB. IIpoxHBopfiqia sxfecB hípb, — 
roBoparB asropi. IIpaBue BcerAa HacianBa^iH na HeoÓxoABMOciH 
ospysHTB EOHCTBTyiúoBHBMB nocTaHOBjeBÍflMB B.iacTB Mapma^ia, 
AaHHyio eify 20 H0fl6pfl, h na nepsoM^B njanž ohb BcerAa craBBjB 
yerpoflcTBO BepxneS na^aTH, cjiysan^efl tohkoh) onopu bchojihh- 

leaBBOfi BJiaCTB B «np0TBB0BŠC0M'B» C06paHÍl0, BOBHHBmeMy H8'B 

Bceo<$iAaro rojiocoBania (suffrage uiiiversel). Bce axo xopomo; ho 
Bxi ^(BHacTB^ecBiji BHipara, MOBapxa^ecBÍe npoBCBB, hxi pi^s 
npoTBBi pecnyÓJBBB? Ob 6ojBmoK) Haia^EOio hpbxoabtch ^oab 
pacmapRBBaTBCfl nepeA'B btoh) rpynnoio, a oxHOCBrejBHO iBTyjOBan- 
saro BopoTBjm en, repi^ora EpojBH, oh'b A^tse BnaAaerB hobbab- 
xoMy b'b ^lereHAapHUfl cBasaHia. EorAa npHmjia p'J&mBTeaBHafl 
UHyia, — oBmer^ ohx,— repiíorB BHmeax b^ BoppBAop^, upa- 
cjOBHJca Kh CTÉB^fe B ypiíyÓBJca bi pasMBiinjeHia. — HaA^iocB, 
Bs Borapyere, repi^orx,— CBasaji-B eMy oahhi db-b Apysett. Mory- 



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110 B3CTH£J£l KBPOnU. 

JH 21 aio CA^JiaTB?— OTBŠTHJx HepifflHTejiBHo repiíon. ^ípyra no(S4- 
saji^B sa JtjeRadOMi. JI^eKas^ Hanajix yótsj^aTb repi^ora: «9to 
HeoéxoABMO A^a ÓJiara cípaHu, aroro ssejiaers MapmajťB*... Fep- 
i^ori BOTHpoBaji'B. Bce aio oneHB caHTHiieHTajiBHo, ho BnoiĚ^ 
HenpaBAonoAOÓHO. He na^ TaKHX'L JiOAefi repi;orB, htoÓh mopb 
pimaTB nojHTHHecRÍe Bonpocu noA% BHymeHÍeiťB icHMO^eiHaro Bjie- 
leHÍfl. 3A'£cb A^ficTBOBajiH Apyria npysHHH. Eo^e bi^ Haiaji']^ sacixftHÍft 
BajiJiOH^B CBasajix cb TpB($yHH, ^to CHnraioii^ie ce6fl ROHcepBaiopaMH 
BO BCflRoiťB cjiy^ai 6yAyTB noÓtsxeHii. Bca BuroAa hxi fiyxerb 
cocTOBTB TOJiBRO FB TOMi, ^TO peciiyÓJHKa vb BTOiTB cjiy^a'^ o<$pa- 
syercfl noMHMO hx^b h npoxHBi hhxi. Bon 9to «npoTnB% hhx'b» 
E sacTaBHJio repi^ora x^tb cboS to^octb sa pecnyÓJHRy. Evy ne 
HysHO 6ujio npHBHKaTB K^ nojiHTH?ecROMy mapjiaTaHCTBv. BosxBHrjn) 
Bo ^paHi^ia pecnyÓJHRy oaho tojibbo ej^BEOxymie H^^ecTHOciB Bctxi 
Tpexi rpyniTB jiíboé cropoHH. 

IIocHOTpHifB xenepB, ^to crajiocB cb ^aBHO npoBajiiiBniHMCfl 
HHHHcrepcTBOBfB. Be^epoifB 25 ^eBpajra hbhhctpei noxajH orciaBRE, 
ROTopBifl, pasyMŠercfl, 6um ToxHacB se dpehatu. Ho cocTaBieme 
HOBaro MBHHCTepcTBa BOsCyAHJio He MeHBmifl saipy^^HeHÍfl, hšitb 
ycraHOBjeHÍe ROHCTHTyi^ioHHiixx saROHOBx. IIpeďiAe npo^HX'B nap- 
majii pimHjrB aApecoBaiBca ri EK>4HJ[)ey cnpaBe^JiHBO cosHasafl, 

^TO TOTB, RTO COxífiCTBOBajTB BOTHpOBaHÍK) ROHCTHTyitÍOHHIIX'B SaBO- 

HOBTi, ecrecTBeHHO AOJiseH'B 6utb npB8BaHi» ri npEHŠHemH) hxi. 
Bio4)^e He 6ujo vb Ilapasi; Mes;iy rbu^h bi « Journal Offíciel^ 6ujo 
oÓiflBJíeHO, ^To MapmajTB nopy^aerB cocraBBTB HBHBCTepcTBo Bn^ýe 

H HTO «RaR!B nOClŠ, xaRl H npeXA^ BOTBpOBaHÍfl ROHCTBiyiliOHHtlX^ 

saROHOFB, npesBAeHrB pecny6jiBRH iBepAO ptmajca y^epsai^ 
ROHcepBaiBBHHe npflHi](HnBr, Roxopue cocTaBjaH)T'B 6a3HCB ero no- 

JIBTHBB». XOTJl Vh 8TEX^ CIOBaX'B CJlHIHROlťB BCHO BEICRaSUBajOCB 

MH']^HÍe npaBHxi, ho j^bub noRa npEe^iiiB MH^eie BH)^e h owb 
noRopHjCfl cBoeify BusoBy. Ek)^[>^ pimBXB, hto repi^on ^esasi^ 
(icBHHcrpí BHOcrpaHHuxi Kbjíi>) B reHepajTB Ghccs (booheuS mh- 
HBcrpx) ocTaHyrca no-npeatHeMy, hto AHÍ^op^^ 6yAerB mbhhctpoitb 
iocthi^íb, BaiJiOHi — MBHncrpoBťB npocB^n^eHia. Ho TOíHacB se 
BOSHBRJO saxpyxHeHie. EpesB^eHrB Hac^raBBa^^, ^to6u o^bhi ^xwh 

npaBOB, T.-e. B3% TÍX'B, ROTOpue BOTBpOBaJH npOTBBl ROHCTBTyipH, 

npBHflji y^acxie bi RaÓBHeiš, b BMenno yRasuBajfB na Eep^tpeifl. 
BiOi|^ cnepBa crapajicfl otrjiohbtb HaM'lpeHÍe npesBxeHTa, hotoitb 
corjiacBJícH, ho cb t^mi, w£o6u bit^cto KepApejia óujte npBrjia- 
HieHx ;(e-Mo, npoiBBX nero ne cnopBiB hh Jl^ío^phf hb j^Bue. 
Kx cosaď^HÍK), ocrajBHHXi ^gjieHOBi Ek>4^ HBRaRi ne mopb 
opraHBSOBaTB: to npBSBaHHue oiRasHBajiBCB, xo npB8BaHHHX'B ne 



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BOHÁIIAPTHdn. 111 

xoi&ni iipiSHABaTB Ta iLiH xpyraa hsi oapjiaMeHTCBHx^B napřít. 
EoHwiocB T^iTB, HTO 7-ro Hapra nepsnB luiHHCTpx npocajFh 
Kapmaja BHÓpaTB na ero mícto xpyroro. Mapmaji'L npoauii^ 
Bk^ noAOSWTB AO xpyroro xha h oÓpaTejcfl kb repi^ory 
OxKf^pe-IIaxbe hpbhatb nopT^[)ejiB HHHHcrepcTBa BHyrpeHHHXB 
iIjeb. Pepi^orB npaMo oiBasajicfl, roBopir, ?to upoTHBi sroro bos- 
entHyTL (SoHanaprEcm. «Banie noABJíeHie bi MÓvmeA noJiosBrb 
Kimeiii spHSBcy, — cxasajTE Mapmaji^: — oho yxoBJíeTBopHTB o&b 
ciopoHH, nxb Raisi s yB%peH'B, ^o bh Cy^ere caicmrB ynšpeHEnifL 
iiHHHGTpo]rB>. Pepi^orB npoAOjacarB HacranBaTB na OTBas^. «nojiHOTe, 
—jrpoAOimwh ]capniaj['&:— npaBAa, y líens. cyn^ecTByers npHBflsaH- 
loCTB ish ÓOHanapTHCiairB, ho ohh rpesosars Měna. Jlyqme Bcero 
(Sbte yifipeHHiiiťB; ho ecrs oxhhi qejiOBtB^b, BoropnirB sl ne no- 
MBpiBjíDf OTO — JleoHi PcHO*. FepiioPB Bce-TasH ocrajcfl ne- 
noBaie6BMx. Upn bhí^x^ hsi napHaia na cranipK) St.-Lazare, 
xpys&fl CasBe se nepecraBajiH ytitoxaiB ero corjacHTLCfl npH- 
mt& nopT^^ftiB, hto6h hojoshtb soHeqi BpHBBcy. Owb covzaasjícs. 
«EaH Moe npHcyrcTBie xtflcTBHiejiBHo Tan^ neoÓxoAHMO, to, pas- 
yxieicji, VH^ npBxoxHTCfl corjiacHTBCfl, xora amsl uensi bto o^ens 
njB&io». Cjobomi, ^ejoB^Ka y6ŠAHjiH, ynpocHjH. npeAcraBBTe se 
ero yxHBjeme^ Ror^a na xpyrofi xens oh'l ysnaerB, ^to xbja, 
npHHfljH cobcími xpyrofl oóopon,— ^to xe-Mo OTEasajicfl, a hto, 
6yXT0 6h, ero h Bajuona Mapmaji piniHjrB otkjohhtb otb Ba- 

6VB&ML. GiyXH OTB OBasaJlHCb BnOJH^ BipHUMH. Korxa OHB JBUJííbJLCSl 

ci MapmajOBťB, totx npeAjiosHJi'B eiiy nopr^B MHHHCTpa Hapoxnaro 
npocB^nieHifi, oÓiacHaa, ^cito pasuuniJieHia h cob^tei yÓ^x^Jin ero 

BHtipaiB MHHHCTpOMl BHyTpeHHUX'B JtjbjTh £io^^. PasyM^TCfl, 

IIaB]>e dsasajcfl BOBce orx nopT^Jifl; ho bto noxHflJio CTpam- 
Hyn <$ypH) fb co6paHÍH. Xoxhjih caHue npoTHBOpŽHHBue cjiyxH. 
FoBopEJH, iTO, OTBJíOHflfl Baji^ofla, MapmaxB otbjiohajtb napriio 

ieniTHMHCTOBl, — HTO, OT^Hpafl nopT^^jiB HHHHCrpa BHyTpeHHnX'B 

xlxB OTB repi^ora OxH^pe-IIaBBe, oh'b noxHHHfljcfl BJikmio 6oHa- 
napmcTORB. B^b raaepeaxi TiojiBepn to-h-x^o cjiumajiHCB cjOBa: 
«naBBe — MBHHCTpi BHyTpeHHHX'B K^jThl HHBOFxa! Mu 9Toro ne 
XonycTHM'B, ne Ůonfbe^ ^iwb Jleona PeH0». PascRasuBajiH TaRse^ 
6yxio 6a UasBe Tpe6oBai'B npESBanis na cjystíy renepajOBi 6yp- 
(aRi H A66aTy^9H h ^ito, 6yxT0 óu^ OTRasi Bib stomi h nocjiysHjrB 
rjasHOH) npHUHOK) ero orpeieHÚi. Ho ^ox9 yB^paerB, hto 8to 
ncrifirnaa jiosb, TaRi RaRi repi^on npH MHorBX'B cbhx^jhxi 
BoeRJHRHyjTB: «t6, ROTopue roBopflTB, HTOj 6yxT0 6Uj fl npex^a- 
raai iiapmajy pasHua yoioBÍa, BecBua omefiaioTCfl. S. BCTynajTB 



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112 BSCTHEE^ ESPOim. 

FB Ra6HHeT'B Óesi sasBxi 6ii to hh óqjlo xpeÓOBaHifi, cb oÓJisa- 
TejiLCTBOMCB BCiojiy CJi^AOBaTb sa r. BíOi|)$e>. TaBoe noaoaeHÍe 
A^jiB pas^ipasHJio ji'íbux'b h i^eHTiyB. BsAHMoe a^^o, ^to MapmajrB 
jiiu'bjii HaHÍpeBie cocraBHTB BH-b-napjiaMeBTCRoe vBHHcrepcTBO. Ho 

BTOrO BHKaK-B BC XOTÍJH AOnyCTHTB. ^OXOAMH Jí,0 TOrO, HTO co- 

rjamajuiCB Jíymne sa coup ďétat. 2íbííř h npaBBifi i^eflTpii npn- 
roTOBBJiH*6Brjo npoeBrB sanpoca, bb ROxopoifB noiíarajH noÓyAHTB 
npesHAeBTa npe cocrasjíefliH MBHBCTepcTBa pyBOBOACTBOBaiBCfl nap* 

JiaMeBTCRBMH DpaBHJiaMH H OÓUHHSÍUll. BUSB, AÍLSie p'I^B UOCJiaTB 

KB Heny ^íenyiaTOBB. MapraajiB ycrynBjTB. B^b eobi^í cjrb^tyíoniaro 
jifiBj 6jiaroAapfl crapaHiairB JI^eBasa n Bome, MHHflciepcTBO tfmio 
cocrasjíeBO bsi i^xb se caiiux^B j[he(b, BoropurB xotIjb nepao* 
Ha^ajBBO npB8BaTB BH)(|)4)e, flCB;iH)^afl, BOBeiao, repi^ora Oxb^)^^* 
IlaRBe, ROTopBifl yase BuCpasrB 6iiji'b BBAe-npesHAeHTOirB Han;io- 
sajiBBaro co6paBÍfl AsyMa i^eHrpaMH h ji^í^bok). 11-ro napra « Jour- 
nal Officiel» ony6jBROBaji'B cocrasB HOBaro HBHBCTepcTBa Bío^nj^, 

nOJlOSBBB TaRBMl 06pa80MB H CB BTOfi CTOpOBEE ROHei^ RpBSBCy, 

xaRB Ao^ro TepsasmeMy ^paHi^iio. 

Ho 8TBMB en^e ne oroh^bjhcb Bcb onacnocTB jua CTpaHBi. 
UpeACTOflJiB npenifl no noBO^y BSÓBpaxejiBHaro saRona o xenyrax- 
CRHxi BBi6opaxB, O upaB^ nepecHorpa ROBCTHxyi^iQ. ManHcrepcTBo 
Bio<|^e ORasajocB Rpafiae peaRi^ioBBiiMB h Bnojnii no^aiJiasHiTB 
AJB npoBCROB-B repiíora BpoaBH, Ae-*ajiJiy h ApyraxB BHTpHraHOBx. 
droMy MHBBCTpy, qe:iOBÍRy caMUXB opxBnapHHXB cnocoÓHocrel}, 
no Hayn^eBiK) lafinuxB pyROBOABxejiefi h wb yroxy Hapmajiy, xoxi- 
jiocB ocxaBHXB pocnyÓJiBRy 6e8B pecnyÓJBRani^eBB n sar^Mx Bce s^anie 
ea nepe^axB na-pyRB «peBB8ÍOBBCxoBB» hsb bcíxi xpexB rpynn^B 
npHBepseni^eBB npexen^yion^exB ABnaczifi. H A^ffcxBHxejBHO, Bsrja- 
HyBBHa8aR0H£i o AonyxaxcRBXB BuÓopaxB, BaRHMBOBH BumjB noďb 
npenifi, mosho 6ujio 6uxb Bnojin*! yBŠpenniiirB, mx> cbo6ojs^ ^panipH 
yrposajia ROBe^Haa Tn6ejih h ^xo 6ojiBniBHCTBO 25-ro <|)eBpaja 
pacnajocB naBcerAa. Kb CHacxBio, sa BepcajbCRHicB coÓpaHÍeM^B 
ocxaBJíeHO 6bijio npaso Bu6opa 75-xh BecH'bHfleMuxB cesaToposrB. 
dxBMB H BocnoJBSOBajiHCB ApysBfl CBOÓOAU A«ifl yRptujtenifl pec- 
nyfijiHRH. 

Eme saAOjro ao sa^ajia npeHÍit, BasnaHeHBuxB na 9*e A^Raópa, 
Bct rpynnu RoncepBaxopoe^ BuÓpain A^nyxaxoBB j5,.js. CBomenift 
ApyrB CB ApyroMB no ycxpoficxBy fio.iBmHncxBa. Hanaji^B nepere - 
Bopu npaBufi ij^enxpB. E^y jierRo 6ujo cottxHCB cb npasuMe; ho 
RaRi cofixHCB CB ji'6biim'b i^enxpoMB? SR/eMJťh sivl obb axoro oo- 
eAHHenia; RaRÍa ycJOBÍa bmb MoryxB Óutb npeABaB^enu; aaROnei^i, 



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B0HAIUPTI3m. 113 

KO ix^B saHwxaTB? — Bce 9T0 BonpocKi, H BonpocH Rpaftse n^e* 
lOTjiBiaie. Ha nepsat se sanpocL, jišbhS JifiBrpb npsMO oóna- 
^jxsrh CBon nporpaMMy: 1) nojosHTejBHoe icuH)ieHÍe bcakoě 
jŘEMm^fJP^ He H6i co6paHÍji; 2) ne uewbe nojosHxejiBHoe hcuk)- 
lenie Beirb uenon npaBOtt, ne BOTapoBaBmexi 25-ro ^^^spaJiA 
mBcnĚTjj^x) B He npHMSHyBiniix^B bi& net orspiiTo; h, eaBOHei^i, 
3) iipexociaBjíeme BaHXBxaiypL bc&mi ipeni ^pasipflMi jšboí. 
láh aasno^eme jhíbhě i^eHrpí xo^asui, ?to hsb nporpaMMa ecrs 
(séwfisí H CB yirtpeHHOfl, h ch xpaSHefi jr&Bofi, h ^rro Óen HHrL. 
(«!B Hxwro He npejinpHHBMaen. PaByMtercfl, npaBHĚ i]ieHTprb ot- 
BeprHyjTB Tasoe npeAiosenie, vh BOTopoMi ch oxnoro B8Maxa 
nepa (Siua Bu^epsnyra bca rpynna spatHHx^B npaBux'B, rpynna, 
c% xoTopoK> npaBHft JifiBiph niei'B BiĚbcrb obojo nara jíti. IIox^ 
BiixHÍeirb T^epa, xbwsA newap^ npexxaraj^b enie pas^B ROHcepsa- 

TOpUTE C01D8X CB FaMCeiTOK) H 6apOA6, HO H dTOTB C0K)8B He CO- 

eroajca. ^xa nepexaerB, ^to, Óyxro 6Uf aro npexJioseHie 6hio 
CX^&Ho ^epea^B oxnoro nyfijniipiCTa, nojBsoBaBinarocfl xoBÍpieMi^ 
npexcraBRiejiefi jr&Bofl cropoHH, KOTopnfi, 6yxT0 6u, npex^uu^ajB 
oxHOMy npexeraBBTeaK) npaBaro i^eHipa, noA'B ycJOBieii^B cofjhllcrtísí 

HBaBepseHÍH) MHHBCiepCTBa EK)^^, eOH)8%9 BaX^B XJfl CeHaTCSHSB, 

taxi H xenyraTCRBXB BH6opoBib, na ntby 6yxT0 ($u, btot^b xenyran 
OTBÍTHJIB nojiHHX'B OTxasoMx. Boofio^e aBTopi crapaeioí Ha6pocHTB 
TteB Ha xbŘcsmsi lÍBaro i](eHTpa h nen^axHO rpoMETB xe-^a-Pamerra 
H ero rpynny sa HsirbHy npaBoĚ h noxxepsxy ne toibko jiÍBaro 
i^eBTpa, HO H jiÍBEixi xpafiHBxi. Ho Bcfc dTH ynpoBH ne HMŠiorB 
HHxaxoro CMHCia h ocHOBanifl. JÍ,^o bb tom'b, hto sx&cb crano- 
BHJiaí^ Ha xapiy cBotfoxa cípaHH, h ceHaTcxie Butiopn hmíjh 
p&Hiax)niee SBa^me, laxi^ xax^B na xenyiaTCRÍe BHÓopu^ nps 
ouBHOKB xasjíeHÍB npaBHTejBCTBa, paBCHHniBaTB wb to spens 
6iuo HeiBSB. IIoTepai pecnytfjBxaHi^u Óo^iBmencTBO bb cenarb, 
cifiio MOSHO 6uM cxasaTBy ^0 MaxB-MaroH^B ne saxyMajicfl 6u 
upMC r y i iH T B XB «nepecH0Tpy» xoHeTHxyi^iE, noBepnys^B ee na nyxB 
xoHapxH^iecKBXB HHxepecoBB. noBTOMy ^jííbch (JHja 6opBtía na sbshb 
UH cMepTB. JIÍBEie BOcnoJBdOBajHCB rbwb, ^to tioHanapTBCTBi OTxa- 
zuMCb OTB npaMoro A'^ftcTBÍfl Ha BuÓopaxB; ohh dHajiH^ tto PyspB 
npflMO cxasasB: «ceHaTB Óujrb cobxbhb hpothbb nacB, soHCTHry- 
]pa — Taxse: naBťB xojisho oeraiBCJi cbo^oxhbimh otb BCBxaro 
o688aTejiBeiBa». Ohh snajH Taxse, ^to 6oHanapTHCTBi OTxasajiHCB 
HairJkTHTB OTB ce5fl xaHXHxaTOB'B H qTO npaBaa, tojbxo saxcBHBaa 

KB HXXl, nOMiCTBJía BB CBOĚ CHBCOXB raifHJx H BaHTB. JI'lBBre 

BOCHOABBOBajHCB TaXSe Tbwb^ HTO IHCTUe JierHTHMBCTH HO HOryTl^ 

XtíCTBOBaTB Sa-OXHO CB TŠMH H3B JierHTBMHCTOBB, BOTOpEie, nOX'B 

Tom L— Hhbapb, 1881. 8 



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llé BI^EUSl XBPOnU. 

MacKOK) «coH)8a ROHcepBaTopoFB», npHCoeAHHHJiHC& Bi opaeaHBaify. 
JIŠBiie, ocraBaflCB, xasfE h npefl^^e, bi no^HoirB eAHHOAyHUH, boc* 
nojiBsoBajiHCb cja6ocTb» h pasoÓn^eHHOCTBiD MOHapxHcroBB. Corjacíe 
AenyraTa xe-ja-PameTra cl ^K)jiBCHMOHOirB BHieKajio sai o6oh>;[- 
Huxi HHTepecoBi H PamexTB BecBMa ocHOBaiejiBHO o6t4íceeji% asa- 
Henie ororo eAUHema b% «ťUnion>, roBopa, ^to ďy^me npexoo- 
^HTaTB BparoBi oTRpmiirB, niwh TafiHsix^b, x.-e. jAbioi,^ q^irB 
npaBHĚ ufiBTp%j BOTopufi coB^axE pecnyÓJiHBy npoiHBi Bopojia h 
, poajiHCTOB'B. Swrbith Jífijíjd ne Mimajo 6u BcnoMHHi^, Raai ^ecrao 
H OTBpQTO A^psajiH cetfa j^Baa h jAbuř ofimph bi OTHomemi 

CBOHTb flBHHXl BparOBl-COH)8HHBOBi: BCi 1 7 KaHAH^aiypí IHCTHXl 
JierHTHMHCTORb ÓlIJE BOTHpOBaHH HMH eAHHOFJiaCHO. Bdb 9TH CJi(»a 

aBTopa, HanpaBjeHHHfl npoTHBx jerHTHMHcroBrB, ?to, «cniAflCB Top- 
secTBOMi, RyiueHHuirB i^ok) coH)3a, ohh na^ajiH onpaBxuBaiEC^, 
npesxe H']&irB ]ix'b crajiH o6BHHflTB», ^to <uo&bfjiTezE onepHua 
iLa&kKjífiEBiíxi>^ j cjiHmBOiťB OTBUBaiOTCfl ;iyxoirB naprÍH, ?to6u 
HBii MosHO 6ujio npexaiB ssa^eme 6e8npHCTpacrHoií HcropÍH. 
Easi 6u TO HH 6uA0j CBoCo^a a^a $paHi^iH BOcropseciBOBaia: 
57 H']terB B^B cenat^ npHHaxJieaBiajH pecnyÓjflBaHi^airb. droTh ce- 
HarB, coBAaHHufi no nia6jOHy repi^ora xe-BpojiBH, cb njbjihV) Tpe6o- 
BaiB nepecMoipa BOHCTaxyi^iH js,jísl o($paii;eHÍfl ea bi MOHapXH^ecsya), 
craHOBHTCa TonepB oiuotomi pecnyfijiHBH. IIps AajBBifiiiuucB ^- 
napTaMeHTCBHX'B Butfopaxx, na ociajiBHBia 225 míctb pascHHXH- 
Baxb peBHsioHHCTaMi Óuáo HOJiBaa, TaarB RaBx KOHcepBaTEBHut 
coH)8'B caMi C060H) paspyniEJica, a sn^muŘ cocraBi MyHHipnajB- 
HHXiy OBpysHux'B H reBopaJiBHEixi coBŠTOBi roBopeji^B ae vh hx^ 
nojBsy. 

Ki^ mecTH "vacaiťB 31-ro ^eRadpa bc£ npe^JioseHÍa 6uaH ro- 
jiocoBami, H Ha^ioHaJBHoe co6paHÍe 1871 ro^a, noiymciBiiiee kom- 
Myny, saBJío^eBinee nepi, opraHHBOBaBinee yn^iary BOHTpatiyipH 
sa ÓesyMHO BawryH) BottHy, HaROHeu^ — BupaÓoraBmee BOHcmiy- 
i^K) 25-ro ^opaufl, orohhhjio cbok) mhccíh). «TenepB, — CRasajix 
repi^orB Oxe^^^pe-IIaKBe m> npon^aJBHoS p^nn, — nocraajieH^ 
onjoi^B npoTHBi A^noTH3Ma H aaapxÍH, h Bhwh ocraerca tojbbo 
nopyHHTB ero coxpaHeHÍe HecTHOCTH Mapinajia Maai-MaroHa, na- 
TpioTHSMy íByxB 6yAyfl^HX!B najiaxib h ÓjaropasynÍK) CTpaHH». — 
*ía sApaBCTByerB npesexeHTB pecny6jraRH!» saRpa^aiff i]ieHTpH; 
«Aa sxpaBCTByerB $paHipa!» saRpaiajra npaBue; «;(a BxpftBcrByerrB 
^paHiya h pecny 6jiHRa!» noAXBaxiuíH jri&BHe. Othitb saaoHHHjicfl 
1875 roA'b napjiaMeHxcRofl shshh fflSL no6^bx^enno% ho o($hob* 
jennož n ORptnfflefl ^panitiH. 



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BOHÁniPTiaiTB. 115 



III. 



FoBopfl o BHyrpeHHeirB ycTpofiCTBi ^pani^ÍH, HejBSfl ne bo- 
cByrbCfl BH%inHHX'B efl OTHomeBifi, tíitb Óojťbe, ^to btb RHert j9|oA9 
^cth oáh dTOMx npe^MeTŠ ne Majio HHTepecHux'B jRasamfl h coBep- 
meHHO EOBSíTb HeoÓHapoAOBaHHHxi ABHHEixrE. Mn yse roBopnjiH, qio 
26BOfl($pfl 1873 ro^^a na xpyrofi achb opraHHsai^iH cenTeHnara, vh 
MHHHcrepcTBi BpoJbH repi^oPB jS^eRasi npHHBJTB nopT^JiB MHHHcrpa 
BBocrpaHHHxi xbjťh. Bi to BpeMfl cflomeflia ^paeipn cb Tepica- 
ma> emfi orsuBajiHCB ^HQiOMaTHqeciCHMH ocMosHeHÍaMír, nocjii;^o- 
BaBmHHH nocji boShh. BepjiHHcsifi BaÓHHerB napo^Ho ne npespa- 
mfsh Hxi; OROHqaxejiBHafl c^a^a leppHTopÍH, noxroTOBjeHHafl hojih- 
moK) Tbepa, npoHCXOAHJia vb ceHTfl6pi uiam% & yse b^b anp^^i 
iBUHCB pasHaro po^a HeAopasyM^Hifl, ncAorpisaeMfiia ycjiysjHBOK) 
Biiei^OK) npeccoio. HaH6ojBniee ney^OBOJBCTBÍe BBrresajio otb a7* 
xoBeBcrBa h BJiepHBajiu un.z6ojAe ocjosHBJía OTHomeniji n bi 
repMaHÍH, H Kb ŠTajíÍH. EiiHCROQi FB HaecH, T.-e. vb OBRynai^ioH* 

BOB leppHTOpiH Sa h£cR0.1BR0 piSRHXl) npOTBBl FepMaHiH CJOBl 

6ujrh npBBBaHi b^b repMaHCRÍfi cyx^ h npacysAeHi r^b AByxji'lTHeMy 
uuD^eHiK). Ob OROH^aHÍeirB ORRyaa^iH^ BacnapRii HacraHsaií^ na 
npHfiexeHiH iiparoBOpa vb HcnojiHeHie h BOo6ii^e BupaaRajx Rpafiaee 
BeyxoBOJBCTBÍe na RaioďHqecRoe AyxoBeHCTBO, ^l^wb craBHn otho- 
meBú RaÓBHeTOBT RpaBne BarBsyTUMB, RaBi bto 6ujlo bují^lo hsi 
ůywňTb ApBBiia. He iien^ saipy^HeBÍfi MBBBCTepcTBO HBOcrpaHHuxi 
l&n BcrptoiJio Vb HTaaifl b HcnaBÍB. K.iepBRaj£i 6iijib cHJia 
BO $paHipB; BHB coBA&^cfl cenreHHarB, a noTOMy BejiBSfl 6um ue 
BOuepsaTB nany, ricBBMaro HTajiieio b ČBCMapROBCROK) o(h>eAB- 
BiTeiBHOH) nojiBTBROH). A^ifl ycDORoeflifl CBflToro OTAa 6aj[0 nocjiaHo 
ejjfio *OpeE0Vb*. IIoHflTBoe a^jlo^ vro raRaa nocTanoBRa otbo- 
mesii 6ují9L Rpattee BeBiiroAHa f^jsi ^pasi^ÍB— ona cCjBsa^a 
Hmiii) CB repnaBieK). Borb no^euj RaRi tojbro MBHBcrepcTBO 
BpaiLB ycn^o ORpi^nByTB vb co6paflÍB, laRi b^b to xe spěna 
<0peBORrB» 6iiJii otosbrh^ b cb HTajiieK) ycraflOBBJííBCb caMus 
XpyxecRÍfl OTHomeflifl. C'b HcoasieK) BOsoBRiB-tfujo saTpyABedBy 
110 noBOMj Toro, no Bcnani^u oÓbbbajib ^^paeiQrBCRBXi ^bbobbb- 
IGBB, ^TO OBB ffi,vyn> noMon^B RapjBCTaHi; bo vb CRopoirb Bpe- 
wen TaiTB BOcropsecTBOBajrB poBJíasirB b Ropojib AaB^BCB o6x- 
uub repi^ory, wto o&b «BcnaBCR0Hi Bonpoc^» ae 6yjifirb (5oji^e 
pÍ9B. KasajiocB 6u, ^to nojBTBqecRifi ropusosrb npocifl.ii Aási 
^pABifiB. Ho &bKBL mjia se orry^a, OTRy^a hofjíb ee osB^^aTB 
^^ttBqysEi. Bx sanaď*!^ uapra rpa^i MiOBCTepx, repMaacBift noc^afl- 



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IIG B^OTIIKl XBPOnH. 

HHRi vh JIoHAOH^, BCTpiTHBnmcB CB rpa^Mi SKapsaROiTB, ^paHiQrs- 
CRHITB nocjioifB, coo^n^HJTB eHy, ^TO «y RHiiBfl BecMapRa pascrpoH- 
jHCB CHJBHO HepBii, VTO eify HyseHi OTjijnTb H ^TO no Bceft 

BŠpOflTHOCTH OH'B BOBBMeTB meCTHMiCflqHIlft OTnyCRl». ^iftCTBE- 

TejBHO, BepBHoe pascrpoflcTBO EHCMapsa ne sacraBEio ceós AOira 
SAAT&. IIpeaBxe npo^aro owh na^ajii npHxepaTBCfl si Hrajna, h 
Bi BejBiÍB. Bairropa-dHMaHyHja ohh oÓflsuBaaH, Tro($íi totb ne 
AonycBaj'B nany Ilifl IX ncaiB p^ra, HenpiasHeHHUB FepiraHiE^ 
a &bjsfiOuj RopojíK) JleonojiBjíy owh yBasHaaii, ^to bi 6eArítt- 
CRuxi> raserax^B uobemíotcíl craTBHi npoTHBHEifl ero nojiHTHRi, npH- 
neifi HanoMHHaa^B eny, hto owh juoimeB-h ($iitl eeflipanHinc^. 
droro Majio. IIo MaHOBeHÍD ero pyRH, n^Mei^Rafl npecca saroBopHJia, 
HTO BejBrÍK) H Utuuo noxxepsBBaerB $paH^ifl, hto $paHiáfl yse- 
jiBHHBaerB cboh BoficRa, CRynaen joma^efi h bhxhmo roTOBHTCJi 
Kb Heuj'TOj HaROHei^i, ^to OHa sairainjiflerB cok)bi cl BtH0H> 
H PHMOHXy uoKb noRpoBHTejBCTBoirB nand. Bi Espoiri^ yBHxajni^ 
OTRyxa jíyerh vbrepb^ h 6oji^e Apyraxi onpex^JieHHO BEicRasajiacB 
aHrjificRaa npecca, yRasHBafl, hto ^pani^H) BHsuBaiorB na p^nra- 
TeuHufi marB. 

BejrawfimeiťB c^acrieMi 6njio jua $paHi^ÍH, qio TorxaniHBirB 
nociaHEHROiTB vb BepjEB^ 6í>m rpaj)^ Fobto-Bepob^b, ^ejo* 
Bivb neoÓHRBOBeHHaFO yna b TajiaHra, mÓBue^b ÓepjEHCROt 
apECTORpaTÍB E EHnepaiopcRaro ceiceftcTBa b^ ocoÓenEOCTE. Bepoh^ 
Bcnyrajicfl npE^Bp^EBocra n^HeitROfi npeccu e otfpaTEJCE no aroiiy 
nOBOjiy Ri EK)JiOBy; ho Bk)jiobi otbíthjix, ^o se CTi)En> oÓpan^arB^ 
BHBMaHifl na laRÍe Heo^^^siúajiBHae dpraHu RaRi «Post», xora 
OTHOCETejiBHo «Norddentsche Allgemeine Zeitong* npoMoa?a;i'B. Jl^OKd^ 
nepexaerBy ?to EECMapR^B b^ to speiui npflMO BNcaasEiBajicfl, ^to 
^paniúfl ycEJiBBaeT'B BofiCRa e kl Heny-TO roroBETCE, a MoATse 
BucRasKBajic:} en^e onpex^eHH^e: «$paHi;ifl roroBETca Kh boShí; 
HO MBi EirbeifB npafio npexynpeAETL ee, npeaR^e híbtb ona 6yxerB 
coBepmeHHO roTOBa». T^mi ÓojAb mosho 6um TenepB onacarBca 
HamecTBÍfl, ^to bi MionxeH^ Tose saroBopEJifl o bocehiix^e npE- 
roTOBjeHÍflX%, ^TO PaxoBEi^x Óujtl nocjiaBi b^ nerepfiyprb, h 

XOTfl RBB8B Fop^aROBl paCXOXOTajCE, ROrxa TOTB Ha^ajTB y6%2RxaTK 

ero o&b onacHOCTE ajie TepiiaHiE, rposEBmefl co cropoHu ^paniUE^ 
HO 8THM'B caMUMi HaM^peHifl BECMapRa yse vb to BpeMjf bhojihí 
onpeA^jiEjiucB. Bi» Biu^ naqajiE rpoHRO fobopetb^ ^o BRcnapR^ 
o(h»aBET!b Bofiny ^pani^ÍE. « Times » nane^aTaji hhcbmo nra BepjEHa, 

FB ROTOpOMl rOBOpEJIOCB, TTO repiffaHÍfl HO MOF^a CHOROflEO BE- 

A^TB, RRRi CRopo ^pREi^fl onpaBEjacB 0TB boSbu, e nepesecTH 
Toro, HTO nojiyqeEHBie nsTB MEJiJiiapxoBi ho oÓoraTEJE repifaaiE. 



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BOHilLiPTIBll. 117 

«HamH ToproBjfl^ HCByccrsa, cooiiauHoe nojUMseme, ^iHaecu ne vh 
cocimhíh 6um BBHecn BOopyseHifl wh npoxojsems 60*th jíivh, 
iio6h BOcnonsoBaibca saBoeBtmeirb, cx&i&HHuit& bi leiemH me- 
cn uiamjsvb. Ecn mh yiieHBiiDiifx Boflcsa, — roBOpuH npyccasH,— 
^^panipfl anaiyerb naci; ecjH uu fiywin coxepsaTE hzi to me 
BMHiecxBO, XH pasopEMca: HairE Heo5xoxHifo noKopHin $paHi4H)». 
fl^ $paHiui nojoseflie 6ujo oveHB cepiesHoe. ŮojiyHnwh 
<m roHTO-BHpoHa cootín^eHÚi, ^exasi wtHWh ase coo6a^LrB otfi 
8foii!b ^paHqyBCRHiii nociaHEiKani npH Btíbrb eBponeficKHx^ 
XBopau K Bi ocoteHHOciH FeBepajy Áeiffio vb nexeptfypri 
« Pasapy vh Jlimffiwb. 3airtqaTejiBH0, ^ro A6p6H nojiarajx, ^to 
yxapB roTOBHicji xu ÁBcrpie; ho oticToaraibciBa BecBica csopo 
paaucHVJiH exy noiojseHÍe x&[a« «TaBofi nocryaon,— csasan oe% 
FaBapy,— BOBÓy^HTL Bce^n^ee nopai^une. Jíjuo Bairb ciobo, ^to 
aHTJíĚcKoe npaBBTei&CTBo ho oiciyiiHrb on CBoero xojira. & yse 
^&UBEJtb rpa^y MuHcrepyi vro a ho Bipio cjyxaici na c^en 
nairbpeBifl ŤepHanÍH. ^paHipio ysopaiE ne vh ^ewh h EHCMapsy 
ewa JH eeiB pasečen noxxepsvBarB yrposaioqie ciyxH bi Eapoa^b^. 
€joBa A&pÓK H6 6iuH nycTiia cJOBa. 0h7» lOT^aci a:e nocjiaxs 

COOTBilCTBeHHHa HHCTpyBIfÍH lOpXy OxO-PoCCeJUO H niCBMO ROpOJieBH 

n BubraiBHy, rxi aaTeropH^ecBE 6ujio roBopeso aa nenapy- 
mmoer^ eBponeflcRaro napa. Hacrpoeme Poccia yse 6iuo hb- 
bíctho. Korxa Jlejuo na^an otbiohatb ofiBSEema^ HanpaBjeHHiia 
Ha KpcsLMJbCMiŘ KaÓHHen, KHjiSfc TopnasoBi^ otbítha: «Bu iipaBii, 
Bam Heiero sanMin^KTB Bame npaBHrejiBCTBo. Ma^b zopomo aBsto^HO, 
«o OHO noxxepsBBaen eaponeficKoe cnoioficiBie a lenepb crapaerca 
He yna^Tosan ero. jSnCesmifi reaepajťb, xo^aaan ohi, uut 
ociaeica Bani caasaTB loibBO oxao: sp^aarecb, apinaiecBU dia 
ciOBa HanoMHBjía reaepajy Jle^jio ciOBa, CBa8aHHiu ony rocyxa- 
pem HKiiepaTopoirB bo Bpeaa caorpa. «Bii cjianiBOM^ fioraiiiy — 
roBopaji HHJiBb TopnaROBii Bax&Bma xpyroft pfts^ JEe^o,— hto($u 
ee ŮMih onacHiíMH. 3aiuaiieHHtie Bána Maxnapxu B08Bpaii(aK>rcfl kb 
Ban— a boti npexiierL cípaxa Eacnapsa. & eay 9ro BHCUBan, 
aoioxy ^To mh aoBMyn^eas ero nocryBKaiia. fl aairb otiin^aa)c& 
Xiicraraaib y BacMapsa, rocyxapB acBoefl ciopoaH 6yxeTB x&ft- 
crBOBazb y aiinepaTopa». Foeyxapb QpaaiA Jleýjio o^obb mbio- 
ciHBO. Owh Bapaaaai cBoe pacnoioseaie MaKb-Maroay a apatfa- 
BHJTb: «ycnoxolTe ^eiasa. k ify vh Bepjiaai a nociapancB co- 
zpaaaTB Mapi. Hei&si odaBiaiL bo&hh 6eas npauiHH. Ecia Fep* 
aaaia ofiiaaan Baii'B Bolay, oaa cxbaaerB ly se oma^ay, saaya) 
Cfíkitkn HaaojieoffB bi 1810 roxy» a bto 6hjo ůa pacaoin a 



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118 BI^CTIUl IBPOIOL 

rH($ejBK)», xotteBHJi OBI, noHHSEfl rOdiocB. Mesxy ^vb npa- 

BBTeJBCTBeHBEIfl BiaCTB BO ^pEHI^B ÓOfllBCB, HeAOyM^BUfl fl OSfl- 

X&iB KOfli^a. «Pourqaoi désanDeriODS-noQS, puísqoe nons n'ayons 
pas anDé», roBopBJí ^eBa^B. Sxbch Jífifi^ nepe^aerB iHTepecHiift 
cay^afi. HyscHO saHiraTB, no npeAcraBarejeirB TepnaHÍfl bi» Ila- 
pBst tíiiJii KHBBB ToreBioa, waoBivB qecTHSífi, cfofiaifl, ociopos* 
Hutt fl npiotfptrmift Bceofin^e pacnojKUKeeie. Kasi^xo pan owb 
BACRasajcfl, mo me xo^erB ocraBaiBca vh IlapBsi bo spěna pas* 
puBa. «Eorxa a ofoaBJíDy mo y&Bsai), bei noflMere lorxa, ht& 
aT0(5yxerbSHa^BTB». drHCJioBa xoduih xo ^esasa. Mosho npexcia- 
BBTB ce&b crpaxB AeRaaa, aorxa vb oxho npespocfloe yrpo bhas^ 
ForeHJOB otiuBBn eny, hho ohi b^ totl se Beiep^ ^^érh vb 
ornycjTB* KsasB nonaai onacenia repi^ora b nocnimaji iipaCasBiK 
«Uo a BepflycB qepeei HicBoabRO xHeft».— «GqacTjBBaro nyTB b cbo- 
páro B08Bpaii^eflia»,— OTBtTBJTB ^esan,— naiHuficoxBiflifl b rpyciH* 
Bnpo^eiTB, Forefljiod ne yiixaix b^ ion Be^epx; Bsaidai Tora 
BiTB 6uj% CA&iaffB o^Bi](iajBHiift sanpocb o BoopyseHÍfl $paHqui. 
JlfiKhn He npBBBXB aioro saflBaeBia. Ysaxas^ vh totb se xenb 
SBasa OpaoBa, A^aasi OBBcan euywso onaceocTB xJia ^paBoiÍB h 
yMOjaji ero o sanqirt nerep6yprcBaro RaÓBsera. «%t) se bh 6y* 
xere x^&tb, ecaa Bací aTiaByiorL?* cnpocBJíi ch ynciieirB ursaK 
OpjiOB'B. — «ÍTÍ> 6yxem x^Íatb?— iBepxo otbítbxb ^exasrB:— mb 
yfiX^Mi sa Jlyapy, coiSepeiii raiTB Bcb aaoiB soflcxa b Bpexoera- 
BBMi PepiiaBiB nojiByH) CBo6oxy saaiaxtTL ocrajiBBOiD #paBipeio». — 
«Bh 8Toro ne cx^aeTe»,B08paauLrBpacTporaEHiift OpjiORb. — «Mii 
910 cxiJiaeirL b bto yse pímeBO,— or^hnxB jíleBan: — nycTB Espona 
cnosoBBO CMorpan aa ^paBiiiiio saBoeBaaByio, onyciomeHHyK) ■ 
He saovrii^aioiuyiD ce(Sal» Bh droTB ffiEh xBaBB OpjOBi BHxiaai 
€% uapniajOMi. 

Bi 8T0 se Bpeiia BSB^craiift soppecnoBxeHn «Thnes'a» 
EaoBBi^ noMicTBJí craiuo^ vh xoropofi BOHcraTapoBaji* ^iitb^ 
<iTO Vh TepiiafliB coeiaBBJíacB napiia^ nairtpeBaBiiaica nepeflTB 
rpaBflI^I ^pafliÚB, noxciymm xi canoiiy IlapBsy, pacnojio- 
SBTBca na ÁBpoficxoft BOSBumeaBOCTB b, aanpaBBBi Bynnui bi^ 
cToiBiQry noTpeÓOBan oitb crpanii ycryoBH BeaB4K>pa b xoBrpa- 
6yi;ÍB KB 10 BBjjuapxoBi ÝpanxoBi^ ch pasqwnov yiuani bx^ 
Ba 20 Jiivh. TaxiiiB pastioiBB^ecxBMB HaMipesiam TepMaBia, 
BJB napria opyccRBxi K)BBepoBi, xorbja BcnoasBTB «Ba^ioBa2B* 
nyio o(ta8aBHOCTB» b oxob^itl x^ 1871 roxa, ycrpasaBi yrpo* 
saioniyH) 6yxyfl^H0CT&. Bnpoiem, Ejosbi^ BiicxaaaxB com^bíb^ 
vrodil noxofisaro poxa xopcapcxífi saxBaTB Úwn npBBexeonb vh 
BcnojiHeBÍe, iito b y niuiifivh xoasaa se npocBjTBca ^ecxB h 



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BQHiiuPTvan. 119 

b98o6b(hibtiiQs vh BEiiaTH TpasTftnB) 8ane?tTJiÍHBHfi EMnepaiopcsHirs 
cMBom. IIhcuío 8T0 KSRííHSu ujxEjio Topsecj^BeHBiiifB Dpexy- 
DpexxeBiem Espomi. Mnorie yreepsAUi, ^to oho HanBC&HO 

fiHJO DO HHHipaTHBi ^ensa; ho, E&Vh ÓU to HH ÓUJO, oho CHJJbHO 

enoco6cTBOBajo pascrpoicTBy luaaoE^ BncMapsa. Hí^oi^ríji raseru 
HpsHUfl xHpHoe Han]HuueHÍe h Tt ise ycjiyauiBaBioifl BecMapRy 
Bs^aniji, xoxopBs eo^e nexasHO ne^arajiH 6eupj J9mmuj% leH^eH- 
isjMMSTh leierpiMKBy leneps craaH oapoBepFaxB BOHHCTBeHBoe na* 
apo^oe. «Bee 910 Hax&saia npoAaaraafl H^eipuLa npecca: aa- 
Qjeia qftjmft pa^Tb jibih, a Teoq^B Bce CBajuaen aa aarojEHe- 
CKjjo ispeccj» — csasaji o^hhi pycctitt AJmjLOMun. Jlfifj^ OTjKaen 
copate^jniBOCTB AmMÍH b Poccíb. Eoie Aoapi'kixa pyccaaro Hune- 
paiopa vh BefpaaBi^ BacMapsi anajii, ^to. HecMoipa na Kbji9k, 
wrtflBmúcfl mk Bociob^ OH!b TÍwh ne uesLibe ne otayjmTb otb 
CBOfl£& Hpaffib BM&oaieJMTBa vb A'^a Eapoou, 06a BMiiepaTopa 

BCTpfasJHCB Vh BepiHHŠ, H Bl TOTl 26 XOHB BBUI8& Top^aBOB^ TBJe- 

rpa^HpOBajTB wh napsat h Johaobii ^nt> Brap^ ne 6yAerb HapymeHi». 
^I^pie» HtoBoiBBO XHefi rpajrB Jífipda noBiopBn Tasapy^ hto vh 
fjSBh Dpon^udH pyccsaro rocyxaps ci repHaHCBHiťB BifnepaTopox'B 
rpa^ niyBaioRb noxynjrb otb rocyxapa xe^erpaiufy, Bao;iB'b 
oCSes&eHHBumiyio eaponeficKoe cnoKoftctBie. «BofiHa nosyxa oicxpa- 
HeBa, — CBBBajii JlfipŮBj — htó fiyxeFB j^xie^ seBSBiicTHO* OAsaRO 

Ch yBipeHBOCE&M) MOgBHO OUlBaTB) BTO BBl-Sa Bací FepMaHifl HO 

a^MBBn BofiHH Poccíh, a bbm^b He o&hnisTb BoftHu^ HecMorpB 

Ha POCCÚO». flftf^j MBMfh nOBJlOHHHKb BOHCepBailBHarO l^eBTpa, KB 
BTOTB 8QH80XI BKfaHHHSB CHOmeBÍfi ^paHlÚB C7aBBT!B Jl^esasa Ha 

cryneHB HCTBHHaro Banraia. ^Bpeufl bto,— fobophtb Jí^ab^ — ne 
Mosen 6mb norepano xu HcropÍH $paHiUB h 6uao-6u ne- 
éjaroxapHOCTBX) sBÓnn^ sacjiyni rocyxftpcTBeHHaro qaiOB^xa, roto- 
pat crojiB MHoro cxiiajii jsm eooreiecTBeHHBBOBi. ^ojiobÍbi, — 
opoxauKaen obi Aajie, — qie bmb coexiHeHo cb mbphuicb osoh- 
^lameMi anro i^BBBca^ ne MeH'6e 6uxh noiesefli^ ove^eciBy, hímx 
TOTB, npH nocpwcTBi BOToparo ho BaxoJiro xo aioro nocji']^xoBaio 
ocBotiosxeHie OBRjrnaipoBHofi TeppBTopÍH». Jlfiffij HOBBABMOHy, ne 
^^)iiB)(íiHBaen «ifajeBBiaro rpasAftBana*. Oho BnoHaiHO. ?bhob- 

HHSy VfUmieUGSBM X0&0^BaTHBHHX'B npBB]](BS0KB BBa^e B 61ITB 

■enafly BasíB BOSBejiflHVBai gbobxi^ pohbtb b nopBi^aTB ^ysaxi* 
B:^ ocoéeHHOCTB 9to ÓBerB fb rjiaBa^ rx& aniopB sacaercB B8aBMHHX'B 
ozBOflieflift TBopa vh JifiKMy b exaBBTi Tiepa i^eHrpoMi saroBopa 
DpOTHBi yrHereHaaro repi^ora. 

Bc&i^ B8BÍ0THO| HTO HOJuiTBBa fepqora Aesasa btb bocto^* 
Bim A'&iaBi» (lii^a BpaflBe (Sesi^BiTHa. Mbbbctpb BBOcrpaHBiix-B 



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120 BMnm iBFonH. 

jíbn $paHipH piniHjrb cjrlxoBaTB ha tfyKCHpi sa CepjooELCKEWh m 
bíhcbhite KatfHHeraicH, orcrpama otb cečs bcarob pimaDipee 
cJtíOBo. Pasyiri&eTCfly xasoe eeBiiiinaTejibCTBo 6iuo ne no cepjfíj 
Tbepy, yse xaBHO cxixHBmeicy sa bocto^humh x^aia h npBBHS- 
meiiy hbi^ othzi a^^ ciubiite k^ ^pmofE BonpocB nepBocieiieH- 
Hoft BaaCHocTH, m-sa soioparo npojuroancB ee oxhh ^epHHJUt 
XHnioxaTHTecKHXi RaHi^ejurpiff^ ho h jnuacB ^paHiorscsas xpoBB. 
Tbo^b ^fiTJťB HexoBOJfeffb noiHTHSOK) ^exasa, repi^oPB ne noxxii- 
Bajicfl coBi^Tam TBopa. Bon rjaBHas h eAHHCiBeHHaa Dps^nEa 
pasMOJiBSH neavQr hbmh. JI^oxb HaxoxHn en^e xpyrisi. En^epaste, 

rOBOpBTE OBI, Tbepbf EAKh ÓDBIIlift MBHHCTpl BOpOJfl JjE-^- 

jninna, ebk sejuudfl npBBJíen v^ CBoefi zBBfjmdLTjpu Ha npera- 

XeHTCTBO ÓOlie rOJIOCOBl, 06^EflBHJrb Oetfa CropOHHHBO» MOH^^ZÍHy 

ocHOBaHHOft na npaBaz'B AByxiiHHift EypdoHOBTB. Pepi^orB Jí^xb^b 
sanoMBEJTE 8TH cioBa, c^Hian Hxi oÓBsaTeucTBOiTL, a Tsepa 
HapymBTejiafB xannaro caoBa. Tbepi ne hopl laKase, nociOBaiTB 
^0X9) npocTHn JífiVMjj mo owb owvh ocraicfl hbi BoalH^ix, kóto* 
pafl ero CBeprjia. Bi cajionan TBepa to-h-x^jo roBopsjH npo- 
THBi repi^ora; nocjA ^pajBCBHxi BuÓopcmi orb naván Bep6o- 
BaTB eetSib cob)8hhbobi, oomejicB cb raMÓeiroiOi npHBJíeiTB vb Biacm 
JSiojB-CBHona, hox'b ycJOBÍeifB, vio nopr^^íen mraHcrpa bho- 
CTpaHH£ix'B xíxB ÓyxoTB Hepexavb bi npexasnufl pyKB. H Boe 
8T0 x^ajioc&y no wsinuo ^oxa, x^a loro toabo, vtoÓh cBeprnyrB 
JífiVMSí. Obi ffirne otiMcnaerb bihitl notfysxenieirL coh)8i 6oHa- 

napiHCTORB Ch FaiffieTTOK). yXHBBieiLBO, rOBOpBTB ^0X9, MKB MOrb 

cocTOflTBCfl coioBfB Tasoro BOBcepBaiopai Kain PayArJí^v)BajiB, b Tasoro 
«xeMoxpaTa» Bass raM6eTra. Obb paczoxBjíBCB vh Basxofi hhcjh, 
npecjri^XOBajiB pasjíBVBUfl n^m b, necMorpa Ba aro, Bir& aepaffE 
npBxoxBJOCB BCTpšvancfl kb Bii6opB<»rL KOjecb b me pan roBO- 
pBTB oxbí b rbsep^VB. dro HenoHxrnoe cjuanie onu cb boxok> 
Jíflffi npBHBCHBaeirB bb ctoabo Óobsbb yoBieBÍB poBOJUoiqoflepoBiB, 
cxojBBO bjubbíh) foctbboě BBjírBflB TpjŮemfudĚ^ vb Boropofi o6a 

OBB 6UJSE nOCTOBBHHMB nOCfoBTOJUIlCB. B% BOJIHTBTOCBHZB C^paTB 

cyn^ecTByerB icBŠBÍe, — no cjOBam jDí^ox^y ~ ($yxro-6H rocmoui 
KBflFBBB Tpy6ei{Bofi tfujia i^oHrpoirE exBBeBÍs oÓOBTb xasyraTOBs 
B 6yxT0-6]z BBB HOfl TbOpB npexnpBBBMan bcš cboh watfmn spo- 
TBBE Aesasa. PaByiitocjí, Bce bto BSxopB. rocTBBafl RBanon 
Tpy(SeitKofi cjyssBxa x^fiCTBflreuBO x^esrpoMB, rxk cocpeKoronBa- 
jiBCB Bcb MBfeifl BacaTejBBO BOCTOvaaro Bonpoca; no exBa-jm 
FB BBTepecarB arofi rocTBBofl 6ujia noxxepsKa TBepa bi ero 
napjaMeBTCBofi x^axeiBBOCTB, a rbwb 6ojAe noxxepauca FaictSeTTEi, 
T.-e. yRp^njesie pecny6jiBBaflcxaro ÓojiBfliBBCTBa^ Boropoe yse 



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BOHiniPiran. 121 

Bi TO BpeMfl npexB^n^ajo na^enie Masi^-Marona. JI^McTBHTejBHO, 
JífiMBňíL xoT^H cuicnsThy HO xoT&JiH BVb'2SL TOFO se otfii^aro npBH- 
ipna— cx&iaTB MHHHcrepcTBO Bno:iHÍ conAapHHMi cb napjiaMeHT- 
CEMM% 6ojiBinHHCTBOirB« Bíi6ojrb na^^aj^b cnepaa Ha rpa^a CeHn- 
Bajnepa, noroiTL na JleoHa Ca, HaBOHenti^ A^se xotíjih, ntoóu, 
saaux 9T0TL noen ^k)jl-Chmoh'b (owb 6ujI% bi to spěna nep- 
BiDťb MHHHcrpoirE). Jíflffi spoBH^ecRH saMiiaeTB, ^To jsfiómrh Hiojib- 
CJHMOHa 6ux% HO OTeHB yxa^eH^. PavB eny npHm jocb bte BaqecTBi 
HepBaro MiHicipa roBopiTL cb oxhbicb AHn^oiiaTOiii o boctoh- 
SBX% xfcnrB. 2Seiafl BucsasaTK Bsrjax^ TBepa, OHiÓy^ro-Ón ho 
chjmijn BiipaaiTBCi h HaroBopHJi 6e8XHy oÓbxhhxi j^z bíbo* 
TojNun KatSflHeroKL naMeKOBi. Tim ne nenie ^k)jb*Cbiíohi 
craiejcfl CB ^esasoiTB, h sariirB hh TBepi, hh FaMfieTra oco6eHHo 
se 8a6oTBJHCB o ciribn](eHÍH ^^^^9 x<>^ ^^^ > yBasiiBajnicB Ban- 
jpwiTH, BaKB FoHTO-EHpoHi, DIo^opAB H xpyTÍe. IIpaBxa, neqaTB 
He nepecraBajia saiponiBaTB repi^ora. Le Siéele, la Gironde, Tin- 
dépendance Belge — Bei ohh HBcajH npoTHBi nero. Bi oco6eH- 
BOCTH o0BBHfljni ero sa saAopsBy Tejerpamcsi, HSBiioiaBmefi o 
na^eBÍH MHxxaxa-naniH. Ho Bce sto (blih ^acTHiifl HanaxsH, na 
Boiopiifl xftS6 HO OTBiiaii repi^oiTB. Bojte cepBesHUMi npexciaB- 
jflerca BOfli)oe!B— 6iia'B*j[H ^b>jib-Chmoh'b npoTBffb jD^eBasa Birbcii 
CB TBepoifB H FaiifieTTofi Hjni hítb? Ecjih oh*b cx&iaxcfl ero xpyroiTB 
vmcAfUcmm^ sto BecBiia nioxo peBOMeHAOBajio 6u nepBaro hbhh- 
eipa H Bo BCflBoiTB cjryvai jrBasuBajo 6u na ero nojHTBqecsyB) 
HeydotnBOCiB. ]ífiffi yTBepsxaen, ^ro 2Bbfl)jiB-GBM0ffB ne sHajrB 
o HanipeHiH CMicrHTB repi^ora b ne npHHHMaj'B vh stoitb HBBasoro 
yiaeriB. BicBoe xoBasaTencTBe Broiiy owh bhxbtb vl cjiosax^ 
caiforo JKB>jB-CBi[0Ha. UpH Mapmaift, npa repi^ori OxH^pe- 
IlaBBe, npH fifiMofb owh ÓesB^Bcnaro Busosa, BCJiixcTBie oxhbxi 
raaemixB cxyzovh, oCmbbxb, yto obi He BCBajii bjbcth b fotobi 
ociaBBTB ee, eciH na nero BSBOxarB noxotinaro poxa AByin^HocTB. 
Beeun eomu^n, — CBaaajrE ohi,— ^no BCBJiK>«flTejBHOCTB Moero 
mMOseHÍB jHmaerB xenB bosmobihoctb npexynpexHTB noxotfearo 
poxa CDieTHB. T'lirB ne MeH^ SiojiB-CHiioffB yae b% to speMi 
Tepui npeoBHM SHa^eme bi H&BOTopuxi Bpyssan pecny6jiB- 
BaHCBol napTÍH h yse Torxa ho MHonixi pymBJíBCB naxeasxu o 
BOBMOSHOCTH x^^ Bero corjacoBaTB BOHcepBaTBBHue H pecnydjniBaH* 
cBÍe BHiepecH. 



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122 B^cmsi KBPonH. 



IV. 



OxopBaHHiifi OTh jarepHOfi shshh h ee ycirib^b danacricB 
Bufbcťb Ch BoeHHOH) cjiasoK) nojHTH^ecBHirB otipasoBaHÍeifi, MapiiiaxB 
MaKi-MaroB'B Óhjx npHBsaffB sa rpy^HAfl nocn npesijieHU 
pecny(LiHRHy ocraBaBineicfl no^ra 6en pecnytfnsaHi^eBx. Sasi 
xe Mapmajii BunoíHHjrB cbóh) imccix), saKi onpaBxajCík aob^P^» 
OBasaHHoe eiiy erpasoK)? MapmajTB ciyiaiHO cx^aics Mohboms, 
HO He ÓsiJi^ BaniBHnoKOMi. OcotíeHHOCTB ero yMl^— cnpaBexJHBa 
saiiš^aeTB ^oj^a, — ououja ero xy^aTB, hto pecny&iHKawcBaa 
napTÚi— 8T0 yÓ&KHn^e iipothbhhrob^ oÓDtecTBeflBaro nopaxsa, hto 
HCRaTB B^b Hefl BOHcepBaiopoBi Hejib8fl H ^TO caiťB offB 6uM% npa* 
BBani ci eABHCTBeHHOK) qbiBH) san^u^aTB crpany on xaBJíeHU 
9Toft napTÍH. drBMi caicuirB Masi-MaroHi, ho saifžttfl toto, 
Tepflji'B noKh eotfoH) no^By h — qib rjaBHoe — craHOBHJicfl ho rjaB0H> 
crpaHu, a rjaBOH) o6uxHOBeHHOfi naprifl; orb ne mofl BOBBHCSTBca 
npH noMOlUH CBoefi KOHcrirryi^ioHHOft HesaBHCHMOcn xo pojH ne- 
aaBBCBMaro oxpanflTejui BosHHBaBniHxi y^pesxeHift h yMBpoŤBopBieju 
rjy6oBO pa3A'l^MHHaro oÓn^ciBa. Mapmajr& xot&tb 6htb bmct- 

HUlTb BOAHTeJieMl CJMfi&b $paHI^ÍH, HCBajTL BOHeepBarBBHHXrB 

ycToeB^ B% OTÓpocan paBJíer&BmHXcs noHap&ifl h HHnei»fl, b hh- 
BaBi ne iforb iiaH ne zotíjtl hohíitb, qro BjacrnocTB m 6ewf 

BtTCTBeHHOCTB BOBMOXHa Vh MOHapXHqeCBOir& npaBJ6HÍH, BO He- 

MucjBMa Wh pecnyfijniKaHeBOMi. H Boro npeauBajTB k% ce&k vh 
cobíithbbb btotb «^6CTHiifl cojxaTB*? ^ypiy, BpoiBHy niaro- 
JlaTypa^ BK)4»ýe — aai^, npeAcraBJBBniBX^B asi cetfa BBHHTx-acceH- 
lUio noJBTflqecBaro mapjaiaHCTBa h BHTpHn, opaiqyttBaBmHx^ cefis 
BOHcepBaTBBHOH) HaBTÍeK), H CO BÍev) <5e3i](epeM0flra>CTU) npecAŠ^ 
XOBaBiflBxi oxHH CBOH ii^HHe, napiilHHe hjih MOBapxHieesie 
BHiepecs, HBCBOJBBO He BaÓOTxcB HH o Ójarft crpaHHi hd o&h 
HHiepecaxi Hapoxa. Ho sxpaBufi cmhcji Hapoxa ho hobbojiu^ 
BTHirB mapjiaTaHain HdX^BaTBci Haxi» crpanoio, BeeiiOTpji na to^ 
^To OHB BM^H Bi CBOOMi pacHopasemH xo 100,000 paéojin- 

HUXl qSHOBHBBOBl, BCi^MH CHJiaMH CTapaBHIHXCJI HaDpaBITB HapOX^ 

Hufi rojoci Ha BsuBjenie sejanit bi npaBBieACTBeHHOirb Ha- 
npaBjeHÍH. 

B% Ha^ajii 1876 roxa na ceHaTopcKHxi h xenyrafcsBX^ bu^ 
Copaxi Hapoxi BaTeropB^ecBH BucBasaji, ^ero ohi jEeiaerB. 3a 
pecny6jHBy 6uio BiitfpaBO xenapiaiieHTaMH 29 cenaiopaMH Óojrbe 
Hiu% npoTHBi hcb; a na <{)eBpajbCRHXi Bu6opaxi vh HBaaHi0B> 
najaiy (íoiiBniHHCTBO xooijio ao 195 fojiocob^^ npH hojhom^b nopa* 



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B0HÍIUPT88KB. 123 

BpojBH H npo^. H saiiiqaTeJibHie Bcero to, hto sa pecny6jiHKy 
fojite ^^pynirB BHCsasajocB cejBCsoe Hace^eBÍe, jiase vb rbTh 
nJterBcerarBy syxa HisaBx He Morja npoHHRHyTB pecny6jiiBaHCKaa 
npooaraHxa h v^i pyKOBOXHiejieH^B nojiBTB^ecBOtt mbcjb mopb 
teiB toi&bo Mejsifi hbhobhbbi b cBfln^eHHBBi. Cjoboitk — napoAi, 
\efBhj ecn ne cosHaBajvB acho, to BHCTBHBTOirs ^BCTBOBaji^, 
rxi nojBTH^ecBaii npas;^, h fa^ 4^uBnn, o6ifaHi, iiacBa. Háce- 
leflie xopomo BBxt^io, ^ro cb 1873 roxa axMHHHcrpaipfl A'^ajia 
Bce, wioéu BATH npoTBBx npBMHXi H HenocpeACTBeHHfiix'B ero 
BHiepecoBi. 3;^Biil ciincji cejiB^an pimHreiBBO oiMuniBajca 
BipfliB, hto6h njoxo MacKBpoBaBHUH o$$ii]](iaj!iBHi]fl KaHXHAaTypu 
xwja HCBpeHHO cjiyxBTB pecny6jBBÍ, a se CRptiBaTB sa co6ok> 
Earepecii lofi bjh Apyrofi ffraacriB. BH^opaHB 20-ro 4^Bpajfl ^as- 
iQrscídfi BapoA^B CBasajrB: ycraaoBSTe cpoAB nacrB ne MacBBpoBaH- 

BHfl «HpaBCTBeHHBfi nOpflAOKB», a X&fiCTBBTeJIBBBB BOpiAOBl, OCHO* 

BaHHHfi na cbo6oa'&, dBMiuEie majiBHyio peaB^iH) 6jiaropa8yMHEiM'B 
npofpeccoiTB, AaSie ^n napoAnaro rojoca cBo6oAHoe npoflBJíeHie 
B sarBoparre Asepa saTXJuxi KaiaKOMČi, cxopoHeHHHxi AHHacxíí. 
Oajutb tojbko npesBAeBTB pecny6jiflBH ne xot&tb cJiymaTB rojioca 
fli^M)Aa B He xotIji^b saarB pesyjBTaTOBB ^BpaabCBBXB BnéopoBB. 
Om Bce-xasB npoAOJJUUB ctobtb ea npesHHXB BOHcepBaTHBH£ix<B 
TeHAeHiliflxi, yaae AasHO noAxo^eHHurB xaTeropflqecBB BsiBBJíeHHiiirB 
seiaaieH^B napoAa. 

BceoCn^ee roiocoBaaie 20-ro j^BpaaB h 5-ro napra ebsbojio 
Ao ys o6mjde miCM npeAcraBHrejieft MOHapxHiecBOft BoaJIH^iH bb 
HOBoi naiari. Hcho^ ^tOiA^jio 24-ro xaa noraÓJio ÓesBoaspaTHO 
B BCBKifl peasuioHHHfl HUH)6ÍB OTciDAa exaHOBEJBCB ĎpeAOMB cy- 
MacmeAinaro. Mapm&iy MasB-MaroHy ociaBajiocB hih biixoabtb bb 
oierasBy, ecjia ohi A^tcTBBTejBHO cosBiaBajrB cetfa CBBsaHBUM^B hc- 

ptSpBIBHHMB ysaiCH CB xbjOM*B « npaBJITeJiBCTBa 60pB6u», BJI0 OHB 

ffiimewb 6HJCB Bsr^HyTB na peciiy6jBKaHCByiD opraeBsaipK) cBoett 
BjaeiB Baa% hb onpaBAaBie CBoero moÓpMEňz, noA^BHHTBCfl bbojití 
BSiiBeHiaMB, npoBcmeAoiBifB fb crpaH-i, ecjB ohb »eaa:iB ocra- 
BaTbCfl B^pEHicB CBoeMy AeBBsy— j'y sois et j'y reste. Ha nepBoe 
y aero ee xbbtbjio TBepAOCTH xapasrepa, na BTopoe noJHTH^ecBaro 
tasra. «9ecTH£it cojAaTB» poano HB^ero He cmhcjihjb bb hojh- 
raxb^ o ^eicB osrb h canB ne pasi saaBifljB. OAuaso xaiPB 6u 
HH 6iUB OHB HecB^yn^B, Bce-TaBH h cjinofi yBBAajB 6u, ^to 
Bei eoB^Tu B BBymeHÍfl AOsrpaHepoB^y sac^AaBQiBXB bb cob^tš 

MBHBCrpOBB, TAÍ OHB HpeACiAaieJIBCTBOBajlB, CJ^AOBajO npBMiHBTB 

Ban paBB bb npoTBBonoaosHoiii cbhcjií. MesAy tíitb cb jBe- 



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124 B^GTHBl IBPOmL 

aH^eHiem ^BCJia ciciHflBmHxcfl nnacrpoBi, xypHHXi cob^hbsobi 
y Mapmaaa Bce npH6aBJifljioci». Kasxufi deriBinifi MHoncrpí, no- 
TepflBmitt npaBo Ha o^ei^iajbHue cobIshu npesaxenry, tiwh ne 
ueuie HM&ii Bi Haíy xocryirb, noBBUJCfl sa-npocro vb encefi* 

CBÚWh XBOpi^i H HOrb BJliflTB Ha HerO, HaCBOJBSO 1^UÍ1% BOBMOS- 

HOCT0. FaseTH nHca^H, HanpaMipi, hto Byptfau, cnpomeHHiit 
pasi MapmajoifL, isasoro owb mbÍbía o nojioseniH fjbsb bo $paH- 
^itIy 6e8% OBOJiB^HOCiefi OTB^qaji: «no-]foeifyi HBriteicflTpBBHxoAa: 
BiH npesBAeHTy ocraBniB CBofl nocrB, ^ero o«h ne cx^aerb^ tasb 
Basi 8T0 6HJio-tfEi icajOAyniieH!B; ejol BoacraHOBHTB HanojieoHa IV 
BjiH FeHpnxa V; hjih BUMecTB (balayer) o5% najaxu*. H nap* 
mail npoMoa^ajTB na btotb fpópuíí cob^tb. Bopo^em, MapmajirB 
ne vb cocTOflHÍH Óujii BunojHBiB HH OAHoft H81 BTHXi nporpaMiTB; 
OHI oyrajicfl, iceraacfli bbabiío ho noHHHajTB, vnó BOBpyn eero 
npoHCxoxBii, H npeAcraRifljii bsb cefia to yopanaro BjacTOJUofii^ai 
TO onycTHBmaro pyBB noBejBTe^B, npexocraBHBinaro OBpysaH)atHirB 

XiaaXB BBBl SHaiOTB. 

Bk)^[)^, noTepn'lBmifi OBOHqaienHoe nopaseme na ceflaiop- 
CBBXi H xenyxaTCBuxi Bufiopan^ no^aai vh oxcraBBy. HoBoe 
BtbflHie onpex^iiBaocB cahoibomi ohobhaho^ ^Totiu Morjio Óhtb 
BesaviqeHHHH^B A&se TasBirB HexajiBHOBHXHiím hojibtbboií^, sa- 
bbm'b Óujtb MaBi-MaroHi. J^^tah 6uio nevěro, ohi ÓpocHica kb 
oůhsnisi AH^opa b npocHdii ero yja^sTB x^jo cooÓpasHO HOBHiirB 
oÓCTOBTejiBCTfiaifB, HO CB BOBiíosHO MeHBHiHicB H8MÍHeHÍeirB cociaBa 
MBHHCTepcTBa. ^loí^^i^ HOCOBŠTOBajTB Mapmaiy ofipaxHTBCB vb Ka- 
BBHBpy nepBe; ho tbb^b bbvb RasHMHpi IlepBO bctpítbjtb co ero- 
poHu Mapmajia iiHoseciBO saTpyxHeHÍfi othocbtoibho BHnojHemfl 
DpexaoseHHofi EWb nporpaMicu, to IlepBe, ne xoBiipBB nox^ aniMH 
ycaoBÍHHH npoqHOCTB BatfBHexa, OTBasajicfl otb cocraBJíreHifl rbÓh- 
HOTa. Ta-se HCTopia noBxopBjíacB n cb jDí^f0BjiepBOM%, BCBpeHHHMX, 
HO yiťlpeHHBMGb pecnytfjBBaHi^eHi. HaBOHeJVB BaxxHHrroHiy beh- 
XHxarB na nopT^JiB BajijiOHa, npexJiosHjrB PBBapa, npesBxeHia 
j%Baro i^eHTpa, ho ne yxocxoeHHaro BuiSopa vb xenyraiH. MavB- 
Maroni o6paxoBajicfl Bioiiy yBasaHÍK). Bi cenaTŠ 6ujb npoTHBi 
PflBapa. ^Jienu npaBaro i^enxpa h npaaofi yirtpeHHoft oiBasajiBCB 
sa Hero BOTHpoBaTB, npHSHaBaa wb neu% caicaro HecroBOpnasaro 
ji^Baro i^eETpajiHCTa. Ho MaRB-Maroni Bncrynsai npoTHFb 6ojíb- 
HiBHCTBai noovepexHO npHauBajii cenaTopoBi. o&bEVb rpynni h 
XOCTBrB HasoHei^, vro PBKapB 6hji'b BiitfpaffB. ^ŠJio Tasiim 
otfpasoiTB yjaxBaocB, zotb saiitoiiťBi hto OTBpuríe o&bBX% 
naaarB (8-ro Mapxa 1876 r.) npoBSonuo nps orcyrcTBÍB npa- 
BBjBHO-opraHBBOBaHHaro BatfHHera. 3f/bcb nysHO 8aMÍTHTB, hto 



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BOHinipnan. 1 25 

mcA onepiniji naiarB npH caHoi npocroB oÓpraHOBsi, jHmeHHoft 
xaiHxi 6u TO HE 6hjo iiaHflj^CTaipfly soropuxx wkb 6oíijihcb 
peasiUoHepu, no uoHEvy raMÓeim fb nepaufl pasi co6pajiHCB 
ceHETops H AenyTftTti bcíxx Tpexi rpynirB pecny&fHKaHi^erB, xo- 
Topse TEKB AOJro 6ujiH pasofimieHH npH naipoHajBHOM^ co6paHÍB. 
dio nepBoe «o0iiiee co(paHÍe» (rénnion pleniére) pecny ÓJEKan- 
cxaro dojummcTBa fy&bwrh najiarB saiiBEJio n ocoóofo Topa&e- 
eTBeHHOCTBiD oÓCTaHOBU A^ifl BceoÓqaro cb^x^húi, ^to oho ÓyxerB 
OBasBBaTB CBoe coA^bficTBie h co^yBCTBie tojbko TaROMy oj^Hopox- 
HOMy (homogéne) saÓHHeTy, KOTopnfi nocraBin CBoex) sa^a^eH) 
ynpaaiflTB crpaHOio bb crporo-pecnyCSjHKaHCKOMB chucjtí, cootfpasHo 
CB MyxGm ROHCTHTyiÚH H HapoAHOK) BOJieK). Ho H Tasoe BHymE- 
TeAHoe DpexocrepeseHÍe vapmajiB MasB-MaroBTB nponycTHiB mhmo 
ymefi: ooeraBB BOBaro MBHHcrepcTBa, cb j!lH)^poic'B bo vMvb, ne 
OTB^Mais DapjaifeHTCROMy 6ojiBinHHCTBy, xasB urb bb Hero Bom^n 
lempe crapiie y^aciEHRa MHHHcrepcTBa 6h)44^ — reHepa.iB Cecca, 
repi^ora AeRasB, JleoHB Ca h caicB Ah)<|k)pb, h, RpoM^ Toro, JI^h)- 
^pB HasHaieERB 6ujs% ne BHi^e-iipe3HxeHT0HB coB^xa mhhhctpobb, 
RasB 8X0 6eijio npesxe, ho npesHAeHxoMB, x.-e. bxhiib caifuirB npe- 
SMxeorB pecnyÓJiHRH cxaBHXB ce6fl coBepmeHHO ÓesoxBircxBeHHuiiB. 
EesenopHOy ^xo cocxaBi Hosaro iiHHHCTepcTBa iforB-6ii yxoBJíexBO- 
psTB napiaiieHTCRifl xpeCoBaHÍs 1873 ro^a aja npHBeAeHÍa wh 
xiflcTBie ROBcepBaxHBHOfl pecnytfjiHRH (lairB 6uie ^fo^pB^ Ph- 
sapB, nosaiyfl X^xasB), ho xenepB, nocjťib acHO onpex^jiHBniHXCH 
pesyjBxaxoBB rojocoBaflia, axo MHHHCxepcxBO ORaBasocB cjiHmROMB 
MHcepBaxHBHHMB H xase peaRoiioBHiiifB. EcjiH BB ceHaxi pec- 

nytfjHRaHCROe 60JBmRHCTB0 MOFJO COCXaBHTBCfl TOJIBRO npH COBlťlCT- 
HOITB BOXHpOBaHÍB SOHCTHiyiÚOHHUX^ OpjeaHHCTOBB CB JIÍBUUVÍj 

TO sa xo BB naiaxi ^enyxaxoBB cpe;(HÍB ypoBCHB AeMospaxHsiia n 
pecDy(5aHRaHCEÍfi d^eiieHXB (ujih npeoCiiaxann^HiiH. ^ocraxo^HO yxa- 
saiB Ha BKitfopB FpeBH, AByxB 6Bii(e«npe8HAeHxoBB, naROHei^B na 

TO, HTO BO BCk ROHMHCCÍB, BO BC:6 tffiDpO 6uM BUÓpaHU HO^XB 

BCBJíDHRTejiBHO pecny6jiBRaHi^u. MaRB-MaroHB cK^JiWb ycxyoRy, 
BO ne BB xocxaxoqBofi uipb. Owh pasc^ExiiBaiB na yoBJíennoe co- 
xbScTBÍe cenaxa, ho saÓujrB xo, ^rro cxpana Raxeropn^ecRH BHCEa- 
aajiacB 8a pecnyÓjiHRy h ^rro BCflRoe MBBBCxepcxBo, Roxopoe sajiy- 
jiaao 6u bxth npoxBBB axoro xe^enifl, neBstfisHO tfyxexB HBSBepr- 
Byxo. Ilocjšxyioaiifl cotiuxia ne saMeA^iBJíH onpaB^axB noxotinaro 
poxii jorHqecsifl nocji^i^ACXBifl. 

dpnecTB Aoxa, ÓyjQrqe ^bbobbbromb npeaiBBXB MBHBCxepcxBB 
(le directear des joarnaux officiels), horjiohhhrb RoncepBaxBSMa 
CB jierROB) npBMibcBio yxoBjíexBopeHifl OTxajeHHuxB cxpeiuenifi 



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126 Bnonam ibpoiih. 

opjieaHHCTOB%9 pHcyerL nairb ocB^seHie HecmHHTejiBHofl BiaciH 
$paHi^Í0, RERi 810, npHBeAniee Masi»*MaroHa b% oeraBiemio npe- 
8H](eHTCBaro nocra. IIox^ ysRHiťB BsrjfflWM^E ^lopoapara, oh'b ne 
xoqeTB cosHaTBCfl, hto najiara x^nyraTOBi ne tojlbo HM^ia npafio, 
HO fl o6fl8aHHOCTb xpetfoBaTB^ Hro6u axinraHCTpaTiiBHEii cocraBi 
rocyAftpCTBeHHaro ynpaBjíeHiji 6nA'h toti ace cavufi n xtfiCTBOBan 
Fb ToifB se ;iyx']&, Rasoll npeofiiaxajrB y 6ojiBiira&eTBa najiaru. 

PflEapB, MHHHCTpi BHyrpeHHHXl X^Al, XOpOmO nOHHMaXB 9T0. 

KoFAa ÁoAd npBmjocB no^aBaiB bi orcraBBy, to, no ero cjOBam, 
MHHHCrepCTBO HyxHO 6uA0 6paTB npEcrynoiTB* Oho ůsmo nepenoji- 
HOHO cenaTopaMH h xenyraTaMH ci utl BaHXHA&TaiiH. Jífifiě ne Morb 
npOHHRHyTb Rx HHHHCTpy HHaqe RaRii ^epesi ceRperetifi xxwh. — «Bei 
BHABxe, — BcrptTHjii ero PaRapi, HanyneHaMfl h ycrajmĚ, ^bto npocro 
aA'B!... Mhí^ 6a xoitjiocb y^epacaib Bací. Bo mhÍ^ bu Hafix^te san^aiy. 
Ha Bame m^cto Hiť^ercfl mecrb npereH^eHTOB^b h bc£ HHÍK)rb nox- 
AepsLRy. HasHa^afl BaMi npeeMBERa^ a Óy^y HMtib mecTb nejOBÍvb 
HeA0B0jn>HiiX7», ne CHHTaa bxi noRpoBBTejiefi». JífiAd OTRasajicaon 
npeAiosenifl. «BoTb H^CROJibRO neceMi, ROTopuMB npocaib nasHa^e* 
Bifl Ha Bame mšcto,— caasajTL PERapi:— scb BaRanciii siitiorb no 
HdbcROJbRy RaHAHAaTOBx. Ho ecjiH fl pi^oíHJCfl CA'liaTb Bce, ^to He- 
otfxoxHMO, TO a ne p^ibmycb ck^jl^tl Toro, ^xo HecnpaBexiHBO». 
Bi TaROMi nojioseHÍB, no Bcefi b^poathocth, HaxoxHJHCb h npo- 
me MHHHCTpti. Ho eciH HssťibHHJicfl xapaRTepi npaBHTejbCTBa, to 
flfijwso 6uio HsiftaHTbCfl H ynpaBJneHÍe. ^'^axeiH 24 iiafl, Bponn 
H ROMnasia, ne MeH^e pbano o^nn^aiE axMBBHcrpaTHBHEifl MexaHHsiix 

H SaM^HHJH npeSHifi TbepOBCRÍft COCXasi HHHOBHHROBI HOBUMi; HO 

A'toejibHOCTb BToro HOBaro cocraBa h sacraBHJia HapoA'b nps bh- 
óopaxi BUCRasaTbca npOTaei hbxi— ao tofo ohh ÓbUH xopomH h 
Ba^esHu Hb Kkjíi san^HTEi napoxHtix^ HHxepecoBb. JH^oab craBHrb 
RaR'b-6£i Bi yRopi Maai-Marony, ^o oni corjamaica na noxo6- 
Haro poxa ycrynRH h seprBOBaii x^^flTejflMH, Roropne Óbíjih bh- 
HOBHH TOJibRO Bi TOHi, HTO ciysHJiH noiHTHR^ 24-ro Mafl; Wh 
ApyroMi míctí, nanpOTHBi, aaropi cnpaeexJiHBO pascysxaerb, ^nt> 
BQHOBeHi 6£iiib Maai-MaroH^ b% tomi, ^to seiaiib biu^tb 
pecnyÓJHRy 6effh pecny6jiHRaHi^eBi, x^xejifliffH OAHBX'b boh- 
cepBaxopoKb, ROTopiie BosBejiH ero bb npesHAeHTciBO. Acho^ ^to 
y aBTopa ne ciosHjocb TBepxaro noiBTE^ecaaro Bsrjflxft) h sa 
OTcyTCTBieirb xubHOBBXHOCTH, oHb ifimaerb bi o^ey Ryry h 
BsrjflXK) BHpaÓOTaHHne ÓiopoRpaTBqecROK) A'&<30BHT0CTbR), H Bsrjiaxii, 
BucRasannue ^^pani^CRHMH nyČiHi^BCTatfH na ocHOBaHÍH $aRTOB'b 
nojiHTHHecRofi H coi^iajibHoft SH8HH, RaRyK) nepesua $paH^iI vh 
BTorb RopoTRÍB nepioA'B CBoero nepeposAenifl. E^Aft bca bi toitb. 



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BOHiiiiPTian. , 127 

TO) napínají óajrb Huse CBoero npBSBaHia. Owh se noHHuaji 
BCiHHHaro BHa^erá xoro MOiieHra, EaBofi nepesBBa^a ^paniqB, h 
WTb noieiiy owh ne xot^jh h He yn^xb ciaiB Bume 6opÍ6u 
naprifi, 6ujFh Heocroposeei, piinBTejieH'B mwhy Tflíb Hysno 6ujio 
HpexocraBím jíbM BpeMeHH, tfesxapaKiepeHi Tam, vjsík ipeóo- 
Bajcfl B%cRÍfi roJOCB rjiaBH crpaHu. Owh bha^^tb BOJineHia Hacioa- 
qaro, HeesBicTHOCTB 6yjiyn^aro, TpeÓOBairífl o^lex^b, HerepnHMOCTb 

XPJVMTb H p^mHTejBHO He nOHHMaJIGb, VAÍ HafiXTH HCXOA^ H8l 

ami TpeBOjraeHifl. FjiaBHoe, hto oh% bhx^ji — o^ny tojbbo 
HOByK) ^pMy H BHtmHOCTB FOcy^apcTBeHEaro ycrpoenin, ne noAO- 
spiBaí, mo sa aroK) ^pMOB> fl BH^mHOCTBH) cRpuBaiorca shbuh 
cflJH Bapoxa, BiieHHo it cbjiq, botopha owl snaTB se xot&tb, ho 
BOTopsia tíitb He Meffbe ou^Kknum HaBuÓopaxi 20«ro ^eBpajia 
Bce 6yiyn^ee $paHipB h caiforo ero sacraBBjíH noBBHyrB npesn- 

^eBICTBO. 

FoBopa o PHBapi, JI^ojo ne ynoMAHyji, ^to 8to oahh'b hsi 
jiocToflHÍflmflX'B rpasA&Hi ^panipB, BorAa-jBÓo nojy^aBniBxi hb- 
HBcrepcBifi iiopT4>ejiB. ^ecraiifi, npflMOfi, ctoSkíě AevOEparB, ne 
BSir&HBBmifi HH pasy vb Te^enÍH Bceft sbshb cbobmi mhíhíbmi, 
owb fií> CHxi nopi ocraBBJsi o ce&b caifoe jyqmee BocnoMBBame. He- 
oíorpa Ba xaKiente Masi-MaroHa b HtROTopHX'B hsi cbohxi to- 
BapBo^efi, OHI CTofiso no/uepsBBaji-B pecny6jBBaHCBÍfl yqpesx6HÍfl 
H vh ofELowb Hsi CBOBxi i^flpsyjHpoBi Hpflxo BHCBasajiai: «Heo6- 
xoABico npeBpaTHTB coMH^HÍe, ocBop6BTejBHoe AU npaBBTejBCTBa, 
ntttOB^BTB CB rbuB HeAOBipiflMB, BOTopufl, B% HpomeAniee spěna, 
MorjH bmítb ce&b oupaB^aHÍe, b BCRopesHiB hbi ofipasa MKCjefi 
napni rk BaAesAUy Boropua huhš crajni iíBTesHB?ecBBMH». drorh 
XOcroflHHfi rocyxapcTBeHHufi ^ejOB^si ynepB 12-ro naa 1876 r. 
Bci opránu ne^axn (sa BCEJUo^enieirB ÓOBanapracroBi) BucBa- 
sajmcB, HTO norepa ero AOJisHa BEisfiaiB Hl^^0HaJBHHfi ipaypB, n 
ipe6ofiajH, ^TOÓu noxopoHH 6ujíb CA&iaHU na rocyAapcTBeHHutt 
cwn. UoxopoHH 6ujíE ooBepmeHH cb ocoÓoh) i^epeHOBÍajiBHOCTBio 
H Macea napoAa ne nponycnija OTAaxB nocji^ABÍ& AoarB BŠp- 
Hony cjysBTejEO pecnyÓJBBH. SaM^THurB, tto PaBapB, bhAas 
mn HapoAa, yicep^ coBepmenniiMi (S^abbboitb, ne ocTaBBBi^ CBoeft 
c^iB*! HHBasoro cocToanifl. 

Mq ynonaHyjm o PBsapi, moÚu noBasaiB, qio b laKOfl ^ejo- 
b6bi 6im A^fl MaB'B-MaroHa tojibbo Basi lepnBMoe h neBsÓšs- 
Hoe sjío Bi npaBJcefliB. Ohi ne AOJiioÓJiBBajrB hb ero, hh ero 

CHCreMH. EABHCTBeHHUfi qeJOB^Bl, SOTOpHfi MOPB SaSSTB OTBpiIB- 

nnicfl nocTB MHHBcrpa BHyipeHHBXi a$ji'b, Úhijrh TOBapan^ PnBapa 
no saHBTÍBHi, A^-MapcepB. droro HasHaneHia ácejiajB b(A mhhbctpu. 



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128 BKTmi IBPOHH. 

a pecnyfi^HBaHCBafl ne^aTB hexo^vm 8to Bem&kxBuvh. Ho Map- 
maji^B, cji^nys Bujmeniio sóajHi^iH cbohxi hhthmhhxi cobíthb- 
KOBi — EpojiiH, Eio44^ H ;(p.— AOJiro conpOTHBJíiiJicfl h cona- 
CHjicfl TOJiBBO Torxa, Ror^a secB wŮEEerh cnui yrposaib eiiy 
OTCTaBROH). Cjioboitb, h Ha dTOTB pas^, KaB'B HH jTHEpaicfl Maa^- 
MaroHiy OH^ BUHyaKx^Hi Óiiai ohatb noxTBepAHTB CBoe oópan^eme 
na pecny6jiHBaHCKÍfi ujtl. PasyMŠerai, Bce 8to paBxpaaaaio ero 
H Majo-no-Majiy aoboahjio jsfl ptmaTeibnaro mara, aoropiift oh*b 
H cjíjbjíSLjrh 16-ro Mafl 1877 roxa. 

Tperifi HOBHft roAi b^ npesExenrcTBO iiapinajia Maai-MaroHa 
Ha^EHajicfl MHHHcrepcKHirB bphshcomi. B% 9Tor& 1877 rox& no- 
jier^o MHHHCiepcTBO ^K)^pa9 — MHHHcrepcTBo, cnoco^Hoe vb xpyroe 
BpeMfl yxoBJíeTBopHTB n&pjiaMeHTCsEM'B sejiaHÍaMi. Sauš^aTejibHO, 
^To na^eHÍe Jljio^pa abe^gcb Basi-TO HesanŠTEHMi, h xo tofo 
He8aM'lTHUMiy ^TO Ha coB^n^aHÍE 6-ro xeaaópfl 1876 roxa, Ha 
ROTopom 6uj[E npexcibxaTejiH oÚiuTh na^arb h jíiJK)4>op'B, napmajrb 
XOJiseFB ÓtiJTb cnpocHTB: BaRHirB oópasoirB Óujio CBeprHyro mhhb- 
crepcTBO H BOTopoH) H31 najiaTL? FpeBH yB^pej^s xapmajia, tto 
9T0 HO 6ujo x^oifB najaTKi xenyiaTOBi, a ^lo^pi npHBnaxB, 
HTO ero sacraBHJio noxaTB b^ OTcraBsy cenaTCsoe rojiocoBame. Ho 
OxH^pe-UaBBe saiiiTnjrB npn btomi, hto ceHaTopu, BOiBpya apo- 

THBl aaSOtt (5il TO HH 6hJ0 aHHHCTÍH, Bl TO so Bpoiui HH^ero 
ne EUijlVl npOTHBl MflHHCTepCTBa, H ecsEŮu ^H)^p% saxoT^jii 

rojocoBanifl o xoBipÍH, to nojy^HXB 6u sasBiieHie wh Óojbhihh- 
CTBa 180 rojocoBi. npocroxyniHuft MapmajrB npHHfljrb aro sa he- 
jiH^HyH) MOHery: «rl TaKOHi ciy^a'!, — saBJHoujrB ohi,— ecjra Hoe 
MHHHCTepcTBO HO HOHecjio HopaseHÍfl HH B!B oxHOfi H8B najarB H 
Buíerb Bi o&bBTh (5oaBniHHCTBO, TO fl Hory ero npocro BOScraHo- 
BHTB». Ohi ne noHHMajs['B Toro, ^to MHHHcrepcTBO ,2IÍK)^pa ne 
yxoBjíeTBopfljio HH najiaT^ x^nyraTOBB, hh cenaTy. (Mchu bo 

BCeHl CBOHXB MHBHCTpOBl H FB OCOtfeHHOCTH Jljl04K)pa Vh Jtjbl^ 

BaMŠn^eHÚL MarncrpaTypu hobumh jHi^aifH, Tpe6ya san^HTH HMe- 
HeMB saBona am TeHxeH^ifi9 abho hpotbbhuxi pecny6jiHaaHCB0& 
CBo6oA'i&i owh t^m^b caMuiTB cxbjidLjn> noJOseHÍe CBoero nepearo hhhh- 
crpa HeBOMoacHUMi. Ob xpyrott cropoHH, cbohbtb xasjíenieirB na ce* 
HarB MapmaiB x^jia^iB to, hto h vb nefiojiBmifl ycTynsH, saRia naxo- 

XHJIB BOBMOSHEIIÍB JIiIO^pB XÍ^&TB peCHyÓJIHBaHI^aMB, 61IJÍH OTBep- 

raeMu cenaTOMB. MesAyTŽifB vh najaT^ xenyTaToai nijni npenifl 
6K)AseTÍ. najaTa npiocraHaBJíHBajia rojocoBanie btofo Bonpoca, 
BecBiia ocHOBaTejBHO Haxoxfl> ^o nejiBBfl nopyiaTB oÓn^ecTBenHus 
cyMMu MHHHCTepcTBy, cocTaBB KOToparo HeH8BÍbcTeHB. Saspuiie 
o6n](ecTBeHHaro cyHxyaa nosasaio, nasoHei^^ MaaB-MaroHy, hto 



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BOHillAFTISMl. 129 

BOSCTftHOBHTB OpeSHlfi SaÓHHeTL BÍTB HBSUOĚ BOSMOSHOCTH^ H 

Hio, BoieD-HeBOJex), ohi Aojsesi o^paiHTLca si SOLiojno-CHMOHy, 
— BiceHBO x:b TOMy JKiojiD-CKMOHy, na soToparo yBasuBaao 6aib- 
iHHHCiBO nauru lenyiaTOirb, BoropHtt eno ter^b HexasHO bi» sna- 
M^uoofi CBoeft piu npoBOXHJii napajjieiB liesAy BHAHBHAyajiB- 

HHia HH^roseCTBOlTB Mapmaiia H HCSJH>HHTaiBHOK) SHa^BTeJBHOCrBlO 

nocia, npHxynaBBaro x^ui Hero, npo soioparo en^e lasi HejiaBHo 
FOBOiHijrB «$Hrapo», iro «BBecTH ď^ui-CimoHa vh cob^tb mbhh- 
ciepczBa— 8T0 SHaHBTB BBecTB Ty^a TBepa^ T«-e., ;ipyrflHB cxonaMB, 
BHecTB Tyxa ba^, ki RaBOiiy npH6irajifl tojibbo ^jenu cenBE 
EopAada!> Cspiiui cepxite, Mapmajii ptrnBica na bto, ho nojTB 
jaomewbj moóm nopi^B MflHBcrpa k)ctb]](íb ocrajCB sa JI^io^- 
poiTB. Ob CBoefi ciopoHu, SiojiB-CBMOffB ne corjiainajicB na no- 
CMfbfjĚte ycJOBÍe, xopomo SHaa, hto najaia sejaerB ÓesycjOBHO 
OHBDieHiB MaracrpaTypu, nero npB Ah)^p'I ctjbjíhTb tfiuo 6u 
iieiBBfl. Bi asHceikucoirB ABOf>ni i^^pcTBOBajno nojiHoe CMBieHÍe. 
H Gen toto pasApajteHHuft Beyxa^eio B0H(5BHaipfl MBHBcrepcTBa 
J^D^pa-GBMOHa, MapnutTB nouepBLHBajcfl vb btomi pasxpaaeHÍfl 
C80M1IH npBfijHcseHHUMB, óoHanapiBCTaiiB, BOTopue ÓjKUjm b% neiii 
H^OB^pie Kh ďiH)jiB-CB]fOfly, xpyry TBepa^ pecnyÓiBBaHAy 1848 r., 
fl 4-ro ceenCpa MapmajrB noxepajrB rojoBy. ^^i^jaiB 61110 Bce-raBB 
w^ero, osB noetijian sa ZBLwjieirB-GBiiOHOMi; ho BrafiHi oh'b yse 
Torxa pbnnLTB e6pocHTB cb ce6z jsibmy Boropiui najiosHJia na 
Hero najaTa x^nyraíiOBi. Eorxa MapmarB Bsen SioiB^GBMOHa 
VB Ba6HHerB MnHHcrpoKB, h noBa repi^orB ^esasi pexasTBpoBajrB 
nespěn o noBoiťB MBHHcrepCTBt, ohi oÓpaTHici vh Šbiojio-CfliffOHy 
CB aiox) BpoHÍ6K): «TenepB-TO bh Ha^Heie y neHB Bce nepesopa- 
nBaTBl» — «6yxBTe noEOfimi, — otb^thjtb caMum cepBgsHiaťB to- 
Hoxi Chmorb: — fl CByiíiK) OTHecrncB cb yBasoHÍeifB bo Bceny, 
qtó yciaaoBEiocB oÓcroBrejBCTBaiiB. JlmufiíWbj ^eciHO aiysBBniflH'B 
peeny6diBBÍ, nevěro onacaTBCflHBBaBHX'BnepeiiÍHi>. TasnirB o6pa- 
soiTB KB KOHiQr TpeiBflro roAa npesExenrcTBa Maai-Marona bo 
rjasi ynpaBieHifl ^panipefl) cobuhcb abí spatnoerB. 3x0 6iijia 
nocjri^AHflfl cieneHB yciynsH co cropoHH Mapmaia h BHcmafl cxe- 
neHB rapaHTÍH cboóokíí ^pasiiiB, BaBOft mofib AOcrarHyrB pecny6- 
jBBBHipi npn MaKB-MaroHÍ ch ero cojExaTCBo-BiacTHUMH yÓ^sAe- 

HUMB. EpOXBB, Bk>^[^, ^lO^p-B H ]Kk>jIB-ChM0H1^ BOTGb pflA^B 

BOWiimaioniteĚcfl creneHB pasBErifl cbjii pecnyÓJiBBaHi^eBiy sa boto- 
psiMi CjAfjerh nosafl 6opB(!a, BoaspaTHaa jratopa^sa tíx'b ase caiiuxi 
MOflapxH^ecBHXi B HMnepiaj[BCTCBHX'B crpeHdieHifi, BOTopua tojbro- 
^no no6HTH Óhjib eABEO^ynneiii jíbuxi, bšcbbmi fojiocomi napo- 
ffLj HO TenepB CHOBa no^HBiB roiOBy, ooBpaflCB na ocBopÓJiOHHOe 

Tom L— Hhbapb, 1881. 9 



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130 BtCTHlSl lEPOUtí. 

cosxBLTCtioe caMOjno6ie iiapinaja* Ho napox^ ^^paHKyacsii yse 
ycn^jii no^jBCTBOBaTB pesyjBTaxii HeriiHHoft cbo6oxu, h Bct x&t* 
CTBÍfl 8Toft MMapBJíbH pasjíerfajiHCb iipaxoir& nepexi BceicoryjQBirB 
cxoBoiTB HapoAHoft Maccu. TpH roj^a Tony Haat^i ara xanapHJiBs 
BSBeja Ha nocrB MaBi-MaroHa; Teaep& oea npraeia ero k% hiob^ 
seHÍK). BoTL caMHft cyii^ecTDeaHufi apasiiaBS^ ysa8iiBa»ii4fi ha do- 
ciynaxejBHoe pasBHTÍe rocyxapcTBeHBBXi y^pesxenB m $paH^iI 
vb cMuai HaiÓojBinaro pasBBTÍ2 rapaHiift cbo6oxh xu ea rpas- 



?ero-2se seiajiv pecny^jiHRaBi^i? CaMaro npocioro, sasesHaro 
H cnpaseAJiBBaro. Ohh sejajH h xpeCosajH, hto(Sb aAMMEierpa- 
TBBHufi nepcoBajii Bcixrb bj^xomcirl — rpasx&HCBaro, xyxoBHarO) 
cy;i(e6Haro h BoeHHaro noAHEuewh 6ujrh MHHBcrpam, ;^fieTBnenHO 
OTBÍTCTBeEHuiťb nepoffi napjiaMeHTOMrb, h hto6h Beci» aiorB nepco- 
Haja>9 coxepsHMuft cpexcTBaiiH napoxa^ cjysHJii h paciipocTpaHiij'^ 
yBasenie vh TOMy rocy^apciBeHEOiiy crpoK), Boroparo sejiaerb na- 
pox^. IIojiosHHi) Mapmaai MaKB-Maross ne co^pcTBOBajrB pec* 
nyÓJiHB^; ho ^Tb-se A^jaiB, sorjia MoaapxH^ecm nonHisH ne 
yxajiHCB H napoxB saxoxšjrB pecnyfijiHBH? Ob% otfflsaffs 6uzi> nox* 
xepasHBaTB h oxpanaTb ee. GaMx se ohi roBopeii Korxa-xo, uo 
«fl — TOJKBO xeierarb 6oibniHHCiBa coÓpaHÚ, xoropoe eciB SHBoe 
BupaaieHie BaB0HA». Ecjih TaB!B, to najaia HH&ía peciiy<$jiBxaH- 
cBoe 6ojnbinHHCiBO h owh xoJiseffb 6an óun nepBuicB peciiy6jui- 
Bani^eiťB. 3aTpyxHeHÍii saBuo^ajHCB re toicb, hto eyniecTBOBajo 
AB^ najaxu h, ciixoBaTejBHOy XBa (oAmBHCTBa. BisaBOB^ 1875 
roxa ony^eno 611J10 yBasame, ^to6ii uHEBCiepciBO corjaooBajocB ch 
ÓojuBniHHCTBOiťB najiaiH xenyraiOBi, saBrE* bto cyn^eoiByerB re as- 
rjiíficBofi BOHCTHTyiuH, H npHHUO xpyrc^ cnoco6'E peryjuipoBaHÍfl 
saBOHOxaiejiKHofi h HcnojHEieiBEofi Bjiacieft — pacnynoHie najiaTu 
CB coriada cenara. Ho KapmajrB xopomo mopb shbtb h npe^BH- 
X^TB, iTO sa pacnylpeHieMi najani so HOBmrB BHÓopam ^bhioi 
en^e ÓftjiBniee pecny&iBBancBoe ÓoiBniHHciso. SarticB, exy bbbj^- 
CTeKB 6ujph TBJíme 8aB0H'B 1872 roxa, no Boropoiiy, bb cjQr^ai^y 
ecjiH 611 BepcajiBCBifl najiaTu eraju sepTBOD BaBoro-iH(So nosyme- 
HÍBy TO saBOHOxaxejKBHaa BJiacrB nepexoxHTB bi renepaiBnizirB co- 
B'bTaMx, T.-e. TTO x^a rocyx&pcTB9HHaro nepeBopoia ne xociaTOH- 
HO Óujío HaÓpaTB bb ctojihi^ mafiBy npHBepseHi^eBrB h cb no* 
MoqBK) HTB apecTOBan^ h^bojibbo cotb cenaTopoBB h xenyiaTOBi, 



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BoffJtffApraBirB. 131 

a Hya^o 6uM m Mr^Bopn^ BOBaen bcio apMÍR) s no Bcefi $paH- 
ipi npoHSBecra MHoro^HCJieH&ue apectH reHepajibHincB cobj^hh- 
Bovk GiixoBatexbaO) xifi ifapmaďa Ma&i-Marofia npexcmBjfljiacB 
ttsoro poxB ajfti^pHwrHBa: hjih ohib f^ox^sem 0tiď% cji^AOi^aTb 
peciiy((iBKaBeioify levsiiOy bjb cjiosbis gi ce6di SBanie npesB^eHra. 
jl[pyn»ro Hcxoxa ae tfiiiio. 

O 16«ii% iiai imcajiroc]^ líBoroe. ^^ŘetmtejihBOj 3a%cb npoHsomm 
YKhTo HeossAiiHHoe^ HeHO&flTHoe, TOMfloe. Ha noxoponaxi cena- 
ttypa IlHEapa npoHeccfl cjryxi o BHeBanHoS oreraBiei) ^^jle-Ge- 
Mona. Ha Apyrott xesb ydnajií^ ^to jRK>JLh*GBUúB% nojiynBJtB o6ejí' 
ioe, xBp3Soe hhckho wb iiapmajia, ^o sa hbitb Ba($BBerB b^ 
nojHOMfE 00CI&B6 noxan b% orcraBi^ h ^to, Rpoirib ^esada h 
Jeora 08, om ocranaiixi oTCTaBím 6uzis npHHflru. HpoxoxHTB 
eqe a^hb h bi « Jooraal Offíciel» Hane^aTaHu tisjív ;(eRpeT£i iiap- 
maja, BOiopmcs nasHa^aiccB BOBoe XHHHCTepcTBO (tb repi^oroH*B 
Bponv Bo rjiaB% h cb ^ypty, MaHucrpoMi BHyTpeHHBX'& x^ji^. 
Sartin. 6hjs npcmaas vb najiararB npesBxearcftiH noc^anÍH o 
lupBTiH napjiaiieBTa xo 16*ro íiohji. 

dpaecn ^oab roBopan, ^to ati«B 16-ro Mas 6i2xi> ^n^HHirB 
1 BHesanHuvB jijkMmb oxHoro Mapmajia, ^to 6yxT0 6u neocTOpos^ 
Hoe cmbm oxhexi h ÓemxoxBUB HaoHJiifl xpyni^B cpaeRarajui 
ero xo^6fejui», h ohi npHNis canoe spatsee p4&meHÍe. RaRi (5ti 
to HH ÓEuio, HO BCff Espona yxttBEiacB ořovy máry Mapmajia. 
BceoÓB^ee tiesnoioficrBO, Baipy^Henifl vb isojiiiTHqeeRBX^B cHomeHiax^B, 

B0tpO9RX€HÍe HaxeSBX^ CropOHHlftOBl HlinepiW, HeXOBOJIBCTBO npoBHH- 

ipt — laBOBH ÓHiE BOCAŠxeTBifl 16-ro Hafl. ^a»e rb^ Boropue ea- 
lamBajra Mapmaia na pimatejBEni man, h t% xojshu 6ujie 
am$ahaij qro npexnpifliie 6uáo npeftX^BpeMeHBK) h bo bcaroitb 
ciytti HO DonyjflpHO. jE[ase cbm% ffiyjoL^BuŘ BpoJBB b totb, no 
CMman ^oxo, dyATO 6fii eBaBa;irL: «Bto (te oro oxHxajrB otb 
npmaja?! Ho naxarB xyxoirB nevěro. HacB bhbb^ rowiOBoio KHHyjiH 
BB Bcixy— Haxo masaTB*. Mesxy tim m Bpojn>B, hh rto xpy* 
rot 181^ coBfeTBiBOBB MapmEJia— a btb tfsrjio mhofo — se npexy- 
iqiexuH erO| ne yjKHVJíB eiiy HaeroBii^aFO no;ioseaÍB a^m. BcjiRit 
wn^ ero BanapHJiBiE saCotBJCfl o cbobiíi aB^HHXi BHŤepecaxB, o 
X9cnuKeHÍH eBOBxi saB^urB njiaHOBi. 3ty RoajiBQiit), AOCTHrmyro 
lenep^ Bjacra, ^ox^ CTapaeTOi cb BaBBBCCTBiD samraTBaro ^e- 
BOBBHBa onpaBxarB vh r^asazi norOMCTBa. drn jir>xb ctpe- 
nncB yBpo^BTB cnoRofiCTBie crpasa, roBopin ob%, e Bciopifl 
ujgoci w r h BiTB omH(ÍRE vrb BB BBxy tfaarExi ex% sax^pesifi, npo- 
ndya npmmn naxaTH, satitiBmefi npasa, oTRpímiB x^fl Rattxaro 
^^anvesHaro. Beropúi oi^%HBn nOBexOHÍe exi bo RaR'B BsictBy, 

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1S2 BwnoK^ iBPOiiu. 

HO Ba^B saROHHoe BonojiHeHie npeBMymecTBa riasH rocyx&pcTBa^ 
KOTopufi AOB4bpH4% MWh upauesie. B:b oxHomb corMmaercfl ^OA^^ 
HTO oÓCToaTeaBCTBa, Wh Boropiixi obh wpnajB BdiacrB, rpynnspo- 
BajB OBOJio Hflxi aremovb h ctopohhbbobi bs^b xy;(niHX'b sparoBi^ 
peeny6nBB. He sHaeMi^ ^tó cBasen BCiopÍB xaiexaro Óy^oru^aro, 

HO Bl HaCTOBB^ee BpeMB O^eBBABO, ITO BSÓpaHBOe MHHHCiepCTBO 

cfb coBMOMi CBOBxi <areHTOBi mvb xyAQiBZ'B BparoRB pecny(SjBBH» 
nojiOBUíJio Hanaio HOBsrjiaABMOiiy HeAopasyiiiHix) Mosxy napnia* 

JLOWh H HapOXOMl B BpBBeW Wh TOMy, HTO MBOlie BBl OFO CIO- 

poBBBBOBL 6e8noBopoTBO GiajiB BL ps^H ero Bparofiii. 

Ha-nojvB xopoii ocraHOBBTBca 6um Be^&Bfl, nysBO 6hjio xo^ 
CTBrsyTB pacnyn^eHÍB najaiu. Bi Bcapmirb nocsaaHÍB Mapnmjii^ 
yxadUBaii ceBaiy, tro iieaB^iy rem^l m naiaTOK) xenyraiOBB cyo^e* 
cTByen paBOÓn^eHHOcrb, h npocBJíi oeBarb npespaiBTib lasoe nojiose- 
HÍe x^a BOHCTBTyqioHHiurb nopsABom, ofi^bBBJíflB oetia roroBurb 
HOBBHOBaniCfl BepAHBiy crpasu. Cesan ne MorB otb&tbtb eMy oisa- 
80M!L^ BHane okb craBBA 6u aa sapry cnoBottcTBÍe crpasii b BMeHHO 
Bi TO BpeMB, Borxa nojBiB^ecBÍB cípacTB xocTBFjiB Bucmefi cieneHB 
HanpflBLeHBOCTB. najiara tfujia pacnyn^eHa; ch 13-ro ÍK)Hfl aa^ajiHcs 
BH<!opu x^nyraTOFB. MBHBcrepcTBy BpoiBH npexcroixo bxb no5^ 
ffikThj BJB ynepeTB. IIoHaTHO, hto rep]v>rB ho crtcsuca cnoeo6aMH 
fjLB npaBBTesBOTBeHHaro xaueHia na BUÓopu. MnosecxBO camix^ 
668o6pa3Hux% saBCBBBaHift y ^epBB, naoca noxiacoBOsi b TOMy 

nOX06HHXl TeMHHXl, BenpBJHHHUX'L A^JITb COnpOBOSAaJIB BBÓopsi 

npaBBiejiBCTfieHHHxib BaBXBAaiOBL. BpojibB BacraBJflXB Maa^B-MaroBa 
noM^psBBaiB MBHBCiepcTBO B HepbABO sacTaBjBJťb ero BiicsaBEi- 
Baibca cjiOBaMB^ BOTopua saBcerxa ero BOMQpoMenflpoBajiB. Ha 
BCB dra MaxHHai^By bcb noAnojbHafl paíkmi npBBeaa s% caMOMy 
HBHTOSHOMy pesyjibTaTy: obb yiceHBmHia pecny(SjBBaflCBoe 6omi^ 

IBBHCTBO BCerO TOJIbBO BB 40 FOJOCOBl, HO SB TO yCBJBJía peC" 

sy&iBBaHqeKB tfopiitfoB) b yBejiBHaia bxi TpiyM^i. PesyubTarB 
BufiopoBi 13 OBTBÓpB B 4 Hoa6p£ eB^c pan noBaBan, hto ^paHiUa 
seaaerb pecnyÓJBBB h OTBjíoBBerL Bcasaro poxa xanacTB^ecBÍa no- 
noisBOBOBia. Maa^B-MaroHi xoJuseHfb 6uja> hohbtb bio* Ho ool 
ynopcTBOBai^B; owb BoaMyn^ca mkicjub) ycrynBTB bhobb BHtfpaa- 
Euwb xenyTaxam, tioacB, ito ohb opBiiyrB ero ycryoBy sa noj- 
ByB) BanBTyui^H); owb flécBOJBBO pa«B nuTaacfl cocrasETB bh^*- 
napiaMeHTCBoe MBHBCiepeTBO h t&i!b en^e ((ojiie passBrarb crpa- 
CTB, yBeuuBajTB ibcjio BexoBOJBBHXi. ToaBBO crporaa ýk^h řep- 
i^ora OAB^pe-IIaBBe Busejia bsi ynopcisa Mapmajia h npoBSBejia 
HeoaBBxaHHHft bcxoa^ A&ia: obi oxo6pBď'B nporiMtMMy AB)^pa, 
BdBBniaroca coctbbbtb MBBBCTepcTBo; 14 xcBatfpa bto MBHBCiepcTBO 



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BiHunAPTian. 133 

npexcTUO nepexB naiaroD h upo^jio pi^b, (KjmKBJomjvo nojiH- 
Tisy ceMH nou^ABHn Miu^iieirB. Kpbsectb 16 Maa T9aau% o6pa- 
20u% npomeis enosoftHO. 

Awtoph maraeMoi eaiiH smra cmpáetcsí HatfpocHiB rtHB 
ra nccjrlAJMiUJi xiMcroia namru h mraBciepcTBa JíjKiiffoph. Uo- 
<S4^ se yenoBOHia h He yMxua no((iffBTejidl. He xoBOXBCTByflCB 
KmwpuBfifňewh vb odmfictBewEOŘ xtoenHOcni tíx^, RoropHxx 
BpojbH oicfíMfflHaSi B OTcraBKOH) ero xpeaiypí, miHEcrepcrBo^ ho 
MHteiiD JífiMfij nepexoxHJio bc£ rpaHHii(ii| Tro(b BincasoBai^ oeo* 
<Sy» ycjyjsjíHBOOTB jriBHm. Birlcrb ci t^itB) «yxp]r^6HHiii npoTH- 
BopftiHBHMH eoBtTHHBaMH) sepTBa fiesyMsaro ynopCTBa h HeyMo- 
jn»TL Tpe(k)BaBÍtt) ae sexas noBHHyrL xtoxefi, xoiopsie noMep- 
SHBajH ero poBOBoe npexnpinrie (1.6 nas), xpa<$puft cojxan, noxB 
Baaopom ysacsnixi onaceaifl, pasopsax^L xaKBeyi), noxflyD crpa- 
ael sBHafiÁcB, ciaxi nepex^ npaBXOR) ■ no(Si^a^^HHafi naTpioTHa- 
BOM% iTOHXjrB HaBOHeir&y TTO rxasa crpaHii ho yHHsaerai, Borxa 
yeiynaerb saBOHHOMy ex Tpe6oBaHÍK)» — xaprBHBO pscyen Marb- 
KiroBOBCBift HBO(»HHB'b. Ho 9Ta anojOTÍx Mapmajy h yxopB 
peenytfxBBakqavi ci nraHcrepexBoirE Aio^pa caiciiirb oteBHXHHirB 
ofipasoiTb iipoTVBOptqBn xiScTBBiexbHOMy xapasTopy TOPxaaiHirxB 
ůdmaneMhcmu noxHTH^ecBOMy noioasefliio BpasxoBaBniHx^ cropovB. 
fjkMú B% lom, HTo pecny((xHxaHaii ei TaiKlemm bo rxaBi xopooio 
BixbxH, Vfo Masi-MapOBi tox&bo BOBopvxcx, HO HO nepepoxHxcX) 
v ^Ro npH cxyuí ovb se orciaHerB on cbohxi aHTfl-pecny6xB- 
BxaesHxi HocxraTexBCTBi. Xlaxaia xopomo snaM b BBxtxBi cboxkbo 
npHxoxBJOCb 6opoti»ex HHRBcrepcniy A>^P& ^ ]rHopcTBOin Map- 
Bua H sanb lypo BiraoxHflXB<» ex savoBHiix ipeCSoBanix. Ilepexi 
«i rxaBaicH ocrxBaxocB HasoHe^B 16*« Bax b HeDOBBOxarexbHO- 
ipytfoe OTHomeHie itiqnnaxa rb (kiBnieify xpUBiexio ne^anr ffiroxx)- 
OnoHy. Bh^^oiui ctoxxb xonoxHRrexbHue cenaiopOBie Bu6opH. 
Sainqmxbx, oapysaBrnaa Mapniaxa, chxbho pasc^HTHiBaxa na 6oxb- 
iBBHeTBo Bi oenart. Oea ho Tepxxa Hafiesxv, hto opa nocpex- 
<art aioro ($oxbflifnietBa CHMa asncx ooopa vh mníb cenaTai h, 
BO peqrary ero cosxadexx BpoxbB, m^maxy caoBa paBBaayrcx 
fyBB. Jíj^ B eam ^lo^^opib ae xor&rb craib bhí napxanettmHxi 
MuuáMi 1T0611 fle <^aŤbCB srpy oboh) vb pysarb Mapsiaxa, aasi oto 
wiiajocB c^aUoxb-OHMOHoirb. MapBMJTb ycryiiaxi MBBBcrvperBy, ho 
yctynan ae btb loft ^px4, Bací oto pHqren Aox9y a BcxtxcTBie 
■eoCxoxBMOcra h m caiitnfB aMxqHHMB npBBHaBaxH BexOBOXberaa. 
Bdtan ůtno Taaexo, boxobbo. Ecxb vrb nonepsaiaxo 917 ho^ 
^cseeiBeHDyit^ aBBO]lOXlt^íB>, wvb bto BHtmBÍx o6eioaTexbOTBa: bo- 
Bol&a, (SepaHBCBUl xoHfpeoo^b b norom BHOMBsa^ Mips 



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131 awamwb ivmui. 

ymffiJL%f 17a (WfoyflpaB^aeifM ^^haía mMmtn b MfUkuBien. Po- 
cnomHoe upoaueme ch^w pef^OiHu aaoraBuo (SauoiBBCfBO m- 
ÓepaiBHuxrE jierHTBKHCTOFB npHMKHyxb Bfb peoiiy6iiKaBfitM'b, & 
MaB^*MikrMft BOjeD^mMjeiD BUcsMis^cfl «a p^cayóasiy. Ha 
BueraBid^ ^pmnydGÚí bhpwb BOcasaírB apulp^ lópy, Baraxfi^ 
pe8yaiiTftiOB% HOfl^en^ xooivtiq?^ KBBiaBsax^fl nwk ycaoBÍem^ ^o- 
(k>APi^ro Tpyxa b cmÓoabhx^^ y^peAWBifi^ a bcjíx^ m wnn Offfr 
acHO, Bas^ropiieeBB) npwwsywm bcŽ' awiAaHUt raoiasan, iio- 
OB^ meM^fi^ (Mii^ yopaoJAfiieB co6ob) b xopMum pecayójiBMH- 
CBOio ^pnw) spasjíeaúu H» 88 bk<SiibbiíBX% ceBMQpoB:^, Aenapr 
TaMeBTaMB 5 afiBapg ($b4b Bu6paBu 66 peeDy(!jiBKaB4eB% b toam 
16 peaBivoBepo^i- TJúCjAjímm saHesw sa peasviwBiifi BOSBpan 
pymajiack. TxaiieBie. MapauMa jcvaBOwucH^ x^cmi BeBfitfisBiiM!^. 
Mil apoAxen^ nbmo BoaÓpMSiBXi cecdfi. 1878 roMk, Tai% san* 
nap^aneBTCBia <}ypB yimowBBa4«i^ npeffcratintf x> H»8rtoi»ociu()^ 
ceeaTopcBBxii BNi^opon, BaaHaiWBdn sa 6*e BBiapB. 06i ero* 
poBtt ůhUM CAepaanBUy yciynuBu— -^NWAajH peiyA^arar B% as- 
Bapi OTipiuBCii napianeHTeBÍfl ndb^msi, PeByjii>rorb BH($opeB^ 
(^OA^ BsaíeveBft, IIpaMsetterBy iq^oioflao otrv^TBXb bb BecibMa 
cyotecTBeBBiie BOopocH, BoeraBjeBBiie crpaBOD Ba paspfimeflie: 
(H»aueBÍe sa vocyxapccBoit!^ apasa peexiaiB yieoHZi ereoaBett;. 
A»poBoe, 0(Ífl8aTejBBO6) nepBoaaiaaBme o($ywBÍe; ynpaiMiBeBie Bep- 
xoBflara coBftra o($Biec£B€aBan» (K^pftgoBaHia; yaiBifoiiaHíe perarioa^ 
uwch mffMBMeuBBXh BMrptfanifl; JiepeMiB^eBÍ^ AaBMpMCBaro 
yBpaBieaúi m% lowBaro munerapcvaa bi» MBBflciep€i»o BsyrpeH- 

HB1» XÍ»; QÓmBMMie BOIBDfi aif BBdW BOmcyBapBlťb 1871 F« 

B, BaBOBOKiiy Bpeojt^XOMBie BBBK)BBux:b 16*ro Maa. Ha Bcb em 
Boapeen MBBBefepoTBQ .S^io^pa otbítbm CBoeiQ aporpannoK), npo^ 
vBxaBBOB) 14*ro BB«ap« JífOi^pomb n eesaii, MapoffpoM^b wh na* 
ÁwA /fiuytta^n. Ha aci on BoopecH oporpaniia oTBiiajia 
eciB flfi BB«uft> fo m SBa^BiejiMOffi «oaii^ oitpQA'&iaBB«cTB m 
yAOBjíaisopeBia* Tav^, iqxírpaiufa BeaMa bcbo ^uoBasajiac^ otso- 
cBieuBO <i6a9aDeiMaco oCfpaMBaaúiy m BOsirDaBOBMBia npaaa racy- 
xapoifa BM^ ^ujukij yiesiixi. exeneflet; ttTBocBTeibBO anBBCTiB 

BPBBOABMCB, VO 14 B 1& flBBapa up^wmTOWh BMnBCMO 6iU0> 

2,250 nponwBJS b iyo eojB ae qpbmto (^um BaicBjK»aBÍe, 
10 iMiiBO n BUMy Bcea6m«ro aaiaraia bv JSb^pbí,, opoBs- 
BexeBBaro DoigfateBiaBB bb repomacíM^ Bicob^awpa^ ^opoMil 
HcnaBÍB B Hiaiifi* SMarejua wmAaiMfepiB rofioppMCfci it<^ f^^ 
gtbíb ea Gyjiyni eocamn boj» Ba($jiaAeBÍeM» 0fiQ(k>ft «»dbnawoft 

XOMHBeciB Wh aBAl MBBBfiiepOSB^ BOeBBatW^ BByxpeBBBBl xiJTb 9 

B>erB4ifl« Habosba^, (mocaieiMo aaniaiwia obomopí^xbttbp^mb^ 



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BOHiniPTitn. 135 

mm> ee6sL Jínixh Bm axnHierpaTHBiiaro oepcoHajia nporpMfiia 
onftnM yuoHHHBOi ^iro luiBHCiepciBO sacraBarB yBassarb cyo^e- 
CTBfUímjA nop^AOTb, oi^oiniĚ ^MEnuiHerBOicB pecny&nBaHCBHrs 
ueHon Bh cemji. 3aÍcb aojsho sBM^nrrB o&b oxHOWb o6ctob* 
TtMhCtBÍy BOTopoe nocjysBM rMBBOB> npHiBBOK) npeBBxeBTCBaro 
iQ»»oa. Do saBOBy 1874 to», Cáifjo^uo Bas^Ke Tpa roxa 
CK^kfian BJB iiepeiitaiajrb KOiiaBXBpoirB Bdai I&tb Bopny* 
cwh. Mapaian MaB%*MaraH% ae bciioibbii 9Toro saBona. GmI- 
seBo OHIO Beero ToabBO Tpa bjh qempe wpajtmai^ soiiaB- 
Aupa. Oporpama HBSBerepoiBa orpaHBVjacB no diOMy no- 
BCMy BafluenieMi, ^to sasoai o BOHaBAOBaBin BopnycoB^ ŮyjífiTh 
TmfaejoBO BcntJHflf&ca b AosBOjaeifEui BCBiB>ieBÍB 6jfjTb npa- 
iňsanaí yojbbo vh cjyiaft cyiqecneBfliix'b BMOfinoei^ cjyaSu. 
dra yBJonBBOC» ButBajia Bey^OBaneiBÍe vh najai4^ A^nyraTOBi; 
vb eraari^ se nporpaafMa npamia cl OAo6peBÍe]f!&. 

Meatxy lim eme pasie Mapman, bbab b6B061iobiboc» conpo- 

TBBUTKB, CMteBJl BOeHBarO MBBBCTpa EopeiB; BO BUliCA Ch 

idrB B»»asaicB npduio J^jo^py^ ^lo obi bb b% BasoMi csy^at 
B6 coFiacffita na to, vdo6h 1) npejiasH 6uu ctopobbbbb 16-ro MaB 
cjMy B 2) na BceoiSniyx) cirinj BopnycBiix'L BOMaHXBpOB^B ^mellcBBxrE 
BopnycoBi. £cjB n^en xnEBcrepcTBO)— eRaBajii okb pimBrejBBO 
fl^^PJj'^^ Btrbcii c% BBMB ociaBJB) noGTB npesBxeflTa. Bcb bb- 
xbn, vo cynieciBOBaBÍe nBHBCTeperBa Ai^P^ coexBneno ch yerpa- 
neBíem npesBj^Bra. Tftirb Be mob^, npociymaBi MBBBcrepcByK) 
nporpaimy, jrtrae pteian <»ŠjaTB upaBSTeiberBy Banpoci, htoÓíi 
OBO acBŠe BscsaBajiocB sa merb 6yxyn^lx^ cbobxi naiApeBifi. 
DpMia BawaiMii 6íijib bb 20 BBBapa. Bb npoxpiseBiB ipex^B 
ABefi, Booopse ociaBancB xo eposa, ceBan B&buM CBjíaMB cm- 
pajcB cnaeiB xBBBCTepcno. Ob CBoet eropoBH, Mapfliaji'B) Ba»B 
nepexaen JtfiK^^ coBtoosan b j|0Ba8UBaji% AHN^J) ^'^ wjom 
onaguBaiBCfl on Bjaera, npesxe hími Bcrontaicfl wA cnocoCu, 
vtíůa yxepaaxB ee.— «A 6turB oieBBMMOK%, roBopan Mapmajii, 
BO a BOMBK) xopomo Td lyaciBO npB naftenin Kapaa X, Boxopoe 

rOBOpBJO MWbf 4T0 BpBVflOB^ p6BajlBn|ÍB ÓHM BeyciynHHBociB 

MBBBorpa IIojuMBflBa. IIoBse fl BBXJkJKB snsBepseBÍe Jlya-^BjíBnna 
B Gowasaj^ «va b obo ufowBomMO no vofi ate npB«Bi». Pan- 
ferra Ckxb bb M| bb npoiBBi JlfDíjfop9k. BaBMeivB, cocfOBiocB 
ce$paaie^ Braopoe ffOMwo 6um bbb bobohibtb ifBflBcrq)CBift spa- 
sBOik, BJB ocjQKBBtB BVo BpBBBiexfccvBeBBHirB. Ilpeaú fiuJB sapBÍa. 
fywkmj vo FaiiderBa aHCBaseorea nporaBs MaHacrepcnBa, ao Broro 
0B» ae c»b^iat% a Bateaen 6BurB eoaceffB otb aeicBByeMofi n6eiJL 
Maaii^MaroBi xoi loro 6bj% yiAfea% vb na^eaiB aa^aBera, .^xo 



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136 mmmaeh xsFonn. 

OTHpaBHJiCfl ch CBOH]r& inTa6oir& m Bepeau h vaAn yse he- 
roTOBŽ CBoe Dpomeníe o&b oreraBct. B% aro Bpeiui 6onmHHCTBom 
92 rojiocoFB vb najiaTi^ npoH3oinejr& onepexHott nepexox^, ^P^J" 
jiBpoBaHHBtt TaRHm oÓpasoHi: ^aiaiaia xenyiairan, xortpn sa- 
flBjieHÍH) npaBHTejiBCTBa, ytítexena, vm xa6HHeT&, nojiy^HBinit 
nojHyD CBo6oAy x^ficTBÍfi, ne 6yxerB soiedaTscii, nocíš BejiHKaro 
Ha]^OHaJlKHa^o coÓhtLi 8-ro flHsapfl, vh npexoctaBJíeHiH pecnyfin- 
KaHCBOMy ÓoJiBiiiracTBy saROHHaro yiOEiersopenifl, wbho rpeóye- 
Maro HMx HneHeiTB crpaHU, bi& oco6eHHOC7ff, OTHOCHvenso Hsifi- 
nemfi bi aXMHHHCipaTVBHOiTB H cyxetfHom nepcoHajr6». Mapmajn 
BCTp^THjrb AK>^pa BpaBee HexpysejuDSvo.— «KavB noru bh 
corjiacHTBCfl Ha noxofinaro poxa noBejrtme?— copocBjrB owh ^H)^opa: 
— na^aia xajft saiTE He yxocTOBipeme bb aob^Píb vh miHHCTepcroy, 
a npocTO npEsasi*. — «3to cx^ano x^a Toro, hto({h cDacra m- 
HBcrepcTBO H npexoTBpaTHTB HHBioaeHie upeaHXeara*, — OTBinm 
cyxo Aio4K)p&. Mapmajii ocraica HexcsoMHi; }lfúlffop% Bafea^E 
H8i XBopi](a; cosaitiH, ^ro ero MHHHCiepcTBO ewífi oozpaBBJOCb. 
nponijo Eri^cBOJiBBo xnefi. ABaaocB hím^bojbko cxtn^eHift vh 
nojHi^efiCBot Hpe^BTyp^ cir&ii^rao Ůvlm h^bojibso reHepajbHurb 

npOBypopORB. ACHO ($£IJiO, ^0 MHHlICTepCTBO piniHJlOCL CTpOPO HO- 

nojHETB sejaHíe naMTH. ^eob oto xha nojiošeme napinajia cra- 
HOBEjiocB Bce ÓOÁl^e n^eBOTaHBincB. R^b aroacy BpeiieHH owb ysHajB, 
^To DapjiaMeHTCBafl (MixcTBeHHaa BOHXHCcifl roroBETB npexcrae- 
jienie o npexamn cyxy mhhhctpobi 18 Maa a 22 H0fi6pa. 9to 
6íizo cjiHinBoirB MHoro a ogtl p&nHica «yxajiBŤ&cfl», omaffOL 
TOiBBo yxoÓHaro ciyiaa. Ilpesxe xpyraxi flauca wb Heny aa 
noxnHCBK) xeapera otii orcraBsi bbcihhxi vhbobhhkobi ^BHaa- 
coBoft axMHHHcrpaiaH Jleom Cd. MapmajrB mumEn cbok) noxHBCb 
xo cji^xyK)iqaro xha h sariiTBy yBExaBnuieB (tb ^lo^poirB, caasasB 
eiiy: — «fl ne xoTf, ne nory noxnacaTB xeapera. JLeovh Ca cjram- 

BOMB ropfllHTCfl». — «9t0 eJHyTOfiBOOTB, V£0 exy IipaiDJH)CB aBBTBCa 
nepBHMB,— OTBtULrB AK)^PB) — MB B(Á OtfflSaHEiaClIOXHHTB SaBOHTB 

20*ro aHBapfl». «H bh mhí bcI npHHeoere bb naKima noxoóaaro 
poxa xeBpeTB?» cnpocajTB BSBOJHOBaHBO MapmajiB. — <y HacB y sas- 
xaro roTOBu cboh cmrcBa. Mu xojubh& ato ^x^^wtb. MapinanB 
corjiacBTca cb aaMH^ Hfla^e h«mi npaxeroa yxanrBca, a npeeK* 
HHBH HamH xojsHfi ÓyxyTB cx^iaiB iose».-^<ď ToseyxaJiiocB ch 
BaMH», cBasajTB napínali.— «9to b^bhS man CBaMnponemipoBaTi^ 
rtxB, Boro BBT xoTBTe iip<yiemapoBanFB») OTBfavxB jyBaBO ^n^pB. 
Ha xpyroft xeHB MapiHajrB ooxDHcaorB xeaperB O. 28-ro aaBapa, 
no oÓErBHOBeHiio, bb ejHceficaoH^ xaop^t 6ují(í sacMasíe mbhb- 
CTpoBB noxB npexc&xatejiBCTBOM^B Mapmaaa. Bapxy^ MBHacrp^ 



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BOHiSiFHSIl. 137 

BapoABaro npcx^inteak h HcnoBŠxaHiž, npe^Jioatnii cntHiTB xh- 
p»ropa HcnoFÍAttHiÍ, HejiOB^sa^ BOioparo ooo6eHHo jm6BÁ'b nap- 
man; Mapinaji'& ^ noxmicajiik x^Bpen; sarbirB BoeHHsft mraBcrpí 
yiaaiiBarB Beo6xoxHxoerB of^BBTb 10 Bq[)nycBH3nb BOMasAspoBi, 
lan saBft sroro rpetiyerB sasoHi b seiaerE najara. 3x^ nap- 
man ae Byxepsai% 6ojd^ HsK^flBBBiflCb jfb íbi^, osb boc- 
miByn: «s^, aioro xe^pem a ne BOAnamy. FeBqMUH bh- 
6paHo Ba BTopoe TpexjŠTÍe b obb xo^auni pciaiBca xo SToro 
qiosa. EoHCiBTyivui xoeÉpBia mbí BOMaHxoaaBÍe BoficBaiiB b h 
WS n i^BBJb paacrpoBBaTB bx%. Bci bte reBepajm — npBnipBiiie uy* 
san, a ne auta) npasa oÓbxítl bxi; a Jiynnie eaici yflxy* Cqa- 
ttD xia ce(Sa (SesnecrHEiirB corjacaTBca aa noxo6flaro paxa npexJio- 
seBÍe». Ob smia cjioBana Kapaian Bttflieji'^. Bb totb se wneph 6ujio 
BOBoe coafen^aBie MBBacrpoBi. Pianua acMWepsBBaTS cbob npexio- 
seatt. Ha xpyrcA A^bb AaH^(^ o6iflBan Mapmaay o Beestfiauioft 
Beo(ixoxaifoorB etíksBirb npex^oseBSBa asiitaeBia vh axMBBBorpaipB. 
Mi^HDarb ynopcTBOBan. — «Torxa npaiiBTeMox>OTCTaBBy», CBasan 
j^D^prk — «Hítb; a ae nory cocramb ee&b MaBacTepcTBO an aa- 
doflo^aro ÓonmaBCEBa; a piaiaioa yxaiarbca*, nporoBopai<b CBoe 
DOCfbxnee cjobo MaB%-Maroai. Do ropoxy xoxaia cairae paaao- 
otfpaBBiie Gjyxa, to, ^to mtpmarb yciynan, to, aro owh npa- 
Bui. oTcraBBy mbbbctpobb. JIíbuo cesaTa a najutTH xotiyraTOBb, 
oocii omea AM^Pt^ sa&raroqmieBBO pfonaja Baaxaxatypy 
rp^a. nociaHBBBB Teierpa^apoBajia CBoam npaBaTejBCTBaM'B, 
Baaeui ha oiecaBBy aapaiaja. 

HaciyHaao 80-e aaaapa 1879 r. Bb coapoBOsxeBia XByx'B 
MiinaBTOBi aEapmaji anajca 9b Bepeaia. MaBBcrpii Bct 6uxe 
n o5oprL-*«HTaB^ rocnoxa, — otfparBjíoa vh aam MavE-MaroBi, 
— Bame pbmeme ocraeica BeasatBEiiirB?* MaaacTpii MOiu^a. 
«BaBie MOjnaaie oroiHaeri aa Bacs. Ob CBoet CTopoas, a a 
ocm)^ me^ CBoeM^b p^toesia: a Apaseei cbox) oieraBEy. Botb 
sacuia Ba «di apesaxesrovb na^arb*. Mapmaxb rpoaxo apoqa- 
taa Bocb a capooub, ae noxaaaiyTea Jia MaaaOTpii? ^lo^ps 
Beava ocBQBaTMUio onuoaajTB npexMsaaíe, yBasuBaa, ^to 9to 
ann, sacaampeca aa^ao oxaoro Mapman; m% asajiea tojubo xo- 
CBunb BTb no Haasa^nix). MBBaerpB oaiXOBiaB kb aapniaiy, 
aaia emy pyaa^ raydoxo eoQaaji^ o eiy^aBnmua. Mapaian tf uxb 
^oayn^ Oas BHpasajrb aaxesxy^ ^ro ero npeeiiBa»& dyxen 
naase mfeff^oB cvpaiA, saab a 4)«b caiib. A^^HN^ Bspaaajb 
eqr ora aaipt Be'ftrb iMy($OBoe yBaafifflie. fi/w roBC^arb, no ^la- 
4flfi nepex^aajvb oxaoay sypsaiaciy, vro aapnan ae nepecta-^ 
Ban x^sATb ce(Sa qeciBO aa ace Bpeaa Bpasaca, a vro tfyxro 5ii, 



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138 vhcnaaeb apon. 

Bwxa msasmcípu npo^svaiH traokva vb npeasAeiitaiiiy ohh p^majm 
npoeHTB MapmaM nepeMiHOTB cjOBa: «q[i6xnpbm} noKymasinifledc 
Ha AOOTOiHCTBa B (SesomcHOCTb apiiÍH»~cjOBaiíH: «iipexnpinut 
oponiBHiUi EHTepecaux ainnB> — m iiapioajrB na 9to corjacuci. 
SaiiiTB xapman b&Amb nparoroanfb sapeiy o% tim^ ^radn 
neptOMy cx^aib Bosím bhobb Bii6paBH(»ify opesixeny. 

GoBeponesHo npoeio, xai% 6yxro tfii HH^ero ne iipoiczoAuo^ 
sauji CBoe oÓUHUoe mšox) bcb naiaxi xenywroBii Sk)jb FpeBH* 
no npMxeHM npoTOMja npe^nteaTBOBaBrnaro 8ac6j|aHÍi^ ostb npH*- 
HJin BHec6HAH6 xeiyiwaMH saJBBoaonpoesxii, sarim^ íĚOKBBBmuch 
eB Epecjia, uumui^ es oÓusHOBenaoi) CBoes) mhfkoí cepBéBaociBD, 
HTO jĚWh BCJiy^eHO dhcbmo ctb npesExesra pecHy&nm^ soropM 
sgieh jse npoHBTajoi rpcmso b 6wb Beasím noffiepiHBaHily 
cpexH xoMWBaro Mojraasia najata. IIo iipovreBÍE obk npaBasai^ 
saBeciH coo5iiteBÍ6 iii4>iBaia is iipcxroaon, cauoe se nocaaaie 
nepexan j^a ompaBaeHia b% apxsBB. 0% ncnamao o juu H uflcw ngB 
cnoBfilcTBÍeMSb FpeBH HpoiBíMft mrícatb cmna bb& soHcrBtyi^By 
ofHocflDiuicfl vb 8THM'B oÓeToiiaiBcvBam H AotiaBHXB, uro san x^ui 
Baed&xama lOHfpecca (^jn&rh roioaa ra narH ^aaiicB« ^bhís na^ 
jam 6iuui upiooTasoBjíeHEr. O^cbk^iib roBopuH, vdo bcio sty 
npoi(6i7py spesH/ieHrB najara ooMpnniJis cb npoeioiot, wm^Mui 
rpaBB^ELia cb EpoHíel. 

Rb leisepTb nanaro Baf^jaiiesTOBifl apiirenopB mňcan oe* 
BaTCBoe (te^po, wío aaia soarpeeca raiOBa.. Mapieia, npesH^^ffrB 
ceHara, ero Boi^e-npesH^eHTu h ceBpesapv, npeimeotByeifiie npH- 
CTaBaMH^ KB BapaflHuxi locmoiiarB^ oispAiJH ropseerseinioe me- 
čme Hepe3'B cajcmi «BeiHBait) Bopoifl*, no ofiinrB evopoBam 
soTopsn 6iuH pascmEjeBu miiajepaMH ooixf^TH* Bb néJOBHHib nararo 
sadMasie lumrpeca 6ujio a(S(BaBieHO OTiqiiniiarB; bb 8-ifH iiacaM^B 
rojQCQiame 6um OBOH^aao. Hxb 713 roi0ooBaBfliiuL«B Hojynn: 
Škub rptf»--563; resepajfB lUaHBH— 99^ roju; rauSena — 5; 
r^BefajTB Ja^mpot-^l; repi^orB OifajBCBii — 1 b veaepajrB Ta*- 
ji^M— *1 roaoca* EaBCB BOjyuBnrifl aóconome ÓUBiiiBBcna^ 
2tx)jiB FpeBB (SfiUE (KÍBiBieBB npe^^eHfQMi peeoydnHBB xa cogb 
lirB. DpBHaBB Becma cspOMSo npovoBOiB esoero BaSpanB^ rpeim 
cj^lfcxan BBdBTB iiapoiajy, sarim cb (íÓumwjmBMuwh ooÍbwiib, 
cammob fij^BByaaoBnrB otfpasaiii, BosBpaTBJca xoMoft vb cwm Bsap* 
Tspy tptfMcor 8fajLa yjBiiu GeHn^Apoo. Hvasoi noEmi ae 

(SlUOi JUUDB llIttOABO XOMOKB (SUJU BJlJBUlBHOBaBii; BO BB TO 

HB Approjl AssB HOBiifl npetBABan etan BMy^aiB TucBMaHH 

a^^eCB OTS MJHBfllBflaXBHflXS OOSilOFB B Bst^apaiuBEim Bom- 



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BQHAOAPTHan. 139 

TexoBy o6mfA CHUcn BoropHxi sausiraajcfl n Toirb, ^to apasa 
p^ia osofiwmK) pesmiai owKioqHO oxpauBmaro peasi^K). 

JSf>Mt^6o2hmoů nQUOBHHKi Mapmajia. noeiaBHTB Ba dbcao* 
cmn éiunnaro npesiiAeHm eny y^aerofli (UHano, ho no omooie* 
BÍD Kk CBoeB poxBBŠ) a no oTHOineBiBMfb, BaBÍfl cosxaJHCB Measpy 
imh B iiapcrByionpiifl ABsacmiiH, Gbdbbli jiBHBmix zapaBiepoHi^ 
— lOBopan aBTOf!(,--CBoeK> BoeiBOK) ciaBOo, Mi^mai^ Masi* 
Maron bo bob vpeuM CBoero npaB4eHÍB saBm isesAy BHnepaxo* 
pan B RO^oiaior oow6aK)at86 Micro, Mmro iionoraBoiee abiuo* 
MBsneauun CBOBieBiaM'^ $paBiuB* dpAr^pqoPB AjoHípeirb 
aBcrpificBÍfi, no cjiOBaMi A^Ad^ Bupasafl yBaseflie ke Map* 
niaiy csaBajiar: «MapmftM dasMio^LEL apMÍio, ry npesocxoftByK) 

ai^liD, BQTOpyK) OflX MBÍ DOBaSlIBaJll B BOTOpyH) fl laBSe dUO- 

(ÍBni BaKb OBI caM^. Heuss se xmjiwth ero 8a 8tq». BHOBasH-* 
lai ÓesBOBOflCTBO Ba men BiÍBHiBy sasoe Mosen osasan orcruBa 
Mapmaia aa aBerpíficsyio nojiTHBy b^ Esponi, aporep^on npo- 
j^oisan: «B% Te^OBÍB lO-tn ňivh s 6ua% bboibtbbkomx ^paBS^ÍB 
n ÁBcrpiB. Ilpfl Mapmaai ujbA 6hjo bio JierBo; BasoBo ójjifiTh 
Teoepa — ne BBav^. PaByMiercB^ bb ^bhx, bb bmb, hb BoeflBaa 
cjBBa ae ospysasin Óypsyaanaro FpeBB; vbm se Mente nojiB* 
TBqecBoe noMseftie $paBi](ÍB BBCxoďbBo bo yna^o sa ero npe* 

SBAOBTCTBO. A ^paBlýfl TOTO TOJbKO B BiesaeTB, HT0({tt Bnep^B 

CKMua caMa crpasa, a ae BufipaBBiie es) npeAcraBBTeiiBy ropAue 
ciOBMi BOjOi^ieMi. B& BTOM% cjywi osa MOB^e Bcero sejaen 
HoxoxBi^ Ba EBpony, a esopie M02Ber& craxB npBMipovb aib b€b. 



VL 

noei^iROBaiieijbaiiB noůim pBcnyd^BBaBCBoS naprífl, nepepts- 
Mme KOBeepBftTHBBoS, yeoftxB xieMORpafiB oociaBitjB jí,2sl ipasnin 
BBBoe BOJBTBiccBoe noJOseBÍe, noABepaaeaBoe BOBmn coi^íatt- 
HBM& BaiaBÍflMfB< Bceoga^tt roaoob sapoAa BnoKasaica Ba pec- 
ujáMOMjj B osa AMMMh B ójffirh oyfltecTBtAaTfc Bo ^paaiÓB. Easta 
m6fmi»mBíi^ bpbwbh sactaBBJB aapoA^B CEaaaTb CBoe mobo bb 
peeaytfiBiy — wq see pwBO. EcBcnopso ojt&o, ^t^ vh oponoose- 
líi cfOMim erpasa BM&^a cmwjmn mbofo nena^faBoi enicrHoetB^ 
vite roiocb ea mn 6mh jeíVMUuu^w^ a jWBOBioem. Cnm^ 
lom MBOffo BpOi;iBTO spoBB, eiBmBoin Haexo paaiettiaa m» 
wfĚKk BeocywfiGwmuB BaAesflu, vto^si ^^aoia MODia BipwB 
Wh feaift oiyjaftBBXfr WHBoesefi. ^pasiófl npesBiefia a exBa jib 
w$igfin BA cnpiit.iipBMaBBB. Eft xoporo CToaaa ea yBieiemB. 



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140 B^otmi iBPonu. 

PecnyÓJBBa poAuae^ bo xhh BeBsroxB. Pasx^eme abhíctb* 
HecBex'B napriB m HeHonpaBHMZifl cíbimůbm BaaeepBatopoBi xoxoh* 
HHjiH Ha^aToe TBepoMi h npoAOiseHHoe FaiffierroH). Peciiy($iHsa 
yCBMMMh pasXOpOlTB efl npOTIBH0BOB%9 BOTopiie ÓHjra OTBeprHyTH 
HapoAOir&. «EciiH bca nacca mfispaTejieft 6ush poaneiCBOi) vh 
1815 roAy, opieaBCROK) b]& 1830 h hm iiq>iajniciCKOK) kb 1852-my 
TO Bi 1876 roxy ona shbo BcnoMHBja cboh npomaue npoxaxH 
H, HecMorpa na BceBOWOSHHfl yxHqpeHUl kb xo6&BaHÍH) asejae- 
MurB njeteci^HTOBi, cbo5oaho BHCKaaajia CBoe sejanie HaBcerxa 

EOBOnflTb Cb OTSHBmHlCH, XOpOrO CTOHBmHMH HapOXJ' ^PSAMH 

npaBjeHifl». 

HoBoe HOJHTHHecBoe nojioaBeHíe crpanii TpeÓyen h umaTh 
nojiBTHHecBHXi xo&iecrefi orb ni^^ Borropiia nociaBJíeHH bo vxbxí 
npaBji6HÍ)i. jíflKd, BOTopoMy MH cjAjsjewb vh CBoeirB BUOsemH, 
openoxaerB vh wwni BEsra cob^tu BaBi npaBHMi, TaB*B h jí^ 
BHifb rpynnam. PasyMiercBy bg^ bth cobítHi corjiacBO 6npoKpa- 
TH^ecRHiťB CBaoBHOcnmi aBTopa, HocarE Ba cetí^ xapairrepE yirb- 
peHHOCTH H aBBypaTHOcTB. IIpaBue ne ŮyKbie BpaflHHKH npaBHxv, 
noBopHTecB peoiiy6jHB% h SBBHTe tojibko BOcaoicEHaHiaicH o cra- 
pBHHHrB BpeMesaxrB MOHapziH; jAvae ne ÓyxBie spafiHHMH jA- 
BHMHy BcnoMHBTe KOMnyHy, nerpojB h bcí ysaco pesoasn^is — 
BOTE Bi cyn^HocTH cobítu ^o^?. Bch) napiaifeHTCByH) shshb 
^paai^iE OHI xoierB cocpexoro^HTB b% xByxi ii^eHTpaxi, otfpasyfl 

H3l HBXl HŠHTO Vb p0X& TOpV H BHTOBl. Ob TOFO CMafO KBMj 

roBoparB owb npaBiiMi^ BorAa paBpynrajiacB Ha^esia ea bob- 
cranoBjíeHie MoeapxiB, pymHJiacB TaBse Haxesx& Ha Boscra- 
HOBjeHÍe HHnepiH. Meoroe yxepsHBaerB Bací: nyBciBO 6ja- 
ro^apHocTB Kb BopoHi, coaxasmefi ^^paHi^yscBce exHHCTBO, B086y- 
ABBmeS B pasBHBinefi HapoxeuS reHÍfi, noTom BpoBaBUfl Bocno* 
MBHaHia pecnytfjiHBH) ea Henpo^HoerB, HerepnaMOOTB, onacHiifi pa* 
AHsajHBHi. Bani TpyxHo craTB pecny<$jiBKaHi](aicH, Boropae b^bs* 
míĚTb rjiadacb cranrrrb pecnyÓJiHBy Bome oveqecTBa h Tasie se 
cjAnue noiHTBBB, aasa^ BinirpaflTH, BOtopiie HH^evy m BHy^ni- 
MCbj HE^ero HO aaOttn. Bam TpyxHO eoBHaiBca, vro Bpenefia 
nepeirbBBJHCB h «o ecjiH bcí npesHia OHacEOcm i^ntecTByiorB 
noHUH^, TO OHŠ vb BaaqBteaBHOft crenesH noTepajia 6u efljqr, 
eeiH 6u MOiiapxHCTii b BiniepiajBefH npHUKHyjiH kb pecoyfijiBVft 
Ej jtSOmjífiBBíie na noBopEsmiecB, BsancB 6h samBOtaTB hokui 
ycraHOBieeia, yrBepsxeHHHB HapoxHOK) BoaieB). ?ti> 6ii cxímjib, — 
npoAOJsaerB ^ow y($6sxai% npaB&x%, — ciopoHHBXH MOHapxiH 
npH BBHoiťB Óysrt npoTBBi pecny^jnoBH, h oraasym xe ohb b% 
ea oxodpeslH, sHaa Bce iSBoe (JescBJíie BOscra&OBETB BOHC^lty^ioHBoe 



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BOBiniPTBsn. m 

lOpOJeBCTBO? HeJIBBfl XOHyCTHTB) 1T06h OHI AOBOJbCTBOBUHCB 6mb 

ÓeseHJBBiUfm h BexoBOJUttMH H ciapaiBCB npvAftTB ^paeiýH bbax 
ooiiOSHiuB, jB]neH»>l naipioTiBiia h BCAsaro Beai^ifl. Ohb ne 
crtHyn pMpysiaTB cnoiolfTBia crpaHH, cípaB^aib cboaxi conep- 
HiKOKL ^yseseMHHMi EMimaTeiBcrBoiTB, BiiBiiBaTfc vaiacTpo^u jtau 
doero ore^ecTBa. Ho ecju bxi nwbpie ki niqMaiieHTCuir& na- 
ttjain óeperb Bepx*& uhM,'h hz% Hajtes^aiu h ohh pimEJíECh 
oeranea nocjymHUMB rpas^aHaiui^ hitl HHiero se ocraerca (kuie, 
xai^ OBasaTb CBoe HeBaBEcaiioe, yMCiBeHioe, HecTHoe caA'&ScTBÍe 
BHBJb eyn^ecTByiDjqeMy npaBSTencTBy. On^ ctopohhhkobi MOHap- 
XBBMa He TpeCyerea HH^ero, hj6 6iijio 6íi necoriacHO ci hxi xo- 
aoBHCTBoiťfc; Hm se hbao Can jiymoio a lAwwh npejiaaHwini 
pecoylÍJHBŠy Hz^ He 8acraBjaK)rb aeii» cbohx<b ByifHpoBf&^ boto- 
purb OBB DoajOBavTca. Ašjo tojuo b<b oxhomi: tfy^y^H ^pani^r* 
8aifB| foa ciixyen hohbtb^ mto ^paaiUi noratfaerb on flecorjaeil, 
B ii^>eHecTb Ba no^ay Bce pacaiBpflK)n(efica pecnyÓuBB Ban^aiy 
iOBeepBaTBBBHX!B Mucjiefi B jB^epauaím y^pesA^BÍĚ. Bi bojb- 
tbbí x&iaercfl, htó bobmoobbo, a ae xo, ^tó xo^erca. HejBaa ae 
eoo(Spa80BaTM^ c^e bobhosboctbiih ahb. TenepeniBee npaajieflie, 
KoBcepBaTBBflaa pecoyCSaBsa^ XOtrynaa Beasaro poxa pe4>opMaM*&. 
£a cyxbtfa saBacarB on yifipeBHOCTB ea ocflOBaieiel Óoiie, h^m% 
on Tepn^BBOCTB rtxib, Boropse apHByasxeBii 6hjib upaHaiB eo. 
Kto TenepB npoTBRb sasoHaaro npaBBredmrrBa? MoaapxB^iecaia 
BapTÍB, pacoa^aDn^iaca cb BasxiiirL AHem. Bcb Jiyvmíe juoxa 
i8!B BBxi fjOJMEu noBBTB, HTO na^^BÍfl cyo^ecTByion^aro npaBjíeHifl 
BBBTO ae a&eiaen b ^to, cjribxoBaien^HOy ^paaipax) ffiMX/ewh ynpaB- 
jBTb s<fficepBa3BBHufi coK)n na ho^bí OBp']&nniel pecnytfjBBB. 
OiopeHBBBB CBO0oxflux% y^pes^BÍi JkOiMMu flain ydisan^e x^a 
HBXi. EcjB BipHO TO, ^TO BOCJiJ^ Heyxa^Haro oaun BoacraHOBBTB 
poajaBia) oabbmi yCiaiBn^eirB aajaerca pecBytfjBaaBcxaa aoflCTBTy- 
qía, 10 Tasse BÍpao b to, hto exaseale BOBcepuTopoaib nošen 6uTb 
1QABB0 Ba KOflCfsryiUoBBOĚ noiBi. E&iB CBOÓoxa 6yAen noxBep- 
raasica onacHoerB co cropoBu m jAbusí^ bjib npaBttxi) eoia 
BBinmeMy napy rpoBBn onacaocTB, OAsa tojbbo pecnytfaBxa bi 
cocioaBifl BueraNTL safl^ny; Bcaaaa saB^BTa bombiio saBOBBofi no^- 
BH óujia 6u TH^eTBofiy Bjfl xoBeaa 6u XP BMDepiajBSMa, T.-e« xo 
aaxeHÍa npexciaBBTeibBux-B y^pea&xoaiB* Bwn, — BOCUBiv^en 
^ox»9 — oepexoBtie soBcepBaTopu oCasaHu se tojbbo noxwHBTEca 
pecny(UBBaBCBOiiy npaaiefliio, ho b noxAepanBBaTB ero adhia cb- 
ttMu. Obb aojsbei xoBasaxjb rocyxapcTBy, hto ohh ae npoTBBBBKB 
eco B crapaTBea saesyssarB xoBͻpie erpaau cbobmi erofiaairB hojib- 
TB^iecEBH^ noBexemeicb. Ecu (u obb bcho ^pKyjiapoBajia cbok) 



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142 Bsorax&ii xbfoiím. 

nporpaifuy h orcrpaHAjm 6ii BCSKyio co^H^ap^ocTB cb jhoxbmh cm- 
cteMam^ecEofi onaoBVi^iii, ohh MorjiH ůa coenyrarB niq^R) Tops h 
craTB san^BTHBi^eH) h sp^nocrbio napMMeHTexaro ísopHAW. Torxa 
Tíowao 6qjío 6u ctasaTB, ^no pecnytfjBia~8T0 Jiy^mee B8% B(ribx% 
KOHapxitt («la m^lleure des royantés'). 

Tasi^ coviTyerb h y6šsAaen> ^oxa npamin; i%fiuirb obi 
roBopBT^b BŤCBOáBBO Bva^ie. Peciiy6nEafli^fi OBJíax^b^B Bjacruo b 
AepsarB ee cl OAOÓpesifl flaiiiB. Bce, w6 zopomo obb jtjbMwyrhj 
BOSBtimaerB bxi, ^tó xypBO — npon^aeiCB b TepnBTCB. Hcxoxhod 
(íjiaroxaTBK) xu jišbhxi Aoxi» craBBTi^ 16-e Maa. Obo coexBHBJío 
Bxi; yMipeHBiiMi BceiBJío p6QmM0CTB b BBepriio, ipaBABiii yifi- 
peB]»)CTB B Tepn^BÍe, boíki^ Bay^Bio tfiaiíopaByMiio. Ho coexBHBB- 
miecfl vb BTOwh coK)8t ocTaBUHCB B^i^niifl Kpyn Apyry to»bo 
AO Toro BpeBeflB, noBá se yG^xBJíBeB vl pecoytoinacBOvi Óojib- 
moBCTBi ofi^Bxi Baian. IIocji^ dioro, atejiafl cb CBoeB to^dcb 
Bp6flia cocfaBBTB nporpeecBBBoe npaBBTOJiBorBO b xaxB pecny^iBsi 
ABBseBÍe Bnepexi, obe nepeccopBJíflCB, b bxi Becorjiaoia xoctbtjb 
vb sacTOiB^ee Bpeiffl rpona^Biixi pasnipORB. TBep^ noJianurBy 
^rax) pecny6jBBaBi^i «6yxyrB xoiBOBaTB, cbopbtb, bo se pasMXB- 
fliiTca»; OAHaso aioro ho aoca^xoBUO. RaBi tojibbo BHcryaBJB 
Ha paspimeBie Bospocsi o6a^ecTBeBBQe, pejisriosBiie, Basxas 
rpynna cb OABflaBOBHMOb sapoM'B craaa sa^Emtatk CBoe MB^Bie, b 
TarB BasrB ^pna npaBJíeBia nepecraM anrepecoBaTB bx^, to 
Me»Ay ^^^^ upOBsomejii nojBEift paspHFB. %6 6m bb Bocrynajio 
Ba npeaiH — OTHomeBifl rocy^aperBa Vh i^epSBB, bpbhi^hb^ secirt- 
BfleMOCTB cyAefi, sa^a^ni oiHocBTejiBBo ycrpoficiBa apxiB, BOCBBraHia, 
HapoABaro hpoaobojibctbíh, BSH^BeHÍa bi rpasxaBCBflX'B saKOBarE — 
yifipeBBiie A^Bue rpyoBBpoBajiBCB ot^^bbo, cocraBUJiB obdobh- 
i](iK) ]q)aflBfl]ťB, crapaflCB Bafira ce&b nofffipiBxy bo BqepaBiBHzi& 
npoTBBBBBaxi, noBa ceroAsamBíé codbbbbb, sotopse npBMVByjiB 
Ri BBSFB Be paxB aa^BTH npBBi^BBOBB, BO pa^B safl^BTtt peciiy6- 
jiBBaHCKaro sBaifeBB, BaornaBaioTB aa BimoABeBiB paxBBajiBHOft 
nporpamra. ^jia CBaceBia pecByÓJiHBB otb BaBopa pa^BRaratiia, 
BO mbIbík) Jífiffij ocMefsa oabo qpexcrBO, nfo6u yM%peBBcie pec- 
ByÓJiBBaBnpH npBHBHyjiB vb BOBcepsaTOpairB, cxt^ya vh btoitb 
coBŽry $peflcBflB) ae pa8'B noBTopaBmaro^ mo BO($^XBTejiB xojisffii 
BXTB Ba Bcrp^^y BO(SisAOBflHirB. TaEoe exflBeBie rbiifB 6ojr6e bob- 
MOSBo vh rjasaxi ^oa8> hto b y j^bhx^b b y BpaBHXi cyo^e- 
CTByerB bojiboo pa3o0ii^eBÍe e pasBorojocanta. Torxa^tfu cb no- 
MOB^BH) ocraTROBi BaB6oji^ jiBÓepajiBBOfi ^acTH MOBapxB^ecBOfi itap- 

TÍfl MOSBO ŮUJIO-^U COBXaTB BOBCTBTyqíOfiByiO BpaByK). QO MFÍHÍ» 

jn^OAB) Beo($xoABMO cyfl^ecTBOBaBíe yicibpeBBo-BOBcepBaTBBBOt napiiB 



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BoniiiAPnaii. 143 

UMy HBaw, npaBHXi pecsT^nBaHi^eK, vh BoropoirB uwjvb HattrE 
npcmnitt eowvh ywbpeBBOt BOBcepBaropn, noTq)miiie Haxesxy 
BoacmH(mfB iioiapziK), ci yvtpeHHBifH pecnytSjuiWHi^aini. ^oxp 
K XOBOjeKft HacToraunu nopifftiai. y^jiemfl on AOJXHOcret 
(SjaroHaM^poBím h lecnmxm Jiro^et wb^m tofo tmbbo, ^to ohh 
ne nribdn sa eo6oK> pecnyCnsaHesaro npomexinaro b 9to6bi yxep- 
san sa eo<JOH) mpiaseBTCRoe 6oiEiiiracTBo**FB raasavb JI|oa& 
ly^ot npHMasE BpeiceHH. Paarb TBepi eBadajn: L^arenír est au 
ptas sage; Aoxb Ao6aBjsen: xa^ dyxyn^DOCTB opiHaAiesHn pec- 
njíssMÍk, eojH toi&ko yiišpeHHHe pecBy&raRaHi^s, coeffmscB cb 
nfepaiMiiui xoHapxHciaifiy ncnritanmn ett BBeprHyrBCH fl spoBB 
I ((eqrilie. 

Bon noTOB Bea noonm^ecBai nporpaafxa asropa. dpBecrh Jífijtd 
se iq[wnfaj|.]ie«Mi% aoHe^HO Kb KpyiraiucB nojmn^ecsHM^ necai^e- 
jum, HO ero wsAm Hirinn SHawEoe vl Titnn oraoineHiH, ^to b% 
oooixBee Bpena obh orajiH Bce n^e h van^e noaBiflTBca bo #paH- 
isj9CBfíĚ noiHTH^ecKoft ne^an. Hynul spacHsirE maiieHem h 
iKipojaii, njtíMwufĚem aioro HanpasjeBía peBOMeHxyDTB oocraBHTB 
Bi napjaneiirl tfetqB^THoe, xepeBíHHoe (íomiiirBcrBO^ chtok) boto* 
I«ro MOSBO 6bíjío*<(u ocraHOBBTB BCK> nporpeocBpyíMiQrK) sasoHo- 
^TejBByK) /r&iiTejEBBOCTB HacioiiB^efl pecnytfjMBB b saspur^ prs 
^epesi-^ypí pB^Hiixi opaTopoBi, npeAMBUion^exi pe^pira bo 
VMSL tfjara aapoxa. ^a hbxi HeofixoABBO, mto6u pecny6jiBBaBCBÍB 
^pBH OBaKen&iB, wtoóu ÓojnniBscTBO abbjocb noxasjaioiiteio 
BiacTBH)) HTOÚu BcnoíHBTeaBBafl BJiacTb co B<r6MfB cBOBHi 6H)poBpa- 
ra^ecawh MexaHBSMOirB sBBJíacB BecospymfliiOK) cb^oh) b— Tor^a 
ijfpTh (SespasjuTOo: bjib noidiCTBTB aa npesBxeHTCRoe Bpecjio xotb 
HciyKaHa, bib BOBXBBrHyrB TpoB^B x-iB jiK>6oft npeTeHAyK)ii^efi ABsa- 
crifl. Ho Bce 8T0 xaiOBO ne yti^ABrenso A^a ýpaBi^yscsaro o6n^e- 
CTBa. Pecny6jiflBaBCBafl <|opBa Torxa tojibbo sasy^a, kovjí,2l bi Bee 

CB0(k)XflO BXOAHrb XB8BB CO BC^MB CBOBMB SeJlaHiflKB, CTpeM^ie- 
HUMB, CrpaCTflMB fl yBJíeHeBiSMB. BtOTB BPHTORB CB^BX^ CBJl 

BosÓyacAaerB 6opB6y b pasjniqHiifl Te^eflia, paBHOxtftCTByfon^aa boto- 
piix^B onpex^iifléirB nocrynaTejiBfloe pasBBTie crpasu. Sojioiafl cepe- 
xraa, Ha nojBTBHecBOiTB ssu^íb npaBiie b a^Btie i^eHrpu— ae 
onpex^KKTB noiBTH^ecBOfi SBBBB CTpaB£i, OBH TOiíBRO ciysaTB 
cxepsRBBavn^BiťB BaqajioifB, Basi iiaxoBoe sojeco bx ManiBsaxi; 
X&raKxrB se sbsbb ÓopBÓa npaaHxi b ji'£bux'b rpynni. Bi> 9Tofi-TO 
6ojfb6i B 8aBjiB)qaeTCfl bca sbshb cbo^oahuxi yqpesxemfi cbo6oa- 
Hofi crpaflii, 8T0K) aie 6opB($OK) rapaBTHpyerca csoÓOABoe bs^bb- 
^Bie Bapoj^BoB bojb b a^eiaHift, BOiopua BO^erB BBecTB napojicB 
fii cBoe saBOHOxaTejiBCTBO. HyraiB nerpojieMi— 9to BsÓaraa Mosera 



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m Bwtwm iBPonH. 

oxpaHHTaiBCTBa. HaAO BcnoMHirrB, Kor^k HapoxB xpucfl n peBo- 
jiioi^H) H paaiHB&TB neTpojiB? — nocjš AO^razi jípb Rpjroro xecno- 
THsiia B noxaBJíeHifl HapoABOfi bojk. Pasi Hapoxaaa bo^a mitoi 

CBOtfoXHHfi BI1X0A'B Bl CBOÓOAHHTb eK> COBXaHHSX^ JVpeSAeKÚirB, 

efi Heqero hath no nyxK spoBi h nosapoBB, sorxit eciB óojriie 
jeraifi h 6jH»afiniífl nyTB y^j^oBjíeisopeHÚi. Jljafl CBotfoxooi ^pan- 
i^íh TenepB HHcsóJibifio He cípamHH BOSBpa^eflHue KOMxyHHCTa h 
Hxx coi^íajiBHUfl yBieMeHÍfl, xani Kas'b BonpocB o&b oqrB^ecTBieHiH 
BTHxi yBJíeHeHifi Eu±erh cboÓoahhB AOcryirB a^h o6n^ecTBeHflaro 
oÚcysstieBiSj uomerb Óanh saHeoeH-B bs napjaueHTCKÚi npemfl h 
ETb rocyxapcTBeHHafl npHMÍHHMOCTB Moserb 6iiTb oiBeprHyra xasse 
CB060AHO, Rasi BCflKk nosymeHÍfl poajihctobi h EMnepiaiHcroBi. 
He8a^ÍM'B cos^aBaib ÓessESHesHiifi ooiotb BOBceimaTHSMa, sasi 
8T0 peKOMeH^yen Jlljoxd, sorxa bi caMott SEByiecn cboÓoxhhtb 
pecny6jiHBaHCBHX'L ^opirB jesím HaH<k>i4^e ciuurafi sajon npas- 
AU H cnpaBeAJHBOCTH. noBTopAeirb, qro aBxopi RHHrH| Baxrb noíH- 

TH^eCBÍft MIHMHTeJb, HO MOSeTb OCmHOBHTB Ha CCŮ^ BHHMaKU; HO 

Bi RHiri CBoefi owb npHBOXHT& Becbiia khofo HHrepecHHx^B xas* 
Hiix'b HTB BexaBHflro npomjiaro nojHTH^ecxofi shsbh $paH^iH, a^h- 
Huxiy BOTopuMH MU BOcnoiiikBOBajHCB i^jLE Hamero owpsa h boxo- 
puB sasjíouion vh ce6t bccb HHrepeci BEHra. 

E. P. 



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OEJliOHLKA 



OllPSl HSl DSHO-PTOOSirO BHTA. 



«£cjn 6ii GexoHBK^ hofe, dan 6u nepBiitt napěn ea cei£». 
Tarb o(^iBHOBeHHO Bupasaueik eac^en Oexonra oxHocenwHe 
esOj otiHBftiejH BijiojÁwE. Ob xpyroB cxopoHH, HaxoxHjncB h 
Taxie, soTopae npHniHUH re OexoHBsi nociOBHiQr: «Ecj[r 611 
cbbhbí Aftpora, lasb ona Bcbj% 6u noxefi noBaioia», npECauAji, 
no HMeHHo Bi BHxy 9ioro OeAOHBB^ H ne xaHH pora. Bum^ 
Hasowqii H ipeTBfl napm— caiiafl spafiHu, soiopaa (5eBDoniaAHO 
yioqNBXua, hto Ge^onsa eciL jomecKoe noci^CTBÍe HecoMHiHHofi 
HCisHsi, soiopafl rjacHn, hto «BorB meiBMy MirirL*, sna 8tom% 
ocHOBamn sasEiBajia OexoHBKy ne BHanei sasB meiBMOfi. Bnpo- 
%eirB| necMorpa Ha Basyoqeecfl pasjíatie icHJudtt, bc£ naprÍH cxo- 
XuiiCB Ha Towhy ^TO OexoHLsa, xotb k 6e8Hori8, ho HneHHO ecxB 
«(íe8Horii TOpn> h bo bcakomi cjyui «npo;QrBHott Majiiifi». 

Hbi oxHoro BToro ikmkho BUfibThj HTO Ha CTopoH^ Rasofi (u 
napiÍH HH 6uMA npaBxa, OexoHBsa bo bcaboitb oiyiai (lux xepe- 
B^raúft repofi. 

Ob Bixy OexoHBHa ne hmíjb navero otfn^aro cb repoflMH 
^ipesHOCTH, a cBopitt 61UB noxosB na oxHoro hbb tIkxb panco* 
Mio^rhj Koiopiie BOcn^H hxb ho^bhiu h nooji^AOBaiejiH soropiiXB 
y HacB xoBfimt BocnÍBaiorB exHHCTBeHHaro CBoero repoa— JlaBapa. 
BnpowMB, xu Toro, ^TotiB Hsy^HTB 6e;(0HBRy bb btomb OTHomemH, 
HysHO Ha6iK>AaTB ero vh paBíH^Hiie MOMeHni ero x^fliejBEocrii. 
Korná OHB chxhtb na saBaisHRi y xaTu cBoefi ByMii deBiu, 
KEH CB lOBBocTBB) Kopa6eiBHaro mBHQepa ynpaBjfleiB CBoefi mhhíb- 
TvpHbS loXBOft, no cnpaBeAiiHBOCTH HMeHyeMofi «Ayinery6BoB», 
KEH, nasoHeitx, no sasoMy-TOi noBHXHMOiiy, crpanHoiiy cjyqaK)) 

T(m% I.— flHBAFB, 1881. 10 



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146 B^CTHERl IBBOnH. 

TopsecTBeHHO sac^A&erE aa ^ataHirb ctojomi y ií']^CTHaro ÓaijBOinKB 
OTi(a HHBOjaji, cb jiobboctbh) MOCBOBCBOfi Byn^BXB noAHOCfl 6juDxi](e 
BO piy Ha ipexB najHBi^axB, — ecjfa Ha6jiK)AaTB Oexousy bi oahhb 

HSB STHXB MOlieHTOBB — OffB npeACiaBJlfleTCfl HaCTOBn^BlTL ÓapiHOMB. 

Offb oÓja^aerL npeBpacHUMH a^hhhíimh ycaiiH, Boropue acho 
CBHA^TeiBCTByiorB, HTO npe^BH 9Toro neJOB^Ba 6use Hacroan^ie 
BasaBH; Ha rpy^H ero pacnojaraerca rpoMa^Haa ^epnaa 6opoxa, 
vh BOTopofl, npaBxa, npo^HBaerca yse ne o^Ha ciffina; dnepra^- 
HUfl ynpyrífl ryóu, opjHHuft hocBi a hBiRB hhmb napa 6jecTfln(HX& 
TeHHim rjasi, emfi Bume— mipoBÍtt OTispiiTufi jLO&bj oahhi hbi 
TŠXB 160BB, BOTopuMB npHCBoeHo HasBaHÍe «yMHHrE>. ^epHse 
BBioniliecB Bojocn f,9xrb ero jihi^ oco6yH) BHpasHTejiBHOCTB; owb 
8T0 o^eHB xopomo SHaeiB, h nosioiiy oBpya&aerB hxb ocoÓeHHinrB 
none^enieirB. Ohb pacvecnBaen hxb HenpeiiiHHO ipn pasa bb 
cyTBH, ofieapyaBHBafl npn aioiTB BanHTajBHyH) rpeCeesy, soropott 
caMB OHB npHCBOHJTB HasBaHÍe «apxiepeficBo8». Oxesxa OeAOHBui 
OTjmaeTCfl H^soropofi opHrHnajiBHOCTBK). IIo oxesA^i ohb hh My- 

SHVB^ HH 6apHHB, HO eCJIH BHÓHpaTB MOS^y 8THMH XByHH rpaHH- 

i^aMB, TO OHB Bce-rasH Ůsnate noxofixeiB xb mxu^xHefi. Cyxfl no 
oxesxi, 8T0 ÓHJTB qejOB^BB BHa^BxejiBHO npoHHTaHHufi Bymyp- 
HHMH HxeajBMH Hamoro BpeiieHH h ffiosje ÓoJBme, — ohb cx^aj*B 

H^KOTOpUB CM^tlfl HOBOBBexeHÍB H BOlf^BHaipH HOBHXHMOMy CO- 

Bdbwh ne nxyoíHXB bb A'&!iy npnHaxaesHOcvefi Tyajera. HauTB cb 
Toro, ^TO roJiOBa ero 6um yspamena ^ypasBofi MHHBcrepcTBa 
Hapoxnaro npecBin^emfl, ^ypassofi, BOTopafl otb x^bhocth h saca- 
jíeHHOCTH, npaBxa, BasaiacB xajieso oxcraBmefi on cBoero mhhh- 
crepcTBa, ho tímb ho nen^e o^eHB en^e HanoMHHajm ero. Bi 
npasxHHHHHe xhh ÓexoHBsa xaa&e he^ojub na nee BOBapxy co6- 

CTBeHHaFO H8X^Ífl| H TOFXa BB HOXJHHHOCTH erO ^ypaSBH HHBTO 

ne MOPB coMHŠBaTBCfl. niea ero 6um noBasana xobojbho o($Beif h- 

CTHMB HJiaTBOMB fioSB BCBBarO I^BŠTa — TO^-ffB-TOn TaSB, BRK^B 

noBflsuBajiHCB moH noM^aprsoBB 40-xb foxobb. SaišiiB ci^xoBaa^B 

nOiepTHfi BOpB^HOBIifi HHXSaBB, BOIOpilft BB npeSROO BpeHH BHX&BLH 

na E&iop%9eHCBOMB hohobh^š, npiítesaBmeiiB bb hciib hsb cem- 
HapÍH, H lasB BasB HHxsaBB sa orcyíCTBÍeiiB oyroBH^B ne sacierH- 
Bajicfl, TO HSB-sa nero coBepmenno CBotioxHO BHrjBx^iBajiB 6&iHft 
SHjeTB, na botopomb ÓJiecTiuiH rycTO naniHTiifl bb xBa pixA nyro- 
BHi^i pasjíH^mott ^pMH H pasJH^HuxB MHHHcrepcTBB. Ofio^aro 
Mesxy HHMH 6ujio TOJiBRO TO, TTO OHÍ Bci o^CHB 6iecrLiH. 3a- 

T^MB nUH ^peSBEiqaftHO yseHBBÍfl, TOUO X^TCBia 6pK)BH9 Ha BOTO- 
piIXB CBMJK) BHXHyiO pOJB HTpajH MMHaCII* 3xtCB C06CTBeHHO 

OBaHUBaeica OexoHBBa-ÓapHHB n HxexB ysB Eofb Bnaerb hto 



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eiAOHBSi. 147 

t«Boe. Hora y OexoHBKH coBcbwb xopoienbRifl h oÓjtei oh£ 
KB x^brcBÍe canora^ h aesáxi owb nepe^b heitb b% tekohi cbo- 
(SoABOiťB noioiKeHÍH, TOíHO coBc&TB HC npHHEXJesarb eiiy. Ho 
nich jVjéBie tiyxen nepelra bi xpyroMy MOMeHiy A^ejiBHOCTH 
OexosBKH, xorjta obi nepexBHraeica CBMtoa he m^cto. lípo 8e- 

AOBBSy Bl TEKHX!E CXyn&SlVb rOBOpHlR, ITO OHI ^XOAHTl CHJPI», 

I 8it) 61UE ooBepmeHEEs npESAE. Ero MaieHBBÚi bosích coctoajih 
api Bemh TOiBBO x^fl BHxy, h effHHCiseHHoe ynorpetfjieHie, reboo 
wn Bwrh Mon ca^jietb OexoHUE, aoo, chaa he bebejibhbÍ, cay- 

tnmh BX^B BHH9B, ^0(^ HBIÍTB BHffb HECIOfllI^ErO ^eJOB^BE. 9e- 
XOIUE BeCBME BpECHOpilHBO MOn pESCBESETB SEHHMETeďbHyH) 

iciopilo O mwbj XEVB, 6yxy9R eniie XBdftHEAi](ETHJc£THHirB mejlih- 
soiTB — copBH-^rojOBOfi, OHOb nepetiBJTL cetfii otfi Hora h bebi cb 
Tin nopB 9TH Horg tebb yaii 6ojite ne poc:iH h ho x^ficrsoBEJiH. 
IlepexBHrEJicfl OexOHBBE he pysExi, h 6jiEroAapfl xo^rojdkinefi npEs- 

THBt XOCnin XO TEBOfi BBpTyOBHOCTH, ^rrO MOrb nOJBETB «mEroMx>^ 
<pilCB»> H «BCBE9L». MeJO OTOFO. EpH nOMOH^H 0XH£x'B TOJBBO 

pyn offB coBepmeHHO cbo5oxho BsfiHpEJicfl be noBOSBy, b8jiÍ3Eji'b 
BE jonuM(B H B0o6nie xhjí9JPb Bce to, ^ló bb ero nojioseHÍe, no- 
BHxmoMy, Bejufl Óujo x^etb. & o^ersh xopomo hohemek), hio 

^BTETeiB MOSerB OOCByqHTBCfl) HBTafl X^HHHOe OHflCEHie BH^HIHOCTH 

Moero repofl. Ho e hibeb^ Be mopb B8($teETB ororo. Ero socnojirB 
orroro tevb pasBOBEjraÓepeBx b necrpB, ^to cemi OexoBBBE ^ejio* 
Bteb o^eBB pESBocTopoBBÍfi; 6yxB y šero Bora, beb^b cjišxyeTB, b 

XOXl 0H1>) BEBB XOXaTB BC£ CMepTHiie,— 9T0 6uJl% 6u 06uBH0BeB- 
BHfl MySBKB co . BCÍMB OTO BpEBCTBeBBUMB ETipHÓyTEMB. HOFB 

<X&iajfl ero ^ejiOB^BOirB xocronpBMŠHETejBBiurB. 

Hítb TEBoro x^JiE, BOTopoe Be 6ofljiocB (jii OexoBBBB. Obi 

MECiepib BCflBErO XÍJI&9 B SBECTB OBI 8T0 X^JIO He HOBepXBOCTBO, 

BEn-BB(SyxB, E coeepmeBHO ocBOBETejiBHO. 

PeBBBITB MEfiCBBlTB yxpOlirB, ^yTB T02BB0 SECB^TBJIECB 8EpE, 

OexoHBBE yase nOBESEJicfl be E^jiopt^eBCBofi yjisi^^ b nojiserB no 
BEnpEBjeBiK) BTB pbvb. TpyxBO CBE8ETB9 OTsyxE owh noiserb, no- 
Tovy vto owh Be Bii'6erB onpe^JieBHEro sejbe, e BO^yerB, 
TMJb EoTB npBBexen. ?Eqe Bcero j^toitb obi BO^yerB he cBoefi 
«X7inery6BÍ>, rx^ owh ÓOJUBme Bcero "lyBCTByerB ce6fl, bekb xome. 
BoTB oepexB bbitb Bpyrofi 6eperB; no BOTopoMy ohi cny- 
oaieiCE CB BCByccTBOiTB ^ejiOB^BE, BM^ion^Ero Bora. y 6eperE 

JOLieHBSEil JI0XlUt--8T0 B eCTB OFO ^fymevyÚBA*. OeXOBBBE BCBEpEfi- 

SUCH BB aoxBy, BOopysBicfl BecaoMOb B OTiEjaíBJíB OTB 5eperE. 
y«po npeBpECBoe; nojBHfi xyímcTEro epomete BeceBHÍt Bosxyxi 

JIOSeTB npBBeCTB FB BOCTOprB BOe 06lEXEH)n^ee CHOC06flOCTBH) ffl' 

10* 



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US mman iBPonH. 

maib. Bi HeiTb cjiiinniTCfl sanarb h csisefi noieBofi tpaBu, h 
B&KHofi CHpeHH H $iajisH H ODBflHflioii^ifi EpoMaTL aBa^ifi. Cepe6px- 
HHMH Basyrcfl Moaoxiie saieHiie jsehctba Bep&h — ohh en^e nospuni 
yrpeHHefi pocofi. Ha ÓojOTHcratt 6epen craBsá npEieAn paHHÍlI 
ByjiHB'B H yse sseprarao Bonaerca bb rpasa cbohicb x^sBEim 

OCTpOBOfleHflHlTB BOCOMl. FaJKE 8ani6BeiBJ[flCB BB TBÍZf»Tb B BOX* 

BfljiB crpamBiifi rBajiTi; saroBops^iB o Heii%-TO b araasB, toibbo- 
^TO npflaeriBmie bb xítbísi BsapnipH^ a orpoMBiift aBcn, bck> 
Bo^B Ba OAHofi norb BpocroflBmit aa rpj&b boboboB xbth, le- 
nepB craji Ba o6i eofe, BuraByjii rnew b saTpeBtan cbobms 
tiesBOBe^BO x^EBBBMi xhoboitb. B^ajiB ase bb caMOirB boctobí 
BOBEsajacB pyMflBafl BOJioca, saiihfB tohbo sapx^ocB (SarpoBoe 
BJiaKB B BaBOBei]CB BHBjnuo seoejioe BeceBBee coibi^ b o6xaja 
cbobbb Jiy^aiiB b craBÓKB, b creBB b rojyóoe Be(So b Ba^ajiacB 

SBoBB««« 

A Oe^OBBBa BeBOSMyTBHo sarpeČaerB Boxy cbobitb iiajieBB- 
BBiťB BecjioiTB. Eiiy wbrh pimErejBBO BEsaRoro x^Jia xo spacorB 

flpBpOAH. Offb BpEBHKB íffb dTaSBITB yrpaHl, Xa BpflTOlTB OBI ^610- 

fíbi saBflToft. ^ejflOBi ero BJUBerB bo BaspasjíeBÍio rb rpoBaxBOMy 
sycry BaBuma. Tbitb okb B^BOxopoe spenB xaBBCTBeBBO jaBBpyerx, 
Baiiiii ocTaBBBjíHBaeTCB, B dexoBBBa saÓpacEiBaerB yxo^BB. 3x%cb 
eB^e, BOBe^flo, BB^ero Be 61110 6u oco6eBBaro; bto se bbtb otia- 
BBTejiefi xepeBBB Be jiobbtb no yrpaicB pBí((y, soiB-csopo y Bero 
ecTB xocyrb? Jí^^jlo bb tom'b, hto y Bcasaro xpyroro xopomifi bjb 
xypBofi aoFB BBBBCBrB OTB cjiíy^afl, Torxa bbbi BexoBBsa Bxen 
Ba B^pBoe B BBBorxa bo OBra^aercfl. Orb xo Toro BsyvBJTB BpasH 
B npBBH^BB Bcett putifií, BBcejiaion^efi BtjiyK) p^^»y, tto Bcerxa 

BOSeiTB CB yB']^peBBOCTBB) CBasaTB, Vb sasoiTB UlšCli piBB B1^ 

xaBfloe Bpeiffl apeofijiaxaeTB cyxABx, OKysB, sapni, b vb sasoarB 
npBtfjiBSBTejiBBO B0JiB7ecTBÍ MoseTB 6uTb BofliiaBa Ta B xpyraa 
pu6a. BoTB TenepB ob^b nofjvíujFb kb KaMtímeBOMy Bycry^ wuis, 

Wb BflXy nOfiBBTB XeCflTBB TpB OByBefi, B X^fiCTBBTeJIBBO — Be yCB&TB 

owb 8a6pocHTB yxoHBB, BaBB OByBB BomiB oxBffB Ba xpynrMi 
nepecejBTBCfl bbi p^bb bb xho «xyinery($B%». Ecjra 6u GexoBBS^ 
Bysesi 6us'h cyxaBB, obi se ocraBOBB^CB 6u y BamimeBaro Bycia, 
a OTBjujTB 6u ropasxo xaJBBie b BBB^pBoe npBBesi 6u Byii^ 
CBoefi xecBTBB Tpa cyxasoBB. To se canoe cb BapBOH«B. Ha sapsa 
OexoBBBa Be noixajrB 6u ^yrB-CB^n, a BHsxaao^ 6^^ nosa Bsott- 
xerB cojíEUfi, B Baišm yse BanpaBBJťB 6u cbok) xynierytfBy m, 
canufi BOBepB p^bb, rx^ eroBU BOM%B;B«[Bfl BBBOBypBB. n He 
611J10 en^e cjiynaB, rwÚu OexoBBsa omn^cfl vb pasc^erl. Bjiarox&pfl 
OTOMy Vb cesi xase pacnpecipaBEJicfl cjyx-B, Óyxro OexoBBsa 



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eiAOHBKi. 149 

yiiierb «8aroBapEBaTB» pu({y, «3Haer&cji0B0>. Oe^orasa ne oiipo- 
Beprtn 8thx^ cjijzwh. Hané se npocio o&bSíCBSLa oio Tbwb^ 
TO «pB<Sa AloCufm 6exoHBBy»! 

He Meoie piniBiejiBHo noBei^BajťB OexoHBBa h ahuk>, bo 
MHOsecTBfi HacauiBinefi BÍMp'Í9eHCBÍe BaMHniH h ÓOdioia. Pysbe 
ero owHB Majio HanoiiHHajo o zmoě 6u to hh (hjio CHcreirt; 
<»iHH pa» OHO Óiiao eurasaeifo s no^fmaeiio bitb caiiHsrb, 
HO 810 BBCBOJBBO 06 M&oadio OexoHBBŠ cHHiaibca nepBHWB oxor* 
HiKon HyTB He Bib i^ofi ry6epHÍH. Ecih 6u bu bha^h OexoHBBy 
oxoisn^iMai, bh daaoxosp^jH 6uj mso dm o6jiaxaerb saK0fi*T0 
xarB^eesott cuoB, aoropaB saciaBjfleii Ahhb DOBHHOBaiBCfl eny. 
Mbí cMfOMy aasB-TO npanuocB OTHpaBHTBca (tb hhmi ea xpo^. 

DoHHK) a, 6iU!B sapaiĚ-npesapsitt xen, coiai^e naiaio no 
DSBOiiy. Jl^ase HeyroMOBHua rauH npexpaiEJUi cbok) (SesBOBeHHyK) 

ÓOITOBBK) B CMflpHO CBf^H Ba UOjA EM FB CBOBXl FBiSAaXl, 

paeipHffb poTL B lasexo xHoia. Tojbbo craAO nae^B, ÓojihmuofL 
jttÓBiejBBBiVB JiiiBett asapu/ c% cbobitb ^yBHBHinrB iBaaBBeirBy 

aeplllOCB' BHCOBO BaXB BBBOft, BJIB CnyCSajlOCB BBB3B B qepBBIBTB 

naTBoiTB noBpuBajo tfeperB písB. Cbotb bo naceicfl — sapa ot- 
(teja anneTBTB. 3a6paBniBCB no BOSMOSBOcra riytfse bb p^ay, 
ttBB HTO BfB Bowyxi ocraeiCB miBBO Bsiraflyraa BsepxB roJOBai 
npoeiaBBaerB owb rasBirB otipasoirb B&BonBO laeoBicpflxy' He- 
yxpaTBmitt oboxb ÓBen joma^efi, aoropna bb nyraxi caa^yrBno 
oQiD, TOiflO (SimeBHB. JKhsbb KavB-TO sacHnaeiB b towo cb 
BeiepniaieiEB saotb Benepa cb ero (kíAvojífimoŘ npoxaaxoB. Bb 
nsyn nopy xpo^u JWÓarB BasBO pacxasBBarB no nojno i^hmb 
ciAffLUU. Rorxa mb n^xa^a 8aBBA'ijB xo6iiHy, OexoBBsa BSBflBBJíi 
OKaaBie coStb cb noBOsae: «noŠ38afiTe-Ba bu, a a botb 8X'6cb 
iniWNBxy!» csasajTB obb mb ch saiaoBauiíi BaM^pOBÍem bb aoBi^t- 
lOBqoBB nocMiflTBca Baxo iiBofi. & corjiacBjiCfl b, Baqero bo noxo- 
^pfaaa, ornpaBBJíCfl oxbkb. & Úujfb njioxofi oxotbbbb, b Torxa se 
WBisaxB 8T0| noTOiiy iro, necMorpa aa bcš mob yxBBQ^Bia noxB- 
izaiB M boxoStb — ^xpo^H yjeiaiB otb HeHa, aasB otb oraa. SL 
Bepayjca kb OeixoBBst cb oxMaBieMB, a ob!b xoxoraii ^lo tiiuo 



— 9-axB BHy oxotbbbbI ToaBBO xbu yMiere pacnyniBaTB; 
a ei^e bbbsbb uraere. A b^ obo tojibbo coo6pa8BXB MaiocTB, 
a Bce lyTB. Bh fyuMEj wro xpo^ft TasB botb noBepaerca kb 
UM% raaoBOft B... crpiuttie MOjrB,*-BaBie (Siaropoxíe, moba, rjy- 
qFK>. Hy, wkn. Fxi ob-í cíju? 

Ji yxasanu 

— Ej*K8L a TenepB. IIocmo^biib, xueao jib oni yseiarh otb 



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150 tWIBEKh XBPOnH. 

MeEfl! — caHoyBÍpeHHO seabetb QefpvhKU, h tjtl se npexiosHjB. 
mhí noBHHOBftrBCfl eMy. IIo ero yBasaHÍio a pacnpen jiomaxB h 
CBSJTb nmflKh noBOBBs CB nepe^Hefl och, tebi ^to nepexHaa ocb 
Ha KOjecaxB (Siua coBepmeHHO cBoÓoxHa; saTim Ósjih OTBasaHii 
orjiotfjtH H Oe^OHiBa aaciaBHiib MeEui Heperan^HTL ^yrB ne niiyn 
Bonny Tyn se pacnojoseHearo ct&a.. Oteo Óujio yxoaseBo ea 
OCE Bi BH;r6 roheh h Oexonna spmuuex xillerBOBaTB. OffB co- 
BepmeHHo cnpflTaica nox^ dbBowh h cfui MexjeHHO noABEraTBCfl 
BiAcrb CB xonrofi ea BOJiecax'B no HanpaBJieHÍK) bb xouy niciy, 

rx% CHX^JIH XPO^U* ^ilTB djBSe OFB nO^BHIUlCfl B^ XPO^H%, 

TŠMi MexJieHHfte XBHraiacB ero Boima; HaB6Heit'B obi ocraROBH^oa 
B Bxpyn fiucTpr&síHJii Bm*nax> c^Ha. Graxo BcnyranHO noHecjioc&' 
Ed^Kb HHBaiiH. & no&bm&jrh vh O^ohbbA h owb lopaiKCTBeHHO- 
yBasajB uwb sa napy xpo^, j6B'niX'h Ha-noBaji'B. 

— BceMy ecTB CBott nopaxoKB! — otfiacHflA obob mhé, — a^ 
ApoJA Tose, xoTfl H nynaa htei^I) a nopuxOBi jik)6hti. Botb^ 
esejiE nopflAOKB coójnoffimh^ nxh OHlt h ee yfi^erB on pysE. 

OexOHBBa o($ucHvjrB^ iio xpoýy HHa^e h ne y^iSB, beb^ 
TOJLBO TaBHMX OtipaSOlTE; ITO OHa TaBHMX o($pa80]rL npHHHiiaeTB 

ozoTHHRa sa HacTOxmyK) BOiray e^ea, Boropiixi no noiio pacBB* 
Aano MHOsecTBO; h noToxy noffiycsaerib otobb <Jjra8B0. 

Bs cejA npflMO yBftpuH, hto «iiTHqa 6oHTCfl 6exoHBBH» n 
HaxoxHJiHCB jerBOBŽpHHe, BOTopue npBraamaiH Oexonsy vh caxu, 
Ha 6amTBHU h t. x- fnoÁtm npucymeíMoeamh. «ysi ecjiH ras 
TaiťB, HH oxHa He ocximca^. Ho 9exQHbBa, ne sejiaji novepam 
penyraipH)) Bcaalfi pan OTBasiiBaacfl, MOTHBHpya CBOft OTBass i^m, 
^To «8To caxoHy OHeHB xoporo CTÓHn», híjtb en^e 6onme na- 
nycKajii Tyiiany na cbok) oco6y. 

Oco6eHHoft sadoTjHBocTH co ciopoBU OexoHBBH yxocTOHBajraeB* 
yTBH, otiHTaBmiB BB fiiiopÍHeH€BHXB BamomxB. Owh HaSIIBBJrB. 
BXB ne HHa^e, Baai «CBOBirB xo8flficTBoirB» h x%8ctBHTejiBH0 no- 
CTOHBHO saHHiiaacfl HMH. Mošen (Sutb, 8to noTOMy, ^no ovb* 

^BMÍ^IB Vh HHlťB npHCTpaCTÍe», BaVB OHB CBMl 910 OÚBflCHBJn^ 

a MoserB 6mh mnoujj wlo ara hthi^ sBja BCBjnD^BreaBHO bi- 
ero pafioH^i tbbi saBB ohb 6ojiBmyH) nacTB shshh npoBOXHJTB na 
Box% FB CBoefi xyinery^KŠ. RaB% 6u to hb 6tiio, ho OexoHBsa ne 
ToaBBD BEajrB, rxi BaBta yrsa Heeercfl, ho (kuBnniHCTBy h8'b míx%^ 
xase ffijph Hvena. 

Chxhtb, HanpflMipB, OexoHBBa nox'B Be^epB na saBauHBft m^ 
ycipeMHBB CBOft ocTpiift BsopB BB cTOpOHy p%BH, ciymaeiB cnjeTHS 
ByiiH OeBJnu, Maiepn bcíxb B^jiop^qencBBXi cnjeraa^s. Mtbíř 
BeiepB xopOHiB. C% nou B^TepoBB necerB npoxjiaxy h saiiax'^ 



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eixoHuu. 151 

eieoBoS ipaBH; nniipi BosBpaqaKmď n vfAsjífiWb^ tqibko-hto 
iqmrH&u ci noai «%epej^>; xKinieTGS jerBO, Bce OTAHxaerB nocíš 
sapsaro xhi. O^xonuMt, yÓanBaHHiii iieKVtH^ecnm eiueTHH- 
lanem syMii^ noBB^aiiOMy coBdbirb norpyaHJca vh oosmecBÍfl 
rpSsK. B^pyn owh noAHHMaerB rojiosy h Ha^HHaaii ycueHHO cjí- 
XKb aa H'ÍMi-TO naoawi. 

— Hto OTO TU?— cnpamiBaerB ero Kyna. 

— A, MomeKHBi^a! HmB syxa oea jeraen! a! — BOGUHpaerB 
OexoHua. 

— Kto OHa? 

— Majans — meAMa, MajaKu! 

— A*a!— npoHsaoeHTb Kyna, nosan^ ^to Majamdi — 8to ne 
BIO HHoi BaKs oxaa mrh BscjiiseHfiím OexonsoĚ yroBS. 

— Uo^L tu, Byxa OBa jieraen, BaHaaa! Bh TiMBmofif. ^oisho 
úathj TaiTK juoÓOBBHsa mienl— npoAoausaen cooÓpaauiTb Oexonsa, 
H 8T0 OHI coaepmeHHO cep&esHO npBHHMaerb vh cb^x^hík), u 
MOSHO BaBÍ^oe CBaaaiL, hto cyxi»<^ yrBB-MaiaHBH ci OTOft 
MiHyni B8iiibHii6TCi. £en pšmeHo 6iijío ytfBTL ee b^ oeeHH, to 
9ia se y^acTb nocTHraerb ee nex^^ ^epesi abí. 

— Ob diflirb BapoxoMrB HHane eaibafl!— paacysxui OexOHBaa^ 
pasyH&i noA^b ^HapoxosťB* Boe rlrB se yroBiB: — ceroAHfl oea Bh 
FjBHHiita, wpen aex&iH) xM^me, a TaM's h coBC&rb iqK>naxeTi! 
Passi MOSBo AOBjcaaTb? 

Boo6qe yTOBi> obi nvh snan, iro iHorxa JiOBHXb exi 
aaB]>eM!b bcb nri^azs b kl TBBOM^b bbx*^ npHHoeHjrb Byni. 
Oxoia — 8T0 6uso FjasBoe saBane OexOHBBH. KoFAa y Hero 
He ÓHJO pa(SoTu, owb o<$panvuicfl b% oxotí b xotiHBan bo 
Bcajcoe Bpaui praBO ctoubo abw, cbojiíbbo eny saxyícaeTca. 

H B!L 9T0Ě C^p'^, Barb B bo BcÍxI^ XPyrflXB, 0H'B smbjícsi 

raoflsi ocHOBaTenHEurb neiOBiBOMi. Egih obi buci^abti ByjuBa, 
Boiopiit ^ly noBpaBBicfl, (m^h Be ycrpeMBiea sa BBMab Tor^acb se, 
a opesxe Bcero Baiaerb BsyuTB ero. Obi pascj^xy^i^y oiByxa 
ByjBKB npBJEeiaerb e Kyffi, jezaerb; BaBÍa (Soiom osfb npexnoíH- 
laerb Bn bcíxi (JiiopiHeflcxBxi 6ojiorb; BS^ajiH pacnossaerB, 

BaCIOABO JB 0E% SBpeB&, ^Tů6u CTOBIO BB EBTO TpanTb BOpOXl, 

B Torxa yse bkuoute ero vh ^bcio «CBOHX!b». H yÓBen owb ero 
BpB caiiBX^B Jíymsmx% yciOBiarb, BMeHBO tbbbx^b, npB bok^hxi 
npoMaxi BeBOBMOsefli. Ero BBCBonBO bo eHyB^iaerB to o6cix)fl- 
lejLCTBOi HTO Bci ByjoiBB BOXOSB xpy^B BB xpy^B; 0B% yic^berb 

BBfiTH Vh BBSXOlťB MSPh EBX% WEJV> OCOÓeBBOeTb, BOIOpAl X^CTl 

BOBMoaraocTB Beerna oxjuiiflTb ero on xpyrBXi. Totl OBasHsaerca 

«yrpB)MUMl», XPyrOfi ^ÓOfiBBMl*, xperitt BBKb-TO OCO<$eBBO BBUeTB 



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152 BftOTBXn IBFOIDI. 

ZBOCTOiTB, OT^ero noiy^MieTb nBMmmoiBěme «BBJflfl» — h nsnrB 
o^pasoMTE 6eB9HCjieHHoe MHOseciBO oÓvraTeieft saminiefi k 6oxon 
(SšjfopiwHCiBrB yluaxiiiBaeTai n o^nnipHoft nairflTH 6exoHUH« 

HhoS pasi OHI HeBBBftcTHO noveny Ht^HHaerb xoxirr& nenan- 
HHft H oeaÓo^ieHHHtt. 

— ?Tb cjiyojiOCB?— cnpaniHBaen Bio-HitfyxB. 

— ^a BOTE Bam. Cj^xkide, ciixmtB, naiB XHett cjšxvhib 
ByjHsa— H Bxpyrb owh yjer&rB syxa-io. Ho xyxa? Ha BibIOJA^A 
vbrhj vh BHCueBCKOiTB Óojimh Tome wbrh... misfjsrb pasoft Ha 
cep6HHCKyH> aa^I- — H OexoHBsa iwm na ceptiiHCsyK) W7 k 
Bi soHqi-KOHi^OBi TaKH-OTHCBHBajrb 0iriaro synaa. 

Ho npaay craraa BiiciiseHHyK) jpsn «CBomrb xoaifiCTBoirL*, 
OexoHLaa oóeperarb bto xotatcTBo, san steHiicy oaa. ?yT& aa* 
Boxercfl FE Bftjopiqrt MB0ft-HR6yxB sašssitt ozothhipb, OexoHBsa 
CHBiaerB ero cbovwb spoBHmrE sparom. Oh% Ha^HnaerE Bpexm 
eiiy BcfbuE cnocoC^amr, h fe bohi^-sohi^ob% xocnraerE toto, ^no 

OXOTHHBl HH CE IŠMTE HOBBXaeTE EijIOp^By. HasaHyHi BEIBt- 

xaerE oke, fe Kasui Micra sasrpa ornpaBJueTcx oxothike, c%te- 
XHTi lyxa hoheh) h xo yrpa pacnyraerE bch> xhie, ocraBHBTE ctíSfb 
yxpoxHna M^cra, npo aoiopiifli BOHe^HO, ne pasysEarE hh oxHOMy 
oxoTHBBy. 3a to, ecn oxothhbi oópanrca vh ero noapoBHieuctBy, 
TO x^o nofixen cobcAite HnaTO. Hoiojun, bu npiixaxH b% Bftxo- 
pfi^By HooxoTHTECfl. Hpesxo Bcero bh, pasyvtorcfli CDpaBuerea 
Ha c^en saupaBcaaro oxoTHEsa, Boropnfi SHaerE Bct Óořsím MŠcra. 
BaiTE exHHoriacHO yBasHBaDTE na dexoHE^r. Ecjth bh cTaneie 
ero pascnpamHBaTE, oke xacn Bani hícbmebo otb6tofe, xoTOpEie 
ne TOJDbxo HHiero ne pasucHan Bam, ho, nanpoTHBfE, em^e ÓojiEme 
sanyraDTE nacE. Ho cróm tojebo Bani noMaHHTE ero pyóiem, 
nsh OHI x^aexcfl, noBHXHMOiiy, BamnirE npiarejreirE h orspH- 
Baen BaiTE ceapem ch TaBom Bixom, TO^mo 9to Bce, ^lo oh% 
sHaerE. Ho xasxHtt umaŘ pytfiE BusKBaen cb ero dopomz 
HOBHfi cexperE, oTapanaoTi HOBua fiojora, paaxBHraen BaiannK 
H npflMO npraoxHTE aacE bi^ yrrann rafaxam* 

OexoHEBa He to, ^Totffir SHan BcsBoe penecxo, ho owh Boerxa 
Hon BfiiyiHTEca BciBOMy peiieciy c% yxHBHrexEHOH) xenoerED. & 
noHHD Taadl HecjiosHH& ciyiaft. GHxin OexoHEBa y pian, imo 
npoxoxvn Epeiritt— nysiVE rpoMaxHHXi pwif&poFE, Barkrudl 
na ceA CBoeio cnoeoteoerER) myiE naraxE* ^mitt Osm 6oeE h 
necE Bi pyci oanorE. 

— ?To HecemE?— cnpocHjrE ero OexoHEBa. 

— A BOTE ne novHHHoiE jni canon? Th bíx^ Bce ynieniEt — 
cmíice, OTHinajTE Epeiffttt. 



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nfflVbsjL. 163 

— A HTO-si?! Th j^^emby ne noíHHH)? Xe, xe! xo^eniB 
HOBu com&H)? ^aft tojoxo TOBapi. 

— A He BpemB? • 

— noiipoóyft! ToBapi cctl? 

— Tosapi-TO ecTB| jsfL tu EcnopiHnib? 

Taxoft oisura bhahmo pasosjnurb OexoHBi^. EaimirB oÓpasoirL 
EpeifiĚ Mor& HOxyiiaTB, ^to oh^ wro-HBÓyxB se juAemS Bij^ 
9fo E^wompma o6p9SúWh noesraTejBCiBo ea ero aBTopHTerL. y 
Hero aaHCspHJHCB riasa. 

— Jlaxno; xoih Hcnop^, oiB^^aH) ipeiui xecjmuiXH yTOB'B. 
JúHemb? J^asal Tosapi, toxeko ycjome: 8th ciapEie mh^ noxapH. 

EpeiiiĚ coNacHJicfl, npeHecb eky crapiie canora h lOBapi, h 
6exoHBBa HexexxeHHO npHHjiics sa paóory. Oh^b npes^e Bcero 
ptenoparo ciaptiS canorb k x^Jiaii 9to MexieHHO e ^ipesBuqafiHO 
BHBMaTeiLHO. Owh Tn^aTejBHO ascrt^^Ban h iisiiipHjrb Kas^yH) 
cociaBByx) ^acTB Canon k HsyujťB pacnpeA^beme 8thxs qacrefi. 
Eřj^ HHott MejOHBK) OHX CHA^i xoj^a TOTBepTB Haca H He mejii 
AMune, noxa oceoBaTeiBHO ne ycBOBBaii ee. Ror^a nopsa 6iiaa 
soneBa, offB eu^e pasi BHHMaTejiBHO ocMorp&rB bc6 qacra h 8a- 
tíkb npBHucfl cmHBan hxo^ bx npesHem nopflAS'^. PasyiiieTca, 
CBfflBajTB OHI Ha SHByK) HHTRy, TOJBEO «AM npHiiipa»i sasB OWb 
<an nofCflHJTB. SariiTB laxase MexieHHOi no nopjiAByi ohi omiiB 
Bce pacnopojTB. H Borxa Bca dra patfora 6iiia soHieHa, dexoHBsa 
tq«ecTBeHHO noxmm raasa h oÓisbhjii, njo owb TenepB yse 
oooaaHHKB. Jí^iŘcmETeihEO, xu ^epesB ipn Epen^fi nojiyqHjrB ca- 
noni, cnume do^tb (SesyRopHSHeHHo. 

TasnrB se ToqHO nyreiTB OeAOHBBa xoxoahji'b ao BCAsaro pe- 
xecia^ xasoe loaBxo rb A^Hnyio MHHyry Tpe6oBajiocB. 

noHiTHoe A^o — ne BCflxifi iiorB aoxoahtb ao oto^. H bio 
BOBoe ne noroiiy, qxotiii OeAOHBxa otiiaAaxB xaxHMH-HXtfyAB bh- 
xaDxtxMBCfl cnocoÓHOcniiiH, a npocro noroMyi qro y nero ne 

Ob TOft MHHyTB, XXKB OoAOHBxa noTopiurB Horx, ero cyAB($a 
emxHjacB ho laxB, xasB y ero CBepcTHxxoBB. Ohh bb a^tctbí en^e 
inůmaim «naHii^xHy», BHpocjH — ^nojiyvHJix bojiio, otisaBejecB comba- 
XX, ysnaiH nysAy x saxatfajixjiECB xaseioxy ipyAy, HasoftjXBott 
9t6oA ABx, He ocTaBjnix)n^et Aocyra AynaiB x BHAyxiiBaTB. Hx- 
im> noro ne cxymjloCB cb OeAOHBSoft. noiepxxB Horx, owh yse 
xe roxuci nx bb xaxyx) líysH^ByK> paóory. Ero bbux xo ABopy 
X aacraBJXix «nepBfl n^xnaiB* xax «Biy6ox& A^psaiB* — a bto 
m sa pa6oTa? ^.$x^fi xcero oh% Hxqero xe A^aix, npecMaxaiCB 
y rocnoffB Bi xa^ecTst «BapjxKa> xix ypoA4, xix Boo6qe wro-ro 



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154 BSOTim IBPOIIH. 

HCMiDTOTejiBHaro, H nojy^afl nox^uy ch roenoxcsaro eroia. Bh* 
BUE jífime laBÍe caryHaH, hw vh pflxy iioii£QiHq&HX'B pasBie^eHÍft 
dexoHBBa npe^craBJífljrL oxx&iBHiifi h BecBiia HarepecHiifi Byueph. 
Co6epyTCfl focth y noM'liAHBa, uoŘfyn paseufl yBecaieHifl, nosa 
He HCTontHTCfl CBy^Hafl nporpaMiía. ^ 

— Focnoxal — BOBrjuunaenb ST0-HB6yAB hto xoaseBibi — se xo- 
THTe JIH 6eA0HBRy?! 

— Otjihhho, 9T0 oneHB HHiepecBo! — spa^arb rocni. 
flBJUieTCJi dexoHBBa h no BoiiaHxi BUA^uBaerB pasnufl, noBH- 

JVMOVJf He XHTpiIfl miyBH. 

— Hy-Ba — Baií^ na cxojii! BpaBo! Traeps curpaB na 
CBpHUBŠ sa cnHHoff... omno! 

H OexoHBsa BartsaerB na ctojtb, julvin% ciqiHiiBy sa cnBoy 
H Hrpaerb sasana h t. x« IIoicintHBi xoBOjeBi, rocrn xOBGiBm 
H OexoHBBa jsflBoiewh. Ho arpa en^e se soHieHa. 

— TenepB toibbo x^a iiya«irBl OexoHBBa fiyxerB nuBanJ — 

HdOdp^iaeTB BTO-TO. 

H OexoHBBa oojiserB vh pési, pasxiBaercfl h njiasaerB. 3a 
8X0 aiy ffiJOTb HÍcBOJiBBO rpEBeHHBBOKB H yxajiflB)T% ero. Ho 
xoiro en^e ero noxBBFH cjtyjsars npexHeroirB pasroBopa xu rocrett. 

3aícb-to OexoHBRa oploópin Mampy roBopHiB «o6pa80BaH- 

HBIITB fl8I]B0HX»y SanOMBHJIl X^SO HtoUUIBBO ^^paHIQ^BCBKZS ^paffB, 

FB pox'i: «yeiiezici», Koropua axpecoBajiHCB exy vh sanecTB^ 
rocnoxcBofi cotiaBB, sorxa ^nasH^am* yroxHO 6hio saiSaBJUiTBCfl. 
Ero HO c&UH noTOMy, BO-nepBiixi, hto bívho c^srajH ÓojoBway 
xa en^e noTOny^ ^o owh xo tofo esjiob^bjicb kb pa3HHX'B saÓaB- 
Bux^B miyBaxi, tto Bcerxa yiĚÍbii> bojiosatb sa mhjbíoctb rocaoxcBÍft 

Boo(^ii^e eMy seiocb lorxa eexypno. 3f!bcb owb ycBOHXB BBycb 
vb «napTÉkyjflpHoiíy nJiaTBK>»| noiy^aa orB MajaíeBBBBxi rocnox^ 
saHomeHHHe CB)pTyBH. Oxho BpeMfl bhxíjh ero o^erojaBniHirB b^ 
rvMBasHHecBOMOb MyBxnp^i nosa se yBBX'&rB bto cam noiii- 
n^BVB, KOioput Hamejii aio ocBop(SHTejiBHiiirB x^a xBopflHCiBa, h 
npEsasaii OexoHBBÍ cbotb MyHXflp^ hjih cnopoTB nyroBBi^i. 
FjiaBHoe se, ^lo npH xasixi yaiOBÍflX'B y Ooxohbbh 6ujio mhofo 
xocyra. HyasHO 6eiio ^iici^HHtiyxB eaooiiHflTB biotb xoqrrBf h oke 
B03efi-HeB0yiett 8aHBMajiai pasHiiioi HBo6piiraiaiaL Ero BayiHjni 
^BxaTB H OHib HHTajTB Bce, ^t6 BOiiaxaiocB noffB pysy, (kua jn to 
6b6jííBj esaBsa, ctbbibb, eai ^BiocoJK^itt TpasiarB. Ha fflcyvi owy 
npHCMaTpBBajiai bi shbhh e npioópiai Majo-no-Majiy seavBTaiBHyio 
npaBTE^ecByio CMfoBy. Bce, htó npexcraBiuocB x^a Hero HOBum, 
OffB npEHHMaiab kb cb^x^híb), nepeBapBBBiii no-CBoe«y e npKJia* 



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esxOHBKi. 155 

ran r& CBoeiiy sanacy oiihthocth. V oero ne &ijio HEBSKaro 
laiaHoa hju uneHifl n qeM7*HM6yxB OAsoMy, oiipejr&ieBHoiiy, k 
HOiOHy OHI 6e» pa06q)a tfptjcs sa Bce, mh nona^ajoc^ no;^ 
pysH, ÓpajiCfl HiieHHO noiOMy, ^to jw&n ůeBwownauA xocyrE. 
jBm^íjbjFh OBI BaBi-TO na (Sasap^ cipsiny h xajn ce<$ft cjobo bo 
m> 6ii TO HB ctajo iipio(}p£cTb ee, b opio^pij'^ ^oafo ob% npe- 
jaxBBaicjE Bi saBBTepeooBaBoeHy ero BBcrpyveHry— bto 6hjo 
nepeoe, ^n6 nocraBaio aro vh aaipy^Besie. Owh pimBJíci otfpa- 
TBTiiCB vh naHK^aiTL. 9to o^eHB Mfloro nocMimBJío naaiiwtt, ho tíwb 
Be MeBŠe eiiy noBasajB, Basi aa^o AepsaiE cspanBy, chií^obi 
H bcuíb Bpflcnoco6jieBÍB, nosasaďiB myrs b Cfbvxo^ ho OexoHBB^ 
XOBOOHO 6IIJI0 B BToro. Oh'b Bce saMtoux B npBjíosBdTB Bx A^y; 
Be Bpomjo B jpyxB iiiciiiieBi, a oh^b y«b noitoajrB xBopBK), 
BaHrpBBaa Ha cspansi «0B sa raeMi, raeHi». Bhociíxctbíb owh 
ffi Toro ycoBepmeacTBOBajiCB íbi 8tom'b BCsyccTBi, qto Mon BrparB, 
xepatt ocpBHBy sa cobhoA, a noioirb b pasauMv ApyniMB cnoco6aMB. 

Tan B BKpocB OexoHBBa bl BanecTBi Óapcsaro safiaBBBBa, 
BOiafl Ha ycft Bce, qió nonaxaiocB na raasa^ Eor^a opamiia 
«BOBi», owh vb BaneciBJ^ tfojoHOFo ne D0jy^BJi% hb bojb, hb 
XBopa. Sf^orTO exy b npBouocB pasMaTiiBaTb Boe, htó 61120 na- 
BorafiO Ha yci, b spBJíaran vA cfaptHu vb Tony, irro6u 
ociassca «^e]0BftB0irB>, a ae nofirB oo nipy «BfB TejAxjA*^ fb 
lamcTBi HBBiaro. Biri^cio senjiB, eny kbljol «xyniery6By» b cb 
9I0Ě MBHyTH OKB cnuTB xmai^ ceÓB BjacTBieieMi Bctx'B OBpeer- 
Biir& B«g^. y Bero BaBeaocB crapoe, Bon aBaen ony^a xo6uToe 
pyaube, i^iaa bouobiúb yAOWVB, b no wbýb xoro, BasB ovb jcbotět 
BajB BaBoe**HB6yAB peiiecio, — pasesB peifecjieHHHB opyxúi- 

Oe^HBBB ecTB YyTi> ne bi Bas^ofl losHopyccsoff Aopesn^. 
Oi% ociajBBBXi BpecvbBH^ mm tojbbo OTjmuxmui BasBirB-HBfiyxB 

ypeMCTBOMX. y TOrO BfB fffrSGTB^ HOry OimB^JIO BaBBH^B-BB^yXB 

HaipcKBBxiHHHirB oáyxoiTB, TOTB jiBineHi pyBB, ipeiit rop(teTB 
B T. A* Bet OHH, 6jaroAapfl ejiyufiHOHy ypoACXBy, ne Moryn sa- 
BHMancfl otfaeaTejBBiiMi apecTBflHCBBMi ipyAon, y boíxi noBTOMy 
MHoro Aocyra, ÓaaroAapB BOiopony ohb ao Bcero xoxoAflTB cBOBiťB 
yifoia*. njoxo bpbbliocb 6u A^pasai 6ejh QeffahMM. Bb sapsyH) 
lÉTHDio Hopyt KOfAa BCB A^P^BHA cípaniHo pafioraen MycsyaaMH 
B HrpoiBBaeTB oon Bexpaiai, BorAa Aoporá BCBBafl MBByra,— y 
MyauBa oSopstaeB xoMyrB— bto noHOserB? Eio craHerb . ^btaib 
DcaKHpBy xorAa HysHO conpOBOABiB na wn cbítb BaByx)*HB6yAB 
ytforyx) Ajmy? Bce OeAOBBBa. Orroro ony Bes)Ay Hpilyn b bcbbíí 
npontaen emj to, nero bo npoeiBJx 6u ApyroMy. 

]íf^ Heciaesbe cxkiajo noioseoie 6eA0HBBB npexiieTOirB saBB- 



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156 B«GTHIS1» DFOUn. 

CTH OABOcejBiEffB. dexoHBBa He Hv&ai HHUBKTfc oÚBdtmjacmhj 
Bceiiy HayHHacfl h sjtj% npHiiÍBaioHB; owh tiujrB Hyseei Bcnony, 
— 6en Hero Hensa 6uao 6ii oóoiricb. Bíw> ovb 6un nocHie- 
lewh bcAtb xepeBeHCSHxi hejb^b h HCByecrn. 

Bcrpi^aere bH| HanpHiiipi, 6eA0HBBy nojsyn^aro no yjno^ 
Ch Toictofi BHBrotti noxBflsaHHoB vb crart bocp^kctboitb BasoS-ro 
«noBopoTBH>; BH yxHBJuieTecB, ^TO offB HMŮen otitIhho neun- 
HttB BHA'B, Towo y Hero yicepia Byiia^ kjih Bon sHaerB Mjffk 
yier&ni BuosfbmeMEEiM yrBH. 

^— Ryxa nojseniB? 

— A BorB KB Tpó^HMy EopOTBOKy!.. 

ÍTO 9T0 TH TBBOfi Cyiipa^BOfi? 

— A HO BHABiei ncajnupB necy. SHaiHTB, noBottHHKB y Tpo- 
^HMa... Crapyza y Hero CBOH^aucB. HeiBda ase cb ncajnupem 
nicHH HO yiHi^i pacKlBaiB. 

OexoHBBB TOiaerB ncajmipB no^mi hb^tb bcímh noBOttHHBami. 
IIo^osHirBi vto FB cexi qm^ecTByerB abbbi, soiopiitt HiriberB 

9T0 CBOeK) npíMOl) 0tffl8aHH0eTBH>| HO XM^BB npHTJiaCITBi — HBAO 

lUBTHTB eMy, no xeHBmett yApb uojthhhhrB; xa xoro h raaxH — 
en^e nonpocHTB irtpBy sara; lorxa bbbb OexoHBBa «no-({osecBH» 
AOBOiBCTByercfl «niBajniBO]rB» boxbh xa neporoiTB na sasycsy. 

nOHBTHOe X^vlO, 9T0 mBaiEBl — 8T0 C06CTBeHH0 HOMHHanHaa BaiH* 

HHHa, BimBOTB se OexoHBBB BBBi pBBi CTOJiBBOy ^iTo6ii Blb yrpy 
CBBJHTBCB nox% jBBBy (bto y Hero HBBBBaeicfl «8a«iRiaTBCB>); ho 
8TH xo<$aB09HHe mBaiHBH imieA ch nmn pacnHBajni(^ h xosiie- 
BaMH, BOiopne ch ropa no noBoftHHBft eman xo^iroirB naBa^H- 
BBTBCfl «8a ynoBofi xynn»| tbkb ^no bhxoxuo HesanATHO. 

Bynary ;» BaayK) npo^HraTB, jhÓo nanncaTB npcmeníe, 8e- 
XOHBBB Bce BTO HoaseTB cxiuuKTB «Bi jiy^meiTB Bixi>. Mto^Hiitt 
nicapB AEBHO yse ciioTp^^ na nero, bbbi na CBoero nraut) 
Bpara. Owb pinrarenHo ne mopb bh^tb paBHOxymHO OexOHBBy, 
H BCflBÍĚ paffB npH Bcrp&rt c:b hhitb crapaica no Mtpt chjtb 
cboez*b BupasHTB npe8pÍHÍe« Hnorxa se on paspasaici u^biiím 
piuH) vh laBoitB poA%: 

— ArB TH Tjii nojsy^aa, Heo6pa80BaHHafll Tyxa se iteeriB 
no HHCBMeHHOft ^acm! Tu rx% o^y^aici, ÓesHoraa TBapB? y ro* 
cnoxB HB BOHX>uiHÍy B? Te6i BTo yBasajcB cobbtbcs vh nncap- 
CBoe x^o? Jl^a snaemB jn th, ^ laaoe HHcapcBoe x^ao? h npome. 

BojiBnie se Bcero ho jiío6un ero mcapB sa Bpacnoptviei 
np^craBHieieirB BOioparo, bbbi h noxoÓaerB nncapK), om xot^^xb 

OXHffB CHHTBTBCB FB XBpeBffi; B MeSXy T^ITB OOXOHBBB HOITB rO* 
BOpBTB TBBHITB SO « (JJaropOXHttirB BStlBOirB*, BMPB H OHI. Ho 



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eiAOiuu. 157 

vt6 Mon Hox^aTB ovh cb OexoHBKofty 8a Boroparo nocroua 6u 
Bcs xepeBHii. 

BojBme Boero no BBycy npHXO^HJica OexoHBBa ůímp^wecmř 
xojioxeaui. ^íbkh jik)0hih ero sa npitfayrBff, xoropHxi ohi sHan 
Óes^HCJieHHoe MHOsecTBO sa Bcaide cjyiaH; npBTOirb se oe^ 
o&iajia2!& npHBJíeBaTejBHoS HapysnocTBi) h ^ecjíbj% vl eBoeM:^ 
npomjoirB ee ojífiwb poMaei. IlapHH jiioÓhjeh ero sa h^chh. Hh- 

BTO Be SHaJIl TBBHX^B, BaRl Oe^OELBa, H HHBTO He JU^ÍTh TBEl^ 

naciepcBH BcnojiHflTB Bxx^ BaBi OexoHBBa. H ys'b bbke ok& iAjtl 
m CBOHMi Buco^afimHiťB ^^am^eroiiab, Boropiiff, BasajiocL, mopb 
um xo ÓesBOHeuocTH. CoGeperca BOBpyn Bero uojLOjífiSRh fb 
csbuMŘ BecesBÍS aeiepx rj^-Endyxb sa cejom b npHcraerB: 

— ^Xi OexoHBBa! Ilofl n^esB! 

6exoBBBa BBBorxa Be oTBasHBaercir. !3to ^x^Xa*) npaBxa, eny 
Be o^eBB BpaBBTCB, Wh BBxy Toro, ^TO BOBpyrB Bero jBiiyTCfl pyiu- 
BBi xa npflfoaBifl x^bbb. Ho c^xhbb vl 6opox%, bbbi aeoTpasB- 
BHft ^BTB, BacraBjfleTB ero cmbpbtbcb. Ohi bsxoxbotb tojibbo b 
BpetfaBBTb: «ArL^ 6uso Bpeiia!> BcnoMBBTB cboh) moioxoctb b 
cnpocBTB: 

— KasyB) Bam? EjiaropoxByio, bjb... BaeTOfinQrio? 

— BaiflB cnepBB O^aropoxHyK)! 
H dexoBBBB saTflrBBaeix: 

<£7Aa-6B B noiextia? 
Roro UH*]^ óojibme xaib? 
ň BTHqRoíl 6bi santjiai 
UponiJia-ói KOA ne9aib!» 

n ^TO 810 sa BŠcflfl! rjyÓOBaB, saxyineBsas locxa cjiiiniBTCB 
vh BTBXi Buco^afiniBxi nepejiBBaxi ero roioca. 

Owb npoxojsaerB cb h'6shoctbk>, BuraraBafl Bnepex^ cbob 
TOienu vy6u b BCspeBBO sanycsai rjiasa nox'B áo6^: 

«J[k)6jk) Teófl, uo8 aereii! 

^— A'^BHiia BeetcTa, 

Th— napCHB BSpOCJHXB l4Tb!» 

AajiBnie b&bboctb BciesaerB ch ero jBi](a, nasa x^iaK)TCB 
crpamBHiíB b b^ rojod^ aa^BsaerB cjiimaTBca ornaflaie: 

«CM'IBcfl, cmířcíl, BappBapp'B! 
Tu CMiflca Baxo uboS; 
n óy^ems tu HasasaBi 
Otb Tocnoxa cyAB(k)ftl" 



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158 Btcmm ibpoiih. 

3aKaHqHBaen Oe^CEBU ao HesoBHOSHOCTi bhcoroS Hoiott, 
npneoxfl bi Bocropn cjiymaTeieB. H^soiopoe BpeMfl bcš ctoatb 
xoj^a, noHypHBi foiobei, nox^ cb^shitb BDenTjiiteieir& orbcHS. 
noToiTB Bxpjn BTO-TO OTOeTCH npesxe Bcbn h Bosríacm: 

— Hy, lenepB HacrofliiQn)! 

IIoflBjfleTai rapMOHÍii r OBaaBBaercfl bs pyBaz% 6exaraiB. 

«TaHiiOBaia pii6a vb pasoin, 
A neTpyniKa ci nocTepnaKom, 
A sanycra ci Óypasoin, 
A xHsqHHa cb BasaKom*... 

Tyn jvh y eero OBasHBaeroi xpyraa jfasepa, xpyrott roiocB. 
UpesBflro OexoHBBH— nenajiBHaro, saKb hb tfiiBajo. Om Bec^npe- 
BpanMiercfl kb secexBo; kb ero roioci Bsyím hto-to ({esmaCam* 
Hoe, ^TO-io BaBrpBBaDniee h Bii8SBaH>iiiee. IlapHH noxzBaaniBawn, 
KTO-TO lUflinerB «Ba3a^Ba»; mju%, cir&x'B, BeceiBe,— h Bceicy droiiy 

npH^BHOS OeXOHBBB. 

OsaxBÓa. Ha jmui^ y saBaiBBiui, xBBseHie^ iLucsa, h nocpexs 
BToro myMa cjumErca ToeeHBBifl necBi CRpansE, HaHrpuBaH>Hteft 
sasyio-HBÓyxB BecejyB) yspaHEcsyK) tAceso. 6h, se copaBUflCB, 
Mosere cb yB^peHEOCTBio csasaTB, qro Ha CBpHnai HrpaerB Oe- 
XOHBBa— BOi(y se ÓoiBme? Ohi CHXHn na aaBajflHB'i, cnycTHBDiH 

CBOH HOrH, BOTOpHB XO TOFO M&IU, ^TO eXBB XOCTHraK)rB XO SeMJDI. 

FojOBa ero CBJíOBHjiacB na nae^o, nasa CMorpaTi bbbb-to cobc^itb 
<5e8CMUcjieHHO, ovb obahi xo 6e8K0He^H0CTH, HO najBi^ii eo^e bh* 
xiJBBaKyrB HeHMOBipHHfl mryBHy cmí^OKi ÓEicrpo csojbshtb no 
CTpynaMT., h mhofo eo^e ÓyxerB hstb OexoHBBa, a xoHrpaerB xo 
K0Hi](a. dexoHBBa ne 6e8i i^xobb, a cairaS riaBHiift ero rpix^B— 
BTO to, ^rro ohi jiioÓHrB BHnHTB, He EBen ovb xoiro, Bce BpfinEica 
H BOBETB x^EBry, Topryfl pH({ofi, yraaMH h pasEOt xe^k)— e BxpyrB 
otfiflBjmerB, ^ro eiiy Bce bto saxo^jio. Torxa ero BasxHtt Bewpi 

OÓHBEOBeSEO BHXBTB KB EBOBB^. 

— 3a^M'B TU Ee sajiteniB CBoefl fojobh, OexoBBBa?— cnpa- 
EiEBaerB ero vb tbbexi cjiyiaflxi KTO-EE($yxB mh ^TpesBBXi*. 

— A HTÓ Mwb sai^TB ee? Boicy oeb EyasHa? 

OexoHBEa jirajTB, yiBepsxafl, mo ero roiOBa HESOiiy se syssa. 
Eyíca OeBja (Siija sebhitb Bospaseflieiii na Biy sieBeiy. BcBKÍft 
pasB, Borxa OexoEBKa osasHBaicfl eoxb jaBBott kb Ba6a«&, OEa 
npBxoxflJia, satfEpajia ero kb oxa^By, CEatfsaa npE btoitb caiaiMK 
flpaBoyHETejiBEKiME 8nBTeTaiíE, E yHOCEjia vh ce($%. dra qrMa 

CTÓBTl TOrO, HTOth O EBŘ CBaBBTB XBB CJOBB. Ha^aiB Ch TOTO^ 

9T0 OEa EEBorxa c% OexoEBSott eo specnua e ecbsb^cteo, cb 



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eixoHBRi. 159 

^BPO craja ero ByMoB. A uemfj tímte BOBapnas MOjroa yrseps- 
XUŘj TTO H^Korxa, jAvh x^catb Hasiu^, Measxj hemh Čeubíh ^pes- 
BHfiďno H&KHiifl OTHomemii. 3to 6um ro^a ^lepesi xsa noci£ 
loro, sasi Kyna jiHmiiJiacB Mysa, couapHaro onen xa^eBO sa 
uxyvyro Ao6poA%TejiB. Eor^a ace OeBxa nocrapfija, to ocrajaíacB 
npoero «Byifa>, a OexoHBBa nepenecB cboh CHiínaiii na xpyrott 
npexHen. Ryva tiiua, pasytriercfl, orop^ena, ho h xo CHr& nopB 
iiHTaia Bx OexoHBB*]^ H&SHEia HyBCTsa. FjaeHoe iipoiiBireHÍe 9thxi 

HtZHHX'B ^BCTBl COCTOflJIO Vh 3a6HpaHÍH BVO Vh OXaÓBy B^B r&xi 

CMjHtax%^ Borxa oh'b Óujtl uepTBeujuii uhtLWh. Bnpo^eirB^ ne^BSA 
csasaTB, TTO^Ei dTO yBaseeie wb Byifi 6ujío ci^noe, ÓescosHa- 
lejBHoe. Ona ynasajia ero sa to, ^n offB mopb 6a 6iitb, ecjstfi 
He Mimaja ero ÓesajutÓepHOciB. BjiecTan^ifi npHM^pB CBoefi iob- 
Kocra H Bu^bcA ch tíitb HeroxHOcni OexoHBBa noBasaji sa 
juMCHxib. 'Brb BOnnaHÍn ci ByícoB OTBpEurB owb Basx-TO fb xepeBHi 

jasony, BfB BOTOpofi TOprOBaJTB pu6ott H XHHBH). Jíjkídí BOMnaBÍH 

nuH cammi ÓJiecraii^BirB oÓpasoiTB, Byiia 6um xOBOJBea h yase 
Hanaja 6iuio xajio-no-Majiy nonpaBuiTB CBoe pasopeeHoe xoBflficTBO^ 
sasB BxpypB vb oxHHi npespacEufi Be^epi jiaBO^sa oBasHBaeTCfl 
BB Ba6aBÍ KB Ba^ecTBi nponHioft. 

— H ^TÓ TU cxiJiajii? H Basi TeÓa yropasxwo?— ysopajia 
ero ByMa. 

— SHaeniB too, ByMal— yriraara ee OexoHBsa: — caasaHo: ne 
6amh ujAmuBOuj ByxpflBuiix. Bce oxho — He ceroxHfl, TaBx 
saBipa nponHj'B-6Ei. 

He npoxoxHJO hh oxhofo roxa, 9to6ii y OexoHBBH ne saBa- 
BBBaica HOBiifi povavB; ho vb nocjrtxHee spěna, botb yse roxa 
^enipe, OexoHBBa BnauTejiBHO ocreneHEaca bb btoitb OTHomeHÍE 
I oeraHOBEJCfl na oxboitb «npexMei%». 9to ((nja x^BHi^a ne 
iie^ofi MoioxocTH, mn cociiXHaro xyropa ApnayTSH, cb Boropofi 
OexoHBBa SHJX, no ero BHpaseniK), «xBopflHCBHirB 6paB0Mi». 
Hciopú 8Toro Ópasa 6um yspamena poMaHflqecBBiíH BnHsoxaifH, 
o BoiopurB caiTB OexoHBBa judůetb pascRasiiBaTB no;ipB BecejiyK) 

pJTBy. ^ijO Wh TOlfB, ^TO X^BHI^a B'B CBOpOMl BpeMeHH HOXftpHja 

Qev>BhÁ CHHa, H TaBOtt Heosax&HHKft pesyaBiarB cBopo cx^Jiajica 
iBBicTeHx BceB OBpecTHOCTH. MtcTHfifi ÓaTioniBa o. EsBOJafi, ^e- 
JosfoB crponixx npaBHJTB, HeMOXJieHHO npHnacHjrB bx ce&b npe- 
aynnyH) fibrnny h oůhucsEJVh eB bck) Hexo6poBaiecTBeHHOCTB ea 
■ociynaa, BpacHopA^HBo isoÓpasHBB efi to, vrb osnxaerB ee kl 

ilipO($HOfi SB8HH, eCJIH OHa HO HOBaOTCfl. Jl^^BEUfiL COBepmOBHO 

■CBpeHHO (SoajacB Eora, h pesyjiBTaTOirB 6ec%xH 6ujío to, ^to ona 
pfarajacB HociynETB kb MonacTiipB. MonacropB croajii bi XByx^B 



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160 BtCTHlKl IBPOnB. 

Bepcrazrb orb E&iopi^BH na caMOvi (^pery, no 17 cropony craBsa. 
H BOTh xíbeujíl Haxija ^epnoe niaiBe h noo&iHJiacB vh saiiii. 
OexoHBBa cea^aja ynan-6ujo xyxoirBy ho csopo onpaBucii h 
pimu^By HTOCB nepeiiiBott MtoKUBneiBCTBa ero «iipexMeTa» x^o 
no cyn^ecTBy ee hsm^huocb, h na aroM^B ocHOBaHÍH Ha^ajrB f/bŘ- 
CTBOBaTB. Ohi peryjapno Kaswt Be^epB oCřhiasAn na CBoeft 
ji[ymejj6wb MOHacnipB h oruman ospecTHOCiB cBoeft jra>6HKoff 
n^Hefi: 

„Ryj(a-6'B a noierkia?" h npoH. 

Oh% ocHOBaiejBHo paac^HTsiBaAii ^no x^BHi^a^ nociynHBi vb 
MOHacnipB, vh CBOHZfB MonamecRHirB MOJiHTBaz^B HHoi pan BcnoM- 

HffTB O HeiTB. HoBSBÍCTHO, BaKB fJUUh 0(5řh BTOWh X^BHI^a, TOJBBO 
FB MOHaCTIipi O Hefl OTSHBajHCB CB BOCXH^eHÍeiTB ■ rOBOpHIH, 

^TO ona noxaerB npBM^prB AotipoA'frceiBHOi jkbshh. Ona He npo- 
nycBajia hh oahoA cjiyašóu i^epsoBHofi h bítoo yexiHuacB. Gjio* 
BoiTBy Bce nuO| BaB!B HejiBBfl lymne. Poxctbohhhkh x'íbhi9i npH 
Bcrpb^i Cb BHaBOMHMH FOBopHJiH cb BejH^aĚmn^ yiiHaeHieirb: 
«a, Hama-TO, nama! npocro CBarafl cx^ajacB! To-h-x^o, hto 
MOjniTCfl; HH Ch Kbwh ne foboprtbI* ?Tb sa x^o xo loro, hto x^ 
MOHB Bi BHxi OexoHBBH Rasxui XBHB o(h»Í8saerB MOHacmpcsyK) 
OKpecTHOCTB?.. OxHaBO ne npomjo h roxa, xairB x^bhi^i npHHua 
H81 MOHacrapa fb focth rb ApnayTBy b ciopo o. HesoJiaio 
OTiyxa se npHHecjH apeciHiB. 

^M BTopHHHaro HcnpaBieHiH x'&BB]^a nocrynHJia bx ycayaceme 
vb caMOMy o. HHBOJtaio. GrapuĚ Óanomisa HcnpaBHO sasxnft X^hb 
^HTajx efi HOxxoxflHUfl Micra bsb Sjíaioycia; x^bhi^í oiymaia 
CO BHBiiaHieirB h HHofi pasB x&se npojDiBajia ciesH noBaamji. 
OexoHBBa H 8XÍCB ne mejii xu^me CBonrB sanoB^XHiixrB (SeperoFB, 
oGbismtíA uTb na xynieryÓKi. A BpecrnTB Bce-raBH npHnuocB 
B vb Tperífl pani. Torxa o. HHBOjráfl iiaxHyjii^ pysot. 

BopoHeiTB, o. HBBoiaS caM^B Bcerxa OTxaBan xozsHyH) x^hb 
yBasenifl OexoHBSHHott onuTHOCxB b yny. 6aTK>mBa, mosho esa- 
saTB, x&se jíiDÓEXb OexoHBsy sa ero nojiosHieiBniifl BanecTBa h 
npH Bctpimi CB HBicB Bcerxa othochjch b^b HOMy OTe^ecBH. 

— 9x1, OéxoHBBB, OexoHBBa! RasB bto th fjmn CBoet ne 
auuieniB? Bchomhb, ^ 6yxerB Ha tom!b csirb. PasBŠ leói ne 
xo^erca fb pafl? 

— 3, ÓaTDHiBa! ^a pasBi nycrarB fb paS-TO moh) 6e8HoryH> 
xymy! — OTB'ÍHan na aro OexoHBBa, nfbwb BusiiBan co cropomi 
ÓanomBB i^žjiyK) Óypio Heroxofianitt h i^-íjuS pax^ cbkiix^b y(}&- 
XHiejiBHiixi xoBasaxejLBCTBi TorO| hto xynia hh FBBasoMi cjiywš 



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eiAOBBKÁ. 161 

Be MOsen Óktb ÓeBHorot n hto OexonraHOfi xsisA o^en ne 
ipyXHO nonacTB vb paft, ecjH offB nosaerca. Oexonsa bcabíS 
pui o(Si]i|Ui nosaflTBCfl. 

Eojame Bcero ne HpaBuocB 6BajomrsAj hto OexoHBBa pasBpa* 
jn/uph npHXOsaKB cbohhh u/bcMsiya h Hrpot na cxpHiix£. XI^hh 
OexoHua Óiin ff6iciBHiejBH0 oniHEaro co^epsasifl, a srpa 
(kia saÓopHCTafl, laBrb ^ro ne luucaiB no^i nee se 6um hebr- 
K(A BOBMOSHOCTH. «Hy, rp£iiiEjrB-6n ceCii caMx, 910 yxi% hto, cb 
9im HHiero ne nof&niemi! Ho sai^irL napoA^ pasBpao^aTB?* — 
pscfmu% (SaTK)iiiBa. 

y dexoHBBH 0IUI CBOH ocofiesHHfl OTHomemfl cb 6aTH)iinsofi. 
Hyno UMtonB, hto ÓaxioiiiBa 6iiíi'e ^pedBu^afiso yCisxeHHuS 

9eiOBÍB!b B B1^ TO se BpeMfl OTHOCHTeJBHO OBei](!S CBOOfi nacTBu 

jenoBipBiiĚ w nocjE^XHei creneHH. Gtohjio toibbo BaBOHy-HHÓyAs 
saájyxmeiiy npHXOsaHHHy npHATE vb 69momxib h ouusaTL, hto 
OKL Baerei, sasB ĎanoinBa saCnBaji^ b nponiajrE bcž rpizB, 
jaesaxb h noflJTB Haem saion^rocfl rptniHHBa. OexoHBsa zopomo 
3Han diy ciafiocTB tiaTK)niBH b BavB Henaa ^ynine nojBBOBa^rcfl eio. 
HaAO&io eiiy csBiaTLca no ce^y, !bcTB ceiexsy xa ^epniifi 
zii((:By — OHI HaA^Baon MaHBmBy, ^bctetb CBOfi mif,majffhy npBHB* 
Baen ÓiiaronpBJUiHHHS bbj^b b no^serB no HanpaBJieHÍH) Kh (Sa- 

TDIBBBHOMy ffOMy. 

3x&» Ofl^B (JŮhSBMWhj TTO BM^eXl AO 6aTK>mBfl BaSHOe f/bjLO. 

SoByn ero bi saĎBEen. 

— 9to csaseoiBy OexoHBBa?— cnpamBBaerB (SanoniBa. 

— A BOTB npBmejii nonpocBTB y Bací BHBse^By ÓosecTBes- 
Byv A^u xyniB noqBiaTB! — CMBpeHHO oiB^^aerB OeAOHBBa, ejbab 
npB aioirB fiaisiflB^ npflKo bi aai^o cbobmb riasaMB, vb Boropux^B 
iso($pasaeTCfl HacTOfln^ee yMHjeHie. 

— A-a! ^aBHO 6u TaB'B! Botb 9to xo6poe a&io, botb 8to b jiidÓjih)! 
^ miBKO TU BpemBy saoa^S, BpemB bšab? 

— ^To&b B CB 8Toro H^&CTa HO A^BHyjcfll UoBapat MeHfl... 

— Tel ne cbM tbbi fobopbtb! bto rptxi sejiBBiflt A BO^sy 
(poeBJí? 

— Ob otbx^b nopB ne cxany b HK)xaTB ee npoKiBryiol 

— A He BpemB? 

— BoTB noBi^att!.. 

— He CMÍt TH mA araBBrB cjiovb pobopbtbI— cepxBicB 6a- 
nHDBa: — ^ ey htó. Basi b bi canoirB-TO a^% nosapaeTi? H tsbi 
(fesi HorB CflXBBiB, Basott xetii en^e Bapu. SL b tbbb B^pio. A 
cqnnBa rxi? HeÓocB, cbpbhbb ne ÓpocBJíB? 

Tom L— flHBin, 1881. 11 



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162 Bicnni npomi. 

OexoHBsa OTKpuBWh ysejioBiy soiopift 6wi% e& HHirb ■ bh- 
HHMajTB onyxa CRpeni^. 

— A BOTB, TTOÓH Bil HC COMH^BaiHCB, TU% fl HS BaiIIflZ'B 

npH 8TiirB cjOBarB OexoHBsa coBepmeHHo bwmmubmo pastfH- 
Bajr& CBpnny 061 noji^i ho tabi scsycHO, vro noiy^aiHCE o^iess 
spynene isjcm. 

— Hy, lenepB Bipio, botb jxh nenepB coBcim B^pro!— ro- 

BOpHJTB Bnoiff& yAOBieTBopeHHiiS ÓanoDisa. Tyro se ABiuacB 
OexocBfl Hy exBa CAepsHBaa cirlrb, co6Hpaja ocranH OexoHun- 

HOfl CBpHHBH. IIpH BVOWb OeXOHBSa CMOTp^^ Ha Hee laBHMlBH- 

pasHTejiBtiHiťB BsvMfflWbj ^TO OHft TOTvacB-se npflrasa 9th ocrann 
B% yspoMHOMi M^crb. 

— Hy, BorE 160% h BHHSBa, Oe^OHii!— rraopurE (tanamxa, 
noxaBafl eMy ^IlyrB bo cnaceHÍi)» hjh HTo-HHtiyxB fb 9T0irB pox%, 
H TorB cEAB^Cfl rx^-HBÓyxB KB yrjy BafiHHera h BHiMaiejBHO 
saHHMajicfl cnacemeiťB jtymH. 

OAHaacxH MH% npHnuocB satni bi (SaximiBi HMeHHO vh to 
BpeMfl, Borxa GexoHBBa Bauca. Si BomejrB fb BaÓnnen, (SanooiBa 
6ujFh vh codbxHefl BOMHai^. Ybea^hb MajieHBByH) í^nrypy, b&bi 
pasi TBBib, TTO rojOBa npixoxHJiacB vh y^^MEh cb hoaobohhh- 
BOHi, fl 0TB yxHBjeHÍfl OTCTyiiHjrB Hasaxi. «6exoHBBa chxvtb y 
6aTK>niBH vh BatfiHeri, HHTaerB tfoseeiBenHyK) BHHSBy h HirleTS 
ÓJiaroHecTHBiit bhax!» ÍIphxoahjio coMninie, ne oÚmawl im 8to 
^yBCTBi,— 0AHaB0*si 8T0 tfiijo TaBB. OexoHBBa u^XHXB riasaiiE 
no bhhsbí h ycHJieHHO menrajTB ryfiaia— aro o(í08HaHaio, ^to 
OHI qHiaeTB. Bhx^ y nero Óhjb BaBofi-ro npnriiaseHHHiy npHJiH* 
saHHHi. Ohi f»we cx:&iajrB bhxb, ^to ho saiišiaerB Meu, xavB, 
xecBaiB, BHHnaTeAHO HHraerB. 

— GexoHBBa!?— yxHBHJca a:— Th ^se lyra fjbisuemh? 

— RaBB BHXHTe! GnacaK) xyiQy!~0TBfacTBOBan ohi, h npn 

wíowh Ha jLEisíí ero saHrpajio vro-xo xBycMiicxeHHoe. 

— Th cnacaemB xymy?— nepecnpocHJB a. Ohi o^HX^Jica. 

— A iTO-si, Bu xyMaere, y iiena xyniH h^ti? HjUI ona yse 
Tasí rpimna, ^ro ee h cnacaTB ne noaaraeica? Bon h CHacy; 
na 8J10 BaiTB cnacy. 

Owh snaj^Bi ^TO 8to tojibbo Ha^ajio cnacema, h MorB cb to^- 
HOCTBK) onpex:&n!TB, ^ó éyxen ffíibme. Rx se^epy, Borxn bi sajrb 
6aTiomBHHoS BBapTHpu HOflBjuuca caifOBapB, hsi sajui xonooucs 
rojocB ÓaiioniBH. 

— OexoHfl! a Oexona! IIoiBH-Ba cfowi BanBeni uBay bhšctK. 
n Oexona noJ8'B vh sajy, HeasMinHO cozpanaa ÓJUtro^eciEBiift 



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eiAOHBBi. * 163 

Bixi I Bi oxHy cesyExy Bapatficajiai na CTydTB. IIpesAe ^itb 
npejuosHTB eMy ^aio, ÓaTioniKa pasciipainHBaj'^ ero o npoHirraH- 
WĚhj Ha wt6 OexoHBsa jiflMXh canEie TOHHiie, nyHBxyajiBHBíe 

— Hy, Tenej^ th SHaeniB, BasrB nysno xyiny cnacaxB. Kasi-se? 
PascKaxH, 9Tb npoiarajrB! 

— HaxoÓHO BXOABTB FB o6iiteHÍe CB BoroiTB. 

— A HTó 8T0 SHaHHTB— BxojHTB Wh o6iiteHÍe CB EoroiTB? 
OexoHBBa H^BOTopoe Bpeics npexanajcfl pasMumaemK), a no- 

Ton yB^peHHO OTBŠHajrB: 

— Bb i^epBOBB xoxhtb!.. 

— ía FB i^epBOBB*TO xoAHTB— Majo. E^e HTó Tpetfyerca? 

— A en^e pasMunuenLi... 

— KaBÍfl-se pasMiinijeHifl? PasMHmjieHifl Moryn Óíitb pasHiifl. 

— HsB^teTHO,— ÓJiaroHecTHBBfl: o Eori, o&b aHrejax'B. 

— A eme íTb Tpetíyerca? — xoniiTHBajTB tfaironiBa. 

— He n^TB ntcHefi coÓJiasHHTejiBHaro co^epsamfl, a iištb 
TOJBKO 5osecTBeHHiui ii£chh; ne HrpaiB Ha cbpbhbí... 

OffB oco6eHHO noAHepBHyj^B nocjAfpee, BaBi-Óu roBopa npH 
aroMi: ^botb^ xecBaiB, a h pastfHj^ CBpHiiBy». 

— BoTB, botbI a BaB!B-se th Bce aro x^JaemB? A? 

— He HHTB boxbh!— TBepxo npH^aBJuiJii OexoHBBa, o^eHB xo- 
pomo anajiy ^ro Óanoma^ óomae Bcero npaBflTCfl nocji^XHie otb^th, 
npuo xo Hero, OexoHBBH, OTHOcan^iecfl. 

— Hy, He TO, HTo6u cobcíitb hc hhtb; a TOpesi MÍpy — 
9ID ipfex^ BeiHBÍB; fl caiix hbio pioMBy boxbh nepex^ oÓ^XOmi; 
910 He TOJBBO He rpirB, a xase nojiesHo x^^ sxopoBBs... TaBib 
SHauTB TenepB th ysi snaemB, Ba^B nysno shtb no^xpHcriaHCBH? 

— Jía-a! TenepB ya-B SHaio! 

— A TTĎi ecjiH ^epeFB míchi{b th Bce bto safiyxeniB h no* 
BexenzB npesHioK) shbhb? ?tó Torxa? 

— Torxít?— CB pimHMOcrBlooTBiHaera GexoHBBa:— Torxaoxpy- 
tee Mfii rojOBy!.. IlycrB a ocTanycB 6en pyvB} <$e8i r^asi h 
den Bcero!.. 

— BoTB TH H rp&niHniB! Botbh rpturaniB yse!— ocranaB^H- 
nen ero ($aTH>niBa:— ny, pasBŠ mosho naajiEBaTB na cetia Tasu 
Becfaerk? 

— 3uK)| 9T0 ne Bpy h ho 6oh)cb HH^ero! — yrfimaeTB 0e- 
jfauM. PasroBopB saBan^EBajiai ^aeicB. MaiymBa naiEBajia toA 
ff qpWiftTA^i^ OexoHBBi. MaTymBa onenB xopomo noHHMajia, ^to 

HH 6ojBme, HH iieHBmei BaBi cípoHrB mryan, ho ona 
TSBse, HTo OexoHBBa efi nperoxníca x^a xonamnaro o6h- 



.^m^ltA^ 



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lůí MGTHIKb XBFOIUI. 

xoxa, H noTOMy tojibbo He^tOBŽpuBO jsBŮsanch, ho ho BucBaso* 
Bua CBoero bstu^qí. Bi Bixy loro, hto OexoHBM ne Hiri^ 
onpeA^jieHBaro shíiba, ÓaxioniKa ocraBJuurL ero y cetfa bi xa^e 
CTB% cnacaion^aro AJiny. Cani ^axíoniBa cmotp^jtb Ha bto, Rars 
Ba BejiE^aBmee Ao6poe x^o, saioe toibbo moikho cx&iatb. 6e- 
AOHBs^ OTBOAHjacB MajeHBBaji BOMHaTBa, BOTopai iM&iacB y 6a- 
TioniBH npH ByzHi na Bcasift cjy^aft, h oetb Haio-no-Majy oboh- 
^aiejiBHO «BOABopfl2Cfl». Kasxoe yrpo offB asjiajeca stb BaÓHHerB 
($aTK>mBH H OTxaBajib eiiy a^hb, ^Hras vh npc^ojiseBÍH nojiy^aca 
BaByK)-H06yAB jtymecnacHrejBHyK) BHBSBy^ a sai^irB nocrynajrb n 
pacnopflseHÍe naiymBE. MaTymBa ctapajiaeB HSBje^B hsi nero 
HanfiojiBniyK) no^Bsy, Bene^veHHO cnaíSsajia ona ero y^^o^saMH^ 
nopoxoMXy APO^BH), OHI Š8AHJ11 Ha oxory h hphbobbji^ pnóy h 
AH%. Ohb HHHBJíi saMBH^ xovyTH^ B DpH cjiynaj^ H MarymBHHH 
((amvaBH, h sa to bcabíS pas^ npHSUBajicfl b'b ctoiy h yron^aJCB 
^aem. Pasmia aaifi^ank ero ho xosaflCTBeHHoft ybcth MaryniBa 
iipHHHMajia B'B cb^a^híh)^ HOTOMy mo owh ánajTB tojb^ h bx xo- 
sflJIcTB^. Kor^a HaiymBa xorijia HanfliB pa6oTHHBa, ona nenpe- 

MtHHO COB^TOBajaCB Ch OeXOHBBOfii BOTOpElfi JIE^EO SHa^l HOHTH 

BecB HaeMHufi jik)A'b fb oapysnocri. «3Toro ne HaHHMattre. lípo* 
BexerB; hb^hbivi. ^ cbitb nBflHCTBOBaj'B cb heatb rpe fjm n xpn 
HOHH»... h t. a* 

TaBBMi oÓpasoicB OexoHBBa, no co6cTBeHHOMy ero BiipaseHÍK), 
«nonpaBJfljicfl» na Ó^jiom^ xsii6ij hobb eiiy bto ho naAO^Aajo. 
KoFAB se owh ^yBCTBOBa^ii ce6fl AOCTaio^Ho «nonpaBHBniHiffcs» h 

OMy OHBTB XOT^JIOCB «BOJIBHOft JBI»HH», OWb BAPjnTB BHOSaUHa 

HCieBaj^B En ÓaiionncBnaro AO^a h b% totb aie a^hb OBadiiBa^ca 
vh BafiaBii. diEMi offB odiBBjfla-B 6aTH)mB% ^pifBJíBHEiS paspuBi; 
nosHTBH ero tbAho nepeABBajiHCB JspA. Bb mcjrb noatHTBOffB ne- 

peABBaJIHCB B OCBOJBB CBpBHBBy BOTOpBie OeAOHBBB HCByCHO CBJeH- 

Bajii H CBpHHBa OHHTB nojiy^BjacB, BBBi cjiAyeTB. 

— Taai enie jy^me!— roBopnii ohi no oroMy noBOAy: — 
roBopan, cajieennaa CEpensa a^^tb ^ojiBme SByBy, ^mx i^^jma. 

Upn BCipini (TB 6aTH)niBo8 ohi> o6bhhbjii bo BceifB ababojb. 

— DonyTaji^ jyBaBEífll bpíhbjcb, BpŠHHXca,— BaaHCB, ^y- 
TOHBy eníe — b cobcími totokb; bhb h4tb, ho BUAepsaa^. Oo- 
BBJíCfl! a Bce jiyRaBufi, Bce ohb! 

— KorABÓBI TH CBMl He tfuJB jyBBBX, TBB-B OHO syniuB 

6ujio ({h!— roBopBJí na aro tiaTiomBa, ho, Bnpo^eM^, lyrB se fia 
HOJioBBHy npoH(aji'B OeAOHBBy, HpHSHaBafl, hto bx arofi BCtopÍH 
AittCTBHTeaBHo BaatnyK) pojiB Hrpajii «ayBaBHfl». 

H GeAOHBBa rpiniHjrB no npesnejiy, anaAotAft^o— ohi ohatb 



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ětffivoKk. 165 

n (kmmfA a Heopeif^BHO BAKyerh h yB^pHirs ŮdLTuymsj, mo 

mrCM HCSpOHEO. 

Mhš nacio npBxoxHXOCB BgrpIuTB OeAOH&By na yjHi^t, fb 
<Vjy Ba 6epei7 u Bcaititt pasB osb BenpeifiHHo ocrasaBUBajics 
I moffiJTh pasroBOp^. Ilpes^e Boero ohx AmpamEBan nosBOJieflifl: 

— A noÓecixoBATB xosho? 

H HawBan ÓecixoBaTt. Beci^u on 6hib se BaBÍfl*fli6yxB 
xepeB^csia; z^jbch oÓHapysBBajioc^ hto de^OH^Ba nepeoi pyiui 
^j^uQoo^ TaMH ero pascys^eniS BHÓiipajHCE coBepmesHO ciy- 
nbo E owh ísikMM^h nacco crpaHHne h hh^^mi, noBflXBMOMy, 
Be lOTHBvpoBaBHue cmwE wffb ojífloĚ o6jiacTH FB APyryB). To 
^iiciMaerB ero BonpocB, noMBiy laiOBi^nB Óeoh rptxa ne xoaKerB 

npOSHTb Ha CB^Tfi. 

— Fm, botb xotl-Óh a! IIojosHirb— rpi^mesB, ;^ciBHTejiBHO 
se Ůen aioro. Ho pasBl a no seiadio rpimy? PasBi uvb /Qrma 
Tm-rasB h ho xoporá? Tan yse lejioBisi coa^aoB, hto 6eBB 
ipixa HO MOsen. 

H offB njBixoxBjrB najio-no-ifaiy kb caMoe yMMBHoe sacrpoe- 
m I BiipasajcB p^nmiiociBy asn mosbo neHBBie rpi^moTB. 

— A no BacToan^eify— 'OHO Bce bíxb bto nycraaB!— í^pyPB 
cofiepoieHHO neoauixaHHO nopaaaaii oob:— ebeto aroro ne aobe- 
31X1, Emfjb SToro ne cEasaso nopaxBOicB... 

OsassBajiocB, hto OexoflBsa roBopBii na ocaoBasiE CBa^efl- 

HHTb BHETB, EOf^lHE OE!B HETEJl HB EJIflp0C%. Bh OCOtfeflBOCTE 

eto CMyqaio to oÓCTOBrejiBCTBO, no Cojomobi EMin 300 seffB 
I 700 HaiosHfli]('B E «eify HEHero^ conuol A pasBt no saBony 
910 MoaBBO?» Ho BaifUb Ba tími oeb Bxpyn nepecBBBBBaxB sa 
iyiiy, H HBHEHajrB xoBCBEBaTBCfl npBVEEH ea nflTesi. Xo^aneMy 
nŘucuemo npo SasHa b ABaaa owh ne npBxaBajx sBaHeflia e 
ipefoBan 6oáe paipoBBJíBBaro oiÍMCHesia. Kor^a se osi ysBani 
m jyHE ecTB wAwto 6oJBmoe e noxosee bb aeMiD^ to npBmejTB 
iB fleroAOBaoíe no noeo^ totOi hto ctoibso seim nponaxaerB 

— Jbodix) fl 6ee^0BaTB » ynemurB wjiobíboicb! — cb bb* 
hbi-to TaBECTBesHHMi jMEjieHieirB roBopBJTB OexoHBBa:— Boe<m% 
iQft {HtBCBaxerB; ne tojlbbo hto npo.BexJX), on utíiyb pascaa- 
Mn, vr6 H na jysdb A^Berca*.. A Hania-TO Heo(^M»OBaEBOCTB 
JH^OMCKafl— ht6 osa ssaen? O hoitb ei bod noroBO|nnB mosbo? 
Ani*- HTO 8% EBUkaíb noiAeniB. 



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166 BftCTflm iBPonn. 

OxHEsxH Bi liTBBno nopy, paHHHirB yrpoM^B, xni npigiEJioc^ 
npozoAHTB fieperoiTb 6ijopÍHeHcxaro craBsá vh towh caMoir^ 
uíCíTÍ, Tfib OeAOHiBa hmíjvl o6iiBHOBeHie ocraBuiTB cbok> fyme- 
ryÓBy. YTpo (kiao xopomee. Dpospa^HHl Boa^tyrb oriamajcíi se- 
cejiHMi roBopoM*b 6eBucieHHaro umxecnoL pa8HOBajiH6epHHX& 
mni^; noBepxHoci^ craBsá, rju^Bafl becb seiquuo, lo nawh, to 
8AÍCB Bxpyn BcrpeneHercfl Jierxofi -rpmenijmfiŘ bhÓ^k). dio bckh- 
HyjiCfl OByHB, BOTopoMy saxoT^ocB Ba xrHOBeHÍe yBEX^Tb yrpesnee 
eÍBioii^ee oMHi^e. B» ffijkBwb thxo. Bce y6pajiocB kb noie. Toabo 
najme peÓflnmBH ({poAfln no 6epery Óen pytfameni 6oiTaK>TCft 
FB Jiyst) BOTopyH) caMH XJia 8T0fi q&iH paBBejiH, bjih cípoarB 
Bp^nocTB H3% necBy b BaMfleft, BOTopuxH ydbsoh tepen. A Bpy- 

TOU% co h&bTh CTOpOB!fi CTaBBá 8eJieflÍK)TB CiapHB B%TBB€TH2 Wp6Uy 

CBB08B BOTopiifl BB^H^eTCfl ÓesBOHeHHafl acejnrafl oeiiB. 

OexoHBBA CBX&TB BE BoeoropA BBAK caMuiTL CepeTOiťB B sa* 
KpnBBO ruffiji^ ffB XUB. HaBorxa b ae bbx^^ ero TasBKi ne* 
^ajiBflHMii BBBfL FB 8Ty xBByTy. ^BieryfiBB Ba 6epery Be Óaao. 

— O TOM-B saflyMajica?— cnpocBXB a ero. 
OexoBBBa rjiyóoBO B^^oxByjpB b Be CB*pa8y OTBbnjrB. 

— 9-8zi! BoKB OBB, it)jy5yniBB xob, bbib tu, bbbi pasHr- 
paiBCB! — npoEBBecB owh B9jumeii,%, ysaBUBafl sa BansiBi^, OTByxa 
BHJieriia i^aa craa yroBB. — KasBCB, Tas^B 6a botb b nozBa- 
TWh siUBhewh, xa pysB bopotbb! 

— 7to TaB%? 3a ^itb se x^o CTaio? 

— 3a H^iCB? — neiaABO nepecnpocBXB ob!b: — Be BBXBTe, ^ra 
ju? HliTB Moeft xyineryÓBBy a Ťró a nory (km sea nox^aiB? 

— KaBi B^TB? Eyxaran obb xisajiaeB? 

— Ryxa x^B&iacB? HdB^crao — ayxa!.. IIponBii, botb b Bce. 
A ^Tó a leaepB 6e8i» xyoieryÓBH? Toabo b ocTajoeB, ^no Jlasaps 
pacniBaiB sa 6oiBnioli xoporš... Hoib tu, xasi vrb BOCorBi — 
onaTB otfpaxBaca okb b!b yrsaifiy — Ba paxoccazrB, xmsbo 6im; 
npoflB)zajBy BaBajBBy ^rro y Oqxobbsb vbvh lenepB xyneryÓSB, 
— B xftBat jreraiB Ba uo eiiy nepexi!B caxinrB ero bocomi! Hy^ 
noBasajTB 6u a Baui, Basi norimaiBca aaxo xboS... H osysK 
Tose: BBIB, saBi ^o BCBvxBBaerB! MomeBBBBB! d^xBl JSjrme- 
ry6Ba, xyiBery((Bal SaryÓjuia th moki xyinyl 

Md^cai^a xBa OexoBBBa nenajiOBaiiea bo fymeijůA. H cope 
8T0 ůsao coBc&TB oco5eBBoe4 Ob xpyroro ropa OexoHBBa saHBJTB 6r 
bo bcx> xon, BBBajíBJíca 6u box*^ MBBy fb Ba<5aB% b uůuxl 6a 
o6o Bcem Ha csirb. A xyrB y Bera otí^jo oxory xufie 01%^ 
BoxBH. H Byxa x^BajiacB ero BecejociB? He cjiíibibo otb Bero hh 
B^ceBi, flfl npBÓayxoBi. ^ase (tb ByMofi Oesjoi ho^tb bo roBopHjnb. 



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eBXOHBKi. 167 

OeAOHua. Suiaerh vh xaiy H| noHypHFB roJiOBy, cflxerb fa^-hh- 
6j» vb jvAf Aft TaB^B H npocBffm hícsoabo vacovE cju^y. 

— Aa HTO CB Totfofl cx^jiaiocB?— yroBapBBaja ero BjMa, — 
810 fHUie rpix^B. TaffB He ropmorh jifime no sbbom^b ^ejLOB^BJb, 
a TO no xymery6KÍl fyrneryÓiOL — k^ho HasHBHoe! 

— JíjBLf noxH-sa HasBfiHl— yrpH>MO OTBi^ajii GexoHBBa. 
j(&io xonuo xftse xo loro, hto syna xu loro tojibbo, ito6íi 

yiimBTL OexoHBBy, pianaaacB OTCiynBTB otb CBoero ^paHi^ana. 
npesxe ona ho x&BMa deixoiwi hobok) saero jodCobí b% boxbí, 
a renepii Boipyn xa^í^ caiia npexiiosHja. 

— Tu 6u zoTL BOXBH CTaBaHHHKB BinuLTB, aBocB no^enaeTb! 
xoiem — npBHecy?! 

— He zo^y a TBoeĚBOxBHl— pimBTejiBUO OTB^qaix OexoHBBa: 
—naft npoTBBHO TujíbTh Ha nee. 

A OexoHBBa, BSBoiHOBaHBzítt, BHBOJdaxB rai zaiHy caxHicfl Ha 
8ttaiHHBy H VMBKbjn> vb xub Óesx bohi^b. BxajH BHxniícfl bjcobb 
roiyóoro He(Sa, cb oxhoí cropoHu Tny^ca paffB BamimeBHxi 
lycTOKB, ch xpyrotf sejenHa BepÓH. Ohb vjmjiibxh na BamuneBiie 
sycm h ero cepxi^e na^BHajo chjibho ÓBTBaii apoBB npBJíHBaja 
BB rojosi, BaBoe-TO on^yn^eHíe oxBHOieciBa ozBaiHBajio Bce ero 
cyn^ecTBO h offB ne kb CHjazi 6um% yxepacaiBca otb ciSffB. 

— To^mo Vh TH)pBiiš chxbhibI HHBaBoS y leite cboÓoxk h^^tb! 

— CBB08B CyteSH TOBOpBXB OWh. 

HaB0Hei^9 Byna ho Biixepsajia. Bhxa cípaxaHÍfl OexoHBBBy 
osa caica nyujacB ne MeHBme ero. Hysno 611J10 8to BaffB-HB- 
6yxB noBOHHBTB. «nffB-8a %ro HeaosiKB 6jffirb MyuTBCfl?* Ilpa- 
XyxaJM ona noftiH na sapaÓOTBH. Ebkb pasx fb sto npeica y 6a- 
xBimBH xagaiB xaiy; nomjia h ona lyxa b sa h^x^k) Bi^aÓoxaia 
py<SúUb . ch BsnmBoirB. Koe*^m> en^e npoxaM b vh bohi^^-bohi^okb 
ď yx&ioeB CBOJOTBTB BanoradrB na xynieryÓBy. 

H CHOsa rjuisa dexPHBBB sadajoi c^acrieirB,— ohi nojy^BJí^B 
CBoňfoJj ero BsmyemiH b83^ tb)pbmh — b oonuo Boe no npes- 
Beiiy. Qbbtb rai cbxkci na CBoeS xymeryÓBi, onaiB noBOJiiBaerB 
psteft B XP^UK>9— T04BB0 CH^e pimBiejiBH^i lim npesxe xep* 
aom BXB KB BoraBOBemB, noiony vso ne MOsen sbÓiitb, Basob 
QBb HiffB BBMiB noiijnaao^, sorxa obi, neujiBBufi, CBxí^i na 
6q^ex7 <%jopii6BCBaro ciaBsa. 

floMBpBJca OexioiBsa b cb boxboí. 

n. n. 



■^^0-^0^ 



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HAYKA H JHTEPATYPA 



Blb 



COBPEMEHHOfl AHriIH 



nHCBMO TPHHAAIUTOE ^). 
1. 

1) Sptncer Walpole: % Historj of Eogland from the conclusion of the Great Wax in 
1815. London, 8 vol., 1878 — 1880.— 2) E. Smith: William Cobbett, a biography, 
London, 2 vol., 1878. — 3) Justin Mae Carťhyi a Historf of our own times, from 
theaccesaionof qneen Yictorla to the generál eleetion of 1880. London, 4 tol. 1880. 

«9n[ TOMH, — roBopHrb Gnencepi Bannojib vh CBcev^ spesHCio- 
BÍH,^cocTaBJuuDTB Haiuo HOTopiH Ahejiíh, KOTopyD npexnojaraeíct 
XOBecra otl 1815 r. xo caicoft 6jiHsaBiiwft n Ham anoxi. Hb- 
xaKot nepiox^ aHwtcsoft HcropÍH He npexcraajuien ^JiBinaro 
HHTepeca Axfl roro, kto sanHHaercfl HciopneoBm h iBCxixQBamjiiaii^ . 

«B's nepaue roffii npoTesinie nocrb BaTepjioOi aminaHe 6Hjni 
xeHie CB060XHU, \^wh Bi Basyio-n6o jipyryiú anoxy oo Bpemaa 
peBOJIK)^iH 1688 r. OrpouHoe 6ojíi>iiihhctbo wuaim ne Hiduo npaBa 
roioca vb napMiceart. BiactB cocpexoTouBaxaci n pyaan lA- 
CBOJbBHxi Óoranix-b jiK>xefi, ecreciBeHHO cbmehhzi yxepaUBan 
saxBaHeHHyio hmh MOHono^i) b% cBOirb pysaz^B. Haion 6uia, 
njoxo saxyiiaHu h bm^cií cl tíwl niozo pacnpex^JieHH. CiiepTE 
6uM sapoK), HasHanaeMOK) saKOHOici BaK'B xu caMurB tssbhx^ 



<) Cm. „BtcTBin Espoim*, inu, 1880. 



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HA7K1 H JHTBPATyPl Bl COBPSIOHHOS liriIH. 169 

HpeciyiueBii, Tav& h Mfi^ caioixi BesBanrenHiirL npociynBon. 
Ob (AwBUMK oÓpan^amcB savB cb npeciTiiHVBaiuii a axxun- 
ctfUfŘ «poor Law8» noírn Kasffu^ paÓarHBsa nponBoxua bi 
í/ifjEMm. Kan hh (5iuíh TasKH h npvrikHmiejiBBH aaBOHH, ho 
ojvapzii, yiipaBUBinai Aeriiefty nocvoflHHO Tpe(kiBaxa apjtbxIi 
easfi 6oMÍe nxax% b ]ipBT^teHHTeiBHiiz'B« B'b HpoxojiacariB uth 
jAtb, BCiesDiflx% nocjA BaTepjoo, CBodo^a neiaTB 6iua orpasB^eBa, 
suoHB «Habeaa Corpin* onr&BeffB, spaao cxoxmi otheto b xo- 

BoFb xaio jecTBas nqpnifla, bo aeouia tobebi b BpaBXBBaa 
'Kffo oaiojEemi) vb BaBom BaxojquacB CBotfoAHaa ÁHriÍB bb aa- 
wri XIX BŠBa« Abto^b ae paxflsaj^ ero exsa uomno aasBaTB 
ja($epa«)M%, b mosho Óiitb yšipeHEinrB, qro ero zapasiepBCTBBB 
eeu B pian, lo bhojbí (SesnpBcrpacTBii. Ero mosbo eKopte 
ynpeBHjm bi^ nponBonouiOBBol BaBJíOHHoen; a biiobho: bb cjism- 
BOBI ÓojBrnoft CHBCxoxBieAHOCTB. PjaBBHB Mxuik^ HOffB naBeH- 

OBOMB BOBXB COBBpOIBlBCB BCÍ 9TB lipeCryiLieHÍI, ÓHJB 'A CaííHfl 

Jiqa, Mwpsuí Ha BteH b ho oipaB^xnBOorB saBieftMBH DleuB 

n CJÍJQrB)B(BX1B 8BaM6HB11IX% eTBXBacB: 

I met Mnrder in the way: 
fie had a mask like Castlereagli; 
Next came Fraod, »Bd he bad on 
Like Lord Eldon an ennine gown; 
Like Sidmonth next, Hypocrisy, 
On a crocodiley came hj ^). 

JLo^jfh KdcuBpe — cflaqaja vh aojubhoctb eraTd-ceBpefapB no 
ijuaaxcBHVB fjbMWh, aarfai-B bb xoxshocth KBHBCxpa BBoerpaB* 
MSTb x^jn-^Óun wfm^u% naxarfi o<(b(bh%, navB apexeiaBBrexB 
idCBOH^aeifaro TOi»flc»sra ynpaBjeHÍB^ XXBBBiarocfl cfB 1812 do 
1827 r., Bo rMBt xoToparo ctoub JopxB JlBBepnyxB h K^. FjaBj 
aioro nxMtBBTejBCiBa botohxb noMmrB «eio Mesie: «caHOBa- 
rHasuň ao bcomi, hió rai npexnpHHHMan^ xopxB JfsBefmyjiíB 6hUPb 
toomA rnsmoMAuŘ BeaoBte»»y msoparB Cnesc^fBBajBDOiB. dm 
(kkiBHioe cvacne axb Hero: ik> iqia&fleft H^pi ero bmb rope&AerB 
iB umomctBj T0JB80 bb nmasoirB anMaHaxš b xpyrnxs o^H^BiýajiB- 
flBxsB eseroxBBBaxB: qpb bbb lish joanhj BOvopoMB Bcxopifl Bpe* 
ie6peraen. Mapgh dmnfiwb <Siu'b aeiHBHHi xaHqjitipovB, rbnh 

CMíOMh^ BOiepHi BB B8BÍC1801I& BpOI^eOCft OpBCJXBJCB OtXatB fíímŘ 

9 Si BcrpiTRii Ba CBoen nyní TólftcTBo: aa Hem 6iua MacKa, cxoxHax ci n- 
wn Bmtjií&ph; — sa bhmi mecTBOBan Obnáší h on 6Hjn o6ieieBi, sasi lopxi 
Hhjuhi, s& ropfloeraevfi) naniD^ aaiini uo Jboievipie, lepxon aa ipoao^it ■ 
ci imaiH» noKoann aa Cupiofra. 



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170 BAGTHm BBFOnH. 

nieuB) hocjí eiiepTH ero nepBOi seeu, na BoenBTame m oxHOMy 
AyxoBHOMy jrai](y aHrjHsaHCBOft iiiepKBH. 

«Ofi^ ocnuBHiixi ne ctďhtb s ynomiHarfi^ — Ra»& roBOinm 
crapHKB KopneiB. 3a vcuia^eHieirB; Boponeirby BaHHKHra, wiOBd^ 
CB p^;qsHirB AapoBaHÍeM^B, ho HMÍBinaro rjynociB eiHioROirB iíjomto 
y^acTBOBaTB vb aroft maiBfb, xots b% kohi^'1 CBoeft upBepH cf^ 
MTh noxBaiBfloe ycHiie orxbxHiBCfl otb nea. Oh% tiiUB sa aro 
AOCToffHO HarpaasAeH^: Borxa ovb yiieprB, cssdMSA cbm hiuicbiio- 
jHTHBOfl, BiiBBaBmefi HaBapHHi h ocBo6osx^BÍe rpesoBi^ to ntspojuhj 
soToparo oh% enjfB eAHHCiBeBHOfl EhffimjvAj npoaBUEB na ero 
nozopoHarB snaisE canoft chibhoí ■ caifot HCspeHEet FopeciB. 
TasHHi otfpasoiťB KasBEHrB BOBCiaHOBHjrB ^eerB CBoero hm^, 
uemKj tíieb mki EdcrjiBpH, npeďi^^enuft o6oB(ecTBeHHHirB npe- 
sp^Hiem, puHO sasi h ^axJnoI^lHa^iflMH tfonnoro Mosra^ sosoh- 
^Ej% CB co<k>io, nepepteani ce&b tipsTBOio ropjo (22 aBsycm 1822). 
Elfy 6un xorxa^ Bcero 51 rOA^ onpofj. 

FoBopBiH, Hio npecrynHHfl Hacuia iipaBmeiBcrBa onpaBKH- 
BajEHCB noBexeHÍeM<B pe^piiaixqMWB, HamBaBnmzos toi*^ padum- 
AOMU: TepMHHiy norepaBinifi &h riTb noprB b^ CMsrb^ ho bi lo 
Bpeicfl sBy^aBmifl TaB'B| BaBx huh§ cjiobo «C0I^aJ^lC^B»• Ho ^ero se 

OAHaSO OHH TpetfOBaiH? OXHHI* H8B CaimX'B BHBIieHHTIIXB ISffb EBThj 

BHjJiBflirB Ko66eiTB| tohho noKasiiBaeii naiTB bto vh cbocitb 
*Political register* (1816): HapoA'B hmchho TpeíJyerB flitcTBHTMB- 
Hofi pe^opMH^ BOBcraBOBJíeHifl ero npaffBi 6esi Hapymemfl ^xxrh. 
IIpaBa napoxa, corjiacHo BeJiHBOfi XaprÍH, corjacHO KOHCTHryiuH h 
crapHHHHirB sasoHaMi sopojieBCTBa, sasjno^aiDicff fb ejiš^QrDQeirB: 
«HacejieHÍe ne MOserB 6uTh o(!juiraeMO naioraMH (SeffB ero eorjiacíji h 
Apja&HO easeroAHO HSÓHpaxB cbohtb npewanrenff. fiasxHft, no 
DjaiHra HaiorB, xo^ioe^B BucHasaiB sa něm CBoe ccmiade, a aroro 
offB He MOseTB cx^jETB, ecjiH ne 6yxen noxasavB rojioca aa 
HsÓpaeie HJieHOKB rb napjaneBii*. 

?T0 xaeaercfl noApoéHocret, to ipeÓOBajiaeB oón^ui no^P^va 
rojocoBB H BaxpHiaa (SajiaorspraBa. CpaaHHreiBHO cb rbmh^ nd cy- 
n^ecTBOBajOy aro Morjo BasaTBea b:b r^aaaxi HteoTopmrB nqs tiea- 
yMHuiTB B paspyniBTaiBBBm; offiano. Ba HCuiK>i8HÍeM'B vbĚtnofux^ 
otiíhbobx, aia nporpaiiMa ocyn^ecrsEiaeB h BpHTOVBXSearB BouynieHift, 
6e9B norpaceflift, fijaroxapi eooÓpasHTeiBHOcni npaBareiBoiBa, bo- 
Topoe, yoyHHKB bó bpmb, zoni h ne no Aotipofi mA^ macjio 
cípany otb ysacoBi MesAoycoÓHofl boUhíi. TaBHM'B oCpasom TpeiEH 
aarjiificaafl peBOJiioiiifl—aTOHadBaHieBcero 6ozie saŠcb ynicTHo — 
coBepmHjacB 6en BOsaiyiqeHia h 6effB spoBonpOdUiTÍa: peBoaozQfl 
TaBaa se SHaMeHaxejiBHafl h Taaaa se BasHai> xavB u náh j^y- 



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/ 



HÍ7KÍ I JIHTIP1T7PA B% OOBPKUHHOfl kUTMĚ. 171 

ris, H spesparramM spaBienie BensoÓpEraBÍH » ;(eMOxpaTÍK>. 
IIpaBxa, 8T0 xeMOKpaxifl ne tfesycjOBnafl, ho no BpafiHei Mipi 
ůomnM MECca upofla, orpovHoe 6onmBHCTBO luaiaiBiqHBOBi no* 
xareft, npflHHMaerB hhhš xocseHHoe y^acrie fb ynpaBJtemi x%* 
laiiii KOiopoe niTbxecirB jAn Tony nasaxi npexocraBjeBO 6um 
VL pyiH MHCi^Ěmet h, cjtixoBaiejiBHO^ iiepBtílinei ojnirapxiH. 

^! nepeMJ^BUi 6uM o^eHB Bj^imafl h h^^tb en^t) npejBara- 
^eHHaro bi eiOBaxB BaiBnou: 

«EojiBniafl nojOBHHa uenoBi nanra o6ii^»i», — roBopers 
OHI,— <o6fl8aHa 6iua cbohitb noíHOnoiieirB npaMOMy BifimaTejiB- 
caj xByzi-coTB mtnffiCBru tioranixi jihiifb. ^enyraTCsifl hoiho- 
Miia npoxaBancB h nosynaiHCB Bavb ÓHjeiH kb onepy h nox- 
xyvB papucB Bo-OHÍH) BcixB vb T&ii HeMHorHxx OBpyraxx, ivr6 
Bapo;^^ MOFB eqe npHHHiiaTB y^acrie kb roďiocoBaniH. Totb se 
npieiTB cyn^ecTBOBajii h vh caMoS naiart: ^lens napjaMeflia 
iqK>xaBajni cboh rojioca xiHHcrepcTBy cb Tofi se tfesi^epeMOHHOCTBK), 
Bai^v npotBjfljni na cbobx!b Bu6opax'B» (x. 2, crp. 260). 

BoTB Euam Óujtl kb oónpxi ^epraxi cocraKB «H86HpaTejB- 
Baro Kopnyca», coCpannaro cjiy^aĚHO, hbb xycBOBB h o^pubkobb, 
aBBBHiHxcfl OTB cmích cboÓoxhhx^b repMaHCBHX!B y^pes^enifi ci yc- 
josHBBifliiH ^AUBBofi CHCTBifEí, ffh oÚiBfiiá^ npinpaBjeHHofi, cano 
coóot paBytrberca, pHMCBHirB npaBOWB. CyqecTBOBajH (ypra, kih 
ropoxa, H rpa^[)CTBa. Bi nepBHxi ne 6ujío hh^oto onpeA&ieHHaro: 
axicB bA «honseholders», apeHxaropu xoxobi Óiijh HSĎBpaTejiflifH; 
TaiTB w&by STO njiaTBJTB HajorM, apen^BajiH ohh ]íflm nra hítb; vl 
ipenbeiTB uicA oahh tojbso uenn ropoxcaoro cobítb. Bi rpa^- 
CEBaxi 6uA0 fioiBHie npaBHJiBHoeTH; bcí «íreeholders» (coÓCTBeHHo 
roBopa — Bjiax&iBABr, ne aasHom^e hh ote Basoro Jtopxa, a toibso 
(n% sopou), BJaAiK)l^ie seMjet, npEHOcmefi eseroxnaro Aoxoxa 
40 BiHJUHHroBi, iM&iH HpaBO FOJioca. Ho ara lesaBECHMOCTB 
cyn^eciBOBajia jihhib kb Teopin: na npasTHBft bcí bth HSÓBpa- 
ttMm HaxoffUflCB noxB HenocpeACTBeHHuiťB BJÍaHÍeM!B Jiop^a, i^apHB- 
maro kb rpa^^CTB^. ^to sacaeiefl ÓyproBi, bih iritereiesi, to kb 
CMjHWby ecjH BBÓHpaTeAHiitt Bopnyci 6HjrB ]iHoroiflGJieH'B, móapa- 
leiet QOKBynaiH iro oxhbo«%; a ecjH ohb coctoxjb tojibbo hb^ 
sexHoraxi joiqB hjh ecjiH npaso ro^oca ni»Haxiesaio o^HOiiy 
o&Bbtj UH OAHol sopnopai^iEi to hxi noxBynaaH bcíxi ryprom. 
Bfh wfím^h WHOflieHiH owhb peiBe^sfi npBníkpB npexeTaBjrfleTS 
■cxopia 6ypra hu M^cxena CaxfiepH, soropoe Hýřena a^HurB 
otfuBHJO CBofi roiocB npoxasHHiTB H npexjarajio ero TOMy, bto 
6amne m^rb. 

TasfB npoHcxoxuo x^jo co6cTBeHHO ke AHriÍH; kb mor- 



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172 BftCTHHBl IBPOnH. 

jaHAÍH se 6uM0 en^e xyxe. IIpaBO roioca npiiHax^ejBaio xaKb- 
BawBaeMiDrb «saperioríties», h 6iuo ^mi-to b% poxil ^x&n- 
naro npaM, npHHaxiesaBraaro jniv^mi He BM^noHirB rb xíUctbb* 
TeiBBOCTE BSBasofi coffcTBeHHocTH. H 9T0 iipaBO iipQxaBajocB no* 
qrnaaocB, saiPB h Bce ocraxBHoe. Bi Mtoe^saxi sBtSipaTejiBHHft 
Bopnyci cocTOfljii hbi uesoBS ropoxcKoro coBÍTa. Ropow esa- 
BaTB: moTjaexis HaciHniBaJia ee 6ozbme 5000 raÓHp^^Tejiefi. Ae- 
nyrarb ropoxa dxHHÓyprai BaRjiiDHaBniaro vb ceůi lor^a 165,000 
SHTe;iei, B8($Hpajcfl 36 JiaiJtiun. 

6i lUoTjaHxii npoH8<Hiiarb ioti cjy^ai, KOiopiit xon h 
vacTO npHBOffťicfly ho Bcerxa HenptBBJBHO TOJOBOBaiOi, a noroxy 
ero ai^uTh pascsaBaTE m noxpofisocTH. B% rpa^^exB^t BuorB, Ha* 
cqHTiiBaBinevB 14,000 saiejefii qrqecTBOBajio Bcero 24 «freehol- 
ders» H 6ojunHHCTBO hbi hhzi He Biax^^ HHxasHirB nxyn^e- 
CTBOVB Blb ospyrt* 

«Bo spěna Bu({opoBi vh 6bh)tí, — hh npHBOXHxi bxícb cioBa 
jiopxa-axBOtaia lUotJiaHAiB, — bi anozy, o Horopoi en^e H^Boropiie 
noMHBTB, TOJiBKO o^HO jm^o, Bpoiii Hiepn^a H «retiiniingoflficer» 
spHcyTCTBOBajio Ha HsCHpaiejBHOirB iiHTHHrb. 9to Jiai^o cnoBOfiHO 
saHfljio Bpecjio, orspuio co5paHÍe, npoHdBejio nepeuHwy «freehol- 
ders», OTKjHBHyjLOCB Ba CBoe co6cTBeHHoe biu, spexiosHio b 
nouepBULio CBoe coticxBeBHoe B86paBÍe, BycTSJO ero Bm roioca 
H 6hjio B86paBO exBHorjracflO^ ^). 

9tb Ben^H npBxoxBics BanBcsBaiB bb% o$^B^ialBB£lx^ xoBy- 
MeHTOBi^ ^TotfH BWb noB^pBJíB, a xesAJ Tfa^ Bce srro x^Sctbe* 
lejBBO (iuBajio. PeBOjiioi](Í£ 1686 r«, pasyirteTca, cnacaa aBTjrít- 
CBÍfl BOJBHOCTB, BO 0H% CB0Ba*n0Tepa&iH BpymeBÍe H caiioe Bjocr- 
Hoe: 6en myiia, 6en norpacemfi, oei sasasiH fb o^arapxBYecBOl 
rpflSHofi tbbí. IIpaBiB^e uaccH crapajmcB, oxBano, BaicacKBpo* 
BaxB BCAOcraTRH CHcreMu. Bo KHorarB cjy^aixi otb Óiaropas* 
yMBO BOJfBBOBaJiBeB CBoefl MOHonoaieft b npexociaBJUH ufbcm xe* 
nyraTOBi laiaBMBBiiMrB MOJioxmrB juoxivy, btb BOiopBxs jfjjuun 
BaftTB cnooofiBocTB rocy^apcTB^BHiiz^B JIH)Xeft. 

Ho 8T0 XOrjO 6SITB TOJBBO flaiBBTBBOlTB. %0MÍ Beiteot CtO* 

fWUy BO BceinB otoitb Óbjii eH^e ^zemewn rjy(5oKO-6e9apaBCfBes- 
BBi B yBBBBmBBHft, BapoAHiDx HaxeBÍi ČTOU so tfiicrpaio, KaB% 
B TCBBtftsBaro. yse b% 1766 r. Jiopx^ %TaB% ů&unnj no 
BpencraBBteJiiCTBO (^pvoBi Bit M^kre^an cooraBucra «reB2yB> 
wcTB BOBemyitiB*. 3BaBeBflfatt Tf^wb Ybjuxc^, oneBerme* 



1) V±nh jopxa-axBonm IHotimixíi bo bp6m« opeoit o 6emA pe^opma 28 oea- 
T«6p« 1891 r. „H&nsarďfl Ptrliamentary DebatM*. 3 Mtím, wl YU^ p. 599. 



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HATBA 1 JUT1P1T7F1 Bl COBPIMEHHOfi IHrJlIH. 173 

Hiii H HenoHflTufi, BHecB jificsíTh jAvh Gnycra Ónunh o «disfran- 
eUsmeiit» fhhjuix-b kícieHeKhj ho vl dTj anoxy bepa ne nocjrb- 

XOBajH Sa BHITB H BCKOpt COtfUTÚl HS BOHTHHeHTÍ H TOpxeCTBO 

peasi^ii vb Anraín coBepmeHHO h Haxojiro ycrpaHHJiH BCflRyio Ba- 
leáry aa pe^piiy. 

El CHacTÍK), ecn cua Benieft; npOTHRB Boropofi se iioryrB 
jCTOsth HH HeAotipocoBicTHOCTBy HH aaaTÍfl. MesAy xiiirB, Kasi 
empue Óypra na;iosBTeji>HO pasjaraiHCB, HOBafl Ahcjíh Bospos- 
Aaaacb b!b sbshh. Oea noflBHJtac^ na saniHrL rjasaxi, kso^ 
MBsepBa, Bo BceopyaRÍH h roroBaa Kh ($opb(Si, h nOTpeÓOBaja 
cedfi Micra vh nojiHXHHecBofi h otio^CTBeHHoS sb3hh. Mas^ecrepi, 
lEx^y BMfvMEvewb cffijiajiHCb BHa^HTeiBHttMH ropoftáiíH H pasBH- 

IICB TaB*B ÓllCípO, ITO HOSfiHO 6UZ0 nOjTyifaTb, ^TO OHH BUBBaHEI 

Kb SB8HH HarH^ecBHiťB se&iowB. wIoHAOHii pacnpocxpaeHJCfl jui- 
jeRO sa CBOH npesHia rpaHni^s: MepiJetioni, ^HHCtSSpB^ Jlax- 
fen, FpBHHH^B crajin HHorojiiojtHmiH M^cre^BaiiHy cjiHBmHMHCB, 
Tasx CBasa-n, Bo-eABBO n Merpono^iefl. H hh oahhi bbi aiEx^b 
ropoAOFB He bmíjii opeAcraBOTejfl. BpattroHi, 6ojn>msLSí h icoAnaa 
Hopcsafl craHipa, lose 6iiJia jiHmena npexcraBEiejfl, ho sa to co- 
cixBflfl AepeByniKa Ge^^opATB Hirtja hx'b ^sa. 

H C:B AÍJBK) yBŽBOBÍ^BTB TBBOfi HOpB^OB^B A^Jl, BOHCepBa- 

Topu npeAcraBJBwiE aoboau, BOTopue, xora h otohb ne hobu, ho c^- 
»arL H BO cie speiui. «^apoBaTB npaBO npexcraBETeACTBa 6o^b- 
mufi rc^oxaMi aBanjio 6ii CA'£jiaTB hitb caiiuft xyxmift no^a- 
posi BL Kíp^ — iDicaďiBi 1821 r. uepBufi mhhhctpb, iopA'B JIh- 
BepnyjB: — HacejieBÍe lasBarB oÓpasoMi nocroflHHO no^BepnuiocB 6u 
BJÍflHÍB) naprifl H 9T0 Mtmajo 6ii euj MHpHO ipy^erbCH h nox* 
wpxHBaao 6u vb bbwb Ayxi ÓesnopnAsa h BpasAu..« Si bhcbojibbo 
He sejax) oÓpasoBaeiB Hs^HpaTejiBHEixi 6yproBi b'l pox% BecT* 
XHHerepa^ HorrHHreMa h np. S. hxi č^HTaK) 6oxbe BcnopHeHHHMii, 
fíwh BCflsifi Apyroff OBpyrB, a y6tsAeHi>, hto npeACiaBErejH, ko- 
Topiax'B OHH nocjiajin On vb napjaifeHTB, ho MoryrB, no canoMy 
xapasrepy CBoeiiy h odo^ecTBeHHOMy noioseHÍB), 6iitb sanniepeco* 
OHHHMH Wh coxpaHeHÍH o6qecTBeHHaro nopsxBa*'. Bi Hacroantee 
tpeiia cxasajfei 6u: ^upaecmeeunmo nopnóna^^ ho cyn^nocTB ap- 
ryiieHrai^H ocTaerai ra se caiiaB. 

Rb 1817 r.^ nocjri npomeaByTaa bb ^Jlsa^pp^TB jiítb, Bonpoci^ o pe- 
^Pm£ CHOBa BcnjiiiJi^B, ebitb vh napjiaKeHT^y xaK-B h na yjHi^^. 
KpBVB paxHBajOBi na MHTHHrax^B HamejrB orroaocoRi fb najiari 
^mfiwh. B^B soHi^i ceccÍH 1819 r. capi ^pencHCB ESpAeirs npe^- 
aoBflj'B is^XELTh ABa/(i^aTB-niecTB pe80JH)^íSy ipetteBaBinHXi ynpes- 
AeHía HS^HpaiejiíBHEixi OBpyroBi, Bceo({iii[efi no;^au rojocoBi h sa* 



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174 MOTHESl IBPOnH. 

BpSTOfl tfajl^OTBpOBBH. IIpaB^a, ^TO TOVJlJi npoHSomejTB ^aKFB eARH* 

<yrBeHHKiS bx CBoeiťL pox^: hb o^hhi HJieH'L ne noxajrB rojioci sa 
BepAeTTa, HO sa TO 106 rojocoBi osasa^BCb npoTBB^ nero. 

Ho HecnpaBeA^BBo 6eijio 6bi saBJíoHHTB bmíctí cx GneHcepom 
BajiBnojeMi, ^to BonpocB 6a:vh cxopoHeHx nox^ Bceo6ii;sirB cm%- 
xowh. B'B BTorB caMufi MOaceHTB na no.iHTHqecBoS cufiBÍb noflBHJCS 
MOJiOAOtt qejiofi^si, BOTopony npexcrofljia ^ecrs j^obocth ao sohi^ 
BTO cjaBHoe npeADpifliie. JIopA^B ^sohi PocceiiB, TperiS cuhi 
mecToro repi^ora Eex^p^caaro, poAHBmiftcfl bi 1792, Óhui^h yse 
^jieHOMi napjaHeHTa on poxníejBCRaro MterenBa Tobectobi. He- 
6ojiBinoro pocra, Tn^eAynraiift na bha^, ohi cea^ajia ne noxasa^B 
ÓAecTSímflx^ HaxesA^. V nero ho 6ujo xanse RpacHOp^nifl Eae* 
flHHra; ho bx npeniflxi, bi poja «debater'a», owh BCBopi sosa- 
saji^i HTO HO HH'6erB ce6i& conepHHsoBi. Xorai owh h npesHan 
npex^^oseHÍe EepAerra HecBoeBpeMeHHHiťB, o;i;Haico noTpeÓOBaji 
«clisfranchisment» M'&CTeHBa FpaHnoyH^, OTJHqnBmarocs b<b BHine- 
yBasaHHOiTB pjrb. IIpaB^a, ohi TaRse HHqero lor^a He ffoÓHacS; 
fio npH BasAOiTB yxoÓHOiTB n HeyAo6HOM'B cjiy^ai owh BOSBpa- 
n^aicfl vh CBoeS nxei^ h HeycTaHHO tbopah^x o hoB. 

Gaifo co6oft pasyMiercfl, hto ho lopiftcBift napjiaMeHTB 1820 r. 

MOFB yAOBJíeTBOpHTB Vh 9T0MI nyHBT^ 06lKeCTBeHH0e MH^HÍe, paBHO 

saax HHe napjnaiieHTB 1827, xots nocji'lABÍS h BOiepoBa^^L noxi 

pyROfiOACTBOMli IlHJfl 0CB060SAeHÍe RaTOJIHROBl. Ho BOTB HEcry- 

uBn «cjiaBHofl naHflTH» 1830 roA'B. FeoprB IV ynepi » nexajiBO- 
HOM'L uuLCCECh $HArep({epT!B Ha mékj — (SesnpHcrpacTÍe ipeÓyerB, 
^To6ii MU yRasajiH xotb na ary ^epry bí^phocth, eAHHCTBeHHyx), 
ROTopyK) MOSHO HpHBecTH Bx OFO HOJBsy. dtoicy RopojiH) CTEparo 
HopflARa Haca^xoBajix ero 6paTB, repi^orB KiapaHCRÍS, ROioimt 
^huiTk no RpafiHeS nipi necTHii& ^ojiob^ri. napjiaiieHTB Ókxb 
pacnyaieH'B, RaR'L boahtca, h no crpaHHOMy creHeHiH) o6cto8- 
TeJiBCTBX Bu6opu Ha^ajiHCb Raai pasi bx ly hoa^o, bi^ Roropyx) 
bo $paHi^ÍH noca^AOBajia iiojBCRafl poBOJiioi^iji. 

GaMO co6oft pasyniercfl, tto bto ho nosfimajio Topianx cocra* 
BHTB, no o(5uRHOBeHÍK), (SoJiBnniHCTBO vh HOBofi najai^l. Ho tojcbso 
naprifl 6wi9k pascipoena h ho Morja npocTHTB BejumrTOHy h 

IIhJIK) HXl pOJIH Bl Jíjbjíi OCBOÓOSA^Hifl RaiOJIHROffB. HbJÍB 9& OCO- 

<$eHH0CTH 6ujn> neHaBRAHMi, no cjiOBaMi Epyna, ao laRoft cre- 
neHH, HTO HeBOSMOSHO nepcAaiB. 2-ro noBÓpa Ropo^B orRpiui» 
napjaHenrB h naveRnyB^ bi CBoefi piiH na peBOJHoi^H) na soh- 
THHeHT^ H Ha BHyrpeHHioio CMyiy, otfBáBHJix, hto onjaRHeaerB 
nepByio h CBynierB noAaBHXB Biopyro. «HaBrB roBoparb, — bocbjíh- 
ufijrb vb XOTB se a^hb jopa:b Fpeft vh najiarb jopAOBx,— hoitb 



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HiTKA í JUTSPÁTTPÁ Wb OOBPHIHHOS ÁHTJIIH. 175 

mopiTL, vro onMHOCTB ciyvsici kb eam n x^epE, ^lo rposa 
yxe noflBHJUtCL Ha ropiroomi h yparasi iipHÓjmauieics. Haní 
peiDHeH;QrH>n vssm opysie bb pyRH h tfappHsaxBpoBaxB cboh 
pepe. Ho Hauy^niHM^B enocoÓoiTL f^ vsoro 6020 611, hhjiopah, 
opiBje^ jao<k>BB corpasxux, yAOBjerBopHTB bxi cnpaBexJiiBiifl 
tpe6oBaHÚi H — nosBOJBie BncBasaiB rjuusHoe — npeotfpaaoBaxB nap* 

JtteBTB*. 

H KB caiunrB fikA nopa 6srjo sa dro BaflTBca. Yse bo Bcen^B 
lopojeBcrBJ^ rpaswHe coB&qaiHCB o toitb, BasHirB npeirb xo- 
ÓKrBCi woft q&iB. B^B KipmiHreii^ cocraBBiai <noiHTfl9ecBÍS 
Coim», Moryn^^CTBeHHaB aeeoi^Ailúi) HMiamafl mhofo ueHOKB, 
CBOK) icaoqr, csoh lonsHn HCBoero «BejiHBara amaa!opa>, Tonaca 

AzBjrxa* Oh OXHOFO BOHIVt Bej|HB06pHiaHÍH XO XPyi^ro rOTOBUOCB 

rpovaxHoe Bosezame, noAOČHoe rbwb crpaumiiirB Čypam, KOiopiia 
BOA^vrB cavse riyCosie cjioh oseana, npesMt^ ^^bí^ npoBBBTBCfl 
aa BOBepxHOCTH. PeBOJnoipB 6iua fleBsó&BHa — upnafl Bjn BpoBO- 
nponriBaji, CMaipa no BH(k>py iipaBurencTBa. 

Enffi npouxaTB ne vh behií GneHcepa Bajnnoju, ho bi npesoc- 
xoAHOMrB coHHHeHÍH r-Bui Fa^iei^ MapxHHÓ pascxasi o0i btoB anoneš: 
noiOMy no aio i^iiafl Bnonex. Haxo bha^. Basi oepBiift napja- 
MBBTB (bunb pacnyn^esBy noci^ oimpsenk nepnaro Óhub o pe- 
ijfojjíiňíi xaKB Hrané BoŮOipu xoBepniHJiH TcqwecTBo <pe^pMaTopoFB»; 
KtBB 2-t ÓEJSbj npHHJiTH8 oÓn^iHaMH, 6ujph OTBeprayrB jiop- 
Wa (22 ceHTa6pfl 1831); lasi 3-fi 6hjia ^yTB-6iuo ne noA- 
Bqvcs rcĚ se y^acm, nesxy ^m saB^B sponasoe BOSiiyn^eHie 
BcnHXHyjH) KB ASp6H, BpHCTOjrt, HorniHreMi; bbkb HaBOHeqB 
SfficepBaxopii pbniHiH CBoýbe noxseprHyrBCfl pscsy BizsBaTB peBO- 
iD^iH), HesejH nponycTHTB 6hub (naft 1832). 

Ho Ifa^iB ne xpeiiaia. Besffl qacTHHS xí ^a npiociaHOBHjnicB; 
Bci BouDiBiejBHO ÓHioi BaHBTH o6mficmeEmiu% x^OMi; no ao- 
poraiťB TOJHHJBCB JiM)AH, sxBBmie HOBOcreS; bo MHonixi ropoxaxi 
(Sub rb Ha6arB; vh xpyrarB npBBpuBajiH (Ibk^tb Kopou wpHUirB 
i^noiTB. B% JIoHXOH^^ ropoxcBoS coB^^, co6paBniiflcfl vh vpes- 
B&ialHoe dSLcbffime, npoB08riacBja[i ofin^ecxBeHHHiiH Bparam bc^l^b 
títb, sto y^acTBOBaji'B bb on^08B^iH HOBOicy gasoHy. 

Bx TO se caMoe Bpem owb Bomeji^B vh CHomenui cb pasia?^ 

HBJfH nOaHTH^eCBHMB aCCOCÍai^BME, rOTOBHMB HXTH Ha JIOHXOHX, 

BB cjy^aš HeoÓxoABHocTB. BeiBBÍft «BHpHBHreMCBÍ8 Coion»y na- 
ewrHBaBHÚfi 200,000 nejiOBŠBi, xoJiseHi 6ují% ciaxB jarepeirB na 
«Hampstead Heath> h coexBHHXBCfl laiTB cb xpyrHMH accocdaiúflMH, 
XtuseHCTBOBaBniBiíH npEÓHiB CB H)ra. «Bce saciaBuerB fyumhy— 



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176 MCTEHBX KBPOnH. 

TOBOpETb MHCe& MapTHHO^ — HTO TO, Tfb npOHCZiUlffJO n BflimHH- 
TevAf ODqpexftlBJO HOXOXl CTOJ[BHOBeBÍfl> ^). 

H xžficrBBxei&HO, MimiHrB-monstre npOHBomexB kb otoms 
ropox^ H Ha seia ueHii coiosa ofiflsajHCB orsasaTBei ju^Twrt Ha- 
jors ;io T^x^E nopB, nasa daBOHi ne 6yxerB npEHurb* Bi to se 
oaicoe Bpeicfl yxocroB^pHUCE, ^to mhoto oojia^v^ (kiiRííHHreHCBaro 
rapHHSOHa npenaAJiesajH kl coiosy. TasEMi oÓpasoMi <BejHiai» 
BejuHrroffb^ no6§AHTejB npn Barepjioo, oxasajea 6edCHJiBHiQfE 
npoTBBi Mwpojifkf BoopyneHHaro tojbbo CBoeft BOJeS h cbohitb fb^ 
bomik Borxa Jopxib Tpefi Ůujrh cHOBa opHSBaHx h nocraKieffB bo 
rjaBJ^ KaÓBHera, h sorxa Bopon eorjtaoHJiai naBnaiarb Heoipa- 
HHTOHBoe "nato nBpoB!B, HTO($H oÓeBire^HTL HpHHiiie sasoHa, Bei- 

JHBITOBl B erO CBHTa p^HJHCB npeBpaXHTB CBOB) 0^^03BI^ID• Ob 

coTBK) jiopffOKB ynuiH nuicA CB HHiTB Wh na^aiH Ha speMs 
npeHÍfi. TaKHiTB oÓpasoscB 6hmb o pej^opMi HorB naiOHepB npoSn 
Fb BepxHefi naMr^, r^t ero BOTaposajiH 106 ro.iocoB% npoufKB 22, 
4-ro iioHfl 1832;KopojeBeBoe OAo6peHÍe xano Óuiio 7-ro ík>hb. 

BOT% Vb ^eSMTh 8aBJB)^ajlHCB raaBHHB H81ltHeHÍj|, BBexeHHBUI BS 

npeAcraBHiejiBHyio CHCxeiiy BeaHKo6pHxaHÍB. Ilecjo mmosrb 0T^ 
seiijejť&ttHecBixi ospyroBi ysejiHHeHo 6ujío cb 94 ao 159; adb 
óypre, hjih HicrevH, HacHiTUBaBiaie Henie 2,000 SHxejiet, Óhjh 
ynpasAHeHH. TaReni o^pasoiTB HCieaio 56 mÓwpvreMSisa^ 6yp- 
TWhj Ha8HawBoiHX'B 111 AonyraTOBii; ho sa to óoumie ropoxa 
HOJiyqEifi HpaBo BiiÓBpaxB npexcTaBHiejiei, b vh 6yprax'B boo5o^ 
BcaiBoe XHi^o, njiaraH^e sa HaeMS Aona 10 ^ynToe^ ciepjiHroKb 
Bi roAi, craio BsÓapaiejearB. CHcroMa 6iija BaBOHWHa touho m> 
1868, pacrnspeHÍeMi npasa rojioca h vh 0G0(!eHfi0CTB kb 1871 r., 
6:iaroAapfl npEHaiiio saRpuTofi éaiJiOTHpoBBH; ho 1832 voKh 
ocraercfl naicflTHofi anoxofi, Bor^a ojHrapxia naaa, poBOJiiDitífl boc- 
TopsecTBOBaia h a^b uojoaoS ÁHrjiH Hacryiraaa HecpaBHenHaa 
apa MBpa, Bean^fl h ceotfoAH. 

HšcBOJBSo BpeMeHH cnycTfl ynepi ^ejiOBŠBi, npBHBMaBniift 
A&rrejiBHoe yqacrie vh pe4K)pMaTopcBoirB ABKasemH. Topa^ naM- 
(|)aeTHcrB, HeyroMHMHfi nacaTaiB, npeBOCXOAHo BjiHA^^BHiift aHrait- 
cKBMi B3UB0M%, BHJjiBflMi Ko66erB 0TB npBpoAU o6xaAarB 6ojib- 
mBHn AftpoBaHiflMB, ho oh'6 napajn^HpoBaiHCB oriacTB HeAOcxax- 
soiffB oópasOBama. Ghhx BpecTBBHBHa, nocrynHBmift BOJOHrepoirB 
vb apidio H cjiysHBnrii coja&tomi, axors aHriiflcRifi Ilpy^osi 
caiTB oópasoBan ce(Ni, BaBi h tot%, nojBsyfiCB cboÓoahumh ms- 



Sarriet Martmeau, H&tory of England doring tiie thirCy years peace. 
Book IV, chapt. 5. 



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flATKA E JHTEPlTyri B^ COBPllEflHOfi ÁHrJIIH. 177 

HyiiiiHy ocTaBaBnunnicfl y nero on BoeHBofi cjiysóu, a^^a Toro, 
mtfii cnHCBBaTB h y^vrb HansycTB aHrjificRyK) rpaMMaiBKy. Owb 
Hpiot^in THRiirb oČpasoiTL coBepmeHHoe SHame po^Horo asHsa 
I mcaji Ha He]i'B ch saifš^aTejiBHofi npaBEJiBHOCTBH), ÓJiaroxapj!, 
pnyxieicfl, Taxse h 6ojBme Bcero CBomrB npHpoAHHiTL xapoBaHiflM^. 
^ 9roro He^ocraTOuo f^si otfpaaoBaHifl MHCJiHTeifl h ^bio- 

CO^ MOSHO IIHCftrB Ha CBOeM'B pOXHOHl fi3iIRÍb BHOJH^ npaBHJIBHO 

I éaih Boe-iaBH Hwisxoft, h lasB Bcer^a Újffirh Cb tšmh, bto, 
DO B6ciacTBK>9 CiiBacTB jHmesB 6j9[arox&3íHÍfi nojHaro nxROJiBHaro 
o6paMaaHÍs« Mu bbkbmi^ bi neiTB hobhB npHM'bpx Tony. EaRi h 
SBiieramft yposenei^i ^aHnrB-KoHre, na Koroparo owh bo mho- 
ran iHaoxan, Eo65erB miBorAa ne mopb cocraBHTB ce6i okoh- 
weiBHaro mbÍhúi hh o %mi. Bi ero co^mBemaxi HaxoxHniB 
Bce fio yroxHo: camifl perporpaimifl hj^oh h caMua nepe^OBUfl, 
Bi DO npftBx^ csasaTB, nepsiui nonaxaiOTCfl Hanie, hšiii btopha. 

MosHO fifi H^BOTopofi cxeneHH hbbhhhtb ero, sor^a vb 1796 r., 
TpiwaTH jAtb otb po/QT) OHB BosfiysAaeTB HenaBECTB aMepHBaHi^eBx 
Ba cBoera HeciacxHaro cooieqecTBeHHHRa^ UpECijiefli Boroparo npe- 
cityBaia, pasopHja h Esrnaja, BaBi cBofioxnaro MHCJExejifl, ($Ep- 
lonraicKafl ^epHB ^). «<^paHiQ^Bafl poBOJioipa ero juoÓEMufl so- 
Hen,— roBopErB OffB MesAy npouMH jnoÓeBHOCTflMH, — ee ne nopy* 
^ijCB, HTO 0Hi ne corjacETCE ji^jlsí toto, notiu oCesnenETB en ycntx^B, 
opiqrTciBOBaTB nps B8(!ieHÍfl Bc^t) HeiOBi^eeicaro poAa»« Hoocra- 
Bflxi 8To: HaiTB MoryrB BOspasETB, HTO Eo66eTi, BaR'B n MHorie 
Xfjrkj Ba^anb soHcepBaiopoirB, ^iio h y nero ésijrh CBOft nyiB vb 
^ifMíaih H np. Ki Hec^acTÍH), ejrniiecTByerB BHEra, BS^anHaE ewl 
n 1824 r*, sorxa eny 6uáO 58 xbrbj h ara BHHra ocraHercE 
ueiHoirB Ha ero naiiflTH. diy sHEry hebto ho HffraerB, X& h 
BrizE ee Tpyj^Oj ho mhš nosasajiocB jiH)6oniiTHiiM'B H3Bjie?B esi 
BII cjri^AT^ofl^Ě orpuBOBi, no ecthhí hosípoethuB. fl,^o E^erB 
ofe EdopiH pe^pnaiuE FB ÁHriÍE H rjaBHtiBTB otfpasoMi o6:b 
iBnpecHoft xepcBŮ, naBmeS Baiixcme pecraBpai^H CTH)apTOBi: 

«Mto BacaercE GflXHeE(AjDbAsepHOHaCEAHeEX— roBopEii Ko6- 
teB|— offiB ÓBLffL offHEiTB e8:b pyBOBOAHTejiefl ABEa&eHÍfl «Bi 6ose- 

X&rt» HOClŠAHErO AapCTBOBaHÍE H ÓHJTB O^HEITB E8^ 

ipoBx, BEBHa^eHHHrB AiE cyA& Ha^^B EapjioirB I... UpE pe- 
Rapia 11, OHB HCBajii ytfiaBE^a sa rpanni^efi. Ho xasi 
sn OKB coBHarB 8a6j[ysAeHÍE CBoeS mojoaocte, to BopoJiB, no 
wliy oxHoro BaTOJuraecaaro Honaia, noHEJiOBajii ero. Co bc^mi& 

iStk Offb COCiaBEJl BnOCJl'£ACTBÍE 3arOBOp%, 9T06iI HESBeprHyxB 



*) Gx. eio yObsenratíons on tbe emigration of Dr J. Priestley*. Philadelphia, 1 796. 
T«n I— HBBin, 188JU 12 



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178 nffUEKfeh ibpooh. 

npaBHTBJíBCTBO sopoM HjH no MCHBinett irfipš ycrpaHHTB on npe* 
CTOJia (Sparn aioro Honapxa. Ecih sasofl-HH^yxB toiobír soMy- 
omueoM naaopnaů CMepmUy TaK% sto GE^Heft. Ohi ee orposiajcit, 
owh ne Mora orpni^aiB cyn^CTBOBamfl saroMpa h CBoa^ Bib sem 
y^acTÍfl. Owb MorL nosaiOBarBca lonso na oaho: vh noisnrae* 
CKHn npecrynjieHiflxi no aHrjrificBOMy saiOHy xoju&ko 6im XBa 
CBHA^Taur, a iipoTEVL Hero nosasHBajTB tojimbo oxinn. H Bon, 
Borxa jnn^aiffB, ÓpaHaniHiffB zserojoníBsarb, cji^OBaio 6u nospacBftTB, 
ecJiH 6u TOJBBO 9T0 6uM BO8XOSH0; noiOMy ^no aron cuait sa- 

SOHly 9T0TB SaBOHl, CnacmíB S03HB CTOJIBKHICB HeBEHHH]r& JDD- 

AfliTL, aroTE sasoHi, xoJiseHCTBOBaBímfl BxozHyTB 6iaroxapHOcrB bte 
xymy Kasx&ro aHTjmuHHHa vh Tony, bio ero iisAajrB, arorB aa- 
soHi mjsfkWh saKB paa^B toS BaTOJiineeRoft aopojrasoS Mapíeft^ so- 
TopyH) JíibiusL noBOJritaífl jno^eB HeB&BecTBeHHHrB npoBBais «Ma' 
piefl: RpoBoaKaxHo8» O, — rot Bopcaesot, cynpyroirb h noeo(SHHBom 

SOTOpOtt ÓHJrb TOTE CaiCHft $HaH11IEb II, SOTOparO BCŠ 8TH HB8BÍe 

BjieBeTHHBH HBOÓpasaiOTi BarojmecBHMi h spoBosaxHHicB THpa- 

H0irB» ^). 

HoBOSMOSHo Hax&iaTB 6ojiBine rpytfiixrB omE6o«b vh laBiix^ so- 
poTBHX'B crpoBaxi H tiojrite norpimorB npoTHBi sxpaBaro cmacMSi 
H cnpaBexJtHBOCTH. EeffB couH^mSy seiame yroxHTB Hpia&jmam h 
BaTOJuneaiTB vh totb icoHeHTB, aaBfB TO^aoBaiff o(b hxi OMaHcs* 
naipH, ÓBLio iio6jssfijssáewh, XBHraBniHMi EoÓtferoirB, h vb 9ra]n 
OH^ ycn^jii CBepxi M^pn. 

^ocraTOTOO cBasarB, ^to ero BHara 6fijui nepeBexeHa sa HcmH- 

CBÍft flSHBl. Ho HTÓ CBasaTB H BaBOO II8BHHeHÍe ufufjunh xjia 

ero oi^HBE BasHH GHAHefl, Boropyio (JesnpHcrpaeTHaa ncropia xaBHO 
yse noM^CTEia vh paspa^^ iDpixB^ecBsxrB ydiScxB^ — aroro spor- 
Báro E repoEHecBaro GBAHea, mhšhíh Boioparo, cpexB ýasatEaiia 

TOfi BnOXEy 6uJlfl MH^HÍflME CBOÓOABafO HUCJIflTeJia fl Xyxpei^ ^KBKh 

PoccejB yicepB cb TBepxocTBH) xpEcriaBEHa,— roBopHnMasojieft, — 
TBKB GEXHefi ynep^ ch TBepxociBH) CTOEBa». HtTB, HEno He CMoen 
ch naMam EoÓtfera OGEopAienig, EaseceHHaro eitb sroMy xo6po* 
xlTejiBBOMy qeaoBi^By, btoiěj MyieHEiqr sa npaeoe xbMo; hhtto, 
HE x&se ero ycEJiia npoBecTE HapoxHHfl TpetioBasía,— ycEJiia, ocimB* 
miflCfl ÓesnjioxHiíME, HecMorpa na nonyjflpHOCTB aiTopa, 6jiaroxapx 
njuiqeBHOfi BeycTottiEBocTE HAefiy Ójnaroxapa, caaseirB jiyqnie, r&m 
aHTH-Hay^EiHTB H perporpa^HHiTB MH-bniairB, BoropmBoerxa 



O dnxch ciOBOiTb o6HKHOBeHHO nepeBOjtarb „bloody Mary'', ho oho ho Bnoxai 
nepexaerb 3to napoxHoe BupaseHie, paesosBa^ymee snRreTy „rsycHiii'', ^jtíŘnj^^ m np. 

s) A History of the Protestant Reformation in England and Irelaad, by ITťliMifft 
Cóbbett London* 1824, p. 883. 



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HÁ7KÁ H IHTIPJyfyPA Wh edBFBUHHOfi ÁHriIH. 179 

n Eexh. Ero ncejd^EHÍi 6k>rpa$9, 3. Cmhtb, HanHcajTB CKcq^fe 
nueBqpirB, seseu cephéaauA h noiHufi 8TK)ff&, h li, bto no* 
Miaea coeraBHTb cetii npaBBjnBoe bosatú o sHaxesHToiCB pe- 
^MaropA, xoJBBHH oépaimrbCfl k!b ero npowm^emawbj msKjr 
npraors, b% npneneHraiiak msoh) Bsiaie. 

Oan R BBjB^B BpeciuHHHa, Eo66en, naši h Upjffiwhj 
joDÓKi HOXB&nTBCfl CBOHiTB meáeBcRgigB npoBCZosxeHieirB. Emo 
<iii Boouo ch ero ctopoHU cmxffEBCs ero, ho, ysiil cosepmeHEO 
(íeByiHO áiuo h ropxHiBCs hmi^ Gymficwpofn poKOsiie sasoHu 
ptcs, Haci!Íx0imBHooTfl, BoropfiX'B He MOsen mfíibwmb HEsaBot 
yiOy n oooíSeHHOciB eoaH vh aroMy npEroe^EHurci HexocmTOHHoe 
BII sanosAajioe oÓpasoBEHÍe, h vh asraificBOHy naM^eraciy 
MOSBO npmrtHHn to, itó GearB-BfiBi caasarB o IIpyx^HŠ: «ohi 
cmnoMs tiiurB Čjhsob^ bi eBonvi npapoxiirejiflia no BpoBH. 
Ofls eiHniBam 6nji <(jíh80bi k& CBoefi Marepn— seiušy ofb cjsm- 
iBH 0Bn ójasoKb rb caininKb OBjani npipoAsi, BomeAmniTE bs 
6rD mnepiuieHn, kb caMoe ero ojrannie^. 

Rb saBJíio^eHie krí ocraeTCfl yBasaTB na ^erape tomb, no^ 
fMB^B^^^lHe ,l(aE)CTHHO]rE MaKE^SapTH HcropÍH BejiHBo6pBTaHÍH vh 
^q^aBOBanie BopoieBH Bbbtopíh. IIpHCoeAHHHBi ero coTOneHie bi 
mři GneHcepa Baisnojci^ mh noiy^ncL nojrayio Bcrepiio Ahtjíi 
n XJX erorirrÍH. 8, CBasajTB no noBony noorixnei, ^ro bi He8 
m vfBcnowsMCh Óonmoft neotixoffBHOCfH, tbbi Ban mh HM-levB 
umy meccb Mapranó. Ho rtui ne ueaše vb Tpex^B TonarB 
Bafnou bbxwoce ucth OTSunno ofipatioraHHiui, cb cnpaBBaMB, 
npnrí^aiiijufE a xoBasaTenciBaiiH fb noxiqAnjeEie ero BaruxoBB^ 
Bon^e noBasHBaion, ^to mh hm^mi xbjío ch HacToan^HM^ 

BeiOpHBOM'B. 

HeiBsii cBasaiB Toro xe caMaro o MaBi-RapTH. IIpiflTHHft 

pOiaHHCrB, OH^B BSAyMBJTB CiaTB JitTOnHCIteMB. «He 6jJSfiU'h ^p- 

(tfdmth cBoe A&pOBaHie», roBopan ÓacHonacei^ BecBMa ochobb- 

HttSO, H MH HM'leM'B TOMy HOBOO AOBaSBTeJIBCTBO. ÁBTOpX E erO 

Hpftgy E dEBK), ne saTpyAHBTCE otb^tetb urí: ohe yBasyrB mhí^ 
Ba (tesúmopHHfi ycnixi npoE8Bexraifl« AtSerBafejBHO, o6n^HM'B Bpn- 
iQBi, no Bpa8He8 MŠpi cpexH jie^epajiOBi e npEBepseHi^eB^ FjiaA- 
<nM, ůum: «dro BejiEBOJi^nHo! bto HEraercE, beb^ poMaHx!> 
JlMtiHBiejiBHo! CaamE HasBaHia rjiaBi emíb)ti BecejHfi beai e 
HBOMEHaHyrB ropasAO 6ojLÍe «Iloman comiqae» CBappoHa, Hese^íE 
'ba-tlEBÍE, EJE xoTB 6u MaBOJiefl; Hanp.: «KopojiB y^ep^! Aft 
UpaBctByerB BopoaeBal* «Question de japona» (no-^pafliQrBCBB},, 
*ChBaĚ», *Tf!k 6hji soj^xh najiBHepcTOHx?» e np. B& ocoSeHeO'* 
eni kb£ HpaBEToi nocj'£AHee. 3to naBOABrB saei na padHHE mhc;ie 



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180 vwiEMKh iBPraa. 

H myna crmHWBTCfl aco(SeHHo H0ja, sor^a yBixiiniBy ^ro n sroft 
rjABt TpasTyetCfl Ronei^ 1853 r. ii na^ajio spiuiesofi boShíi. 

Ho iM-me offEERo! Mošno iipi^yvaiB Heiiiuifl sariaBii h he- 
iiHcaTB npeBóczoxBiui rjiaBii. Ho aro ýmneaui HeBosHosBO k^s 
TorOy 8T0 HO HM^eTB caMUTfi BjeHeHTapBim cňf/bmŘ vb boibth- 
^e»ot Hajs-^. BoTL lan, Hanpímšps, asropi onpeA^uerB to, 
9T0 «Ha tfopotfcicojifs asni BOBraieHiaiiBHoft A^MOspaTÍH naas- 
Baercfl peBo:iDiaefl?» (in the slang of continental democracy). 
«PeBOJH)i^ia,— roBOpETL owh^—6ui9L npEHi^moiTB, yTBepsxftBiímiiii 
Ba BoeiTb npocrpaHCTBi EBponu EnaBepseHÍe adeonoTHofi bucth 
BopojeS, B cjiOBO Bupaseflo bto Taa^B xopomo, sasB sBBaBoe 
Apyroe? cr. I, crp. 108). 

Mosso C^Jio 6u HanoMHHTB npiflTHOMy pascBas^BBy, no npflH- 

JlJSWbf BOTOpilS BOHTBHeHT&IBSafl XeH0BpaTÍB Ha CBOeHS «B0p0B- 

CBOiťB» fl8UB% BasHBaen peBOJioq;iett| btotb npHHipm, BejHBO- 
JŠHHO xapaBiepBBOBaHHHfi Feraieirb vb sHaiceHBToft maft «Die 
AafklftruDg und die Bevohizioii»y — ropas^o oémapflte b cxosh^^ 
^Hi eiiy 8T0 npeACTBBJífleTCfl. 

$pa8£i9 noxo^HKifl BiimenpBBexeHHoflt npH Bcefi CBoett apaTBOCTB, 
xapasTepBByion neiOB^sa h BBHry. FoBOpK) bio, ne orpai^ui xBr 
BOCTB HBJíoseHiii B yMa BBTOpa, B vb BTom OTHomeHifl ero co^h- 
HeHÍe Óyxen no BSycy jBi^am, sejaDnqmi nojiyróTE noBepxHocr- 
Hoe BHaBOMCiBO c% BCTopiei coBpeHeHHOtt Ahtjíb; ho bto aieaaen 
cepBSBHO BsyHBTB 66, Awb MosBO iioco8%TOBaTB jiy^oie noxosx&TK 
nocjiiXHBn TOHOBTB couHesifl OneHcepa BaiBDtufl,— hxb hebo- 
Bei^B Bi^ osBxaBiB lOh sarjiByiB vh ooTOHeflie MojiecBopra ^). 



n. 

1) 8ir J. Oardner Wtlhiman: The mann^rs aad costomi of tlie aacient EffptíanSr 
a new edition revised and corrected by Samuel Birch^ keeper of the Egyptían and 
Oríental antíqaities in the British Museum. London, 3 vol, with iUustrationa. 1878. — 
2)Jje Page Benouf: The origin and growth of Religion, as illnstrated by the religion 
of andent Egypt. London. 1 toI. 1880. 

He BHav), ecTB jih en^ BaBoft-BH6yAB HapoxB^ Hciopui aoxo- 
páro npexcraBJífljia 6u cto^bbo BHrepeca, Baa^L Bcropifl apobhbb!b 

O The History of England 1880—1874. Abridged edition. London: 1 yol. 1877. 
— ^Mhxoxxhu Taise yKasan sa BSKaBie DociixHHn> tomobi coHineBifi, o KOTopHxi a 
roBopsn Bi opexmyiiam ueuiaxi: 1) „The life of the Prince Consort**, by Sir 
Tliomas Martin. London, rol. Y, 1880. 2) „The history of the english people", by^ 
Green. Vol III— IV. 1880. 



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HiTRl K AITSPiTFPÁ Bl GOBPnSQHOft IITJIH. 181 

tli, o6BT&rejefi ffiiunu Heja, OByirbNnHXX coxpamrBCs xo itr 
BBn q>eMeirb bb bhxí MyiiiQ, h npaBO — ne^ypno coxpainnfteJi. 
3a lerspe tucxu xItb xo loft anoxH, sorxa BaHU npeypss, ajÁflifii, 
Bmm BKB Mpua BavesHaro neploxa* 9tb m/ví jme Hrpau na 
9ipHfb 1 HOCBU napiKi, h6 yeiynaBOiie napny mnoHoS namix 
npou JlyjKOBHxa XIY, cípoais JlaÓapHBn h Cepaneyif^ yspa- 
2Ban Qbbu n Mteic^CB coranoi BeuMiinHBXi gx&sitt} 

...avec lears vastes salles 
Oů, sans jamais lever lears tétes colossales, 
YeiUaSent, aasis en cercle et se regardant tons, . 
Des Dienz ďairain, posant les mains snr lears genoax >). 

Jljkf vh 6ofBx% B^ocfaTia ne 6ujío. Bc& TpyxH Jlentíycon, 
Epynuefi h Mapidn-^eesrb, ne HorjE eme Bnojmi pacvEcmB 
ToiB xaocB 6omeQnm,j se c^araa somen, spoxoxnJOBib, EÓnwn 
I jtpyrHTB CBfln^eHHiiXB shbothhxb — no^rg bcio HHJiBCsyK) ^yny. 
dra enmezciafl sa^^a saHBMaerB Hac^ ne tojibso cb to^bh sptnia 
flayxH o peixriaxB; bca aHrpoooiom ch efl pasjína^MH orpacjfliCH, 
9iHOJoris, jnHTBHCTHBa, HCTOiHa i(iiBtJHsaiUH^ HayHBaa noxeraRa 
CB jOBaiTB BBTepeooirB osHxax)rB ei oBOH^aTejBHaro piiEeniji. 

Kb HeeucTÍx)| BHmeHasBaHHiu SHHrH ue ffiwrh oxofo p^me- 
ms; sa TO no spatHeS uspi oh% xocraBJuuon MaiepiarB xia 
šero. Cep^ FappiepB Bhjibbhhcoh!B npcHsexi Borxa-ro bb Enrart 
12 1^^, H BB 1837 r. Hane^axaiB o^psoe HsxaHie CBoero o(5- 
nmpHaro xpyxA, HHiepecHaro x^i HacB, icesAy npowrB, h aasB 
opMipi TÍx'B yciyn, loropsa MoseiB osasarB xu HayBH hoíio- 
bIvb JK ocofeHHO lajaHTJiHBiifl, HO Tpyxon>6HBHi* Ohb ynepi 
n 1875 r.; nocMepTHOMy HsxamiD ero eoraHemS npixiUEorB' oco- 
ůeEBpD nivy npndtUBifl h xonojiHeHÚr bb eanoiTB TeBcíš, 
oiiaHHHfl CaifyMexB Běp^eiíB, m^MeBStAŘmma ennroJoroirB 
Abtjdh. He Bd^MB xocrynHii co^HEema jleadyca; hto se aacaetcfl 
opeBoexoxHaro ipyxa x-pa Bpyrma ^), to ohb orpaHnepaeica 
ieBiH)^HTejBH0 HCTopieft BB tíchoitb ckhcjA. Hm&í nox^ pyaaicE 
touHeflie BanBEHCOHa, xocryEHoe x^i bcšxb no i^iBŠy bh nafi- 
Wie BB HeifB njbMui penepiyapB erEnrojoriE bo BceiiB, ht6 
laeaeicE pejuuifl, hpuobb, saBomBBi oHuHmn h npoi.; — Bce 

9t0 EJjnOCIpBpOBaHO (SeB^HCJeffHHME CHHltMMfl CB IiaiUITBXBOBB. 

O Fic^ Iftfýo, Les Orientales (Le fea da del):... „ch ixi otSmapmaai saian, 
ili <5poBW>Biie 6én, Buoi^a ae notXHuaBBiie CBonn KMoecaunan roion, ciAium 
tt i^ysKl, nuxa xpyn na xpjnt ■ noiooBon pyn oa loyrita*^. 

*) Gescliíchte Aegyptens aater den Pharaonen, 1877.* 



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182 BMTHisi isspoini. 

«TenepB^--roBopffrB FepoxorE, — a noKpoótAe onMmj Eimien, 
«Bi saBi Ví man éoiune ^ywc%> ^ms n ih)0o8 bk xn^nosb 
ctpMr&» (II, 95). H xiSGtBReAHQ, XpOBHift IClOpHffB HOOflqaefB. 
HHoro DpaqpacHsis Fiiara OBoeft BfiBrs ooBcaBiD sann ^xem; ^xb* 
ea KftsauiaE HOBrna^ yiesttifBi a €C0($jniBD cJ7«fiHGDi% 8JUBH]ieia«&, 
mvh Betíbpwimuj m» obe oí^mxH repojRora spaitUB v «te6ot». 
Ho FB oipfffb opeapacHUfl jieoB, lOsn v III&KitojiM»n soraffunob, 
9T0 ieporaH^B cjiyftraH bkšcso 6jMn; pasodpaiH vshj h c& rtxs 
nopi FepoAorB saHAjTS noAOÓaioiiiee eny mícto bi nepBonrE pi^y 
HCTopHBOBTB. Taii^oTb yse 1500 jAvh HasaffB SHai^, hto 8th ^h* 
rypii oBHa^aiOTB 6ysmj litera aeffjfptia^ xas^ obi bx^b BaBusaerB. 
Jl^ojro ÓBUOb y WBHO, nosa yfSiffUBCBy "fío aadysa tfHJia nepBosa- 
HajiBBO Bsodp^Tena erAnraHaMH, a ne ýflflHsiflBaHB. Meas^ tíms 
wt% a&e Tai^flTB roBopsii: ^erEnraBe BH^aBors cetffl sa BseÓp^Ta- 
tejiett astfyBfl; obh roBoparB, ito ^BBeidBHe, napoxi, saxaiiaioiiUfes 
KopenjuaBaBíeiTB, nepeBecjiB ee b»b ErBnm b% Fp^io, h fasavB^ 
o(^a80Mx BpocjiaBfljnicB, Bam BsoOpifaŤejfl toto, htó Ba caMOMS 
X^jii ysBajiB on*ApyrBr&>. (Annales, XI, 14). Ecjib ^h y^eflsre 

0(SpaTBJIBCB Vh BeiBBOMy a^TOlIBCIQr, T.-6. pyB0B0XCfB0aUB(^ 6P0 

Xparoi^teaiiMfl ysasafliuMB — iim ae npBmflOCB 6h BOrparan %9ir 
poM^ CTOUBO rpy^a. Ho xperaie npexcráBifljBCB Torxa BHrepec- 

HHMH TOJTBBO Ch ďflTepaiypBOfi CTOpOBH, E B1'B BaftaBTO SEB^e- 
Bbl fle lOT&ffl BBX^B. 

HaBOBei^, y^eaiie BBaaiHeB sa yirB. B^ HaetrojiDotee BpenB^ 

TBBOtt erBUTOJtOTB, BBBl MaCHOpO, BBXOXBTB cáiciiirB yXO^BHlfB 

Bane^BTaTB BOMMenrapiB bo BTopott bhafí FepoxoTa,— Be ci rtiTB, 
BTo6u onpoBepraTB b BonpaBMTB ero, bo CBop^ » t%m%, ^ftoéu 
yBBsaTB BB BBM^^BTeJBBoe corMcío rpe^eoBaro tobctb ci erRner- 
CBBUB naMffrBBBBMB B nanBpycaiifl. Oh mebm^ se ÓeaBOBe^rmiirB 
npesplBieM^B, bbb^ b% «OTQy Bcropifl*, otbocemcb b b^b Múre- 
eofly, OTOMy s^onojiy woMy speiQr; n oeoÓeaBOCTB Vb ero xpoBo- 
jrorÍBy nxb bbjio coBnaxaBBi6& c^ apesBBBCB Tpt^nuiuu b wA^ 
BiflMB. TenepB, MapisjíB-tefi, yxBBBTejrBEBífl orspinis BOroparo 
ESB^CTBH Bceicy mipy, MapH»jiB^$eS npBHHifaenb 8a ocaoBaBÍe 
erfloetCBoS BcropiB xpoBOJcnlB) woro caMoró MaBeoóBB, e mnajo 
se sarpyxBáeTCB oTBecm sa 5000 jišn xo BaBieS opo i^ftpcno- 
BBBíe nepBaro HaB^Baro BCtoptB erBneit^Biiro i^a^a: erBnewaBB 
i^BBJíBsaqíB xocTBTja yse BoaBaro ($jiecBit vb ty OBOxy, npexciftB- 
asiomyiQCfl Bani tfacBocjOBHoft — raai oBa.xajeBa otb abco^. 

yace (MBa BpoBipaa ApeBflBX'B, exinBBaa bob^bibhb y^e* 
BBíMH, ÓHaa o^eBB BasBHM^ opiotfpftreBkicB. Ho petynia/n osa- 



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HÁTEl K IHTBPlTyPÁ Vh COBřlVHHOt IHrilE. 188 

8UCS 0B(e 6<H«He: onpsuH hí&csojmko bobhxi ^btovb, Hcnpa- 
lUH ^q^yrie. 

TaKB, Hanpud^TB, xenepB sHavn, h& ocHOBamH coxpAHHB- 
mzcfl vBMaxBswanj vio pasunie icesxy eodOBÚuui ne 6uiú 
i»& pfeio, Basb yTBepsAaxrrB Tepoxon h ^OAopi, ^SSpei^i, — 
umapm Edpwb, — ^acio 6hai Boeva^auflHKOirB h Fb to se speMa 
M&nDxiun^ 8a o6n^ecTBeHHiiMH paikmuiH, h hh^to ho ufbmuo ero 
CBaoBuirE CAittTLca nacapaMfl hih vraoBHiKaiiH'. Ho, Bootfn^e 
roBopa, HeÓonmoe ^hcjo 3HaTHBX% ^muifl Aepaaaao wb cbohx:^ 
ipywoh Bcš xoxoAHHa irbcra rocy^apcrea a nepexaaaio hx'b bsi 
noaojfaiifl ffb noBOJtifiie^ xasB axo h lenep^ enie j^jiaerca vb 
HHBBjaaoRaiiaBrb crpaHaxB; aio otfcToarejBCiBO onpaBXiiBaerb MH^Hie 
rpeiecEHxr^ nacaiejefi. 

K% eoauuÍHÍD, coipexenaiie emoToaorH Majo en^ npafiaBHjH 
n HOBBirb CB^M^toiaKb o pejariH h apasax^L. Csaiay Óojňe^ — 
a pimaDCB yTBepaw^TB, ^rro vh aioiTE OTHomeaui HaBÁcria Fepo- 
jvn, H Bi> ocoÓraHociH Jt^OiRopa, HecpaBaeHHO acaie e noy«* 
muše BGŠix% ^^uaiiaqiA BiKOHra A^^Pyse a ApyraxB no noBO^y 
SHirH norpeÓajnHHXi o6psif,ovb (Todtenimch). &m noci^AHie npex* 
atmigxfrh Bain coapeMeoHaarai napaMax^ no^HraTeuMi e^aHaro 
Eora, ycepxmMB MOHoreacmiiB, chocoÓhumh conepBHwrb ch 
JňtíMceeigb H npopoRaMH. H ace aro na ocHOBaHÍa HmíHoraxi 
saraxo^BHXb ^^pasi, pasÓpocaHmix^L lasi a oan^ npeaMyn^ecTBeaBO 
n «KHBrš ]iepTBiiX'L», ýpaai, aoiopua Moamo o&boeEmb aa xecaiB 
Uffivú BDpo^eH'B, Bfo aec^acTHoe crpeiu^e BaA'bTB noBCto^y 
xoBoieaBia iipacyn^e xHonnrb coapeMeHaiiifi yHeauatb: BcrpixaTca 
am B% rouepoBBXi noaxaxi anaierb 3eBca «i(apB 6oTom> a 
jDOAeft», — a EBTb aroro xobojbho; oczajiBHHe óora coBepmenao 
ysaiaa)Tca fb bxi raaaaxi, a DOBejarrejB tforoKB apanaMaerca sa 
enuaro ikn%, wv/nk sasi na caMOirB f^i mu BaxaiťB 8A'í^cb 
apocTO BpBMŠpKB TOFO, iMLVh noESTie O sexHofl íepapxia aa^ajiB* 
aawB^, XHaset a i^apeft nepeHOcaica, kb cajy aarpanoMop^a- 
lecaaro mpwjxctky aa iepapxia) aetiecaya). 

JtenasrB Peay^ b% caoei anarí o^bhb ocaoBaosaiBHO bob- 
cnerB nponiRB aioro HanpaBaeBia. «Bi BHpasemax% nuk jpu 
nuk — 9um qui mm, aoTopua nosaxaioTca BHor^a vh «khbi4 
]ttfTBiixB», emfi aeaBBa, — roaopaTB ofb, — ^bbx^tb onpex&i^aie fioaae- 
a!sa, !ifem (kiiie, hto kb t&li» híoaxx, rii BCTpi^aa>Tca ara 
Biipaa»HÍa, bítb h pina o TaBHCTBeaHHrB AcnBTpaaax^B, ipaBTyK)- 
HQUi o npapo^ 6oseCTBa>. IIo aroicy apaicipy Moa^ao cyxatB a 
cůb ocrajBBuxx; npa noMOn^a axax^B saraxo^HHxi Bupaa&eBiff, 



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184 VBOfíOmk IBPODIL 

^acTO HeaoHaTHuxi h xu caiun hxi asropony h6 Tpyxm npK- 
mrcaTB híaouj napoxy cauHa TpaHci^eHxeHTaiBHiifl xoKrpnui. 

ÁBiopi, o xoTopoMi fl TOjbso-^n!0 ynoMHHan, xyMaen, hio 
erHneTCBMi MHaoiom, He Hx^Dimta Hnero oómfox) cb ifOHOiMa* 

MOMl, HOSeTB 6iITB yHO^oCaesa MBOOJOIÚ WOfP^BpOUeŘCMMTB 

njeiceHi. Hanpmrbpii OsEpiCB (PemptiJ xmamsí na CBoeft oecrprfe 
Teďs (H$uda) emjd kb to Bpeica, sorxa Haxoxarcfl n ^ipert CMet 
HaiepH, Hfffm. HsHxa— bio ÁBpopa; on OaspEca y Heft poxraea 
CHHi JTops (Fopycb), oJiHi^eTBopjnoiiúft cotSofi oojiHi^e vh nosjmmb. 
Eparb OsHpHca— GS^ms, i.-e. hohb ijib npaKi (rpe^ecsifi Tb4k>h%), 
ero sena JEIetímu— T.-e. saioxan^ee oojihi^; oh;^ y6EBaerb Ora^Hoa^ 
soTopnft Ch dum noph iMipcrsyerb vh noxBaiHom itípft h cywnrB 
HepTBuxi. £[ sHaio, ^no h na wrowh nyrs jierso yBieiLCs 
n 4^aHTa3ÍB h npExaio SHaieme bvjmx&mi Peny^Mi, toabo KarB 
BecBMa cepBesHUMi ysasaHiflirL; 0H!b, óen comhíhúi, Hanftnun 
BŠpHHft nyTB) HO Hayisa ipyxHa, a vh ocotieHHOcni nayia o 
pejmrian; h vh Heft ocoÓeHHO HyasHO BOwepauiBaTBai on cjdod- 
KOMi noenioiHiixi saKna^emfi, wh soropiim ff> cmrb isoph CMsmr 

KOWb CBJIOHHH 6IUH 61 a^eiITH. 

G.i^XOBajo 6h Tuse OTx^^TBca on Toro TaHECTBeenaro, iorae- 
cnacHieiBHaro Tona, soTopum oiobb nacro oriaiaiyTca oucaHÚ 
crpaHH nnpaííHXX. Erniimey BasBeroi, cx&uuucb jooúníuwh bosbiomib 
cniipHTyaiHCTORB, HSTHaeHiizi H» Btíbx% xpyrinn oÓJOucrel. ^- 
CTOxa, HpaBCTBeHHOCTB, ÓescMeprie xyniH, nosopnoeiB cyxBti& h npo^. 
M npo^.— Bon HOBCioiipiHafl laiia xu Hannix^ coBpeHeHHiui ae- 
TopoKB. JlfiLxe raioft cepBesHiifi y^eHHfi, nm Macnepo naioxan 
Bcb 8TH BaiecTBa kb nosax^B h BupasraÍH jm^ ciftiyft: «rojOBa 

HHien O^HKHOBeHHO XapaSiepB HHCTHBBTHBHOft KpOTOCTH H HŘMlB 

rpycTE», roBopm okb; «npoxojiroBaTuft pon yjH6aeiai noBopso 
H no^TH CBop6HO» H T. iL ^). TaBOBa CBaa Boo6paseHÍB noxi bjíb* 
Biewh npexBBiToft micjm! fl o^en pax^, ^xo nory oneperBCi na 
aBToparen Bpyrina, Boropsifi raeprB^HO Boacraen npoTBRB 9ioft 
HaHÍB fl8o6pasaTB erEunwb neiajBHHMB ýBxoootj^aMB b »BBmíg 
MyMÍBHB. H Vh OTOiTB dy^ail xpeBHíe aBiopii oorjiacHH cb aaiuT- 
HBRavB. & orpaHHHycB TŠm, ^lo ysasy sa 167 pb^thovb y Bexb- 
BBHcoHai Bsotfpaicaromitt ennnHEBy Bucmaro CB^ia, Boropas o6jw- 
^aen acejqrxon nocii cjiBniBom ofiflAHaro lupmecTBa; cjyjUHia 
nox6%raen CMEmmwh no^XBO, npOTBPBBafl oxHy pysy, ho^h nox* 
xepsaTB rojOBy rocnosB b xepsa fb xpyroft BaBoft-ro ooqrxB, 
ad hoc BtpoflTHO, ho vb xanHom ciy^aš ÓesnoiesHiitt. 



1) Maspero, Histoire ancienne de peuples de FOrient. Paris. 1875. p. 16. 



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EkJBLk H JHTlFáTTPl Bl OOBPnBHHOĚ ÁHTJIH. 186 

?io ncaerea seHn^iB^B, ooů nejoseBUHCB n 8ix>tt opar 
«& ropasKO ConiDti cBo6oxott h npnueriíMH, ifbwh bo HBoms 
jQiyma. 9it> ipatse nrrepeeHHi& npejpNn; ho si uotj toxudo 
jvaMEB HE a^t), H pemxwAOMTE nTaTMK), asaiaiDaieMy ptennH 
pm CBOs noaaoífl sa aron c^en, mry yveBaro Baxo^^eBa ^) 
-* BQTCieimaeifiift hcvmhvk cBiff&mfl o «seHeB<nis npMt» b% 



m. 

/. A, F^Bítde: OMBtr, • tketcb. Loiid<«, 1879. 

Snn TpytSa, cesperapfc CeHrB*Btea» iwtren nocic^imm 
co^ninil CDoero naTpoaa, pasensiiBaen iiHTq)eafflft asesxoTB. 
HunuKOBi m TOJUEO-no ffLMh BOBoe xMMSineiBerBO cmhxi yM- 
cm í Mumrik CBoeoteocTett^ mjnu^ BOiepiD I^anpx. fl ne roBopio 
iíí&h ■cDOúneBu; ho Guiaa hxw pianaiBHO HMina co ciopoHn 
leaovfeBa, KOTopoMy Bca^ecxH cjrlAOBuo eiapnus oiuohrb bob- 
xoaBHHfl nqiaueiH. Bcš o^^^^n^ianHiie h o^^uioaaiie sypnajui 
pMCBiuuncB Bs noxBuax^ Beumu ^OonstitationneU, rxt hh- 
cuTh loma GenvBtes. — «lTO*se cmTui?— cusan evyo^Has^H 
uuHHt p^axiopi* ^Basaa czítm?» — ^Oram o H^esapi; o mr 
Mtít se jspyroĚ cxmA momerk 6ufh Teaep( pš^ x o(}iflQm ee 
ceroxHX yrpoH^ Sohth (eespeiapi HimqiMopa), bb Hamrmere ee, 
HeiipaBxa-u?» H lasi Basi peyianapi HaciaHBan, neoMorpa na 
ontn CBoero codeeftxHBBa, BeraBít bphtbvb Binnejis b0:b ceósí h 
saspran: « A! bii xofme icew ofieswerBn! Moa Bpsnsa tmbbo 
'Am H xopoma, ^lo HHBorAa ne jnbcrm. Mm JHrepaTypnai 
vcnaeis— Bon eKvociWHBai rspanriji Moero mana« <& ho nory 
CBoCtoffio FOBopiTB otf& BToS bhhtí vh <GoiistitQtíoiiiiert»; Bia 
BHHia HMien ^&Hy vojlbo (daroffipfl mmiakemBswb bb Bel xo* 
Byvenam, Boiopoe xoeraBifflH yieHHini». Tasí Oenn^BtaB h 
oe i»HHca» crasu; ho, BOBBparHBnncB aomoI hoxb BHenTjrtHiem 
CBopBi iqpoffMnDBan ipH saxiwienHBn cipaHnD(H o <pyx% poxarB 
Pe8apeft»: o^nsE hcthbhiijcb, t,'^* IJ^eBapaxB ho ooei npHpoxft 
B lenifl), Bastm^— qm^uik BKpovo mqiwwa, hih c^aima^ Ty- 
BHXi, TpyxanotfmirB b wMn^u KOByocTBeHHflon ^). 

Ha XÍ1Í9 BTopue ^esa^ ipenniraaiRO Bpvpin HepBtnm. Hh- 
Mwrfdk Hcio^ii H HOiOMCTBo HO HpMBHecjH te laBOTo cypoBaro 



1) Das Mntterrecht. Stuttgart. Erais nnd Hofinann. 1861. 
^ Cbm»-.6!9n, Nomreaiix Lundis, t. Xm, p. 466. Paris. 187^. 



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184 BMvmun iik«h. 

HpvroBopa BVfh uemufi$mM6 EšmoJiwmwh^ ecaí^ ne i^osaBoe 
itwM H notopBHS BMttQA Bfopoft HMoepu. Mojuo (Setomfltioúo 
uMMhy iTO TpeaA SoflaoaprB Banec^ canepteiumfl yxapi auA 
nei^Btro. Mm^ tofo: non neBopsiit KXMonzwby pojfsmátoM mn 
BMToanuTh JsonoBMQVh otioieciBa vh ly MBByiy, mw ero bowd 
xeHie MoíHO áiijo osiuiai^ BeCiaroapunso oipaaua x aa x^ 
cnoraxi npesHiix% BpeneHi. Touko (SojKmaa CM^JLOcch b rxy^ 
Koe ^^Eioco^Boe jUk&ffime MorjH sacxaBHTB Onocia EoHrananH* 
caTB Bi 1853 roAy, ^pesi 18 nicAi^eBi nocjrib coup ďétat, cii- 
;(yIOII^fl crpoBH o H^esapi: «TaBHMi oÓpasoirL, sanaxBHtt fjomh- 

TOpib, CnOCO^BKfi nOBBWMOMJ TOttKO EE BOeOíiie HOXBBFH, HaMŠ- 

penajicfl npeoÓpadOBaTB BoeHHjK) shbhb bi npoMnnuieHsyB); 9to 
XOBasBBMfcx faidbiaxejniBfiUíH Tpyxaiai b wuse nomixBaMB, b» 
KOTopHXi BBoriB ocnuBCB BO OBOBieHHHBB. Ho noBopBoe y&l* 
ciBO, eiOABO a» éeqrMBoe, cboibbo npeep&iBoe, b k^ Boiopom 
MeTa4«8HiiecBífl ^^asafiEBi mnqyknn apBcioi^ameeByB) apocn, 
fftUduo, aasoe amaie ifioaun OBaeaii* jbbbo6 BOi^meBie sa bcto- 
pBiecBÍB eyfitňu o6BieeTBa» ^). 

IIpmexesBiiB cjosa, npB j^pyran Bxeixi EoBica) aoBce bb sa* 
BÍD WTB Bi ce<í& aaoMriK) bq)^^ioboí bucib; p^bn J^firh toibbo 
o(b ytíiicasi cnaiiíajiBBaFQ m^a, BamsaBinaroca H^esapexb— bbb 
BOToparo^ 6ojrite bse mssňe BoaseHBoe, ciyaurrB emd b Mn^pb fíut 
BeiBUBk Bosx^ Haptxa; 9to jbiio iquidflaeiofl BBo6z)OXPMHii^y 
eciB 86 AU caacema piKOBoB peeny&Hrafl, io no ^[Mdbiei bí^ 
xu CBacesifl pascBOt i^muiBBaipB. 

J^'&fiofBBTenB09 Bonpocib xoJBiea^ paBCMaqmBaiica c& aioft 
lo^BB ^bsásL, xaB& B xibMerb $pyx&; OB!ik paip&aBjrB ero co- 
nacflo KoBiy b MoMHaesy. 

3flaiieHBTHt Bcio^aa Abtui bi onoxy I«RipoB& b Bxa^vne^ 
craa Abciíb bs Hpibbaíb b& XYIU CTOxftfÍB b n btoí boboí 
CBoet BBBFb BpDOBiLH voo CBjy B Beob 6mcv&, Bovopfliai o6bb- 
boboheo oua^aBnci eFO npoBBBexfimx. Bib CBjy caoero iq^apoicr 
xaBBaiD xapoBaaÍB b bo cqpMDiOMy DpoTBBopftiii)) bw» aaiopB 
lOttBO B x^aen, na onpoaqvaen OBMOBge €og< i wiyio toi^mbo:, 

OTUBraiili iqN)TBBBBB:i ^^BJOCO^ÍB BCZOpÍB, OB!B BOODOBBHO pBiCyS* 

xaerB) bíb» bcs^pbkb-i^^bjoco^^. ^brai eroiqmffiMMefliiii au bo- 
sere 6htb yBip^mi, ivo pixoBi> o% saBjrv^eBÍBBB, BHorxa paoso- 
BaBHUBB^ Haffxere oxaaso vpeBBsraaiBp BBxepeaiHe b cnpaBWWBne 
BsrjBxn. Bon^ HaspBMiipBy ero onBca&ie pBMCBofi peeny&iBBB B!a 
anoxy Q^esapa. 



1) Politigue JPošHitt, III, p. 888. 



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HiyBl K JlflTSfiiTTri Bl. OQSFlBHHOfi IHFJim. 187 

«dao]tt BaroHa m HoaĚomj Jlfim^msi m lOorii JlfiWj^ BOBcraeis 
nesfejfk BiXH SBaax k flCBafl^ rtm Oeuie jbbbu, hto ona bo 
uBonxh aTHOisen«m aHUATHiBa a cmpeiceBHoft 9hoxoí; aro 
B^offB TfĚtísn/gbA ;q)eBHeS ](EBHU8aiv>9 Mrxa yvoriesmni cnoeo(^ 
mcTE xocniiaiH OBoeio Bojsaro pB8BSTÍB,--Ťft se jtyma h co- 
HBteia, it6 b TSBepi^ la ae éqsBÓa b wae naxeiixH BOUHOmn 
jHH no BOM^ BaaiBExi msBWBpmirb BonpocoBS, no boboaj npaB- 
ctMBBoerB B nojBZBBB) noeeifl, ncaiyoeiKík b cavoff pejHris. To 
teoa woaa vMepiaonaro sporpeoca h ninqpíaaBBOtt qiiBBjíBBai^H;; 
aaoBia rpaBUftBOBoS caotexn b yxcneBEOtt BjiiBTypH, anoza nan- 
^extusb B anaiiMua», ca20B0B« H 06M0M, cesateBan) <k>jiBn^ 
fl BaSBpafMMOirB noXBynoB^. 6% leopia, caBiia Biiemii xojts- 
BKTB Ba TocyffíjfíaA ésíM oTBpHsii xu caxaro mapennaro rpajK- 
XHhbhb; na npaBTHBŠ ohš ($ujih ^tociyoBH tojibko f^a^ ziojsfiŘ Ch 
Tjntan6mwĚ% MoieABOBiy bjb ^pn spaeBoéaeBi, orHfaBmHxcfl 
na TpBfSsmii... Peam, (SoBHiafl b&mrw oesoBoS sanoBa, pyiHh 
BOMBBfioui floerynaaMH jnoxefi, npeBpaTBiacB bb npoeroe HHŠHfe. 
OtipasiMffiBiie JHDXB oicryinrjBeB on Bet* Xpanu eniie erpOH-mcB 
cft BoepaeiMoniflifli weMEMAismMbj BB&BHÍe o((psxH Tiii(aTejiBHO co- 
(SaofffumcB. Ho anocj^qpa Ónn Baesiiqraa Bcnaro po^a jH^enšpieiii: 

BpaKTBeHHHB^) pOJUlríOSBnťB, BOIBTBHtCBn*B. CaMHO HCBpeHHie 

MiíciBxeiB (Sma t% Miopiie, no^oSBO JI7Bpe^ilO, CBfKk);qio B8ja* 
iftjB C80H mhíbíB) BaoBiaifl BxeD o DpoBBAtoiB 6pexoBi, H npo- 
BmrjamaJB, no ^cjiobírb b MqKB~aBji6BÍB ifaToinajBHfifl, npOHC- 

BWffDÚl 1^ CBjy eCieCIMHHIIX^B BBBOraFB BBl CfOJKflOBeHÍfl aTO- 

jfQBi» cb tÍB%^ HTQÓu CO BpvMtíKVh CBOBB pacnacTBCí Ha aVOBH*. 
9to cpaBBeHk bhoxb II,eBaps c% coBpeffeHBot Moxot npH- 
xaerB enie 66nmyM) npBBjeBarejibHOCTB Banrl ^pyx^. ^a^ie ofb 
fOBopHn: cxoseTB (^tb, rocBoxjOfByi«|ífl mni erpeifjrMitf h bach 
^m^sKfjvb oteiecTW bb TasBiiB ase pesyiBifirairB ^ěfe&h mitíojihsaoe 
«Gio BOBoaÍHÍS, eem tojbbo se vpeBBOftffin o0BOB:feHÍfl bb 
BAeaxb. H Haxo npB(SraBTB, hio ecjoi toabo ofo BOepos^ieBie se 
ewei»nBTjos bb sasot (Sir to hb ^uq ^^ojmi, ix) cbjiu, ynpaB- 
jsampa 3XWttM% Bcropia^ BpmexyrB b^b oax^iv vairB-HasuBaeHUXB 
CBo6oxHBX^ yvpeawHifl. Hapm^aa ^ms npasjMáa BOdňoiSBH 

lOABO TOI^ WVtp, niBOCTH pyBOBOffliCfl BB CBOOMB BOBe^JteHÍB 

ayflnpoaMB apaBcmeoBOGm, aorxa mm 6epen Bepx% hbxb yxo- 
MiBcnáeiTB, iipaBtcjnie hb^b Bim^oi^* 

OcmaiAB) BOsa bb cropoBÍ BonpoerB o tovB, xMcmrreJiBHO ji b 
^fík anoxB TOsxeeiBeeHiiy eeiB ib xase BOK^y hhiíb lorBsaRaff- 
BBÓyxB anajioria. %o pancBce rocyxapcTBO sa 50 ji. ao P. X. 
Bazo;(HJOCB bb nepioA^ OTHOCHiejBEaro paaioseHia — bťo bcabíB 



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188 nmwmnwnsL. 

wMňTb; ocraercjT tojuko mcAfpBíLrh x&icTBHTeauaiifl npHVHHn 9Toro 
pasjíoseidui, h písoietb BonpocfB o Tom, hecrojimu) vncraiypa I(e- 
sapfl H HMnepifl 6hjh HeodxoxHui xu noxwpsaHui status qao 
H 8aM^vi6HÍii KaTEcrpo^H. £[ 8HaH>, ^rrOy no npeRpacHOMy BHpa- 
sesiio $pyxa) «pHMCBaH nai^fl pocxa, %SLVh pacrerL ^(h, cbo- 
60AHO pasBHBaflCb fla nomA crporoi HpaBcrBeHHOcrSi npa^em 
Kasx^fi rpasxaHHffb hochjtb saxon^ bb cBoett fyrnij—Bom noneMj 
ona H xocTHrjia (SesnpHiiipHOfi cxenenH nommecKofi cbo6oxb>. 
Ho fl yiBepsxaiE) Tasse, tto bts jvxb, cion cnoooÓHHO b^b gbo- 
(k>x^, Blb le^auH 400 Avh xo^HBajHCB Biofi CBO(Soxn h ypaBoraú 

nOJQSTHieCEBX^B npaBB H nOIBBOBaaBCB HMH TOABO CB 366 ffO 133 r., 

T,-e. HeMHonnrB 6ojBine 200 jAtl; svAwh ytUBciBO TiBepifl FpaKxa 
napriev) fieiBMOsi Ha*xoiro otcponjo ptmeme Boopoca o pa- 

EwKhj ecjKH pBMjiaHe 6um He bb npHii^pB spomrB xocioíhh 

CBOfiOAH no CBOefi HpaBCTBeEBOCTH, TO HySHO COSHaiBCHi HTO OHH 

ne AOjro noiBsosajnicB ex). IIpHTOirB) pasBt obe (Síijb aňsoasu 
peifliiH 8T0D npucTBeEHocTBH)? dwTb BonpocB Tpe6yeTB o&ukxkbísí: 
$ioaejiB ^Kyjiansi vh CBoet o^ohb y^enol, ho Mam ^bjo- 
co^Knsott BHflrt ^) AU% naiTB $aHTacTH«iecByH) BaprEHy xpeBHoS 
peiHiiB, ROTopafl Moria 6iitb toubo pejarieS oeiiBi, lacni, oaicoe 
6ÓJBmee — ropoxa; bb CBiy ea Tocyffi,pcrBO 6hí[0 pe»rio3Ho8 o6fl^ 

HOII9 BHyipH KOTOpoS ne Cy^eCTBOBaJIO HHXlBB^Q/ajBHOfi CBO6OXH, 

fl npo^. R npoH. TaRBiTB o^pasoMB, lairB ne hofjio Cwnh hh ne- 

SaBECHMOCTE, HB niBpOREXl EfiOfl, HE ÓpaiCTBa: KSUÍ BTOrO HySHO 

6njiO xpECTÍancTBO. TanoBH, no Rpatadl Mip&, saRjm^eHÍB aBTopa- 
Ho A^o BB TOiTB, rro pejiEria ap^beetb ho HirieiB HH^ero 
o($n](aro cb tíitb, ^t6 BaocjA/fmiB noHEHaJiocB noxB bteitb nice- 
Hem. Osa 8aRjiK)^ajm vb ctůi ne touro npaBCTBeHBOctB, ho h 
naTpioTBBHB; ho noTOiiy jidas 6iijib narpioraioi, hto Úwlh pen- 
rio3HH— TBRi 6eijio, mosotb (Íiitb, bo BpeHSHa caMsa orxajieHnHa, 
XO-ECTopE^ecRÍa; bb raoxE se i^EBEjiE80BaHHHa, flCiopEvecm, ne- 
jiOB^Ri ÓHBajTB pejfEiioBeffb, noTOMy ^to (Sujťh narpioroHB. PeiHria 

CJySEXa TOJIBRO CHRBOKniB, Vh AMCTBRTeJIBHOCTE OÓOBUUH ropOff^, 

T.-e. oie^ecTBo, yiiipajiE sa oreveciBO, «pro patria hi(^í». 

TaRHiťB o(Spa80irB, fobopetb o(Sb yna^Ri pemcrexi npaBOffB h 
pemiE noffB BjiaHieicB rpewcROfi jisiepaTypii h ^ejioco^ — ssar 
^BTB BnaxaiB bb rpyónfi aHaxpOHESMi, ciiiniEBaTB coBpeMHHna, 
xpEciiancua hobriu cb noBffrieHi xp^bhex^b. ^jkb ronm caersa 
ROCHyjca BToro npexnem. Ho ecjiE rto npeBsomen BCRRyio irbpj 

O La au antigue. 

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ElJKk I IHTKPiTy?! Bl GOBPnSHHOĚ ifllilll. 189 

leiioaro Fb wtou% oiHomemHi — nsr^ 8to (SiiBiniS MHHHcrpí he- 
poxHaro npocBÍmradfl bo $paBi(ÍH, BoupiyB JI>opi>fl, asiopi icropm 
pnfjaBi, Hane^aTaHBott Bieiomo ij^ To«y babeai ■ ecrpi- 
leHBOft nojHHicb paBHOxymie]r& nytfuRH. TenepB ee zorarb ny- 
awa n xoa% nps noMon^H BceBoaMaaraiirB upTBHOBi a bjiid- 
cípftqít. JI ee cran 6tt h jnoMEB9eib o&h 910S 020x08 K(miiH- 
iiqii MoMuseHa, ecjnitiib ne oth noiuitBH CA^Jum ee AonyjflpHoS. 

B^ Heft Bi nojHoiTB Cjieasi ESJíoseno nejinoe y^enie, o 
soTopon fl ynoMBEaii. Do mhšbíh) Aiopioi, rpei^ia noryÓHja 
Pm; KapHeajTB saHeci CK>xa cbox) csenmecByH) {^luoco^in, 
B08(SyxKn npespime vh Óorairs; a Bort, Cb aioro BponeHH Putb 
EtuHaeis loimpoBaTB FpeiÚK) kb BayKŽ, bi» urepaTypi, BfB 
KKjeci9a%f nepeBOXHn, noxpasaerb 6en yerajH. «Tot:b 
poxi jETeparypii, n KOiopcMťL 601^ Bcero 6iiiao c;;t^aHO 
jaáiom, wuenxíij ne iicija ranero pHjicBaro». BeruHRTe se, 
n ^ewb BHpasHJOCB naxeaie: Jlyspeipfi — oton pHJuaHHHi^ 
Dep^aBmil ÓyxynmrB HOKoaiHkiťL npoeiaBjeHHoe yienie ^e- 
jfoipera h dneKypa; Ufiufipowb ne iion 6ii ibhtbcs 6e» 
ipenecsoS lynTypH, SíprajúS — lose, Basi h b(A ociajiB- 
ne, BOTopHx^B (JesnoiesHO sfíbcb ynoMEHaiB. Jíjblj kohouOi bcí 
pnicBU npcniSBexeBifl 611211 touko BomaMH c:b rpeTOCSHrB. Ho 
nn JMn pHMjflnei noxotiHO cnapraai^iiKBi 6mmm HecnocoČHsi co- 
OHSTB co6cTBeHHyio jHTepaiypy a HcayccTBO, to ayaao noxBajarB 
trh 8a ya^HLe ycBoarB ^ysyio iviBajiiBaiUM); a aejiBsx ae npa* 
SBiTB, mo tfjaroxapa otoS aeoqiaeaaofi aoHoaia oaa aor^a n 
ineHÍe Maoraxi bšbobi noMepsaBaiB CBoe Beu^ie a rocnoxciBO. 

Ox^ai reaiajBBHi ^eaoaiKb, ao luoxott ^joco^kb, yse xMao 

Cian 8TO rOBOpHTB ^). 

Hanpacao AH>pioa Bi^yaajrB (SpaiBOx sa bio xbjío aocat 
Pjtoo. QoAoéaux Ben^a aoryn apofira to2bko ho^b iioapoBoa^B 
Beq>a6BeBBaro Bpacaopiwi; apnom se Pycco bobqo ae Euijvb 
npeieaBÍft aa aay^aocTB. Ho aorAa aaai noBTopaiorB bx bojií- 
nom BaA'& nysia B0CB2Hi^aHÍfl: «brísez-moi ces marbres, brulez- 
moi ces tableaiix» — btofo aexLBX nponycTHTB, ae saxjieflMBBi no 
loCTOHECTBy 6e3CTHABaro ^e^oB^aa, noaooiii^aro ApoBaiOH) FpeipB) 
— aaxo AyaaTB^ tfeBcoeaaTejBao — sa en qaBajnsai^H), bto npe- 
ipacaoe, Ó^aropOAHoe Boajon^eBÍe HejiOB£«iecBaro paayaa. 

VuhAOVb a na^eflie Pana npoHSomja vb cajiy nojaTaHecKax'B 

^) J. J. Eoosseaa. Discours sur les Sciences et les arts. 

<0 Fabrícinsl qo^aarait pensé Yotre grande áme, si ponr yotre malheur rap- 
pelé k la vie, vous eossiez ?u la face pompeuse de ceUe Róme gauvée par votre 
bnt et que Totre nom respectable arait plos illustrée qae toats ses conquétev!* 



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190 BttOfHni JBBPOSH. 

npsLHMVh; iBTepatypa a ^Hweo^mi eiiae4H 6u ero, ecjii^ ero 

yae rovoM (íiua pgrxHjis^ BuiffCTBie BMjvraecrBa onrapxis* 
Paspynraercfl toj&bo toxi nopoxon^ mropni y«6 onn» cb(A 
Btob; ffifl pmesoA sbbbi 9von ^laeB yjM npo^is Ha eaKom 
Xft;i6i owh Dpodux ASBHO,— eqe n totl ffin^ koiw nefmafi rpaus 
nan b% qM)BB sa piMcaot nAon^awi, y^HTuft HaaMflinni y(SiaQaics 
apscTOspaThi. 

MorE jni I][e8apB, notiixvwn onmfaxoff^ coacTH rocyfftpcmo, 
He ycTaHO(BHK HocroflHHOtt xniaiypa, a BoaepaTHn uacn napox* 
mft naprii, napiui nje(SeeBiP dion BasHiit Bonpocs ^py^ 
pémaeix oipai^iejiiHO, eorjiaG&o ol SoBTOirb v boct icim 
KOMneTeHnHm jiox^mh, bgšmb coBpeMesHiun Hcropnam Pana; 
£ He roBopio o 6e8HHCjiesHuxi x^UAiiAiliflxi, loiopiii, sasE 6ii 
HH 61UH noxBauHH vxh MOTHBH, He ninn mnero otfiivuM) cb 
HayTOeft leopiei h SApasoft spEtnott ^djnan, Emfi hícbojibko 
caoBi: Bpflffs-jn bobmosho, vnKtei peifcdt napovB, xony* 
cmmitt ytíilcTBo o6owrh TpaBXORE, mAm jpcntonm sHepiis, 
^odsL cozpaHiTB sa ca(Soft bmctb, ecH (íu eny BOBBpanjni ee. 
OxHaM, ovb Bce-rau He Ópocsjcfl xo^^poBonno vh pa6craa, 
H KovfjBk njeeapB, XBBSHinit cjia6ocTBi), Tam Majio ufyasfiV) 
Vh ero ÓMwnmĚWb BavecTBairB, ^nycrajii vh bq^ oHinm 
npexiosHTB ce(% BopoHy, rai Mon yfttxHTBca, tio Kcropía Táps- 
miHieBi H nepBaro Bpyra emfi ne satera HapoAOMs* TasHm oCJpa- 
90u%y HapoA^ piMCBíi min no spafindl iiipft Ty saciyry, ^ro 
GoxpaHHJTE sa rocyff^CTBOKb ero cmpBHHsiS ■ ciaBHHft THryxB. 
MHoríe HasoByrb Morb raryjEB nycroĚ ^picyioft, soropot ne 
cjAfyefTb npE^ftBaiB ocoÓenHaro SHa^eHk. Ho to^ho Taase ho 
cjn^en B yMaasTb ero; oioBa raici se, aasi h BeqH, vMibfOTB 
CBoe afia^eHie, h jq)WHÍ8 CHMBon ^Senatus popolusqQe BomaiHis> 
n le^eniH bíbobi& nou^psiBajcB BocnoMBHaHie o xpeBnet cjasi 
H CB060XÍ. 

IV. 

1) A. C. Swmbume, % Study of ShAkespeure. London, 1880. 2) A mw Vmri&rum 

JEdition of Shakespeare, by H. Forness. London and Pbiladelphia; 3) HMewelU 

Philipps. Memoranda of the tragédy of Hamlet. London, 1879. 

Hpesxe Bcero cjiixyerB yBasaxb na oio HOBoe «editio yarioram» 
ineBcnapa, Eoropoe EsroroBuerB bi ÁiiepHBt ÝSpaeccB. ^o 
CHX^b nop'B en^e ne 6hjo xasoro noíHaro ss^asiii; a b% ;uiHHoan 
cáj^vb «nojHaft> mosct^b ciHTaTBCfl chhohhmomi coBepmeHHaro. 



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lUTKi K nTEPiTypi Vh OOBPUIHHOĚ jLHTjmi. . 191 

DocilxHee MSffnie m stox^b po»^ Hsxame 1821 r., yae 
fiumo paenpo/^o; BeotfxtwKO 6hjo aoBoe; bo caioie ckš^ 
jie OTCiyiiftiH nepexB Tasoft repsyieooBcsot pa6oTofi. TaniA 
otpaaon, Honraxeas nieBcirapa oónmu Bamoio tfnvtw^ 
Homio HeoroBii^, sori^iit p^^mueji tem sa ee({a 9Ton Tpyxi, 
H lar MOseKb toxíso pemneautOBaTb im BpíoÓpiraTB 9to is^ame 
]» iri^ en) Bsxo^ta hl crtn. C-b 1873 r. scABUicb ^ernpe 
loecii; ocmjKHin Ůjjsyvh nMBjanhct oo Htpi Bosuoanoerv. Bnpo-* 
fen, cnocotfi Bs^am HMŠerE ly BHro^Qr, tto otfjervaerB aosyDRy: 
«Hacl)eth> e «Romeo and Jnliet* ctobte no 15 mBuisitiBi Kas- 
XBě; «Hamlet», vh 2 Tonaxi, ctobtb 30 mBiimren. 

MosBo (SnroxapiTB TpyAOitnÓRBaro Hd9wrejui e sa to, hw 
im c«ipaHBJiB CTapjB> b— npEÓaBiim — BaxoBByD opeorpa^B) 
nesB nieBcnspa: « Shakespeare*, dra opeorpaýiii oo6iK>;(aeTCB 
I vh ipex% Biimeo8HaieHHHr& coiHttHiflx%, npBHawiesanpur& 
nomy b «scholarV»9 Boroparo penyranoui bh% Bcaiaro co- 
nůtíz. dio — peasipi npoTEBi CHOco6a, Bsexennaro BOBHm 
«SIiaksp^re Soeiety», oosoBaHnim wh 1874 r. b Ham^mBirB 
lOcroflearo npexcntBBrejifl vh mj^ npexc^xatejfl, $6pBEBajija, jra- 
iq)an^ BaBBTB xhoto, saii^HflH^n^aro jwh «cepxe?HBifB Baw- 
aBaBB» H bhobbí sacjiyjLBBmaro xBtyn <blackgTiarďa», eo cro* 
poHH CyBH6epHa, junopsA no^B^prajiOfl HenpBjHniiirB HanaxBam 
ci ot) eropoHH. 

«New Shakspere Sodety* Birtei^ Bonewo, vh ^meA cbmxb 
ueHOVL jnoxet odpasoBaHEuzi; bd HanpaBJBBÍe Máčen caxoe nia- 
feBBoe. Fjiaraoe sasBiie coctobte bb ovn^eRÍB IIIeBCflBpoBCBBxi 
<98xoke: cnmoom cfonH, i^esyioi, ctbxb, vh botopbsb oxbbi 
ciOTB jraniHifi, CTBXB, vb tuyiopasii vayph jiamflift ciora oxhocios- 
Boe cjioBO, ■ npo^. b npoH. Bee 8to Ben^E HOjesHBB^ ecn ne 
^m wffB Hfln uasBot e exancTBesEOi nim tmmrh sasETift, 
UKh x&uuDn 8TE rocnoxa. UpiriteBBTe cioxa npespteie vh «TaKL- 
RuniBaeianrL dcrenraecBBMi* XHEFairB, Bas^ obe bii HaraBaByn, 
T.*6. vh BpBTfliiecBflMi TpyxaMi repBBHyca, Basropa rB)ro e 
npoH. 

Go6cTBeHBiiE BHErE uoBOBi oÓn^ecTBa ne 8acďysflBaB)T% BOBce 
HasBasifl acreTBiecBErB e, bí^poetho, hebto ho 6yxen vh npereEdÍE Ha 
OyBfldepHa sa to, ^to obi oot^bj^ sto crpassoe o6n^ecTBO aa 
noci^XBBxi CTpaHEi^axB cBoero «Stndy oí Shakspeare». Tbbi, 
HanpEMipB, oxEHi mrb caiíEirB vMBmiTh ^jenoBi axoro o6nte- 
CTBa, nocpexcTBOiTB BumeynoMBHyTEixi npieMOBi, npBOieji^ e^l 
BecBMB ireoBtExaHHHBEi saBJifOHeHijurB, vh poxt cAKyvmiBLVo: «K)jiifi 

pB», KB Tom> BE]i,% KaB% HB ero sHaeiTBy ne opBrBHaaBHaa 



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192 fiftCTHisi iBPomi. 

nBeca HleBCinpa; mo cocpameHie, cx^JMnoe BarB-^asoHCOHOirB. 
BoTb xoBasaTejMrrBo: ^sobcohi Bcer^ja nsmeri < Antony* 6e» h, 
meBenepi noerosHHO nimen aro ciobo a h, sa ncuRj^eHieii^ 
ynoiUHytofl dmcu ^). A se npejBejiHRBaio; npHDOXHfCfl, npanAfty 
en^e obojo ak>ichbu noxoóntixi apiyiieHTon; ho mo can&ft sas- 
HiiĚ. CRaaaib npaBiQr, sto se xtúen leeiH anrxificBofl speuBt. 
VBTaa sariaBÍe lOBOft noem BHBiopa Fiore % seBonno Bcnoia* 
HBiena 06^ 9mvh jn&Bsan: xopomo, ecjH 611 asropnb litnm tojibbo 

Vb HMl nOAOfiBUXl! 

$6pBBBaJIB H éro APJBbB A06B2HCB npHHilTÍB HOBOt OpOO- 

rpa^ÍH «Shak8pere», uexxy spoHiirb b 00 ciopoBti 6fl6jíaie- 
Bapa «BritÍ8h Maaeiim>. Ho ecu HleBcnBpnb UBcan CBoe emi 
pasjuiHBHicB otfpasom, to bo BdkrB coapeMenmixi ony co«- 
HeHkx!&, TBBse BaB!!]b B vb ero eotfcrBeHHiixi, BfO bmb nwmeiaí 
ch o6n«eapBHaTOB) opeorpa^ei: «Sliak)espeare». Maxo Toro, Becb 
idpi, vh xe^esie hoitb 300 Ji^n, nscai^b ero TaBHXs o6paaoM%; 
njpb OBO BupisaHO hb Mpanopi b ÓpoHS^ vh rjaBBux'B ropo* 
xaxi Eeponu; tbbi 11:0 BeiBBat aBrjillcBafl tffl6jdoTeBa— nepsán 
(tetfjíoreBa vh Mipi— coBepmeBBo HeRcraTH oÓesoÓpaBua vh CBosn 
Baiajoraxi bmb, yse ocBBn^raaoe noioMCTBoirB. H 6en comhíhíb ara 
pe4K)pMa9 flecHorpa na niMmipi €B6pzy, ae ocyn^eciBBicB; vna* 
len mdxeTB otaBsosenHyB) opeorpa4»iB> BMesB aaropa «raMjeTa» 
Bi Tpex^b coHBHeHiBxi, osHaHeEHuxi vb sarojOBB^ aiol rjami, 
^pBBaA2eBKa^^m vsBÍbcraaM3» ywHHirB (oxbbx bbb HBXib ssaMe- 
hbthB noBTbX xopomo wtaomfaa meBcnBpoBCByn afliepaiypy. 

BnpoBeif^ HBAO omaxE onpaaexiHBOCTB ^HoBOiiy 06n^eeTBy» 
— OHO meBh peBBOCTHO crapaerea BOstiyxiTB b pacnpocrpaHBTE 
ozory Wh Bsyieeb^ IDeBcnspa. Ero nepeneumt nepBSOLi «qnarto» 
npexcraBiBBXTb BHa^BrenHiift BBrepecb e ^UMurb BosMoasHOcrb jk>- 
AfliTB) se Bifte)ii^Bir& ^tocryna vh «BritÍ8h Mnsenm*, BBx§n h 
eqŠHBTB nepBUB BS^aHÍB flieBcoBpoBCBBZ!B uBecs, gdbMHHHB en^e 
npfl XJI8BB asTopa, ho, bx eosKa^iaiK), cjbqibomi iiajioiMJieHBiiB. 
Si ysasy lauRe na OAHoroiiHoe Bsxaflie ^SpHBBaaa ^) ci leBcroiťB 
Jl^ejiíyca, b cb EHTepecHUHi npexHCJioBieMi y^eHaro BSABieu; b& 
BeiťB BH Baixere BČb cnpaBBB, Heo6xoxBMiifl xjui ocflOBaTeiBnaro 
ny^eBÍB HleBcnapa. dto flaxasie npexcTaBjraerB laBse b xpyru 
Buroxu; BO*HepBuxi, ornocBTejiBHO yniipeBBafl Js/baB, (12 mnu.) — 
o6eT0flTe;[&Cf BO Bečena cyn^eciBeHHoe kb BBxy cpaBHHTejiBHaro npe- 

O Cm. Fleay, Shakespeare manuaL 1876. 

>) *The Lteapold Shalsptre*^ with an iJitrodnction by F. J. Fnndtall; illost- 
rated. London, Paris and New- York. 1 yoI. in 6®, 1066 pag. 1877. 



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Hájka h JuniPATrPA vb gobpbmshhoě iHriii. 198 

BocxoxciBa sbete; w-mojpaophj iiBecii pacnojioxeHu no bobmos- 
Hocn vb xpoHOJors^ecsoirL nopflxsi b cthxh noHyiiepoBaHu, rtb 
Beána basbo x-bb i^HiftrB; BaBOBeifB — BsxBBie coBepmesBO noi- 
Boe; EpoM^ «Titiis Andronicns» noninteBa b «Two noble Einsmen>, 
vh xoTopoi ecTB yABBBTejBBUB Htora, BecoMB^BBO npBflftAJesa- 
ipía mescBBpy. Moserb 6utl, Bsumae 6iijío noM^n^axi xparexiH) 
« Edward in>, asiop^ Boiopoft fp cbxi BopB Be BSBicieBi, b 
lozopyi) Bpaxs JD MOBLBO npBBHcaTk nieBcnspy. Ho sarjaBie 
SHmrB craepmeflBO Hejino b bbojbí xapasiepBsyen «New Sha* 
kspere Society ». IIycT& Bsxaaie nocwm^eBO u^bwoí Jieonoxhfjj 
ecjB aioro tbkb yice xot^ocl, bo mcaib « Leopold Shakspere» 
— 810 Bepn cifiniBoro. 

Bnpo^arB, BBBBMi 6u MdKsmewb bb bb otfjiaxMB, bo jlir 
cepaeaaaFO Bsy^BÍa HleBCBBpa BaMi 6jMfTh BeoÓxoABMi « Shakes- 
peare Lexicon> AjeacaBxpa HlMB^ra b cnpaBO^Biift ciOBapB 
Nares^a, ecjB toabo y sacb wbvh apesocxoABaro Bs^aBÍa Byce^a, 
Bx BOTopoBy npBJOseBi eioaapB. Cj/bfjeTh Tasace npio(^CTB 
mxbíhVBíí loecBí, BoxasBiia Clark^oni b Wríghťom vh «Cla- 
reodon Press Series», r^t MBorMBCJieBfliifl bpbmíubíb ]ubjoi:t> 
BJX>T& BO BC&iTb saTpyABeBÍBirE OTHOCBTejBBO ssuBa, Teaipa, bcio- 
jim B npo^.; toilbo BCieTB^ecBaa ^aciB, Boropoi nocsan^eBu ope- 
XBCxoBÍfl, xpoxaen. IIoBa sanenaTaBO tojbxo 12 BBee:^, bo bi 
Tom vbcjA caBUfl nonyiapaua, sasi, BanpBB^pB, «ra]fjien», 
«MaB6en», «Kopon Jlapi*, «BypB». Ki dram BeoÓxoAHiciiiCB 

BHMraBTB MOSBO BpHÓaBBTB BBBSBy Fleay, TXh eCTB MBOrOHBCJeB- 

HBB yBaaaBÍB KacaxejiLBO ciapaBsaro xearpa b nepBHX'B Bsxaflit; 
BO se aixj^Th npExasan ssaieBie bobotibbbmi B8CJi'&xoBaBÍflM'B 
caMoro asiopa b ero TeopisMi OTBOCBrejBBO «MaB6eTa» b «KXiia 
I](eaapfl». HaBOBei^, noiesBO bmítb ^Shakespearian grammar* 
Ab1)otťa HeotfxoAHByio x^a acaaro ooBBiiaBifl leBcra. 

Ho Bce BIO TOJiBO CHpoi, Beo6pa(k>TaBBiift MaTefnajn; Beotixo- 
XBXO BpHTB%CBoe ocB'bn^ie; b vb btobi oTBomeBÍB noMoryrs 
BOBABÍe BomfeflTaTopii, FepBBByci, BsBiopi* Tk>to; tojilbo ot^^ 
a He cuwhj $paBqra BaBToprL^ npeBOCxoxflo nepeBexníift Hlex- 
eiDipa Ba ^pasi^scBift asukl, bo caaÓxBBinifi BaacxjnK) nBecy 
oieBB BioxBBfl BOMMeflrapiflMB. MoBSBOy noauuiyfi, npacoexBHBTb 
ca>xa gSjgyxeaa, KpefiCHra b, xcraTH, nocjiixHee co^Bsesie CyBH- 
tfSpBa; HO cBMoe Jiynniee — orpaBBHBTLca npexuAyB^BHB, a vb oco* 
feHBOCTB ocieperaTBCB, Baai ^yHH, tíxi, Eoropiie píxaiB nies- 
easpa vb coBpeMOBHoe njaiBe, x^jaH>rB vai> nero poBaHTHBa, b 
— TCO xyae Bcero— aaroMBa, hjb, Baat roBopan bb Ahfjíb, 
Ton I.— flBBAPB, 1681. 13 



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19 á BI^GTHHSl SBPOnn. 

«a christían>. •Jlpyn Mofi,-— roBopnii ^ayen Baraepj)— JCEflymnie 
rtxa XM HacB — RHHra, saneuTaHeafl cemuo neiaifliiB: 

W(i8 ihr den Geist der Zelten hdsst 

Das ist im Grand der Herren eigner Geist, 

In dem die Zeiten sich bespiegeln». 

Qtj nopaaHTejiMyK) BCTHHy, xasi jjsjsBwteMbm BKipaseHeyio 
FB cTBxax-B, cjrbjíiyeTh sanoMHHTB sasxoiiy spEXEsy. TEnn^Hiift 
xoMHeHTaTopB-^^aHTasSpi eciB HanpflM'6p'B Yjihpmí^^ soropiift Ban 
6y;(T0 nocxaBHjarb ce6^ saxaneft, na npocTpaHcxBÍ jiibjx^ oůher 

MECTHXl TOMOKB, 0CB0p5UTB 3;(paBIlfi CHHCJrb E BCTBHy. 

A Mes^ rbwb BOBce ne Taai ipy^no yacHEn ee6š hcthe- 
flyH) 4>EJioco4»ÍK) niesenEpa, e hetx^ ona ue BEipasaercfl c*b m- 
KOK) CEJoft, saiTB Bi DBeci, bcíme upESEasEOfi 8a chef-ďoeuvre 
nieBcnEpa, EMeHHO bx «raifjiert». Kaaoe orpoHHoe soiiEqecrBO 
HepflEJi'B E ycEJiifi noTpa^eEO f^a ero o&hsicBeEÍsi. Oůb aroirs 
TOJihBO cjaóoe noflaxie jífiffrh JiZfimie ^ěpseoca, rxt npEBexesx pas- 
6opi E pe8R>Me 6ojrbe 125 asrjttcsExi e EHOCTpasfliix'& xperEKib, 

TaiCb 9T0 CKasaTB lT0-EE6yXB BOBOe O&b BTOITB ITpejSfiefA XOBOJIBHO 

TpyxEO. T. Peieaxi Bs^yMaii ne^aBEO nepeBecTE «raMJieia» cm- 
xanE Ha ^paHqyscRift asuri, cnaÓjmBx nepeBOx^ npexECiOBÍemy 
vb BOTopoiTB, Mes^QT iipoiEME Hy^ecaifE, AOKasHfiaeicE npeBocxoA- 
CTBO cufla reprpyxH na;^ chsoitb AraiieMHOBa. «OpecrB KEnatfn 
HeHaBECTBK), FaMaeri MEJOcepxJieirE, nep^iž roiOBEn Mn^HÍe, bio- 
pofi BCBynjreHÍe e pacRaasie* e npo^. e npo?. Ho Bce oro 
yse HaxoAETca y YjLhpjsjsfi^ ^^paeiQrscBOMy aaiopy cjrfaxoBajio 6u 
j^ETEpoBaTB Toro ciysETejfl eBaEreiE^ecBoS i^epBBE, Boraput 
BocBJífli^aerB: «Bcfl exa nBeca HanHcafla bi EHrepecaxi canofl 
BOBB&meHHofi xpEcriaBcsofi HpaBCTBeHHOCTE; rpiniHERb MorB ee hb- 

HECaTB, CBflTOS MOPB 6u Vh HCS EOyiETBCfl'. 

E^ cosajrí&BÍK), iBiepaTypsofi kpetebš npEXO^ETca bm^tb x^o 

co BCeBOSMOSHHME HejŠnOCrflMB E MBCTBipiBMOirB, T^ITB ÓOJAb, ^0 
H'6B0T0piIE BBipaxeHifl Vh BTOfi IThecb XftBOTB HOBOX^ B<B HeXOpBB- 

yM^BÍflMi, Mu yse EM!bjm ciynaft roBopETB, hto ecTs coficTBeHHO 
ipB «raMjeTa»: oxeh^b bobco ae npBHaxseaurrB UleKciiBpjr, KPJ- 
roft nepex^MH^ eitb e8i> nepBaro e tojbxo HeMsorEirB orju^aeica 
OFB Hero; xperift, — HacTOflo^ifi «ra]íjerE») nepecMOipÍHEufi, xo- 
nojiHeBBiiS E BHaHETejiBHo EcnpaBjeHHufi ÓleBcnflpoirB. Cjr&xyerB 
xas:e c^ExaTB bxi ^eriipe, ecaa ne oiosxecTBjíflTB cb nepsam 
«raMjieT0iťB> (1587 r.) EtMei^ByK) nBecy o <HaBa8aBH0M'B 6pa- 
Toy6ifiií*» EM «Prinz Hamlet aus Denmark>. 

^iftcTBETejiBHo, AjBÓepTB Eom xoBasaai b!b secBMa Enrepec- 



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HiySA E AHTBPÁTyPi B^ COBPSMBHHOfi LEVSIJÍ. 195 

BoS vasBrb ^\ ^o bi Ha^ajii XVII B^sa aHrjriicBie aBrepu hf- 
paiH ROM^x) Bi repMiiíii) H 9T0 xaHBOiO jí^ O8Ha?eHH0fi nBees 
ciysEXB «raifjers», urpanHiift na HŠMei](Kol ci^eH^ en^e bo Bpe- 
Mefla nieKcnHpa. HŠBOTopue yrBeps^a^iH, ^o aio Morjia 6íitb 
npociai nepe^na HacTMiqaro «raMjieTa» cooópasno BsycaBTE 
9!fOXH. Ho Bsyci FB 9iy Bnoxy BOBce ne Óhjob TaBi jiypewbj 
no6u TpefioBaxB BBHifiefiifl, b:b poA'£ cji^xy^m^aro: bitIcto sopo- 
jeBCBBTB inmoHOffE, BOiapHiťb nopyneHO j6mh FaMjera, 2bjihh)tch 
xea «brayi»; ohs (^pocaH)TCfl na npnHita, ho totb na^aeTBEasev- 
iK), T»K* TO) OHH yÓHBaiorB spyre ;ipyra. HoAotfHaro pofla ^apcH 
Be^nK>Tai fb «Friar Bacon» rpana h yBasuBaiarB ea anoxy, 
yse MH HyB i y io; fb to Bpeiifl pasBHrie mďo Óucrpo, Tasí hto 

ElXIB H FpHHlb O^OHB JIfkJímh 0TB MapJtO H OTB IDeBCIIBpa HO- 

oiorpA Ha TO, ^iTO ohh 6£uih coBpeMeHHHKaira! 

XapsBiepHŠe Bcero, no Moeiiy mhíhík), npeRpacnue cthxe, hb^b 
xoTOpsxi cocrrarb npoxorB, cjiyacaniift npeAHCjiOBieM'B x'b Tpare;(ÍH. 
HH^ero noAOÓnaro ne BCTp^Haexcfl y IIIeBcnHpa. Ho MHorífl Apaiui 
Kí^a Ha^KHaKyrcfl TaKHMi o6pa80Mi. H ecjiH BT0-HH6y;^ B03BMe7B 
Ha cetfx Tpy^i npoqecTB «Spamsh Tragédy*, cb eu ghosťoirB, cb 
ea aueropHHecBHirB jiHi^oirB «Reyenge» (icecrb), okB jerico naS- 
xen anajioriH) Mosxy BAeflMH btoí nBecu htímh, BoxopuA BHpa- 
messL Bx <raiueTŠ>« S, ne nory oc&oBaTejiBHO pasoCpaTB bto^b 
Bonpoei; ho y(^6sxeH%, hto H^^iieiiBafl OBOca o «HaBa3aHHoirB 6pa- 
Toy(!iflqí» eeiB toaro BocnpoHSBexeBÍe nepBaro «raMj[eTa», ná- 
HicaHqaro, xasB mhí Rasexca, ToiiacoirB Kbaomi. 9THifB-T0 HMenno 
oAíBímewh HAOft Ks^a cb haobme IIIeBcnEpa o<$BflCHjiiOTCfl Bapí- 
aeiH, eciH ne xapavrepa, to ýHďoco^m «raMJieTa>. Bi sHanfe- 

HITOirB MOHOJOrt «T0 1)6 OF HOt tO be», Wh nepBOiTB esabeíe 

«raiueTa> (1603), noQaxaHmMi ctexe, vb Roropiixi exotb pibqB 
o «BÍHHOirB cyffBÍ»| o «CB^Taiixi EB,)ifi3Biffi,Th» , o 6j]í:ymfiŘ sebhe: 

Who would this endure 
Bnt for a hope of something after death? 

MsBiCTflO, BaEOS BEA^ HpEHflJE BTE CTEXE B% OBOHHaieJlBHOaírB 

BXaHic onacenie saif^HEJO Ha^esAy^ — nsirlHeHie qpesBtiqaflHO 
JDdraHTHoe, Ban cnpaBexitEBO ^aiiÍTEJi MapmajB % Ho sfiibch 
■e TOjDbBo naxe&XH BÍpyB)n^aro aa]r6HflH)TCfl onacenieirB CBenTERa: 
raiuerb plmBTejiBHO BoscTaerB npoTEB'B ociaTsoBi cyes^pÍE, npo- 
mRb comhšhíe, BOTopoe eni^e BOJHyerB ero. QTaB'^; noxoarB jiz on% 



O Albert Cohn, Shakespeare in Germany. 1865. 
s) A study of Hamlet, London. 1675. 



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196 ncmn ibpoizh. 

Ha xpaciiaBiiHa, kakhitl ero chmtci npex^naBHTB YupHiui h 
BHHMH— 0H!6, aoTopiifl CTapaeicfl oÓHapysm bc& cjiatfiifl croponi 
i^HcriaHCKoft HopajH^ Ainnnieft naa bc£» TpycavH: «makes 
cowards of us all>. 

£ciB H jqpyrifl pauB^ia, 9 BosMoauocift mM06Bux% cpaBHeBii 
saeiaBiflen sací paaff&UTj^ Bocwpn GyHHÓfipHa no noeoxy orapi- 
rifl nepBaro «raiMeTa»i «aToB 6em'£Hioft Baxoxra, ottasasHOft cbo- 
vwh cnaceHÍeMi xHl^raHecTBy h ciacmBOfi anHOcra saABaro Hixa* 
Teja». Mii Moseifi ciÍA>xb man sa ntaroM^B aa paóarott noaia. 
Mil BBffiiifi, wn 9íOTh HecpaBBeHHHft reflifi, aoioparo bm^jdi 

FjiyQOCTB OtfBBHgTB Bl IipeSp^BÍfl B^ CXaBt B KB BOTOMCIBy,— Cb 

J1060BU0 nepecMaTpBBaen cbok) BBeqri crapaacB Hacsonao bob- 
MOSHO corjacBTB ee ci cbobmb y(S&Bj(efliaMB. Bcero zapaBiepale 
61 8TOM1 OTHomeHÍB B8MÍHeBÍe cjiOBi yBBpavn^aro FaiiJieTa: 
«Heaven receive my soal!» — BoeajBiuten obi rb nepBoB jae&b\ 
«The rest is silence*— ero noc^j^HÍa CJiOBa bo Biopoft. EomieBTa- 

pÍB lyTB HBJHniHH* 

A Me«xy ^Mi OBB TWh H npocBTca Ha asiiKB; ůaio 6u 
oneHB BBxepecHo BSCJiixoBaTb ycioBia, anoxy h cpe^, nox^ bjiib- 

HÍeBl BOTOpinL'B OWh A^tCTBOBaJIV, AOSasaiB, HTO BTOTB coBpeiieH- 

HBBi Jl^pxaHO Bpyno, Mohtohh h Pafijie (kun ^eiOB^ai bob- 
posxeHuii a ne ^HaiBBi pe^pira. 'Bakl b Bpyno, ci» ^hioco- 
^ieft BOToparo oh:b noBBXHBOMy BHaxbitBi off& aicBOJibBo pan yaa- 
BHBaerB aa spyroBoporB naTepÍH b buibhh; noxo6HO Mobtbhb), oh^ 
BHaerB, ^0 «sejiaHÍe CMepra octb sejame cboÓoxu*) ^xo «yicÍHBe 
ynapaiB 0CB0(k)sxAerB nacB on BcaKaro noAHHHeHia b rsern*. 
BoTB nowMy FaiuerL, btotb tbitb nepiniBTaiBBOCTB b nox^ne* 
híb, BBJíaeTCfl ^ojobíkomi, y Boroparo aseiaBÍe CMepni hb^&h ne 
OBaH^HBaercfl,— ^ejOB&eoiTL, Boropiift ne yiriterB yxeperB. 

OrHOCBTejiBHO zapaBTepa FaMaera cyntecTByK)rB fjA leopia: 
OAHa npHHaAJiesHTB Fere, h no nooMy hhšhíh), bto eAHHCTBeHHaa 
leopifly BUAepsBBaiomaa RparnBy; Apyraa, BOBOÓHOBJíeHnaa Bepxe- 
poMi ^)j B noxxepsHBaeMaa Cysn^CpsoirB b FajjiyBJíeirB. IIo 
mhíhíb) nocjribxHBn, Famerb eciB Hacroauiifi repoft, BOiopoiij 
TOiBBO oÓCTOflTeaBCTBa M%niaK>rB A^ficiBOBaiB. Teopia Bepxepa 
noBasajiacB hoboh), ho emfi bb 1778 CiBBeBCByxaBaj^BHatfKCTpoTy 
B pJbmBTejBHocTB FaMieia npa yÓilciBi Po8eflBpaBi](a h Fan^eH- 
niTepna. 

GyBHÓepHi ocTasaBJuiBaeTca ocoÓeflHO na BTopom ÓojBmoirb 
MOHOJort Faujiera. HaM<B nocroflHHO yBa8HBaK)rB na nepasB mo- 



1) Vorlesongen aber Hamlet. Berlin.. 1876. 



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HÁJfil E JIHTXPÍT7PÁ B^ OOBPBMBHfiOĚ ÁHriIH. 197 

Hoxon^ TOBopan oh*&, h aponycsaioTB npn ^reHiB, a Tasase s 
aa aíiÓA MOHOJton IV asra. FaifjieTi oinpaBjífletcfl n ÁHrjriio; 
n puHuft, nepen soiopyK) eny HysHO npoxoxms, h¥06íi xo-^ 
aaayn 6epera, obi Berpi^aerB boScko vojOAom ^opTHH0paca, 
ixjqee bi noniny wí BaBoeBaHíá ^aiaisaro lUOTaa seMia*. 
«TfrB BESBO TOJiBO fia8Brai6,-^roBopBn éMy BaaffmffB, n boťo^ 
pony OBI otfpaiqaetcjr,— a HexantfiisaHeroiniTaxpu^TOBii'. IIo 
9TOiy cjy«a» TMien BooxymeBjíaetca nvh lae, aasi itocit A^BJta* 
iĚĚS$B anepa: an jidxb sixyn epataaf&cit nn-sa nyciatBa^ A ohi, 
7 Btmparo oteira y(kn, a Marri^ — ^pasBpaTBHiita, ons Hfl^eřo ne 
vpynapmmaueThj om, ne XBoraetea ctb MiieTa. O! cb iňt>ft MHHyni, 
Boeaaqaen ohi: 

My thoughtt be bloody oř be nothing worthl 

H Biri^cTO TorOy iTo6u sepnyrBca Ha8ax% ti saaoioTB Bopoia, cao- 
BOfiHO npoxojisaeTB cboI nyrb, h ornpaBJífleTCfl vb Ahfjiíh). IIo- 
z&iyfi, Mfi eoTJacHMca, hto aron MOHOJon ptmnrejieffL; ho na 
9iO]rB Kbio E BOH^aerca; ■ ba^cb, Bas^b h npes^e, Bce osaHu- 
Baerca ciOBaMH: words! words! words! 

HanpacHO yBasiiBaiOTi aa sasHB XBjTh mnioHOBi. Ilpesxe 
Bcero, 9T0 HaxoAHTCfl Bi jíeveEjsjbj vh ponafli, vh nepBona^ajB- 
Hoi iiBec^, a HSB^CTHO, HTO IQeacnHpB HBsorAa hc yBJOHflJca 

on I8(SpaHH0ft BMl TBMHt, H6 EBHÍHUII 62 Vb cyniecTBeHHuxi 

^larB. Majo loro, Faicjerb x^ftCTByerB bi btoicb ujhíA uokb 
Bíúraieifi MHHyTHoi BcnumBE, noA^ BJiiameif^B oiHniBOirB CHJisHaro 
BOB^yxxeHiii, jHzopaAOHHaro lOJi^Ba, xasse sasi npe yfiifiCTBi 
noiOBia, npH y6iScTBÍ KiaBxifl. 

Bh BToicB-TO H Basjuo^aercfl BejiH^ie TparexÍH, bio e bosbh- 
maerB ee na oxhkb ypoBCHB (tl BejHqaftmHMH xp&MaMH xpeBHOCiH. 

3xÍCB MU BHXBMl SHByiD npHpOXy^ CTOlSHOBOHÍe H610B%9eCSO& 
BOXH Ch C&TBK) óeSHHCJieHHilXl H B%qHiIZ'B npH^HHl HJIH, jiyHmo 

CBsaiB, BasoHORb. npesAe Bcero cjAfjerh yacHaib ce6% 9to 
DleseiiHpB ynorpe^jaerB bi oxhoki h toitb se ckhcji^ oiOBa: 
CMjnŘ, qrxBÓa, npoBHx^Hiei Óosecrao; aro— ne nonyiapHaa Hxea 
o CMpitA, H6 aHTponoMop^HHócBoe npeACTaBieflie o 6osecTB%, ho 
UĚfnu xoBTpHHa o Heo6zoxHKOcrH, o $aTyMÍ. 9to ho xan* 
namaeioii HycyniiaHCBifi ^^aiaiasicB, rb CHjy soroparo tojio- 
bIsi tfesxificTByerB) nox^HHiflCb TOMy, it6 ciHraerB BOJieio CBame: 
non ^^aransxrBi x^iCTBHrejibHO noxaBjiBH)qíft HHXHBHxyajiBHOCTB, 
eae»Biien npHHaxieasHOCTB Be6xi pejiHtioBHEixi cesn; ohi na- 
pansyen ceih lejiOB^u. HanpoTBBi, Hayuaa Acarpana o ecre* 
H Heo6zoAHKOjrb nopaxiA aeiiieB xonycsaerB neiOB^qe- 



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198 Btonisi iBPonu. 

CByH) BOJOD. OTB§TOFBeHHaa Hjni 6e80tBÍTCTBeHBaÍ9 Bai^OBii 6a hs 

6U1B BHŠmHÍfl npHUBHy REBOBH 0a HH ÚUM Hefla0&BHH6 826- 

MeHTHy o(^)a8ys)ii^ie ee^ aia boia Hrpaen caoK) pMB, npHraMtei^ 
yHacrie vb o6mfiŘ rapMOHiii cyqecrn h Bemet. CMŮMy Hepiou* 
lettHU BOJUi Ban y raiuera ji maccii xpyran iiQXefi, oduseo- 
BeBHO 6e8CHnHl^ bhídihíb upnHHu may^axní bi 9iom cjiyna^ 
p^maH)ii^ee sHa^eflie, TaB'E ^to řepo! vh oroB bubboI apam^— 
bbhto, BrtmHia co(5htui— Bce, bbbi ^acfo cjy^aeica h b% botohh, 
ToBopm ra^ei iio QleBCHHps zorti'B wrb Haní yposil JhOMMr 
noMŠmaBHiie na Mopan, roioBti npexciaBjan btofo BeiHBaro neio- 
B^aa B^ mf!b nncojiBHaro ne^aHra cl spacHUJCB Hocom h ^py- 
JOH) KB pysax^bl HpaBCTBeHHocTB aBTopa ^FaM^era*, savb HBC&ítB. 
BCTBHHHxi reBÍeBX| — B^ ero BeiHWi, bl ero BOBBHmeHHOirb- 
BCByccTBi, a ee Bi asdoMaxi h HaciaBjeHini ad hoc. dio epaB- 
CTBeEHOQTB MpanopoBi napoeflosa, a ne aaTexHBica. 

A, Pbhbip'b. 



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CnOPHHH BOnPOCL 

HAdiBro 

CyjlOyCTPOflCTBA 



L 

npOMCXosxeoBie h paBBnie qrxeÓHoi pe^picu bb Poccíh npex- 
cianoerb m Bcew^ (Syxen npew»aBjuifB orponmil MHiepecB. Owa 
mepen 6yxen eywficnaBíab se xja oxhofo HeropEsa. Owb cy* 
mficofen h ^jul Djiicia h x^a nci^AOBaiTeju ofin^ecneHBtfa cano- 
coanais aa hocj&xbís xww^n lum^ JribíTb- Dpocirb Hafixen vh 
leiopÍE cfjfiúaoŘ p€4K)pifH BioposyD H tfjBcitTesiBHyia saprimy 
lopMBoro BrniHeBÚi ^^opm h yejoirifl ompaBJíeHk npaBOcyxúi^*-' 
B C Tyt iaf ca e& aaBOHOxareiBHOo pa(fayiOK^ soropta no CBoet i](&ib- 
Bocn H SHamflii^ XOCtqAhii rjy<kuMffO Bywniii. HscjiinoBaTaiB 
BByipeHHei aisHB pyecsiro oóntecna bb BcropÍB BatHBBHOBeBÍB 
H npBBtaeBifl BA SBMB cy^Biixi ycnuiraB yciiOTpBnb ipsoe 
eipMoeide BBflesxsfc b BOtieteHifi, capeniOBÍft b escrpoeflUli boto- 
pBVB nojBft ÚSLII& SB8BB o6i|ecroft BB Bnoxy, nocjÍA0BaBBiyH) 
sa oepkxMn npeotfpaaoBBHÍfl. Gjíw m npaBiBiiecBBM^ pasBHxieicb 
ocB O B aH BA anan, npoBOBEiameBBHBrB yeniBaiai, aa bx<b oo($bbok> 
iB paraoe BpeMi b sa rium up emriet Bi giiB, botophb BOSHBBaiB aa 
BjtB. aioEQ paaBBfÍB; npaejysiBBaieB bb BapesamflirB sa to b^b 
j^ynie Haiaio b (lBiDpBeTpacin0 pasciiai^flBaB hoboxh au wnxh 
HqnsaHifty-^BsciJbwQBaiMB yBBXBTb^ doucb uinfliem saBBXiB otfnpxi 
yoKiBiB CdianuacB y aaoB oxsa bvb lasflilBnuťB cxopoBB ůúmfi- 
cneBEOi JDOBB — ompaiuoBÍe np&Boqrxu. 



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200 B^GTfllKl CBPonn. 

Cyxe0Hafl pe^pMa 6iua tícho CBasana cb 0CB0($0KxeHÍem 
xpeciBflHi. Ofla BEiTesajia esb šero Henoq)excT6eHHo. yHH^TOJsajicii 
AOMamHiS, Bfmmaaui cyx> amm MHorHTB mjuiofiOBi aotojí (Ses- 

npaBHUXI^ JUOXei. OhH AOJXHH 6eIJIH flBHTBCfl He TOIBKO Hocire- 

JUMB rpasAaHCBHXB npaKby ho h HenocpeAcrBeHHmai sanpnsH- 
KaMH 8THn CBOHXi npafii ea cjfjb. Cjkb pacmEpuca, lepan ceot 
coaiOBHii& xapaBrepi. Ho, pacmHpucB, owh ne Mon (Suib saKjno- 
qesTB RB npesHifl, otfBennaiHii, yssifl, mneHHUB sasneHEoft npaBXH 
4K)pMii. Hrb exHHOxyniHO ocysnajio oÓn^ecTBeHHoe MHŠme, ohc& 
cjHmsoMi XOiíro saciOHajui h sariymaiB oo(kiD Bxex> npaBOcyxUi 
ciaBa na mício ero ycJiOBHoe h ctojib nacio npoBSBOJiBHoe npBiii- 
HOHÍe saBona. Ecn no OTHomemio kb ocBO({osAeHÍB) speciBaHi, 
noxB BH^niHeB) roroBHOCTBio, cyn^eciBOBajo ÓojiBmoe sHyrpesHee pas- 
Horjiaciei — ecjs wfííhnBSUí rpyímii anfibMhmie utm otfo^ecTBa 
coMH^BajEBCB eo^ n CBoeBpeMeHHocTB H npaBDM^pflocni xpeciB- 
BHCBoft pe^pMH, RB TOiTB BB^b, B!B BasoiTB oHa tffiijia HaiiiieHa, 
TO no OTHomeníK) bb cyxy Bcb 6uie conacHii neicxy co6ob). Bci co- 
cjOBÍfli 6e8B pauflidfl, nyBCTBOBajB na ce&b ero HexociacBE b BasxHfty 

BOMy npBXOXBJIOCB CB HBICB COnpEBacaTBCfl| BUHOCUl ESFb BBVO 

6ojAe fljH Menše yxpyHaB)a^ee BneiaTjr6HÍe. Oóbxubi h o^h- 
sennuft oxnna^BO ne B^pajin, wto6u no omomenÍB) bb hbitb tbo- 
puacB ne tojbbo pacnpa&a^ no h ctfdij'^Mcmn% m o s jA n mt t k oxn- 
nasoBO crpivtan on erapofi «]focBOBCB0l BMOBnH», ofiiewHBOft 
vb iBmenmia Bnyrpranaro cex^psanía BanqeupcBÍB ^pHH. 

Heo6xoAnocrB nsxŠBeniB qrxe(teaz^ nopaxaoBi qyBCiBOBaMa 
Beta, HO ne BaxoffJia ce6t npn TorxamRHzi otbqeoiBeHHszB yeio- 
Bifln onpeK&TOflHaro Bnimniro BiipasieHU. Bb saBMOxaTeuHHX 
c^pH coBmnie 9Toft neotixoxHMOCTH nponvBio oxBaao xoboaho 
paHO. Bb to q^eiii, sorxa b% nftBoropsixB ynniepoBTenn en^e 
HHTajueB jeBi(ÍB o coBepmeflenarB Hamero ey^eCaaro ycqxdhma 
fl o iq^eBparaocTB yerpottcíM ^^paHiQnBCBan>, a ywnaa aipHffi* 
^ecsafl jnmpasypa 6iua BHBycxena ctobtb na HcuntBreiBHO 
BCTopn^ecBoS no^BŠ b aaHHMaTBca BSCJr&xoBaniíMH a pyecBol Hpaqx^ 
H scBOBeBOt eyxHOft rpaiioii — ooneifHdry huh paóom no cyxe6* 
HOMy npeo<(pa80Ba8Íx> h o^nBiiaiHCB wAfm bb jxpunmm cynsfi- 
ci^rDOtare qr^a. Ho*— padors mb xenraiHCB mx^ohuo h bb jwmrB 
paMBaxi BHXOBtaiÍHeHÍa cyn^eciByíMinib jnipesxMil, ne Baeaaea 
UTb ocHOBBHXi Haun,— a HftpH 6uME H^paMB nauiaoHBHBn. 
rjaBH-biinaa nm nHZ%«-*-yipeMAeBie voMpn^el npeRcftxaiBjel na- 
MTB rpasxaicBaro m yroiOMiaro cyxa, HatHaueiain otb b|mw- 
TOJiBCTBa,— fle xocnraia CBoefi i^&n* ToBapan^ Hpexeixft>eja npH* 
nocBJH CB C060B) aneprÍB), jn>6oBB bb ftfkiy n ffiŘ^ocosicmocth. 



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Himi CFXOrCTPOlOTBO. 201 

Ho ^neprifl racu vk MepíMn^efi oÓcoleobjA^ vxb eS npvxoxMOCB 
noeianHO pasCsBanci o 4K>piuuBBoeTH, aaTpyxHflBioúi xocrym s% 
auBOMy cyqecTBy x^a, a cepi»8sHaa liotfoBb n xtiy 5iija saueio 
n xopft coaepoDeHflO npoorHBonaiosfliizi DpoflBjeHÍft, IIpflTOifi 
Hnnie cyAii~cioniiiie ÓJHse vb napoxy — ne SHajH TOBapnii^ett 
npexc&XiiTeia. HecMorps Ha padpod&eHHua ycEJiia (nAjhHUTh Jisi* 
Hoeiet, Ffc o<{meiffL sapniHa arapaMeBui npaDoqrxífl Úujib, ts- 
xeiaa^ h XoMiion, sejumcb RpacHopiirainrB BopaBireMin o($ii(aro 
KHtHhiy min npaBO cl ropevD ysaniBar^ ito PycB «bi cy- 
xan Bojsa nespaBAii iepHOi». 

HooiOMy VB cjosax^B MaHH^^ecra 19 itapra 1856 voj»: «aa 

BpaXXll H HHIOCTB UjIiipCBMpDTh Vk CyxaX^B* — RIpasaJHCB He TOJIBRO 

desid^rata o((iqeeTBa, ho h ero eacyn^uti, neonosBafl norpeOHOciB. 
Gjom an abujic^ uufk-ůa (nAtou% na rapeaBrniten y nero- 
jnyKfíBjKro Boora ynpoiPB CBoefi otush'!. 

3aso«)xaieiBH06 oaoBjíeHie bohi^i iO-rarh roxoBi Óiicrpo 

XBHHyjo pa6o« no cyxeteony npeodpasoBanÍR). Birtcri cb t^itb, 

crapiil cyxe6HHft cspoi nomarB Ba ycTjrnn. Bb hoitb cx^jiaHii 

6iuH npodoHHH, ipen sMopm npoHHUH Vk nero hobui, ^sxhh 

emy jvnojAj n^aja. DojiiiiettCKiil poaiicn éan oti^ovb otb 

cy^ieéBaro BscjrbxoBaBÍs. Birbcro npeauiHxi nojiHi^elCftHrB ihhobi, 

BOKipae uaiH f^Hxaiiem BcisoMy yrojoraoMy Kbujj ibhjhcb 

cyxe68He cxbjífmLiejin. SaiéirB h xb^ph ciaparo cyxa otboph.ihcb 

XXM Dy<Sjnu». Ha paxy Ch HpocHreien, BoropHi ouíwh hm^ji 

MficryjTh Wh cyxB, boshhvb «cjyiDaTeiB h q)HTaiB» loro^ htó xi^~ 

jaem kb eyi/k. Ho h arifcxoBareiH ■ riacHOCiB yse He yxoBje- 

TBopajn acHo BiipasBBmetlCii norpeÓHocn vh hobhxi {^pnarB xm 

ompaBieHÚi npaaoeyxi'- npsviani vb ycjioBÍaM^B craparo cyxa 

ucfam HMaia npBXOXHJiocB ex% orpaHHnBatB, noxroHflTB, yp6sii* 

Bane^-^H ohh ho xocnrajH uíkm. Hoioe bhbo BUBajocB vb erapsie 

Mtea B BJHBajOCB KB UBOIBOMl OrpaHBVeHHOBl bojhwctbí. CjA" 

xoíBKeA Be (hin xodaro^BO caiiocroaTejNiHi. noxwaeHHfli npaMO 
jinn^mj cyxy— a BOCieHHo rytSq^HCsoMy Bpoaypopy h ryÓepHa- 
Topgr — OBTB dash vb 8BaqHTejB»>ft cieaeHB CBBsaHi vb cbohxi jsfbŘ- 
cTBux^ H Be soan maovjí,B vb wu% mšm OHopy. yfexButtcyxs 
Be MOTB eny hobovb pyioBoxciBOVB, ne vrnkn tMxa^ xa ■ yifiHBi 
noMffipBOLrb B saqHTBTB ero cboams aBtopareiom. GosHame loro, 
Yio caMarB TH^aieiBHiiirB oApasom npoBSBexeHHoe tA/ptsie 

BBEH(BJberB B y iipW B l^ B CBOV SHBSU BpaCBB B% THCSaX^B ^pMaiB* 
Bia% XOBBBIITeďBCTVB, BOMpUMB BCBJID«R8JBfiO BBBJTB B MSCJIBJrB 

cBBjni cyx^^^yiB^voBuuo BHTq^ecB ^^lUBBOcn crtxoBaTejii,— 
a aaBBCBMOcrb, kb CBasH cb ciBsiBOirB orpaHH^eHHHMi coxepsa- 



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202 BtoiHni DPona. 

HÍeiťb— ee cnocoiSHa tfiua cosxaTB exsHiifi no cBoeiiy oópaswamio 
H HpaBCTBeHHOMy paaBBxiH) nepeoHajKb oii^raaTeidl. .JH^Bepe cjff^ 
6un OTxpími asa njúmnu toi&ro ha nojiosifly. npecyrciBÍe no- 
CTopoHHHxi AonycBaaocB jbiiib npH ffOMipik x^a, — a xouav& ne 
ffiMJTh BosuoxEOcm BrjuxbTBCfl vb TOTL SHBOÍ MATepiajrBi O SOId- 
poM^B vb Hen roBopHJOCby xaBi xasB cyxi h cair& ne ray^om 
8iorb líaTepiaJi!^, npoHSBOXs b% cyn^HocTH ne pastfopib x&ia bi ero 
peanHoft oÓcraHOBR-i, a JuunB pastfopi coxepaamfl ůjMArhy HMÍ«h 
n^ixcfl Bi A'^ji'&. KaHAejulpeBaA TaSna noHeMfiory ycryoaaa vAtsto 
rjacHOCTH, — HO, jxoffij ociaBjflja sa co6oh>, san HaxexHidl nom 
H oxpaay, nHciifeHH0Ci& npOHSBOAciBa. 

CocraBEiejni cyxeóuuvb yciaBOBik inmiMajH, ^ao HeoÓxoxua 
BopeHHaa pe4K)p]fa|— ^ito saKS bh nofflxpeincbj uhus e nnyBaiy- 
pBTB crapoe bx^hío, a bco-theh bi nem xoiro npoaurrB (íy]ijeTh se- 
B06M0SH0. Haxo 6ujo coBepmeHHO jsffh nero BncejrarBca — m na hoboitb 
lAcA cxporo pasu eseBaxLCfl ce codbffiuwj saBoxii CBoe cotJoiBeHHoe 
HesaBHCBMoe xoBafiCTBO. Jly^nme jidah HaysH h npaBTHSH, eocxasHren 
ycraBOBi, cir&io BsrMHyjni na npeAcroflBmyK) nm sa^a^y. Hxi ho Ha- 
nyrajH hh ea cíioshoctb, hh m coBepmenHaa HOBEsna. Ohh npHCiy- 
HiHBaiHCB vb rojiocaMi, soTopiie peKOMeHXOBajH epexnia ii^pH vb 
BHA$ 6ojše Hjui H6HÍe o6dihpheixi hobhx^b BcraBOKB vb crai^ 
CJKbf KIH KOTOpue HpOpOUJH, ITO AM BBOxiinm <HOBaiec«&> 
He HaflAetCfl JH)xeS, — ho ohh ho noMaBajiHC& BjiaHiit) 9nx% ro- 
joooBi. Onurb BBf»6HÍfl specTBflHciofi pe^jMfH, HamexHiei xia 
cfioero npHMiHraifl (JesBopucTHiixib h 8HaDniH» x^bamnet, muvb 
sanaxHoft EBponu, nyiOM^ nMmi% m TpeBoaunixi xoj^tíaBÍt xo- 
mexníei ffi Tbi% 4^pirB eyxa, soropiia y imcrb motme abbt&ch pe- 
syibTaTomb CDOHofinoi saBonoxaieaBoi fibsnesbaean — ůoMb sa 
HHxi. ^jfl (yjQriqaro Hcropama cyjieiSHaro A^a vb PoeeÍH ůyjifin 
"ipesBinafiBO HBiepecHO npocxitABTB bo panoram, noArotoBJHBfiiHirb 
cy ffiúuyn pe^pMy— x&rBy no uifA spiranecBaro asanaa ova- 
paro cyxa bo BC&ti ero npoABJíeHiflxi^, nocreneHHO pacnurpajiCH 
ropaaoHn HeofixoAHiiHxi npeodpasoBamfi h kíbs qhi npeotfpaao- 
Banifl, Ha Botopiia ysasiiBaiocB cnaiajia jHmb saň na seva* 
xejBHHfl, MaJO-no^HUJiy HaiHHaiH RasaTBca BOBHOsmiiiH h Baso- 
Hei^<B npexcraBBJíHCb flesBÓisHinui. Ocotfyio i^íhhoctb flH^wn bi^ 
BioiTB orEOBieBiH aaMi^aHÚi ^hhobtb ey^e^oaro BiAOiBCTBa na ocB«^aiui 
BOioseHífl Hpeo(^^a80Bama pyAoteoft ^acni. Hn hhx'e MAae, vuph 
paBBOoÓpasBo otbocbuc^ wb np^AcaroiinieS pe^j^fi npeACiarasuv 
craparo cyAa. Bdb cxoAHjneB n ni»8HaHÍH HenpRroiipMni jnnr 
p^BOiix^B ^fopwb B ojHeHOBib OTopaBieHÍfl npaaoeyAifl) ho czoxb- 
iflCB TOJBBO vb dWM%. BojibHuiBCTBO npeAC^Aaieireft naattn, yiasiiBaB 



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HÁjni cyxoyóTFolcTBo. 203 

nKj» n sfmsi% vepxaxi na cymecTB3rH)ii;ie HexocraTBH— cmo- 
ifijo (MPUO Ch TpeBoroH) m Hexortpi€ji% Ha npexnojoseHk na- 
idtaeBii ecew cyffiÚBšTO crpos,— TOBapu^H npexc^xA^ejet ropivo 
opnircTBraajH 8th raMteeHÚi i HacxaiBaiH na nvb boshosbo 
loqMom nfucifliHa, a ryÓepHcxie nposypopu noxBeprajiH no 
(itaiDeS laciH iioxpo6HOl q>irniK& eoBsifl na^aia, coiraŠBafleB vh 
m opniHHifocTH Ri pyccsoi miiSHH. HHorxa caMoe ocyn^ecTB- 
iwe BOBaxrb Banán nomMaioct bmh spafiBe CBoeo($pa8flo. TaKi, 
nmpmipib, Ofjawb asi ryÓepBcnn npoBypopoBi X^Ban CBoe 
coriade aa rjaoBOcn cyxonpoBSBOXCTBa; ho cb rbwb o^Baso, ^w6u 
(uem Xu Bxoxa bi cyx& npoxaBaiHCb rb noj&sy 6oroyroxBHn 
sanx^ifi iH> i^tei, ycia&aBMBaeMoft no corjianiefliH) npexcixftTeja 
cpféEXřo Micra c% ry6epBafopoH:&. Jl^pyrofi saxoxBJí boshoshuitb 
Biexene spacasasm, ho oiSasiiBan hxi oxsaso nBC&neBBO mo* 
impoBaiB CBoe ptoeBÍe, tro^H mosho 6ujo ytSixníBoi, nro obb 
era BociaBOBUH ocBOBaiejBBO b bo Moryn noxJiesaTB BSHCBaBiiD. 
GooaBBTeJB ycraBOBi BcnojiflBJíH cbok) saxa^ cb yntHLeMiB 
a^BUD. Bi orpOMBom pixi noeraHOBjeBifi, BpexcraBJíaniAHn oxho 
rtpMOHBHecBoe i^^oe — obb BeyKJOBHO npoBejH ocBOBBBe npHB- 
pro H npoBera Ta»i rjy6oBo, CBSsajiH Meicxy co6oio TaRHMB bo- 

paqUiBBilMB BBmiH, ^TO BpHBqBBH 8TB 0681 Cyni(eCTBeBBIIXl» 

ooupesxeHÍt npoeyoiecTBOBau nepioe BpeMB^ ipyxHoe spěna — b, 
fjim^h BaxifliMB) npoeyniecnqrion eo^ xociro. H» «npBcyTCTBefl- 
Baio xfecn* OBB cx&JajiB HesaBHCBMoe ynpesxeBÍe b npesBaiB 
BB aero o6h^^ciso bo toibbo bb sa^CTBi cjyBiaTeu, ao b b*b 
KMecTB^ y^MCTBBBa ero x&nejiiBOCTB. Obb omeseBaiB cyxy ero 
eotoaraHyK) o6jacis a hb boí sacraBaja x'ittCTBOBaTB caMOcroa* 
leaaaro eyx^io, biAcso npeauaro axM BBBcrparaBBO - cyx^Haro 
iiHOBHBBa, xoB^pu oMy, OBBpaftCB Ba ero cobíctb, a ae CBasBiBaa 
ero Hyiaira ^^HanHHzi X^asaieiBciAx, aa^sa Boropnn cbbo- 
3110 BOCTOflflBoe aexoBftpie. Sbaaoft neJioatoB BinaasB bmb bo 
bcítb craxÍHxi npoqecca Bpexi nisfi eyxa a bb pJbmaiejiBBHe 
MoamB OBOH^aneiwaro oikysxeBia ero bbbh BOcraBieai fb 
fcioBÍa cBO(SoxBaro coerflsaBia. 

OyxetfHaa pe^opiot acspi^HeBa Ůujsl exBBOxynraiuii co^ya* 
caitíĚh. Ho oraoBieHÍio vb sel caa^ajia nonra aa kb boitb ae 
6suQ ^yBcrsa ropena aia yrparii; — no noaoxy ea nonra Heaoxy 
Jiuo sajOBaTBca Ba cboh aapymesHiie aaiepecH. Oaaxua npo^ 
cs^jfk u xocTOflHuB acxoxi MaoraMi MOxoxHm cajiam— a npo^a- 
lua ogrjuwHyx> loaBxo bb^tb bo^oíibihm) rpynaoi) npBsaBBHX^B 
avfl^j moTopne x^aao yse oaaxaja caceft cjíjs/&6moŘ BOBVBBn 
I rozoBBjracB kb aeS. CocJOBBoe saiajo, aa boim^^s Óhjib no* 



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20'! moTHKrb ibpohu. 

crpoeHii ciapue cyxu, noMorao coBepmHTB yopas^nfeiie hx% den 
ocoóot JOMBH JB^HHXS HOjioseHÍfi. GocioBHHe npexcTaBHiejiH octar 
BHJH CBOK> cyxetfHyn x^rejibHOCTB, ynm běmkb, ho Bvlet^ft ch 
lim nojy^iun BOSMOsHocrb BepnyxEca fe cyxs b% safecrrt npi- 
cflSBEixi, n KE^ecTBi MHpoBttX!B cj^cfS. O^ecrBeHEOMf fxny^ 
CTBÍ» oTBt^ajo H OTHomeHie Hraim í^x^hbxs x^kmejiet vh CBoel 
saxa^i. HcnojHeHHHe yB^peoHocTH vh jcufbA cBoero x&^a, HcspeHHO 
ero juotifl, — OHH crpeMBJBCb nocraBRTB ero na noxo6aK)i^jio bu* 
cory. A BiicoTa Bia, no mh^bíi) tfoJibmHHCTBa bbi HiirB, (Soia 
tfojLmafl. SHaHÍe h cnocoÓHOcrH, orcyrctBÍe aoTopím npopo^ui 
cseoTHqecBie rojioca, BiixBEHyjiBCB b:b pasiiipax^b npeB30inexinHr& 
osHxaHÍa, E HOBHii yqpesAeHifl csopo, 6en soiedaBÍlI h ocoChte 
npHcnocodieHifl, BomjiH b% cboh) poxB. H^aoropiut hbi betl 
ci-pa8y g^šjajHCb nonyjBpHiíMH, xora ci DepBBXi se maroBi 
CTOJiBHyjiHCB ch KacooH) caMHXb paBHOodpaBHBxi, HejOHHKizx, irikr- 
Hiai aHTepecoB'B. TaBHirb, bi oooÓeHHOcni, oaaBajica «iaipoBof», 

Cb KOTOpiIlťb HapOXB CpOXHBJICfl O^eHB 0HCTpO — B HC TDAKO Vh 

yšaxaziy rffi oh*& yaae npHBRn n napoBOny nocpexHHBy, ho h 
Bi ropoxaxi H Bi> cTOJHi^axi. 

Oh iix'B HopB npomjio nefrupEAfX^rh jArh.... Bsexennot cdo- 
BoltHO H novTB 668% BCflBOfi BHyTpeHHeft (topbtfii cjff6a(íĚ pe^pHi 
npHQiJlocb vb BTOTB Hepiox^ nepesan MHoro lomnaHit. Peasipa 
npoTHKB cjMfiÓEuti, ycraBORB iiposBH:iac& se CB-pasyi He vb Bmfíb 
CHCieKaTHqecBaro npoTHBi hhx% noxoxa. Haiaiacb napriBaHCBaa 
BoftHa — He MeHJtei ecn ne tfojrte yroMHienHaa, rtm doft m 
orapmoirB hojí. Ý cyffi6uuvh ycraaoBi ne «o6MBJiflJíOCB» hh- 
Borxa ÓesycaoBHinrb h npíMHX^b npoTHBHHaoRb;— hhkto, hobbxh- 
MOMy, He nopiivu'B b ho orpn^aii npBHitinoBi, noiosenniixi 
vh Bxx ocHOBaHÍe. Hbbto He seian BOsapa^eHÍi vb crapHirb 
cyxetfHHMi Hopaxaairb. Ho npHiitHeHie ocrobhiixi Ha^ais pe- 
^pMH, npaioseHÍe hx% vb oapyjaaion^eify 6HTy, iipHxan mn 

HlOTH H SpOBH RB npaaTH?eCaOÍ SH3HH~BU8BIBaaO pfeaíjl H FO- 

paqia HanaxeHifl h BoasBaHÍa Kb nftponpiiriflirb, aotopua, HanpaB- 
jflflCb na Basynieecfl HenpaBHjBHuiťB npEMteenie apHHi^ana, vb 
cyniHOCTH paspymaiH 6a h canifl npaHi^Hiii. Be6 eropOHU ho* 
BBxx cyxetfHux^b yqpesxeHift HcnuTaiH bth Hana^ema HO-oiepexH. 
MipoBOft HBCTHTyTL, cyxe6HHe cxbxoBaTeiH, nposypafypa, axBoaa- 
lypa H npaeflSHHe Bacftx^KrejiH (kuH noxaepraeMa fiedHOn^axBoS 
B, HO ÓojibíHett qacTH, ipaBse oxnoctoponneB kphtbbš. DepatncB 
HO-oqepexH BBBBaxB npoTHB% oe(Sa Hapesania MapoBol aHerHryi^ — 
h saMiwTejiBHOy hto BuaBajTB m% vb to Bpeica, Korxa ctohjtb 
oco(SeBHo xopomo a x^BcTBOBan oco6eHHO npaBBJBHO, T.-e. vb 



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Hini c?ao70tpo1gtbo. 205 

oepBiie roAH pe^pMii, bo Bxppol uombvleí, 60-Tim ro^on, 
lerxa n Bewh Be saiiiiajocB ente, n oco6eHHOCTH vh npoBHHAw, 
Toro yUiXM) orpiim^xi xoTopatt hiiv6, bakobh Óu hh 6kuh ero 
ipiuBii, raamo 6u saRpuBaiK rjasa iipex'B A^ficTBiTenHocTbir). 
MipoBoi cjKb ncHyjca oxHoro im caMHn (Sojbhhz-b míctb 
oÓmeeiBeHHaro 6iiTa 60-thx'e foxobi. RpiinocTHoe npaso co^a- 
Buo Be TOUBO coei^iajiLfliifl oraorneBifl MesAy AByMB cjobmb o6- 

BteCTBa, flO B BpiBBBaiO Kh Sfl8flfl Cne^íaJlBBIIB npHBHHBBy BOTO- 

pm EejWBnfo spoBBsaJB bo bck> ospysaiDnQrD XBmh b npB- 
Aaiui B^bsoTopiiB^L ei flBjeflÍBirb ocotfyio OBpacsy. Ob oeBotfojK- 
xeflien BpecfBiiBi— BpinocTBHB arBomeBÍBBraeBaBy— Bospiinocr- 
Hiig npiBmsB ocTUBCB. Ob bbbb-to npes^e Bcero npflmjiocB 
CTomynea xbpobumi cyxBairB, 6jBsafimflM'B npexcrafiBrejBifi 
piBBara au bc&xi cyxa. Inde irae... RpafiBia sana^eBii bb babo- 

KUypy tWfi J BCÍX'B Vb nailBTB— B OXHOCTOpOBBOCTB BXl fleBOS- 

lOXHO OipSItaiB. ^AKOCTB npoBBBm^ npBAyMaflBuxi AU bíiboto- 

pBn CTOpOKB X^TeXBBOeiB BÍBOTOpiIXl B81 BABOSBIOBl BB MO- 

len iCBynflTB bb BecnpaBeA^BBOCXB orynaiirB o6BBfleBÍt npo* 
im npexcraBBxejet y^pes^^BÍfl, BepaspiifiBO CBSBasBaro cb BopeB- 
HBMi BaujOBíi BOBaro cyxa — cocrasaBieirB CTopoB'B, bb bbí^bíb 
ni nasejofi b ÓesBopiieTBofi bomobiib, BoropyK) OBasuBaja imibo* 
aiypa ompaBiesÍB) npaBOcyxÍB b'b Maec& yrojOBBHXi, BOX^B-vacB 
ofeHB xojuvTB Bpoi^eccoBi. Ho BBB^ojše ynopBiiB, flOHTB Benpe- 
pHBwiqhicB, TO ocja6%Bax)n^B9 to ycBJBBaionpBCfl Bapesaflia bh- 
3I1BUB flpoTBRB ce6a cyxb npBCflSByxi. HapesaBÍa 9tb bpbbb- 
ttiH pa8floo6pa8BUfl ^pmi, — to BHpasaacB vb ciiyTBOirB Bexo- 
BoneTBi x^^if^BBOCTBX) npflCBSBSixi, to x&Baa boboa^ kb yBa- 

SaHÍK) B Tpe60BaBÍK) BpaBTBHeCBBX'B MipX flpOTBBl BTOFO yHpOS- 

iieHii. 

Hacrajo BpeMB paso^paTBCB bo bcíxi BapeRaBíaxi bb nopBXKB, 
cowBBiie cyxeteHMfl ycTaBaicB. BjaroxyfliBoe srBopapoBaBÍe ysa- 
8IBÍS Ba caafiHfl bxi cropoBii, yKasaBÍfl xora 6u b npeyBen^eB- 
mx^ B HeiipaBBnfliix'B — sexocTofiflo toS ufisEy soTopoft npB- 
SBIHH cjya»TB 8TB ycTaBH. Hmi Beqero (Sobtbcb kpbtbbb — b 
k6foeoeiikcmHiM KpBTBsa bo mosctb bmi bobpoabtb. Osa BBBorxa 
He socflexcB ocbobbbxi BanaxB noTOMy, ^to bo hosotb jse osa 
onBpaTBCfl Ha xpyna Ba^ajia, yse ocysA^HBBiB b lopflAnHecBBMi 
paranieM!B b BcropioK) crpasii. Obb mosotb tojbbo yBasarB b& 
HeopasojiBHUB ^pHHy Vh BOTopuB BiuuBCB 8TB BB^aaa. Ho Ba 
9ioÍ flo^B^ npH y&iomB CesnpHCTpacTBaro pasijopa bc%x% cys^e- 
eiByiDn^BX'B a^hbiixi, CBopi b B8CJiÍA0Baflie Moryn 6htb tojibro 
lojesBH. CyxetfBuo ycTBBu BupaÓOTaBu bo au nycroro npocrpaB- 



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206 BtOTHHI^ IBFOm. 

CrM. ^H3HB HXl BUSBaja — Bl SB8HH OHS H np^MiflUUOiai. C^H- 
TftTB ETb BABOHhTO OBEHeBijOCnH), SaOTHBineK) Wh CBOet HeHO- 

ABHXHOCTH, — c^HTETb HX!b 8a bíhto HenorpftmHMoe H cioflo^ee Ha 
wbcrb^ Borxa sasHb yxoxHrB BnepexB — neBOBiiosHO. Ilepiox^ Ha*- 
peRaHÍfi npOTHBi ycraBOB^B Bupa^orajťE xBa EpaiaHTB TEDa: — vh 
oxHOMy npBBaAJeasarb jua^Bf roTOBue «cb ierBHH'B cepAqeirB> h 
spattHeK) 6jiH8opyBOCTBK) nepeBpoHTB ycrasH bxojsb i noaepevB, 
He OTJHHafl H He yjrba oTjHqaTb wh uisTb cynitecTBeHHaro otb 
BHtniHflro H He cosnaBafl, vto wcro TaB^-Has&Baeiioe «s8ir6HeHÍe» 
paBHOCHJibHO yBH^TOsemi);— VL xpyroMy opinaAJieaun opTOXOiu» 
ycraBors, nojararon^, ^to ohb x^BcTBBTejbHO oxpaHflB)rb xoporiB 
EK% yqpesx^Hifl, san^n^ui sasxyK) sanfliyK) vh ycraBaxi, crano- 
BflCB na oxpaay ^yth ae bxi onenaTOBi h ynopso oxBi^nBafiCB 
OTb peaiBHfiix'B npoflBiemfi npBM^HeHia diBX^B ycraBOBi, ne seias 
bb caumaTB o bbxi, hb BrjflxoBaTBCB vb hbxi. Ecjb npexcra- 
BBTejiB nepBaro lana xueso fle CesBpexBti no npaBTB^ecBBn pe- 
ByjBiaTaMiy BoropmiB Moryn, nps ÓjaronpiBTHiixi oÓCToarejB- 
CTBaxi, conpoBOsx&Ti^fl onuTH Bax^ «B8M'6BeBÍeii'B cyxeÓBHXi 
ycraBOBU*, 8a to npexcraBBrejiB BToporo, HecMOTpx aa CBicna- 
TB^BOCTB CBOBXi BOÓysxeHÍft, — (Soite ^ími naoxie BaniBTBflBB 
8TBX% ase ycraBOffB. BucoBOM^paoe OTBomeBÍe vb Tony, hímimo- 
serB 611TB BHorxa cujiewb npoxBBBBKB b aeseiaaie co&HaTB b 
BsyiBTB CBOB, jenco BcnpaBBMBiB, cjaóufl cTopoflii— Bcerxa b bo 
BCflRofi 6oph(yk OBaBHBaio BpeAHUfl ycjyra. 

HeaBBB orpai^aTB, ^lo no upomeciBÍB 14-tb ilarh cyxetfaiii 
ynpesx^Hifl Hama ae cobcům-b tó, ^to osaxajiocB otb bbxi npa 
BBexema ycraBOBi. Koe-HTO n aaxi cjiamsoirB cKopo oÓBermajio, 
a BBoe npBHSJO cobcIh*b BesejaaHUB ^pifu. JIbhbhS cocramb 
Bxi — yse ae totb, BcnojaeHaofi daepria b ropxeJiHBot Btpii btb 
CBoe f^Oy cociaBi mecTBxecBTuxi roxoBi. Eoe*rx^ m> bobho icbxa 
npoco^BJOCB crapoe bbho, — HHoríe ycrajia, yrpaiaia cB&secTB 
BBFJBxoBi,— opraHB^ecsafl cbbbb nesxy otx^jbheimb ytipesxeaiflMB 
ocjaóiia,— pyTBHa noaeiíBory ycasBBaercB aa míctI sBBorox^a 
B o6pa8i cyxeóaaro x^TeiB HaqflaaerB Majio-no-Maiy BaTeicHiTBCfl 
o^pasoiTB cyxeficBaro naaoBaBsa. Stax-b BBJíeBift oTpBii^aTB HejiBsa 

B Cb HBMB fleotfxOXBMO C«IBTaTBCI.... 

Ob xpyrofi CTopoBH ci TeveaieirB BpeiieflH OMsajiocB, iro 
oÓcraaoBsai bi Boropofi xojiibbii x^BcTBOBaTB aoBHe cyxd^ citero 
He oorjiacyeTca cb aaiaiaHB, soToptiB obb xojsbh npBMÍ^iTB,— 
iTO cyn^ecTByH)rB ycjiOBÚi x^jnenHOCTB, ne HpexycMoxpbHHiui co- 
ciaBBTejBHB ycraBÓBB, ho orpasaiontiflCB aa neft BecBMa peiBe^ao, 
^To xHoroe HaMiuHO hb cjamsoirB oóm^axi lepiax^, a BBorxa 



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HADIl GyXOyOTPOtCTBO. 207 

npraex^HO TOpea^yiKb TeopersTOO h pŠBRO, BonpeRH ipefioBaniairB 
SI9HH,— ^rroy HasoHeirE, irkrHHifB g speiíeHHHM^ oÓCToaTeja[LCTBair& 
npij^aHa cihiukomi CoaBmafl CBOÓoxa Bosxi^ĚeTBifl na npasTHqecKoe 
npniHeHie cyxeónnxi ycTSBOBi. OÓflapyseme HedoiBiiiHxi nexo- 
omoKb H HexocMOipoBfB Boojmi^ eciecTBeHHO bi rpona^HoirB sxa- 
Hii, coBxsHHOirB cy^eÓHOH) pe^^opMOio. Caicafl HesfiaqHrejíBHOCTB 
m tLiecTBn^urB otSpasoirB xosaeiiBften, savB xopoma, BarB npoi- 
ea BCfl paSora Bib i^oicb.... 

^eriipHafflaTL jAtl cyn^eciBOBaHifl y^pesAemi— xocraTO^HHft 
nepioxK BpeiceHH, wto6u ffi^th noBOxu h icaTepiajiii x^a oi^^hbe 
xteieiBHocra, op^aHHBa^iH h SHSHecnocoÓHOCTH yipesxeHia. Ilep- 
BHft man Ea btomi nyre xoja:eHx coctoatb vb pascMOTpiHÍH 
ynpexoBi, Roropue eny x^MKyrcfl. 

Tann ynpesoBi Hameify cyxy x^aerca mhofo. Caifue na- 
ciotiKBBe H3% HHX!& HanpaBjiflK)TCfl npoTHBi npHCflSHUx^B sac^x^' 
leiei. IIoBTOiiy HscjišxoBaHie npaBTBqecsHXB yoiOBÍtt hx'b x^atc^b- 
HDctH xBixexes H CBoe^peHeHHHirB h ;iase Heo6zoxnMiiirB. IlycxB 
9n> tfyxerB jramB ciaóufi onurB, nycTB BonpocB 6yxerB sarpoHyrB 
ne in(>2HÍ v ne riy6oRO. Ecjih btotb onHirB BHsoBen Óojiie 
ofimpHHfl H noxpodHHfl H3CJiixoBaHM — níbjíh ero Óyxexi xo- 
ennyra. 



11. 

Beexeme y HacB cyxa npHeasHHXi Óbijio p^nrarejiBHinrB ma- 
ran €0 CTopoHH oocraBHTaiett cyxeÓHiirB ycraBOBi. — Hh opranH- 
unfá xo-pe4K>pxeHHiixi cyxetfHiixi m^^ctb bi Poccíh, he Hcropia 
fj^cEMTb cyxeÓHHxi y^pesxeHÍt ne npexcraBjuiJiH roroBBxi ^pM<B 
xa BToro cyxa, — ne x&BajH eny TO^nsH onopu hh bi uponijioirB 
ymiOBHaro cyxpnpoHBBOxcTBa, hh kb HcropH^ecisHrB BocnoMHHaHisxi. 
CYmecTBOBaBfliie vh anoxy cvxeÓHHBOBi cyxeóniie MysH h ujb' 

% oíelcjA CHBiaiBca npcroTH- 
iiejiefi. Ohh ne 6um cyxBflMH 
Bxy HHMH H cyxBes) 6£ija npo- 

H^CTEBITB, TiyHS TBOpHJTB CJX^, 

JTB npHroBopXy a cyxHue MysH 
B, ^o6ii «6epeqH npaBxy, no 

xHxpocTH*. Bepe^B npaBxy — 
opHJDLCfly corxacHO ycTanoBHBme- 
[CHBaercfl vh cyxHHfi checoki, 

GBExiTe^E Bcero npoECxoxE- 



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208 BftCTHKSl IBPOIQl* 

n^aro Ba eyA^— ohh yxocroBipuH CBoeio no fjacsbiiOj a bi híso- 
Topuxi uy^aaxi h nosasaflieirB, xociortpHOCTB co^epsKaHÚi cy^ir 
Báro enHCKa h nojiy^ajiH ch lero Boniio. TmfiHMi oCpasom aí- 

aOBaJbBHU BXOAHJH Wh COCraVE JIHI^, KOrOpilS COA^ftCTBOBaU, 

no CMiícjiy i^apcRaro cyxeÓBHBa, npaBHJiBflOMy npoHSBOACTBy cynk^ 
HO ETh ^yHBiuH 6un orpaHH^eHH v no cymfictBj x&n obe ne 
BucsasuBajiHCii. Ilparoirb i^iuiOBajbHHiui cyntecxBOBau ne noBce- 
M^HO, ne npH bcAxi cyxaxi. Gx nepBofi noJOBHHH XYU ctojí- 
TÍfl o6m;ttEUy BOTopHfl Blb XYI cTOJ'&TÍi ropflHO HcnpaniHBaxn^ 
ceO^ npaBO hmštb cbohxi i^i^oBajiBBHBOBi npn cy^i boobox^ e 
saificTBBBOBi, nepecraiOTB 8a6oTHTBCfl o&b btoitb npaBÍ,-*i^'ijo- 
BajBBBBH yTpaiHBaK)TB CBOfi nepBcaa^ajbHiifl lapacrepE h sino- 
iobbfí XYII B%Ba coBopmesHO Hc^e8aK)TB. 

He vh 9iowb Bc^esHyBmeirb h nosaÓiiroirB y^pesACHÍn xoriH 
HafiTH cocraBBTejiH yaaBOBi ocbobu j^mk ycrpcdterBa cyxa spicss- 
Bux^B, GoBpeMeBHuft cyAi Be BysxMTOi (Sojte vh npBcyrcTBiH 
Bu6opHuxx BCKJiK>HBTejuEio x^fl HaxBopa sa npaBBXbkocTBio xit- 
CTsitt, 8a BcnojneHÍeMx otipEXOBX. Haysa b npaBTHBa BHpatSorajE 
ŮojAe npocTUfl e onpex^JieHBHE cpexcrsa rapasrapoBaiB j^sctBpy- 
mjíTb Wh jiíbjAj B A^jiOBajiBBBBB XYI B^xa npexcraBJEiíH ne mbo- 
rBMi 6djiBmifl Maieplaji x^b opraBHsai^iB cyxa npBCESBHXi, iHwb 
noBETue B xo6pocoB%CTBue OTSBBmflxi cyxe6Biix'B nopEXBOBi. 
y^pesxeBie iic&iOBajiBBflBOBi yRasuBajo jiebib na to, 9to npaBBTeiB- 
CTBO, Wh nepiox'B HBBfiojiBmaro pasBETifl seiícBoi eubsbe wh xp^b- 
sefl PycB, npDBBaBajíO bosmosbuhx npESUBaiB bh6opbux!!b otb 
Mtosaro odn^ecTBa xjb npEcyrciBOBaBifl npn ompaBjeHÍE yrojOB- 
Baro eyxa. Ho saxMa cyxa npEcasniixi — b BHme, b nnpe. 
BocBpemeBBoe BWh HepTBuxi, yHpeasx6BÍe i^^OBaiBSEKOBi bbcbo2bbo 
Be noxBBByjio 6ii xo-pe<j^piseflBaro cyxoycrpoftCTBa. ^íjio nuo o 
nepexa^i caMaro cyxa, caMaro npoBSBeceBiE npnroBopa wh jQ>yrii 
pyBB, — o npE8UB% Wh cyxi npexciaBBTejefi ofinnecTBa nexu npE- 
cyrcTBÍE, Wh Ra^ecTB^ naÓJUoxaTejiefl b xoctob^phíixi CBBx^Teiefi 
npoBcxoxEBnaro, a o6i oÓEsaBBOCTB bx^b EBjniTBCfl BupasBreiaBfl 
oÓn^ecTBeflHofi cobíctb wh npoBSBOCBMOiťB BiiB npBroBopi. 

GocaoBBas opraBBsaitifl crapBixx cyxoBi npexcraBJua yvacrie 
BiiÓopnaro dJieMeBra wh caicoirB paspimeBifl x^a. GociOBHHe sa- 
cšxaiejB npB nocranoBJíeBiB npEroBopa nox&BajE rojoca napaBsi 
ch Bu6opB£[M% npexc%x&Te-ieM*B b bopobhbbtb lOBapBn^en npex- 
ctxaiejifl. EcTB xn^BÍe, vro obb 6uib CBoeró poxa npBCESHHicB 
Bac^x&TeiEMB. HiBOTopue K)pflCTBi-npaBTBBB, x^ficTBOBaBBiie npE 
CTapuxi cyxaxx, yTBepsxaK>rB^ hto cocjiOBBiie sacix&TejiB b x^b^^ 
ceBaTopu Bi crapuxi x^BapiaMeBTaxi césara EBiEJiflCB tojibbo 



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Himi GTAoycTPoloiso. 209 

cyxuaa ^jiasTHHeciot ciopoHii xf^ia — h, paspšiiiM Boopocti o bi- 
BOBHocn, npexocraBiflu npexcraBEreuirB sopoHHaro ajieMeHia, T.-e. 
lasiiejflpiH, paspimeHÍe h paspaCorsy Bonpoca o HaBasaniH. Aia- 

TU&aOCTB HX'E ÓHja X&liejUíOCTBK) npHCflSKHHXl — H IMUIh CO 

BMxeBiem cyxeÓHiuTB ycrasoBB abeihcb y nacB HacKMinúe cy^bs. 
IIoeTOMy cocraBHTejiH ycraBOBi Hanuni roroByx) noHBy jí^z cyxa 
npBCflSHfixi, Hamn opraHEsai^iK), bb Boiopofi btotb cy^^ yse 
XJUeiBOBan mhofo j^ti, to tojbeo vh ^yrofl ^pifi. Saxa^a 
HXB eBoxuacB He bb coaxamio Hero-jratio HOBaro, He bi sauMCTBO- 
Bamx) lero-jnfio ^ysoro, a jihiub bb BHxoH8ifÍHeHÍio cyn^eciByiontaro. 

Ob anň Bsraflxoirb hítb BOdMOSHOcin comcHTBCfl. Mesxy 
eociOBHiíMH saciA&TejiflMH H npHCflSHUMH — q&iax nponacTB. Ohh 
qna^ecTBeiiHO pasmicfl ne toubo no CBoeiiy npoHCxoBxemfo, no 
jcjumsun CBoero noflBjeHÍA bb cyx^ — ho h no oóieiiy CBoefi a^a- 
TejEuiocrH. OxHH npexcraBsiejiH cocjiobíě, xpyne npexcraBATe^H 
oáwficm BO Bcefi ero coBOBynHocTH|-roxHH naccHBHue x'^flTejiH 
cyxa, j^CTByion^aro na ocHOBanm leopie j^pMajBHiirB Aosasa- 
Teibcnehy — xpyrie aBTHBHue ey^BH no cob^h, ne cricHaeMue 
^pM&jbHHMH npexnBcaHijiiai saBOna, ne BXBHHyrue bi ysBÍfl paMBH 
npexycranoBjeHHBXB AOBasaxejiBCTFB. 

ycniHaKiHBafl opraHH?ecByH) cbabb h npeeMCTBO Mes^y saci- 
xaTeuiiH eraparo cyxa h npecASHUME, aaÓnBaiorb oaho— Teopiio 
^pMaiBHHXB xosasaTaiBCTBB. dra Teopúi OAna hbb nepBuxi najia 
noKh yxap&MH HaABHTaBmeficfl pe^picH. OxHŠna ea— ocnoBHoe 
nanaio noBaro cyAonpoBSBoxcTBa. FjiacHOCTB h ycmoiiTB cyxa, ca- 
xocTOflTejiBHOCTB cy^eft— Bco dTO 6eijo 6u CA^ano na noJiOBany, 
Bce 8T0 ne Aocmrajio 6u CBoeB i^^jui — eciH 6u ocrajiaeB leopifl 
^pxaAHHXB AOBasaiejiBCTBB. Ona onyruBa^ia 6bi cyAett.H cbasbi- 
Ban Hx*B bo bcíx'b cjy^aflxi, taí seboo cyuieciBO A^^^a neyBJía- 
AHBaeTCfl vb sapante onc^pennuji h BSB^mennuB 4^pMii, Tfjb Me- 
xaHHHecBafl, BHimnflfl oi^inBa AOBasaTeaBcrvB haotb bb paspisB 
Ch HXB coAepsameirB h A^flcxBHTaiBHOK) chjiok). 

GocjOBHiie sad^AaieiH A^ficTBHTeiBHO MorjiH paspimaiB tojibbo 
BonpocB o BHHOBHOCTH,— npeAOcraBUfl npeAc^aiejíK) híih ceBpe- 
mpn noBatfoTHTBca o «npHJiH9HiixB A^y sasosax^B* no Bonpocy 
O HaBasamH. Ho pasBit, pasp^maa BonpocB o bhhobhocth^ onu 6uin 
CBOÓOAHH? PasB^ ne cioajia npe^B hhmh q^jas CHcreMa oónsa- 
leiBHurB npaBHJCB, bb BoropiiXB 6buo onpeA^HreJiBHo yBasano, 
^imo OHH HH^iorB npaBO c^HraiB AOBasaieiBCTBOirB h Kanou siorB 
AOisHii OHH noABOAHTB tímb hjh ApyrHHB AaHHHMB A&ia? PasBŠ 
OHB Morjra, npoHHBHyBnmcB tbopahitb yÓtsAeHÍeirB, CBasarB «bh- 

BOBeHB» H BHaTB, HTO UKl npEFOBOpl OCTaHeiCfl Vh CMI% H HO 
Tom I^— ďHBAPB, 1861. 14 



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210 BMTHISl IBFOnH. 

pftcnaA^TCs npH ^^opuajiBHofl npoBÍpRÍi h ne saMi^HHicx «octaB- 
jieHieifB vb noxoBpÍHÍ]i», soropoe HHBoro He y^OBjerBopuo h 
HH^ero m pasp^majo? 

npHCflSHue sac^AATejiH pbmaioTi x^za no BHyrpeHHeify j6í3l- 
ffimiOy BOTopoe CBUtaAUBaercfl csodomo h HesaBscHMO, corjiacHO ch 

T6m, 1TÓ OHH BHXflTB H CJHBiaTl Ha CyX^. 3X0 KOpeHHOe CBOfi- 

CTBO cyxa npHCssHuxi. Ovh hexi ho oauua^ca h ne MOserB 
6uTB Tpe5yeMa MOTHBHpoBRa vrb p'liiieHÍfl. Oho ciaraercii nox^ 
BjiinHÍeiTB BHyrpeaHofi nepepatforse xoft Maccn pasHopoAHnxrs Bne- 
^aTj%HÍfl, KOTopHfl npoHSBOAHTb Ha HHX'B pasÓHpaiejiBCTBO x^bia. 
JI^OB^pie BiH HexoB^pie n tim^ hih ^pyrBiTB xosasarejiBCTsairb — 
ecn a'6j[0 hx'b cob^^h. 

He Bi TaKOMi nojTOseBÍH Haxoxuca sac^xftTeiB craparo cyjUL. 
SasoHi TpeÓOBajn otb nero npesHaHÍa bbhobhocth iehib nps co- 
eeptueHHhtxz A0Ba8aTejiBCTBax'B. Eor^a ohi^ oópan^aicx b% rjasBOMy 
AOKasaiejEBCTBy — kl nosasaHÚiiťB CBEAlrejefi, eny roBopnjocB, ^ro 
8TH noBasanifl ho HM^iorB chjiii, 6jAe ae kbleu ho^b npHCflFOH) 
H npHTOMi xByiffl CBHx^TejuniH, ecjH tojbko ojíjnwh hsi hhx^b He 
uaTB UM oreiícBy noKaaiiBaioiiue npoTHBi cboexi^ jsfbTei... Eorxa 
OHI Bcrp^najicfl cb bhbimi HCspeHEHirB h npaBffHBiiMi nosasa- 
HieiťB, eMy roBopHJiocB, "íto oho ho haotb bi cwtb, TaiTB saa^B 
CBBA^TejiB vb Ka^ecTB^ «flBHaro npejH)6oA:&i», hih «oopTBBniaro 
xaflHO MOseBue SHau*, hjih ^BHOcrpaHi^a, nosexenie soioparo ne 
H8BÍCTH0» — ne MOsen npHHHMaTB npEcars.*. Eorxa ohs o6pa- 
n^ajcfl Vb pasjíE^HUMi noBaBanLiirB, x^hbiitb nox^ npHeflroH), sa- 
noHB peBOMeHxoBajii eny xasarB npexnoireme snaTHOMy upexb 
HesHaTHEiHi, xyxoBHOMy npexi CB^TCBHiťB, iiysTOHŠ npex^B sen- 
n^HHOiD, yqeHOMy npeA^ ney^eHtiMi... Ecjih, Hasosei^, oocJOBHsit 
sac^X^^-i^ naxoxHJi^B, ^o^HecMorpa HaorcyrcTBÍe «coBepmeHHiix%» 
XOvassTeJBCTBi, ecTB vacca yjHBi, BoropuE npHBOxarB ero bi ne- 
cOMHÍHHOMy y&ba5,jífimio wb bhhobhocth noxcyxHMaro, coBepmHBmaro 
iipaHHoe x^jio H jíOBXo cnpflTaBmaro ocotienno BiixaB)npecfl Bonipi 
Bi Boxy — H saaBJSfljťB, HTo naxo nociaHOBHiB o6BHHHTeiBEull npn* 
roBopi, TO ceBperapB nvbn npaso npexcraBHTB eiiy «cb xojshoh) 
tfjaroopHCiottHOCTBH>» o TOiTB, HIC ero paacysxeBáfl HecorjiacHii cl 
sasoHaMH. GesperapB hopb fb noxoÓHOirB cjiy^at ynasaTB cocjiOBHOMy 
3acÍAaT6JiK> na HeoGxoxHiiocTB ocxaBjíeHifl noxcyxHMaro toibbo b% 
noxo3pÍHÍH iJiH na bosmoxhoctb xatb ony x^ «OHHnteHÍa noxoapŠHui* 
npHCflry, rb BOiopofi, Hesxy t6m'b, OTKasuBaiocB, no lony se x^&ijy 
HHOcrpaHi^y, «nOBexeHÍe Boxoparo HeH8B^CTH0>... 

HraB^ — ne b% HcropÍH pyccsaro npaBa b ne wb crapoiTB cyjifb 
npHHiJiocB cocxaBHxeJiflMi cyxe^Hux^B ycxanoB^ HCBaxB onopsi x^a 



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lÁms cTXoycTPotoTBo. 211 

CBO^ pšmHMOCTH BBecTi cjKB npHCflaraiix^. Vlwh npHmjioci otfpa- 
Tmefl vh HpaBCTBeHHHirB cBofic? fiam pyccBaro Hapoxa, — osepeiBca 
Ha B^py vh ero cdocoChocth h fb xy^OBHHx chjiii CBoefS crpaHH. 
Tenepii BOTTta cyjrs npHCflSHBxi BBexeffB h MHoro An jme 
jfHcTByeTB y Haci,— BorAa npBroxHOCTB ero wa pyccBaro napo^a 
vh riasaxi Bcaaaro ÓesiipucrpacrHaro KU^jioxaTeu ne HOserB 
nf^esaiB c(mH%mR>, BonpocB o BBexemH btoS ^pmh y nacB 
npexcraBjífleTai, noBHXHMOMy, ecrecTBeHHHMi b npocnnrb. Ho ne 
ŤamrB npexeraBiaJca obi Torxa, soria o(5cysAUHCb b nBcaiBCs 
ocflOBHiiff noiosesifl Dpeo<$pa90BaBÍa cyxetfsoS naciB. Torxa pas- 
xaBaiBCB rojioca, DpexpesaBane 9T0My cyxy noJisyK) Beyxavy, — 
ysasuBaBAiie, ^ro Beo^xyitasBO b HeocioposBBo npBairoaTB tbopbtb 
cyx^ iiK>xefi, rpasxaHCBoe pasBBTie Boropuxi Óbijo Tasí xo^ro sa^ 
xepxaso B BOTopHe bpbbhbjib junmb vb Bp'6nocTBOMy Tpyxy bjib 
vb Bcenorjon^aBonpvx saÓoraiTB o eacyn^BHx^ norpefiBocraxi. 

OnaCWiB 8TB flCXOXBilB Be OTB OXBBXl npOTBtiffHKOBl pC^[)0pMl2. 
GoBB^Bie Vh npBTOXHOCTB BTOrO Cyxa XU PoCCÍB BIICKaBBBaJOCl 

.iK);(BBB, sejaBBiBHB BOBOMy cyxy Boo6n^e npeycntsBifl b bbxíb- 
nmfl vh iLewh oxbo bsi cpexciBi x^^H^finiaro paBBBrifl rpasr 
^(aHenienmeTB. Mesxy hbbb BaaBBjii<B b CBoe BicBoe cjobo beicobo- 
TaiaBTJBBHfi yneBufi H>pBcrB, jiezvin Boroparo «o cyxeÓBO-yrojiOB- 
HHTb xoBasaiejiBCTBaxi*, HaranBira b% 1860 roxy, OBasqBBajiBCB 
saiBieHieiťB o BesosifomBOCTB eyxa npBcasBEirB xifl Pocein. Tairb^ 
roBopsn OBS, T}(k Bapox'^ xo Toro apaBCTBesBO npocT%, ^to 
^acro He paayMŠerB np^TynBOciB (kMBmHscTBa npeeryBJíeBitf, — 
rx* OBT. xo Topo nojBTB^ecBB npocTB, ^TO cíBraerB cyxi crpa- 
iDHjnin^eMx, a ocy»xeBSHXi BeciacTBoiiB, — vxb wbcro yBaseBÍa 
np^xi sMOBoiTB saBHMaerB CTpax'B npex^ HawjiBcrBOirB b caMHfi 
sasoBi pascifaTpHBaeTCfl BaRi Ha^ancTBeHBEift npBaasrB — rairB ae 
Bomen 6iitb b p^&hb o cyxi npBCflSBfiiTB. 

TpeBosBQB npexcsasaBÍB b comb^bíb se noBOJie6aiB oxsaBO 
cocraBBTeJieft ycrasoB^. Hxi se ycrpauiBio cocrpaxaTejBBoe otbo- 
meflie npocxóro pyccaaro %ji0B!bBa b'b ocymdeHuoMy^ vb «flec9acT' 
mmy*, b obb cmšjio bojosbjibcb aa sxpasHt cmhcjíi b Bpas* 
ciBeBByD ^yTKocTB Bapoxa. 

Bb 9T0ifB xoBŠpíB B^B CBoeiiy Bapoxy, FB yBaseBÍB vb ero 
yByB BocopiBM^BBOCTB— BejiBBafl sacjiyra cocraBBrejiefi cyxetfeuxi 
ycTBBOFB. Oaa se BaÓyxeTca Bcxopieio b— BecMorpa bb sa sasie 
BpeMeHBue, npexoxfin^e b ^acTB^Biie BexocxaTBB cyxa bpbcjis* 

HHrB XACTB BITB UpaBO CTOflTB Ba pBXJ C% AiSíTeSgME BBJIB* 

laro x^ja ocBO(k)sxeBis specTBABi^. 

Cyx^ npBCflSBux'B cjiBinB0M'B oy6oxo saiporBBaerB HBom 

14* 



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212 B^Bcrani ibfoiih. 

ciopQHH o6ii^ecTBeflHOfi SH8HH H ycTpo&CTBa. noBTOMy owb Bcerxa 
H no^TH noBCH)Ay BusiiBan vh nepsne voxti cBoero cyn^eciBOBa- 
aifl Hana^eHífl na cbod x^iejiBHOCTB h nepesHaaji nepioxi cna- 
Hajia riyxoro HexoBOiBCXBa co crapoHu otaíjibhhxi joshi* h i^- 
jux^B (KSn^ecTBeHHiixi rpynm, a noiOMi h OTBpiiTol, pissofispa- 
THKH H coMH^HÍfi vh evo A&iecoo6pa3HOCTH H flUie paByUHOCTK. 
Jí^isL sHBoro y^pesAeflifl 6opb6a HeaBÓissa. Ek) noBynaerca Ha- 
CToau^aa npo^HOcrb. 

En riaBHiĚmHXi crpan^ sanaxHOĚ Esponu oxHa iHmb AHrjiífl 
ee npeAcraBjflerB Tauxi* Hana^eHifi na cyxb npncflSHUxrL. Tair^ 
OH*B cjiosHJicfl HCTopH^ecKH, nocTeneHHO, — Biipa6oTa«icfl nyreiis 
oóii^aa H onHTa— H cocraBHXL HepaspuBHyio npHHaxJieaKHOci^ Bcero 
otfjqecTBeHHaro crpoa. Hana^ema na ero cyn^ecrso no^iii se- 

miCJBMH Bl aHTJLÍflCBOIťB 06lI^ecrB%, — OBH 6UJH 6U paBHOCUbHH 
OTpHIUiHÍH> BCeĚ npaBOBOfl HCTOpÍH cípaHu. JtflMe H Vh ipeBOSHOe 
BpeMfl ROHI^t XYIII CTOJI%TÍfl, BOFAa HŠBOTOpue npHFOBOpH IipH- 

CASBHuxi MorjiH pasxpasaxB h nyraiB tíx'b, bto (Souca Bjiianifl 

COÓBTÍfi, npOHCXOAHBUIHX!B BO ^paHI^ÍH— HeiBBfl HafllH Kb AhTJIÍH 

cjišxoBi coMH^HÍa Fb cyA^ npHcasHHXi, Basi bb y^pesAemn. 
EiiBajH HapeBanifl h ffixe npoflBJíeHia BeroxoBaBÍfl na useibcmubixi^ 
npHcaaBHHXi, no userbcmnoMy f!bjíy^ — ho Jinnib TOJibBO aro. To ase 
noBTopaercfl h xenepb, no OTHomeHÍK) vb EpjaH^ÍH. 

Bo ^pani^H 611J10 BpoMa cubHuxi h ropa^exi Hana^enit na 
cjxb npncasHuxi. Ilpn oÓcysA^nÍH code ďinstraction criminelle 
611J10 cx^iano MHoro yBasanift na pa3HUfl yBjíoHeHia eioro cyxa 
vb npeAmecTBOBaBmie roxH hoa^ B.iiflHÍe]rb pasrapa nojHTH^ecBHrB 
crpacreft^ — 611J10 BecbMa aacnjiyaTBpoBaHO BnepBue BcniHBmee na 
noBepxHOCTb a^o Jteaiopsa h cairb HanojieoHi ynopno h nacTOflHHBo 
paxoBajTb npoTBBi cyAa upncasanux^b. Ho BasoHOAaTejiH TorAamneft 
^paniVH ciyM^jiH npeAaTb nacroan^yH) uibEj BpeiieHHbíMi yBJíOHe- 
maiiB MOJOAoro y^pesAe^ia bb ÓypnyK) peBOJiioivoHHyK) anoxy — 
H, OTHeca ero omafoE h HCAOcraTBa ci nojiHOD cnpaBOAJiuBOCTbia 
ne Bi neify caMOMy, a bi arofl anoxi — yAepauLiH cyA^ npHcas- 
Huxi> BO 4^paHAy8CBOM!b cyAoycrpoficTB^. 06n^ecTB0 cosnajo, hto 
iiesAy aiHMi cyAOm h Boaspan^enieMi kb cyAeÓHiiirb nopaABAM% 
ciaparo pesHMa caMOio Hcropieio Bupura A^ji^ta nponacib— h na- 
naAeHÍfl na BHCTHTyrb npBcasHiixB saMŠHHiBCb BapoBaBiaicH ea 
BTb npaBTHiecByK) A^exbnocrb, Boropaa Bupasajiacb vh cjmn- 
Boiťb Masofi yroJOBBOft penpeccin. ynpeBB cyAy npHcasHiixi sa 
cjTHmBoifb óojbmofl ^/o onpaaAaTejibBHXi npHroBopoBi ocoÓeBBO 
CHJibHO CTajiH pasAaBaTbca noc^i 1830 roAft b no6yAHJH saROHO- 
AaiejiBByK) B^acib xn^aiejibBO h 6e3i npeAy6%SAeBÍa npoTBRb npn* 



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Him C7AOT0TPOtCTBO. 213 

awmvb njacMorp^kBcs Ri npHHHHt aroro aBiema. IIpnHHa 
HanuacB vh toitb saTpyxHeHÍH^ wb xoropoe craBuvcB npecasHue 
i^osMosHOcrBK) cMfli^aTL HHorxa cypoBoe HaxasaHÍe, xorxa ohh 
ufjbxBy vto noAcyxHMHft, no cbohitb jih^hhitb CBofiCTBaMi eih 
o((cTOflTeiM:TBaarb xiia, ne sacjiyjKHBarb TaBofi (SesnoD^xHOcni. Ko- 
leúucb uemxj ÓesycaoBHiiirB oÓBWRemeirh h onpaBxaHÍeM^B, HaxoAt 
oepBoe mecroKSLWb, a 'BTOpoe HecnpaBexJHBum — npHCflSHHe bo 
MHonai cjnfvaarB He hhphjihcb c^ sHaafeHHTiiirE espeiemeMi 
«dQialex — 8edlex!» h npexno^srafl HecnpaBexiHBOCTb xecroKOCie,— 
BOHoaLoi onpasxaTejiBHiitt nperoBopi. B^b 1836 roxy hitb fflMo 
6mo opaBO npEsnaBaTB vh jsfbBEm noxcyxníaro circonstances at- 
tennantes — h ^icjo HeocHOBaiejiHiixi npHroBopOBi sHa^HTejiBHO 
yieHbinuocB. Oe bthitb yMeeLmemeirB saMOJUH h Hanaxemfl na 
cp?> npHCflaKHHrB, h owh OBOHHaieibHO, Tsepxo h 6esnoBopoTHO, 
yciaHOBucfl bo $paHiuH. TenepB, Borxa npHcasHne npoHSHoearB 
onpiBxaieiBHHe nparoBopii, HecMorpa na o«ie6HXHyio Haai^HOCTB 
npeciyiueHiii h na cosHame noxcyxnaro— yse ne pasAaercfl npes- 
Hizi (/jmnemŘ. SaBOHOAaTejiBHafl BjacTB OTHOCHTca vh aroMy cyxy 
ck lOBipieirB, a o6ii^ecTBeHHoe MH^HÍe crapaerca Hafirn npennH 
niHXi npHTOBopoBi ne bx npHCasHnxi, a kb ycaoBiflxi o6a^e- 
eneiHaro Óuia, vb HpaBaxx h, naBOHei^, kb orsHBaioii^Hxi cboS 
Bin o(Sfl8aTeiBHnxi HopMaxi. Hexasnee jiHiepaTypHoe osHBjreHÍe 
110 Wfsofj fíbn MapiH Bbopb, Tajin i jip. — h bhboxu, vb bo- 
TOpím, oTHGBnafl npH^HHH onpaBxaHÍft, npEmiH tionmifl JHie- 
ptrypHHfl HMOHa $paHAÍH — cjiysan jy^mHirB AOBaaaTeJBcrBOirBy 
TO BpeMfl <$ju80pyBHXi^ HapeBamfl ea npBCfla:Hiix'B npoouo bo 

^^paH^iH tfeSBOSBpaTHO. 

repMaHifl BnepBHe npBNJia cyxB iipBCflSHHX'B BasB hobobbo- 
ffim, (uŠAOBaBmee sa HanojeoHOBCBHifH opiaiiB. OcBOÓOABxejiBHO* 
flaiqoHauHoe XBBseme sacraBBJO btotb eyx^ oicrynHTB easax^ h 
sanepio ero HeBJH)^HTenHO vh pefiHCBBXi npoBHHipm, — ho 
1848 v, cHOBa BBSBaji ero kb shbhh bi repMaHÍH. H btb Heft 
OBL He MHHOBaxx HaHa^eHífl. Tojbbo ohh miH ApyrHM'B nyreirB, 
^wb bo ^aH^iH• npexcTaBBTejra nayBH pasxljiBJHeB na xbb 
larepg— H hpothbhbbb cyxa npHCssHuxx, ci ne-FjyHeBOMx bo 
uasi, cfajiH jTHopHO AOBasuBaTB, iTO cyffB OTOTB He npexcraBJu^TB 
flKnsořmax% rapanrift x^b npaBBJBBaro ornpaBjíeHifl npaBOcyxú. 
CsaiajA pacnpa mxa jhiiib bi^ oÓJiacn B>pHXB^ecBofi iHrqmypii) 
10 BoflBa 1870 — 1871 r. pacmBpua nojie tfopBtfii. Peaai^iB npo- 
TiBB Bcero 4^paHi\y8CBaro orpasBjacB b hb cyx^ npHCflSHBXi. 
9io 0pafmy8Cfcoe yipesxeHÍe aaio npssHaBaTBCB netoffiuwb x^b 
repMaHÍH. GqacTjiHBafl BofiHa cb «HCBOHHHirB BparoirB> xoaaaajia^ 



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214 MGTUKl IBPOUH. 

no mhšhíh) MEOTETh lAuejsftExii K)pHCTOFB, HTO TepiiaHifl XOJUKHa 
BO BceMi>— H xase bi cyx^ÓHofi opranasai^iH — oneparBca aa cboh 
HEiuoHaxbHiifl y^pesxenLi. K)pHCiu otipaiEJHCB bi Auesoicy opom- 
aoMy repifaHÍfl h sb híbotopum*b ero BBj^iiSMtoeHHUMi ocrai- 
Kam Bi ea ne^aBEeiii npoiuoM-B. Bíiji'e yRasaffL cyx^ mS^^ 
HOBrB,-**Bii6opHsx% MAfifuejiež^ BOTopiie aoishu bmíoiÍ ci cyxiiaMH 
cocraBiaTb ojMiy BOJiieriio — paBHO padpšmaa h Bonpoeb o bbhob- 
Hocn H Bonpocb o&b yrojoBHOfi aapfi. SaBOBOxaiejBCTBO npanuia 
Ba noMon^ kb btbmi BarjAAairb b or^actB BOCopBBflBi axb — 
cosxajio cyA'B mifjf^ovh npa y^acTBOBom cyxt (Amtsgerícht) 

BOBOft BMQepÍB. Ho CJKh HpBCflttBilXl Be COmeiTB co CJiftEU Vh 

repMaBÍH. Ero bo pšnuuiflCE bb ynpaBABBTb, bu nOABeprByr^ 
BBa^BieuBiiUii ypidBaMi. Ofl'b ^^yBBiuoBBpyen Ba paxy ci mC^ 
^^aMB, BBexeBBUMB cb 1 osraópa BOBaro cnua 1879 roxa — i 
éy^yo^ee en^e ffijixMO noKasaTb, BacBOJiBKO nocjAffiiŘ Aocraraeii 
CBoefl q&iB B MOSBO jiB npexno^BTaiB xasyK) j^pny CMimaBBara 
cyxa— ^fleroiiy cyxy BpeACiaBirrejiefi o^n^ecTBeuBofi cobí^ctb. 

P^BBaa yneBafl BpBiBBa cyxa npBCuaiBuxiy Bapo^eirB, ne 
yMoaBaerb vh TepiiaBiB. HsBtoBiift i^BMBBajiBcrB BBBXBBrB i 
BBaiieBHTHfl HrepBBrL («Zweck im Becht>) BMCiynann bi no- 
ca^AHee BpoMB npoTBBi aroro cyxa. UepBiifi xoBasuBaerB, hto cyA*^ 
npfleflSBHXi Be BuxepsBBaen bpbtbbb saB^b y^peauesie h)peab- 
lecBoei— BTopoi, co cBOflCTBeBBOio eiiy opanuianBociBK) Bariax^ 
yTBepsAAen, hto cyx& opacasBuzi octb toabbo oxsa bvb enKiiy 
E9b nepexojMUiixi ^pmb cyxeÓBofi opraBBsaipB. #opaia aia no- 
jiesBa, 6uTh uosen wae Beo6xoABBa, amsi ycraBOBJíesia npaBB^B- 
Buxi OTBomeBifi BJiacTB B rpasAaBi, a^ nocraBOBieBU bobhii 
otfB^ecTBeBBuxi yHpesAeail mxb oxpaay o(k^ecTBeBBOĚ cobícth. 
Ho pasi 9T0 AOCTBrByio b y^pes^eBÍa ynpouABCB, — bobub bb 
CBOK) BoiOK), — A^^ejiBBOCTB cyAft npBCBSBiixib fpjmah Bpespa- 

TBTBCa, nOTOMy, HTO OHB BM^eTb B^Aaifl BOlBTBHeCBÍfl, a Be H>pB- 

XBH6CBÍfl. «Der Mobr hat seine Schnldigkeit getlian», roBOparB 
HrepBBTB cjOBaMB niBJíiepay «der Mdur kann geheii!».. 

y Bacb cyA% BpBCflSBHXi Be BiiayBajib npoTBffb ce(Sfl napě- 
BaBÍi ufliB caaiue nepBHO fqau CBoero cy^ecTBOBaBia. Ho TeaepB 
B Bi o6n\ecTBŠ, b bi jBiepaiypi lam Bap^caeifl pasAUorcfl 
BecbMa ^acio.-^OrA&iBBiie ciyvaa npesnEinafiBO oéoóíoiuíntííy sas* 
AHi npeAnojaraeiiHl spoiiaxi npflCflSfiHX'E bo OTAiiBBOMy x^y 
npBBBCiiBaerca CBoftcTBairb caMaro y^pesAesia — b Bce 9io babo- 

CBTCfl Bl rpOBBUtt 0<SBBBBTeXBBiltt asn npOTBBI^ CyWt npBCBSHHXl. 

Ha BX% cnen 6en aubbhtb paBcysA^BÍl BaBOCBxea b na^BOCTB 



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HÁIQS C7X07GTPOÍCTBO. 215 

ofiBHBemfl, H onmtfsH cyxa npH sexems x^a h HexpcraTSH yrojiOBHaro 
aasona... 

&i^bcrt ch i&TB sa nocjiixHee xecjrruMe saBracAaiejbCTBo 
BUBe, eyxfl no híbotophhi opsBBaBaiťB, crajio no OTHomeHÍio leb 
cjxy npHCflSHiirb sasvóu bi BfiUKBxaiejibHoe nojioseníe,— ciaju) 
Ba Bero cnoip^xb ne xaKi na npoTOoe yHpesxenie, soiopoe ea^o 
pasBHBaiE, a Basi na ontm, soxopHirB en^e ho CBasano nocjix* 
Biro cjOBa vh xbjA namero coapeMennaro cy^oycrpoficiBa. IIps- 
FOBopH npBOUKHiixi, Bi]8iiBaH)iiae npoTBFb céóM oco6eHHiiB napě- 
saniB, noAavTb oÓnKnoBenno noBOx% h n cjyxasTB o bobmoshocth 
anaHHTejibHiixi orpanEHeniS aroro cyxa h BCBBaro poxa bsi nero 
Bsuiift. S% cnacriH), ciyxH bth ne mAmrh no 6óaBDiett nacTB 
spomm ocHOBanifi^ no cb xpyroft cioponn xo chxi nopB ne 
(duo npexnpflnflio n cepiSamiTb saROBOAaiejiBHEixT* nonuTOsi^ leh 
Bsyiesix) B ycrpaneniio iipH^Bm, BoropuKH oÓycJOBaBBaKxrcfl nps- 
roBopu, vJJs^e vh pasffbvh cb rocnoActByH)fluiMH Bariaxaioi. Bca 
saBOBOxaxaniHafl x^^arennocTB oraocBTejibBO upnausnux^ 3a no- 
cxftxniB 10-Tb jAtb orpann^BjacB mnsmewh bsb bxi BixoMCTBa 
fjkry no npeciynjeHiaiii nponBi nopaxu ynpaBjema h npBsu- 
BoiTb Bx oocraBi npBCflSBurB BecBMa orpanBiennaro ^BCJia Boen- 
Eui% ^HHOBi. EcjB CK)xa 86 OTHecTH cfTf/bjíhwaa, Mipu~-B0cnpe- 
fl^ie BOMCTBy x&BaTB ByacAaH)nquíai npBCfl»H£iin» bsi specirbfiB^ 
xesesHyD nonon^B na BpenB npe^uBanÍB bx'b ea ceeciflxi cyxa 
B BoeOysAenie Bonpoca o jyímeirB cocraBjíeHiB cnncBOBi nps- 
cisHHxi — TO 8TB]f% HC^epnaexcfl nouH Bce, mb cx&íano no otbo- 
menhD kb aroirf cyxy. Ho sroro o^enB najko x^fl y^pesAesifl, 
npomi KOToparo pa8xax>TCfl nonre nenpepHBaB)nuBca otiBBHeHifl 
B BOTopoe nocrasjeno, o^cbbxho, bi ne&iaronpiBTHtifl ycAOBÍa x*^- 
leiBEOcni. EciB CMorp^bB na nero Baii» na y^pesxenie, bmík>- 
rnfie npaso na xojiroe n npo^noe qrniecTBOBaEie, to neiBsa ocra- 

BaTBCfl Bl 6e8X&ftCTBÍH OrnOCBTeJIBHO 9TBXI yCJIOBÍi. IIoCTOflHHilJI 

Banaxenifl cb oxaofl croponiz n OTcyTCTBÍe BcecropoBnaro BBy^eaúi 
B eo^BCTBenniiX'B yjy^meHÍI— c^xpyrofi, ne MOfyrB ne nocejflTB 
cnpaBexnBol TpeBora bo Bcte'B, KOMy xopon nHeraryrB npBcas- 
BiDCB H Kio coenaerB ^x) orponnoe npaBdBennoe saa^eBie x^ 
crpanu. 

CyxB npBCBSHHXB vh PoocÍH noxosi na xoporoe h noieBnoe 
pacvenie. Omixníii n gnaDngifl caxoBoxi, vh jieuí cocraBBTejieft 
cyxeénuxíB ycraBCHB^B, nepeneci ero bvb ^yjcnx^ spaeBi la namy 
BOHBy, Bnojinš X^a nero nparoxnyK),— n saTd^irB, ycrynui xpy* 
mrb B03paH|eHÍe aioro pacreeia. Ilosa ono ne nycran rjy<k>- 
BBU sopeet B ne pacnycTHTca bo Bceft CBoeft CExb — neoCxoxHMO 



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216 BBoram iBPonH. 

ne ocraBJíflTB ero na npoHBBOj-B cjki>6u, a 8a5oTj]iBO cAjs^mb sa 
HEiTB, oxpamiTB ero ovb HenoroAU, san^iin^aTB ors fjpaux^ Bsfon- 
Bsxh BJiiflmt, OBonaiB i orpaxHTb xasHirL oÓpasoHi, iw6a ne 

ÚUJIO nOBOXOBl H BOSMOSHOCTE qAsaTB CB BerO KOpy HJl oÓiaifH- 

BaTB ero b4^tbh. 

IIpHHaFb cb xoB^pieMi Ri HapoxHiíMiB CHiaiTB y^pesA^^, 
pante coBxaHHoe xpjveke crpaHEiiH, He^ocraTO^HO OTHOCHTua n 
Heny cb TeopeTHHecKHM'B coHyBcrnearB. HeoÓxoxHMO, ^060 bc£, 
RTO st>6BTh H i^HBTB dTO y^pesAeme, nouepsHBaaH ero pocn h 
sxopoBoe pasBHTie npflMOxyniHUM^B Hsy WHÍeni h hochjibhiimi ycrpa- 
HeHÍeiťB ycioBÍft, npeiuiCTByniitHXi dioify pasBiríR). 

Hana^eHÍfl na x^TejiBHOCTB npHCflSHHx^B oiJiH^aiOTCfl y HacB 

ABOflRHMl XapaSTepOirB. 06iIRH0BeHH0 OHH BOSHEMKyrB BxpyTBi 

no BasoMy-HHÓyAB orx^jiBHOMy CJiy^ax)... B% rowh Hjra APyroic^ 
cyff6 HasHa^aercji Vb cjtymaHiK) lasi Hasusaeiioe «rpoMKoe» 
A^jio. SaAOiro xo ero pasóspaTejBCiBa orjiamaH)Tca rjiaBHtftiinii 
noApoÓHOCTH npecTyiuenifl r ROMMeHTRpyHnca camurB paaiHi- 
HHMi otfpasoiTB; — óHO Ha^HHaerB RHrepecoBaiB, a sHorAa xase 
H BOJiHOBaiB otfniecTBeHHoe MH^HÍe, — aa ocsosamH orpuBO^- 
HHx^B cB^A^HÍi npeACRasHsaercfl cb óojbdioh) yBtpeHHOCTÍE> totb 
npnroBopi) Roroputt AOxseH*B 6bitb npoHSHeceH^, h hcxoxb 
npoAecca pRcyerca 6ojiBniHHCTBy vb bhx^ HecouH^EHaro e oiipe- 
A^jETeirBHaro BUBOxa o brhobhoctr noxcyxHMaro rxh, vb o^enB 
p%ASHX7» cjiy^aflx^B, o ero HeBREOBHocre. Ho Ror^a HacrynaerB 
xaBHO sxaHHHft xeHB npHroBopa — npRCflSHue BtraocarB pime- 
HÍe, HAyiitee bi paspiai cb o6mfntE osRAamiíMH. Torxa noxHH- 
Maercfl Atjaa Óypa ynpoROBi h HapeRaaiĚ. IIpRCflSHiie osasH- 
BaiOTCR xyiniMH, HepasBHTUMH, jiHineHHmiR HpaBCTBeaHaro ^lyru, 
sanyraHHiiMH jik>abmh, HecnocoÓHiiMH r'b rpethrš, ÓeacRAHO yro- 
naion^HME vb noTORaxi cy^eónaro RpacHopiiHijr. ÍÍBMvmst naMesH 
Ha RXi TeHAeHi^odROCTB H ffixe noARynnocTB. Cyx^B npHcox- 
Hux^B npHBHaercfl yHpesx6meirB BpexHHMi, — a npaBocyxie HaBcerxa 
uoTE6mmíi> na Pyce. IIoTOirB, Maao-no-Hajiy, HeroxoBaHie jth- 
xaerB) HaHEHaE>rB pasAuarBCi ycnoRORreiBHiie roioca— h Bcm^ 
A&iOy BHSBaBinee HHorxa ctojibro myvy) CA^ercfl rb apxHFB oóiqe- 

CTBeHHOfl SH8HH. 

HanaxeHifl aroro poxa BoaHHRaixrB no BpeMeHaM:B n ne ni>o- 
AOJisaioTCfl nocToanno, — bio, laRi CRasaiB, nanax^a cnopajcv* 
HecRÍfl. CrpacrnocTB ktb ne coorBÍTcrqren vrb ocnoBarejBROcrs — 
B Blb 8TOMX RXB BnyrpeHHflR cjiaÓocrB. 

no ÓoxBmRHCTBy «rpoi[RRX^» A&ii, nporaRB caimx^ rops- 
HETb naniMtenift noryn 6iitb cnoRolno BucnBJíeHH xoboxk o raiTBy 



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HlflU €7A07CTP0ÍCTB0. 217 

TTO Hensfl cyxBTh o&h hcxoxí, Koropiift xojfseffB Óujtl nojiy^HTB 
npoi^eccL — no ntseTHinrE ornerairB h oahociopohhhmi, HanHCEH- 
HSQTb nox'B BxúirieirB «8Jo6ii xhíi», KoppecnoHxeHi^flirB. Ha ocho- 
mms wnTb cs^Kbmt h cýxon h nepecý jiob^b juDxet, cjiimaBmErB 

xfcit « qTO*TO» noepejQi nycrofi cajiOHHoft Óojtobhh — mosho nojiy- 
iro jnniiB MHMOJieTHoe BneuTjrbHÍe h nocipoHTB na neiTB Henpo«i- 
Hoe nflinie, on xoroparo, Óesx oco6aro xpy^a, mosho Bnocji^x- 
cmí H OTcrynHTB. Ho npHCflSHae npoHBHOCfln He Murtmej a 
nputoeop^j KOTopnt, no 6óiBmett ^acni, tiesnoBopoiHO h OBon^aTejiBHO 
pboaen cyx^y noxcyxmfaro* Jí^ hetb Basno ne to, ^h toso- 
psmd x^jrt, a to, ^it5 tfyxen ckosoho npex^ hhmh, vh toS 
8«ii cyxa, Bxoxfl vh loropyK) ohe TopasecTBeHEO UEnyrcfl cyxHTB 
Ha ocHOBamH topo, htí) yBnxffTB h ycjnimarB vh neft — vb nefi oxboS. 
Ilpex^ miHH ch TopxecTBeHEOK) MexJiinexsHOCTLK) pasBHBaercfl npo- 
iieoci H npoxoABTi, bo ^dbxih noxpoÓnocnixB, SHieftcKas xpftHa, 
BiuHBmaacfl vh cypoBHjr ^pmi yroJOBnaro npecryn^enifl, — ohh 
BHorxa BTb Te^enie mhopex^b xHeft bexetb npex% co(JOK) sebhtb 
i»xet E scnBTHBaxKTL na ce(% neyiOBEHHE na 6yMart sne^aT- 
Amgj npoEgBOXEMiui jbheocteh), naHepoio, rojocom, cnoco<k)irB 
BapasenÍE CBB/^brejett, noxcyxflicaro e noTepn^Bmaro — e tok> 
leocasaeifOK) npaBXHBOCTBH) ejto jiosbh), Roropafl cjnmflTCfl 
bb noBasaHÍflxi e o6MCEefliflxi, nesaBECHiio otb etb coxepsanifl. 
IIpEcsaKBHXi enpamEBaiorB ne o toitb, coBepnnxB je nox- 
eyxnmft npeerynsoe x^^HÍe, a BEHOBem jib ofl*B vh toite, ^to 
coBq^msjn ero; — ne JNStSTB^ a BnyrpenHEfl ero croposa e je^eoctb 
DoxcyxnutrOy btb neirB BiipasEBrnaflCE, nox^esarB exi cysxeBÚo. 
Cboeitb Bonpocon o bbhobeocte cyxB ycrasoBJEerB oco6iift npo* 
iffiByroitB Mesxy ^anoiTB e behok) — e Tpe(JyerB, 9To6h npEcas- 

HSe, OCflOBHBaECB ECBJOOHETeUEO fla «y($&RXeBÍE CBOeft COBÍ&CTE» 

1 nuunyfl cbok> BeiEByK) EpaBCTBenHyio OTBiTCTBenHocTB, sanoji- 
HUS 9T0i!B npoMesyTOBit eoo(}paseHÚiMH, b% CEjy Boropiixi nox- 
eyxEHHĚ ORasoHaeTCE ^eJtoffbBOirB besobeuitb ejs hobesobehitb. 
Bb nepBOirB cjy^aš cboevb npEroBOpoirB npECflaurae npEsnaiorB 
HQxeyxExaro ^JOBteom, Boxopiit mofb BJiacrso e TBepxo 6opoTBCE 
€B BOOMOSHOCTBH) ^^^BTa npecTynjeHÍE E BiipBaTBCJi Esi-^nox^ Era 
DpnvHi fl no6ysx^HÍfi, npEBexnraxi ero na cxaHBS) noxcyxH- 

MBXB, — EOTOpEEĚ ElI^JIl XJia OTOrO SaCTOnEO se EpaBCTBeHEOtt 

CEjm, HacEOJBBO es ^yBCTByE)TB vk ce0% caus npECEsniare. 

B% TO se BpeME saKOEi OTEpiiBaerB npexB nflUE mHpoKift 
Topnaosn irajoeepxiE, xasafl eitb npaBo npEsnaBarB noxcyxEMaro 
8aeJ7SSBaH)n^x% cBECxosxeniE «no o6croETencrBaMB x$jia». 
Hn BcfesB «oticroflTejiBGTBB x^"^ caifoe Basnoe, Óen comhí- 



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21S B^crraKi ibpooii. 

Bifl, JiH^BOCTb noAcyAHiiaro, cb ero KOÓpuuE h xtphumh csoft* 
CTBaMH, CB ero (Síactbulmm, HpaBciseHHUMH CTpaw^HiflMH H Haie- 
piajLHHMH HcmiTaHiflMH. Ho rx& B03HEKaerb Bonpoci o nepeHe- 
ceHHOMi crpaxaHÍBí lans pbaomi cb hhmi flaueicfl h Bonpoc^ 
ofo HCsyueBiH b«bu. SanepnHyTue b8b rjyÓHHU oÓiqecTBeHHaro 
Mopfl B yxoxflnúe CHOBa, nocii x^a, bi ary riy6flHy, HH«iero 
He Hn^núe h, no 6djii>mett ^acTH, ocraioipíecfl ÓeafiíciHuifHy o6fl- 
saHHue xpaHBTB Taflay CB0flX'B coBŠíqaHii, — opacaseue ho wu^t% 
co6ia8Ha pHCc^BaTBCA CBOiiťb p^memeMit H BucraBUTB ce(Sa san^Hr- 
HHKaMH Tofi HjiH xpyrofl TCopÍH. OcysjuiTB vTb sa npnroBOpi, 
coMH^BaflCB vb ero cnpaBexJiHBOcni, ifoserB juiiiib totb, kto, Bwbcrb 
CB npHcasHiíMH, caiťB Hsyuji h HscxbAOBajTB otipiOETejBCTBa x^a 
H npex^ JOBfiWb noxcyAHMarOy CBo6oxa h ioctb Boxoparo sasHcaTB 
OTB oAHoro ero cjOBa, Bonpomaii cbok) cobíctb h bi^ hoB, a He 
KB voiodb cípacTHaro HeroxoBaHifl, Hamejii otb^tb, igomit wh 
pasp&s^B CB npHroBopoMi. Tauxi ocysxeHÍS ciumarB oxeaso He 
npaxoAHTCfl. 

ropasxo cepBédBte, vjyůxe h, noBHAHHOMy, ocHOBaieaBHte 
Hanaxemfl xpyroro poxa, aoiopiui Moamo nasBaiB xpoHH^ecsnoi. 
B^B HBxi BxerB piv ne o npiroBopax'B npecjUBHHX^ no ota^ib- 

MHWhy HCSJIIO^BTeJBHIIMl A^JaM^i & O DOCIOaHHOtt AiETeihEOCUm 

Bxi no paxy oxHopoxHux'B MÍbJí%j npB^eici, HecMorpa na nojrayio 
ftOKasaHHOCTB npecrynjeBÍfl n na HecoMH^Hnyi) bhhobhoctb noxcy* 
XBMaro — npflCfljKHiie BiiHOcarB vb 6oiBniHHCTB& cjyvaeB^ onpas- 
AaiejBHiie npBroBopu. IIpeciysjeHiji, BusiiBaDnúa oth npHroBopH — 
o(SiiBHOBeHHO npocTu H flCHu, HapymeHÍe saBona wh hhtb oiobhaho, 
ciQSHUxi mothbokb obh HO npeACTaBjflionb, m caiťB noxcyxHMHtt, 
b:b áoJBniHHCXBt cjynaeBi, noEopno uohhtb cbok> i«)BiiHsyio 
roxoBy. Caiciie CBBAÍTejiH ho Moryn 6utb sanoAOsp&HU h noiasa- 
Hie HX'B He pacmaTiiBaeica h se paspymaeica crporaiiib nepeapecr* 

HUITB AOnpOCOMB, HOTOMy, ITO CBHA'&TeJUI dTE CBOIMI BpaCHOpi^- 
HHBHXl MOdt^aHÍMXy CBOBITB BHtmHBKl BIXOITB, BCerO rpOMHe 

roBoparB npoiBffB noAcyABMaro. dio — AOByjteHTy, ah#iI| mneroi, 
BHAU Ha SHTejBCTBQ H T. A« KaaBJoeb 6u, fOBopsTB otesHOBenao, 
^To B*B TasBxi fíikkUTb Bco coeAHHfleTCfl, nočtt AOciaBBTB Topse- 
cxBO Kapaioi^BMy npaBocyAÍK> h noAA6ps&TB HapymenHiitt saBOVB, 
a Mea&Ay rbm npEcasnue, cnjioniB Aa paAOirB} BioiocflrB onpas- 
AaiejBHue npHroBopii. fiseut h coasaTejBEul BapymareiB npa- 
BUi nacHopTBofi CBeieMfii,— 9iB0BHHBB| ooBepBiflBmift noAiorB, — 
cejBCBÍl cmpooa, pacipanBodM otfn^dcxBeHHiia x^hbiv — bbxoxbtb 
H8i cyAa, ycjumaBi otb npBCflSBia^, iro obb «HeBHH0BHH» — b 
cnacHxejKBBiifi crpaxi npeA'B buobomi b'b bbxi h b^b hmi^ noffl6- 



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HÁBU CyAOyCTPOiCTBO. 219 

BHXB BaMiHflexai yB^peHHOCiBH) Wh tfesHaRasaHHOciH. lIpH terhi^ 
fuoBÍflx^B — nacnopTB Tepaeii CBoe BHa^esie h o6n^ecTBo He rapan- 
TBpyercfl bh^ími^ qxo vh bhaí Ha ssíeJBCTBo o6o3Ha^eHO HiieHHO 
10 JHAO, ROTopoe ero BBxaei^ Ba CBoft, — a xs/bitii crpofl cjiyxe6- 
Him OTHomeeifi h aojubhocthiix!B odasaHEOciett norpacaeicfl vh 
CBoem oenoBaBiH^ Botb noneiiy, npoxojisaion bphthbo Hamero 
cyw npHCflJSHurBy — nocioflHHafl noBTopfleifocT& onpaBxaTejBHuxi 
npiraBopo0B, x&J^KO npeBiinia](>ii^HX'L, bb npoi^eHTHOirb OTHomeniH, 
npiroBopti otiBHHHTeiBHHe. — apoHBfioeeMEixi pasjíHHHuiťB cocta- 
BOMS npHcasHiixiy B^ paBJHHHUxi ]r&CTHOCTax'B PoccÍH no A^Jisja 

jupeciyiueHiflxi no aoishocth h npoTHBi nacnopTHiix'B npaBHJix — 
aacmBjflen ci TpeBoroio CMorpiiB na ynopcTBO npHCflSHtixi vh 
9WWh OTHomeBÍH. Sxbcb yse ne eABHH^Hue npoMaxH, oniHÓBH hjh 
yBieneBifl bi npHroBopaxi, a HenpaBHJBHoe OTHomeBÍe npecas- 
BUTh KB CBoeff sa^a^^, b<b cbohhi o6flBaBHoaflirB, BOSBexeBHoe 
BB CBcreMy, oÓpaTHBffieecfl fb CBoero poÁa otiú^iaS. Taaoe otho- 
meflie B^ei^ vb paspisi ci it'i&j[flMH npaBOcyxifl h ysasBiBaeTB 
Ba eenpHroAtíocTB h BcnoxroroBJíeBHOCTB npH€flSHiix'B ji,m y^acris 
BB pascMOTpiBiH ii^^^jiaro paxA cneiúaiBHHXib jsibjn,. HenpHroxHOCTB 
na BB CBOK) onepe^B BusiiBaerB BonpocB o tou%, HOserB jh rocy- 
Xl^)ciBO Bootfnie xobípbtb ÓesKOHTpojiBHyio cy^eósyio BjaciB jhoabmb, 
losopue OKasuBaiDTCfl uBme CBoei da^aw bb laRHxi secjiosBiixB, 
BB cymBoeTH, BonpocaxB, xavB npEsnaHie bahobhoctu jHita, npo- 
UBaioH^ro CB nysairB nacnoproirB hih pacrpaTHBmaro BasesHiifi 
A^BPB — H Be OTpHi^afon^aro, o^iesB nacro, CBoefi bhbbi. Hecno- 
eoÓHJbie npaHHJBBO cy^HiB vh xb^i, rfíb ^siH^ecsafl ciopoHa acaa 

1 novB He Tpe6yerB AOBasaTejiiBCTBBy MoryrB jh npncjiacfiťBie npex- 
cn&uTB rapaBTÍK) npaBHJBBOCTn pimeHÍfl vh a'^&x'b, r^b caiiuS 
ÍUT% emfi Be xoxaBaBi h fa^ Hysaa cJiosBafl patera JorHKH, 
laiiiTH H npoBBi^aTejiBHOCTH, ^To6u npHdflaTB caMoe coóuiie npe- 
etpu&m? DoBHABiioiiy, otbítb aojisbh-b 6iitb OTpnivkTejBHuS. 
TiBam oOpaaoiiB, BoopyaaeHHoe ii^H^aMB 6ojiBinoro BO^HqectBa 
•ipaBAaHift no BacoopTBiiiťB h Aoaa&nocTBuinB A^airB, BOdSHRaen 
BacToflqBBoe o(ÍBHBeBÍe npoTHKB cyAa npHCflsnuxB... 

noBTOMy daBsaftiDee pascMorpiflie A'6flTei[BB0crB npHCflSHinrB 
ndMlTejeS no npeciynjeBÍflMB npoTBBi nacnopiHOfl cBcreiiEi h 
no npecryn^eniBM^B ao^sboctb BUBtiBaercfl npaaTHqecaoK) BeoÓxo- 

XnMCIBlD. HaXO BrJBA^^TBCB BB 8Ty A'Í&BTeJBBOCTB BOtiJIBSe B yflCBHTB, 

» €ft]iflX'B jfl npHCflSBBXB BpoeTCfl BpH^iBBa flBJieBÍff, Ba BOTopoe 

JBBBHBaKyn BXB npOTBBBIBB, OflflpaaCB Ba IltH^^BHa a&bbui. 



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220 BftCTHHfil EBPonH. 



III. 

TpH rjaBHUxi BH^a npecryiLieHÍfi npoTHRB npasHJx o nacnop* 
laxi; yBasHBaeMBixi HameMH yroiOBHBíMH saROHaMH, cocroHn vb 
naddfhAKfb nacnopia, T.-e. vh cocraBienÍH losnaro nacnopTa hie 
E^uiuemE vb HacTOfl^eifi nacnopia HifeHH,— bi n^enpaeKn> ero, 
T.-e. Bi H3MŠHeHÍH Bi HeiTB yRasaHHaro cposa hjb MŠcronpeÓii- 
BaHÍfl H, HasoHei^, vb npootcueameAhcmeth no ^ysoMy nacnopiy 
HJH ff& OT^anš CBoero nacnopra xpyroMy jhi^ a^a btoA híab. 
Bc4 9TH npecryMemi (yjoa. o naK. ct. 975, 976 h 977) oója- 
raioTCfl crporHMH HcnpaBHTexBHiiMH HaKasaHiaifE h BJiesyn sa 
co6oK) — ccHJiKy Ha setbo h organy vb apecranTCsia OTxiuieHia h 
paóo^itt xoiTB. TaRi KaBi naBasanifl 8te conpaaceHH ci noTepeio 

BC^Xl OCOtfeHHHXl, Jfl^HO E HO COCTOHHÍH) EpECBOeHHHXl IipaVb E 

npeHMyn^ecTBi — to h oÓBEHaeirae vb npecTynaeHÍflx^ npOTSBi 
nacnopTHoft CECTeMu noA^esarB cyxy npflCflSEiix'B sac^i^xATeieS. 

?Hcao onpaBxaTejiBHBixi npEroBopoBi no bthmi x^mmi bccbme 
BHaHBTe^BHO. Taxi, HanpHiripi, EVb fjbjrb c-nerep^yprcsaro ORpyiB- 
naro cyxa OKasiisaercfl, ^to vb nepioAi BpeneHE cb naa 1866 
roAa (speMfl OTRpiiría cyxetfHiixi dacififlmŘ ospysnaro cyxa vb 
C.-neTep6yprfc) no naĚ 1880 ro^a— Bcero 6hjo »b pascMorpiiniE 
npECflSHHXi 216 fiíkrb no nacnopTHHiTB npecrynieHÍflirB, vb bo- 

TOpUMl 6uJlOj Vb BaieCTBŠ OÓBEEflOMIIXl npEBJíeHeHO 281 JEI^O^ 

Hsb BToro ^ECJia— onpaBxaTeiBHue npEroBopu npoESfleceHH no 135 
A&iaMi, npE^eni onpaB^ano 170 ^ojob^kb, T.-e. na 1 00 ptmesifi 
cocTOHJOCB 62,57o onpaBxaTejBHuxii OTHOCBTejiBHo 60,5^0 BctrB 
npHBjeqeEHuxi vb j/íjdorb noxcyABMuxi. IIo otx^jibhiimi BEjam 
nacnopTHHxx npecTyn^enift ^BCJia btb pacnojiaraincB cjAiyvyni^y^ 
o6pa80Mi: o npaoícueameAhcment es nyoicuMh eudoMh Óhjio 154 
X^^a ei 204 noxcyxHMiíME:— bbi nocjrlAHEX'B ocysxeHo 69 ^eio* 
BŠBi no 52 A^aM'B, onpaQffano 135 ^ejOBisi no 102 ^am; 
—o nodAOirb nacnopma 38 fjbjrb cb 51 noxcyxBMUMi:— e9b HflX'B 
ocysA^HO 35 nejOB^KB no 23 x^iaiTB e onpaBxaso 16 no 15 
xliaMiy E naBonei^i — o nepenpaeKfh nacnopra 24 x^a cb 26 
oÓBHHaeEiiME, npEHeMib ocysAOHO 7 qeiOBtsi no 6 x^airB ■ 
onpasxaHO 19 ^ojiobíb^b no 18 f/bzí^wb. 

3te i](fl4)pH noxaiOTB noBox^ Kb nanaxeHiEE^B na x^arenHOCTb 
npflCflSHHxi Bac^x&Teieft, o BOTopiixi nu yse roBopEiE. Hana* 
xesifl 8TB, oxHaBO, HecnpaBexJEBU. PascMOTpiEÍe jífkn o nac- 
nopTHBix'B npecTynjieHÍflX'B e iÍTb ycjioBiB, vb BOTOpufl 6iiBaK>rB 
nocrasjíenii npEcasnue, Borxa bitb npnxoxBTCfl npoBSHOCETB cboe 



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HimE 07AOyGTPOfiCTBO. 221 

npiroBopii o «iHXHxi noAsrB^^i Hapymaion^Hxi crpofiHoe ocy- 
qecTBjeHÍe nacnoprHoft CHcreira — npHBOjiHrB ri yÓ^s^eHifo, tto 
Be vb npHCSSHurb jesm npBHHHa ^pesBu^afiearo BOJiH^ecTBa 
OHpaBxaHÍtt. Ona Rpoerca vb cboActbí caicux'B npecryiuenifi — h 
n ToiTE BjiflHiH, BOiopoe dTE cBoficTBa OKasuBaiDrL na cyxeÓHyK) 
Bpoiiexypy OTHOCHie^BHO ofisEHiieMaro. 

IIpecTynjieHifl npoTHRb nacnopreiixi npaBHJi — npecrynjieHie 
opoiHFB CHCieMH. B% HHxx bítl HenocpeACTBeHHo noTepiri^Binaro, 
flín o^HseHHaro, npET^kneHEaro noxcyAHMWfB, iHmeHHaro CBoero 
lipasa. HŠTB He tojbbo norepniBmaro qejOBŠsa, ho h^tl h onpe- 
xíieHHaro y^pesA^HÚi — ÓaHxa, npHcyrcTBeHBaro ictcia, KOHiopu 
I T. n., KOTopoe Morio 6u CHETaiBCA noTepn'ÍBniHifi. Sa^cb 
ucroe HapymeHÍe CHcreifu npaBHJi, npHSHaHHiixi saBOHOxaiejiB- 
CTBOMi HeoÓxoxHMUMH xu no;(AepsaHÍfl o6ii;ecTBeHHaro nopaxKa. 

TaRHTB npaBHJl MHOFO OTHOCHieaBEO pa8.1HMHHXl CTOpOHX 06mfi' 

CTBeHEoS JKH8HH — H HapymeHÍe ÓĎJiBmefi ^acTH hbi hhxi conpB- 
zeno ch npH^HHeBÍeiťB KOMy-jiiH6o Bpexa eae onacHOcrn. TanoBu 
npaBua KapaHTHHHfia, npaBsja o&h orpas^enÍH jih^hoA Óesonac- 
HOCTH h t. n. IIpH oÓBHHeHÍH ju>vO'Jie6o vh Hxi HapymeBÍH Bcerxa 
fiOBHosHo H x&3se HeoÓxoAHMO yBasaHÍe na to, hto jíibicmie nox* 
eyj^HMaro rposHJO onacHOCiBio, HanpHiiipB, pacnpocTpaHeHÍeM'B no- 
BaiBHofi H sapasHTejBHofi (5oj%3BH— i^tjiOMy pflxy JBi^By HHorxa 
ifkiOMy KpaH)y-7HJiiH HTO HeHcnoíHenie hmi nocTanoBJíeBifi, orpas- 

XaK)I^HX'B JH^HyH) (íeBOnaCHOCTB, hmíjo cbohmx nOOJ^^ACTBieMl ^bio- 

HBÓyxB cnepTB, yB^^Be^ cxpa^ame. Bi bthxi cjynaflxi eosMOotcMe 
uo TavB o^eBHXHO, npHHuneHHoe sjío raBi ocasaTejiBHOy ^o no- 
lepn^maro HCBaTB ho npHxoxBTCfl. Ohi Tyrx, npex% cyxoirB — hjih 
Bi siBOiTB, peaiBHOMi o6pa8'i oÓHsennaro, nocrpaxaBmaro ^eio- 
BÍsa HJH KB oópas-i, TBepAo pHcyeMOMi acehmi cosHanieirB o6n^eft 
onacHOCTH. Ho HH^ero noxoónaro wívh bi nacnoprHBixi x^ax%. 
OÓBHHHTejB MOserB yRasBiBaTB cyxy jihhib na Hapymenie saRona, 
Ha npecTynnoe yRjiOHeBÍe on npaBHJi, orpasx&K)n^HXi nijiyv) 
nacnopTHyio CBcreMy. Ha BonpocBi — Rony npH^HneHi BpeA'B? rto 
nocTpaxaji'B? oÓBHHHiejiB Mosierb tojbro otbíthtb:— saRony, cEcreufb... 
Ho 9T0 apex^ OTBJíe^eHHBifiy noHATHiifi x<3fl ^eJOBŠRa nojyHHBmaro 
yHeHo-H)pBXH^ecRoe otipasoBaHÍe, ho coBepmeHHO HexoRasaTeiBHufi 
W JiHAa, BSfiTaro hs^b oÓo^ecTBa, hbi napoxa, hw6u cyxnxB «Bpex- 
Haro» ^ejioB^Ra. Rivb noiepn^Brnaro, H'lrB ABHaro Bpexa, híitb 
Har.nUHaro nacHjiijy H'irB cjtxoBi xhtpocth, ROBapcTBa co CToponn 
o0BHHfleifaro— H npHCflSHue neBOJiBHO oÓpao^aiOTca ri caMOMy npe- 
ciynjieHiiD. Ohh CTapaH)TCfl wb ero BnyrpeHnefi cropont HafiiH 
ffMBua. x^ TorO; MTOÓBi no cobšctu npEsnaiB npecTynHHROM'B 



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222 fiftOTHVKl XBPOOH. 

noAcyAHMsro. Bhtb MOserB, pascMorpftHie sHyrpesneft cropoHii nae- 
oopTHaro irpecTynieHÍa ysaserB na rasoe HanpgseHÍe nopo^enn 
no6y^AeHÍB, na TasoS ytfuce;i^--BOToptie npHxaion drony npe- 
cxynJieHiK) ocotfyio onacHOcn. h BaatHOCTB — ho^oĎho TOMy, RavB n 
0Tpa6jieHÍH BOBapcTBO cpeACTBa, a vh noxsort— ÓesrpannHOCTB 
ycsojibsaioii^iaxi otb boje noAS0t*aTejfl nocjri^xcTBift j^amr^ 9Tt 
npecTynjieHifl oco5eHHO xflSBHiar. Eo u cb sroft croposu opacAs- 
Hiie He Bcrp^HMOTB HH^^ero, uoryn^aro yaadaTB hitb hh na aas- 
HOCTB A'^HÍfl noxcyxHMaro, hh na ero Go($CTBeHHyK> HcnopveHHOcrb. 
IIpecTynjieHie coBepmaercfl npocro h Óesi oco6iix'b npHroroBjíeHiS, 
noax^ACTBÍfl ero CRopte Bcero h x^s^ hotth HCB.iH)qBTCiBHo orpa- 
»aK)TCfl Ha caiioiTb o^BEHaeMoirbi a HrpaH)n^ie bx o6BHHHTejiBBol 
ýb^E BHorxa TBByK) ÓojiBmyH) pon «3jafl B02fl» h «npecTynEQfi 
yMUcejii^ HanpaBJíflioTCfl ne na BaBoe-jifl6o SHBoe mif>^ a sa 
(JesaBBBHeHHEift xoRyMeBTB, cBfl8iiBaK)n^& ^ejoB^sa no pyícaMi h 
Horam. Hh Mn^eHis, hb HeHaBBCTH, hb BopncTB, ne HaxoxflTi npH* 
Cfls&ue BO BHyrpeflHeft cropoBi nacnopTHaro npecrynieflia, — ntn 
H CBOÓOAHaro BuÓopa h oÓ^yMiiBanifl cpexcrBi, wbvh h nojisoBa- 
HÍa njiOAaMB npecrynjiefliB rb ymep(íx xpyraMi,— H*rB, naiiOHeiti, 
H HOxaBJíeHHaro b^ ce5% o6BHHfleMHHi rojoca cob^ctb, aoropai 
Morjia 6u TpeneraTB h OTBpan^aTBca otb saHiiniueMaro He^oóparo, 
Mpanaaro, BpexHato x^jia* Bce, HanpoTBB%, npocro, necjosRBO. 
GpeACTBa npecTynjeHia laRi CBasaTB npexyKasaHu caMiivB coxep- 
sanieMi nacnopra — b bb tomi, ^to coa^bbo o^eHEfleMUMiy BH^bcio 
BHyrpeHHefi 6oph6u cb cobíctbk) h BH^niHBro, o^eBBXHaro Epexa— 
HOBOJiBHo ycMarpHBaercB pox^ sajiRofi h ho 66iBmefi ^acra ne- 
yxaHHoIt canooÓopoHH npoTHBi cncreMBi; CBflsaBmeft o(SBBHHeHaro, 
vb ero SBieflCKOfi oCcraHOBa^, jijbjíov) c£tbk> crbraBrejiBHKiarB e 
Tflsejiiix^ npaBHii. 

He HafixB ocoÓEixi a&hbeixi a^h ocysA^BÍa h bo BnyrpeH- 
Heft CTOpoHÍ( npecrynjieBifly npECBSHue o6pan^aR)TCB HeBOOtBHO 
Bi Bonpocy o tomi: htó se cjsíkMJi^ fb x^ficTBETejiBHOCTH Bpex- 
naro e xypBoro noxcyxBMBifi e sa ^tó ero cjri^xyerB cypoBO 
noBapaiB? Torxa-ro na nepEufi njani BHCTynaH)rB, caME co6oh>, 
oGcmanoeKa btex-b npeciynjieHift e óumoeuíi ocočeuHocmu^ bxi 
BEisuBaioii^ifl. Tor^a-TO BucrynaerB cHOBa nacnopiHaa CEcreiía— 
HO ne vh BanecTBi norepn^Boiaco jiEii^a, a bi» bba^ SEreScBaro 
BBJíeHifl, ECHBiTaHHaro E npoBŠpeHBaro npECBSHBME Ha caMHX^ 
ce(Hb. JIboae sbbhe, obe coBepmeHHO saROHHo otfpan(aK)TCfl si 
SB8HE E Vh nefi EE^yiTB OTB^ia Ha TpeBOsan^ie exi BonpocH. 
CyxBE HO y6*ajeHÍB0 coBtcrn, ohe sHaiorB, ^to otb hh^b osb- 
Aaercji npBroBopi ne wpuduHecmůf a npaeocydHuú vh nacroan^eirB 



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HAim CTAOyCTPOflGTBO* 223 

cmxkjA cjobe. He sarjiyinafl cbohtb coMH'ÍHÍft ^^pifajTLEnicH 
yiasaHišXH saBOHa, ohh (SesrpenexHO BrjiflXHBaioTCfl b^ SHreficsia 
iBieniH H Bi BXi BHyrpeHHOiTB CMHCjri^ Emjrh ce&b noM^psBH 
I yB&saHÍfl. y^oe lopHXH^ecBoe noHEifaHÍe MOserB He mepetlca 
ch tIitl, ^to kb npHFOBoparB bxb no laBHMB x^airB «C0BepDiHJii>» 

1 «B]IHOBeErB»— OHeHB ^aCTO BOBCe He aMSlUOrCSl CHHOHHMaMH,— 

HO nmpoKoe npaBOBoe hjbctbo HEKor^a ne ocRopCHTca bthmi. 
Oiporít saKOHHHVB MOserB He corjiaoiaTBCfl cb TasHMH nperroBO- 
paxH B A&se HerowBaiB na hh^b, ho sasoHO^aTeiiB, BOTOpuft sa- 
xoHerb 611TB sHBuiTB BupaBHTejieirB noipefinocTeS CBoero napo^^a, 
jtoiseHi Ůjjífiťh npHCJiyniaTBCfl sb TasHMB npHroBopaM'B h b'b 
BixB HatTH ysasanie — By^a xoisHa 6eitb nanpaBJíeHa ero a^a- 

TeiBBOCTB. 

Hama nacnopiHafl CBcreifa npeAcraBJUierB co6papie otshbhihx^b 
CBOl bísb npaBHJB. Ohh j^aBHO ocys^enu h Teopř?H)^ h npasTH' 
SOK). Hh oxho h8% eBponeficBHxi rocyAapcxBB ne snaerB Tasoro 
pasBOTÍH nacnopTHSxi upaBEJii, BasB Pocck, — hh bioahostbhsb 
HHn> nacHopTB ne conpHBacaercfl co ctojbbhmh cropoHaMH o6tae- 
CTBeHHOfi H ^acTHOft SH8HH, KaBi y HacB, TopMasfl OAHy, sarpyx- 
su ApyryK). Anrjiii HAKor^a, Bnpo^eMB, ne snajia nacnopra h 
Bci orpaHHqeHÍfl cbo(5oah nepeABEsemfl^ BOTopsifl bb neft Bcrp^- 
fmca, OTHocHToi HCBJíiOHHTejBHO Kh ÓpoAflraM^B (wagabonds) h 
otoaBjeHU npHTOirB pa^OMB cyntecTBeHHiix'B ^p&iajiBHOCTeft. Bse- 
xeHBoe BO BpeMfl nanojeoHOBCRBXB boShi npaBHJio o npexBflBjíe- 
Bii EHOcrpaHiitaMH nx'B HacnopTOBB>— Basi M-ipa BpeifeHHaH h 
iCBJíomejiBHafly jí^lbeo yse buhijio hbb ynorpeó^enifl h Hcno^ne- 
BÍe ero npe^oerasjíeHO bhojih^ na bojik) HHOCTpaHKeBi. Ha 
lO H T HH e m^ nacnopTB bit^xb ÓÓJiBmee pacnpccrpaneHie, ho h 
nm owb HHKorAa ne hm^jib hhofo 3Ha%HÍfl, KaB'B cpe^CTBa 
o(SjeneHÍH nojiHi^eftcKaro najsopa. Yse cb nanajia HiiH'lmHflro 
aosbňsL nacnopTB npBBHaercfl Hena^esHEOTB opy^ieici xasoro 
BM3opa. HpH rocnoACTB'1 CTporHX'B nacnopraiixi npaBHJi^ pas- 
Birie 6xarococTOflHÍH npoHrpuBaerB dojrie^ ^iwb BunrpBiBaei-B 
teionacHOCTB. HodroHy iiajio-no-Ha^y sa nacnopTOM'B oeraercfl 
amh SHa^enie y^ocroB^peniji o jh^hoctH) soTopoe HHicaBoro otho- 
mems. wb CBo6oAt nepexBHsemfl hm^tb ne MOserB. HepBsifi man 
n aroiTB OTHomeniH A^jiaerB Hjjyccin, bb 1817 ro^y, — ea npn- 
xipy cAjíjvyrh bc% repMaHCBia rocy^aperBa h ÁBcrpifl. 1868 r. 
acraeTB bo BceS repucanÍH nojinoe orcyrcTBÍe oÓHsaiejiBHHXB nac- 
HOpiOBB^ sa HCBjiK)9eHÍeirB cjy^aeBB BoftHEi Hjra BnyrpennExi 
oqrrBy yrposaKm^axi onpeA^^eHHoff TeppHTOphi, Ror^a Tanie nac- 
mfpai MoryrB 6htb BpeMenno bboahmh (§ 9 c^Bepo-repnaHCsaro 



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224: vhfftBSXb iBPom. j 

sasoHa o nacnopTaxi 12-ro orta^pa 1867 ro^a). ^paai^ifl coxpa- j 
HflerB fpjíie Apyrnxi crpani sana^HO-esponeftcsaro soHTHHeHra 
AOBOJBHO cTporífl nacnopiHua nocraHOBjeHifl h saBOBOxaieiBCTBo 
ea saAepsHBaercfl wh oÓJieneEw nacnopTHux^B iipasEJi boShobo 
1870 H coÓuriflMH 1871 roAa. IIpaBTEsa, oxHaso, najo-no-Majiy 
BBiBOAHTB H8% yn0Tpe6ieHÍfl Bct CT^CHHTejiBHiifl M^pH no nacnopr- 
HOify HaASopy, emfi ocraioii^iflCfl vb saROHib, soropiis, BnpoHeirB, 
jífiú&e H npH csMowb CTporoM'B HXi npHMÍ^HeHÍH HHKorAa 6h ne 
OTpasaiHCB lasi na napcAHofi sh8hH| saRx HamH. 

Hsx MHOFHXi HeyAoÓCTBTB^ ycyryÓjsmmBXb Tflsecrb sa^hh npo- 
CToro pyccaaro ^e^OB-iRa— nacnoprb ecib oxho hsi TflrqattmHXx. Bi 
TOiTB hEfiby xaRi OHI cyiitecTByerb y HacB, owb npes^e Bcero 
cricEflerB CBOÓoxy nepe^BEseHifl jiK>Aei paóo^aro Rjacca, orpaHE- 
^EBafl Rpyrx exi npoifucjiOFL n sapatfoiROBB, saipy^Haa nepene- 
cenie npoESB^jtETexBuofi ceiei Ty;(a/ r^^ vb neŘ ^yBCTByercfl h&r- 
Óojibniafl HysA^~H BOo5a]ie EEiflflCb TOpMaBOHi b^ BROHOHE^ecROirs 
pasBETÍE crpaHu. Ho ne oAny CBOÓo^y nepeABEsenia esb oxHOft 
MŠCTHOCTE Bx Kpyvyio CTicHflerB Hami nacaoprL, — owb TarorterB 
fl Hax^B noj!B80BaHÍeMi cbo($oaok) Bi nocTOEHEOiTB u^crb sflrejB- 
CTBa paóo^aro pyccRaro ^ejOBlRa. Eoie bto nocji'bAHee HeyAo6cTBO 
HO ffiíCTh ce6fl oco6eHHo ^yBcxBOBaTB, to jeeib noTOMy, ^ro vActb^lsl 
aAMEHEcrpaTEBHafl BjiacTB He Bcer^a sejaexx nojbsOBaTBCfl npaBaMH, 
ROTopuME BoopysEJia ee nacnopiHaa cECieiia. Ho ona BcerAa, fb 
jiEi^ Toro EiE Apyroro CBoero npeACiaBEreifl, MOserB nosejiaTB 
noJBsoBaTBCa emh — e lor^a nacnoprB a&ctb ce5fl no^yBCTBOBarB h 
6effh npe^npEHATÍE OT^aienHoff oriy^RE. Otín^ee npaBEio o toitb, 

HTO HERTO He MOSeTB OTJiyHETBCE E81 Ificxa CBOerO SETeJBCTBE 

6earb nacnopTa, cricHEerB RajRxuB man ofiflsaxejBHaro Bia^^iiBiia 
BToro AORyMeHia, bboas ero b'b Tpaiy EpeneHE e xenerB mz Ecnoj- 
HenÍE pasHHXi ^^opifajiBHOCTefi. JIidabme, sHaROMUME Ch nacnopr- 
HOK) CEcreMOK), emfi npn nepsoMi BOSHERHOBeniE Bonpoca o ea 
npeo6pa30BaHÍEy 6uao saESjaeico, ito ecjiE ecdojihatb saaoFB fb 
TOHHOCTE — to 6en nflCBMeHHaro BH^a RpecxBflHEHi ne Moserb 
OTjy^ETbCfl wb npEXOACRyK) i^epROBB, ecjE OHa HaxoAHTca bb Apy- 
Towb cejieHÍE, — ne Mosen otecste npoAyRiOBi CBoero xosaficTBa 
Ha coci^AHifi Óasapi. Qoctoehho, npE RasAOMi hohte marb aa 
npeA']&jrii CBoero ce^a, oh'b MOserB onacaTBca, ^ro jssl&jíjíř npex- i 
CTaBExejB ifi^CTHoS nojiEi^eficRofi BJiacTE apecTyerB ero, Raax (Ses- 
nacnopTHaro eje no^BepraerB, cifOTpa no CBoeMy TennepaMeHiy, 
XpyrEiťB 6ojBí'be ejie iieHle TflrocxHiiifB CT^HeniairB. JI^ocraTO^HO 

npHnOMHETB, ^TO AO CEXX EOpX HC OTM^HeHl saROHi (t. XIV, ycT. 

o naca., ct. 601), ROTopBifi BCflRyio OTjiy^y ci iiiícTa SETeaBcraa 



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flAiHx Gy^oyciFoflcTBo. 225 

(Sen nacnopra npiisHaerB no((&roMi> h xfta^e noHMn^HRy Tasoro 
6ÍTMAT0 o&bíDfterh fb Harpaxy xpn pyójui cep. 

Ho nacnopn BíisuBaerL ne 8th tojbro HeyAO<$CTBa vh nainefi 
HapoAHoft SH8HH. Oh:l OT^^aerB HapoAi Ha npoH8Bo;i'B HH3inHX'b 
UiHHHcrpaTHBHHxi areHTORb, X&Baa mnpoRoe noae ^jia, npnjiose* 
Hii m)ro npoHBBOJia. BojocthoS iiHcapB, crapniHHa u cóopnpLB^B 
noxaTeS x^sarB bi CBoeft BJiacre OTjyHHBmarocfl na sapaóoTSH 
KpecTBflHHHa. Ohh onpex&uiKnrB pasiitpi ero He^oaMRH h rojb- 
HecTBO cj&^fontaro cb Hero no pacajia^ai luiaTesa; ohh se mo- 
ryTB le co6aaroB02HTB BUcaaiB eny aacnoprB, o6iiRHOBeHHO hh- 
vmy le OTxaBaa fb btoitb onera. IIpaRiHRa noRasusaerB, hto 
unH^Xft H oÓn^ecTBO, kb ROiopoMy npHHaAjesHTB or^yqHBmiftcfl na 
sípaÓOTSH, noiBsyercfl tíitb, hto ohi doAoicem HaxoAHXBca wh lA- 
crl CBoeft OTjyqRHy h oÓiaraerB ero ^pesM^pnynn njaie^saMH, 
yrposas neBuxft^eH) HOBaro nacHopxa. A fb ropo^axi TBiV^vh 
BjaxiiBi^ nacnopra ;(pyroro po^a nacnopiHEie Minapn, fb zuj^^ 
ncBMOBOAHTejieft nojHi](eftcRHX'B RBaprajoFB h pasHofi Apyrofi icai- 
BoK RaHi^ejiiipcRofl óparin, H8o6pi(TaTeiiBHofi na ^aBTacTH^ecRÍe 
cfopH CB TeMHaro npBmjiaro jiio^a. 

OroJB pasyMHO npHHopoBjeHHaa r^b yciOBÍHM'B napoAHOft shbhh, 
menopinafl CHCieifa oieBHAHO Hys^A^CH fb oco6ofi oxpani h noA* 
xepsii co CTopoHu saROHa RapaTejBnaro h npexynpeAHTejBHaro. H 
noMepsRa ORasHFaercfl, ne p^ABO cb Bnepríeio, AOcrottHOio jiy^maro 
xiuL IlacnopTB ipe^yercfl nacroft^HBO, orcpo^RH HpesBuqaflHO 
orpaHH^eHu fb hhcjiš— -h noTepaBoiift nacnoprB hjih HenojyiHB- 
míi ero c& poAnmi o^pan^aeicfl o^eHB cRopo fb óesnacnopTnaro, 
n «TaHHCTBeHHaro He3HaK0Mi](a», Roroparo hhrto ne corjamaeTCfl 
lepsaiB y celSa h ROToparo n0JiH^ÍH cnimnrB BunpoBOAHTB no 
sány na poAHHy hjh, ycyMHHBniHCB FBero o^BHCHeniflxx, saRJUo- 
ufB noA^ crpazy, BnpeAB ao nojiy^eHÍa CB^A^HÍfi OTryAa, orayAa 
OBI ce({fl «noRa8yBaerB». Bi jy^meiTB cjiyna-i, T.*e. RorAa h^t^b 
noROsptnifl FB 6poAJia:ecTBÍ(y eny npHioAHicfl Bce-xaRH npocnA'£TB 

BB nepeCHJBHOft TfiOpBSfJ^ BHilOTB AO 8TanHarO AHH, H SaT^lTBy 

■ejueHHO Rsana cpaní h TAsecTB CBoero nojiojRenifl, abrtics ea 
poxny, npoBAfl no OTany cothh BepcTB... IlepecHJiBHyfl tidpbmh 
HUDirB etojHi^rB npeA^B nacrynjieHieirB oTapaB^enifl apecraHicRHxi 
naprit npeACTaBjiflK>rB ocoóenno THsejoe sp&inn^e OTHocnrejiBBo 
(SesnacnopTHBixi. OnenB ^acTO bto jiioah a^Bctbhtojibho hh fb homi 
ffse npoTHFB nacnopTHuxi npasHjii nenoBHHHue. UoTepajii na- 
CBoprB HiH sacynyji RyAa-HH6yAB, hjh Ao^ro ne nojiy^avii* hsi 
ikiocrH,— a eseAneBHHfi Bce^orJl0^aK>^^fi ipyAB ne aub boshhr- 
wph MHCiH oůh HcnojiHeniH H^ROTopuxB ^pifajiBHOCie&i no 66jb- 

Tom L— Hhbapb, 1681. 15 



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226 B^GTHKKE KBPonn. 

meft ^acTH, Bnpo^eMi, h HeB%AOMHr& npocTQMy nejOB^y — h BApyn, 
Bi OAHH^ npespacHufi a^hb^ npniiLiocb o^htbca b'b ociport. 
BsxHxaerb hcjiob^bi, Moa^ajuiBO CKopÓHrb uh thxo h poÓBO za- 
jyercfl «Ha^ajiBCTBy»9 noc&n^aioii^eMy ocrporb h topoiuhbo q^mct 
EflK>ii^eMy, ^TO TaBOBiy uojphy saBOHi, — a a^hb ornpaBBH npHÓjn- 
zaercfl... H BorBaiairB h hobha Bcrp^^n cbjuoabhb «6HBai[HMi», 
BOTopne myiATB na^^B ropBBEirB HeAoyMÍHÍeirB ÓeanacnoprHaro. 
CHa^ajia ohh Basyrca ^yspi h HenpiasHeHEíi, ho noiOM^ n 
HHiTB npHXOXHTCfl ' npHBEiBHyTB, — E^fl (TB HHHH pyKa 06% pysy, 

BMŠCT^ HO^yfl H nHTaflCB H8% O^HOrO SOTJa. IIpHTOirB OHH BHaiDTB 

xasi MHoro HHiepecHaro, pascKassiBaiorB Tasí mhofo HOBaro, TavB 
noxmyqHBaiorB na;^ vbrn, htó npes^e KasajiocB crpamno, xaiTB 
Bečelo CM'bH)TCfl Ha;rB tíitb, htó BasajiocB rpšniHo... H sorxa 
npe^^B «5e3nacnopTH£[]rB> neJBRnerB ero AcpesymBa, ohb, 6un 
Mosei^, nocMorpETB na npexcTOflnQTK) b^b neS shshb xpyrnnH ria* 
8aMH, ^iffB nocMOTp^JTB 6ii npesA^, h BcrynHrB vb cbok) cenH), 
X0T2 H CB nyCTBiMH pysaMH BCjii(AcrBÍe npepsannoft ocrposHHirB 
CHiT^HieMi H BTannuMi sosA^nieirB paóoni^ ho ci eheuch, Honepn- 
HyruMH y hobbitb snaBOMi^eBi 6o3Íe nnipoKHMH h opHrHHajBHiiMH 
Bsrjflx&HH Ha SHTeflcBÍa OTHomeHk Bootínte — h na oacHoprB vh 
ocoÓeHHOCTH. BpeAHoe, xeMopajEsyfon^ee adanie naniHXi irapeicB 
it cnoco($OFB nepeciUBH cjHmKOirB oÓo^eHSBicTHO, hto6u o Hen 
pacnpocrpanflTBCfl. Oho cosHano BHOJint h vb sasoHOAaTaiBHEixi 
c^paxi. Ho riiTB ne MeHŠe oho cyntecTByerB h orpasaerca ne 
coMHŠHHHiTB o6pa30M'B Ha «6e8HacnopTHux'B»... 

nojosenie, coaxanaeiioe cyn^ecTByiouiHHn nacnopTHUMH npa- 

BHjaHH Jl^JlíL (íoJIBniHHCTBa T^X^B, BTO HpOCpO^HTB EJUI HOTepfleTB 

nacHOprB hjih no^eHy-jiHÓo naaie^erB na ceÓH neyAOBOJiBcrBie 
CBoero cejiBcaaro na^aiiBCTBa, ho^th fiesBtixoAHoe. Oho craBETE bo 
MHOsecTBb ciyiaeBB posoByio ajiBTepHaxHBy — hjh ocrporB h aTan, 
hjh npecTynjieHíe. Ho nepBBifi bbixoa^ conpaaKenx cb npespa^e- 
Biewh paÓOTu, ci noBHnyiieirB HacHsennaro rnis^a, — BTopott 
AaerB bosmoshoctb HaA'6flTBCH coxpaHHiB h paóoiy h o6sHTa& 
jvojL%, Oahh HOBopaKyrcH h, iiaxHyBí na Bce pyaoK), npHHHifaH>rB 
sBanie fiesnacHopxHHxi h H^yrB na pojHny; — ^Apyrie Copatca, npio- 
CptiaioTB qysofi hjih noAX^JBHEifi nacnoprB h SHByrB vh xase- 
jom osH^amH ffiSLj sor^a ohh oÓpaiaTca hb o6BHHfleMiixi h nox- 

CyAHMUX-B, 

TaKOBH CBOfiCTBa H npaKTH^ecm noci-iACTBia nacnopraoS ch- 
CTeMu vh Towb bha^, Bi BaBOM^ OHa cyn^ecTByerB y nacB. 

9tó se OAHaBO noBynaercH ninoio dTofi CEcreuUy co bc^mh ea 
CBoficTBaHH H hoc^actbíamh? OďesHeiHBaeTB JiH ea npejioaseHie 



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Hirni crxoroTPotGTBo. 227 

<*oxpaHeHÍe nops^Ka h ynpoqeme oón^ecrseHEoft 6e8onacHOCTH, — 
XOcraBJuierB jh oea iiojiHi](eftcKoB uacTH iforyn^ecTBeHHoe opyxie 
XJfl npeAynpesxeflifl npecxynjeHift hjh, HasoHenii, npexcraBJuieTB 
Ml HCTo^Hiisi rocyxapci^HHaro Aoxoxa^ Eem&bmEM h He3aMŠ- 
Huaii? 

Ots^tl Ha 8TH Bonpocu — H mwbvhy HCxojiflii^iB iisi bhojhí 
soMnereHTHoft cpe^H, Bnoiei orpEE^aTenBufi. En^e cb1857 ro^a 
opasHrejBCTBO saHfljocB BonpocoicB o&b yjyqmeHÍH nacaopiHoff 
cicieMH. Bx Bnowh roAy (teia yqpesxena npn icnHEcrepcTB^ BHyr- 
peHHixi^ A^^ ocotfafl nacnopiHafl soaniHCCÍfl aja HupatfoTRH 6oa^ 
npaBHiBHHXi ocHOBaHÍft A^ flamefi nacnoptnoB CHcreHn. Bx 1871 
Toxy 6uM yqpesxena npH rocyxapcTBeHHoB saHi^ejapiE HOBas 
somiHceú, o6ieqeHHafl BecBMa mHposHMH npaBaMH. Efi 6qjío npe- 
XOcraB^eHo o6cyAHTB npcesrs, cocraBjeHHEiB na ocHOBaniH pa5oT& 
kommhccíh 1857 ro^a, h BucjymaTB aoboxu AenyTatOBi ors pas- 

aH^HHX^ MHHHCrepCTBl, KOTOpne CBOHMH OIOBeCHEÍMB OtilflCHeHÍfllfH 

saHŠHajiH vb 9toiá% cjiyqai imcLMeHHHfl saRjtoqem, npe^CTasjae- 
líHfi, no saBexeHHOMy nopa^ay^ MHHHcrpaMH bi rocy^apCTBeHEuB 
toiBÍTh. Bi kommhccík) 6um npcirjiaineHH npexcraBerejH cocjob- 
HHXi H ofin^ecTBeHEnrs y^pesA^HÍfi, — MHHHCrepcBÍe A^nyraTii 
^asE JR)XH 6jni8B0 CToaBíme m> A^jy — h SHBue Bonpocu, bos- 
<$yzxaeMiie A^BcTBirrexfcHHMH norpetfHocrflifii shshh, Hanuš ce6% 
Bapasenie e paspaÓOTKy fb TpyAax'B btoB bommhccíh. Mnoroe 
cyn^ecTBeHHoe, zota, Bone^no, ne Bce, npexnojioseHO 6hjo hsmí- 
HHTB H OTMi^HHTb Bi HameB nacnopTHoB CHCTe]r£,— MHOFO HHTepec" 
HHXi saflBJiieHiB npeniJocB BucjiyniaTB kommhccíh ho noBOxy bt0X'b 
EBM^Hemfi. HsBtoHO, HanpflM^pi, hto npe^craBnieJieMi nojHi^eB- 
esoB BjacTB bi neieptiypí^, Óhbhibmb c.-neTep5yprcBHMx o6epi- 
nom^BMeficrepoMx h BOMaHXHpoBaHHHMH hm'b A^nyiaTaMH 6ujío 
paffBHCHeHo, qro am ycninraocTH nojiHi](eBcBaro Ha;9opa nacnopn 
He TOJBBO ne HeoÓxoAHMi, ho Baipy^naeTB hojihivh) b^ npecjrb- 
j|OBaHÍH ^BcTBHTejBHurB npecTyHHHBOKB, o($peMeHflerB ee MHOse- 
CTBOMi HSJíHniHeB pa6oT£i Ey JOsacB TflsaiiiMi ÓpoMeneMi na 
jiH>xeB HH Vb qeMib HenoBHHHuxi H Aftse noóysxaa hx'b bi na- 
pymeHÍflMi saBOHa, T0jn»B0 noMoraerB napymHrejiflMi nopE^Ka 
ycBoaBsaTB OTB HaAsopa nojraiuH. HantoHO laBse, hto fiEiBHiHifB 
MHHHcrpoMi ^HHaHCOBi M. X. PeBrepHOMi 6hiM neo^HospaTHO 
BHCBasuBaeMa mkiciBi hto ^HHaHcoBoe b^aomctbo fotobo ^btjio on 
oncasaTBCfl on xoxo^a cb nacnopiHaro c6opa, npocTHpaBmarocfl 
xo 2.400,000 py5j[eB cep. vh roA^, ocjkh 6u nacnoprHafl cncTeva 
jcoria 5uTB nsM^Hena TaBHMx o(!pa30M'B, hto^ci hobuh npaBHJia 
cyniecTBeHHO otijer^ajiH nepexBHseHíe napoxa h 8thm'b A^BajH 6hL 

16* 



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22S whcmsn ibpoiih* 

B03H0SH0CTB yBejIHHBTBCfl HEpOAHOft DpOHBBOAHTeiBHOCTH H ($MrO- 

cocTOUHÍK). BpeMeHHaa norepa rocyx&pcTBa 6Hja On npH ^rom 
BOBHarpasA^Ha dTEu% jhemHeniewb tfjiarococTOflHifl. 

HTaB'B, nacnopTL ae Hyseai jwi noíHipH. Otb Hero totob^ 
orRasaTbCfl h ^eckl. 7 nojni^iH 6yxeTB| (tb aTM'6H0H) nacnopia^. 
CojBine cpexcTBi cjišaitb sa BpeAHUMH jho^bme h MeHBme noBO* 
XOBi CMimHBaTB CB HUMH Jio^eft ÓesBpejtHHxi. YcEJreHHoe h cbo- 
6oxHoe nepeABHsefiie npoBSBOAHTejBHHrB chji noxHHiierB bkoho- 
MB^ecsift crpoft crpaeii h— ÓesrBcouH^Hifl— ROCBeHHUHH BajioraMB 
BOSBpaTHrB Ba8H'6 ch HBJHinBOirB TO, iTÓ ona yrpaTffTBi orsasaB- 
nrBCB on nacnopiHaro ctfopa. 

IIoHaiy se ne orifiHaercfl nacnopn? noveny ho saMiHflerai 
BecB cjosHHft nacnopiHiifi annaparB BBexeeieiTB BasHrB-joifio y^o- 
CTOB^peHÍft o 1H9H0CTH, nojyHaeMBirB na ÓescpoHHoe Bpeiui, wivfíb 
ofiasaxejBEO ne npoiiHCHBaeiraxB h npe^aB^aeiiiirB jhiiib no cne- 
^iaJBHOMy TpeÓOBaHÍK) nojHi^eflcKOt h cyxe6H0fi Biacre? Oraera 
xpyAH KOMMHcdH 1871 roxa sarjioziH vh saKOHOxaTejiBHHxi iHcraH- 
T^STb H «nopocjflíH TpaBofl 8a($BeHBa»? 

Orroro, ^lo, k% necHacTÍH), y HacB nacnopreufi BonpocB cba- 
saiTB CB noAaTHHMx, H Hama ycrap&iafl, xasHO ocys^eenaa sApa- 
BOB) ^BHaHCOBOK) HayBOK), BOxaTHafl cflcreMa HysA&eTCfl vb nac- 
nopr^y BavB vh oahoitb bbi opyxífi uo^fjepsBihmsí CBoero cyn^e-^ 
CTBOBaBifl. IlacnoprB npBBBsuBaeTx niaiesHyK), noxaiByi) e^BSBi^y^ 
Vh noxaiHOMy JifiErpy, Bi btomi ero Hacrofln^ee sHa^eHÍe, 
xaion^ee eny sasHeHEyio CBJíy, necMorpa na lorsKy ^rtofb b 
Ha OTBaffB orB nero vbrh^ ^toejiBHOCTH soropiixi. owhj hobbah- 
MOMy, AOimewh 6u Óujťb cjiysBTB noAcnopBem. HeBBixaqa nac- 
nopra, fb cjiyuš Hcyniaiii He^OHMSE hjie Bnpe^B ao BSEOca 
cjrkf;jmnfiZ'b niaiesefi, EBuerca TasejiuMi cpoactbom^b fb pysaxi 
MŠniaflcsfln e specTBBECBEXi o6ntecTBi. RorAa xasoe oÓn^ecTBO 
EaHBEaerB nojBBOBaTBca btbmx cpoactbomi b'b niHpoBBxi pasiiii* 
paxi, noea^AHee npiotfp&raerB (S^ACTBesEiiS xapasrepi e, orpasB- 
iBBaa OTjiy^BB a^b orpafoTBB ecaobhoki, CBopte boactb bi bx^b^ 
yBejE^eElio e Aftse rb noJHOMy pasopeEÍK) ECAOBKE^EBa. IIoBTOMy 
otÍE^ecTBa fle BcerAa mEposo nojiB8yH)TCfl cboemi npaBoiTB ne bii* 
AaBaxB nacnoprB. Ho, b'b cosaji^fliK), npE oi^eb^ ceocoÓobi^ 
npaBTBHecBaro ocyn^eciBjíeEifl saniefl noAaxEofi CBcreMu, oÓhbeo* 
boeeo bto npaBO EeBUAa^E nacnopra EpEEEMaeTca eb pasc^erB h 
CjysBrB oAEBiTB ESTB TjaBEiixi apryMOETOBi Bi nojiBsy cyn^ecTByK)- 
E^efi nacnopTHoft CBcreiíBi. DoBTOify, bopab BOSHEBaerB boepocb^ 
o&h yBE^ToseHÍE A^ficTByiontflxi nacnopTEuxi npaBEjri — o6hbho- 
BeEEO roBopETCfl: «Aa! Bce bto cnpaBeA^BBO, ho Basi se 6iitb cs 



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HÁBU crxorcTPotcTBo. 229 

noWTSMH? — Haxo cnepea iisiriHiiTb cecreMy BSHMaHÍfl c5opon s 
ctmil xapavieirB cóoposi, a aio js/bzo cjosHoe, TpyxHoe, de longae 
lialeine*... H TaRmcx ofipasoifB ycrapi^afl noxaiHaa CHcreiía h 
HeqbjecooÓparaaii, nrociHafl CHCTeifa nacnopTHaa noAxepsBBaioTi 
H oÓycjOBJUBaK)^ oxHa xpyryv}. Abyssas abyssam invocat!.. 

CBoScisa nacnopiHol cicieiCH oipasaKyíca h Ha cyxeÓHOMib 
zofjk KbM%j BOSHiiaioiitHxi no napymraiflifi nacnopiHHXL npaBui. 
^eiOB^KB, lI]liH)II^B 4^aiBiiiHBii8, nepeA^jaEssil uh ^sofi bia'b 
Ha SHTejiiBcrBO — ne HM^en BH^a saRonnaro. Ho 6en BasoHnaro 
Bixa Hensfl hhtxí sbtb, nenafl jnAn onpOAiJieHHaro míctosh- 
^raiBcrea. Jífixe h rocieopiHMHHft j^on BflseHCKaro Heozorno pacTBo- 
paerb cboh XBepH fiesnacaopTHBnťE. OÓBíHaeMiifi fb npecrynie- 
HÍi, Bjei^n^eiTB noTejm npaBi coctoíhu, noMxeMwrh coxepsaHÍH) 
noxB crpaseK). Owb HsÓaB^uieTCfl on axoro oÓusnoBeHHO j^ihoib 
HpexciaBJíeHieirB sajora hjih nopyniejBCTBa. Ho «6e8nacaopTHOMy» 
no ÓÓJomeA hmcte nevfík bsotb noTpe($HOft xaa aroro cyMMH hjih 
HaiTH ^ejOBÍsai soTopHS pecsnyn tfu sa nero nopy^HTBca, 
npHHUKb Ha ce(Sfl xenesHyio OTBŠTCtBeHHOCTB- J(a h npoMŠ loro 
— «6e8nacnopTHiiB* ne HM^terL (xAusloctb, ohb ne MOMemó shtb 
Ha cB0(k)x&« H ero sauDUDrs noAi» crpasy. Ha^HnaKyrca cnpaBBH, 
<momeHÍfl ch MŠcroMS BHxa^H eny nacnopra, npoHSBOACTBo aiscnep- 
TBSsiy xonpocH CBBAirej^ A^a npoBÍpKH npaBHiBHOCTH ero nosa-* 
MHÍa. PadCToanúi na PycH 6onniÍH, nepennCRa Bexerca ne Topon- 
iHBO, cnpaBKH no BanyraHHHHi o6mficsBeEsuwb' sHHraM^L naBO- 
j^aitfl MexjeHHo — n oŮbmilmuííř chxhtb vh TH>pi»HÍ M^cai^a, a 
HHorxa H ŮojAe voff^. — HaBonei^, ohi npexcraen na cyx'B. IIpH- 
<asHue muvTFhj ttó lasoe nacnopiHaa cncieifa, — MHorie hs^l hhii, 
<knh MOsen,* na ce&b hjb na Ósmtmrh HcnuraiB ea lasejiyK) 
pyiy. npexi hhmh noxcyxMfifl, o tfesynpeiHOVB nponuoMi kóto* 
paro HiribHyiea HHorxa caMHi jy^mifl CB^x^HÍa h x^hío soroparo 
flHSOHy He npn^HHHJo Bpexa. Ohi yse naRasaHi xoJirHirB saus)- 
%HÍeMi sa TO Hapymenie, Boiopoe oh% cfíbiu^. H npHcasHiie 
npoHBHOcarb onpaBxaTeiBHul npHroBopi, noTOny hto, tfyxy^H 
npexcraBHTejBMH cyxa no cob^cth, ohh BenoryTb xojoxho h Čes^ 
jQ^niHO npoHBHecTH CflOBO ocysxeHÍfl n (SoiBHiHHcrBŠ x'^^ o nac« 
nojmuTh npecTynjeHÍflX'B. 

IIpexBapHTenHoe saun^eme otfBHHaeMaro, xu^eeca xoiro, 
soerxa Bjoaen na npnroBopi npEcasniirb. Oho ne nošen He 

BJÍaTB, — H OWHB CHJIBHO BliflTB, — H HO 8THHI X^^MM^l ROTOpSa 
DOtTH HepaSpOBHO Ch HHITB cBasaHii. 

Ha 16-Tb onpaoxaHHux^B cb 1866 roxa no 1880 roxB npn- 
cflSHmcH vh nerep^ypri— no oÓBHHeniH) bi nodAOith nacnopra 



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230 BIMSTHm IBPOIDI. 

11 ^ejiovkvh coffi^hjonch no^B cípaseH) xo cyxa 6oji^ mpea^ 
Mfbcswe^ a HMeHHo: oahhte 4 iiiaii^a, leTiipe— 5 MŠcn^eBi, xsa 
7 MicaneBx, ;iBa— 10 Mtoii]ieBi9 offiHi — roji h offfft — 13 «§• 
cfliteBx;— B8i 19-TH onpaBxaHHHTB no o($BHHeHÍK) Bi ^mi^dy^jMcm 
nocnopma — 8 nejiOBin coxepsajiHCB ($o;i£e mpem MtbCJmeny a 
BueHHo: no 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 h 11 n^bcai^eRb h no ro^y h tofj 
H 2 iricflitairb. Hasoneiit^By no otíBHHemio re npooicueameAumefb c» 
Hyoícum nacnopmoM—6oAÍe ipexx MŠCBqeBi coxepsajiocB 49 
onpaBxanBím, h vh tomi ucjiš ceMB leiOB^si— no 5 iiicfl* 
i^eBT, 10 — no 8 irtcai^eBi, 6 — no 10 wbcznwb^ 6— no ro^y, 
xsa— no noiTopa roxa, xBa no ro^y h 8 MŠcai^eB^L h oahhi^ — 
ABa roxa h 8 iri^i^eBi... 

BcMarpBBaflCB vh npHroBops npBCBSHHX^B no nacnopTHHMS 
f!bjiBMi> — HBBasi nejiBBfl CBasaiB, htoÓh onpaBxanie xaBaiocb nm 

6e9b ODt^HBH BCixX 06CT0BTeJBCTB1» fjbjUL—EJlE nof;b BjdBHÍeif& 

TbTb CBoScTBennux^ crojiiHHHmrB npHCBsnuiťb ryManHn^iizrb co- 
o6paseHÍft, BoropiiirL oCuRnoBenno jhoÓbtb nponiBonocraBuis 
«Tpe8ByH> ciporocTB» npHroBopoBi npncflsnHxi vb yisffiTh, 

IIpHCflSHHe ropoxa XXerepÓypra h yisfiflvh nerepÓyprcBoft ry- 
ÓepHÍH x^ficiBETenno pasHATCB crporocniK) cbohxx npBroBopoBi. 
dw o6mfŘ Vh PoodH ^axn. UpHCBSBHe CTOjraifi h ryóepncsnxs 
ropoxoKL OTHoancfl vh noxcyxHMOify uBrve, nfbwh npHCjrsnne bi 
yisjífiXLTb ropoxaxi. Easi cyxB ofin^ecTBennfil, qr^i npncBSHHxs 
orpasaen na ce0i BsrjsxB MicTHaro ofin^ecTBa, bo Bcefi ero cobo- 
xynnocTH, na npeciynjfenie n na CHjy títl ejih f,pjrBJCh xousa* 
TencTBi. Ho eciB npeciynjieHiB, bx kotopíiitb noBCH>xy npn*' 
CflSfiHe OTHOCflTCfl offiHaROBO, de^asjHHHO on ilicmocTH, vfík 
npoHcxoxBrB cy]Vh. Tanoeu npecmynAemn no dojioicmcmu u noc- 
nopmnuM. Uo ornomeBÍK) Kb hiitl ropox^ h yi»Kh fíbictEpoTb 
coBepmenno exBHOxymno. TaKb, n nepioxi Ch 18Q6 no 1880 TOgh 
Mffb 216 f/íjeb no nacnopnanrB npecryn^eniflirb— bi nerepÓyprt 
paBCHOiplno lld^n yšsx^i nerep^yprcsofl ry6epnia — 43 x^^ia; 
no HBM^L Bcero cocioaiocB onpaBxaTeumix^ npnroBopoBL — 135 w 
nvh Hxxi 108 Vh nereptfypri h 27 bi y^teAarB) T.-e. osmo 
62Va7« Vh 060BXI cjyiasxi. 

dm npETOBopu noca^AOBaJiH nonm BCKiK)HBTeuH0 no vncio* 
nacnqrrniiirb npecrynieniflicBy T.*e. Tasn^L, rx^ napymenie nacnojyr* 
HHXi saxonoBi ne cjyjuiíio cpen^Bom wh coBepmenÍK) xpyroro 
npecTynjienúi un ne 6iuo cb bemi coexineno. KasiL toibko nax* 
X&iaa nacnopia cx^ianai ^noůu yxotiole ooBepmiTB Basoe-jorik) 
nozHn^eniei— BJiH ^asoft bhxb npiotfp&iens, im6u m&bíiKh na- 



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EUOE oy^oForpotcTBO. 231 

BSiSBia HJH noHecTH ero nox% EueEeu% xpyroro (TasHX^ cjiyHaen 
(hijio vh npaBTBBŠ c.-nerepóyprcsaro ORpyssaro cyxa XBa)— npH- 
casHHe vb orpoMHOiTB ŮoxunvHc^nfb CiryiaeffB npoHSHOCflrb oůbe-^ 
mexBHHtt npiiroBoprb. Hbi 216 a&ii», o soropiixi roBopeno 
BBme, — coemgnwomb npecmynáeHiA^ m.-e. coeduHeme nacnapmr 
Mto npecmpnáeMÍs cz dpytUMó cywecmeoeciM et 26 cjiyHasxz u 
moMM n d&ym usb num nocAndoeoMO (mpasóanie. 

Ho He TOJBSO crporoe OTHomeme kb ynorpeÓiemH) nacnopra, 
MMM:h cpexcrBa f^íí Apyroro apeciynjeHuii saMÍHaeTCfl y npHcas- 
mm. Gaxoe onpaojiaHie no HHcro-nacnopiBEnrL ^aicb ohh 
mxm se paBHOMŠpHO no bc^itb poxan Hapymenift lapaieiBnaro 
auona, orpasxM>n^aro nacnopinyiD cscieMy. Ohh x&iaH>rB cosHa- 
lenHBt Ba6opi uemfj HapymenHMn, h hÍmi Basnte Hapymenie, 
rÍM% cvfnte craHOBaiCfl ohh na onpaBAanie. 

Giifiift aemtt bhxb nacnopiHBrB npeciynaemft — nepedfMisa 
nticncpmaj T.*e. HsiiiHeHie vh Bewh cpoBa hjeh MtocnpetiiiBama 
H npe^ruiueme laKoro HSMiHeHHaro AOi^enra (cr. 976 yios. 
o HaKaa.). Ho Heny h Úojome Bcero onpaBAaTexBHHX'B npHroBO- 
pw^ Ha 26 oÓBHHflemirE no 24 A'6iaM'B— onpaBAano 19. OÓss- 
wamso nepenpaBKa nacnopra uh orcpoira, BH^annofi hve noíHiÓH, 
xftjaeBCx FB qK)B£, Ha soropHfl ohh bh^ush, Borxa y oÓBHHaeiiaro 
ae 6iuo qpexciBi oÓhšehib nacnopn na noBuft, — Hé^ero fiímo 
oocian Vh x^poBHio, bjh Korx^ 0TqK)ui BcreBajrb cpovhy a bsi 
WpeBHH Hjn vn wbmBUEOtoŘ jmpaBu orxaýieHHaro ropoxa ne npa* 

CUaxCH WBHO H TH^eTHO OXEffíeWSA naCHOpTl. HHOrxa H8MÍHeHÍe 

xtneicH VB o((oBBa^6HÍH Boepacia. TasiB, vb 1873 roxy tyxHJca 
n DeiepCyprt o^Hipann ÓojBmoft rocniBHHipi, nepex&iaBmit 
CBW jftim Ha nacnoprt n npHtfaBHBmift ceíib Togh^ kíe loro, 
vo6a vM/bth yBasoHeHHHi Bospacn f^sL meBwnÓu na roi«HHHott 
Tel se rocTHHBHipi, BOTopas roTOBuacB 6iitb xaiepBK) ero pe* 
denuL OffB ooxepsaacfl ao cyxa ustb mbcsmen b!b th>pbmí h 
tiucB onpaBxam. Bi 1872 roxy xame 6ujFb onpaBxasB MŠnia* 
usK r. CoinrajHm ,OyBHH%, HSMiHBBmil cpon na nacnoprt a<ui 
wro, nxoóu ne oiCHiaiB ero fb Teqenié HŠBoroparo BpeiieHH na 
fOXHHy, Tan saB!B 6en noxnHHaro nacnopra ero ne corjama- 

Boifte cepBfisBO npeciynjUHie, npe^KycMoifinnoe 977 cr. jmo- 
muÍM^npcoMé6afMM<)meo Cd ^ofsicuMB audoMB^ h no Heny onpan- 
msÍM coovaBjflHrrB juhb Va Bcero ncia npHroB^[K>Bi. B& x^Luai 

Wmn pOffU HPWB gpHCggHHMH WBBh HaCTO paCBpSUaeTCfl BO Bcel 

KDfnrjiXHOCTi iqiTHHa x8«ejiarD| nox^iae!B HeBHHOCHxaro caieft- 



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232 BftOTHon iBFons. 

Htro noJioseHifl npocToft pyccsoft seHiitHHii. no6oH nBffisaro nysa, 
paeracRHBaHBe hitb Boero, Hrb BeiHEHirB Tpyxom HaionjeHO wh 
xosaflcTBŠy nonpera, ocsopójemfl h BbwůJL rpiisHa co ciopoHii 
csexpoBH — KbjUMTh SH8HB «BÍBOBÍ9Hoft ne^aiBHHipi* Vh KpeciB* 
flHCROfi eewA xo iwo nocnuoK), no HHorxa exmcTBeHHiiiťb bh- 
xoAOM^ flBJuercfl caMoy6ificiBO uh nodtrt. Ho no&brh rposm 
BOBapan^eHieiTB na hobiu HcrasaHifl. Heotfxoxnti nacnc^nrB. Hhofx^, 
Ha OTacTBe (NbrjuHSH, Haxoxncfl «xotfpiie Ji>ffi»9 loropiie CHa6- 
saKyrB ee nacnopnnn. «Bon, bobbmh xofl,— roBopua vh xkA 
specTbjíHBH MirpiHoft BxoBa-coixaisa MÍíHyzraa, — usA csopo 
yMHpaiB Haxo,— sx^B vh AepeBHl ero y moha hhkxo ho cnpa- 
mHBaeTB, aBOCB h Fooioxb Bon ne iioipe<{yerB». — B% opasmeft 
neTep(!yprcRaro ospysnaro cyji,t 6um% paxB noxofimxi x&tb* 
Eorxa y specTBflHKH octe xira, ohh ee yxepsHaaion Ha iňeA 
H BaciaBjflxyrB crpaxaTb rjiyxo ■ 6eBHwe»H0,"-H0 ecjH htb HŠn — 
oea yxojQRi, acHBerB rx^-HHÓyxB vb doxunowh ropoxi morie n^pi 
H TOJiBRO cjiyiailHO pacBpHBaeicfl ei «iipeci7nieBÍe». Sanita- 
TejuHO, HTO HK Bi oxHoiTB f/Ub O nposHBaxeiBCTBi Wh neiep* 
6yprš seHH, ymeAinefi otb no6oeBi h npirbcHraift Myaaa, ne 6um 
ysasaHift, iiotiu y noxcyxHMoft 6jujin ^n. HsorAa ciiepTB xnnK 
noxMTB DOBOffb sefloumi xi yxojgr on nysa, ito6u craib aop- 
MUHqeK). Tainb bobhhbjo TpH x^ja o speciBaHsax!b aM^yprcsaro 
H HOBOJiaAoaBCKaro yinovhj BOiopui^ norepm MaieHBKaro pe($eflsa| 
yniJiH npoTHn boih iiyseft — bo BcérB Tpexi ciyuflx^ nuHsqs 
B padouneiett— Bi IleTop^ypn h nposHBan bi aem {kA vk 
BOcmrraTejobHoicB fpui) no ijxjaa nacnopraii^b vb BamcTBi lop* 
Miuuii^. B^L meCTH x^ian o npesunarencrBi specruBon no 
^ysHMi nacnopraicB— notira w secroKoe o^pafiqeme ujwbě 6waM 
muMMu mecoMBfbBMuua CBHxfaeAcnioi DOiasaHiaici, — a boi- 
cyxHMiUi coxepsaBmuiCfl on 6 ffi 9 uiaaíisn uojfh d^asen^ 
osaaaiHeE, no onsBam lirB, y Koro ohš ciyasHU, ucnauaiy 

Mes^ npo^Hii^ npBcaxHmrB npHBUoc^ pastepan vh 1870 
roxy A^^ BpeerbflHXH EojbheoAi boto|mui BBuacB n náš 1869 
roxa Wh nojHi^K) h saaBHja, ^to 20 Ávh yjse SBBera iro ^yicoMj 
BH;iy, Óyxy^H wh xftĚcxBHTejBHOCXB BpecTbflBKOH) nopxoBOMro y^texfty 
3BH0BÍeiD RipHJUOBOl. 16 jňm on pojQr oaa tfua Biixana saiiyan 
sa 69-iii-j£THflro crapoa, mowpsdk otfpaniMOS ch Heft «eei0B0 m 
6ujph eft «i[poTBBeffi». On pfcoHJiacB (Stmum-^u upoanua bs 
XByxi M^craxi wh saveciBi ropaimofl h bmmm boo Bpeiu. Myss 
xaBHo juephy HO sejame bha^^ pojpHy paasHJOCB wh nel Cb 
TasoH) CHJOH), no OHa npocH^a cyxHTB ee, ho tojbbo xatb bob- 



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Humt GTAoycTPoficTBo. 233 

vosHOCTb CHOBa ooÓHBaTB y cetffl «xÓMa». — lloJ^o6nus^ se xijia 

BOraOM FE 1874 rOXy OtHOCHTeJBHO KpeCTBJIHKH RHpnHHeHKOBOfi, 

Si 12 An nepeAi tíitb jnnexmeft otb Mysa, BCRopii sai^Mi 
yHepmaro, h 8 Arh (SesnopoHHO nposuBinel bi híih^xi. npH 
xftraTL npexc&WTejfl HHOcrpaHHoil peMecjeHHoft ynpaBu, soroputt 
iBucfl Ha cyxB ropa^o CBHxiTencTBOBaTb bb ea nonsy, — h wb 
1879 vofj o KpeciBflHrt ^e6ypHH0ft| KOTopaa sa 25 jAtb nepeA'B 
Tin ynua on no6oen Mysa h CBespoBH, ho 6iuia BOSBpan^eHa 
no stany h, sanaciHHCB ^mmn oacnoproMi, cnona 6tasaja h (Ses- 
nopoiHO nposua vb IIeTep6ypri» 17 xin, h hsi hhxi nocjrtxHÍa 
6 án CMfjbJOX^n vh 6oMhiiEH% oray^a nepemjia npaMO bi TH)pBMy, 
rxi H npocHAija fp cyxa 10 Micai^eBx. UpnroBopi npncasHiix^L 

no BC&f^ 8THM!B X^aiTb HOHflTeHB. OhH (JesyCJiOBHO, 6effh JkOJíVZTh 

cůňíHĚmŘf onpaBAajiH bc%x'b noxcyxHMHxi, HecMoipa na co^ctboh* 
Hoe coBHanie h HaiHiHOCTB ^la npeciynjeHifl. HHiepecHO 6úJio 
6u oxHaxo nocMorp^TB na sopoHHuxx cyxeft, y ROTopux^ xBa- 

TUO 6u CHIB OCyAHTB 8THXX SeHnO^IHB, HO B0fiA& BUÍ&b Cb T^Wb 

Ch xoxETaicrBOirB o&b hxi noHiuoBamH. 

Saiiu-by Mesxy A&iaMH, BusBaBniHiiH onpaBxanie no nposH- 
BareiBCTBy no ^ysoiiy bh^ — hb Tpexi cjy9aflX'B noiosHrasBHO 
lousasa norepa oÓBHHaeifBiirB CBoero nacnopra h naxoAsa lysoro, 
ch KoropnirB OKB H cmjTB SBTB, H KB Tpoxi cjiyHaix^B lasse 
AouttH^ HeBas^omS o6míh% nacnoproBi uemKy nerpaiiOTHHHH 
pfttiomfx-eyAOBHfHKaMH, shbihhmh BpeiieHHO bm^ctí; bx 11 cjiy- 
^asxi xQHCiBMo HOcoMHŠHHoe OTcyTCTBÍe cpexcTB'B Ajfl noiyneHia 
oitpofXH H FB RftBOTopHTB cjyiaarB HenpeoxojiHMHfl npenarcTBÍfl 
n nojyHemx) nacnopra, necMorpa na spafeuoK), VBerjmjvo neotf- 
iQliHocrB ouy^HTBCfl. B«B nocjišxHeicB oTHomemH xapaBrepHCTH^HO 
xftjo 1877 rox& o xpecrBHHKi rxoBCBaro yšsxa M. h ea xo^epn 
^ xoTOpiu ynijra bb nerepÓyprB, ^toÓh jie^HiBca otb nacjiiA- 
aammro cs^HJHca, synHKB ce0& ^aúe nacnopTEi, laRi Bas'B 
o6B^ecrBO ne paspinuuo hkb, nonoMy-TO, orjiy^BH. HaRonei^, 

OBftLBpUM ŮeBJGMBEO npOH3HOCUICB npHCflSHHMH BO BíATh 

xlwn, r^b ofiBaHaeMiiiiH aaiajHCB ÓJHSide poxcTBeHHEKH, o6hb- 
■ommo ÓpaTBfl, n^exasmie oxhhb xpyroxy nacnoprB, BnpexB ffl 
ot^ywHÍa oAHHMi H8X HBxi OTcpo^KH EJiH HOBaro nacnopra. Ilpn^ 
OBpaBffUH mase, btb 1876 roxyi BHocrpanita Feooe, x&b- 
CBoft naeooprB HHOcrpaHiQr Thafo x^a HeneAJieHHOft notex^H 
aa rptHBiQr kb TasBO-6oiBHofi senil, npE^eirB co6cTBeHHEifi nac* 
Tw6 6uxh eaiíOBo^BHO yxepaaaBnb xobabhomi, y aoroparo 
eiysan MaciepoMi, sa 40 pytfjeft xojira. 



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234 nmaneb ibpoiql 

Tper&e — h EMdcjAe BasHoe npeciyiueHie npomvb yciaBa o 
nacnopraxi— nod^^iMica eada na oicumeAbcmeo^ i.-e. cocraueme 
josHaro nacnopra bjih Hsiť^Henie n Hacrofln^eirk nacnopri eiieHE 
(yjios. o HaR. CT. 975). IIoxx^ljiBa nacnopra, ocoÓjhbo sor^^a 
ona Biipasaeroi wh cocTaBjemn coBepmenno noBaro xoRyiieBia, 
Tpetfyerb ocoÓkx^l npEraroBJíeHifl h asjuiercfl npeciynieBieirB ropasxo 
6oMÍe cepBSsHHM^ iíitb nepenpaBsa nacnopra wja nposHBanie 
no ^ysoMyBHxy. H npncasHHe aroBnojuri coBnaHyrs. nodfbAOMé 
o noddthMtb nacnopma onu onpaedueawmz Meune 2S^I^ 9crhx$ 
o6euHJieMbiXBf T.-e. wixyrh oÓBHHHTeAHHe npHroBops Kb pasnipš, 
npeBHniaK)nieirB cpexnit nopnajiBHHft 7o oÓBHnenii no oÓn^nnib 
npeciynjieHiflirB, soropuS Bojetfjercs vb nocjšxnie roxH Mes^y 
68 Vo — 657o- Tas!B| na 51 o<$BHHfleMaro vb nouiuKft nacnopra cb 
1866 no 1880 ro^i npHcasHEie onpaB^aiH Kb neiep6ypr& inniB 
16 ^eJOB^si. 

IIou&iRa nacnopra coBepmaercfl HHorxa jramB amb, yxoue- 
TBopenifl Bnesannol, npexox^n^efi norpeónocrn. Hopasi noju&oa 
cff&iana— H ne OTKpHia lor^aci — nacnopn npEHnuaerca Kb npo- 
necRy h cb hhitb npsxoxiTci noneBOiš shtb. Bcasoe sasBienie 
o ero norepš — Újffrrb n necBoeBpeiieHHO n onacno. H Tanyrca 
roAHi Kb Tepeme xoropiix^B oÓBEnseifiii lecmo ipyxírca, no ne 
xojKerB BHpBaxBCfl MKb-uoKb rnera, najfosenoaro na nero nox- 
xbxbBUíí% nacnopTOiTB^ noxa cjyia&no ne OTKpuBaeiCfl nofxbnoí 
H owb ne nonaxaen na caaiiBio noxcyffiMBixi. dra ÓesBEixoxHOcrB 
nojioaienúi, Kb cbjibe cb xopomnMH cB^ximaim o jonan noxcy- 
XHMaro H CB xMniMi coxepsanieirB noxi crpasex), BjiaHxrB 6e9b 
coMH-lnifl na npnroBoprB npHCflsniixi. EteB onpaBxanraxB hme fb 
nereptfyprt noxcyxsMHrB bc^chaíjib xocyxa no nicsoAsy iiica- 
jSfiKb Bi TiopBMft Ki spoicft lOFO, xpoe HffB EETb nposHjn Óesno- 
powo no 4 H no 5 jšn no losnoiiy nacnq^i— wyiťB Óhjo 
Cojňe 70 ji^Tb on po^, xorxa ohh npexcran na cyx^, a oxnni, 
ÓuBmift ynrepi-o^ni^epi, ne noiynaii on na^aucTBa pasp^menia 
na tfpasfty gt&iarB ^ajBmiBufl nacnopTB na mmm oicraBHoro no«i- 
TaiBona n c% anm nacnoproiTB aamica ■ npociysHjrB 4 roxi^ 
nHCBMOBOAHTejieirB y CTanoBoro npecraBa xo camro orspuría cBoero 
npeciynjieHifl. 

TaxoBH yciOBÍa, bb Roropiu nocrasjíenH npHcasHiie no nacnopr- 
nim x'9^Ja]i%. TpeííOBaTB otb hhxi nnott x^^aieuBOcniy rtm Ta, 
BOTopyx) ofli npoiBjnoTB, snamm swtb otb nnrB p&menit^ 
BOTopiia, HBBoro ne yAOBjeiBopBH) noffB looKnoD Bv&moei) npa- 
BHJBnocTBK) cBpHBaiH 0H BejiHsyH) BHyipenniDK) HecnpaMKJHBOCTB. 



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Hiini C7A0yGTP0fiCTB0. 235 

Pycent cy^ npHCflSHHXBy npoHSHOCfl cboh onpaB^aTeiíBHiifl pime- 
m orHOCHTejBHO oÓBHHfleiuixi, npecrynjieHie Koxopuxi oÓycjiOBH- 
joci HexocTaTBaMH nacnoprnofi CHcreiiu, flBJíflercfl HacroaniHM^ 
cyxoKB, m> npHroBopax'B KOToparo xoJiSHa SByqaTs ne oxna ^p- 
lUBHafl npaB;^, ho rpoHso Boniioiitafl npaB^a sEsneHnafl. He 
nopuviTb Hi^o 9T0n cyA'B sa laBÍe npETOBopu, ho npHCJiymH- 
Banca n hhitb h bhx^tb vh hhxi sebha ysasanifl na 'A cio- 
poHH o6i^ecTBeHHaro ycipoftcTBa, fb kotop£ix'b TpeÓOBanifl shbhh 
onepexHiH ociaHOBHBnieecfl fb cBoeiTB xBBseHÍH sasoBOxaTejiLCTBO. 

A. EOHH 



■ oo H oo» 



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PA3JIÍB0EHH0E KODHTO 

POMÁHl MHOCB BPdXXOHl *). 

C% aETiiiciaro. 



qACTb HEPBAa. 

Tjube L— HaojrtAHn». 

CH'&rb BaiRXB rycniHH ucnuiiH, bca ORpecTHOcrs npexcras- 
jifljia BEfUb Óes^piieHHofi 6^oft naccii, sorxa ^soh^ XpesepiOHi 
HUJiCfl Bi rjiyxy» nojiHOu cb ho^xohi loro-sanaxHofi sejriteHot 
Aoporn. Bi 8iy Mpa^Hyio no^b he nois^l Ótiio najio naccasi- 
poBi) a noTOHy na aojk) HHcrepa XpenepTOHa xocraiocB i^ioe 
syne BToporo uacca. Ohi niiraiCfl-Óiuo sacnyrb, ho nontirsa 
8Ta 0Ba3ajaci» ({esycnioiHoft; upoApenaBi HHHyrB nflib, ohi rae- 
sanHO npoóysxajicfly h dar^Mi ÓcxpcrBOBajii vb le^emH j(p6phT0 
naca apeiieHE, pasHnniJuifl o saxpyAHeHiflxiy BcrpiuBmHxcii exy 
vh SH8HH H HenaBE^fl caMoro ce6fl sa Óesyide, g(6jiaBmee ero 
asHBHB TaBOH), BaROK) oHa craia. 3a nocji^AHee npeica shbhb le 
aerso xaBaiacB nameify repoio. BooÓmfi roBopa, JI,w>bj XpesepTony— 
HTb HastiBaeTCji— «He nonesjío*. EapBepy cboh) oh% na^ajn ciys* 

(Soft Bl OAHOITB H» ÓJieCTflHtHX^ OOJIBOBli npHTOlTB (^MflíLXb HC* 

(SoiBHiHirb cocTOflHíeMi, HO pacipaiiLii Bce, ^tó hm4^, Bnoieis isi 
nojiBa h vh Haciofln^ee Bpeiui soe-sas^ nepeÓHBajicfl) npHHem hh* 
KTOy spoHŠ ero canoro, ne ciyMÍJis 612 pimEiB BonpocB: ^An 

OHI, CO(SCTBeHHO FOBOpi, SHBerL? 



*) 3ari&Bie poioiHa: „Tbe CloTenFoot*, PoideoeHnoe tconiimo— ecn TexHB^ecioe 
Bapaseflie, cMRcn icoroparo nošen 6ht& nepexan pjccsoft nociOBiAeft: sOun n 
Mimrt ue yraHna*. 



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FÍ8AB0BHH0I KOHHTO. 237 

HanpaBjfljicfl obi vb Offij En hbphiucb ^^epefieneKi JI^cboh; 
mipa, — THxift yroiOKB, npiiOTHBmificfl ]Íoa'b c^hbk) Jl^apriíopa, ot- 
lyxa TpeBeproHi tojbro-tto nojiy^H^n leierpaMMy ce BSBicrieMi) 
^10 OABHi H8i ero Óoraiiizi poxcTBeHHBBOFL yMBpaerB h sobctb 
ero K% CBoeify CHepiHOHy OApy. Euao BpeiiB, Kor^a ohi BaA'&flJicfl 
yeacjixoBaTb cocroBBie btofo poACTBeHABKa, ne noroMy, qroóu cra- 
pin 0€O($eHBO Bxi BSTepecoBajiCfl, bo noTony coÓciBeHBO; hto 
^sofli Óiui eABBCTBeHBUHi poACTBeflHBBOMi ^sacBepa Tpesep- 
TOBa; HO B ara saxes^a yjieryiBJíacB, sorAa o^bhobíS xcjioctab^ 
BSfljTB KB ce6i vh AOiťB upíeííHma, A^Bouy CBpOTBy, kl BOTopofi^ 
BO cjyzaMi, CBJBHO npBBflsajicfl. EuBmift RanBiaBi HBBor;^a btoS 
MOiOxofi oco5ii ne bb^bjii, h ipyxHO npeAnojiossTB, ^to6ii oho^ iib- 
twh KB nefi oco6eBHO B^SBiifl HyBCTBa. Owh bÓbjtb ceůb bi ro- 
JOBy, ^0 o^a HenpeM^HBO BBTpBraBTBa^ BOTopas, BOHenBOi CByiiierB 
noBecTB xbM lax^B, hto6h sacTBBBTB cxapBBa saBŠn^iTB efi Bce 
CBoe mime. 

«HHBorxa ne ÓJiaroBOJHJi^ owh ocoÓeBHO bo ueí bjib k'b 
BOBBi, — roBopHJi ceÓ^ JI^soHx XpeseproHi,— Hone 6yAB aroft a*^- 
ByfliKBi M02serB 6iitb b ocraBBJTB 6u mh£ cbob a^hbfb, sa hobhí- 

nieiTB XPJTBTh HaCJl'6AHBB0Bl». 

6i le^eBÍB cBoero csy^naro Honsoro nyTemecTBÍB, obi boith 
(SesBpepuBBO pasMHmjifljrB o&b btoitb upemerb^ b bo^th fotobx 
6un AOcaxoBaiB aa ce6fl sa to, hto no^Bepn ce(5fl laROMy 6e3- 
DOBcAcTBy paxB He20B'&Ba, Boropsifi, ?ero AO<$paro, b nojymsH 
eiy Be ocraBBTB. BnponeirB, JljsROWh TpeBeproBi ne ÓiiJi coBep- 
BKBBo jij^miwh ^ejiOB%KOMi, xoTfl ero jiy^miB, HBcrifiniifl nyB- 
cnta sHa^BTeJiBHO npBTyiiBjBCB otb rpy6aro coBpBKOCHOBeBÍB co 
ariroirB. y Hero 6ujm npiflTBHBi OTBpOBeBBua naBepti b BpacB- 
Boe un^o, ÓJOiaroAapfl soTopoiiy iiBorifl senB^BHii ero jiio6bjib, xotb 
QOJBSB eiiy OTB Toro 6uA0 HeMBoro. Ohi ne OTjBHaica ocoóoft 
aforocTBK) npBHi^noBi; HanpoTBBi, 6ujn> CBHCxOABrejeHi vh co6- 
cncHHiiDn ciaÓocTBiTB, saBOBoe CBoficTBO ero npBpoAHi sa hocjiía* 
m xecBTB jrbvh ero sbbbb, Bep'&AKO BOBJíesajio ero vh npocryiiBB. 
lapoBiepi y nero ůuji^h y2BBBHBBufi^ obi hmíjtb npBBH^By cmo- 
ipÍTB SEBSh na npiBTByK) cropony opeAMeroBi, nosa bb hbxi 

OeVBaiaCB ZOTB BaBBfl-HBÓyXB npÍBTBOCTB, B XpOBBieCBB BBÓiraJTB 

Mxarh cepBSsBHxi pasHunuieBÍfi; noxoÓHiiB CBoficTBa, Bas^ bs- 
bIciho, He npBCynpi BOo6n^e CHitBHUMo^ jíbihoctbmi. T^itb hb 
npBBJíesaTejiBHOCTB ero MaHeprB Be crpa^ajia otb btoS) laBB- 
m, HeiTB ÓesxapaBTepHocTB, b ohi spaBBJícfl Óojiie mho- 

JK>Xeft| CTOBBBIBXl FOpaBXO BUHie erO Vh BpaBCTBeHBOMl OT- 



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238 BftCTHHKi iBPonn. 

B% UCB nonojiyHO^H no§8ffB ocraHOBHJiai y MajienROfi cran- 
iUh, vb copoRE UEMTh Ba 8anaffB oTb dRserepa, ne^annoe sxaHÍe 
BOSBuma^ocB ea^B oiRptiTOft njiaT^opifoft, ^jtb cnnHiifi B^Tepi, 
CHŠrb BajiHJTB no-npesneuy, Bor^^a JI^sokb TpeBeproHi BumejB 
Hffb Barona; oetb Óluii exBHCTBeHHHtt naccasapi, "IxuiinĚ ^o 8Toro 
yexHHeHHaro Mtoa. Oh^ BHaoEi, iro xomi, syxa emy npHXOXHJOCs 
onrpaBJuiTBCJi, naxoAHTCfl vh h'6csoarhx'b mhuxi orb craHiiiH h 
npufo o6paTHJCfl bi coHHOMy HanajibHHBy crani^iH c% Boupocon^ 
B08M0SH0 JIH, vh laBoe noBABee Bpeica, ao6htb xota sasofi-HHÓyxB 
BBHnasi? . 

— dsHnasi oxsiffien jí,xemjíhueEh hsi JIoHXOHa, — 6ujrh oř- 
B'ferB9 conpoBOSAaeMsft noxaBjeHHmrb s^broitb: — B^poarno bh k 

6CTB BTOTB ASeHTJILMeQl, CBpi. 

— dsHnasrb HBi TpeBeproHCBaro s&HBa? 

— Jía, cBpi. 

— Ejiaro^apK) Bací; wí, a totb, rofo osnxaHyri. 
«BtsjiHB0, no RpaĚHefi nipi*, npo6opMOTaxB ^hlohi Tpe* 

BepTOHi, HanpaBJíflflCB si asHnasy, saBepnyBniHCB xo caiiiixi 
rjiaBi vh nrapoEoe najBTO^ cb AoposHuitB ox^jioitb na njie^. 

Ero oxujsfiijrb rHPB, cb ^eaoBŠBOirB, CBOpie noxosHiTB na ca- 
AOBHHBa, BB AOJiSHOCTH By^epa. 

— BorB H a, rojiyÓ^H^B, — Bečelo saBpHiajrB om: — a, th 
xaBHO xosHAftemBCfl? 

— Eivhj caprB, MHCCB MajiBBOJiBMB csasajia, tto bh uprbfiNe 

CB BTHMB nO^XOMB. 

— TasTB 8T0 MHCCB MajiBBOJBHB npECuajia Te6fl? 

— A sasoBB HiiHBHe MHcrepB TpeBepToni? 

— BojiBHO MOXB, CBpB. floBTopa roBopHTB, TTO ciapoMy 
ASOHTjiBMeHy ocraeicfl shtb Bcero hícbojibbo tocobb. Mhccb MajiB- 
KoniTB CBasajia hh-í:— Abobb, tei no'&xeinB co cranipH lasB CBopo, 
BasB TOiBBO Joma^B tf&saTB MOserB, nana otohb sejiaerB bha'&tb 
MHcrepa }í,iBX>E9k nepe^^B CMepTBio. Oea Bcer^a HasHBaeiB crapExa 

OTI](0MB, CBpB) TaBB BaBB OffB yCUHOBHaB 66 X^CATB JI^TB TOMy 

HasaxBi H CB t£xb nop^B BOcnHniBajrB sasB po^nyio xo^. 

Bo BpeMfl BToro pasroBopa nyrHflBHTpaciHCB no nepoBnofi MocioBoft 
ysBofi yjiHi^ii, rjiaBHOft yjHitii netfojiBmoro noc6JiBa, ohobhxho se- 
jiH^aBniaro ceóa topodoMz^ TasB BasB na njfon^axH, otb Boropoft 
pacxoAHJHCB vh pasntifl croponu abí Aoporn, BOSBumaiocB nojiy- 
pa8pym6nnoe, CTapo6 8x&HÍe, nanoHHnaBmee pamytatf^ n BHAHŠJCfl 
noAB naB^coiTB punoBB, oBpysennnfi s6J^8nofi p^meiBoll. A^oh^b 
Tp6B6pTonB yjOBHJiB Wh TenHOT^ BoniypB crapofi BaM6nnofi i^epsBH, 



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FÍ3AB0IHH0I KOnHTO. 239 

I no KpaiHeft lAjib Tpexi MeroxHcrcKHXs ^acoBenb. SariiTB, vh 
oxHj MHHyiy, ropox^ Hcnesi, h aranasi sarpeiri^ no o6iibho- 
leiBofi x^BOHnmpcBOfi xoporí^ ORaliuieHHofi bhcokhmh HsropoxflMH, 

tt lOrapHlIH BHAHÍJHCB TOpU, Cb laflBinHiai Ha TeiCHOMl ^OBÍ 

HoíHoro He5a OTepiamflHH. 

— A TBOft rocnoAHfl^ otohb jnofinn ary mhccb MaibsomrB? 
— copocHJrB ^viúwh TpeBeproffB, Kor^a joma^B, opoM^aBinECB mhjih 
moTopii KB KapBepi, crajia nexJieHHO BstiipaxBca Ha ropýi boto- 
pai, sasajocB, HHxyxit secTH ne Morjia, lasB Baic^B ipy^no 61110 
B0o6pa8BTB, HTOÓH Aopora, HSBEBaBmaflCfl cpeffi rop^B, hoaoÓho smíí, 
Morjut iiribB onpex&ieHHoe HasHawme. 

— yasacHO^ capi? — Epoiii ea^ ohi^ sasBeiCfl, hekofo h ne jih>- 

— Hy, a spyrie, laBse ee joDÓsm? 

— KÚb CBasaxB, capi; xa, mhcctb MajiBBoiBjrB) HH^ero, jih)- 
ůsFhj xoTfl iňmwTpue h c^HiaiorB ee ropxoS, fyuMyrh^ iro oea 
uaHBTCJi, BHAfl, BaiPB MHCTepB TpeBepTOHi ee Óajiyen. Ona ne 
lerso sBaBOMHTca; mo-ioxua ÓapiiniHH Hamn^ aa^B ao^bh CBBafipa 
Bap^ H xpyrífl ne coiiijihcb cl eeft, aasi aroro mosho ůsiio 6a 
ouxan. K axo mhofo pasi cjiixajrB otb schh CBoeS, a ona 
yse pa^i^aTB j^itb cjyssTB ropHHHHofi fb b^mbí. Ho Bce se 
mcch MajBBOiBMi Ao6pafl 6apHinBfl, jacBOBaa co bcíhh, bto eft 
BO fjmbj H MOfl CycaHHa HHHero npOTHKB nea caasaiB ne Hosen. 
BasxHfi 118^ BacTB HMŠerB cboh CTpaHHOCTH, capB; HejBsa me k 
meči ManBOJBirB o6ofiTHCB 6e8% hhxi,— saBJD^HJTB B08HHi](a ^h- 

iOeO^HlTL TOHOMl. 

«rirB>, iipo6opHOTajrB Jí^xowh Xpesepron^: «noAH— HamniteH- 
HAfl 6&pummíj A& H Bxo6aBOBi HHTpiiraHTBa». 

— He cjnixajrB m th, h&ii ona 6iiJí9Lf aaaoBO 6íijío ea 
ofSntecTBeHHoe nojioasenie h t. x., Bor^a not XBOiopoAHiift 6parB 
.^sacneprB ycBHOBHjrB ee?— cnpocui owh rpoMBO. 

— Wbrhy caprB. MHcrepB XpeseproHi Bce aro xepsaji^ fb 
niň. Ohtb yŠBsajťB hsi sitHsa na ujbjíui tokBj h npEsesi ee 
CB co6oft HSB 8Toro nyremecTBÍa, hh e^HEBiirB cjioboitb ne npe^- 
ynpexEKB o tohi cbohxi xoMamHHxi. Owh caasaai tojibbo cra- 
jfjmib BJiiD^HHi^^ HTO BSfljTB Kb ce6t npieMHoft xo?epBH> 8Ty jsjb" 
9oixy^ CHpoTBy, jifi^h CBoero crapEHnaro xpyra, h cb 8to8 MEHyrn 
no cei uacB 6ozie aroro npeAnera ee aacajica. Meccb ManaojiBiťB 
Toi^a 6hjio jíítl cenB, BOceHB, ona 6£iJia npexopomenBBoft x^bo^- 
lofiy a BHpocniH crajia Hacroan^efi apacaBsi^ett. 

«RpacaBHi^efi!— BorBOHo htó! TaBB ara jioBBaa oco6a BAo6aBOB'B 



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240 BlGTHIBl IBPOnH. 

K xopoma co6ol>. Asohi TpeBeproH^s nopimui, hto ei spacora 
ne fiyxerb hmíti» Eiúnifl na ero o nefi MH^BÍe. 

B08HBI^ rOTOFB ÓHJIl DpOftOJSEIB pa8rOBOp!b, HO CIiyTHHS:^ 

ero nepecraai npe^^araTb ony BonpocBi; oh% h deffh toto cosea* 
Baa'B, HTO sa^axE hxi ÓojBme; ^šhi 6h cji^AOBajio; eiiy 6iuo bí- 
CBOJBXO cobíctho 8a CBOK) ($oitjIhboctb; a noiOHy Boneqi nyre- 
meeTBÍfl npomejii fb MOJHaHÍB. IIoteAsa nosasaiacL Jí^moBj Tpe- 
Bepiosy Bpafise npoAOJisBTejibHofi, ^acTbio BCJi^McrBie oa^n^aeiiaro 
HMi Herepn^BiB, iibctbid bcjišactbío HsrHÓOBi ÓessoHenoS xopora, 
TO noxHitaBdieficfl vh ropy, to CDycsaBmefica rb jífijussjj ho b% 
cyn^HOCTH co BpeiieBH OTitsgiia co CTaH^iH npomjo HeHHoniirB 60- 
j^e nojiy^aca, Rorxa naniH nyrHHBH Biixan na x^peBeHCsyi) 

yjIHIiy, BXOJIB BOTOpOfi Bl CTOIB HOSAHÍfl ^aCB HO BHffH^JlOCB HK 

exHHaro oroHBRa, Bpoii^ caa6o HHraBmeft jnúnni naxi ffieph¥> 
noHTOBOfi BOHTopH. To 6Hjia A^peBBB rasnrepcTB, ÓiHn BoropoS 
BaxoABJícfl rasjíBrepcTcsífi 8íi]iob'b. Aošxbbb ao kohi^l Biofi mpnoi 
yjBipii nyTemeciBeHHBKB CBepflyjuí na ÓojuBmyK) xopory, oxaSiuen* 
Hyx) BticoBBMH BflsaMB, BasaBmHMHCfl coBepmeHHo HepHHMH na tom- 
HOiTB íffowb HOHHoro He($a, h ocraHOBfljiHCB nepex^ ÓoiBmBiui se- 

J^^tlMH BOpOTailH. 

Eynepi nepe^ajii bosse CBoeny cnyTassy, a cani comejTB cb 

ROBeJTB H OTBOpHJTB BOpOTa. ^OffB TpeBepTOffB MeX^eHHO FBÍXajTB 

Bi HSBBJíHciyK) uzejo^ Bexmyx) kb xony, (SoiBmoMy sxaHÍK) esb 
Bpacnaro BHpnHtia, cb MHoroucjeHHUHH yssEiai osHaiiH h nač- 

CHBHOft BaMeHHOfi, CB p^BÓOH), paBOBHHOS HaA'B XBepBH), KB BOTO* 

pofi Bejia niHpoBaji, BaMennafl jAcmmufl. noxBOBoft. 

Jl^oH^B TpeBepTOHi pascMorpd^i Bce bto npn cb^tí SBtsjrB, 
FB TO BpeMfl, BaBi OHI maroiTB noAB'68saix bo BxoxHoft xBepH. 

Ero O^OBHAHO SXUH CB HeTepniHÍeifBy TaKB BaKB XBepB OTBOpH- 

jacB, npesxe ^íitb ohi ycoin bhxth hstb BBHnasa, h ciapEsi- 
cjyra BiirjiBHyjB hfb Hea. YBA^aBi Jí^mona, TpeBeprona, owh nm- 
poBO pacnaxHyjTB nepeA'B hemi Bxoxnyio xsepB. CaxoBHHB-B hjh 
rpyni noBejii aomaAB, sanpflseHHyio bi nirB, Kh BajiHTB^, npHXO- 
XBBmeficfl c60By ovb AOMa, h ofeBHXHO Bexmefi na bohk>hih». 
JÍ^SLOWL TpeBeproffB Bomej^B wh saiy, noBasaBmyiocfl OMy, nociii 
ero CBytiHofi ho&xrhi Heo6iiBBOBeHHo BpacBBoS h BecejoS: to 
6Hia 6oiBmafl ^eTupexi-yrojtBHaa BOMnaTa, co criHaMH, yBiniaH- 

HHMH ^^aííHJIBHUMH HOpTpeTailH H CTapHHHHlTB OpyZÍeiTBi CB HO* 

jiOMi Hdi 6&[aro h nepnaro iipaMopa, ycTjiaHHtiM'B mBypaHH pas- 

JIHHHUXl XBBHXl BB^pofi... Ob O^HOft CTOpOHH SaJUI HaXOAHJCE 

6ojBmofl, aapBHHu8 BaMHHi, cb BpBO-nti^aBmHiTB b^b homi lua- 
HeHeifB, OABH^ BBXB BOToparo 6u2% npiiTHie nyTHHBy bi wy 



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PA8AB01HH0B KOIIHTO. 241 

xoioxHjD Ho^B, ^wh uMmBL ESB iiBTBe. EoMHaia 6uM HanojmeHa 
(kuumura CTyjbJíMH hsb jUsbovo fiyůs^j cb TeMHO-BpaGHHMH (Sap- 
xaTKDfH soxyniBaMHy cryjiKflMH, cxorpiBniHMn yxoÓHite h Jiynnie) 
sasaiocBi npiCDOcoÓjeHHuiiH x^ia orxoxHOBeHÚi HejOB^Hecsaro tím, 
^tiTB 60JBI1111HCTBO noxo^HiiTB dA^^Jnii^B; na caMoirB kohi^^ sajui 
spaooBajcfl Óoumot, asTETOiift 6y^^erB, yspameHHHft opHniHajB* 
HHn coeyxan h 6yTHjiBO-o6pa8Hmai BasaiiH im Hacroflniaro 
KEiaflcBaro ^ap^^opa. 

jS^ffb TpeBepTOffB ycii%j['B pascMOip^TB bc£ 9th npeAMeru, 
CHWi y saMHHa Ch npoTflHyroMH sa ptmerKy ero ajehhumh ho- 
ram, noKa crapiRB-cjiyra xo^ui xojoshtb hhcci MajibBomf'& 
o ]iptí§«x£ rocn. 

«Cj[aBHHfi AOMHiťBy — ^pascysAft^i ohi cam cb co6ok): — noj^r- 
Man TOUBO, mo a.HHBorxa bx^b hb ÓHsaji, ÓMro^apa Óes- 
yidK) ano(a Moero, Koropiift noccopBJCfl co crapmrB JI^cnepoirB 
TpeBepTOHOxi h HHBOrj^a ne noTpyAHJCs xuie nonsiraTBCfl nonpa- 
BBTB fíkjíOj ht5 6h x^fl eero, BonenHO, ocoÓeucb TpyAHOCTeft ne npex* 
craBBJO, — CTÓHJio TOJBBO nycTBTB vh xoffB neÓojiBniyK) xosy xh- 
luouariE. Stejaji 6ii a snaTB o^obb-jh 6orarB crapBBi? TaBoS 
Koaa HOSHO noxx^psHBaTB, hm^ n tokl tucjihe xbí ^yHTOKB, 
HO hhí noMHHitfl, "fro y Jl^sacnepa TpeBeprona Bmecrepo 6oxhme 
»ioro». 

OmpHKB XBopeipdft BepHyjcfl MHHyn ^epesi hatb Ch hsbš- 
crieiTB, ^10 UECCh MajiBBOiBMi 6yxerB o^eHB paxa BEjtíbih MHcrepa 
TpeBepiofla, ecjH owh noiBajyerB b'b nefi. Hto Bacaercfl fp cra- 
paro (SapHHa, to ohi ycHyjrB, h cnHTB cnoBOfiH^, nfbwh BooÓn^e 
cníLrh 8a nocrtxHee Bpeiui. 

fl;mowh TpeeepTOHx noxHflJicfl, bcji^XB Ba cbohitb hpoboxhhbomi, 
no nuipoBofi j^bcTHHi^ cb HaccHBHHMH, xy<^BiiMH nepHJiaMB. SxicB, 
Basi H KB saji, ÓiiďH ^aMHJBHue noprpera no crtHaMi; cxapHH- 
Hoe opysie h crapuft ^ap^pB nanojHfljiB wA CBo6oxHiie yrojiBB. 
Ha Bepxy j^cthhi^i 6iua rajuepefl, ocEin^ennaB CBepxy; mT> 

HOfl BHXOffUlO MHOSeCTBO XBOpeft. ^BOpeipdi OTBOpHJll OAHy BSl 

BBXh B BBOJTB jQ(soHa TpeBeproHB Bi BecaseHBByB), ocBiqeHHyK) 
lajmofi rocTBHyK). Tflsejiafl, sejieHaa mejBOBaa nopTBepa, bhcÍb- 
maB Hax> XBepLK)^ Bexmefi bi coc6ahk)H) BOMnaiy, Óujia cnyn^ena. 
Ha BucoBofi BaiiHHHofi aocbí^ yBpamennofi HeoÓHBHOBenno-flBfln^- 
Hofi jfbshCoŘj BBOÓpasaBmeS nfi^Tu b BynBxoHOBi^ bhah^ca i^- 
ssA pflffB npospaHHBixi, bbbi BH^nafl CBopjiynay name^eBB erb la- 

BOBHMH se 6jlK)XIVtMH^ B OpBrflHaJBHŠfindfi ^afiHBBl. EOMHBTa 

ocoTp&ia jmmo, BasajiacB hbcto xonameBiii yrojBOifi; yK)THOCTB 

Tom L— Ahbjlpb, 1881. 16 



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242 B^CTHISl IBP(mH. 

dra TÍwh npiflTHŠe nopasHJia jI^soHa TpeBepTOHa, ^o y nero, ch 
caMofl lOHOCTH, se 6ujio cBoero, po^Horo yrjia. 

7 RaMEHa cEjsfkM j^aiia^ ox^Taa vb TeMHO-CHHee luaiBe, p^teio, 
HO OHeHB BpacHBO OTTÍHflBmee efl RamraHOBue bojioch h npospa^- 
Hyio ÓJiijsfiocth es JHi^a. Eor^a OHa Bcrajia h noBepnyjacB kb 
JB(soHy TpeBeproHy, owh TOTqaci saM-iiEJTs, mx> ona x6ftcTB]iTeji&H0 
BpacaBHi^a; xpoM^ Toro, bi ea xpacoii 611^0 h^^tto, ^ero obi ne 
02uiA&^'B, HecMOTpa Ha Bcb pocsasHH ero boshhiiii. 

— CjiaBa-Bory, ^ito bh npi'lxa2H Bó-Bpeiw, neciepi TpeBep- 
T0H%9 — nporoBopHjia ona cepBesHO, laK^s cepEdBHO, ^nx> ,ÍI^boh*b Tpe- 
BepTOHi TyTB se, bx Ayni'&9 o6o3Bajx ee jiHH^eM^psoS. Ht5 eS 
sa A^Jio AO ero npi^sAa? KaBÍa ^Bcrsa Moryn ohh HHiaTB xpyri 

Wh APyry, BpOM* peBHOCTH? 

«Hero Ao6paro, ona xasi cnoBoflHa na cier^B ^xoBHOfi cia- 
pBBa, HTO MOsen hosbojihtb ceů^k pocbodib: 6bimh ymnueoů^j no- 
;^HaJifB OHB, ycasHBaacB npornFB nen y BaMHHa, nocjii loro besb 
ohh o6m%hbjihcb HŠCBOJanbBHMH B&BJíHBEiMH, HO CTepeoTHnHUMH sa- 
MŠ^aHiflMH OTHOCHTeJIBHO OFO nyTemecTBÍfl. 

— HeysejH h^tb Ha^esAH Ha BHBAopoBjenie Moero ;^BOH>po;[- 
Haro fipaia? — BCBopft pímiJica cnpocHiB OffB. 

— Hh MajiMmefi,— ne^ajiBHO nporoBopHja JIppaMajubBOJBMB. 
— JIoHAOHCBÍfi AOBTopB Óujvb 8A$CB ceroAHfl BB noai'&xHÍfi pasB; 
OH'B ÓHBaxB Bas^yK) HeA^&JíK) BB Te^enÍH XByxi yAcsmfivrhj a cero- 
XHfl o&hUBEJFhj ^To ÓoiBme eicy npi^ssaiB ne npHxercfl; osb ne 
AyMaeTB, m:o6ii naná, — s. bc^a^ naeiiBajia Bamero ABOiopoxHaro 
6paTa BTBiťB HMeneiTB, — nepesHJi'B ho^b. IIo ovbi&xb ^OBiopa ob^ 
BaB'B-TO yxHXB, ycnoBOHJicfl, H lenepB cnHrB oieHB inipHiiirB chomb. 
Mo»erB 6uThj owh h HporaHerB h^bojibbo fpífbe h^itb npexno- 
jarajB xoBTopx, ho tíitb ne nenše s HHBaaofi EhffiSim ne hmíi}. 

Bce OTO ona nporoBopHJia choboSho, c^epsanHO, ho vl otomb 
choboSctbíh, vh OToS CAepsaHHOCTH ÓELio 6ojr6e CBopÓH^ ^^itb o6iib- 
HOBOHHO 8aBJiK)HaeTCfl BB myMHHXi BOBAUxaHÍflxi. Bb BHpasemH 
jHi](a, FB tohí mojoaoS x^ByniBH nporjEAiiBajo nt^no noxosee na 
OTHaflHÍe, BaBafl*TO Mpannan ^esHa^eaBEOciB; ona, BasajocB, xy^aja, 

HTO SH8HB efl yTpaTHTB BCflBÍfi CMUCJll CO qiepTBK) APy^& H HOBpO- 
BHieJIH efl HOJIOAOCTH. 

^soHx TpeBepTOB'B npHcrajiBHO pascMaTpHBaix ee, a ona ch- 
A^Jia y BaHHHa cb onyn^eHHUMH rflasaMH, npH^eirB acho oónapy- 
SHBajiacB Bpacora efl aj^hhhux^ p^cHH^^. Jífi^ ona to^ho npe- 
Bpacna. 9ix) ^btb, — coMH^nie homhojiiiho. Oahh ote tomeho rjasa 
CBpacEjiE 6u jiH)6oe HeBpacHBoe jihi^o, a b'b otomi jibi^íj^ ho 611x0 
HE e^EHaro HeAccTaiBa, EoropHfi hitb hpexoahjocb 6u BUBynaiB. 



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PA8XB0BHH01 SOnHTO. 243 

— Bei, Kasercfl, o^ens npHBJísaHH vh noeny XBOiopoxHOMy 
ťpaiy, MHCCBMajBKOJřLiTL?— BCKopisaiiftTHJi-L MHCTeiTB TpesepTOffB. 

— fl ropflHO j[K)6jk) erOy— OTB^^ajia ohe, noAHAFB na nero 
CBOH rjyóósíe) leMHue rjiasa, fb Boropiixi orpasajacB rpycTB. — 
Mhí, cb canaro fibrcsMj BpoM'& ero Henoro 611J10 jiioÓhib; b'b 
Toiy se, OHI 6uxh laxi xodpi so mhš. fl ÓHJia 611 tfojii^e ^tImi 
He(SjiaroxapHa, ecJHÓi ne aioÓEjia ero laBx^ Bas^ JiiodjK). 

— A Bce se shshb nama B^pno tfuja ne jierBas^ bu no- 
cioflHBO 6iijra ci rjasy na rjasi co CTapHirs ^yAaB0Mi>; a cysy 
o Jl,saciiep^ TpeBepxoH^ no pascBasairB iioero on^a; a yB^peniy 
^To fiair& ch HHiii, no BpeMeHairE, ÓtiBajio TAsejo. 

— JI o^eHB cBopo HayiHiacB noHEMaiB ero h chochtb bc* 
vaieHBBifl' BOJieÓanifl vh ero pacnojiosenÍH xy^a. A snajia, hto 
cepffie ero ÓJiaropo^^no. 

<rirB», noxyMajTB Jí^xowh TpeBepiOHi: «seHaiHHaM'B arn 
Beip jflfixyKSL jiy^me, h^itb ifysHHBairB. A 6a ne bi cHjaxi Óbijtb 
opoci^riTb BsanepiH co crapnnx 6pB)8rofi xora 6u o^ny HeA%Jiio». 

KorAa ara hhcjb npoMejiBBHyja vh jui ero, ohi nopimejii, 

9T0 MHCCB MajBBOJIBlfB BOHe^HO nOAXO^HTI^ nOX'B 06mifi lETTh 

jíhCíenovbj cnocotfHurB BUHecTB ht5 yroxHO bi^ HacToan^eM'B, pajm 
Hajea^u na SHaHHrejiBHyK) Buroxy b*b 6j^mfiwh. 

«rope ea, boho^ho, npBTBopHoe», roBopHJii ohi caux ce6'6. 
*He crany ae a o nefi jyraiaro mhšhíh, tojbbo noTOMy^ hto y 
Hes npeapacHBie rjia8a». 

Ohh H^BOTopoe Bpena npocHA^jH Mo:iqa Apyr'B npoxHBx ipyra; 
Jopa MajiBBOJBif^ BasaiacB coBepmenno norpysennoS vh co6- 
<;iBeHHiia hscjih; npHcyrcTBie JpBona Xpeseprona ee, noBHXimoMy, 
HH Maao ne cricHfljio. Otb Bpexenn ao BpeneHH ofb Ópocajti 
aaQTM^HBBie BSTJísmu Ha ea ropAoe h, necMorpa na bck) ero Bpa- 
eory, necEMnaTH^floe jhi^o. HapysnociB mhccb MajBBOJBirB 
Bopasajia xojoahoctb, Bca <|)Hrypa ea A^maja caHoyBtpeHHocTBH), 
a sa 8T0 HOBufi sHasoMBifi ea totobx Óbijii ho bs^ioÓhtb ee. Ohi 
Bome^i vb 8TOTL jsflMfb npexyfiisKAeHHEiMi nporiiBi nea, 6oji'|9 
Toro — ch ycraHOBHBniefica b^ nefi aHianaTÍefi. 

— Sj Bone^HO, BaM'B oÓasaHi npncBUBofi Tejerpamra, aasBas- 
mefi Měna cioía?— cnycra hšckojbbo apeiieHE, nporoBopnjix ohx. 

— O h4tx, ne HenocpeACTBenHO mh4. Bami ^íBoropoAHBifi 
<{parB nosejaji^y ttoÓei sa aaiiE nocjaiE, ho sejianie aro oh^ 
B&pasEJTB TOJTBBO FB HOHeA^jBHHBx, xoTH a MHOFO pasi ero cnpa- 
iDHBaaa: ne xo^erB*jin ohx noBH^arBca ch aaME, e^EHCTBenHuirB, 
oeraBHiHHca B^ sHBuxx, poxcTBeHHEBOiTB epo. Ecjih6i a snajia 
BaoTB axpecB, a 6uy 6qtb Moserii pECBHyjia nonpocEiB aacB npi* 

16* 



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2ii nmnneb iBPom. 

ixaTB H 6681 ero paspimeHÚi, ho a noHarifl se Hii^a: syxa 
nscaTB. 

— SnauPL, ABOiopoAHiift Ópan BnepBne saroBopHJi 060 mhí, 
TOABO iperuro xha? 

— TojBBO TpeiMithAHfl. ,9jo Toro, owb Ha bc% hoh sonpocu 
xanaarb Koporsie, Herepn&inBiie OTB^bni, npoca Mens ne KOKj^nh 
enji yB^pflfl, HTo OHI HHKoro BHxferB ne xo^en, ho bi nonex^jB- 
BBKb saroBopHJi o Baciy h csasaii mh^i hto sejiaj'B 6u sací 
noBHxaiB. Ohi ho hm^^ HOHflTifl Bameici M^TonpeÓHBaHÍH, ho 
XjruajTB, HTO TOjerpaifMa, axpecoBaHHaa na hms crapHBa crpaniaro, 
BaBiXHBaBHiaro híasluh Bamero om^a, 6jf,evh Bani AOCTaKiena. & 
nocjiaaa ffiuemy no npoxHBTOBaHHOiiy hmi axpecy. 

— OrpflnqeMy 6u20 ne jierso posucicaTB Hena, ho; nojiy^raHB 
samy lejierpaHny, a spenenH ne Tepajix. Ej RoneiHOi ne ciany 
yFlpflTB Bací, HTO HBTaH) npHBflsaHHocTB Kh HeiOB^By, BOToparo 
on poxy ne BHAaji%| ho Tiirb ne neniče uwb npiflTHO, hto ,9jsacnepx 
TpeBepTOHl BCHOMHHJIl 06o MH% Bl noos^XHÍfl MEHyrii CBoeS 
asHSHH. S. npí^xajrb hbi yBasema b^b neiiy^ ubi HejiOBÍB'B co- 
BepmeHHO HesaBHCHMiifi, h6o bobco ho pasc^HTUBaH) yHacji^AOBaT& 

XOTfl 6U OAHHl mHUHHFB HBX BCGFO BTO COCTOflHÍfl. 

— SI Ee BHsy, noveny 6u Bani ne pasc^HTUBaib jEacjvkflfy 
BaTb ero HM^nie, MHcrepB TpeBepTOHL,— choboSho oiB^TEja Jlopa 
MajiBBOJiEifB. — RoMy se eMy h ocraBHTs ero, ecjie ne Bani? 

^soHi TpeBeproHi c^ejii BiorB Bonpoci hobumi oÓpasHHBOiii. 
ea (JeBi^JiLHaro Jiei^eirlpifl. 

— PaByMÍerca, BaMi,— otbítojb ohb,— ero npieMHOfi xo^epe, 
sacjysHBHiefi ero npHBflBaaHocTB i^í^jsimh ro^aMH Tepn^HBofi no- 
BopHOCTH BCflHecBHMi ero BanpHsaiTB H ^aHTadiflMi. BaMi») Bone^Ho^ 
OTJiH^HO HBB^kTHH ero HanšpeHÍfl no 8T0My Bonpocy, mhccb MajB* 
wjLhVbj H Bame npEXBopnoe neB^x^Hie HM'&erB0AHy i^íjb— BBecxH 
Hens vh 8a&iysAeHÍe. 

— Mh% oneHB sajiB, qTo Bti TaBoro xypHoro 060 uhí 
MHŠHÍfl, xBcrepB TpeBepiOHB. SI ne SHaio, natn BamB A60H)poxBEitt 
tfpaiB pacnopaxBiíca cbobiih AeHBraMH, ho snaK) oxho: mh6 oh^ 
H8B hhxb HH^ero He ocraBHJB. 

— noveny se BH 8T0 sHaeie? 

— Ohb mh^ caMB roBopHiLB 8TO) H fie oxHHB pasB. BsflB^ 
MOHA BB ce&b npieMHofi xoHepBH) OHB juB^n o6%TB, iTO ne ocra- 

BHTB MHÍ BHHerO H8B CBOOFO COCTOflHÍfl. JlWfJSy BOTOpUXB OHB JH)- 

6hjib, BHBasajiH no OTHomenÍH) bb noMy ÓojrBmyio jsebocte h ne- 
ÓjaroxapHocTB; ohb yBHx^^ Bce CBoeBopucrie exb lyBCTBB b^ 
Heny. 3x0 ero cubho paaxpasHJo, h Bor^a ohb npnnfljiB Měna 



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PlSXBOiaHOS ROHHTO. 246 

mxh CBoe nospoBHieAciBO, oo6ysxaeiuift bi lOMy ^yBctBaicH 
ncraro MuocepxU, owh ^uan^ ^xo noxJíš nero 6jfpn xote oxho 
cyntecTBO, Koropoe Ójjsfivb jk)6ht& ero paxK ero caicorOi uh ae 
ciaHeTB npHTBopflTBCfl, TTO nHTaen si Heny BaBoe-HHÓyx^ ^yBCiBO* 
OffB nouiiacfl bx drowb vb nepsui se Be^epB no npi%3x% Hamem 
n BidTh xom, H oÓCTOirejibHo o(SMCHHjrB mhí SHaieme oioft 
XASTBU) zotfl a Bi TO Bpeiui 6yja coBepmeHHSiifB pe(íeHBOirB« 

— «MeHJi| Bi HOV) SHSHB, OBpyauuo ctojibbo ihCTenfivhy 
Jlopa, CBa3aji'B obi, ^to Basxoe yjiuteion^eecfl juii^) sosóysxaen 
Bo MH% HexoBipie. Tboa yiy6]ca (yxen scBpeHHefi, rojyósaiíofl, 
y Te(Sfl ne 6yxer& HHKaKHX'b npH^HffE j[raTL». Eorxa HH^MHHyjio 
BocBMHaxnftTL jšrb, OHI nojlOSBXL Ha Moe EMU mecTB raca^rB 
^yBTOBi, cb lim, HT0611 ^ no ero CMeprH, hó ocrajacb 6effB bol- 
KHXi qiexcTBi SI cyn^ecTBOBaHÍK), ho BocnojLSOBaici bthjtb cjiy- 
qaeiTB vo6h HanoMHHTB luš, ^to sponi 9ioro noxapsa a HH^ero 
ne ffiMMMá osHxan on nero. 

no lAýk Toro, KavB Jí^blob^ TpeBepxoH^ cjrfrinaii) X^xanie 
€ro cranoBHjocB Bce yHan^eHn^be^ a BKipasenie JHi^a oxHBifljocB. 
nojoseme fíkrb coBepmenno BHAOHaHÍHiuocB| bi CHJiy rjuitbii, 
npoBBHecenHoft nnoro járb Tony HasajTB, ciapHirB lyxaiEOirB. JífijL- 
^sefli se OHI, FB caifoiffB fíbJL% Bony-HHdyxB ocraBHTB cboh xenBni. 
?TÓ, euH H Bnpasxy ohb ocraBHTB nn exy, Jl^sofly XpenepiOHy? 

B% TeWHÍH HiiCBOlBBHXl MHHyTB Cepwe OFO CHJBHO (ShJIOCB, 

OBpujeHHoe naxesxofiy ho hotomi Bxpyn ynajio. «He ropasxo-jui 
6o2Íe BÍpoflTHO»y notxyHaji^B ohb, «9to .O^sacneprB TpeBeproHi naS- 
jterB KaB0fi*HH6yxB choco^b oÓoIth 6yKBy CBoeĚ biatbh, b% nonay 
B03JK>($ieHHol npieHHoft AO^epHi ^fbwb saB^qaxB Bce CBoe xoctoh-* 

HÍe pOACTBeHHHHy, KOTOpHĚ f^B. HCrO RB Cyn^HOCTH nOCTOpOHHÍft 
^eaOBÍBB?» N 

«HeHero mhí cetia xypAUTB», CKaaaxB oe6i ^sohi TpeBep- 
^owhj «y Hena lArh h t^hh naxieaiwi na noxo<SÍHoe cucTÍe^H a 
yBi^pem, mo ara HOJioxaa x^BHi^a np^pacno bto snaerB, xotb h 
jlocraTo^HO XHipa, ^lotfu npBBHAUBaiBca HraMÍK)a](eft Hasasoro no- 
HflTÍa o HaMŠpeHÍaxi ciapiiBa*. 

BcKopi aBHJsca XBopemúft cb HSBtoíeirB, mo ysHHi x^a mhc- 
Tepa TpenepiOHa noxani bb croaoaot HHSHaro arasa: vb otbítb 
Ha 9T0 npEraameníe, Jl^aumi cnycTHjca ch jtícthei^u, nonpocHBi 
npexBapHieaBHO mhccb MaaBBoaBirB noc^aiB sa hbmi, bbbb tojbbo 
^aBHOĚ npocHerca. 

OroaoBaa (Suaa poesomao iieÓJBpoBaHa icaccHBHiiirB, OTBpju- 
TuiTB 6y^^eT0M'B B ciyjBaMB BffB pbsHoro xy6a; x^bhhhb ysaia 
OBHa ea 6iijh xp^napoBaHU TeMHO-BpacmiirB ÓapxaioirB. HaxB 



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246 Bsenm nipora. 

6y^f&tourb spacoBUocB cxapsHHoe BeHeipaacRoe sepsuo; xpytOBr 
xpyooe, Hto(OJBBO noHeH^me, bhcíjio naxi CTapHHHHici se Ónpa 
c^ HHBpycrai^ielt, saHiufaBmHMi^ BecB npociiHOics Hesxy osHaiuiy 
Ha npoTHBonojiosHOMi BOHA% KOMHaiH. Ha crfinasb bbah^ocb^ 
flicBoaLKO xopomHrB BapTHHi rouaHACBoft mBOJu, na reicokoS 
BaMUHHofi AOCB^ Bffb pi^Horo )sy6dk BO/guumsaECh fffk spacHBím 
4)ap4K>poBiifl Basu, rojyóufl ch (MkiuMi. JOJ^posa Beceio Tpen^an 
Fb mHpoBOMi BaMHHi, HeÓoiBmoft spyrjBift ctojb cb pascrasjíeH- 
HBiHH Ha Heiíi ÓJíioffiME Óiui npHXBHHyTB Bi caMOMy Bpaio xypeii* 
Earo BOBpa, pasocrjaHHaro npexB BaMHHoirB, h CKorpijB oien^^ 
xopomOy no Bpaflnefi HŠpi na riasa iiHcrepa ^sofia TpeBeprona^ 
ycŽBmarocfl na oxhom^ hsi mapoBerB xy6oBux'h erynevb. 

Ohi ÓHJii o^eHB BSBOiHOBaffB, a noroiiy h icch eiiy ne xorš- 
jiocB, xoTA noBapi H npHroTOBHi^B yaBHffB, BOTopHiTB Horx 611 co* 
diasHHTBCfl jinCol aBaxoperB; sa to ovh oiAan xojaBHyK) xaHir 
cnpaBeA^HBOCTH ÓyxujiB^ OTjiH^Haro BHHa, h npocHX^^ h^bojbxo- 
BpeMeHH HenoxBHSBO, to npHXietiiiBafl vin craBaHa h sa^yM^sBo 
osHpaflCB ho CTopoBaiTBy to pascMaTpiBaa oparaHaiBnue, crapHH- 
HBie cepe<$pjiHHe ByÓBH, h TaaoBUfl se 6ix)xa na 6y^^er6, to 
jiioÓyflCB HpoHBBex^HÚíMH BaHi-RyBHB H Ocxa^a, ptoso BUXibflB- 
niHMHCji na ciÍHax'B hsi xeiiHaro ;iy6a. Kóny AOCiaHerca BcesrOr 
Borxa JS[,sacnepa XpeseproHa ne CTanera? Bca oÓcxanoBsa i^jiar^ 
XOMa roBopHja o tforaiCTBi, BOdÓysx&BDieirB vh jnjuA namero 
repofl BaByHy-TO crpanByio, ho^th CBipiiiyK) sas^ OToro Óorar- 
cisa. KaŘB HSMiHiJiacB 6u bca sbsbb ero, ecufo eMy Óiua 
cysAOHO ynacjiŠAOBaTB xoTfl-6u nojiOBBHy Bcero HMyoiecTBa era 
ABOiopoAHaro Ópaia. Obi xyi^^n o xoiťB Hec^acxHOMii cyoieaBO- 
BanÍH BBO-xHfl Bi xeHBy Baaoe bjehbjtb sa nocji^XBie roAu, yTox- 
jeBBO B3xuxaji:B B cflOBa npBBBMajcfl xynaTB o tomi, ^st6 ovy 
CA^jaeTBy eciH nojyHBrB xotb BaByxhiiB((yxB fpÁio isn coctobbíb 
ciapBBa. Ohi ppocHx&rB) HorpyseBBHft vh pas^yiiBe, xo canaro 
npHxo;^ cjyra, nBiBrnarocdi aojosbtb eiiy, ^to HHcrepi Xpesep- 
TOffB npocHyjica h seiaerB ero BExbtb. Owh iiocjAf,oh9a.'h 8a 

8TBMI HeJOB^BOlTB ffl rOCTBHOfi, FB BOfC^fi TOaBBO-VTO BH^iaS 

xBccii MajBBOjBMi. Ona (hm xenepB nycxa, ho saHattosa, bh- 
ctBmafl oep^ffB ABepBX) vh cocíxhiod BOHiaxy, ÓHia orxepByra^ 
H ^epevB dxy-TO jífiepb Jífliowh Bomeji vb onaiBHi) ^asacnepa Tpe- 
Beprona. 

Jopa MajBBOJBMi cBxiLia y BpoBaxn; Borxa ^sovb Bomen^ 
ona HOABBjacB cb irbcra, b tbxobbbo BucBOXBanyja bi Apyryx> 
ABepB, ocraBHBi ero HaexHHi c% ero xbox>poxhhii'b (SpaToirB. 



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PA8AB0EHH01 KOnUTO. 217 

— CaxHTecB, ^OHi,— CBasaji crapHKi cjaÓHiix rojiocoMi, — 
jKftgHBag Ha nycTOft ciyii y cBoero bscoiobla. 

— IIoexBeHBBO ni Bcrp^TOeMca, — npoxojísaii ohx uocjA 
moSojomoi naysHi — ho, HoaserE Óhtl, heitb oÓohitb ne Mtmaerb 
BOBmftT&Gs oxvFL pBffbj nepeA'B Hoe8 CHepTBio. He ciany roBopniB 
o ccopi on^t Bamero co iraofi. BairB 9to b^poatho Bce nsBtcTHo. 
OwHB HOserE Óan, ^o mu o($a 6use BHHOBarH, ho yse eo B^e- 
paaiHsro nm arony ropn noxou nejiBBfl. Bon bhabte, ^to h 
Korxa-TO jnoÓHJTb ero; aA) 6^^o BpeMfl, Korxa a ropám jx)6Ejn> 
Psnpxa TpeBepTOHa. 

— To se eaxoe h ohb roBapBBaxB mbí, caprE, — thxo otb^tux 
,^JC0H%: — mrfi o^chb upncsop^no, tto ohi noccopnicfl c:b BaiiHy a 
eWfi OpHCB0p6H^^ ITO OHI HO Hcsajii npHMHpeHÚi. 

— Ore^L Banrb Bcer^a 6hxl ropxeqoiTE, ^sohi. MoserE 
tfuTB, a ero sa 9T0 en^e Óojibnie jaD6Ejrh. BojiLmHHeTBO jfOffett, 
HaxoxaniHXCfl vh ero yciOBÍarB, chuh 6h yxasBBaiL sa MHoft pa^H 
MOHXi fjSKtn. Ohi aroro Hisorxa ne x^an. 

— &ro He 6hjio kb ero xapaiCTept) cspi. Y nero, 6en co- 
MBimay 6111H CBOH HexocraTSH, ho aopHcrb ne HX^a Mes;^ hbmh 
Mscza. 

— a wo BHaD, — OTBtourE ^Í^KHcneph TpeBepTorob, — bii Taxse, 
J^annn, hh pasy ne busUctejsm nesa, ne nirraaHCB BspacxBCfl vb 
Moe xoHipie. A xeoxy tíicl, Bani, a nojanuDy HBBto^HO, hto bs 

eXHHCTBeHHHĚ Hffb MOHXl pO|[CTBeHHHHOB%^ OCTaBOlifiCfl Vh aSHBIDnb? 

— ^a, CBpi, UWb 8T0 HSBtono. 

— n BH ocraBHiH Hena bi hokoí h Bce npexocraBHJiH cyxB(S£. 
%o-3CE, BH He pacaaerecB kb tomi, hto boih ce<$a Ch aoctohh- 
dBOMi, H ne ;^OKy^ajH xhí? 

JIhi^o JD^asona TpeBepTona BcnuxHyjOy cepwfi ero 8a6H- 
Ma Tasí se cbjbho, sasi (teaocB wb ry lumyry, aor^a Jlopa 
MajBKOibMi roBopnaa ony o&h o6foi, x^bhoitb ero poxcisen- 

HHK0M'B. 

— GiiepTB Moa npeBpaTHTB aacE vh 6oraTaro ^ejiOB^sa, — 
saxfccn ^acnepTL; owb no npesHOMy roBopHJi ch ycHJueiíx h 
lasTB THxOy ^TO Jli^iOBj ppHxoxHJOCB cuoHflTBCfl vb caxoS noAyoiK% 
ero, TToÓu cjHmaTB, nrb owb roBopm: — noxi o^HUfB tojibbo 
yejOBieM'^; ho aroMy ycjOBÍH> bh, a nojaraH), jierBO noAHHHHTecB. 

-^ Bh oiOHB xo6pti, capB,— npo6opxoTajrBMOJ[OAoliaiOB'6Bi, 

eUHnOVB BBBOJHOBaHHBĚ, ^TO($tI rOBOpBTB CBflSHO. — IIOB^pBie, 

no a eroro BOBce ne osHxajíi* 

— BipK>) — OTH&THjii TOTB H npoxojsan:— HtoM)JiBBO jAtl 
Tovy nasa^B a npoHaneeB rjiynyio KiaxBy, o(!fl8axca ne ocraaiaTB 



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24:8 BMiHKBi iBPonn. 

CBoero oocTOflHÍii exHHcxBeHHOMy cyn^ecTBy, Boropoe hcthbbo mwCjoo. 
Eoiiy se mh-í ocraBHTb ero, ecjH ne bsitb, Moeny ÓiHsafimaiy 
poxcTBeHHHKy? fl HH^ero ne seu), ^ 6u roBopuo npoim BacE. 
Si SHJTE BxajH or& CBira^ csaHxaiu ero bb xozoxeih xo ymeft 
xoflrb; a hb 8HaH>, zopomyn uh xypHyio penyraipK) sacjysHjn 
bh cpeffH cBOflxi corpaswHi; ho b SHaH), ^lo bh ciisb nejiostea, 
KOToparo fl H^Boma jd^ejtE) h ^to re BameS BJiaciH Óyxero 
ocyn^ecTBETB xoh sejiaHÚi) ne ÓysBaiEHO MoacerE ({eite, ho Bce-ruH 
Bi yxasaHHOMi sairE xyrb. OcnuEHoe s npexodaBin) npoBBx%HÍi). 
IIporoBopuBi BTH uoBhj yMHpaH>ii^ifi OTBHByjci Ha noxymni 
K Moa^ajii wb Te^eHÍH hžckoibsete MEHyrE, cjobho OTAHxas on 
yTOiueHÍfl, conpiweflHaro ce npoHBHecemein^ laKoff x^unioft piiH. 
JIjsoHi TpeBepTOBi sxajTE, im6uoB% cHOBa saroBopHXE, mfiwh — 
H cepxi][e ^t> nepenojHMOCE (ypranTE nyBCTBOicE paxocTK,— hohi 
no speiieHaMi orjBffiBajTE KOHHa^, re loiopoi HaxoxB^Cfl- To 
611J11 otfmBpHBĚ noBoft, CE BejiHSOJinHOi crapBHHOi ueúeMhn^ 
co crapHHHEiMH se BapTBHaMH no cTÍHaifi, TaBVMH se, Bam yspa* 
majni cAbu ciojOBOlt. TeMHO-seieHEifl ÓapianniB sani^tcBB, bh- 
dtemifl y ipexi biicobbx'e obohi, 6eijih sa^epsyru; VLnpoMesyr- 
Bazi MesjQT HHMH BB^B^jiHCE aapHBHEie mBanHBH H31 Hepnaro 
AepeBB, CE pbdEÓoi h cepeópanoi BHBpycraipefl. JÍ,mowb TpeBep- 
TOHTE pa3CMaTpHBai'E Bck 8TH npeAneiH H BHAtJi'E yse RE hhxe, 
nocjrb BtimenpHBeAenHHrE cjiobb yiíAparon^aro, cbob) co((crBeHHoccE. 
Kasafl pasHHiMi ce tojieko-hto noKHHyroft hmi, MHsepHO-npereH- 

^i08H0fi JOHAOBCKOft BBapTHpoft, CE Cfl yÓOFOt pOCKOmEK) H 661- 

zhmh ciynnH h crojiaiCH. 

— ?TÓ BH xy^aere o HoeS npieicHdl XOwpH^ ^soh% TpeBep- 
TOHi?— BCRop% cnpocBJí crapHBi, ycrpeííHRE cboh Myrnue riasa 
Ha xBOH>pojpíaro Ópaia. 

MoiíOAOft ^ejiOB^Ki^ hícbojiebo KOjetfajcfl, ne Bnaa, it6 otb&- 
thte. BonpocB sacran ero Bpacnjoxi. Mhcih ero Ópoffin xueso 

on JIopiI MaJIEBOJEMl. 

— K naxosy, cdpi, hto ona BaMŠ^aTenHO xopoma co6ot, — 
OTBiran OffE, — H nojuuniDy hto ona o^ohe jnoÓesHa, bo, npaBO, a 
ne hmíjte en^e bosmoshocth oocraBHTE oetfi onpexiMHHaro mhí- 

HÍB O&h 8T0t HOJlOAOi OCO6Š. 

— Eofleno, BH o Heft HBBaBoro noHBria hxšte ne Mostr^ 
ona nonpaBHTCfl Bam 6ojEme, Borxa bei ÓJinse OMaBoicHTe<^ ce 
nefi; re btomi b ne coiiBtBaH)CE. Mu ce ex oipoiCE HŠsorxa Úojm 
6jih3Bhmh ApysBBMH. Mu 6ujH BMiicri RE Osc^pxcKOMS yHHBep- 
CHTeii, coBepmuH npoxoiSHiejiEHoe nyremecTBie no HcnaniH h 
HiajÍH, H ocraBajiflCE re xopomHrE OTHomeHixxE, noxa o6cToa- 



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P13AB0IHH0I KODHTD. 249 

leucTBa He pauy^iuit hecb. Teneps mb^ yse He cob^ctho roBO* 
piTB o upwtEui Hamefi ccopn. Mii jih>5hjíh oxHy h ly se sen- 
npif, ■ OHE oirt^ua Oce^Hj MaALsomiy. Mhí lor^a xasa- 
joa — ^He SBajBO, cnpaseA^iHBO hjui h^tb, hto co MHot nociynHjiH, 
n WHHoiťB cjiyHaii ne rasi Ban 6h ci%;^OBaj<^ mu co Cxe^ 
ion paBCiaiHCL, ito(Sii donme ne Bcrpimnca KPjzbsnLBj xo lofi 
cuiot MHHyni, Rorxa a HamexB ero na CMepTHOirB oxpi. Hama 
oóiqaa crpacTB opaiKO Hsiri^Hiua eiiy, h oh% sesHJca jeiub ffi- 
oaoio jirB cnycia. Sar^irB a- ysnarL, no ovb HaxoxHiea b'l 
o^en saipyxmnejibvím oficroareiLCTBaxi. Ji posucaarb ero, na- 
meih wiEO RB caMOiTB ataiRomb nojioseHÍHy e npEHui si ce(H^ 
ero exHHcroeHHyH) Aou — ^apyrjyi) capory. He nory bsitb EspasHiBy 
Kin Aopora ona mb£ crajia, ho a nosujica, hto na^ero eft ne 
ociaBJX) H He HapyniHjn bjuitbíi, xota h&bho jikMSih) ee. 

— Ho BH Bce se, xoni CKonxo-HHtSyxB, oéesneqHjra ea Syxyn^- 

BOCf^ C^TL? 

— flftj s erapaiea otiesaenxb ea Óy^^n^nocTB; ^ftt Eotb, 
ito6h oHa Óiiaa c^acuniBa. A leneps hobobeto nosaiyficia Moero 
cjyry, ^ohb. Ji H laiPL yse cjraomoirB HHoro roBopui. 

— OxHO TOJBBO ciOBO, npesi[e niwb a nosoBy btofo nejiOB^Ba, 
cqri. noBBOJu^ie mh£ caasaTB Bain, ^to a neÓJiaroxapHHS, — 
iqmoBopHji ,9^Hi TpeBeproKB, onycsaacB Ha boj^hh y apoBaia 
1 cxiMaa B% CBOBX'B pyaaxi HCzyxajyiD pyay ciapmca. 

— ^osasETe 9ro, aorxa Hena ne craoerB, Jí^ohi^, nocrapaB- 
mcB ocyn^ecTBETB bcímoe seianifl. A lenepB noaofiHofi hoví,— 
Kun Bcero jyHme Jie^B citaTB. 

— He no8BoiflTe*aH bh mhš npoBecra ocrarovB how uoji^A 
w^ copi? a BOBce ne xo^ cnaTB. 

— Hšn, HŠrB, aaiTB coBepmeHHO ne bb tievy x^acypEiB. 
Etn saBTpa yrpoirB a 6ypj bb CEJiaxi noBExaTBca cb 6aMH eu^e 
ptsB, TO MU cBHAHifca, a jíft T&Li iiopB DpooutiTe. 

ToBi ciapHBa tiuxB pf&mHrexBHHlt. ^obb TpeBepTOVB BumejrB 
sa BOMHani bb (íosoByio XBepB, BuxoxHBmyK) na rajuiepex). 3;(tcB 
on HiHien Bajf^ABsepa Asacnqpa TpeBeproHa, oepbSBHaro na 
uifk^ cbfpuucBLVO leaoBiaa, xpeiiaBniaro na hoxokohhebí. Asohi 
caoujTh euj, no ohb HyseHB vb Bonnart <5o»Horo, a cairB 
mq^anid wh satfaneTEB-B. Mhccb MaiBBOiBMi ace en^e eax^Jia 
Mtiy BB aa;i(yMUB0ft mab, u riaxtja na ofohb. 
t."^ SaBi BH moMH ero9 — cnpocEia ona, tiucrpo noAHaB% 
ff aan tqibbo ,ÍI^boh'b TpeBeproRB aoinen bb BOMHary. 

— ^ Ohi He HOiáBaica MniiaBEMi cia(ÍHMB, BaaEMi a ose- 



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250 BICTHIKB IBPOim. 

xaji jBBfibrh ero, cyxfl no BamaiťB cjOBicirL. Ojbtb roBopaji oa 

MHOt BUOSBfb COSHETeJBEO. 

— & o^en dTOMjr pana. Eiiy saxi Cjgro craio jy^me nocjíš 
8Toro npoxoJUURejoHaro cna. fl iio8bohk> Tpuciiepa; obi yKaserB 
Bawb Bamy loiiHaTy, Hicrepi TpeseproHx. 

— HeyseiB bh cami ne usere aiaiB, hhcci MaxuoumP 
TenepB cnpo Tpn uea. 

— H^TB. A ne Bi chjuutb cnaiB bi Taioe ipeBOSBoe Bpeica. 
£poMÍ Toro, fl Basxyx) MiHyiy nory ony uoBAffiÓwthCM. fl, Koaserb^ 
6htb, npHury sa grom x^Basi^ ae saxoiro xo paacBiia. 

— H Bil TEBi yse HidoiBBO HOTOfi xesypflTé? 

— Bojiie Hex&ni, ho ji ne yroMHjacB. 3. KpĚtaOy vio lorxa 
xyma lan icroiuieHa, to tíjo Hecnooo6&o Ofl^n^aib yciaioeib. 

— 3, Óojocby JMSh 6u co Bp^ieHeicb bh se nonyBciBOBaiB 
TsuKejoĚ peaxiÚHy ^ Bospanm xHCiepB TpeBepxoH^ h xaci 
KaKb Tpumiep^By crapHKi XBopei^RÍfl, bo spěna hxx pasroBopa, 
yse noasiJCfl vh KOMHarb co cbíioS rb pysft, to OHib nosejiaj^ 

MHCCB MaiBBOXBlTB IIOBOtHOft U09H. 

RoMHaTa^ vb Boropyn TpHMMepi npHBexB ^sona TpeBeproHa, 
HaxoxHaacB Ha APyroMi bohi^í wiia; apsit oroHB nujan b^ 
KaifHffb ea. HecMorpa Ha nomHÍfl ^acB MHcrepi TpeBeproHi en^e 
ffiMTO CBxiii Bi pasxyMBA y KaxHHa, npesxe ^im aerB cnaTS, 
H xase Rorxa ohb yierca noxB dbuuD memomiTh sanaBteeft, 
o^^ysaBDíHrB ]q)a9Hyi> KpoBaTB ci aoaoHHaHH, to oobtb tfftsaix 
OTB FiaffB ero. FojiOBy ero HanoíHajH pa^ocrmifl mhcii. Beraic- 
jieHHiie nianii na ^yxy^ee, no ÓójBmet HacTH BroHCTH^ecsie — 
r&CHHJHCB, neperoHsa Apyn> Apynti bi MOBiy ero. Bcx) hohb npo- 
BejťB OHI Bi TasoMi jraxopaxo^HOiTB COCT09HÍH, H mrxa, HaX0Hei(!B, 
xojoahhí cbítb BHMHflro yTpa npoHHKB csBOBB BanaBici Ha ob- 
B9X'hy a cíŠHHHe ^tcH npo0HJH BOceMB, OHI noiyBeiBOBajn, 

HTO Sa HO^B HHCBOJBRO He OCB&KBJíai. 

IIpociOBaTut iHa bbxi^ noxosítt na xepeBeHCBaro napna, mojio- 
XOS ^eiOHivB, DoxiBHeHHBl xBopei^iaro, nj^neoB roono lenaol 
BOAH xu <^HTBa H Ha paBCHpocu ero OTBÍ^ai^B, im vmcteph 
TpeBepTOffB-crapmifi npoBexB TpeBOSHyio hou h HHHHe yTpom 
^yBCTByerB ce((a xyse« 

fl^owb TpeBeproffB ÓHCxpo ox&ica h npaiío Hanpaaijrai vy 
KaCHHeTHn, pa^om cb KOMHaiott tfojiBHoro. 3f/bGb Wb sacraars 
•lopy MajBBOJBMi, BasaBmynca o^enB Óii^HOft h ncxyxajioft 
nocji CMero Honoro xesypcTBa. Ona HOXTBepxHxa ciosa xoao* 
Aoro cayn. J^ucoqiy ŤpeBepímy dum ropawo xyse. Ei yipy 
offB nanaji 6peAHTB, h TenepB nnioro ne ysHaen. Ero crapEift 



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Pi3|^UfiOK KOnUTO. 251 

ApyrB BHBapii opnoAHJi xs Hevyi Hiraii hexb hhitb uújirtbeí 
A2f 6oJflII^^^B| ho yMiipaianpft ne Óujrb vh coctoahíh npHHflTb vb 
wsTh HHsaBoro ynacTifl. Jlopa 6ofljacB, hto sonei^ o^eHB tfjnraosi. 

MBcrepr^ TpeBeprOHi npotiHďi b^kojibbo BpeiieHH (tb mhcci 
MuMsojBiťB, asaiiiťB eaycTHiCfl kb croJiOByK), PAŠHamerB orjiin- 
HBdl paHHÍfl sasrpan, TopxecTBeflHO pascraBjeBHuft au Hero OAHoro. 
Buy nosaauocB^ ^to crapiiKi XBopei^dfl mE^-io ocoC^hhd noHTH- 
TejiBHO oópan^aercfl cb hbmi, toiho ssaerB, hw ob% — Óy;^* 
WfŘ BiaxixeiB XpesepiOBeKaro sánsa. IIodaBTpavaBi, owb Biimeii 
Bil cax^B, o^eHB otfimpHHfi, HO pas^Hisifi no crapiHHOxy, cb iipa- 
umoř xopoxsaMiy BuraHyriíMH vb crpynsy, jiymafiRami h i^* 
KnBMMSL BypmiaMH, hmídomiiih ^piiy reoMerpH^eesHZi ^HrypB. 
3xicB ^os-B TpeBeproHi pacxasBBaxB híckojbso ipoMeHv, Bypa 
CBrapy, h sa/^naso norjflXBBaa na 6o2hmoŘ jssm% evl Kpacaaro 
xBpnHHa, MHoro^HcieHfliia oaoa Boroparo cBepBajra aa xoaoxBOirB 
flHBapBCXOMi cojiBi^, H 01'B soToparo, sasajiocB^ tbbi h BÍBa0 
(fíffaowb. 

— 3to 0yxerB Ha^aio boboA shbhh, — rcM^Bjrb om cetfi; — 
2 HyBCTByH) ceófl na ffican zivh Mojose co BpeMOHB Moero B^e- 
pamBiro csHAasia co craioxoiix. 

Mh^ fb HHHimBeiTB ro^y iiBsei^B xpHXAaTB rbrh. & xobojbbo 

MOIOXS, ^TOÓU Ba^BHaiB SB8BB CIBSBOBB, B ^OlOJiBBO Oiapl, ^'íoGlH 

pasyMHO pacDopBAan»cfl cbohii^b ({oraTCTBOMi. 



Fjoma n.-*8aBlin(aHÍe JD[pBaeD6pa TpeBtpTOHa. 

Asacnepi TpeBepioBi. npoTBByjii eqe cb boxIjk) bo upVbzfjh 
poxcTBeHHBBa; HeA^^aa axa noBasajiacB ÓesBOBeHBOft Ójjíjmfimj Ba- 
cjíxHBBy, seiaBmeMy, ^o6ii CTapBKB aocBopifl y6pajcfl. H to^bo, 
v6 aa paxpCTB 6umsl x^b aero b% bibu bocjiíxhbx'^ AEBx%f 
sorxa OHib jeacan btb nooiejB, (^esnonoipBiitt, BeroiaeBBEifi, BSMy* 
leBHiil, B oo 6&iBmett mcib ípe/ijm. JO(sob% TpeBeproB^B bbbÍ^- 
aiacBero esexBOBHo no oxHOMy, BHor^a b no x^a pasa bi» xobb, 
OdaBaiea y aero fb Bomaii no nicBOJBBy nByri^ coiyBCTBOBHO 
rjBxftM Ha flofo^ npBxaBBB aBi^y CBooMy apuBiBOo ciy^as) bh- 
paa&esiei b xificxBBieaBBO BcaiijrB o aeirB, ao miejB ero nxh h 
BecjracB Bnepexi, kb Tofi c^acrjiBBoft icBsyrl, Borxa vb pyKax% 
ero 6yxen cocioame aroro caatfaro ctpaxajBi^i, lorxa ovb Ójffin 

CaOŮOffiKh B Ba^flOTB BOByK) XB8HB, UpSÍB BapTBBH XOTOpOi lipO- 

BOCUflCB TonepB B^ ero ne^rax^B^ ooxo6bo paftcsairB bha^bíbitb. 
no npomecTBiB meciB oXBOotfpasBHn xwfl> vesxy soropsiiB 



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252 asoTHiKi BBPona. 

X^fl JI^soHa TpeBeproHE He cyntecTBOBaio HUKasoro pasjíH^U, nxh 
xaBi OHI eseAHeBHO HensM^BHO BUBypHBaii CHrapy bo Bpeiui 
oxBHOBofi nporyiRH no oaxy, sasrpaKan h ú6iffurh ojífíRh Kb 
(kxibinofl CTOJOBofi, npHTOMi y eero na jmí 6ujío oxho— nacji^A- 
CTBO, ÓHBinee no^n y nero wb pyxaxi. Hacraja, HasoHeifi^ hoib, 
vh TeqeHiH xoefi nopBajiacB cia^aa hhtb, en^e apHBflBUBaBinafl Jl^sa- 
cnepa XpesepiOHa bi snanB; pysa ero ocrasajacE vb pyrt Jtopii 
MajiBROJiun, ihi^o 6euo oópan^eno vb Heft, ea noójesaux^ 17- 
(Saxi Mejuisajia cjia($afl yjm^sa, sor^a bo^hh HeB^AOiiaro oiseana 
yHOCHJiH ero; laai owb h csoHiajicfl. 3a ainirB cotiinieirB nocit- 
AOBajio TpH Hju ^erupe TflsejHxi jífls] TBinHHa, i^ipaBinaa vb 
nojyreMHUXi soMHaraxi, Kaaajiacb HeBHHOCEMoS ^soHy TpeBepiOHy, 
xu BOToparo cnepTBÓHja yjKacaofi, HenpHBtiqHOtt rocrbefl. Biie- 
^mm onixi xnefi owb ciapaica sasi mosho MeHBme ocraBaiBca 

Vb fifiui, H npOBOXHiíl ÓÓSbmjJO laCIb BpeneHH BI XlBHHHXlb 

nporyjiRaxi no nojaMX, npexocraBiiB^ bc6 pacnopHsenifl no noxo- 
ponaiTB BHBapÍH), MBcrepy Kiepy, ÚmTtMmeuj Apyry Jl^sacnepa 
TpeBeprona, h crpanHeify HHcrepy CaMncony, noB^pennoiiy no- 
Kofinaro. 

Hasonei^, HacTa:i'B h x^hb noxoponx. H^epeMoniS) coriacno 
Biipasennoiiy ^asacnepoMi XpesepronoMi nenpeMi^nHoicy sejanÍK), 
6iiaa caiiaa cRpounai; no OBonnaniH ea, BJiax^^ua XpesepTOHCBaro 
sáMBa onycTHJH Biion se CBieoi, vb Boiopoirb MHorie vn ero 
npexBOBi cnajiH nocjixHHiťB^ xcjfemi chomi. Mopocnjix MeJiaiĚ 
XOSAB, nax^ roaoBaMH MOJun^Excs naBECjio CBHHi^OBoe netfOi npn- 
xaBaBmee carapoii^ sJíaxi^H^y neoÓHBHOBeBBO yniuiiS bbx^; ho 
MucjiH ^sona TpeBeproHa, croasmaro y OTBpuroft uovejiu^ Óujol 
xajoBo, xojBTBeHHHfl cjOBa noxopoHHoft cjysóii ne xoieTau xo 
ero cjiyxa. 

SaBTpaOHl BOBBpaTBTCfly no BC^MX BipOaTHOCTHirE, Bl.SOHXOHX, 

cb coBHaBÍeM^b, mo ÓoraicTBO h BJiacib xocraiHCb exy ^s. xon>, 
H na^Herb ly HOByio xmob o BOiopott tbbi oxotho xevTaj'b. 

Ohi BOBBpaxHicfl vb aoitb, vfíb cb ^yBCTBOirb otijer^enia aa- 
id^THJii noxuTUfl nrropu h npoBHBaBmiS B!b BOMHani neujbHidl 
cvbrb cipeHbsaro SBiiHaro xh)i. SaB^ntame xojshu 6iijih npo^ecrb 
Vb roeiHBOfl, npeapacHOfl BOMHarl^ cb Ú^wíe cb sojioroirB oóoaxn, 

meCTBK) X^HHHHMH OBHaMH 1 XByXfl BaXHHaMH, HO 0|XH01iy Ha 
BaSXOBfB BOHI^ BOMHaTil. 

JMÍHcrep^B GaxnooHi, crpannitt, ydjicfl y emia, npHToroBJífliGb 
npoHecTB BaBin^ame, kb npEcyrcTBÍH BEBapia^ MEcrepa Kaepa^ 
JopH MajBBoiBiTB, n crapniHXi cjiyrB sánBa, crojinEBanixca n 
ne6ojíhmjK> rpynny y caamxib xnepett. 



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F13AB0BHH0E SOnHTO. 253 

JIjxoBHoe saB^n^aHie tfmo HanncaHO npesBa^aflEo npocro. 
HaHHBUocB OBO ch MeasHXx pacnopaseBÍfi HacverB noxapaoBi 
crapiiMi* oiyraiTb, He($<UBmofi nencÍH ÁHApeia TpHMMepy, XBopei^- 

KOHy, H HŠCROJBRHXl CJUWhj OTb lUITHAeCflTH AO AByXl-COrE |)yH- 

TOBi, sasin^aHHiix^B xy^epaiTB n seHcsofi npECJiyrib. ToMacyCaMn- 
coBy BaB^n^axejB oraasajTE, fb BecBMa lecnraxi BEipaseBiax^, 
CIO ranefl, a BBsapiio Teo^opy Kjiepy — crapHBBoe cepe(5po. IIo- 
KOBHHBi Ch Mejo^aicH, saB&n^aTejB ocraiBByio cboh) co<$CTBeBBOCTBy 
lasB 2HHByH), Tasí h BacjrlxcTBeBByiD, ocraBjajrB CBoeMy abqh>po;( 
BOMy ópaxy ^soBy TpeBepiofly, nox% yciOBÍeiCB, htoÓu Bumeyoo- 
MjiHyTHfi ^soBi TpeBeproBTB seBH^Cfl Ba ero Boaiio^JieBBott b 
BpieMflofi AonepB Jlopi MajiBROJBMX, KB TeneBÍH roxa co XBa ero, 
saain^Tejifl, sobhhbk. Saero BpeMfl, BMiBie^ a pasBO bc% XOxoxh 
CB Bero nojaíy^aeMHe, aojisbu BaxoxHTBca n sasfix^BaBÍH b box^ 
oxpaBofi xynienpBKasHBKOBi TeoAopa Kiepa b ToMaca CaMiicofla. 
Bb ciy^ai se, ecJB6i btotb 0paRB, bi TewBÍB Bume yusasBaro 
BepioAa BpeneBB, Be 6ujrh saajiiDHeBx, to Bce BiriBie Bepexo^Bn 
BB pysB BumeyBOMflByTHXi* xynienpflBaBHBBOBi Kiepa e CaMBCOBa, 
H fpsxMO 6uTh BMB oÓpas^eBO Bi x^BBrH, a laKOBsifl yflOTpe(5jeBii 
fla coopyseaie (Sojbbbi^u bb axAfuiewh ropoxt EB^aMBroBi^. 

Ha zímíb mhccx MajiBBOjaíBMi BupasBJíocB b^^to noxoa&ee Ba 
ECByn, BpB HieBii Bioro crpaBBaro pacsopaseBii. JIei^o jd^soBa 
TpeBepTOBa noBpHJOCB BBesaBBofi 0jiíxboctbk), otbioxb bo aecTBoĚ 
xu MoiOfpŘ A^BymBB, y^acTB aoiopofi 6um CBasaBa c% opHrH- 
BajBBsni^B ycjiOBieiTB, nocraBjeflBiiMx eiiy, sasi BacjixHBBy. IIo- 
loseflie o0obx:b 6ujio o^cbb BeaoBRoe. KaR'B TOjaLBBO HieBÍe šasi- 
mania Umo OBOBneBo, Jlopa BOXBSjacB ch ictoa b Bum^a mT> 
BOMHaTH, Be CBasaBi bb cjiOBa. GjiyrB yxajiBJBCB lOT^acB no ea 
yxoA^ii a JI^soBx TpoBepTOBi ocrajca BaexHB^ cb BBsapieiťB b 
crpaiiHRicL. 

— noBBOJiBTe noBxpaBBTB BacB, MBcrepťTpeBeproffB,— CEasajťB 
ToMaci CaMBCOB'B, csja^BiBafl saBŠB^aBÍe, b boaxo^s b'b BaMflBy, y 
xoToparo cbx%ji'b JI^sobi TpeBepioBi,— bh Óy^ereoHOBB tforaiuMi 
HeaoBŠaoiTB. 

— íepeB-B roAi, MBCxepx CaMncoBx,— BeyB^peBBO otbítbjii 
TOTB,— BBceaenoffB yoiOBÍeMi, hto mbcci MajiBBOAMi saxonerB 
craTB MoeS seBott, nero MoserB b Be tfnTBl 

— HaBpflA*^ ^H OBa nofixerB npoTHBi sejaBÍa CBoero npieM- 
Báro on^a, MHCiepB TpeBopxoBi. 

— BorB bíictb. SKenmfiwb p^ASO BpaBBTca nysi, Bu6paBBiift 
aíiTB-jiBCo ApyrBM-B. Si Be xo^y cMOxpÍTB Bi sytfii AapoBony kobk), 
ŮUTh Be^aaroxftpBUMi Koeny xBOiopoxBOMy Ópari^r ^isacsepy, otb 



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251 B«GTHES^ KBPOnH. 

BOToparo poBHo HHqero ne osHxajii cb uef/bjno loiiy misami; ho 
He nory ne csasaTB, hto ohi nocrynHjrB 6ti ropa3;i;o ÓJiaropasyíCHie, 
pasiť^^BB^ CBoe cocTOflHÍe Mesxy mbcci MaiBBOJ&iís h MHOft, i 
ocraBHBi naci otSoHX^ cbo6oxhumh. 

Owh roBopHJi MeAJeHHO; saAyMUBo, h Óhjii crpamso Ój^AesB, 
^aace ry6si ero noÓliijH. Hh paxocTH, hh Topsecrsa bi seitB 
He 611J10 saMŠTHo; aa ero BpacHBOsrb mujk noBBHJiocB BupaseEÍe 
TpeBora, paso^apoBaHÍa, npHxaBaBinee eicy HeotiusHOBeHeo hbxos- 

— VifjáŘ Mys^BHa mejrh 6u Jlopy MajiLBomu 5peMeHen, 
npH KaBOM'B yroAHO cocroanÍH) MHcrepi XpeseproHi, — saiiiTeai 
MHcrepi RiepB.—^TO xo MeHfl, to a xyMaH), ^to x^a aaci 6oňe 
c^acTÍa npeABHXHTCfl wh oóiaxania Tasofi seHofi, híitb vh no.ii»80- 
BaniH ÓoraTCTBOiTB Bamero XBOiopoxHaro Ópaxa, kbxb 6a BejEso 
OHO HH 6ujo. 

— npexnojiarafl, hto ona saxo^en hm4tb Hena MyaseMii,— chobe 
Hep^mHTejibHO nporOBopsji ^soh'b TpeeepTOHi. 

— y Bací BnepexH i^íjhA rofft, hto6h saBOOBarb ee, — Boapa- 
aHJii BHBapifi,— H cyAb^a 6yxerB z% Bani onenB HeMHJiocTHBa, ecjB 
BH noiepnHTe neyxa^y. Mh% BaseTca, a Mory nopy^HTBCi sain 
sa TO, HTO cepAi^e mhcci Ma3BR0Jii»]rB cbo5oaho. Rohouo, ona^ 
noAO<$Ho Ban^B, hí^cbojhiBO nopasena 9BCi^eHTpHHH0CTBK> btopo ycio- 
bíh. Efl no.ioseHÍe ropas^o HenpiflTH^ aamero. 

jSiSOH^B TpeBeproHB HH^ero ne BOspasHJii na dro saiiiHaHie; 
HO BO BceapeMB, noxa oh% ctobj^b y Banena, h BCjymHBajica bi 
nozBajiiu, pacTO^aeMtifl ero OTmeAmeny poACXBeHHHBy BEKapiem h 
crpan^HMiy na JiEuík ero coxpanajocB paciepflHHoe Btipasaeme. 

— ^t6, mhccb MajiBKOJiBEi ocraHeica vh btomb xout?— BCEOpi 

CnpOCHai OHI. 

— S. xoporaeHBEO ne SHaio, nero ona nose^aerB, — BOspaaiJB 
MHCTep-B Kaepi, — HO íyMaio, hto tfnjio 6u xopomo, eciHÍB aoitb 
ÓuJTb npeAOcraajieu^B bbch pacnopAJseme. fl nojaraH), tto mh cl 
BaMH, MHCiepi CaiincoH^B, eb KaHeciB^ xyoienpHBasqHKOBi, mteirs 
npaBo CA']^aTB efi aro npex^ioseHie,— cb corjiacifl MHciepa Tpesep- 
Tona, BoneHHO. 

— Pasyii^Tca. 

— iS BCKpeHHifioiHirB oÓpaaoMi roxoBi coA'i^fiCTBOBaTb Bcaiuurs 

ROMÓHHai^ifllfB, MOryn^HlTB AOCraBHTB yAOBOJIBCTBÍe dTOfi MOJIOAOS 

ocoóí^,— KaEi-TO MexaHH^ecRH nporoBopHA Jíkoh-b TpaBeproHi.— 
S^HOJiaraH), ^xo sa^cb nena Óoume hhhto ne y^epsusaerB. Sasrpa 
a nory BOSBpaTBTBCa vh ropoxB. 

— He nosejaeie jih bu ocMoipšiB HM%HÍe nepex'B BamaicB 



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PiSABOmHOK SOSHTO. 255 

BOBBpanteideMi kb JIohaohi, MHCiepi XpesepncoHi?— eapocEJTE To- 
TiMffh GamicoHi. — Bani Óu ho Mima jo osHasoMiiTBCfl ch hhmi xo- 
pomefluo, xaRx saR'B noHiE Hasipnoe mosho csasais, ^to oho 
(yjeTB Bame. Éc^h Bani toibbo Cy^erB ne b% larocTB Bami npo- 
cioS otipaffB amraH, to fl cb cBoett cropoHu 6uji 6ii o^eHB pa^^B, 
ecn 6h B£i iqmsKui y moha cb nex^JBEy. Hhkto jy^me Měna ne 
sBaerb aroro hm^a, a BairB Mory nosasaxB bcabíS cynos^B. 

— Bu o%HB Ao6fUj MHcrepi CaMncoHi. fl oqeHB paji^ 6yAy 
BOcnoiBSOBaTBCfl BamHiťB rocrenpiHMCTBOiťB. 

— BoTB 810 no-ApysecRH. Eor^a ze bii xx nairB noxajyere? 
HiiHBie Be^epoMi? Mu, Raaseroi, XOJshu o&b]s,9Lrh bc6 BMtbcii. 
noveny 6u bslwb ho oTnpaBHTBCfl co mhoS si.nairB nocjrib o((%xa? 
Bame iipucyrcTBÍe 8;í^b MOserB tojibbo cricnarB hhcctb Ma;iB- 

lOIBlTB. 

Pasi JI^FB TpeBoproFB npHBflj^B npEPjameme cípan^aro, y 
Herc He 6iuo ocHOBanifl oiua^uBaTB CBoe nocin^eHÍe, a noTony 

OHH yCJOBHlECB, ^TO OHI, BM^CXt Ch MHCTepOlTB CaMnCOHOlťB^ DO- 

cú o6i}sfi,j ompaBiTCfl nimBOMi m> Heny. Ho ffl cBoero OTÓuria 
exy KasajocB BeoÓxojifiMuwb npocTHTBca c:b Jlopofi MaiBsojiLicB, 
I dra XHOIB npHBOAiiiKa ero b^ sasoe-xo TarociHoe cicyn^eHie. 
Tin He MeH^ BimoJiHHTB dro cjii^yerB, h xopomo 6um 6u, 
etSE&b jjífLAOth HOBHAaTBCfl CB Het vb npHJiH^HHfi A-ifl TaBoro 
BHSHTa HacB; a noTOMy bi cynepaH, nesa^ojro fp o6txa, owb upur 
mejB KB BafiHHeiHK^B, jioÓHMyio BOMHaxy mhccb MajBSomrB, h 
sacrajTB ee xaifB cb orapuiofi KHHroft na box&hí[X'b. nepex'B nefi 
Ha ciojA CTQfljob HeÓojBmofi hoahoc^b, cb HafiHuifi npHfiopoirB. 
Ona BsríHHyja na nero Óes^ Maj^fimaro CMyn^ema; Anufi ea 6ez;ío 
(mEh ójiíkblOj h ^ípe8Bu<9afiH0 ne^a^BHO. Owh yc^jica npoiHB^B 
Eeg; npomjo h^ckojibro MHHyix, npesA^ ^ím!B okb noAOÓpaJi 
aoBa, x^a BupazeHLi Toro npocroro sansaema, soiopoe ony npe^- 
CToaAo CA^jiaTB. 

3io cnoBofiHoe, npexpacnoe ni^o, oópan^ennoe vh Heny ch 
BHpaseHieirB cepBěraaro osH^ania, cnyn^ajio ero xo Taaott cienenH, 
"Tto OH^ HHsorxa H ne B0o6pasajii, htoÓu ^ro-HHÓyAB Tas'B Mono 
ero CMyTHTB. 

— S. npHHajarB npnrjanieHÍe MHcrepa CaiincoHa npoÓHXB y 
aero h-ícbojuso AHefi, nepex^ mohitb BOSBpan^eHieirB fb ropoffB, 
H npHinejii npocTHTBca ch aa^B, mhocb MaiBBOiBM^B— nporoBopnjTB 
offB, HasoHei^i. — Mh6 sasajiocB, ^to RBiaRoe spěna, aasoBO na* 
CToa^ee, BaicB Bcero npifliHŠe Óhtb coBepmeHHO oxHofl. 

— Bu o^eHB fpópu. & ne fjuB,v> vsíbch AOJiro ocraBaTBca. 

— fl HAA^DCB, HTO BU ^jí,icb OBOH^aieJiBHo noceiHiecB. fy' 



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256 B^enDESi ibpoiih. 

menpHKas^HKH, MHcrepi CannooHi h MHcreirE Kjeps, svofo ohceb 
saiaion. He ^^icaK), ^Totiu xofi rojoci lyn mhopo SHaqajrB; bo 
noB^pbie, ^To H fl BCspeHHO seiaio, irotiH bh He TopooBJBCb no- 
KVffijh Bame crapoe SBJBoite. 

— Bu o^eHB xo<$pH. He xyMaio, ^to(Su b Mona san oah& 

Bl dTOlCb MHJOlfB CrapOX^b XOM^ Bl KOTOpOlTB tflLUl TaKL CHaCTJBBa. 

y MeHB ecTBy vb cocšxHeft xepeBHÍ, nonreHEce SHaBOMoe ceiieflcTBOy 
OTAaB}n^ KBapTHpu vh naeiťB. £[ 6u oxoth^ nepeixaja b^b HBKXy 
Basi TOJbBO MOB BemH ÓjfjTb yioseau. Bh b£a^ SHaeie, MBcrep^ 

TpeBepiOHl, ^TO MHÍ eCTB v6mI SATB. meCTB TIICfl^'B ^yHTOBl, 

noAapeHHiie mb BamBM% ffionpofpsatb 6paT0Miy npBHOcarB xb^cth 
cjumBOMi 4^yHT0Bi esieroABaro Aoxoxa. 

— nocTynafiie no coÓciBeHHOMy sejanÍK), hhccb MaiBsoiBirB; 
fl He Mory nosBOjniTL ce6t Biri&niHBaTLCB vb Bamn x&ia, xota 
npHHBMaio sHBoe ynacrie vh Bamem* ÓďarococroflHÍH. 

BoTB fice, ^ OHB pHCBHyjii CBBBaTB Vh 8T0TX paHHÍft nepioj^B 
Bn BsaHMHiixi OTHomeniff. Ohi HaxoxHjrB cBoe noaoBceHÍe HeBH- 
pasHMO HejoBBBiTB, H Hc uovh HaxBBHTBCfl caMootiia^aHÍB) JIopii 
MajBBOiBMi. ?Tb eiiy roBopniB? ht6 exy x^aaiB? ^xd ohb mo* 
serb CBBBaTB Tasoro, htó 6u He noBasajocB eS npoxHsiOBaHHHMi* 

CailUMB BOpUCTBUMB HOÓySX^HÚUIB? KaBOe CBOtiOAHOe ^yBCTBO Morjo 
MVjm-ÁBÓO BOSHBBHyTB MOSAy 8TBMU AByMB JNOX^MH, CBBSaHHHMH 

jBmb oÓn^HOCTBB) BHTepecoBL no nac^ACTBy oómapnaro noirlcTBa, 

— JK)XBMB, BOTOpue BCTpinUHCB COBepmeHHO nOCTOpOHEHHH, B He- 
OSBJíaHHO nOCTBBJíeHH 6iI^B Vb SaBBCHXOCTB OTB 060B)XHiIXl SE- 
npHBOFB? 

— Mory fl naBicTHiB Baci, npea^e híwl yifj evb FasjíBrep- 

Cra, MHCCL MaJIBBOJIBMl? — BCBOpŠy Cb XaBHMl-TO OTHaflHÍeMly' 

cnpocHJii owb, 

— 3, 6yxy onenB paxa BEfjbib BacB, Borxa 6u bh he bb^- 
naiH npBxaTB. 

— Bu o^eHB xo6psi. HHHLqe Be^epoicb a bbcb tionme ne 
djKy ÓesnoKOBTE, TaBi BasB yBŽpeHX, ^to Bani neoóxoxixa th- 
mana b nojmiimiS otahxb. TenepB mhí na^o hati o(HMaTb ch 
MHCTepoiťB CaiincoHOifB h BBBapieirE. Bob)Cb, ^to 6u bio ne Óhjlo 
Mpa^Hoe napmecTBO. IIponKafiie. 

Ohl npoTBHyiCL efi pyay, vb nepaiift pasib co ffu itb bctp&hh. 
Efl pysa 6ujia xoioxna, i cjierBa xpoauLia vb ero pysi. Onib 
yxepsan ob pyxy bb CBoefi h^^o^bko aojí^, ^^n 6u cji^xo* 
Bajo, H BnepBiie BBTJiiHyjrL na nee cb BEipasenieicB qero-io no- 
xosaro na H'&sHoe cocrpa^anie bb rjasaxi. ^, ona Óiua OEee^ 
xopomeHLRafl. JIhi^o ea npaBBiocB 6u bmj emfi Ůoíhrne 6en aroro 



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piSABoiHfloi BonsTo. 257 

xojoxBaro, ropxaro Biipa^Kemfl, ho ohi He Mon orpei^aTL, hto 
on BpacEBHi^a, h HyBcxBOBajrB, ¥ro jioiJofl MOJioxoft ^ejiOFlKb uorb 
te ropAHncfl noAo0Hofi sencA. Tbwh ne iieHte offB ne hopb 
yflCHBTb oe(S%: sauirb oÓpasoMi ohi-to saBOioerb ee; h eHy no- 
lasaiocb, ^10 cocroame, na BoiopoMi oh% fb Me^Tars cxpoBJTB 
Ttiíe siaHH sa nociixsee spěna, lenepb xa^bo, xueKO otoxbb- 
Bjiocb on nero. 06ÍKh ne 6fljrB TasHirb neujibHBíMi lupoiiiy 
KiiHirb OBI sapaffie npeAcraBjajrb ero ce&b. JIk>ah BOoCn^e cbjioh- 
JIH oiHOCBTBCfl XOBOAHO JorBO iTB BCHesHOBeHÍR) cxaparo Apyra, 
a noiOMj H Baaapil oo crpanHEMi AOBOJisHO-rasH Becaio touo- 
Ban o CBoeKb ormexníeirB coc^x^. Ohk o6cysAa;iH ero MaieHbRÍii 
vfffnecTBdLj ero AOÚpoKkreJOí^ ero cjaCocTH, bi oneHB npiaTHOirb 
tohí, h OTxaBaiH nojHyio cnpaBeAiHBOcxB ero npeapacHoiiy BHHy, 
no ncn aoioparo ohi, no cjKOsaiTB MECiepa Eiepa, HHSorxa ne 
(hm xasui sHaroBOMi, xaKHMx noHBiaiii ce<$a. ?aca ABa npocB- 
4iii OHH sa AeccepTOMi», npiixjieÓiiBafl ÓyproHCsoe, KOTopmi^ 
Jl^ncnepi TpeBeproHi ocoÓeHHO ropAKsai, npHTOiTB hsi bcíxi 
ipoixs, noBEXBMOMy, oxHoro TOjnbBo ^OHa XpeseproHa xpeBOSHJH 

MpaUBJI MHCJH. 

Eiiao xecflTB ^acoBiy Bor^a MHcrepi GaMncoH'B npeA^ioasurs 
HanpaBHTB cronu vh ero SHJiHii^y. Ohx nocjiajii nepexi* o&hjípu^h 
saiiBCOHBy cecTp^, erb HSBin^eeieMi o npeAnojiaraeMoifB noc^a^eflÍH 
MECiepa TpeBepTOHa, i saaasaai Rb rocTBHHHi](% dBBnasx, bi> bo- 
Topoiťb OHH cíb rocTeM'b H noABaTHJH Bi saHAMaeMony hmi ^h- 
mBbBOMy, BecejieHbBOMy xoMHBy vh coBpeiieHHOiťb BByci, ci Bpo- 

lOeumiH, HO ^peSBHHldHO yH>THIIlfH BOMHaTBaMH, BasaBniHMHCfl 
HHCreHbBHMH H HOBeHbBBMH, HTO JI^SOH!b TpeBepTOHX HO^- 
HeBOBMOHLHO, VTOtflI Bl HHX^B BTO-HHÓyAb SHJTb, a Me6eJb-T0 

ys^ HEBftpHoe TOJibBO ceroxHfl npHHecjiH orb o(5oiiiviBa. 

Tonacb CaHncofii 6íin> mojio^oA nejOB^Bb h xojiocTflKb. Oai 
Bieiix<mLrb on oii\a npeBpacHo nocraBjeHHyio a^BOBaicsyK) bob- 
TQjff M caifb sHavHTeiíbHO yjyHOíHjrb nojoseme cbohxi a&h, TaBi 
odiaxajii Óojaíbmox) cnocoÓHOcrbK) npe^EBaib ce6i xopory bx 
H Topflvefi JX)6oBbK) Bi A^Hbiaiii. y Hero 6uja OAsa 
cecrpa, BSBBmaB Ch hhmi bmšctí. Ona Óiuia ne^ypna; 
, ch HeBupasBTejbHoft ^HaioHOMiefi, xojioahiimh, cb^tio-fo- 
rjiasaMH h HpaicuMH meJiBOBBcrtiMH BOJiocanH HenoxA^K)- 
ODHcamiD orrtHBa BamTanoBaro iptia. 
8ia MOJOAaB ocoóa, BOTopyx) sb&sb 9jb80í, oneHb b&rjihbo 
BBja ^OHa TpeBepiOHa. Bi oapecTHOCTax^b Fasiibrepcra 

HaJO MySWHl, BOTOpHX^b MOSHO 6UJI0 tfu qiaBHHTb Cb 8TBICb 

o6jiaAaiOH(HM'b ^bcto BoeHHoi ocannofi; h bx xony se 

To» L— flHBin, 1881. 17 




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258 Biomn ibfoiih* 

ifHCCE CaMncoHx, Roropofi co^epaKame xyímnoi J^autcnepa Tpe- 
BepTOHE se 6uM mfšcno, npeinojiaraja, "Tto 9wrb q^HBHtt 
ifOJiOAOt ^eioffbvb ecTB hobhA Bjtax&iei^ sáicBa ■ Bcin ero yro- 
xit. PaxH ero ona norpaTHJia MHoro Tpy^a na jÓpaHctBO sanacBofi 
coaJiBHH, KoropyK) yicpacua Ces^HCJieHHuiiH ^^HracmecBHici do- 
;^meHBaMH xJfl ^yjianoBi, KopcXSoHBaifH au KOjei^, ciuflHsaiiH 
vjh ÓoreMcsaro xpycrajui xu ^yxoffB,— npexMeraiiE, BooÓnie se- 
coBMŠcnmiiini cl iiyscnifi noHfliíeirB o BOM^pii. Hn jKeiasúi 
yroABTB eMy, ona npBBasajia ne saj^ yroi&erb, h Ran moilho 
spne pacTonflTb saMEHi vh BHme onncaHEOfi HapnxHO-y^paHHol 
BOMHaTi, nosasaBmefics TpeBepnoHy, nocjrib o6niHpHiix'B nowesrh 

SáMRa, Heo6iIBHOB6HHO MaJieHBBOĚ H JMUKOfi. 

— £[ SHaiD BOMHaiy euie 6oiie sanyK), — -aKasajrB offEcain 
ceiJi, — 8Ta, no xpaBnett uspi HEcra h onpania. Ohi jen fb no- 
crejiB, ■ sacHyjii Jiy^me, nim cnarb BXTeqeeii MHorarB HoneS, 
HO Bce Bpeiia bhaÍh bo chí Jlopy MajiBsonirB. Eiiy eHHJOCB, 

HTO HXX B%HUK)TB, HO ^ITO JIHI^O eS^ Vb TO Bpeifil, XaiTB OHa CIOHTB 

Cb EBWb npe^B ajrrapeiťB, Ha^HnaerB sasB-To crpaHHO bbaobbmí- 
HflTBCfl, H npeBpan^aercfl bb xpyroe, eny cjramsoMrB xopomo ssa- 

SOMOe JIHl^O. 



Tjuffia in. — TaHHCTBeHHiift nodmneja. 

Ha cjrl;^K)n^ifi aobb noro^a 6um npexpacHaa, h mcTep^ 
GamicoHi cb rocrem^ Tor^acB nocii panHaro BaBipaBa c6jih kb 
Aorsapn h ompaBHjiHCB na ocMOipB. Ohh npo^xajn sHa^iieJiBHoe 
npocrpaHCTBO uexjij yTpeHHBirB saBrpaRom ■ o0£xoirB, h Asohi» 
TpeBeproffB míij% yfpBOJíhcme oÓosptiB o^nupHiui noju, bmíh)- 
n^ifly no bcímb B^poBriiarB, craiB ero coÓCTBeHHOCTBK); ho ^epmi, 
jiesanqfl otb FasjíBrfipcTa na pascTOBHiH nporyjBn, ho cocraBímiH h 
TpeTH Bc&XB Biaffinil ^sacnepa TpeBepiona. Micrepi GaicncoffB 
ceodm^BJíi CBoeiiy cnytHiRy, hto Bce Hii%HÍe npHHocHTB oroio oxh- 
HamaTH TiícBTB íjfjETon BB FOAB BajOBoro ^oxo^y, H ^TO, Rpoirb 
Toro, CB A^HerBy noMtn^eHHUXB bb (5aHRÍ, nojyqaercfl xo Tpex'B 
THCflTB 4»yHT0BB eseFO^HO. GTapHRB HanaxB cbok) RapBepy tojbbo c^ 
mecTBK) THCii^aMH ^yHTOBB BB FoxB, HO ^acTB ero BJiaxinifl rpaHH^HJia 
CB 3eif jiel Fopoxa EnHaMmoHa, h Rorxa naxornaa senu nonija uokb 
nocrpoflRVy bto yBBJíH^HJio ei ctohmoctb pasB bb ceMB. SKhjib ob*b 
cRpoMHo, eseroxHo ORpyrjiflXB cboh Bjax^Bia, Buroxno noMintarB cboh 
RanHrajiUy h cocroBHie ero, HaRonei^B, xocnirjio nacioflii^ei n^H^pia. 
IIoxoÓHoe ÓoraTCTBO npexcraBJífliocB ^sony TpeBepTony BoimeÓHiiirb 



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F18AB0KHH0X KOIIHTO. 259 

waa. MHcrepi GaiíncoBX roBopa^i o newB msi. Basi Óyxro oho 
yxe, osoHHaxeiBHO h ÓesnoBopoTHO, HaxoxuocB fb pysan ero cnyr* 
Hixa. Ero SKptíBsiŘf K)pHXHqecisift ywh ne vh cocromiH 6tui h bo- 
oSp&SHTB BOBnosHOCTH sasHxx-jBÓo ceHTHMeHTajbHHx^ BospasemĚ 
co cropoHH JiaxH hjih xseHTAiíeHa npoTHBL BunojiHeHifl yoiOBUf, 
j^oiseBCTBOBaBinaro yrBepsurb aa hhmu o6omiE ua^^Hie 8THifB 
lífXBswh noM^^CTBeicB. noHflTHOi HTO HHCiep^ TpeBepTOETB, Eb ypo?- 
Hoe BpeMfl, cx^ft^n hhccb MaAsoiBiii ^picajbHoe npex^oseme, 
B OBa ero npiiMerB. ^iiKoe haíotctbo, sasoe cxaBajiocB 6u vh ot- 

Sast, co CTOpOHH ASeHTJIBMeHa HkJOL J19AH, C006pa80BaTLCfl Ch Ta- 

u» jenuiTb ycjiOBieiii, exBa jol ho saxoxHT^ sa npex^ii lejio- 
BliecBaro Óesyiiifl. 

PaBCMarpHBafl BonpocE ctb btoA tohbh sp^HÚi) MHCiep^ Gaicn- 
coBi 6u3rh ncpaseHi iipaHHEiMx h ymiJiHirB bh^oitb CBoero TOBa- 
psn^a; sra yeiijiocTB sasajiacL ony bhojihš npoxflBoecreciBeHHofi 
xu TOďOBÍ^, Bi ero ycj[0BÍBxi. Bx rjasaxi ^ona TpeBep- 
TOHa, Bor^a ohx rjuxíjii Ha oÓnrapHiifl, nycniHHiifl nou, na 
BOiojoifl yBa8iiBaj!b eny cípanHÍft, saropajutcB Hcspa Bocropra, ho, 
^lepearB MHHyry, jihi^o ero CHOBa cxanoBEJiocL Mpa^HHifi, h owh bii- 
cjjmHBan onBcama CBoero Óyxyqaro hhšhúi cb pasc&raHfiiirB 
Binom, coBepmeHHO HenoHaiHUMi aih ToMaea GaiincoHa. Oipsn- 
Hil pHCXHyix CBasaTB eny bto, Kor^a ohh, yse vh cynepra, bob- 
i^qaaHCB xoMOt. 

— BHXHie jur, Aoporott GaiincoHi, ne BCflsifi nejiOB^isi umBy 
xo piy AOHOCHrB,— otbítbjii ^sohl TpeBeproHx cbohitb o6wi' 
BmrB, He6peaBHHM'B tohom^b, BasaBmHECfl ÓojisniHHCTBy ero snaBO- 
marh ocoÓeBHo CBMQaTHHHuiffb. — & jíftjmewb cosHaxBca, hto ycjaio- 

Bly npH KOTOpHXl HMilHie 8T0 MHÍ SaB^^aBOy MeH£ CHIBHO 03a- 

XII9H.IH, Bpi^nBo pasonapoBajm. Mofi ABOK)poxHHfi 6parb ^sacnepi^ 
ubÍj hto ero ciiepTB CA^jiaerb un uessí Óorataro hojo- 
BjiitCTo BToro y Hena BnepeAH q&ihS roffB osExania^ npH- 
ocyn^ecTBJíeHie BdbxrB mohxi Haxe2KA'B Ha o6aaxftHÍe bihm^ 
caoDflHiem HaxoxHTca bx hojhoA h coBepmenHofl saBscMiiocrH 
^^aBrasitt h BanpHSOBi Moioxofl x^ByniBH. 

— HaX^lOCB, BH HH KHHyTKI HO XyMajIH, HTO MHCCB MaJIB- 

OTKaserB BaM%? 
TpeBepioHi TBKh AOJro ne oiBÍ^ajrB na btotb BonpocB, tto 
Beaop^ noBTopHJi'B ero nicBOJibBO rpone, BOofipasHBx, 
ni TOpBaro ero Bonpoca TpeBepTOE'B ho ciuxajii. 

— - JíjuBX> jui fl, ^10 ona oTBasserB mh£? — paaciaHHO hobto- 
mciepB TpeBepioHx.— IIpaBo, ne SHaH). ^enn^Hna cbioheh 
poMaHHqecEBMi BivjuíjifkWh Eh AeHOSHHe Bonppcu. y Hea, 

17* 



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260 BMTIHSl KBPOnH. 

spoMi Toro, ecTB ^Am sHib. 9to ona iirt BRcsasaja B^epa Be- 
wpoiTE, OHA Mosen Tose npeASo^ecTB bhxth sa Koro-HHÓyx^ XHf- 
roro. CaMHfl Biipasema aioro saBÍii^aHu BaB'B*({ii paBc^Hrami Ba 
TOy vroÓH BOopya&HTB nponiBi Hena vopKpo HesancBicyK) jíb-^ 

— Ho OHa se snaerB, vrooTBasasi Ban, oBa jimmisTh bbc^ 
nwierbsíj h nofixen nanepesopi jLeiaBuiiťB cBoero xpyra h (túro* 
fí^eMB. HaBpflx^ la ona 6yxen tbbi seÓJiaroxapHa. IIoBlpibTe^ 
OHa coHTen CBoeS ofiflBaHHOCTBK) npNBTB Bame npexJioseBie. 
"Bíh Tony se, bto bobco ho HenpiflTnaa ofiflsaHHOCTB — bqath sa ^e- 
aoBŽKa, Hušioiivtro ^erapHaxiptTb thcb^i ^yHTOBi bi vofUh. Sis- 
HycL necTBiOy MHcrepi XpesepTOH^i bu aojishu 6Grr& oneHB nio- 
xoro o ce6i MH^HÍa, ecjis Bootfpasaere, hto Jlopa MajiBKomis 
Mootcenn oTBasarB Bani. 

Jifliowb TpeBeproHi Ha axo saMiiame HB^ero ne otb^tbu, b 
npeCíiiBaa:^ m MOJL^aniH fp caiiaro BOHi^a nporyjiBH. Owb bí- 
cbojibbo osubjcb sa o&bfpwh^ h crapajiai 6htb bbbb mobuio jho- 
6e8HÍe ch xoBBBHOiťB H xosflfiEol. Mhcci CaifncoHi noxyMBJía, 
HTO OHI caiíuft npiflTHHi Mojoxofi ^ejiOB%B%, KaBoro ona xoiTd- 
jui<$o Bcrpiujia, ocoÓenHo sorxa owh corjiacHJiCfl) nocji^ o6ívl, 
BacšciB ch Heft 3a mazMaTH, h on HOďffiftmeS anaiÍB h pas- 
cíbhhocte nosBoiHji eft BiiHrpaTB Tpi Hrpu noA^-*pBffB» 

— Easi B£i HaxoAHTe mbccb MajBsojiBirB, MBcrepB Tpesep- 
TOffb? — cnpocHia OHa, hícrojbbo BpeiieHH cnycni, yse pa8.iB' 
Baa ^att. 

— Tu He AOJiatHa npe^araiB MHcrepy TpeBeproHy Bonpocoei^ 
ho OTOiiy npeAnery, diEsa,— CBasaxB efi Ópars, ciri^CB. 

— noveny? 

— no npHHBHi) KOTopyio fl o6cysAfttB He BOJien^. 

— Bb caMOMB A^jri&l--npoi^%ABia mhccb GaMncoHB, BneeanBO 
casaBB CBOH TOHeHBsifl rytfu. — SL ne wAm noHariB, to-octb b^- 
loua, mo Jlopa MajBBOJiBMrB hovth HesnaBOMa cb MHcrepoMB Tpe- 

BepiOHOMB. 

— Bh Óujol coBepmeHHO npasH bb BameMB npexnojioaieHiv^ 

MHCCB CaHnCOHB,- — OTBÍHaďB JI^SOHB TpeBOpiOHB, — a He BBSy Hfl- 

Basofi npHHHHH najaraiB CBoe veto na 8totb npexneiB. K Haxoaiy 
XHCCB MajiBKOJiBMB ovoBB BpaciBofi, MaHepu ea saH^WTejiBHO rpa- 

X[ÍOBHHMH H HCnOJIHeHHUMK XOCTOBHCTBa, — BOTB H BCO, ¥TÓ B 

TenepB nory o nefi cxaaaTB, tasB BasB mb, ho Bameny caupBMi- 
jHBOMy saMÍqaHiK), e^sa ípyrB cb xpyroiiB BHaBOMu. BacBOiBRO 
a Mory cyAHTB, ohb mhš nosasajacB ropám npBBfldaHH<^ rb Mo- 
cny ABOH)po;^poMy 6pB,Tj ^aíacnepy. 



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PAaXBOnHOX BOJQITO. S 6 1 

9jim CaMneovb iqimpinejiBHO nosMua roaoBofi. 

— Ona HHija ocHosame :m6wrh ero, — nporoBopHia ona. — - 
Bui%, lOHeHHO, m^AcmOy hxo ona (Ssía cosepmeHEO Himafl, 
MOTjijBL OHI npesesi ee n ce(S£ aomoB, h, Kpoici tofo, oeifui ea, 
taserca, ne oxjuuiacii AOÓponopaxoraocTBBO. 

— Mhí aaaBerci, ^tobu omHtKaeiecB, mhcci CaimcoffB,— XO- 
BOibHO roptaio orsžnn AflU)n XpesepiOHi: — ^moě xbok^xhhS 
<(pan ,2(saciiepB rosopux usfb^ hto ohh co Oie^HOMi MaA- 
louifom 6ujsM xpysM B TOBapaiiMi do yHiBepcnrety. Mosotb 
<$iiTB, owh m yuepb fe 6£xhocth, ho a HHiero ne ciiixan Tasoro, 
vi (ta xasaao hoboa^^ xyMaTB, hto obi yajioBBica cb npaMot 
JVponL 

— Heyseni?— npoMoaBBiia mhcgb GaifncoH!&,— boho^ho, sairs 
jj%me 8Ba»; Bce, iió aboh>poxhhB Ópan Bami roBopan aairB— 
■eooMfliBHO cnpaBexaBBO. GBaBarB no npaBxi) mbí mbcc^ MaxB- 
Moíhwh HHBorxa ne HpaBHJiacB. B% nefi eciB Basas-ro c^epsaB- 
HOCTB) Bompot a BBBorxa ho Borja nepoBapars. A 8BaK>, hto 
ByxuHaicB OBB ohohe BpaBBTca, HO ho xyMBK), ito6h y Hea 
lorxa^iBtfo ÓHJio BBoro seHn^flB%';q)78efi. A no MoaLen ÓtixBjtia 
BojoAofi x^BymBB BasHŠe xpyra-seHBi(HHii? — ceHTeH^ío8HO aaBjíD- 
^nua (SapsunHB. 

— AI lasB Mysf BHam oaa owhb HpaBHTca, — itOBTopHj'B 
TpeBepfOHi: — sBavan eft yse npexexaBjajoicL eiynaa bhSxtb 
BaiysEB? 

— 0(hí dmwh uwb HHwro se BsdlcTHOi ho %jioBflBa 
an)<{jeHHaro b% see no yniB a SBav. 

— Ob BameĚ cropoHH ne ÓyxerB BecBpoMoocTBK) nasBaTB 
9Toro AseHTJBMeHa. 

— O, Hftn. Mory Baa yB^pan, hto a caifOiíH^BO orapsua 
9fj fainy: hhccb ManaojBirB BBBorxa ne yxoexoHBau roBoparb 

m HBOi O CBOBTb a1^9X%. dTO^-dfJVpKh SjlOp^ CHKB BBBapífl; 

a lacieBBBO BBxaia ax^ BMÍor&« Obib b&hbo, Ónaaio, EfAfifiPh 
flpejuon BaBepayTB fb sáBosi: to eny nysHO nomiBOBaTB g% mb^ 
mepímh XpesepiOBOirB o ciapnamin BBararB, xo o xoBpieH- 
mtk ApxeojiQnraecBaro otfntecTBai b t. x-» ho BcasoMy Óhjio aeHO, 
«B OBa exBBOTBeBBO paxB MBCci MajiBBOJlurb BpoBOxnn laieB 

WB BHOTO BpOBeBB. 

'^ KasB BH xyifaere, apasHica ob^b e8? 

— Bon B&xaen. Aoboibbo TpyxHO xo^paibea Mf> ea m HCJieft, aa 
mĚ ůa w BM 6bjo cwtb. S, pasi upefjíomMMe^ eft siotb Bonpoeib, 
m oaa xojOABO a ropxp, bbkb Boerxfti yBepayjacB otb wn^ 



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262 BiCTHm n^im. 

cxasaRB, vto jm6nn HHcrepa Kiepa, Ban xpyr&i h npo^ee vh 
TOMi se poA%. 

Ba ďBi^ ToMaca CaMncoHa, sa Bce Bpeiifl aroro pasroBopa, 
nporuxuBajio CHynieHie. 

— Bu He AOJisMU cjiymaTb rjiyinixi duereHi cécrpu Moef , 
MBcrepi TpeBepTOHi, — iiporoBopU'& on:— Bootfiqe Bes^ft xpy^HO 
noMimaTE sennuiv]^ BaHorvaTBOi cmerHiuiii, HOBSiasofi Tpyn^otfft, 
BaKi E&m% ra8jn»repcT!E, Hin, Rasercfl, Óomne h j(^aT&«TO HeTOiD^ 

^asoHi TpeBepToůi npHHiniajnk laBoe siiBoe ynacrie bi btoit^ 
pasroBopi, B» saBoe cam He c^Htai^ cefia cno^o^BuirB, no oř- 
HomeniH) si Jlopb MajbBOJBifB. ?tó ony xo Hea? noveny oh^ 
omyn^aerb laRyiD pesHEByio xocaxy Ha aroro HeeiAOMaro d^yapxa 
Rjepa? PasBi bc%, canui rjiyóom ero ^yBcrsa, ne BpaagietfHH 
efi? PasBfi oea ne craja ocodenno senpiJTHoS euy c% r6n nop%, 
KaiTb OH^E osHasomiJicfl c% co^epsameiirE jiyxoBBaro savb^aHut 
CBoero poACTBeHHHsa? 

— y BToro qejoB^xa wo-to na Kymi^ !^fnia,*-CKa8ajii mh- 
eieprb CaifncoHi, ctoa Ha xo6p% y KaxHHa h saxyiiHBBO rp^ía, 
Borxa rocTB ero yAajHJca na noiot.-— IIoifflBHiioe cxobo, diHsa, 
y .n^Ha TpeBepTOHa ^rro-io ecTB na jiynA. 

.— Hto TeÓfl BacraBJíaePB bto syMaiB, Tom? 

— ^a noMHJiyt; owb hh Maxo ee pa^ercii coctosbík), boto- 
poe ynacjiAOBajrB, hjih ynacjiixyen ^epen rox^ A ho re tcxo* 
B^^ecBott Dpapox^i ^To6u xseHiJiBMeHi, noiywDiuil ^empHax- 
i^TB TuesTB ítfywíovh vh TOKhj xoTopBix% HBSoTxa HO oasHAaji^^ 
HpBHflJTb 8T0 Ójaronojiy^ie TaicE paBHOffyntHO, savs np&HHifaerB ohx, 

— EEáBi ^epen ro^B, irro ts xov^db CBasaTB, Tovb? PasBi^ 
noM^CTBe TenepB ne euy npBHaxJiesHrB? 

— HfarB, djiBsa, FB TOifB-to B mrfBa. — H HHcrepi Gann- 
coH% cooÓn^Bn cecrpi eoxepsaHie xyxoBHofi ^sacnepa TpeBep- 
Tona^ npexynpexBBi ee, htůÓu ona othioxb HHBOMy ne cootfqajia 
Bce TO, ^ ysnaia no BTovy npexMory, noxib crpaxoMi ero bíy- 
Haro HeyxOBOiBCTBÍi. 

Ha cjAtjiom^Ř x6hb Toiiac% GaMncoHi 6ux% tnmRon Mr 
HffTB, hto6h nocBBTHTB ce6fl CBoexy rocno; a noiovy Xsoh% Tpe* 
BepToffB OTHpaBBJícx Ha xnHHyx) nporyny, cb Bapmfl noiriterBS, 
npBHaxJiesaBmaro bb TpeBeproHCBOMy sáMsy, vb KapMaHi. Oss 
ofiornyjťB MHoroe mhosoctbo noiet h jiyroBi, ctomb y KajBTorB, 
BexmBxi vh cbxbbh {^pirB, jnotioBajci ynTHuicB xomhiuuih, o6niHp- 
HiiMH oBBHaMH B rpoHaxHHMH BonHaEH ctna, aiHBBHMH Óssan^ 
BOpOBam H OBi^aMHi yxoxHBmHM H no-B0J[ÍH0 Vh coJOMHHyB) nox* 



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PiSXBOSHHOX KOnHŤO. 268. 

OMJKjj H cnpamaBaji ce(^: HeyseftH owh xorxa-HHÓyxb tfyxen 

BjaX$TB BC£|I'B 8TKM%? 

Qffb samen XEieio, h BOdBpaqucH aohoU «& cyiiepu, thumh 
iDtriMH H ch sa^Mneinrb bbaomi. Bx pascroamH Kasofi-HHÓyxb 
nu on Fasurepora ohi OGraBui yaeHBByH) xoposBy, OKafiM- 
j^Byn c& otíftHxi CTopoHi HSTopoAflitH, no KOTopofi mail xo 
cm iiop%, 1 BEonera aa jyn, nepecisaemit iponiExoft jím 
nimaoxoBi, no HaiipasjíeHÍK) m xepeBHi. Hícboibko anepexH 
ero Bi;qiijacB mencwu ^rypa, bi ipayp^. Manepa xepsaTB ro- 
MBy noaasaiacB ony BHasoiioJl; oirb nocsAmmjrh wjAjch sa Aaicofi, 
I KMOpk man paAOiffB cb Jlopott MaiBBOAirB. 

— Bh BHXOABTe xoBOAHO noBAHO, MBCCi MajBBOJiiuc^ — saiii- 
Tus off^ ee BHaa lopoBneHLiio no cxasaTB. 

— Bi 8T0 spěna roxa cyiiepKH HaciynaiorB Tasob Óncrpo. JOL 
laBiiiMua oxHO ceiieficrBO b^ Topiei, KHai sa nojTopu OTCioxa. 

— Bh ^acio, i noaaraK), HaBftn^ere (íibjíEunS 

— JSfL, A HQWBHa npiBinua npoBOXHTb xBa uh ipa xu h^b 
wefíkm cpejfw Him. Ohh iqpeqMiCHO veHa 8HaK>n h noHEMaioTB; 
ii xon MBoríe h sajiyH)TCfl na ůbffiux^j a Bcerxa aaxoAHJia bi 
im ■ (SjaroxapHOCTB h opaBasaHEOcxb. 

fyĚúWb TpeBepioffB saxyMHHBo CMorpi^b Ha aee. Ha mfiisAVh 
ei, Wh aion se^epi, rop&ii^ apaifi pyMAHe^i, TeMHue riasa ea 
a^aajH niairb Ójecaoirb, aasoro oh% HHBorxa en^e vb nxi 
■e Bixaji. Oh^e npomen paxoni cb seio bcd xopory xo FasjB- 
repera, pasroBapuaa ceaiajia o xepeBeHCSHX^B mneizrb^ kóto- 
pBD oaa lenep^ saBiiivuia, a noiomi o ea npieiiHoirb cnni^ 
flMepM) loero osa, noBmEOMy, ^BciBOBau Taai rjyóoao. 06pa- 
iqeme ea vb btotb Bevep^ oijHqajocb oTapoBeHnocnia h ecie* 
eneHHOGTuo, h aorxa ,2l^socrb TpeBepioaob pasciajica cb eeio y 
Bopon B&xBa, Bi xymt ero yae sad^o y6&BX6HÍe, qio ona ciojb 
JB-^mpoBaTej^ia, csou apespacna. 

A nemgj Awby aorxa ohi noBepnyíca cnsHofi Kb bhcobbmi 
aeifeHHirb Boporaiii i HanpaBajca Vb sajHu^y HHCiepa CaMD- 
QIB% mn rpyxa eio BHpBajoa sopoiBÍft^ oeTepniuBuft bsxoxi; 
mbHOD ycuia yxaaocB eiiy coxpaHBTb Hiaoropoe noxotfie 
Vb TewHÍH i^&raro xianaaro ae^epa^ vb o6mficsvb Ópara 
% cacrpa CaMnooBi a TOicreauaro, BpacHOfiqeRaro ^Mepa, npa- 
cnuoeHHaro kb ofi^xy^ cb íAwb hto^u iioiom^b cociaBHTB xpy^^' 
c^j9 nyjmgr. BeeB ej^viipfl xbhb jS^acoHi TpeBeproBi npoBejB 
m xoncaprt cb meiepoMB CaiincoHOirB^ ocMaipHBaa Hoaya jiepMu, 
M aemuajib ee66 yse 6oMÍe acnoe ooHaiie, iíitb npejax^y o pas- 
H eBoiijTBaxB Toi ^acTH TpeBepTOHCBaro noMibexBa, aasaa 



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264 nCtEMSh IBPOIOL 

jiesaja otb FasjurSpcra na pascroami nporyiis n dseiiasi. 
Ofb o&hsiBEjrb CBoeiiy xosflHHy, qro BUByT&fjWh BO^paimci bb 
ropoxi yrpoMi sasrpanrajiro xhíi ci paHHHx^ nošsxoia. IIocj*^ 
o(%Aa MHcrepy GaiincoHy npHmjiocfc y^amBCi ki ceM bi& nám' 
HerB, vto6h cb ^acorb nopatfoian hm'^ lasiiicb-TO BaaBHmrB xo- 
KjMeHTOiťB, a noToiiy JQ^sokl Xpeseprcun, He qiHniilii oooóesH^ 
BHCOKO yxoBonciBÍe, xocraBJuieiioe npoxojsneiuoS <{ec6xott es 
nasy ea riasfB cb npespacHOĚ 9jh80ě, nv^bjn muay h Bnien 
H8i xoMy, m/íu BHsypiTb cHrapy aa jiimk 

Ero yBieBia Menia, uh Apyroe ^jtsctbo, soropMO ohi cam 
ne Mon 6u onpex^jraTE, no HanpaBiemi) ba siiiBy; xasen 6utb, 
eiiy npocro noRasaiocB, ^no ysesEBafl jiopossa, mon bhodkoÉ 
caxoBott ctIhh, Ki BOTopoS oÓpa^eHi <SaBOBOt (fiacB xoiia, ciaB- 
Hoe irbcTe^RO, rx% npiflTHO BHBypsTb CHrapy inffMMb pasimnue- 
vuLWh. Owh pacxasHBajTB nicsojhKO BpeiieHH, Bsax^ ■ Bnepex^, no 
BTOfi yexHHeHBot Aoposs^i — pan xsa hjdi ipi xQxoxin xo seifo- 
nux^E BopoTB, H HO sairt^aA pascTuaBmaroca nepex^ hhitb caxa, 
noxoacaro na napnB, cMOTp&iit na ^^acax% Aona; cebosb niono- 
npHTBopenniifl craBHH ne npoHHsan nn exHRHft zyn cwbtA. 

— Xejiajii 6£i a snaiB, ÓBurB-M 6h sl cuctihbi,— saxanoBS 
ce6i BonpocTB,— ecn 6u cran Bjax^iu^em oioro xoxa, nia npe- 
xpacnyio seny h sna^xTennoe cocronBie? Bbjo Bpenx^ BorAa s 
BOO({pasaji| no Mory cyn^ecTBOsaTB toj&bo b% WMfiWfoA Jionxon-' 
CROfi JUREH, nOy nošen 6iiThj a 6u cxiliaicfl, mmujĚj aexyp* 
Huni ceACBHni sireieni, ecin 6u toj&bo Óhjtb c«ceihb:b. Bo8* 
BpamaacL na cbok) xoposBy nocjrib oxnot nn bthxb odanoBOSs 
nepexK aBejriteHma Boporann, ^son TpeBepron, wh yxHBJíeniD 
CBoeny, saM^nn^ no owh yse ne okmb% na arot xoposKÍi« 
BucoKifi vysvEna, saBepnynifi bi mnpoBOe naa&TO, a saspmot 
CBJíaABaMH mepcranoro nap^ nncneft uctek) jun^ nexienno 
npoxasHBaicfl bsbxb h Bnepex'B, nepex^B yaenLBOfi jtepesoHoft 
XBepbK), npoxtaannofl bi cmoboB cr&ni. Ilpn neB^nom csfai 
neBOSMOSHO Ůuio pascnorptTB napysnoci^ aroro 96J0BÍBa, iteis 
(k>.iie, HTO Jii^o ero 6hio saspinro nojunn munn n csjaxaaiai 
map^a; fljmjowh TpeBeprom^ noxoBpHiejoao nonax&rB na nero^ 
HXfl MHMO Bajinm, n npomen xajune, xo canaro noni^a xo- 
posBH. Rorxa owb noBepnyji naaax^i to c% yxnueníeMA saiA- 
TMI, HTO BBJíHTBa OTBopona, B HesnaBonei^^ croán na noporft, 
pasroBapHBax ch Bin-ro^ naxoxmmiCB n ca^y. Asons Óncrpo 
noxajcfl Ha8ax'B, seiai, cbojuo nomno, pascMorpiTB Toro, cb K6m 
nesnaBonei^ roBopnn; n, npH($jiiBacB vh caxoBoi ffiepi, ycjiixaím 
rojoc&i eny o^eoB xopomo snaBonul, roiocB JIopii MaiLBOJun. 



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PA8AB0BIH0I šomiTO. 265 

— Ham pinnrrei&HO nei^t) onac&i&cfl| iro Hairb noM^maDii^ 
^mópMMŘ OHa,— BJi Bpexnonrai) 6edkfpv9ab n bbme vh OLfj. 

Heseaioom^, Basuoa, Koieteica, npctepnomn hto-to he 
cKTi *csyrb*j H BasoHe^B Bomea^B vh ca^ib, XBepB Boroparofle- 
MXieiHo sa HBm saTBopuacb. 

Asoffb TpeBepiOBrb nonH OKaiieHftjrL otb ororo cayqaa. Kxo 
xon ůsob 9ion miortn, BOropaTO umocb MajasonirB npHm* 
MTh yxpaxKofi? Sto Mon aro Óeitb sam ne xattEHi dobjioh- 
im, nxot-HifiyxB oÓDsaTen^ o KoropovB obe raaia, hto oh^e 
BW)ciGiH% M, H KOTOparo nocínieHui npEHEnaia TaisHicb nocrax- 
m» nůfmowh. OrEpiiTÍe sto ^qmeiraaĚHO nopasMO TpeBeproHa; 
HO Enim BHHiTb owb He jiAiik o0MCHm ceM cjy^aa, boto* 
pm TOiuo-vro tiírn emfjbtejíewh. Ooh saKyp&n moBpo cvrapy, 
ptBnremiKB sxaiB na ffipomsA luzoxa droro HejiOBisa. Ilpomio 
miyn XBamarB, HaBooeq!& ABepB vb caxowfl crtni 0TB0pHJiac&, 
KBHaBQMeitft BHmen i yxajnucit ÓHcrpmiH maran; jS^asoffE cji%* 
AOBUi 8a BBWh la npHjnnHOifi paacTOflHÍH. Oh^e Bomeirb bo 
iBOpi rocnsHiipi, HaxoABBmeiefl se B^aiexi otb sáMaa, vfjb ero 

WĚWPh TBThy Vh BOTOpOlTb XpeMďtjrB HeJI0BÍB3b» XepsaBBlit B082B 

n pyiaxi* HesHaBOMei^ii jerxo bcbo^bjce wb dBanasi, BsaxE 
B0SS8 fln pyvB cjyri b Óticrpo yBaTB.n, v% BejiABOiiy pasou* 
pcumu) mciepa TpeBqrroBE, BoiopBiĚ ne pascMorp&n xase bbiví 
ero, fl fle BMin BBBasot BoaMoasBOciB npocjAxnE ero j»shme. 
On, Bpa^xft} Bomen vb uuennyio rocniBBBi^, noTpe<$OBaji% 

(^ COXOBOl BOAH B BOXBB, ^TO0H TOnBO BM^TB BOSMOSBOCTB 

cnpocBTB, Bsto oiOTB rocnoffiHi, ^rrb cet^aa yšxan; ho xobbbsb 
TOttxo B BBaji^, no FBTB ocTBBOBBJíCfl y efo ABopeft CB nojix*qaca 
tOKj Ba8ax'E B no aomaxB npBBasaao 6hjio js^hrb d^aa. 

— ^ejioB^Bs, ocraBaBmiftcB npB jomaxB b dBenasi, npBmejťB 
CDw sa craBaflOMi boxbb jía^ xsesTJiBiieBa, — caasajii obi, — bo JiBi^a 
neBTAvena b ae siwu^. ^^bi XpeseproBi nocjii btofo bob- 
BpaxBJCB Wb GaanicoBairB) nyBCTBym ců6i owbb hbjobbo. Ob% p%- 
iiiirB noBBxaTBCfl cb mbcci Mbjibbojibvb Ba e3%xyK>niee yrpo, xo 
CBoero onisxa mth rasurSpcra, cb t&a no6H yasaiB xo*^ hto* 
laSjMjb o TaaBcrBeflBoiTB opi^H^ BesBaBomiia bx mapoBOMi najiBTO. 
Bertxcnie oioro owb bwšbbjtb cbob njaBs, b xotíxb ^xbtb vb 
Jiimfpwh m oo&xoirBy otxoxhbdibmi nocii nojiyxHa; bb ^ac% ottib 

XBUeB BTB aáMOKB. 

BIb€C% MaABBOIBlTB 6fUA XOMB, B OTO CBOBB BpOBeiB KB Ba- 

iaeiBĚ^ rx!i obi Baeprae yBBxaJ% ee. Ovb oootfn^BjrB el o 
cBoon HpeAUOoiaraeMovB (mAsfíí^ ht6 bo xoxsbo ůsao ee oco- 
tíeBBO yxBBBTB, laBB Basi 0H*B roBOpBn et to se canoe npB bxi 



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266 noTBm upono. 

socj^XHefi Bcrpivi Ha jjrry. 3ajiwh ohh noroBopHJiH Haoioro* o 
nocTopoHHHXi npexveran; ona cb nojraHin caMOodianaHÍem, 
owh n oveBHXHinii CMynieHiem; EMoneu^h^ wocA xobojbho 
neiOBiot najavy OffB Hanajnb: 

— AtLj X&9 scraTH, mhcci Mai&RO»irB, ecn oxho o6cT0ts- 
leiBCTBO, o KOTopoMi SL CTarai) oBOHiTB AOJFMCb mftowpwih Ch 
BaxB. Mošen (Siitb, oho ■ ne mšerL loft aaicHOcniy Kasys) a 
euoHeffB npHxaaaTK eiiy, ho vb TaKom yexHHeHHOKB jfiT^wsh 
CBOHi fflufk, vh sajion va SHaere, HaiBsa ne (Sm cmnaorn 
ocToposHHiTB. B^epa BewpoMi, xoBOJEHO noaxHO, a somen npoft- 
THCB H BHsypHTB CHTapy; MHŠ npHHiiocb npoxoAHTfc HO yaeHUQÉ 
XopoxR^) Efjmfii Bxott samero caxa. 

Obi ocraHOBBJKm na miayTy. Jlopa MaiBHOJBVL ssxporHyxa; 
OMy noaasajocB^ íto ou craja Óiíxh^ ^m% (tua opea^xe, lim 
OHI saroBopHJi ofo sroirb x^iJtiy ho riasa ea CMorpias na nero 
ch TBepxHiťBi zora h BoopociTaiBniurB BiipaaLemem^ ho cm* 
paacB BOBce můbvdkTh ero Bsraiix&- Osb npoxojsan: 

— Si yBHxajTL Mys^HHy Bscosaro pocra, ovchb aasyranHaro 
B% najiBTO H map^ ci coBepmeHHo saspEiTiiMi lai^oirB, pacza- 
acHBax)ntaFO B8ax'B h Bsepexi, nepexi MaieHBiot xfiepBD vh caxo- 
Boi ciíhí. IlaTB iiHvyrB cnycra, vh uoeuj BeiBsoiry yxHBjeHU), 
XBopB OTBopajacB H HedHaaoMeiVB 6iij^ sny^eH^B fb cax>. TaaH- 

CTBeHHOCTB, ROTOpofi BCe 8T0 6lU0 OÓJeHOHO, HO MOTJa ne BBymHTB 

onaceHÍi RasxoMy, sto tojibbo npaHEMaerB ymcňt rb odaraie* 
zsTh BToro xoMa. fl, paayiftoícay saRiD^ajrB, hto bto oxaa hstb 
cayautHoiTB, raftaoirB Bnycnua BaBoro-BBtfyxB CBoero noBiOHanuu 
Ohi ho bb CB^BXb Ůují^j roBopa bto, TBepxo BcrpiniB B8raax> 
JIopu MaiBXOJBMi, — cnoRoftme aspasenie bi ea uasax^ a lenep^ 
ne hsmíhhjiocb. Asohi TpeBeproHi, a ne ona, saiiajca a ony- 
CTKTB rjasa. 

— Raaoro-HHÓyxB CBOero nouoHaHica,— noBrepaja hhcc^ Maab- 
KOJBiTB. SaanTB, Baif% bsb^cthOi t!D HeoHasomia n caxi Boy- 
cTBja a^eHopiHa? 

— Aa,~0TB%«ajn ohi, chjhbho osaxaieaniifi ea canootiiaxa- 
BÍeiTB. <S cjHmaxB aceHCEift roiocB. Eorxa HeHaBterniift Binnea-B, a 
xaii'B cedt Tpyx> nocrtxoBaiB sa hhki, h 0TBi»m, qto BBSxfanHRX% 
Mioraz^B ero Hasro ne sHaerB, — ^[uutrB, aeropBft, pasyMtopea, x6- 
JWTb BciD 8Ty HCTopia) ente ÓojAe noxosparejiBHOft. S zatao, ^nco 
rpa6esH o6iticHOBeHHO coBepoiaanca npa coxUcrBia loro-iitfo ii3ib 
npacjyra; saaa), w;poíA totOj mo aiiy^ecTBO, Bib stoitb ffoA HaKOr 
xaH^eecai Tasoro poxa^ ^ro xoacen opaB^eiB sa eeda BHntame 



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PÁ3XB0SEH0I KOUHTO. 367 

pistfofiHiiKOBi no npo^^eccui; Bon noveny a cfejii CBoeft o^ssqm- 
Boenio cootfnpiTB beitb 060 Bceirs mhok) be^iíihhomi. 

— Bu owHB Ao6pii, HO, no c^acTBH), fl Hory coBepmenno 
yenoKOHTB Bací nac^erb cepeópa h xpynixi i^^hhhxi npeAMeroBi, 
n 9Tom xoiffi HExo^fln^AzcH. ^ejiOB^Ri, icoroparo bii bhx^jh 
BHepa BeiepoMi, ne pa36o8HHKi, a kb ca^s snycrajia ero— a. 

— HeysejiH? 

— Jl|a. 9ro oxHiTB not poxcrBeEnn^b, sejiaBmiĚ nOBHxaTBoi 
co MBOl, HO ne sejiaBmift sBHTBCfl cioxa o^Hi^aiBHO n cjysHTB 
npexieioirB tosbovl h pasroBopovB Bctxi FasjíBrépGřrcBHn arare- 
lel. Offh nHcan mhí, hto csopo ({yxers npoibaxoiii bi na- 
mm uicsKVhy h t sejiajii co mhoB BHX%T&cff tiesi CBvxlTejiett. 
Hin, cepBSsHo; ony BsxyiiasocB npiibxaTB cioxa n HacrynieHÍeirB 
Bon H yšzaTb, jsbwl ohb naiaran, nesairtwHHHirB. 

— HaxtncB, bs ne co^rere moha BMiBBmuBuwh, vsi-Ba Toro 

TOrnOy ^TO 2 BarOBOpHJTL O&h 9T0irb, MBCCB MajlBROJIBlIl? 

— Hhckojíbro. Ob Bamefi croponii Bnojini ecreciBenHO satfo- 
mBCfl o tiesonacHOCTH xoMa. 

— Ho Bamefi; Hax'£K>CB, b& n0B§pHTe, vro mbcjh moh Óojiie 
sastm Bamefi ($e8onacHOCTBH)| ^iwh xophctojh)6bmimh onaceniflHH 
Bi cKTh i^octh crapHHHaro cepetfpa h xaprBBrB. A lenepB, 
an sarB a noRHxaK) FasjíBreperB, mhcci MajBxojiBirB| to Mory*jH 
ocBixovHTBCfl o BamEXB HJiaHaxi na Óyxyqee? 

— Ohb noHTH ne BacjiysHBaiorB 9Toro nasBaHifl. E naM^pena 
oepeizaTB h9b btofo xona na SBapriipy, o soropoB roBopHJia cb 

Bttl HaXHBXl— Bon H Bce. 

— He xyMaere-JiH bv, ^to Bani noBa^Rercfl o^eHB cayno sbtb 
Oipofl? He jynme-JiH ÓBi beitb 61120 npiioTHTBCfl vh RaKOii'B-Hii- 
(fXk naHcioH^ ciOBOMi, rx:6-HH6yxB rxt 6u bu hmíjh otfn^ecTBO? 

— tfl yse jiynuíí o&h btoitb, ho exBa-jH uui npHxercfl 
m jsjuA oxHOO^pasHaa pyriHa msojiEz hjh nandoHa; a nperotOBH* 
iiCB n mucjh, ^to shshb MOfl 6yxeTB CKy^HOBara, ho iricra 8x:lm«- 
iH a o^eHB jno6jiio; Rpoirfi Toro, a sxtcB ne jamena xpy^fi- 

— fl nojiarax). y BaeB, BOHennOy MHOsecTBO xpysefi fb 
FiUBrtpcrt. 

— Hítb, HeMBoro. ň ne oÓJiaxaio cnocotfHOCTBH) cocrauaTB 
cett xpyseciia CBflBH. Ha cašrt acero XBa hjh Tpn qejoHbBa, hb 
«et DpHBBsaHHOcn a ya^pena, ohb oxhh noHBMaiorB Měna. 

— HaxI^DCB, ^TO cepxAe aame ne bhojhí HexocrynHO hobbmi 
iHiaiTB. EcTB BonpocB, ROToparo Bf HORaartcTB, RaciTBca ne 
6aio 6u acecTORO npHCxynaTib vh Bhwb ci hhiii kb TaBoe 

Vy Borxa a Bnaio, hto xyioi^ sama nojna tocrok> no yiiep- 



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S88 BSCTHin KBřOQil. 

HieMii; HO sorxa mcraHen (Sjuux)npuiTBti[ XHHyra, nosBOibTe hhí 
ynoBaifc, ito a^o Hoe ae buoih^ ÓeBHaAeauo. — Ohi rosopui OHeni 
HeyBÍpe&HO| hió KasajoeB crpaHHmrB bi TaBom ohhthomi^ CBl^ 
cbom:^ h6jíob£b£. Jlopa Mai&BOJiBirE aioip^a na nero Bce rin 
se TBepmwh BsraflAOMiy saBHici Bcrp&THaa ero BsrjBxi, Borxa 
OH^B roBopen o Hauot Bcrpini HaBanyH^. 

— Rorxa HacraHerB ($jiaroiipíflTHaa MBHyra, bii safix^ie ueu 
roTOBoS BOBHHoiaTMft seMBÚiirB Moero Ójarox^iejiB,— cnoBottHO 
OTB&TBwia OHa, ^ÍL Be c^iiTaK), hto6u co6jK>xeHÍe ycjOBÍff, BupaaMi- 
Htirb Bi ero jQrxoBHOM!B saBibn^amHi Morio xociaBHn cfserie 
R0My-Hfl6yx^ mn naci; ho í JH)6ua ero cinnsoMíB v&bho, fiy 
ero naMtiE cjmniBOicB aespeHno, ^xothii BOcnpoiBBímcfl oqrqe- 
CTBieHÍK) ero njanoB^ 

— Ilo^ejcy 6u vrouj 8aB'6nMtHÍD ne ynpooTB namero c^acriii 
Jlopa?— cnpocHJTB ^aaorn^ TpeBepiOHi, cb Bnesannofi h&khoctbk>.— 
HeyseJiH Hiin Ha^easAii, htoÓu h Eovffirx^ McsywsMJFh Bamy 

JlfOÓOBb? 

Ona nenajiBHO nosauia rojOBOft. 

— jQ[io(SoBB OHOHB pi^ao paBBHBaerci vh Hamsxi Ch Basu 
ycJiOBÚm^ MHCxepB TpeBepiOffB. 

— Mil MOseiTB cociaBBTB cqacTUBoe HCBjiK)MeHÍe h^b o(ki(aro 
npaBHja. Ho b CBasajr^^ro ae xo^y roBopHTB o(Í!b 9tom% ceroxHi. 
Si mejiaH) TOJiBRO, ^rsoda bei hobí^pbih, ^to a He aecB ymen n 
paaeqeTHi ito meí aerve ÓyAen jBmHiBefl ororo eocroasia, ^iai 
BacraBBTb Bací BciyaniB wb HeHasHcrHut amsi BacB 6paB!B* 

Mhccs MajiBBOJiBMi BHTOro He OTB^^ajia aa 8Ty pin; a^ ao* 
roBopHBi eiue aicBOJibBo MHayii o aocropoBaaxi npeAMeran, 
JÍ^TBiOWh TpeBeproHi apocrajicfl cb nex). 

— Ofla apnaeTB aoe DpexioseBÍe,— roBopaji mrh cetfi, 
BuflAa H3i xoay. — IIo RpaSneft uipi^ uz% caoBi ea bto xosho 
6ujQ 8aBJK>iHi%; ocrajBBoe— MOfl satSoia. Jí^ímo, no Bpaflael lAýk, 
HawTo. Ho BTO MOserB Óíitb btotb nejioBtoB, noveny oe% noc&- 
thj['b ee Tasain^ Tafinuui, ae&iaropoxHtiirb o6p9MWh? Ecib^^b xa 
ŮujíK Haa^e nocraBieau, no oiaomeHÍio xpjn> kb xpyry, ecju&h 
a aiofiBJíi ee, b Óei aacroBJí^B na Óojiie hojihomi otiuiCHeaiH. 

^ Obtb BOSBpaTBJCB KB CaxnooaaMi, sfltejaa apocrai^cfl co cbohhb 
ApyaBflHB. Orpan^itt 6ují% coBdbici roroBi, mo6si bcstb ero aa 
craHAiK), fl Bacruan ero oÓi^niiaTBy ito ohi wbtb apaBatarB BfB 
FaaxbrepcrB, bbb^b tojbbo oMy ÓyxerB MoaaaOy b oeayen vb ero 
AOmí cbok» r^asnyio BBaprapy, vb ary, b bo bc% npo«itB cbob 

DOtSABH. 

— MHoro-raBB aam eo^e npBxeicfl oSbbchbtbcb vh jíki6m^ 



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PA8AB01HH0I KOnHTO. 269 

eiHTU on BuniniHflro jsflSL h ffi xoHita roxa, — ae <íe9h lOKopa 
8a]itTv.n MHcrep^ CaifiicoBi. 

OffB tfua^b FB o^eHB xopoineH!E pacnojosemH xyxa, tari sasi 
n 8T0 caMoe yrpo asute MHcrepy Xpemprony A^Hen B3aflHu, na 
o^en BBra;(HHXi ycjfOBÚixi, h npflHHMan jinHce sHBoe yHaciie 
n joDÓOBEJUTh A&iarL h seHRT^ aroro x^eHTuiieHa. 

fyíowh TpeBepTOHi BOSBpatejicfl fb ropoA'B noHTH vh TaROirB-se 
saxymiiBoifb Hacrpoemn, bi RaioirB HaxoAHaca bo Bpeiui nyre- 
mecTBU vh FasjíBrepcTB. fi&si offb hh oÓAyuiiBajii cBoe SHiefi- 
oeoe njaBasie, BnepeAH eny bhxh^bcb onacHUA CBajatu, h obi 

COMBiBaJCfl FE CBOeft CnOCOdeOCTH BStSisaTB EX^b. 

Bb caiEoft rjiyjSoBoft xaJH MejiBxajH orné raBaHH; ho mos^ 
mot rasanK) h yrzot Jia^^efi, sauionaDii^eft vh ce&b ero cy;(b6y, 
csojBxo eo^e ne^ieft h ph^b^i — ohi ^ojseei ESB^x^Tb bcd etb 
oncHoeTB, npeaixe hími choroSho 6pocHis asopBl 



rjuaa IV.~IIIhr5. 

Obojo OToro BpeMeHB, wh nmcjii pasHooÓpaBHuxB o($sflBjeHÍff, 
yipamaBinHxi criHu, seji^HO-AoposHira apRH h npo^ifl BiyH^ 
iipoD4AaK)ii\u npocrpaHCTBa ropoxa JIoHxoea, noABHJOCB oaho TasH- 
eiBeHBoey xBycJoseoe cjobo, BHAHi^Bmeecs noBCioxy: ZStitcd,— th- 
raBTCKHiiH sesTEiMH ({ysBaiíH, no HepHOMy ^ny. Caiuit 6aH8o« 
pyiíl rjasi HenpeM^HHO ysexerb axy Ha^necB, caMHit anaTH^HuS 
jn BOBiHMŠerB, no noBo^ eii, xora CMyifloe neAoyM^nie. IIIhró! 
9io dTo snararB? ^eiOB^necRoe jm bto hma, hjih HasBanie neo^iy- 
mesieHaaro npexMera? }í,ásl íjím ara niTyBa, hjiii x-^x Tya^iera? 
]f(«erB, mapjiafSHcxoe leRapcxBO ams, jnoxoff^ hjh MasB, savie^EBaio- 
iqui paHH na JonuiAHHQrB noraxi? HobuS dio BBsnasi, r86i, 
inuescTByion^tt saMiHHTB HBB^CTBKit Bceiiy cB^Ty R8(H FaHCOMa, 
UK BHOBB HsotJp^to^mafl MamBHa j^sl cptenBanifl p6nu? MoacerB 
<bnh 810 HasBanie noBaro nepío^H^ecRaro laxania? IIIhró! Bi ca- 
Mom aayxi 6u20 ^to-to yBieRaTejiBHoe. ^Ba Roporsixi ciora 
jetso co(»aiB3UBaAH cb HsiiRa: IIIhrď. ýjiH^Hue 6poxflrH Hao 
loet CHjni CBonrB jierRHX'B opaan oto ciobo, ho snafl) h bobco 
m seiafl ysnarB ero BHaneHifl. Ho npesAe iíitb bth rpona^Hua 
t^niH yrparuH cbok> nepBOHanaďBnyK) CB&RecTB, (k)jBniaji ^acxB 

ilBCCHOieft JIOHAOHCROfi JlOJIO^eSH, MeXHI^HHCRie CTyX6HTH| RJepRH, 

upuanjie y pasHux^ crpanHHxi, jerROMucjeHHue AsenTJiBMeHH 
wm BoeflHaro MHBHcrepcTBa, 6oiie CRpoMHiie lOHrani w^ Coicep- 
Wfr^nqrBa, ropoACBie ^paHia bb diecTHu^BX^B mjuinaxi, Bcer^a 



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270 jmffim ufoub. 

HtnpaaaflBiirieci vh lesaoteS sa sana^ ciopoHi^ ropová, n to 
BpeMfli Korxa coíHi^e cuorajiocb si saiaTy, pasyseaiH Bce Ha cwvb 
mnou niiifió 6iua m-Ue IIIhbí>, nepaafl laeitOBiivuia b% šopo- 
jOBCKom npHHi^a ^pejepm Teaipi; h, BpoMi loro, do cjOBa» 
aBTopHTeioBi^ BoeHHaro MHHHcrepciBay oxna im KpacHBitmu^b ates- 
mjmb vb JIohxohí. Ea Masepa lani^OBaTL orjmajacb caop&B CMÍbr 
jiocruO) Hiu3^ oootf JBBHMi HcajTCCTBOiTb. Ofla He ůsuLíí nocj^xoBa- 
lejibHHi^efl mKOJH TajiMiBH. Fpaipji, BaintecTBo, ^&lOMyxpeHHaa 
spacora, npHcyiqía aiofi Aasno-icHerayBniefl niKoai, 6hih el oo- 
BepmeHHo HeESB^HH. Oea 6u craia naxi BaxH cM&iTbCfl, ecisfo 
BH saroBopHiH cb Heft o II083ÍH Vb ffiEMeuisíTb. Ho sa TO, Borxa 
^0 xoxoxiuo AO aersHxi npusBOKB nepodi bcd ci^eHy, xo na- 
pyBTOKB, npof/kzhLBMBMJiTb Ha Hocsaxi, AO BHcraBjema Ha noBasi 
caMuxi npejecTHim pyvb kb Mipš, xo CMiaaro asríĎa noíHot, 
Ó^jiofi mea,— laBoroBanrt^y Kasoro hh o^wbi CKyninopi ne opa* 
xaji CBoefi MpaMopHofi BaaiaHBŠy — Jla-IIlBsó ne Biriba conepnHqL. 
Ofla ÓEiJia HacToan^aa ^pani^yseHaa. Bx btomi ne 6uao co- 
MBÍiHÍa. Ofla ne npoHCxoxiia hvb anriificKHZ^B aomob!& Bpayna, 
^soHca HaH PodHBBOHa, ne poxHJiacB h ho Btipocjia bi johxoh- 
CKOfi rpaBH, HO 6iiJia apea^ena npocro-Ha-npocro Gapoft hjw Mapa, 
^Totfii BnociixcTBÍH npeBpaTBTbca vb GeiecniHy hjb MapioTiy. 
Saapa IIIaBO 6Hjia copnaa Tpaaa, aupocmaa na raiucsofi no^at. 
Oua ce6sL nasHaaja ncrofi napasansoft, ho ea aaroBOpi ■ hšbo- 
Topae oÓopoTu ýÍHE BH^aBaja ee, npocaio^eHHoe yxo ea cooreme- 
CTBeHHHBOBB yra^uBajio ea npoBHHi^ajiBBoe npoHCxosxeme. Otih- 
naam^aaca cbohmh BipHonoxAaHHB^ecKBHa HyBcraaiiH a ÓJiarove* 
CTiem, EperaHB HM^bia ^ecib 6íitb poxanoft maso. Ea HeBHHHoe 
AÍtctbo nporeBio noxB ^aroBUMH xepeBbaMHi b 6jh8i pejnaBÍt 
CBaTHxi yroxHHKOKB, RE 0p8. J^o AeBBTHaxiV^TB-ji&^Baro Bospacra 
ona He BBxiiBaja na xaHHHaro paxa ociinaTeuBun óyjbaapoBi, 
Hcve8aK>n^aro, nepex^ ea rjasaMH, bi HeBHXBMoft xaiH, hh 6e8* 
ucjoHHHxi ^Hapeft, HH Boame^HHXi kíocbokb; a Measxy T&n>, 
Bce 8T0 6uA0 BeflaMipaifo BnyniBTejLHie h npeapacH^, híitb CBaepB 
^recsieHa vb ^aHan^i HjjuoMaHoaaHHuft xecaTbH)*mcauMH ^aa- 
pHBOBiy vb npasxHHHHyH) Hou. 3xk3», vb napasi, shshb — laKS 
ÓyxTo, ÓesKOHeHHHfi npaaxHHSb. IlapHsi — OTianaiift ynaTejiB, rpaH- 
xioeniifl npocBtTHiejiB npoBHHiuajBHiixi yiioBi. IlapflJKi odiacHHJib 
UlaaOi ^iTO ona npeapacaa. Ilapasi pacroaaoBan IILhbOi vto ro- 
pasxo npiaTHle BepT^Tsca h npuraTb, vb Ticaurb paxaxi, oociaB- 
jieHflHxi Effb xpyraxi Illaao, vb pasin^HHrB BoameÓniixi npex* 
CTaaiefliaxi, saai-To: «Cnan^aa BpacaBBAa»| hjb «OjeHB cb ao* 
jOTHMi omeftHBBOM^B*! Óyxy^H npa btoitb otf^eieHHoft rb o^eub 



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PiflABoimoi RomiTO. 271 

lopaieHuoe luftTMi^e, CBepsai aajoroirB k tfiecrsaiíK, cb pacny- 
mpassME no lueiairb BOJOcaMH, vh mMMBJorh tfonimcazi no kul 
nHOJieoHxopa sa napy, — ^in paÓoraTB na nalSepesnoft q^exn 
opaioe^ IIIhso npiizaja vh Ilapisi a isjbihv> sapatíorarB cetfi 
tpencTBa Kb juwH, X ona sapalSornBajia htl, o^esb npúiTHiiirb 
xu cefia oÓpasQMXy n sa^ecrrt ýarypanTSE fl xopx-Ae-tia.iert; 
oea, BOHMEO, tfuianyjBffB o<te«ei cymfb nacjiaswBiS^ xocraejue- 
sscn 8iHiTejnE> BTniiH Bejnsojinaum ^puHH, no y aioro Hyai 
(Sbjh ^yxHiK rjiasa, pocsomnae dojocHi cípofinaa ^rypa n nso- 
mecKaji esisecrBy npnBjeBaBmie BEHname OTx^jbHiixi jihi^. 

Bciopš ona craxa Kpaoot ((ajera h cxi^ajiacB ipesBiiialno 
lenpiama ruBEiiirB TaH^0BI^■^all'b, xoropiu CHHrajiH spacoTy ei 
jiqBOCTBK) H noiBSOBajHCB BCflBíMi yxo^HHicb cjy^aeirE, mo6u 
oc&ffiiB ee. Ho RB TO se Bpeicay Kan ea noxb otbocejtch ki nett 
BejacKOBO, npexciaBHTejB 6ojiie cypoBaro noia Óhjh OMenb ois- 
HH CB iq)eBpacBOfi IHhbo. EaiemelcTep^B ywai ee pauniHuirB 
ná) soiopHxi ne noRaaiiBaji^B hh oxnoB bsi ea TOBapoBi, naxo- 
XBBmsxca noxB ero pyaoBOACTBOMi; oni BaofíUFb boshoshoctBi 
OTB BpeMeHH xo BpeiieHH, AMMTb ett cojo; okb ee Tojnan vh 
lepBEie paxii; no ero coBÍrry, osa nepecemacB hkb 6ojiBmoTO 
leaipa, btb aoropoiTB ne HM&ia nnKaBoro Bna^eBia, rb xpjtoŘ 
TeaipB noMCEBme, vh cryfjdB^ectowh BBapTaJš. To 6ujn> o^enB 
nonyjapniit, xaienBut leaipi na jšbom^b Óepery Genu, cpe^n 
jaÓnpHHia ysREx^B yjBi^rb n bkicobbxb xomobi, Mes^y Mexníi^HncBott 
maojiott m C!op6oBnofi; bxícb ona BCBOp^ wbx% danrajia. «9to 6iua 
caMaa MHjenBsafl hsb mohxbbpucb*!— eBCoauui^nieM^BBOcuHitajrB 
(SajemeftcreprE, Rorxa IIIbbo ynua otb nero. «9Ta x^Bonaa nofi- 
xeTB AueKO»,— roBopsai pesHCcepx, cepxflCB na cetfa sa to, ^to 
no8BaiU!B 9ioi xpacHB^Smefi hbb cbohxb Bopa^^eerB BscioiBBHyTB 
y nero bkb pyK'B, — «bx neB octb niH]BB>. 

Bb ciyxen^ecKoiťB TeaTpnvb maso namjia cyjs,h6j cbok); Apy* 

TBMB CIOBaMH ^J^bCh BnOpBIie JBEKBLJFh 00 Ofl MJVh. OffB ÓHJTB 

aHr.iB^aBBH:B, Beji xobojbbo fiypnyx) shsbb cpexi OToro caiiaro 
ciyxenHeexaro sBapTaja napásá, shjib B80*XHfl bb xohb, 6ujl% 
o^eHB &bffivby o^eEb juem,^ njoxo noxroroBieffB bb Tony, iroóu 
a caxoro-To ceOa npoBopnHTB. Oni Óhjtb oxapem tj^mh pasnooó- 
paaHHMB TauuffraMB, botopumh p^xao xocniraiorB cepB68Hiixn& pesyn- 
TatoBB. Ofl^b nncai^B HacjuinHMn BpacBaMH, rpasapoBajitB, nijii, 
irpaii na Tpexi ejol ^erepex^B nncrpyMenTax^B co BBycom n 
BupasenieirB, no TOxnnBa ero Óiuia njioxa. Owh nHcajBXJuiBOME* 
wcBBX^B sypnajOBB, no sypnajni bte o6HBBOBesEO OTBasHBaiE bb 
noMin^eBÍE ero npOEBBexeniž, eje ne6pesno omocuECB bb bemb. 



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272 VKfBxn iBPonH. 

UdodýbTB owh xaKÍJi-BB({ysB ciih^bh mxe npBxyMafi ycoBepmeHCTBo- 
Banie jwí msefteoft MamiiHH, ohi, nošen Óurb, h aasui 6u €e($i 
cocTOflHÍe; ho ero TajaHin, BecEMa npHroAHue bi rocniHofi, exBa- 
BMfssL cnacajiH ero on rojoxHot CMepra. He ocoÓeHHO noAxowqtt 
otiosaieiB 6uxh owl ajih Moioxoft oco6u hse npoBHHipK, sejias- 
mel arpaiB vh sbbhb (Somnyio pon; ho obi Cujhl RpacHBi, 
xopomo BOcnBiaH^B, aa bomi jeatan tot& oco($eHHiifi orneHaiosi 
fijaropojM^HBOCTB, BOToparo se BsnaxBn bb ti^AHOcn, hb i^EiraH- 
CKaa sbshb; no mbíbíh) IIIbko, om 6iu% caMHfl npBBiexaTeABHl 
Hej[OBÍBi, sasoro oaa Borxa-jBtfo Bcrpi^ajia. CjtOBom, eiiy apa- 
BBJíacB spacBBaa laHifOBn^ifa, a OBa oóosaia ero. YBJíe^eflie 
6iijio o6oK)ABoe; to 6iua nepsai crpaciB h bi ea, a lasjce b bi 
ero SB3HB. 06a Kpinso bípbjb bi cbob TaiaBni b vb Új^jmee; 
o6ř xyMaiH, ^ao mth HysHOTOiBBO sbib, hto6h sojiy^BT^ b 6o- 
raicTBo fl ejaBy. 

niHKO on npapoxH Be Óiua pascveiJiBBa. Ona jno6ua jnčn- 

TE^ BO TOJBBO lasifl, BOTOpiU MOrja TOnaCB BCTpaTBTB; eft BySBH 

6un KSBhTE Ha spacBBEifl uaiu, aa xoponrie o&bffi^ Ha bebo, 
BOTopoe 6ii bíbbjocb b Brpaio sa cojHq^, na nporyjXB fb 
HaeMHHX^b 8BBnaaua% no EyioBCBOiiy Ji^cy. O xenBrarB^ OTsaa- 
XUBaeBux^B Ba fiyxyn^ee, aa tfojiidBb, aa ciapocTb, aa 6e8«ci6B- 
BUB sBieficBÍB norpefiaocTB, oaa BBRorxa a ae f^uM^. HaBor^ia 
ae HBTaBaiB Topai^ia, — nošen 6iíitb ae cjraxasma AdLMe o&b ero 
cyn^ecTBOBUBíiB,— oaa 6iiJia rjiyÓOBO npoaaBayTa ero ^aioco^efi. 
JIoBBTL MBByiy yxoBOJiBCTBÍa a npexocTaBBTB sBarpamaeiiy fpjo 
saóoiy o aem— TasoBO 6um aa^axo a Boaeit^b ea npeMyxpocn. 
Oaa jLKÓEJSí MOxoAoro aarxaqaaaaa a Bumxa 8a aero saiiyzí, 
saafly HTO y aero sin rpoma^ apoiii sojioiofi MOBerii, aoTopofl 
oai xOJseai ůaxh sanjiaTBTB sa axi CBaxetiaHft ofiixi, aacxoJBSo 
ae 8a6oTflCB o doc4%xctbíbxi bxi Ópana; oaa, nocpexa CBoero 
cvacTÍB, TBBse MBJO noBBMaja, TBBse aaxo pascysxajia, saB^B pe6e- 
HOBi. VLiíith BpacBBaro MysHaay, xseaukMeaa no posAesíD h 
BOcnaraBÍK), CBoam jB)({0BaBB0Mi a paCom, apaBasan exascTBea- 
aaro ^exoBÍ^Ba, oBjax^smaro ea BooÓpaseaiem, aa-a^SB kl cbo- 
Bin loósam — tbkobo 6uso noaatie UIbro o ctoctíb. Oaa 6ui^ 
Baepra^ecBafl Mojoxaa seaa^Baa, b xo ceft naByrii npo6BBaja 
ce6t nyrb bb sasBa 6em nonoa^a poxaurB, xpyBeft, 6eBB neť 
m6o 8a6oTU o aefi, 6e8B cobítobb, 6em yBasaflifi, to^bo coio- 
neaBa, yBj^tesaeifafl leHeaieMB sasBeanofi pbsa,— ao ae jiameaBas^ 
TBepxaro, co6cTBeaaaro npexcraaieBifl o tomb, ayxa oaa seiaer&l 
6uTB saaeceaaoft. Bb Mys^ oaa ae se;ia.ia bbxítb oneByaa. Oflal 
ae osBxaxa, mo obb craaen patiotaTB x^a aea, 6yxen coxepj 



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FASABOIRfiOI KOnUTO. 273 

jtttB ee; ona cMepmeHHO ni»iifHpBjiacB ch uucsin^ ^o xjňáh 
sapaÓOTHBaTB 6yxen ona. 9ra jsfiih napoxa npExasajia ocoóyx) 

ToTE ^^axn, hto iiysi ea npEHaxJieacflrB ri Bucmefi nopo^i 
i»xet, Hcsynan b% ea r^asaxi MHOseciBO HeACcraTsovB. ?to 
OBI HenocToaneHi, 6688a6oTeHi, HaaoBÍKL nopuBORB, hto ohi, na- 
vun yrpoMi ycepxHO paÓoraiB hexl aapniHofii bi Benepy c% or- 
i^tB^eBÍeirB 6pocHr& ee, KasajocB eS eciecTBeHHiiirB. 9to— nopoxa. 
Moarao jh saciaBHTB oxoxHHVbBo jioinaxB BunojHiiTb ly se paóory, 
soTopyi) 6e9^ exanaro npESHaisa HenoKopHOcni HcnoíHirB lepni- 
josaji pa(k>UH jomaxB? 

IHhbo xoposHM MHCJBio O npeBOCxoxcTB^ Hysa HaffB ipy- 
fmeioí TOjnoĚ, H3i BOTopoft npoHsonua OHa. Camie eronopoBs 
6wm vh nasaxi ea xo6pox%Tejui]iB. 

Ohb noseHUHCB; h Tasí Kasi IIIiko 6iijia, kb CBoeitB na- 
jeaiKOirE MipBft, oco(k)t ee Óevh sHa^ema, a mojoaoS anr^^a* 

BIffL HH^ŠM^B pOBHO (Xtísi HC SaflBHXB^ TO liySl, BaKBXH-TO CyXB* 

(nu, npHHfln seflHHO hmb: ero noBCioxy nasuBajiH rocnoxHHi 

niHBO. 

OrpaHHyx) shshb sejiE bth u)ah bi cbohxi ti£xHO-Me6aHpo- 
NiBBHXi KOMHaiazi, KB TpeTBeMi btmbA rpasHOBaiaro xoMa, vh 
rpasBOBafofi jzBu/b cryxeH^ecBaro sBapiajia, — crpaHHyDytfeasaÓOTHyK), 
pasc&iHHyx) SH3HB; HOHB y Hui oÓpaniajiacB kb x^hb, xeHBnr nua 
san Boxa, HH^ero ne ipeCoBajui ohe otb shshh, HH^ero ne 6pa.iH 
Ch Bex, Kpou/b yxoBoaLCTBMii rpy6aro ^yBCTBeHearo yxoBOJBCTBifli 
XOCTaBjaeMaro xopomHirB oúifpwh h BimiiBBofi; Bo^ysx&K)aiaro 
yWBOJBCiBia, xocraBjaeiiaro Hrpoft hjh nporyjiBaMHi npn JiynnoirB 
cbM, no EyjOHCsoMy jAcy^ h^h HXB^jEHecEaro yxoBOJiBCTBÍay 
XOcraBueifaro BOCKpecTHUME nporyjisaME no napESCSEM^ ÓJiEsafl- 
niBMi oBpecTHOCTBMi, DO Óepery cepeópBCTofi Cenii kb x^EHHBie 
úme XHE, Borxa camift ESB^eHHutt jrlsEBei^B MorB, tfeKB oco* 
(eflflaro ycEJÍE, noxHATBca cb nocrejiE kb noJxeHB; nporyjiBE 9th 
Bcerxa sasaH^sBaiBCB o6íxomx kb BaBOMx-HEÓyxB xepeBeHCBom 
TpaBTEpHHBŠ, rxi Bcerxa siri^jacB fiec^xu, yBinaa BEHorpaxoitB) 
vh Borropofi mosho 6uzo o6íx&tb, e orsyxa mosbo 6ujío cjA^fiUh 
sa npflroTOBjíeEieifB oóixft na Byxsi cb hiepokeitb obbomi, bbi- 
xoxEBinBifB Ha XBop^B H B^B cax^; a lasse npECjyinEBaTBCfl b^b 
ciyBy mapoKB, XOJieTaBmeify esi HEseHBBofi ÓEJjBflpxHoft. EiiBa^E 
shhhíe BOCBpeceHBa, Borxa ohe ne currajiE BOBce HysHBíMi Bcra* 
BtTB xo caBíoxi cyMepesi, Borx» ra3'B yse sasErajica na 
fiyjBBapaxiy e Óiiao BpeME noxynaiB o tomx: rxi 6u ceroxHE no* 
oíSiffin. TáiKB npoBejE IHeko nepBue xsa roxa CBoefi cynpy- 

TOXI I.— ďHBAPL, 1881. 18 



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274 nctrnsm iBPonH. 

seCKofi SH8H1. flcHo, ^TTO noAO^Hoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie norjióntaao Bce, 
Bai^i ecTb^ sajOBaHBe m-me IIIhbo, h na nepHHt a^hb nmtvo 
He oiiKJiaAUBajiocB* Xhbh IHero vb Mip%, bi soropoirB xosx^ 
H Aypnafl noroxa 6híih 6n HeHSB^HH, oh& ne Moraa Menie 
TpeBOSHTbCfl OTHocHTejiBHo 6yjí;yTBiBiVo; ^wb TpeeosHJiacB lenepB. 
Oea sapaÓOTHBajia cboh wmhn Becejo h Tpara^a wrb no-6q)GKi; 
BjacTBOBaja Ha^B uys&ewb vh cnjiy CBoeM saHtqaiejiBHOtt Kpacors; 
rp^jiacb Ha cojhhidr^, fl ynoenin on cBoero BpeiieHHaro (Sia- 
roAeHCTBÍfl; nnjia 6o2Íe maMnaHCKaro, híitb cíšxoBajo vh bhwxi 
coxpaHeHÍfl SAopoBBs H xeHCTBeHHOCTH; CB RaasAHiTB roAOiTB cca- 
BOBHjacb HeHHOSRO vpj&l&e; HHSorAa ne pacRpiiBaia SHHrH, hi 
Majo He saÓOTHjacB o pasBHTÍH cBoero yMa; npenedperaja bc^hi, 
^Tó cjiysHTB HCTHHHUM^B yRpameHieiTB shshb; asHBonHCHyK) Mto- 
HOCTB, cejiBCRift jaHAma^rTB c^nrajia xopomHMB 4K>H0irB a^a 6ytHo3 
BecejiocTH H HBflHaro paBryjia nHRHHRa, ho 6oibe hh na hto ne- 
roxHHMH. Ona HERor^a ne nepecrynajia nopora i^epRBH, pyRa es 
HHRorAa ne noxasaia mhjoctuhh; ona sHJia j^si cetffl h fb caoe 

yXOBOJIBCTBÍe* GOB^H BB Hefi ÓHJIO CTOilBRO Se, CROJIBBO BB 6k' 

6o?R%, ^yBCTBa xojira— MenBrae, hšm^b bb mnufi. 

EcJin JI^saRB IIIhro h ynpeRajiB ce6fl sa totb oÓpasB shshb, 

ROTOpuft OHH BejIH CB SeHOH), H 8a paCTO^HXedlBHOCTB, TO OHB HC 

BHpasajTB cjoBaHH yrpiiseHÍĚ CBoeft cob'&cth. MoseiB (Iutb, ero 
yxepsHBajio jiosHoe nyBCTBO xe^HRaTHOCTH, h ohb HaxoxHjrb, mo 
sena Hii^erB npaBo pacnopssaTBca CBoeB co6cTBeHHOCTBH) no 
CBoejfy ycMorp^HÍK). Ero jn^niie sapaÓOTRH Óíijih HesHa^HreiBHH, 
H RB TOMy se HenocTOflBHu; otb BpeHeHH fp BpeHeHH ohb npo- 
xaBaji^B ToproBi^aMB RaprHHaMH aRsapejiBHuft 8crh3B| hjih pexu- 
TOpB HSB^naro sypnajia ne^aT&sB ero leaTpajBHyH) pei^erauo. 
^eHBrH, nocrynaBniifl vh ctojib Heonpex&ieHHiie cpoRH, ynjiiBaiH 
TaRB se fiucrpo, RaRB HasHBajiHCB. 

— jSjsdRrb upojífiLJťh RapiEHy, — BOCRJiHRHyjia sena: — Moft ny- 
xaRB BsxyMajTb paÓoraTB. no^xenre oti'6AaTB bb rociHHHHiQr EpacHOi 
MejiBHHi](Ei. JI^RB ynjiaTHrB c^otb. 

SaT^iťB npexoxHJiocB tojibro RjiHRHyiB mryRH xb^ jersHXB, 

OTRpUTUXB ROJIACORB, CTOflH^HXBy BB OTOlťB FOpOX^ yX0B0ACTBÍft^ 

na RasxoMB nepeRpecTR^ h co(Ííjia3Hflioii^HXB jitHHBi^eBB na paa- 
jiHHHKifl BRCRypcÍH, coBBaiB HejiOBŠRB mecTB BsÓpaHHuxi xpyseŘ 
xaHHofi MHHyTEi, H HaROHei](B ornpaBHTBOi BB JH)6HMiifi pecTopaH^, 
saRasaTB OT;ď^BHyK> ROMHaTy, xopomeHBRÍfi oúi^b h jiioÚEuoe maii- 
nancRoe, no^xaxB npoRaTHXBCfl no sejeHOiiy jri^cy, noRa noBapeaRi 
aaxuxaioTCfl naxB cbohmb RacrptojAMH, BOSBpaTHiBCfl rb myMHOMy 
nepy, (tb^ctb o6%x^ na otrpeitomb Bosxyxi^, MoaceiB 6stb — nox^ 



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PldXBOIHHO] EOnBTO. 275 

jyiau nojiy^eHEaro cojihii&, Ta»B isan n cenH nacairB IIIhso 
yxe xojsHa Ghtb vb leaTpi, a bi BOoeMB bca napsaccHaa ÓoreMa 
63J»Th fse sxatb, ci Herepn^HÍeiii h pasBHymiiH praiiH, mh- 

HyiH, KOr^a BH($%W!TBHa CnfiBJ ThBISpBíBfíJSfl, CBAHBHKH TJiasaiíH 

I paenyn^eHHHMH no nieHam BOJiocaiiH* IIIhbo cb TewHíeHi spe* 
xeHi ;^ajacB Bce 6oA%e h tíorte noxosa na MBxaHBy. Ea na- 
Hepa TaH^OBSTB craHOHHJiacB Bce cirijiie h CMiiate; ea secrn 
npOBSBOXBjív na ujCjnsuj djieKrpvvecBoe xiftcTBÍe. dra abbíji ;(bh- 
seak ÓiuH ne jiHineHEi B^oxnoBemfi, ho to 6hio Bj^oxnoBenie 
BasxiHiH, a H6 cnoROfiHax rpai^k xpiaAU Hjra Mopcsott hhbi^h. 
Hs^iu eiD MOSHO Óiuo jiK)6oBaTBCfl, HO BCflKÍtt^ BOMy xopora Óřija 
cmaoiHafl sbbhb, AOJseHi Ókiji H8($^raTB ea. Bet BopoTBO ee 
SHaBHiie, roBopa o nel, ne crbcEBímch bi cbohxi BiipaaieHiflxi, 
yse Ha BTopofi vo^h eji cynpyaKecBofi sbshh, h Ha Tperífi cesoH^ 
€fl npefiuBaHk na cjsfiBÍ cryxra^ecKaro learpa. 

— IIIhso HaiHHaen hbtb sasB puóa,— roBopHai ÁHryani 
m opsecrpa, JKnAtiepy^ HsotfpasaBmeiiy soMH^ecKHx^B crapH- 
sobi:— sejiajii 6h a snaTB: Óierb jh ona nysa, sorxa xBaiHTB 
annsee? 

— Ohh, Kaseicfl, SHByix BaBi» RoniBacBCO(SaBoft,— oiBtnaji^b 
Asiep^ — oxHHib ffiVh cojHi^e cbítbtb, na xpyrofi tfypa. Peso, sh- 
Bomceit^Bi KOMHaia Boroparo fb o^^hoitb ci> hbmh BTasi, roBopHJTB 
hhí, qro HHofi pasi, Bor^a vh sBapiupi IQhbo noroxa ÓuBS^evh 
Bjoxafli TO ]rar6cTo rpaxHHi MerňTb narnsH, Óxioxi^a h nycnui 6y- 
nun Hdi-noA^B maiinaHCBaro. Tšmi ho Meslle ohh cípacTHO Jiio- 
<Sm xpyrB xpy™- 

— Si 6u Re ocotieHHO bucoxo i^^hhjtb noxo^nyio sioÓOBb.— 
B0Bpa8Hji*B cspanaHi. — Eorxa a seHiocB, a sa KpacoTOfi raaTBca 
Be 6yxy. He sejaji 6u a hm^tb TaKyH) KpacHByio aReny, sairB 
IQeBO, XOTB 6u mhí bto BH^ero ne ctohio. Kenn^Hna btofo sa- 
xaia coaxana na tói hto6bi 6iitb b^hhhitb My%eHÍeMi CBoero nyaia. 
í naxosy, hto Jí,m»vh coBdbwb ne totb Majmtt, BasHirB owb 6ujli> 
no 3BBBETh6u. Orb sesBTBÓu— 0H% nepemejii fb MHHopHufi tohx. 

Eorxa Ohbo 6um MyseirB h senoK) roxa Tpn, chocoÓhoctb 
m*me IIIhbo npHBJíeBaTB spHTeaefi vb sajy MasenBBaro TeaTpa b^ 
ciyxeB^ecBoiťB BBaprajíš Hanajia saiitTHo ocja6%BaTB. IlyfijHBa kb 
napTepi crajia pix^TB, cryxeHTH s^Bajui hjh pasroBapHBajiH rpoM* 
SHm . monoTom bo BpeMa Hcnoanenia TaHi^OBn^H]](eft ÓJHcraTejB- 
HŠtmHxi n&. Canaa Bpacora ea nepecrajia onapoBSBaTB. OtfEiq- 
HHMi noc^TRTexaiTB Tearpa ona npnrxax^jacB. 
^ — - KaseHHO^ sasi sypnajiBBaa craTBa, — roBopHj^B oxhhi. 

18* 



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276 BSOTEnrK ibpoib. 

— BzvbcmOj tsxh synoi^b tona HHBajBXom, — sairiun 
;q[)yrofi:— 9T0 yTOMjflerb, no neBOJÍ pasoupyemBCfl vb IIIeBO. 

IQhro BHA&ra, hto bb^aa es uohhtcb kb BaKaiy, h no CBoeMy 
SHBOiiy xapamepy, craBm^y en^e nopuBHcrie npesHHro sa no- 
ca^ABÍe Tpi roxa, ne onenirTO xopomo npvHHMajia hbm i^ny cyxi'6H. 
Ona BOBBpaqajiacB xoMoft bbi learpa kb OTBpaTBxejiBBlfimeirE na- 
CTpoeBÍH Ayxa, npoTaBDiOBaBi híakř senep^B nepex^ nycrmiB exa- 
HeSBaMB B anaTBHHofi nyÓJiHBOtt, b Ji^sBBy IIIbxo npBzoxBJOCB 
BHHOCBTB Bco Ha cfiOflx^B nje^axi. Bi TaBvrB cjiy^afix^E ona aa- 
TŠBajia ch BMUT> ccopy, B8i-8a cojioMeHRB, BBi-sa BH^ero. Oaa^ vh 
camixx CBJBBuxi BupaseHÍflx^, ÓpaHHJia cryxenTOVB, otfiraBfliBXi 
learpi. Oaa en^e 6ojLÍe cepxnjiacB na rbTb^ Boropue npiixoxBii 
B ne anjoxBpoBBJB. Ona pacnoBajia JI^sBBa sa ero ÓesnoMon^ociB. 
Hy, HTÓ OBI sa nysi? Ohi poBHO HBHero ne hofb cf/bjaerh, 
^rÓ6u xoTB CBOJiBBO HBÓyxB OTCTOiTB eB BHiepecH. BufixH OBB sa 
soro*BB6yxB xpyroro, Hanpnirtpx, sa Jiio(k)ro bbb btbxi moioxhxi 
jK)xeff, HBmyntBxi bi řaseni, ona 6ii xftBSHM^B-xftBHO 6aM asra- 
SBpoBBHa Ha oxBHi BSTB 6yjiBBapHiixi TearpoFB. Ona 6uja 6n 
npexMeroH^B BoaoproFB jiy^meft napBSCRoft nyÓJiBSB. Ona Óiisa- 
paÓOTHBajia tkicb^h. Ho Mjmi ea ne buíji> HBxaKoro BjinHia bb 
Ha pesBccepoBi, hb Ha*ra8eTH, xase na aojBBO, hto6u THcnyrs 
XBa^eÓnyB) saiiiTBy vb caiuift nocjišxnit bbi xajenBBBXi sypBa- 
J0B%. OrHaBHie— xa h tojbbo. 

3to pacnesanBo noxiittCTBOBajio na JIjsBBa IHbbo. Ohi, otb npB- 
poxuy 6ujs% xo6poxyniBiifl ^ejiowiKh, jiB)6HBniift asaiB bo saxyMH* 
BaflCB. 60 BdbTb BTb ccopaxi sa^BHH^Bi^efi 6Eijia sena. Bona 
jieiajH ^amxB, 6jiK)xi(a b nycTna óyniUB, lOnBiepi, Meraemifi 
BTH rpOMH— 6iija ona. ^8rB fiujrB cjiBmB0M'B iiysecTBeH'B, ^to6u 
yxapBTB senn^BHy, cjiBniKoifB ropxi) vío6u ynnsHiBca xo oxnoro 
ypoBHfl co CBoefi seBofi. Obi CTpaxax^B h MOJi^ajx. Onni6By cbox> 
owb noHBi^B yse x^bho. Oc^i^njeHÍe óuio HBnymoei pacsasHie — 
npoxojiSBTejiBHoe. Oh^b ssajii, ^0 cBaaajrB ceiSa cb cKeepso-BOcnH- 
Tannofl 4^ypieff, HBSKaro npoBCxoaTX6HÍB. Oh^b sHajťB, vro xjb nero 
exBBCTBeHHafl bosmosboctb Bsti^rByTB caifoy6íflcTBa — bto saspiiTB 
rjiasa na Bce OKpysaiDn^ee h BSBjeBaTB hs^ CBoero nosopBaro cy- 
H^ecTBOBaBifl XOTB noxo6ie yxoBOjfBCTBÍa. YnpeaH senH, yasBBBs 
ero, B08(JyxHiH fb hoitb onepriH). Ovb HanncajrB cb non-XK>aBBBB 

HHCeHl CrapiIMl XPySBBMl B'B JIOHXOHB, — JUOXBMl (SoJTÍO MIH MeH^ 
COnpBROCHOBeHHHJírB (TB HpeCCOff, MB CB TeaTpaJBHBirB HÍpOlTB 

npocB vTb xocraBBTB niBKO aHraseiceHrB. Bb bthx^b nscBiiarB 
OHI roBopui o Het tojbko san o senn^BH^ yiiHofl, vh xapBepi 
KOTopoff OBTB npBHBMaeTB y^BCTÍe; senofi CBoefi ohb ee ne npB 



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PÁSABOUHOI KOOHTO. 277 

SHasEXb. Ohi nosaSotucfl bjiosatb bi B^mBeprii BEipisKH hsi 
napsscBBTB raaen^ b% xoiopszs Bpacora, nnis^By xaiaHn h ojhi- 
rimajiBHOciB TaH^ora^ii^i 6umu pacxBaieHH xo Hetfeci^ Pesynta- 
lowh BTBXh 6F0 zionoTb ŮBMO noébwfme MHcrepa CiioieflAOi 
npexnpÍKmnaro BMffkíhJsfl, Tearpa ppHHi^ ^pexepHsa, npii^aB- 
maro vh lÍMpaxh m i(6ibk) HaftTH BOBHHay, h aHraaaeiieHrB m-me 
HliiKo Ha 9Tarb leaipi éújn ptoeni. Mncrep^ Cm oJieHAO 8a uoaAjifiee 
Bpexa cfljuHO nospotaxaiBeiBOBan ÚBMity. Ero A^U)pai^ÍH, Ma- 

IBHHII, OCBÍO|eHÍe H BOCnOMI CHHiajIHeb H» SymOXTh KB HÍjíOUT> 

loHAcmi. Beb jcoahjh b» i^arpí upiHAa ^pe^epraa. Ilpeacxe, i^ 
arai crtHasB, (tejii npocro soHi^qyTHBft sajii, h^ito fb pox& 
café-chantaBt; nniB sa nocjsixHÍe nm oh^b DpeoÓpasHJiai bx learpi. 
Bci XP&MH, pocRomHO 0(5cTaBjeHHHa ^piv, ^HTaciH^ecsie 
(iaieni h BomiHecKiji onepencK, HirtBoriji ycntrB na napns- 
cun eqeflazs, craBHiBCB MHcrepoirB CiiaieHxo na ci^eH^ Tearpa 
Bpuqa ^pexepna. Osb yiriknb orpiiiB camixB xopomeHBrXixB 
as^BCB, jiyqniBrB TaBqoBii^Hi^y CBilsie rojioca. Ero zopH, ero 
(kuerB ÓiUH lyinnHMH b% JIohxohš. 

GioBoiťBi MBCteph CMoieBxo oTBpiui Tatny leaTpajiBBiix^B 
ycoixoKB. Oh^b sHajix, hto xoBexranafl xo coBepmeHCiBa odcraHOBsa 
Beeixa o^rmiiai. Bpacora niiab Óujia nopasiTeiBBa h Heocaopiiia. 
fia 9TorB mevh ne Morjo Óhtb x^y^^ HntniĚ. Ei Manepa xan- 

IfOBaTB OTlHVaaaCB OpHrHHaiBHOCTBV H H^IOTOpHirB HCXyOCTBOMl. 

MacreprB CiiaieHxo BBxajx jy^síHrB laHAOBii^Hi^, npomexaiHX^ 
BecpaBHeHHO tfojiše crporys) msojry, ho lairB, rxi IIIhbó Bexocxa* 
Baio yMiHba, ona tipajia jobxogtbk) h cmšjioctbio. 

— Ea ne XBaTBXB na uíbjinŘ pax> cesoHOBi. Ona— to«o 
mi QopiUHCTua , MmaxH, Boropua nepes^B roxvxpyrofi HBsyxa 
Be roxBH,— roBOi»j!B ce(Á loiciepx CMOJieHXO,— ho ona bosbiíotb 
ropoxiB nfffloryooiťB, h b!b TewHÍH rpexi nopBiixi cbohxi cesoHOKB 
npHHecen umí 6ojLhme dapiuDel, <iímx jiH»tfa8 tBisxa, sada 6ujih 
Ba cofivh Moero Teaipa^ cxTtoB nopx san a craji aarpespe- 

niaió o^eHB otipaxoBaiacB npex^^osemK) jiOHxofiCBaro pesHC- 
^pa, cyjnBmaro efl aRaiOBaHBe tfoiBme toto, saxoe <ma 
oojy%aja vh cryx^HHecxoirB veaTpi. Q Jkmfpwh osa xyKU& fl^* 
oxoTHO, npexcTaBjBfl ero ee&b ropoxoMi TyxaHa h jierof hbx^b 6o* 
jisoefl; HO Tin ae iteflle tffijia owbb paxa nosHnyrB o^eny. Ha 
xoTopofi,— OHa dTO qyBCTBOBajia, — jaBpii ea lasB ůacxpo ysaxanro. 
Ona Be oo&iaroxiipHja Myxa aa ero BMitniaarejíiBCTBO h npoxoji- 
saaa épaBBTB ero sa xo, iro obi ne xocraB&rB efi anFaBKeHeHra 
Ba RaxoĚ-BH6yxB B81 fiyjBBapHHX^B leaTpoBi* 



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273 BMTHIK% MSřmEL. 

— J(jifl MeBfl ixskxh vh Bam^ neuaBHHff JIohaoste — ^Bce paBHO 
vro noxopoHHTBCfly— -BOCKiBi^aia onai^Ho aio Bee se jy^me, ^ms 
TaoilOBaTB nepex^ cotipanBeirB hxxotobl h BperHHOKB. 

— JIoHAOH^} npaBO, He lasoe csBepnoe iritero,— OTB&^ajrL ^sas^ 
IHhbó, 6e8y^acTHO| BaBi qejOBŠsi, Koropoicy soshb sacsy^ua, i 

BOIOpilft KOrB OaBHBHTBCfl 3Mmh nO^b BjdflHÍeiTB CBUHHXly B08- 

(SyABxejBHiirB cpexciBi:— 3to orpoMsafl TOina, bb BoropoB ifosna 
aaTepflTBCfl, Hhbto leCa ee BHaerb, tu HHsoro ne snaemB. ^ya- 
ctbo CTHxa DpiaiHo npHTjiufleTai kb xym^ neiOBtoa, pasi^ ohs 
nonajTB b^ JIohxohi. Ohi noserB xoxhtb no yjniivucB, ne Tp^BCTByn, 
^TO Ha Hero noKasuBaKyrB najiBii^eirB. To.ini cosepmeHEO Bce paBHO^ 
OTsyxa ovB aBEJtca: hsb CMHpHxeiBHaro xona Hjra h» XBopAi. 
HHBOMy xo Bací x^ft b^tb. 

UIbró nepeniHJiH BanaxB b saHEJui BBaprBpy vb jjmii,i 6ssay 
•Seficrepi-eBBdpa) BOdjA Eoroparoi Bas^B bsbíctho, naxoxBTca leaTpB 
npBHi^a $pexepBBa. To Cum rpasBas yjiBiita, ae BMÍBniafl HEsaioS 
npBBieBaTejiBflocTB kb rjasax^B BHOcrpaHqa, ho yjsBi^t ara, co 
BpeiieBi FappHBa b yo^^BHnoHa Óuja nanotiMHa aBrepaiiB b 
aBTpBcaiar, b HBCTepi GiiojieHxo nocoBtioBajrB cynpyrairB UImi> 
nOHCBaiB xaiii sBaprspy. Owb nasBajrB bmi rperB bjib ^erapen 
xoBBesi, cxaBaBHiBxi KBapTBpH ^apmucfnoMó*; Bu6opi m-me inBB6 
ocraHOBBJíCfl na oxbomi bsi yKasasBuii bitb noi^n^sifi. 

EBapTBpa, noBpaBBBmaflCB efi jjmne xpyrEVh, cocrofljia hbb 
XByxi o6niBpH£[£B BOMflarB vh nepBOM^B Bxasš, Me6aBpoBaHBiixs 
CB rpoMBOft BpBraeaTejiBoocTBio, BOTopaa nosasajiacB 6u oTBpaiB- 

TeJBBOtt BCTeTBHeCBB paSBETOMy ^eJIOBŠBy, B BOTopag 0C06eHBO 

sasi-To ocBoptfjuua apTBCTBHecBÍt BBycB ^wa. CiyjiBfl, o6HTiie 
xemeBHMi ÓapxaioirB, necrpua, BummusL no xaHBi saBaBÍbeKHHa 
OBsaxi, noTycBBÍBmie ^acH b BaBxeaatfpii^ npBBejB m-me IIIbbó 
B^B BOCToprx. 3to Bce noiTB no*napHSCXB|— roBopBJía ona vysy^ 
rocTBHafl B cnajnHB coexBHBJíHCB xBepBK). Bujia emfi rperBf 
BonnaTBa,— wcraa BiirBa, ch BfixoxBBmBurB na cisep^B obhoitb, 
8X'icB ]í,sBVh MoaserB pacoBaiB. 

yXOÓCTBO 8T0 npBHBpBaO fl,lBBVaL CB nOTajBHOfi pOCBOBIBB) FO- 
CSBEOtf CB COMHBTejBHOtt OnpflTHOCIBK) CnaXBHB, CB yaSUHlTB BB- 

XOM^B yjHipiy B% BOTopoS) cpexB ^acTHHx^B xoMORBy pasfipocaHO 

ŮWíO Ch HOJIXK)aSBBH rpBSHJa^B JiaBHOHOBl. 

— KasB TBoft JIoHxoH^B HeB^awHi! — Boesju^ajia IIIbbó — 
Heysejni BoeB ropoxi laBott? 

— HŠTBy-^OTBbmi ,2I^KB c& cBoet ABBBqeoBott rpBMacoi.— 
EcTB B (hsie Becejuui ym^Ui vb Boropsix^B SBByn nopBXovHse 

JK)XB. 



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PA8AB0UH0S SOIIBTO. 279 

— Koro TH HASHBaemB nopfxoTOHMH aioxbMi? 

— Jboxeft, njaasm^rí doxoxoahuě HMon ch ffijrh um rpexi 
mami ^yHiovb vk roxB. 

fysBKb oa&KomuícsL o npoux^b »wiKmiirfc> Ci^obuo yssaiB, 
^it6 sa coc^AH y hhx-b Óy^yri. 

— fl Be iqeoeTueBiby — roBopHJCb ^san no-^^paeiQrscBH 
xeni,— BO He se^an 6n SHTb ÓOKb-ó-tfou » pa86ofiBHSoir(. 

— Haa co minoHOMi,— noxxBaiua Saapa. ♦ 

— y EĚCh vh JEobxohí mnioHOBi sin. dra npo^^ifl hi- 
Korxn ne Morjia crarB Tsepxofl BoroB no ck> ciopray saaajia. 
XoBdia ÓHJia xyxoattBaa axona, cb jsíkiwa paxoin ^^anniflBuxi 
jOBOBUKOHi Ha j6jj vh Hem^, yspameaBOirb BCByccTBeHHHMH 
UBÉiaiíB, Tpenen^BiEifH Ba cBOHrB npOBOJOVBuxi creďian. Eob- 
^Bn ei xiBHBaro Hoca 6fim BpacBOBaTB, riasa croBJíOBHXHue; 
Boe 9T0 BaMeK&io Ba ynorpetfieBie BpdboKBTB HanHTsoKB. 

— Bi anxb soMsaTan y nesa xonao h anueri, 9to oxBa 
xaiia,— otfMCflflja oBa,— oneBB yiiBafl ocoóa, coBepmesBafl la^a, 
MxccBCh PayÓepi, srpavoMui nasBiu paiB b% IIItBcnBpoBCBOM^ 
leaipi. BHy BOBe^flOy cuizaiH o aeB. Oaa SHáMeaBTas, BejHaafl 

3KfíHIHHBa. 

FocnoxBBi HIbbó noKaucfl bl csoeM^ BeB&seeiBi. Owh 
lan XOJTO iLfljn kb UmpBxb, ^to HBiaro ho cjuxas^ o hbccbccb 
PayÓepL. 

— Ay— BsxozHyja xoutia,— bs bo SHaeie, lavL icBoro bii 
Boropux* PoiB »ffL Maifierb osa HcnonaerB se xyse MBCCBa 

OlMOHCB. 

— A BH Borjta-BBÓyxb bbx&ib mbccbcb Cbuobci? 

— Him, BO MaiB MOfl roBO{Nuia uui o seB. Oaa ne Morjia, 
tph noA pon, ůmh Biime mbcgbci PayÓeprb. Bam bhao, Bar&- 
HMÓyxB, co({paTBCfl ee nocMorpifeB. y aaci npoixen Mopoffb no 
bosí. 

— n OBa no^neBBaa crapymKa?— ocbíxomucb ^jtdBi IIIhb6. 

— AnypaiBa xavB ttcu. Bb ]](epBOBB xoxnn sasxoe boc- 
xpeoeo&e, yrpovL b BOiepoirB. HBxasBxi ropiHBXi ysBBOBi. Eo* 
p<HíBa xífttia, xycoBi ciapa b crasaKb — ^bto ocitajumrca efi aa 
CTOJŠ; XBepB OTBopaerB cbmitb bidiomi, acxan ee ae aysao. B^ 
XBa laca, xorxa Efbr% peneTBi^a, xorjera a Bi^aasa nasa; xasoe- 
HS0yxB npocToe ayaiame, aofopoe ae apocraBen aa uenfb, ecjia 
peaempa nowua. Oaa o6pa3^eBaB saiBita. Cjiyiaiaiixi xoxo- 
M0Vh e% aea aftn^ bo nxararb oaa asKypaiao, aasxyv cy((6oTy, 
sacroan^ui jbxh. 



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280 BWTHI]CB IBPOIDI. 

— A, — CBwajrB ^sdírs, — o^en npuiTHO. A Huepxy? Bo bto- 
poiTB arasi y Bací) b^jkmithOi xpyroft oóptiaeuh nopMovHocni? 

XosflfiKa cjersa BanuAHyjiay to^ho 6yxT0 y Hea saxBaTHio 
XHzamei rjasa ea ycrpeííHiHCB Ha obho; OBa, sasaiocBi copami- 
Bajia coB^ia y ciparoi OBTa^pBCBaro He6a. 

— Sto BaniH BepxHÍe shju^u?— cb ottšebomi Heiepnima 

nOBTOpBJl BOnpOCB CBOfi ^S8KB IIIhBÓ. 
« — SC.HJIBIIU? HŠTB, CBpl, y XeHH BO BTOpOMl OimaA TOJBBO 

oxBHi M,7Bemxbuewh. & ne or^an KBapTHpo ceMeBaHm. ^íth — la- 
Bía majioBjHBHa o6e3baHBH^ b^^ho á&raiOTBy Bsaxi a Bnepex%, no 

jriteTHEI^airB, tB OnaCHOCTBlD SHSHH BHBÍHIBBa»lCa HKB OBOITB, HU 

0C!raBjflH>TB BxoAHyH) ABopB HacreasB. A aaiB ohh nopiarB ne- 
seni Hbbto dToro HO noHeiiaeTB, apoirt Tfan, kto npoxnejrB de- 
peši 8T0 HcniiraHie. Hštb, capi, sa uůcAumí mecn jíti pe6e- 
HOBi HO nepecrynajii Moero nopora, 

— fl enpamHBajB BacB ho o a^taxi, — caasajifB IIlHBéy — 
a o BameiTB subi^í. 

— OffB He sraaTiiĚ xsdHTniieHi) c&ph. 

— Mojioxofi? 

— Bfbvbj copi, cpoAHHxi jAtl. 

— AsrepB? 

— Wbvhj capi. Ohi Hi^ero ne siiierB oón^aro cb Tearpon. 

— Htó se OHx Taaoe? 

— Bhahto jih, capi, ohb jkmemihwewb, mo Bcsaumj acHo, 
HO ffsaHxiBxeffBy nposHBmitt cBoe oocroasie. IIo ero npHBii«a» 
BH^HO, ^T0 y Hero 6ujio ÓOAinoe cocroaniOi h ^ito ohi nonTH Bce 
cnycTHji. Ohi ho Tan aiogrpaTHO nuTHrB) aaBiK tio a Toro se- 
jiajia, HO Bce-TasH njaiHrB, ■ ne npHWHaerB Hnaasoro Óesnosoi- 
CTBa, TaiTB Bass ^acro yíssaerB na i(6jiyx) nefíbo), npne», 
pasyMAerea^ njaTa sa aBapiapy HxerB Ta ase. 

— EMy nosajiyfiy bto h Bce paBHO, ecra ohi^ ho naaTHrB, — 
CBasaji niasó. 

— 0| HÍTi, OHI Bce se niararB, oBpnb. Ohb omntBaerB, 
ho a^hbiv cboh a noiy^aa). Mxnai Bxosa He MOserB lepRB hí 
jy^meiTB hbx sbai^ovb. 

— Saa^B 80Byn sroro xs^HTJiBmHa? 

— MacrepB Jífipoih. 

— 9to Hoxose Ha ■HocrpannyR) ^amiíai. 

— MoserB 6m!hj csphj ho xseHTiaiieH% — asrjni^aHnrB. fl, 
B0o6nie roaopa, ne aiiijia hotth A'6aa 0!b HHOcrpaHiQMH,— ^savi- 
THM xosaftaa, tipocHRB 6irjiufi asrjum na m-me IIIhbó, — xoia 
HTB ne Maio saBen bi nameiii oaoaorai. 



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PAtAB(»9H0I I^OnHTO. 281 

SBapiHpa <$iiia naHATa, h ]m ^sasa IIIhró ce seHoio Ha- 
ctM BOBBft nepio^j^B Hxx cyn^ecTBOBaHÚi. B% sbshh jiohaohcboí 
fle^ocraBajo UHoraro, ^6 x^jiaio hxx shshb fl IlapEsš buhoch- 
Mot: ({essCTHoi secejiocTH, 0ojrle flcearo aetfai yxoBOJiBcrBifi, npe- 
cyn^ni 0oiejKi» ^^paHiq^Bofi crojmimi h fi^si^iffh IUhbó nyB- 
cnoBan, ^lo rycraB, ^epnaa saB^ca ooycTBjaoB h^a^ ero mojo* 
KKTM co BcftMv ea satfjysxeHÍfliiH, a owh ocr&acfl oxhh^ cpe^H 
^ooffaro, 6yxHHuaro CBiia, H3icy^eHHH]r&, pasoHapoBaHEnirb, 
npesxeBpetfeHHO cociap^bnnncca HeiOBiaoiix. Eny HexocraBaio 
Becenm yffusrrB TOBapin^eS, noMarasmEX^B eiiy mÓUBun satfoíH. 
On ei^^AJ^ o nporyjiBaxi bb BRnnas^ no rycroiiy j^, o 
ooft^sarB Rb ospecTHiie Katia^SH, o Beceinxrb ysHHaxi laHyB*- 
nnxGi xaimo sá-nojrao^B, o Bdbvb pasBjfe^eHim, KOiopuMi hso- 
(hiOBaja ero napsaesafl shbhb. JIoh^ohcbúi y^OBonciBÍJi Kasa- 
ná eMy CByqHHMH, issojiuiih. JIoH^^OHCBie ysHHa ne npexcraB* 
JUH Bnero Kponi im h QBTBfl; hphtoitb yHHirosaiocB cjiHm- 
ion xflOfo ycrpHivB, BsimBaiocB crnnBOin iraoro Bána. 

Hajieas^v MHCiepa Cmojkoexo ocyn^ecTBHJiHCB Bnojm'6. IIIhsó 
npQHSBeia ýypopi na cpeH^ npHHi^a ^pexepHsa. rpoMaxesa 
itaniEj BpacoBasimacfl na BC^n jWHxoHCBHrB apsax^ h móopaxi, 
xocnm CBoett i^h. Kas^QA Beiep^ learpí 6iiBa2i tiffrsoirB 

IIps nomeHÍB IUbsó pasxaBancB eAHHOxyniHHa pysonjie* 
cs&bís. CnoBa BffHxajia ona onBflHflK)ii^K) amoo^epy ycntxa; 
len OTO AHM cxuoBHttCB 6ojr6e xepsaofi, (Sojrite Ó^ne^HOfi, ipa- 
Tfia Óomne ^lOHerB, nua tfojBine maiinaHCRaro, esjBHienpECTpa^ 
qiiaeB vb yxoBOJOCTBiaKB, jecTH b HapA^am. Mys^ fjibx&tb na 
K8 890 CB MpiíUHifB BBpaseHiarB B^ jívBJb. Ohb yse ne úuím 
6aaie Tot Bjm&ieHHot napo^Boft, soropas Bumjia pyna o&b pysy 
w% wBjam, — yjiiitiaioHVuicfl, nacuBsai, HaM&peBaBmaacH pasx^- 

ilTB CBOfi CBaxeÓHUft 06ÍX% CB CBDBVB B8(5paHHiIMB APY^BHIIE. 

Xeaa (SuBaia TenepB jiacsoBa tojibbo nopuBaiiB, iiysi— Bcerxa 
tmnjAxh yHBJo; yHcoáfl btoto hh^to, vpoui BBoa, israaTB bsoí 
j^foai ero ro Moerjo, b obo, noxo6flo cohb OBaHrejiBCBBBi nmwb 
Uxam, BOSBptBtaiocB bb tfójiBiiitfi cejAj uocjA Bpeiceflflaro bb- 
raaBBi. JKesa jiK)6Bjia Mysa ywao bbctoxbbo, ^ote oÓBapysB* 
BaTB omiHByD peeBoerB^ ecjiB owh osaraBai^ iiajiiAfliee bhb^ 
■ine xpyrofi SLewm^i. Myjti A&BBsiirB-A&rao Hepecmra poBBO- 
ttn; #B« ffDposBJii fojBso coQcTBeHBOft ^lecTbX). OpexB bocítb- 
vnei 9ea^^ i npBBi^a ^pexepBaa ÓtixB oxbbi, Boroparo hobibo 
Uběo wrpftwfB TBB^B noTTB KaBE^uft BO^opi. To tittJťB iiyasiBEa 

iin ABaxiyiTB-nflTB, BIICOBÍtt| lOBpOBOUeHifiy (TB piSBBMB HOpTailB 



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282 BMiHm upoiDi. 

jn^a, ch coKOJBHiUiH rjiasaMH; oxiiufi n noHomeHHoe niaibe, 

HOClOÚi Ha BCefl CBOefi BHtoHOCTH OTneiaTOB'B HepsniJIHBOCTH, BO 

Tiwh ne ueBie CMorpAmifi Aa^eHu^xenoici. BcaBOicy (kuLO acho, 
HTO HHHbfl 8a6oTa He ospysaeTL ero, iro owl^ nošen 6mb, 
Tepmin spafiHX>x> Bystry, bo sasx 6u hbsko ob!e u nan, Bce*se 
OKB ociaBaaca jsfliemMhuenowh. 

9to ^Hjtb ciyxesTB HOAni^nniy of^nvb hsi^ eaimxi pLaHazi 
TpyseHBROFB vb rocmiaiš cb. Oomh; OHiHsÓpajn ary spo^^eoew 
noTOny, HTO jnoÓBJíi ee, h uoóon ero Bospacrajia bx&cií es ero 
TpyxaiiB. MHoríe, Boporso ero SHaBinie, yrBepamam, no owh 
jifljiMewh ocraBBTB ci^xh vb HcropÍH CBoero Bfoa* Ob% 6arb ae 
TaBOfl ^BMvbvhj iio6si mATh tiacrpiii yciAvhj BiUBHHyrbca npH 
noMonv c^acTJHBaro cjtyias. Ohi ne cnima npHHHMaica sa pa- 
Óoiy, iscji^AOBajTB ^o wa bcbbíě BOJ[OAeA'B, wh xoxopufi cnyciajica, 
tipaicfl sa Basful npexxera laK pinunenHO) saiíB-tfyxTO 9io — 
ero coeuiai&HOCTB, npe^aBaica Hsy^eBÍH) sasxaro Bajr^Haro bo- 
npoca CL JBXopaxowiiTb nsjíoiťb BjuotfieHHaro, HopaÓoran hbxi 
HHM% Ch ynopcTBoirb ■ caMOOTBepjseBÍeM^B rpe^ecsaro aneia. ^to 
xacaercji oCuxeflmixi SHreficBarb yxoBOJbOCiifi: BHHa, aapn, csa- 
nevh H BCflKBx^ syreseft, — uojloaoř xeffncL hmh coBejHiieHBO npe* 
He6peraAi. Obi lan^ p^Aso nociqan Teaipa, mo vb bsi TOiapH* 
n^efl ero, Roropue lenepB sasAHfl Be^epi BBxajiH ero re leaTpi 
npHBi^i ^pexepHU, y^isjuiCL ero lacimtb nosBieHiflH^b bs ho- 
ffiÓEOWb mícA. 

— ^t6 Hamjio Ha ,2l^papxa, — ^BooBiBi^an Jíjmú Jlanmep^^ 
o6pan\aBCB bi Fappn BpoyHy. — fl xyHan, ohi npesHpaen (taiefí, 
a Mes^y rbm botb se iperit pasi BBsy ero v^cti oh% cxor- 
psn BO Bci nasa^ h cb TacairB HanpflxeHHsm BHHicaHÍex%y 
TO^Ho cj'fiAHTB sa aHaioiíH^ecBHHi HOsoiTB vh pyBUTb noxaienk 

— HeyséjH tsi ho xoraxHBaembCB, iró bto Bce zaMwth?— 
BoauazByjTh BpoyKE: — .fl^papx^ Bjootfien^. 

— BjH)&iieHi! 

— fljBLj uo ynn BMsoÓjewh kbIHhbó; onpoxy HBBBXHBaji h 
TaBoro H6C0ifHÍHHaro eiy^aa: adb cnmiOMH aaviwTejnao paa- 
bbth; cBXHn n nepBoiTB paxy x CMorpan Bce wgcMa, noaa ona 
Ha d^H*!, HB na MBHyry rjian ci sei He CBOXBn, (Speffm o 
Bfíš, Hain TOJByen, yašpaerL, iio osa caiauai spacxBai sen- 
nqua, aasaB toaxo SBJía na cwbA co Bpeiieffb HeBBBŠeraot 
ocotfu, cjysHBmei uoneihn^ x^b craiyH BeHei«^ orapBvoft b& 
neniept na ocrpoBJ^ Mbjocí. Botb tia mrysa tfsia — snaTB btj 
Moxoxyw oeotfy, o(5hbtb ee, a 6en coxhíhíb no-HatfyxB ^a o(Sbh* 



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PiSASOSlfiOS BODHTO. 283 

Mi%. Jífij JI^sopASi ^epapA^ nponajii, yHn^TOseex. Vsu, o^eHB 
aro TporaTejBHO. 

— A m-lle IIIhbó, tobopatb^ saiiysHflfl *seHii(HHa? — cnpo- 

— 3aiiysHflii. Mys^b nocroiHHO nps Hett xesypm. RasxHtt 
BCTepi osH^en ee y xiepn, Be^yn^efi na eiieHy, croirrb y sy- 
jiei, Dosa ona išsnyerh. IIIikó ^ipesBH^aino nojoaunejiBHafl 
ocotia, ncn Tanufb Be cmoti^te. A, boti h A^epapA^. Hy ^to, 
erapraa, 6ojdi3Bb AOCiHm apasHca? 

— Rasafl 6oiébsBh7 — laBOHH^ecsH cnpocHjrK ^s^iap^i^. 
•— JlflzopaAsa, HMeByeMaa inóonv). 

— HeysejK bk Bootfpasaeie, ^to fi BJiDti^eHi vh HOByio 
TaHi^OBiiqii^i noTOMy toako^ hto ^acro saxosy cioxa B^Msyn 
na Hee? 

— He xory HHa^e o(Suchhtb xBoero opscyTCTBia sa^b. Th 
le fearpan* 

— S, npexosy CMorpfrrB na IIIhkó npocro noiOMy, ^ro ona, 
npoMi E eraHOMiy caiiai xpacsBafl seHn^HHa, imrjío ji Korxa- 
Ji<k> BHj(idi'B. npHXOsy, aasi npHmejTB 6u aciBonHceiiti noraa- 
xItb BUi eoBepmeflCTBO ^ejOBiiecaoft Kpac(mi, hjih anaroirB — no- 
i»6oB«TBca BaitOH^esBOCTBH) (iosBaro npcESBeiemfl, cyn^ecTBOMi 
Bnme^XimiMi b^ 6osecTBeHHofi MacTepcsofl — (Sesi exHHaro nexo- 
ciaiu. 

— CjnuaarB-jii th ^TÓ-BitfyxB noAOÓHoe? — BociuHSHyjrB 
JliniMepi^.— Oň npixoxHTB cmotp^tb na TaHi^OBii;ii^ h roBoparB 
ofo 8Tom, TOHBO 8T0 sasafl-TO peaHrís. 

— DoMOHeHÍe xpacori ecTB pejierifl ncByccTBa,— cepBesHO 
orafenuB jQ^sepapA^. — fl ysassaio HIhbó h nosjOHAiocB ett. 7 Měna, 
Ha ea cven bítb hh OAHoft HexotioSHofi hhcíhi. 

Jl&raiiepi eieraa Bocsyícfl, XByMa namtamf, eBoero jiOa, h 
mcjuajÁip Ba CBoero ^yra Bpoyaa. 

— Sraieflol— CBasan JlaTviiepB. 

— Aajesa samjol— Bospasaji Epoysi. 

— noSAem npo6oBaTB ycrpEitu, ^sepapx^, npoaexeMi Be^epi 
WĚŠerby — yCSiixBTejiBBO nporoBopBJí .laTHJfeprB. 

— Ejaroxai^Dy aejiBBfl. SI noflxy AOMoft h Bacaxy sa aíjo. 
Obh paBcrajHCB, Beceibuiui nonuH Tyxa^ Byxa siesjía mtl 

erpacTB bb y^OBoiBCTBÍairB; ^ejOBtsB, ax>6HBmift TpyxB paxH mi* 
CMůMfifimMj nwb AOCcaBJíiexaro, BepByjca vb cbohmi KBflraiii. 



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28i MůfBMKb IBBDnU. 



TjiaBa y. — Paso^apoBame BJOotfjieHHaro. 

Jlopa MawiBSOJBMX ocrajacB vh b&mb^í. BEsapift, iiHCTep^B 
Riepbj y&bjiMJn» ee OTRaaatBCfl ora mucih Bsnvb RBaprapy vh dinsB* 
aesas^efi Acpesni. SLaiB (kuo Óu noBirayTB muiuft crapufi xom; 
ytiisAaxB OHI ee. Aoin, npeAocraBjeHHiifi noneieEÍaHi npHCjyiVi 
BeMBHyeiíO npHxoxBTB bt» paspymenie; vbBWWh se xoiri^ ctcubbo 
cospoBB^i BcsyccTBa, CTOXBBO spacflBu^cB, xopoFBXi Ben^efi, fflcexb 
ÓBiBmBxs HB pyBBxi y JIopu. noveny 6si eft ne ocmTBtB bb 

BTOMl ytf&BBB^i efl H)H£IXl JŠFB, XO T^XX IH^^ BOrAB BHBCHBTCB 
OBOBHETeJIBflO: CyKffiEO-Jíll eft I^JWTB Vb BTOMI AOMÍ, Blb BBf ecTBi 

xoaaftBB, Bjfl noBBByTB ero HBBoerAa? 

— Bame npeÓiiBasie sa^b ae ctíchbtb CBOŮofíi B&inero 
BuCopa,— jiacKOBO csasaxB icBcreprB Ejep'B,— ecjisdi bs xo Hcre- 
Heflifl roxa y6'&AHJiBCB9 ito ne ii02BeTe p'linBTBCfl ctbib senoft 
^sofla TpeBepTOia. 

— OffB HoserB B ne g^&iSTB xai npeAioaseBia, — npepBaia 
ero Jlopa Cb crpannoft yju(ÍBOfi. 

— Obi ero cxbxBjm. Ohi bbhtci bi Bam h npex^osan 
Bani pyny h cepjuie^ — MOserediiTB b!b btoki yB^penUi xoporaB. 
HBBBBOMy MOJOAOiíy ^ejOB^By ne xo^isbo 6eitb Tpy^HO bjík)6btbcb 
Bi TasyK) A^Bymsy, bbbi bii, a mh% xyiiiteTCB, hto ^sohi Tpesep- 
TOHi Bnojiff6 xocTOBBi npBBssaHHOcni jm6oi seHn^BHir. He BBsy 
BpB^BHBi, no^eicy 6u Bameny 6paBy ae tiiiTB tipaBOiTB no jhoÓbb 
CB ofii^Bxi cTopoBx, HecMOTpfl Ha opBrflHBJíBHoe saBŠqafiie Moero 
craparo Apyra. 

E0K)CB, HTO BTOMy HEBOrAB HO tiHBBTB, — CO BSAOXOITB 0TB%- 

^ajia Jlopa: — MBcrepB TpeBeproffB HBBorxa ne <(ywrB bi coctob* 
bíh CMOTpto na mohi, BaB-B Ha boísjio xpyryB) seHo^Hy. S. 
Bcerxa Óyx}' BasaTBCB ony nperpaxoB na nyiE kb ero cbo6ox%, 
BB ero cqacTBB). Ohi BUHysx^Hx tumauwKh apHrmpayK) npn- 

BflSaHHOCTB BO UB% BJB OTBBBaTBCfl 0TB BeJEBOJri^HarD COCTOBHÍB. 
ECJH OWh B0p£ieT0JH)6BBB, OH!B B0Jie6aTBCI HC CTBierB. Ofil^ B08B- 

HeTB cocTOflHÍe B MeflB, a fl 6yxy npeaipatB ero sa ero roTOB^ 
BOCTB BBflTB soHy, BH6paBflyB) js^ňSL Horo xpyrsm. HtrB, xoporoft 
HHcrepi Eaepi, js,juí naci cb ^sohomi TpeaeproHom iňrb hh- 
BacoB BBxesxH bb cnacrie. 

— ^oporoe xRfl Moe, ecu bu jůJm/naai, mo btoti dftjch 
ne cocTaBBTB Bamero c^aciifl, bei BM^ere nojisyio BOSMOasHOCTB orsa* 
saiB eiiy,— saM^TEjii BBBapift. 

Eď']ftABIIfl n^eSB JIopU BCHBIXByjB. 



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PÍ8XB0IHH0I KOnHTO. 285 

— 3to 6u zbmejío otfpeiB ero Ha HBBieTy h hoSih Ha* 
Depesopi sejaHisjrb ero ABOH}poxHaro 6paTa,— OTB^Taia ona, sann- 
iMCB.— fl 6u BosHenasHA^a ce6fl sa noxoÓHut droHsiix. 

— B^B nwwh cxjHvby fppovM moa, Bani apH^erca noKO- 
pHTEci; ecjH Bu CB ^soHOMi TpeBepTOHOM'L E He ÓyAere TaR'B 
CTpacTHO Bjiio6ieHii xpjrh vh xpyra^ Bas'B vb uoiojmsi napu^ 
ROTopBfl B^yn npoTHBi seJiaHÍfl poAHT&iefl h B^n^aiOTCfl Tafino, — 
BJH vizHhiBCbj Korxa JI 6jixh mojoxhms ^eaoB^BOiTB,— to Bce :Ke 
BH Óyxere HacjuisAaTBOi cnoxoSHUMi c^acTBeirB h ysHBerecB 
Tsn ze zopomo, BaK'B ysHsaKntfl npHHi^H e npEHi^eccti, 6paRH 
soropHXi ycrpoBBaioTCfl npi ^01C0I^H XHiuoMaTH^ecKBx^B neperoeo- 
ffXBíb, ci corjiam BBOcrpaHHuxi ffipxAVh. 

— Hsbíctho-ih BaMi TTO-HHtiyAB o MHcrepš TpeBepiOHÍ?— 
s^yMHHBo cnpocHJia Jlopa. 

— Ch^mh EeHHoroe. Ohx exEHCTBeHHHfl ciih'b, saacercfl xase, 
euBCTBeHBoe wtb. Orei^ h aiaTB ero yuepjiE, Borxa ohi 6ujn> 
emfi MaiBHHBOMi, HaA'B Enyn^ecTBOirB ero Cujia yipesAena onena. 
Do xodvseHÍE coBepmeHHOji^Tifl oni nojy^sjíi nopgAO^Hoe coctoa- 
lie H nposHJTB ero. Basi oposBjrB 6hi bcabíí npasxHiifi mojio^oí 
^eiovbvhj jBmeBHiitt xpyseft, cnocotfHHxi a&tb OMy Ao6piifi coBtob, 
pjrioBOXHTB HiťB. KapBepy ovb Ha^a3'B ejiys6ott b'b apMÍE, no, 
cnycTflBi CBOE x^EBrn, ocraBEJi nojirB. fl se bmíb) he Haji^fi- 
maro noHATÚi o tomi, vró OffB A^jajTB ci vbxi, nopi. 

HnKhy plmeHO 6uMy nto Jlopa ocraHeTCB vh sánsš, ci la- 
KiMB KOJB^ecTBOMx cjiyri, RaRoe tiyAerB npESHano neoóxoAEHuiťB 
XII coAepsaEÍfl Bcero Aona fb hojihom^b nopflAR'^; sajOBaHBe jiio- 
liHi ÓyAerB Bun^aHEBaiBCE e8'b aoxoaobi cb bm^híb, ropmetb 
KB ÓyAyTB Ha A se AeEBrfl; caMa*se jlopa Óy^erB co^epsaiB 
cefií Ha ČBOE coÓCTBeHHHB, cRpoMHua cpexcTBa. Ona 6iijia ho.io- 
m oco6a saH^mejiBHO HesaBECEiiaro xapaRTepa, ptmEMOciB ea 
6Hja HenoROJie|5EMa. 

— ^eHBFE BTE TenepB HHHBEy— roBopEja OBa.— JI ne ipoHy 
HH oxHoro neHHE. 

RasB HE nenajiBBH 6uje BOCHOBEHaflia, CBasaBEUfl ci btebx 
jifiuowb, Raai BE Tflsejia ÓHJia nycrora, oÓpasoBaBniaflca vh Bsa- 
KOMuxi ROMHaTaxi CB Ec^esHOBeHÍeiťB oxHoro jiiDŮBMBTO o($pa8a, 
nRi HB rpycTBo MOJiunie, soroparo ne BapyniETB yse BERorAa 
ero rosocy, JIopš npijiTH^Ie Óhjío ocraTBCfl vh CBoeicB CTapoMi 
y6íxMm,% HÍM% HOREByTB ero. ^ase CesMOiBBiie, BeoAymeB- 
JieBBue npeAMeru, cpeAH Rdropux^ osa xaRi aojifo SHja, 6iijib 
eft tfjiESBE, roBopHJiE ea cepAiíy. &b ^ysoM'B aomí OBa nonyB- 
CTBOBaja 6u ce6a CeBAOMBOfi CEporott. 3a4cb — OBa BcerAa ^b- 



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286 roCTHIKl XBPiMUL 

CTBOBEJia ceófl xona. Ecjie rbm yMepmaro h ůpo^sM no soiraa- 
mui, TO dTOTB npHspaR^B— Apypb ei, obi CMOipun na nee Jiioófl- 
n^QiCH raaaaiiH. HsKorAa ne npoTUBOpi^HJia ona CBoeMy npieMHoify 
OTAy, ne npeHeÓperajia saOoraiíH o newhj ne orop^aja, ho 
ocRop6jiiijia ero. K'l es ropro ne npHM^niBBajiocB yrptiseml co- 
bícth. Ofla Ayícajía o eeiTB cb rjyÓoiaSniefi rpycTBK), ho Óesi 
60JIH. 

BoBapifi sejiajii, ^060 MHceE MajiBBOJiBinb BBua oe&b bom- 
naHLOHBy. Bujio ne icaio 6e8npÍH)THHX!B mojioxuxi oco($i Hesa- 
HflTHaHHoft penyiai^ii h xopomaro npoHcxoxxeHia, BOTopua, Cen 

COMH^HÍfl, Cl paXOCTBK) H 6631 SaJlOBaHBa QOCTynHJIH tiii n Hefi; 

exHHCTBeHHO paAH npiflTHofl, HCQoaHeHHofi yxo6cTBi^ SH8HH. Ho 
Jlopa otS^hSíBEMj vro efi BOMnaHBOHBH ho ipe^yeiea* 

— Ba jiflSTKEu c^HiaTB xeHfl HeoÓHBHOBeHHO nyciorojiOBOft^ 
eciH Bootfpasaere, hto a ne nory shtb 6en moio^ pco6i2 

OXHHX'B co MHOH) J^Tl, BOTOpafl 6u CHX&ia DpOTHFB UeUíí E OISJH- 

BajacB itnHO 8X0 Ha Bdb moh MHMOJieTHiiii ^aHrasiH, h;ih ry- 
juiJia 6u co MHOfi H noMoraja mhš BOCXHn^axBCfl bb^^mh, hjih cob^- 
TOBaJia 6u mhš ^ó sasaBaTB B^BoÓ^xy, — roBopirjia ona.— Hiix, xo- 
poroň HHCiepi KjiepB, uwb ne HysHO xpyroro otioiecTBa} EpoMÍ& 
oÓDtecTBa CeiÍH, on BpeiieBH xo BpeMOHH. Bu nosBoiHTe efi npH* 
xoxHTB HaBin^aTB MeHJi o^eHB HacTOi ho npaBxa-jH? 

— TaBi lacTo, Ram^ BairB 6yAerb yroxHO, hjh, B^pnie, laEx 
^acTO, Baai ee mosho 6yAerB ocboÍSoxhtb otb saHaiift no npexoxy • — 
otbíthxb BHBapifl. 

— ÁTBy X&9 BCi BII, Vb BHBapiaTi, TpyseHHBH, •— BOCBIHB- 

Byia Jlopa. 

— Mnue H8i Haci paÓoiaiOTL xoBOAtíO ycepXHO,— co bb^o- 

XOITB OTBtTHJTB MHCiepi KjepX.— ^LcjaJTL 6u I, Tt06u CUH^B HOfi 

HaBOHei^i pšniHJca, h Ha^ajix xpyxHTBca hícbojbbo aHeprB^Hie. 

— KoroAHTe, npnflerx BpeMH. 

— HaxiiocB, xoTfl unb ho^th ebao^jio mjsfijh btoto BpeneHH. 

— Ofli yiieHi^ OHL apTHCTx,— cBasajia Jlopa. 

— Ywb evOy oxHBBO, noBBOJHrB eMy ocraBHTB ynaBepcHrerb 
(Se8i y^OHOft creneHH, a aprecTB^ecBEMi cnoco^HOCTBirB ne npo- 
BopMBTB ero,— CB ropeuK) embinn BBBapift. 

3totb exBHCTBeHHufi ciiH% BHBapifl 6tijrB x-3fl nero b^hhhitb 
HCTOiHBBOMi My^oHifi. d^Qrapx^ Kjiepx— o6ntíft jm6uuen;by HHBOMy 
HO npeKBTh owh npoui caiioro ceós. TaBi roBopnjiB o Beirb na 
xepeBBi. Oh'b 6un apacBBi, jnenhf CHicnaTB^eH^B, ho jameBi 

BCBBOfi yCTOfi^HBOCTB. OhI ÓUJIl HOZOSl HB DCpO, HOCHMOe HO BOX& 

BŠxpa. EMy íocejit ne y^aiooB Haflni ly patfory, ^m hchoj- 



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FA3P0EHH0B KODHTO. 287 

Hem KOTopoi owh npHCJiaH^b b^ drorB iripi, ho ohi onen CRopo 
XoraxucH; Ha BavyH) paCory oh^ ne roAurcfl. TaR'By fb ynnsep- 
csTeri OHI HamejTB, ^TO o6ii^fl BypcB aHr^ittcsaro BiaccH^ecRaro 
o6pa30BaHÍji ne cooTBfocr^yeix HCBJUO^HrejiBHOMy aurnjij ero yMa. 
FopasAO 6u symne nomarb owh fl FefixejiBÓeprl exb vh Eohhí! 
OncpiiTie 9T0 GWb cx^ajTE yse xorxa, nor^a norepfljii Tp^ roxa 

Bh ObC^PA^, H CTOHJTB OTI^ CBOeMy OBOJIO THCA^H ýyHTOBX. 

BflBapifl sejajTb, qioón ero eAHHCTBeHHiift chhi Bcryniijii vh 
pixn cjysurejiet i^epsBH; d^yap^a h BocnirriiBajiH b's bthxi bh- 
ffirb; HO iiocjL'6 CBoefi ney^a^n cb nojiy^emeMi crenoHH, dxyapxi 
HOHflA, qro cjiyseme AepsBn npoxHBHO ero cob^cth. Bsrjiflxu 
ero cjHHiKOirB moposH. 

— ^ejOBiai, ^OBJ[OHflH)^^flcfl dpnecTy PeHany laiCB ropfl^o, 
lacb HOBjaHfliDCB eiiy h, eb BirlerB npaBa Óbitb nacTopoM'B; — cb 
Muot OT^)OBeHHOCTBK) o&hSBUjfí* dffyapA^B, H Ů^flfiouy MHcrepy 
Kiepy jrpwmji(M% oTBasaTBCfl otb cbohxi jkh)6hm£ix'b Haj^esji, no- 
TOMy TOiBBO, TTO CHffB ero — HOBJíOHHHrB PeHana. OcraHOBOBamcB 
na 9T0H'B pimemH, 3^apA'B ocrajicji Aona, mhofo, xota Óeso bch- 
vA CHCTeMn, ^HTaji'B, neMHoro necajii, b^ sopomyio noro;^ pn- 
cosaiB CB Haiypu, yAHJTB pH6y, xo^bji^b Ha oxoxy, Booón^e npo- 
BOXBXB BpeMH caHHMi HpiflTHBiirB otfpasoiTB, npH9eM'B jy^nHHMH 

AHIMH ero SHBHH 6u3m TÍ, BOTOpue npOBOAHJTB OHI Vh 3álfB%. 

^sacneprB TpeBeproni HCBpoHHO yBasajTB BHBapifl h jíio6ejít> 
CHHa pa^H OTi^a. dxyap^i Bcer^a 6ujn» sejiaHHBíMi rocreMi b^ 
sáMBb npH SHBHH CTBpHBa, a TaBi BBBi cecxpa ero 6uja jyq- 
Bom xpyroMi JIopu MajiBBOJiBiťB, to bho^hí ecrecTBenHO, qro 
1010A08 ^eJiOB^Bi ^acTO 6iELBWb FB oÓH^ecTB-i JIopu. 

TenepB se hb ero noci^eHia icBJíaro craparo sáMBa, vjíík owh 
Bcerxa HyBCTBOBBJrB ceóa bbbx aoub^ (HÓJtioreBH, bb BOTopofi jiio- 
(furb ^HiaiB, caxa, na npaBHJBHuxi ^oposBaxi soToparo ci tb- 
KUTB HacjajRxeHBem BusypHBajrB cboh) cnrapy^ 6ujrh HajoseH'B 
BeosBXBHHEitt saHperB. Mhccb Mbabsojbitb Aft^a eiiy hohatb, ne- 
pesi noqieACTBO cecTpn, ^o ne cqHTaerB ceÓH Óonie fb npaB^ 
npiHiMaTB ero. ^ystia en kb Heny HHMajo ne yiieHBniHJiacB, 
BO lenepB ony yse nenpHJHiHO saxo^HiB bo bcaboo BpeiiB hjth 

npOBOXHTB HOJOBHHy CBOHXl BO^epOFB FB ÓHÓJÍOTeB^, BBBl FB 

fame AHH. 

— He noHHMaK), b-b noMy BO^^yra noAOiÍHHfl CTÍCHeniB Mes^íy 

mpiUCH XpyBBBMH, — CB OÓHSeHHBIirB BHXOM'B BBM^THJfB 3;QrapX>. 

Mb c^ Jlopofi TO^HO tfpaTB H cecrpB. 

— (hoHB MoserB tiBrrB, ReJ^^] ho b£a^ bc£ snaiorB, iio tu 
t ilopa He ($parB cb cecTpoft; a AynaK), hto fb FasjíBrepcri nafi- 



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288 noTHXs^ iBPonH. 

xercfl Be ji&jo jno^efi^ nojiaraK)iitiix'By ^ro ra nHTaeniB n Heft ^ys- 
CTBO ropasAO 6ojLÍe CHviBHoe, ^iwb CpaTCsaa npHBflsaHfioCTB. Ec.ib<$i 
Mti c& Heft TOByjur, b seaio, xoropyH) h9b haci tu noniitajcs-CH 
cnacTH. 

— Tu yM^eniB luaBaTB,— npoBop^an dxyapxi, BcnoMHHBB 
sHaMeHHTBift OTB^rb Tajeftpana.— ^To*si, mh£ ocraeicfl nósoimTBCfl 
cyxBÓi. Mbocb MajiBRomrB, soneiHo, c^naerB ce6fl Hevicroft 
TaBHCTBeHHaro Haot^AHEBai Koropufi, noBHXHKOMy, ae TopomiTca 
co CBOHMi yxasRHBaBBeMi. EcM^B&h crapBrB XpeseproH^B sasintajTB 
MHŠ noAOÓByK) BM^SAy^ fl <$k yxBaxBjícfl sa Bee, He B0Jie6jiiicB 
HH MEByni. 

— A MeBB rasi BocxHo^terB xejBRaTHociB; noóyasxannvifl mb- 
CTepa TpesepTOBa xepsaTBCH nepsoe BpeMfl hícbojibbo vb t6hb, — 
8aiiÍTHJia Cejiifl. 

— ITo^eMy TU sBaeniB, ^to ero yxepsHBaerB x^JUíbmboctb?*— 
BOCBJBBHyj'B d^yapxB. — IIoHeiiy tu snaeni^^iTo ne Basoft-HHtiyxB 
pOMaBXy a MoserB 6utb -b ysBSBTejiBHaB cbasb, Booúmfi^ hto se 
BaBífl-HBÓyxB npesBiii oTHomeflÍB} bjb oÓBsaiejBCTBa, CBtsuBaion 
eMy pysB b if^maKTrB batb xUBme cb Jlopofi? Hh oxbvb qeio- 
wbvh BB MÍpiy fle 6yAy^B vh Tony BUHysxeBi, ne Mon 6unpe- 
Be6peHB noxoCiBuiťB ciy^aeiťB bjib pacsoBaTB cbobmb Ha^easjíaMH 
Ha ycnixB. Ecjb ofl'B ocxopÓHTB Jlopy, OBa HiceHHO Tasas x^- 
Bynnsa, hto MoserB orsasaTB eiiy, necMOTpfl na bc£ cocópasemfl aa 
c^erB 6oraTCTBa. 

— He xyMaH)} ^to6u ona TaB'B nocrymija, se bm^ na to 
oco6eHBO cepBSsHuxi npvmEWh. Bi Jlopi o^enB cbjibho rosoparB 
HyBCTBO AO^ira, a ona c^BTaen cbobmb ^ojívowhj no OTHomeniio 
Kb npieMflOMy oti^, coAMcTBOsarB ocyii^ecTBjieHÍK> ero sejaHÍft. 
JI xyHaK), HTO OBa 6u nosepiBOBajia droicy AOJiry CBoeft JiflVHoft 

CBJIOHHOCTBK). 

9tO BBa^BTB: SaXOABTB CJIMHIBOirB A&^eBO, — Ch HeyXOBOJIB- 

CTBÍeiTB sairi&THjrB djiyapAi. — JI HaHEBaio xyvaTB, ^to OHa bjd6b- 
jiacB Bi 8Toro rocnoxBBa, xotb ohi h tijecnyjrB ba^cb BaBi» MereopB. 

— Obi npoBe;ii 8;^cb obojo MfijTh hoxíjib, — saifiTBja Ce- 
jiia, — B Jlopa BBA^JacB cb bbitb hícbojibbo pasi. SL ne xo^y 

CBasaTB, ^Totiu OBa tiujia BjB)6jieHa vh aero; y Ben cnnixoirB 
MHoro BxpaBaro CMUcja, Tro6u nKh tfucrpo 6jk)6btbcb, — ho b 
yB^pena; ^to oh-b efi He npoTBBeB^. 

— Hy, Tam, vjíí naiBnaeTCB jik)6obb9 BxpaBOiiy exuciy no* 

nei^i. SI Tasí syMBV), hto ona BjnoCjeHa bi Hero; neysejiB osa 
Te(S% Bi dTOMX He npflsnaBajacB) Gejiia? x^BymsE sv>6aTb tojso- 
BaTB o noAOÓHux^B Beo^ax^B. 



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PAdXBOIIHOI ROIIHTO. 289 

— Hy iTÓ TH CHHcnniB o x^ymxarL? 

— PoBHO HHHero. y MeH2 ecTB cecipni^ay apHHEAJesan^afl b% 
not nopox^ ara Bcer^a y němí noffb pysofl, Mory CHiuiaTb c^ 
lei sonÍH. Hy-sa, Cejufl) tiyxB pas-B fb shbhh xofipoft cecipofi. 
9i6 lefifi roBopHM Jlopa o flfliowb TpeBepiOHi? 

— Knero. Ona oco6eHHO qiepsaHHa OTHOCHxejiBHo aioro bo- 
npoca; a mssOy ^ro ohb eft HenpiareH^, a noTony pbfjso BacaH)CB ero. 

— C^acTJiHBeqB xe owb. Otb po^y ne HeHaBHxiji^ a HHBoro 
lan, laKB HeHaBHsy ero. Y xena ceabitb bx roiOB^ he na ^bitb 
KpoiÁ Moero HHCTHBxra se ocHOBanHafl mucjib, ito ohi — neroAst. 

— BesoTHeTBUfl Muem, aro — j&bxffim^^ coBna^afion^úi ch na- 
umí xejamiMH, — ^ne xavB jih? ^HJOCo^KrrBOBajia Cejiúi.— Mhí 
on jnjwM Te6a. saiBO, Aoporoft He;c^ fl ssaio, ^to tei aiofiionB 
Jopy; ntí^ xojwho 6htb ohbhb tasmo cosHaBaxB, hto ee saBÍ- 
qaiH xpj^roiiy. Ho cepBesHO, seHEJica jih 6ii xii na eet, ecju6B 
OBA HHiero He Hiri^a, BpoMi CBoero jrannaro, HesHa^HreuHaro 

— mecTB TucflTB ýyHTOB^B BÍipHaro xoxoxa,— saxyMHHBO npo- 
roBopHJTb 3xyapffB. — He^ajieKO tiu ysuiH ch bthmi Mojoxofi ^ejio- 
bíib h MoiOAafl seH^nna, oiJiH^uuonúecfl yroH^enHuirB BBycoMx. 
Sacb 011 MU H^HO Kpyrb xpyra hh jooÓejíEj BaB'B 6u mu hh 
(im ciacuHBH, fl 6ojochj Gejiifl, ito mu yMopiH 6u cb rojo^, 
iipi9eM<B exHHCTBeHHoe nacA^xciBO fíkseŘ HamBxi saBJíioiajiocB 6u kb 
caxoiiB saBOHHOMB npaB^ hxi na noco6ie hbb hphxoacbhxi cyMMi. 
S jQTMajTB, TTO BTOTB npoTHBHiifi CTapHBamBa mfiKpo oÓesneHHTB ee. 

— IÍ2 ne msfbjfí^ HBBaBoro npana bto npexnojaraTB, SBai, 
TO oh;b nmuui^Cfl efl HH^ero ne ociaBHTB. 

— Bcerxa namiacB 611 bosmoshoctb BBBB-HHÓyxB o6o8th bto. 
no-MoeMy, ero saB^^ame npocro nocmxHoe: Baai ne cobžctho 
nprayxxaTB tijaropoxHofi jiijma A^ymsy bijxoahtb sa ^ejiOBÍBa, 

BBtlMHHarO BMl, ^eiOB^BBy BOTOpaTO OH^B CaMl HH pBSy HO BE- 

»Mj Borxa oocraBjuiJB BaBtn^iHie. 

— Ohi, OAHaBo, nosejta^B bhx^tb nepexB CMeprBio mojio^ofo 
norepa TpeBepTona. A yB^pena, iio ecjH 6u totb npoBSBejs 
n Bero Be(SiaronpiflTHoe BnewTjiWe, ohb, bb nocjAffooio MHHyry^ 
«KÍHHjrB 0H cBoe 8aB%ntaHÍe. 

PasroBopB 8TOTB npoHcxoAHJiB hoith ^epesB nerupe yAansfL 
Bo cMepTH Jí,m»aiep9i, XpoBeprona. Hsropoxn naunaiH aeieffbTB^ 
iQBvi cbíjh bc£ jsfl noc3Í;^flro i^bítu ma^pana, ^^iaiBH 6uiii 
tt jHOHOMi TSffbrfy ipaBa pocjia tabb Cucrpo, ^xo ee hphxoahjiocb 
OEttDHBaTB BaasxyH) Hex^JíK); ca^B sáMBa npexciaBiflJiB npiaiHoe 
xkeio Aifl nporyjrBHy cb ero nospuruMB i^bítomb x^pesBAMH n 

Tom I.— flHBAPB, 1881. Id 



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290 BWtJÍMSh SBPOnH. 

pacnycsaiDn^HMHCfl AB^Taioi; nime irmnh osibujio ero, oh^ Be- 
caio cootfnian j^yn xpyry, ^rto nsMonejsib Hacran hictoaii^sui 
Becna, hto sníme xhh e TBepxu keři KftMeHB, osoBanHU Mopo- 
dowhj senu, cocraBuiorL yse xociOflHie npomjiaro. 

éjQrapx^ Ejiepi cnaran ce6fl caxum HecncTHmrb moioaumi 
^ejioBÍBOirB. Ohi (Shjtb spacnBi; xuo toto, no obměny HpHro- 
Bopy ero BHTHMHaro spysRii, owh 6urh saMt^aieiMO zoponrb 
co6ofl; OHI tinxE yMHte h oÓpasoBaHHfte fioiBrniHCTBa uom&koxi^ 
jiDxeft ero jrihrb i ero ipyra. Ecjih ob% xo chx^b nop& hehíitb 
en^e He samn cefia, to droicy npnHHa — HKKaB-E ne Hexociaxon 
cnocotfHocrefi,— caMoxoBonHo roBopím owh ceóš. Owh npoeio ne 
npBHHMajCfl en^e sa x^o. Oh% ne emajTE, no otixauHOCTB xas- 
xaro lejiOBisa npEHEMaib bobmosho Óómnee yuciie vk eyMwb 
oón^aro Tpyxa. Taxofi cnoco($Hsift xojoxoft ^eiOBJ^n, san ohi, 
MOsen nocMOTp&!b noxa rb cropoHKŠ, icasib xpyrie paóoiavn, 
cosHaBaHy HTO ary patioiy owb budojuíhjii Óh ropasxo Jiy^me hxi, 
ecJiHÓx TOJBKO sa Hee bsajioi. 

^eriipe roxa Toicy HasaxB, npe nepBOi ero no^xKŠ vb Ose- 
4k>pxb, obi p!(mHjr£, ^ro 6yxer& MyjseirB JIopu MausoJiBiCB. JÍ,mMr 
nepi^ TpeBepTOffB, BOHeiHO, ocraBm e8 npespacHoe cocroame, 
B^pofliBO x&se Bce CBoe noMŠcne. ^ojiauío 6srr&, eeiB icBosectBO 
cpejs^ervh o6oŘm aiy nynyH) uaTBy. Oiapím Mon ocrasiiTB CBoe 
HxyniecTBO Jlopi no x^pcTBennoit samicH. Ob% uon ocraBiTB ero 
Vb pyBarb jijmdJrpvKHSHMJsovb, xu ea cboÓojhbiuo noiBSOBania 
XOZoxaMH, CB nero nojiy^aeicBncH* Tan hju anave, ona (Jyxen ero 
nacjri^XHHAeft. dxyapxi 6hjii vb Btowh coBepmenno jtSibmjíiBSBhj 
BHxa rjyCoKyiD npHBflBanHOCTB ^sacnepa xi ero npienHofi xQ^epn. 
A noTOMy, xorxa MOJioxofi eijffiETh saidiTHn, hto owb na^HnaeTB 
BjiH>ÓJurn»ca vb npejiecmoe jmHBO JIc^u, vb ea Muna Mas^H, 
TO owb H H6 craiTB tiopoTBca CB EynHxoHoiTB, Moryn^eoTB^raift- 
mm wn saBOOBaTaieft. BawÚbimSí fb Jlopy BHaiEJio BciynsTB 
na nrapoByiD xopory, BexynQrio xx SHreicxiiťB ycnixairB, n npn- 
TOiTB ropasxo 6oji^ npflMuiTB nyreMi, niwb Beffin Kb hhitb i^ep- 
KOBB KJiH axBoaaiypa. Ob oÓiflCHeniem owb ne cn^niHm, ob% ne 
óurb yBiexaiontiMca mojioxuicb ^ejiOBixoirB, nanpoTHBi, okb x^ft- 
cTBOBajťB Bcerxa MexJieHHo h ocroposno. Ox&iaTB Jlopi npexxosraie 
H nojiy^HTB oraasi, seaujio 6u ihoibtbcii ei otfnteciBa. Oh!B fj- 
MajLiy 110 npaBHTca efi, no seiajTB OKoniaTejiBHO yObxHTBca fb chxš 
ea lyBCTBa, npesxe viifB otbphto o(^bhtb ceóa ea ofioauLTejieirB. 
Ero nojiosenie bi BanecTBi ea KPyn 6uxo cjuniKOM^ bhfoxhOi 
TrotfH neotfxyn&HHO nocraBHTB ero na aapry. 



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PiUBOIHHOI SOOHTO. 291 



rnsa Yl.—UÍMmb nocraBin he Moenb. 

MejueHHO, HeoxoTHO, ynoisjía SHica n cbox> tfepiory, npexo- 
enutm uicso csisefi, HenpiaTHOi Becri. To Óum caMU xjihh- 
HM| caxafl neiannai SHna, BasyiD touso Borxa-iHtfo nepesH- 
Ban Abm& ninó. Ohi He jxnBifliefl (kote Tony; ^nro, no hoha- 
Tunr& XHqrfltHX'& na MaiepEsi, caiioyÓiftcrBO coeraBuerb ecre- 
eneHHoe noeitxcTBie aoHxoHCSHrb TyiiaHORB. Hnaorxa ho nyBCTBO- 
Ban Wh doshmeŘ cuohhocth vb eaiioyHHHToseHÍK) M,n vh xy- 
xuHHe ABBatipLCsie Bowpa, fb Mpavuia flHBapbcsífl cynepEH, 
MTffL om> marai^B no csy^HiiirB, cipsiwb jiwnhwh^ nox^ ynk* 
juwhy cšpmťb Be6oHi, aypí cbok> cnrapy h pasMBmjufl o Toiť&i 
Vb saiyio ne^anHyiD paaBajKHHy npesparajai ohi cairs, a lasse 
H BCfl »i8HB ero. A fficanh zlirb Tony nasigii ohi B£ECTynHjr& na 
inymryK) SHieftcByK) apeny cb TasHMH apiuiMH Haxesxftm, ch Ta- 
BHiTB noTreHHHiTb ^ectojíKÚiewhj ch lasoft xepssot yBÍpeHH0CTBK> 
Vh ójjíjísífiwhj BOTopoe AOJUBSLO tisuo AaiB eny Bce, ttó octb 
jyímaro vh úipb. ^ero owh xoaErb? mkwh owh cmn? Myoieeia 
JŮIuKÓj T.-e. ^fl^ecTBOKiy Koiopoe caMO no ceůi he ctoubo hh- 
^loarao, (SesnoieBHO, HeH8Bto:H0, hto hhbto HBBorxa ne xftBaxB 
ce(í6 ipyAa ocbíxomhtboi o ero HacroBn^eirB BiieHii. Hiia sohh 
6ro — HMfl, npociaBjeHHoe 7aHiiOBn(vi](efl| 6orHfleft ciyxPHtOBi-xe- 
XBBOBB H pasjíEVHun uepBORBy— ro^BJíocB H x^ HOFo. GaiTb no 
ce&b OHI fiuai — hhhto. On Óun tojbbo iiys^ IIIhb6, seHn^rHci, 
Koiopai nBJía Basb putfa. 3to tiujo lasejoe nojiomeHíe ajii wxo* 
BŠia, KB BOTopoiTB ^yBCTBO cTBxa HO ÓBuo eoBopm^HO yfero. Bh 
noiBsy jDI^Ba IIIbbó roBopBJío yse to, hto vh oiorB neiMoxB ero 
JM8HH, Borxa OT^aiHie BnycniJio cboh xorrH vb ero Hatfoj^Bmee 
eepxiO, Borxa JuotfoBB e CEMnaria yciynfljni mAcio fiesnoiBnoft h 
TaflHOfl neHaBECTE; owh ne ůan oxHaBO hh asecrosB, he p&ob^b 
cb senoH). HEBorAa ne roBopHjcB oh!b eft cypoBaro, ixBaro cioBa; 
noxa KB HeiTB sEJia xote caatias Bipa vh ea cnoco^HOciB kb 
HcnpaKieHÍK>| okb ycoBin^HBajTB ee, roBopEJii ch net o ei Óesyii- 
HHX'B npEEmsaxli roBopHJii Bcerxa gt^MsanHO, nacio oieHB 
jiacxoBo; a lorxa yBEX^^ hto na nepeiiiHy Bfbrh HaxesxKi to 
saiiojf^axB H HE B!B TOn Be yRopu^B ee. 

Ona en^e ne naHecďia eny xoro ocBoptfiema, xoiopoe wctb 
sanpentaerB Mysy npoqaTB. HacrojiBEO ona 6íua BÍipHa eiiy, h 
jH)6Ejia ero no-CBoeiiy; BHxajuurB na nero ebk^b ^ypia, Borxa 
tfiua HE ipesBa, he nBana, h nasuBaia ero cbohicb anreioiTB, 
CBoefi Bome^BOft KB npEnaxBaxi rjiynoft nšasHOCTE, BorAa, 6ubuo^ 

19* 



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292 IMtnVh IBPOIQL 

BCjacTB HaiueTCí. Okb, Roiopiift larB ^acro ccopucA cb Heft, 
npesxe h^wl wmennxEfíbrh ee, uůn leneps ByHOCHTB es 0ytt- 
CTBO H ocraBaTBOi cnoROflHinrB. Ohi ne jwkrb AHJh bojio CBoeiiy 
rn^By, BOropiifi nora jBJíen ero ue^^(mo xyxa. OrB nyBCTBOBaix 
TO se, it6 qyBCTByen HeiOB^Ri, cioan^ilt na Kpaio ^epnoi npo- 
nacTH, ch BaBflBaHHimn rjasaiiH, ho coraaI0^^ft, ^to nponacTB lyn, 
7 Hora ero. Onarb HeB^pHnfi mar^ Moserb 6uTh pobobhmi. ?to 
sacaerci xo enpoca ná ero najeHiKÍe TanHni, to exy 6oji^ ho- 
c^acTJHBHJiocB FB BTOiTB Mpa^oiTB JIohxohí, h&tb vb ouasHBae- 
MOMi Hm napHsi. Ohi nojiyiHjrB nocroaHHoe ii^kro pnooBaib- 
H^BBa npH oxHOM^b HLVh roicopHCTH^ecKHXi HBxaHÍfl; BappHxaTypH, 
BOToptifl owh HatfpacuBaji^b vh to BpeMB, saKB cepxi](e ero hujo 
on ropfl, a rojioBa rop&ia, saÓaBJuuE npasxHyK) jOHxoHCByio mo- 
jioxesB, HanoMHHai efi Kana e FaBapHH. Ilpn noicon^H cBoero sa- 
paHxama ohx sapa^oíHBajrB oboio Mfijrh iffjwtovh bi nex^io, 
HTO 6uA0 6ojAe ^wb xocraTOHHO, h yxoBjerBopaio Bcbm ero no- 
Tpetfnocmi; BIhko Kor;ia Bce CBoe saiOBanBe TpaTBTB na ceÓBf 
HTÓ eft 6hjio bhoihí ho KyisA. RasxHfi Be^epB kb en y6opHot 
((HBaja tiyniJiBa maMnaHCRaro, ona xOHHBaja ee, npesxe híwl 
BHXoffTJa na cx^eny mz CBoero ÓojiLmoro ná. IIoBa ona Bosxep- 
SHBajiacB orb boxkh, oto e^e paBHUocB rpesBOcni. Ona 6ujia 
seHII^IHa CB o^eHB orpaHEHenniiMH noHBTuiMH, h hoxoÓho Toicy, 
saiTB vb CaHi-$paHipicKO oxho mainiaHCBoe c^HraercE bbhoitb, 
HanHTRH 001^ HHBsaro pas^opane yxocTOHBaRyrcfl ororo tf jaropox* 
naro HiieHH,-— tbkb h ho mhšhíh) IIIhbo mamiaHCRoe tiiuo exHH- 
CTBeHHoe BHHO, KOTopoe CTOEJio HHTB. Eor^a ona HyBCTBOBaja, 
^0 ero B0B6ysxaH)H(aro x^flCTBis x^fl nea HexocraTOTOO, ona np»- 
<(aBjfijia BB Hero boxkH| h Torxa DIhro cji^xoBajo Hsti^raTB. 

3BMa, vb BTOiTB FOxy, 6iuh npoxoJisHTeiBHafl. Xota sejeme 
CRaTH Bcíx^B cejiBCRBxi xoposeKB H Bct jozCbhh CpejKU OÓHBSeH- 
Haro Jiica 6u3H yse yd^HH Óijioi tiyRBBiie8 h ^iajiRaMH, sbhbíS 
B^Tepi Bce eote noTpacaxB xepeBBH kb jaritey h pfeRO saBHBajTB 

CpeXH JOHXOHCRHrB XHHOBUrB TipyOb. 

HaciynEXB napn^, BŽTepi npoxoisajii saBiiBaiB RaRiJieBi xo 
caMaro na^aia anp&ifl. 

Mapn 6un cyxofi, nimnufi, xo^oxníii, n^expoft pyRoS c&i^ 
mift cMepTB H RopatijeRpymenis, OTBpaTHTejBHuft icapn, 6ojAe 
cnoco6Hufi BHymaTB jdxbmi mcn o caiioytiitcTBi, ^iwb xase 
HOflÓpBCRÍe TynaHH. 

Ho H BTOMy ne^ajiBHOMy icapiy npemejii Ronei^x. JIoHXOHCRÍft 
cesoHz BCTynBrB yse vb cboh npaBa. IIIhro npHBjeRaja renepB 
fle TOJBRO cTyxeHTOBB-MexíROBi, RjepROBXi MOAOxesB H» Bcennaro 



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PÍ3AB0SHH0E BOnSTO. 293 

MIHHCiepCTBa, HO H i;B%rb apHCTOBpaTÍH — BepXHÍ8 CJIOfi flrOffb Vh 

o(Sn(ecTBeHHOfi BopsHHEt, TBapAefii^effB, HOCHBmHxi nep^auBE, JV* 
loiopiixi 6uM% 9^2, H8HÍseHHuxi ^paHTOFB, n^erojiflBinHxi vh 
jtaMCBHXi nepnaisaxi na neiape nyroBHi^u JTs 6 V^) — cyn^eciBi ^o 
itsot creneHH ESHiseHEiixi, hto oaho cjiobo, monoroirb csasaH- 
Hoe, ne^em xejie^OHi} mono yHecrn hx-b na spai senjiH. Ilpex* 
crtBtreiH aiHxi ffiyTb npOTHBonoiosHKXi nopoffB, aijieni h acie* 

TBSI, HJOI, ffiJTBMM CJlOBailH, CUa^H, Ha&XHHBH, rpeÚJSfi^ OXOT- 
HHBH H ByjaiHUe ŮOSlSfiL CB OAHOfl CTOpOHEI H COCTaBEieJUI BOJI- 

lesipt ^p^pa, nOMimaHHue Ha HcsycciBŠ; BOo6ii^e jto^h, ho 
dom sa^ecTBairB noxxoxHBinie si nopoxt pyiHHXi BomesB, cb 
ffjToij BcrpiqajBCB H cMimHBajiHCB BB napiepi leaipa npHHi^a 
4^pexepBBa, hh vb hoitb bhoitb ho hoxoxb xpyri na ]iípyTHj Bass 

TOJLBO Fh OI^HBÍ TBJíaHTa IIIaBO. 

fii sa^ajii anp&ifl MBCiepi OMOieHAO nocraBHJTB noBuft tia- 
jen, CMŠmHofi h nejišnBfl no CHMsexy, BaB'B 6ojLBinaB nacTB no- 
IOSbhtb npoBSBexenift, ho no ^bctb xeBopai^fi, wcnouovb h ci^eHH- 
^ecxiTB a^^BTOB^y XOiseHCTBOBaBmifi npeBBOixH bc£ tiajieTHi Ba* 
lie loiBBO BOTAa-jH6o AftBajiHCB na ci^eHi btofo learpa. Bce fb 
HOBOiTB dtaeA 6ujio pa^HHiano na npocjuiBJíeHie IIIbbo. Ona 
6iua i^eHTpaiBHoft ^arypott vb BapraH^i «Majiofl MexB%XHi](ei» 
o^^necBaro neóa, Btíb rojOBu cbjiohbjbcb nepexB nei; rjaBHua 
iiHitoBn^iiVi ÓujE efl npHCjysHimaiíH, cothb ^BrypanroBi pacnpo- 
ctqMuacB nepejTB ea ipoHOMi, nojiiopacra oraTEcroB^, napoHHO 
iipi[rjanieHHEix'B js^msí aroro TopsecTBennaro npexcraBJíeHifl, npeBJío* 
BUflCB Bi ea HoraMi. 3aBJH)HBTejBHaa Baprana, nocranoBBa bo- 
Topofi oóofixeicfl MBCiepy OMOjeHAO tbbs Aoporo, ^ro ohi (Jobtch h 
ocrtHaBJUBaTBCB Ha btoA mhcjib, Óujia anoeeosi BIabo. 

BpacHBaa, 6oftBaB| nojynBflnaa BpeciBBHBa noxHBMajiacB na 
ib6o npH noMon\H i^iiaro icexanH^ecBaro npEcnocotijieHÍB, cxijiaH- 
Haro HffB sejišsa. Sp^nn^e tiujo yAHBflTennoe. ÁTireru HasuBajui 
m> «cjaBHOft miyBofi*. dcreTHBH saiíiHaiB, ^to oho «HeBiipa8BH0* 
xporaTejBHO>. 

Sasjío^HTejiBHafl BaprHHa Bia aojshb titua H8o6pasaTB Bopai- 
lOBiui nen^epH HHxiflCBaro OBeana. IIIhbo tiujia cnpena, npBBJíe- 
taBmafl hjobi^obi, sasuBaBrnaa hxi hb noratiezB nox'B BOJiHaMB. 
Ofli sua wb yBpameHfloS xp^^poivIhhuiih BaiieHBflifH nen^ep^, vb 
ooBoft, CBepBaBmeiTB ca4>BpaiiB, HByMpyxaxB, janncB-jiaByju, sajui- 
ŤQWb paxyaBHuiTB cbštomi, cpexn Boroparo ona h ea cecrpii cb* 
prau, KB CBOflxi sojiOTiixtB, ÓBecTflH^HXi, ^BmyŘ^tkxuTb Bocmicaxi, 
lalI^OBaIH, HB na HHHyiy ne ocraHaBjíHBaflCB. B'b bohi^*!! ona 



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294 BftCTHIKl IBPOnH. 

noxHBMSjíacB cpeAH Ainro OKeaaa roiyOaro rasa, vh XBisyqetcf 

Manrana^ na soropoĚ oaa coBepmaja cboB noaerb, OTiH^aiaa 
xoBoiBHO cjiosHHMi ycTpo8cTBQirB H Tpe(!oBajia caMOl TntatenHol 
pa6ani co cropoHH leaipanearo moTEBsa. IIOKyxa itamEHa npa- 
BHJBHO A^ltcTBOBajia^ oHa He npexcraBJíua EHKasoB onacHociH, ho 
uKiiimBOL saxepsBa, caiiafl jiersaii HetfpesnocTB vb ynpaBjeHii 
ev>f HorjiH noBjeHK sa co6ofi onacHOCTE h ffixe mňih pobobhi 
uocjAacsbUí. 

— Mhš dia mryBa BOBce He HpaBHTCir,— cxasajTs Jlfli»Kh Ulno, 
Bor^a yBHA&ii seey cboid ox^Tyio vh ÓyxHS^Hoe naaTBe, n 06- 
niBTUMi BpyseBom hocobuitb luatBOMt, saBflBaHHiiirb y noffior 
poxBBi Ha noxotfie BOBerjiBBaro ho^hofo wm^a, noAHHifaK>ii](eftCfl s^ 
noTOJiBy cpeAH uujívl e Mpana, nepasjíyHflHxi ch peneiEipefl.— 
dra Befl^ mbš Baserca onacEofl. He Mosete-JIE bh o6oěthcb 
6en EéB, OiiojieExo? 

— HeBOSMOsflo; 8to Jiy^mi8 Eyicep'B bo Bceft ci^eE^. Onač* 
HOCTH EBBaBoft, yB&pflH) BacB. Potfepici — jiy^mii hjiotbebi Vh Mvr 

Jljofjs, cjysHBmie MBcrepy CxoieEAOi 6um Bcer^a jyqmBBi 
vh CBoewb poAÍ. Oei EM-^ii cnocoÓBOCTB xo($HTB ce6t nepBOBjac* 
EHe lajiaETEi BcbTh poxoB^ orb opEiiaKOEEH xo saB^XHBaioqaro 

raSOBHlIfl pOSBaiifl BBJIB>^ETeJIBEO. 

— Oh%9 Baacercfli TOJiBOBafi, eo, roBoparB, sapaBiepEuS neio- 
bíbb. 

— TajaHTJBBHe jtoxe HHBorAa Ee otjiB^aioTCfl xopomBMH zapas- 
Tepaini9**Be<SpesE0 otbštbxb GMOJieEAO.— JlB)6e8EOCTB— xo(5pox^ 
Tejib xypaBOBi. 

rocEoxani niBBo Ee noxxucB aTBMi yti&BxeEiaiťE. Os^h oto- 
SBaii at^Ey fb cropoEy e yiioux& ee OTBaBaiBCE otb aroro no- 
jera vh BopauoBot tfecftxBt. 

— RaB'& 6u Ee xaBi, — BopoTBo OTBÍTEaa OEa.— fl sBaio, it6 
mbí vh jfliqr. & 6yxy npejiecTEa cb pacnyoi^eEEiiMfl no EJie^avB 
BOJiocaiiH B!B 8T0I KopajuoBofl paifB^. Te&k ne^evo tioBTBca, jL^yn 
MOfté OnacEOCTE jAn. Jíjbl ecjH($i b e y6BJiacB,— npaBO, b se xf- 

MBD, WO(Sh BTO pasÓBAO TBOO CepXfífi. JlflBEO ySO TU EaCTOJIBKO 

He xoponmB meoě. 

Osa qejBEyjia najiBi^aMB nepexB ero eocomi, cb owraiťB b9b 
el OAEofl cBoiCTBeEEyx'B cMÍjnix% secTOBi, BasaBniBxcfl oco6eflB0 

OTOpOBaTeiBEHHH EOCK^EBEITB. ,^S8VB IIIbBO COXpOrEyíCB. ^ 

010 ysacBaa BCTBEa. Eb CMepTB 6iua 6u ero ocBoOosx^HieMi bbb 
flOBOJB. Efl CMepTB? ysEajB-jiE 6u owh ce6s, EOBipflJi-jfl 6u n 



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PiSABOHIOI ROnHTO. 295 

CBoe TOBWCTBO^ ccjifo OBE yHepia B ecJH tiu OHI CHOsa nojiy- 
vui B08M0SH0CTB XOAHT& HO BceMy cB^Ty, CTaji!B rocnoAHHOiTB ca- 
loro ceéSj wiAxh cboh Haxesffi, cboh ^^ciojuo(SflBiifl i^h, hoc]U'b 

CBOe MXfl, HO CTHAHJai CMOrp^TB JlIOXflMX Fb MEJíflf HC ÓHJTL tifl 

(k)tiie HSBicreHi noffb Hneneiťb Mya&a IUhbo? 

Os!b cepiSsEO y&bsmBLjrh ee ocraBiTB bi noBoi Hanuusy, bos- 
Hocurnyx) ee xo leaipanBaro HeÓa. K^b ^eny ett pECKOBaiB? Jlxy- 
(Sifl K^^^^aa roxHTCfl na aro, jvbpsijrh owb. 

— A^9 H xopH^ttSBa Binuusers cboh> xpacory h uojljhwtl 
Bc6 pyioniecxaHÍfl. ,& ne Taaaa ^Qrpa, moúu npeAOcxaBHTB ett Biy 
BooroBHOcrB. He Tepatt ciovh, no-nyciy, JlflBKh. S. HaMŠpeHaaro 

— VtiBjvbetCM, — ch rope^uo otbítmi ohx,— pasBiraaorAa- 
Hi6yxB oisasaiacB orBxanpBsa, «ito6h xocTaBHTb mhí yxoBOUCTBie. 

— Moserb Óiitb, h HBKorxa. S. cyn^ecTBO sanpBSHoe. IIo xa- 
npisy wanjUL a sa Te6a saMysi, h tu no aaopesy sesBioi aa mhí, 
a leaeps na o(Sa BcaqpeHHO Haxo&u Kpjn n>yry. SSajoío, ho 
nptBxarjni? 

— & oapaiocB BcnojraiTB moS xojirB nepex^ to6oB, Kpyn 

MCA,— Oep&eBHO, 00 BnOXOfWhf OTBŠTBn OHI. 

Pasyifieicfly IUhbo sacioflia na CBoem, Óyxyn oxBott bss 
Tin BtftffmHTTB, BOTopHH, pafffc npBHBRb BaBoe-jB(So pJbmeBíe, 
yse Be xoryrB oisasaxica on šero, xasB ropHHft noiOBs, pas- 
nBmiĚCfl OTB AoaMiettf se mosotb bsh^hetb HanpaBjíeBiB CBoero 
mcBia. HoBHtt ($aien vuin ycnfoB, saxjnDmexBBaa sap- 
ina teia TopaceciBom Eíbbo. Ona tohho Óiua npeiecraa, 
BOtt ea tima ÓeayxopBSHeHBie bcíz^b non, Borxa-JB(k> npBWH' 
HBB icpaicopHinrb craiyairB; oaa cioajia, ch noxHaniMB aaxi^ 
numoft, nojmHHB, Cíihmb pysaicB h orCpacnBaja Hasaxi cb&cbb- 
■ífca BopauoBHfl b^bh, npBHeii!B ea xuouoie, ^epHne bojioch 
oqfSBan ee bcd, na noxotiie HaBTÍB. 3th 6onHiie, pocBomBiie 
Boiocu 6uMM oxBot BffB OB rjiaBB|m npejiecret, bxi moblbo Ůujlo 

SIDOBHBTB, BeCMOipH BB TO, HTO BCO Fb BOtt tilUO BpeBpaCBO. 

MainaHa paóorau aejHxoainBO. B% nepButt ae^opb Jí^vh 
man m ByjBcaMB, BcipeBoseHBiiS, ÓxaTenautt. 

OxpHBOB!^ flSB pasroBopa sa ero cnaaot, xMeiiBBiifl xo Bero 
» iy caiiyB) MBflyiy, Borxa sopauoBaa (Seciffa noxBBMaiacB, ae 
wnMi ŮBXh ero ycHOBoaiB. 

— Hhhlio Bce Bxen npeipacso^— cxasan oxbb!b bfb tobt- 
pnmnx ]ianiBBBCZ0B:& OBoeiiy noMontBBBy, — obb o6a TpesBH, bo 
menk oaa BLaBa, b obi buke, Torxa xa csauTca Focboab 

UKb BOD. 



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296 B«OTHn'& iBPom. 

^x»Kh orapaBMCji paaucBHBaiB MHCiepa CicojeHxo, xan tojibbo 
onycTHJiCfl 8aHaB'lcBv 

— ^to-si,— BocuHi^an ciiKMqít peauccSp:^— ycofoB tfjiE- 
craTejiBinit. ^eHessi ks HavB fb pyu HOUHByrB. Tpwra Be* 
^epoBi BHxepsHTx y něm aio npexciuieme* 

— Mffi Kpafise HeHpaBBTca arorb nojien asesa. A toibso- 
^m> cjHman, hto ^eiOBin, jrrpuuwymfŘ xannHofl, nuHHqa. 

— rojqrfiiHR^B Mofi, Becb dTOTE HS^j(B loen, — Beoexo otbí- 
THjr& GifOJieHxo.— Ho PotfepicB ooqK)BHii](6. 3a x^<m&— offB Bcerjia 
TpesBi. 

CHOBa JI|s8K!B nonuiajcji yroBopiTB seny; nomiTBa ara osa- 
sajacB CTOJB se Tn^erHOfi, BasB h npesufl. 

— £cn(hi Tti He Óiutb rjyiiei](i^ th 6ii sacraBm GicoieHxo 

lUaTHTB Mfli HJITB íjfJBTOVh Vh UBfjlunO JBlUHUlby pa^H OnaCHOCTH, 

xoTopofi fl noffBepraH)CB, Biritoio tofo, im6u npHcraBaTB ci arHiTB 
so mhí, — p^mua ona. 

— fl He Haxipen ApeBpaiqaTB Bonpoci o TBoei tfetonac- 

HOCTH KB AGHeSHHĚi — OIB^TILirB OffB, H HOClt 9I0r0 MeSXy HHMS 

yse dorbe ne tiiuo p6n o nojieri bi KopauoBot 6ec6xB%; 
TŠiťB He Hente, cjiOBa xamHHHCTa npecjAxoBan ^SBia niHxb. 

<Eorxa Ofsa nBflHa». FopBio teao bchomhitb ani cxoBa.XoT& 
npHBH^u JDeHK yse x&bho tisn eiiy msfbcrBUy ero lopotfBJO 
npH MHCJH, HTO BC&rB H sas^OMy, — caMOMy nooiixHeicy mh lea- 
TpanHHX^ npHCiysHHBORBf-^BHaiOMH ea nopoai. 

Bb xohi^ aiqrikia y IUhbó Otua cepBeaHax ocopa cb seoot. 
BoBHHua OHa Hsx-sa CBeprsa, ocraBieHHaro y x>epei, BexmrB 
Ha cítěny, au AOcraBiemii Tiffii^OBiipnit^ vb CBeprrt BauD^aica 
sojioTOtt ÓpacjierBy kb losaHOHs ^yrjuipž, na aoropoirB <buo 
OTTHCHyro HMfl oxBoro HS% caMBTB MOXHHxs H xoporiTB Dwn- 
poBB Ydcn-dEfiBL. He 6uxo HEsaBETB ysasaHÍfi sa to, ontyxa no 
npHHomeHie; ho Ha yseHBSot noiocB& tfyícarH, CDparanHot noxB 
MaccHBHHin, BOJLoram oópymm, 6hjo Hai^apanaio iuozhitb, 
MejianrB nowpiioirB: 

«npHB0CHTca VB BHaxi ÓjntToroBtaíji npexB renievs^. 

niHXó CB TopsecTBom OTHecjia xokoě noxapon h ooiasajia 
ero Mysy; conxHiift soiorofi o6pyn, niooút, nnpoKít, iiacciB- 
HBtt, HaHomHaBinii sboho i^hh, otihuboiííci crporoi npocioioi, 
xpacoBa^cfl na ea noinoft, &kjíoŘ pyaft. To Ůomo yspamraiei xo- 
CToftHoe xpeBHe*rpe<iecBoft laBi^OBavn^i. 

— Tu, pasyirleTea, oroDueraB ero, — cxaBan Asbbs, zvypo 
HorjaxuBaa na noxaposB. 

— Ho, xpyrB MOft, ayxa se mhí orooiaTB ero? 



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PiSABOIHIOB KOnHTO. 297 

— lOjienpy. Ovh xoJUKeirL soaTB CBoero noKynaiejui. 

— £[ ne Tan npocia. npEHXTB aHOHiMHut noxapon poBHO 
mero se sna^Hn. Ř^ pasyiiierai, ocrasjíH) ero y ce<S0. 

— He xyvan ^i htoÓh th naja wwh hhsbo. 

IQhbó Ha 910 oTB&TiJia A^pBOCTbK), (Tb o0im CTopoHi noou* 
nancb oien spynAua HupasKeHÚi. ^aiia ociaBua y ce6fl 6pac- 
len; fíKrnuMBOh na crtxyB)iiúfl se xen onipaBuca si K)Be- 
npy, TO MacfepcBOi: loroparo npoiczoxaxB Ópacien, h crapajici 
BBmmn y nero ma nosynaieu. 

íOBeiE]přh 6un ipesBH^alJM b&uhb%, ho naiurni ne hm&ii 
Hnaiol. ^mídvk ninó nqaTeiBHO onecajTE tfpacieii, hoiobojihpb 
cian yaipaTb ero, ^to ohi, vh T&iemE He;i^H, npcxaii TaKBXi 
jpoflUHy. 

— & nonraio, hto bh omHtfaeiecR,— caasan EÍHicd, ^aconi 
mm tfpaejera eoBepmenno neoÓiiKHOBeHHiifi. S. HHBorxa ne bh- 
xan noAO^Haro, — h ohi noBTopHjrb CBoe (MncaHÍe. 

Kbempib ci BpoTsoft yjuióxoft noaaian rojiOBoft. 

— ^aeoHB, npaBxa, hobaB,— caasan okb, — ho nory Bací 

yBipm, HTO MH npOXMH HXI ntolOUBO, BDOJIHÍ COOTB§TCTByK>- 

m^Th BěmeMj ojoamjo. Mhš coBepmenno hobobhosho npHHO* 

— noHHMaia, — csaBajTL IIIhbó,— Bam neyroxHO BiixaiB bh- 
nOBaro noHynareju. E Kpítjo^ hto h HaBHaieme tipacieia Bam 
vadcmo. MarasHHH, noxo^HHe BamoMy, naBpax^ ih tfu npoi^Bi- 
laiK, ecjnidrh ne othochiicb cnHCxoffEienno wh nopoKani cbohtb 
narpoHOBi. 

Ujcaarh vk DBOJiipa Biofi crp&iofi, IHhsď Bamen hsi na- 
rasHHa. 

Offb BOSBpftnuca vh ce6h na napnipy Ch rtm, irotfu yjio- 
sm CBOH Beqn kb ne^ojBrnot lOMOxaHiHn h ssiími ornpa- 
BHTBca xyxa ronsa rjaxan. Ha hto ero sohíi satfoni icysa? Ofla 
He sejaaa hh npHHHMaTB ero cobítobi, hh nox^Hnarbca eMy. Ona 
B86pau CBOft Hyrb bi a»8HH h nolxers no aiOMy nyin xo po- 
lOBoro xoHita. HeyseiH ero uatfas pyia nperpaxnn efi xopory? 
Bi rjiBan oroi xoiepH napoxEi cb ea npHrynHBmeiea cobíctbio 
I Heopeodopmot BOjefi, ara pyaa snaujia ne 6oAÍe ooiOMensH, 
BaiHBsetca y nea nctxi HoraMH. 

— Othiih6 fl Ch HeH) noxoH^HXB,— esasaxE ohs ceói. — Sa- 
lone ne pasBexen BacB lavB, BaKfL pasaeia ona. Ecjih ona sa- 
Syxen cboh otíisaHHOCTH oTHOCHreiBHo neHa, saxoffb pa8Jiy^nnr& 
Han. A 6yxy (JesnoniaxeHi. 

Hosa OHB yuaxHsajii CBofi HeifoxanniBi, fb roaoB^ ero tiiec* 



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298 BMTHHn KBPOm. 

Hyia MHCJB. To ÓHJia yauiCHM mkcjb, OH^b uoÓAfjgAjrh otb nea 
B% nepByx) icrayTjr, ho t^mi ne xeHie npBHjin ee n cepxiiy* 
Ohi yiamsLn na neonpex&ieHHoe BpeMH. Oh:b y^pexm Ha;^*^ 
senoK) HaxBOiTB. Ea HaxaxBCTBO, ea x^peocTB BOsÓjABaH b% nem 
camara iipa^nnia noxcspinia. XiOHniHHa, tipocaioovui euj vh jmno 
Taxot OTspuTBfi Buson/xoJSHa ÓBTL cnocoÓHa Ha aee. 

— K(Miy M017 a xoBtpHTBcay — cnpamBBajTB ov& ee(Sa, npe- 
puBaa CBOH nparoTOBjíeHia h croa na BOi^HarB Hepex% on^n* 
THiTB HenoxanoiTB. — XoBflfiB'6— mrccHCCi dsan? H^, ona xbt- 
paa ■, mb Tony aae, 7 Hea cjiHrnnoirb x^mraiit aameb. Oiaxan^ 
rpora pasBasen sTors hbiib^b bo Bcaaoe BpaM, h ona Bs^tnen 
Hena seaA. Mhš HyseHs Mysuna. Jl^epojiB! Jl^a, aasib pasi ro- 
XHTCff, y nero bc% sa^eciBa HeoÓxoABMiia x^a BToro penecxa. 

niHso 8anepr& ^eMOWHi CBOft na bjio^i, aaTanyn peicnn, h 
BUHecB ero na njion^axay jri6cTHHi9i. Sarbm ovb &bFům nox- 
HHJica BO BTopoft 8Tas!B, H HocTy^aji^B vb KOB^h nepBott B(»iHani. 

— BoftxHre, — CKasaji cjraóutt foíocb, k Jíjsbkl DIbro BomexB* 
Bh BOMHart nauo boxboS h crapuMB cHrapanB; cana ze ona 

0Hja en^e 6oji^ saiBaa, rbM% rocranaa nepaaro orasa, nia^ea- 
naa xonia cb btofo nja^oBHaro opannajia. ŠaH^rao 6u» to mb 
noBymeme na yÓpancTBO, norycRH^Bmee xepeao, necrpoa on- 
i^eaua sanaBiCKH h rasoBHO se nauH Ha crynaxi, c^ poeaiiB 
H jHjiaMBy no^TB HC^esHyBmnMH nox^ cjioeMS rpasH. JífimewíŘ 
BOBepi ÚujFb coBepmeHO BSHomeffB h npexcrasiajn nixp^ ny* 

CTBHD BaHBH^ Cb ]leJBRaK)Q^I]^& TaiTB H CBICS OaSHCOlTK Vh BHX§ 

OTi](B'ÍTmefi BuniBBBH} HaMesaBniBirB na npesnee ÓoraxcrBO hcvbii. 
Osná norycxH&iH oti aoHxoHCRoi rpasa h johxohcb aro XKxa, 
H npaxaBajH en^e 6ojAe irpa^Hiit bbx'b zojioxHOiiy He6y b i«f- 
HoS yajifb, BOTOpmiH mosho 6hio JnotioBarBca wpen vx% creiua. 
IIoTpecBaBmiSca h HaBBcmitt hoiojiokb no6yp&rB Wh UHorortt* 
Haro XHMa. FpasB 0ujia ^peo6JlaxaI>^^I]r& BummAmeMhy B«ropoe 
BOMHaia dra ocraBjaia B!b yii^ nocfoHTejra. 

Ba ctapom* xiBaH*! jeautxB Hacroan^t zosanoB aaapnrpa h 
ÓJiaseHHO xpeiian; HyMepr& « Daily Telegraph» BUCBonrayji lam 
ero ocjia6'lBraei pyBB. OcTarsE zoiocroro saBTpaxa, na HOiOBMiy 
onoposHeHHaa aBHnaa cBopxyna, o&iombh sapenaro xjMa» xpee- 
Hyamaa so^^efinaa ^amBa, CBBX'ÍTejBCTBOBan, ^rro oh% eote ae- 
xaBHO yTOjajTB cboí roxoxx. 

Ohb jIhbbo npHnoxHHJica co aiaToft noxynnui b, yciaBBBBtiBCB 
na roctfl, npoxMSBTeiBHO h rpoMXO ff&BHyn. 

— MBJHfl HOft!— BocBJHBHyxb offB.' — TaB% paHol ÍTÓ cjy^ií- 
jiochj iTO BII noxnajBCB Brasyio panB? 



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P18AB0BHH0I KOnHTO. 299 

HapysHOCTB ero 6km HexH)SHHHafl. Oh:b Óhjii bhcoki, mn- 
pcsoHie^^B, ch xyxBMH, HycRyjracTHMH pysaMHy npjiMiiirB Hocoirby 
(oranmiH, b'£cb(kibbo Biixaion^Hmcfl noiycKH^BiniiMH msaiíH, 

(dlU BOTOpHXB ÓBTIH SaJTOTH XpOBBK) 01*B MHOrOJribTHflFO npOSH- 

rudl SH8HV, SHXKHMH c6AmfH BOJiocam, xoTopue oh^b hocbjtb 
o^esB x^mHHmiB, c& ^&ibio cx&iaTB bxi CByxoerB ueuie wnit- 

HOft, Cl I^TOMl miífLj VMfbK>mjiM% BaB0Í*TO CBHHI](OBUfi OTT^HOBl 

CB iipi6aBsofl Bi 9T0My meiHVUTh narewhj — to 6ujli> i^B^hrB musl 
Yeio^ksa^ x^b Boroparo cbísíB Bosxyz^ eciB p^XBas pocBomB,— cb 
TOBBBBi ryÓBMH H BHCOBBMi, ysEHiTB jí6owh. Ha Eém 6hjb Ha- 
xItb BOTepTBft CDpiytt^, BacrerHyTHĚ na Bcb nyroBBi^ii) Bcrpenan* 
Bíd, ^epBBĚ aTjacHHĚ rajcryrB, c&piifl naHrasoHu, Tyro-uaTSBy- 
TU BOBepn crapHx^B canorB,— casorB, Ba^aBnrax^B cbok> BapBepy 
RB BaieciB^ tfajBHUXl. 

HeenoTpa Ha auusyiD oxeacxy cbok), ^ejiOB%R'B btotb tbbi h 
enorpicB xseHTjiBMeHOM^. Bi toitb, ito 9wn> ^memjnuewb najii 

TflCB HHBIO, SaVB TOJBBO MOSeTB naCTB ^BJIOB^BS ÓJarOBOCBBTaH* 
sni Bfift cAwb XOarOBOfl TWphUUj He tiSJIO HBBaBoro comh^híb. 

IIopocB HaaiosBJí^B Ha Hero cboio newTB, HajiosfljnB xavB rjy6oRO, 
m caMoe MeftMO npecrynHBsa ne tiojiBme btoB ne^aTH oiiy^jio tiu 
6fo OTB Bcero xotfponopflXO^Haro. Haxo óuno 6iitb oneHB moio- 
nsn H coBepmeHHO nmeHHHM'B sBrefiCBaro onura, ^toÓu xob%- 
pm FocnoxBHy ^^bojir) xasoe-ratfo xopomee x&so. Ho ^sbbi 
nino BHBasajTB (Ík)jiBH!yB> npoHBi](amiBHOCTB, ssÓpaBi JI^epoxH, bi 
sňeerBfe noxxoxflu^aro opyxúi, x^b Hcnojraema rpasHot pafiom. 
Ob% 6ujFh BWb Toro se MaTeplajia, bsi Boioparo cx'&aaHB ^aH- 
iQ^sexift «iiyniapi>. 

— JI OTOHB BcrpeBoseax, JI^epojiB^-^OŤBiTHJťB ^m^vh^ naxaa 
Bi eiyjB. 

— Aoporofi Mott, xpeBora — name BopiiajBHoe cocToanie vh 
nuĚ 3»8HH,— aiHBBo oTBtororB Jífi^xh: — MyxpiftnriS b8!B eBpeoBi 
lopomo 8T0 BHajx. ^ejiOB^R^B posxeB^B xini ropa, ixoxo6ho Tony 
OKB Bcspa aeran KBepxy. CaMoe tioiiBmoe, ^t5 Mosen noeoBŠ- 

fmn I^HJlOCOJ^iBy BTO— OTHOCBTBCfl Vh TOpK) XaBl HOSHO JferHO, 

Mea exBomyeB b. Bcft SHreftCBia (}£xb npomjra no noeny HHoro- 
lyfanniiiy rtjrf, ho a se pasxaBjíeHB. 

ToffB TOBOpHBmaFo 6uxh xpyxecsifi h bb to ase BpenB ^aMVjíBBp- 
ndL JS;mBKb EIbkó b sB:ieii:B BToporo Biasa nosHaBOMBaBCB 
iBii^ no nepecejeHÍE ^oth DIbró wb jmnj GflfMSeps. 

Obe Bcrpt^aiHCB na jcíctebi^, cna^ajia yjmÓajiHCB, hotomi 
umflTBCB; HOTOMi ocTaHaBjniBajniCB notioJiTáTB, no 66nmeŘ 
B06paHBTB norOxyy BaT^Mi nomjni hícbojibbo xaJBme, na- 



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800 nmaxh ibpoiih, 

^9aE TOJiBOBaTB o coSuríflxi jha, o crpamHoiTL yólficisi, oohcíh- 
HoiTB FE yTpeHHHX'B 1*886X0X1, O nosapi, paspasHBmeiíai ea ao- 
port vh Muyajiby o naiosAaxi na BOfiny, o xojredamflXb b^ no- 
juTH^ecKofi aTMoc^pi. H^&CBOJiBKO BpeH6HH cnycifl JlfliBVb Hlesó 
npEriacHii^B ^epoifl rs ce(% bi BOMHary, h obh Ha^ajH Hrpan 
Blb asapiě, 6yxyHH o5a nepBoiuacHHMH HrpOBaMH, no Tpn neHHH 
3a point. BcKopi asapTě OBon^aTenno Bomojii^ vb o6ani, ohi 
crajiH HrpaiB pasa xBa hjih xpa kb neA&uo, noBa m-me IIIhbó 
CTOfljia na nocBaxi h npHBOXHia vh socropn sojioryH) Moioxesi» 
CTOJHi^ii. fl,7BBKb HamejTb, 9T0 ero noBufi snaBOMufi — nejovbn na 
BHxyMBH TapoBaTiiSi otijaxaiontilt otimepnofi onHTHOcrBH). Bi ea- 
h9jA CBoeS SH8HH OHX saHHMaJi xopomee o^ntecTBennoe nojiose- 
me, OTJB^ajtcfl— <7xi no ero cJiOBairB, — vb BoeHnofi cjiys6^, noi> 
na^ajBCTBOMrb xaBHXi jnoxefi, sasi Fay h rapxHHrL, a saiiia, 
HOAJienHo cnycBaacB, co cryneHEBB na crynenBBy, Aornen xo CBoero 
HacToan^aro nojioaseflifl. 9to nocrenennoe HHCxoasAenie sacitBBio 
ero npofiTH wpesi Taaifl crpanniifl h pasnooCpasHiifl ycjioBifl, w 
H3B ero naÓ^ioxenifi HaA'B bcšm^b, ^nó eciB vh shbhh caicaro opH- 
rnnaJiBHaro h caniu^o xy^maro, mosho Óujio tiu cocraBBTB xaByi) se 
ofiBeMHcryio BHHry, BaBi^: «Les Misérable6>. ^jiobísb btotb 
yuíbjrh roBopBTB. Ohi HHBorAa ne noBTopnxB oahoi h totb se 
pascBasB. ^SBBy nopofl BasaiocB, hto npoHCxoxHTi 9io orroro, ^to 
OHib TyTB se BHAyMHBaerB cboh neropÍH, k lOxqacB saÓiiBaen 
BX'B. AepojB ne otinapyaBHBaii HHBaBBxi nperensifl na xoCpoxI- 
TejiH, BOTopHMH HO o^jiaxan; nanpoTHBiy ohb CBopifl BHcraBjum 

na BBKh CBOH nOpOBH. EjmHCTBeHHHH Sa^eCTBa, BaBÍH OffB Bsia* 

suBajTB, 6£ijb: He6pesH0CTB bi xeHesnuxrB j^iiax^i Boropyn obi 
no9BTaji'B n^expocTBiOi h rpy6oe nonarie o ^ecrn, Taaoe se, Baioe, 
roBopflii, cyn^ecTByerB y BopbBi. ^acsBi buhochjtb ero, npera- 
pai^B, HO noBBOJflJTB eny safiaBjuiTB ceÓa. ByxB ohi Bopojeni, 
OHI 6u oxoTHO xepsaji otofo ^ejOBisa, ox&raro b> necipyK)| 
oxesAJi y ciynenefl cBoero Tpona h npscjiyniaBajica b% oerpoiain, 
BO BByci Pa6jie, BaBÍa owb Ópocan Ou bb yjiH(teH)nvHCfl ima 

npHXBOpHIQLl. 

— 9to se ceroAHfl sa oco6eHHoe ropě, Asbkb? — cnpocBjn 

JI^epOJB, BH^HpaH, H8B HHOrO^HCJieHHilX'B npeXKOTOB^, BaiflBIBHXai 

na BaMHHHOfl aocb£, TpyÓowy, h jišhhbo nanojiHaa latiaBOirB no- 
^epn^Bmyio rojioBsy ea*— ^HHaHCOBoe, nojaraio a? 

— Hln, Hena asena xpoBOsniB. 

— EcTecTBennafl Bapa sa lo, vio senHjracB na caiiott Bpa 
CHBofl aceHn^HH^ bo bcoitb IlapuBŠ. ?ero se coÓCTBeHHO tfonrecB bhI 

— Ona nojiy^Hja noxapoBi otb neBSB^ctHaro otSosareju, i 



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PA3AB0SEH0I SOnBTO. 301 

wioMjj «iTO noAapoR'B aHOHEMHuS, Bootfpaxaen, ^to HM^ten nojiHoe 
npaBO np]iHjn'B ero. 

— Bi newh se tjtí 6ix&? 

Bh X0JSHQ8T0O0HHMaTB. AHOHHMHUftnOXapOBrb — npofiHHĚ 

UMeH^. 06osaiej!iB yBHXHn seny moio TaHi](yK>ii^efl (tb ero 6paaie* 
TOMi Ba pyBfty H co^ren ee TaRott se npoxasHofl, saR^B Ta A'b* 
BymRa, soropafl npoxaja Phitb Hsi-aa Tasot se nycrofl 6e»fíb- 
lynoor. 3a ero nepsui^B npBHomeHieMi nocaixyeri sropoe, datiiTb 
nofixyTB nHCBMa^ cna^aja, 6htb Hosers, aHOHHMHufl, ho Ror^a, 
nocpex^noiTB jiobroB lecrv, ob% cpamierB Aopory, wfymjio ri 
noBopy, TO owb BHCRasercfly h Torxa... 

— EcjiH Bama sena ne Jiy^mafl seHn^HBa, ^im bu ee c^h- 
raere, npexBBXHTCii onacBOCTB. Bu 8to xot&ih CRasaiB?— cboroího 
cnpocHn Aepon, MexiesHO nomixBBaA bs^ CBoefi Tpy6owH. 

— T3iÍThj — noRpacH^Bi otb HeroxoBaHÚr, otb^tbjtb IIIbró. 
Obi eoie ne najTB TaRi hbsro, hto^ei cjymaTB, RaRi sesy ero 
noBOcan, xota b HeHaBBX'&Ji'B ee. — H'ĎrB, ecjiB(íi sena moa 6ujia 
seHBpraa, cnocotfnafl yBjeHBca noxo6Haro poxa co6jia8HOHi, mu tiu 
CB Bet xaBBHMi-xaBHO pascxajiBCB. Ho a ho xo^y ocraBBTB ee sa 
sepTBy npecjixoBasiBMrB aroro MepsaBita. Mu ci neft noccopnjiBCB 
i9B-8a ero xpaBHoro Cpacjeia, b a HaiišpeHi ee ocraBBTB aa aí* 
au>jn»RO AHefiy noRa hh o6a se npBxeirB BiJiyHmee pacnojioseBÍe 
xyxa. & He xovy ocraBBTB ee 6en BCBRaro noRpoBBrejBCTBa, re* 
aepB, Rorxa aroTB jiobríB Heroxafl nosajiyS croposBPB ee aa nyTH 
OTB ea RBapTBpn xo Tearpa. ď 6n sejiaii, ^to6h RT0-Hfl6yxB, 
9ei0BÍs!B, ROTopoMy 6h b xoB^pa^^— 

— HaÓJioxaji^B sa sefl bo BpeMfl Bamero orcyrcTBifl?— CRasaxB 
^epojB. — G^BTafiTO bto x^^o cx^JiaBHBíHi, rojiytfqBRi Hofl. Mu 
eB m-me DIbró OTJB^fliSmie xpysBir. £ hsi ea horjiohhbrofb b 
oaa, mhí^ RBsercB, CBímaTB^HO RO hb'6 othocbtcb. ď 6yxy ea pa- 
6oBi H oxpaHBTOJieMi na Bce BpeMB Bamero orcyTCTBÍB, ea OTitoifB, — 
T0JBRO Moa npexaHHOCTB npeBsofixerB on^OBCRyio. 

— Ona HB^ero ae xoJtsna sHaTB,— BOCRjBRHyjii JIjsaRx. 

— PasyMiercB, HŠrB. fflíeHnmHBi— x^tb, tojbro seMHOFO (JojBme 

POCTOMI, (TB HBMB B 06pao^aTBCa HaXO RRR^ Ch xibTBMB. IIbJIIOJIB, 

KOTopBfl MH BMx xaeMib, XOJSHH Cbttb otfcHnaHH caxapoHi>, nopomRB 
pasBexesH kb MajmaoBoiirB capon^. SL TaR% 6yxy yxasBBaTB sa m-me 
IUbró, hto OBa CB paxocTBK) no8BOJiBrB Hflš conpoBosxaTB ee vh 
leaTpB H o(5paTHo; ho b 6yxy xepsaTB ea HeBSBicrnaro o6osaTejifl 
Ha no^TBTejBHOiTB pascToaniB, cb TaRBirB se ycnixoMi, cb Ra- 
iBiTB siiftmifi Bsi xpaaoHOBi Rorxa-jiBÓo croposBJí Rpacoiy. 



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302 Bscňm iBPonH. 

— Tucsny pasfB Ójaro^apio sacBi Jíepozh. A ne ocraBya n 
AOiry. IIpon^afiTe. 

— Bu HaM^peBH nepeiuiiTb sanaii? 

JRekó He csasaji, Kyxa obi iffiTh, % Jífipojíh Úusbcmwxon 
CKpouewhj HT0611 noBTopHTb CBoft Bonpocib. Ohi nopoD xBaciarB, 

OXyp^BTB OTB BHHa, HTO ByXA 6u HH X^BaJiaeB erO EpaBCTBeHEOCIb, 

yi^HBfl xepsaTB oe6fl ohi ne noiepim. 

Jí^vh IIIebó ociaBBjrE seni BoporeHBByx) sasHcsy, iiafipo* 
caHHyK) xapaHxaniem. 

•Jífiponsí 3aHpa», nican ohx, «TaBi Basi mh hjoxo la- 
AHiTB jípjn ch xpyroMi, HaiTB otfoHMi ÓyxerB nojiesHO pascraibca 
Ha hícbojibbo x^efl* A šxy bi xepeBHD noxnínaTB cb&bhmi bos- 
AyxoiTB, Meu 8X'ficB TomHBTB OTB saiiaxa raaa h boxu. Bepen 
ce6fl, paxB caMofi cetffl, ecn ne paxB moba. — Tsoft A- in.». 

0. n. 



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CATHPA IIl,EJi;PIIHA 



OhEPRH HSl COBPEMEHHOft IHTEPÁTFPH. 



— KpyrJHft Ion', COH. M. £. CainiiOBa (IltexpiHa). Cfl6. 1880. 

AaBHO yse pyccBífl nncaTejB ne npoHSBOXHn Ha coBpeneHHoe 
eMy otfn^ecTBO xasoro rjiyóoxaro sneuTJiiHifl, BaK'^ r. GairuBOBi. 
Kasxoe HOBoe ero npOBBBexeme ^HTaercii ci saxHOcrbH), Bcb o 
Ben roBopiTi, cnopirs, SBa^HreAHoe (SojiBinHHCTBO BOCxHn^aeicfl 
m. Jl^ase rt^ y BOTopiix'B Moposi xoJseHi Óujii 6ii npcÓiraiB 
no lijiy npH Tieeúi, Kasi mojiotomi Óbioniefi, caTHpii, ne oiBasH- 
Bintcfl BCiynaTB kb orsptiTyio 6opB6y cb MOO^HiiirB nncaTeieirB 
I BB 6ójiBmefl ^acTH cjiy^aeRB OTHOCflica vb Heny ecjiB ne cb jih)- 
ÓottD, TO noKpaftHett-MÍpi— CB BH^niHHirB yBaseHÍeiTB. Tojbxo 
BeMHoríe OTB BpeifeHH xo BpeifeHH m^eTHO crapaiorai nonacTB vb 
lerO; ecjra ne komboitb rpflsn, to xasHirB-HHtiyxB 6eBCHiicjieHHUMi& 
l^iaHHinrB cjobomi, KOiopoe, pasyiiieTCfl, oSpanv^OTCJi npoTBBB Tbvby 
no ero npoBSBocBTB. Bpara jiBiepaTypBuxB npoBBBejieBii r. Gaji- 
THioBa XOJSHU sax^BaTB Ha ce($fl MacBy; B0¥y se Qxora ysBa- 
nxB ce6sL bi B0cnpoH8BeAeHHEix'B asTopoirB Jini^arB. Bopo^eirB, 

BJIEBO CXasaTB H TO, HTO MHOFÍO HBB TÍXI, BOMy ]lflJlBBU 6uiW 

6b 6sitb xyxa BaBB coiobh npoflSBeAemfl r. GaJiTusoBa, ^BTaa 

IXB,BecejlO CMŠIOTCB, T09H0 HO O HBXS B B^eTB p6lB. O^HB BffB 

nBBTB ^HTaieiefi no HaBBHOCTB ne noBBHaK)rB, ^to, cmíbcb aaxB 
hbmh caTBpBKa, ohb cm^iotcb hb^b caMBim co6ofl, xpyň^ s^ 
nŘMikfdBaoTh TasoK) ToicTOK) xoseK), ^To cjiOBO Ha HBX'B yso nepe- 
cnuo x^ciBOBaTB. Obb Tax^B yašpenti, hto «BacTOBn^> CBJía, a 
BBxaBafl-To BpaBCTBeHBaa cbjb iBTepaTypsi, Ba cioponj^ bx% «XHn^* 
ii«ecBHx%» crpeiuenifi h x'íSctbíS, ^to obb oxotho cavB se čni- 

HBXK HpaBCTBeHHHirB npBrBOSAeHÍeMl BXI BB BOBOpBOHy 



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304 BftOTHISX IBPCmH. 

CTOJ167. Kor^a cobíctb crHeyjiay Ror^a jih>w noTepuH cnocoónom 
xpacH^TBy Torxa 6hte caiHpH cjsoAisEVh no uum^ He BiiaiiBas bi 
Majiifiinefi 6ojh. Ho yA^pn, HaHOcmfiie xota h no tiesnyBCTBeH- 
HOMy T^jiy— ne tfesnjoxHH; ohh cnacaton Apyrax^B, en^e ne sa^yv- 
jieHH£iX'B, OTB na;(eHÍji kb Ty sjíOBonnyH) any, Boropas ;^yniSTb fb 

jnOXflXl H TfBCTBO CTH/^a, H nOHflTÍe o ^ejIOB^^HOCTH. 

Sa^a^a caxHpii, Bnpo^eirB, ne saRJHOHaexcfl bi toitb, htoÓh HcnpaB- 
jiflTb OTA&iBHHxi jnoxett, OTA^iiBHBifl ppynnH otin^ecTBa; nivhj noie 
efl mHpe, ona crpeiiHTCfl Bnecm cosHanie b!b BaTyManennoe oóqe- 
CTBO, ona TOJsaerB, Óy^erB i](%jioe o6n^ecTBO CBomrB ropBKmrB OĚ/tr 
xoMi, ona, xaiTB b'b sepsaji^y AOJUBHa orpasaxB oÓn^eciBenHyK) ne- 
Mo^, o6iAecTBeHHyK) nopo^nocTB, ona roBopHTB: CMorpEre h jiid- 
ÓyfiiecB! n ecjiH carepa cHjBna, ecjia ona ciyM^Jia saiponyrB 60- 
jÁsHeHHHfl crpynu oÓn^ecTBeHnaro oprannsiía, xorxa ona npio6pi- 
laeTB mHpoBoe oÓn^ecTBennoe sna^eHÍe. Tasoe HMenno (SaaroTBop- 
Hoe oÓlAeeTBeHHoe Bna^eme npioópi^ r. GajTiiK0B'B i^jioh) a^oh- 
HOH) ujbahío CBOHX^B npoHSBexeHifl, na^Hnafl orB «ry6epHCBHn 
0qepK0B'B» H BOHHafl nocíŠAHeio BinneAmeio ero BHBroK) «Epy^ 

JlUi rOA%». ECďE HŠT^B HyS^n FOBOpETB, HTO BTOTB ^Kh CO^HBe- 

HÍfl ynpo^HiLi sa r. CajiTHBOBiiM'B HeÓnsajioe no^H vh pyccRot 
jETepaiyp^ BJÍjiBie, — sa to nejiBBfl ne ocraHOBHTBCfl nepeA'B bo- 
npocoMi xapaRTepi dioro BjríflHÍfl. 

3HaqeHÍe oHcaTejui oupex^aercfl ne tojibbo chjioh) ero TajAHia, 

HO rJiaBHQMl oCpaSOlTB TŠMH HAeflMH, XOTOpiIfl OHÍ BHOCHTB Bl 

ofin^eaBesÉyio sbbhb, tímk fpópuuu hjíh xypHHMH cbiceHaMH, bo- 
Topufl OHI cierB na o6atecTBeHHofl ho^bí. Hítb cnopa, ^to b&- 
bhmb 6u npeRpacHHMH HxeflMH bhcobbmh HxeajiaMH hh o($aa- 
xan ^ejioBtiKB, no ecjiB owh jinnieHi BCflRaro Tajanra, to TaBoS 
hojiobíbi, nojiBsyacB yBasenieirB vb ^acTHoft c^pš CBoet x^- 
TOJiBHOCTHy HHBorxa He npio6p6TerB Rpynnaro bjíbhíb vb niBpoBoi 
o6jacTH jiHTepaTypH. Ho TO^nio TasaKe hítb coifH']&HÍfl h bx toitbi 
HTO sasHirB 611 BpRHMi TajaHTOiTB HH oCjaxajTB HECaTeiB, HO ecjH 
HxeB, BOTopEíii owh BHCsasfiiBaeTB B^ CB0HX'B npoH8BeAeHÍHx%, 6y- 
xyrb 6rbM,Bhi, HeMon^Hu hjih, en^e xyse, ecjiH cbohhh upoBSBe^e- 
HiflMH OHI CyxerB c&itb oxhh ujieBejra, to Taxofi nHcaTejB, eciB 
h MO^KeTB noA'B-^acB nojiBBOBaTBCfl nonyjflpHOCTBK) cpexH cbohtb co- 
BpeMOHHBXOBi, — sa TO RB Óyxyn^eifB, h ne WíAeisowbj a (Sibb- 
bomx, offh 6yAeTB ocyasAeH^B na safiBenie. 

Ilpofiimre MiicjeHHO Hcropiia JiBTepaTypiii h ne tojibbo pyc- 
CByB), HO eBponeflCByR), nepe6epHTe nBcaTOJiett, ocraBmHXCB hb na* 

MBTH nOTOMCTBa, H ^TÓ B£I yBBABTe? CoXpaHHXHCB BMeHa TOJUBO 

tíxi TajiaHTOBi, BOTopse ABHrajH o6n^ecTBO cbohmh npeESBOxeniaiut 



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CáTHPÁ IIl(BXJPEHi. 305 

no nyiK nporpecca, KOTopue npofiysxftJiH fflúpusi ^yBciBa, Boropse 
óqxuBCB 3a TopsecTBo cnpaBeAJUBiix'B ea^aji Ha^^ HecnpaBex^e- 
wMMj cB^ia HaA% TbMOK), CBo6offí HaA'B 6e8npaBÍeMi, jmúhu HajTB 
HeHaBHCTBX). Ha^i i&ih se, Boiopsie cbohmh npoHSBeAeniflMH h 

BBpaseHHHMH Vh WSTh UJÍfiSaía nOTBOpCTBOBaiH HHBSHlťB HHCTHHB- 

m» coBpaieHHaro niwh ofin^ecTBa, oicraBBajiH oÓn^ecTBeHEse npex* 
pascyj^BH, craHOBHJiHCB cjysBiejflMfl raeTa, — na^B tImb Hcropia 
nocraBHja sepnut Bpecrb. 

Ciiopa wbvbf laiaBTi — BejBKoe a^^o, xa^EaBTi npBTBrBBaen 

EB Ce6Í COBpeiieHHlBOBl, H HU BHAHlfB, HTO, ClUOmb B pflAOM'^^ 

o6ai6CTBO yBŠBHBBaen jiaBpaiíB aBcaieifl sa BOcnpoBSBOXBHiie bitb 
xfXosecTBeHHBíe o6pa8u, sa Macrepcsoe jníbnhe paacKasuBaTB, ox* 
HOCflCB es nopaaflTejBHuiTB ÓespaaiBHieiii b^e t^itb baobm^ boto- 
piu npB^yrcs sa bthme óÓpasaMB, kl t&tb sasopatiMi mhcibmi, 
soTopna spoiOTca bi MaciepcBHXi palM^Basaxi. TaBOfl nflcaiejiB, 
fijaroxapa CBoeify xaiasTy, ÓyxerB secoMH^HBO nojfBSOBaiBCfl bjLi- 
HÍeMi Ha coBpeiieHHoe o6n^ecTBo; ho, ne roBopa yse o toitb, ^o 
msoe BjriaHie npeAcrasjuierca BpexHUMi am, BAoposaro pocra o6n^e- 
ciBa, OHo, 6en comh^^bíh h bi c^aciLH), OBasusaerca crojib ase 
a^^eiiepHiiiiťB, Bass a^Mepnu h canuB npoBSBeAemB laBoronflca* 
lejii. ?To6a ocb6tbtb namy mhcjb npBirbpoMi, hei conueMCB na 
oxBO BEjenie bi coBpeiieHHOĚ pyccBott jiniepaiypš. Eas^^ ^h- 
TaieiB H 6effb nacB HasoBerB nHcaTejB, BOTopnA, (JescnopHOy hojib^ 
syercfl kb Hacroantee BpeMB BecBHa sflaqBiejiBHmrB EUBnieiTB b 

nOnyJBpHOCTBK). ErO p^W, XHeBBBBH, pOMaHH HHTaH)TCfl CBXaBOK) 

ze saAHOCTBB)| BaBfB H npoBSBexeHifl r. GamiBOBa. Easxoe no- 
ABieBÍe ero oÓn^ecTBo BCipi^aerB myiiAHiiH OBaAiBHHy b% boto- 
puxi, BnpoieM^ CTOJBBO se Bocropra, cbojibbo b HeAOMHCJiifl. mwh 
se oxHaBO BHsuBaeTCfl laBoe BocropaceBBoe OTHomeníe o(5n^ecTBa 
KB BTOiiy nHcaxejK)? HecoMHŠBHo, ^pBcy^^IlrB euj xajaHTOMi, ne- 
saBBCHMO 0Tb SFO HopBAO^HO oócsypaBTEBro Mipocosepi^aHÍfl, oxi ero 
nponoB^AB caMOXOBOJBHaro BBÍexBSMa, otiieBaeiiuxrb bms b^b cMyxHHB 
I noTBopciByB)npfl caifuirB AypBBOťB HflCXBBBxairB oÓn^ecxBa each 
<B0Baro cji0Ba» h «Bce^ej[OB^^ecxBa». OÓntecxBO, ocjrí&iueflHoe xa- 
i&BToiťB aBTopa, AOCxaBflBmaro eiiy bx cBÍTji£itt nepioA'B ero a^h- 
leiBHOcxH ne oaho Bucosoe HacusAeme, pyBonjieiAerB h npeaiío- 
Biiexcfl nepex^ xíitb caiiHirB, oxob qero oho cb HeroxoBaHÍeMs b 
OTBpan^eBieiTB oxBopawBaexca, Bor^a rb se caMiia eaoh npeAsa- 
rajoxca ony ApyrBMH jooff^wHf npBHiwieauuiíBMH bs OABOny jarepio 
CB axBiťB HHcaxaieMi, ho ne oÓia^aion^BiiH ero xajiaHTOifB. ExBa- 
jfl MOSHO onmfiBXbCBy roBopfl, ^xo Bcropk oxHecexcB 6oji^ cxporo 
KL HBcaxejiiOy HaA^eHHOMy otb npBpoxBi HeAK)SBHHBiM'b A&poBa- 

Tom I.— Hhbapb, 1881. 20 



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306 BftCTflHKi EBPonn. 

BieHi, HO OTAaBniflMi ero na csysenie HdBpan^eBHuiťb Effiswh h aa 
npodaBjeHie h HAeaJra8a^iH) canaro rpy6aro h nepeM^nranHaro ch 
MBCTBi^BSMOifB MÍpoco8epKaHÍfl. O BKjcaxx. paByM^ercfl, cnopsTb 
TpyABO. BuTB M6xerB, h Hafl^yrcfl jih>ah, BOTopu]i'B saBHXHO 6y- 
Aen Tasoe BJUflHÍe, Basi vb Hamett se jiHiepaTypi HaxoxHiBCb h 
BaxowTCfl JiH>AH| KOTopuiťb coaiB He Mfisovb jiaBpii Meni^ejiett h 
KoiíeÓy. 

npBMO Ha npoTBBonojiosHOMi nojioct noAoófiaro bjíhhíb na 
oÓn^ecTBO CTOÚTh BÚflHÍe, npBBaXJiesan^ee r. CaaifisoBy. Ecjh 
OABO AOJSHO ÓUTB HasBaHO Bpejsfluwbj TO Apyroe fiesycjOBHo tfia- 
roTBopHiíMi. BjÍBHÍe H SHa^eme BToro saKOHHaro bosab coBpexeH- 
Hofl JiHTepaiypu ocHOBano coBepmesHO Ha HHHX'b ;iaHHHX'b, ^íhi 
isBa^eHÍe, ocraBjfla Aase bi> CTopoH']^ r. JHjocroescKaro, TasHxi im- 
caiejiefl, Eaa^ rr. TypreneBi, rp. Tojicrofl, OcrpoBcrift, rpnropo- 
BHTb H FoH^apoBi. BejHKa ciyac6a, soiopyK) cociysuux Basxtift 
031 BTHXi nncaiejieft pyccBOMy oÓn^ecxBy, ero iipocBÍTjeHÍK> h ^bh- 
»eHÍH) snepeA^B, h xo^ro, pa3yM']&eTCfl, ne HsrjiaAflTca hbi naiíaiH 
noTOMCTBa HMena aBiopoBi: «3aiiHC0Bi OxoTHHBa», «BofiHii h 
MHpa»^ «AHTOHa ropetf£iBB», «GHa 06jiOMOBa»9 «rpo8Bi» H «Gboh 
wifOAH coHTeMC)i». Ho caMoe cboSctbo TajianroBi bthxi nHcaieJiety 
HX1. xyAOsecTBeHHUH saxa^n h caMua ofin^ecTBeHHUB ycjoBÍii, bo- 
TopuMH oÓcraBjíeHa óuja i^Btryn^aa nopa mTb x^TeJBHOCni, Bce 
8T0 vMfbcrb BSBToe A^ajo ajib hhxi coBepmeHHO HeBOSMOSHHMi 
npiofiptcTB Taaoe HenocpeAciBeHHoe o6ii^ecTBeHHoe BHa^eHie, saBoe 
npío6p&ii r. GajTUBOBi. BcaBÍa cpaBHeHifl, noaroxy, Mes^y r. Gaji- 

TUBOBUITB H APyrHMH COBpeMeHáUMH IIHCaTeJBMH óiUIH 6h coBep- 

meHHO neyificTHLi. PasHua saxa^H, pasHUfl i^&ih o(5yaiOBJHBaK)T!b 
u pasHoe OTHomeflie kb BBJíeHiBirB o6iAecTBeHHofi sbbhh. 

IlHcaTejiH, BOTopuxi MU HasBajiH — micmue xyAOSHHBH, jsTb 

'^aAaia — OfixeBXHBHO OTHOCHTbCfl Kh SB8HH, BOCnpOBBBOXHTB O^paSIiI, 

BupBaHHHe H8'B SBSHH, HO npomexnne ^epesi ropHHJO hxi xBop- 
qecTBa. EcJH xyAOSHHBx-tiejJieTpHcrB bhochtb kb CBoe npoasBe* 
Aeme^ ne saByiuBafl bi TynanHUA o6jiaBa, cboh jih^hub CEiinaTii 
H aHTHnaTÍH, ocjih owh HaBHsuBaerB BUBO^HiiiiirB hicb óÓpasairB 
CBOH Ejífivij oMy roBopaxi, hto ohi TeH^eHctioBeHi, h ary TeHAeH^ío3* 
HOCTB craBarB OMy b^ yBopi. flfiL tto craBarB! Cairb xyAOSHHBib 
ropa^o san^Hu^aercfl npoTHBi Te^AeH^io8HOC^I, touo npoxHBi Ba- 
BOFo-To noGTHAHaro nopoBa; oC^BesroBHOciB onib c^Hxaen caMUMi 
XparoiJ^^bHHUMi aaMaeiTB cBoero JBiepaiypnaro Btnita. IlBcaTejB- 
xyAoatH«BB, BTO— spHTejb, tfoume— BeJuiBift cy^Bs, ho ne ÓoerrB, 
6pocaH)ii;iflca wb óopbóy oÓfl^ecrBenHott shbhh, co bc^mh cbohiíh 
CHMnaTÍfliíH H aHTHnaxifliiH, ch oTBpBiTuirB satfpaaoMo^, co Bceio 



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CATHPi mEÍPHHA. 307 

CBoeio JHHHOK)^ CBcy npHcymeio cytíxeKTHBHOw ch^ok). UncaTejB- 

XyXOSHHKX CBOHMH bÓpasailH, BOCnpOHSBOAHMIIMH ^BrypEMH npoHS- 
HOCET^ BaKl-tfu npHFOBOpL ESi^ 06lI^eCTBeHH0R) aRH8HÍH), eH flBJe- 

BisHH, es A^ficTByioiAHMH JH^EMH. HeHsfitasHaH oCxeBTHBHOCTb sa- 
craBiflerB ero x^psaTECji na hbb^cthóbtb pascroflHÍH otb tofo bh- 
ny^aro 6ofl Me^B^y jiioabmh, TflHyn^HHH HaBaA'B h pByn^HMnca sne* 
pej^, 6ee^ soroparo oÓiqecTBeHHafl shshb flBjfleTca ksíkl-Óu sa- 
SBBO cxopoHeHHOH). CoBc^iTB Bi ApyroMi HOJioseHÍH jiBjfleTCfl ca- 
TBpHBi. Ohi Ha noJOBHHy xyxosHHB^, Ha noiOBHHy nyÓJiHi^HerB. 
Ohs ne cne^eHaHi oÓ^BeBTHBHOCTBio; ohi ne cspuBaerB cbohx^b 
cyfh^BTHBHux^B B038p£HÍfl; 61*0 nponsBexeHÍH He xpeCyioTB tomob^ 

BOMMeHTapiil. A^fl paSMCHeHiH BOnpOCa, BaB'B B-B j^fiCTBnieJEBHOCTII 

OTHOCBTCfl ca]i'B aBTop^ B^B TOMy HJiH xpyroMy 05lI^eCTBeHH0My 
íMeHi». Obpb ne spaTe-iB, ne cy^BH, offB fioeiíi, nepBBifl Ópocaio- 
i^cs vh 6ott; ecjiH ohi ne CM^ImHBaercfl cb tojihoh), to tojibbo 
XJ2 TOFO, HTo6u pysoBO^BiB eR), OHI rpoMBO saflBjflerB, Ha ^Be8 
ciopoH^ ero CHMnaTÍH h aHrsnaTiH, owb ne CBpuBaeTi xoro, ^tó 
owb jfoÓBTB, BaB% ne CBpuBaerB h tofo, .^tó HenaBBAHrB. H Bon 

BXeHHO CBOeiO-TO JHOtfOBBK) H CBOeH) HeHaBHCTBK) H AOpOrB AwTfl 

pjeacaro oÓo^ecTBa r. GajiiBiBOBi. TyrrB rjiaBHufi bjik)^^ ero 060^6- 
CTBeHHaro bjiíshía h SHa^enin. 

Mu ve CTaneiTB cnopaTB npoTHBi Toro, ^to caMaa CH^BHaa 
ciopoHa r. CaxníBOBa saBJBO^aercfl ne wb ifacrepcBHXi xy^ose- 
caewBUTh óópasaxi, xota, roBopa 9x0, mu BOBce ne ^iiaeMi 
dasaiB, TTO laBHxi ó6pa30Bi nejiBSfl bctp%thtb fb npoHSBeAeHÍflx^B 
Htmero caTHpnBa. Jt^oeraio^HO HanoMHHiB HEraTejio laBÍH, to?ho 
m 6p0H3u otjihtbs, ^HrypH, kawl Iy;(ymBa h Apnna UerpOBna 
n «CeMefiCTBÍ FojioB^eBiixi*, htoÓbi npHsnaTB^ ^ro h vh aroiTB 
evHomeHiH r. GairsiBOBi MOserB noiflpflXBCH cb jyqmHMn hs^ 
BararB xyxosHHBOBi-tfejiJieTpncTOB^B. Ho ecjH h nysno AonycTHTB, 
no FB cos^aniR flpBHX'By HeyBflxaeiiBix^B óÓpasoB^B r. CajiTHBOB'B 
jojiraerB^ HanpHifbpB, CBoeMy HenocpeflciBeHHOMy npeAinecTBeH- 

', BejiBBOHy xyjíO»HHBy TorojK), sa to r. CajiTíiBOBi bo 
HCTopÍH pyccBOfi jiHTepaTypti ne snaerit ce($t paBnaro, Bor^a 
xlxo HjKerB o TOMiy vroófii cxBaTHTB THHH^eCBÍfl ^epTfii nepeSHBae- 
itn> o6n^ecTB0irB BpeneHH, ^to6u shbo hoam^totb totb hjh ;ipy- 
rei BOBfiifi HapoxHBmiScH Tnirh h ocb^tbtb ero co Bceio apboctbk) 
oocpo MOn^naro Ta^ianra. HaBorAa jsfl v. CajTiiBOBa hh oahhi hh- 
He 6iia% eo^e TaBHirB b'&ph£IM'b BHpasHxejeMi jiywh h Ha- 
jíjHmeŘ ^acTH pyccsaro ofímecTBa, h botb noneBiy, ecJiH 

eoBpeMeHHHBOBi npoH3BeAeHÍfl btofo nncaTejia npexcTaBJífliOTca 

Hcmefi cieneHH i](%hhumb, to ]í,jib Óy^yn^aro HCTopHBa pyccsaro 

20* 



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308 BWTHHK^ EBPOnU. 

o<$n^ecTBa, Borxa owh noAofiAen vh nepesEsaeiioft HaiCH anoxi^ 
ne tfyxera 6oAÍe KPBTOujbnEVLVO BJiaxa, san co^EHeHÍfl r. CajrrEi- 
KOBa, vh BOTopiix'B owb BoA^eTb SEsyK) H B^pHyK) KapTHHy co- 
BpeMeHHaro oÓn^ecrBeHnaro crpoa. Ak>jíMj epaBU, a rjiaBHoe — ycio- 

BÍfl SH8HH — BCe JÍJISÍ HOrO CmuefTb UOESLTESLWb H JICHHlll. 

HeoÓBiqafiHO Hyrsit bo bcaroA sjioGí aha, obi Bcerxa yuierh 
ocBiieTb ee CBoeofipasHO h sasABifl pasi saciaBJíflerB sa^yMiiBaTLca 
maTejifl HaA^ t^mh o6ii^mh yciOBÍaMH, botophmh oÓciaBiena 
Hama o6ii^ecTBeHHafl shshb. ycjioBifl 9th ho cos^ajmcB ceroxH^ 
HJH B^epa, BpeMenaMK tojibbo ohh Óojše odocrpaioTar, ho xih 
Toro, ^To6ii flCHO OTAaBaiB cefiš bi hhx'b oi^erB, nysHo nocroflHHO 
noHHHTB o Tofl tíchoS, npeeMCTBeHBofi CBflBHy BOTopaa cyn^ecTByerb 
Mesxy HHMH H Bciwh upomAuwh pyccBaro oČn^eciBa. F. CaiTUBOB^ 
BHaeTB dio Jiy^me, ^^ifB bto-j[h(5o Apyrofi, h norony MacrepcBH 
pHcyeTL TOT^B xpoBH^ecBÍfl Hexyn, ly Hac^^ACis6HHyio 6ojámh 
pyccBaro oÓn^ecTBa, Boropafl Tas^B nacio nopos^aeri^ ^yrB ne cBa- 
SOHHUfl ypOXlHBOCTH Bl erO SB8HH B coB^aeTB ly BpaBCTBeBByco 
BcnopnesByK) aTMoc4^py, b% soiopott cnjiomB b pa^om Ba^H- 
xaiOTCB caMEiH tfjarifl BaHBBaBífl. XapaRTepu, TBnu, coCutíb BBjíaiOTCfl 
BpoAyBxaMB BTofl aTMOC^^epu, B noroMy vh couneBiflx^B samero 
caTBpBBa OBB laBi T^CBO nepenjeraioTCfl Mesxy coóoio. Bon no- 
veny Bcš ero opoBSBe^eflifl oiBUBanrcB tojbro ropBBOK) npaBXOH). 
HboS padl MoserB BasaiBCA, ^o B^BOroptiB ^epTn flBjflKxrai y 
aBTopa npeyBejiB^eHBEiMB, BBo6pasaeMHfl jBi^a BaB'B-611 otbh- 
BaiOTCfl n]apseM*B, bo, BAyiiaBBiBCB bi to, htó owb onBCBnsaerb, bb 
npBAere B'By6teAeBÍH), ^to bi cymBOCTB b wbrb BBBasoro npeyBO- 
jiB^eBÍB. Bne^aTi^BÍe npeyBejiB^eBBOCTB bhbocbtcb tojbbo noTOMy, 
HTO caTBpBBi cxBaTUBaerB canuH plsBÍB, peAe<|)HHfl ^epm, oitfpa- 
cuBafl xerajiB, bx'b OBpysaion^ifl, a btb-to noxpotfBOCTB b CBpa- 
AUBaKXTB orb BeocoÓeBBO npoBBiviTeuBaro BsríBxa bck) ypox^B- 

BOCTB BOCnpOBSBOXBMUXl BMl TOpTB 06n^eCTBeBB0fl SB8BB. 

Bci xocTOBBCTBa dxoFO saMi^aieJBHaro nBcaTejs mh Bcrp-b- 
Haeiii fl vb nocjixHefl BSxaBBofl bitb bbbfí «Rpyrjiiift roA:B>, 
xoTir, BO BameMy mh^^bíh), san hb sasBa osa no CBoeMy o6n;e* 
CTBeBBOHy BHa^eflÍK), oBa Bce-TaBB ho npiuBfaAiesBTB kl camnfB 
flpBBMi BpoEBBOAeBÚiHi Bamoro caTBpBBa. 

KBBra 8Ta npexerasjaerB co6oh) BaBi-6Q xbobbbkb sa Tise- 
^uŘ 1879 roffB, BO abobehri bo rBeTyntBXx cotimifi, Óucrpo 
cjriAOBaBniBxi oabo sa ApyrBMi, a AHeBBBB'B t6x!B cbphteixi. Ba- 

80fii[BBHX'B B Hy^BTeJBBUXl fJU^f BOTOpHB BaSAUfl MUCJUinutt 

HejiOBÍB!B AOJiseBi ÓUJTB BepessBBaTB Vh 8T0 BpeiiB. BpeMfl se aro 
BeJTBSfl jyqme xapaBxepBBOBaTB, híitl cA^jaxB 8to vh Asyrb crpo- 



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ClTHFi IE(KAPEHi. 309 

xarb r. Gutusobi, roBopi, ^to 9to 611 ji «CTpainHiifl rojfhj bo* 
TopHfi HeHSTjisg^MUHH HepTaMH Bp^^sajicfl Wh cepAi^i KasKx&ro pyc- 
csaro. JlfiMB vb xy^nria anoxH, HH^ero noxoÓHaro dTony sjíoc^aci- 
HQMy ro^y jItoiihch pyccRott sibhh exBa jih upej^cnwujai*. IIh- 
csiB vb laBoe BpeMfl caTBpH?ecBÍe o^epBH 6ujio x'&jioii'b ne Jier* 
mrb. Hysna 6wí9l 6oshmíLSi jnoÓOBh bi CBoeify x^y, si Jiniepa- 
Tjrpi, ropfl^afl npHBflsaHHOCTB vh CBoett poffHHŠ, a rjaBHoe — HyseHX 
(krb BecB TajaerB asropa «Kpyrjiaro Toxa^, c:b ero HenscARaeMiiirB 
pyXHHKom caifaro nnciaro lOMopa, ci ero HCByccTBom npeoxoíš- 
Ban Bci TpyxHOCTH} nociaBJíeHHUfl Ha nyrn pyccsaro nBcaiejur, 

HTOtfB B:L «8T0Tb BJIOC^aCTHElfl FOffB» He tipOCHTB HOpO H He Sa- 
MOJHEIB. 

CjiyHajiocB JIH B»,whj ^HraiejiB, RcmiTHBaTB HeoTBBBHHByio xaH- 
xpy, TBfiusimyio TocRy, Borxa Bce BairB craHOBHJOCb HeMHJO, Borxa 
Boe, sasajiocL, Tepalo BCflByio B^py vh ce6fl h kb xpynixi, sorxa 
BB Bameft jijuA noAHHnajiacB sjíoča na Bce h Ha bc^xx, h bei nyB- 
cnoBajH, 9T0 8jio6a ara ÓescHJiBHa, Borxa 6yxymfie Bame, Banraxi 

<{J1SRHXB, A']&JIOtt pOXHHH pHCOBaJOCB BaBfB BB CaMHXB Hpa^HfilXX 

vfMULTh^ sorxa 6e8CHUHafl HeHaBHCTB sarjyniajia Bdb Ójaropox- 
HHe nopBiBHy Bdb nm^ea^AH h ynoBanbi? BjHSBoe cb xaBHHB HHeHHO 
HacrpoeHieMB cocToaníe nepesHBajio en^e Cvihoibomb neAaBHO 6oj[b- 
Hiu AOJH pyccsaro oón^ecrsa. IIpeACTaBBTe se cefi^, hto bb 
nm xHHyni, ahh hxh iitcflipi, bb Banx flBjaeTca xpyrB, boto- 
pot He BTopHTB Bamett ne tojtbbo ÓesnjiOAHofl, ho spe^Hofi pac- 
nyqeHHOCTB, ho npHHocHXB cb co5ofl SHBoe cjiobo o6oxpeHÍfl, nox- 
maDH^ee BanrB xyineBHufi tohb, BOTopufi noBasiiBaerB Bani bo 
Bcel Harort Jíiojifi% norpysHBniHXB BacB bb Mpannoe OT^aame, h 
BH yfibsxaerecB, ^to nosaro HH^ero ne npHBjiH)?HJOCB, ^to npoAOJi- 
saerca tojtbbo crapafl, HHSorxa He npeapan^aBrnaflCfl hí^cha, h ^to 
ecn BH npesxe uHrajiH HaxesAH) to vbvh npe^HHB ne HHTaTB 
iZB H TonepB. Bil qyBCTByeTe, hto otb Tanoro cjiOBa o6oApeHÍfl 
nxHyjo TO^HO cfj^shmb B^rpoirB, rpyxB Ha^iHHaerB ler^e x^iQftTB 
I BII Majio*no-Majiy BOSBpan^aerecB — ho CBasy tí% xopomeiiy, ho 
iB Bamexy HopMajBHOMy HacTpoemio. TaBOMB xpyroHB a^a pyc- 
aaro o6n^ecTBa h ÓiiBaexB bi TpyAHBUi MHHyTu r. Gaj[T£iBOBB. 

HiiB, pasyM^excfly ocotienHuxB ocHOBanifl h bb nacToan^ee 
Bpeiui pyccBOMy o^n^ecrsy HacrpanBaTBoi na npasAHnqHufl Jia^B; 
mero ne cjiy^HJiocB xasoro, hto(5ei dTO o6n^ecTBO Hiťbjío npaBO 
rapXBTBca ycnixaxH CBoefi ofin^eciBeHHOCTH: BasBÓiuoBB <Ao6poe 
Mpoe 6peMfl»y xaBB h TenepB, oho Tasse, no-npesHOMy ÓescBJBHO, 
a^-opesneiíy oho HozerB roBopHXB tojibbo «pa6BHMB» bsubomb, 
^yBCTByH>iE(aro CBoe HH^TOseciBO npocBTejfl, BOiopBifi, 



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310 Bsorain KB?onH. 

BB8K0 KjaBiiflCb u HeycTaHHO 6j[aroAapfl, BpyqaerB cboio cyAb6y vh 
pyRH ÓiaroAÍTeM. «Xo9y — MMyio, xo^y — saseioU— coxpanHJOCB 
Bi npesHefi chjš, h hhbto ne Mjo^imewb jifipwsb cnpamHBaxB, sa 
qii) HHjyiorB, sa ^xb RasHarr*? Ha to xotfpaa bojia OexeneBi He« 
yroAOBHX'B. K'B laRony cosnaHiiD pyccsoe o5aiiecTBO xaBHo nps* 

BUBJIO, OHO CXtjaJIOCb erO HOpMajlBHHH'B COCTOflHÍeiťB, H eCJIH o6a^ecTBO 

He njiaBaerB b'b HeM^s kavb pH6a fb boa^j Ba to h ne saxiixaercff^ 
BaB'B HOSHO 611J10 6u osB^aTB, OTB HCAOCTaTRa CBisaro Bosxyxa. 
HaxoAflTCfl A&se rrasie bo8jih)6hbi^u pyccsaro Hapoxa, soropíie wh 
dT0M'B-T0 cocTOflHÍH H HaxoAflTB sajiopi CHJH H BeiHRoft Óy^y^Ho- 
CTH CBoefi poABHEi. Uwb Majio Toro, Hib ecTB, OHH nojaraK)rb, no 
BA^aji^B ocyiAecTBBTCfl TOJBRO Tor^a, Rorffa jioah npeBpaTflicfl fe «noA* 
.iux'B jiiOAHmeRi*. GjiHniROH'B SBBO FB naMflTH otia^ecTBa to HexaBHee 
BTb BpeMB, Rorxa HxeajB TaBHX'B jioxett ($tui> BecBMa Úmesokt^ itb ocy- 
n^ecTBjeBÍH). KaRofi-To HeBOOÓpasBMiitt Komiiapi CAaBJUBaj['B rpyxB 
pyccRaro o6ii;ecTBa. IIpHBURniee Kb yrHeieHeoiiy cocto2hík), ohq 
qyBCTBOBajo TenepB — yrHeTenie bi RBa^part; bc4, rto toxbbo 
cosHaBajTB rope^B h yHaseHie, a xaRHXi Bce-raRE 6ujlo ho Maao, 
yxoAHJH FB CBOK) CRopjyay h bo bm^jih nysecTBa, — x^t h rto pí- 
niHTCfl BBHHTB Bxi 8a TO, — BupasaTB xoTfl cia,6uwb rOJIOCOlTB CBOe 
HecoqyBCTBÍe pasBepsyemefi RpujiBfl peaRipH. Eyxa Úujío ao npo- 
TecTa npoTBFB pa8JiBqHux'B ypoAJHBOciefi, RorAa otfiAecTBO Aposaio, 
BcnKTUBafl ďBxopaAO^Bufi O8H061, H RorAa jiHxopaAOHHoe cocTOJiHie 
AOxoAHJio AO ($peAa, bo Bpenfl ROToparo jiioab, ycrpameHHue ho- 
ycraHHO pasAaBaBmHMca orphromi: «corfly fb 6apaHÍfi porB», otbíi- 
BajBCB Ha 8TOTB ORpHR^ TOJiBRo OAHBMi: rHBxe Haci 6aiBnie! 
Majo! Majol TaRaa npBHBseHHocTB 6ujih OMepBBTejBHa. H botb, 

B% BTO-TO BpOMfl OAHHTb TOJBRO nHCaTOJb CB BSyMHTeJBHUlTB TE" 

jiaHTOHi Bonjioiiiaji'B bi ce&b nyBCTBO coÓCTBeHHaro AOCTOHEcrsa 
Bcero pyccRaro otín^ecTBa. KorAa Bce HOJ^ajio hjih CRBepnocjioBHJio, 
OABHi r. GajnniROFb Bupaacaďi to, ^Tb ^yBCTBOBajia, ho ho cirkni 
saflBjíaTB, npBmDÓaeHHHe jk)ah. Ero rojoci BByqajii AHCCOHaecoicB 

FB T0H'B MHOrOqHCJieHHOlťB X0p'i, ROTOpult Cb I^HHBBMOlťB TOpSO* 
CTBOBaJIl CBOK) UO&bfiy EhJkb HCaaiiqeHHOK) HaiOBi^HOCTBIO B CBO- 

60AOK) MUciH. «Kpyrau8 Foai** oeraHercfl eAflHCTBeHHuiii SHBsiirB 
npoTecTOiTB npoTBBB «8;iocHacTHaro roAa». K'b Heny uu TeaepB u 

OÓpaTHMCfl. 

HaMi wkvb naAO^HOCTB noApoÓHO roBopBTB o Tofi oóniefl u/iébj 
ROTOpaa npoxoAHTB neposil nocjitABH)H) RHRry r. GajíTUROBa. 3to 
Ta caiiafl HAea, ROTopaa npoHHRaerB nacRBosB bcí ero caxHpH- 
necRÍfl npoB3BeA6HÍfl. TpyAHO nporjiaAtTB fb ero co^EHemarB ne 
Ty ^ajiBinBByK), rpoMRO BaaBJflioiAyH) o ce6i jiotioBB zt> pyccRony 



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GITHPÁ n^EA^HHl. 311 

Hftpoxy, BO uusL KOTopott TO jfli^eM^pHue, TO orpaHHqeHHue jioah 
Tpe6yioirB HjTh se HCTpe6jieHk 6ojie o($pa30BaHfioS hsctm aroro 
caiiaro aapoxa, uh BaRi> npBHiiTo cb XHXHKaHBeirB roBopsTt — 
«iBTejuiireHiqfl» crpaeH,— acepBSsHyio, upaB^BBys) ji]D(5oBb h itb 
pycdOMy nápory h bi pyccKony oÓnxecTBy. T. Cbitukobi ne 
npotHBonojiaraeii> eapojci oČmecTBy, KaB'B bio A^jia^TCB CBoeo6pa8« 
HHMB paA:bTeuMH o HapoAHOMi ÓMviy — wbvhj OH'B BapoAy H oón^e- 
CTBy npoTiBonojaraeTB aamH (Jhtobub 4^pmh, npodbjíteHHUB rpytíuMi, 
BeoÓpasoBaHHHirB h iroioMy secTOBHM'B CfiopospaTesMoiii. 3jí0j napa- 
jiHdiipyDíi^ sxopoBiiS pocTB otin^ecTBa h i]i'&iaro Hapo^a, bto 
6e8iip&fiie, npoHHBaiontee bo bcí c^pu, bi ^acTHyH) shshb hmo- 
Biaa, Bi ceifBH), bi o((iitecTBo, bi BecB napoxniitt 6hiTh. Eesiipa- 
Bíe, pasjaraioiqee BcaBaro poxa A'9^flTejiBH0CTB; oho xynnirB jurre- 
paiypy, BC^^ccTBa, Bcb npo^cioHajBHuii x^iejBHOCTB; oho xaro- 
T&erB Hax^ npOMiimjeHHOCTBH), ToproBjeio, Bcio^y oho ffíerb ce6a 
^yBeTBOBaxB, bcsomj oho xopsecxByerB na^i i^mx, qxó soBexca h 
npaB^K) B npaBOM^B. Ob BepXHHxrB oho nocxeneHHO cxoahtx ao 
canHxi HHsnnncB ciyneHeil, opeAcraBEieJiH ero saHEicaiorB caMUfl 
paanííHBfl o6ntecTBeHHiui nojoseHk, npHiHqHutt caHOBHHB'B h 
fatnr-mmistre OeAOHBKa HeyroxoBi h HeoÓrecaHHufi RojynaeBi 

— BTO lUOffl OXHOrO H TOFO Se WpeBa, OHH xMCTByEOTB BO HMH 

oxHoro H Toro se npHHii[Hna, oAHHib na nonpHO^i rocyxapcTBeHHott 
xiarejiBHOcni, xpyrofi — na nonpHni'b BaÓaica. 

^ nosajiyfi, BospasarB Hairb, ho bco dxo OTpHqaxejiBHiifl ujifiE, 
yBasHTe se HaiťB bb caxBpi r. CajrruROBa nojiosHTejiBHiifl H^ea, 
acHHe HxeajiH. Ho, ^HTareiB, HeyseiH BaifB ne na^oin ndb bth 
<$e8C0AepsaTejiBHi]fl ýpasii o nojosHTejBHuxi Hxejfxi, bc£ bth TpeÓo- 
Baflk oiipeA'&ieHHiixB nxeajiOBi. He roBopa yse o toitb, ht6 
Kbwh xoJSHO 6iiTB cjiEHiKOH^B xopomo HSB^CTHO, H vb «RpyrjoirB 
Fox^* ecTB npeBocxoxHua cxpaHHi^Hy bi botopgu['b asropi ci ne- 
DDXpasaeMHirB h)mopoh'b xpaBTyerB o toitb se Bonpoel^ hto hh- 
BiinHee noJioseHÍe JiBTepaTypii bobco ne TasoBO, htoÓu x&BaTB 
mcaiejiH) bosmoshoctb ci hojihoh) bchoctíio, 6en bcsbhxi hsbo- 
poTOBi, 6eBX BCRyccTBeHHHX'B saxeMH^Hilt BHcraBJíflTB CBOH noio- 
zHTejBHue Hxeajru. PasBi mosho saÓuBaTB, hto nama jiHiepaTypa 
npe BCBBOHi yxotfHOicB H XML6 Heyxo^HOHrB c^ynai nonaxAerB kb 
onajy, hto ona ne HMierB saROHHaro cy^ecTBOBama, o^^^Hi^iaiBHo 
npHSHaHHaro, hto ci hok) Bcerxa o6paii;ajiHCB naK^ cb Hejiio6HMOio 
nax^epHi^eH), KaK^B oh aionojynHHM^ noxRHXBnneMi! IlycTB npona- 
xaerB! Tyxa efi h xopora! Txt se xyrB xo acHHXi Hxeajoai*! 
TIoxx^psHBajia Óii jiHniB Boe^BaBi CBoe CByxnoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie, cb 
Hea H Toro xobojibho! KaR^ 6u hh bo^hko 6ujío sHa^enie pyccaaro 



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312 B^THiRi iBPonn. 

DHcaiejifly xoTfl 6u to 6urh h r. GaiinsoBi, ho nyciB owb nonpo- 
6jerh ocmBBTb cboU ^esonoBCsifl asuicb*, nycxB ohi^ nonpoÓyerB 
ycrpaHiiTB CBOfl «xo((poxyniHHfi cmšxi*, Roroput Tasib nacro ro- 
peR'B xu iHTaieifl, ho bo cro spán ropné jiiJifl caMoro nHcaiejur, 
H STO sBaerB, ne npHmxocB jh 6u BKm pacnpocTHTbCt ci o6ox* 
pann^ett campott r. CuTiiKOBa. Heitb Tam Tjrsxa CBOÓoxHaa p%iB| 
TaKB MHoro y naci sanperHmcB niofpvhf mh Taicb npHBHiUH bi 
noAHOBOJiBHOMy cjiOBy^ ^TO xocraTo^HO oxHoro CB0JiBB0*HH($yxB npo- 
spa^Haro HaMesa na to, htó bhzoxhtb h9b otfnBHOBeHHoS otfxacTH 
nacHoll H HerjacHoS i^eBsypsi) hto mh nepBiie nyrb ue cb cbi- 
n^eHEiiiTB yasacoMi Bocsjun^aem: sasB 8to nponycnuHl Ecih 
MOSHO T0JBB0 paxoBaTBCfl, HT0 Tasui BOCSJíHi^aHifl cran wb uwjAfr 
HÍe litoi^ii paBxaBaTBCJi ^an^e h ^an^e, to sas^ se ropBsonoio- 
seeie jHTepaTypH h otin^ecTBa, ne cmj^mfirocsí TaaHX^B BocuHAa- 
Hifi! RaB'B CMorpETB Ha Tasoe nojoseme r. CajiTHSOB^i mu e^e 

yBHAHlCB 8T0, FOBOpfl flBJL^ O «RpyrJiOirB rOX%». Ho Bríb dTH ÝpaBfi 

o6i> OTpHi;aTejiBHUx'B HAeax^B, o&b oTcyrcTBÍH noiosHTejiBHBurB Hxea- 
Aovbj ^BHiHBU H BB APyTOiTB OTHomeHÍB. Hoysen jqr^mie jpofM 
copoBOBUxi roxoFB, Bor^a ohh roBopHjni otSřb ypoAJUBOCiH sptaoci- 
Horo npaBa, Borxa ohh pHCOBajH (SeB^eiOBi^Hoe oópan^enie cb 
pafiaMH, Kor^a ohh yBasuBaiH na tiesotipasia cri^Miro cy^a cb ero 

HOABaiHMB, npBBaSHUMB, CB OFO BSffTO^IHH^eCTBOlťB, HeyiKeiH BB 

HXB pšqn ne 6ujlo HH^ero HHoro, spoMŠ orpni^iTeiBHsx^ Hxeft, 
HeyseiH hoab BTBirB OTpsi^aHieiiB ne cxumno ^btjio Cienie nyjBca 

SHBH£B HXeaiOBBl TaSB TO^iHO H TCHOpB. EtO Se ne HOHHMaeTB, 

HTO sorxa HHcaTejiB HsoÓpasaeTB ÓesnpaBÍe pyccBaro ofin^ecTBa h 
i^tiaro napoxa, Borxa ohb pecyen bb jHi^axB yssit, Tynott 6K>po- 
spaiHsirB, OTpaBJlflK)^^Ě cbohitb npHBocHOBeHÍeirB Bce, xo nero ohb 
XorporHBaeTCH, Borxa na ci^eHy BUBOXHTCfl HerpaMOTHHfl, o6Hpae- 
MiiĚ H pasopfleHHfi MysHBB H HiHpoKHMH ^epTaicH o^epHHBaeTci 
pacxHH^eHÍe «Ha saBonnoirB ocHOBaHÍH», — hto sa 8thiih orpnita- 

TeJBHHMH HXeflMH CEpUBaiOTCH BeCBlia KEUÍL H HOJOSHTeJIBHlIfl 

HxeH oTHOCRTejiBHO HcoCxoxHMocTH 6oi£e HpasHJiBHaro o<5n^ecTBeH- 
naro crpofl? 

^a, HaB0Hei^9 sorxa-se h bto hsb pyccsHXB nHcaieieA hm&jb 

BOBMOSHOCTB BUCTaBJíaTB HOJiOaSHTeJBHHe H^OaJSI HHBirB nyTCHB, 
H^Hl TOTB, SOTOpOMy CJI^Xy^^ T. CaJITUBOBB, Sa HC&IH)^eHÍeH%, 

pasyii^^eTCA, rÍTh HHcaTejett, BOTopue wsl tofo, ^Totfii ne 6utb cite- 
HeHHHMH FB pasBHTÍH CBOHX'B H^eft, p&najracB Ha CTpamHyH) seprsy 
H noKHxajiH naBcerxa cboh) poxHHy. Ti se, BOTopne HHcajiH bb 
Poccíh, xojiSHu 6hjih, nanpoTHBBy Bcerxa xijiaTB TasB, ttoCh hxb 
nojosHTejiBHue Hxeajii o(SpHCOB£iBajHCB BasB mosho MeHBme. Ka- 



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ciTHPi qiXPHHi. 318 

lOBti 61LU E^ieajra Forou fb axopoByK) anoxy ero x'^TejBHOCTH? 
Hh HOseiTL AoraxHBaTBCJi, cy?i[HTB o toitb, htó eiiy 6hjio xoporo 
I wt6 HeHaBHCTHO, no orpin^aTejnHHirB nesM% «MepTBEix'b J^jnrh^^ 
<Pera8opa», ho nojiosHTejiBHiix^ Bx^ft, no KOTopiiM'B mosho 6ujio 
Ha onpex'6jÚTB ero o($QtecTBeHHiifl Boaspima, uu ne naxoxHirb n 
817 dooxy. Offb nojy^ejrL BOSMoamocTB oispuTO roBopnrB o cbohxi 
meaarB toibso bi nejnoxi CBoero naxenifl, no Hxeajiii SBTopa 
«nepeinieBH CBxpysBflMH^ — nenxeajra Bejrasaro Forojia. Cbo6oxho 
roBO^RB CBOBx^B H^^eaiExi^ Moryn nHcaien tojbbo Tofi sanji- 
ei%Biiiet JiTepaTypnofi msojra, xoropafl npecepBfisno aokbsu" 
Baen, no tiessaRonie h ÓesnpaBÍe h cocraB^aioTB sajiorB BejBBoS 
Óy^Q^ntHocni n c^acTBa pyccicaro napoxa. Ho o xaBHxrB nBcaTejiflX'B 
roBopiTB ne ctóbtb. Ecib ohb Bcspennii, to bxi mosho tojibso 
su4tb, ecjni ase ohb ji(epsaTCB TasBXi Bossptnitty hto6u mufkth 

BOBMOSHOCTB KB MyTHOfi BOA^ JOBBTB pH($y, TOF^a OHB npBHa;(Jie- 

xan TOny yro^no, ho tojibbo ne jBiepaiypi. HysHO Bcerjia no- 
MfliTB, Y70 Jiy^mie bbb npeAcrafiBreJiett ;i(ase Tott jiBrepaTypHOfi 
BapiÍB, BOTopan nanncajia na CBoeM'B SHauenH ^ase o^(]^Bi^ajBHo 
iqwsHaHHUfl Tpa^Hi^ÍB, — ne bm^b bobmoshoctb cbo($oaho BucBa* 
8HBaTBCfl vh PoccÍB H AOJSHBi 6£LiB ne^aiaTB CBOB npoBSBexeHÍfl 
8arpaHBii(efi. 

MosHO-jiB, cnpamBBaercB, TenepB npexiflBJATB r'b r. GajiTBiBOBy 
(SeBCMHCJieHHoe xpeÓoBaHÍe, ^0611 ohb 6ojrbe bcho BupasaxB cbob 
ixeB B pacBpHBajTB CBOB BxeajLii- Wbvhj oúmflsi BxeB r. Gajiu- 
80Ba sasB HexEBB Óojiie Bcna, n kto HCAOcraxo^HO ycBOBj'B ee 
ced, WTb nycTB xopomenBBo BxyMaercfl b B^Braerca vb xy SHBry, 
KOFopaB nocjqrsBja naiTB noBOxoirB, ^to6u saroBopBiB o r. Caj- 

Mh HO craHeiTB noApoÓHo roBopniB o BasAOiTB bsb jí,wbBdíf,- 
ifaTB o^epBOBi, BxoAfln^BX^B BB cocraBi «Rpyrjiaro Fo^a*— sama 
irkiB BOBce ne sauiOHaercfl bi tomb, mx>6u nosnaBOMHiB HBTaiejifl 
Cb co^epacanieiTB nocji^AEeH shbpb r. GajrruBOBa, ^tó JierBO mo- 
zerB cx^aTB b BasAufi bbx naniBXi ^Braraiefl caMB. Haní xo- 
lercfl TOJIBBO noBasaTB, Basi apRO BEipasena b^ 9tom'b coiBneHÍB 
ocBOBHaB B^eH r. GajiTHBOBa, b BaB'B TO pasjíaraioniee na^ajio, 
npoTHBi BOToparo cb Tasoio mobibio ÓopeToi asTopi «Kpyrjiaro 
ro«a», orpasaercB na caMOirB oÓn^ecTBÍ b ea npeíCTaBBTeJ^»HB^4— 
iBTepaTyp'&. HesaBBjíHafl aom aioro oÓn^ecxBa cTaHeT'B en^e 60^*60 
BDHflT&oH), Borxa Hu nocMOTpBiTB Ha BBrpasBTejfl B Bifi^cT^ na 
npoAysTB BToro pasjaraion^aro na^ajia — (JesnpaBifl pyccBOfi ^bshb, 
Ha ÓeAeHBBy HeyroAOBa, aroro BepniBrejH cjne&b CBoeft poahhh 
B OAHoro Bffb CTOJinoBB oTe^ecTBa. 



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311 B^GTHHBt SBPOnU. 

He Úyjifiwh A6psaTBCfl nopflxsft «Kpyrjaro FoAa*,— Haneeirbci 
jiHiepaiypu. 

Bonpoci o noiio;KeHÍH pyccKoft jmiepaTypu h jniTepaTopoBi 
saHHHaerb wh uocsbKBewb npoB8BejieHÍH r. GaiTHROBa exBa jh ae 
canyiD SHa^HTejikHyK) nacTB. Oho h noHaTHO. Bo-nepsiixi, imo- 
seHÍeifK jiHTeparypu bi cípasi onpex^jiaercfl h noioseme Bcei 
o(5n^ecTBeHHOCTH. Ecjih jiHiepaiypa ne HMŠerB npocropa, ecu oia 
saÓHTa, ecjE cyxBÓa ea saBacHTi ovh npoaaBoaa paamHHxi Bb- 
yroAOBUxi, mosho 6utb yB^peemiirBy hto h Bca o6iAecTBeHHaa shshb, 
Kb cmucrb nozETumemowhj nposaÓaerB, hto jidah HciiuTHBa»rB 
tí 2se HeyAO(}cTBa, Baa^ jBiepaTypaua iipoESBe^eHia, ^o ohh totoo 
Taase saÓHTu, h ^to cyffB6oH) hx'l no CBoeiiy ycMorptniK) pac- 
nopasaK^Tca vb se Heyroi(OBti. Eto OTcraHBaeTB, cJťbxoBaxejiBHO, ae- 

SaBHCBMOCTb JHTepaTypH, TOTb OTCXaHBaerb H HesaBHCHKOCTB i(t- 

jiaro oón^ecTBa. O^Horo aioro 6uao 6u yse coBepmeoHO aocoí- 
TOHHo, HTo6£i noHaTL, ar^ero r. CajxuBOFB Taa^ ^acio otipiui^ieTcx 
Kb HecJiMKOMy nojioaceHÍH) pyccaott jfarepaiypu. Ho noHHMO Bioro 
ecTB eo^e a BTopaa npH^HHa, or^ero r. CajiTHBOB^ laa^ lacro 
BOBBpan^aerca Kb axott jíio6buo1í CBoefl idiii. JtHTepaTypaaa x^- 
TejiBHocTB — dTO Bca ero shbhb; 6oJiie ipa^AaTH Jiirb CBoefi sbshh 
owb OT^ajTB na aiyseHÍe droMy Tasejony A'i^y. Bi jHTepazypt, 
BaK'B OETB caifB roBopoTib, OHI HciiuTaa'B Bc£ paxocTHy oaa Aocmr 
aajia eMy Bucmia HacjrasAeHÍa, ho Taace jaiepaTypa cjnunaon 
^acTO 6EiBajia A^a aero a^oB Ma^axofi, ocRoptfjiaBniefi, HSjíibBaB- 
mefica HaA'B hhitb h sacraBjaBinett nepesHBaxB ero camia iiy^H- 
TejBHua HHHyTu SB8HH. Hhbto Jiy^me r. GajiuBOBa ho sHaROirb 
cb ata^isBifB noJioacenieifB pyccaaro nBcaTeaa, saBEcan^iro vb 
CBoeň i^*aTe^BHOCTB otb BcaaBxx ♦cjynaeBx*. ofiasaHnaro rayÓOKO 
xopoHBTB CBOH caMua saB^THua jLjuu B BunyiKAeHHaro, saisi 
rBMHacrB, xoabtb no BaHaiy, bbicobo noAHaTony na^i nponacTBio, 
OciynHJicfl, ynaai... h sasrpa, aasi roBoparB r. GajrriiBovB cio- 
aaMH JI^epsaBBHa: «rAÍ th ^aiOBŠBi!*... 

To, Htb namerB r. GajTruKOBi no noBOj^y noiiosema jraiepa- 
lypH H jiHTepaTopoB'B, BE-^erB, homeho o6n^aro sna^enia, eo^e a 
Apyroe, HenocpeíCTBeHHO ornocameeca ki canoMy aaropy. ^ja 
CyAyntaro apETHaa crpaHHiíH bt? nocJiyaEarB Aoporam MaTepia- 
JiOH'B, TaB'B BaB'B OHŠ ^aiorB RjiOHi Kb o6iacHeHÍK> Manepii hb- 
caiB r. GajiTBiROBa. Mu roBopBMi: assl Óy^yn^aro apHiBRa, noroicy 
HTO AO CBxi nopi>, necMOipa na 603*60 H'&irB ^eiBepTB a^aa npo* 
AOJi»aH)myK)ca jHTepaxypHyio ataiejiBHOCTB aBiopa ♦FyÓepHCKHX^B 
O^epaoBi*, «noMnaAypoBi», «BiiaroHaM%peHHiix'B p'ÍHefi», «Tani- 
KonmeB-B*, «GeMefiCTBa FojiOBjeBHxx*, «Kpyrjaro Fcía* a mho- 



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CJLTIFi n^EA^IHA. 815 

TMTh ApyrHTB, cmíb me daMi^iarejuHiixi h caAhuuxíb npoHSBeA^* 
Hit, — BacTOfln^ett oi^^íhsh aioro miaHia, botophhx cnpaseAJiHBO 
vorja 6u rapAHnca ne xojibKo pyccsafl, ho h jm6M hsi 6oiiie 
fiortTEixi eBponeflCBBxi jiuTepaiypí, eii;e ne 6hjo ca^mho, h no 
ABjrM-b npH^HHaMi. Ilepnafl h3i» hhx-b sasiio^aeTCfl B'b xoiťB, hto 
y Han H'6n bi Haeroaiitee Bpeiu hb oahofo xpynnaro BpHTH^e- 
csaro AftpoBamfl, h Bon sHaerB, sorAa wb Pocda CHOsa HapoAHTCfl 
jBTepaTypHEitt bphthbi, KoiopnB MorB 6u cpjbiisith m^z r. CajiTH- 
BOBa TO, ^TO GA^aHO 6uA0 A^fl ero npeAmécTBeHHBKOBi 6&ihh- 
CKHm, 1 AU OAHoro H3X ero coBpejfeHHBsoBi, OcrpoBcsaro, JI^oÓpo- 
jH>6oBii]rE. Apyraa npn^THHa, ho MeHŽe, BOHe^Ho, cepB&sHaa, bto 
BacTOflniee noJioseHÍe JiHTepaTypiz. EAsa jh BOSMOsaa 6yAerB 
cepEésnaa oii^HRa OToro nBcaxaiB, npaBAHBoe h npfluoe pa8'BflCHe- 
Hie Bdbxi ero npoBSBeAeHifi ao tÍx'b nopi, noBa nojoseníe jb- 
TepaTyptt 6yAerB ocraBaiBCA TaBBMi, sasHirb BsoÓpazsaerb ero, h 
yxe CesB Bcasaro npeyBejHqeBÚi, r. CajiuBOBi. 

Tenepii, BorAa sanua p^mb o nepecMOTpš saBOHOBi o ne^aiH, 
xoTfi BOMy ne bsb^ctho, BaBÍe 9to Óhjeh HiieHHO sasoHu b noveny 
OHH BasiiBaJBCB saBOHaiiB, caxHpa r. GajiuBOBa no noBOAy nojo- 
zeHÚ pyccBOfi JiHieparypu nojlyqaen oco6eHHO BasHoe SHa^eme. 
C!oMHÍHifl ntvbj HTO enie b eme pasi paBAaAyrca npoTBBB sa- 
nieft JHiepaTypu bcí rb oÓBBHeHÍfl, BoropHfl cuaajiBCB ea aee 

KB UpOAOlSeHifl nOCJ^AHBXB AOJirHXX JÍTB, TaB'B BBBI HeiIUCJIBMO, 

^rto6u JHOAB, Boropse bx TeneHifl Bceft CBoefi cjiyasetiaott sapBopH 

AOBaSUBajH, ^TO BX JBTepaiypi BpOB>TCfl BCb «BOpHB B HBTB» BJia. 

HTO OHa AOJiSHa 6iiTB «npec&9eHa» h «BCBopeHeHa», ^toÓh otb 
JH>AB OTBasajiBCB OTB CBoero y6teAeEÍfl h BApyrB bo8jk)6bjkb jih- 
lepaTypy. CaTBpa r. GajiTHBOBa A&erB otb^tb Ba btb oÓBSBeHia, 
H FB BTon otbÍtb nycTB BAyMaiOTCB rbj bto sejfaen Ao6pa Poc- 
cíh b npBSHaHÍfl y hbcb sa 9ejOB'Í9ecBOio mucjiík) npaaa buath 
BeflCBaseBHOK) cb ne^axHaro crasBa. KaR'B vb sepBaa^ik, oTpa- 
saercB kb caTBp^ aBTopa «Kpyrjiaro FoAa* tb pojB Bosjía omy- 
B^eflÍB, BOTopyK) BOJieio cyAe&B pasurpuBaerB y Bac?* jiHiepaiypa. 
KaBaB 6u 6ŠAa hb CTpacjacB, BcerAa n bo bcoitb BOHOBam jib- 
Tepaiypa. BcnjHBerB rA^-HBÓyAB aapyay rpyCoe 8JioynoTpe(JjeHÍe 
Bjacrefl b bi> ne^axB pasAacrcB cjiatíuK rojioci — Aaase ne nopBij^asiji, 
a TOJBBo po6&iň Bonpoc%: xopomo az tbbi nocrynaTB?— sasi tot- 
VíCb ciiHmaTCB ofiBBHeHia: 9to ^HTopaiypa, ROTopaa Bce pa^BaerB, 
B KaBoe efi a^^o! OóflapysBBaeTCB jm HeB^poflTHoe pacxBn^enie^ 
Bonieoniiee no CBoeiiy i^HHBSMy, b ne^aiB oÓHOwiBBTCfl o neifB cjio- 
Be^BOxi, BaBi TOT^acTB ciumaTCfl rojoca: jiBTepaiypa noApusaerB 
aBTopBierB BJiaciB, ona HanaA^erB na to, htó 6ujio upnanaHO sa 



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316 mman iBPonH. 

0jiaro BUcniHMH rocyxapcTBeHHUMH y^pesxeHkiiH! IIpoESofix^n n 
rff£-Hi6yxB BOJHeHÍe— H ne xaft Eotb, cpeffi MOJioxesH, — Basi bcí 
OejieHBKH HeyroAOBU kb oahke roJioci, xopoirB saTAHyn: aro 
jniTepaTypa noA'BycBSHBaerB, jiirrepaTypa BEHOBoa, ona pacnyqeHa, 
noATflnyTB eel 

JIirrepaTypa au HainHX'B «npaBfln^Hxi» uaccoBx sto — «BCflsifl», 
xepsaioiitifi pascysxaTB o HenoABixoMcrBeHHUx^B eiiy Bonpoc&rB. 
rjy6oBOH) apoBieio SBy^arb cjiOBa caTHpiiBa, sor^a owb roBopirB, 
HTO BaRaa 6u y Haci hh naxoAHJiacB bommbccíh, otb ea «cra offoro 
TOMa xpyAOffB* He ycBOJBsnerB h JinrepaTypa. KavB cysenaro 
BOHeifB He o&biffimhj takb hh OAHa BOMioicífl ne ú&bl^K&rh aioro 
«BCflBaro» — jiHTepaTypu. ^Bchkí& CyAerB yrposaxB, eamú Óy^erb 
o($cysAaTB, eMfciú 6yAerB BiiBJíaAHBaTB, hto eny Bon na cepm^ 
nojiosHťB! Bmkíů! H Bovb BaproHu ctb HaBjeeHHUHH 6yiias£aMi 
OTBjaAHBaKxrcfl b'b ciopofly h na cnfiBj bbtxoaht^ jiHiepaiypa. 
Caa^ajia npoHSHOCHTCfl cjiobo «paciiyo^eHHOCTB», noTOH'B «HeyBa- 
seHÍe aBTopBTeroKB*, hotoitb «BpeAHoe nanpaBjíeHie .Bootfii^e» n 
HaBonei^rB... «noTpflceHÍe ochobi*. 

EaKB hh a&bho yse y nacB ciosHjiacB ^pasa: «TeQepB, Bor^a 

rOCnOACTByeTB rjiaCHOCTB*,— BI A'%fiCTBHTeiBHOCTH TaBOfl rjaCHOCTE 

eo^e HHBorAa ne cyn^ecTBOBajio. Fmchoctb, Bacaion^aflCfl ipaBrip- 
dux^B CBaHAajOB-B, rjiacHocTB jiaBeficBOtt 6paHH, HSjgíHBaeMoft aa 
He^HHOBHHxi jHi^^ — CBOJBBO ypoAHo; HO rjacHOCTB cepbésHaa, 
BacaiOH^aflCfl KpynHBix'B o(SntecTBeHHi>]X'B HHTepecoBi, a^^ rocyA&p- 
CTBeHHHxi, jiio6bibjix% Be;ie&HOCTB, AO CHX-B nopB nasHBaexci 
«C0BaHÍeH% CBoero HOca» bi> HeoTHOcaniiiflCfl ao rpasAan^ a^^^ 
«xosAeBÍeK'B Bi ^ysofi HoaacTupB cb cbohmtb ycraBoiťB*. 

5htb MOsen, rb crpaHEi^Ei, taž caiEpna^B pascysAaerB o nia* 
Hax-B «HCBopeHeHÍfl» pyccRofi jiHiepaiypu, cb botophmh Hocarca, 
BaBi ch judCemuwl A^THo^eMi, H nuue emfi h y6&ieHHEie cíah' 
hoh) aAMHHHCTpdTopu vb po^b OeAeHBBH HeyroAOBa, noBasyic:^ 
H^BOTopBiMi, 6oaše Ao6poAyniHUMi HEraxejiaicB npeyBejiB^eHHUiciij 
HO nycTB Torxa ohh BAyMaioTca, noveny jsTepaiypa, ch OAHoa 
cTopoHBi, ne TOJBBO qacro, ho ch^ohib h paAOHi ne OTBUBaercfl bě 
caMue sryqie BonpocEi o6n^ecTBeHHoll sbshh, noveny oea moj^ 
HETh o pa3JiH?Hux'B «HJiJH)8Íflxi», BOTopHfl saHHMaiorB Bc£ yim, I 
noveny, cb Apyrofi CTopoHBi, ona TaBi» naAsa na jih^hua nepeÓpansH, 
Ha rpasHue nacBBHJiHy na nepejiEBanie hsi nycroro btb noposnee 
H TorAa, 611TB MOseTB, to^ ?tó BasajiocB npeyBei[H^eHHEiM'B, craner] 
4)OTorpa4>HHecBH B^pnuMi. ?tó osna^aerB aroTB A*3HHHBifi nepe 
^eHB, TaKi HeAaBHo tojibbo cA^JiaBinifica hbbícthhitb o6mecTBj 
BonpocoFB nepBocxeneHHoff BasHOCTH, Boropue 6ujíb HSiaxu hs 



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GiTíPÁ n^BAPHHi. 317 

aůfamfims rb jniTepaiyp^, san He crpeMjenie «HCBopeHiiTB» JiHxe^ 
paiypy, Han no RpaSflefi uipb CA^axfc ee HexocTOĚHOio caiiaro 
HasBasifl jfflTepaTjpH. Rorxa Óy^ynUtt bctophki ocraHOBBxcfl nepeA'^ 
jBrepaiypoK) ceMHAecflTEix'^ foaobi, h nopaaKeHHuS esL hhbrbbcb 
ypoBHeiTB, niHposBMi pasjEBOMi rHOĚHHXi HeHHCTOTB, saxonerB 
npoHSHecni Hax'B neH) ptesoe cjobo ocyaBxeHÍji, nyciB owb npo- 
tierB Tor^a caispy r. Ga^nnKOBa, h wbvb cohhíhíb, hto, Bifj&cro 
o6raHeHÍi, owb oiHecercfl z% net c& cocrpa^ameMi. Vsul xase 
can o6cBypaHTH 6yAyrB npEsnaHu BacjysHBaion^MH chhcxos- 

AeHÍlI, TaB'B SSLVb Bl BOHI^^ROHItORB 9TBL BApiyOBU I^BHBBMa BUilOTb 

SBa^eHÍe ne caMH no ceói, a touko ({jiaroAapfl Tony BucoBOMy 
nospoBvrejiBCTBy, Boropoe ohb naxoAflT^ y HeyroxoBiix^B h «rpa^Bi& 
TBepA00HT0». He ohh, xairb Apyrie! Biuaro 6h (Jojioto, qepiH 8yAyw»! 
EciH BooCn^e, vb Óoxle hjh uewíe HopnaiBHoe BpeMfl, otl jiHTe- 
paTypH TpeÓyiorB, iio6hi ona Aepsaia pyBH no msaiTB, to ropě 
efi, (ybxBofi HCBpofi, Bor^a noABepiuBaercfl «Cjiy?aft>. Tor^a H'6rB 
eS nonptxu, h^tb cnaceniB. Ha ^ro Apyroe, a na lasie «cjiyHaH» 
y nacB Bcerxa yposaft. «06HjiBHa| — roBopnrB r. CajiTHKOB-B — axT», 
BaBTB oÓHJiBHa c^^jiaiaeB sa nocJiŠAHee Bpeufl pyccRaa shbhb bthmh 
«ciy^aflifH». H Bce xaicB-To JiHTepaiypy ohh saA^BaiOTB. n^eTB 
(xůi JHiepaiypa otfmHEUfB CRpouHuirB xoaomi, y^isA^BHaa, 
?T0 Aifl BCHBaro flCHO, HTO npoi^eccTB jiHTepaTypnaro iiHnuenifl 
npeAcraBjfleTB H'6ROTopufl oco6eHHOCTH^ OTJiHqHHfl otb npoi^ecca 
HHDueniH Rani^eiíflpcRaro cjiysHrejfl, a Hsi-sa yrja ee crepe- 
zerB «eiy?aA»...» Btb o6uRHOBeHHoe BpeMH, bc£ nsoÓpiieHÍa, 
iiOAO($H£U[ «pa86otHiRa]rB ne?aTH», «MonieHHHRaM^ nepa» pa8Hiix'B 
jHTeparypHBrB «RjiHRym'B» npeACTaBJiaH)TCfl caiHpHBy coBepmenHO 
(íescHjBHUMH noryraiíH «8aRjeltMHTB SHBiifl chjiu pyccROfi jHxe- 

paiypil RaRHlTB-BHtíyXB XOTB 8aBÍA0M0 RJieBeTHHHeCBHirBy HO XJieCT- 
RBITB CIOBOITB*, HO COBC^ITB HHa^e npeACTaBJflK)TCfl laRÍfl H8o6pš- 

Tenú, Rorxa noAxoABTB «cjiyqafi». Tor^a ycepAHiie jiioah BuiacRH- 
Baiyn hbi apcenaja, vfíb xpaHarca cothh o^BHHHiejBHHxi aRTOB'B 
BpoTHBi jiHTepaiypii, BesRÍfi xjaMi, h Bce nycBaiorB vh xoKh; 
ioi7(a,— 8air6^aerB caTBpHB^, — «npHXOAHTCfl ytí^AHiBca, qro aíBctbh- 
miBHo vh ne^aiH cyn^ecTByH)rB h pastfoftHHRH, h MomenHHRH^ h 
RjeBeTHHRH, M ^To, CTajo 611TB, JiHxepaTypa He cobc^itb totb xpam^ 
npH BHAib ROToparo ÓBsyrcfl ^Hcriia h ^ecmna cepma^ h Óe^iy 
BOTOparo HÍpí 6ujn> 6u nocniJi'B h 6e3CJiaBeH'B». 

RaRi Ha &bjíflBTO Maaapa Bcb niHniRH BajiHTCfl, laBi na jiHTe* 
ptiypy Ha^HaerB lor^a BajiHTBCfl rpax^ caMEix'B paBHOOtJpaBHux^r 
BO OAHHaROBO TflSRHX'B o6BHHeHÍfi. JiHTepaTypa «cjysBirB npoBOA- 
HisoirB 8a6jiysAeHÍfl wb oÓn^ecxBO*, jiHiepaiypa cb «ynopcTBOM'B 



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318 B«CTBIB'B XBPOnH. 

vmjsrb ocMibTB n noAopsaTB CBan^enH^Smifl ochobh namero oón^e- 
CTBa», cjiOBOMi, ne 6yjs,h jrarepaTypii, Pocda npespaniJUM^ 6u vh 
ApEa;áK). TpyxHO símíbe cxBaTBTB, ^irb 9to x^jiaeTB r. GBMumvhj 
Ty 8Jio(Sy <jerioHa copBaHii[OBi^ y BOiopsirB Ha ^ZEisík <rocyxap- 
CTBO», a B^ uucjíSíTb «iiHpon ch saseHHOĚ HauH]Boft>, — sjíofiy 
upoŤEBi jraTepaiypu, vb soiopoil ohh ycMarpatBaiorB onacnaro x^fl . 
Bxi Óaaronojiy^úi Bpara. 

« — Híra, ecjiHys'b BHxOTHre, qTodi a roBopiu^, «rywí^» 
Ge^eHBEa HeyroAOFB, — to a 6y;íy roBopHTB. CepLSaHo cnpamHBai) 
BacB: CL Basoro npasa Bama JíHTepaiypa Hanaxaerb na BopeHHHx 
ocBOBK Hamett shbhb? rto xa^i eB 9to nojHOMO^e? Kto paspi- 
umii> efi Vb laROiTL be^^ npexcraBJun^B ceMBH), co6cTBeHHOCTB... 
rocyflapcTBO? 

« — JíjBL Bb xasoui »e, moH řpyra, bx itaKOMx? 

« — Bt rnycHOMi-cx. IIobtopak), bto ^a-i^ eil no^HOMO^ie cy- 

XHTB H pflAHTb?» 

Bon Kb HCsopeHeHÍK) droro nary($Haro CBottCTBa «cyxiiTB m 
pflAHTB», T.-e. Toro, m:6 cocraBjíflerB caaiyH) cyn^HOCTb, SHBRBJraie- 
paTypu, H HanpaBjeHH ycEján HamHxi oxpaHirrejiett bo Bsyci... 
xa, Bnpo^eiTB, «qTO bi hmohe Te6^ Moeirb». yxonaioii^íe xBa- 
TamTCfl H sa coJOHeHBy; ohh Tn^erflo HaxtnTca, <^to ne 6yAB 
BMtoaTeiBCTBa jHTepaiypu, ne cyn^ectBOBajo 611 hh BonpocoBi, 
HH BOJHeHÍfi». FopBBoe MÓxyxíffiEie. He jHrepaTypa, a caiía shshb 
BUBUBaeTB BonpocH h BOJHeHía, H noApHBaerB ne HacToanúfl^ a 

^JIBHIHBIIfl H aOI^eM^pHIIfl OCHOBU, Sa KOTOpHMH JipsmVTCSj BaKB 

sa Bp^baKHiTB niHTOM'B, BceBOSMOJBEue HeyroxoBH. 0(^obh annrb 

nOGJIÍAHBX'B HH^erO HO HMŠlDrB OÓD^arO HH CB COdCTBeHHOCTBK)^ 
HH CB CeMBeiOy HH (TB rocyAapcTBOM'B. 

JiHTepaTypa, no mh^hík) HeyroAOBuxrB, Morjia 6ii npoi^BfauTB, 
nojiBBOBaTBCfl yBaaceHieiTBy uphhocbtb nojiBsy, ecsnóu ona tojbso 
BM^CTO Toro, ^To<5ii OBasHBaTB «npoTHBOAÍflcTBÍe»^ osaBHBaja «no- 
Moni(B», T.-e.y no BHpasemB) caTHpnxa, «nHcaja XBeHpaM6ii>. 
SaniifB, Vb caifOMi A'bjvby pa8cysA&K)TB ohh, btotb yniijiatt rowhy 
9TorB noA<$opi «Heyr6niHTej[BHuxi» ^Bjenifi; saT&irBy — roBopaTB 

OHH, «8a($HBaTB MHCJB ^HTaTeJE BCC Cy^^HHíHHMH, ^a Óy^HH^- 

HBMH npexcraBjíeHiBMH, a ne ocBtsaTB ee 6ec£A0R) npexMeiaxB 
BOSBumenHiiTB, BiiSQBaion^HX^B napenie; sa^iťB npErnÓaTB qej0B']bsa 
Bce Kb seujvky Aa vb BeHx6»... JbiepaTypa, no mh^hík) TaRHX'b 
rocnoAi, AOJXBa Óiija 6u saBpsBaTB rjasa na bc£ ypoj^HBiifl 
npoflBJíeBifl ÓesnpaBÍa, na rocnoACTByK)n^yK) jiosb, na TopsecrByio* 
^^ee MiíeMipíe — btotx «rHofi», «a8By», «raHrpeHy» otín^ecTBa. 
Ecjih ona saroBapHBaerB o TaaHXx npe^Heraxi, to ohh nasuBaKn^s 



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ciTQPi niEAPJiHi. 319 

910 «3aroBopoM'B> jHTepaTypn. ^Jíjbl saroBopib se h ecTB^— orBt*- 
Hserb caxHpHK-s.— TojtbBo ne totx, KOiopoiiy fb saBOBri^ npncBpH- 
Baercs HasBame npecrynjieHÚi, a xorB, BOTopnfl HcnoBcmi* b^bob^ 
pauBTi vh BOSfyx% exea jh BorAa*Hfl6yxB npeBpanuuca. 9to 
saroBOprB, vh Boropom npBHHHaerB y^acrie He oxHa jiHiepaTypa, 
a Bce H BCfl. 3HararB, hbbu ea ctojibbo o($ocTpnjHCB, ^to HHBOMy 

B6 XBíKfTb HH OTABIXa, HH CpOBa; SHaiHTB^ HB TOďbBO UHCaTB, HO H 

fyvKrb HH o&h HeiTB HHOiTB HejiBSfl; snaiHrB, AOBOJr& 6y]s,jTh cyn^e- 

CTBOBan H8BH, fiflTOS^ ójJSfiTb UJI^TE p^YB OÓl HHX'B>. 

BescifiicjieHHUfl (X^BHHeHÍfl aHTepaxypii, ne toS, BOHe^Ho, Jiasefi-* 
CBoi iHiepaTypu, Boiopafl cA^Jiajia ce6i hsi «AHeHpaM6oBi» 
Bcexy, iTÓ HOCHTB Ha ce6i ne^aiB peasiÚH, h hbi BjeBen na Bce, 
^ crpeMHTCfl npoTHBOA'6flCTBOBaTB ji:ftH H 6e8npaBÍK), oaho jhoib 
BHTOxHoe H mefi,po onjawBaeMoe peMecJO, — o(5BHHeHÍfl b^ «npoBe- 
AeHÍH 8a6jys;(eflift» bx cpe^y pyccBaro o6n^ecTBa, «HOxpHBaHÍH 

CJíflIIieHHHX'B OCHOBX» H Bl CHCTeMaTHHeCBOlTB BosCysABnÍH HeyAO* 

BOJBCTBÚi cpexH pyccBaro JH)Aa dpotbb^b b^bobiix'b ycroeBi namero 
a6fl|eczBeHHaro 6uTa, HecoMH'6HHo AOBastiBaiorB tojibbo oaho — dro 
Bpasx^^Hoe OTHomeHÍe bi jiHTepaiypi. TaBoe BpasA^ÓHoe otho- 
oenie vb inreparyp^, bozjA Boropofl na Hacax'B croflrB neycun- 
Hne cípasH, BoopyseHHue npeAocrepoaBeHiHHHy upiocraHOBsaMH, 
sanpen^eflifliiH h ApyrHMH ne ueake ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHUMH opy- 
AÚMH x^iH yspoH^OHÍfl CesnoBOflHux^; ne MoaierB ne orsuBaTBCfl 
3Ha9iTaiBHiuíH HeyAOÓCTBaMH A-sfl «A'&ficTByK>H;HX'B» nBcaiejiefi. 
Taiia «HeyAo6cTBa> óojíe, ^im Exo-aiiÓo ;q)yroll-AOJ[seHrBHC^iI- 
THBaTB Ha ce6% caxBpHBi, npHSBaHHiiit «nopHi;aTB nopoBi>. Bjaro- 
xapíí Huiy npoTHBi r. CajiiBiBOBa otb nopu jip BpenenH pas^aioTCH 
o6BBeeHÍH, BOTopuB HaH'B DpeAcraBjBiOTCfl vh BuCHielt creneHH 

SeOCHOBaTejlBHEIMB B BtI8UBaeM£[MH BCBJW^BTOJBHO BJB HOBCapeH- 
HOCTBK), HJIB jerkOMUCJieMl OÓBBHBTOJiefly B^ TOITB, ^TO CaiflpBB^B 

MacBflpyerB cboh CBímaTÍB b anTanaiiB, ^to owb ne BBiCBasBTBaercB 

AOCiaTOVHO BCHO H CBpUBaerB CBOe «8HáMJi». 

Bi OAHOiťB HB-B o^epBOBi^ «Kpyrjaro Fo^a* r. CajiniBOBi 

nOABOXHTB BTOrB dTBHl OÓBBHOHiflilí-B H OTB^HaOrB Ha HHX'B Ch 
yÓífiCTBeHHOK) A^fl O^BBHHXeJiefi BpOHÍefi, H3'B-8a BOTopoft He xpyAHO 

pascMorpéiB bck) ropLsyio cepbesHoCTB ero OTBÍia. 

Ilpes^e Bcero r. CaaiuBOBi* orni^aerB o^hj qepiy, ch y^B- 
BBTejiBHOM) CBiOH) BJÍBK)ii^K) Ha jiBxepaTypy, Hepxy, CBOficxBeHHyio 
ojqiaBO He oxHBiťB HBcaxejuiMi, a Bceicy pyccBony oÓn^ecxBy. ?epxa 
aia — óoflSHB. «Mh, pyccBie, — roBopHxrB ohi, — BaB'B-xo nepesi- 
^p^ ys'B oxoTHO ÓoBMCfl B npBX0M'B 60BMCB BceFAa cb yBje^e- 
HíeiTB* HaHBHaoMi^ MH 6oflXBC2 no^xB CB nejenoBi; cnaiajia, Coumcb 



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320 BiM}!:^^!! JEBPonn. 

poAHieaetty noTOM'B Ha^ajiBCTBa... S. shek)^ ^to axo ^ypeu npi- 
BU^Ka — H HH^ero 6ojAe. Ho ona ao xaBott crenenH spinso sa- 
c&ia vb Haci, 9T0 no6ŠAHTB ee ysacHO TpyxHO. YstL^b cboiuso 
CTOJi^Tilt pyccBoe rocy^apcxBO SEBeTs cjrasHoio h boojhí caifocroi- 
TejBHOH) aiH3HÍK>, a MU, rpasAftHe dxoro rocyxapcTBa, Bce eii^e npo- 
AOJisaeMi* ce6fl BecxH, BaBi 6yAT0 HaA'B HaicH TaroršerB mohtoje- 
CBoe Hro, Has aBCTpiaB'^ hecb b% ujAej jífipsRwrh*... Eto ne co- 
rjiacHTCfl, HTO nepra dxa noAM^TOHa yAHBHiejiBHo y^wo. IlepEas 
HUCJB Bcer^a y Haci ho o tomx, Báni cjri^xy^i^ nocrymiTB fb 
BasAOiťB x&HHOifB cjtynai, jihiub tojbbo ob'b Bacaeioi otfqe- 
CTBeHHott SH8HH, a O TOiťB, BáB'B OTHeceicfl Kh HameMy nocryssy 
«HanajBCTBO». TaBi fb seMCTB^, xaBi vh cjjsfb^ TaB'B vh jirepa- 
Typi. Tpy^HO, BOHe^HO, sa Tasyio Óoashb bhhhtb rbxby bto Beo- 
caji'B ee cb MOJiOBOMrB iiaiepEi ho otphi^ítb ee BHaHHJio 6hi jran. 
GnpocHTe y Bas^aro xo^pocoBÍciHaro JiHiepaiopai saHHMaK)iAapocfl 
BSCJi^OBaHÍeiTB oÓn^ecTBeHHOtt shshh, o neH'B okb 6ojiBine Bcero 
noMHnuflerB, Bor^a nnmerB cboh) ciaTBio? O toicb jh, ito(h 
HHCJiB ero Óujia no boshoshoctb apne BupaaseHa? O, wbvhl owh 
BaiTB CBaserB, hto nojOBiraa yMCTBeHHofi pa6oTii upona^aerB na 
to, ?to6k[ HanHcaiB cbok) CTaiBio tbbx, ^toÓbi CHanajia nponyciHXB 
pe^aBTopi, ecjiH Hdxame TaBi-HasuBaeMoe Óesi^eHsypHoe, a sarbu, 
nioóu 8T0My pe^aBTopy ne AOCxajiocB otb Boro cjiixyerbj hto6h 
HO HaA^JiaTB eny xjionoTB npoAJioseHieifB BHp']l8aTB craiBK), h aro 
en^e vh zynmewb cjynašy sor^a «HanajBCTBO» OBasHBaorca mhjo- 
CTHBUMi, EaBi se xyrB Óutb? BorB h npHAynHBaercji ^esonos- 
CBifl asBTBi* «pa6Bfl iianepa nBcaiB*, Boropaa, bbb^ B£ipaaBaerc2 

CaTBpHB^B, «npH COOTB^TCTBeHHOlťB nojioseHÍE 0($II(eCTBa bdoíbí^ 

ecTecTBeHHa>. CaxHpy r. CajiTtiBOBa, no ero co6cTBeHHiiirB cio- 
BaifB, o6BHHaK)irB Bi <ABoeAyinÍH», b'b «o6HaHŠ», ho oto ABoa^ynn^ 
BOToparo vb ^'ificTBHTejiBHOCTH He cyo^eCTByerB, octb tojbbo «no- 
jiesHaacAepsaHHOCTB*, BOTopyioaBTopi «Epyrjiaroroj^» npHHOCErb 
•Vh sepTBy Ha a^irapB oreHeciBa*. 1%, Boropsie ero o<5BHHU>rB, 
sejiajH 6uj pasyMieTCs, ^To6u r. CaaiHBOBi ot6pochji'b Bcasyio 
cxepsaHHOCTB, ?To6u owb aaroBopHJTB of&iuMrB flSHBOiTB npopoBa, 
ÓH^yioniaro nopoB'B h o6peBaioo^aro o6iitecTBO hb koubhejío rmóexb, 
HO ohh sejajiH 611 dxoro bobco ho noTOMy, htoóu caxHpa r. Cai- 

THBOBB 6UM HO aCHB, ^o6u OHa MŠTBO HO nOHMAJA BaSA^fl 

pasi FB HaKŠqeHHyK) i^jib, a HCBJno^HrejiBHO fb Ha^esA^, nto, 
6jaroAapfl nexodaiBy oxepsaHHOCTB, x^a aioro yxHBHxejaHaro 
HHcaxejia «npoH80fixex'B MOjqaHÍe». CaxBpa ero pasxpaaBaerB, sserB, 
ÓBerB He fb 6pOBB, a npaMO bi rjia8'B, a oHcaiejB BaB'B Ha sjio 
ynterB o6xoxhxb noxBOXHue BaííHH h He xaexx noBOxa «coBpaTErB» 



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GiTIPi HWtPIHA. S21 

ero Ha saKoraoirb ochob&bíh. Kone^HOi xosho 6u h Óesi noBOxa^ 
BO Bce-T&BR xaiCL-TO Heyxo^HO, Bce-iaKH npopyÓjeHO, xorx h se- 
ÓojBinoei HO rbwh ne uemie obho bi Espony. Hštb, r. CajTiisoBi 
npei^tCHO xijiaerBy iro se npespan^aercs, BavB Toro xotÍjih 611 
ero CBoeo6pa8BHe AoC^posejaTejiv, fb npoposa, HSBepraioiitaro 
rpom: fio-nepBHxrb, noiOMy, hto Tanaa pojiB CMtnma, a BO-BTopiix'^^ 
H noTOHji HTO Tasafl pojB MOJLen desHaRasanno HcnojmarBci 
oxHm r. KaTKOBHiTB H ero cnoxBHSHHKaicH. 

JlfjToe npecTyiueme, vh soTopom naercfl caiEpESi, bto ot* 
cyieme y nero «8HaMeBH», ea Boropoirs MoaKHO óujío 6u npo- 
Hecn ero saBiTEna xpai* Ho bio o6mmi&Ph ero b'b Hem? JIhiiib 
li, lOTopiie Aepsarb kl cbobx^ pyBax'B vebm^^ Ha BoxopoM^ 
orpoMHHHH 6yKBa][H HanHcaHn xsa cioBa: «pacnHB0^iH0 h Ha 
BHHOci*. Cyn(eeTByH>rBy xoneqHOy H xpyrk sHaiieHa, ho BiiCTaBjsT&^ 
m xo nopa xo BpeiieHH ne npexcraBJuieTCfl yxotiHum, ecjiH rpas- 
msB% xejaeTB coxpaHHiB cboh) ocíxjioctb. CaTHpHVB He npo^B 
I on Toro SHaifeHH, na BOiopom HanncaHo: ceifBfl, co(5cTBeHHocTB 
I rocyxapcTBo; ho tojbso oh'l ne npesHaerB TOfi ceiiBH, npexcra- 
BvieiflicH BOTopott flBJífliOTefl Tam ^KjKona^y naBi BsoÓpasaeMaa 
m Natfaalie HeyroxoBa hjh npoTHBonoiosnafl ett ApHHa ner- 

pOBffil FOJiOBjeBa, OHI HeHaBHXBn TOTL npHHI^Hni COtiCTBeHHOCTB, 

lOTOpBt ojHi^eTBopjieTCfl vh ^epyHOBHxx H KojiynaeBiix'b, h CBeniB- 
lecsH OTHOCHTCfl n TaBOMy rocyxapcTBy, ciOJinaiiH Boroparo £b- 
inmcsí OexeHBBH HeyroxoBu, Y^aBu, JD^iiiJn, rpa^a TBepxooHTó^ 
«OTH no6opHHBH rocyxapcTBeHHaro coK>8a», Boiopne bh^ati vh rocy- 

WpcrBft TOABO HHpOrby «K& BOTOpOHy XOBBÍe JiK)XH KOryTL BO BCfl- 

Koe Bpeiui noxxoxHTB h 8{^ByciiBaTb>. 

OncpiiTOy 6effb BCflBHX'^ nera^pB, 6esrh Bcaxaro pncsa MoryrB, 
no (uoBaiTB caTHpHBa, roBopRTB ToiBRO rb «raAii»9 Boropiie b'b 
BeorferHOiTB BOjn^ecTB^ sanojisjíH vb jHrepaTypy h «BpysaTCfl, xo- 
xo^yrB, jmyBVbj 6pii3syirE cjjohamh*. Hx^b iÁchs BHaBOMaa: «8eM- 
ciBo OTMŠHHTBy cyx:B npHCSSHHXi yHHHTOSHTB, i^eHsypy BoscraHO- 

BITB, BpinOGTHOe HptBO B08pOXHTB». 

Tasora oÚmJM ^epTii, BoropsiMH pacyerB aBioprB «Epyrjaro 
roxa» nojoseme pyccBoB jiHTepaiypii h jinTeparopoRB ne hbi 
nopoxH «raxoBi». He Basicroe, pasyifiercfy nojoaseHie, ho oho He 
MoserB HBM^HBTBCfl BB jiy^oieify xo "Atl nopB, nosa He hbiií- 
HiTCfl H caMoe nojioseme oÓn^ecTBa, cyKí>6j Boroparo Bcerxa x^- 
nrh jiHiepaiypa. 

O nojK)aBeHÍH oó^eciBa Mosna fobophtb cb pasjíH^nurB tohobi 
8pÍHifl. MojBHO otfcysxaiB ero cb nojiiHqecBofl to^bh apinúi, 
T.-e. noxBeprnyTB pascMorpiodB) BonpocB, BaBtaMR opasaMH oho 

Tom L— Hhbíf^ 1881. 21 



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322 BMfOCB IBBOm. 

noJiLsyercfl, BaRHiai b^i-b, yncvByerB xa oho fb ynpaBjieBÍH ofioie- 
CTseHHHHH A^aMH, Msu ocBOÓosxeHO OTb 8Tott TsoBejioi oCflsaH- 
HoeiK, BH^terB j[H OHO roxocTB Blb pšifleHÍff sHSHeHHun jiu Hero 
BonpocoB^B, EMU pas*fc HascerAa oho otbesuock on caoero roioca, 
TO^BO XK onpeA^em ero npaaa n o($jisaH0OCTff, vjra ohh sebe- 
CJTTB OTB <yaiiOTpÍHÍii» H T. ;(. H T. f,. MosEHO paseMaTpflBaTL 
noďoseHÍe oÓmecxBa c% BROHOiaraecRoS toibb ^íhís, cb lopBXH- 
lecEofi, saHflTBCfl BonpocoMi o creneHH ero HesisecTBa hjih odpaso- 
BaHHOOTH, cjOBom — T8Ma camas fioniTai, upocropi xafl anaassa h 
Ha5jK)xeHifl rpoMaxHiitt. F. GajmiBOBi, SHax xoponio npextjiu pyc* 
CBott ainepaTypu, CTopoHirrcfl otb HBOÓpaseeifl nojim^eacaro oo- 
jiojseiiifl o6iuecTBa, oúxowvh h asoBOMsqecBoe e lopEXH^ecKoe h 
cocpeAOTOVHBaerb cboh) carapy aa HpaBCiseHHOirB coctohhír pyc- 
csaro otfo^ecTBa. IIpaB^a/ BnpowMi, h to, tto HpaBCiBeHHoe co- 
CToaHÍe H ecTb totb htopb, voropsill no^^BOxircfl nocjii guHHHaro 
cjioseHÚi, 8T0 0611UB BUBo;^ H81 BdbTh jpuMsaTb, BOTOpiia npex- 
eraKMioTCfl ajlz onpe^&ieBÚi ofiqecTBeHHaro nojoseBÚi. 

Tan Bas'B mh roBopBBTE reneps toako no noBO^y «Epyrjnuro 
roxa»9 TO MH R orpaHR^HMCfl TOJiBKO o^HHirB He(}aiBiirair& 0^^ 
zowhj nocBiin^eHHHMi 8T0My Bonpocy vh pasóvpaeiioft RHirš* 
Oqepsi 8TOT& HocHTb HasBanie <Be^epoBS». €aMO co6oh) pasy- 
M-iercfl, iTO E8o6paseHÍe HpaBCTBeHHaro HOJioseHÚi pyccsaro 0611^ 
,CTBa Vh npoHSBeAeHÚixi r. CaiTQBOBa) wb u/bjKA ero caivpš, 
daHBiiaerb BecBua 6ojiBmoe ir&cro, r ecjii ($& msi saxoTÍ^ji nojíB- 
soBaTBCfl bcímh oouHeHÍflUR BToro nRcaieai , to nojy^uacB 6u 
BpyiiHiaa h apsafl EapTBHa. Ehtb nošen, mu h noerapaeiiea aio 
CA'^jaTB FB Apyrofi pasi, no renepB HMia sa^aia iopas;(o fse m 
uu ocraffOBBKCfl tojbro na oxhoí hjh wyrh ^eprax^ otio^ecTBeH- 
Haro Bacipoemi^ onrb^eHHKx^ HannnrB eaTBpiiR0M'B. 

Easi oaMOio xapaKTepnoD ^eproio pyccBoM Jireparypii bb* 
juierea óosbhb es roBopHTL eHŠJiiiMi, xocTOftHinrB SBumirB o bb* 
Baxi, nojrraHBBaioiitHxi oÓn^ecTBeRsatt opraHHdM'B) TaR'B Ta se 
6ofldHB cjiysBTB H OTjHqHTejBHOK) ^wpTOio EpatCTBeHEaro coctobhíji 
pyceBaro oÓiqecTBa. Mu H^eiirB h oBHpaeMca, tovho copaisiBaeirB 
cetífl: xa HHtearB jm uu npaiBO H;q:H no OTOfi nopfOoA? mi roBO* 
piiťB monoTOiTB, onacaacB, ?to naa iioxciyinaK)n caiiufl crbm; 
BCflsoe Hame A'9bficTBÍe, Bcsxifi nociynon oTiHvaeTCff HepinureJiB^ 
HOCTBH), BflyTpeHHHiTB iipoTRBopimeieB, T07H0 Mti onacaeiicfl Bas- 
jiyfo MHHyiy ycjiiiinaTB oKpHsi: tu htó TyrB Atnems? Mu Boe 
HopoBHSTB ciíbJíBíih HCDOATRBiKa, DO oeiq>eTy, E F. GaSTaKOBlb 
BaiTB Hejssfl 6o^e npaBi, rosopa, ^0 iitn Apyroro BapoAa, cpejpi 
BOToparo 6hjio 6u tebi pacnpocrpaiieHO cooÓqaTB «no eespery^ 



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OiTHPi QfXFIHi. 33$ 

tah j HRCB, pyccsncB. Oxhhi jKpyrouy ne Hosen coo6iiiaTE 
6&Fh «c»pem>, na sasrpa €o6npaeTc» cxo^orb bi onepy h no- 
aymaTB, ny zotb 6n «BnjBreiBMa TejjH». A ny mk^ Ha^ajiB- 
CTBO 3aiK>xoBpKrB, TTO T£i vQífimh vh onepy ne hjuí ooepti, a tojbko 
vote ycjajniTB cboI cjyx's ssyBOMx: «CBo6oAa!» Kasi xe lyrs 
060ÍTHCB 6e9L ceRpera. Bojs sama ocjiaÓJia, dHepría yjeryqtrjiiacB, 
iff ixem H6 TBepwio nocrynBio, a 6pox0M'B tovho bi noTBMaxi, 
tíxh ainae, onacaaeB nocrojmHO na vro-jiH(to HaTEHyrscH h pac- 
mí6wrh ce(tt jio6'b. Tojbro bi oahomi ecTb cir&JoeTB, p-^marejiiB- 
BOCTK— 9T0 BB CTpeM.ieHÍa 0T0»AecTBHTb RaseHHoe HMyii](ecTBO es 
cBomi coÓCTBeHHiiifB, R 6en Tpyxa, npi noiíontH oahoA jobsocth 
HJi otfMaHa, nomBBHTBCfl na c^en (5jiHSHflro. 

Mh ;^ Toro BanyraHH^ AO loro sadtiJH o ^yBcrBi co6cTB6fi- 
Haro xocTOHHCTBa, HTO roTOBíi yHBxaTbCdy b yBn! BOBce se no 
DpfBasaBiK) <Ba^ajn>€TBa», a Hcuio^HTejBHO no co(JCTBeHHOMy bxox- 
HOB6HÍH), no eAHHott npHBu^K'1 si yHiseniio. «Ha^axBCTBO> hh* 
mjuBL ne aojisho onacaTBCfl, iro mh BJioynorpetfairB npexociaB* 
iCHHiiniH Hax'B npaBaHB; HanpoTHKB, mh ne uocxbewh ]s,9Me boc* 
nojisoBaiBCH hhh bo BceirB htb o&heu^b. H cbojilro npHHŽpoBx 

181 ZpOHHKH COBpeMeHHOfi OtíH^eCTBeHHOCTH MOXHO npHBeCTH TOXy, 

un juoxH Ha^HBajiH nojsaTB^ npecMURaTsca nepe^x B^acTBK), n 
opiTom BOBce ne no npEsasanifo, a Bnoan*]^ XO($pobojieho, wb 
€uy ynacjiŠAOBaHHaro ÓjaronpaBia. 

IIpH^na TaKoro yrHereHnaro cocroanúi jesers vh npBBHTOfi 
n HaiTB 6ofl8HHy HBBorxa ne noBHAaioo^eft nacB ne tojibro bo 
Bcixi BaniHZ^b xbŘcmsíThj ho x&se bo Bctxi noMucjiax^B namex^. 
IIocrtxcTBieirB Taaoft npBrynjrflion^eft 6oB^m^ HBjfaercfl vh bohi^í- 
K0Hi(OBi Tjusejafl anam, tohho bi vfbutL saKOBiiBatoiiiiafl o(iite* 
ciBo. EcjH xopomeHBBO noBonaTBCJi, to na jsfi^ 9toS anaTÍB, Óuth 
Mozenb, H KOSHO OTucsaTB sacTHBmyK) 8Jo6y, no ona TaKi rjiy- 
^KO, rjy6oRO sesusvh, wso na noBepxnocTH nin h cji^hb, caMott 
lerBofi B1160. EcjiH h Bu^hJOTCS mnyruj sor^a otfo^ecTBO to^ho 
Bcrpenesercfl, to oh% bo BcnoMi cjiynai mhmoxothh h ne ocias- 
imrh no ceCib h cji^a^* BcnuxnerB na MHrB oroneRB, ho npeas/^e 
^n ycn^iTB offB ocb^thtb BOEpyrB, CHona MpaR^B, orOHeRi 
DoiyrB. 

BoTB BTO^o HpaBCTBeHHoe cocTOflHíe pyccRaro o6mecTBa h oc- 
ú^nerh CBoett caTHpofi r. Ga^ruROBB. CaMa Óoashb RaRafl-ro ne- 
onpeA'&ieHHaH, — «6oHHCfl mu Hjn se 6oiimcii?» caTHpnR^ ne BHaerB, 
ttioi wiTB OTBirB. «0<ieBHAH0, — roBopsTP! OHI, — iTO BT, jymeB- 
Hon BeAOMoraiejiBCTBŠ, Roropoe yrneiajio nacB, caMa no ce6^ 
sauQ^ajiacB sHa^HTe^iBnafl )í,om HeacHOCTH, M^rnaBmeS nassaTB 

21* 



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324 BflM^nm ibtoidl 

ero no HMeHv. IIpaMoS ocipoS (Sojibhh ne 6uzo, ho 6uao Óesno* 
ROlcTBO, 6ii2a Tynaa ($0JB. O^Ha V8'b títb 6ojiefi, npRsoropím, 
KM% roBopniCH, He snaems rxt Mtoa HafirH, RoropiiH sjaitb h 
CBepnn Bec& opraHiSMi, se xasas cboÓoahoS HHnyrti, ^toÓh 
orjflA^TbCfl H oti^yiiaTB Biixox%»... IIpH TaaoiTB cocTOflaÍE jmsMy 
pasyifflerci, nyrHaro BBHero A^an ne MoryrB; Bcasafl xbrreih- 
HOCTB orpasjaerca ropBRimi cosHaHiem^B «6e8cvjiiji, Boropoe na Bce 
cyn^ecTBOBaHÍe, sa bck> x^tbjibhoctb sjíaxerB ymunitt, do^th no- 
CTBXHBtt OTne^aTOK&». Ror^a cb oahoS cropoHH cocerB tiossEi, 
CB Apyrofi — HyTHTB cosaaHie CBoero (Sescuifl, lor^a jioah tojkomi 
H roBopBTB H6 MoryrB, a ne to, nwóu x^ficiBOBaiB. Botb noveny^ 
Rorxa JiiOAH cxo^atch, to vb (JojBrniHCTBi^ cJT/HMWb 6e&kM,u Hn, 
roBopa cjoBaMH asropa «Kpyrjaro Foxa*, ^EiAtm xapaRiepir 
yrHereHHiitt, OTpuBOHHuil, KaB% ato Bcerxa ÓHeaerB ch jidabmb, 
ROTOpue coBciiťB O xpyTOMi xyMaiorB h tojbko paxi operaci 
B^miowb moBeurB. OxHa mbcu ABcrBeHHO AaBBn bc%i'b: yzen 

A^fiCTBHTenHOCTB, CpeXB KOTOpofi MU SVBeMl, eCTB xibfiCTBHTeJI)- 

HOCTB BOBBpeTHagy a He KomMapi»?.. 

MHoríe IR HBi qBTaTeJíe&, cnpanraBaetcf , ne npoBOXHin ra* 
BH» «Be9ep(N3i», saBolt onBcnsaerB r. Ga;iTHBOBX. Go6epyTci wk- 
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o Bcix'B xpfl8rax'B SB3HB ABa^aTB pan neperoBopeHO, Bce to se, 
xo^eTCB ^ero-BBÓyAB nosBB'£e, bo jahib tojbbo BonpocB ROCHercs 
xaRoS-BBÓyxB «aiotiH wa^^ BaBoro-HBÓyxB sry^aro npexHera, 
Tam TOT^acB pasxaerctf nefl-HBÓyxB rojoci: «axi, rocno^a, e ^to 
Bam sa oxora o6h 9rowb roBopBTB! passib bh ne sHaere^... 3a- 
T^iťB fltocojBRO MHHyrB MOJi^aHiff, CHOBa paaroBop^B o ipisraxi, 
^ecasie ssíiBa HacieTB ÓJiBBíHaro, e B^pyrB ohatb y Boro-HB(SyiB 
npopBercfl cjiOBe^so o sry^eifB npexneri — By, CMOTpBre, sasBÓH 
^ero-flfl6yxB Be bbbmo! en^e pasi pas^aerca npexocrepeseHie, 06- 
aBBaH)n](ee coůedbw^mvh ymaroiTB xoioxhoS boxu. Ho xpa6- 
pocTB BOBBpaniaexcfl, npe^ocTepeseflie ne x^flcTByerB, «onacBBt» 
pasroBopi BaBflBiiBaeToi^ b BxpyrB TaHHCTBeBBuS tojocb sBynrB 
vh ymaxi sasAUo h9b co(Sec&XHBBOBi: «Philippe ici!» HBBaicoro 
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rjyxOi TaAfla «ooacBaro» pasroBOpa oiieBneHeBa, mosho ÓecbAO- 

BaTB BB BOJIR). KTO-BBÓyXB Ch OaOOCOlTB Ha^lBaOTB rOBOpSTBI 

«rocnoxa! no BuniniBeify BpeneBH, ÓojiBme, nexejiB Borxa-jB($o, 
TpeÓyeicfl bo yniiBie, a xepBHOBeBÍe!..» Ho jiebib tojbbo Taiifl 
cjiOBa npoH8BeceBU| BavB bcí cotfecixBixB yMOJiRaR>TB, b sasxHSy 
ecjB se roBopiirB Boiyxiy to xyMaerx: «TavB bo yroxno xb sa 



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GATHPA IKUUHá> 325 

co6erBeHHii9 cverb m noMOJiOAe«íecTB0BaT&». PasroBops nocjii aroro 
osoHqarejuBo na^aerb, e bc£ pMU) Bor^a HaBonei^i npoHneceeo 
íyjiiívh pinurceji&Hoe ciobo: rocnoxa, ne 6yffiWh sojioiaro BpeMefiH 
leDfiE, TenepB speiu «roABTB». 3ei6Hfii6 ctoxh pacxpiir&i, Hys* 
9IH& Hrpaioirb fb bbhtb bis bbcti; hímu^ ecifl He BrpaHnrB, 6e- 
dkjQroTB o 6yKymfim> fijaroTBopBraiBHOirB se^epi, na soiopoMi 
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SaiiiTB — ^ysBH^i B «B69epoBrB» 6jiaroaajiyqHO OBaHqBBaerai. Ha 
i^rroft ACHB rojM>BBafl 6aiB b CBOBa (w>ilBaei% yraeieBHoe co- 
cioame. 

Jlijk B MOserB JiB o6£qecTBO HazoxBTBCB Bi BflOMi HacrpceBÍB, 
uomerh jb oho ropAO A^psaiB cboh) rojOBy b BrpaTB caMoeroji* 
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H ciapBie OexeBBBB HeyroxoBH. 

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DOia BTB o6pa8Í ^npoBBBipajiBflaro Mau^BRa*, bo otija^aion^aro 
yxe Be&HB CBoficTBaini, HTotiu npei^TBTBCfl vl epijiaro, coxbx* 
HATo no CBoefl BflšmBOCTB, zoiB B BO npesBeMy jienDOMStcjieB* 
baťo, rooiOABBa HeyroxoBa. ObSi effa Biii'£8mB b»b sypronBi 

nOXOdflO CBOBITB CTapmflM'B COÓpaXBfllťLi rpOSBTB BOe B BCfeCB 

•coTBjTB vh 6apaflifi porB>, ob*b yve Boanyn^aeicfl npeciynnoH) 
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MOOB «iioxniByTB». Ofl*B yj&e lenepB oÓiBuiBaerB najiB^BBB npB 
bbA saBesBaro mipora, bfb Koioparo cípeMBrea «ypBaTB» laxp* 
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Bopostíei^KÍB-nfayxB, oxHoro Cb bbmb BsiByesa, «y»B ycoijrB 
I jxBarBTB BOiTopH THCfl^BB ^epBoseniQr*. GjoBOM'B, BavB roBapBn 
icaoipBrB, «B«B MOJioxBixB, xa paBBÍI>. 

JI(jiB TaBBx^ JuoxeB cjobo «0TeqecrB0» se cyn^eciByeŤB. Obb 
I 90iw> dri^VTCB BaXB iJbfB, BOTopue roBopan, hto «oieqeeiBy 
I mwiemmrh ciysBXB^ a ae BrparB m»*; ohb ocTanrcfl rjyxB b'b 
jfCkauesiD loro roeyxapcraeflHaFO nejioB&ia, soropiifi, HccjiOBairB 
f. CaiTHBOBa, Bcerxa Tasí saByíCTBOBai^ orvteBumn^azs ^bhob- 
UBOBf^: «yxiDUB]Dca a, roBopajn ůrt^^ WBJBh bh, pycoBie, ws^ umo 
Jrtne CBoe oieveccBpl xavL loiBia naiy^aeie BooifoaraočTBi raiKB 
oivac^ JM Ha^Bsaere rpa6BTB». Ho bitb btoto Maio^ ^yBcisym 
oii BceCBJBBHKBi OBB j&eiaxnrB, wo6u wA ipeneraxa septKft 
laon, OHB BorpacaiorB ysasaTemBaiiH^ nepeToirB^ san Bupaiaaezca 
iWWIpBBrBj B rpoMxo spBqarB, očpai^aaca vb o(bqeccBy: botb a 
^pui aero ae, onpamBBaeroa, ohb rpotant crpan^kanni, sit? 
j ^jQia8HaT!B»? ^a xu tthh), aTO(íii na oeiaOtBaaO yaat 
XB «i[BTopKieiy»; obb HoiaraKyrB, ^to ycposa a naraocxa 



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826 WĚiman hfcob. 

xoryn cb můunowh sauiaBiB h ym, h Hecmocrb, h saKOBHoe 
TpefoBaBie^ htoÓu cb jidxbxh oópan^ajicb h ciqtf^BeAJHBO b ^eao- 
bíwo. «Ho noBBMaeie jih bu canr, cspasiBsaeri caxHpHKi, bcb> 

BieilOCBjILHOCIIb BSBTOfi BElíH HB CeÓfl Saffa^lB? fio^iiepBQXl, BUy 096- 

bbabOi CMJbmBBaeTe yBaaesie b% aBTopaieTy c% Hcnyrom, uoroxy 
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AaeiCB xojiBKO BcnyrE« Bo-btopub^b, saKb hb saBOHBO sejiaBÍe, 
ito6h aBiopBierb Óuá^b ospyseB^b yBasieBieiťL, ho BBjCfioiBBO aie 
xoserb coA^ficTBQBftrb aroMy Aypfl&& npHBUHBa^qMSHHXBCB... Apas- 
HflCB, BH Ócasme ocBop(JjifleTe, npoÓyaBA&ere b'b cepwarB sequtB- 
BOBAO 6ĎjamyK> Maoey ropew, HeaseJB xase xoQycuB npBMiiB 
seeroBOCTB*. Ho bo bcibbmi o6paotteMHMi Kb hbmi coBŠTam 
OBB OTHOCHies npespBiejnHO^ ohb He seiann HB^ero hh bba^^, 

HB CJHmaiB, HH nOHBMaTB; OHB BHAflrB TOl&BO n0flBJI6BÍe hšbo* 
TOPUXI 8J0^bHlBX% npB8HaB0B'B, yBa8KBaK)QtBX% HB TO, 9T0 TOp- 

secTBO Bz^ He Mosen fiím lAmo, obh cb ysacoirB cxoTpirB^ 
na BaKHZ^B-TO nyMffi^^ h HeHaBHCTHiix'B bii'b aDx^tt, Boropne ro* 
Bopfln: noH^tABTet lasL b^ nejiLBBl h obb ente ÓOJBBie saByciz- 
*BaBM!% yxBia b nyqe npeauuro rpoain «npxrBHyTB, corayrB kb 
(!apaHift pon». 

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TOUBO cii%an>CB hbxi bcíhi b bb^ie bc&mb, b bio caxBpa ero 
BO corpiia HB ropfliei) jiK)4k>BBKi, bb cípacTHOB) HeBasHcrBK^ 
nyen ohb BxyifaB)Tca xota 6u b% aiy Boporsyio BHxepsi^: 

« — nofiMH Hefli: iiosHO npoftiH no crpafl^ Ch orHBirB h ne-' 
BeiTB^ Moamo pasopniB ee, BcneiiejBTB, B8cyiBBT&*«. 3to 6yAerB 
Beiioo, seeiOBO, no TaiapcKa; bo eseiB bkb cero xoisbo npoB- 
SOUTH Bospos^enie— A^jaTB Beiero, nycTB tbe^b* Ho.... ^doxtb* 
B3rtB». noxníHyTB, eornyrB vb (SapNaBÍI potrB^npaao ryrb xaxe 
BxeB BBBaBoft H^rBl 9to tojuo ypox^mm ótipasH, BoiopsiXB b^ 
Harypi HeB08Xoa«o Aaase BOonpoffiBe^iH. HyyOpaxjcmBB ce&k Poccíb) 
BsaysxaHHOK) hib n mifjb tfapaBBiro pora..* bía^ bojbu eeůb bio 
npejecraBBZB? se npaBj^ jb? seiBsa? 

— ^a, HO vbAb bii ooHHHaeiey bto b roBopx) aa figoré. 

— HonmaB)* Ho eciB apeffiícixr, o BOTopon aa figoré Hpocro 
BfHonaiflxeiBBO fobopbib. BiiBaB>n cjyfaa^ mtab BHOCJOBie cta- 
BOBBvci HooepeBS ropja, Borxa otb boto raoeEirB naaHen. Bcoomlhb, 
roiyiSiBn, bí^b Pocda— tboo ocewcxBol^ 

^ŠM'b crapoie omBOBCsocH dexesBui JPteyroAOBK, rÍM% sxb 

DpBHipDtf^ BQTOpue CBOXHTCB Kb Wym CXOBBV^ BCBOpeBBtB H 

BCTpetfBTB, 6aite EpioByrB; nojyiaa 8Ha%BÍe, obb b» o6jaem ciOBa 
Hepezi^BTB n o6iacTB xtia. fie ace, pasyiiiercai, yxa»eB am 



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CATHPÁ ipAPMi- S2f7 

«ICBOpeHHTB H flCTpe6HTB», HO, BO BCflKOlTB CJyqai, OHH MOPyrB 

ropxHTBCfl — HICI Bce-raBH yxaxocb npE^HHiB HHoro sjía csoeiiy 
•(nenecmj*. HcsopeHitTB ho hcbop6hhjh, a ypiteuH Bce-iaKHAO- 
mao^EO. Ohh TopsecTBOBSiH, Korxa ypisiifiajocB seMciBOi h oho 
noxnHuocb axMHHHcrpaTHBHoft BjacTH; OHE jHBOBajHi Borxa Vb 
cyxy OTHOCHJiHCB HexoBtpqHBo H yp^uBa^acb cj^epa ero lopnc- 
XHupH; OHH npasxHOBajiH cboh) uo&bMJi sor^a jHiepaiypa h o6- 
n^ecTBO nocasKeHu 6sue na CKanbio noxcyxEMuxB h ypiteiiBaiacB 
X^e Ta npBspaHHafl CBoÓoxa ne^am^ BOTopas xoiiaBHa 6um srpaTB 
poJB ^HTaneiH rb sojoiymHOH^ opraHBBMi. Ohh seiajH jsfi 

BOHI^t SarHBTB BHjrpB 60JIŠ8HB, JÍJUda TOJBBO o CBOHXl HaCTOfl* 

msa BHTOxan t kauno ne noumniBH o 6yxyn|eirB. Ho ne 
Bce se 6yxerB npasxHHBi na yjiHi^^ HejrroxoBnxx, <He bí^ho, 
roBops ciOBaME eaTipEU, Cy^yrh nponoBixsiBaTBy ^ro specTB- 
iracBaH pe^piia ecTB hctohhhbi bc£x'b bojix, ^to cyxB npHCBS- 
flHTB — 8ji0HaMÍpeHHafl KOMexia, ^ro CBOÓoxHaa ne^aTB — BepTen'B 
xomeHHHBOBi» nepa, "íto HeJOBinnocTB paBna coqyBCTBÍH)>... He 
bí^ho TaBse, mosho npHÓaBHTB, name otfn^ecTBO ÓyxerB nrpaiB 
poiB ewjeiyTaro Hjaxem^a. Rorx»-HH6yxB, xa cx^aerei mé oho 
om^pm&mojňanBiiáWh co Bcimi arrpHiSyfaiíH Tasoro eoBepmesHOjrirui. 
He mrxa saeiyum sra seiMBafl nopa— *Bon Tp^BOWurlt Boapocs. 

ttorxa Haciyovn? Bee to 6empaBie pyccsoft shbhh, bo^ 
n^»oe CB cMOio ;Bcnnuio Bensaro faMHra BocnpeiisBOXBTi b^ 
CBoeff caTHpb r. CarnnoB^B, la npHxaBMHHai, m jryiqafl m m 
sipaffipyio^aji cbobitb oihismoitb h <XHeHpaM5aMH* JiHrepatypa, 
TO sanoe nojDOMrie ^ota^eemi, sflByn^ee eo xra aa a^hb, b% 
nocronHoi (Soashe, yBHwrejBBoirB crpasi, He BHaK)fli(ee bi mh* 
waňy HH odiqecTseHHlm rapasrit, Ta «B8Ba», totb «f»A> xymO'' 
qaro 6uiK»paTHBMa, ^rposan^aro*, ^KpMEamflTO*, «rpa<$Bii(aro» h 
Hacjia»xftOTMKroc» «noirarHBaHie]rB» h «B8Hyi^faBameH%> Poccm*— 
•ee 8T0 npexeraBnercfl bmhitb^to somifapoHit, jPOx^hbhmh npH^ 
BpasaMHy soropot umyn MwrayrB tojbbo c% iroiiBJíeBiiiFB «mi* 
BenniTO Jiyw*. He yBol ion ne ctasarB Birbert ch eampBBOMx: 
«x me WELMOD^ BOiw fnm% cojHmHiift jj^b H0BBHmi»*. 

Hh yBipeHB ToaBW VB offmn, ^lo Borxa HaeTynvn srom 

fŘfUKSBSA XtHB, MTffí «CMH6UflÍ jy^^B^ GCBŠHITS H COrp<fierB 

TenHyx) H xojoxHyx) otin^ecTBeHnyio shbhb pyccBaro napcq^ Torxa 
HO Bcefl cnpaBexJHBOCTH 6yxerB oi^^Heno rponaxnoe sHa^eHie ca- 
THpH r. CaiTiiBOBa h hmh ero cranerB oxHHirB fisi caMHTBXopo* 

TMTh H CXaBHHXB HXeHl KB pyCCBOfi JLBTepaiVpi. 

EbT. yTHH%. 



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HAIHE 

rOPOÍCKOE CAMOynPABJIEHIB 

HSI OSmBOTBBHHOi SH3HII TOPOXA IlETlPByPrA *). 



Ymů j(Ba ^erapeu^Tia npouH ci tíxi nop^, lan Oerepó jpn oteo- 
Buoff ropoAcsiiTb o6ii(6eTBeHHHir» ynpau«BÍeirB. Ha ntto BomraJOK^ 
Hevuiu HMesxii; xtjio sacuocL HHrepeca, n eioeif% poxib npBO- 
eoraneHuro, Bcftm djusiaro: rxi h lásab bu wttare, itia bu xu- 
oiBTe, ^ iWTe I mete, 9 itó bh sa bob 9to niaTBTe, — passi 
8T0 86 eaifa peaxsiiaa sutan? 

H Bon, n 1873 BaxBopuocB 7 Hatt no aešiim btija mí^měm^ ca- 
voynpaBJíeHiB: loi cami pacnopasaeiiea Hur. Dpaiixai bto McaM*" — 
coécTBBíHo xBacTOBCTBo; Bo xTMaiocB cBaHaiB, "iTO itio noftxevb 
Jíyinie, ^m npesAe, tto ecn Bam, oómafrejuiia, toiw, ao Tapo- 
xoBaro noiaseHúi, sbtb Óhjio na ckou jbaho, to Tenepa, xojsbo 
fexa, neiBBBeTcii Mjmnt m jier^e. OBOÓDimie xyitocie jnm Moryn 
BiOBOJb o6b 8toi» HaxynaTBefl, h an le ooo($6bho xtanDvi. Obb 
enopHJui I cnopan jiaae es iiHBHexpara^B BmrpHBaDVb. 

OxHaao, — na spatBet wbpi ea paBomBata eran Booun xkn^ — 
osBxaHÍB ne o^wh ODpaBjiajBe&. Hte% hbwto bh Jiy^ma, hb jena, 
BB xeaiaBdie. Bcft w% btoki yÓijuuKB, m aa xyHy MaxByjn pjKOft. 
?TĎ Bca AliaAn xyHCsie rjacaiiBt bbieb BpowraBBTaifli saBn Bair- 
aaBOBOwnjNi?.. 



*) Bi «BicTHBBft £Bpoini> opomaro roxa noiiiii^eHa 6aja CTanji, cmocxmjUíCM 
n Tony «6 npeAMery («B. E.», 1880, aopiib: nHuni 252 npexciasvreu*^); mm co^Jn 
ae jnn»m BoaspaTmcx tmfi pan bi Bonpocy, ■ Tenept iO807sxai>Bieif7 BHoro toi- 
■on ■ cnopon.—- Pe^. 



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XFOUKi.-^ropoxcBOB ciioynPÁBJísHii. 329 

BeryueHie IIeTep<}ypra cb Haiuicx ropoioiun Boioseiiieifi Ht 
teite nnpoiift nyrb npoHcxoxBJío npa o((cTOBTeuoTfiau o^enójitra* 
flpúíTram. He opeiCTOdijio coumB wo-1160 Hosoe, Korxa HysHo 

telO X^fiCTBOBtTB; Be npBXOABlOCE XIB 06pfi30BaBÍII BBXPOBI 6paT& 
BOBia'E MWMfiŘ^ BB Bl Heuj 86 DOXrOTOBieflBUXlf BHÍbCTO MBCte- 

pon CBoero xtit, yxe icnHraBBUKi. Bi hobuo míxa EiBBajocb 
BBBO crapoe. Hmobb xthcboí flBTejuflreBAifl npesBBPO coeraBa 
nepenuB bojboctíd b wb BoayD xyiiy- JIi>XB, eroBBíme hb Bepxy 
HpexBjm) SABmB, yspti^uB b boboo. H bpb Btopinib Biitfopaxi, vh 
1877 roxy, 9tb mmha BeBSMteBo ocrajncB. HaBiiocB xase narepo Ta- 
wxa rjaesHxiB, BOT(q»ie vh stoitb bbbbíb feUflpepuBBO cjyauuiB 06- 
BieeTBeBBGHy a^ c% xpeBBUtaEBx% BpeiieffB BeiepiSyprcBaro caHO- 
yopauerifl, n Bepeot xyvu 1846 roia. 

Ob Apynril CTopoflu, fla({paBíe BC&oiflHTejiBBiixi opraaoBi Tasse 
ofiienajo BpexcraBBTeiairb bx% nyf b. JIohbb Be TpetfoBaiocB. IIoBoBBHft 
fi. H. norp66oBi, npocjqrsHBBiit CTOJflqib vbpoŘ b npaBxoft i^jnia 
xrtaaxi^aTB i4rB bi ^ojamocfa roiOBii, fiujn ABépasi b% Bee b apa 
BOion Bopa^rb. He noroHy, htů de mortuis bíI nisi bene, bo bo apaB^t 
imno caaaan, vro ovb, BOCBaraBi iH^xeset o6fl^ecTBeBH<A txjm&k 
jyiBiie CBoa roxH, yH^jrE— vi4 BOBce Be jierBO — pacBOJioacflTB bi ee6% 
ty pasaoBBjnóepByD vaecy, Boropaa ao 1878 roxa flocaia aasaaBie 
e6fliet, a TeaepB Booan Haa apoero ropoxesoft xyBU-^npemxe — aarB 
BB yace oéxacBaaa — XBopaflBBS, tobobbbbi, Byseo^, irlB^aBSB^, cb» 
AtiB BasxuS 8B CBoeft saropoABOft b ^epesi see ae nepejiiteajB; Te- 
wpb 8TB BepeFopoiBB cjOMaiM, a cxftJiaaH Apyria, hto6u otx^btb 
TooKsnit BapaaBi on TOB^aro. Ha r6, aa xpyria ae o^ier^ajia aojio- 
momM mpOAcsovo apexBOXBfMa. noBotaiift rojiOBa, Bpa óxaro&piaT- 
ua% oceieBaocraxi jtrnsaro xapaaTepa, saíkrB eo^e xat xpyiin oco- 
(eaaacTB, xoTopua npaBJíeBJíB vb aeay nasBiia rpyaay xyiicBaro co- 
ciwa. npflvaj(jieaBa, ao apoBeaca^eBiD, vb Byfle^eeTey, HaBOJiaft Haa- 
BOBvn 6aMb eoreeTieaBO obo& ^ejosirb epexB Fiacani Byai^offB, a 
BBse arB eroaB^axfB aia^ws a peaedeBaaaoBi, Bca dra cbjb cto- 
aia sa aero ropoft. Ob Apyrot cropoau^jiarB ^ejOB^Ki cb ysasepca- 
T0ra«fi^ oípaaoBaaloirB, ovb motb aeaaaatB ^ymcmyto BBTejijnrreBi^iK) 
a eaH% 6wrb 6t aoBareai. Spoaft toto, mi 6111% wMBfarB ^^ocTyo* 
bhB jgu aaauavov a 8to, nomiao xMEe npa»Me«BHn ffpaiaa^, pac-" 
flojanuo Kb aesy* Boe Bra BiipasajocB wb Tot oBantia, B(m)py0 (na* 
saa oůBSfiJi xyva^ Bwaayai^ CBoero pacayateaWr, 5-p9 x^BBÓpa 1972 n»^ 
exiaaja HorpetfoBy. dto me caasajocB vb autiopi ero xyiiov apeoópa- 
dOBaHsoD: caepBa, — wb 1873 roxy^ 19& rMOoaaa a«B 215, a ao- 
WKhr—Wb 1S77 TOXyt 197 B8% 327. 

He Meate, aasajccB, yiu6ajiBCB boboí Aywb a xpyria o6cToaTejiB- 



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830 wtínan npoim. 

csBa. Bh TOBapiim roaoBH R8($pa8» títm ^ejortn HeerBiit, diaro- 
s»iiipeBBii&, otfpasoBtBHHft, H xoTu BOHU j% Bypci Bii imcmtm> npH ra- 

ie»pkOB«HBOiIl BBBeXeaiB^ WIOBÍB% ipeSBii^AftBO TpyMJK>6KBIlft. Blb 

eoeraBi ueaoB^b ropoAcsofi yapaBu OABím h» BepBia'B B86pa&% 
(iiiBiiiit BaMHysl^ ropoxcBoft eespexap^ bi TefOBÍs xecaTB jii% 
Becnnft di7 AOJUBBOOTb, niáQtfp^ÉdNiHft noaroBy 6aiBfliy» oBUTiiocn b 

BACjyiUBBIBit X9«bpi^ 

Bce cBJíaMiBMocb mdwh zi>poflio, xBse otjib^bo. Toiobb — %io- 
Bfe'b xoponúft, TOBapflfl^ ero— ycepxBuí b xtocejBBHft^ ojyiBi bb^b 
ueBQKb ynpaBU—caBa AyBCsafl OBHTBOOfB, — «ero jy^meS H 4«HaBCH 
r^po^a (kiiB Bi BOioBíeBiB o^eHB HOpBio^HOM^ Bo!rb 9T0| Mesxy 
QpouMi, DBcajio ropoACBoa oíSb^tbo bíb aApeei^ IIorpetioBy 1872 r^ 

.ABiHawftTB lirB Basami > opa BerynjeBÍB sameBi, cp^e^Ba ro- 
pová 6}un BpaAHe cay^Ha b Ba BeMorarBOM^B e«eF<iXBHs& aoxoaobi 
BppxoABMCB BCTomaTB saoacBue BaaBTaju jiifl yxoBieTBopeBiB ofo&Bo- 
BeBBuxib Tesyn^BX^ BBxepaei^, a bhom, BOBBflaaBniiB vb to BpexB 
flOjesHUB BpejwuaseBLi, bobco otuobbjbcb. B^b aron ae Bepioxi 
apoBOBH BOiOseHie ropoxesoft saccu Ba otoxbbo yxy vbbjocb, qro, fleea- 
MGWO (n% yBaiBUBmBXQB eoneroxBHxi^ oarparB aa e/twnBjm bo- 
jBi«K>, BBpOBHB y^pes^oBÍB^ ^^ d^BTOJBByx) 9acTB» Ba coAepsaaie 
ropoACVzi ccBnee^aTOBi Bib pasBiui BaBexoaiax^ b spiDiax^i, ro- 
poAi Be BBTpyABBJícB yAftJBTB BHauTejBBUB cyBMtf Ba TaxiB noTpeó- 

JfpCTB, Xaa^B, BaiipBM., OO BpBBBIJD CaBBTUpBilXl M^p^ BO BpOlfB dBfl* 

ABBiftf.no ycrpotcTBy otípaB^OBuxi (ojBBBHBHrb 6apaK0RB, aa peiiec- 
jteBBfo y^Bjnme, aa ycrpoftcxBO B0BHX!b Mja^iíkWh; wt noeiiutaee se 
BpoBB, TaiBBe aa popoxciia epexovaa, npegiBpflflaTtt ooopyiieBiB^ boto- 
piu UBOPO yxpacBTB aamy ctmbi^, a amrao: paBBexeBieoiBDB^varo 
CBBepa aa Ajmapaireftctoft vuěwsmmm b on^aríe BtídefmĚMtík Bobu 
BMfijfh AjMiBpajTeicTBa". 

.OfpaBB^iMCfl BTOt ^fiinaeBO&t BpB6aBBBiB XBVB la ocaoBaBiB MA* 

bíAbibx^ crpoB^ oBOBva, hto samcBíie xanavaJMiíujifl BOACVBflOBjeBo, 
B 9T0 BpeycBÍMiBie repojicaoro xoBalcTaa aa aro BpwB Oiuo tia- 

BBABO. 

JDooejiaČBB^ (kate bxb BeBie iHcasift towh B^uMeasoft uibbcbb, 

BMBCASBHt Ba«(B Wb BOXBaJBStfl. OJ|Í BpeMnb ÓKliOrBi TaB!B B b» 

64aroMpenaBaoir]B a,jwaei Haanxi wat, Bce^van Boiy^an 37 
Bcrasy, mo AÍ4a Ayan bub bmfpbq* a xenemBaB maeiB juum b 
Q0iipiiBiuacB.» B BaiiacB£ix& epetacvai mbtb noBaunajooB. H« mímb 
se^ B« caMiTB AiJiilt ropojieBie apexataBirejB, xotb ^ u Bh npB- 
BircTBeBBOM^B BOCxtaxesiB, saBiAoiio JiravB. 

nodTOBy BOBopoxAeaHOt ropoACBoft xpni^ Bi laiii ei€anc& ^HicraD 



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XPOHIKA. — ' rOřOACROB GHOyflPiMBfilK. S8 1 

ipesBsn, «iac7ii> bhobb B86paH8uxib 252*is npej^CTEBirejet hpbbb- 



E xiio nanuo. 3acixuis, xouaxu, RMaisedSt npemjr, subjmú, 
wfoetůcva^^ÓMAMOBiLmí^ — sce saBeprftjocb lax^ b% wBLMřAMfiCMůu^ Cothi 
iMipocomb^ eamixA pa8mo6pa8Bim-^Hq>f flflaxi i mesMMVb, x^braxi^ 
1 jqpenu^, ofivecxBeBiiuxi h jv^busb, iiojuiHifajBeb, jos&iBCb b^ 
lum xp&iaxiOBtb, oteysAantt. KofMioiA BiKSopon^ sHorpyKi^iH, 
fCTpfiiCTBO BtÓepesHofi, HBGi^aBaflie Heseioft boxu, yperyjuipoBanie 
mpoxm ran bi aapiieiicB lacravb^ Bsimiqrafi DpovHoejn/ Tcrpot* 
eno sjuu(6Hn^, BOHBO«seji»Hiij| xopofH, oesi^^eHíe tih^'b, tdi^mh, 
jlĚxme aeucTon, CMŽia pacxoxoB^b, bojlodpobcuh, ji(oporoBBaaa Maca, 
o^tesa BxyioecTBi, m ene oaeTpyxiUs, BOBBarpavxeHia a npo?., 
B flpo^« H Bce 990, aoHis v% aMmjMif lepeéiuiiio sa xyMexom ^ 
PTiii, BiwiBaA Baor^a 6jpHtte xetoni. 

DpesAe Bcero aBJAeiea Bonpoci: lámh nocíkmju^Vh TXĚ/CBue saci^a- 

bU XyHH, TOft A7VU, BTb KOTOpjD OBB ^^pOBOJfbBO, BOCryBBJB, a 110* 

MfíPb 6uxh xase B QveHb BoaajiB uotfjnwnH npB8Bai)n*jifl obb, ^to 
ara BOciii^eBia ectB sepioe a Beo6xoj^BMoe opoHajieHie to& odisaB- 
■OCTB upexb oén^eoTBOici, soropyD orb b& c%6& opoBau, ^lo x&i- 
ftuBoeTB AyMcaaro riacaaro sum oo0Íui],eBit xyMU no^n ae eyo^e* 
enyerb? IIoitBarB^jB obb, ^vo objb jtBiavrcji noBBBBitiiB npexib bcíb^b 
oímecTBOiii^ Bd TOiBBO CB0Bx% Botepaseiafi, Bo Beeft cimbiiu, sero- 
AJDb^ Ba wjub jeraoitticjie, eejB obb bsajui ba ce6a flenoesjuButt 
ipyA& B ecjfl OBB m aeay' BOiSpesaH. 

Ewb 2i2'Xb cofipajoefc vh Bepaut xevk nepaaro ^empeuiaia 237. 
Obb npBBaeiuB Tor^a yaa&oaeBByv) apacary. B& oepBHft xbbb aroporo 
ferapeufaia asaj^a 231 rjiaoaiii, — roite ju^a spacani. HcnaraBBi 
9wn AOJPB, Mfloríe tHmKmrb ee6a oiesajiao acaoiBBBniBiiB m Bce xto). 
B& flspBOH^ BopioAJ^ nec^6Bie rjuiCBiiMa ndpBuxi aac^xasife aupa- 
saerca bx {mia^ TaaarB ^b4^: 237, 197^ 215 (BiKtopi roJOBu), 189, 
192; ao BTopowb^-231, 230 (aii6apB iuiobu), 204, 186, 156. ^peei 
aftea^joBO uioMmdWh, aaopaB. rB 0Bu6pi, Borxa AtaieaLBOCTB aocii 
jim mLánh osBajaerca, i^M^pii BxyT& Taa%: m% nepBoai coiHB£-^7e, 
97, 80t 77, 78, 86, 85,— cpexaaa S8; a BO<-BTapoB% 0(i8ya6*-12e, 112, 
124^ 109, 120, 102, 126, 111, ~ icpexaaa 116. Eiejfl Bsan rovh se 
orra6pB a npocjitABTB ero npesi bcí roxUi to cpe^naa Bftca^aaa 
ipi^^pa pjacatixi, HpacyrcTBOBaBiiiHxi b% Bacixaaiaxx, tfyAerB: bi 1873 
roAJ — 83, Bi 1|J4— 142, b-b 1875—88, Bi 1876—88; bo BTOpOMi ne- 
piOA*: JKB 1877—116, b-b 1878—126, Wb 1879— 107, ]lfii m% btbxí 



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332 BMimKl BBFOnH. 

i^pi, HapymaDn^ia HÍ^TopuM& otfpasoKb nopjiAOB?B, Tpe6yDTs no* 
acHesíft. Bi> nociixHeiii qeTupexjt^Tia óoiie BiiMterca mMNí^a 1878 
roxa. Ho Tjvb 6ujo csonJieHie oÓcrojiTejibCTBi, BOTopua dftCTpeHHO 
DpHueRajH, H6 roBopHHi j^imejíei, a jiDÓHTejeft on^yn^eHÍt. B:e ob- 
T£6pft 1878 roA&Y noROftflHft HorpefioftB aa^un pimBreibHuft OTsasi 
or& AOJisHOCTs roJOBH, — xiio jDtfomneoe; novoiis ýkn lua o bh« 
syoi raaoBaro npexnpiaTÚi, — x^o A^u hhiixi seÓesiinTepecHoe: se* 
Bsen BOCTyoBTB Kb ropoACBoe aaBtxiiBaHie, ójmjtl nftcTa, obibau; 
Blb 8T01II me 0BiB6pi npexJioseHíe KaBAH^Toa^ bi fojobíi na MAere 
DorpefioBa,— A^l^^io cyH^eoTBeaHoe, a sariirb Boopoei o Barpaj^aztb, n 
emfi Cb HikioTopHm cmmmmjuom% — Basi* ne iath? Hto Baoaevea ao 
i(H(i)pu 1874 roABi TO AByx:bcioB*B AOBOJ&Bo^AM pasiBcaesu: bohbo* 
seiisHiui xoporH. He Myxpeao, ^to wl obtb6pí 1874 voma 6aM^ 
vh sactAaBÍH OMMB% pan 132 rjiaeBiixib, Apyrot 134, a Doroirb, bopab 
HyxHo 6am CauorapoBaTb soHi^eccioBepa, to Aaae abb pasa cpBxy 
DO 192. 3to, pasyMiercA, yTOMmeiuo, h bwMi aar&cb na pascHO* 
Tpiaie roAOBoro (DAsera npBBuo tojibbo 82. 

PaacMOTptBÍe HB^TosaBuzi, noBexBifoiiy« um^P^ no&bmfiaU rjue* 

SHBB XyMCBBXX 8aCÍUBBÍft MUtWh HO KBJÍO BaSBABTeibSaTO. HAeT% 

Bi xyift piu O opeAMeraxi HecoiraiHHo cepb63BusB, vb poM.% 
HanpHM.) yTBepmAeHía cmíti^ peBHSiH orqeroBi^ noaameHii nibwk aa 
7uA6% m uco, yerpoflcTBa caHarapHofl ^acrs, nporacjiOBi — nejo 
npaqfTCTByDnpni AepsHTCJi wb HicBonBBii AecBTian, abaoko Be ao^ 
CTHraB coTHB. JlflMid TBEíe, BC&SB BaiBaTUBaDBÚe Boapocu, saffb yera- 
HOBjesie HOBiix'b HBioron h c6opoB%, vh tovb ueii BBaiieHBTiil 
AB9BU& Bajon Ba rpyA^,— ae Boa6ysAti>Ti BBBMaaiB m y^acvia, ■ 
rjucBue TaB'b se B3piABa CMjmrb aa esoaxi BeyAofiauxft eKaxum 0. 
Borb aa BiiiepsBy aiCBOAbBO i^a^pi: b% 1874 roAy, paaeKOi^&de 
cidiTH n^Bui paBB aaouiab ao aoBoay noioxeaii), T.-e. bofab Ayaa 
caaa, aeaoqMACTBBaaOy yTBepasAaerb m, — aíjo^ Kasajaeb 6h, bovbao- 
Baawoe— 73, 80, 72, 84, 76; b& 1876 roAy yeraBoajmde €6opoKb*— 
97, 82, 73; Vb 1880, catru a OTqeTU— 80, 88, 80, 108, 95, 114, 
107; peBaaia or^exa, aoBaaeaie Jiíkvb aa aaco, aasputie BjaA^aiqi 
vb ropoAt — 56, 52, 52. Haofiopon, bopab aa oiepeiAB ctobt^ bu^ 
6opu, BAB Apyria 6Aa3BÍB capAi^y a^b, boaoopoboabm, sertaao-BOBt 
aoe,— €OBCÍa% Apyna ib^N^h* Bufiopik vb oi^í^bouub KoaMactíB--l 15, 
129, 123;Bii6opiBuipoBuxB cyABft— 193, 168, 198; aoerb ^pesi Hesy— 

^) EejjkoÚBUM CKaMbH^Teoepb aBaxpoBiaiii. Ci lOHiia MiByiunaro roxa rjacsae 
cixm aiK^iTearpoMi, vb «yAo6Husi ■ noiofteuxi* speciaxi, rmídtoi TpióyoH ■ sce 
npovee. Ilepexiini cxíierh riaBHHMi oópaeoiii voTOMy, hto u^ůéíbmm saia m cnutti 
Morn «BeeMia •pe^flo míjíte ea sxepoBM opaTopon»... Ha dn jxoóciBa pasptoeio 
aapacxoAOBan 12,450 py6. 



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xporasi. — ropox€soB camohipábjuiib. 333 

138, 142, 144,158; xaBHO-aertaHHA xopoTR — 109,173, 132,134,192, 
199; yBexBHraie T8pfl4^a*-123, 125. 

EcjB B3JTB epexHiii iqiÝpu sa o6a HerupexiiTur, — nocji'ÍAHee, Bopo- 
wen, se Hereuo en^e Bnojnii r híbotophx^ ifB^pb y Haci ein;e uítl 
TeoepB Bi Bflxf , — TO ttoijHvrcH cjAAY^mt BajiOBiie buboau: b% nepeoe 
^empexi-itie, na aasjíoe sadkwHie, no paaciery 43-n Micjii^eBi npa- 
xoxuocB 00 95 rjacHHxx; Ha sropoe, no cioshocth 32-xib MieaqeBx — 
BO 115. Hyauio xyBatB, tto eejH 6h coc^HTarb bcí ah<|^h sa dTon 
nocJT&xmt nepioi^B bo ero OBOHqaniH, to epeMjisíM xoBOJibHO bohhsb- 
jiacE 6ii, Tarb sacE vh tounj ÓÓJiLmaa He^pesnocTB wb nocin^eHÍB 
3aeixaHit ex^ajacB oieBBXBOi). B'b cenTatípt 1880 r. eajiBqHOCTB 
56 — 60 rjiacRiix'B óiua a^om*b oéuqnuMi. T^wh ne BORŠe HejifcSR se 
TBieaíTb aa to, nro rjacRue sroporo Bu6opa RcnpaBHte nocfti^ajiB aa* 
dUaniir, oeo6eHRO wb n^psiiie Asa roxa; ho sa to vb jíthío Btcai^u 
OBH xaMJiB ee6i BaRRRyjiu óojiie Rjra newbe coBd^r& CBOÓOARue ote 
saRRTift, qero ne 6ujo vb nepBOB^ qeTHpexjť&TÍH. 

KarB 6h to hs 6ujio, bo cotfpaHía 6wm Booóu^e ne iiRorojiDXHKr^ 
Barb BHXHO y«e Bcsopi oo otrputíh nepsoft ajmu. Ecih rjacniie j%- 
BBBO co6BpajrBCB, TaK% TTO ByxRo 6eíjio Hep^ABO R noxojiry busr- 
xaTB, nosa Ba6epeTda yBasoReRRUft minimum, to, RanpoTRBi, orb 
Bcerjia ohobb nocninrao yÓRpajiRCs eo-CBOfleR, xuexo ne AO»AaBBiRCK 
xoB^a sae^xanii. Co cropoHH xisTeji&RHxi rjraeRurB BaqajiH bosbr-^ 
xaTB snuoóiv. Kasi> qacro npRxo^RTCR iRTaTb vb xyifCRRXi sypna- 
jnx-B: ^Tax^B kslkl sa crbi ocraBajiocB vh co6paRÍR BCRie Vb ^acTH 
rjacRBx^B, TO paspinreHie jifbM OTJioBteRO xo (xiixyDn^kro sacixaRia^. 
Kbri qacTo npHBiHjjHtCB CTRTBa ropoxoBoro nojoseflÍH, npexocraBJíai)- 
R^aR oócysxBTB x^bJía Rft cjrbxyDo^ee saci^xanie npa RasoHi 6u hr 
tisjo qRCit rxacRHxi — qró noaumytt enie ropasxo xyae, — saxi qa- 

CTO R npR SaKOlTB RHqTOSHOB'B ^RCJUt UpRCyTCTByDn^RXB pinULIRCB 

xifcxa cyn^ecTBeRHoft BasROCTH! Hajora Ra jR^Haft Tpyx^B r xpyne 
cóopii, «anp., pascMaTpRBajrca r ycTaROBxaxoR vb Hi^onxRx-B sacifc* 
xaHÍaxi, Wb soTopuxi ^rcjio 6auoTRpyR)n^BX'B óiiio Re pasi 59, 56; 
ÓBJTB Mfixe cjyqaft, xorxa pimenie coctorjocb óoxBmaRCTBOBi 22 
npoTRBTB 12 (no xbjj o&b otb^íhí nponRcoinaro c6opa). Bi 1874, 
oxHO xluio pimeHO xase 17-d rojiocaMR npoTRBi 13— 9to rsi 2521 
HacKOXBBO cocTaB^ RajRqRHxi rxacRHxi^ TaB'B csasaTB TBOTB Wb 
RpoxcjiseBÍB xase oxRoro Bonpoca, brxho rsi xoxa Toro ate x'&'a o 
jaqHOWB Hajroríi. 3actxaRie 5-ro Maa 1876 roxa OTxpuxocB yxoBicTBO- 
pBTBXBRO — npn 100 rjacRHxi. 0(Scya(xajiRCB xaa nepBHe naparpai{>a 
BpoeKTa. UepBiift opomejrB 6e8^ saTpyxReRifi; aa BTopowB, o&b rbirtír 
OTB eóopa R^BOTopiixi jHi^B, npoRSomjR pasHorxacia. Korxa 3aTÍH*B 

ROCTaBRJR Ra 6ajlX0TRp0BBy BOnpOCl 06l 0CB06GXXeHÍR XRI^, RBinn^RXl 



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ToproBXiUi Hjra npHxan^HqEH csSjíc&Teji&eTBa, OBaaajrcH OTpBi^aieJiBBfifi 
pesyjiBTarB: nepesicB 39-th tojocobi npoTHBi 27-kh, T.-e. wivb, no- 
AasaBinoxi roJioca tíujro tojt&ko 66— i^^as rperB BepBona^ajiBBaro 
^Bícja ycirijia yse jAth. Ilpn pimeBiir BTopora Bonpoca, o&b ocbo6os< 
AeBÍR pasHuxi BpeveffHHX^B patio^HXi, nocrtji^OBaji rasse orsasi 45-d 
rojocasíH npoTAB^ 17. HasoRei^, Boapoc^ o&h ocBo69SAeHÍH xyxoBeH- 
CTBa pibBi6H*B fTBepxvreJiBHO npa 56-tii npacfřCTBOBaBmHxi, irepeBi* 
coMrs 29-TH opoTHBi 27-mr. A xasajsocB Oeí, ht5 voser^tiurs <$ojie 
6JB8SO Ba«Aov7 o6Bi;ecTBeHHOxy ^'^TejiD, Rasi ne Bonpoc^ o hajto- 
raxx. 

H npff TaKHrB-TO ycJiOBi^x^B, h cb faxcyx) He6pesH0CTbv> naj^aDTCs 
HaBram CTOjra^niiivB cavoynpaBjíeaieiťB saKogu, jtosanúecA TAasejriit- 
inHM«B ůpenenewh na Bce nacejieHie. Oói^eetBO n oe^aTb BosHyTHjraefc 
Bi cBoe Bpev A yRtsaHHfinrB mtoxovB ^yMCsaro saKOHOAaTejtBCTBa; «o en^e 
BOdxyTHTejiBHte iipoi^e^ypa BUdptBaHia droro mioxa. TairB noHinfam^ 
dTH „Jiymnie j[K)ar*' cboh npasa r otiasasHocTH. 

^íboctl rjiacHEiz«B bi nocin^efliH xyMCBBxs saci^xanifi BMiua 3a 
co6ott, ecrecTBeHHo, veAJreHHOCTB vh xox*b saH^ijik h vb pasptmeBii 
AtjTB. HaopHMtpib BoopoeB o saSMš ;(XB noeTpofixH MOCTa AjfexeaHxpa n 
HasHa^ajcfl kb cjiymaBiD nocjttAOBaTejtrBHo ^OTupe pa3a, tojibxo HOTOxy, 
qTO B*b nepBEM TpH sac^xaniH ne npH(Suio saxoHHOft nojorana rjiac- 
HEix%. no BTOft me npnHflt x^&ia necoMHitHHO cepsesHUJT, xaxi npe* 
Aasie cyxy o^aoro xouMBCcapa, pacTpaTHBmaro ropoxcsíji ^eoBrv, hh 
o nepejiOBcemH hoctoboU bobvehocth bb^ HaTypajiBHOtt wb xenesHyi), 
nepeHocHJHCL cb sacixaBiA na sacéxasie, no pasc^ery o^Hot xyMCBOt xox- 
mbccíh, xo 22-x'b paBK. Jí^íao noaaByraro BOMHBCcapa, npBHAToe hoboď 
xyHOK) Bi qaejii crapuxi x^'b, BiaqHJiocB oo oporpaManorB sa Heopa- 
ÓurieapB Hyscuro qBCJa rMCHUti, en^e h bi HBEyBmewB 1880 roxy; 
o icocTOBax'B se Tax^ h ho pascysxajioeB* B^ cnBCBax'B x^ji^, easoa* 
qeHBiaib z% pascMorptoiiD xyMV, xase vh noejrtAHee Bpeaji, Hepi^xxo 
nonaxajiflCB Tasij^, aoubah o xoTopHxi HaoeqaTaHU Wh ^HsBtcikxi^ 
en^e b<b 1874 h xase vb 1878 roAax'B. Hb^b cetxtHift, npexcraBifle- 
MUX'B roiOBOft, BBABO, TFO f,ÍM, piiiiieaie KOBrB npexnojoseHO wh bs* 
BicTBuft nepioA'B, HBRorxa ho yen'&ÉaK)rB paaptniBTBCJi b'b cboo Bpexa 
H B'B dojiLmoii^B qBQii iiepexoAflTi HexoBXKoft BíL eiixyiDmi6 epoRH. 

He pasi, se xbb fobopbiocb b'b xyMCXBxi saeixasiBx^ o Tasoft bo- 
fliroii^eft M^jieBH00TB,'HasoHei^ oabbi bbi hbxi, oxrb^ b» erapM- 
niBxi, BBOCBTTB (wh 1875) yso (j[)ap]iajBHoe BaaBJíeflie o toitb, htobb* 
o6xoABMo npBBBTB xasÍJi-BBtfyAB M'&pií vb TOMy, qTo6u riacHHe cite* 
sajuicB vb B0BM08BO 6ójiBnieiii ^Bcjrt. Upásla, orb eiue ae yBBx^hjTB 
Torxa, vj(,i KopeHB sjía, rbwb se mobío sto 6usi nepBiift cepEteHirt 
niarB, nepBuft opacTyiTB xi xíJiy. 



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XPOHHKi. — rOř^XOKOl CilOFEPiBJRHIB. 335 

HTtn, "vso ^iftTB, ^o6h rjiaeaBe nuncB na saeftwaie? — Ajuek 
ch dfOD nfbiuĎ o((pá80Baja bommaccíi) b» 6«th jren^i, Boropafl oceBiiP 
Tore se roxA ■ Bsecia CBOft xouajcB. OiaaajoCB, ^^to Hixotopne 
riacHiie vh npoxojiseHie XByn jisti co Bp6H6flB irB H86ptBÍB b# 
6fljfl BB vh oxBOVB 8ae']kxaBÍB*; BiMwpue tfsxB mibEa b<» pasy, 
DO xBa. 

EoMfBcdfl BpoeKfBpoBajia pasaíM Hšps, vb Bsjosesie KOTopoxi 
BxaBaT&eA Be crafleirB. CBa«eir& tojnio, ^to obb orKJOBHja kucjib o 
BTpa4>0BaBifl rjrocflurB sa BeBBsy, ■ spe^J^rnua^ Bo-l-rs, BSirftHe&ie 
BtBOTopiiX'B ystBOBOBit O flopjTAKi piBieBÍB xbjn, fl B0^2-rb, BieRM&SO 
Mip&, coBepBieflvo bi Dopyqeflii> w ire 0TB0(»BiBflX6fl, BanpBB., o eo* 
BBicTBsoem xoJBKBOoreĚ bo rocyxaperBMsoft ir imoft cjyiKíJb cb ro** 
pox(»a», o npOBBBOxcTBl coxepsaBiB h t. x- Oaa bchta bcbjdvb- 
fenno sasBjíacB BByrpeBBBifi^ PMbopbaboitk liun vb xfwearb sa- 
ctxaBiaxs, OTOXBBByvE fla oaxHi w^BHift juoLWb ooHOBByD CBOB) sa** 
iwfj. Bnpoqenb, ara septxBO eiy^aercB iShxpícxMWi BOxxBodBiiH. 

Hepesi nojiroxa xoBJíaxi^ BomiBccifl oócysxajiea AyMon. OcaoBBoe 
nojOBEOBrie ero: mcBErn, ae BBBBmBXca vb hícbojuo sadtoasift cpBxy 
B Be BpBCjaBBfBTB OTSiiBa, saMtHBTB BasmaraMB, ÓHJio eneprsTTO. 
Ho xyxa corjaeaiacB xoiaTaĚefBOBaTB npexib npaBBrejrbesBoirB apas* 
pbBeaíB BTB H*&BOTopin!& cjyHaBxi BpoxoAsarB oócys^esie jAjn>^ me 
aiorpa Ba jůsm rjiacBHxi bo BpevB sae^xaflíB. Kpoirb tofo, bpbhbti 
flpejiJoseflBHft BOAMBccieŘ c6Q(fmiK'h BOcraBOBjeBit o Dpasan h otin- 

SaBBOCTBTB XyMH B O XÍX0np0B3BOI0TBÍ VB Bet. 

C6opBBVB cooTBiTeTBeBajrb CBeeiiy BasBasii): wb nero Bcjimeso 

120 B7V«T4»% BBBl E9b SBEOfla, TBVb fl B9b paSHOBpeMeBHUrB BpB'* 

BBA. Ho vb TLevb OBBsajiocB H BOBOO npaBUO- EasAHft npBtfHBaiH 
npft rjacBHfi OTMiiaevca kb ByeraBjíeBflowB apa Bxoxt b% AyvcBÚr 
saiH CBBCsi^ B FB sypBBjn sac&xaBia sasoesTCB, bto bhosbo npH- 

CJOLJtb OTBIiBl B€npB6UTÍB. ' 

Co6eTBeBB0 voBoip^^ Be otobjio 6h aa dTOsub aejio^BOKB apaBBjíi m 
ocraaaBjraBaneB^ bo vb aacroBB^eirB cjy^ai oao XJia aacs BflTepecso* 
Hímob aon^a roxa ynoTpe6aja ajhb aa to, nroCu oÓMjuBXb e apa* 
HB7B xšpn wb ao6yagiceBii> cbobz% ^ueBOBi títrrB AOÓpocoBiCTBfte vb 
noe&B^flÍB sacbxaaift. H ttď me btb pesy^uraTt? Oabb Mipa— apocBTB 
nosBOJeBis pitaiaTB A'iia, BOTopaM'B ftaxoa& npaxaerB, ocofioe saaBe- 
Hie, CB 6ójíbmev> jierBOCTiD, apa a esBBieKB mcjtb rjuteaiiixi; xpyraa — 
sanacHBaTB npflX0ABmax'B rj[acHUX'B wb cnBCB^, a HenpamejuaBxi, ao 
H3BÍ^CTflBaiBX'B, Wb sypsajii. Ho pasB^ nepBaii a^pa bctb otb-^ti aa 
BoapocB, a pasBi oaa aofiysAaerB iJbaBBaro a aeópesBaro 6htb tío* 
ťbe ApAjiesaHas a xiflxeiBBHirB? HaaaarB B3rjiBA'B, eojia cepBésaua 
jlíma DpeAoeraBiaeTCB piniaTB KeaBBiBirB hboioux, to jiiaaBHai orroro 



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336 B^OTHIKl XBPonH. 

en^e npmojiBHie. Ilpesxe Bee-Tasu, Tan uh HHa^e, notíesDOioaTi: 
KpynHiu x^jUL, nojBaiyftTe, ÓyxbTe Ha jihi^o* nojosare mapi*, a Te- 
'nepb MOSHO 8a6HTb h Mjn&rh o naii>8ax'B a Hysxax'^ o6ii^eeTBeHHiix'b, 
■ HHfiTO He norpeBQSflTb. 

Bropaa nftpa (crpaHHo xase npHxiuTii z% aeĚ dTO ejOBo), mki 
BH HHHTOXHa OHa caMa no ce6ib, o^crasjíeHa eo^e pasHUMH o6jer%Bi- 
jmn. IIpflxcMt^ vb eoópaflie, BairB cjixyeri^ OTMinTb cbom) aiucy,-— 
Aftjro usercfl ne cjoasHoe; ho bii ne oiiflauBaerecb xave nasHcaTb cBoe 
hva: npasHjo npeiocniBJaen aairb irb oe^aTHOirb coHCRt noeraBaTb 

HpOTHBl <f)ailHJÍH ABÍí TOIBSO ABA, 6yEBU: M^ T.-e. HBKICA. Ho 

eciH H dTO BaiťB TpyxHo, MOsere aob^htb ^bco bto CA^jaTb" 
ocotfoMy jiBi^y, BOMaHXRpoBaHHOMy un ropoACBOft Bam^eupii. IIo- 
TOMi, ecjH yroAHO, bu Moxere ornpaBHTbCA xoxoá: jí,iso cxt- 
jia&o. no oiOH9aBÍa saci^xanin npsBOXflTi vb HBB^^HOCTb rbn^ bto 

HO BBHJCH — Mfi Bací 9T0 HO OTHOCHTCB: BII SasptOMH CHOD HBJIHq- 

Hocn — I ^osojio (sic) HeBBHBíHHxcfl x^afiTCH coKpan^eHHaji oriitnui: 
ne Jí8.^ T.-e. ho flBHJfca**, h hx'& c^HraDTb. 

Hias^ OTMiTBa wh eHHCsax'&, — Bon bqc& hjox^b nojyTopft-roxo* 
Boro pineiifl aaxa^i: sars 3acTaBBTi> jn>xet xojpitb b& sactxaHifl. 
B% ffrorft, saR^B npesxe cpexnee hhcjo ÓuBaBmHxi vh hhxi ho npe- 
BHHiajio 70-^80 — 90, Tan oho octbjiocb h Teneps, BuD^eoie vb syp* 
HajTB mevB Tte'B, xto ne bbhjca, ho npHCJaxB HBBiaieHie, oxasajiocb 
Tasse cynqnrb nycxAKOiirB: toxuo oHess HeiiHoríe icnojraaDn btotb 
o6pBA'B. Obo, Bopo^em, h oonarHO. Ecjh jdxh yuoH«x>Tca orB hc* 
HoneBÍH CBoero xojira, to xasaji m& RWb oxotb enie ny^jHiao bu- 
eraBJBTB CBoe bm«, nocujiaH BsainieHu? Obb dohhbtb, ^to hxi^ BHeaa 
vh 8T0WB cjymt B vh sypsajiu ÓyxyrB sanBcaau b vb bsbíctíbxi 
BaneiaTaBH. FopaBxo jy^me OTxi^JiaTBea MOjrasovB. 

Ho XOBOJBHO. npHnUOCB BpOXOJIKBTOlBHO OCTaBOBBTBCB BB MeJO* 

^BXbf noTOBy ^TO Bame ropoxcsoe npexcTaBflreiBCTBO bosbojo bx% wb 
BpyoBoe MÍ^MO. Obo satkijio tojbbo oxay 6e3x4uiaiv. 3a6iuo, ^to hc* 
BOJiBeBie xojvra, rbkobi 6u owb hb 6un^ TpeÓyerB bsbíctboí bucotu 
BpaBCTBeBBaro h yacTBOBsaro pasBBTiB, b híu% worb yposesB 

BHme, TiWb otfBSaBHOCTB BCnOJBBDTCB X06pOCOBto?BÍ6, tiOSl BCBRBrb 
BEROJBHUXl OTMÍ^TORI. OhO HO MOrjlO. BIltípaTBCB B81 BHBÍBIBBX-B 

Beyxo6cTB%, b BBRorxa ae BHÓeperoB, horb ae nycTBTB au»oro, 
ocBteaDB^aro Tewflia oópasoBaaiA b aBania. 



7se a vsb upaBeieasaro bbxbo ot^bctb, ^to xyna, opraaasoBaBi 
Raai 6yxT0 cetfa npa aa^aii cyn^ecTBOBaaiB, vb ey^aocra ocTajac& 
<Se8<|)opMeBBo(l MBCcoft. EarB bb Rasajocb 6u ecrecTBeaBUBi, cnepas 



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IPOHIKi.— rOPOJCEOl CAMOynPiBJDSHIE. 337 

jenMOVBTh camiĚ xexaHHsm, bhbíphtb ero, h hotoitb yse Ha^aTB 
pa6oT7, — OAHaxo droro meHHO h He ci7?HJioeL ci atmoí. Hama Ma- 
Hnnia npHHaxjesaja kb ihcjj rirb nepixtMVb na PycH coopyseHifi, 

EOTOpiU BO BpeMA patSOTH EJSHO nOCTOUHHO HCIipaBJUTB, nOABHH- 
VBaTB, OOAJiaSIlBaTB. 

HcnojHHTexBHiie opraHH xY^tu — rojiOBa, ero TOBapin^ h ynpaBa 

VE JOnifk CBOHn BU6opHHXl UeeOBl^ HMeHHO Vh cmjlj CBOeft poiH HC- 

nojranejieft, aoiseh 6uh npesAe Bcero nojiy^^TB otb CBoero xob^ 
pBTeu HeoÓxoAHMiia HHCTpyxi^iH. 9to npAMO npexyRasajTB h sasoirB, 
KOTopHft (55 CT. rop. noi., n. 11) mho roBopHTTB, tto ropo^CBOi xyMi 
opeiKOCTaBJuieTCfl „oopex^JieHie oón^aro nop^Asa x^^tCTBÍfi HcnojHHrejiB- 
Hot oÓH^ecTBeHHoft BjacTB H CHa6seHie ea iHCTpyBiqmH o saB-^AnBa- 
híh BB^paeMUira efi x^JiaifH'. HoBŽpeHHHft ne npHcrynaen vb mM- 
CTBÍJiirB, ne nojy^HBx npaBHjiBHaro h xase <]K>piíajBBaro ynojraoMoniii, 
ch oóuiCHeHieiTB Toro, htó ohi moxotb A^JiaTB H npoTHBi ^ero xobí- 
pmeiB cnopsTB h npeBOCiOBHTB ne óyxera. 8to — o6ii^ee npaBHJio iiesxy 
lacrHiíMH jiDABHH. T&CB 6oiie OHo xoJisHO 6u ÓHTB Mexxy HHoro- 
rjaeHHirB y^peasA^Hieii^B n oxHoft cropoHH, h KHorBHH ynoíHOMO^OH- 
HHHH — C!B xpyroft* PasHufi BsruA'^ Ha A^o, pasHoe noHHMame npe^i- 
jovB npaBib H otiAsaHHOcret ne tojkro iiesAy ABynA cropoHaiin, hoh 
vh cpexi BazAOft hkb cropoKB, neHatfisHii, h tíitb ciosnie h sany- 
TaHHte craHOBATCJi OTHomeHÍA iiesxy xoBibpHTeieirB h ynonoHO^en* 
HHKB. UodTOicy oopeA^Jieme BcirB riaBHurB nynsTOBi Aob^PObhocth 
npexcraBjfliocB HeoÓxoxHioiirB npes^e Bcero. Bb xpyrot craTBi 
uoiomemsi (76) ohatb toiho BHpaseno, tto „nopaxoiTB saHarift yn- 
paBH, a paBHO yKasame f,ijn, noAJiesiuiaccB BOueriajuHoicy otfeysxe* 
BÍD ynpaBH um exHHOJiH^rauirB pacnopasemnrB ropoxcKoro roiOBu 
iiH uenoBTB ynpaBH onpex^flDTca HHcrpysipAHH xyiiH''. Canoft yn* 
past npeAOcraBieHO JnmiB pacnpex^^HÍe a^jtb uemfí ea uenaioi. 

Si yXHBieHÍD, ropOACBafl xyiia OTHeciacB kb aroiiy xamrrauHOMy 
xiiy cfh KpaiHHMi paBHOxymieirB; ona BaBi 6yxT0 coBcim ho snaia 
ysasaHifl sasoHa. Pascysi^aji, scROpt no cbooitb npeoópasoBaHÍH, o6j> 
oÓasaHHocTflxi roJOBU h ero TOBapHn^a, ona npexocraBHJia pacnpex^- 

IHTB dTH 0(ÍJB[8aHH0CTH HITB CaMHlTB, Cb T^ITB, nT06u OHH, HO JífiJíie 

nojT^roxa, npexcraBEjH na o6cysxeHÍe xyioi cboh „noApoÓHiia coo6pa- 
sesúi ■ saKjiD^eHifl" no ceny npeAM^ry. Hsi cjra^eniA aroro nopyve- 
m& cb TOJiBKO-^TO npEnexenmiícB saBOHoirB o^obhaho, ito bto j^ucoko 
He oxHO H TO se. FojEOBa s ero TOBapHn^i Taxi b^pohtho h noHHJiH 
CBoe npano h cboh oÓnsanHOCTH: ohh npexcraBHjiH xp^^ o pacnpex^- 
J6HÍH Mesxy HHMH oóflsaHHOCTeft, HO VB caHot csaTot 4^px% H 6eai 
BCHKHxi sCOOÓpaseHifl", H^soJBso naparpa<|K>KB, sanaBniaxi Bcero 
nojTopH crpaHH^nsH xyMCSHx^B „HsBicTift**. Ohh npenetipem Tpe6oBa- 

TOM L— áJHBAPB, 1881. 22 



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338 BIMH^HISl IBPOIin. 

HÍeH^B xyMU, H bmíjih Ha TO npaBO: saKOffs npeAOCTaBJuieTi pacnpex^- 
jieHíe A^fB MesAY ^enaiiH jnpasu efi caMOft, — a TOBapRn^ roJiOBB 
TOTB se ^JieH^B ynpaBu. 

G^ xpyroft CTopoHu, dra nocjitxHafl cocraBHJia, ne paete, Bnpo^eirB, 
RaKi npesi nojiro^a no OTspuTÍH AyMU, sypnajiib o paenpej(&ieHÍB sa- 
Harift MeiKAy efl ^jreHaiiH, h, xota saKovb ne TpeÓOBajrb, Bnecjia ■ ero 
Ha yrBopsA^HÍe Ayiru. MoTHBaHH sypnajii Tasse ne H8o6HiOBajr&. 

TaBHiTB oópasom, eroji& BasHoe aí^o, san nocranoBKa rjasHaro 
HcnojEHHTeJBHaro óprana, c& caiiaro Ha^aia nonuo brphbb h Bsocb. 
^-bjaercA to, ^t6 ho nysHO, h ho x&iaeTCfl to, ^tó Heo6xoAHM0. 

IIpoeRTHpOBaHHHH OpaBEia XyMa BBOM B% BHXi OHHTa Ha OAHffb 

roA^B H nopy^Hia, bušctí c^ tími, jupt^i cocraBHTB, vh Teieoui dToro 
ro^a^ H npexcraBHTB áa OKOViaTOJBHoe yTseps^OHie noxpoÓHHA hh- 
CTpysiqH no bcíhi^ orpacJAirB ropoxcsoro yopaBienifl h xosiricTBa. 
Ho HO TO TpeÓoBaJocB. HejBSA se cepBdsHO npEsnaTB opraHEqecsHm 
npaBHJioirB nanpHifip^ to, tto oxhhi ^jioh^b saB^xyen KaaHa^efi- 
CTBOiTB, a xpyroft xosaftcTBOiťB b^ TaKHx%-TO ?acTflx«B ropoAa. Csia hh- 
CTpysi^H AOJiSHa saunqaTBCJi wh ymasaHis, naKb saB^xiiBaTB, a BToro-ro 
Bi> AaHHOVB ciy^ai h ne tíujo. 

T&ii BpeMeHeM«B B036yAHjiH en^e Bonpoci o nop^xs^ BexeHúí x^'b 
B!B noiroTOBHTOjiBHiixfB KOMMHCcíflxi, HasHaiaoMHx^B xyMOD HO pa3Hinn 
ciy^iaflirB. IIpoesTapoBaHie bthxi npaBHjTB nopy^uH Tot se ynpaa^ 
xoTJi OHÍ BOBce AO Hefl HB KacaDTCx H eft HtrB HHiasoro x%Jia xo 
pacnopflxsoBrB bi xyMCSHx^B somiHeciflxi. 

H, T^iTB H6 MeH'6e, dTH npaBHjia qepeBi m^cai^ yse 6ujn BHe- 
ceHH vh jíjMj. GocTOJiiH OHH H81 18 nynKTOVB. Ho nyHBTKi no óóunreft 
^acTH tíujiH caMLie djeMeerapHiie: neotfxoxRMO ajia sac^^xanúi ne iieHie 
TperB HjfenoBi (třes íáciunt collegium), x^a ptmaDTcn no óoibuthe- 
CTBy roJiocoBi; npH paneHCTB^ fojiocb npexcixaTeiJi xaerB nepeB^ci; 
FB x^JiarB MHorociosHuxi MoryrB 6utb HaBHa^aeMu cyO^B-RomniccÍH; 
XOBJíax^B, ecjB oxoópeni*, noxnHCUBaercA uenaira; MeHBíMHCTBO coxpa- 
HjierB npaBO san^Hn^aTB CBoe irainie bx xyif^f R t. n. Ectb xase nyHsm 
Majio rpaHOTHHe. 

MoryTHB CKasaTB, qro dTO Bce Mejon. Ho sa^tiTB se bosboxhtb 

MeiOTO Bl X^IO, SaHHMaTBCJI HMH Wh nOJTHOlTB co6paHÍH, H SaHUCaTB 

ynpaBy, saBajieanyi) x^Jom no ropjio? H HeysejH Boo6n^e nysna ara 
H noAOÓHafl eft penaiieHTai^iii jlib „noxroroBHrejiBHiixib" KOMiniccift. 
B^XB Bci Hxi cysxeHúi ho HMiiyrB h ho MoryTi hm^tb HEsasoro pb- 
manni^aro xapasTopa. Epocro coÓHpaDTCA híckoju»so ^ejiOBteB x^ui 
npexBapHTBiBHaro o6cysxeHÍA x^a, soTopoe bcabíí hotoitb, vb 
o6mfiWh co6paHÍR, mosotb cboibro xo^opb OTcraHnaTB no-CBoeify. TaEb 
H^Ti; Honpeid^HHO nysHo dToft Bnimneft lutHi^ejiApcBOft x'^obhtoctk. 



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XPOHHKl. — TÚfWKOl CAMOynPlBJBHIE. 339 

Ho ecjni ynpasa ci^ drofi HHCTpyxiiieft takl nocniinua, to xfua 
HO Hamjia HysHSirB noxpasaTB eíl. Oea xua hhctpjbi^íh wh noxro- 

TOBBTeJBHEIZl KOlfMHCCift BHJiesaTBCJi BOCL 1874 H BOCL 1875 rO^O^, 
■ TOIhEÚ BO BTOpOfi DOJOBHHÍ 1876 nOXHJBíJIH 66, H yTBOpXHJIH. Smiwt^ 

ExBa JH KTO-BHÓyj^ H81 75-TH iip6i(CTaBHTaieft, 7TB6pxAaBiiiHr& ee, 

WBSLJTh Ce6% Vh TOWb OT^eiTB. 

Hto sacaercA lo cy^EÓH HHcrpjBipft ynpaB*, to ona 6Hjia HHaa. 
EeiH wb BpiiBe;i6HH0irb cjyqai cntnrajia ynpaBa h ]i6AJHaa xyHa, to 
^jciteB M Depsaji h6 TOpomuacB. A, Kaserca, 6hio o nevh noxjionoTaT&. 
BesnopixoKx, bosmosehA bo bcasoitl hobomi x^jií, b*& hoboA xyvi 
HanrejTE ce6% Ty^HyD no^y h nycTHJTB sp^nKíe RopHs. SS,uo6u na 
Mex76HHiit lOKh x^JTbf soTopsA HaxonjiJijHCL, ee nopecraBajra pa3- 
xaBftTBCfl OTOBCDxy. At^i^ b'b cbohx^b sac^xaHíflrb TpaTHia bp6ma na 
BHCjynrHBaHio pasHincB, hh si ^eiiy h6 Bexyn^Hn saflEjeHÍft, lOTopHa 
Beeqikio OTHOauncB b^ oÓJiacTH b^j^í^hía ynpaBH. Tiwb ne ifOHie dTH 
BaflBMHifl xase x66aTHpoBajiHCB, a vh ROH^%*soH^oBa& n6p6AaBajracB 
Tofi se ynpaB-6. HyTS ee BasxHft rjiacmift-opaTop^ CHirraii cba- 
o^oHHHirB j(OJm)irE 6S6^acHo BpuBaTBCA Bi A^HTejiBHocTB yirpaBUf 
TJiHyTB 66 vb OTB^Ty, xaBaTB yBasaHÍfl, noxcTaBjíJiTB Hosxy. ToBa- 
pHin^a rojOBEi npn 9T0irB noipEjí,Kk xbbthjio 6XBa na ro;i;i, h oetb CTajiib 
yme vpochtbcji b^b orcraBRy. Yiipasa pa6oTajia vh noTBitaxo^, ho SHaii 

^TÓ OBa 1I0S6TB H KáRl MOSOTB JCijiaTB. ^yMa, T0S6, CJ]ÍJlíM*paj[JíM 

o TOiTB, ht5 nonaxon uoji,^ pyxy, h oojitb npHHHMajacB sa ynpaBy. 

J^B nocjr&AHoft, Bnpo^oiTB, mosotb 6htb, 9to 6euo r Ha-pyny. 
?t6 6a HB cxi^uft) n hsi bbbhx^b 6h no6ysx6HÍfi hh CA^ajia, — ohb hh 

Sa HT0 Bl A^bfiCTBHTOJIBHOCTH H6 0TB'69aeTi: H6 A^HO HHCTpySl^fi. Ho 

u CBMV AyHCBÍ6 enfants terribles, vh yxHBjieHÍK), ocTaBajmcB bi otho- 

BIOBÍH B^ HHeTpyB^iH]f!B AOBOJBHO CHOBOfiHIlMH; HpH BCOft CBOOft jno($BH 

Vb „sanpocairB', ohh p^ako HstfHpajni ary Tdiqr. 

HTaB'B, npomjio Tpn ro^ía, — a Haerojin^Hxi HHcrpyBi^ft ynpaBa He 
WM^bxBi. nopBoo ^eTiip6XJi'bTÍ6 ropoACBOFO cBMoynpaBjíeHiii, na BOTopoo, 
Bee MHejim6e o6n^ecTBO hbi cboofo BiiHys^enHaro xaJ^eBa TXSl^iJíO cb 

TaSHITB SHBinrB HHT6p6C0irB, — dTO ^6THp6Xl£TÍ6 HpHÓjrasaJIOCB yX6 

rB soHi^, a 252 npoxcTaBHreJH h6 onpeA^jnsáVí emfi cbohxi othoiho- 

mt KB CBOOMy ynOJIHOHO^OHHOMy H ho XSJH ony 4K)p]faiBH0Í X0B«6p6H* 

HOCTE. YnpaBa xobojíbho aBBypaTHo HcnoíHHJia a^hhoo 6ft nopy^onie. Ona 
npeACPBBHJia xjvb xoBxax^B CBot h hpoobtb HHCTpyBiq&, oiios^aBi 
TOjiBBO Ha XBa M^cfli^a npoTHBtB HaBHa^oHHaro efi roAOBoro cpoBa. 

Ho Xyiia JTEHIB ^6p68'B ^6THp6 M^Cai^a upHHHiaCB BB 6r0 pBB- 

aioTpi^HÍ6, H „vb BRAy CJOXHOCTH H o^HiHpHOCTH HacToannaro JsfbJOL^ 
€o6paHie HpHBHajo hojiobhiiitb npexBapHT6JBH06 pa3CM0TpÍHÍe onaro 
oopynrB oco6oft bommhccíh, ci tíitb ?to6u ona npoACTaBHjia xyni 

22* 



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340 BWmOb BBPOnH. 

CBOH coo6pameHÍA h saBin^ema''. HoBan RoxMHcm saHixaiacb 
„cooópaseHÚniH*' ho^th nojrropa row h npeAcraéKia hxi xyv4^ 
xorxa Hcresajo yse ^erupeu^Tíe. Tui oho h Hcreuo, a ropoA* 
ciaa JiaxBa ocTaaajiacB Óes^E pyu, h ra Tasoirb bha^ nonajia n pysa 
HOBurb sopxuzi, — HHH^inHAro xyvcsaro oocrasa, TenepB xasse 
OTSHBaDii^aro nocjribxHÍe xhh. 

Ki qecTH ero, offb ne saifWiHjrb saHflTBCA HHcrpyKiUflXH ■ no- 
CBflTHXb H1C& nocii^xoBaTeiLHO hícboilso MaftcKHTB sad^xaHíft 1877 r. 
Ho exBa JIH 8THM% H He orpaiui^HJiae& ero sacjiyra. He craHen crt- 

XHTB Sa ZOXOITB X^Jt^ MBXh OHO HH HHTepeCHO Vb CBOHXl nOXpo6HO- 

CTAXi: dTO sasaio 6u cjunnsoirB xajieBO. ^oboieho ciasaTb toilko, ^n« 
no noBOi^y HHCTpyB[tí& oócyauan, HanpHx., yseiEHeHie iHcia ^je- 
HOBx ynpaBH, no o^hhitb— w ceiui, no wyrHm— ^aate w OAHHnax- 
i^axn; npncrynHJin s:^ Bonpocy hh óoiBme, hh xeHBme xasi ote 
ynpasxneniH noni^eftcsoft Bpaneónoft nacrn h o saxini m HOBmrB, 
co6cTBeHHO ropoxcRHxi y^pesxenieirB; nop^mun oroÓpaTs otb npa- 
BHTejLCTBa npaBO yTBepBuaxB (i)acaxH h n^ianu ero axanift ■ xpe- 
tfoBaTB, ^To6u ono nenpexšnno cnpanraBajio na to nosBOJienin ynpaBH. 
3to Jiona jijbjíOŘ orpacn rocyxapcTBennaro ynpaBjenin neocranaBjn- 
sa^ia KjucsMVh A'^Te;ieft; no Tyrb se ohh saTpyAHHniCB npoenrB o6h 
HSiftaenin naKoro^ro neyj^oónaro npannjia o Mncnux-B jaBsan; — dra 
npaBHJia yTsepauenu-xe vb HSBftcrnoirB nopnxKi^**. 

H yxHBJMDTcn en^e, ^to hzi npwcraBjenin ocraDTCJi 6en no- 

CJiXCTBÍfil.. 

HanoneiíCi Ch HncrpyKiOfliiH noKon^sjni. PascMOTptjH wsrb xase no 
naparpa4»airB, a nrbóiuo ne xaio vh Tpexi oixiMBx^b n aobjith rjia- 
nan. Coctojmocb h p&nenie; nonpn aroirBOsaBajiocB, TronnerpyKiqH, 
mni yse yrBeps^ennuji, ne nnojni corjiacnH c% ocnoBnmrB xyncEHM^ 
sasonoiTB... IIodToxy pftmnjn nopynSTB npesneft noMiinccín, no-nep- 
Buz^ ^corjiacoBaxB nncrpysi^iD cl ropoxoBHirB noiosenieirB'', n, bo- 
BTopiix'B „ycranoBnTB OKon^axeiBnyi) pexanióD vb Taxoft 4k>Pmí, 
TTOÓu ona anojraft onpex^jua npana n ofinsannocrn ynpaBu''. 8to 
6urb vbnenb HeT£ipezii'&THHX'B TpyxoBib n Mtoaranuzi npeníi. 
Ayna xMcTByen na ocnonanin ropoxoBoro noiosenúi, n tojibko na 
ocnonanÍH ero; a vb vrorb — ea pimenin naxo corjiacoBaTB cb bthitb 
Bopenminx saxonoiCB. A ecin soimnccin BCTpirarB BO^n necorjutcn- 
xua; npnneirB ÓyxyrB Torxa ctojtb xpy^no xanmincn pimenin? SLih 
BOXMncciji, ycranoBun pexas^iD n nxtn, sponš Toro, nenpenšnno wb 
Bnxy nonoe onpex^enie npani n oiínsannocTeft ynpanH, naTOjnenerea 
na Tanie npo6ijai b^b oxoópenmm yse nynniazB, hto nafixen nys- 
nuiTB nonojnnrrB nxB, n óy^en nonoinnTB, pasyiTbercn, no CBoexy 



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xpofflDtA. — ^opo;^OKOE ciioynPÁBJLEHiB. 341 

jcmcrpimM). Ilpneiix se 6yxyn bcš np^uTHe yse xyifoi) mhofo- 
ncjesHiie naparpa^^HP.. 

YnpaBa, oocTauaDn^aa npoeKTE, KomfHCcifl, ero pascMaTpHBaDii^afl 
I HSirtEjnon^afl, xyxa in pleno, OKOHHaTeiBHO oÓcyauaD^afl ■ pftmaD- 
mjui^ — H noTOxi onaTB Ta se sovnccifl Bee nepecxaTpHBai)ii];afl, co- 
rjacyDn^aa ci saBOHOirB, nonoJioaDii^aa h onpeA'i^flK>ii^aA npejí^bin 
HpaBi ■ ofiflsaHHOCTeft... H aro níkaie nenipe roxal 

Ho, emjd H vb 1880 roxy ee pasi xyMa sanHuaercA 'x^jioycrpoft- 
CTBon ynpaBu, h xoxHecB upoxejnsaera cyn^ecTBOsaTB soMUHCcia 
„o Mipazi Kh ycnlnrHOMy zoxy MÍkn wh xpA...^ 



Ho, csasyrB Bani, ecjni x^ftcTBHTaiBHO xyíccRÍe nopjiAKH se 

laXHH, TO eCTB XOBOILHO BHÓOpHHZl JD^eft, BCer^a rOTOBHXl 61ITB 

Xtf x^a ycepxHiniH cjiyraira. Bi pasHuxi xcJtsEocrarB, soxMHCcijncB, 
opi padHurb xtjaxi, ne roBopA o caMoft ynpaBŠ, npe^JiaraDTE ce6fl 
BHÓopHiie jnoxH, H 9T0 AORasHBaoTi xo6poe se^iaHíe rjacHUzi nocjiy- 
siTB fla nojBsy oČn^yD. 

^a, CBaseiTB ■ nu, aobojilho ecrs FjacHHxi roTOsaxi nocjysHTB, 

e He TOIBSO BTb ICOMMHCCiflXl, HO H Bl paSHEIXl AOJISHOCTflXB. Ho HpH 

9T0irB HeoóxoxHMo otbítstb Ha hí^cboibro BonpocoBi. Máoro m Ta- 

XHTB, XOTOpue EMfbnTb nOJTBBy Otfn^D, He rOBOpHIfB— eXHHCTBeHHOX), 

Bo XOTH 6u rjiaBHOK) i^^^n? Pbbhh jh Mesxy co6od rjacHHe no cbo- 
exy no JOseHÍK) h SHaneHiD, Rasi TasoBse? Ohh, nosajyfi, ne pannu, noxa 
ooeroflTi en^e HSÓHpaTeiJUiH, no pasi ohh ve chhcbí 252-x'b, — Bcanoe 
pasjnrae aojisho nciesaTB. Ho, npn TaBHxi ycjioninxB, boshosho jih 
BOXHHHeHíe paBHaro paBHOiiy? KasajrocB 611, 9th no josenin ne xhphtca 
Kevy C060D. EciH A paBOHi B, to bwb ójMjffn j^ypEuwh ero no;i;- 
^BHeHHHirB: wb cxj^s,i Hecorjiacifl ci ero npnRasanieiTB, saB'B HanajuB- 
BHsa, OHI yicaserB na CBoe ci nniii paBencTBO Basi rjiacnaro, h ne 
BcnojraHrB Toro, tto tottb TpefiyerB. On sToro nocTpaj^aerx xíjío. 
EcjH se OHI HCnojniHTi bojd ero BonpesH ceoeHy xh^híi), h6o no- 
jy^aen sajiosanBe, cb BOTopuMi pascTaTBCfl ne sejaeTi, to nepecTa- 
nen 6utb eny paBninrB, h 9to nepaseHCTBO nepenecoTi h bi j^yM- 
CBÍH sacŠAanin, rxi^ onasyTcn o;i;hhi rjacmifi nepannaft ^PF^^y- 

Mesxy Tiii!h aTO panencTBO cocraejífleTi ocnoBy npaBHJBHaro pi- 
ffieHin lin. C% xpyroft cropoHu, no OTSusy canoro HcnojHHTejBnaro 
óprana jsjuu, „BOJiBHOHaeMnue AOB^penmie jidah" BHnojHflH)Ti nopy- 
?eHiii, T.-e. npHBasanin, hhcbojibbo ho xyse Buóopniixi muh, B3flTHX'B 
Bffh ^nicjia rjiacnuxi. Bto joctho a^s. nepeuxrB h neiecTHO xjin bto- 
-pBrtb; tívl 6o2Íe, RasajiocB 6h, ne cjAat> 6utb rjiacHHifB b'b aojs- 
noer^ancB, noxHHHennux^B hx'b AyiiCKHM'B co($paTairB. 



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342 BMTHISl IBPOnH. 

dra BeHopiiaiBHOCTB cranoBiiTCA en^e ptem, Korxa nox^HneBiaifi 
MacHHA nojiy^aera ne onpe^ftjieHHoe «ajioBaHBe, a xpyrU xaTepian- 
HUA BuroAU, Wh poA* íapHDieft ora nocTaBOsi, HanpHiiipB. Tjtl otho- 
meHLi coBepmeHHO cnyrHBaDTWi* TiacHidl HaÓjiD^aDiiuft AOimevh na- 
X'ÍTB 8a KasAum marom nacHaro icnojiuDii^aro. 9to ecT& neco- 
MBtoHUft sHaai HeAOBipúi iTb a^&ctbUhi nocj^AHaro; ho nepBHft ne 
xoseirb ■ He xoaseffB ysjoH«TBCfl otb nero, h6o iraa^eHe icnojHBTb 
npaMOfi CBoeft oÓasaHHOCTH eaójiDAaTejifl. Oahhi roBopHrb — xopomo, 
xpyroft roBopHTB — zyAO, spusaerca vh MaTepiajBsnEie HHTepecu ero. 
OxHaxo o6a ohh, no j^yiiCEOft saii, pasHu. 

nodTOMy xoJSHo 6u 6uTB HenpeiťiHHO, hto6u gahitb riacHHft ne 
óuiTb vh pojni noxHHHOHHaro y xpyroro, no Kpatneft itbpi vh spyry 

B'ÍA'ÍHÍff XyMU. Ohi ho AOJSeffb ÓUTB HH qHHOBHHSOlirb XyMU HJH 

ynpaBU, hh hoxphxhhkoitb. Mesxy tíitb, hto se mu BHxnrb? Ha^aiB- 
HHKi HepTosHoft, npaMO noxB^j^OMUft Aase ho Beeft ynpaBi, a en 
9jeHy, ynpaBJíaDn^eMy cTpoHrejBHUMi orx^zemewb^ — rjiacHuft. TexHHsib 
npi dToiťB 0TA%JeHÍH— nacHuft. EasHa^eH, Tasme noxHHHeHHHe ^Jieny 
ynpaBu h TOBapHn^y fojiobu, — rjacaue. TopoACSoft aexjeirtpi — Toxe 
rjiacHuft. RoHi^eccioHepi BOHHO-sejtsHoft xoponi— ohatb rjacHHft. Koh* 
TparoHTi no 0CBÍ^n^eHÍD, pasnue hoaphahhkh: no ohectk^ moctobecl^b, 
no BCABRMi xaxeHHUiťB H pexoHTHHirB paÓoraiTB, no BOxonpOBOAaM'B 
H xezaHHTOcaHirB ycTpottCTBaiTB, — Bce rjacnue h rjiacHiie. 

HysHO-JB j(aite bhhchhtb Taaoe nojoxenie iixh'i H xosho-ju 

yXHBJflTBCA, ^TO ropOACSÍA nOCTpoftCB nJOXH — H HH^erO, dTO CXOXHTB 

Ch pyB%; ^TO na ropoxcun njcn^a^azi h xocraxi rpasHie, ^wh 
nepex^ caioiirB nJOZHirB xomoitb, — h dTO TanercA hsi roxa b:b rox'B; 
HTO Ha CTpoHTeiBHua x^a ^acTHHH jmjsfii ne naxoxaTi hh cyxa, hh 
pacnpaBH, h ne Haftxyn bo bíkh bíbobi; ^to (i)OHapH ropnrB ne np^e 
Ho^miBOBi H npoH. Heny xyrB yAHBxarBca? Bu noMorjH mh£, ji no- 
MOFB BaMi, xtjo CA&iaHo, a npo^ee Bce BSAopi. CTanerB-iB nacHuft 
apzHTesTopi cnopHTB npoTHBi nacHaro Ha^aiíBHHBa TOpiesnot? Pasy- 
HiteTCA, hítb, Hna^e oraasHCB otb nocrpoesi. CTanen-jiH rjucHuft 
noxpnxHHKB BOspasaTB coueHy noMonneBy nojy^HTB nojtpiiAX, hjh 
XpyroMy noApax^HBy, ROToparo Moryn nosBaTB, h apnyn, Kasi rjiac- 
naro, bi bomhhccíd aih npoBiipBH paóoTi h c^eroei nepaaro? By- 
xyn-jiH Tpe6oBaTeiBHu ri Rasna^ejiMi tí rjiacHHe, botopíutb npH 
nojyHeHÍH ropoxcKflzi xenen 8th noci^nie osasyn npexynpexH- 
tejunyi) óucrpory h ;ii><$e8H0CTB? Bce dTO — tí ueiEia xpoÓH, Bn bo* 
TopHxi cjiaraercA BpyoHafl Bejui^HHa — nacroaiiMe xyMCBie oophxbh; 
oni se cocraBJADTB noxBjaxsy pBenin nŠBOTopux^B, ^to6u ne esa- 
saTB MHorHzi, VB oón^ecTBeHHOMy A^y- 

Ho BM,^ch no BpafiHefi uipi a^o na ^ncTory: zo^y HsaieBaTB 



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XPOHHKA. — ^rOPO^KOB CÁlOynPiBJKHIl. 84:3 

ttoihsj Hn Hoeft 6;di8octh n ropoxcKoxy jiMy^ — b, eq cRpunai); s-b 
TOiiy se irpoío nory noHecrn h 0TB'6TCTBeHH0CT&. B% Koxmicciax-B 
jtymi coBCÍMi xpyroe x^o. 06% OTBÍTCTBeHH0CTH KaKofi-HH^yjiB, pasy- 
xterca, h noxiray 6eit& He Hosen. Xo^en sokmhccúí cxtáaTL ^to- 
HitiyxB — xopomo; ee xo^en — hhsto ea He norpesosiirB h HanoxH- 
aadeirb. OTHeroBi o xoA'i saHXTift fb 6ojí[B]iihhctbí hb TpeGyerca, 
epoioiTB He HasBa^aercji, a ecjm hxi EHor^a no saABjíeHiK) xasoro- 
HHÓyxB cepxHTaro nacnaro h yxaxyn, — to dxo poBHO HH^ero ne 
srai^Hn, H o cpost xobho hhckoilso ne 8a6oTHTBCJi. Ecih h ^hhob- 
HHXH xyiiH He ci4eH£X>TCA TaiHMH MeiOHaMH, eciH ropoACsofl DpHC- 
xooeyjBi-L HaxoxffTB, nanpHM., BOSMOXHincb no 2 V* roxa y^epsaTs 
xiiá HonoxBHSHo H HB OTKJUKaTLCfl Ha sanpocH, ecjH H uenu ynpaBu, 
H ropoACxoA cesperapB Tose ne Topon^TCA npexcraBjíaTL xpA Tpetfye- 
Hoe BTB HasHaieeflOKy BpweHH, — ro caiia xyHa, vb imisfi cbobxb soh- 
nccift, Bnoni^ HeyasBHiia. 

no npeotipasoBanÍH AyMU, ona oxhhmb hsb nepfiMniHXB cbohxb 
pifliemt ynpasAHHjia ÓHBmía npes^e nocTOAHHUfl rommhccíh, h npn- 
8Hua sa 6jaro y^pexx&TB, no MŠpft HaxoÓHocTH, oco6ua kommhccíh 

HE XaSXUft OTJťkiBHHft npej^MeTl. HoJILBA OXpHI^aTB, TTO CB 9T0ft CTO- 
POHS ŮUJÍO 0SHBJI6HÍe A^TeXBHOCTH. ECJH BB 1871 rO^y TaBHXB KOM- 

ncdi 6hjo 9, bb 1872 ro^y Bcero 6, to bb 1875-ifB ropoACKoft 
roioBa HacqHTHBajiB yse 19. Hhiu HirbiH BpaTSOBpeiieHHUA nopyie- 
hía, xpym nepexoxHJiH hsb ro^a bb roxB, ehua noJiyHajiH xapaxTepB 
nocToaHHaro HcnojraHrejBHaro opraná. 

Oahoh) H8B nepBUXB y^pexHjacB, hju, BŠpnie, BOsotinoBHjacB, rasB 
HasHBaexaa oi^ŽHOTOafl Bomracm XJifl nexBHSHxuxB Hxyn^ecTBB. Bsrjui- 
leifB Ha nee EicKoxbitiO noójrase. 



Oi^tao^Htífi c6opB BB noiBsy ropoxoBB, bb bha'í nsBicTHaro npo- 
i^Ta CB ^HCTaro Aoxoxa, noJtynaeMaro otb hcabhshhhxb mcyn^ecTBi 
UH Blb bha^ nisoToparo npoi^eHTa cb TOft cyxHu, bb xoTopyi) ohh 
oqineHH, BBexoHB noBceiri^HO ropoAOBUXB noioseflíeMB, xaKB OAHa 
H3B craTOft ropoACsoro xoxoxa. ]í^a nereptfypra se ohb xaBHO ne 
(SiiiB BOBOCTBi): p6n^aA oi^^nsa 6iijia npoHSBej^ena emjd bb 1846 ro^y* 
Cb Toro BpeiieHH OKia^naa eheiii j^ymi cx^jajracB xaKBMB-TO hobos- 
xosHEnfB aHaxpoHHSMOMB, H BB HHXB 61UH opocTO HejišnocTH. Eo^e 
peBHBÍOHHafl BOMMHCcúi 1864 Fo^a ysasuBajia na hhxb, h npesHaa 
XjmBLy H Aase BHcmee npaBHTejBCTBO HaxowjiH neofixoxHMHMB npo- 
iBBecTH o6n^D nepeoi^lHKy niiyn^ecTBB. Cb tofo se speMonn, ÓJiaro- 
roAapn xoHOBJíaA&KBHecROft ropa^K^ n TOMy, tto j^OMa nepecrpasBa- 
sacb H Ha^crpanBajiHCB na bcš jiaW) a j^oHOxosfleBa Bce BosBiimajiH 



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za BMimi iBPoim« 

i^ŠHu Ha uapTHpu, j^oxo^^HOCTB xoHOiTb OHOHL Bospocia; Hesx7 tív^ 
luaTesH FB ropoACsoft xozox^ ocraBEJiHCB Bce npesnie. IIodTOMy nepe- 
oii^Hsa npHSHaBaiacb A'iioirB HacroArejiBHUiťB. 

tiwh He Meefte x^jo bto saTArHBaiocL. HoBaa xyiia Tasse h6 
npEcryiiHja si Heny p&nHTeuHO, a ocraHOBHjiacB cnepaa joanh na 
oópasoBaHÍH sommhccíh au oi][tasH co6cTBeHHO oahí^x^b HOBiixB no- 
CTpoesi, BOTopsEfl, npHHOCJi Bja^i^Bi^aiTB xoxoAi, ocraDTCJi, sa neBne- 
ceHÍeiTB FB oKJidLKBua sHHni, ooBciwb CB060XHHMH orb sajiora. Eom- 
xhccík) npoeRTHpoBaiH bi hhcjií mecTH ^johobb, nox^ npexcitoaTeja- 
CTBom uena ynpaBU. Kasxoify ueny HasHa^eflO no 1,200 py6. wh 
roA>; CTOJiBSO se, sponi xoro, na Kam^eupii). Biuo xnoro pasEnrB 
cys^enift no aroMy, 6iH8BOMy xonoBiaxiiBi^airB xbij; nnue, B^^ponrao 
6o;ifte ÓepesjíHBue r jacHHO, npHsnaBajiH xase bobco nenysniurB y^es- 
Aonie n caMoft sohheccíh, vb BHAy npexcronn^eft otfn^efi nepeontinsH. 

Ha saci^aHin, nasnaHeHnoirB a^jí BHÓopa ^jienoB^b xoiaaccíH, xyiia 
osHBHjiacB: Ha6paiocB 120 rjacnuvB. EanAHxaTOKB npexJioseno hh 
65jiBnie, nn nenBme ^sbs^ 56; neconn^nno 1,200 pydíeft Hx&n CBoe 
8HaH6HÍe. Ha^o 6iuo BHtfpaxB mecTopuxi. npo<!ajiJOTHpoBajni — ^n osa* 
sajiHCB nsópaHHBnfH toibko XBoe. Bhobb nanncajiH sanncKn xjia npex- 
losenifl RanxHx&TOBib, n na dTon pasx nrB nac^HTBiBajiocB 41. Bb 
cjLÍKJv>mfiwbi TpeTBeiTB, sacibA&Hin BiióauoTHpoBajn hs^b hhzitojibko 
OAHoro, H TO jíHmB nepoB^^MB 5-Tn tojiocofb; npotie OBasajncB da(Sauo- 
THpoBannHMH. Buóopu 6wm neycniniHH; no dro yse ne nepBHft ciy^afi: 
npH Bu6op^ uenoBB ynpaBH nysno 6wlo npoxoAHTB qpestB tí se Murap- 
CTBa,— -njiOAB „paxiHífl poAHOMyHejiOB'&«y''. UepcneKTnBa 3-ziTHcaH'B 
H Aase 1,200 nj^HfleTB xnornxB, nasAuft ua^erB mapB CBoeny spoBnoiiy 
njix 6j[H3Rony, n xonnrB Apyroro> ne ctoib ÓJESsaro. — Ho n ne toako 
BB ^xenhi, vh RaHAHAaTU sb hhiib, T.-e. bb sanacnue na Bcasift (uy- 
^afi,— to se flBjeHÍe: toji^so bb 0KTa6pi nsB 28-mh xmn^b Buópajra 

OAHOrO, BB HOAÓpt ABOHXB, E SaTŽlfB OCTaiHCB 6^0 TpOO HeHSÓpaH- 
nHMH. 

ACHO BHAHO H3B dTOFO, CB KaBHlTB TpyAOMB npOHBBOAATCfl BIl6opH 

ne TOJiBBO BB ynpaBy, no n bb sommhccíh. — Ho bb tom!b se sac^AaHÍH, 
taí tbsb CHJDbHO pnaju 1,200 py6ieft, ^o ohh nnsoMy neAOcraBajHCB, — 
coBopmenHO cnoso&HO Buópajra h nasHaiHAH AByxB uohobb aia onpe- 
Alenin OTHomemfi ctojhi^i s'b mšcthumb bomcsemb y^pesAemim m 
Buópajin, hh óojm^me, hh MeHBme, sasB 25 uohobb otb ropoAa b^b 
ryóepncsoe sescKoe co6paHÍe. Tasse 6e8B TpyAa oópasoBajacB osoio 
Toro se apeMCHH h noAroroBHTeuHafl sommeccía hbi 18 jrai^B aju 
nepecMOTpa npaBHjn oón^eft nepeoi^^HSE. JlapuBB npocTO OTspuBaercfl: 

8AÍICB He 6lU0 HHSaSHXB OSJíaAOBB. JÍJBí H OAHH-JU 8TH OSiaAKí TaSl 

CHJLHO TanyjrH xota 6u bb uchu oi^teo^HOft sommhccíh? He ManHJio-jn 



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xporasi.— ropoxoKOi GÁioinFiBisHiE. 345 

n HHn emfi ^rro-HHÓyxB wb 9th xecATSH rpaxxaH^s, (Sojbuuhctbo 
KOTopHxi He 8UBU0 ce6fl otfn^ecTBy hh oxHHirb A^ftcTBieirB, hh 

eXHHHlTL CJOBOITB Bl 8aC%AaHÍH... 

Ho nosa HSÓpaHHafl rommhccía sanHMaiacB nepecMorpoitB opaBui 
QŘrnjA nepeoi^iHEH, soropaflf san CKasano, (Siua ee ocoóeHHO no xym^ 
rjteHurb xoiiOBiaA'&>Bi^aii'b, — ^reHepajr& TpenoBi AOboihotb j(o cbI^xí- 
ma rocyxupA o ÓeeorjiosHoft Heo6xoxHMOCTH ea vh BH^axi yBejraqeHia 
HexocTETO^HBrB ropoxcBHzi cpoACTBi H HcnpamHBaxB BHCO^afimaro 
eoH8Boi6HÍa Ha ODpex^jteme xia Toro mecTHiiicaqHaro cpoRa. dra 
Kipa, imcan oh% vb xouaxib, ,,Morjui 6u nocjiysHTB TBepxmrb ocho- 
Baaien kb nacmo/imeAhfiOMy Tpe6oBaHÍD o opoHSBoxcTB^ nepeoii%HKH". 
He sauD^aerca-jH b^ aron ,TBepAom ocHOBaniH si flacroaTejs- 
loxy Tpe6oBaHÍD" nenajubEaro, ho B-ipnaro npnroBopa Bceft CHCTeni 
npexcTaBHTejLCTBa no hobomy nojioseHiD? Bi x^bjrb ropoxcsofi nojbsu, 
HpHTOirB HaHÓoíše cnpaBOAiHBOirb, vjmeu nacroaraiBHUA TpeóoeamA 
co CTopoHU. Esofi Vb 1868 roxy noeiiiAOBaio o nepeoi][ŠHSi Biíco^afime 
yTBepsA6HHoe mh^hío rocy^apcTBeHnaro coBibTa; ho saKi ona 6uih ne 
BBTOxna XM xoMOBJíaxiJiíBHecBaro CBoecopHCTia, to n^kxaa utrn jAtb 
npoflUH vh npoBOio^Kaxi, nosa, naKonei^i, ne aBHjiacB CHJia h ho sa- 
craBHja cx^aTB to, ^tď aojisho 6u óeitb cx^iano no coÓCTBenHOMy 
eosBami) xojura. 

Bnpo^eifB, H wb stexi o($CToaTaiLCTBazi namiHCB jto^h, nnraB- 
miecji nooTTflHyTB. HiKOTopue rjacHue na^ajH nyraTS xyvy hobos- 

XOSHOCTBD HCnOjraHTB A^JO Wb HaSHaHeHHUft CpOKl, SaTpyAHHTeJBHO- 

ctíd Vb Biitfopi JiHi^i, BOTopua B8AJH 6u Ha ceófl Tflssifi Tpy;^ npn 
niSBx^ yciOBÚni (ho ottofo-jm, tto sejiaDn];HZ'L hšctb qHCja?) h 
xpyrHMH noAOÓHHMH cTpazaMH. HodToxy npexJiarajiH zo^aTaftcTBOBa^B 
npoAJi6HÍH cposa. BoJiBnniHCTBO, o^naBO, OBasaiocB npoTHBHaro mhí- 

HÚ, H, HaX0Xfl> HTO npH MBOFHXl OI^ÍHO^HHU BOMMBCCÍflXl AÍXO 

npexcraBiflercA hchojihhmiim^ p-inraio npHCTynHTB si x^ftcTBÍairB. 

J^a BHHOjraeHifl sa^a^H yqpoAHXH oxny i^oHTpajiBHyD h 24 mí^ct- 

HEu xoMMHcdH; nopBafl eocraBjeHa hbi npexcixaTejia h ^OTHpexi ^ure- 

HOKB, npO^ H8l TpeXl UOHOBl BaS^BA. — Ho H npH dTOlTB ^IjOMOBja- 

xiiBHecBíe HHCTHHBTH HO npeiiHHyjiH sajiBHTB ce6a. Epe^JioaceHO, h 

npHHATO 60JBniHHCTB0irB 53-Zl rOJOCOBl npOTHKB 36, HSÓHpaTB saKi 

Vb i^eHTpajUiHyx)^ Tasí h bi mšcthuuí sohichccíh HCsro^HrejiBHo hsi 
XOHOBja^iiBi^eBi. Hysna oniiTHOCTB; xpynuiH cjiOBaxH, nycTB ?ysoň 
rjiad^ HO npoHHsaen bi Ta&HHSH OTHomeHífi j^oHOBjíax^^nia bi ero 
msuo>n9LWb. 

3aTbwb^ ecTecTBOBHO, nocTaBjíeHi Bonpoci: cjišxyerB jih ^^.nb Hjie- 
naiTb soMiraecifi BosHarpasj^enie? 56 npoTHBi 34 pasp-^nrajH ero 
yTBepAHTeJBHO. H Hasna^eHO ono bi pasxšpi 3,000 py6. sasAOvy bi 



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3i6 bsgturi ibpoiih. 

D^eHTpsuiBHott sommhccíh; KpoMŽ Toro, 6,000 py<S. na Haem cocrasa 
RaHi^ejapiH h 3,000 py6. na 6;iaHSH. Bi xícthhxi soMMHCcim xano 
Basj^OMy u6Hy no 1,800 py($. Hroro noiropacTa Tuca^rb pyóieft sa 
nojryroAOByi) paňoxy... 

Jlerso npeACTaBHTB ce6% mb npoHCxoxnjR) 3A'ícb npH BiióoparB. 
He ÓyxeiTB ďi^HTB sa bcíxh nepeneriaMH: ohš zapaKrepau, hooaho- 
o6pa8Hii, H Bce Fb TOMi se HanpaBJíeHiH. ^obojibho csasaTB, iro li- 
jowh cuimEXB^ H, HecMorpa Ha to, emfi vh oojiobhhš (|^Bpaifl — a aa- 
qaxo 6iuo B% AeKa6p'i—He nořilo cocrasBTBca nojiHaro KoxiiieiTa 
EOMHHCcift. Buaajio Tasí, hto 6aj;iOTHpyK>Tca 78 saHXHAaT0B%, a bu- 
6epyrB tojibro lerBopiixi. IIotoitb yaci HanajH npoÓauoTHpoBHBam 
8a6paROBaHH£ix'B; toibro 6u nojiy^HTB cbojibbo cjA^jerh. Cemb rni 

3THZI SOMMHCCift COCTaBEJIHCB nOJmOCTÍD H3!B AOHOBiaX^BI^BB-Byn- 

i^OBi, 6ujiH syni^u h vl xpyrHxi, ókuh h H-in^aHe. 

TpyjťB CBoft ROMMHcdH saBepiDHjH SI BOHAy 1874 roxa. IIo xo- 
R^aAy onaTB renepaja TpenoBa, hhi oúusBAeEh MOHapmaa ÓJiaroxap- 
HOCTB. AyMa, spoiíi Toro, on caoero JiHi^a BupasHJia „npHSHaTeju- 
HOCTB H ÓjaroxapHocTB'. Hmobho h to h xpyroe bmíctí. 

EOHTOJDICB xMCTBÍa xtoTHUXl KOMMHCCift, — ^BOSCTaHOBHJIH OIUT& 
OpeSHDD, Vh BHA^ nOCTOaHHOft BOMMHCCÍH H3% TpeXl HJieHOBlb, AU 

BHOBB BosHHRaion^Hxi) ^ocTpoeB^, (TB TŠMH so 1,200 p. Basxoiry H Cb 
1,200 p. Ha RaBi^eiapcEÍe pacxoxii. Ho spoiit oi^^HO^noft soKiniedH 
6ujm emfi oco6Ke i^íhobii^hbh: h hx^b a^o óujio npoHSsoxHTB oi^hxh 
no Tpe6oBaHiairB pasHuxi npHcyTCTBeHHUxi xicn h xoJisHocTHim 
mn%. Ha HHxi OTnycaaJiocB oco6o 1,800 py6. TenepBHanuH y^oÓHift- 
niHMi nepe^aTB hxi* jifbjío to& se oi^^bHOTOoft rohmhccíh. H nepexaiif 
BxftcTi CT» AeHBranH. Bcero, ^^AOBaTejibHo, nocToannaa oii^^bHO^naa 
ROMHHccia o6xoAHTca ropoACKOft aacct b% 6,600 pyÓJieft. 

MesAy tími nepeoi^iHBa HMyn^ecTBi* npHaejia Kb TOMy pesyjrBTaty, 

TTO CTOflMOCTB HXB, BM^CTO 134 MHUÍOHOBl HO OI^HBÍb 1846 F., BOS- 
BUCHiaCB AO 222 HHJUiOHOBl, T.-e. Ha 88 HBl. Ho Wh 3TH nooi^^Hifl 

i^H({>pu BonuH oi^i^BH H saseHHuxi BBapTHpi^ saHHMaeifHxi^ ^nnun 
pasHuxi B']^AOxcTBi, o6joseHHHX'B TenepB Tasse npoi^eHTHKiTB cóopom 
Bi A0X0A'B ropoAa, nero ao 1874 roAa ho 6uj[0. drnx^B oiii^HOR^b bko)- 

HOHO Ha 15 MHJIJliOHOBl. ECJIH HCBJlOqHTB HXl H3% yKaSaHHOft 

cyHMur, TO ORaseTCA, hto nacTHoe AOMOBjaA^Hie vh npoAoiseHÍB 28-mh 
Alyrh ch 1846 roAa Bospacjo na 73 HHjjioHa, hih no cpeAHeft cioz- 
HOCTH Ha roAi OKOJO 2 V2 nu. TaR'B JIH 3T0, — ne snaeMi, ho saserca, 
ne TBEi. EpoHŽ HOBUxi nocTpoeR'B cDAa se bohuh, fjih aojurhei 6hjih 
boíth, h pesyjiBTaTii BOSBumenia RBapTHpnuxi i^^kb, — BOSBEmieHia, 
RaRi» hsbíctho, hh cb niíwh ne coo^pasHaro. HpaaAa, aohobjaaí^jíbi^h, 

HIH OI^iHOlHHa ROMMHCCÍH, BURJIDqHJH HB^B AOXOAB BCÍ paCXOAK, H 



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IPOHHEÁ. — rOPOACSOS GÍM07ÍIPÍBJSHIB. 317 

yse npHHHM&iH wb ocHOBame TOjbso ^iHCTUft aozoa^b, a paczoAU, — 
roBopfln OHH,— Bi nociij(Hee vpeua spaftHe bosbhchjihcb. 3s,ich ne 

riCTO BZOXHTB Vh nOXPOÓHOCTH 9TBTb paSCHeTOKB; HO óeSCnopHO, HTO 

kA padcqeru — vb noJiBsy BJta^ijiBi^a; 6aiBHiafl lacTB vh HC^HCieniH 
paexoxoKB, naAaDii^HxrB na xoMOBjaAÍiBi][a, BHine x'6ftcTBHTejbH0CTa. 
PtexoA^ Ha ABopHHKOBi, HanpHM., no npaBHjaiTB oi^šhohho& bomhhc* 
di, CMOTpfl do A0X0A7 ci xoMa, cocTaBuen otb 180 ao 720 py6., h 
BB CToiBBO xeHBme BSEMaercH h oi^^Honnuft c6opi. Mesxy t^m% octb 

MHOSeCTBO AOHOVhy Vb KOTOpUZl ABOpHHBl, Cb HOApy^HHMH, HO HO* 

lynaerB otb AOMOxosjíHHa BHqero, hjh KaKÍe-HH6yAb 3—4 pyójii wb 
u/koíJilh; ocrajbHaa njaxa bca BHÓHpaercji ci MBXhisfiwb (to se h co 
omti^apaMH), oahbko sa dTH touko ab% ctbtbh ciaraDTCA cb oji^bem 
óojBiBoro xoMa ufbjue xecjrrRH thcbhi py6jeft. 

Ho, AonycTHM%, hto BosBumeHie, T.-e.— yAsoenie h yrpoenie js,íE' 
HOCTH KBapTBpi CB 1846-1*0 FO^a Bce 6631 ocraTia norjioni^eHO bos- 
BSciBniHMHCfl paczoAaMH. OcraeTCA naAcrpofisa CTapinii ■ nocrpofisa 

HOBU£B AOMOBl, (|ML6pHai, 6aHb H T. O., KOTOpB^ HO BUBO^aiTb ROX- 

oedft oniBE&tca wb roxb Bcero vb 2^/% hejl.; xpyrHMH cjOBaHH, xo- 
xoxB AOMOBJíaxftJBiieBi eseroAHO yBaiHnBajrcii ToaBKO na 250,000 p. 
Bi nowb nosBOJurejiBHO o^chb ycoxHHTbCfl. Bcími hbb-íctho, BaBia 
laecii xoxoBi crponrcs vb IleTepóypri eseroAHo; h Bce bto toaso 
AiA 250 T. py6. Ha Bct 10,000 aomobi. Bb 28 jin, BHa^HTi, cpeA- 
Bu AOZOAHOCTB AOMB yBeiHUiacB Bcero Ha 700 py6. Tasí, no Bpaft- 
leS Mipi, cjAMjenrb nn xpyAOBi oi^ího^huzi BoxMHCcit. 

EasAOMy, oahbbo, hbbíctho h^^to Apyroe, hmobho, tto sth 700 
py&iefi b'b roA% naÓaBHJHCb cb t^xi nopi oabb jh ne hb sasAyB) 
XBapTHpy BTB Ty xe i^-iny. A no orsuBaiTB CB^bAymiHxi JDAeft, xivb 
XBaAi^aTB HHTB Ba3aA'B p^AKÍft AOiTB, OTifi^HHo AOXOAHU&, ABnaii 8 npo- 
AObtorb; oČUKHOBeHHiift ase 4—5. Tenepb ne p^akoctb 10 npoi][eHTOBi, 
a Ha BHAHOxi H'&cri, cb MarasHnaiiH, h ao 12-th. HeAoyiiiBaexi, 
UMfb se aro npHHHpHTb cb npHBOAeHHuxH itH({>pai[B. H noveny se 
pasBHjiacB TaRaa AOMocTpoHTeJbHaa ropaua, h no^exy ctohxoctb 
seiuH Bospacjia óbchocjobho? 

IlycTB cobíctb nacHuxi CRasoTi: sacjiysHjiH-jiH oi^íhohhuh kox- 
KHcdH jinpHsnaTejiBHocFb h 6jaroAapHOCTb^ ho ot:b oacHiixi, a co 
CTopoHu ropoACBoro Hacejenia. 



Mu BsrjanyaH cb noApo6HocTÍ]D na sto a^o, noToicy ^to b^b homi 
AificTBOBaia HantíoaBmaa cyHMa HaniHX'B CToaHHHUx^B npeAcraBHTOJb- 
HiiTB CHJTB. Ho HO ÓesíHHTepecHO ÓyAerrB noraaAÍTB en^e, htó cTajocB 
CB oi^^HOHHUirb A'i^JiOM'B, KOFAB OHO BHOBb upoACTajio npeAi) 252'lfa. 



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348 whvam ibpoiih. 

no ropoxoBOMy nojioseBíi) paaifipi oncl^HO^Haro ctfopa ho jcraHOB- 
levh vh TOHHocTi H HasHaqeme ero npe^ocTauflerca cemhitb j^ynaiTB; 
ysasaffB tojibko BKcnrift npe^^^— 107o cb ucTaro xoxoxa, Hjra iVo 
CB o^'6HOHHO& cyMMU. ;i;o BOHj^a 1874 roxa xoxoBjax^^i^i njaraju 
ero B'L aromb BucmeicB pasMŠp^. 7npaBa,— xojisho eft OT^an capa- 
BexiHBOCTB, — Ao6pocoB%CTHo BBMHHyjia Ha j^^JíOy H HOM Hfl, TCO ropoxy 
npexcTOHTB MHOsecTBO sanHTajiBHurB pacxoj^OBi, npexcraBHjia xyíci, 
TTO H Ha óy^ym^ee Bpeiu ci^bxyerb ocraTBCH b!b npesneiTL pasiri^pi^ 
c5opa, T.-e. oxHoro npoi^eHTa cl oi^hkh, h mrpa^^i sa HecBOOBpeiieH- 
HH& BSHOCB BBHMaTB Tasso HO OAHOxy iipoi^OHry Wh x-icflm Ch cymiii 

HOXOHMBH. 

PascysxaTB 061 btoitb co6paiocB h6 vl npHMipi MHoro: 138 
riacHiu'B. ^ 

Haxo npHnoMHHTB, hto en^e cb 1863 roxa na BJiax&iBi^asB ho^bh* 
SBHOCTH jíemMTh rocyxapcTBeHHHfl najioPB, saiciHHBnnŘ noAynrayD no- 
xaTB (TB MiiojaHi. EasajiocB óu^ nponuo 6oxbme seiíCKOŘ x&bhocth, 
S'B eaiory oroMy iiphbhbjh — Wb toitb chhcj*]^, ^to cb SBapTHpaHTOBi 
OHI BiiÓHpaeTCJi Ch jnixBOD, H MOSHO 6ei ero ocraBHTB vb 'noBO& Ho 
eítb. Ha 6'ÍAy,rocyxapcTBeHHBft cobítb, ciiiHBapH 1875roAa» BsavteB 
ocBo(K)SAeHÍfl ropoACRoft saccu otb Hteoropiixi paczoxoBi no bohhckoí 

KBapTBpHOfi nOBHHHOCTH, AOXOAHBmHU XO 100 TilC. p. Vh FOX^B, yCTaHO- 

bhxb HOBiift HajioFB Vb pasMŠpt TSVo ^ cyxMH npesHflro rocyxap- 
CTBennaro Haiora. IIpH hobo& oi^í^hrí dm najora, o6a buíctí, cocraBJíHjni 
XO 27o ^HCTaro xoxoxa. HsBicTHaA ^acTB rjiacHuxi TOTqaci saBonHjia o 
spaftHeirB o($pe]feHeHÍH xoMOBj[ax'&iBi^eBi, h TpeóOBajia hphhatb dTH 
2V0 npaMO pacxoxoiTB bsi ropoxcsoft xaccii, riwb 6oJiibe, ^rro bx otho- 
meníH £'b noci^XHoft npH6aBB% 6iijia h jierajiBHaA bosmoshoctb. 3x4^ 
HooÓxoxHMO He((ojiBnroe noncHenie. ropoxcBaB Kašna cocTaBjflercA hsib 
pasHuxi XOXOXOBi: h n paóonaro axpecHHfi cfiopi, h ci» HSBoniiHKa 
c6opi sa npoMUceJTB, ■ Cb TpasTHpa aBi][H3'B, h cb xoHOBjax'9^Bi;a 
oi^iHo^afi cóopi, — Bce Hxerx na otfpasoBanie ropoxcBoft RaccH. ^o- 
MoraflCB nepeHecenifl na nee rocyxapcTBennaro naiora, npexcraBBTejra 
HB ÓojiBme HB nenBine sasi ocBofiosxajB ceóji on nero, a BsaM^ffB 
Toro npexJiaraiB npB^BTaiDo^yDCB sasHt cyMMy, xo nojncHjrjiioHa, bsbtb 
B8i Toro cyHxyKa, bi Boropofi bjioshjb cbod xojih) b ToproBOi^ h 
BSBon^Bsi, B paóotift* YjtyHmeHift no ropoxy nacTOjiBKO se MeHBme, 
a xoMOBjtaxtui^avB HacTOJBRo se óapmna. 

npecBi^^ennaji b ÓjaropasyMflaA qacTB rjiacnuxx Bospasaja npo- 
TBffB TaKoro CBajuBaHÍB TBroTU na njre^B xpyroro, naxoxB, ^to eejra 

nOBBHHOCTB HaJOSOHa Ha XOBOBJíaxiJBIieBl, TO OHB B XOJISBU BeCTH 

ee, rbwb 6oiie^ ^to ropoxcsaa sacca Tasí ($ixBa. Oxnaxo npoTecrn 

HXl OCTaiHCB BTynft. BOJIBHIBHCTBOB^B 58-MB OpOTBBl 22-rB (HaHE- 



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iPOHHSi.— roPOACSOB (UMoynPiBjnBHiE. 349 

jocB sacftxuie npH 138-hh) npwBum na ropoj^CKyi) sasHy najorb, 
niaTHioift xoifOBjiaxim](axH yse i][%iHft xecaroKi rbrh; na nee se 

JSpWEaTh H nOClij^HÍŘ HaJOrB. Ol^HOHHHft C06CTB6HH0 C60px OCTaBJieH'B 

saTbrB npesHÍft, T.-e. no 1% ^ oi^HOHHaro fy6jísí. 

TaxMKfc o6pa80KB, Borxa Bce Aoposaen, aorxa ad^ sars 6'ixHHfi, 
van H xocraTO^HHft leiOBiax (ne xoHOBjiaAÍ^6it'BX — ^BcrsyDn 
er&cHeHia ax epexcrBan shshh, mcHiie xoHOBja^^JBi^ BanuH nys- 

HHVB nOJCHOCTH Ceóft H CBOHITB COÓpaTaiTB HO^apOBl Vh nOJDIHJUnOHa 

esepoAHaro xoxoxa. 3a-oxHO oti^ieriUH ce6fl h na c^ry^aft HeecnpaB- 
Hocn 10 BSHoci oi^taoíHaro e6opa: Biritoo ii^tjiaro opoi^eHra dohh 
vh viaasih nojioauura tojibbo nojiOBHHy. IIpoi^eHTrB wh Micai^i, T.-e. 
12 ^po^eHTaKB vb vomj^ — AifiCTBirreiBHHtt mrpa^, saMe^xaTL ynja- 
TOĚ KBHroAHo; á noxnpoi^eHTa, hjiii 6 ro^oami, cobcíwl Apyroe 
liio; sa Tasie iipoi^eHTU huhl^o AOHerb ne AOCTaHemBy h 6£Itb xojis- 
HiBoirB ropoACBoft aasHH Burro^HO. He ottofo jh b% He^^OHMS-i to- 
cmca HOTBeprafl qacTB c6opa? 

Ho yse nepesi hí^crojbso xneft abhjíocb paso^apoBaHÍe. Fopox- 
aaji ynpasa, — npHnoMHHirB, ^to ea npoearB npoBajHJiCA, — npeACxa- 
Bua xpA, TTO no cnirb 1875 ro^a OKasHBaerca Ae(i>Hi](HTB b^b 505 t. 
pyóiei, no npexcroATB en^e noBBie h spynnse paexoxu, vb tomi 
natA 365 Tuc na noramenie saftua a^a MOCTa ^pesi Heay, hto bocb 
nexocraTOBfB xoxoxobi cocraajaerB ao 1.880,000 py6., n no noTOxy 
npexmecTBOBaBnree nocranoBJíeHie, yMeHBmafl nocrynienie na 560 tu- 
ejTfB, noBeprnerB ynpaay vh cepBSdnoe sarpy^nenie. Y^api 6ujFh cnjiB- 
mit. IIpaBAa, mosbo 6iuo cnpocHTB, neysejiH 5 XBoft nasa;^ ynpaaa 
HHwro dToro ne snaia, ito xonycrnM cocToaTBCA TaROMy nocranoBie- 
BÍD? Ho rjiacHHe 6iuh nopasenu, h Bonpoca aroro ne nocTaBHJiH. 3a- 
fiwh ToaapnnrB rojOBu pasiacnnjrB, hto h sasennua HMyn^ecTBa npn- 
BMHeHH KB njiaTesy najiora Exenno noTOMy, vro y ropoxa bítl 
qteACTVB, H ^To noayiaa aron* noBHft hcto^hhxi xoxo^a, ropoAcaoe 
ynpaBjenie otiasano ynorpetfHTB ero HaHnojesnlfiniEirB cnocotfoiTB. 
Il03TOMy opaTopB pimHTejiBHO BHCKasuBajica npoTHBi noAapaoBx xoMO- 
BiajckiBi^airB, b TpeÓOBaxB npHHaria na cien hxi h njaxesa o6ohx% 
rocyAapcTBenHHxi najioroB^B h ocTaajieHia ynjíaTU oi^tno^Haro c6opa 
KB BHcmeiťB pasifipi. 

npoTHBi dToro, Vh CBoeiTB poA'& caMooTBepacennaro TpeóoBania bos- 
crajrB, hhh'í yse yMepmift h onjiaBannBift xyiioi), o^hhi hsi „j«6e- 
pajn»HÍbĚnraxx'' rJiacHHxi Toro apeMenn, THTyxoBaBHHft, san^THHB^B 
noHBineft 6paTÍH vb xBnfi mBomjsKOVh, napascsift narnanHiax ^). 



1) B% sypnaii 16 anp&iA 1876 r., no ciyiEK) aaiMeek o ciiepTH ero aHa^srca: 
ZhTiMTh rr. npHcyrcTByDmle rjiacHHe, noxi tiúmeMi rpycTnaro BnenaTJitoúi no ciy- 



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850 B^CTHEKX KBPOnH. 

* Oh'l BaxoxHJii, HTO npeAJaraeMoe BSHHanie oi][ibHo^Haro ctSopa vh bhc- 
meiTL pasiíipi xorjo 6u 6eitb xonymieHO tojbbo vb TaBOirB C17- 
^ai, ecjH 611 Bi TOMi se pasMibpt BSHxaeMi 6uxb c6op% h cib 
xpyrHxi npeAMeroB^B oÓJOseniA. Mesxy tími ecTB mhofo Tann 
npeAMeroBib, Boropue no nacTOJiii^ Bpeiui eoBce ne oÓJioseHti eme 
HHsaBHHH c((opax0, Basi, HanpHMipi, KBapTHpii. npexJoseHie csoe 
rpa<j^ DlyBajiOBi seian noxBeprayTb ocoóoiiy o6cysA6Hii). 

no 8T0& TOopÍH BUxoxHJio Tasi: AOMOBja;^t;iBi^ii nocreneHHO nox- 
HHtfajm ninuj T.-e. cóopi c% HanHMaTejreft SEapmpi, Mesxy npo^m 
noTOMy, HTO caMH oÓJiosenu rocyj^apcTBeHHHMH naioraMH; Teneps ohh 
sejiaDTi ocBOÓOAHTBCfl on niaTOsa draxi najoroni, npoxojiacaa no- 
jíyqaTB BOSBHmeHHyD noraxy cb RBapTHpaHTOBi; a xan Rasi sa cm 
oxasBBaeTCJi ne^o^erB nojnfHjjnona bi foai*,— to h aacraBETB nonoi- 
HHTB ero Tin se HanniiaTejieň SBapTHpi oceÓim^B enie Ch betl 
cóopowh. 

MesAy Tiu% HamJiHCB rjiacHiie, soTopne HaneciH AyMCBOMy nocra- 
HOBJíeniK) H en^e oxhhi yxapi. Ohh j^oxyícajHCB, tto bí^ab ceóCTBenno 
Ha to, ttoÓh npHHATB rocyxapeTseHHBie naiora ci AOMOBiaxijiBiienb 
Ha ropoACsyx) xaccy, neo^xo^HMO en^e coraade xhhhctpobi BHyrpeH- 
HHxi A^XB H (f)HHaHC0B'B. Ilepox^ dTHiTB pa^natxejH cbohx^b BapiiaHOBS 
coBciiťB cnacoBaiH, h orb ynjiaTii CBoeft noBHHHOCTH H3i ropoxcsoro 
cyHAyaa BOJiet-neBOJteft aojishu 6usb OTBasaTBCA. Ilpesnee nocTaHOBje- 
Hie 6íuo OTiťiHeHO. Ho ohh bobco ne orsadaiHCB otb tofo, vto6a 
BBATB CBoe, 6C1H HO npflMO, TO KocBeHHO. Tasi RasfB najioni, BOTOpiie 
MU TonepB ouATB Ha c^fl npHHfljra, cocTaBJí^DTB no nepeoi^Hsi ao 2 
npoi^OHTOBi, TO noHHBHiTB Ha dTH 2 npoi^eHTa Hamy ynjaTy oit'ÍHO^- 
naro c6opa vb noJTBsy ropoAa, T.-e. BHtoro 10-th 6yAeiťB ujiaTHTB 
Tonso 8 npoi^eHTOBi cb AOxoAa. TorAa ocTanexcH na aaBOHHoft hohb^ 
H cb MHHHCTpaHH HO HaAO óyAOTB coFJianiaTBCA, a nojiifHjjioHa Bce- 
TaRH ce6£ coxpaHHiTB. ?T0 se Kacaercfl ao saTpyAHenift y ynpanu h 
esi Ae4>HitHTa, — to 9to a^o ne name. IIpotfaxiOTHpoBajui: 49 fojiocobb 
osasajiHCB sa 8 npei^enroBi; sa o($jioseHie wb 10 npoi^. nanuocB tojibbo 21. 
—no Óuumeny se npeA^rosenii) o najori na sBapTHpu ne 6hjio ca^- 
jiano HHKasoro nocraHOBjíeniH, sasi 6yAT0 ero h ho bhocbiocb, h Bce 
o6oniJiocB óiaronojy^Ho. A oi^^HOHHHfi c6opi, bxšcto tofo, ^TO(ki 
nBHTBCJi no csAtí vb cyxMt 2.223,000 py6., npHnnxB 6oji^ cspox- 
Hyx) BeJH^HHy 1.778,000. 



n&D TEKoft BHesanHofi yrpaTH yBasaeiiaro ^eiOBiia h noiesHaro o6iiiecTBeHHaro xia- 
Teiji «HyBCTBOBajH ceón se bi cocToaniH npoxoixan saHATÍn bi Hacrojmein. sacixa- 
HÍH, H noaTOHy coópaHÍe 6hio sasparo*. 



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XPOHHKl.— rOPOJCKOE CAlOyiIPiBJIBHIB. 851 

He oxHE oi^iHoqHaA romhhccía nojiy^aerB saiOBane. Oj^hod HS^b 
nepBHXb yqpexHjiacB bommhccía no ycTpofiCTBy aAMBpajrreňcRofi Ha6e- 
pesHOft, — ^H Ha dry kommhccíd HasHaqeHO no 12 tuc. py6. vb roxi. 
Satívb ptmefla Óujia nocrpotsa noeroflHHaro vocTa bmšcto JlHTeft- 
Baro. Aijo OTxaHO onroBOxy crpoHTeiK) sa onpex'6J6HHyD eyifiiy; oco- 
(^ KOMimccLi yqpesAeHa jhbib m^jl naAsopa. Ho, ysnaBi yse bí^poatho 
131 patira, sasi HHorxa TpyAflTCJi jtdah npn 0iipeA'&JeHH0]rE saio- 
BaHBH, npejgrosHia xatb uenairb 6oji^ pa($OTa»niHn h 6o;iBinee 
BOSHarpaxxeHíe, T.-e. luaTBTb no stícbjí^tmawb, ch BuxaqeD sa sas- 
xoe BEeroHORb. IIpieirL npaKTHqecBift h pasyiiHHĚ; ho nacROJibKO ohi 
CBHxiT&ibCTByera O AOCTOHHCTB'i Bu6opHaro nepcoHaja, Ha boto- 
pHfi npej^nojiaraeTCJi BOSxšftCTBOBaTB noAOÓHaro po^a mnopaira — cy- 
XBTh ne ÓyxeiťB. Ha seroHU HaBHaqeHa cyrnia no 12,000 p. vb roxx, 
ipoHi Toro, Ha sani^ejJipiD no 8000, hsi ropoxcsHXi ^cjuuvy BpOMt 
Toro, on CTpOHTejiJi, na Haen xecaTHHKOBi, TexHHsoBi h np. 5,000 p. 
— Htopo 25,000 p. Vb rojpb. 

^yva npHHflJia sto npeAcrasjeHíe ynpaBU, h saTŠui HaiajiocB 6aji- 
ionpoBaBie. Oahrb mn AOCTOŘE^ŘmsTb vmceux^, hhhí yse, irb co- 
zartHÍi), yiiepnrift, B03CTaji'B-6iuo npoTHBi BosnarpaxAeHia soxkhccíh, 
HaxoAH, TTO coopyaseHÍe Moera HacTOJiBso aasno h noJiesHO j^jin nace- 
leniji, qro, 6e8fh covHiiHifl, Hafi^yrcji wh cpexi vj&cwívh seiaDnpe 
nojosHTB Wh 9T0 jAjo TpyA'B CBoft 6e8B08He3AH0. Ho npe^jiosenie ne 
6hio npHHHTO. HaqajacB roHKa sa iseroHaMH. npeAcbxaTaifl BHÓpajH 
óesB sarpy^HeHÍft, ho cb q^enaiCH aoBTopKiacB crapaji HCTopí^i, boto- 
paji cjiyqajutCB h nps Bu6op^ njenoBi ynpaBU, h oi^iiHbqHUKB roh- 
Miedft. Ha 6 BaRancift 6ajiJiOTHpoBajiocB 57 neiOBi^Ri, — h BUÓpaJH 

TOIBRO JCBOHTB. CoCTaBHJIH HOBUO cnHCRH; ORasaiocB 44 RaHAHAaTa,— 

B36paH% jsj> TOJBRO oxHHi. EpaB^a, qro HsépaHmie ne npHHaAJie- 
saiH, cyxJi no HMenaMi hx'b, kb HHCJcy tIxi, rto HCRajrB tojibro se- 
lOHOB^, HO 6oiBmafl xacca roJiocoBi npoTHBi hhxi roeopnjia, hto pas- 
xaqa 12-th Tucsvh hícrojbrbm^b ciacTjniBi][aMi MHornirB ne A^Bajia 

BOROfl. 

B% 8T0-T0 HMeHHo Bpeiffl, Vb BH^y HeycntniHOCTH BuóopoB^B, H no- 
cjAAOBajio ynoMflHyToe npexJOseHie ne xanaTB BOSHarpasAOHÍJi. O^e- 
BHAHO, HMŠiocB Bi BH^y pacxojiOAHTB cjHniRoiTB jwb Topjmee pBOHie 
jnoÓHTeieft xopororo Ba6jii)AeHÍA sa tímx, RaRi Apyrie A'i^jia A^jaDTB. 
droj BnpoieiTB, hh ri qeiiy ne nosejio. San^HTHHRH hx'b crajiH roBO- 
pffTB o HecnpaBeAJHBOCTH npoAJioseHiji, o tom^b, ^to nysno bb Ta- 
xon cxyqaš othatb coAepasaHie y ^johobi ynpasu h Apyrnxi rox- 
xHccift, ero noxyqaK)n^HX'B, wo BHHOBaTO ho BosnarpasAeme, a nopA- 
AOR^ BUÓopoBi^ H T. A* BonpocB, xoTfl yse npesAO p'imeHHiiift ajmok) 
yTBepxHTejiBHo, nocTasjeni ohatb na roxoca h ohatb npnnarB chjb- 



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352 BftOTUKl IBPOnH. 

vawh (SojBinHHCTBOirB. Tor^a ((ajijiOTHpoBajH hsi iipesHHX'b keh^^h- 

XaTOBl, H nOiy^HJIH OCTaUHHXl TpOHZl UeHOBl, BnpO^eiTB H TO 

exBa-exBa: okbb% nepes^^irB 4-x'l, a xpyroft ieidb 2-r& rojiocoBS. 

TasHiTB otfpasoiTB cocTaBEJiacL dTa komhhccía, Koropaji h HatfjD- 
xaia BO Bce Bpeiui nocrpoftcH Mocra, Ch H^soTopHira nepeic^HaMH jraq- 
Haro cocraBa. H noiy^HJH rr. ^;i6hh h npeAC^xaTeiL sa cboh xpyxu 
seroHOBi Ha 58,000 py6. EpoMŠ Toro, pacxoj^u sam^ejupcRie h nep- 
TexHue, H up. 67,415 py6. Romhhccía ne npESHaia, Bnpo^eirB, nys- 
Hsnrb cocTaBHTB o6]iqft OT^en, no spa&Heft Mtpi ero hítibi ^Hsbí- 

CTÍflXl" ^ HH AOJISHU 6ujn yXOBOJI&CTBOBaTLCfl CBŠA^HieiTB l^H^pi H8% 

roAOBKixi OT^eroBib. 

Htofo 125,000 py6. cxanmowb sa Ha^sopi. 

n, HecxoTpji Ha HaA3op'B, CTOHBmift CTOjiLKO Aonerb, ne o^^na ^e- 
JOBinecBaji shshl norpeóeHa noA'B HOcroBtnai KecconaMH. 

Bi sasiD^eme, oahhi hsx riacHur&, ne npioón^HBnraxcji ufka- 
Buwb xeroHaiTB, npe^CJiosHXB hobu& m&rowh. „Bimo 6u npiaTHO Tiwh 
jomaiTL, soTopiu npAMo HjiH socBeHHo npHHHMajiH yqacTie bi coopy- 
senÍH SToro Mocra, hmítl y ce($A snasi, BupasaDni^ift y^acrie vb 
aroiTB jí,íjA^. IIodTOMy owh „npexJiosHXL vb naii atb nocTpo&RH MOcra 
ycTaHOBHTL seroffB, BOcnojibaoBaTLCJi soTopmrB uoTjn 6u tí, soropHe 
BO Bpeifji coopyseHui xocra sannifajHCb A^aHH ropoACsoro oCn^e- 
CTBeHHaro ynpaBiemji'', T.-e. soropse Tose „nazajn''. — HTasoenpex- 
jioseHÍe xyMa nanua BOSHosHinrb otfcyxxaTB oco6o; oho Bnpoqem ne 

BCTpi^THJíO nOXXepSEB, H B84IT0 OtfpaTHO. 



Ki ^HCjiy ]í,ijrh Hawnixi en^e vh crapofi xyif^y npEHa^jesajio h 
ycTpoftcTBO saropoAHiixi Bjiax^HiirB. Buco^aftmaji bojih o6:e stoitb bu- 
paseea Óiua bi 1871 roxy, a vb KOHi^t 1872 roxa oj^tto Riax^Hii^e, 
npeoÓpaseHCSoe, no jihhíh HHROjiaeBCsofi meji^Buot xoporn, 6iuo yse 
OTKpuTO. JÍ^MM ycrpofiCTBa A^a cyn^ecTBOBaja ropoxcsan somfncciffy 
soTopan npoAOJiauLia A^&CTBOBaTB b npn hoboitb cocTaBŠ xyMU. Bos- 
HHBjio-6iuo npeAnojioasenie nepe^aTB ycTpoftcTBo BToporo BiaxÓHn^a, 
no $HMnHACBO& Aoporb, canoft ynpavb, no ona OTBjíoHua otl cetfn 
dTOTB rpjKb h npexJOSHja XJin Toro oco6yD ncnojiHHTMBHyi) kommhc- 
cil). MoTHBoirB nocjiysHjíO to, hto uaAt^Hn^encBoe ^iio npexcraBjíaera 
HOByD OTpacjB zosflScTBa, TpeéyerrB oco6aro na^sopa h drassaro sna- 
soxcTBa co BC^MH otfcTOflTejBCTBaMH, npH BOTopiixi nocjíixoBajio 
ycrpoftcTBO BJia^finn^. Ho, xasercji, bcjisoo x'6jo Tpeóyen naxaopa 
H 6jiH3Karo snaBOMCTBa cb hhitb; ciijcyerB jih nsib aioro, ^to Heo6zo- 
Xhmo yBOjra^HBaTB hhcjo CTynenefl, no soTopuiTB npnxoxHTCJi xyvcBXírB 
j^tjiaMi BOcxoxHTB H HHCxoAHTB? Ejiaj^($Hn^eHCEan BomrHcdn, conacHO, 



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XPOHIKA.— rOPOXCBOB GAMOyiIPÁBlXHII. 353 

lopoven, sasoHy, nox^Hnena yapaBi. HaA'B ynpaeofi CTOán en^exyxa; 

DOP KOMMHCCiefi HEZOAHTCa H^CTHaa ua^ÓH^eHCKaji aXXHHECTpaAifl. 

He oveHB jui (uoxevb bocb 8tot:b iiexaHHSirB vb TasoirB eecjiosHOMi 
lili? I^tjuxi ^erupe HHCTaHi^iH. Bapo^exi^ yopasa opeAnoiaraja 
KonacdH saxany, tislbeuwl oópasom, op^aHH8a^ioHHyI), cx tími, 
m no OKOH^aTeiBHoiťb ycrpofiCTs^ uaAfiHiii^i Bce óy^en nepe^aap 
et H wtA&Fb Vb o6u^Bua paiisH. 

npoesn ynpaBEi cb hírotophmi BBA0H3MÍHeHÍeirb npHHJiTX fíuojo 

n Haqaii 1874 ro^a. Eoxmhccía oÓpasoBana hsi nfeífiij^rexhCTBjth 

jom uena ynpaBu, h Tpezi meEOVh — rj[acHux'B, c% oubaoiii bi» 

720 pj6. BávoMy b% roA'B na pavBisAU. SaBŠABiBanie BJEa^ÓHn^aMH 

I BasHaieno nepeA^TB on rommhccíh ynpaBŠ Tor^a, sorxa Ayxa npH* 

3H8en dTO BOSKOSHillTB. 

BtuonpoBaTBCA sejiaD^m 6iuo ne ctojibbo, wvh vh oisíbno^JBUJi 
KOKucdH HiH jufl EBABopa 8a nocTpoftsofi Mocra. CaMoe x^JO f&- 
ciOAio BenpúrrHo; Aa h 720 py6. sa xaKoe a^o 6yAT0 6u xajOBaTO. 
Tin le MCHie HanuocB 22 sanHcaHHiizi b:b BaHAHAaTU. Hsi hhx^ 
n OAiBi npieiTB BuÓp&in bcíxi Tpexi ueeoBi. 

Bl KOBiii 1874 roAa ocBAn^eHo h BTopoe, ycneHCsoe KjaA^Hiii^e, 
onjanoe a^h norpeÓeHk ci ci^Ay^n^aro aHeapa. ^tao bomxhccíh, 
mnu oópasoxi, npHxoAuo vb BOHi^y. 

Ho lOAi HAerB sa roAOifB, a kom mhccíji npoAoaxaeirB cyn^ecTBOsaTB 
> xo eui nopx, H B!B ropoACKyD tuiry h6H3m%hho bhochtca eseroAHO 
ÍM pf(!. Ha pasiisAH HOTiipeirB iHi^airB, ee cocraBjuDn^HirB. Me«Ay 
rtn A0X0A'B Cb oóomvb uaAÓnim no chítí 1880 r. cocTBBJUijfB 
K^ 11,600 py6., a wA paczoAU no coAepsaniD.BjíaAÓBnii 51,519 p. 
3a aiecTB jíte, no OBOH^anÍH ycrpo&CTBa nroporo xjiaAÓHn^a, npoiSAU 
MiBccuio6onLiHCB Óojtbe 17,000 pyójefi; no xasifl Mipu ajib pasBH- 
Bi xiia poABXHCB OTB Toro — ^Ho BBABTB. IIpaBAB, zopoHOHie HB saropoA* 
B&uaAÓimazi, ApyrHMH cjtoBaira MenBmee nanojneHie ropoACBHzi, 
~^ B eoeraBjífldio i^šib ycrpo&CTBa nepBHzi,— BcrpiuerB cepBesHUfl 
^XfleBía B!B AyxoBHOxi bíaomctb^. Ono OTcraHBaera cboh HHrepecu, 
<>>3ttHue Cb ropoACKHMH BiaA6Hn;aifH, h ne tojebbo somiihccíb, ho h 
Hq, h híjoul xHHHCTepcTBa ne Moryn no6opoTB hz'b. Ho mosho se- 
^ ^Toóii saropoAHHH uaA^nn^a ca^jbjhcb Aocrynn^ roposanaiTB 
^74Q(ScTBy cooón^eniji; mo6u mosho 6huo a^&ctbhtbjibho noJiBao- 
'QMB sejT&SHHMH AopopaME A4fl HacTaro nepeABHseniB TyAa h 
ío; wto6u Ha caMHxi KjaA^Hoiiazx Óiua au nociTHTeiefi 

I BaBafl-HHÓyAB yDTHOCTB; ttoSh UBA^nm^a ho npeAcraBjuH, oco- 

19 BpeoópaxencBoe, h ocoóohho SHMoft, RBKofl-To Heo6%HTHofi crenH 

SfiUpH, FA^^ OTB HBTeieĚ H BBDPB HejíBBii yAepBcaTBCA HB Horazi. 

Bvo OTTOHaerB on hhzi abso HeóoraTuxi, HeTpeÓOBaTejBHUzx 

Tonl—flBBAFfc, 1881. 23 



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854: Moram ibpoiih. 

jiD^eft. Mips, cnocoÓHUA ycTpaHHTB 9th h DOAo((Hiifl HeyAOÓcTBa, 
HaxoxATCJi Bi pysaxi ropová, h bi qacTHOCTH kommhccíh. O^^HaRo o6i 
9T0H'B .HsBicTia'^ MOJiqaTE roxaMH, H xase ee noir6ii^ai)rB, KaR'B 
npesxe, OT^eroei o x^TejiBHOCTH KJiax^Hii^eHCEOfi somuhccíh. 



EoMMHCck xeayTaTOBi no Haxsopy sa isonEO-meji^EuuB AoporaxH 
TaKse o6xoAHTCH, ecjH ne vb 25, to bi I2V2 npoi^eHTOBi ropoAcsoro 
orb BBÍi> Aoxoxa. 3a^b ho xícto bzoahtb kb noxpoónocTH aroro 
A^ja, Ha^aBinarocfl em^e bb Aop#opMeHHo& Aynt h ocyo^ecTBJíeHsara 
HOBiftmHMH npeACTaBHTejflMff, Bnpo^eicb, ne Bcer^a sb hz'b ciasi. 
Otmíthmb jiHmb H^KOTopufl nepTH. 

Bi Ha^aii A'iJi0 TAHyjiocb bajio. Grapaji ,K0MiíHccía o noJiBsaxx i 
Ejx](B,Tb*^ BHecjia CBOft AOuaAB o K0HH0-sejiteHiiz'B Aoporaxi en^e vb 
1871*Mi roxy; HO eicy HasHaqeHO 6ujio ocTaTBea HenoxBHatHo vb osi- 
AaHÍH HOBBIXl nopflABOBl. Ilo TSTb BBexeHÍH, Bl ídhí 1873, xoKiax^b 

6ujn> npeAJioseH!b vb pa8CM0Tp'&HÍK), ho, sa Henoiy^eHíem ero hí^bo- 
TopHUH rjacHUMH, OTXomewb, h bbobb sibejce nepe^i xyMOD ne paeie 
san q6pe8'B nojm)xa, bb nojiOBHHi Hoaópfl. Bce saci^xaHie nponuo bx 
npefliflXB o TOMB, sasB h Rony oócysxatB h noAroxoBBTB noxpoÓHOCTH 
Atja, H aaRjnDHHJocB, HasoHei^B, nsópameMB hoboí romichccíh hsi 7-mb; 
efi nopyqeno pascMOTpiTB bb xerajiaxrB bcí npexcraajieHEue npoesTu, 
oócy^HTB npejcDOJOseHifl npesnefi ROBunedH m BHecra sa tíhb noxpo6- 
Huft AOEjax^B. Go^epsaHÍA rovhhccíh h6 npacBoeHo HHRaRoro, h BiiÓopn 
B^B nee coctoajhcb óesB sarpy^Hema. 

JíflEJLdkjvb ROKnccÍH HaneqaTaHi bb aiipšiBCRofl rhisr'í „Tl9BÍcríi^ 
1874 roj^a, h cb na^aia Hafl, naqajocB yse ero oócysj^Hie. JSfijío 
npHSHaBaiocB „bi& Bucmeft CTeneHH nojreBHHiiB h HeorjiosHNirB*. 
06cysjii(eHii> xóuaxa h bc&cb B03HHRaBiiiHz> saaBjíeHit nocBJíB^eHo 
cp^Ay B0C6MB saci^aHift. Oco6eHHo, BnponeMB, naiipaseiHaro SHrepeca 

RB dTOliy JÍ,ÍXJj XOTJI H „HeOTJlOSHOMy", He ÓtUO BaUÍTHO co CTOpOHEI 

rjacHiixB: hxb He coÓHpajiocB hh pasy xaace h cra qeiOB^RB, a Cusaxo 
HHorAa 70, xase 67. HftRoropue nyHRTU bob^jruur oco6eHHo CHJiBHHe 
coopu, Hanp.: cynica h nopuoRB c6opa wb ropoxcROi jiioxox^, OHEcrsa 
nyToft OTB CHira h t. n. HtaoTopue rjiacHue, noBHAHMOMy, npnio 
rjiAAJiii^ie Ha a^jo^ HacTaHBajiH, vto6u cóopB BSHiiaTB cb Barona 
H Cb BopcTU, RaRB HO Tpe6yDmiň cjoxHaro rohtpou. Ho Bepz% 
Bsajio npexJioseHie rommhccíh o BSBuaniH c6opa cb najiOBoro xo- 
xoAa. Bb OTHonieniH rb nopaARy OTAa^H ROHi^eccin, cb Toproax hjh 
tiesB ToproBB, now&AHee npexioseme esejío BepxB, ho toibro nepe- 

BŠCOITB OAHOro FOJOCa (37 npOTHBB 36). PftoieHO, ^TO SHHHee ABHse* 

BÍe no Bcefi cíth npnsHaercji 0($ji3aTejiBHiiUiB. IIphhrtb OAHOotfpasmift 



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XPOHHSA.— rOPOAGKOK OAMOJIIPABIEHIB. 855 

np%^ Bi 5 BOD. BHyTpn Barona h 3 Ron. na HMnepiaj'6. HaRonei^i, 
BSÓpaBÍe DpeAopiHHMaTaiA ajm^ eABHorjiacBO Hamjia 'HysRsm opeAO- 
craBBTb cetii caMOft. 

Bl CeHTAÓpi R0HH0-SeJÍ3HUfl AOpOrH OnflTB 3aBil4H BHHHaBie AyMfil, 

HO yse npH MHoft oócraHOBst. Bi nepsoe se sacbAaeie ^Buocb ne 70^ 
HHe67, a 173 rjiacHuxi. OqeBHAHo, obh npoHHBjíHCb SHaqeHieiTB aíjíí^ 
H UKb sanHcaHO wb sypeajii saciA^úi 25 ceHTfl6pfl, „MHoríe h8'B 
rr.rjacHiix'B" saaBHJiH sejraHie, ^to6u BonpocrB o&b ycTpoiiCTB'& korho- 
aejii3HHn> AoporB ůus/b BHBeAeei hsx o^epeAR h nocraaieRi npesAe 

9*ro ORTRÓpa 6ujii sBaMenaTejiERufi jifiEb: npexcTOJija óajijiOTHpoBRa 
npeAnpHHHMaTejji. TjiacHue coópajiHeb b'b hhcjí^ ro^th HeóUBaaosrb — 
192 ^ejoB^sa. IIpaB^a, no ropoAy xoahjih npe^rb rbu^b caiiue AHsie 
ciyxi, yaoMHHajHCb bi paaroBopaxi „apoMeccH^ h Apyrin, en^e ÓOJťbe 
AypHiu caoBa. MRorie HCspeRHO hjh dphtbopbo BOjROBajHCb h bos- 
vjn^aiRCB. ?TO-TO 6hjo o^eRb HeRopiiajiBHoe, h xo rr Toro, to hr 
ipjroro ysasuBaju najEBi^em. Tasí hjh BHaie, coópancb au grand 
complet. 

fiorxa rjacRue ro^tb npBCTynB.8B srb 6ajJOTBpoBK'& BOfli^eccioBepa, 
oi^vh EVh flflxi, yMRuĚ B noJIB8yDn^&CR BecoMfltHBiiM^ SHaqeRieirb, 

HeOSBJ^tRHO OÓJíWJTb BC^Zl ZOJO^BCA BOAOft. Owb BOBBpRTBJICR Rl CO- 

CTOABmeifycfl yse nocraHOBjeniD, ROTopuHi xyna Bsópasie droro npoA* 
npBHHRaTejifl npoAOcraBBja ce6% yRasHBajrb na BenpaBBJSBOCTb Tasoro 
B3rjaAa, na to, HTorjiacRue bobhI^dti AftBRUXi ajir oi^íhrh coBCsa* 
Teiet, HTO KOBi^eecioHepi ecTb Tors se boapra^bri, a bxi BuÓBpaeri 
ynpaBa, h t. a. Ho htó xyse Bcero— 6hjio ynouRByTo o „RtROTopttx-B 

DOCTOpOBBHXl BjríRfliRX^", KOTOpUR MOryTIb ROBeCTE Rl „OniBÓBaMl^ 

npe Bu6opi b^ cpe^^i MBoroHBcaesBaro co6paBifl ^ynu. 

TpesBufi RsrjiJíAi samejii €06*6 CRJibRyi) noxxepsRy bo MBorax^s 
rjacRUx^B. Ho en^e óo^bme Hanuocb trkbxi, ROTopue Be óobjiacs 
omóorb BCJ^ACTBÍe nocropoBHflxi bjírbí^: obr BaxoAB^XB, ito a'^o 
(esooBopoTHO pimeno eABRorjiacBUMi nocTanoBjenieiťb AyMU. SaóiiBa- 
jocb, Bnpo^eMi, HTO TO seABBorjacie*' npeACTasjRjo jbrib TpeTbS) qacTb 
H&iRqaaro Tonepb ^BCJa. Ho^TaROBU ysi boprakb: ocBOBaRÍa A'&sa 
ycTaROBjiaK>T% accrtrh fojocobi, a na npBMiBeRíe dTBxx ocBOBaRÍft, br 
HcnojHeBíe, rbjrdtcr cotbb. Dojíosbjib mapu — n ORasaiocb 105 sa 
npesaee nocraROBjeHÍe b 85 npoTBBi Bero. HaBÓojiie nerepaijBBue 
TpeiSoBajiH neiieAJieHBoft órjliotbpobbb r Roei^eccionepa — pasyiiieTCR, 
n BBAy Toft se sasBocTB A'i^'ia; no no b-írotopijmi noóoqRUMi o6* 
CTORTeJiBCTfiaiťb npnnijocb sauacTBCb Tepo']^BieM'b ao cj^Ay^nitaro pasa. 

18 0BTR6pR — ORRTb 192 T.iaCBUXl! Ho ORRTb npOHSORUO ni^To 

HeapiflTHoe. Ho npRrjameBiB r^ 6a;r;[OTBpoBRi RORi^eccíoHepa bíroto-' 

23* 



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356 BMTHm iBPonH* 

pue H8i rjfacHHXi sanHjfl, ito ohh, jbx HHwb mecTH TOJOBtsib, do- 
xajni ropoACKOMy fojobí nporecn npoTHirB BTopH^Haro nocraHOBieHLi 
xyMS o Buóopi vb noíHOMi co6paHÍH ex, a noTOMy orsasuBaDTCA 
orb yiacTífl vh óajMorapoBsi. Bi hhitb npHCoeAHHHJCfl bi caMom^ 
8acÍAaHÍH en^e o^hetb. Htofo ceiiepo. IIpoTHBi sasoHHocTH etb npo- 
TecTa BospasajTb, wb yxHBjeHii), óuBnnfi Torxa TOBapHm,i fojobu. 
Haní xasercfl, hto vh Bewh HH^ero HesaBOHHaro eítb^ h6o 8to> 
Vh eyiQHOCTH ÓHJío »oco6oe iraiHie", soTopoe h npioón^eHO kb mMy* 
Ho TTO noAaia ero 6ujía nocTynosi HecTBuft,— aro ne Doxiesím co- 
MH^Bíi); offB 6hji BpoMi TOFO H ÓjaropadyMOHi, TaRi KaKib npoHs- 
BOAHjacB 6ajuoTHpoBKa BaxpuTaji. Ohh ho saiajn 6iitb sano^ospie- 
BUME Kb AByJiHHHOCTH, Vh HOiTb Moserb CTaTbCH corpimuH HHiie, Ha 
cjOBazi paTyn npoTHBi, a bi^ tomhotí 6ajjiOTHpoBajBHaro Ho^HKa 
uaxfl sa. El cosajiníi), xopomie npHM^pii ne sapasHTeibHH. Ceiiepo 
TaKi H ocraiHCB oxhh; nes^y rbvh^ KasaiocB 6h, JionriecKH xojshu 6u 
Vh hhmi npHMBHyTB H BC^ ocTajiBHue mvh 85-TH, no;^aBiDHn vh npoin- 
jOMi 8ac%AaHÍH rojoca npoTHFB H86paHÍ£ KOHi^ecdoHepa caMoft xyMofi. 

6% pesyjBTaTi osasajoeB, ^to Bepxi BSflja BOMnaHÚ rr. ry6o- 
HHHa H BarniiaBOBa. Ona o^oJiiia Bcivb npoHRzi cenepiixi xoBsyp- 
poBTOBi óojBHniHCTBOiii 125 BpOTHffB 48. Bi mucii noBepseBBux'^ 
tiujTB H BHaiieHHTiiift AOBTopi CTpycCeprB: eiiy oojiobuuh 9 H36Hpa- 
T6JBHUXI mapoBi! 

SarbiTB A^o nonuo cbohhi lepexoirB... Ho TaKB sarB no kob- 
TpaxTy, npHHHTOMy xyMoft, BOBi^eccioHepH ynjaHHaaDrB ropoxcsoft c6op%^ 
HO CB nocTOHBHoft BOJtH^HBii, a Ch H3iiÍHaDn^eftcji, ch BaiOBoro xoxoxa, 
TO ORasajocB HeoÓxoAHiiuirB ycraBOBHTB ocoÓHft ÓJHsaftnrift robtpojb. 
Minimum c6opa vh DepBUfl 10 jrbrh oapex^eai no 12,000 pydí- 
nodTOMy xyMa nosxHie pascys^ajia o xenyraTaxi otb ropoxa jvui 
Ha6jDxeHÍA BasB sa b'6pboctíd CHeroBTB no cóopairB, ran h BOo6ii^e 
sa HcnpaBBOCTBD XBHseBifl. npexnojiarajiocB BasBauTB tpohtb, bq 
xyiia oeraBOBHJiacB aa hath. Esópasi vh Tom sac^xulH tojbko 
OXRHl O- 

B% OBTfltfpi, Be npflerynaji en^e vh BHÓopy 0CTajBBiix'E ^tenyra- 
TOBi, xyMft saHAjacB tími se Bonpocom: cj^yen mm bitb A&Bax^ 
B08HarpaxA6BÍe? OÓBsanBocTH bxi no BOBrpaxTy coctobti vh peBBSo- 
BaHiH, pasTB Vh roA^ BHBrB H HHBeBTapfl B Vh oómeiTB Ba6jx>xeBÍH, 
óesTB BCJiKaro BM&maTOJiBCTBa vh caiíyx) axMBBBcrpaiUD. BipoBTso bt> 
BBAy HecjoxflocTfl Tpyxa, BiBoropue rjacHue BaxoxKra bosmosbuitb 
npexJOSBTB BOCTB ero ÓedBosnesAHo. AP7^í® ^um sa BOSBarpas^eBie. 



1) 9x0 ÓHio Bi ídhí 1875. ^Boe eme Bu6paHH h% OKTiiópi, oxhhi bi aHBapi^ 
1876 r. E oxnn n cem6p^. 



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xpoHiiLÁ. — ropoxcKOB ciioynPiBJíKEis. 857 

Qoejii^iiHie nepefficuH ČO-bd mapaioi npoTHBi 39. Bi OTHomeHiH 
pasMibpa, oxHH sejUH j^srh do 600 py&i. nocTOJranaro ouaxa sax- 
lOMj, xpyrie vh opoi^eHTaxi Ch osHxaeiiaro ropoxcsoro Aoxoxa, hmohho 
12 Vt iipoi^eHT06% Ha BciTh narepuzi; 56 npoTHBi 33-zi csasajHCL 
da 9T0 BOCjrifcxHee. Oho npexcrasjajo Hn ceóii Tose caoero po^a 
iDH>i»i. niMi minimum'^^ vh 12,000 dro cocTaBJUo Bcero 1,500 pytf., 
T.-e. BO 250 pyti. vh roA'B na xenyraTa, — ne ÓMOcramfie Bosnarpas- 
xesie. no9TO]iy*TO ohh h aojshu cTapaTLCJi Ha6jii)xaT&, «ito6ii cóopH 
sjH Bfb ropy. 

Uíkn vb vtowh OTHonema ^oerarHyra. IIo ciifo& 1880 r. vb 
pasxiji xeoyTaTa]r& OTHeceno yse 3750 py6., T.-e. ho no 250, a bo 
750 p. Ha xamxaro. PasyMtercji, bto jy^me. Ho, enpamHBaercA, na 
CMoaMO me en^e jiy^me Óy^ers noejrt Toro, aaai npHdaBHjH .BODifiKy**? 
H rjaBHoe, HyxHo-jni 6iuo npHÓaBUTB ary KonUay, ecjra h 6en hoa 
xoxoxi ropow, cyxa bo cmítí, Bospocfb cb 12 xo 33 ruam^ a Baxo- 
Boft c6opi, cjtxoBaTeiBHO, cb 600 t. ao nojiyropa MUjioHa? Ha cbojbbo 
ae xccrarnyra jxfbih vb xpyrovB OTHomeHia, T.-e. zpaHeHÍa HHrepe- 
^omB o6iiBaTejeft, — h3bíctho bc^itb h xas^OMy wvb oyÓJiHBaipft o 
HepejonaHHia^B pyaaxi h noraxi 9thxi caMHzi oóiiBaTeieft, a en^e 
Jiy^noe hbi droft caMoft kobMbh. rjíacHue ohohb (Sohihcb, vto^ se- 
jr]k8HO-BOHHoe x^o HO Bonajo wb HBH-ntk) pyan, spoMi i^rB, boto- 
pHii &%> MfipmtLME. Eorxa pin sanria o BosBumeBÍH TapH(|»a, to kb 
MjMj BOCTynuo npex^oxesie xpyroft KoiinaHÍH, HM^Bmeft vb bexj 
BHEynBTB npexopijme y HecocroaTeJiBHaro, 6yATO-6ii, otfn^ecTBa h y^pe- 
jpnrB TOBi^^HB^ecTBO, BOTopoe dBCDJiyaTHpoBajio 6ii BOHHO-saiiteHua 
j(oporH 6e«B BOBunreniji Tapnij^ h booób^o aa ycjOBÍaxi 6ojie bhtox- 
HHZi Xjm ropoxa. H-^BOTopye rjiacHHe nojanuiH nopyqaTB ynpaai 
pascMorpiTB dTO npexJOseHie, — ^tó aasaiocB 6u eerecTBraHHirB; ho 

{ÍOJIBHraHCTBO lA-Tb npOTHB1& 10 BOCBpOTHBBJOCB, — H paSBBBHO HaJIO- 

MMMO Ha 6ÍKBBrb jDxeft BonMay. Ha xoropoft oiopoHi óuxh ropou- 
^Bie xenyraTH, MBocia koex^b, BOJiy^aA 12Vi npoiieHTOBi, oóeperaTB 
mrepecB oÓUBaTeiet?.. 

MosHO npHBeeTH en^e ne mbjo spaMipoB^ Toro, hto x^a^ nopy- 
^aemia xyMOD somiHciairB Hjra OTxtiBHUirB iHi^aMi, ?yTB ne nau- 
vtjacb npAMo c% Bonpoca o BOSHarpasxeBiH. 

HaBHawDn xenyraTa npH oómecTBi boxodpoboxobi,— OMy oajiaxi; 
saTlirB npH xpyroirB,— rose: cnqma otfoHirB ho 600 py6.; noTon 
BOBBHCHJH oxHOMy xo 1,500 py6. 

npoearHpyMTB BHsynHTB aoxonpoBOXH y oÓn^ecTaa. Camift bphb- 
HwsFb emjd ne ptmeni h x'6io botoitb octb^oob bo npesneify btb 
pyaaxi oÓB^eeraa, — a yse MtCTO h oajaxi fotobh: oco6aa hcboihh- 



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358 BtfrtvBVb iBPonH. 

Tejmtfl BOMMBciji, DpeAci^xaTejíB— 5,000 p., xsa ^leHa— no 2,500 p., 
MHiíejwpia— 26,590 p.; Bcero 36,590 py6. OÓn^eCTBO pacxoxyerb tojíbko 

34 TUCJIVH. 

DpoeRTBpyDrb dpehatb óojshhi^ii wb B^inie ropaxa; nyTBHenep- 
BHft nyflSTL: nom^BTexawb npH Kasj^oft Hsi hhxi xaTL no 3,000 py6. 
Bi roA'B. SarfeMi to se a^a KOMMHctíft no caHHTapHOMy naASopy, flo 
EOHTopt xjd^ÓHoft npBcraHH, no nocTpofisi CBOxofioeni, no peBHsiH 
OTqeroBi ynpaBU. 

Oicjiaxu j^aJiH M^CTO oxnoMy crpanBOiiy, no Tasse xapaKTepnoify 
dnnsoxy. Bi 1875 roxy o^hh^b hsi rjacnux^B bhoci npeuosenie o6i 
ycTanoBjeniH npaBua, ito6ii oxho n to se anao ne sanHiiajo oaho- 
BpeMeHBO 6oji']^e Asyxi xojsnocrefi, xoTopuMi npHCBoeno sajoBasBO, 
HJH Bootin^e xenesnee BoanarpasAeflie. npex^iosenie bto pa3CM0Tp'bHO 
xyMOD, H, CoiBniHncTBOM^B 63-xi TOJOCOBi npoTHBi 22-xx, xBse eme 
6ojie paxHBajBHO pimeno, ^to BHÓopnoe jiRao Moasexi noJiy^aTB bos- 
narpasxeBie tojibko no oxBOfi xoisboctb. Ho npomejii oj(bb'b tojbeo 
roA'B, H Bi 1876 roxy Apyraa ROMiiBccifl, o BOTopoft 6uáo yse ynoMx- 
HyTO BKime, npe^josajia otm^betb sto orpanB^esie. H xyiia oxMiBHJia 
ero 48-10 rojocaMH npoxBBi 88-iih. Ho coÓcxBeBBO pinrenie bommhccíh 
VB 9T0M% CMucjt cocTOBJíOCB 611(0 Bi» ceHTJifipi npeAmecTBOBaBmaro 
roj^a, npaBHJío se ycraflOBJíeBO 6ujio bi^ Mapri. OqeBHXHO, oho ne 
noJiBSOBajiocB coqyBCTBieifB. Gam rjiacBHfi, c^ijiaBniift nepBona^ajiBBoe 
npe^JioseHie, óujtb qjieBOM^ btoA bommbccíii h npHMRnyjTB si ob mb^bíd. 

?TÓ BCe 8T0 BBaHBTB? Ho SBa^HTl JE BTO, Cl O^HOft CTOpOBU, BÍB0T0paA 

seoóxyiiaBBOCTB, bbbi aBxopa npe^JroseBiB, TaB'B h Ajuvň a Cb Apyrofi, 
BipoiiTflíto Bcero, qTO epe^H 252 o^obb mbjo jiDji^eft, Boropne mofjib 

6ll AifiCTBBTOJBBO paÓOTBTB, H npBXOABTCA BOdTOMy BOBSpan^aTBCil 

Bce vk rbu% se BeMBorsMi, KOTopuxi b bhahm^b nocxoBBBo h s^tcB 
H TBni. He Bcb boiimbccíb noJBByDTCB OBjaxaiíB, — ĎesupncrpacTie no* 
CysxaerrB bobtopbtb bto; bo h BcsaBÍe h j^ase Tpe6oBaBie Bossarpas- 
xeBia BBJBercji HBOrxa aí^xomi o^esB ecrecTBeABum, sorxa idah 
Be^oraTue nasBanaDTCB 8a*pa8'B rh bícrojbbbvb x^airB, 6epyn(BirB 
se MBJO Bxi BpeneHB. noaTOMy B03BarpasxeBÍB ne ciaBBJBCB 6u vb 

yROpi, eCJBÓU BMB OBJa^HBajCB xMCTBHTOJBBHft H nojedBufi TpyAi. 

Ki cosaxbBÍD, Bi HeiiajioirB qHCii^ cjtynaesi, x^btojibboctb onia^es- 

BUXl paÓOTBBROBl BBl ^HCJB TJíaCBUXl npeACTaBJAeTCil TOJBRO (}>opMeH- 

HODy a noTOMy ■ óesnaoABOi). 

npBBje«ieflie cbísaxi yMCTBOBBUXi chji, npBBjfe^enie oÓsjBBoe, 
BO qTO 6u BH CTajo,— BOTi nanaaeB x^ib yjy^meBi^ zo^a samax^B 
xyMCRBxi a1^%. OroBopBMCB, BnpoiOMi. dto npBBje^eBie aojsbo 6utb 
bbojbí jerajBBO. BcBRie oózow, bi pojcb, BanpHMipx, bsbtíb o6pa- 

BOBaBBUMH JíDXBlfH, BOHlťbDni^BlIH npBBl Ba<!HpaTeJieft, npOKIiICJOBilZ^ 



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xpoHiKi. — ropoxGKOi GiioynPÁBJísHis. 359 

CBixirejiBCTBi TOJBBO VA TOFO, vto6u npio6p%CTH dTH DpEBa, — npo- 

THBHH, Xase BOSMyTHTejBHS JÍ,M JK)Aefi HCTHHHO-nOpjiAO^HHXX. 9x0 

Íbjtb 6u nojuorb. bo bcaromi cjy?a'& josb, h jídah, roTOBue npH- 
npBTBeflCiHeD — ne tí, bi koitb Hys^aercA caiioynpaBjeHie. Bucoría 

BpaBCTBeHHHfl npSBHJia, JUíVb UJlOKh HCTHHHarO 06pa80BaHÍfl, — BOTh 
TOWt ODOpU MA UJOXOTBOpHOCTH BCABO& A^TeJBHOCTH H Hameft 
JtflH Kb OCOÓeHHOCTH. IIpATOlTB OHE, H BCÍ, KOPO A^M Bil npAMO 

UH loeBeHHO xacaDTCA^ XOJShu domeetb, hto pesyjBTaxu, eH) aoctef- 
Hynie, Bcerxa óy^yn cjiysETB o^hhitb hsi CHjBHifimiix^B npHMipoBi 
H pmaroBi xja pasBHTifl Hameft o6mecTBeHHofi h xase noiHTHiecBoft 

opniBsupg. 

K. O p A. 



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■BBH 



KABHHETHAfl PEÝOPMA 

yi&3jHBix'L y^HiHmx 



Peif^opifa npeoópasoBaHÍJi ÓJNUseHHoft naii jith yisxHun yvuBn^ vb 
ropoACKÚi nponua fb iHTeparypi dotth HesaiiiieHHot. Hh vh raseraxE, 
HH FB sypeaiarB dra pe4K>p]ia ne o((cyxxajacB Cb tod GepBéSHOCTBD, 
sasoft HaxoÓHO tfiuo 6ii seiaTB. Esbí^ctho, ?to yi^SAHHxi yiBjnairB 
pasctflHO 6iuo no JíHiiy pyccKOft seifiH obojio nojíyTHca^H h bi BKTh 
oóyqajocB noApocraDii^ee vojioxoe noiojrikue HHsimxi u sna^H- 
TejuHoft nacTH epexHHn uaccom HaoeieHÚi. EHane roBopa, fb yiax- 
HHTb yujuiqaxi BOcniiTUBaiocB ropasxo óonme x^Teft e dho- 
meft, liwh B% niMBasuizib u peuBHun y^uHii^axB. RasajiocB tfH, vro 
yse oxHHi aTOTB <|»aBn xo^neró óhjtb oópanTB BEHMasie ne^arm na 
pe4K)p]fy yisxHUTB yujraiqi, tíitb 6oi%e, hto nemTB Hama Boerxa Cb 
HHTepecoKB OTHocuacB vk noioseHÍK) HapoxHaro oópaBOBamji h bcímib 
ero nepaneríjnii. Haopaiiipi, <í&b o6mm% HCOxepsaHÍH nporpaiarb cen- 
CKOTb maoxB, hzi HanpaBjíemi vb cracift oóiqaro uk npcnj^ecdOHaiE- 
Haro oÓpasoBama tfiui HCDKcaHH lyrB ne tomh h xase kb mbmA' 
hLixi* ne cneqiaiBHo oejiaroniHecBarB. Cioboitb, Hannun yšsxHHMi 
yajniii^airB ne BocqacriHBHJiocB; sartirB, ne ciacuHBHjocB Tasse 
H ropoj^CBBirB y^BjíHn^aiTB, BTBzoifoiBy BOspocnmirB aa pasBaiHearB 
yÍ8AHiirB. IIpaB^a, BnpoqeirB, ■ to, ^ro xo BecBMa HexaBHaro BpeiieHH 
CBoóoxa BpHTHBH Ha«ian y^e6Bux% CHcreirB saBexeBífl MiHEcrepcTBa 
HapoABaro npocBin^eBÍA ÓHia crtoieHa xo spalHeft creBeHi. Hase- 
nei^, Bonpoci BjiaccH«iecBaro h peauHaro oópasoBaBia TasiB chjbho 
BOJiHOBajn Hamy jBrepaTypy, qio coBeparaBBiaxeA vb camHft pasrap^ 
pimoBijí dToro Bonpoca pe<|^p]ia ytexHurB yiuBB^, bmohbo 31 irax 
1872 roxa, npofluia 6wb bpbthbb h toaobi. IIosxHie, roxa xaa jum 
Tpfl Hasaxi, Vb nexarorHiecum sypBaiaxi bobbjuxbcb ctbtbh. 



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xpoHiKi* — pitoFMÁ r^wmvh y?HJ!incb. 361 

yiaaiiBaBmúr rb hjui heub HexocTaTiH ropo;(CRBn yiuHn^. OraTui 
an CBoeBpeiieHHO nojfyiuH Bospaseirie u crpaHm^axi Hamero o<M^i- 
iQauHaro sypiaxa mraHerepcTBa HapoxBaro npocB&n^HU, npvieirB 
anopi BOspaseHia ne pixBO, bm-^cto CDOBOftHoft h ÓesopicrpacTHOft 
oi^íhkh umíbíř cBOHx^b npoTHBHBfiOB!E, DjCBajCfl vb ipoHasipoBaBie 
I Banesi Ha to, ito, hojte, Ban hphxoahtca roBoparb Cb jtojilhh, 
^aie-eie cocKOHHBBnncH co imojbHot cxaiietBB, en^e ae npoHHBHyBniH- 
MHCJi dffzojm ropoxcBixi yuiHn^ h noroMy eerecTBesHo Hanajiai)- 
i^mi na hitb. CjAw 3a aroft ne^aromeeioft ÓopBÓoft, ae jrameH- 
Hoft BHimaTeiBCTBa HejOBiqecsHzs crpacreft, nairb BceFxa sasajocs, 
^iTO san^HTHiKH n^xcBin y^HjranvB, aHcrynaBinie noA% noipoBH- 
Tei&CTBoirb BaaexHoft oóeprBi sypnaja MKHBCTepcTBa napoAnaro npo- 
tB^mema^ la pxxy ci paaHHMH jHesaum (I^BJíoioraim no lacTH rpe- 
leeioft H pnccBoft cioBecHocTH, vb cyoproen caMH xopomo oo8Hai>n 
MBoríe H cuBHiie HexocTaTKH opraHBBaiuH ropoxcsHu ynnoc^. 

Han BpHnuoc& h^soubo ji^ti saBBiiaTBeB npenoxasaHÍeiii vb 
ropoxcxBn yujuiniiaxi pasHiixrB KieTHocTeft PocdB. HHrepecyjicb 
nocraHOBioft aróro x^B) mu boih xoBonHO o6mvpEjD nepesHcsy ci 
SHaKOHBMB y^HTeuMK H Ha^aiBHBKaini BTixi yiuHB^, jnriHo npH 
BcrptvuLi pascysxajH c% hhmh, h TasBirB oópasom y aaci nojiy- 
wca RiBOTopiil BanacE MaTepiajut jub cjMífirnu o npeweri. 

rjoBHoe OTjH^e ropoxcKiix*B yujnin^ otb yfoxBiix*B saBjroqaercB 
n yerpotcTBi yqetfsoft h BoesBTaTeiBHOft qacTV. IIpoBi^Hni, aojioseHBut 
n ociOBaHíe droro ycrpofiCTBa, B8Bn ci BarpatfH^Baro oópasi^a, hmobho 
BiiieipEaro. IIpHHipini dron, yse OTBeprsyriift, aBi xamercB, h co- 
Beim Be bpbhíbbbbiíBcb caMHira Himiaini wb msojiaxi, noxotfBBOLi 

BaBEHVB ropOXCBBlTb yUJIBB^aiil, COCTOHn Wb TOITB, ?T0 BIBOJBBilft 

ymreiB amm npaBflJUBaro pysoBOXcraa BocnHTaBieirb b oóyieBiein 
€B0Bx% y^eHHiOBtb xoJiseffB SBan urb Bpapoxy h BasjíOBHOCTH vb 

HeJBVaĚBEIX^ BOXpOÓflOCTBTB. O^eBBXBO, ^TO BpiOÓptorE TBBÍB SBaBÍil 

cn Mosenb vb tomi ibbib ejyia-b, Borxa ^lacTO conpBBacaercB co 
eBOBMH yiesHBaiífl h vb pasjH^Bux^b yciOBÍan. ^^TCsaB upapoxa 
CBoeoópaaeo aspasaercB aa yposax^ apHOMeTBESH rpaimaTBBHHT.x., 
a SHaaie vm% CBoeo^pasBOcreft h MMVb y^areii) Mipsy, bjh ysasa* 
Bie Ba npieMH, Boropue obi xoJiseBi opBiiiBaTB bbbi cpexcrao mb 
BacnaraBÍB Toft ajoi aaoft lepni xapasTopa; xa h caMoe otfy^eaie Bpa 
nwj^ yejOBuxb (Syxer^ 6e»b covbíbíb, Euirtb (k>ji%e njoxoTBopaiie 
peByATaTH. OrcDxa Ton ecrecTBeaBuft bubox^b, hto j^ím xocraaseaÍB 
CKasBHHoft i^ftxH y«[BTejB oÓBBaai npenoxaBBTL wb biboiš bcí dojo- 
seBHiie apexHem, bcjh obb oxBOBjtaccaaB, h vb xiaceb, ecn oaa xt- 
iBTCfl fla bícboxbbo BjaccoBi, T.-e. obi bbjbbtcb npenoxaBaTexem 
xjiaccBinis. Ha 9jieMeBTapBoft CTyseaB oéyqeBÍB b W(i6mfi oČpasoBaBifl 



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362 BftCTHHSl BBPOIIH. * 

RxaccHoe npeno^aBame seiaTenno h neoóxoxHMO. HTaK'b, bca saji&^a 
ffpH ospeAÍjireHÍH CHcrevH npenoxasaBÍJi vl ^lannoft msoxi cBOXHres 
Ha TO, Ryxa oTnecTH dry msojfy: si aieMeHTapHuirb uh óoite buc- 
muTB? TopoxcKHifi y^HjiHii^airB npECsoeso HasBaHie djeMeHrapniix^B, 
H DOT0M7 Bi BHXB ycTaHOBjíeea uaccB&fl CHcreiia; vh jiB^Bhivb y<THJiB- 
iQarb, REBiB sBBieFHO, Óujia npexMeTHafl. ?tó se Tasoe djeiieHTapHaji 
u He-8j[M6STapHaji, hjh cpexB4iB insojia? 

OÓiiBBOBeHHO BjreveHTapHyD maojy onpej^ftjfBDTrb Rasi Tasyn, kb 
ROTopofi SHaeifl coo6mfiMytts^ BO-nepBUxi, ae bt* crporoft nocjibxoBa- 
TejiBHOCTH, BO-BTopiiTB, vb BecBMa orpaHHieHHoft ^acTH HayRH. Epoxid 
TorOv roBopflifB, naaBaqeHie ajfeMenapHoft msojni — se ctojilbo xaBaTB saa- 

BÍH, CKOn»SO BOCBHTHBaTb, T.-e. upHBHBaTb HySHIU Bl XH8HH opBBmKB. 

He TpyxHO bhaí^tb 6ojhmoti npoBSBOj^B wb TasoirB ODpeA&teBÍB. HaniH 
rHHHasia cyrs cpej^eifl ibrojíh, Mesxy t^mi otíy^enie sayBAHib bi hbxi 
Bexerca, do RpafiBeft utp% vh HHsniBx^ RjiaccazT, BOBce Be wh xofl crpo- 
roft nocjri^AOBaTejiBHocTH, RaRRA cooTBi^TCTByeirB B&jvt; a o&bewh phm- 

HEBH^eCRHXl 8BaBÍft BHSaRl HOIBSA HadBRTB UpextjIOlťB HayRH, TO^HO 
TRRSe RBRl HeiBSfl OrpRI^RTB H TOFO, HTO Bl rHMHa8íax*B He y^aiTB 

JHBIB, HO H BOCBHTUBaDTi. Orajio 6uTB, vb cyn^HOCTH, nasBaHie-— BJie- 
veHTapaafl nncojfa, cooéi^anrB tojibro o^eHB rpyéue npHSHaRH, h na 

dTOIťB OCHOBaniH HySHO 6UTB CJBHIROirB OCTOPOSHHITB HpH Bll6op% CH- 

creMU HpenoxaBRHiH. TopoxcRÍH ywjHHita, rrrx yse saitš^eHo BHme, 
npH^HCJieHti R% BJieHeHTapBHirB HiROJairB, T.-e. npexnoJtaraercH, ^ro 
npejmeTH, nojoaieHHHe no nn nperpamii^, óyxyrB npoxoxHTBCn h wb 
HesHa^HTejBHoiTB o&btiA, m ne bi CBcreifaTHiíeeROirB Hay^HovB no- 
paARi. Ha eaifoifB se j^ijii mi BCipi^aem aBjenie RaR'B pasi o6paT- 
Hoe. Bi QpraHHsai^i) rQpoxcRHx^ y^Ejran^B nojosena q&ib o6niaro 
oópasoBaHia, ROTOpoe xocTHraerca nenpai^HHo npoxosxeHieiťB onpex^- 
jreHHaro CHCfeMaTHiecBaro Rypca seaBift, RRRoft h HasHa^eH^B xju ro- 
poxcRHX^B yqHJTBni^^. Kypci btotb hbjio Toro, ^to xoboxbbo paconpeH^ 
HO npexHetaMi oxRopoxHHMrB ei yisxBuiiH yqHjRmaMH, ho vb aero, 
RpoM'6 Toro, BxoxaT*B H xpyrie npexHeTu, ho apeDoxaBaBnrieca vb ybax- 
HUii H ne npenoxaKm^ieca vb raMaaslaxi. npofpMma ropoxcRHXi y vi- 
jHnrB, cpaBHHTejiBHO db aporpaMUoi) yftsAHHxi, no rnaBmefl iAp% 
mapě vb xaa pasa; a nroůu iraiaie sto ae noaasajoCB roioeiOBaiarB, 
MU H08B0jrHM'B eoót 0TM'bTHTB yBejiH^eme nporpaiiini no 0TxtJBauif*B 
npexHeraMi. IIo saRoay Bosíd npafiaBjreaa apaTRaa QqMcoaaaa aoro- 
pia a y^eBie o óorocjyaceaia; ao pyccROMy asuRy xo6aBjiesu: i^epROB- 
RO^cjiaBaHCRaa rpamraTHRa, aoHBTia o rJiaBHUxi 4^picax% cjiOBecHiizi 
npoHBBexeHift: onHcaHía, noato^BOBaHÍB, xapaRfepacTHRi h paseysxe- 
bíh, a 12 6iorpa<|)ift aaiaaxi asB^bcraincB nacaTOjet; vb aporpamy 
apaeMoraRa bohmo pimenie 8axaq'B nocpexcTBoirB ypaBaeaift ci 1 h 2 



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XPOHHKÁ« — PE«0PV1 y«8AHHX'B 7^EJIHIIl,l. 363 

BeHdBÍ^CTHuiiH; no reonerpÍH AotfaBjeeo mhofo Teopem na njaHHMe- 
Tpii) H crepeoMerpio; no HCTopíH h r6orpa<|>ÍB no^potín^e npoxoxHTeji 
pycciaff, a no reorpa<|^ÍH h Beeo6n^aa. B% nporpaiufy eerecTBOhijífbBis, 
tOB&bwb BeHSBicTHaro bt jís^hiixi y^niHn^axi, BRjiDqeHu: soojioriji, 
6oTaHflia, MHBepajorifl, (j^BsiojorÍB h (j^RSEsa. ^toóii cyxHTB o&h o&ieui 
9TBTh, BHOBb npH6aBjieBHurB npexMerOBi, ^ocraTO^HO BsrjBByTB na 
Ton jijraBHHft, necTpuft nepeqoHB xHBOTHim, pacTesift, MEBepajors 
H npo^., KOTopuft aaflHiiaem vb nporpaifirb h'&ckojbbo ne^aTHUxa^ 

JHCTKOBl. 

<Nan cuBHaro jBejniqeBifl nporpamni ropoxcBHx^B yHEMmB,% ne- 
X)ejrB yi^AHHMH, cxfcAOBaTejiBHo, HecoMsineHi h noerapaeMca Tsepse 
sanovHHTB ero me B'6pHoeTH nocjrtA7i>n^HX'B paseysAeHit. 

HaTOBaii cb ropoj^CKHxi y^BJínn^ h cnycBajBíCB nnse h HHse no 
j^^€THHi](i yqetimncB saBe^enift, miiI saftjieiťB mhofo moM% ci cantniH 
pa3Hoo6pa3HUMH nporpaMMaMH, Bce mKOJTB BjeHeHTapHHX^. BjoireH- 
TtpBaji niKOja — ropoAeRoe yiHJiHn^e, norom ybsAHoe, noTom oejiBCKiB 
HBBHCTepcRin OAHosjíaceHiu H AByxBJíaccRHJi ynjHQia, noron nps- 
xoACsoe ropoxcBoe h naHajiBHoe cejBcsoe. CHcreMa npeno^aBanúi bo 
Beixi yqHJHni;axi» (sa HCKjnD^eHieifB ytsxHHrB, ycTpoeHHHxrb na AypHoft 
6yxT0 6u xa^i) — uaccHafl, xotjh sas^OMy, BHHKaBmeify bi x^jio, CTano- 

BHTCJI O^OBHABUMl, ^TO npOrpaMMH &THrB yHEjm^l ei OXHHaROBOD 

cscrenoi) npeno^aBaníA xajieso ho oxHHaicoBH no saxa^am h odlevy. 
Ufiih cencBaro Ba^ajsnaro h npHxoxcRaro yYHJBn^'B — Hay^HTB ^iiTaTB, 
HHcaTB H nepBHiťB npaBHJiaMi apneiieŤHRB. Bb vHHHcrepCBHxs cejíB- 
CBHxi xByxRjaccfliix'B yqRjiHn^axi nojiaraercii yse reoMerpin, HCTopiji, 
reorpa^Hfl h e€TecTBOB'&x%Hie, ho npexMeTH bth HasHa^eHU wh Becbua 
oii>aHHqeHHUX'B pasH^paxi, npHÓaHSBTejBHo Bi o&ieui sypca 1 orx- 

2 Kj. ropoxesoro yqHjran^a; Tasí ^to noJiHiift Rypci HasBaHHuxi cejiB- 
CRHXi iTHHHCTepcRHxi yqHJfHn^i,— ecjTH 8a BOJiHqHHy ero hphhjitb b^b 
pasc^eTB BpeMfl npoxoaRxeniB, — paBeai V« Rypca ropoxcRHxi yqn- 
jnm,^; wh x^&CTBBTejiBHOCTH se ohi ne cocraBjrBeri h V^ ibcth ero, 
noTOMy qTO CHcreiiaTHqecRoe, r.-e. BnojiH']^ cojHXHoe HsyqeHie npex* 
Mera Ha^RHaercA vb ropoxcROiTB yqHJiHn^i tojbro co 2 otx* 2 Riacca 
H, nocreneHHo paspocraacB, saRanqHBaeTCH nepesi 3 roxa, bo 2 otx- 

3 Rjiaeca. yRasanie na vaRyi) pasHHi^y b'b o&heni h Meroxft npoxoBc- 
xeaifl Rypca ropoxcRHxi y^BJínn^i xaerB hbitb npaBo cx^JiaTB sani- 
qaHie, qTO RjiaccHaA caereiia npenoxaBaHÍB, nojesHan vh ce^BCRixi h 
npHxoxcRHxi yqHjHn^axi, ne npHniHHHa ri yquHn^aifi ropoxcRHifi. 
Hase wa Doxpoóaie paBOBBeirB namy Msicjib, a TenepB iioftxexi xaa^. 

Aja yqHTejH naqaJiBBaro cejBCRaro yqHjiHni;a cqHTaeTCA yxoBjeTBo- 
pHTeJBBHMi oópasoBanie bi oóieni ropoxoRoro hih yftsxHaro yqiJBn^a; 
XJťB yqHtejfl ropoxcRoro yqHJHn^a nyjRHa Tpexj'6THflA cnei^íairBBaB 



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3&1 ncnm iBPonH. 

noxrOTOBsa b% ynTeJLCKOiTB Euctmjrí. PsBjuiercM^ ójaroxapfl arony 
oÓCTOATejBCTBy, yqHrejrB ropoxcKoro yiHJiHn^a oóiaxaen óónmEum 
HayHHUMK CB%AÍHiflMH TeopeTBqecKHHH, u OT^acTH npasTHqecBími 
ysaaaBiAMH, sass Becin x&to npenoxaaaBiii. TaBOft, npeAnojioxsirB, 
boojbí noxroTOBieBBUft ymeu AOjmewh vb ropoxcsoirB yiBJomi, 
vb 3'U% Bjacci, npeooxaBaTB paBBOMipno-npaBBiBHO no wAwb nepensc- 
leflBHm BaiíB npexMerairB h o6y^aTB en^e ^ep^eBÍD h pacoBaBÍD. 
Etofo Ba oÓBsaflBOCTB ropoACBoro y wtoib BOsaaraeTCH ae BB^rosBuft 
rpjA^b no 12 npexHeraifi. Bo 2 uacci yiBTOJiB npenoAaen 2 npex- 
veTaMfl vesie. Ho ae Óyxeifs saÓHBaTB, ^to ropoxcBÚi yiaisn^a npa- 
aaxjesan si paspaAy dJieMearapaiixi, TarB csaaaTB, oÓpeveflBHxi aa 
BjaccByn CBcreiiy npenoxaBaBÚi; npBBaaBaii noBa ary cacreiiy npocro 
Baxi> cyn^ecTByDn^ift (j^aKn, pastfepeirB, aasoe aiiiBie osasHBaen oaa 
Ba yqeÓBO-BOcnaraTejiBBoe a^mo. 

ExBa JIH BTO craflerB ocnopBBBTB, tto bí^wo miBaji h HeasM^aBO pas- 
BBBaDmajiCJi neAaroraKa TpeÓyen, ocotfenflo otb yiareieft sjíeiieHTap- 
amx miojn, óojbdiofo BaHMaaúi z% ceói; aaaie roBopji) ecia y«- 
TejiB dieveBTapaun mBOjn ae zotbtb ocTaHOBBTBca aa oxbbsxh aa- 
(SpaBHUxx, cbjiobib h pflAoiTB secBMa oniHÓoiBUxi MeTOAH^ecBBzi a 
xpyraxi npieiian npenoxananiji, to oaa aojsbh cjíabtb sa pasBH- 
TíeiTB ae toako aeroAHBa npexMeTOBi, ao xase a aayBa, BOTopaa Bcerxa 
cjtysaia ocaoBaaieirB fiJUí coBepmeflCTBOBaflia MeTOXBBi o^y^eau m Boe- 
naraBÍB. Tbkb BMeaao a aocTynaDrB ynaTeia, ae nexaaaqecBa, a oo- 
saaTUBBo OTBOcaaueca si csoeay AOJíBRaTBOMy Tpyxyt orjiaiBO no- 
aBiiaa, hto pasopaaTB cbbsb cb BatmaaiTB jiipoirB, vh soropoHi axen 
óopBÓa HB^aift a bbfjiaaobi aa jíDtfaifoe aica aímo^ saaun o((p6^B 
dTO xbJíO aa saerot a MepTBeuay. Mu bo pasyMieví sx^^ npu- 
lamoeÁeHiji Kb ypoKOMb^ aa soTopoe tojibbo b ocyauaDTB y^are- 
left ropoACiarB a xpyran djeveaTapBuxi. yiaian^, — bmkb ($yAT0 
sapaafte 8Baa, ^ro aa y oabofo bkb bxi yureieft ae BBBTca »ejaBiJi 

XOTB BOMBOSBO pBCBiapaTB TŠ upOA^JIH MeTOAHBB, BOTOpUMl OB<B 

6uj% oóywai, aanpíMipi, wb yqaTencBoirB aacraTyTÍb. Haaro aai 
npenoABBaTejefl BacTaryTOBi ae BaaBOWB apaBra^ecsa ci yeiOBÚíMa npe- 
noAaaaaia npa sjíaccaoft caorerb, a aoroify aa čau a oaa, aa axi^ boc- 
naTaaaaRB ae npeAcraBUDn 066i ot^ctubo tívl MeTOAB^eciarB a 
Apyraxs saTpyAaeait, soropiu BCTpi^aDTca aa KasAOirB máry ynareiD 
ropoACioro yiajiaa^a. IIpasTa^ecBÍa se ynpasaeaia vb BpenoAaBaaia 
Wb y^ajuin^uLii ycrpoeaaHrB npa HacraTyran, cnniBOWB spaTBoape- 
Meaau a orpmoiay A^a Toro, ^to6u ^yAynue y^areia aoria zopoflio 
BBBBByTB Vb yciOBÍB BjfaccBoft CBCTeifH saaaTíB. 

HaBoaei^i, tbbi bbbi b% neAaroraBft ao ceroapeveBa npaaosaiia 
nocjiOBBi^a: ,BcaBÍfl MOJtOAeiCB aa CBoft oópasei^**! to aeiryApeao BnacTB 



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xpouKi;— PNOPMA 7%9Kmrb nHiflnti. 365 

vh rpjÓHfl onniÓKi no OTBomeflii) wh oahoí msoji co bcímh m na- 
jH^nniMH OC066HHOCTÍIMB, npHHflBora sa otipaseici neAarorHiecKHx*B 
npieM0B% xpyryi) mojy Cb xpyniMH zapasTepHiiiíH oco6eHHocTiiiiH. 
Ht«KB, vh MBTepeeazi caiiot ajeMeHTapHoA mKOJua HeotfzoxHMO, ^to6h 
y^onejfl mr&jH xocraTO^Ho BpeiieHE na paspatforsy h coBepmeHCTBO- 
BtHie H86paHHaro hmh npexnera nexarornH. HeoózoARiio, ttoÓu ghju 
y^HTexa ee pasBjesajHCB vaccoi) BosjaraeMUxi aa nero yqeÓHUzl 
npexMerovB, hbi Boropiixi bi ropo^caoirb y^^jHii^t xase oabofo xo- 

BOXBHO, 1T06h nOrJOTHTB BCft CBOÓOAHHA VHByTU yqRTOlfl. 

IIoJOseHie y^HTejMí ropoxcKoro yiuama npH uaccHot cHcreifb^ 
npenoxasaHúi ecTB HveBso TasoBo, wso obi spa caMurB jiyqmBxiBa- 
xipefliaxi xoJiseBi orpaBB^iBTBCfl Tynum zosxeBieifb no tpodbbkí, 
yKasaBBOĚ eiiy vb y^BTejBCKOirB HncrBTyri. Byxy^B npaBTHqecsB ssa- 
soMHui CB ofiasaflBOCTBiiE FopoACBoro y^BTejfl B BcnojiB6BieirB m% 
no íAyi CBJTB, MH CBasem, ae npeyBeiB^BBafl, ^ro BjaccBaa CBcreira 
cnoeo6Ba ^'UcTBOBaTB sa y^BTOjJi BecBMa pasjaraDmBVi oópasoiTB, 
orrHHMaB y aero BOSiiosBOCTb saaiiTBca tími, vrb owh npenoAaen, h 
dTfliTB npiy^afl bi noBepxaocTBOCTa Booón^e. Maorie, a bto Jfyqaiie y w* 
TeiA, o6iiKaoBeBBo asóapaDT^ o^aai BaBoft-aaóyAB npexMora, ocraajiia 
npove qyTB ne aa npoasBOJTB cyABÓu. Macca se, yói^xBBmBCB bi óes- 
CHJria BOCTB paBBOMipHo-ToiBOBO, zoTB 6u B maÓJOBBO, npenoAaBaaie 
no eeihMb npeAMerani, Mazaeri na aero pysoft b BnaA&erb bi yacTBea- 
HyD anaiiD, BHpasaeayK) caoBaiiB: „annero ae noxiiaeniB'... Ecjb 
cnpaBexjHBo vaiaie, ^to yqpesxeaia cosAaDn zapaKrepii jno^eft, to 
sa BjiaccHoft cacreMoft vh ropoACBBXi y^ajan^ax^B aa^o apasBaTb se- 
jrasyD cnocoÓaocTB noceuiTB vb yqBTeiaxi paBBOxymie a OTBpani^eaie 
rb axi Tpyxy. Mh ae npoTBBaBBa Bjtaecaoft eacreiiu vb 6ojie aaa- 
niHZi^ dJieveBTapauzi mxojaxi, saiOBu: cejBCKÚi MBaBcrepcsÍB y^a- 
jufl^, npaxoACBia a aaiaiBuu coibckíb. 0($ieirB nporpaMiťb 8tbx'b 

fSBJHBl^B, BO-nepBUXl, Bflft combíbía oqeBB CSpOMOBl, q^aBBB- 

TeiBBO cb ropoxcBBMB, fl BOTOMy Tpyxi y^BTejifl ae jiosbtcb aa aero- 
TflxejHirB apMOH^b^ Bo-btophx%, yqeBÍe wb cejBCKBxi a xase npaxox* 
cbbx*b yvBJBB^ai sanaMaerB ropas^o MeaBme BpeaeBB kb roAy> hími^ 
Vb ropoxcBOMx, HTÓ jforBO nosBOuerB yqBTeii) pasoópaTBca co Bciiia 
BoapocaMB, BostfyxxeBBUMB wb ero roiOB'b apenoxaBaaieirB. 

Hto6h noKoaqaTB es oósopoai sjaccBoft caereifn oÓyqeaU b% ro- 
poAcxBzi yqajiBn^azrB, CBaflceiTB soe-no 061 oabomi b aeasÓ&BBOiTB 
saTpyxaeaiB yqflTeafl, BEisHBaeaowB drofi cacreicoft. Mu roBopaiTB o&b^ 
BCBpaBjeaia nacBHeaBuxi pa6oTB. Hb&to ae ocnopasaerB orpovaaro, 
tijaroTBopaaro Baaqeaífl caMOCToaTeuBiizi yqeaflHecBBxi* patiorB. Yzpin* 
jjui BBaaiB, coo^n^aa uMUVb BHpasaTB aa bbcbmí cbob kucib, pa* 
6oT£i BTB Bocreneaao npiyqaDrB yieansoBi sx aunojBeaiK) Bce 6djB-^ 



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366 nwtnm ibpoiih. 

iffaro H 6ÓJBioaro ycHA^Hearo xpyxa; oón^ecxBeHHoe sse 3Ha^eiiie la- 
Koft npHBEi^KH ee xpeóy en AOKasaTejiBCTBi. Ho yqeHHBH npeii^e Bcero 
y^flHRH, a ne Bspocjuie jid^h, y KOTopnx'B ecTB h HHm^iarHBa, h co- 
dHaaie aasBOCTH Tpy^a; yqeHHRH «e, Óusaerb, CMOTparB na nero xan 
na oóflsaHHOCTB, HHorAa h HeapiflTHyK). HejissA o»HAaTb orb bcíx'b 
yqeHflKoaib noHHxaHífl Heo6xoAHMOCTH AaHHoft pa6oTu, h noTOxy hjsho 
TpetioBaTB TOHBaro h orqerjiHBaro HcnojneuLi zota h HenpiaTHUxi 
BMi paóoTib. B% dTOifb OTHomeBÍH Majiiániee co CTopoBH y^eHasoBi 
BesBanie oniH6oK% h BpoiflX'B cjaósxi CTopoffb caiiocTOATejbBHXi 
safliiTift OTSUBaeTCA KpaflBe BpeABo h aa AajBB'6flmBZ'b padoraxi. 

He BpoTBBBBKB, BH safl^BTBBKH Ejaccflofi CBCTeMU spenoj^asaBÍfl Bl 
ropojicsBX'B y^BJíHu^ax^ ae OTpfluaDTab, ^to yqBxejiD dTBX'B yqHJiiQ'B 
eseABOBso BpeACTaBjfaercfl jt^jia BpoaipKB rpoMaABoe ^bcjo nBCLuea- 

HHX^ pa(!0Tl. Ai^fiCTBHTejBBO, paÓOTl dTHXl Bl JDÓOITB KJiaCCi, OCO- 

6eBB0 »e BO 2-irB h 3-mi saÓHpaeTCJi vh oahbo^ aobb ao 150—300. 
FaacHeTB aecBiia npocTofi. OóusBOBeBBo b'b ropoACRBXib y^Buioaxi 
cauutt 6o.iBino& KJaccB BTopoft; vb flexi sepixKO (bo Bcivb ssaRO- 
MEixi BaM^ yqBjíflB^axi) BaBflMaercx 80 — 100 yqeBBROBi. y^BTOJBdioro 
Kjacca vh AOBB xaerB 4 h ae mob^ 3-xi ypoBOBi (Ror^a duBaen 
saROBi Bosifi). EcjB owb sacTaBETB yqeaHROBi bubojbhtb caMOcroii- 
TejiBBUfl paóOTU TOJiBRO BO XByifB apoAMeraarB, BOjry^BTca orojio 200, 
a ecjH no bcíici TpeMi, aaóepeTCA h 300 paóorB. ^ofipocoBtcTBoe, 
T.^. BflHMaxejiBaoe a aojieaBoe ajih y^eaBRoai HcnpaBjeaie btbxi pa- 
ÓOTi aacToaTejBBO hi, BBAy a3j[oseBBux'B Bána ocaoBaaift. A xaRi 
opoB^paTB axi, aa to 6ctb HBoro yRaBaaift, pas^aBaBniaxcji aai cpexu 
y^uirejeft a wb neqaTa. BosBHeHi caMuft, BOBBABMOMy, jier^aŘndft cno- 
co6% acnpaBJíeflia, peROMeaAOBaaBuft xo aiRoropofi CTeaeaa o#aiM- 
ajiBBo, jn> „£K. M. H. 11/ O- AaTopi cnocoóa, CTpeifacB ars coRpameauo 
BpeMeaa, BOTpaqaBaevaro yqBTejuíMH aa nepecxoTp'B a acapasjeBie pa- 
6orB AOMa, npe^Jtaraeri A^jnaTB bto bi RJiacci, OTpuBaa on Rasxaro 
^acosaro ypoRa MaayTi 10, mbofo 15. Ilpocaxi HaraTOJia aa uMjr^ 
nocji'&AOBaTB sa aaiiB bi apaeafeTaqecRaxi Buqacjteaiaxi. PaaxiiHMi 
Bce hbcjo y^eaaROBi (80—100) 2-ro &iacca aa abí^ rpynnu, wh aaz- 
AOft no 40 — 50 qejOB'&Ri, xota M^a^mafl rpynna acer^a óojume na 
V3, a TO H aa Vs* y^RTejB npenoAaer^b 45 MaayTrB (no cKCTeiciToro 
ase aBTopa) bi o^boiii OTA^Jieala, a xpyroe OTA'&JieBÍe aaaaxo nica- 
BÍOMi paÓOTi. Bi 45 MaayT^, xaaaHxi aa paóoxy, yneHHR^ aaoB- 
merx aenpeMŠaao 20 crpoRi. Ha Cívauíl nepecMOTp^B a apaTRoe, ot- 
puBO<iBoe yRaaaaie omaóORi vh ABaAi](aTacTpo'iBO& paóorš nojoxHMi 
Vs MBByTu; yMHOsaBma Vs iiaflyTU aa lacao paÓoxB, HaieiTB 25 hh- 



Ck. crani) n Bonpocy 061 opraHisauÍH yie^Hoft lacTH. 1879, H0«6p&, crp. 15. 



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xpoHjrsÁ.— FSiK)Pii íi^fparb ywJLE^^. 367 

Hyn, noTpetfHUxi sa cavHtt noBepxHOCTHiift, „no soeneoMy*, oódoprb 
pa6oTL, — o68op^ HeuK>iai)ii^& CK0JUK0-HH6yA& oeHOfiaTejiBEoe paBi^ic- 
Heme onuióOEi h npo?. Bi pesyiBTaTi He^onerb sa 10 Munyn no 
1-ft pa6oTÍ, a DO S-iii h A^wb na 30 h 40 MHHyn. Tasoe otho- 
meBie s% xpyxy y^esHRoai, 6uTb Mosers c& HHrepecoiťB osH^aD- 
mMxrb noiipaBon ynr^JiH, Maao Toro, hto rpyóo, noroHy 9to cjHni-» 
Bom 4IBH0, — zoTfl H HOBOJiBHO, — HofipesBO, HO jerso conpoBosAaercA 
npoiiyeicoiťb omaÓMib h rpaMifaTH^ccHxi, h jiorH^ecKHxi, h ohuÓob^ 
npoTHBi coAepsaHifl^ Borjia p'&9b n^en* o nepejioseBÍH npo^iBTaHHaro. 
yqeHHH se xpyroro OT^iJienU bi dte 10—15 uanyrb h noxasHo ae 
HBBjexyn xia ceÓA BEsasoi nojBSH. IIpeAOCTaBiaeirb cyxHTK nra- 

Te.U> o BOCnHTaTaiBHOMl BjiaHÍH DOAOÓflUXl npOBipOlCB nHCBMeHHIlX^b 

pa6orB. Bonpoci o6i HenpaBMHiH pa6oT%— caMoe 6ojiBHoe mícto yn- 
Tejet ropoACKHxi yqHjnii^ h nexapoiťb BpaieBaveieirb aroro Ha6o- 
jAbídřto vicra BHCTynnn bi „S. M. H. n/ aBTopi noHMeHOBaneoft 
HaMH wb opHifi^aHÍH craxbH. JKejaji bo «ito 6h to bh crajio otctoat& 
B[pexB8flTyx> MUCJiB Heo6peifeHHTeju»HOCT0 me y^irejeft imcBveHHurb 
pa^SoTB, OSE CB ycM^mioft noy^aen, no ({ojBiEflHeTBO paóon, ecjiH 
6u yHHTejuí óujih ohuthío, xojish£i HCirpaBjflTBCfl vb uaccii, a aa 
XPJiD AOMamHeft npoB^psH sHnaxaerB oneHt Maioe hhcju) nn, hmobho: 
^mcuieHHHJi paóOTU, Hirbnoiis i^'i^jdi> opaBHUHoe HSJOseHíe Mucjeft, 
H BHcuieHHiia patioTU, cjiyauuiúfl aju npoBtpui ycBoeHHSxib CB^x^Hifi, 
Banp. nicufeHHoe BSJíoaeHie yposoBi no aasosy Bosii), HCTopifl*. 
Mil eiaxem aa oro, ito yposa no saKony Bosíd CK>xa ae oraocarea, 
m6o npenoxaDTea saBoaoyuiTejeirB, a botoitb nosBOJtax^ cnpocarB: 
rjct HcnpaBjuLTB paóoru no apaexeTaafb, reoMorpia, pyccsoMy asHsy 
(BanacHBaaie rpaMMaTaqecsazs npaBBXB, rpaHMaTaneesift a canTasca- 
wesíi pa86opi npaaipoBi, aaioseaie npo^BTaaaim craTOft CBoaica 
eJOBaxH, oo^aaeaia aa t9mh), reorpaýia, óotaBarb, MaaepajioriB, ^ft^ 
siojoria, (l^asaBi? Eia aaTopi npaBaaen ara pa6oTuaeaysH£iMa, bjb 
xe aa crojubso nyeTHMB, ^xo o aaxB a roBoparB ae crdan, bjb se 
apocTO-aa-npocTO ae ynoaaayjrB o aaxi ci yMUCJioirB, 7to6h ae yx- 
jiaaaaTB caacsa pa6orB... Bipao oaho, no aass 6u aaTopi aa c^a- 
TBjpb yétMarejiBaHa^B CBOft bbtjulm,!^ aa npoBipsy paóon, ao bcš ero 
apryMeffra, b% towb ^Bcjtb a ccujiKa aa „boboctb x^^a, HOonHTBocTB 
yvnejtet a npeABSATOCTB MH^aifl'', y6'&aKxaK)rB jianiB b^b o^B^i&IBHO 
opeABsaToiTB B8riUA'b ero, BUCKasaaaoMi, Bnpo^eai, ctb óojbaioi) ca- 
MoyBipeaaocTBK), CBoftCTBeaBOD ^coiBaaTeax)^ oýcf^ai^iaiBBoay. 

OópaTBHCJi Kh Apyroft cTopoBi luaecflofi cacreHU oóy^eaia— boc* 
nBTaTejBBofi. Bb aaqaji^ aaMa ysasuBajiocB BJiiaaie, Eaaoe oaa AOJsaa 
HM'&TB aa yqan^axcfl, no apani^any BDeAeaia ea bb maojiy. Jbo^a, no 
Bcefi B'&poHTaocTa, cjiysanpe aupasHieiiaMa MB^fiaift opranasaTopoB^B 



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368 BsoTom iBPonH. 

ropoACKHZi yqHJHimi, naHBHO beabiadte iiipy, hto .tojieko npH cy* 
j^eeTBOBami oxHoro yiHreia wh Kaacci, toj&bo npH coejuiHemH vb 
pysaxi oxBoro iHi^a kbbi y^etfHoft, Taxi h BOcnHTaTMbHoA wen, 
B08M0SH0 na npaiTHsi npmiiHeHie npHHi^HDOKb BOcnHTiiBaDii^aro ody- 
seou*' O* Craio 611TB, B^raMoasiaxi h npoHHn msojiau, rxi vtth 
luaccHoft CHcreMu o6y«ieBÍB, Dpani^Hirb BocnHTUBaDii^aro otfyiemjí Ba 
npaxTHBft aócaiDTBO ne npHiiifljieicJi? Taki ase iiraeicB: „Hsbíctho, ^itq 
Bi naniHBi yqeÓHUzi saBexeHÚixi wb npeseee Bpevji otfy^eme coBq[)* 
meBHo OTMÍkjuíJíocb otb BOcnHTaHU. ^jib npeno^aBaflifl cyniecTBOBajiR 
y^BTeiB, KOTopue toju»bo h saÓaTHJBCB o eoo6n^eHÍB CB'bx%Bíft, noxo- 
sesBun no nporpaniri; BOcnsTaTeusaji xe ^acrs naxoABjíacL vb py- 
Bax'B ocoóuzi naxsBpaTeiefi, BocoBTaTeieft h npo^. TaKoe paaxiiOBie 

XByXX fríkCBO CBBSaBBHXl xiBTeiLBOCTeft npOTBBOpilHrb OCBOBHHlTb 

naqajaiTb sxpaBoft neAarornKB, vb oco6eBBOCTB no OTBomeaii) ri bb- 
qajiBBum msoiairB* ^). Bi rpaaKxaflCBBZi b boobsuzi rBMBasinxs, 
peajfBBHxi yiBjíflfliaxi b t. x- xtio BiieflBO xaKB b aobhbí noctaB- 
jeflo. noxaitem se oOb OTcyTCTBÍfl vb bbzi naqaji „expasoft nexa- 
rorBiB** B nocTapaeMtB Basi-BBÓyxB paaotipancB wb 6e9npexixbH0]i^ 
xaodb npexcTaBJ6BÍĚ o BOcnBTaBÍB. 

7 Bcniaro «iejioBÍBa octb cbob oxboctopobhoctb. Ob to^kb spi^BÍB 
aroft oxBOCTopoBBOCTB obi CMOTpm Ba BecB Mipi, flepepa6oTHBaB 
ero, ecjra booóxoxbmo, no CBoeft yssoft Mipsi. Ecjb drorb mpb xtoir 
TO orb Tasse coo6ni;aeTi bitb cbod oxboctopobboctb, cbojilxo voaterB, b 
OBB npiy^aDTca Kb Tony se oxBOcropoBBeMy MipoBoaspiaiD, Bjínonj^eify 
Ba BBXi ropasxocBiLBie, itirb aa BspocjHxi. CpaBABTensaB yssocrb b 
xase mafijOBBan opxbbbpboctb MipoBosap^Bu yqBTeiei hsb&ctbh 
Bcim. TasoD ysBOCTBD nipoBOsap^Bin y^BreiB pysoBOxcTByeTCB npe 
Bsruxi na o^yienie b BOcnBTaaie x^Teft. Biaroxapa eft, owb pasBB- 
Baerrb vb bbxi BenpeMiBBO toxbbo BSB^CTBuft pbx'b npBBHven b jd- 
ÓBMuft eMy crpofl luicjeft b lyBcrai. Bcft, tbei - cxasaTB, HxeaxBaiiB 
crpeMjeniB y^enasoBi 6yxyrE sane^aTxiBU BpaBCTBOBBot (f^asíoBOirieft 
ynieJB. YTOrejB xoópi b CBBcxoxflrejieBi bjb sjonaiUTem b BcniUB- 

HBKB— TaXOBU B y^eBBRB OFO. HeópeSBOCTB yqBTeJB Vb BOCTDld^ Vb 

Maaepaxi, OTpasaercB vb pacny^eaBOCrB yieBBKOBi b!B tízi se 
npexMeraxx. Ilpn siaccBoft CBcreiii npenoxasanin dra, naorxa piSKO 
ÓBDn^aji Vb nasa CBoeoÓpasnaa vaBepBocxB h oxboctopobboctb yu- 
TOJB x^ftCTByerB bb yqoBBBOBi Vb rponaxBOft cTenesB; noTOMy no 

CBOflCTBeHBHB OMy XyBieBBUB BaBJlOBBOCTB, CTpeilJieHÍB B npO?. BBXO- 

XBTi npBM&BeBíe b*b cbjbx^ vHCieft b xaparrepa yvoBBBOBi, vb bb- 



1) Cm. Toro se airopa. „IL M. H. HZ 1879, 0CTji6pB» crp. 8. 
s) Cm. TAMi lee, cíp. ,2. 



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XPOUKI. — ^PBMPIi IVSAHIUCB TUIIIIll. 369 

SpftBMHÍEf ^pxi H COXepaumH HZS yCTHUX^B OTBÍTOB^b H IIRCBXefl- 

Huzs p«6oT^ EsexHeBHaro lempex^acoBoro Bjůmáa vh npoxojiseHÍi 
ifiiaro roxa ua x»jtl m rpexx jAtl cjiHinKoirb xocraTOHHo, hto6h 
npovHo npnoTB yiemoairB t% se oxnocTopoHEk oco6eHHocTH, saKHMH 
o6jěamam% h yuren. Ho ocoÓeHHOCXH ocoteHHOCTAirB pobhb; octb Ta- 
síc, SOTOpiU MOSHO 0A06pHTB Vh SHaOTeiBHOft Mipi, OCTB TaSÍJI, O 
BOTOpHX^B XqSHO CnOpHTL, H OCTL, HaSOHei^, TaBÚ, BOTOpHfl ClixyeTB 

jDOBb nopoi^aTB. 7 iuur& yipesxeHH cneipaiLHiia (j^piu y^HTOjiei — 
Yuaeiham iHCTKrym h ceMHHapiH. Ho CBOfteTseHHoft nairb pycesoft 
npHBirad^ on dXHxi 4^9»i^ sxyn HGuniHTeiBHO tojilro xopo- 
msTh ymeiefl, npaBHJBHO h bcoctopobho padBHTiixi, h cobc^itb ho 
wnyciaDTB mucih, ^n^ saBe^eHía dXH, xarb dasparuA h cneiqajiEBH- 
poBammif, HaxoxflCB kb ycjiOBUxi, óxaronpLiTCTByDíi^Hxi oxHOCTopoH- 
Hexy Bocmraflii) h oÓpasoBaHÍD, — voryn xaBaxB o6n;eeTBy h msoii 
y^BTejet ch BJÍaHÍeiKB nojiosHrejBEo ueoAoipwteihwawh uja no htb 
yxeneHHoi, uh HpaBCTBeHHOfi ysxocTH h OAHoeropoHHOCTH. Kasͣ npH- 
BBqxH BociurraDrB kb yieHHsaxi noxoÓHue yHHTexfl npHsuccHoft ch- 
caexi, xoTopaa satiorjHBO yxauen hxi ot^ bjíjihLí xpyraxi yneó- 
HHxrB CHXB' b!b Te^eHÍH roAa, a to h H^cKoiBKHxrB jArbl Mu bc% 
HO omiry snaeiTB, tto C!b npiirrHintB uh HenpÚTHHirB BOcnoMHHa- 
mem o BocnHTaBímiXB HaQi yie^HUu saBej^eHifixi, y HacB coexH- 
Haerca npeACTaBieme otfpasa Toro hjh HBoro openoAaBaTBJífl. HepixKO 
cjT^aercji, 9to, nepenecflCB mucjibi) bx OT;(ajeHHiie npomrae roAU> 
roxH ropBKHxi cjiSsTB OTB HeBiiy^eHEaro yposa h npo^mxi uejaími% 
mKOMhBEOLi, TpeBOJfHemfi, nu HaTHBaevcfl ea ojíflft xpa^Hua 4^h8íoho* 
jfiH xMcTBBTenHo xpaHHuxi y^HTeieft ci nonojUHOBeHúmH na Hy6'B 
H ymH. JíjmBO h tocbjihbo otb dTHx;B BOcnoMEHamfi. Ho ehoA pasi 
MeumaerB CBiTJiaA nojoca — h BUjsM^ercK vwaA o6pa8i saKoro-HH- 
6yxB xase npHBaTHaro yuTejA, npeno^aBaBinaro Kasoft-HHtfyxB o^obb 
HesnaHETeiBEufi npexiien. Mh ;(aji6SH oti Toro, ito6h pHCOBaTB y^H- 
Tejeft ropoACKHx^B yHHJHn^ ci oahhmh Mpa^iHUMH HepTaxH, ho naxo se 
ccpjacHTLCA, HTO uaccHaH CHcreifa AaevB tfojsme npocTopa cboobojiíd 
OAHoro yuTejui, xOTopoe HHorxa h npK xoópiixi HaMŠpemHXi npHHo- 
CBTh sjíiie Hjoffi. CncTeMa ara ne ocTaBJHen M-bcra ÓjfaroTBopnoMy, 
611TB xoserB, BjriHHix), xaxoe Morjo 6u hxth otb xpyrnxi y^HTeiefi h 
xoTA onacTH ypaBHOBiniHBajo 611 xypHoe h oAHOCTopoHHee. 

He Bci yureu BUspooHu no oaho& xipsi: oxhkb oója^aers 
yifoirb, TaianroiTB h shboctbx), BOstiysAafl y^ennsoBiH no;(BHrafl hx:l 
Ha xanHftĚmee pasBETie; kpytoř nsoópasaen^ co6oi> toxlko eo6paHie 
xexaHH9ecBHX'B npaBUii soTopiie owb paBHOxyniHO, xanu no xanjii, 
ooycRaeTi vh uoste yHeHHsoKE. IIpeRpacnoe, saxymeBBoe cjobo nep- 

BETO BilSOBOrB TUCATH, XOTH HOflCBilXl, HO CHlBBHXrb n03HB0B% Ktb 
Tom L— ďBBAPb, 1881. 24 



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370 BICTHIK^ IBPOnH. 

caMOCOBepmeHCTBOBaHÍK) h 6en BcaBHr& HasasaHiŘ MoaerB cmbpbte 
caicaro CTponTHBaro yieHExa; MOHOTOHHafl pinh BToporo, aie-ejie boc- 
npHHHMaeMafl ch sŠBOTOft h CByKOft, sai^yxercji xase vs Ójuxaftmeiis 
óyxyn^eiTBt h bcí^ peByjBTaTH BOcnHraHia, Boropnxi obi j^ocTHraerB 
c^ BejraHaftmHMH ycuiflMH, bto — THniHHa kb Kiat&b. 

San^HTHBBH BJiaccHOĚ CHcreHH npenoxasaHÚt vh ropo^csexi yu- 
iHn^axi yB^pflDVB, hto npexiieTHHe furejui Bcerxa saóOTJiTCJi tojbbo 
HCBjín^HTejiíBHO o BunojraeHÍH yietiHHxi nporpaicMrb m o jy^men 
ycBoeHÍH ynaimiMHCJi npenoAaBaeiiarb npexMeroBrBy^BocnHraTejbHfiUi 
se ]](&ni OHH OTOXBHraDTb nasax^. Tš xS san^HTHiiKH cciuaDTCA na 
TO, HTo Bi BOCHHTaTaiBHurB M^^paTB HysHH exHHCTBO H uccjri^OBa- 
TenHOCTB, npHBOXJi Aaxe pyccByi) nocjioBHi^y: „y cem ESHeK^ ahtji 
6e8i» rjiasy". OrEpoBenHo roBopfl, nairL HenoHATHO, noveny xopo- 
ode BjaccHue yuTejifl, saBHxi oxHxaDrb on yHHTejiBCBRxi hhcti- 
TyTOBi, cnocoóHue ounHO BocnHTtiBaTb npH xjiaccHot CHcreifft, Koryn 
T0T^ac:B o6paii^aTBCJi vb xypHHxi npn npexifeTHOĚ? Ynarejm cjiyxBn 
CTHMyjioirB xopomaro npenoxaBaflÍA h saóOTb o BOCUHraHÍH yqanqizcA 
OAHO — xo6paa cob^^tb, t.-o. cosHame BasHOCTH npHHjrraro x^ia. Eom 
BTO cosHaHie rjiyÓOKO vb caicoMi yuTejA, okb óyxerB cep^e^Ho cxop- 
ti^TB HexocTaTKaxi H nopoRax'B y^esEBOBib h 6yx6rB bc^itb cepA- 
i^eiTB crpeMHTBca vb HcnpaBjíeHii) ni. Ecjh se cosHarie sto ho jciAio 
npoHHSHyTB B!B y^HTeju, ero Bjiknie, Tra. orcyrcTBÍe BOcairraTejiBHaro 
BjÍHHifl, csasercA vb hícboibro pa3'B 6e3o6pa3Hte npH uaccHot ch- 
CTeirib. TopBBO oiiiHÓaDTCfl tí, BOTopHe xyMaDTB, TTO, nopfíHBiini Ta- 
BOMy frareiD onisbmA Bjiacci Cb otb^tctboheoctbi) sa ero ycntot 
wb o(5y^eHÍH h BocnHraHÍH, yse cxiiano Bce, h BOdmraHie, h o6yqeme 
notAOTB 6iiCTpuifH MaraMH nox% HaxsopoMi droro, xota h neBasiaro 
y^HTOJA. Gejod TpyAHo sacTaBETB ^ejOB^Ba xopomo BunojmsTb ^ae- 
floe x&io, BTO BOBMOsflo jiEmB ops sejiaBÍE E jiid6be Kb fleny. Mesxy 
T^iťB Kjaccflaa cECTeiia ecTB emoseo flacEjde saj^i BjeqesieM!B yqBie- 
jieft ropoxcKSTB y^EJsn^ Kb npenoxasasiK) TaKEx*B-To, EHTepecynnqoi 
H EpaBAB^Excji mrb npej^MeroBi,— HacEjrie, OTBEMaDn^ee bosmossoctb 
pa6oTaTB Bax'B jnofiEirairB a^joitb e Bexyn^ee Kb Ecron^esíD (j)E8flie- 

CBOMJ E EpaBCTBOBSOMy. 

PesDMEpyeiTB csasaEEoe. Ilporpecci BOCQETafliA e otfy^esiji sasE- 
CETB Ee OTb BJiaccsoĚ CECTOMH npeno^aBaBífl, a on EpaBCTBeeflaro 
ypoBflJi yqErejieft e ex-b none^eHÍA o6x y^an^Exca — KaqecTBa, npB xo- 
Topiixii 6YMfirb AOCTBPHyro e o^ehctbo, e nocjiiAOBaTexBHocTB vb boc- 
nETaTejBu>Eiixi Mi^paxi. Sa^cb, o^obeabo, nocjOBBi^a o ceifE BBBBsarb 
6iua 6ii npBJOsBEa tojbko Tor^a, xorxa 6u y^BTeju ropoACXEx^B 
y^Ejflniii BaÓBpajracB, BaiTB ÓUBajo bi yi^^BHB y^EJEii^a, r^i obe, 6e3% 

BCAROĚ TOWOĚ flOAIX)TOBKE, SaHaCTyD BO BBajUI XOpOBTCBBBO ABXt 



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XPOHHSi. — PMOřMA rUKOSTb J^EJLIi^^. 371 

otfoiKHOBeHBŠftuiHxi BpieifOBi BOdraranfl. Mu rapasxo jqf^miaro mhí* 
ms, otřh 7ie6H0ir& nepeoHui ropo^csiixi ymuamib^ npomeAiiieirb ne- 
xaronraecsift KypcL ynTei&CKaro EHcmryTa, h ctoewl aa to toi&bo, 
^To o&ier^eaie jniHTejeft, xo HeBftpoaTHocTH oÓpeMeHesHim huhí 
TieÓBo-BOCííMTwrexhawaí samTÚnn, nofixen na noiBsj caifoft se 
moji; BOcraraHie 9THm BOBce ne noxopBerca, a cxiiaorcii mepe 
a ÓjaroxiTeiLHte juui y^anqixca,— h jwb vh RpaftHeiii cjy^at ocxa- 
Herca TaxoBo se, san h cetiaci. y^Hieju h msojiy mu se ota!&- 
JUMKb, a cnraeiTb ni xb7ma cjbtumh opraranaicH. IIodToiíy mu ae 
IMi8CM«rpHBaeKb otijterneHie yuraieft on HanmHflro Tpy;(a, Kaai irb 
jiMHNoe oiSieneue, a npBSHaewb kb droM^L EHrepecB caMoft idbojiu. 
H, Haoóopon, HaM'E aasercA HenoHJiTHO, Kauiwb o6pa80M!b seianie 
TCbíiuhocth yunqncA Mosera TpeÓOBaTB np6H66peseHifl k'e yAOÓCTBaMi 
y^iauMixi. Karb óyxTO ■eyxo6cTBa yuTeiei ecrb Heo6xoxiiMoe yxo6cTBO 
msojfu; Hjra noxasjíeHie j^meiň pa6oTOi) cnocoóCTByerrb pocry h 
lipO^BÍTaHÍD ihkoju... 

^isE^ecKoe H HpaBCTBeHHoe ocja6jieHÍe y^Hre^et ropoxcxBxi y^H- 
jonvi ne noxJiesHTi comhíhíd nocii onBcank Tteb, ne npeyBejni^H- 
Baa, rpoMaxMUxi h 6e8npepuBHUx'b TpyxoBi, soTopue aoishu buhoj- 
HflTBCx T^HTejiAMH opH uaccHOĚ CHCTeM^ npenoxasaHÚi. 9to Bceofin^ee 
HCTon^eHie opraHHSMa y^Hrejieft jsíkjíwrb hxi ciaóoHepBHUMi h pas- 
xpasHTejbHUMH, ht5 b% cbod oiepoAB OTSUBaorcA na bcomi xoxi o6y- 
^eeú ■ oeo6eHHO na BOcnHraTejiBHUCb npieMaxi. Ob i^H({)paMH kb py- 
saxB MU ffosasajH, ito y AO^pocoBd^CTHaro ymejiA lenepB xase hítb 
BpeMeHM Ha to, ^to6u HaA^esan^nrB otfpasOMB noxroroBjíATBca kb sa- 
BflTiianb H cjAxhtb sa ne^aroin^ecKoft jiHTepaTypofi; a MesAy liwb 
Ha^MHaerB pas^asaTBoa rojio<rB, HacTaHBai)i^i& na hobomtb npM6aBieHÍH 
ypoKOBi Wh ropoACKOMi y^iHiHiii^ft O* KarB 6u dro sajiBjeHie hb tiujio 
OARHOSO9 TtwB ne MOHŠe BecBMa id6oiiuthu npeneu, iiphboahmua 
Bi ero sam^Hry. 

nepBaa npH^iHHa, tto x^th tofo se Bospacra, muci h bi ropox- 
csiirE y«jHiii;ax!B, oÓfiaDo^iJca b!b cpqahhxi y^etfnuxi saBexe- 
Hiax'B, saHHMaDTCfl ropasxo ůoxbe. ?tó csasaTB sa 9to? tojebko to^ 
^TO xyxoft npHMitprB ne sacjysHBaevB noApasaHÚ; a hto npHM^pi btotb 
X^MeTBETenHO xy^ot, to noATBeps^aeTca corsaMH HcsjnoieHHUxi hsi 
naraasítt ■ peajiBHux'B yninii^. Tan Aoporo oxynaTB HeÓojBinoĚ % 
BHxepSHBaDn^Hxi yraeTaTeAByi) Macey sanaTifi mu He cuTaeMi jAo6' 
nwn MM pyccsaro DHomecTBa. H saT^WB saxo bomhatb, hto 5 qa* 
coBi o6yqeHÍA b'b coOTB^TCTByDíii^Hxi sjíaccaxi cpexHHXi yneÓHuxi 
MBexeHíŘ BosjaraDTCA ne na oahofo uaccearo y^HTejiJi, — npoTHBi 9ero 



1) „SL M. H. n.**, 1880, Hoa6pB, CTaiwi Toro se aaropa, crp. If. 

24* 



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372 mmasb ibfoiui. 

riaBHoe mi h cnopnirb. Ecu se iipbhatb in» coo6paseHÍe bc% sjacc- 
HHe HOCH yHeHHftOBi ropoACKoro y^HiHnia, to h hhhí y hiu saHJiTO 
5 ^acoBi Kb cyru savb bo 2, TaR'b h 3 uaccš (4 ^. HayiHiiiai npex* 
Meraif ■ h 1 h. ni^HieirB uh rflMHacTHsoĚ). HaROHei(B, nonum Hcopa- 
BiTL HeAOcraTBH CHcreMH yBejraiemeirb HHCia nacoB^b^OAHa bvb rtrB, 
Kb xoTopím npHiíOSHiia nociOBHi^a: „cb tfouHoft roJiOBU na sxopoByD*. 
BTOpafl npH^HHa coctohtb bi toitb, ^to ecjra óóiBinee ucío ypo- 
KOBi H MosHo HasBaTB otipeiíeHHTaibHHirb xiA yHHreieft (a jua yie- 

HHROBl?), TO HO CJ^XyOTl SaÓHBaTB, TTO „BO BCAKOĚ Otfni^eCTBeHHOt 
A^TOILHOCTH, a TÍM% tfOJ^O Kb A^TOJnEOCTH y^eÓHO-BOCnHTaTeJKHOt, 

jHiHHe yAotfcTBa h HHrepecH aojrkho CTaBSTb na btopom^b njart'. 
IIpHSHaBaA dTOTb AOBOXi cejbeío nepsaro, ne o6oftxeirL MOJL^aHievK, 
^0 ecn 6u toimo Tasze pascysAUH h xpyrie otfn^ecTBOHBHe x^- 
TOJffl, TO exBa jra 6u jiBHjiacb HeotixoxHMOcrs yBejtH^eHÍA saHariĚ cyn^e- 
CTByDn^Hu yuTeieĚ,— TasL laKb caiiHirE riaBsuirb ocHOBameirB yxep- 
samfl luaccHOft CHcreini cxYMBTb Bce-rasH HCAOCTaTOKi cpeACTKb na 
niKOiy. 

TpeTBJí npEuna npHBOxnca Ta, no „saioBanse yuTeun 
ropoxcKHxi yiuHn^ npoTHBrb yureieft y%8XB£ix!b yisíHiQB yBe- 
jiH^eHo BXBoe, TaKb hto ohh He MoryrB Tepn^TL nysAH vh nocTopoH- 
MBTh saHATÚm''. Jí^onycTHMi, qTO auijiOBaHBe ynrejieft yABoeno; otho- 
ciTca jm CDxa 8to saviiaHÍe? Hh itaio, noTOMy ito pb^h exotb bo 

TOILKO O&b y^HTOJlAXl, BO H O&b yiOHIOaXl, oOb yCnimHOCTH HTB 

3aflATÍĚ npH fidjBineirb tocjš ypoBOB^ h npe tíx^b se npenox^BaTeiB- 
CBHrb cuarB. Ho TaK'E Kaxi saiii^HaEie o6i» yBejra^eBÍH coxepaumx 
CA^aflo, TO ne yMOiiHirB h o fleicB, noxoMy tto na TaKHX'E iq^ryMeB- 
Tazi, FbpoATso, en^e bo pasi 6yxyTb biAosultl san^BTBHSH eyn^e- 
CTBynn^aro ycTpoftcTBa ropoxciuixi y^junni^i. YiaxBHe ynsTeu 
nojqf^ajH on 25 xo 30 pyÓJLOt vb MŠcaiTB, AaBaA maximnin 12 ypoBOBi 
vh Hexijno. y^HTeu ropoxcuixrb yHEjraarB no^y^aDirE ci SBaprEpeuiiH 
(npH roTOBHzi sBapTEpars aa 6 p. 25 s. MeBBMe) 50 py6. npH 21 — 22 
Hex^BEurE yposaxi bi uacci^ (2-irB h 3-n). A shshb ho SAUft h ae 
s^erb H noJD^OBaflie ea (SiaraMH xase wb y&xHurb ropo^arb xo Toro 
eadopooicajío^ iro npecjioByTaro „yBejH^eHnaro* xaiOBanui ae xBaTaerb 
H aa cspoitaoe cyn^ecTBOBaaie. GTajio Óiirb, 8to Jimib Ba^HMoe yBOja- 
qeaie ecTb aeaojbaafl ycTynia apeiieBa, tfesi Boropoft ae Moria o6oi- 
THCb H jiDAH, aaBaa^aBnne y^HTeibode ouaAu— caMue msepaue mvb 
Bcirb BiraTBHxi oBJía^OBi wb HMaepía. H ea^e xerarb, iTotiii ncio 
ypoBOB^ 6uxo BOBinaeao ao 28. 

OóxacaHBaiE, aacKOiLBO CbpAiBj saTpyxaeaia, Bcrpi^aeiiux apa 
sjíaccBOiťb apeaoxaBaaia bi ropoACRBxi yHEiHa^ax'b, o6paTBiica n 
pascMOTpftaiK) caMoĚ nporpaiijiu axi. Bb ocaoay pacapeA^eaia y^eó- 



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XPOHffKÁ. — PMOPIA yi^XHHXl 7^11111^1. 373 

saro MaTepiua no sasxoxy npexMery noJOsoHi BOHi^eHrpnecKift He- 
Tox^ cocTOJinqft vh to», hto cootfn^aeMiijt no npeKMerairB cb^jí,íbíe 
McreneHHo pacmEpanrcii vb bhx^ KOHi^eHTpHqecBHxi ospjsHOCTeft, 
spvfeiTB o&hGKTOWb^ lUH i^oHrpoiTb BTb aBjifl6TCfl j^aiiriftc^. Bii6opi 
npejpieroB^b npoHSBexeffB Tasse e& ii&riD jMia^tmib y^eniiBa, a ho co- 
o6mHTB ony BaBur-HH^jxs npBuaxHHjt sHaiiji, nojiesHiifl tojibso wb 
BpaKTH^ecxoirb OTHOnieHiH. Hiih noxoónaro Biióopa a pacnoioseniA 

XETOpiaia Ta, ^TOŮSí JHeHHKB, BUTOWWŘ n0^6My'JIH60 H3l y^EJLmajBL 

xo OBonanú sypca, burocejpl ci co6ow> onpex^eHHufl, erpofiniifi 
wnaa SHanift, xaaKO h 9jieMeHTapHBixi, BOTopuft, xaBaa ony hí^koto- 
poe jKCTBeHHoe h HpaBCTBeHHoe pasBHxiei cjyaBRrB 6u ocHOBaHíeiTL 
Xju xajBHiĚmaro caMOCToarejaHaro coBepmeHCTBOBaHLi. Mucjb bohi^oh- 
Tpai^H npejgieTORb BecBMa zopoma,-— ho kb cosbií^híd TpyxHO nox- 
xaercji opBirbseHíi) ea no Bcim nayBairb h HexocraTo^iHO acho h 
TB^XO npoBoxBTCA Vb pasÓHpaeioixrb HaMH nporpaiofaxi. Hoac- 
BOCTB npexcraBieníji o caMoft soHi^eHipai^H BHxna, nanp., b% tom^b, 9to 
oxHH npexnera, nwh saxoni Boxift h apneMemKa, pacnojoxenH TaB'B^ 
^To y^eHHKB xase 1-ro miacca niitorB o6n^ee nouTÍe o bcAtl uc- 
TATB Hsy^aeitaro hitb npexMora, a wh nocjšxyDn^nxi BJiaccaxi Hsy- 
qeHie Toro se npexMora octb oxho pacnrapenie coo($n^eHHux!B yse sna- 
Hift. HanpoTHFB, TpyxHO oTHcsaTB laByi) se exod xoH^eHTpa^iH kb 
spojen y^efinoiTB MaTepiaift, n tftuo 6u ohobb sejaTeiBHO, ^toóh 
9Ta nioxoTBopnaa Hxea tiHja paspatfoTana no OTHomemD h kb xpy* 
noTB npexverairB, Taxi Basi 6e9:B OToro HHsnrie xjaccH y^ruHn^ 
ocraDTCJi BaBHMH-TO HexoxixaHHiiMH; H Hanpaeno yBipjiDTB, 6yxT0 

yieHHBR dTHTB BIBCCOBl npH BHZOX^ H81 y^HUnO^a BHHOCflTB CTpoS- 
HHfl GBilA^i^Hif . 

OiÍBeMi nporpaMMi mosho nassaTB yxoBJíeTBopHrejiBHinffB x-ifl noj- 
Haro (a ne na^aiBnaro o6pa80BaHia, Boropoe xb^tca vb cejfBCBHTB h 
npHxoxcKHX'B msojiaxi, ^^m^b oni h OTjra^aDTca otb ropoxcsHCB y^n- 
jHn^^B) 9jieiieHTapHaro oÓpasoBanifl, no Cb MaxenBBOK) oroBopBOD. Tasí 
Vb pyccKOĚ H Bceo6mfiŘ BCTopÍH ne xypno 6hjio 6u cooómaTB cb^x^- 
HÚi o SH3HH Hapoxa na pasjni^Hmi CTynenflxi ero yMCTBesnaro, 
spaBCTBennaro h aROHomi^ecBaro pasBHTÍfl. A to rjiaBHaa cejb h 
cepxKO HCTopiH, Hapoxa, noTTH Hc^esaerB sa droft upo^noft xoBopa- 
TÓsA HHem, ^HcejTB, HasBaHift ropoxoBi, (Setbi... Tasí ?to, bi cyn^- 
HOCT0, HCTopia ne xaerB y^eHHsaifB hh vaiifimaro noBATúi o toitb, 
KasHX'B ycBjdft ctouo HapoxaM'B xotipaTBCA xo hxi HHHimnaro cocTOAHk. 
Ho ynpoBi, x&iaemift naira nporpainii ncTopin vb ropoxcsHXB y^njH- 
mjBJPby CFJiasHBaeTCA ot^cth t^mi, tto TaBOB'B yse nopaxoR'B npenoxa- 
BaHÍA H co€TaBj[eHÍA pysoBoxcTB^B x^A Bcivb HamHTB y^eÓHUxi saBOxenift. 
Brb sypc^ soojioriE h ÓOTanHBH ne iť^maio 6u yiieHBnniTB tocUio ce- 



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S74 BMTHm nupoiEH. 

Heftem H BHXORb pacreHíft h i»bothiix^, noTOicy ^ro, oópeiiewu 
naif ATB, OHH Majio hto BHOcam kb pasBirrie j^euBMOWh. 

OcraercA HopnoHie h pHeoBanie, apenoxasaemui Ttini se kjmo- 
CHiíMH y^HTejAMV. BHCiaseiTb CHaHua ceoft Bsrjflx^ na SHa^esie 
9THn npexveroB^B. YMŠEbe zopomo psooBaTB h nepriTB ecn, óhtb 
MOsen, HaHnpaBTR^Hiftmee h HaHnojreevitmee seane, saioe tojcbko 
cnocotiHO xftTB ropoxcBoe jnuanofi Mfktawb HeóorarHrB poAJHraieft. 
TaBofi nojBBH ne npHBecyirB y^emiKairB xase peiMCja, BBexeHHHa vh 
HHiirB y^Hjniii](ax!B, h6o naBHVB bi peiiecji rpeúyevb xojraro Bpe- 
MeHH, BaraiTB cobc^itb He pacnojiaraeri 6-TUÍTmft KypcB repoxcBKxs 
y^nuHiiCi. ^iftcTBHTeiBHO, B^pHo exBvraTB nasoiTB npexMorB h boc- 
npoHSBecTH ero na óyiiary hjh bojiotho BasHO lasB j^m, y^ieflaro 60- 
TaHHBa, 800J[ora, nvb h xjia npocroro peMecieBHBBa, BOTopOMj paco- 
BaHíe H ^ep^BHie bo ]fHorHX'B cjiynaincB — nepBoe noxcoopBe; HysHs 
OHH H en^e b% THCB^axi^ pasHiizrB xpfrHx*B cne]](iaiBHoeT6ft. Cjobov^ 
CBasaTB, eciH ropoxcKoe ywjnni^e HayqRn cbohxi uHTOHi^eBi pHCO- 
BaHiK) H qepieHÍD, oho OKasen hh^ Hesaxi^HHMyi) ycjnrry, — rubi 
Booón^e OHO noHOsen hxi, oÓpasoBaniK) ne ctoibbo tíwLj ^to ohh 
(iy^yn, HacTO 6e9h cbhsh, shbtb mhofo Hay^Hiixi 4>&btob% h en^e 

ÓOJBHie TepMHHOKB, CBOJIBBO T^Hl, ITO BH%Cl4 C!B paSBHTÍeWB nOSHH- 

BaTeiBHOfi cnocoÓHOCTH, xaciTb nwh kb pyBH opyjúe npasTH^ecBaro 
Tpyxa. GosHanie rpovaxHoft BasnocTH pncoBania h Hep^OHÚi crajo 
npoHHKaTB Wh oón^ecTBo tojibbo o^chb HBxaBHO, H noTOHy HeHyxpeHOf 
TFO npesAe 9th npexHOTu HaxoxHjniCB fb mBOiazi fb saroni. Kb 
TaBOXi se nojoseniH ohh ocraDTCH b% ropoxesHXi yqniHn^acB h xo 
oero BpeMOHH. Ha hhtb enoTpHTB urB na npeAMexii ciy^a&Hiie, ane- 
ceHHiie VB nporpaMxy jí,juí oxHOft nojiHoni en h hjih cobc&tb ho npe* 

HOXaDTB HTB, HJHI SB npenOXaDTl iipeBBHHaftHO HeyMijIO H HJOXO. 

Otb luaccHHxi yqHTeieft hoibsa h Tpe6oBaTB HHoro, jnr^Hiaro npeno- 
xaBaHÍH» a noHeny— ceft^acB noHcnmrB. Tpeu^THirro Bypca jiHren- 
ciHTB HHCTHTyTOFB e^Ba xBaTaoTi Ha TO, ^Toóu npoftTH HayiHHe npex- 
není; pncoBanie h ^ep^enie hmšdtb otb 1 xo 5 ^ac. wh Hex%jn> cb 
^HCTonHcaniewB. IIocTynaDirB wb HECTHryro cnjoniB h phaohi 6yK- 
BauHO HoyMton^e napncoBaTB hj[h HanepivrB hícroibro hphhhx^b 
jiHHift. npHxoAHTca Ha^neaTB ci asoBi, a otl hhx'b vh Tpn row 
xaieso ne yfixeniB. PesyjiBTarB se Ton, hto <$yAyn^e y^HTeiH hh eaiiH 
He yMtoiTB pncoBaTB h leprHTB h ne ^yBcrsyDírB kb BTOMy sansTii) 
HHxaKoro BjieieHu, hh ynennHOBi ne naywTB. En^e xyise vh 9towh 
jiíjA npHROMaHAHpoBKBaBmiecH jpb evc^wfjt^m^ yuTejH, rotophvb 
pHCOBanie h Hep^enie npenoxaBaiHCB oxhhtb ro3;i. FjytfOKaB no HanreMy 
xh^híd oniHÓBa xjiaccHoft cncreMu bi tom^b, hto ona BOBJíosHJia npeno- 
xaBanie pncoBanin h ^epnesifl Ha luaccHHxi y^Hreoreft. HaynrB pn- 



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XFOHIRl. — PX«OPli ySgAHHXl 7VLMEm,T>. 375 

COBm H lepTHTB MOSeiTE TOJBKO AOXTO SaHHMaBIIlifica dTEITB X^JIOH'B 

%jobÍki, 3Hai)iDpi& spoMÍ caMOfl TezHHSH H cnoco6ii npenoAaBaniji. 
Eoiy npHzoAMocB cpaBHHBaTb hcejcctbo pHCOBaTB H ^epTHTB yne- 
HUOKB yiaxHHzi y^iUH^i,— rA% otfy^eme Bejocb otj^&ibhhmh j^h- 

TaUMH-XyXOSHilSaMH,— H ropOACKHXl, TOTb COrjiaCHTCfl Cl HaMH, ^TO 

B^Bue eroflTB HeESMipiuio BHme h vb bíphocth onepTaHift, h no- 
HixaHiH nepcneKTHBU h TexHHBi Tiseft. B% pHcyHRax'B yneHEROBi 
yigXHHZ^b jHHJHii^ Hep^^AKO Bax^HaiacB caMOcroflTejiBHaa zy^^ose- 
CTB^ioeiB, a nepresH orjonsjíECh npaBUBHocTED h hhctotod ot- 
linx^ vb pHcyHxazi y^eHHBOBx ropoACRHu yniuHii^, npomexiHHxi 
noíHHfl Bypcb, Bpoxš noxpasaHífl h luozoft npHBH^uui irb Hajosemi) 
mxjfflxoRb, TpyxHO OTHCsaTB qro-HHÓyAB; nepresH hxi bi ^ojluihh- 
cní cobíctho h HasBaxL dTHirb HMeHem. Eohotoo, aaiix BoapasAi^, 
m ropoxcsifl yujDui^a ne sa^aiOTca. i^íjamh npo4>eccioHajiBHim pn- 
couaHHTL nnoJTB; ho mm ^ero se noHHsaTB ypoBOHB sHamfl, cpaB- 
HReoHo CB y^AHSiiH y^HiHn^aKH, soTopuji npeoÓpasosaHH hmoheo 

00 BeyXOBJeTBOpHTeJIKHOCTH HZl 06pa80BaT6JI[BHar0 BJlÍAHia? 

Ho x^o ne b& co^epasaBÍH h o6^eM% pascMOTp^HHHxi HaxH npo- 
rptm ropoACSBxi yHHJHncB, a vb HcnojHeniH hxi. HcnojiHHTB se 
oórapmiA H MHoroB^iiVTejuiaut iiporpamiH npH luaccHofi chctoxí 
ornuBaDTCfl xase jiyqime h caMue xoÓpocoB^CTHiie y^HTOJJi. 9to mu 
CButfaeiBdByeirB, saxi HeopejiosHyD hcthej. Ho 9to ho Bce. Bac- 
lee, T.-e. 2-e OTAÍieHÍe 3-ro Kjacca ropoACKHxi xpexuaccHim y^m* 
^^'^ {vh xpyrHxi BOo6nie BHcmee 0TA&ceHie, eih Bucmíft uacci) 
nouniercfl— o^eHB pasyiiHO — h na noBTopenie npoftxeHHaro Bypca, xota 
rojunaaro BpeMGHH dToro OTA^jieHÍA e^Ba XBaTaerb na npoxosAeHie 
qpei coócTBeHHO tojibbo Toro se OTX&teHÍA. A noBTopesie i^i^iaro 
qpa ropoACBHZ!b y^nuui^ oóincHOBeHHO ocTaercji na xHororepn&n* 
loi 6yiari; sHaHHrb, oihhóbh, ciy^aBiniACfl wh Te^eHÍE 6 xítb y^enBA, 
le leopaBUDTCA, npo6&íu ne nonojiHaDTCJi; T.-e. poBHO HH^ero ee a^- 
Ji«Ra BB nojBsy iaRB-Ha8iiBaeif0& opiantAsauiiu shohUí. A df^^ aroro, 
jvopeca, soH^HBmH nojuuĚ BypcB, BcrynaxKrB vb shshb cb OTpuB- 
ttn ^pasB H MHcieft. 

ffi CMXh nopB, roBopfl o ropoACKHzi yqHJuniaxB, mh. pasyM&ni 
MUK) ojuiH^ caMuft naBHufi bha% hxi, hmobho TpexuaccHUA; xas- 
tík uaccB TasHxi y^iUHii^i XÍjhtca na XBa OTA&teHur, CTaio 6iitb 
iciiB OTxtieHií 6; bi aas^OMi OTA^emH yqeHHB!B yuTCJi oahhb 
lOu. ymejiefi na xpexuaccnoe yqHjran^e HasHaqaeTca no ^HCJiy 
Kttcom; saBOHoy^HTejiB ota^^ho. RpOM% Toro „nojiosenie' o ropox* 
ttui^ y^UHn^axi paspimaérB nasHa^TB bi 1-fi BJiacci y^HTejucBaro 

ío^ma, na sasxiie 30 ^cjiobí^bb cBopxi 50-th. BnoJini conyBCTByE 
'^loA Hipft, nojiesHOfl npn saTpyAHeHiarB bb 3aHATÍaxi cb nepenoji- 



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376 BMIEISl IBPOIDL 

HeHHimi uaccom, HeiLSA ne nosajt^TB^ ^no npHi;jiameHie noMOiiimi- 
BOB'E jHVieia orpaHHHeHO tojibko o^hhitb I-itl sjíaccoirb (§ 16). lijící 
1-ro uacca h npoAOJfXHTenHOCTB saH^TÍft vb nem h tsxb ne namii; 
H xoTfl MU He HacTaHBaeiTb na jxajieHiH noiioii^HHsoBi y^oreiel wfb 
1-ro uacca, ho ho H^^maio 6u o6paTiiTB BEHManie Ha Tpyxi yme- 
jLeft npo^iBTb xjaccoBi, ROTopHe Tasse nepenojiHaDTCfl yienHiaii 
CBume Hopnu, jBasaHHofl b'e „nojosenui'', a uemj^j riwb noMonqou 
y^iHTeiA saHHiiaTBCA vb wa% ne HHŠDrB npaaa. B^b caxom ji/ká^ 
HepeBTB ABa, tph ro^a bo BCflBO]i'B yiHJHn^^ cb HHorojooxHuirB 1-n 
xjaccowB SHa^oiTejiBHaH nacTB y^eHHROBi ero noereneHHO nefétfífrh 
BO 2-&, a noTOiTB h kb 3-ft uaccB. Cxaio 6utb, h bo 2-irB, i vb 
3-iCB Bxacci^ oHyTHTCJi HO 80 yqeHHBOffB H óojri^e, xasB oho h ecn 
TenepB bo xHorHX'B y^Hjran^axrB. HairB 6u xasajiocBf HanpoTHBib, ^ro 
BO 2-irB H S-iTB uaccax'B Hopxy xxs HasHanemfl yHETaiBCsaro noHOQ- 
HHKa cji^AOBaio yMeHBHiHTB coo6pa3HO CB KOjnraecTBom npexneroirB; 
9T0 6ujo 6u CDpaBOAJniB^ h ryMannie. Ho homhiio TpexBiaccmmi 
HopMajiBHuzi FopoACBHZ'B y^HjHH^ cyn^ecTByDrB e^e xByxKiaocHiu 
H OAHOuaccHHs, ycTpoHBaeMUH Bi HeóojBHiHxrB ropoAaxB. Y^iMjam I 
dTH orB TpexuaccHuz!B (h Aase ^erupex^B, hhth h mecTH-xiaocHHxs, 
p^AKO-pi^ao vMÍi yqpesxoHHuzi) hh^^^itb ne otjihudtch: hh iqo- 
XOJSHTeJBHOcrii) Kypca, hh Bara^HHOH) nporpaHMu; TavB ^to cvpasy 
ne noHHTHo, OTiero xe sto cx^jiaHO Taxoe yuoHeme otb HopMan- 
Haro THna ropoACKHX'B y^HjiHn^. 06'BHCHeHÍe dToĚ CTpaHHOCTH hh Hafi- 
AOiTB VB sanHCK^, conpoBosxaBHieŘ noasjeme vh cbšvb npoesTa TCifOX' 
CKHXi y^njiHn^'B H HaneHaTaHHOft wh „SKypnaiš MHHHcrepcTBa napox- 
Haro npocBÍ^n^eHÍA'' sa 1869 roxi. SanHCsa roBopHTB, ^ro en^e bo Bpe- 
Mena yisxHUXi y^Hjnin^ npHHUOCB vh híbotophtb ropoxarB Tper&i 
uaccu saxpuTB, no orcyrcTBÍD b!b hhx!b y^eHHX0B'B; nodroiiy orxpH- 
BaTB Vb TaBHTB popo^aTB yiEjEH^a cb 3 uaccaMH 6iuo 6h Hanpac- 
HOD TpaTOD xenerB. Ho bíab yxi ecjra ne OTspusaTB TpexuaccHoe 
yTOJiHn^e, to ne nysHO 6w[o 6u orapuBaiB cooTBiTCTByDni^HrB 3-My uaccy 
AByx'B OTA^Jienift h vh oxHOuaccHOit^B^-^T.-e. Haxo 6u BypcB ero yHeHB- 
HiHTB cb 6 jAvb Ha 4 roxa. Ho sypcí ne yiteHBnieHi, Tpy^i y^Hreii 
CA%jiaH'B ^yTB ne RaTopsnum, o6y^Hie h BOcnHraHie EHatiexeno m 
xHoro crynenefi hhso h HeHSBtorno aia xaBofi hojibsu. Mucjb, hto 
HUH^ H6 6yAeirB y^^HHsoB^B Vb 3-irB siacci yHHjran^ MajiojroxHUxrB ropo- 

AOB^B — IRCTUŘ aHaxpOHHSlTB, TaKB SaK!B TOHOpB XaSO H KB dTHTB rOpO- 
AaX'B nOTTH HOBOdMOSHO OTHCSaTB OTpHI^aTeJieft 06pa80BaHÍH, X0T2 
6U JIHHIB Vb BHXy BOHHCXOft HOBHHHOCTH. ECJH SO OXHOKiaCCHIUI fl 

XByxKiaccHUH y^HjiHn^a ycTpoenu no orcyrcTBiD cpexcTBi na coxqHsa' 
Híe xYumsx^b, TpexiuraccHUxi y^Ejm^i, to BecBua CTpaHHO saian 
BHA^TB Taxie se pesyjiBTaTu ovb oxnouaccHuxi yujHn^, Kars i 



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xpoHHU. — ^FSAOPii y^sxHni^B ymEn^i. 377 

on TpezKiaccHHXi. To-ecTB, hjih o^HouaccHHa ynjHniia ro^HH wa 
saiiqeHHOft vibxEi Hjra neroxHU. Bi nepBoiTB cjqf^ai dsoHOMH^i^e 
6010 6u ycrpoHBETB Besx^ OAHOuaccHiu hjh XByxsjraccHUA; bo-bto- 
pon ciixoBajio 6ii hx'b bosaí saspiiTB, hjih Hnrx^ ne otrphbetb; 

nOTOMy ^TO KOIL CBOPO B08M0SHH OAHOUaCCHHfl ropOACKÍfl J^EJIHII^a, 

TO Be TpyxHO xoxyMaTBCA H Mfi xByxiuraccHHxi rHHHaaift... ncEHManie 
H€COOTB%TCTBÍfl oxHOiuaccHUxi H ffijxuhccBuvh yiHiíHii^ Ch noTpe6- 
locmH o6pa80BaHifl h npaBHiíBHBDrb nojoseueirB y^eÓHO-BOcnHra- 
TeiLHaro x^a fb m&ojA Ha^HHaeri, Bnpo^eiTB, BiucHaTBCfl; h zotji 
s&ypmurB MHHHcrepcTBa HapoAHaro npccBin^eniji'' h Bucrynaeiib b% sa* 
niiTy HTB, npoDHeuBaA pei^enTS, Kasi saHHicaTBca ci& 3 h 6ojíie oř- 
xiieidiiiiH H npo^., ho yse ojulb, norpeÓHOCTB wb xaKoft sano^BT^ cbh* 
xifeiLCTByeirB o cosHamH HeyxoBJíeTBopHTejiBHOCTH droro poxa yn- 
inCB. 

PasÓHpaH opraHHsaipi) ropoxcsHZ'B y^Hjniio^i, mi hbmíthjh h%- 

OEOIBIO nyHKTOBl, BOTOpiie AOIXHH 6UTh npHHHTU BO BHHMaHÍ6 npH 

oócyxj^eHÍH yciOBÍft BOcnHraHú h o6y?eHÍfl j^a xccTHsenÍA rjiaBHofi 
Jílkja papoACBHxi y^HjHn^i — xaTB oÓpasoBame a^taitb hh3iiihx'b h 
BOOtSn^ HecocToaTeiBHim cociOBÍfi. IlepBoe ycjOBie, bto — nepen^Ha 
uaccHoft CHcreMH npenoAaBamH Ha npejMierHyi). YAepsHBaxB RjaccHyi) 
CKKxj BO Bcix^B uaccaxi ropoxcBHXfB y^HJHiiii^B TOJURO pa^H efl 
exnioo6pa8ÍH, SHa^HTi pohhtb h BOcnHTaTejBHoe, h y^eónoe a^jio 
anm yqnjnin^. 6% A^ficxBHreiBHOCTH, ropoACsÍH ywjiHn^a npe^CTaB- 

MSWTh Clri^niaHHHft THHl HB^ajlBHHXrB H BUCniHX!B d^eMeHTapH£IX!B 

■Bon. Sypc^B HanaiLHaro yinjiHn^a ozBaTiiBaercji I-itb luaccoirB, Bypci 
iHcmaro dJieMeHrapnaro y^Hinn^a saiuíD^aeTCA bo 2-irB h S-itb luraccaxi. 
noeroiry h CHcreiiy npeno^aBania cji^xyeirB hphm^hhtb TaBse CMimaH- 
ByD, siaccHO-npexMOTHyD. npeno^aBame b!b l-wb uacci mosho nopy- 
nMTb oxBOMy y^HTeiD Cb noMon^HHBOiTB, eciH o6n^ee ^hcjio y^a^Hxca 
(neTh BHHie 50; ho co 2*ro uacca npeno^aBanie xojxho coBopmaTBCH 
I ipejmeTHHiiH y^HTejuMH, Tairs isavb tojibbo npn TaBOirs npenoxa- 
mmsí BOSMOSHO npaBHjiBHoe BHnojHeme nporpaHMH h npEiosenie 
éojAe pa8y][H£iX!B BOcanraTeJELHurB npieMOBi cb KOJJieBTHBHUirB y^a- 
crioKS H HaÓjnoxeHieifB Bcero cocrasa y^íHrejieŘ. B^b npe^nojraraeMOft 
ttuai chctohí, Kasj^oe ropoxcRoe yraiHii^e xo jxho 6u hm^tb ne MeHie 
nmnu sjuccobi: vb yHHJiHn^axi se Ch MeHBniHirB ^hcjoitb sjíaccoB^ 
BOiarajiacB 6u h ^po^op^ioHaJBHO yiieHBnieHHaH nporpavMa. Bao^OHie 
HpexxeTHOŘ CHcreMU HM^eirB sa ce6a h en^e oxHffB apryMe&TB — bos- 

HOKHOCTB SaM^HH y^HTaiH, BO BpCMH OFO ÓOJri^HH, XPy^HlTB y^HTe- 

l^m. He BcasoMy HSBŽCTHOt RaRi OTpasaDTCH na y^eHHRan ropox- 
laasTh jujiHnicB 6ojiísejii y^nrejieft. OÓHBHOBenHO y^ennsH Tor^a co- 
Miwh pacnycBaDTca aoho& exh se, x^a o^hctbh cob&cth, HifBxaDrB 



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378 BftOTHISl IBFOIIH. 

iiHCBifeHHHa pa6oTii, hhr&tb, Bopo^em, ne npocMaTpHBaeKUfl, SHa^HTb, 
no na2[B8Í paBHOCHJBHHa pocnjCBy no AOMairb. Soro bhhhtb bi dTon? 
TojuKO ys^b HHsaBi ne K9jnj.i> y^Hreieft, ysoTopmi h CBoero x^kiSL 
no-ropio. 

BTopoe ycjOBie nosaserca, ůarh nošen, cjnnnsoicb TpefioBaTeiL- 
HHM%, TaKB Bax'B j^íJi BcnojiHeHÍA ero HeodxoAiuio nporpaiuiy ropox- 
CKRX!b y^Hjnm^ hsmí^hhtb BecBMa cymtecTBeHHo, hmohho csjisetb ee ch 
nporpaioaiiH cpe^HEXB msojrB. }í^ aroro ecTB xsa nyra. Oahkb 
nyTB— npenoxasaHie asubobi, rjiaBHHirb otipasom T0p]ía8Aii^HX'b yneHH- 
BOBi ropoACRHX'B yvuHii^; Apyi^ft — yp&sa nporpaiofii ej,% h coRpa- 
n^enie ucjia y^eónuzi jAtl. HepascHerjHBOCTB nepBaro cnoco6a b'b 
xenesHom OTHomeHÍE oneBHj^Ha; rpomí tofo, bi yts^HOirb ropojcb 
Tpy;(H0 H Ha&TH y^HTOJiet asurobi. OcTaHOBflMca na BTopom. He- 
MHoro Bume mu csasajui, tto ropoxcBífl yiHJiHma cyrs bhciida djieiieH- 
TapsHfl mxojni, cocraBJuiDnúii nepexoxHyD CTyneHB on hh8iiihx'b vb 
cpeAHHMib. Easi 6u nporpaMMa hxi hh éma nraposa, bo bcaboitl cjiy- 
^at dTO TenepB ywjiHnita o6oco6jieHHiiJi) oTA^ieiiHUJi h ho AaDmis 
bmíctí Ch Tiwb oÓpasoBanLi, paBHaro cpexHHMi mojuurB. yHeHHRH, 
KOHqaDnpe sypeš ropoxcucb y^nojHii^, npHHaxjesaTb Óóumeft hsctbi) 
K% HESHíHirB luaccaiTB: BpecTBAHairB h Mibni^aHairB. ^ia jiD^eft 9thx*b 
BiaccoBi BaxHO npesj^ Bcero ho otfn^ee oópasoBame, saRoe ohh BOJiy- 
^aDTB B'B ropoACBHX'B y^Hnio^an h Koropoe, bí TOMy se, cemo no 
ce6i oienB orpaHHqeHno h ne Mosen 6iitb nonojmeno nocrynjieHieiťB 
Wh cpexHia yie6Hiifl saBe^enú, — xifl hhx'b nysno oÓpasoBanie npn- 
RjaxHoe, peMeciennoe. Pasyiť&ercji, anue y^eHEsn sazoTarB npoi^oji- 
SHTB cBoe oCpasoBame vh cpexHHxi niBOJiaz'B, HHue se aoxshh 6y- 
xyrB yxoBieTBopHTBca tojbbo tíitb, itó npiotipiTyrB vh ropoxcBoírs 
yviLiHmi. ^ň nepBuxi, cjtxoBaTejiBBo, nysno OTspuTB xBopn cpex- 
nnxi maojTB; aia BTopiixi neoóxoxHMO BBecrn bo bcí^xi ropoACRHX'B 
y^Binniaxi peMecjiennue uaccii, CMorpa no noTpeónocrn Mžcrnaro 
nacaienúr wh rbTh nn xpyrnn penecjazi. 

Ilpn Taaoft noexanoBR^ ropoxcRHxi y^njniio^i niecTHjr&TniĚ RypCB 
nrB, pacTanyTufl xenepB xo noci'fixHHX'B npex^OBi, naxo coRpaTSTB 
no KpaŘnefl Mipi xo 4 j^tb, xora 6u jusMh bi nivh ropoxax'B, rxt 
cymecTBynn en^e npnxoxcRÍa yqnjnn^a^ cooTB']^TCTByK)nqa nepBOicy 
Bjraccy ropoxcBHxii yunn^. Ecjh npn dTOirB ynenBUienin y?e6nHX'B 
Jíirh nonaxoÓHTCa coapaTETB n oóieni nporpaMMU — h to ne Ó^xb- 
dTO Úujío 6u xase oienB noiesno, tbr^b Rasi, ne saxepsHBafl xojlfo 
ynan^ExcJi vh cbokcb crbnaxi, vh ymepói hx'b kíij h nysxairb 
ceMBH, ropoxcBÍa yqnjnin^a t^'b caifinrB npexocTaBjam 6u sejanniiHMi 
Bci cpexcTBa kb npoxojisenix) oópaBOBaniá b!b cpexHnxi niROJiaxi bjie 
Vh nocTynjieHíi) vh peMecjiennuft BjiaccB, nsi ROToparo lepesi 2 — 3 



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XPOHHSA. — PMOPMA y^SAHHXl y^BIHU^l. 379 

roxa BinnejTE 6u pai6oTBHsi TaRoro ae BOBpaera, Rasofl HMtorB y^e- 
rau, xoH^aDHUe hhh£ BypcB bi ropoxcxHn y^HjiHB^axrB, T.-e. 15 — 16 

Bootin^e ropo;^CKÍJi y^HJiHii^a« vb wsi% 7^e6Hofi nacTH, HyxxaiDTeJi sib 

(OIBimrB HBMteeHiaX^ SOTOpHfl BBÓaBHJOI JIH 6il HX*B orb SaMBHyTOCTH, 

Ha KaKyD ohi oópe^eHH Tenepb. Eioxitb Hexoy^n, JiHiiieHHHxi npasa 
o6pa80BaHÍs vb TEmassisK^ h HecnocoÓHUXi npHHATBca sa si(B0fi-HH6y;i;B 
^^isnecKíft TpyA^, neBHroAHo xjifl combe, oti^ecTBa h rocyXapcTBa. 
AoisHOCTB nHcapfl sa 8 — 10py6. asaiOBaHba— botte eAHHCTBeeHafl npo* 
^eccu, xocrynBaa y^eHHsairL ropoxeaHxi Yvusannh, Ho h nncapcTBO 
BO XHonixB ropoxarb He^oerHaumo ima bcítb. 

Mh wasBU HaBOHOi^ ca&uitb eme hícbojibbo daMiqamft no no- 
BOixy HisoTopuxb §§ nojosenifl o r(q[)0xcBHx% y^Hjramaxi. Ectb ope 
Bixi nej^rorHHecRie cob^th; cosBanie etl no 23 § npoAOCTaBjíeHo saB'^- 
xyD^HiTb y^HJiHii^aMH, RXB HHcneKTopaiTb, noTTH Bcerxa TaRHirs se 
(i^oapaTaiTb, RaRHMH cjiiijih bo Bpeiui oh5 mraTHue CMOTpHTOJifl. Bid- 
poipaTy se npoTHBHO xo rjyÓHHH Aynra souesTHBHoe o6cysxeHÍe h 
pimeme pasHHxi BonpocoffB, KacaDn^HXCJi BOcnETanijer, o6y^eHÍa h xo- 
SfftcTBa yHHjnmrB; noTOMy ^to, pasi ohi ÓDpoaparb, n hm^otb vh 
PTiaxi MaieHBKíĚ xjfiicTHS'B BjiacTH, BCJBRoe o6cysxeHie cooón^a sa- 
sefrea eiiy nocaraoBeHieirb na ero jih^hoctb h BjiacTb. IIodTOMy hh- 
CBOAio HO CTpaHHO, HTO BO MHOFHxi yHHjiHii^ax'E nexarorH^ecRÍe co- 
bíth He coÓHpaDTCfl njbjuie rowi n j^Mreza ao tofo bphbhbjih k% 
aóeQXDTHOxy caMOBjacrix) SMÍjí,yjomjsx'h y^Hn^aiiH, 9to noxoacHTejiBHO 
3a6Hjni o npecioByTHx*B coBÍTaxi. Hsb^cthei Ham h Tam yqHjEHii^a, 
rxt y^HTeju npoóOBajra TpeóoBaTb cosBamA nexarorHHecsiixrB cob^tobx, 
i sa TO npociujH y na^ajncTBa sa neÓJiaroHaxesHUxi h niaTRjucb bu- 
roBopami, a to h iticTáMH. ^a h saR^b Tpe6oBaTb y saB^xyion^Hx^ y^H- 
noiaMH Hcnojraesifl 26 § nojioseHÚr, ROFxa no § 23-My ohh c^HraDTca 
HOjmora Ha^aAHHRaMH BB£peHHUx'b nirb y^EJinn^ h hmi noA^HoaDTca 
Bci ciysan^ie npn y^Ejramiaxi xHi^a? KcraTH, HenonaTHO, bi lem 
XOisHo BspasaTbCfl nox^Hnenie ynsTaieft saBixyDnpHi? B'b Bonpocaxi 
oexaroFHHecRHXx y^HTOJiA noA^HoaiOTCJf pimenijix^b coB^Ta (§ 28); B'b 
Iímsl xosafiCTBa ohh ne BM^niHBaDTCfl; ocTaiOTCJi pasBi nopy^eniji h 
ninRasaBiA, HecorjiacHUH ch jiH^Hiiirb ^^ocTOHHCTBOifb y^HTejrji. Bipno 
OXHO, ^To, ocHOBHBaacb Ha 23 § nojoacenia, 8aBftAyH)n^ie y^Hjnn^auH 
ixii>rb Vb pyRax'b oónrapnoe h HenoAJeasan^ee HHRaROMy ROHrpojD 
opuo orpaBifiTb shshb h A^^exbHocTb y^HTejiefi TucflqaMH MOJO^eft, 
XOHOcaKB no HanajibCTBy, nxoxHMH peROMenAai^ijiMH h npo^. ?to6ii 
XBTb nexarorHHecRHiTb coB^Tairb yHHJiHm nacTOnn^yi) shbhb h CHJiy, 
eiixoBajo 6u xosbojhtb coseanie cobítobib ne tojibbo no npex^oseníD 
stB4Mt;D^^l^o, ho h no sejianiH) (ojbniHHCTBa HjeHOB^b coB^Ta hjih 



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380 Bmmm upom. 

ceicperapa ero, HsÓHpaeiiaro cobítoitb xasAHĚ roxi. ?to se Kacaercx 
xo 23 §, TO CL BeiHKOD nojiBBOi) xu y^HmirB ero mosho <$hjio 6u 
yHHTTosHTBi o((paTH]rB 8aBÍ^x7K>n(im vh HcnojraHreieft h Ha6jiDxaTejieft 
8a HcnojraemeiTb noeraHOBJíeHift coB^Ta. 

Mbcjih, HsiosesHua HaxH sx^cb cb H^Koropoi) noxpo6HocTBi>, o 
sHa^eniH h HHTepecar& ropoxcuirB ywjuiiui noxTBepxxaiHCB He oxhkb 
pasi MH^Hunni ihi^b hbi pasHun míctb Poccíh O- CcHiaevGJi na 
aro, xai^ Ha ^aairb npoHHKHyBinaro vb otfn^ecTBO cosHaHÍA o Heotfxo- 
XHMOCTH npeoÓpaBOBamji ropoxcBHTB ymKn^B. Cys^eHÍft cbohxi kh 
HO BHxaeirb sa HenpejosHyD HCTHHy^ ho xyMaeirB, iro oÓcroflrejKHoe 
pi^meme btofo Bonpoca itosera 6iitb HaĚxoHo tojibbo npH noMonqi 
ynumcÁhCKOM cbVhsda y^Hreiefi ropoxcBHTB y^njHni^i bcílt^ ryóepmft 
Poccíh, ni x^ftCTByDn hobbji ynnaHn^a. 

H. n— xoBi. 



loe M ^o' 



^) Cm., Banpmipi, loppecnoHxeHipD rsi ^epnirósa, „Crpana^, 1880 r., ^ 69, : 
CTaxM) ^yfewHjr jTEiHma", „HoBoe Epemi", 1880 r., ?é 1636. « 



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BHYTPEHHEB OBOSraHIE 

1-e aHBap«, 1881. 



06míS zapasTepi HCTesmaro ro^a.— npeo6juu(aK>iAafl ero nepra— nepeirlHa vb ih?- 
Bcnrb cocraBi mHicrepcTBa HapoxHaro iipocsimeBÚE.— Pasivde MesxT orpniia- 
men iomke h oncasoKi on ^'^TeiBHOCTH.— IIociijtBifl coÓhtu bi yHHBepcH- 

TerCBOi XBBEH Vb CBA3H d rHMHaSHHeCKOK) «3pÍ10CTBK)».— BjIaBÍO yneHHHeCKHX'B 

«flpaBHii» 1874 roAa na Tasyi) «3piiocTB>.— CHCieiia «coo6n](eHÍ8», h «npa- 
BHia o B8HcsaHÍflX'L>.— OÓsopi ynpaBieHÍfl rocyAapcTBeHHUMH HiiymecTBaicH sa 
nociiXBÍii 25 lirB, h pasxHHHHa HaopaBieHU BtxoMCTBa fb Te?eHÍH Bceio aroro 
BpeMeHH. — fionpocB o CHcreifi npaBUBHaro ynorpeÓieHÚ saseHHHxi seifen. 



EciH MHHyBiiriĚ voxh emfl ne npHHeci nairB HHKaiHxi cyn^eeiBeH- 
HHzi H npo^HHxi HSM^HeHíft vb o6mfiVb crpoi Hameft nyÓJiHTOOft 
SI3HH,— ecjiH npoBOsrjiainafl eMy: De profundis, mu Moseiii nonAHyrs 
AOÓpoiTB JoniiB HŠsoTopiiA jra^Bius nepeM^Hu kb cocraB^ eaniefi a^ME- 

HlCTpaipH H HŠlOTOpiIA BpeMeHHHA 06jierHeHÍA, OXOHiaTeJBHO He BO- 

mwnúi Vb saKOHi, — orb Bce se 6yxerB xoiro naiurreKB camiirB pasHo* 
oópaBEUiTB cjiOAiťB pyccsaro o6ii^ecTBa yse oxhhitb noíHiiirB EpaBCTBen- 
HmrB spymemeirB CHcreMSi HapoxHaro npccBin^enia, cb ea „npeni^H- 
nau', ch BA „cpexcTBaMH'' ■ ci ex .i^íjulhh", — CHcreMU, saiiina- 
TeiBHoft pasB^ tímh pesy^BTaxaMH, kotophx'b ona AOCTHrjia, h sa ko- 
Topue Han npExerca pacuanHBaTBCJi ne ojíjswb voxh. Mu, npaBxa, 
en^e ne SHaem xocroBipHo, HacROJBRo BupasHjEOCB 9to bcíme cosHaHHoe 
I bcímh sejiaHHoe RpymeHÍe vb o^EnÍAJhEsirb o6mflVb iiipaz'B no 
mmcrepeTBy HapoxHaro npocB^n^emfl; „GoópaHíe 78aK0HeHi&''» .Ilpa- 
BHTeiBCTBeHHuft BicnEEXb*^ H caMUĚ „SypHaii MHHHcrepcTBa^ coo6- 
n^aiH o6b dTOMi oneHB Majio CB^A^Hifi; ho axa nacTB rocy^apcTBen- 
laro ynpaBieHk xasi BasHa, TaKB tícho CBAsana Cb o6mjau% xoaomx 
BHyrpeHHHxi x^íjtb bi Poccíh, ea mjkajbí h TpetfoBaHifl TaR^B bootioshu, 
HTO, Haxo AyMaTB, ROJietfaHÍA bi fíbjrb TaRoft rpoHa^HOt BasHocri yse 



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382 B^GTHSO sBřonn. 

He 6y;cyrB npoAOJisHTejiBHU, h Rpymenie CHcreMU, ch HacTOAii^HMx 

Sa^eCTBOlťE SOTOpOft MU SHaROMHMCfl BnOJIHi TOIBRO Tenepb, XOTJI R 

8aAHHMi ^HcioiTb, — ocTaHeTCfl He OAHHMi 4)aBT0Mi otfn^ecTBeHHaro 
cosHaHÍA H o6mjči pa^ocTH, ho h BupasHTca na npaicTHsš xasi se 
flCHo, saRi csasaiocB oho bi. cosnamH Bcero pyccsaro o6ii];ecTBa. Mh 

CaMH uiCKOJbKO paSl nOBTOpfllH, ^TO Bl HIBOJ[BHOM'E ^ÍjA HaX06H0 

Bcero 6oMÍQ ocTeperaTbCA „jomrh**, — ho ÓjaropasyMHoe orpni^me 

jioiiBfl Hc uom&Th 6uTB HpHBHMaeMO vb CMHCjt oTKasa 0Tb x^TejnbHocm. 

?To6u BDOjraft HaiTHCB Bi Haiseifi HHHŠnraeirb BHyTpenHeifb no- 

JIOSeHiH, HTO6I1I nOHflTB 10 KOEUfiL CHHCJťB TaSHXl aBJ6HÍŘ Vb CpeX& 

jy^meft nacTH Hameft MOJiOAesH, yHEBepcHTercsofi, RaRHiiH otiosHa^Hjica 
Bi MocRBt soH6i^'B HCTesHiaro ro^a, Heo6xoAHMO otb speneHE xo Bpe- 

MeHH nO^^BOXHTB ({)aKTHH6CKÍe H HpaBCTBeHHUe HTOrH HO TOMy TOJnSO, 

qro Mil npioÓp^^TaeMi HOBarOi — rbwb óojše, iro dTO hoboo, sasib mh 
saM^THjH, He oco6eHHO óoraTo coAepmameMi, — ho h TOMy, hto eMy ne- 
nocpexcTBeHHO npexníecTBOBajio; mh toj[bro TenepB nojy^aeMi bcxoxh 
Toro nocÍBa, BOTopuft ciaica 14 jíti cb ycepjqeM^ AOCToftniiMtB lyn- 
maro x&ra bi cpexHHXi yqe6HiirB saBe^eniazi, BfiICHJIaK)^^^L'B cboh 
KOHTHHreHTH vb yHEBepcHTeTB Cb aTTecraTaMH „sp^joctm''. ^tómof^o 

HMOMHO „COSpÍTB" Vb MOJfOXOMTb TOJIOBÍRÍ, TOJIBSO-VrO nepeCTyDHBHieM^b 

co niKOjn>Hoft CRaMBH Ha CKaMBD aRaj^eMH^ecsyi)? Ha ttó oh!b ynorpe- 
6vrb nepBue foxh cbohxi cboóoxhhu aaHHTÍft? Cospijo jlh vb nen 
TOHJioe HyBCTBO jid6bh h npHBHsaHHOCTH K% CBoeMy HacraBHHRy, ko- 
Topoe OHI MorB 6h nepenecTH roroBinrB m na npoij^eccopa? Hay^Hiefl jn 
OHI AoposHTB BCKopMHBHieK) OFO HiROJoft, soF^a BCTynHJTB Vb alma mat^ 

Hjni OffB SpíXB TOJBKO HOTOMy, HTO Vb HeWB COSpilH COBepHieHHO 
HHUa qyBCTBa, cb SOTOpUMH OH*B H HO SaMOXJHJTB OTHeCTHCB Vb JVMr 

BopcHTory? Ha bci oth BoapocH moxho oraš^aTB BOBce ne raxaTejBHO, 
a CB acHHMH AOBasaTejíBCTBaMH Vb pyícaxi. Depexi HaME ^IIpaBEim 
js^a yqeHHKOBTB rHMnasit m nperEMHasift MiHHcrepcTBa Hapowaro npo- 
CBÍH^eHifl", yTBepsx6HHua 6hbhihm% mehhctpomtb vb Mai 1874 roxa, — 
npaBHja, nox% BjriHHieMi ROTopHxi o6yqajiocB h BOCHHTHeajioCB hí- 
cxoiBKo MOJiOAHxi HOBOjíÍHift, xomexiiiHxrB ^0 yHEBopcHTera. Rb CBoe 
BpoMA MU ne MOFjra roBopHTB o HHxi, a TenepB ohh abjihdtcii xparo- 
i^iHHBnťB HCTopHiecKMMi xoRyMeHTOMTB. 9th „IIpasHu'' 6paiH MajB- 
HHRa CB Aec4iTHj[%THaro Bospacra, 6pajH peóensa, h ci-pasy CTasuM 
ero Vb ycjoBÍA, ^yx^uh h aHTHnaTHTOUfl ero ntenoMy h npaBXMB0M7 
BospacTy, CB-pasy onyTusajiH ero cíthmh 0(j[M|^Hi^i&iBHoft ýaiBHiH. Ha 
nepBoft CTpaHHi^, cb nepBux'B se ctpor'b Maou^^Bsy, „yqeHHsy niMHasift 

H OpOrEMHasiĚ', BMÍHAJIOCB Bl» 06jl8aHH0CTB „OOCTOHHHO HM^TB B%. 

BH^y i^iJiB y^eraa BOo6me* — .BOspocTH CoBxaTeii) HamoMy bo cJiaBy* 
H T. n.; oTi nero TpeÓOBajiocB, ?to6u oh'b mejtb vb msojy cb i^íak), 



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XPOHHSi. — BHJTPIHHIB 0B03P«HIS. 388 

soTopafl 6ABa JIH 6iua no CH^airB caMRirB cocTaBHTaiairb dTHx^b npa- 
Bin,— C!B i^ijiBD „611TB coBepmeHHHiTB, Aso se Orei^B HanrB ne- 
6ecREdl' 9to jih ne 4^ajiBinb, aro jih ho jerRoe, Kani^eupcKoe o6pa- 
mjtfOB CL CBflTHHeft, cnocofiHoe tojbko orrojRHyrB DHyD xyiny h npH- 
lecTH ee vh noJHOMy orpni^amiD? IIo nivh se „IIpaBHjaMi", yqeHHRH 
^QÓaaABU* nocln^aTB oén^ecTBeHHoe 6orocjyaceHie vh BOCBpecHue h 
npasxHH^HHe ahh, ^a Tasse h Be?epoM'B HasaHyni araxi XHefi"; npa- 
Bua npexnHCUBajiH EWb xase canoe ÓjtaroroB^HÍe, ci BaiHiTB xojsho 
BecTH ce6fl vh i^epsan, Banpeni^afl HiťB ^ase „nepexoxHTB c% Micra 
Ha iňcTO H pasroBapHBaxB Mesxy co6ok)^; ohh npeAHHCUBajH tob^tb 
,Bi crpacTHyD cexinn^y'', ,npHqeirB t% KouMb doaeoAeno ucnoAujífnh 
srnu xpucmianciáH oóHaonnocmu nwb npaMoro Ha^sopa H Ha6j[DAeHÍa 
y^eiÍHaro HanajiBCTBa, oóflsaHii npeAcraBHXB ceny nocrixneMy cbhx^- 
TeibCTBO OTB CBoero AyxoBHHRa o TOMii, TTO ÓtUH y Hero Ha HCnOB^I^H 
H npnacTHJHCB cb. TatffB*. Ho Bcero saMftnaTejBHie to, ?to ^IIpaBHja^ 
,iipeAnHCKiBa.iH bc^mi Booómce ynenHEaiTB, HacKOJiBso ohh Moryn, 
codfhHemeoeamh ÓjrarojiiniiD óorocJiyseHia fb rHunasH^ecKofi hjh nasna- 
veHHoft JUH nociii];eHÍH yiennaaMH rHMHasin i^epsen". 

HeiBSH npHi^yMaTB HHqero óojíe cnoco6Haro OTTOJsnyrB DHyD 
xyiny otb i^epxBH h B']&pu, yÓHTB vb najiBqHKt pejinriosnoe qyBCTBO, 
rtvL dTO Rani^ejiapcRoe sajiri^saHÍe vh sxy ^Hcxyi) xyniy, on npnpoAU 
orspuryD Bceiiy SHBOMy h xo6poMy» ci npHHyAHTej[BHuiiH h ^^opuajiB- 
HHHH i^&iAiíH, hmobho tojibko ^^opiiaiBHUMH, HOTOicy ^TO npowufl, Tjy- 
601M BHyrpeHHlH ji^^iiš, HHKorxa He AOCTHraDTca TasHMH cpe^CTBaMH. 
Mil ne roBopHMi yse o tom'b, tfo anaqHTejBHoe 6oj[BniHHCTBO rHMHa- 
8KCTOBI HB SHBerB Bi crtnaxi rHHHasift, tto, nposHBan bii 6oi%e 
HiH xenite OTxajieHHoiii pascTOAHin on yqeónaro saBe^eniB, oho ho- 
craBJíeHo vb Heo6xoAHMOCTB, pa^n ^^opHaiBHaro HcnojraeHifl npaBHjii, or- 
opaBjuiTLCH Bi rHMHasíK) A^se H vh npasAHHnuft AeHB oTAUxa, b ne 
TOJBKo vh npasAHH^HHe AHH, HO „TaRse H Be^epoiTB HaRanyni bthxi 
XHeĚ!' CRasHTe, hto, npn TaRHXi ycjiOBiHxi, npome h ecTecTBenH^ — 
fesnpesocjOBHoe jh h to^boo HcnojHeme noAo6HiirB „IIpaBHjii' MajB- 

HHRaiIH H DHOmaMH, HJ[H He^OBOJ&CTBO H pOHOTl, ROTOpue B7» DHHXl 

yiaxi TaR'B jecfro nepexo^HT^ b'b oipni^anie? 

„npaBHJia", TaRi rpy6o nanpaBjíflDn^iH pejHriosnyiD cob^ctb yqa- 
npixca KB HHAH<i>^peHTH3My, ne MoryrB 6utb Menše noApoÓHU h 06- 
CTOHTeJBHU jffh perjaiieHTai^iH caMaro y^enia. TyTi npeAycuoTpiHO 
Bce, TyriB nnqero ne npexecraB^eno hh yiiiHBK) XHpoRTopa pyieoBOXHTB 
yqeHHROBi h ycTpoHTB o6^^ft nopjB[AOR'B vb saBe^eníH, hh ÓJiaroTBop- 
Hoxy BjkHix) nopAAoqHiix'B y^Hrejiefi na y^anqixcfl, hh tAitb Menite 
BHyTpeHHefi nopa^o^nocTH nocj[%XHHX'B. „IIpaBaia^HeynycRaiDrB „boc- 
nperHTB caMOBOJBHiifi buxo^^b yqeHHRa hsi Rjacea bo BpeMa ypcaa h 



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384 vwiEMSíh iBPom. 

npexoeraBHTL HcnpaiHHBaTB na to xosBOJieHie npeno^aBaTOifl JDOBh 
Kb cjtynai spaĚHeft HeoózoAHMOCTH*'; ohh 8a6oTjHBO npexnECUBaDirb 
j^ettsauLWh „nepe;^ na^ajioMi saai^aro ypoKa^ ao npHxoxa openoxasa- 
Tejifl, npHBOAHTB Bi nopAXOKb H npHroTOBJjm rb BBHrH, Terpaw h 
npoHÍA yneÓHUA h nHCBHeHHiu npitHaxJeaíHocTH, kob hitb noHaAO- 
tfaTca''. BUuBAuft jwunKb senpeiťfiHHO Aoiseni saHaiiaTb bi uaeci 
sapanie HasHa^eHHoe ony mícto h ne xojiseffb nepeirtH£T& ero ca- 
MOBOJiBHO, He HcnpocHffb Ha TO AOSBOJieHÍA xjaccHaro nacTaBHHsa. He 
8a6uTO H ycTaHOBjenie o($A8aTeiLHot noau a-ia y^eHHKOKb: »Bo spěna 
ypoxoBi yneHERH o^asanH cha^tl np^xo, xota 6u h npHCJOHflCb k% 

CnBHB^ CBaMBH, HO HO OÓJIOBaHHBaJICb H HO paSBaJIHBaflCB, H OTHDAB 

He AOJUBHH HH pasFOBapHBaTB, HH menTaTBCfl Mesxy co6oi>' h op. h 
np. TyrB npeAycMOTp^Hu h perjiaMeHTHpoBaHii secru, HecKpoxHiie 
Bonpocu y^HTOJO), Bce xo nouiKBBzrb MejioieĚ. KasAUfi yneHui npi- 
o(SpÍTaerB oti nucHasÍH hííh nporHMHasíH TOTpaAB, vh soropyi) okb 
otfaaaH'B sanHCiiBaTB »co bcod toihoctíd'' to, ht6 saxaHO npenoxasa- 
TOJieMT* Kh cjit^yDn^eMy ypoxy, h ese^neBEo npexcTaBUTB dry Te- 
TpaAB poAHTeMirB hjih poxcTBeHHHsaMi, „Ha none^enÍH bohxi oh% sa- 
xoahtc^''. Ho Bcero opHraHaiBHte saBJíDnTeJBHůfi naparpa^ sllpa- 

BAJl** „OTHOCHTejBHO yHeHÍA*', BM^HHDHpft y^CHEKy Bl O^ASaHHOCTB 
„BnOJIHŠ AO((pOCOBÍCTHO" HpHTOTOBJHTBCH KB JSBMMfi^ TPOKy, H yOO- 

TpeÓjiHTB Ha KasAHfi ypoBi h na Rasxyi) nHCBMeHnyi) paóoxy „ctoxbbo 

BpOMeHH H CTOJEBRO Tpy^a, CBOJBKO HeOÓZOXHMO ^JU BHOJIHÍI OT^OT- 

jraaaro h bosmosho Jiy^maro ycBoeHÍA npenoxannaro ijih Bax&HHaro*. 
Ho pasBŠ Bce dTO ho opaBHja au npaBHjTB, passš Bce sto ho cx^- 
jiaHO XJH TorOi ^To6ii oópaTETB xajuusa b!b MaHesena,— h Tasí Kan 
HOxoÓHoe npeapan^enie scerxa OKasHBaoTCJi na ji^^ii neBOSMOSHUiTB, to 
pasB^ TasoĚ MaHeseHi, no^yBCTBOBaB^ nepsoe CBo6oxHoe wxaHie, 
He nonaxer^B na ecTecTBennyi), zoth h neiajiBHyD m^s nero mucjtb, 
^TO HacToan^afl CBo6oxa coctortb bi tom'b, ito6u shtb h x^Actbo- 
BaTB 6e8i Bcaanxi npaBHj^B? Ohi yse snaerB, ^tó nyxHO paayitiTB 
Boo6n;e nox^ npaBHJiaiui, h ne Hnané hx!b HpexcTaBjaerB, sasB tojibbo 

OXHOD MOXHiJl^HKaipeK) TiVh „QpaBHJTB'') Vb BOTOpUH X^pSaiH OFO 

HÍCKOjiBBO jrbrb. 

OTHomema kb nanajiBHHKairB h HacTasHHsaiTB xojixhh 6iitb ocho- 
BaHH, no T^iTB se gnpaBHJiaMi'', ne na saKHTB-HHÓyxB 6j[aropoxHHrB 
xoTHBaxi CHMnaTÍH y^HTejeft bi DHoniecTBy h yBasenÍH ynenHKOffB kl 
npenoxanaTexaiTB, conyBCTBenno OTHocan^HMca xi hhitb h kb CBoeiiy 
xijy, a exHHCTBeBHo na „éesnpeBOCiOBHoirBnoBHHOBeHiH''. HpaBCTBeH- 

HHe MOTHBU BOOÓH^e COBCilTB HdrHaHK H31 dTOft CHCTeHH, HOXOÓiO BO- 

Topoft npexcTaBiaDTB hbitb n^BOTopsa BaTOJiHiecBÍa bouoiíh, a 
TaBse npHCHonaxaTHue npyccBíe peryjEaTHBU. Taai, ,IIpaBHia' npex- 



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XFOHUA.— IWTPIUU 0B08ř^Hl£. 385 

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^TO&h ywBiKfl HeopeiliBBo BaauBajH Ha^ajiBHHKOBi h BacTafiHeKOBi> 
.no HMOBH B onecTBy*', cilAOsaTejibHo se ewkjuL yaoxpeĎuTB bu- 
paseaiĚ: r. AHpeBxopi hik r. yuxeJB. Apboab periiaiieflTai^iK) Hpae- 
erarafliiz^b noóyasAeHifl ao noeiŽABBro aócypAa, gOpaBEja^ xpeóyDTi, 

9T06U yWHHU «OTBOCHUe& Kl CBOHM^b flaCTaBHHfiaMl H HanajlBHH* 

saiTb e& flOJHUJCb AOBdbpiejii h otjkpob6hhoctbi)", h, caMfl ocaoBan- 
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opaBASBUMM BooÓnie h ocočesBo kb OTHomeBífl ki cbohmi HaiajOHH- 
Kam H HacraBflBKaiK^ H36irají BCBBaro UAeiiipiB, iipHTfiopcTBa, jxh 
H odnaBa'*. BepryoBaocTB vh perjuuieHTaiuB ^yaciBa pi^ao aoboah- 
jmcb jko Tasoro Bucoso-xyAOsecTBeHHaro coBepmeacTBa ^ase h bi 
Bpoauon Hanero otenecTBa, ctojb otiuBflaro neAarorHqecKBMH oou- 
TaMB H CTOJB 6ÍAHaro o6pa80BaHÍeMi. Pasyniercjii no tíitb se ,npa- 
Bua]Cb^ y^esBEH odflsaHU ÓUTBHMeau^y coÓODHe TOdiBso „B^bauíHBu'', 
BO eB^ B ,Ao6pase4^aTejBBu b jipysaiDĎHu". Obb aoíishu AoposBTB 
se TOJBBo CBoeD HecTBD, He TOJBBO ^ecTBD CBoero BaBeAcmLa, ho h 
,vb OTA^BHoeTB ^ecTBD CBOOFO Bjacca"; oÓBsaTejíBHue ]í,j& hbxi 

.BOlBOe AOBtpie B OTRpOBOBHOCTB Kb fiaCTaBHBfiaBli H HaHajLHBKaM'B^ 

AOJBUoi BupasaxBCfl aa npaKTflK'6 bi tob^b, hto ohh ofiasaHU caBH 
,He TepnÍTB vh CBoeft cpe^i BpexHun TOBapaniiefi h cooču^amh (!) 
o Bax% cBoeBy uaccaoBy HaeraBHBKy". B% „DpaBBjuLKi'' ho ofojiCHeHo, 
xauucb o6pa80B'B a^tb 12 — 14 lirb Boryxob pí^hihtb Bonpoc^B o n^peMr 
Biiz!b" TOBapHJD^ax^b — B HOTOBy HB HOBepxHocTH Bcero dToro ocTaeTCB jua 
peóeBsa bbojhí hohbtheíbi oaho: sCOoĎii^aTb^ Bony CJiiAyera— htoóu 
Tfan» caBHB!b ydd^ABTB HacraBHBKa ae ctouko bo ape^aoBi Haopasje- 
híh CBoero TOBapnai^a, cboibro wl coďctbobhobi 6aaroHpaBÍH. Hto tb- 
bíb 9COo6n(eHiii" (b'b maoii STorb opieni abbho yiie BBierB CBoe 
TexHflqecBoe BasBame) craBHju oahbx^b aa Aopory desapaBCTBeaaocTH, 
Apyrazob oaioiSjuLiH, — ^ace bio noHHTHo.caBO co6od b ho Tpetíyen oco- 
6aro o6^CEeiúJL Ho ^tó csaxerb neAaroria o chctobí^ BocnaTama 
apaBeTBeanaro lyBCTBa, ocHoaaBHoft na .cooón^eHiB*'? 

Bi» TOBi me Ayxi, ci tox) se p6^aaBeaTa^iefi BejB^afinraxi no- 
Apo6fioeTe& óuTaHHyBCTBiraBBasBCTOBi cocTaBiemi naparpa4»Li tíx% 
se ^IIpaBBjíi* 06% o6padft sbbhh npaxoAaiiiBx^B yHeBBBOB'B, o co6jK)Ae- 
híh rBMBasBCTaBB nopBAia b apaiaua bbí criai yqeóaaro saBe^eala, 
o xesypBHxi HO Biaocy, 06^ y^eaflqecBBx^B KBapTBpax'B a BsapTap- 

HBIXI AMCypaiIXl B8!b IBCia y^eBBBOBl. 

Ho Bume acero, htó bopab-jbCo opoasBOAaia neAaroraqecBaa peraa- 
BCBTaipB, 6iUB „OpaBBja o BSUCBaHlax^**, laKse yjBepsAeaaBiB 6ub- 
nBH'B BBfiBcrpoBi BapoABaTO npocBin^eaia vb Bat 1874 ro^a, a, 

Tem L— flBBAPB, 1881. 25 



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3S6 BMTEm IBFOnH. 

CBOUKO Ham hsbíctho, ^opiiajBHo en^e le saMŠEesHua xpynucH. 
3to — HacTMn^ift yrojiOBHuft KoxeKCi) soropiift crapaeTCA npexBBA^TS 
noBCDxy oxHH npecrynjieHúi, keki 6yAT0 Hopii&iBHoe y^etinoe saaeAe- 
Bíe cocTOHTi Hsi OAHHxi HecoBepiiieHHoii^Tux<b npecrynnsoBi; moiubu) 
ce64^ npeAcraBHTB, sasoe noA^Mňi^rnfie Bne^aTaiaie aoj«ho npoaSBo- 
AHTB iTeaie atexi npaBHJKi aa a^mauft opraBasm peóeasa. 

npHsaaBaa rjfaaaibftBieK) i^iJibK) asucsaHift apaBCTBeaaoe acnpuje- 
uie yqeBHBOBi, oapetift naparpa<f»'K araxi „IIpaBan^ cmaaTi aasHa^e- 
uie BSHCBaaiá wb noaayi) daBacHMocTb on DeAaFeniHecaax*b coo6pa- 
seaift aa^aisaiBa y^efiaaro saaeiieBia a npc^axi aacraBaiiBOBi i>ao- 
mecTBa, ao — TOJbao nepsuft iiaparpa(f)i. 3a aaiii ďixyDn xpyňe, 
^OBaJ^IHOMy BuaacaBBue hstb aaBoft-BaóyxB CTapoft, npecTapot, eyxoft 
H ÓesxyniBoft a^Mei^soft Be^aroranecsoft KBasaa, boiibmo acamaro co- 
OTBomeaifl h caasa ci pyccsoft masaix), ci xapaarepainia aaiaoaan- 
BUHB ocoóeBBocraHB pyccsaro naoaiecTBa. „Bsucaaaie, ao caiiHir& 

CBOĚCTBail'B CBOaMl, AOJKmaO, BO BOSMOSBOCTB, COOTBÍTCTBOBaT& CBOi- 

cTBaiTb caaaro apocrysKa a 6ute saai 6u ecrecTBeaBum ero no- 
cj[ÍACTBÍeirb*, — cyxo, xoraa TyiiaBBo roBoparca bi xperBem napa- 
rpaij^i „IIpaBHXBOBSHcaaBiaxi''. ,Taa'L, jtaocTb aaaaBHBaerca apny- 
ABTejbBOD paÓOToft, Bsjnifliaaa 6ojrrjKaBocTb ajm aeyamBqBBocTb — yxa- 
jieBíeMi orb TOBapaBi^eA, Bucoaoifibpíe — yaaaEeaieirb, josb — boxouí- 
pieiTb, aeo6y3AaBBocTb, rpy6oe BeaoaopcTBO aia apoasjíeBíe aiocra — 
saajiDqeaieirb n nApnfi^ aa xáíOb h aa aoxy a fjMíe y^ajtesieirb aa^ 
yqeóaaro saBexeaia vb Óojíie ajra MeB'6e Taausoirb ero bbaí, b t. x/. 

Ha dToft nexarora^ecaoft paropsa-i (tb apaM^Kcbn ieayaTcaaro ^yiEB- 
seaia*' sa „BUCOBoa-ipie* aocrpoeaa bcb cBCTeaa BSiícaaaift, apaHi- 
aaBmaaca B'b aaaiBX'b rBMBa9Íax'b a aporaMBasiaxfb cb 1874 ro^a. Mh 
oxoTBo BÍbpaM*b, 9T0 BH, 8T0TI AOJKriA BpOMOsyTOBi apeMOBB an aaai- 
Aaro xecaraa xBpeBTopoB^b ejiyqafiao aon BHaacTb Ba xojie TOft ua 
;(pyroft rAMaasia Bjia aporaMaasíB oxaai, aoropiift pyBOBOxcTBOBaica 
6oiie npocTHMB, acBpeaBaaa a s^opoBHaa Bo6ysAeBiaMa Rb caodt 
flexarora^ecBoft BpaBTBB'6. Ho b mj^b aero stb npaaaja 6íub, Tfatb 
fle MOB-ie, oóaaaTejibBii, a Offb aorb ropbBO BoajiaTaTbca, aasi ■ naa- 
TBJKBCb BtBOTopue, 8a caMOCToaTejibB06 B% aaarb oraoBieBie. 

Bi aafliaxi yBaBepeaierax^b Teoepb ae aajio cry^earoai, Bumex- 
max'b nvh raMBasift aroft cacreMU. OBOBHBBmie vb aarb ayp» yve- 
Bia BOCTyaaDTb bi yBBBepcaTeru ci BaaMeBBTHirb arrecraTOirb spi- 

JIOCTB, CBBAiTejKbCTByDB^aai 061 BXl OTJBHBOft BO^rOTOBB^ Vb jmť 

BepcBTercBOMy aypcy co cropoas BOBBaaifi, a xaaíe co CTopoaH wa 

. yacTBeasoft b apaBCTBeaaoft pasBarocTB. Mesxy T&rb, m apaB^aa^t 

Bi masBB, yse oaasajiBCb <|^aBTu, apBo CBBxiTejbCTayioaáe o Toa%, 

<iTO aes^y otijiaxaTOJiaMa aTrecTaToai aptaocTa BeTp'6qaK>fea saBea- 



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XPOHHSi.— BirrPXHHtl 0B03P&HII. 387 

njflpii, HecHOTpfl Ha ^th glIpaBHja*, uh, B^psite csasaTB, BVěHHo fb 
CBxy Hx%,— DopasHTejniHoft ahkoctb. H'6BOTopue Hanni dhobih npocro 
XHqaDTB vh BjracemecBHxi niMHaskxi CHcreMti, cyjiHBB[e& Poccíh aa 
cjn>BarB 6jara ocHOBaTejBBaro o6pasoBaHifl h HpaBCTBeHHaro pasBBrifl. 
EeiH DHoma, BopsaBuriflcfl sa jeai^iD MOCsoBCKaro nptxj^ccopa, ^to6ii 
rp76o npespaTBTB ee, — ecjB MOiox^e jdxb, aBHBnríecA sa BBapTHpy 
pesTopa wb Mocsbí h o RoropHxi mosho 61110 caasaTB, wo ohh qyrb 
ae cx^ajB b% net o6iicKa, otijia^ura anecraTaMH 3p'&ioera, to mosho 
DOsxpaBHTB HamH uaccHiecsifl rHMHasiH He ynpasxHeHHOt en^e ch- 
creifH H BCK) 9Ty eflcreiry; uoKh ea Bjúamewh opyxie syjLTypH cvajio 
opjjótrh oxH^aHifl, HTÓ, Biipo^em, Bcerxa tinaacn ci CHcreMaiiH, npo- 

B3B0JBHO HSMUIHJeHHinfH H HCByCCTBCHHO HaBflSaHHUMH I^^JlOiqr HOBO- 

^iDD, ci CHcreMaifH, rxi na nepBOirb umeí croáTb |He sxpaBaa ne- 
xarorui, a noiHTiiBa. 

„MocbobcrLi B^aohocth", npe nepBOiTB ■3B']&ctíh *o TaKi-HasuBae- 

VOft .HCTOpÍH' Bl MOCSOBCKOITB yHHBepCHTeT%, eXBa yxepsaJHCB 0TB 

BoeuHi^aHia: ^cjtasa Bory, ^os^aiHCBl* — ho nycTB 9th nyCiHííHCTH ho- 
;[yifaDn o toitb, ho npHXOAHTCA jh TenepB xpyrnirB nosHHaTB nioxu 
títb, KOTopue ciňjm npB nojisMnieirB co^yBCTBÍH 9thx'b me camirB 
fiMoexoBCKHxi BtAOHocrefl^. Oni OTspajKH xftse cboh ctoj6i^i hhcb* 
HavB cryxeHTOBi npoTHBi yHEBepcarercKaro HaHajBCTaa; ho htó 6u 
OHH ciasajiH, ecxE&h ^ro-XH6o noxotinoe cx^Jaia xpyran radera npH 
npesHeMi MHHHCTepcTB^, vb Apjvovh cnucsVt Mh He caaseMi toto se 
o hhtb: HHa^e h ne MoryrB xMcTBOsaTB jidah, y Boropnxi b:b py- 
Kaxi Ha Bcjndfi cjiy^aft octb bi sanaci xpyrofl apiHHHi. Mu ne mo- 
seiTB omnxaTB otb ararB n)xet hh^opo, spoMi 3Jopa;(CTBa n BHxy 
TpyxHocrefi, cb sasHini conpnseHo x^jo BosBpan^HÍH nameft oiROjni 
Ha HacTOHn^ifl ea nyrB, jeaaanqfl xajieao bh% bcjíbhx'b ycHjrit cobjo^b 
es na nyTB hojkhthrh. Ohh nojaraDTi, tto nexajiBHOBHXHiie npnnH- 
nrfTB Bce „noBOny Te^eniD' h ,hobum'b jri)XHVi'';HOMHorojiaHaflX6TCJf 
TasHX'B HexaiBHOBHXHun, KOTopue ne cootfpasarB Taaoft npocTofir 
hcthhh: ecjra 6u yHHBepcHTerEi h yHHBepcHTercaaH aicHSHB noprHJia 
xojioxesB, TO, 6e3'B coMvi^Hia, Tasafl nop^a OTpasHJiacB 6tt na nefi rox^ 
HXH XBa cnycTJff, T.-e. vh Biicnraxi sypcan; na jíí^jA m bhahmi otfpaT- 
Hoe: ycirfiBi vb yHHBepcHTeTi npHBUKHyTB s% cbo6oa'6) MOJtoxse jidxb 
He HD^yTi sjoynoTpetfjeHífl od; nauoBHocTB se bi TOMy AsjaeTca sarB 
paai nox'B csisaswb BneqaTjri^meHiB rirb ,npaBHjrB", oÓpasqHBH kóto- 
puxx MH npexcTaBBiH Biime — ^r.-e. bi nepBore roxu yHHBepcHreTCKoft 
ansHH. ^a h Tyn nró hhoheo nopaacaeTx npesxe Bcero: Ha 400—500 
?ejKOBÍKi ORasHBajacB He^ojBinaH ropcTB DHomeft, 6ojiie [dnepni^e-' 
CBHzi, KOTopmťB HO CTOHJO ocoÓeHHaro Tpyxa yaieqB sa co6ov> xpy- 
FHXi. MosHO joi npexcTaBHTB ce6i 6oji%e narjiaxHoe xoaasaTejiBCTBO 

26* 



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388 BtCTHUl IBPOnH. 

OTCyTCTBÍfl BeJKOfl CaMOCTOATeJIBHOCTH H dHeprÍH Vh 60JBinHHCTB% MO' 

jioxesB, HO izpHpoA'6 A<H$poft H cnocoÓHoft yaie^bca wbwh 6u to hb 
6IUI0, — a OTsyxa 6ujo ao6kitb s^b ihkojíí Tasyn csMOcroMieihMOCsij 
KOPAA »IIpaBua" DOCTaBHiH ce6i sa^a^ex) noAasHTB BCasyK> cavocroa* 

T61BH0CTB H UOXMŠHBTb 60 OAHOD BHÍ^IIIHeK) MOpaiBI), HC HCKID^B' 

myD „cooÓmeHift'', Korxa .DpaBBiia'' saÓOTHJiHCB tojbko o pasBiriH 
oxHoft OQOCOÓHOCTR .noBHHOseHifl"; npH nepBoiTb se cjynaš, ara cno- 

Ca6H0CTB HOBHHOBaTBCfl H BUpaSHJiaCB Wh JierKOlTB nOAHHHeHÍH o6e3ii- 

^eHHOft Maccii AByMi, TpeM'B dHepra^ecsHiTB BOsasaMi? Haii^B nmm 
He ocraercfl, aaRi caasaTB cocraBHTeJiairB dTHxi „UpaBui': tu Ta 
Youlu, Geoigee Dandinl 



n. 

Mu AOBOJBHO ^acTO íiwbeH% m,íjlo cb pasHUMH OT^eraMH Bucnmxif 
rocyAapcTBeHHUxi yqpesj^eflifl; bth oTqeTU xota h noBepzeocTHO o6pH- 
coBHBaDTB nojioseHíe Toft RJH Apyroft CTopoHU rocyAapcTBeHHofi sh3he, 

HO SaTO OTJH^aDTCfl HtsOTOpOK) I^ilBHOCTBD H ffiDTh BO3MOSB0CTK 

pasom osHAueaTB BsrjaAOM^ bcd coBOsynnocTB npexMeroBi Toro bju 
xpyroro B'6;(0MCTBa. Ki cosajími), ooyÓjiHsoBaQie noAo6Hiix'B (me- 
TOBi y HacB BOBce ne ABMercji nociiACTBÍeifB onpeA^CHHoft CECtwUr 
OHO aocTBBjíeHO Vh saBHCHvocTB OT!B cjy?afiHB[X'B BBVJízxovb H opie* 
MOBX Toro HJiH xpyroFO y^femxemH. OópaTHMCJi, nanpHMipi, k-b rocj- 
AapcTBeHBOny zosjsficTBy bx tíchomi CHUCJit. Ci rocy^apcTBeiiBUin* 

tiDA^erOlTB MKI AOBOJBHO HOApOÓHO BHaROMHMCH H3X OT^BTOBl FOCy^ap- 

CTB6HHaro xoHTpaia; cb nojoseaieMx odmepnoft rocy^apcTBenHoft se- 

ji^HO*AOpOXHOft OnepaiUH— HaX sCTaTHCTHqeCSHXX CČOpOBKOBl" MBflE- 

CTepcTBa nyrett cooón^eHia; cb óanaoBUvi a&komi h h'&rotopumh ^Bje- 

HÍAMH HSl Cij^epil MHHHCTepCTBa ^HHaHCOBl — H8X „EserOAHHBOBl"* 

dToro MHHHCTepCTBa. Ho b'6aomctbo rocyxapcTBeHHuxi HMymeciB^ 
AO nocjiixHHro BpeMeHH abjkjijocb BasoD-TO BanoB^ABOD o6jacTBK), o 
BOTopoft noqTH HBiero ne 6ujio nyÓJBBOBaHO, Mosxy tíhi rbki dra o6« 
jacTB— 'OABa H3X caMUzi jDÓoouTBKixi. Focy^apcTBeHeufl BMyn^ecTea 

npeACTBBJIBDTX TaSOft BCTO^HBEX, BOTOpilfi ABeTX BaSHt AOZOJCb 6^1 

o6peMeHeHia BacejeHifl HaxoraxB, no^eMy pasBBTie dTOft cxopoHU rocy- 
xapcTBeBBaro zosfltcTBa cocTaBJaeTx o^obb BasHuň x^a naceieBis bo- 
npocx. 7 Bacx yBejHHHBaDTCH rocyxapcTBeBBue aojfb, BOBpocraDrB 
Apyrie rocyiapcTBOBHiie paczoAU — h Bce bto noapiiBaorca botoh bcrid- 
HBTeaBHO BBJoraMB^ óesx noBon^H ynoMiiHyTaro bctohbbbb, zotb, za- 
saJiocB 6ki, onjaTŽ xojroBi Bcero npBJíHqHie npoH3Bo;(BTBCB Ba c^erB 
cyn^ecTByDB^aro Banaca rocy^apcTBesBiizi cpe;^CTBx, npeACTaBjaeMaro 



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XPOHJISA. — BHrrPBHHKE 0B08PMIS. 389 

flasBaBHUMH HMyn^ecTBanH. CkOJii»so dTHZ'B HMyn^ecTBi, sasB ohh pae- 
opexijuDTCfl no iri^HOcraiiib, sasoft kb^otl aoxoai^ h fb není npH* 

UHE HH^TOSBOCTH BTOFO XOZOXa, KOF^a ÓUCTpilft pOOTB AOZOAHOCTH 

^lacTBHii HexBHSHMHXi HMyii^ecTB<B npexcTaBJíJieTi OAHO H«b caaftai 
BHAaDn^Bicfl dKOHOMHHecKHxi ABieHíft nocjix^JBíro BpeMeHH? DoAOÓHue 
Bonpocii Tarb h ocraBUDTca HepasuiCBeHHHiiH, Mesxy rtn, san 
f& o(Í^ecTBi TO-H-A^b^ cjiniraTCii o pasemi BeHopiiajiBHOCTflxi bi 
fiasBEHROft BHine oÓjbcth rocyxapcTBeHoaro xoBflftcTBa. Hapi^^Ra juiniB 
aosKuvTCB KaKÍji-HH6yxB OTpuBO^HEifl CB'6A'6Hífl, B% po^t OnyÓJUlBO- 
fiaHHiai vb 1873 roAy bi rpyxazi HSBtcTHoft nRoiciiHcdH no hbciS- 
xomsíd nojioseHiji cejnicsaro zosaficTBa*". KojiH^eTBO saaeHHHzi se* 
veiB Ha cTOjn^o HeacHO, tto, HanpHMÍp'B, noiasaHÍa xayx^b o^^Hi^iajB* 
fom yqpesxemfi vb btoitb OTHomeniH ne exoxATca uemn co6ok>; no- 
cňineB nu bhahitb, BanpnM-ipi, vb pa8Hopi«iLiX'B ynoManyTOft Bume 
Soviicdi H Bumexníeft nexasHo craTHCTHSH noseMejBHOĚ co6cTBeHBO- 
cn, HSj^BBOfi I^eBTpajBHHirB craTHCTH^ieeBflMib KOKRTeroirb mhhh* 
crepcTBa BsyrpenHEx^B A^jrb. Ecjh se cjih^btb stb nosasanU ci no- 
s»&HuiiiH BeMCTBi, TO pasHop^Hífl Mesxy HBiiH e^e tiojifte ópocaTex 
n riaaa. 

PiXBOCTB noBBJíeHifl CBiA^nifi o rocyxapcTBeHHiirb HiiyntecTBax!B 
uynn xja naci oxHHiťB hsi no6ysAeHift r'b Tony, ^Totfu ocTano- 
Bmca Ba OTneHaTannoiii bi HUH^mneMi roxy n068op'ib ynpaB^enia 
n)€fiapcTBeHHHifH Hiiyn^ecTBaiiH Ba bocjíxhU 25 lirB^; Bopo^em, 
o^íiopi BTorB B 663ii TOFO BacjiysBBaji 6u oco6aro BHHMaaiii, ne- 
<^OTpfl na TO, HTO OHI, xan DÓuefinuft, npeACTaBuen 6ojiie raso- 

B!D HCTOpiD CBOerO B^AOHCTBa H npHTOKB Vb BHa^MTeJIBHOft CTeneHH 

UBoiHeai onucaBieiii npeo^paBOBanifi AenapTaMenTOBi h Mtoraiixb 
^moBi MHHHCTepcTBa, nepeHHCjeHiem yaasoHeHifl es OBHa^ieHieiťB 
ni TOffiVb B ^Bcejii B T. nox. He sacancB 6e8i oeo6oft BMO<ÍHoeTB 
^ ysBo-cnei^iajiBHofi cropoBH, o6paTHBi& BHHMaHie raaBHHMx otipa* 
^n la pojB rocyxapcTBeHBaxi BMyn^ecTBi vb HameMi rocy^apcTBes- 
Bm xoBflfiGTBb fl na o6ntifi xapasrepi x^tojibhoote BaB-ixuBauB&ro 
m VHHHfrepcTBa, vb Te^enin nocjitAHeft ^erBepra ctojk-ítíji. 

Pojb Bi^oMCTBa rocyiapcTBenHiixi Hvyn^ecrBi ABamaTb xivb TOiry 
Buaxs 6uja coboí^mi orjiH^Ha orb HiiRl^niHefi. Tor^a rjaBHOX) ero 
^Maiei) 6hjio ynpaBJíeHie rocy^apcTBeHEUMB xpeerBBHaBB b onen 
>m ixi xoBaflerBOMi, to-octb, oeo aaBixHBaionoHTB noaoBBHOD ceib* 
^Kut) Bacejeeia rocy^apcTBa; npo^ia se ero (j^yEsi^iB ctojub na BTopom 
niirt H onacTB Asse noAUHBjBCB rjaBHoS. 8tB (j^yasi^ÍB coctojub bs 
niptBieBÍH xaseHHUMB oópoTOUBB cTaTBHin, jicaiiB, wb nonewTexB* 
<<^n o6% ycotxaxi cejscBaro xesaficrBt Booóiqe, vh yopasjesiB yve6* 
'm saBeAeBiflMB, BeMjex^jB^ecsBira, caAOBo;i(CTBeHHiniB, jticBUMB^ 



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890 nmoMíh npomi. 

H T. nox- OTBOCHTeiBBO rocyAapcTBeHHiiir& KpecTum bíxomctbo rocy * 
xapcTBeHBUx^ Hvyi^ecTBi 6hio h aAVHHHCTpaTopom, h OBeByBOirb, h 

BOXBipei^, H nOMOO^HHBOlfl. OflO BaB^AUBaJIO B6 TOJBBO HTh 06pOH-^ 
BHHH nOBHBHOCTBMB) HO H nOMTElIH, H HaTypUbHHlIH nOBHHHOCTflHJi, 

OflO se peryjipoBajo in aeiieAHoe HojBBOBaHie, otboa^t, MfiůsBMK h 
ypteají HTb HBA^u; cjoBom, bto óuxb noíHHft „zomhhi*' ajb no- 
jOBHBii Hamero cejbCRaro HaceieHiB. IIodTOMy, cpaBaiBarB, HanpflHipi^ 
upasHíft 6K>j|serB JCHHBcrepcTBa rocy^apeTBOHAUu HiiyniecTBi cb 

BHHiBIHHirb— SHa^HJO 6íi CpBBHBBaTB XaiOBO BO OWflaKOBHB Befl(fl; 

€% sepexa^en rocy^apcTBOBHim specTbBBi wb safišjiHBaHíe oúmjsxi^ 
y^pesxeBÍft h cl oKOHiarejiBflHirB hxi BoaexejLBHiis ycTpoficTBOMi^ 
BHa^HTeiLHaB ^acTB ÓDxxera MHaHcrepcTBa AOJisBa 6iua oepeftTH s^r 
xpyroe bíaohctbo. TorxaniBie xozoxu MHABcrepcTBa bmíjh cobcími^ 
H6 TO SHa^eflie, m6 BSB^nraie. 

C% BacTyBjeHiei» nepioxa pe<|^pm, pojb MBAHcrepcTBa rocyx^p- 

CTBOBBUXl BlfyH^eeTBl BBa^HrejlBBO BOBBUCHiaCB, XOTB TOIBBO BB BpeH«, 
TBK^B XaiTB efly BPBBUOCB 6uTB OXHHirB EBh rJIBBBUXl xiBTaieft B'b 

BTBU pe^^Maxi. npesBee, ipatHe xpotfBoe x^JeBíe cejucsaro Ba- 
cejreBúr aa cocjobíb, paBjraqaBnriacB Mesxy coóod b npaBaMB, b xo* 
BBtOTBeBHHirB yerpoftcTBOiTB, H no poxy BOBBHBOcreá, H BO yopasje- 

BÍD, JípXmEQ 6UM0 yCTyflBTB BOBOt CBCTeili — eXBBeTBB B x^bMBia 

JDXeft jBBiB BO poxy saHBTift. nepioxi pe(|opirBy JUJďb bbbíctbo, bb- 
CTai!b Be toabo cocjiobía noMin^BqBBzi h rocyiaperBeaBiixi BpecTBjni'B, 

BO H BOBBBUXX nOCdJBBS H flaxaVBUU COlABTl ((UySBBBIflXl co6- 
CTBeBBO yiOBlOTBOpefliK) BOTpeÓBOCTeft BOlCBl)| H BBOCrpaBBHXl BOCe- 

Mmsfivh Cb ocoÓHMB DpasaMB fl npoBMyB^ecTBaHB, B KpecTBBBib ropBo* 
BBBoxit^uizi, H T. X* HacTB 9TBX% coeiOBíft, opea^ noxBexeBifl cBoero 

flOX% 060Uft ypOBBBB CB0<S0XBIIX!b cejBesHU OiSaBaTBilOft, XOJIBBa (kuti 

npoftTB nepiox^ npeénBaHÍA bi bíxomctbí roeyxapcTBeBHHxi HMy* 

B^eCTBl, lT06iI nOTOlTb BHXTH Bil HOFO Wb COCTOSBÍfl yCTpOflCTBa BO 

BOBOHy o(Spa8i^y. Taioft se nepiox^ xojsbb 6um% npotTH h ^aerB^ 
(HBAiaro ip-iBocTBoro BacejeBÍB — ipecTBBHe MeiBonoMicrauzi bjb- 
xim^BB^ BpexoeraBjeflBue vb saBeaBOo bíxohctbo pa ocaoBaBÍB no- 
joseail 19 ^pau 1861 roxa. SaxovB 18 asBapa 1866 Foxa noxo- 
SBJTB BB^aio ycrpoicTBy yspaBieau bcíx'b nposBBaDn^Bxi vb saBea- 
Biixi cexeBÍBz% ctiBCiHx^ otfHBaTexeft— Ha o<(ouixi ocaoBaaiaxi bo- 
jioseaift 19 ^spaia, nepexaqi bxi b% b^x^bío o^b^xs yipesxeaift, 
H oiOBiarejBBOMy bxi noseiceiiBBOMy yerpoAoTBy, nocit lero onesa 
BixiMCTBa rocyxapcTieBflHxi any^ecTiB ycrpaaajacB caMa co6ox>. 
Tym Ha xojd aroro aiiXOifcrBa aunaja aecBHa cepB&Baaa saxa^it — 
BasaMnMui warb bcIxi, buíb oho Borxa-JBÓo pasptnaxo — saxa^a 
noBOHexBaaro ycrpoficTBa cjaniBOKB 20-HBXJioBBaro Hacexeaia (no 



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XPOHHSl. — BIFTFIHBX] OBOSmil. 89 1 

penscKOVT c^ery 1858 roxa), h dra aa^ana— naxo corjiacHTiieA— bhooj- 
Hesa Ch asa^niTesiBHinf^ yenteoirb, TaKi ^ro ecjH Poccia CHRTaercji 
erpaHOD, hm ii>iiieD otfedaeveHsoe aeif jien eeiLCKoe HaeejeHie, to btomy 
Bcero 6ojr6e eoxMcTBOBajH pa^Som vb bíxomctb-í rocyjiapcTBeiiBiiX'B 
BvyBiecm. Xotji rocyxapcTMBBiie KpacTLuae, bo ynpaejeBii) anoxa- 
Tfln, 6ujni BepexaHH vh Bixiaie o6npiz% y^pesxeflift eme vh 1866 roxy, 
10 onox^ Bm BeifeiB, Tsxse BBKb BOjiOBAcrairb, DSByirB (soesauirB) 
BoeeuBam b t. box-) bposbboxbjcji ei^e HBBaiiB BixoMCTea rocyxap- 
C Ti w M U í m ^ BiryBieeTBi^ Bei obb BOxy^miB sBa^BTaiBBue bbx^s h 
B^ (SoiurascTBi exy«ia«B^ MoryirE ciflTaTbCB ycrpoesBUMB xopoBio, a 
BBOcipaBBHe ^oeaxeB^H bi^ otomi oTBOBieBÍB Boanr^BiB xase ocoóeB- 
SHB BpeBMyn^ecTBa npex^ pyccsBira. IlepioxB noseMejBflaro ycrpottcTBa 
rocyxapeneBBiixfb BpecTbaH% Mosen Óun HaaeaffB caBHirB 6jecTA- 
mMM% Bopioiomb Wh Bcropia BixoMCTBa rocyiapcTBeasuzi BvyniecTRb. 

roeyxapcTBeBBiie specTUBO aeflTpajBBot, c&iepaoi b XMBBofl Poc- 
da iioxynjH seiuK) aa apasi coécTBeaaocTB, no „Bjaxlafluai sa- 
meam*, sa yaipeaayx) oópo^ayx) noxaTB, oxaaxo ci apasoai apasa- 
TOJLeraa aa nepeo6poHKy ao apomecTBia 20 jlítl; uct& 8tb» 
ipeerBaBib aojy^aja ea^e xicaue aaxtju. KpecTBaae saaaxaHxi ry- 
6^aift, ao „JDCTpa^ioBaiIMl aaTaiťE*", Boxy^axa aax^u aa apast 
oóAafexBBaro BUByaa, cpoai aoroparo obobutca Kb 1913-m'b roxy; 
BpeeaMHe Tpex^ apaĎajriBcBBzrb ryóepaift apio6pixa somxk) ao „pe- 
^yxa^íoaalI]rb asraicB" sa o(SpoTOyn noBaaaocTB, ao Cb a^BOTopuBi 
safpyxaeaiairE ai BHayai otb droŘ aoBaaaocTa^ TaB'L aaai apa bu- 
xyai y wa,% otíposa aaaaTaxasBpyDTca bsi 4V(h aeasxy tíbi saKB 
y apo^Bzs roGyxapcTBeaaiixi& KpecTBaai— asi 5%, a y ÓUBaian ao- 
aiapraBBZi— asTB 6%; TO-ecTB, apa6axTÍ&CEÍe BpecTBaae apa Binya^ 
xoxama Biiaxa^BBaTE CBon roxoayx) noBBaaoeT&, aoMaomeaayK) ai^ 25, 
Torxa Baai apo^e aaosarb aa 20 a 167s* Bi aacroaa^ee Bpeaa, ao- 
soMexLBoe ycrpoficrao cexBCBBZíb oóHBaTexeft, ďubbibxx vb b^xomctbí 
roeyxapeTBeaattzi BMyn^ecTBi, ocraerca ae osoaneaBUMi vh ^eTiipex'B 
eteepo-BocTOWHxi ryóepaúizi (boxofoxckoA, oxoBe^aofi, aepMcsofi a 
Bneioi)— rxi oao saxqMUBaerca BxaiiaTa^ecBaMB a Toaorpaj^a^e- 
eBBBB ycxoBÍBMa; bi ^epaBroBcsoá a aoxTaBcsofi— rx'6 oao gaaexxaeTca 
aeoxoaaaaien reaepaxBaaro MeseBaaia, a vh apxaarex&CBofi — rxi oao 
opiocTaaoBxeao pacaopaaMaieiťb apaBarexbCTBa. OcraDTca Taxse ea^ 
aepaBpftiaeBBHiia Boapocu o ao8eMei&aoii!B ycTpoBcTBl rocyxapcxBea- 
ma% tfwrbawb Cadapa, acrpazaacKBxs julucuboke, assiM^TBoft ca- 
pearcBoi Boxoaia a OBpeeB^seHxex^BAeBi HoBopoccia. Ho aoočn^e 
pasMipii ociaDai^Bxeji pa6on 9Toro poxa npexcraBxaerca yse otbocb* 
TexBBo BwmmMvan. Fxaaaaa ^bctb saxara— coBepmeaa. 

He CTaaem apaBOXBTB i^a(t>poBux:b xaaauxx o xoctobbctbí aose- 



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392 BiMSTHn^ iBPonn. 

Meji&Haro ycrpoftCTBa rocyxapcTBeiiHim specTBinťB, o pa8M£pu'B hsb 
Hax^OFB H noBíHHocreft, xota n ^O68op1i*^ droiiy npexMery nocBA- 
meHH o€o6Hfl nŮJíBtpi; 9to yse o^acTE oco6aro Bonpoca — o&b 9io- 
HOMHqecBOMx nojioseniH cejibCKaro HaceieHia, o Boropoirb cAmjw% 
roBopRTB cneitfajiBHo ■ vb nocxixHee speiui roBopHTCii xoBonHO yecto. 
noBTOpHMi TOJíBBO saifi^vaHie, HTO ynoiuHyToe nosenejBRoe ycrpoicTBO 
coBepnniJOCB Booón^e xobojibho yxoBierBopireiBHO, h o6paTHMefl Vb ho- 
BOtt pojoi roeyxapcTBeiiHHrB HMyBi;ecTBi h BaBixuBaDiitaro hmh ynpaB- 
jieHix; dra pon cb OBOHqaHieir& h xase n hhbAmhhvi eospan^ 
Miewh pa6oTi no ycrpoftcTBy RpecTBaffB cyiqecTBeHHO mrtHEjraes. 
C({>epa B-ixoMCTBa HHEHcrepcTBa roeyxapcTBeiiHBrB Bniyn^ecTBi coKpar 
TBJíacB 6oji^ nivh ea nojOBHHy. 7npaBjeHie ocTaBaraaraca sa sasvoD 
seMjffim, jrtcanH h phóhhmh jiobjíjiiíh, xann^níH sasHib Bcero wir 
CBOJBBO MHjiiioHOBi ^THCTaTo Aozoxa, ejiBa nospiiBaDnoni 1% roey- 
AapcTBeHHaro ÓDAsexa, xa coxepsame hícrojibkhxi cnei^aiBHHrb 
y^etíHurB BaBe^emfií — onenB cspoMHaa: sa^am xjtít OTjcbnBaro umní- 
crepcTBa. IIpH TaiorB nojoseeiH, sasajiocB, cbitb co((oi> jífiMmevh ůsrb 

603HHBHyTB BOnpOCB: 6bITB HJH He 61ITB OTX^JlBHOMy MVHHerepcTBy XXfl 

CTOJB cspoMBoft sB^aHR? OAHaRO, RaRx-iSfiT XM npexoTBpan^eHix btopo 
Ronpoca, jí,Jin MHHEcrepcTBa HanuniCB hobha saHATifl: vb 1875 roxy bib 
cocraBi ero nepemejTB otb uHERcrepcTBa 4)HHaB00B'B ropHHŘ xenapra- 
MeHTB, aBi 1874 ro/cyoTOnuoR^BHeiiy rocyAapcTBeHHoeROHHOsaBOxcTBO. 
TaRHiTB oópasoiTB, npflóaBRjracB xBa HOBiie xenapTaiieHTa, BAo6aBOR% 
RinpesHHiTB— „jtcHOMy*' H „j^eirapTaMeHTy seifjiexŠJdE h ce jBCROft npo- 
MumjieHHocTH', — xa, apont Toro, OROH^HievE noseifejBHaro ycrpoftcTRS 
H oópo^HiniH CTaTBaiíH BaB^xHBaen „apeireHHnft oti^h", — BHiftmirift 
06'BeirB MHHHcrepcTBa octbjice xobojbho SHanrejiBHiirB. 



ra. 

nepeftJieirB eo6cTBeHHO ri BHa^eiiii) roeyxapcTBeflinirB mtjmflcrvb. 
Rb npesBHee Bpeiia, xo noseMejBHaro ycrpotCTBa rocyxapcTBeiiHHxi 
RpecTBAHi RaseHHHfl seicjTR npexcTaBiRjnr eo6oD, riaBHinrB (HSpasrai, 
aanaci x^a yxoBJíeTBopeHifl RpecTBEHCRHX^B nysx^. ORaauBaJicji nexo- 
CTBTORi B% Rax&raxi, oónapysEBajiHCB EOCjrtxcTBifl npEpocra Eacejre* 
Eiff, ABJífljiacB Eaxo6EocTB oóesneHETB RBREx^B-EEtiyxB nepecejieEi^eBi& — 
RaseEEHE seMn ebiejtecb Tyn fotobhmi Banacovib XJta xotiaBO^Eim 
npepiteoRi H OTWAovb. Ho cb Boxa^ei) apecTBjniavB „Bjax^EEiirB sa- 
EBcefl' nopuBBjíacB cbebb Mesxy rocyxapcTBeEflmE RpecTBEEam s 
rocyxapcTBesEEmE BOMJuníE. npEp'63RE e xo6aBRE ycrpaHeEU kb npEE- 
Wni. no saROEy 31-ro Mapra 1867 roxa: ,eocjí^ Btixan Bjiax^EEtncs 



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XPOHffRi. — ^BHTTPIHHIK OBOSPI^HR. 393 

saracei, m pasMHoseHie n sasoirb-anrik) oón^eerrt HapoxoeaGejieHLit 
Bv xpynfl oécTOxrejiBeTBa ne Moryrb xan cejiBeKOMy oén^eerBy npaBa 
xaKoranes yBen^eHui Hax^a, npexocnueHHaro onoMj bo uaxlme*. 
SaiOBo^se xoisho 6iitii nasHa^eme TavE otfocotfnmarocfl KaseHsaro 
Bjnur&Hu? BoavHsaja iieo6xoj(infoeTB ycraHoniTB vb drom OTHomeniH 
oi^ej^ijreHHHft npHHitviF&; oimio om, lasi^ OBasHBaercii, He ycTano- 
BUKA ■ xo Haimwii^ro BpeveHH. 

Ha icaseHHHfl seMjra MomHO 6imo vstimejti^ rjKaBHinrb oópasoirB, 
un Ba HCTOTOiTBi roeyxapcTBeHHaro xozoxa, T.-e. BaR^B hb q^excrea 
n BOflpaBjeHii) ÓDxxerHiirb ÓajtancoBi^ bjto bi otf jer^eflíD aájiorOBi 
laoBieBiff; ve Tasom cjiy^at, rjiaBBoe TpeÓOBasie, otfpai^aeifoe btb 

HBRl, JkOMXBO 6U COCTOBTB Vh XOeTBBJíeBiH BBl^OI) XeCBTHBOl) BOB- 

MOSBO 66iuDaro xoxoxa. Ha 9th seitra koxbo 6imo Tasme evorptTb 
un Ba orapinie xjb npHirtfl6fliB bobmosbo xjnmETb CHCfem aeiue- 
Ain^ecBaro zosaicTBa, TO-ecTB, san Ha enoco6i BpoBaraHXHpoBaHÍA 
9TBXB CHcreiTE, bxíctš cb ycBji6HÍeM% seMeiBHoft AOzoxHOCTH, HTÓ o6y- 
ciOBjnrBaercji rocnoxcTBOiTB CHcreMH eo6cTBeHHaro saseHEaro zoBflft- 
cna, BvicTO CBcreini cxa^H seMejiB bi^ apeBxy, npH BOTopoft cnocotfu 
o6pa((oTKH ocraDTCJi erapiie. Hasonei^i, Ha BaseBEHA seiuni mobcho 
(hio BSTJBHyTB 6^6 (h 9T0 Bcero opaBBJíBHi^e) Basi Ha BasHHfi ro- 
qrx&pcTBeHHHt sanaci xm yxoBjeTBopeHifl Hysx'B seiiJiexi^^ecBaro 
BaoeieBifl, vb cocraBi BOToparo ecTB mhofo JDxeft HeycTpoeBBHzi no- 
3eBeiBBo H BOTopoe, BpoHÍ& Toro, on pásMHOsema xoisRO HeestfisHO 
ci BBsxmrB roxoiTB ^yBCTBoeaTB 6ójiíBmyio T^CHory; TO-ecTB, BasenHUB 
deBJB xojnBHH 6111H DOMoraTB ly^meMy padcejeniK) BpecTBBffB, bojo'- 
HHsaipB creneft h HcnpaBjeHÍK) OBra5oB% BpecTBBHCBot pe^Kipmi. ^to 
ae OBaBHBaerea na caMoirB a^A^ bbvb y HacB othocbtcb vb BaseH- 
HiiH% BevjunrB? Jí^ia BiiacHeHUt dToro oÓparaMca rh (|^aBTH^ecBHH'B 
XBBBHVB, BOTopHB TyTB se noBasyT% H BOjnraecTBo BaseHHHZl HMy- 
DcéeTBi H pacHOJKOsenie etb no KicrnoeravB. 

Bi cocraa^ rocyxapcTBeHflini HvyiqeeTBi rjaBnun djieMeHraMH 
BpexeraBjrBDTCB jAm b TaBi-nasHBaeMHB o6ponHB CTaTBH, cocroBn^íB 
npeflHyB^ecTBeHHo mn soMeiB (spoMi^ seMejiB^ ecTB pBtfHiia jiobjhi — 
Bemxy hhiih BacniflcBia, mojbehi^ei^ ycaxB6ii h t. noxO- O x1^eBX% 
pi« 6yx6rB HHHse, a TarB bbbi pu6iíaa jOBjni h t. n. xoeraBjíaDrB 
OTBOCHTOBEHO HmomHyi) xoJD x<>BOxa o6po^Hin% craTOfi, to ku 8X'Í^CB 
fl ocraHOBRvcB Bp6flifyiE(ecTBeHHo Ha aemuni. 

KpoMíb DpesHBTo sanaea soMeiB, Bi^TeTOHíe nocxbxHaro 26-TH*iftTÍA 
usBB n|do(Spiia en^e hobhb, h vb SHa^HrejiBHOMi sojiH^ecTBŠ. Tbbi, 
3a ynpaBXHeHieiTB BoeHHiixi nooeiemft, aaoBcaaro Basa^iBaro BOiCBa h 
T. boxm Bi B%xracTBO rocyxapeTBOHHHn HMyotecTBi nepemjio 622 
THcra xecBTHm; cb buboxovb sa-rpaHHify BpBMCBHn Tatapi ■ ho* 



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894 BftOTHisi iBPora. 

ra&nevb — 350 TUC4iTb; ci pasiieseBaHieiii ((anuHpcsHzi seiiejb — 415 
Tacavh MfiCMTMWb. npío6p%TaneB en^e seiuH h8!& ^acTHaro iuaA%fli«t 
Haopmip^ no ciynai) BOH^CBaI^H hmíbíě vh aanaxHOHi spai 
(250 THMTb AOCATHBi), noKyHKOD HMŠHÚI Ero Buco^ecTBa BaiflKara 
Kute Hflsoiafl HHKOJiaeBHHa (153 thc. xec.) h t. a. HaKoeeirB, iipa* 
HATU, ecjH He. Bi noíHjD saseHHyD co6eTfieHHOCT^ to no KpaftBoA 
xipi FB pacnopAseflie KasHH HM^Hk Bocro^Hun MOSBerapeft, aazo- 
AflBqaca bi BeccapaÓÍH (250 thc. jific.). CBepz% booto dToro, xavB 
BUHO, Hacrii) coBepnnjiocB, ^aerii) npexcroim en^e dHaaraiMoe 
yB6XHTOHie BaseHBuxrb aeMeiB bi tfamsEpciaxi Aa^arb Opeaóypresaro 
KpajBí. Oónqft htopb coeToaBmarocA yBaiH^eHia KaaraHHzi aeMoiB aa 25 
j^Tb npeBHMaerb 2 MHJUÍOHa xecaTHHx. 

PascMaTpHBaeMiift „Ofiaopi" AaevB Hans paeHpex^eHie 3.893,000 
xecaTKiTE H „CBotfo^^Huzi Ba86HHHz% BeHen*" no ryÓepHÚmi, c^b noia- 
saflieiTb HHH'6ii[H^ EVh xozoAHocTH. BoTB dTO pacopox^eHie: 

r 7 B B P H I H: ^MCIO leCBTEWb, JífiXO^h xecjiTaHH: 

KypjuHxcsaji h Jait^jflHxciax. • . 123,600 3 p. — k. 

TaiióOBCiaji 78,000 ^ » 70 „ 

BopoHexcsaA ■ XapBsoBCKaji . . . 126,800 2 „ 17 ,, 

HoBOpocdBctta. ... i ... . 676,000 1 „ 50 „ 

GapaTOiOMUl 221,700 1 » 26 . 

GaxapcKaa L867,000 60 , 

AcTpaxaHCsaji 651,900 26 „ 

y^wMCEAn H OpeHÓyprcBai .... 182,500 21 „ 

nepMCBaa 845,000 80 „ 

npotú 221,000 — 

HTasi, rJiaBHUJi Maecii aeiiejB HaioxATCfl kb CTenfiux'B Mierao- 
CTa%—vb GaMapciot ry6epHÍH, wh HoBopoccÍH, vb HH80BBaz'B Boja*H 
H B% nepMCBoft ryóepHM. Řb ÓOJBmyD nacTB axní MtcTHOcrett j Bac^ 
yse CTpeMHTCfl KpecTBflHcaaa BiiHrpaipA, BHBUBaeiiaM tíchotod ry<(ep- 
Hift BByTpoHHHX^B, WBHaTO sacejeBÍJi. Bnpo^Mi, y^£l%Jn eme saseH- 
Hafl seiiejiBHaji co((cTBeHHocTB h bi h%kotophx'b i^eHrpaiBiinn jj6e^ 
Híflu. Hb^toshoctb HSBMiaeiiaro aai BaeeflHUx^B aeicen xozoxa Me- 
BHXHa. Htó, HanpHMšpB, csasaTB o noAecaTHHooiťB aozoaí kb 4 py(. 
70 Bon. vh TaM(k>BeBOft« bjh 2 py<$. 17 ion. kb BopoHescBoi ■ xapB* 
BOBeKoft rytfepHúm, vjííb^ zota <(h no nosasaHiairB bohmhccíh bo k- 
cjKixoBaHíi) ceiBCiaro xoaafteTBa, wcraua sen jh wbmtb apecxy BXBoe 
H BTpoe 6ouBie, xa en^e (Sen HsxepmerB na axMiraacrpa^iB? J^mh 
caercfl TaBse vh p^asa 60-ioofteiHHft xozojtb wb cani^cioft FjtepaiM, 
zora, Biipo^em, saiosnexBHaro BasjíD^HUt TyTi cx&uitb sattBa, 
Tan BBBi mi ho snaeirB — rb zaBoft CTeoeHH saceiemi iiAcTa, TMfk 
npeHiiyn](ecTB6HHo HazoxBTCA laaeHBHfl caiiapeBiJi xa«. Jícho, hto 



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XPOHHKl. — MTTPIBHR 0B03P«HI£. 395 

laaffiHHJi seiuu crnnBOirB uoxo oHraDrb roeyxapcTBeflHyK) sasHy, 
fo-ecTB, BOBoe He BHnoíHiuon pojH cyniecTBeHHoft noMOouH rocyxtp- 
eraesHOiiy 6t>jLm&ij. Uo nocjitABeft cit&tí Bi^AOircTBa rocy^apcrseH- 
nm uj^ecTBi sasenHiiJi otipo^HHa aeim jub^m/pb neero osoio 3Vt 
luiiaBOBi pydíeft xoxoaA) T.-e. nospuBaiyrB exBa V*«/o paexo^^Haro 
(iOAsefa PoceiH, hju 2% njaxeseft no rocyxapcTBeHHOHy xojry. 

He BunoMEfíOTb saseHUiA dexjH Taise ■ xpyroft pon — nonpHn^a 
MM upBwkBemjí jíj^aawvh CHcren seMjexiJb^ecsaro xosalCTBa. 9to 
BUHO yse Mffb Toro, ^ro ohí dKduyaxHpyDTCA nyreirb cxa^H wb 
apraxy, a ne nyTem KaseHHaro xosdflcTBa. ^a h ara c^ava vb apeHxy 
ounaercjBí spynHHiiH HeAOcraTsaiiH, óesi KOTopux% HeBOSMOsna 
6iua tfu HSBxafl i^ÍBa. He paai yse BoaHBxajH aa^otSu na to, tto 
usetsBoa aeifjra cxaDTCA cjHoiBoifi spynnHiui y^acrsaiiH, xoropHe 
Moryn óun CHenaeiiH tojibbo saDRTajiReTaMH, xoTopue noroirb nepe- 
xaoTB seiuD specTUHam sa BHcmyD i^toy. HoaoiShuí caoeoói pa- 
son jumiaen BuroA'b h Kašny — nojtynaDii^x) Hissift xoxoxi, h 
specTBaffb — DjiaTflB^xi AoporyD ^iujj h ocraBJMrb tojkbko spyn- 
Hiift 6apiiiirB cKyDii(RRaMx. Bb pascMaTpHBaeMom oósopi, npaBxa, 
roBopHTCA, ^To B^AOMCTBO rocyxapcTBeHHuxi HMym^ecTBi crapaeTCA 
CA^ian xaaeHHHfl seiuH Óojiie AOCTynnuiiH ma& seujĚeKbubjjifiVb^ ^T0 
MM 3Toro pasApoduen yucrsa, AoaycKaeir& Topra BifftCTO yteAHHx^B 
TopoMfivb wb BOJOCTHurB ApaBiemax^s, AOBOJBCTByerca BMtero saio* 
roB!B]dpcBHMH specTBAHcxEMH pyqBTejiBCTBaMH,— HO i^Bij^pu oosasuBaDn, 
Hlo 8TB cpeACTBa xajieso ae npBCooeo(!jeBii vb uíkzBWb. Tasx, Banps^ 
lAfřh^ j^OÚBopb" coo6ii(aen, ^to wb mecTH ry^epBÚBixi apemaie 1625 

JiaCTKOBl, ,np0CTpaHCTB0H'B CBUme 3 MHJjriOHOBl AoeaTBffB, pas^BTU 
6iUB Ha 3,490 yqacTSOBi*, a wb xpyroMi uierb roBopBTi, wo wb 
BocBiiH ryóepniaxi 452 cxaTBB, npocTpaHCTBOiTB óojie 700 rutau^ 
xec«HH%, pasĎHTu na 1078 y^acTxoBi. Buxoxbti, ito vb nepBOiTB 
tMjHnA q[>eABflH BejBqBHa y^cna paBnaercH oaoio 1000 MfiCMTEVby 

& B!B HOCJ^AHeMl— OKOIO 700 AeCATHHfB. HpH TaB0M'B pa8ll%p%, CTaiH 

JH ynacTSB BooJfli AOCTyHBH xpecTBAHaiTB? Mnoro jh noMoryrB TyTB 
BepeaoAH ToproBi hb^b yiaxoBi wb bojoctb? J^h 700 hjih 1000 xecii- 
TBffB, cMMn^BKi Moxen ciisABTB H Wb ropox'B, HepeBOX'B se Top- 
roBi Wb BOJOCTB, oosaiyfif oana^aeirB tojibko nepeBOA'B bx% wb cpaB- 
BBieiBHo 6ouniyK) rjyniB, niy ^ero xo6paro, cftynn^sy (yxencHOx* 
pjHRie o6pa6oTiiiBaTB cbob a'&ibiiixb. ^to apeHAOBanie RaseHHuxi 
seveiB ipecTBHuairB Hajio AOCTynno, — na bto yKaauBaeTB h npooMO- 
roxBee xoxaTaierBO xepcoH<»aro seMerBa o6i otijerqeHiB ^a xpecTBAS^B 
yeiOBífi apemUf tb^b %sm» huh&hhúi ycjoBífl ÓiaroopíATHu oxhbitb 

TOJBBO HpOMUHlJeHHBKairB. 

Uepeioxiuí^b Wb iperBeiiy Bonpocy — yAOBjerBopHDn xh xadeHHHa 



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396 fi^onm mponn. 

^uxB norpedHOCTAMi yiiBosaDn^aroM HacejeHÍa b% seMjii? Ilojoaunrb, 
nocjrb noaeMeiBHaro yerpoftcTea rocy^apcTBeHEiixi ipecTBiiBi nopsa* 
jac& CBasB RaseHHUXi acMejB cb HysxaMH cocrbdwuxh BpecTBAHCRBZ'B 
o6mecTBi, ho cjysarB jh, no KpaSfoeft Mip%, are aeMjH sanacoirb ma 
specTBAVb rocyxapcTBa Booón^e, HacBOjn>BO HMtercji Tyrš kb BHxy 
cnocotfcTBOBaEÍe pasBHriD KpecrsjíBCEaro noseiiejBHaro ycrpoftcraa? Ha 
dTO, apoM^ otfn^eBSB^CTBiixi xajotfi kb HeyxoBJíeTfiopeHiH nepeceien- 
i^eFB vh BOCTOHBUJi H DSBHJi ryóepRiR, OT^acTB xaerB o6'BacHeHie 
fiHsecjixyDíiqft 9nH80X'B, OTBOcan^ificji b'b ^^obojbho rpoMSOtl mni 

HCTOpÍH paSXaHH ytj^HMCKHXl SeMOJIB. 

OpeH6yprciift roHepajix-ryóepHaTopi — kbki nepexaerB »068op^* — bo 
BcenouaHBMmeiťB OTqert no yopasjíenii) apaem cb 1868 no 1871 
roA'B, Mosxy npoqHiTB, oóibchhjii, ^to fb Be^ajesoHib tiyxyn^eirx, b'b 
aury pasiteseBaBifl óamaRpcsHrB aeMOJiB ^xo 3 mujiíohovb xeca-rarsi 
sevjH xoimBO nocrynnTB vh ^bcxo rocyxapcTBOHBHxi HMyniecTBx; ^to 
Beiua dra, bmíctí ci 6HBnreD yse TorAa vh vi]í!bmis, Kasaii, cocra- 
BHTB Maccy KaseBHHzx BOMOJB, KOTopiia no^TH ne npHHOcaTB mxaKOio 
;(oxoxa, a itesjíy rtn OpeHÓyprcKÍfl apafi BecBira 6%AeBx seMJieBJía- 
;(ijiBqecKHMi dJieiieHTOirB, Bpaftae Reo6xoAHM£iirB npn Bsexenia sen- 
csni H MHpoBuxi cyxeÓBHxi y^pesxeBift. Bx Bs^y btofo, renepajťB- 
axiDTaHTx KpHsaHOBcaifi Biipasui oómee npexnojoseníe o (Sessos- 
MesABoiTB OTBox^, Bi 6HA% BOsajioBaHifl, KaseBHHxi seMOJiB ffB OpeH6ypr- 
CBOiTB apai''. MHHHcrepcTBO rocyxapcTBeHHiixi HityniecTBi Haouo, 
vto „ei yBejiEHemeirB ^ncjia laseHHiixx seiieJiB na h^csojibbo mrji- 
jdoHOBi xeeiiTHHi, h npH HeotfxoAHMOCTH HSBjíeRaTB HBi HHxx sasofií 
6u TO BH 6ujK0 xoxoxx, 9T0TX jfino^b yna^eTi ao cyMMU, aoropoio 
BejBSJi 6yxerB noapiiTB pacxoxoBi ynpaBieBui^; nodiovy, oho „ocrano- 
BBjocB Ha Mucjra, ^TO npoxasa na jBrorsHxi ycioaiaxi npexcraBBn 
ropasxo 6ojiie py^aTezBcraa bi ycn%x%dn»;ia" (se bbxbo — xasoro x^a?). 
TaROBKi-To 6iijB cooópaseHin, nocjiysBBnria ocHOBaBioMi bhobb ycrano- 
BBBmeHycji npaBHjy — „hsi cbo6oxhhxi KaseHvuxi soBejB kb opoHÓypr- 
€ioi B y<|^BBCROft ryÓepnÍBXx npoxasaTB yqacTBB ovh 500 xo 2,000 
xecBTBHi jBi^aMx, B86paHHUM'B no corjameHix) reH6pajrB-ry6epBaTopa 
<CB MBBHCTpoKB rocyxapcTBeflHuxi BMyn^ecTBi, sa cjBHy, onpex^eH- 
ByD no Ra^BTaJ^i8a^iB bbi 5% oi^iBOTOaro xoxoxa, ci ynjaTOD npfl 
coBepmeBÍB Ryn^et bb mbe^ Vio noaynHofi ní^uu b cx pascpo^BOD 
ocrajiBBoft ^acra sa 37 jíti no óaBsoBBMi npaBBjaMx*, T.-e. cx 
ynjaTOD no 6Vo bx roxx. TaBBMx o^pasoiix, ecjB xoxoxx xecaTBHS 
onpex'bjiBjiB BX 15 aon., to noiynnaa ctobmoctb ea 6yx6TX 3 py6xB^ 
fl npio6pftTaTejD npBxercB, ynjiaTBBx exBBOBpeveaBo 30 Kontemx, 
BunjaqBBaTB ocraiBBoe no 14 ion. bx roxx. ^Oón^ee upocrpaHerao B(rbr& 
npoxaBHiixx Ha cobx ocBOBaBÍB y^acnoBx cocraBJUieTx 461,800 xec. 



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IPOHEKÁ. — BHnTiSHflSB OBOSPI^niE. 397 

a npoji^axHaJi cymia—- 871 Tuca^a pyóieft'', T.-e. Epyroirb Birauo no 
1 p. 90 Ron. 8a xecaTHHy. Kasi bhaho, yýaiiCBia aeiuH arpaiH Tyis 
o^eEb sHa^HTejBHyK) pojB, noTOMy ^to en^e xo Toro nepexoxa b<b 
laray seifejiB, o BOTopuxi npeACTasjajii renepajii RpusaHOBeidftf wh 
j^csofi ryÓepHÍH, no nosaBaHii) cejiBCKO-zosaflCTBeHHOft sohjihccíh 
1872 rotia, HHCJHJEOCB, CBepzx 232 tucau AecjiTHHi kaseHnaro Jiica, 
4S TUCflHH j^ecdTBWb KaseHHOft 86MJIH, a Hdi rpa<|»H9ecsaro H8o6pa- 
seHla, npHioseHHaro kb pascMaTpHBaeiiOMy sOósopy**, bhaho, hto meneph 
Bi y4>HMCBofi ry6epHÍH ocrajiocB venie 3 thca^i xeeaTHHi cbo6oa- 
Hiix'B KaseHHim seMeiBl 

dron diui80X'B noBasuBaeiTB, ?to y naci ne toibeo ne ycraflOBH* 
jocB onpeAijeHHoft CHCTeMU vb OTHomeHÍB s^ noiBSOBaHÍK) Kasea- 
HHMH seMjaMH, HO Ha nocjiij^Hifl j^ase cmotpatb, xarB 6u na h^ko* 
Toparo poj^t TjirocTB, cb BoropoD xasHt haap pasejisarBca noesopte. 
OripiuccB orpouHoe Kasennoe HMyn^ecTBO— h nepBut BODpocib, bobhhr- 
udí npH dTOMi, 6ui[%: syxa A^aaTB Tasyi) MaccyP Kasi 6H c6iitb ee 
nocBopie! KasajiocB 6ii, ecia npaBHTeiBCTBO TaKi óoraro seiueD, 
ecjH OHO Taax Maio HysxaeTCJBí bi sdk, ^to apexaojarajiocb xase 
xappiTB pasj^iBaTB ee, — to botb npespacHid hctohhhki xin doco6U kojo- 
BHaaiÚH (aoTopaa, scraTH, nOAoaaa 6u h i^ey cocííihhx'b BaaeHflim 
3eiiejB), botb cpexcTBa XJa ho^rhre npopin RpecTBRHCROň pe4K)pMiil 
Oahrro híti, xyTB B08HHKJ0 coBc^iii Apyroe npexnojioseHie — ycrpoR- 
BBTB HOBHR „H]iÍHia*', n0A'B 6ÍaroBB;(HUirB npe;uoroirB ycHjeHÍR dje- 
ReHTa, HysHaro g^u 6yAyn^aro seiíCTBa h lupoBoro cyxa. Ilpas^a, no- 
XoÓHue npexJU)rH naM^B ne HeanaROMu; ohh npaRTRKOBajRCB h npesAe, 
npRqeMi bm^cto o4><{»BAiaiBHO hcroh£ix% A^jeft nepiARO xocTRrajiocB 
jnnHB ycrpoftcTBO jR^flux*^ Mfl^sh jiDxeft^ ctorbuihxi „y paaxau'' 
BaaeHHaro HMyn^ecTBa. Cbísíž npeHipi TOMy upe^eraBiAia pas^a^a 
Ka8eHBiix'B seMejíB kb sana^HORi apa^, TOiie MOTRBapoBaBrnaaca Heo6- 
xoxHMOCTBD ycAJOHiR pyc^CRaro seviieBjax&iBqecRaro BiieMeHTa mjiz 
seRCTBa H np.; TaMi, HanpHRŽpi, tojibro bi Tpexi x)ro-8anaAHUX'B 
ryfiepBiaxi apynnue yqacTRH nojy^HiH 5 ryóepHaxopoBi, ceHeftcTBO 
RicTHaro reeepaji-ryfiepHaTopa h ne Majo ApyrRxi Rpynnux^ renepa- 
jovhy CAÍM^TanT> aapBepy bi Bucmexi c^paxs, Roropse, Rone^Ho, 
BHRorAa ne óyxyx^ hh mícthod seRCROX) pa6o9eD chjod, eh Aifi* 

CTBHTeJUiBHRH MHpOBlIXH CyABflHH; H81 npOVHXl ^RHOBHRROBl MHOriO 

nonpoxaBaiH yse cboh sohjíh, h Bumio, no BnimHÚi 8a6oTH o aetccTB^ 
npeTBopRjHCB, HH 6ojAe^ hh Menie, rrr^b kb CHcreMy jh^hiixi na* 
rpaA'B H cneRyJR^ifi. To se, cyxR no HOBtftnraMi hsbíctírmi, cjiy^H* 
JOCB B B'B OpeHÓyprcROHi Rpai, vxb A^JO coBepmaiocB en^e wb 6djB- 
meft rjyniH: apynnue hrhu h Boo6n^e croasniie y nA'&JUi'' paaoópaiH 
Raccy aeMejB, ?acTB ee nepenpoAUH h t. a«i Aa BAotiaBORi eni;e h cb 



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398 BftCTEISl XBPOnH. 

aeMJUlira npoHSOOUo piasoe npespan^eHie: to, rc6 oHumaÁOCh y sasHH 
<Íe8AoxoAHiurB h Hei^ftHHHm, nocjA OT^jsxemji b^ ^acTHUs pyn 
Bxpyn OKasajiocB h xoxoxHiiifi, h i^tveiiicB, h jierKo Haxoxan^HirE 
BuroAHaro nosynaTejfl. 

PaaAa^a RaseoHiixi seMejB, Bnpo^eirB, 6iijia ne tojkebo vb bocto^- 
flOiCB Rpai, HOH VB BaBtaacKHn MicTHocraxib — craspononcBaft ry6ep- 
HÍH, HaRy($aHHH t. Xm a stki MŠCTHoerefi pascMaTpHBaeiiuft „O69op%' 
He sacaercB. 

noHiBíTHo, ^TO Bonpoci O CHCTOirib yooTpe6jieHÍji BaseBHHxi seMejiB 
H o npeapannefliH pas^^a^H hx% Ha-npaBO h Ha-jiÍBO — o^iepex^ofi bo- 
opoes, irbicB 6oAie, htobb seiuflxi TenepB ^yBCTByeicii Bce Óóibbuui 
H ((ójBinafl HyíM^a. Gi TarairB npeAMeroirB hojesa cKSpan^aTBCA „Kasi- 

HHÓyXB*. 

ili^ca KaaeHHaro Bij^oiiCTBa opexeraBiADirB orpoiiHyD Macey — 123 
KBjíjdoHa xecflTHffB, BOTopaA OAHaso cocpe^^OTO^ena rjaBHum oópasovB 
Bx Mto^axfB MaioxocrynHHxi xjh dKcnjyaTaiÚH — Ha ciBepft h boctokí, 
B% ryÓepHun: apxaHreJiBCsoft, BOJoroxcKOtt, ojiOHeipcoft h nepMCKOfi, 

H8!B BOTOpUZ^B Vb O^HOfi OepBOt OBOJIO ÍlOJKOBHHB[ BCfbTh Ba9eHHHX% 

jiftcoBB. BtxoMCTBO vocjwpcneEBUTb Hvyii^ecTBi safioTHTCfl o „jrteo- 
ycTpoHTeuHuxi pa6oTax'B*', kotophji AOJishh noBecTH h vh 66xhmek 
npaBHiBHOCTH zosaftCTBa, H Kb yBejraneHiD saseHHaro Aoxoxa. He sa- 
xom Vb ary cneipaiBHyx) o6iacTB, caaseirB tojkbko, hto aoxoa'b OTib 
jAcovb DOCTeneBHO noBumaerca, xora HexjeHHO h BOo6ni;e chxhtb 
Ha h6bhcobom% ypoBH^. Bi noci^Hem roxy^ o Boropom fobophtb 
^O68opi'', T.-e. Vb 1878 r., liteHoft xoxox^ cocraBjíflJKi 10 Vs mhjudo- 
HOVB p., a CTOHMOCTB jitcHoro ynpaBieHÍH— 6 Va hhjuíohobi, to-octb n- 
CTiit 6apfiinrB mshh nospuBaji hohth ^/t^/o roeyxapcTBeHHaro 6dx* 
sera. CpexHAa BajOBan xoxoahoctb licnoft A6C«thhiií Bo^eÓierea iiesxy 
2,7 SOD. (bi cÍBq>Hoft nojod^) H 2 p. 21 R. {Vb DmHOfi). 



lY. 

HtaBi, MK BHABM!B, ^TO paxoiTB c% OTcyTCTBieiTB onpex^6HHaro 
iipani^Hna b^ noJBSOBamH aaBWHHMH Hityn^ecTBau, ci Majoxocryn- 
HOCTBK) Hxi j^ifl aeMjex^JniieBi, xoxox?^ on hhxi nocTyRaerb o^í6hb 
flesHaiHTejiBHHA. „O68ops", bohotoo, couaerca na to, ^to vb 1855 r. 
STOTB xoxox^ 6íiTb emfi HeHBme, TarB tto vb TeqemH 26 jrikrB bi 
aroM^B OTBomenhi xocnirHyTB xase saMftTHHl nporpeccB, ho b^xb 9to 
XOBoiBHo cjatfoe yT^moHie: oho roBopnn touso to, ^tto ho Befk no- 
-cx&xctbía cOBepoiHBniarocii vb Pocds noxMMa seiceJiBHOtt nfkwB npo* 
najixJuiKaBHH.BoiienpaBHjiBHaji oi^inn BuroxHOCTH HUHiniHHro sa^ 



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XPOfllKl. — BHJTFIHBIÉ OB03FBHIK. 399 

aeHHAFO xouiiCTBa xoserB 6uTh j^íxí^čub, HocpeACTBOitB cpaBHeHÍJi xo- 

XOXBOCTB Xa8eHHUX'B EMjmfiCTVh Cl AOXOAHOCTBD ^aCTHHXl, HaXOAA* 

Q^ixcfl Wh Tkn se MiCTHOcraxi. A doaoóhob cpaBEenie, Barb mh bh- 
j(iiH, xueKO ne jrbmnejibHO. 

&E saxaw MHHRcrepcTBa rocyxapcTBeHHHxi HMjH^acTB^ bzoaht^ 
6Bi(ecoAtteTBie seiixex^B^ecKOMy h jiicHOHy xosjíĚcTBy crpanu Bootfn^e. 
Bk 9TBXI BHxarb coxepsaTCA oópasi^OBiui jríteHHqecTBa, bsoa^ttca Jiyq- 
mu syjBTypH, pacnpocrpaHjiDTca odhth noca^KR AepeB&eBi, A'&ui>tc£ 
oorKi opomeHia česBOUiiixi iiíct% h ocymeHÚr Óojoti (bi Ilojiicbi, 
n posaiCBOt ■ HOBropoxcaoft ryóepHÍH, evl KOTopuxi wb nepBOirb, 
M noxasaHix) „Otfaopa*, xocTHrHyrH yse ohohe Óojboi^ pesyjiBTaTH, vh 
VĚxi saHaiHrapoBaHifl 850 'nicflq'B xecareHi), ooxepsaTca cnei^iaiBH&ix 
fieÓBiu sasexemfl, OBasuBaerca coAUkCTBÍe ctipoBapemi) h Macjox'6jiii>, 
npoasBOx^ncfl pásmu HS&iiAOBama no pirtfojiOBeTBy, no óopBÓi cb 
^AHiani xHBOTHiiiiíH H T. X- CoÓHpaDTea Taaxe h ne^aTauTca cvh- 
xima o nojoseníH cejBcaaro xosatcTBa rb Poccíb Boo6ni;e. TpyAH 
ceiBCBO-xosafieTBevHofi kommhccíh 1872 roxa bc^itb HSBtovii, a vb 
DoeitxBie roxH MRHHCTepcTBO pimuocB npoxoJuaaTB cotfvpMíe noxo6- 

HHTB XaHHIirB H OSerOXHO HSXaBaTB Wťb. BopOqeiTB, AOJUUO C08HaTBCJa[, 

^To BOCdi^XHÍe onuTU noAOÓHuxi HS^aHitt xobojbbo hjkoxh: xah- 
HHa coČHpaDTCfl aiiTB ciyqHTca, 6e8i CHCxenH, h ne^araeiuie Ma- 
tepiaiH HO TOJBBO xpafiHe orpuBO^HH, ho sauD^asrB wb ce6^ rpy- 
ůUnúJi oimiÓKH, BaBÚi e^Ba mm uorjTh 6utb Tepniixu vl o$(|>HiqajiB- 
HHxi HSxaHiflxi. Ha 9th oniHÓBH 6iuH yse yKasanÚL vh ne^aTH. 

He ocTaHaBjHBaacB jkOAVO aa tojebso-vto ynoMaHyTiiix'B ^acTHincB 
BiparB (npaxTHqecBni'B pesyxBTaTairB KOTopuxi HyxpeHO boaboxhtb 
iToreX BOcneMCB, Mfi^yun cjOBavH, TOiBKoyqeÓHaro A^Jia, to-octb cne- 
lÚajfBHwrB yqeÓHuxi saBe^eHift B^xoMCTBa rocyxapcTBeHHUxi my- 
n^ecTKb, H pacDpocrpaHeníA cejR»CKO-xoni&CTBeHHux% 8HaHift. B% 
ncio axTOffB pacDpocrpaneHLi xosjíficTBeHHiixi SHamfi „0($8op'B'' 
BBjD^aerL HS^aHie „XosaficTBeHHO-craTHCTHqecRaro auaca eaponeftcsoft 
PoedH*', .IIoqBeHHofi KapTu**, xHHra „O TOHnepaTypi Bosxyxa vl Poc* 
citcKofi HMnepiH*', HS^aHÍe „Semiex&iBqecBoft raseTu'' h sypnajm 
^CeiBCKoe xosjíficTBO H ji'6coBOACTBo''. — ^To se sacaerca yqeÓHiixi 

SaBeieHÍfi, TO Vb dTOMl OTHOmeHÍH paSBETÍe X^TeOlBHOCTH BixoMCTBa 

roeyxapcTBeHHHxi HiiymecTBx H^en^ xobouho yiri^peHHo, h pa^oitb c% 
^BjsTHmn OTBpiiTÚi hob£ix'b y^H^iHnici BCTpiqaDTCA ij^asTU saspiirifl 
npesHHx^b. Bi Ha^aii OT^ernaro xBaMaTHiiaTiuiTifl cyn^ecxBOBaji 
FopH-ropei^Bift 8eMjexi^qecii& HHCTHTyrB, tph cpexHHxi cejBCBO-xo* 
sdteTBeHHHxi yqHjHii^a, bocomb y^ečeiixi ^pm, 13 j^UMOJnit caxo- 
Bo^CTBa, JbfcHHCKoe H JlHaei^Boe JíicHoe yquHiii^a, h xbí i^híu mKOJui. 
HECTHryrB nepesexeni 6ujk'b bi Uereptfyprb, r^^ nocTenerao npeoópa- 



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400 BWtBMXh IBPOnH. 

soBuca vb licaofi HHCTHTyrE. IIoTOirb vb Mocsbí ycrpoefla IleipoB- 
ORaa semeA^B^ecBafl aisaxeMu; ?to se xacaercji HHsmsxi yquni^ 

H ^epMly TO HisOTOpHA M9b HHXl 6I1UH SEBpHTH (vb TOWh ^EtÚ 

jienei^Koe h abí i^chha niKOju), h hooúmfi vb drom OTHomemi liio 

nOABHHyiOCB M&IO. 

Bo BCflxonrb cjynaš, h DÓHieieiift or^erE HHracreperBa rocyj^i^ 
CTBeHHUxi HMyn^ecTKb noKasuBaerB, hto bi c(|»epi nocjitAHAro, Bupa- 
auuic& CBpoMHO, ocraercA xeiaTeji&Hinnb owhb MHoroe, h se bi cmu- 

Cli TOJIBSO BaSBXrb-HHÓyXL ^aCTHUXl MipOnpiflTifi, HO Bl CMHCji pft- 

AHsajíbHaro H8MÍHeHui oón^eft eHeTeMU ynpaBjíeBifl rocy^apeiBeiHUMi 
HMyn^eeTBaiiH. CsynocTb na bomih xu HyacAaDii^arocfl npoHSBOXBTeiB- 
Haro uaeca a nuposajEi pasxa^a hxi, ako6£i sa HsíHinecTBon, u- 
HOBHUMi JODfifiWb 8a-Aapoirb> HrHopHpoBaaie Taaoro Rpynnaro Boapoea, 
KaKi nepecaieHvecKift, h BOo6iAe BonpocL o specTBAHCioicb Muoae- 
MOJLE, cw^a seifeiL vb apee^y sa Hassyi) niny xia aasEH i ops 
ycjiOBÍBxi Majioft AocrynnocTH vrb juls seiueA^Li^eBi h ČiaroopÚT 
nocTH cneByjuiqAMx CBynn^ssoax — dxo, Rone^HO, o^ohb Hey^OBieiBopa- 
^eiBHaji dcreiia. 



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IPOHMSi. 401 



MAJOPyCCKOE CJIOBa 



njMMHTeji&eTBO Wh HacTOjm^ee speiu Hanuo bosmoshumi noxaepr- 
vpth nepecMorpy saxoflonaioseHLi o eev&n, BOHennOy » ii(íao Mfixh 
mMOSHo CóxbiiúŘ npocTOpi EBreinreiiTHOiiy xBaseHÍK) wh pyc- 
cxxan oómecsBi. CnraD HemiiHm wocEjncs no droiiy noBOxy oahoto 
Bonpoca, xoTopuft HBiaxi ne cjdkxyen ocTaBUTB 6en BHaMuk. 

C% 1876 rojia Bce, ^t5 othocuocl Kb MaiopyecKoft HapoxHOCTH^ 

etuo senHTUBaTB sarpy^HeHÚ ke nMBJíemi) re neura. HaxaHie bcji- 

loi XHHrH) HanHcaHHoft na Majopyccsoa^ napt^Hf otfcraBJUjiocB npe- 

ntTCTBiflini H TpetfoBajo cBomeHÍA ch naBHinrB yopasjemeMi no a^- 

lan oemTE; noAo6miz oaTpyxHeHifl josbjhcb h na MaiopyccBix shhte, 

iie^tiaeiiiu kb Tajirarai, orrHoeneiBHo ixi ^ocraBu; saTpyxnaiocB 

Xize isxaHie MysuEanniizi non mm xaiopyccsHxx nteeicB. flfimb kb 

ncTO pycmxB co^KHeHuxi npHwenie Maiopycexm pftneft B086ys- 

MM y i^ensopoBi eovsteie ■ norpe^nocTB o6pan^aTBCA sa paspi- 

]iEeHi«m KB rjuiBHoe ynpauenie no xliairB ne^ain. Coo<^a8Ho co bcíitb 

dmcfc, irtcTHHa BjacTH, saKB mi yinaemb hkb raseri, HepaspiniaiK 

cnenauM C!b nBecan na xaiopyccROirB HiqAiii ■ soHKeproKB c!b 

nisíeKB iiaiopyceuxx ničem. Mex^y Ttei npesj^e, BsxaBHa, hh- 

wro BOAO<Si»ro ne 6iiBaio, ■ vaiopyccsajet Bapo^nocTB ch cbobitb na- 

ipMwh^ roenoACTByvn^aa noira na Bcem t>ri ncnepÍK, Hazoxuu 

eetii xiero bo bcAtb UTepaTypmix^B poxakb, kb npoBSBexeiÚKCB feue- 

TpicTHqecKHKB, Bo BC&ci HCiopHHeoKHxi&, apzeojonivecBm, ^ubio- 

meeuKB, draorpa^HHecBHxrB ■Bci^AOBaHÚiKB HeBos^pasHO, Hi^aBni 

co Bciu HapoAKocTimH poodlcBOŘ HxnepíH. Ckojibbo naKB ssbícthq^ 

Ha KajopyccBOMi napirá ne noJUJUuocB ni^ero npecryoBaro, MJk m 

ne Mono noABHTBcx, noroiiy qro bcš MaiopyccBia khhti biizoxe.ih vb 

CBin no ycTaHOBjBHMMy nopaxKy, cb paspimenu npaBirejiBCTBeHHoft 

Bjaera, a ecjra 6u rxi-nH6yxB sa py6exoinb Poccin un kb be npe- 

AiiarB, HO TatHO, noABHiocB na neiTB Tro-jnÓo TasoOi vró xaaajioCB 

te HexosBomeiBHHWB no coxepsanii), to OTBÍTCTBeHHOCTB sa TO Mona 

oaxaTB HeBJD^nreiBHO na caxoe counenie uni na ero asTopa, ho 

Huasi^ HO Ha Hapftnie, na kotopokb oho HanHcano, noxoÓHO TOiry» 

xaKB HmcTo 6u m noxynajTB sa hoxoÓhíih coHHHemH, ABnamUcH na 

mm KaiHz^B^ntfo xiueKraxrB, aaopen^aTB ynoTpe&ienie camosb xia- 

JBROKB KB nemra. Mm ne CTaneirB AORCKHBaTBCA nyTot, BaBUoi 

im-jTO oi^aBOBaTBCA Taioe orpaHHieme, h AJMaevB, hto sx^cb npHn- 

Ton L—SsMATk, 1881. 26 



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402 MGTHEB& ĚBBOUSL. 

HOD 6hio HeAopasyirbHie, HCTexasmee ors npexeraB^enÍA noAJ6Xftii(H]c& 
BiacraMi bi npespaTHOici bhaí híbotopuxi BonpocoBi, BacaDii^KCJii 
dToro npeAneia. Tim ho Mentě, TauA icipu orsHBaDTca Heójiaro- 
npiaTHUMR nocjí'&ACTBÍaMH H Bx oóii^ecTBt H wb npocTOMi Hapoxt. 

1) MHorLi jHi^a, aapobhtiu h cbíatiiua. vh CBoeft c<f^ep£, nazo- 
xaT'B AJA ceÓA Jier^e h yxodaie nncaTL sa icaiopyccBOMi sapitia, 
qŠMi na pyecBon abubí. Oahh — hotomt, hto 6epyn sa^aiei) H8o6pa- 
saTb npomexiffyD Hjni nacTOAii^yi) sbshb luuopyccoBi ci hzx p%ui> 
H HapoAHiuii cuaAOlrbMipoBOBBpiHiA; Apyrie — noroMy, ^to caicHJiyqnie 

BJiaX^DT^ pOXHiUn HapideiTB, itmb BHHSHIUrB pyCCBKKb SSMKOWh^ 

soTopuA, xoTA Em% xopomo naBicTeHi, ho Bce-rasH ocxaercfl y bwl% 
HByqeHBtnrB, a ee npiipoAHiíMi. lípa HeBOSicosHOCTH neuTaTL no-Majio- 
pyccBH, OBH jHinaDTca BOSMoaBoera ezmiatl cboh mucih tbbi, xass 
oflH cuTaDn XJB ce6fl lyuoHitE. 

2) OrpaHHTOHÚi no OTflOHieHÍD b!e icaiopycGBoft pftHH nepezoAnn 
Ha yqefiHfl BaHHTia, sacaDn^iioa HeiopiH, dTHorpa^H, reorpa<j[>ÍH, apxeo- 
jK)riH, ^HjojorÍH Maiopyccaaro napoxa, noroMy tto Boe 9to, no€aifot 
npHpoxi B60iei, CBABHBaercA cb Hapoxnoi) p£^u>. Taioe OTHomeme 
M nocjiixHet yrposaerb aoAoaptaLuii h crďbcHeHiAiai jdmmi^, pi- 
maDo^HMca noc^arHTb cbod AisnejhBOcrh pasuiifi BHAaMx Hsy^eHÚi 
spafl, H BpHMÍp& TOMy noBasHBaen yapaaxBenie b& BíoBt Dro-sa- 
naj(Haro OT^iia reorpa<t»B9ecBaro oóii^ecTBa, BOTopHt wb u^aHmixi 
MJBjTb TOifaxi CBOBzi saHHCOBi ycoijrb yae ai^b Haysi neiiaiaBas- 
Huft BBWxi; Wb ^ilO]ťB yiesaa xiBTeu^ocTb i^-iioft sopoopai^iji or- 
A^a se iKpecTaevL sacjiysHBaTB yBaseeU ■ He uomffPb noiKBepraT&e« 
sBBOMy 6h to bh 6iuo nopBi^aHít). nsy^oHíe se MajiopyoeKoft hi^a- 
HOCTK (TB ea xlcTfliiirb Hapitieirb, saflHMaDfl^eft Tatyo orpoMsyi) a, 
HaAofeo opatfasaTB, aaaiyqmyi) nojocy EsponeftcBOt Poccla, eexB apex- 
xera nepBoft HeoózoxaaocTH bo bcomi, né tojiubo ABaTca eoapaao- 
CHOBeHÍe BiacTH, Haysa a oói^ecraa Gh draai sapoAoai. 

3) Orpaaaveaia no ornomeniD Kb aajíopyccBOft piu b'b neiaxa npo- 
BBBoxara vb aaiopyccioai Bpai CBopÓnoe lyBCTBO xase bi Taxaxi 
jui^axs, BOTopHa caaa aasorAa ae naeaia no-a&iopyccsa a ae saaa- 
aajiHCB aaiopyccaoi) HapoABOcrii), ao,6yAyHa sarunaa Bpaa^aeBOAao 
aaHaaaDrB npHnaaaTB n cepAi^y to, wtó oaa npaBiuuaBaxir&oaoao 
€e6a. Eabb ab 6yjkWb soay-naÓyj^B sejareiBao, mtoCu aoxoóaut o6- 
pavL A^ftcTBít BOBÓya^AUi bo^oboibctbo TawB, rx'b ero bobcb ae duo. 
4) Hepaspftmene ninin ntceai b% soHi^epraKi, aaxaaia m&rh a 
ycTpoÉCTBa cnesTasjeft Cb aajiopyccsHaa nBecaaa, apoai toto, vto 
BOsóysExaeTi nenpiaraoe qyncTBo n xicraot ayóiaaš, npaBiouaei 
opesxe Ki laBoro poxa yBecaiemaxi, ne aoa^irb 6íitb nojfeoauKb a 
Vb aarepecaii acsyccTBa a pacmapeaia acreraiecBaro Biyca, aoTop?aa 



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XPOHHKi.— lilOPyCCKOl CJOBO, 403 

S3i c^^ep^ xysuBajtBHOft u citeHH^eeKOtt npeBoexoAHiftnne uzain.KBe 
diexeHTH, xasniH Bcerxa xbuuicb h bca Poccía h i^ax GjiaBAH- 

Bon tí TCseiaTejiBHUfl Biimia, ROTopux orpani^erie vb xajio- 
pjecKoft pl^H ocraBifleini bx jrarepaTypt, Haysi ■ HHTejiiBreHTHOirB 
oón^ecTB^. He MeHBmie, a jiyiiaeMi, tto en^e ÓÓJiLinie BeseiaTaiBHiie 
pesyjntaTB OKasHBaDTL bth iripH ■ cpei^H npdCToro cejncKaro eapoxa, 
roBopan^aro vajopycexHirB Hapitiem. 

1) OtiEKHOBeBHO xyMaDTB, ^TO o6pa80BaHÍe cejncsaro napoxa bo 
Bcet BvoepíH xoserB ycnioiHO coBepmaTBCfl Ha HameirB BHWBHOirL 
pyeesoKb jisurt. 9to MH*6HÍe oimitíp^Ho. Hanrs bhishhA jísub^, ctbb- 
mit H pasroBopEinci iisuBOirb HHreiiHreHTHaro o6ii^ecTBa, no npHqfl- 

HBITB B&bWh 60JtÍe BIB MeHÍ6 MBB^bCTHiUrB (sOTOpHJI HBJíaraTB SX^CB 

HO mícto) cjosHicfl TBBi, TCO Hama pi^, o6pan^HHafl vb npocro- 
jn>lHHy, xase seraBopyccy, ne Bcerxa evy 6HBa6rb BHOjra^i noHjmioK), 

HO TOXbBO nOTOMy, BBB^B HHUe XOTAVh oti%4ICHHTB, HTO BacaOTCJI OpOX- 
MerOVB, HeXOCTJOHHXl IipOCTOJDXHHy no HeXOCTBTBy 0($pa80BaHIJi, HO 

H no CBoeiiy jreacHnecBOMy, BTHiioxorB^ecBOMy h CHHTaBCHHecBOiiy no* 
crpoemD. HodTOMy xxfl npenoxasanúi BaTOXBHiiu npexMoroBi bi cen- 
CKwrb y^unni^arB cjribxyeri cocTaBxxTb pyxoBOXGTBa, no bosmoshocth 
HpHxtexxcB Bi npocTovapoxHOMy CBxaxy pt«iH h nótrax exoBib h 060- 

pOTOffb^ XOTX MeSXy HBMB yCBOOHHHXS, HO HySXHXX 6^6 npOCTOXK)- 

XHBy.